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The Fairfield news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1881-1900, February 15, 1899, Image 1

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VOL. LIII. : -' ; WINNSBORO, S. C., WEDNESDAY. FEBRUARY 15, 1899. NO.* 28. J|j
Aguinaido Asks for Cessation c
Hostilities and Conference.
Aguinaldo's Influence Dert-oyec
^ and He Will Find it Impossible
. . /to Obtain Terms' Possible
' I \AIaa!/
'i ' *: . * f* s-' v
The war department has received tl:
following dispatches from Gen. Otis:
Manila. Feb. 7.
Adjutant General, Washington:
^ The insurgent army concentrate
arouud Manila from Luzon proviuc<
numbering over 20.000. possessing ?
eral quick firing and Krupp field guns
Good portion of enemy armed wit
' Mausers latest pittern. Two Krup
guns and great many rifies captured
Insurgents fired great quantity of am
munition. Quite a number of Spanis
soldiers in insurgent service who serve
^ Tnciiwonl o fnnsfrncrp^ stron
intrenchments Dear our lines, mostl
by bamboo thickets. These our me
charged killing or capturing many c
the enemy. Our casualties probabl
aggregate 500. Full reports todaj
Casualties of insurgents very hcavj
Have buried some 500 of their dead an
^ hold 500 prisoners. Their loss killed
wounded and prisoners probably 4.00C
Took water works pumping statio
yesterday six miles out. Considerabl
skirmish with enemy which made n
stand. Pumps damaged; will be work
ing in a week. Have number of coc
densers set up in the city which wii
furnish good water. Troops in cxcellen
spirits. Quiet prevails. Otis.
Manila. Feb. S.
f Situation rapidly improving. Re
concoissance yesterday to south severe
? "* . 4f.
miles to Laguande bay, to soutneas
eight miles, driviDg straggling insurgen
troops in various directions encountei
ing no decided oppositionj army disint
grated and natives returning to village
displaying white flags. .Near Caloaca
six miles north, enemy made a s">an
behind entrenchments, charged b
Kansas troops led by Coi. Funstoc
Closed encounter resulting in rout o
the enemy with heavey loss. Loss t
Kansas. Lieut. Alford killed, six me
On the 4th Aguinaldo issued flyin
proclamation charging Americans.wit
initiative and declared war; ?>uu,day is
sued another calling all to resist t'oreig
invasion: his influence throughout.thi
section destroyed; now applies for
cessation of hostilities and conference
have declined to answer. Insurgcij
expectation of rising in city "on nigh
of 4th unrealized. JProvost marsha
general, with admirable disposition o
troops, defeated every attempt. Cit,
quiet; business resumed, nati^eSj.re
spectful and cheerful. Fighting.'qual:
ties of American troops a revelation.:
all inhabitants. Otis.
they hate retreatjed,
The Americans are .in complete ccd
trol of the situation xvitLin a radius c
fe- * nine miles from Manila. Their iiue?
extending to 3ialabon on the north an
to Paranaque on the south, are fully -2
miles long. "While a few detache
bodies of' enemy still offer desultor,
opposition, the mam ooay ot tne reoej
k _ is in full retreat and utterly routed.
Of the hordes of tro^p: -inginall
drawn up in battle array against th
Americans fully one-third are alrcad
incapacitated and the others are scai
tered in every direction. The terribl
: loss o* the rebels may be gathered'-froi
the fact that 160 of them were btsrie
in one rice field on Monday, near Pasa:
and that 87 weie interred I^otwce
Paco and Santaua. V /
A converted river gunboat did terr:
ble execution among the rebels, sweei
ing both banks of the river with he
GatliDg guns and her heavier batterj
^ ' Hundreds of Filipinos undoubted!
> crawled into the canebrakes and die
there. The Americans are wc-rkin
nobly in their efforts to find the wounc
ed, and are briDging hundreds of suffe:
ing rebels to the hospitals for trea
ment. The natives are unable jto ur
derstand the humane motive whic
prompt the victors to succor th
'y wounded of the enemy.
The correspondent of the Associate
Press is informed that members of th
hospital corps have made the startlici
discovery that there are several womer
: in male dress and with hair croppec
among the dead.
The chief of the Igorrotes, the Fil
pino natives who fought so gallantly i
the face of our artillery tire, with the;
bows and arrows, is in a hospital with
shattered thigh. He aanntis that h
never saw modern artillery and was
norant of its effect^intil he and hi
followers met the disastrous fire of tt:
cannon on Sunda., morning. The chic
is bitterly in censed against the Tagalt
for placing the Igorrotes in front of th
American battery under the pretens
that they were sent to occupy a post c
nonor, and he intimates that the Igoi
rotes will avenge this treachery whe
the survivors return north.
It is regarded as a significant fa<
that many of the Filipino officials c
Manila disappeared from Manila r
soon as hostilities commenced. Soir
of them are supposed to be still Main
there. Hundreds of women are pou
ing into Manila from all districts as th
villages around Manila have, as a rul;
, been destroyed by the troops."
^ . The further the American extcn
f their lines the more the need of meat
of transportation increases. Tl;
American commanders have alreaa
been compelled to impress horses an
venicies on all sides to the inconvci
lence, naturally, of the civilians.
Ail the public conveyances at th:
writing have either been impresssed (
have disappeared in some manner^
.other. Street car traffic, however, he
been resumed and the cars are rui
ning regularly, though the streets ai
almost deserted. Tuere are a few n;
k - tive stores open, and white flags, in tl
nature of towels, pillow slips and aprot
lied to bamboos adorn the windows <
the native residences. But in spi^e.-t
these emblems of peace, scores of Fil
pinos, under the cover of darknes
fired from these same windows yeste
day evening on the American patrol
At 0 o'clock last night there was a ger
era! fusillade in the Quiapo and Biuo
districts. . .
Thq-inhabitants of the city generall
)f bc-lieved that a battle was raging a
their doors: lights were extinguishe
iuside the dwellings, and a majority c
the people were in a state of terroi
Under the circumstances, it is remark
^ able that no casualties were reported
Several shots were fired across the rive
durinsr the excitement.
i, "
/ ?????
