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The Fairfield news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1881-1900, March 01, 1899, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/2012218613/1899-03-01/ed-1/seq-1/

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O YOK IJ1L' WINNSBORO. S. C., WED^^DAT. MARCH 1, 1899. ?-30
^ ' ? The Legislature Finishes its Work !
'iKSkr.--- ^ .> and Adjourns.
.-TJ-i-, ;- *z. r
fcv* ? 7 " -
* ?' * J"
-:> Appropriate and Customary Res^
olutions Were Adopted in
?*: , Both Houses. Interesting
** - x. Farewell Features.
^ v. Tbe lart session of the general assem.'JblyofSouth
Carolina for this century |F^
..^journed Wednesday morning at 3
' 'aeioek.' The%esfeion has been a most
*-- : * * ' A 11 O ^ .X* 1
pleasant'one, devoid 01 an lacuvusu
feeling. It was feared that adjournment
ntr * could not be reached Tuesday night
Jr but as there were. csarcely any differeace
as to tie amendments to the gen
>-.? era!.-supply bills, the adjournment was
I- v. - - reached sooner than expected.
'I' Tuesday night at the house there was
the accustomed delay on accouDtofthe
deliberations of conference and free
conference committees, but all the important
bills :were acted upon finally,
and the^geneia3 assembly was declared
adjourned sire-die at 3 a. m., "Wednesday
^orning. j.
r After ail the business naa oeea transacted
on motion of Mr. Bacot, the
house resolved itself into a committee
of the whole and Mr. WiEkler was called:
to ifche chair.
" Mr. Bacot then in" feeling-words ex
pressed the appreciation of the speaker's
fairness and efficiency as felt by the
house. Mr. Bacot said:
Mr. Speaker: Your friends and supporters
in the house, to the number of
^ "* * 1 tt-1 fVi o torr.
123, aesirea 10 preseu b \SJU TTXVU Ut vwu.. r
gible token of their respect and regard,
^ and as one of the number* and as speak- '
erfor the other 122, it is my pleasure
to place in your hands this gold-headed
walking stick, which we have had suit ;
ably inscribed. May it yield you in
the later years of your life as strong a
f support as your friends and compatriots
? ? ~ ?J Tr.m nrtnfimip f-.rt cive
nave given auu n m ? ?? 0_. _
you here and elsewhere, and let it ever
remind you of the good fellowship and
pleasant associations which have characterized
the House of 1899. ^
;}~" Speaker Gary was much affected by
* this visible and lasting token of esteem
?na although he has been more than
, once similarly situated, he expressed
_ his thanks in terms of deepest sinceripfS'
fcy. He said:
: ' Gentlemen of sthe House of Sepresen;
r c i^vesf j lscarcely know how-to thank
yon for this evidence of your regard.
^ ' To be thus honored by the legislature '
of South Carolina is something of which.
** ' any man may be proud. I assure -you *
: .that I appreciate this honor to the fullest.
If the work of the house has been
satisfactorily conducted, it is due largef*
ly to the uniform courtesy 01 me ioeuir
bers and the hearty cooperation vrhich
you haveualwavs accorded the presiding
f officer. There have been heated debates
upon this floor, men . have attacked,
measures with zeal, but there has been
an utter absence of bitterness and per
sonality, and I venture , .the .assertion
W. tVu ^nse of the last legislature of
the Nineteenth century finds as few
... . heartburnings as any that has ever been
fj- held. _ # ^ , ... ;
7- :: - ;.. This* tangible evidence-of yoiir esteem
will always remind me of the warm
friendships that have been formed and.
^ . of the good fellowship that has prevailed.
Let us hope that these friendships
"ySL, are the harbinger of an era that will rey
down to the glory of South Carolina'.
And now gentlemen, in bidding you
- . farewell, let me thank you again for
, . your kindness, and to wish for each of
you a happy return to your homes. : .
. I It was at 3 a. m. cxactly, after an all
r,r- ' night's continuous sitting tnat, on mo- i
. , v. Jtion _pf Mr. Waller, the senate adv
journe'd -sine die. Xot over 15 senators
with disheveled hair and sleepy eyes
were present when president 3IcSweet
_ ney's gavel fell for the last time the
u present session, and with feeling in his
* voice he announced the State senate
adjourned sine die. Hardly had the
words been spoken before every senator
was on his feet, hustling into overcoat
.j . and saying a final farewell to the few
remaining colleagues who had braved
out the vigil with him.
About 11 o'clock, on motion of Mr.
Mayfield, the senate resolved itself into
n -V.i.
a committee 01 tne wuuic, nuu
' .} Barnwell was called to the chair. Upon
President McSweeney leaving the stand
Mr. May field offered the following resor
. lution:
Be it n. solved, That the thanks of
the senate are due. and are hereby tendered,
the Kon. M. B. McSweeney for
~a his .courteous, impartial and efficient
discharge of the duties devolving upon
him as the presiding o&cer 01 tnis
r. body.
