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The Fairfield news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1881-1900, February 15, 1899, Image 4

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. Dr. Tairmge Says a fvlor.scon cf
Swindle Is Abroad.
On Every Side Are Men Who Have
Abused the Trust Reposed in
Them. Banks Bankrupted
and Funds Stolen.
This, like many of' Dr. Talsnsge's disccurses,
recommends ri-jht ?Ioinsr f >r
this world as well a* preparation for t : e
heavenly world. Text. J?*b v;i5. 14.
' it hose trust shut! oc .' sj'iuor s web.
The two n:o.?t skilifui rc-nitu'^-Ts i:: au
the world arc the bee and the spider.
The one puts up :i sagsr manufactory
aDd the other builds ter house
for fiies. On a brishtsuuiKitr morning,
when the sun conns out an-i shines
upon the spider's web. bedecked with
dew, the gossamer structure seems
bright enough for a suspension btidee
for aerial beings to eros< on. ]>ut aias
for the poor fly which ;;i the I a ? r e : i>art
of that very day ventures is a* d is
caught arid dungeoned and lit stroked!
The fly was informed that it was a free
bridge and would eo:*c iun:;!?$r, ttl
the other eud of the bridge ilic toiJ paid
was its own lift*. The next day ihrre
comes down a strong wind..and away
go the web and the marauding spider
and the victimized fly. So delicate are
the silken threads of the spider's web
that many thousands of them are put together
before they become visible to
the human eye, and it takes 4,000.000
of them to make a thread as large as
the human hair. Most cruel as well as
most ingenious is the spider. A prisoner
in the Bastille, France, had one
cn frinoo that at thesoundof the violin
it every day came for its meal of flies.
The author of my test, -who was a leading
scientist of his day, had no dcubt
watched the voracious process of this
one insect with another and saw spider
and fly swept down with the same broom
or scattered by the same wind. Alas
that the world has so many designing
spiders and victimized flies! There has
not been a time when the utter and
A 7
black irresponsibility ol many men uaving
the financial interests of others in
charge has been more evident than in
these last few years. The bankruptcy
of banks and disappearance of administrators
with the funds of large estates
and the disordered accounts of United
States officials have sometimes made a
pestilence of crime that solemnizes
- - ' i j
every thoughtful man ana woniau auu
leads every philanthropist and Christian
to ask, What shah be done to stay the
There is ever and anon a monsoon of
swindle abroad, a typhoon, a sirocco. I
sometimes ask myself if it would not be
better for men making wills to bequeath
the property directiy to the executors
and officers of the court and appoint
the widows and orphausa committee to
see that the former got all that did not
belong to them. The simyle fact is that
there are a large number of meu sailing
yachts and driving fast horses and members
of expensive clubhouses and controlling
country seats who are not worth
a dollar if they return to others their
just rights. Under some sudden reverse
they fail, and with afflicted air seem to
p ? 5 olinnet
retire irom cut* wunu. a.iu c^ui
ready for monastic iife. when in two or
three }-ears ihey blossom out again, having
compromised with their creditors?
that is, paid them nothing but regret?
and the only difference between the
second chapter of prosperity ^nd the
first is that their pictures are Mu.illos
instead of Keusetts. and their horses
go a mile in 20 seconds less than their
predecessors, and instead of one country
seat they have three. I have
watched and have noticed that nine out
of ten of those who fail in what is called
high life have more means after
than before the failure, and in many
of the cases failure is only a stratagem
to eseape the payment of honest debts
and put one world off the track while
they practice a large swindle. There
is something woefully wrong in the fact
that these things are possible.
First nf all, I charge the blame on
careless, indifferent bank directors an'?
ooarus naviug m uuauviui
institutions. It ought not to be possible
for a president or cashier or prominent
officer of a banking institution to
swindle it year after year without detection.
I will undertake to say that if
these frauds are carried on for two or
three years without detection either
the directors are partners in the infamy
and pocket part of the theft or they are
guilty of a culpable neglect of duty,
for which God will hold them as responsible
as he holds the acknowledged
defrauders. What right have prominent
business men to allow their names
t-) be published as directors in a financial
institution, so that unsophisticated
people are thereby induced to doposit
their money in or buy the scrip thereof,
when they, the published directors, are
doing nothing for the safety of the insticution?
It is a case of deception
1 --"LI.
most reprenensiDie.
Many people with a surplus of money
not needed for immediate use, although
it may be a little further on indispensable,
are without friends competent to
advise them, and they are guided solely
by the character of the men whose
names are associated with the institution.
"When the crash came and with
the overthrow of the banks went the
small earnings and limited fortunes of
widows and orphans and the helplessly
aged, the directors stood with idiotic
stare, and to the inquiry of the frenzied
depositors and stockholders who had
lost their all and to :he arraignment of
an indignant public had nothing to say
except: ?:We thought it was all right.
We did not know there was anything
wrong going on."' It was their duty to
deluded the people with the idea that
they were carefully observant. Calling
themselves directors, they did not
direct. They had opportunity of auditing
accounts and inspecting the books.
No time to do so? Then they had no
business to accept the position. It
seems to be the pride of some moneyed
men to be directors in a great many institutions.
and all they know is whether
or not they get their dividends regularly.
and their nances are used as decoy
ducks to bring others near enough to
be made game of. What first of all is
needed is that 500 "bank directors and
insurance company directors resign or
tt end to their busine>s as directors.
The business world will be full of fraud
just as long as fraud is so easy. When
you arrest the pre>ident and secretary
Df a bank for an emu zzlement carried
on for many years, be sure to ha\ j !
plenty of sheriffs out the same day to
arrest all the directors. They are guilty
either of negicctor complicity.