Almost the Entire. Country Froze
"Torn T o XXJ oaV
e The weather bureau issued the fo
lowing special bulletin today. Mornin
advices show that freezing temperatur
occrrcd in Florida last night as fs
d south as a line traced from a little sout
-j of Tampa to the Atlantic coast ju;
north of Jupiter, Tampa showing
ij minimum temperature of 30 degree
p aud Jupiter a minimum of 36 degrees
I. At Jacksonville a minimum of 28 dc
i- grees was reached.
h These temperatures were very accui
d ately forcastsd Wednesday morning
g when the weather bureau at Washing
v ton telegraphed the following forecas
a and warning, which was distributed b
if its Florida stations to all fruit growing
y agricultural and transportation interest
that could be reached by telegrapi
v telephone and mail during Wednesday
a "Temperature will'fall to about 2
[} degrees tonight at Jacksonville and th
I. line of freezing weather will exteud a
n far south as Tampa. Temperature wii
e continue low Thursday and Thursda
o night and will moderate Friday."
The temperature continues abnormal
t- ly low in all districts east of the Rock
II Mountains, the eastern Dakotas, >lic
,t nesota aod western "Wisconsin, and th
region to the northward being embrace
within the area of low and temperature
where the readings range between 3
and 36 degrees below zero in the state
il named, and reached 50 degrees belo<
t at .Minnesota, Manitoba. Zero tempera
t ture extends to a line traced from cce
- tral Virginia over Tennessee, norther
!- / rkansas and southern Oklahoma, an
s <*t Cincinnati the low temperature r?
u cord has been broken with a reading o
d 16 degrees below zero, the lowest pre
v vious temperature ever recorded by th
" weather bureau at that place being 1
if below February 8th, 1S95, and on Jar
o urry 1, 1SS6.
n The outlook is that there will be
marked, though gradual moderation i
g temperature east of the Rocky Moun
h tains after today. In Florida and th<
cold priod will be of brief duration an
n a return to the normal temperature ma
*s be expected in that section by Frida
a night. y
>; Among stations showing low tern
it peratures were:
I x-._ i TK- _T_:
,t ->ew jiorK, -? ueiuw, tt asmugbuu,
J below: Cincinnati, 16 below; Pittsburg
if 10 below: Bi ffalo, 4 below; Chicago, 2
y below; Milwaukee, 20 below; DulutL'
| 32 below; St. Louis, 16 below; Kaasa
!- City, 20 below; Omaha, 24 below; Bis
o marck, 36 below; Charleston, 26 above
Atlanta. 28 above: Jacksonville, 2
.above; Jupiter, 34 above; Tumpa, 3
[- above; New Orelans, 28 above; G-alves
if ton, 28 above.
i, ' "Willis L. Moore,
d : Chief of Weather Bureau.
' '-'Sn nt.t.pfl TVvat" PI a cm p
a , -rr o ?
v A letter from Morganton, the count
s seat of Butler.-county, in t^e wester
part of Kentucky, 15 miles from an
y ' railroad, says, an epidemic of spotte
e fever, or jyjiaal meningitis is ragiD
v there, old aod young dyiDg rapidly. 1
is impossible to estimate how man
e have died, and there is no one to repoi
n flip true rendition. Tfc is lcnnwn tha
d there are- n.p, longer any coffins in th
glace toM^ury. the dead. The peop;
a ate pai?&:jtficken aijd fleeing in a]
! aire-eti^iT IMi reported that ther
i- i a?rc no\?.o^}rv? i&s left to nurse thos
)- ! who arq -sicken ^nd are helpless. Th
;r fem?le-^ip|nj^^nd tpe public schoc
r. are .Closed, ^^e^fiysicians have bee
y doing TOro&S-VSrk bui seem powerles
d to chev/S U>? .disease.''! Morganton is
g places of 1.100 inhabitants, situated o
1- a hill, and has been considered ver
r- healthy. Several large saw mills ar
t- located there, and the theory advance
i- is that the decaying sawdust started th
h epidemic.
Jealous of the Soldiers.
The young men who reside in Eas
, Athens. Ga., have declared war agains
0 the United States soldiers statione
e there. "~Th5 soldie rs'have been;notifie
=> to keep out* of East Athens or else tak
j> the consequences of bombardment .b
the voungmen who hurl rocks and fir
pistols "at the soldiers as a penaltyfc
l* crossing the dead-line established. ]
,n seems that the yr<ung msn object t
ir | the soldiers payiDg attention to th
a ! young ladies of East Athens, and the
c have been earned to remain awaj
Some of the so!die::s have found sweel
IS hearts among the young women, an
? this has caused bad feeling betwee
* East Athens youths and the soldiers
's Several soldiers who have ventured t
c cross the trocha have been fired upoc
i and some of them were struck wit
)l j rocks hurled from alleys and yards. '
, r.
i Death to Live StockA
dispatch from Denver, Coi., say
;t i J. W. Springer, secretary of the Cot
>f j tinental Land and-' Cattle companj
ts Wednesday, received word from it
ie Montana and Dakota ranches that th
ig loss of live stock would be very gres
r- as a result of the long and genen
ie storms and cold. ';The lossv said M:
Springer. * * will b.e general throughoi;
the western cotfh&ry-'- fr&m Montan
a down through Wyoming. Colorado, Ne
is Mexico and Texas. In some places :
ie will undoubtedly reach 50 per cent
y and it wilPrun throughout the counti
d between 10 and 25 per cent. The grei
l- loss of cattle is-bound to make hig
prices during the year.
^ I Coldest Oil Kecord.
>r A dispatch from Chicago says n(
is since 1872 has.Chicago experience
i- such intense coKHas that which xpr<
*e ! vailed Wednesday. The lowest note
j reached since the establishment of th
* - j uvucugi uviicau - u. vi cto ? ??-* ui
i? | low. At-11 o'clock. Wednesday nig!
it j it was l^bclow. Heports from poini
:>f ; in Iowa. Wisconsin and Illinois sho'
i- | temperatures ranging from 16 to 34 d<
?. ' gre'es. below zero, the-latt^r. at LaGrdss*
r- ; Wis. There "is muc-V suffering in th
s. | interior towns among poor people.
D i
y-| -
it Between the American Troops and
if the Filipino Troops.
The American Troops Conducted
Themselves Most Gallantii
ly and Routed the Enemy
With Ease.