2. That the same are due, and are
hereby tendered, to the president pro
. tem. of the senate.
3. That the senate commends the
5_. clerk, sergeant-at-arms, assistant clerk
.>. f and the other officers and employes of
tjie senate for their faithful discharge
-of the duties of their respective posii;:
A 1 t _1 1. _
- Mr. (iraydon ana uoi. -iiancn spos.e
' to the resolution.
-- Mr. Scarborough otterred the follow_l"
ing resolution in appreciation of the
daily press.
Resolved, That the thanks of the
senate be extended to Messrs. C. B.
^ Smith and A. S. Salley, Jr., represenHRB^tatives
of the press, for their full, fair
IS flfeg>d impartial reports of tbe senate proEj
Reelings at the present session.
hl- president m'sjveexey.
Kjhe committe of the whole having
H| Halved,' President McSweeney real
Bed the chair and responded to the
|^H^^^^Ktions in a short and appreciative
mk keenly, he said, the expresMonfidenee
in him contained in
Bions just adopted.. He had
k to be fair and impartial in
Hrcmembering alway that he
^Ltver. a body of represenIkds,
whn had .only the-'
[k Sbj^th Carolina at"
took the oath of oSce
B&had statedrfran^ly_;
?ence<? but he $'ac(
ftjsurteous, ami the,
^rmonious. " He
be fair, and
Bhe endorse
merit of the senate in the resolutions
just adopted.
The kind words of the senators would
make him look forward to the f'utuie
with brighter hopes and endeavor to be
a better man.
He thought the reference to the clerk
and attaches of the senate eminentl}'
i>roDer. They had been here to serve
the senators and their State, and had
been always ready to do their duties
promptly and efficiently.
He hoped the senators upon their return
home would find their loved ones
in the enjoyment of good health and
that they would all return to the nest
session with renewed energy and vigor
and determination to serve their State
better than ever before.
When President McSweenoy concluded,
in violation of its usual rule,
the senators joined in a warm applause
of their presiding officer.
XAUbu xw i/uum,
The Crew of a Schooner Eescusd After
Days of Suffering.
The crew of the schooner James E.
Bayles; shipwreeked and abandoned at
sea, arrived at Xorfolk, Va., Wednesday
morning and told of their awful
sufferings and the death of the wife
of Captain E. H. Darling, who froze in
her husband's arms. The Bavlss sailed
from Cazones. Mexico, for New York
on-January 23d, with a cargo of cedar
and mahogany, She was a doublerWl-Ar?
tKree-masted schooner of 372
w - ;
tons, net register..
All went well until Saturday, Feb.
11 when off the Delaware capes, some
ninety miles at sea. the storm struck
her. Snow and sleet fell and ';he storm
increased in violence. On Monday the
schooner sprung a leak, and on Tuesday,
while the pumps were being worked
to the utmost, they broke beneath
the deck and the schooner filled fast
"--wl- "Rtt -morMfnll she
<*UU Bii.ua. j.
was awash, the seas swept over her,
and the crew, lashed to the ral, suffered
dreadfully from the cold.
Mrs. Darling, the captain's wife, a
resident of Huntington, Lon.j Island,
who had been for hours he Id by her
husband in his arms, succumbed to the
fearful cold and died. For hours afterwards,
from Tuesday untH "Wednesday,
tho hpr bodv that the seas
should not sweep his dead wife away.
The seas carried the boats and taffrall
away on Tuesday and shortly afterwards
in order to lighten the standing rigging
the mast were cut away and went by
the board. For three days, hoping
against hope that help migh.t come, the
crew, without food or water, "stood lashed
to tKe rail, the cold waves washing
over them almost continuously. Three
steamers passed; one stopped when
some five miles away, but probably
concluded that the wreck had been
abandoned by the crew and passed on._
Those xrboard the Bayles having neither"
fire nor flag Could hot signal her. She
was* a big pissenger liner, bound probably.for
New York.
, On Thursday about noon, when hope
was, the shipwrecked men said almost
dead, the schooner Mount Hope, Captain
McLean, bound from New York to
Norfolk, came along and took them off
in a boat, manned by Mate Gould and
two men of the Mount Hope. Everything
that men could do, Captain Darling,
of th? Bayles, said Captain Mc
Lean, Mates Gould and Anderson and
the crew of the Mount Hope did for the
sufferers. The saved men lost everything
with the exception of the clothes
they stood in. The only one seriously
injured is Steward Fred E, JBalcom, of
To Mill steet, Brooklyn. His feet are
- Will Work Without PayCol.
John P. Thomas makes the following
statement in regard to the work
of the Confederate historian:
. Inasmuch as the general assembly
has made no provision for the continuance
at present of the work of this office.
it becomes neeessary for the undersigned
to define and declare its status.