'"Oh." some wili >ay, "better preach
the gospel and lei business matters
alone." 1 reply, if your gospel does
not inspire common honesty in the
J--I.: ? ..1
ueauugs ui men t,u'j suuuci ciuse up
*afeg^ssinif i'iI'i i w>pa<ae9?*>mm'\ i"
yr.-j? -jo?pej and pitch it ] '?'? the depths
<>f the Atlantic ocean the better. Att
orthodox swindler is worse than a heterodox
swindler. The recitation of all
the eatechi-ihs and crcedsever written
Hii?! t-iiriakiotr of ail the communion
1 . ? ,
cha!ii*t;s thai ever ghitereu in the
churches of Christendom will never
j saw your soul unless your business
character corresponds with your religious
profession. Some of the worst
scoundrels in America have been rue inters
of churches, and they got fat on
sermons about heaven when they most
needed to have the pulpits preach that
which would e: titer bring them to repentance
or thunder them out of the
holy communions where their presence
was a sacrilege and an infamy.
We must especially deplore the misfortunes
of banks in various part3 of
this country in that they damage the
banking institutions, which is the great
convenience of tho centuries anu indispensable
to commerce aud the advance
of nations. With one hand it blesses
the lender. aDd A'ith the other it blesses
the borro.vcr. On their shoulders are
the interests of private individuals and
great corporations. In them are the
great arteries through which run the
curreuts of the nation's life. They
have been th resources of the thousands
of financiers in davs of b:isi:ic.s exig:::icy.
They stand ft r accommodation,
fur facility, inr individual, state and
national relief. At their head and in
their lUjinasf-ment there are as much
1 interest and moral worth as in any
class of lijen, perhaps more Iiovf nefarious.
then, the behavior of those
who brintr disrepute upon this venerable.
benignant aud God honored institution!
We also deplore abuse of trust funds,
because the abusers fly in the face of
1 > - i j
GlVine gOOdliess, wmca teems ucwimined
to bless this land. "We are having
a series of unexampled national harvests.
The -wheat gamblers get hold
of the wheat, and the corn gamblers
get hold of the corn. The full tide of
God's mercy toward this land is put
back by those great dikes of dishonest
resistance. When God provides enough
food and clothing to feed and apparel
this whole nation like princes, the
ill O Ji.T i ? i.,
scrauDie 01 aisuuuest uucu tu &cy ?juh,
than their share and get it at all hazards
keeps everything shaking with uncertainty
and everybody asking, "'What
next?" Every week makes new revelations.
How many more bank presidents
and bank cashiers have been
speculating with other people's money
and how many more bank directors are
in imbecile silence, letting the perfidy
go on. the great and patient God only
knows. My opinion is that we have got
near the bottom. The wind has been
pricked from the great bubble of American
speculation The men who thought
that the judgment day was at least
- ^ ^ rr* r> "t * / ' . nnr> 1 OA
o.UUU years on iouna ic m ioyo or iovt
or 1S96, and this nation has been
taught that men must keep their hands
out of other people's pockets. Great
business built on borrowed capital have
been obliterated, and men who had
nothing have lost all they had. I believe
we are started on a higher career
of: prosperity than this lana has ever
seen?if and if and if.
If the first men, and especially Christian
men, will learn never to speculate
upon borrowed capital?if you have a
mind io take your own money and turn
it aii into kites, to 3y them over every
common in the United States, you do
society no wrong, except when you
tumble your helpless children into the
poorhouse for the public to take care of
But you have no right to take the money
of others and turn it into kites.
There is one word that has deluded
more people into bankruptcy and state
prison and ruin than ; ny other word in
commercial life, and that is the word
borrow. That one word is responsible
for all the defalcations and embezzlements
and financial consternations of
j the last 20 years. When executors
! in crmi-'iilofo witTi f-liA fnwrl<; r>f
an estate committed to their charge,
they do not purloin; they say they only
bonow. Winn a banker makes an
overdraft upon his institution, he dees
not commit a theft, he only borrows.
When the officer of a company, by
flaming advertisement in some religious
par.cr and gilt certificate of stock* gets
a multitude of country people to put
their small earnings to an enterprise for
carrying on some undeveloped nothing,
he does .not fraudulently take their
money; he only borrows. When a
young man with easy access to his employer's
money drawer or the confidential
clerk by close propinquity to the
account books takes a few dollars for a
Wall street excursion, he expects to
put it back. He will put it all back.
He will put it all back very soon. He
only borrows. Why, when you are
going to do wrong, pronouDce so long a
word as borrow, a word of six letters,
when you can get a shorter word more
descriptive of the reality, a word of only
five letters?the word steal.
The greatest evangelistic preacher
the world ever saw, a man who died for
his evangelism?peerless Paul?wrote
to the Romans, "Provide things honest
in the sight of all men:" wrote to the
Corinthians, "Do that whish is honest,'
wrote to the Philippians, "Whatsoever
things arc honest;" wrote to the Hebrews,
"Willing in all things to live
honestly." The Bible says that faith
? i. 1? j j
witiiiuut VYUrh.3 is ueau, vyuiuu, using
liberally translated, means that if your
business life does not correspond with
your profession your religion is a humbug.
Here is something that needs to be
sounded into the ears of all the young
men in America and iterated and reiterated
if this country is ever to be delivered
from its calamities and commercial
prosperity is to be established
and perpetuated?live within your
means. Spend n^more than you make.