Owing to the area embraced in the
? scene of Sunday's engagement, a semie
circle of fully 17 miles, details regardLl
ing individual fighting have been exk
tremely difficult to obtain. So far as
5t can be gathered, the brush commenced
a at 8:45 on Saturday evening, by the fir's
iug of a Nebraska sentry at Santa Mesa
. upxm Filipinos who were deliberately
crossiDgthe line afterrepeated warnings,
with the evident purpose of drawiug
our fire. The first shot from the Amr
erican sentry was evidently accepted as
" a nrearransed sienal. for it was followed
!t immediately by a terrific fusilade along
_ the entire Filipino line on the north
r side of the Pasig river. The American
.g outposts returned the fire with such
| vigor that the Filipino fire was checked
/. until the arrival ot reinforcements. All
5 the troops in the vicinity were hurried
e out and the Filipinos ccased firing for
s half an hour, while their own reint'orceII
ments came up.
v At 10 o'clock the fightiug was resumed
J *i 4 ; i:__ I
me ^.mencuu uriug uui; vunoianu^ ui
[_ the Third artillery, the Kansas and
? the Montana regiment, the .Minnesota
t_ regiment, the Fennsylvanians, the Ne- j
e braskans, the Utah battery, the Ic'ahos,
^ the Washingtons, the Californians, the
? Fourth cavalry, the North Dakota vol- J
2 unteers, the South Dakota and Colorado
,g regiments, the Sixth artillery and the
v Fourteenth infantry. The Filipinos
' concentrated their forces at three places
( Caloacan. Santa Mesa and Galingatan,
or? informif-idntf" "fr'ncil- I
Q auu iuaxuvaiuvu c*u ***vwa***wwmv ?mw?* ,
^ lade for some hours.
They brought artillery into action at !
Galingatan at 10:30, but only one gun
annoyed the Americans to any apprecia'
ble extent, a howitzer, on a road beyond
t> Senta Mesa. The Third artillery sil
^ enced the Galingatan battery by firing
two guns simultaneously, which . a^
followed immediately by volleys from
the infantry. At about midnight there
L_ was a lull in the firing, lasting until 3:45
c a. m., when the whole Filipino line re^
opened fire. The Americans poured a
terrific fire into the darkness for 20
" ?" ? ? ~ -J *-V. A1? ? rn rt p
uuiuuwjs auu iucu ucic nas auumui
lull until daylight, when the 'Americans
t_ generally advanced. During the night,
in response to Rear Admiral Dewey's
signals flashed across from Cavite, the
r United States cruiser Charleston aud
the gunboat Concorcl, stationed at Malat
bon, poured a deadly fire from their
g secondary battery into the Filipino
trenches at Caloasan.
, After daylight the United States
g monitor Monadnock opened fire off
q Malate and kept shelling the Filipino
left flank, while the other vessels
shelled the enemy's right flank for several
hours. By 10 o'clock the Americans
had. apparently completely routed
the.enemy and had taken the village of
Palapong, Santa Mesa, Paco, Santana,
^ San Pedro, Macorte, Pandocan aud
^ Pasai, had destroyed hundreds of native
huts and had secured possession o; the
^ water main and reservoir?a distance of
over six miles.
The Tennesseeans joined the firing
line at 10 o'clock on Sunday morning
^ and assisted in capturing Santa Mesa.
e One of the most notable events of
e Sunday's work was driving the Filipi11
nos out of their stronghold at Paco by
e tne reserve, a iew companies ui vaue
fornians, commanded by Col. Duboce.
e The main road to the village was lined
)1 by native huts full of Filipino sharpn
shooters- After they had been firing
is upon Gen; King and his staff, killing a
a driver, and firing on an ambulance of
n the Red Cross society, Col. Duboce orv
aered the huts to be cleared and burn e
d The Filipinos concentrated in Paco
e church and convent, where they made a
determined stand in the upper stories.
A platoon of Californians stationed on a
neighboring bridge maintained a hot
it lire on the Filipinos, but was unable to
?t dislodge them. In the face of a terd
rific fusillade, Col, Duboce and a few
d' volunteers dashed into the church,
e /scattered coal oil inside of it, set fire to
y the oil and retired.
e"' In the meantime Capt. Dyers batir
"tery of the Sixth artillery bombarded
.t the church, dropping a dozen shells ino
to the tower and roof. Company L and
e part of company G. of the California's
y charged intD the church, but wore uu .
able to ascend the single flight of steps
loo^inrr tTiA shnrv ahnvA
d After the incendiaries had retired, a
n company of theldahos and the Washington
Guards, stationed on-either side
o of the building, picked off the Filipit,
nos as they were smoked out. Many of
h the rebels, hewever, escaped into the
I hush in the rear of the church. The
; . Americans captured 53 of the rebels.
and during the fighting about the church
s 20 of the .rebels were killed. *
i- Some 2,500 women, children and noncombatants
were allowed to enter the
'S American lines after promising to go to
e the houses of friends and remain there,
it Another intensely interesting iociil
dent occurred during the engagement,
r. The Washingtons and tKe Idahos and
it .Companies K and M, of the Califora
nias charges acrosss the rice fields bek
tween Paco and Santaua, in the face of
it a terrific fusillade. The ground, to
: day, over which they passed, is cover y
ed with dead and wounded natives,
it The former are being buried in groups'
"L - o :__ .i i j.'} 3
u oi nve or sii auuui ?ueie tuey lay auu
the latter are being brought to the hospital.
It was at this stage of the fighting
at Caloocan that the Filipinos suf>t
fered their heaviest losses.
d The Fourteenth regulars were in a
j- particularly tight place near Singalon
h and Col. Duboce was compelled to rush
Le ' ^past them with the reserves, in order to
j- prevent the regulars from beinir cut off
it In the last line twelve men were killed
:s before -the rebels retired.
w Both sides cheered frequently dur5-..
ing the . engagement# -;The American
>, ;"hurrahs" were almost invariably met
e with derisive "vivas."
Among the natives the Ygorrotee
j were especially noticcablo for tkei
! bravery, about 700 of tiie.se naked say
I ages facing artillery with their bo>v
! and arrows.