The offiee will remain open to the
reception of Confederate papers and to
such amendments and additions to the
rolls a3 may ho !sent in, with the view
of further perfecting the record of South
Carolina in the war between the States
Until he returns his commission to the
governor-of the State, the undersigned,
while otherwise engaged, will be pleased
to make this, contribution to the
cause of the Confederate soldiery of
Sjmth Carolina. Jno. P. Thomas.
Rescued Mariners.
The British steamship Yittoria,
Capt. Wetherell, arrived at Baltimore
Wednesday with four of the crew of
the missing Hamburg-American liner
Bulgaria. The rescued mariners arc
Mate Ssharges, Quartermaster Carl
T ?J * 1-- Q/iVtiilrr o rr rJ ^nQTYIQn
JLlUUitvC auu UUUL UV/UU1K auu
William Starke. They were picked up
by the Victoria from an open boat of
the Bulgaria three and a half hours after
they had been cast adrift in latitude
40.north, longitude 43 west on
February 5. These, with the 25 women
and children who were picked up
by the tank steamer "Weehawken and
landed in Pontadel Gada, Azore islands,
a week - ago, are all that have been
heard from the crew of S9 men and 41
passengers which the Bulgaria had
aboard when she sailed from New York
for Bremen, January 28..
No Soldier Executed.
In reaching the decision to recommenojalong
term of imprisonment in the
nf a ririvate in an Alabama regi
ment who had Killed a.mail in an affray,
Judge Advocate General Lieber has
completed a remarkable record, disposing
of the last of the capital cases that
had come before his department for review
without in any single case imposing
the death penalty. Thus the war
has-passed without the execution of a
single soldier on account of military
rm1. ?J ^ V/i
crimes. Jims is otnevcu tv uc nuwuw
parallel i& history. There were crimes
committed,r but they lacked malice or
premeditation, aifcr there were no aesertions'becznise
of cowardice or treachefv.
>; Martial ?aw at Manila.
Aio^ OtThursday issued a
'general otdmr- directing all the inhabitants1
dly-Mgnila, until otherwise ordered;'
toccmfine themselves to their Louies
afterjf o'clock in the evening, when the
i2^efe,?will be cleared by the police.
|Tiie general also warna incendiaries
and" suspects that they will be severely
dealt with if discovered in any locality*
Many of the Farmers Are Getting
Rich Planting It.
I Practical Results Obtained by
Wide Awake Farmers in East
ern North and South
Up to a few years ago it was thought
- j. xi.?u,
Uiai COICOU was lUC ULUJ uium luai tvuiu
be profitably grown as a money crop in
this State, but the experiments with
tobacco in the eastern part of the State
has completely exploded that idea in
that section. The statement can be
safely made ^without fear of being disputed
that no crop in the South has
orpr nrnvfin so profitable. all things con
siaered, as tobacco in the Eastern section
of South Carolina. If you doubt
this statement ask the people of Darlington,
- Florence, Marion, Sumter,
Marlboro and other counties in this
State where tobacco is grown. A few
years ago experiments were made with
such wonderful results that South
Carolina now grows millions of pounds
of tobacco of the finest leaf. Tobacco :
growing in these sections has changed
the condition of the people to a wonderful
degree. Before the adven: of tobacco
the plantations wero mortgaged,
and in many cases to their full value,
and the farmers, as a rule, owed more
than they were able t? pay. All business
with the planters was done on the :
credit system, with all the evils which
that system means in the South. But
tobacco came as a harbinger of better
days, and from its mystic leaves fell ,
the shekles which have made the once
impoverished planters independent.
In dealing with the question of
money making from tobacco culture, it
is the aim of the writer to quote exam*
" 1 - x .r
pies snowing tne amount tu luuitvw
grown to the acre, and also the price .
for which it sold. To better understand .
such figures it is well to inquire at the ,
outset as to the actual cost of produc- '
ing and curing tobacco per acre. Some
years agOfthe writer asked the question .
of twenty leading tobacco growers, a?
to the probable cost per acre, and the
average cost was placed at $35.50 per
acre. Some estimates were as high as ,
'1 :J V.>.1^TTT
owners ieii cuusjluciciui^ uciur
$30.00. A noted club of tobacco men .
in the central part of North Carolina (
made a study of this question through ;
a number of years, and they placed the i
average at $38.00 per acre. To show ,
how profitable tobacco has become we 1
^eg leavft _to give t.hp namw and pnst- j
office addresses of leading planters in ,
different sections, so that the reader ,
may verify every statement we make. ,
Twelve years age not a pound of tobacco
was grown in the State for shipment,
while the crop planted this year,
it is estimated will yield fifteen million
pounds. . i
The "average yield per acre in South ,
Carolina is from 900 to 1,200 pounds, <
while in the colder sections of Virginia ,
and North Carolina ^the average is Delow
600 pounds per acre. As in eastern
Xorth Carolina, so here the coming ,
of tobacco has changed the conditions ;
of the ;>eopIe, placed them on an inde- ,
pendenc footing and enabled them to ]
buy for cash iiistead of doing business f
on the credit system. i
One-of the most remarkable examples i
is that of Capt. Paul Whittle, of Hirer- j
dale, in Florence county. On 30 acres
of tobacco he made a clean profit $2,400, j
besides raising an abundance of home j
supplies.* Capt. Whittle is from Massachusetts.