And let us adjust all our business and
our homes by the principles of the
nViricti!ir> rplitrirm ()nr rplitrirm nnffVit.
V W??. ? V ~-,
to mean just as much on Saturday and
Monday as on the day between and not
to be a mere periphrasis of sanctity.
Our religion ought to first clean our
hearts, and then it ought to clean our
lives. Religion is not, as some seem to
think, a sort of church delectation, a
kind of confectionary, a sort of spiritual
caramel or holy gumdrop or sanctified
peppermint or theological anaesthetic.
It is an omnipotent principle,
all controlling, all conquering. You
may get along with something less than
that, and you may deceive yourself
with it, but you cannot deceive God,
and you cannot deceive the world. The
keen business man will put on his
spectacles, and he will look clear
through to the back of your head and
see whether your religion is a fiction
or a fact. And you cannot hide your
samples of sugar or rice or tea or coffee
if they are false: 3 ou cannot hide them
under cloth of a communion cable. All
your prayers go for nothinc so long as
you misrepresent your bauking institutions,
and in the report of the resources
! you put down moie specie, and more
| fractional currency, and more clearing
j house certificates, and more legal ten!
der notes, and more loans, and more
i discounts than there really are, when
j you give an account of your liabilities
j you do not mention all the unpaid divi|
"deeds and the United States bank notes
outstanding. and the individual depcs* I
i?5; and the obligations to other banks
and bankers- An authority more sera
tinizing than that of any bank examiner
will go through and through and
through your fcusinesss.
A missionary m one of the islands
of the Pacific preached on dishonesty,
and the next morning lie looked out of
his window, and he saw his yard full
of goods of all kinds. He wondered
and asked the cause of all this.
'"Well," said the native, ''our gods chat
we have been worshiping permit us to
steal, but according to what you said
yesterday the God of heaven and earth
will not allow this, so we b~ing backall
these goods, and we ask you to help
us in taking them to the places where
they belong." If next Sabbath all the
ministers in America should preach
sermons on the abuse of trust funds,
and on the evils of purloining, and the-'
sermons were all blessed of God, and
regulations were made that all tnese
things rshould be taken to the city halls,
it would not be long before every city
hall iu America would be crowded
from cellar to cupola.
T .-v* a cntT in mnof c-til TiVlrl 11C I
AJVZb ULiU OCI,J i. u wuu uw v v ??
manner to all young men, dishonesty
will never pay. An abbot wanted to
buy a piece of ground, and the owner
would not sell |t, but the owner finally
consented to let it to his) until he
could raise one c.'op, and the abbot
sowed acorns, a crop of 200 years Vud
I tell you, young man, that the dishou
estiec which you plant in your neari
and life will seen; to 1,-e ycry insignificant,
but they will grow up until they
will overshadow you with horrible
darkness, overshadow all time and all
eternity. It will not be a crop for 200
years, but a crop for everlasting ages.
I have also a word of comfort for all
who suffer from the malfeasance of
others, and every honest man, woman
and child does suffer from what is going
on in financial scampdom. Society is
so bound together that all the misfortunes
which good people suffer in business
matters come from the misdeeds
of others. Bear up UQtJer distress,
strong in God. He will see you through,
though your misfortunes should be centupled.
Scientists tell us that a column
of air 45 miles in height rests on
every man's head and shoulders. But
that is nothing compared with the pressure
that business life has put upon
many of you. Q-od made up his mind
long ago how many or how few dollars
it would be best for you to have. TWt.
to his appointment. The door v- S j
soon open to let you out and let you i .
Y>"hat delight for men who for 30 y ars
have been in business anxiety when
they shall suddenly awake in everlasting
holiday! On the maps of the arctic regions
there are two places whose names
are remarkable, given, I suppose, by
some polar expedition, Cape Farewell
and Thank God harbor. At this last
the Polaris wintered in 1S71 and the
tigress in 1S63- Some ships have passed
the cape yet never reached the harbor.
But from what I know of many of you
I have concluded that, though your
? -" tTAntr rnn
voyage uj me uia.,y l?c vcij* mu^u, n*u
into by icebergs on this side and iceberg
on that, you will in due time reach
Cape Farewell and there bid goodbye
to all annoyances and soon after drop
anchor in the calm and imperturbable
waters of Thank God harbor. "There
the wicked cease from troubling, and
the weary are at rest."
Desperadoes Held in Check.
There are many indications that
Manila is full of desperadoes who had
* /"> nnnncMfn witli A fiiinaldo. I
XU^UU&U VV VVV|^ViUvv *v*. ?Q
The police are continually capturing
men and women with weapons concealed
in their clothing. The vigilance of the
authorities in this respect is highly
reassuring. Last Saturday about midnight
two Englishmen accidentally encountered
a gang of armed natives in a
dark side street. The natives, fearing
discovery, imprisoned, them until
morning and threatened to kill them
unless they maintained silence. Many
native clerks employed by mercantile
houses are missing. As it is impossible
that they should have passed the lines,
the inference is that they are in hiding
in the city. Several attempts were made
to assassinate Americans on the streets,
but that danger is now at a minimum.
The natives are terribly cowed and the
precautions taken, especially against in- |
cendiarism, are admirable.
4c fottoa Mik33 43. Prices.
Not o^ly on Provisions, Clothing,
Furniture and all the actual necessaries
of living, but as well on things appertaining
to our enjoyment and culture.