The scene at Manila when the alarn
was given on Saturday night was wildl;
exciting. The American soldiers ii
the theatres and at the circuses wen
called out, the performances stopped
Filipinos scurried everywhere and thi
rattle of musketry and the booming o
cannon outside of the city was plainh
heard. The residents on the outsiirt:
of Manila flocked into the walled city
with their arms full of articles. Al
the carriages disappeared as if bj
magic, the street cars were stopped
the telograph lines were cut and th(
soldiers hurriedly but silently n:arche(
out of the city to the stations assignee
them. The stores were closed almos
instantly, foreign flags were to be seei
flying from many windows, and a uum
ber of white rags were hung out fron
Filipino huts and houses.
Ou Sunday immense crowds of pe$
pie visited the water front and gatlur6(
in the highest towers to watch the bom
bardment. There were no street car:
or carriages to be seen and the street;
were almost deserted. The Minnesot:
i i t
troops, acting as ponce, searcnea ever
native and arrested many pf them, witl
the result that while there were severa
attempts to assassinate American offi
cer? 011 Saturday there was none 01
Sundiy. Absolute order was main
to '.r>nn
The Americans are determined no
to give the Filipinos a chauee to recup
erate. The official list of dead am
wounded has not been submitted fo
publication, and it is impossible, owin<
to the fact that the regiments are sr-at
tcred. to obtain a reliable list excep
from headquarters.
Two Filipino commissioners iron
lloilo and four rebel officeis were ar
rested at ManiK Monday morning afte
boarding the steamer Uranus. Man?
suspects have been arrested in variou
parts of the city.
The latest advices places theFilipim
loss at 2,000 killed. 3,500 wounded anc
5.000 prisoners. The American los:
TT?oa trli f on^ oKnnf tin
CUilKJ-UltjUW aillVU W.U1U. ?WV/UV
same number wounded. The enenr
has been driven back ten miles. Col
Wm. C. Smith, First Tennessee, diet
of apDoplexy at the head of his com
rnand on firing line Feb. 5th.
Dispensary Insurance.
At the meeting of the State board o
control Wednesday the long delayed re
port as to the vogue Lsurance matter wa:
presented. The committee says: "W<
tind the losses by fire in the dispensa
ries at Manning, May 7, 189T, of $10(
and at Eutawville, January 12, 1898
of $200, have not been paid; these t\v<
TTT,\w/\ im-nrArl 1n tKa ~R
WdC ni."?mgu iu onv a-** it
ish and American Exchange Assocte,
tioD, with T. J. Browne. Chicago, III.
manager, and 13 B. Evans, agent ifc
South Carolina. These two polieijN
were issued March 20 and April 15
1897. After careful inquiry we fine
this to be a bogus company, therefori
nothing can be recovered on thesi
policies. We find there were forty o
these policies on dispensaries in tin
estate, witn premiums amounting t<
$i8o.U5 and Josses by tire amounting t<
StiUO. The last policy in this compan:
expired eight months ago. In the fu
ture we rcoinmend that no insurance
either on State or county dispensaries
be placed without knowing they are re
liable companies licensed to do busi
ness and have fully complied with th<
insurance laws ot' the State, also tha
the party claiming to represent then
is their regular appointed agent."
The Ma de Cuba Saved.
The Isla de Cuba, one of the Spanisl
cruisers sunk by Dewcv, has beei
raised and sent to Hong Kong for re
pairs. It is remarkable that in spit*
of the fact that her engines were unde
water for seven months they were foun<
in excellent order and needed only;
little cleaning before the cruiser strucl
outfora 700-mile voyage alone. The lsl;
de Cuba, sister ship to the Cuba, and thi
cruiser Don Juan de Austria, also hav<
been successfully raised and will soor
follow the Cuba to Hong Kong for re
pairs. These three ships were th<
most modern of the Spanish vessels ii
the East, and although not nearly so bij
as the Castilla or Iieina Cristina, the:
are more valuable. It will cost abou
$600,000 to put the three ships in per
feet shape, b^t when this is done the;
will be worth over ?2.000,000.
Last Remnant Goes.
By unanimous vote the judiciary com
mittee of the national house Wednes
day decided to recommend the repea
of what is said to be the last remnan
of disqualification against those servinj
in the Confederacy. The propose*
amendment is as follows: "That thi
sections of the revised statutes whicl
disqualify persons otherwise qualifie*
from s#?rvinor ns errand or nr-itit iurors ii
| the courts of the United States whi
, Have taken up arms or joined in an;
insurrection or rebellion against th<
United States be repealed and that here
after no person shall be disqualifie*
for any service in any court or in an;
branch or department of the govern
ment of the United States on accoun
of participation in the civil war o
Dewey Caused It.
It may be that it was Admiral Dew
ey's act in seizing a vessel loaded will
arms for them that incited the Philip
pine insurgents to attack the Ameri
can soldiers Saturday night, for it i
understood that one of the bitterest o
their grievances was what they declarec
the unwarrantable interference wit;
their shipping. It is learned at th<
navy department that about a weel
ago the admiral caused the seizure o
the schooner Tenetig. with a full suppl]
of such anus for the insurgents. Th<
admiral's report discloses the fact tha
an American ana not a b-erman ownec
the ves.se! thus used to arm the insur
gents against Otis' troops.
Caught it Himself.
Sovr>rr>l ikvs nrri \vli?>n thf hnn.s^irai
discussing Mr. K. D. Smith's concur
rent resolution to appropriate $2,501
for the relief of the smallpox sutnercr
in Sumter. Dr. Woods; a member fron
Clarendon, opposed the bill, sayins
that he did not think the diseasi
smallpox. Dr. Woods is now at hom<
stricken down by the plague, whateve:
this disease may be called. His friend;
hope it is not smallpox and that h<
will soon be out again.?State.
3 !
What Mr. A. Howard Pattersos
jl Says About It.
"> w
i in
The Present Law Unless It I:
! iT-To Prohibit the Granting
j g ?
!; r" of Hotel and Beer
I ' Privileges.
| Mr. ?\. Howard Patterson, of Barn
. well, who-'is an ardent'advocate of tin
t * ; t J.