He came to South Carolina
several years ago, and during the last
, five years has made a small fortune
growing the yellow weed. j
F. M. Rogers, Jr., of Florence, was
one of the first planters to experiment ;
in On one cron he aveiaged a 1
yield of 1,085 pounds per acre, and sold
the crop on an average of 24 cents per
pound. Mr. Rogers has grown two
crops of tobacco, which have netted
him a clear profit of $9,390.
S. A Gregg, of Florence, gives an interesting
statement, showing the com
parative pronts id cotton, com auu tu- (
bacco, which is herewith produced: (
116 acres of cotton, 52,018 ,
pounds at 5?c $ 2,447.40
116 acres of corn, 1,400
bushels, at 60c 840.00
$ 3,486.40
Cost of making corn and cot- i
ton $ 2.351.38
Deduct yalue of corn not
sold 840.00
Profit on cotton 295.02
25 acres tobacco, 24,410 lbs,
sold for . 2,529.25
Expenses of making tobacco 1,000.25
Profit on crop of 25 acres... 1,529.00
Profit on cottpn crop, 116
acres 295.02
Total profit ...$ 1,824.02
While the profit on this tobacco crop
is not so large as many others that could
be given, still it shows remarkably
good farming in these times when prices
are depressed, .and it further shows
how far ahead of other crops tobacco is
a money crop for the Southern planter.
At Darlington, S. C., C. S. McCullough,
who is both a business man and
a large planter, has made a remarkable
average in tobacco-growing, several
crops reaching as high as S200 per acre.
At the same place. B. F. Williamson,
W. E. Dargan, D. M. Smoot, and many
others whose names conld be given,
have made averages of $150 and $200
per acre on tobacco growing within the
past five years.
In Florence county, M. S. Haynesworth
and J. C. Brunson, whose postoffice
is at Florence, have averaged $200
per acre on large crops, and -J. P. Gregg
and H. T. Harlee, and others, at Mars
Blu2 have done the same.
B. S. Ellis, of Zion postoffice. near
"vr?TOO aftrps in tobacco
xUailVU, piaukvu - ^ - ??
in 1898. The average yield per acre
was 800 pounds. He sold the entire
crop of 80,000 pounds at an average of
12A cents per pound, and after dea ctall
cost of the crop, had $7,200 profit,
which appears as a very good business
in these times of close competition.
C. "W. Rogers, of Marion, made an
average of $100 on his entire crop, and
after counting off all expenses of his toi
bacco crop, had a clean profit of $05
per acre.
W. A. Godbold, of Marion. planted
a crop of 40 acres the past year, and
gathered 40,^0U pounds of tine tobacco.
Fie sold his entire crop for $3,200. The
cost of the *crop was $2,200. leaving
Mr. Godbold a profit of $2,000 on one
In Darlington county J. H. Privett
sold the product of 18 acres in tobacco
for $3,300. The entire cost of his crop
was only $230, which left a clean profit
of $2,070.
S. M. Green, of Sardis, sold the to*
- .cm
bacco trom io acres at an average in iu
cents for the entire crop.
Around Mayesville the tobacco farmers
have been very successful and shown
some high averages. A few examples
from that section, taken from sales
made on the Mayesville tobacco marker,
will show wtiat is being done
R. E. Smith, ol Bethlehem, sold the
product of 9 acres for $1,500, clearing
over Silt) per acre on his crop.
R. R. Tomlinson, of Shiloh, planted
5 acres in tobacco the past reason and
cleared $102 per acre above all expenses
of his crop.
A. T. Buddin. of Mayesville, sold
*! ?/? nf rv onraa tViA nast, .SPSQrtn
for $800.
W. E. Turbeville. of Selac, planted
18 acres and made an average of 1,100
pounds per acre, -which sold at prices
ranging from 7 cents to 45 cents per
G-. M. Hicks, of Xew Zion, cleared
?1,200 on y acres mtooacco last season
after paying all expenses.
Mrs. Ruth Evans sold the product of
one acre in tobacco for $175, the cost
of the crop being less than $40.
J. E. Tomlinson, of Sliiloh, one of
the first tobacco-growers in South Carolina,
sold his entire crop the past season
at a clean profit of $100 per acre.
One of the most remarkable yields of
tobacco made in South Carolina was at
Kingstree by Mr. J. E. Brockinton,
one of the early tobacco growers of the
State. On one acre Mr. Brockinton
grew 1,750 pounds of tobacco and sold
the product for $326. The total expense
was $40, leaving a profit of $2S6.