This is specially true as to Pianos and*
Organs. "Wise Manufacturers realize
that in these close times prices must
be exceedingly low, and they are meeting
the emergency. Notice the latest
advertisement of Ludden & Bates
Southern 'Music House, Savannah. G-a.,
in this issue, and write them for their
Four Ceits Prices. This is a wideawake-never-get-left
and thoroughly
reliable house whose offers alwavs
mean just' what they say. It costs
nothing to write Ludden & B.ites for
Catalogues, Prices and Easy Installment
Terms, which they send with
Farmers and Fertilizers.
Whether it is owing to the agitation
to reduce the acreage or whether the financial
condition of the farmers is such
that they cannot purchase fertilizers,
the fact is that up to date less than
half the amount of fertilizers has been
bought this year than there was last.
Those who watch the trend of events
say that this means less cotton planting
and more grain. This is said to be
particularly true of the up country. In
the middle and coast sections of the
State it is said that about the same
amount of cotton will be planted as
last year, but even in these sections
mure ititcuuiuu 13 uaug jjam w iuv,
raising of home supplies.?Charleston
Did Up the Machines.
A prisoner is in custody in Fort Scott,
Kan., on the charge of making and ;
passing connterfeit nickels. It is said i
that he toured Missouri and ''broke"
every slot machine he ca*?e across by
playing spurious coin in it. It is a
question whether playing counterfeit
coin against an illegal device constitutes
"passing"' in the eyes of the laf,. ,
The Appropriation Bill.
The House of Representative* d^vnt- .
ed considerable part of last week to the
consideration of the appropriation bill. ,
r * 'i A.1. -
i>10St 01 tne items iu me uiu were .
passed as fixed by the committee on
ways and means. The figures will be
published as soon as they can be procured.
The salaries of most of the officials
remain at about the present figures.
Fire Plugs Frozen.
Belmond, a town of over 2,000 inhabitants
in Wright county, Iowa, was
visited by a" destructive fire Thursday.
Tiie thermometer is 21 below zero, and
the fire plugs are frozen up. Thirteen
business bo'-eks and a number of residences
werc; totally destroyed. The
loss will foo?rup over $150,000.
Annual Report of State Board oi
Control for 1898.
Largs Business Transacted and
Much Money i-iandled. Expense
of Board as >Per
Diem and Mileage.
,The iigures presented in the annual
report of the State board 9f control just
"isSuid from the printer-..are of;interest,
the statements being closcd'^eccv.bcr
31st. 1898. A summary'follows:
ASSE-TS.. . .
f'ocli in n t-r> trpocn rv* >:
Merchandise in hands, of
.dispensers . .... ...... 227,743.-99
Merchandise stock at State
disnensarv 159.275.39
Supplies 31,172.66
Teams and wagons (inveutorv)
Machinery and office fixtures 2.S83.30
Contraband . 835 25
Real estate?purchase of
property and improvements
Personal accounts due State
for tax advanced on bonded
spirits, empty barrels,
and kegs, alchol, royalty
on beer not received, etc. 1C ^38.44
Total assets'V": .$51S,718.26
School fund S395.690.46
Suspended accounts 174.61
Personal accounts due by
State for supplies, whiskies,
wines, alcohol, beer,
etc 122,853.19
Total liabilities ?518,718.26
Gross profits on merchandise
sold $376,355.53
Discounts on whiskey purchases
25-, 654.12
Contraband seizures 10,137.32
Permit fees 28.00
Profits from beer and hotel
dispensaries (State's
Share) 26,740.04
Amount of warrants issued
prior to March 31st, 1897,
and never presented for
payment, passed to the
credit of profit and loss
account 6.04
Total gross profits $43S,921.05
Expenses 2S2,111.44
Xet profits .$438,921.05
Under the head of losses the following
amounts are given:
Supplies, bottles, corks, labels, tin
foil, etc., $113,017.38; constabulary,
$35,152.65; breakage ana ieasage,
$1 250 48; freight and express charges,
$76,019.65; labor, $15,041.21; rent of
Agricultural hall. $11,050; litigation,
$SS2; loss by fire at Eutawville,
$4SS.34; shortage at Chester, $739.34;
stolen from Hampton dispensary,
$213 80; loss by fire at Kantowles,
$1,339.19; loss by fire at Manning,
$926.87; and other items, the total expense
being, $156,S09.61. s
Itemized expense account: Salaries,
commissioner, $1,900.07; superintend
ent, $970; head drayman. Sb'UU;. state
chemist, $990.96; two clerks to commissioner,
$2,400; three clerks to state
board, -$3,625; salaries and expenses of
t^o inspectors, $2,-700.67.
The* expense account of the State
board of control is given as follows:
Per diem..... $856.00
Mileage 392.70
Expenses to Laurens and return
on official busines? 7.70
Mileage from Sellers to Dillon
and return 1.10
Charges on official telegrams
paid by Mr. Haselden 1.66
Expenses from Sellers to Dillon
and Marion and return on official
business 3.10
Expenses to Charleston and return
on official business 7.00
Total $1,269.26
Per diem $436.00
Mileage 228.00
Trip to' Charleston on official
business 34.70
Charges on official telegrams paid
by Mr-^Williams 1.00
Total . $699.70
Per diem $iS4.00
Mileage..'. 248.00
Trip to Greenville (official).. . 11.00
Total $743.40
D. M. MrLES.
Per diem $456.00
.Mileage 241.00
Total $697.00
31. R. COOPER.
Per diem $528.00
Mileage 399.15
Telegrams (official) 1.50
Total $928.65
Per diem $52.00
Total expenses of board.. .$4,390.01
The cash statement for 1898 shows
the following:
Balance in State treasury
Dec. 31. 1897 ? 61,901.26
January receipts 82.437.84
February receipts 81,574.32
March receipts 89,733.83
April receipts 67,869.22
May receipts 80,093.54
June receipts 80,413.61
July receipts.. ... 72,499.76
August receipts < 93,436.03
September receipts.. ..... 100,594.05
October receipts. 128,533.53
November receipts.. 153,606.66
December receipts IS 1.207.22
Total : ,,'$1,273,900.87 j
January di-burscments.. ..$105,593.57
February disbursements... 69,079.28
March disbursements 102.679.73
April disbursements...,.. 63.031.11
May disbursements 88,505.97
June disbursements 71.342.06
July disbursements 69,173 59
August disbursements 75j7S2.17
September disbursements.. 96.690.23
October disbursements 141,349 80
November disbursements.. 123.137.86
December disbursements.. 221.502.26
Total disbursements for
year $1.227.S87.63
Balance in State treasury
Dec. 31, 1398 46,073.24
Total $1,273,960 87
The year's purchases were a* follows
January $ 59'864.27
February . 40,390.94
March 57,800.37
geaataBBa * *"" M iV 'ly.ii.intn iir
i April . .* 42.5113"
j May, 53.210.75
J June - 5G.701 74
I July 40.40S I-2
I Aucust ~>9 9SO.>~i)
I September 91.17f) <?7
: October So.7iM.47
! November 172.5S9.3S
Decaruber 110.44-i. i'J
| Tot;1.! SS74.(i!'7.12
In a Bad Position
Our Judgement is that the lie
can party was never in creator dancer
than it is now. Rejoicing in what is
claimed to be a "great victory"' and
; having complete control of the exec a
tive and legislative branches of the ^cverumeut,
the leaders fee! that t hey have
a frei- ri?in to :>- thov liba-;.
^ " w ~ - > c ~ -- '
J. hat every pic-ce of partisan legislation
enacted by ihe next conarrcss in u: y
w;lv rti-itiug to finances will be uivtated
by the "money power" goes wiihou
saying. Lt is almost a certainty that
some olio of the various currency reforui
bills now before congress, with
perhaps a few trilling amendments in
i matters of detail, will be enacted into
law. This will not only commit the
Kepubiicau party thoroughly to the gold
standard, which it has so often condemned,
but it will do more. It will
( include the retirement of aii national
, paper currency ana surrender the entire
control of our paper money to the
banks, leaving ail business at their
rm ; .1 .U.i. ......... t.?
i JilS 15 il SCUeUiU ILlilL Crtll UCVC1 UU
defended in the great forum of the people.
We also believe that the prosperity
wave based upou '"dollar wheat/'
etc., has reached its height and broken
upon the shoals. The war excitement
will have passed away, and the people
will be prepared to consider' calmly
the questions of its management, and
especially the bond issues and other financial
measures designed to furnish the
money for it prosecution. They will
see that there was never a more unnecessary
measure t: an that which
authorized the issuance ofS500,000,UUU
in bonds, pd they will not forget that
the administration Dill torcea tnrougn
the house by whip and spur provided
for $100,000,000 more than that sum.
They will see that Wall street influences
absolutely dominate and control
the leaders of the Republican party and
that the interests of the common people
receive no more consideration at
their hands than maybe deemed necessary
to enable them to carry an election,
The masses of the voters cannot
be deceived all the time.
In 1888 Benjamin Harrison carried
Kansas by 80,000 majority,
which population considered, made it
the banner Republican state. The
next year it was swept by a tidal wave
of Populism. If the allied forces will
lay aside all selfish bickerings and
thrust into the background everything
except the great principles upon which
tkey are agreed, we believe that their
chance of electing a president in 1000
is now decidedly better than it would
have been if they had elected a majority
of the house. We grant that we
wanted to carry it, and especially regret
the unexpected losses in the senary/'
Rut there is a "silvcer linitis !
nevertheless. and we look for a glorious
sunburst in 19U0.
Heavy on Strait.
Ph speaking of the Strait address,
which is published in ano-.her column,
the Columbia Record handles the congressman
without gloves. We quote
the Record's article in full: "The
time for the withdrawal from congress
of Dr. Strait, the representative of the
fifth district, is close at hand. He signalizes
the nearness of that event by
publication of a screed in this morning's
State in which he makes a vigorous and
wholesale assault upon Senator 3IcLaurin.
The junior senator is amply able
to take care of himself and The Record
will not seek to forestall him. But
when Dr. Strait makes an attack on the
forty movement, that is a horse of another
color, for the editor of The Reeord
had much to do with the inception
of the forty movement. When Dr.
Strait says the forty movement 'has for
its object the destination of the Pieform
party,' he makes a foul and false
' 'imputation of treachery against forty?
two (for that was the real number) of
fl-ia rmrncf mf>n IP. the Re
form party. Whatever may have been
the effect of the forty movement, its
ooject was the good of the whole state
of South Carolina, ao object which it is
,noble to seek to accomplish, even in
the expense of party or factional advantage.
Possibly that principle is too
lofty for Dr. Strait to appreciate, just
as his intelligence seems too dense to
grasp the difference between 'object'
and 'effect.' The forty may have been
misguided or mistaken. On that there
moTT Vir> mom fnr ami ment. But it
K/\y A. \S ^ q
cannot be questioned that their motives
were pure and patriotic. Dr.
Strait's successor in congress was a leader
in the forty movement, and that
fact may account forDr Strait's animosity
to the forty. It is probably true
that the forty movement is responsible
for bringing about a condition of affairs
in South Carolina whereby men, of
Strait's calibre are shoved into the
background, to the advantage of men o:
The Good Old Days.