1 dispensary, yhile on a recent visit, ex
- pressed himself as follows regardin,
1 tlie dispensary situation:
No changes whatsoever should b
" made in the law at this time, unless i
i is to prohibit the granting of hotel am
beer privileges. I think that the friend
5 of the dispensary in the General Assem
3 bly can better occupy their time in or
1 ganizing to fight the proposed deal be
>r tween the Prohibitionists and high li
cense men than iu attempting to amem
' the law at this session. I say "pro
" posed deal,"' because I do not thin!
1 that bona fide Prohibitionists are goin
7_ to unite with their old enemies, th
high license men, to down a law tha
k all conscientious Piohibitionists mus
" admit is far superior to the old bar rooE
* system, and that is what high licens
r will result in.
= Don e suppose that I am attemptin;
" to dictate to the friends of the dispen
t sary in the General Assembly, for the]
are presumed to know their busines
1 and to represent the interest of thei
constituents; but they, as all men wouli
r like to hear from home occasionall;
' aud to know that they are in elbo\
5 touch with their constituents in repel
ling assaults upon a law that the grea
C A.T 1. _i? O j-T- r\ 1?_.
mass ui me people 01 oouin caronn:
3 are heartily ia favor of, and especial!:
1 so at this time, when such an onslaugh
s is being made against the dispensary
2 and only that which is abusive of it i:
7 being dished out every morniDg for th>
consumption of the m mbers of th
i General Assembly by the daily papers
- If there ever was a time in the histor;
of the dispensary law when its'friends,
both in the General Assembly ;ah'd ii
the State, should speak out aad-rally t<
i its defence, now is the tim&-V. j 7
- . Only in thelast few days th? l?rqhi
s bition candidate for.governor in-the re
5 cent campaign, who upon every stunl]
- in South Carolina preached prohibitioi
) and prohibition only, in language sel
, dom heard upon the hustings, but mor
5 frequently in the pulpit, comes out ii
- an interview, followed bv a letter. an<
- boldiy advocates a coalition betweei
j the Prohibitionists and high licensi
r members of the^OeweVal Assembly t
5.1 down the dispensary, giving as his rea
, sod that ia that event both the Prohi
1 bitionists and high license men wil
3 get what they wish, prohibition am
2 high license. Such a combination i
f calculated to make Gofi and Neal Do\
2 turn over in their graves in disgust.
3 Whi-t do you think of Mr. Mauldin"
3 Leal option bill?
'? Fallowing close upon the heels o
- Mr. Featherstoue's interview, and em
j bracing his ideas, it looks like the off
? spring of a compact. It is local legis
* lation run mad. and, if enacted, wouli
* require a standing army to enforce it
2 Of course, the primary object of th<
c bill is to kill the dispensary and, sec
-? n i i . _ n _ i -
-1 oncuy. to give unarieston, ^oiumoia
and maybe Greenville and Spartanburj
high license. All of the other coun
ties fn the State would hold on to th
1 dispensary, with the exception of thre<
1 or four, which would adopt prohibition
* I say this because the third section o
2 the bill provides that in those countie
\ adopting high license only the Cour
House towns shall be allowed to sel
I liquors, and you know as well as I d<
* that in those counties where the cour
house towns do not contain a majorit;
* of the voters of the county that th<
" other towns in the county are notgoin;
1 to allow them to have a monopoly o
| the liquor business. Therefore, a
" these towns now have dispensaries the;
* will vote to retain them. The friend
= of the dispensary are not afraid to sub
^ mit the question to the whole people o
the State to dicide between prohibitioi
high license and dispensary ataspecia
7 election, for they are confident that:
large majority are in favor of its reten
tion; but they arc most assuredly op
. posed to special legislation to esemp
. certain cities from the dispensary lav
\ that, have flagrantly violated it and hav
t thrown every obstacle in the way of it
AnfftM/im/int orirl nr<o nnw rfi
Qf WUlVlCWUiVUl/j U Liu fl UAVU MA V "VII w
| sponsible for all of this wrangling abou
e a law that has given general satisfac
3 tion to the people at large.
I If high license is adopted with tin
j constitutional restrictions what effec
0 will it have?
Y As I said upon a former occasion, i
q will mean a victory for the barkeeper:
. and be a curse to the State. We woul<
} be retrograding, and all of the worl
P that has been done against'the salooi
. during past years in this State wouli
t be lost. In a few years the constitu
f tional restrictions would be ignored
for experience has taught us that th<
saloon keeper will not respect laws tha
affect his pocketbook. We had law
. against selling to minors, drunkards
! selling upon election days and on Sun
. days before the dispensary law \va
. adopted, yet they were vitiated witl
s impunity. Such a law would not b<
f enforced, for everybody's business i?
] nobody's business.' If it is almost im
! possible now under the dispensary lav
o to get a reputable citizen to testif;
c against a fellow that runs a miserabli
f 'blind tiger,' how much morediificul
f would it be to get him to voluntarily
3 report a liceni-ed saloon keeper for al
t -lowing him to drink upon the premise
1 or seJliug to liioi atcer sunaowur i^on
. you know* that he would not do it?
Whenever you place the sale of li
ouor in the hands of an individua
i*. i i. . _ i_ i
wnose sole ODjeci IS 10 mas.e as great;
s profit out of it as he can. he will violati
- the law. On the contrary, uuder th<
) dispensary law you have a man as dis
s penser who is an officer of the State
i He is responsible to the State fur hi,
j conduct, and if he violates the law hi:
j official head is chopped off.
J He is required to be a man of goo(
r character and temperate. He i* simpb
3 paid a salary for his services, and there
J fore has no object in persuading ar.c
influencing men to buy liquor. He ii
under a heavy bond for the faithful performance
of his duties, and is ever
watched by the State and county boards
of control and by the public. I say the j
1 public, because there are any number
of men every ready to report any misconduct
on his part, so as to step into
his official shoes, and the enemies o^
the dispensary are vigilant watch dogs '
) upon him. so as to bring the law into ?