We deem the instances cited sufficient
to convince the most skeptical of
what can be done in tobacco growing,
thoigh hundreds of others, juat as
strong, could be given did -we think it
necessary to produce them. It is well
to state in this connection that tobacco
is a crop that demands the most watchful
It is of all crops the most fastidious,
but to those who give it the proper attention
it yields very large returns.
We do not mean bytftis that it is a difficult
crop to manage. What it requires
is careful watching from start to
finish. Those who are disposed to aeglect
it will never succeed, but those
who give it proper attention from the
time the tender plant is set out until
If in nnfnly Tr-i]] fjn<3 tTlH
weed more generous in money returns
than any crop that can be grown at tne
same expenseIssues
a Manifesto.
Aguinaldo has issued a manifesto accepting
the situation caused by the "unsspected
provocation of the Americans,
while lamenting hostilities,
which, he says, he :'tried to avoid by
svery means" in his power, "makinghumiliating
concessions and tolerating the
insults and outrages of the army of occupation
against" the people of Manila.'a
He adds that he is prepared to sacrifice
everything to maintain the "national
" />olla nnnn oil tn TCifrACQ i.hA
L1UUVI, V/ttllO Uj/V?l vy
good faith and honesty of his intentions,
and complains that he has been
treated as a rebel, "because I defended
the national interests instead of becoming
tne tool of American preposterous
pretentions." The rebel leader further
alleges that the country is unanimous
in his support, that the people k;will
perish rather than accept odious American
Tirtniininr> " n!lA<Tin?r that
'even corrupt Spanish dominion ispreferrable.The
Philippine commission
is considered by Aguinaldo to be a
farce and Messrs. Denby, Devrey and
Secretary Harden are classed as "pronounced
annexationists," the latter being
charged as having "maliciously defamed"
the Filipinos in newspaper reports.
He is classed as beiug especially
obnoxious to the Filipino government.''
Finally, Aguinaldo expresses
bis wisL 'o 'proclaim to the world and
DfScially dispel the false rumors that
&ermany or any other power has rendered
assistanse, moral or material,'' to the
Filipino.s, adding, "nor have the Filipinos
solicited it.
Fertilizer Factory Burned.
The mixing establishment of the
" -x
Wove fertilizer ractory at vuiumum
was destroyed by fire early Wednesday
morning. The State says the blaze
was discovered a few minutes after the
Charlotte train passed on its way to the
shed, and the origin is supposed to
have been from a spark. The wooden
building burned like tinder, and the
whole was soon a mass cf seething
names, without any possibility of saving
a dollar's worth of the goods on
hand, which amounted to almost the
total output of a season. The building
was valued at ?30,000 on that and the
chemical works nearby. In the mixing
part, which was burned, were 10,000
tons of fertilizers of all grades, valued
at 8125,000. This stock wa3insured in
Richmond. The mill is owned by the
Virginia-Carolina Chemical company,
headquarters at Richmond. Dr. T. C.
Robertson is the manager. There were
14 cars on the sidetracks, many of
them loaded to be sent out Wednesday,
and 10 of these were totally destroyed
by the fire.
He Has Made Friends.
Senator Tillman is a good subject for
the philosopher to watch. He suddenly
floated in on the top of a great revolutionary
wave and while he had the
confidence of the people lie fonna no
difficulty in regaining on top. He
could laugh at and uefy his enemies
who were .floundering about in the
depth below. But now the wave has subsided.
The people have lost their admiration
for him. and the senator, far
seeing and planning in a very wise
manner, will not array himself against
towns any more. The campaign of1900
will be very different from his others.
His main support will come from thoce
he formerly called his enemies. The
people that once abused him are going
to support-him. Unless the political
wind changes, the man has not been
named that can beat him in 1900.?
Carolina Spartan.
Bimetalism Will be the Paramont
Issue In Next Campaign.
The'Chicago Platform is Gaining
Ground. How the Present
Activity in Business is
Accounted For.
Senator James K. Jones. chairman
of the Democratic National committee,
is not in accord with Mr. Croker,. of
New York, and Mr. Wall of "Wisconsin/regarding
the paramount issue in
the-pext presidential campaign. In a
recent interview he said:
"To say that the next Democratic
National convention will reaffirm the
position taken by the convention in
1896' is to assert what ever}' candid man
even-* slightly familiar with existing
facts, knows to be true. It is as certain
asanythiag human can be that the
question of bimetism will be the leading
issue in the campaign next year. And
ifcjis reasonable to expect that the majority
of-the people will next time declare
for the party which means what
ifesajsand will redeem its'pledges, and
tiiat they will not again be tricked into
casting their votes in favor of the one
nnes'ot the principles in wnicii they |
'"Od what grounds do you base your
hopes for success nest year?" he * was
. 4'CC! _ Jl. ~ _ O "L _ T
come 01 tne reasous way x urn
strongly". hopeful of the future of our
cause are as follows: In the campaign
of*1898 both parties declared for bimetalism^
the Democrats for independent
action by the United States the Republicans
for international agreement which
thj&y pledged themselves 'to promote."