A law was passed by the State of
Tennessee in 17S8 which provided that
the salaries of that commonwealth
should be as follows:
"His excellency the governor, per
annum. 1.000 deer hides.
'"His honor, the chief justice, 500
deer skins.
"T!:o secretary to his excellency, the
governor, 500 raccoon skins.
'.'County clerks, three hundred beaver
"Clerk of the house of commons. 200
raccoon skins.
"Members of the assembly, per diem.
3 raccoon skins.
"Justice's fees for serving a warrant.
1 mink skin.
If we would adopt the hide s;ale of
paying the salaries of our State and
county officers fewer men would want
the offices.
Mr. James M. Smith of Columbia. S
C. writes: Dear Sir?It eivps Die
frreat pleasure to say tnat tne Uiu
vJrotn ritntmpnfr. hrmcrhr nf VOU
has entirely cured me of eczema when
everything I had used previously failed
to give any relief. It is a great medicine.
and I would not be without it in
my house. I use it for almost everything,
where any medicine is needed,
and have gotten the best of results
every time. Respectfully.
James M. Smith.
aS^oT' d ta I-IM a -. ?Tv' .-. .Vr.'iif -ir rwnn'riaVi'immT
i v sm&ww&sx
| 5
IVIakes the food more d
i i
! ?""
: From Senator Tiiltnan on Fiiil
pino Question.
| Ws Can Shoot I hem to Death
But is It Right? How
The World Wil! Look
Ai ll
m it.
For two hours or more the ?enat<
Tuesday of last week had the resolutioi
declaratory of a policy of this govern
merit in the Philippines under discus
sion. but no vote was readied and th<
resolution went finally to the calen
1 n accordance with the notice stiver
Senator Tillman addressed the senat<
upon the resolution making a chane
tcristic and picturesque argument.
Mr. Tillman said in opening that lu
had listened to the debate upon the
treaty with interest, but without takins
part in it. He had contented himself
with occasional little forays and witb
indulging in a little guerrilla warfaie.
'"The first thing that strikes me,"
said he, stin the reading of this resolution
is its absolute uselessness and its
cold-blooded purpose?its simple declaration
of purpose to buy and sell
those people of the Philippines for oui
i-i j _i.? 12?1.1..
interests unu w i^uun; tuc.ii
interests. If I mistake not the tiend
of events the ratification of the treaty
promises disaster to the party responsible
for it.
"If it was right,'' said he, in discussing
the cbaoajfr-.of votes on ratification,
"to defeat tlie~~treaty on Saturday, it
was right to defeat it yesterday." He
said that never in his legislative experience
had he heard so many speeches
against a proposition followed by so
many votes in favor of the proposition.
To his mind it indicated that certain
senators had yielded to pressure.''
Concerning the constitution, he declared
that the only scintilla now left
of it was that which required that, a
treaty could only be ratified by a twothirds
vote of the senate. The ratiiica
tion of the treaty, h^said. had deter
mined that fact that in law the Filipinos
were rebels against the United
States. If they fire on our flag they
would be regarded as rebels. That was
the way the world saw it. However the
trouble in the Philippines might terminate,
:he Filipinos would be regarded
as patriots who were fighting for their
libcrcy just as much as were the Amercau
"If any resolution is passed here we
ought to pass one bringing peace to the
Philippines, not disaster,
"The question now is: '"Arc we to
take the place of Spain as task masters
and tyrants?" Turning to Mr. Lodge
who was listening to the speech, Mr.
Tilliuau inquired if the situation in the
Philippines was not unique, was not
unduplicated anywhere in history?
"I think:" replied Mr. Lodge, ':that
the situation is unique in this that the
people to whom we have taken 'iberty
. and freedom have turned upon us."
Mr. Tillman declared that th*e situa
tion ia the Philippines was similar, to
that which confronted Great Britain in
the Transvaal and after reviewing England's
trouble in Souih Africa, said
that we wanted nothing in those islands
except the power to control their foreign
i-()f course," he continued, "we can
send tens of thousands of troops to the
Philippines, and as the senator from
Montana. (Carter), said the other day,
we can shoot those people to death; but
Li To ih nnnr?r?ihlp fnr
| ougui \>e tu uu it. jlo iw
us to do it?"
Mr. Tillman then read some verses
from Kipling's latest poem, "The White
Man's Burden." which he regarded as
exactly fitied to our case. "Every man
in this chamber, bat five." said he.
"who has had to deal with the colored
race voted against the treaty. We of
the South have borne 'The White Man's
Burden.' It was handed dpwn to us by
your father and mine and it clings to us
like the shirt of Xessus."
He maintained that we did not want
to incorporate into our citizenship the
mongrel population of the Philippines
and inaugurate auother /ace struggle in
the United States.
'"There are two cities in the Pacific,'"
said Senator Tillman, "over wluVa our
flag breaks to the breeze. Over the one
it is a harbinger of peace, good will,
prosperity and liberty.
JkOverthe other?Manila?it is coldi
blooded and determined?to do what?
To force upon these people a government
whether it be satisfact^-v to them
or not."
The debate for the day on the McEnery
resolution was concluded by Mr.
L^dge in a brief speech in the course
of which he stated souie of the facts
relating to the insurrection in the Philippines
against Spain and the part
Aguinaldo took in it. |
Further along Mr. Lodg?speaking of' I
the restraints placed upon the Ameri- J
can forces in the Philippines, said
"'Stringent orders have gone from the
president to Gen. Otis and Admiral
Dewey to exercise the greatest care in
their treatment of the Filipinos, and
not by word or deed to provoke them.