Another serious objection to highli- (
s cense, which con-eras the health of our 1
bibulous citizens, is that they woald be t
at the mercy of the barkeepers as to (
the quality of the liquors that they
wmilfJ Hrinlr. frvp ifc stands to reason
that the higher license the higher the 1
price. The poor man would get meaner i
liquor and the rich man would have to
pay more for the finer brands. It. is a t
e well-known fact that under the saloon s
_ system the vilest stuli was palmed off 1
on the poor white man and the Negro, t
3 Upon the other hand, under the dis- <
pensary law no distinction is made but <
e all are served alike, and the law requires j
^ that pure liquors be lurmsnea. t
^ It is amusing to see those who were
s a while back fighting the dispensary i
" upon the ground that it was a monopoly 1
now advocating high liceuse. One is a ^
" monopoly by the State for the benefit t
~ of its cmzens; tae other a monopoly by s
^ a few individuals, whose sole object is
' to make all the money out of it they t
^ can. Morally there is no difference 1
5 between the State engaging in the sale t
e of liquor and receiving the profits there- 1
from than for it to receive the license 1
* fees from saloons. It is a choice beQ
tween two evils, and I choose the lei- ?
e ser - t
As long as the State engages in tlie ^
s sale of liquor the good features of the s
" dispensary law can be enforced?such 1
7 as the opening and closing at certain t
s hours, not felling to minors or drunk- t
r ards, or upon election days or Sundays, c
^ not selling less than a half pint, not al- I
7 lowing liquor to be drank upon the t
v premises and the selling for cash. The c
" last requirment prevents many a man t
from buying liquor, while the saloon or t
a high license system does not and would t
7 not. Adopt high license and in a few t
years all of these good features of the 1
dispensary law will be a dead letter. i
i Prohibition is ins practicable and can- i
e not be enforced, and if the Prohibition- a
e ists succeed in having a prohibitory law c
* passed they will regret it, for pandemo- f
y ilium will reign in this State until the 1
i* Legislature can repeal the law. At t
* one time I was in favor of prohibition, e
8 and voted for the Childs bill while in
> the Legislature. Since then observa- t
* tion and experience have taught me t
r that it cannot be enforced, and that the ]
P dispensary is the best solution of the s
1 liquor problem. During the two years c
" that we had prohibition in Barnwell i
e County I was county chairman of the c
Q Prohibition party, and I must admit f
^ that the law was a perfect farce. It t
a was violated upon everp side, and the [
e grand juries would throw out the bills e
0 as fast as they were pre>enced. All I c
" have to say to the Prohibitionists is not r
? ? A AriH llnrlA^ f-Kii S\ IA o
LU iUI^Cl KJ1X1 UULiUlll"U UU'JCl IU^ V/iV* <j
1 bar room system, 3ud what change* the i
i dispensary law has brought about in t
3 some of the worst towns in South Cx.ro- t
v lina. Din't kill <;the goose that lays t
the golden egg/' \
s Before tne dispensary law was
adopted there were over six hundred bar t
f rooms in South Carolina, and now there \
' are only ninety-one dispensaries^ c
* While I am in favor of the dispensary t
" law, yet I am, and have always been, s
1 opposed to the granting of hotel and
beer privileges, for they are no more
e than bar rooms, and I do not believe
- that they are in keeping with the spirit I
; and object of the dispensary system, c
... 1 1 I
3 It any one. tourist or Deer arinKer, <
" desires to quench his thirst he should f
e be req"ired to go to the regular dis- i
e pensary and purchase there. The law c
was not passed for the purpose to make t
f money, but to regulate and control the i
s sale of liquor, and to furnish it only to t
t those who will have it, at a reasonable s
1 profit, and it should be administered c
^ with this object in view. Therefore, 1
t as I have said, a rigid enforcement of i
7 the dispensary law is the solution of I
e the liquor problem for South Carolina, c
r c
f A Tribute to Gen. Lee. j
s An incident of the celebration of j
y Lee's birthday in Atlanta was the ap- c
s pearance on the blockboards of all the a
- schools of the lace B. H. Hill's famous c
f eulogy of the great Confederate chief- s
i tain. The object in placing the eulogy c
1 on the blackboards was that the chili
- .-i tl __
a area mignt memorize it. jll is as iui
lows: "He was a foe without hate, a
- friead without treachery, a soldier with- [
I out cruelty, a victor without oppression,
v and a victim without murmuring. He
e was a public officer without vices; a
s private citizen without wrong; a neigh
bor without reproach: a Christian witht
cut hypocrisy, and a man without guile.
He was Coesar without his ambition;
Frederick without his tvranny; Napoe
Icon without his selfishnesss, andWasht
incton without his reward. He was
obedient to authority as a servant, and
t royal in authority as a true king. He
3 was gentle as a woman in life, and rnodi
est and pure as a virgin in thought;
? watchful as a Roman vestal in duty; i
ii submissive to law as Socrates, and ]
i grand in battle as Achilles!"' Every 1
1 i -_J .u:. .
SCliuux uvy uuu jjin xu tma tuuufcj I
, should commit this beautiful tribute 2
e to the immortal Lee to memory. All s
t the teachers iu the county are hereby ]
s requested to read it to theirschools and j
, request the children to learn it. The j
- teacher at the same time might tell (
$ the children what manner of man Gen- t
i Lee vras. '
Rivers on a Boom 1
The rivers and streams in the upper
part of the State continue to boom at a
lively rate. Bridges are being swept 2
.away, railroad culverts and trestles j
^ threatened and much damage is being t
doue generally. The Wateree. at Cam- c
\ den, is 5 feet above the danger line; ^
.* the Pee Dee, at Cheraw. 8 feet above c
the danger Hue; the Congaree, at Co- f
lurubia, 6 feet above danger line. The r
Wateree, Pee Dee and Congaree, at ^
j Camden, Cheraw and Columbia, re- r
spectively. will fall rapidly during the c
uext three days. The streams at Edis- t
" to. Effiuyham, Fair Bluff, Kingstree,
Smith's Mills, St. Stephen's, Saikehat
chieand Pon Pon will reach the dan^
ger point within the nest two to ^x
* days. i"
5 ^ i
Borax deodorizes and disinfects all
J nlafios TrVi?>r? if- mov nc<wl 1r r? isnfr^txi
7 auts. roaches, or beetles in clo>ets and *
- pautres, and "is a valuable cleansing ^
1 agent in wafr with which painted ?
3 wood-work is washed
Senator Appelt Wants a Vote on the
Liquor Question.