Ibsjgr this declaration on the part of
the.Republicans was only made to catch
vgtes, and because the party leaders did
not dare to go to the polls without it.
Tthink now no one any longer doubts
tnat the fixed purpose of those wfco controlled.
these leaders was to maintain
tEe^gold standard, and to prevent;- n?t
promote,', an international agreement.
The declaration, however, served7 its'
purpose ' and vast numbers of sincere'
I KvW?Af^ll tef*e TTATO Tk/*rCTlO/"l^fJ fn vntA t.h#*
VALU.\^wa,iJlX^ V?J 1IV1V yvi ^ uuuvv? w ? vw ??*w
} Republican ticket, in the belief that they
were voting for an honest effort
tor-secure international bimetalism.
The leaders who were responsible ?or
this trick Have already committed their,
party to the single gold standard, ?ofir
is-, they can, and if they dare speik -out'
Krtnoof]tt in fTiy nirt nofirtriol nTatfAntl' '
it'.-vrill'declare for the single gold stand-,
a ft v.
Do vou. believe 4a^X-r;.,T-r.-^u. f
metalism is improving?"
''There are as many believers in bi- ;
metalism today in the United States, as'
there ever were,* and all these are doubt i
less now convinced that the only way. ?
to accomplish bimetalism is through'
the actiou of- tho '-Deraocratic party.
The great efforts to stop the fall in
pjices?:the shrinking of values?and
to relieve the distress of business resulting
from these great evils without
injustice or injury to any class of business,
is being more and more understood,
and commands the respect- of
honest and fair men always when understood,
and another campaign of ridicule
and abuse such a? that of 1896?
whether-'dictated by. ignorance or venality?cannot
succeed against temper
ate arguments and appeals for simple.
justice, when the people have time to
fairlyweigh the arguments and form a
deliberate'judgment. There was great
unrest and dissatisfaction in 1890
throughout the country, resulting from
falling prices and shrinking valaes.
The Kepublican party promised that if
they were entrusted with power all this
t 1 i . i i . i. i._
would De cnangea, ana mac prosperity
should succeed existing conditions.
Mr. McKinley and the gold press now
assure the country that we have prosperity.
There js.quite a boom in stock
speculations in Wall street, but Wall
street is not the country, as we believe.
''Great famine and a short crop of
wheat all over the world except in the
United States naturally raised the price
* 1 M .1 J
oi wneat wane tnese conditions msieu,
and the beneficient effects of this temporary
advance in the price of a single
article, which was so marked in the
short period it continued, is likely to
stimulate a desire for a return to that
condition permanently and an exten-''
~ 11 r\**nrl vt a n T c
MUU Ui it tu iXll
is our purpose, and was our purpose in
1896, when the Republican party denounced
any effort to iDcrcase prices as
a crime."
How do you account for the activity
in business?
:'There-has been necessarily an increased
demand for labor within the
last few months, as the result of the
withdrawal of large numbers of American
citizens from the ordinary walks of
life to be employed in the army, whose
places had to be filled,- There has also
been an increased Activity in and a de
mand for all products which were neces
sury to the maintenance and support of
a large array. But all these conditions
are in the very nature of things temporary,
and all of us know that they must
pass away with the.end of" :the"conditions
which brought: them into life.
Making due allowance fof thesd three
causes, on the present condition of the
country, there is today.as much dissatisfaction
and as much cause for it as
there was in 1830...^ .No relief jvas or is
to be expected under Republican management
except such as ;omes by famine i
' 1 ^? ? * a ?^I
I aoroaa ana war amome.. :xx tuiiuiuuu
of constantly falling general prices is
everywhere recognized as a condition
of distress and hard times.' and speculation
excitement in Wall street does
not change this. We bplieve that a
small volume of money -forces prices
down, hence we have urged the coin- j
age of silver as well as of gold?not j
only to check this grinding fall in prices
but to promote steadily advancing
" "Thnn vou think the Chicago plat- j
form is gaining ground?"'
<;I most certainly do. In the elections
of last year the principles of that
platform were not the leading and exclusive
issues in all sections of the
country. These were partially obscured
in many States and districts. The ques
! tion of bimetalism, the ^Republican
i. effort to retire the greenbacks and to
; confer upon the national banks the
absolute control of the volume of paper
money, to surrender the country to the ;
trusts, were, in many scctiocs, for the j
time being lost sight of in the excite- I
inent of the war and its resulting ques- !
tions, and in others they were side- j
tracked by efforts to substitute local issues
in their stead. The result was a
i c ; ? i ^o11 _
great ItJSS Ut lUifitJi auu a jiiigts ion!
ing off in the vote, with apparantly unfavorable
res-lts to the Democratic par[
ty. In Colorado, where national issues
were-at the front and dominant, the interest
in the election was intense, the
| vote large and our majority overwhelming.