A fortnight ago Gen. Otis, in accordance
with orders received from the administration.
officially informed Aguinaluo
that he had no intention of making an
attack upon the Filipino troops. Senator
Lodge concluded by reiterating his
statement chat it was his belief that the
Filipinos had made a preconcerted and
prearranged attack upon our troops at
Manila for the purpose of influencing
action upon the treaty.
Mr. Tillman secured the floor again
to read a paragraph from Maj. Bell's report
on the condition of the Filipino
insurgents, ana concluded with-the declaration
that the peace commissioners
had gone to Paris with the purpose of
buying the Philippines and that it was
now the purpose of the administration
authorities to kill the Filipinos like
Atlanta in Luck.
Andrew arnegie has offered the city
of Atlanta $100,000 for a free public
library. Mr. Carnegie makes his offer
conditional to the extent that Atiauia
shall furnish the site and appropriate
$5,000 Thursday for the maintenance
of the library. Mr. Carnegie recently
gave $100,000 to the city of Washing-'
ton for a public library.
eiicious snd wholesome
)WgS3 CO., N?.V VQSK. i I
xii3 Same Everywhere.
Ohio. like South Carolina, has a law
which provides that when a ;-prion suffers
death at the hands of a lynching :
inoh the next of kin or heirs of the vie- .
tim tray recover from the county peeu- :
uiaiv damages in the st:Pi o? five tbousand
dollars. The first i-a e under trie
.new law in South Carolina was tried a i
month or tsvo ago. and the verdict was i
in favor of the county. Tills ccca ;
sioned some rather tart criticisms from :
the ^Northern and Western newspaper {
press. The first case under the new *
law in Ohio was tried a few days ago, 1
and. as in the South Carolina case, the l
2 verdict was in fa\or of the county. 1
1 The Savannah news says: "Wc 1
shall now await with interest the ccai- <
, meats of the Northern ana Western J
- newspapers upon this Ohio court and J
jury. The lynching upon which the *
1 Ohio suit was based will be remem;
bcied as the Click Mitchell lynching. <
in which the negro was taken out and i
killed in the streets of the town of Ur-.
* bana. before an andience of 10.000 persons.*'
Lawless Negro Troops. ;
1 The Negro troops have been giving c
, great tr nble in Arkansas and Georgia j
by their lawless acts and general rowd- j
' ism. As the regiment from Arkansas t
' noccnrl flirnrorli Tnlra Miss., .come T1D- n
known persons set fire to the ammuni;
tion car, which was almost filled with
cartridges and powder. It was entirely
destroyed and the rest of the train was
; barely saved. Three Negro women,
who were following the troopers, sre reported
to have been killed in the burning
car. A dozen of the men were injured.
At Walker switch the burning
car was discovered by trainmen and
side tracked. The lives of the crew
were in danger, as the cartridges-were
I? i:?i.:? ?
exploding iii every uuccuuu. xjj mt L
tiiue the switch was reached the car was
a mass of flames. The loss will be
' Killed Each Other.
Bob Marks, a noted sporting charac- I
ter and typical deaashot Texan, was
killed in a duel Thursday with John
\V. Bennett, proprietor of a saloon and (
gambling house at San Antanio. Tex.
Marks had been drinking and announced
as he left his own saloon that he
was going to die with his boots on. He
entered the Silver King saloon and
threatened to shoot out the lights.
Words were passed and revolvers were
drawn. Marks emptied the five cham
bers of bis revolver, shooting Bennett
through the abdomen. Stretched on
the floor, mortally wounded, Bennett
fired three shots -it 'Marks, killing him
instantly. Bennett died Thursday. ^
A youug married lady cue morning gave
her husband a sealed letter, which c
he was to read when he got to his office. ,
He did so, and the letter ran as follows:
'I am obliged to teil you something r
that may give you pain, but there is no c
help for it. You should know every- *
thing, whatever ba the consequences. e
For the last week I have felt that it
must come to this, but I have waited
uutil the last extremity. Do not overwhelm
me with bitter reproach, for you will
have to put up with your share of f
the trouble as well as myself." Cold .
perspiration stood in thick drops on the
brow of the husband, who had prepared
tor the worst. Trembling, he read on:
"0urcoal is aft cone. Please order a |
ton id be sent this afternoon. I thought
you might forget it for the tenth time,
and therefore wrote you this letter."
But he didn't forget it that time.
Tiie feeling is growing among many '*
prominent Democrats, aud some Republicans,
that the only plan to prevent
the purchase of senatorial and other
offices is to amend the constitution,
giving the people the right to elect by
direct vote. Even that old and emi- c
nently conservative paper, the Philadelphia
Record, takes strong grounds
in favor of that view and asks: "Muse ^
the country forever witness the recur- <3
rence of these scenes of corruption?" j.
It looks as if this is the only plan to
prevent corruption and purchase of h
Ax inventive genius of Alexandria y
Ind., is converting the flintiest and
roughest of limestone roc-k into soft
white wool. - lie expects to revolutionize
the wool arl cloth manufacturing
industry. The discovery was the result
of an accident, though none the less
A t] IT rA/?k* TT^G
Veil UclU.it. VA J VI-L\x ivvu II MM 0
common building stone, and was used |
for that purpose until the discovery ?
was made. It can be spun and woven a
nto soft, durable dress goods, suitable I
for garments for both sexes. I
Jerry Simpson, whose term in con- |
gress will expire with the preseat ses- %
sion, lives frugally in modest quarters ?
and is believed to have saved $3,000 ?
yearly out of his $5,000 salary. He |
will retire to his farm at Medicine ?