At the session of the State Senate
Wednesday night Senator Apelt offered
L-71 _ CCiY . ___1 _ _ ?1 x i
i dux ior tne suDmissionio ice voters
)f certain counties the question of high
icense. prohibition or dispensary and <
:o provide for carrying out the said
When assed about this change from
That was supposed to be his position
\Ir. Appeltsaid:
"Xo doubt you think the introduction
of this bill is a reversal of my po- [
iition and to some extent it is, but I
- xl_ . 1 i 1 - i
iave given ine suDjeci consiaeraoie i .
;hought and I have come to the con- 1
;lusion that the people are tired of this *
everlasting ding-donging about the dis- c
jensary and they want the liquor ques;ion
eliminated from politics. 1
''The fact is, in most of the counties 1
Li the State, questions that should *
iave been discussed in the primary j
vere entirely sidetracked by the ques- *
lion whether or not liquor should be ^
sole under State control. 2
UI have been an ardent supporter of
he dispensary system because I be- ?
ieved it the practical way of handling 1
he traffic. In my county it works ?
ike a charm and has lessened the drink
"I am now satisfied the only way to
jet the liquor question out of politics is
\e>t in tliA <?nnriHe8 sav
vhat they want and when they have a
ipoken the matter will be settled. This
s good democratic doctrine and it will
ake away from the politicians a hobby
:hey now ride in political races. At
me time I was doubtful of the advisa>ility
of putting the liquor question to
he people because I feared that it
iould only result in permitting licenses
o the large cities to the detriment of
he smaller towns, but when I consider *
he complete failure of the authorities *
o enforce the dispensary law in the A
arge cities feel it would be better to *
>ermit some moamcations ana provis- c
ons which will have a tendency to pat *
l stop to this defiance of law. I sin* a
:erely believe if we continue in this
ailure to enforce the di.spensa.iy in the a
arge cities the evil will grow and reach
he smaller town* sooner or later, and *
sventually make the law a farce.
''I am convinced it is against the *
wishes and interests of the people for 6
he dispensary to remain in politics and 2
believe the management of the dispen- *
ary has become a huge political ma- r
ihine. What leads me to this belie* ^
s the scene I witnessed upon the floor
>f the house during the j >int "ession c
or election of a number of the State f
ward. It is a notorious fact that dis- a
)ensary officials and their friends work- c
sd and lobbied for the defeat of a can- c
lidate for the position; personal ap- (
'eaJs were made, to members la^vote s
Lgaiust the candidate they were oppos- 1
ug. Why this was done I do not know c
>ut I do know it has the appearance of
oo much politics in a business institu- *
ion and the srrin of the o iiitifiia should ^
c i* ?T
)e looseaed from it.
"That incident, together with the
)ickeriags and dissensions of the Sia e
) >ard so cooled my ardor towards the
lispencary that I am ready and willing
o send the question to the people for
Sentence Commuted.
The president Wednesday caused to
>e promulgated the sentence in the
:ise ef Gen. Charles P. Eagin. The
iourtmartial _ sentence was dismissal
'rom the army and the president comnuted
this to six years suspension from
luty which covers the remainder of the
,ime prior to Gen. Eagan's retirement n
January, 1905. . It was stated by '
he adjutan-: general that Gen. Eagan's ?
_ ^ V _ 'il.' _ ~ 1
iuspension carries an si \to wiinm a .ew lays
of his retirement , udder the age jj
imit. He will be reinstated in time to ?
etire with the regular rank and pay k
)rovided in such cases. The sentence *
>f suspension, according to the legal ^
tfBcers of the department, does not de- *
>rive Gen. Eagan of any part of his
)sy, but as the sentence reads "with
>ut rank and duty" he loses his allow- 1
inces, which include commutation of *
marters, rations and fuel and his horse
illowance. This is quite a large finan- 4
:ial item. *
He Disappeared. t
The Anderson Intelligencer says Mr. *
Chos. E. Watkins, a prominent farmer *
rlio lives in Hopewell lownship, has
nysteriously disappeared. He went to *
Anderson on the 27th of January and 3
eft his horse at a livery stable. It is '
eported that he was at Calhoun Falls 1
he next day. and that he boarded the
Test bound train on the Seaboard Air :
jine. Xothing has been heard from J
lim, and his family and friends are
rery uneasy about him. No cause has
)efen assigned for bis erratic conduct. :j j
We Are Meat Eaters. i
In the eatinj of meat the United 1
states heads all nations. Not les? than
11.000.000,000 pounds of meat are used '<
lere every year, or 147 pounds to each
jerson. Five thousand million pounds i
ire beef, 4.000,000,000 pounds are pork
ind 800,000,000 mutton. The United ]
kingdom staads next with 100 pounds (
>er inhabitant; Norway uses 80 J
jounds; France 77; Spain 70; Germany Jo;
Switzerland 62; Belgium 71; Aus- (
ro-Hungary 60; Russia, Portugal and 1
Netherlands, 50 pounds each; Italy 24 )ound?.
Caught in a Juagle. ;
A dispatch from Manila says Lieut. t
M'ord, company l, lwentietn jvansas a
nfantry, and a private of that com pa- i
ly, were killed and six other members ;
?f the regiment, were wouaded near i
Jaloocan Wednesday evening while re- ;
:onnoitering. The party was in a juu- 1
:le when it was attacked by the enemy. '
Dwo companies of the Kansas regiment \
fere sent to the relief of their com- ^
ades and drove the Filipinos into Cal !
>ocan, penetrating to the very heart of
he toA'u. Meanwhile the gunboat> :
helled the.-nK'i'-k"g t
' InaiiAUiiX. |
A coal famine is threatened through ut
Kentucky. T. B. Cassidy: of Lex ]
IJL^LUU, UI *X HrKUllSlj y icpccwuviuw. j
leven mine?, says that to his knowl- y
:dge thecuai >upply will not last longer
fian 24 hours iu any town in Keutuck} .
>li:ses are ali flooded and it is impossi ^
?le to get coal.
rhe Matter Taken Up in the
House of Representatives.
Dn Account of a Very Slim Attendance
of Members the
Matter Was Postponed.