In States where it was stated,
whether truly or not, that there was an
intention on the part of the Democratic
managers to sidetrack the great issue,
with the purpose of ultimately bring^
" *V?/\ in VI O ft Ark O 1 AAT* T*AT1 f? ATI
I llitt, IUU jJGi.UJ uuwiuiiui vv/*-*
back to the practice 'of shuffling and
evasion, so long persisted in by the Re!
publicans, the interest was not great, the
vote was not full, and the results were
not conclusive. There was, however,
one great valuable result?all reasonable
men are now satisfied that straddling
and dodffingare not popular. The
next Democratic National convention
will speak out in the same clear, unequivocal
terms, and in the same manner
and in the same lines that it did in
1896: Of this there is no doubt, the
9=sf>rtifins of the Rermbliean sold Dress.
with whom the wish is father to the
thought, -to the contrary notwithstanding."
A Negro Woman Leaps from the Window
of a Train.
Susie Little, a colorcd woman, committed
suicide "Wednesday afternoon by
jumping from the car window of a train
on the Columbia. Newberry and Laurens
road, which was moving at the rate
of 30 miles an hour.
The train was near the station of
Ballentine, in Lexington county, and
had just passed a gang of section hands
among whom was the woman's husband.
They had not lived together for some
time, but when the husband found that
his wife had money on her person he
demanded that.it be given to him, but
this was refused.
rm.. _; ' 1 .T .
xue wuiiiaa- was sitting m ine seat
with her 12-year-old sister, and before
any in the^SffHefiew what she was doing
she had jumped'from the window. How
she got out is \a remarkable - matter.
Her neck was broken by the fall ^nd
her head cut up, while it is probable
that many bones were broken/' Her 1
young sister also attempted to get -T}u<f"
of the window but was prevented from;:
xioing so by the-other passengers in theIfe
. * - j ,
S TKe tickets upon which the- twoA .tie?.,
K222^sre traveling were second c!assT
-tickets, boughi Srl<uUl'<jms. LU' vuiuii* t
bia. The dead woman's brother, Sie
G-oodley, lives at St. Matthews. It is
thought that the woman was crazy, and
it-is not known whether or not she saw
her husband *s the train passed him.
kets and bundles and$13.31,were found
upon her person, all of which was taken
in charge by the conductor. Capt. Fowler.
who turned them over to the railroad
authorities. The body was left at
the scene of the suicide, awaiting" the
arrival of the coroner. The dead woman's
sister refused to leave the body
and acted as if she also were out of her
right mind. "
Froze Her Neighbor In.
A Reading, Pa., woman was given a
hearinz one iav last -week before an al
derman on a most extraordinary charge.
It seems that for "some time Mrs. Michael
Marsunek and Mrs. John Nestle,
neighbors, have nut been on very friendly
terms, and Mrs. Marsunek was arrested
on .oath of Mrs. Nestle, who alleges
that her neighbor visited the Nes
tie home during the severe blizzard and
dashed Bucket after bucket of water
against the kitchen door. Subsequently,
the prosecutrix alleges, the front
door of her. residence was treated in the
same way, the water freezing almost as
quickly as it struck the doors, and when
Mrs. Nestle wished to leave her home
next morniDg she -discovered that she
was icebound, and it was impossible to
open the doors until assistance came
and the ice was cutaway.
Wooden Barracks.
. . Maj,..Gen. Brooke, the governor general
of Cuba, approves the plans for
erecting plain, wooden ?arracks for the
troops which will remain on the islands
during the hot weather. A building
for each company, 130x30 feet, with
double roof and having for the sides of
the house panels on horizontal pivots,
so as to swing completely open, with a
kitchcn separate, but connected by a
covered way, will cost per company
$500. Some of the troops will occupy
the Spanish masonary barracks. Gen.
Carpenter has just found one capable of
accommodating 3.000 men at Ciego de
Aviia, on toe .uoron trocna.
Sympathy for the Govennor.
Just before the Senate adjourned on
motion of Senator Aldrich the following
resolution was adopted:
Be it resolved, That the senate has
felt du.iag its present session profound
sorrow on account of the illness cf Gov.
W. H. Ellerbe. chief magistrate of the
State, .and beg to extend to him our
sympathy and sincere hope for his
speedy recovery. That a copy of this
resolution be sent by the clerk to his
excellency, ?ther governor.
Held by the Ice. The
schooner James B. Coyle is re
ported frozen in the ice near Five
Fathom bank at themcu-h of the Delaware.