Lodge, Kan., and declares that in fu- 8
j ture he will devote himself to tilling ?
the soil, having had enough of politics. |
Great excitement-exists on the min b
ing stock exchange at Colorado Springs 3
over a fabulously rich strike in the Isa- if
bella Mine, at Cripple Creek. Assays
from the strike run from $40,000 to S
$100,000 to the ton. The stock jumped ?
from 973 to $1.50 per share a few days ^
ago. Over 100,000 shares changed ^
hands. Six weeks ago the stock sold ?
at 22 cents. _ S
There has been a clash between the ?
Americans troops and the Philipinos at ft
Manila, and twenty American were i|
killed. It now looks as if we have ?
bargained to pay Spain twenty million ?
dollars'for a protracted war. in which a
. 1. -J., ~
iiiuuaauua ui uui wuuu juicu
will be killed.
A retiring army doctor has achieved pj
some fanre at San Francisce by being f0
arrested " for being encased in a Lalf
a mile or so of silk goods, wbich he was
wearing as a protection against the 5
customs collectors. The little game of 3
smuggling didn't work and he had to e0
shuck his silk casing. w
Frozen Stiff. n?
The body of h workiDgman about 50 da
years of age was found frozen stiff in is
the west bottoms of Kansas City Wed- ta
nesday. - di
The. 0*
ment is a^B
covered by^B
cures Piies^^B
cles, Boils,^
Sore Eyes. Sore V
Iy Heat and ail skBB
or money refunded. Oni^^^
cents per box. The discovery
was a case of seeming necess^
tv. His little daughteiUiadS
leanui case ui eczema ujl tu?
head and eyes, and it finall^
^ot into the upper lip, causing
it to turn iaside out. He had
her treated by leading?the
best?physicians in Columbia
and Charlotte for nearly two^
vears, and the disease con"'
stantly grew worse. He be^an
reading a standard medical
journal, and saw many
things recommended for ecze^
cna, and went to work nd
Look of the many things and
compounded this 'cedical wonier,
OldXorth State Ointment,
and cured, in the case of this
little girl, one of the most
stubborn cases of eczema; aftertvhich
many other stubborn'*
nented with and cured.
Cuthbert, Ga , September 1, 1897,. ^
Ur Jasper Miller,? olumhia, S. C:
Dear Sir?A fr.end of mine had eczema, is
viVviit.ih, and he hid trie-t everything ??:om
mended to him without success. 1 rt?ommended
jour Oui North State Oiutmeo*.
i e us( ' o*- e box, whish maJe a complete
:ure. 1 uk? pu-asure ia recomar-ndint it
o any c ne suffering from eczema or ?ny sm
ffectiou. Yours truly. G. C. Bacot.
for sale by all D<-*ler3 au<i '< ruggi^w at 2&
cents per bos.
Flniir Mill "
wvaa >
Roller Floor Mills.
Richmond City Mill Works, J
)ne or tne largest uunucaccurers o
Flour Mill Michinery ia the coantiy, ^
and having experienced Millwrights, v |
I am prepared to build mills oa
the most improved plans and ati |j
prices to compete with any one ^
in the trade. We guarantee
the products of our mills to J
equal the grades of the best
Western mills. Before
placing your orders
write to me.
I also handle a complete line of Wood- ?
forking Machinery: Saw Mills, Eu- f
;ines and Boilera, Corn Mills and Ma- ?
hinery in general.
Having been established in business" 4
tere for sixteen years, I have built up ^
uy trade by selling the very highestlass
of machinery, aad am in a bett-3Jtj|
losition to serve th-s interest of Hty V
ustomers than ever before.
V. 0. Badham, J
S^ake Care oi
Your Property J
iave money oy keeping yonr j
Gins in thorough repair.
You get better results M
please the public
and save your
Fourteen years practical exJP
>erience in the ELLIOTT
(HOPS at "Winnsboro, S. Ci^
s a guarantee of good work.
Send your gins at once to||i
e undersigned,
Located adjaceut to the Tc^P
gr Engine Work Ialy27 3iwj
D From Maker Direct to Purchaser. ISr*?
I A. Good |1
| Pkno g|
^ Is always Good, always Reliable '8|
fo\ always Satisfactory, always Last* MQH
? ia?.^ You tuie no chtncegln boy^
It "osts somewhat _,ore that % ?f - 1
&} chenp, p'*,r pi'jno, Out Is much the M fl
'<J* cheapest in the end.
te Noother Hlsrii Grade Piano sold ?o jA
i? reasonable. Factory prices to retail M
jv buyers. Easy payments. Wrltevu^
^ Savonaah, nn<! New Tork cttr. TP
ddress: D. A. PRKSSLtOV
Not A Leap Year.?Next year rjs
> * a 1A??\ rAow TUa nnf k/twitTdtl AlU?'. 1
jl. <x j tai. jl i-lv./ au.vuviiiiw. i.
ain it this way: "Leap year; ev?rj~jr
arth year, ia which a day is'added to
te month of February an account o? 1
. x? . a : T - - \ +~M
le excess 01 me tropical ye;tr
hr. 48 raia. 46 see.) above 365 d
ut one day added every four reacufl
[uivalent to sis hours eacli M
hicii is 11 lain. 14 see. more thawH
:cess of the real year. Hence, iH
pessary to suppress the bisse?
L.v at the eud of every century whicM|
not divisable by 400, while it is re- -0
ined at the end of those which tre [
visible by 400," *1
> i': ** -ZM

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