In the House of Representatives on
ruesday of last week. Mr. Sturkie
noved to take up the resolution providng
for biennial sessions and four-year
;erms for members. His people wanted
such legislation.
jjxi. jJica^c sdiu cuc vuutubuuuu ^iu- ^ ~v
rided that a two-thirds vote of the *
nembers elected was necessary to pagfH'djgi
;he resolution. There were barely --^fa
,wo-thirds of the members present, and le
hoped the matter .would be taken np :
vith a larger attendance. The house ;
tgreed to take up the resolution- - :
Dr. Wyche said if the General As.embly
did not fritter away its time it
leed not meet every year; in fact, one
iession every four years would do as
veil. There was no earthly reason, lie
:ould see, for sessions every year. There
ras too much work done there which.
>ught to be transact by the county com" jy*,
nissioDers. He said members present
i bill one year, and next year legislate'
;o chance it around. If the Legislature
sonfines itself to general legislation
here will be more than enough time.
Liocal matters should be left to the
:ounty commissioners. He thought .
ill county officers should be elected for
!our years, as it would save a great deal
>f money now spent in holding elecions;
Annual sessions may be better
'or the politicians who want to keep
hemselves before the public. Laws
ire re-enacted. Laws which have been
orgotten are revived simply to do
iomething. General laws should be
)assed to give the people time to get
icqaamted with the laws.
31 r. Ashley favored four year terms
md biennnial sessions.
Mr. Winkler wanted to indefinitely
)ostpone the-bill.
Mr. Eard appealed to the members
,o relieve the taxpayers of thj $50,000
expenses for a session. The lawyers
ind solicitors do not have the time to
mow the lave, the changes are so fre[uent
and confusing. Let the people .. Ts
rote on the matter.
Mr. Dendy said the resolution would
lo no good. It is a matter of exDeri;nce
that wherever biennial session^ ^
ire the law extra sessions have been "~*
sailed. There was no necessity to
:hange the Constitution. The history
the State has been that of annual ~ ;
sessions.^ Bv ?.trict attention and cntiug
ottir local measures the sessions
>u^ht not to last over thirty days.
The motion to indefinitely postpone
:he. resolution was thea renewed, the
rote standing:
Yeas?Bicot, Bailey, B'yth?, Colsock,
D*rgm. Dean, DeBruhl, Dendy,
S*. G. Eva,us, Hydrick, Jackson, Jones,
Liofcon, Lyl*?s, MagiII, Manning.
ion, McUullough, McLaurin, Means,
HehnenSj Mjses, Patton, E. B. Ragslale,
Henry B. Richardson," Timmer
nan, Williams, Winkler?28.
Nays?Speaker Gary, Ashley Bell, '
3lease, Bolts, Caughman, Cosgrore,
>umm, Dukes, Efird, Epps, H. H.
3 vans, Fairy, Floyd, Gause, Hender;on,
Hill, Hoffmeyer, Hopkins, H. JSLFohnson,
W. J. Johnson, Mann, La- " "
)an Mauldin, William L. M&uldin, tfcOraw,
McDow, McLauchlin, Miley,
Montgomery, Moss, Prince, Pyatfc,
ion, K. B. A. Robinson, C. P. Sanders, :'~r?
3. L. SaDders. Sawyer, Sharpe, Simdns,
Sinkler, Gr. P. Smith., Jeremiah.
Smith, Stackhouse, Stevenson, Strom,
iturkie, Threatt, Yarn, Yerdier, Weson,
Wharton, "Wilson, Wimberly, 3
rVingo. Wolfe. H. H. Woodward, M.
?? Woodward, Wyche, Yonng.?61.
Eighty-nine members voted, and
sighty-three is the two-thirds' requirenent,
so only six over the entire two=^
hirds' vote were present.,
The honse then agreed to adjonrn
he debate nntil there was a fuller afcendance.
Mr. Sturkieon Friday again called up
,he special order the joint resolution to
inbmit to the voters of South Carolina
he question of biennial sessions.
Mr, Moses said as elections under this
>ill could not beheld until the fall of next
rear, he thought that the bill ought to ^
>e continued until uext session. He
nadc a motion to continue the bill.
Mr. Sturkie said that this was a quesion
which the people were very much
i.j 3 ..i.* -i u
uusresuiu j.u, suu action snouiu. ue
aken at this session.
Mr. Moses explained that lie thought
;hat the matter ought to be debated,
)ut not at this session; it wtuld take too
nuch time, and it was not necessary to
5a?s it until next session.
The motion to continue was, upon an i
tye and nay vote, killed. k
The bill than passed a second read- ^
ng by the following vote: :
Yeas?Ashley, Bell, J. B. Black,
Blease, .Bolts, Browning, Caughman, '
Josgrove, Cross, Crum, Davis, Dowing,
Dukes, Efird, Epps, H. H. Evans,
S". (Jr. Evans, Fairey, Floyd, Gantt,
i-raham. Henderson, Hill, Hoffmeyer,
rlopkius. Jackson, Jenkins, H. E.
loausoQ' W. J. Johnson, Leveretfc,
Hann, L. Mauldin, McCoy, McCraw,
tfeDiil, McDo*, Miley, MontgomersJB^B|
Hos*. Nettles. Patterson, Prince, Pya?^
F. W. Rag da a Richards, G. W. Rjth
irdsou, C. E. il ?binson, Jtt. B. A: Rob
- jiin R.?ir??rs K. L. S mdera.'-Sa.WYPr
5barpe, Simians, G-. P. Smitlx, Jere'
tiia.li Smith, J. L. Smith, Stackhouse,
kevens'tu, Strom. Starkie, Saber, W.
1. Thomas, Threatt, Yaro, Vardier,
/erner, Wharton, Whisooant, Wilson,
rVimberly, Win go, Wolfe, H. H.
>Voodward, M. B. Woodward, .Wyche,
Xa.'.s?Bacot. Bfcvthe, Colcock, Dar- ' .
.hi, Dean. DeBruhl, Oendy, tloilis,
iiuriok. Jones. Lockwood, JLofton,
j.k->, Magill, Manning, Marion, v7. Lr\" "T*
'lauldin, McLauriti. McCallou^h, /?
'lehrr??ns, Mobiey. M<??es, E. B Ragsale.
H B Richardson,*Q. P. Sauders,' '.'Zgg
'tieus, Tiiuuuerman, West, Williams?
*lr. Blease's proposed amendment to
Ii constitution, 10 make the leueth of
e us of members four years also p.asse i
e-*und realing.

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