Her captain requests to be reported
"as well on board" that his famiJy
may not be alarmed. Five sohooners,
frozen in Albemarle and Pamlico
sounds since Friday, the 10th inst.,
broke their way out and arrived at Norfolk,
Wednesday. Their first call vras
for the news of the outside world.
Died in Cuba.
Alaj. Gen. Brooke telegraphed the j
war department Thursday the follow- j
ing deaths in Cuba: Feb. 1^. Priv- j
ate JacQb K.'Ylinge, Company L. Sec- j
ond South Carolina, typhoid. Priva'e I
Thomas Thrivetts, .Company F. Second |
South Carolina, typhoid. {
Her Big Guns Soon Convinced the !
Refractory Sultan.
Important details regarding the ac- i
tion of the British authorities at Mus- j
cit. the capital of the sultanate of |
Oman, have just become public. It
appears that ihe news of the lease by
the sultan of Oman of a coaling station
to France on the coast of Oman leaked /
out while the British political agent at
Muscat, Maj. Eagan, was absent. He j
promptly returned to his post but the j
sultan refused to furnish him with any j
information. The commander of the
gunboat Sphinx thereupon dispatched
a lieutenant .and armed party to the v
Bandar-Jiosih. But the sultan, hop- 0
ing to receive aid from the French, ?
continued to be recalcitrant. Arrival ?
of the second-class cruiser Eclipse,- flag- ?
ship of the East Indies station, with &
Rear Admiral E. C. Drummond on '
board, thre x the sultan's subjects into ?
a panic, though the sultan himself re- ^
mained obdurate. v
During the morning of February 16th ^
Admiral Drummond sent word ashore a
that unless the sultan attended a dur- a
bar on board the Eclipse at 2 o'clock ?
that afternoon he would bombard the ?
forts at 2:20 d. m. Notice of the ad- "
miral's intention was sent to the foreign c
consuls and the town was speedily in P
confusion. The advisers of the sultan ?
entreated him to -submit, and. the *
Eclipse took .up a position broadside
the town, while the other British ships
-i j c? ? rru- n fc]
meareu. iui a.uuuu. j.ue suilau iucicupon
posted a notification at the cus- *
torn house and on the gates of the town ^
chat the agreement with the French 11
was cancelled. ' ^
At noon the sultan sent his'brother c'
on board the Eclipse, but the British t
admiral refused to. receive him as a 11
substitute. Just before 2 o'clock the
sultan of Oman, almost unattended, ^
arrived on board the flagship and re- "
mained there for three hours, while the
whole population lined the beach
and anxiously awaited the outcome. ~
The sultan, it appears, completely ac- c:
quiesced to the British demands and ^
handed over to Admiral Drummond the
treaty with France. On the following V
day the admiral went to the palace, u
where a great durbar was held and the
sultan publicly repudiated his agree
ment with France. ; L"
- v- " ai
As Furnished by the United States fi
Weather Bureau. C!
The following data, covering a period ^
?f_ twenty-eight years, have been coin
.jpiie^irom ttie weatner Dureau recoras gi
^fgj^Ieston, South Carolina:
J^&jnth, March, for twenty-eight' v
je^s. - <3
'-^eraperafchre?Mean or -normal tem- ^
fgjgSfcare,- 55 degrees; tlic "warmest rj
m o ntk-. with" ah aver- z.
ageTIT 04' degrees; tiicr eoWestrmonin Qj
was that of 1872, with an average of 52'
degrees; the highest temperature was
86 degrees on March 21st, 1897; the
lowest temperature was 25 degrees on ?c
March 16th, 1890; average date on Q|
which first "killing"' frost occurred in
autumn November 27th; average date y
on which last "killing"' frost^occnrred' ^
in spring March 20. f ' . ?i
Pro^inifiifinn frain nnrl mAltpfl snrtW^ >
?Average for the month, 3.87 inches; w
average number of days with .01 of an m
inch or more. 10; the greatest monthly m
precipitation was 9.78 iuc&es in 1872; W(
the least monthly precipitation was ar
0.50 inches in 1SS7; the greatest er
amount of precipitation recorded in ^
any twenty-four consecutive hours was ^
3.11 inches on March 13th and 14th,
1889; the greatest amount of snowfall
recorded in any twenty-four consecutive t1
hours (record extending to winter of ~
1884-5 only) was trace on March 20th. :
1890. ^
Clouds and Weather?Average num- *7
/3*rrfl 10. nA*fltr I ^
UC1 U1 KlAJOj *-?") V/1VUUJ
days, 11: cloudy days, 8. s
Wind?The prevailing winds have
been from the southeast, 26 per cen- 'v
turn; the highest velocity of the wind
was 45 miles from the northeast on ai
March 30th, 1898. a!
They Swear Allegiance E
A dispatch from Manila dated Feb. T
22 says that while the guns on the city n'
walls and those on board the ships of s*
Dewey's fleet in the bay fired a salute c*
in honor of Washington's birthday,
four commissioners from the island of tc
jSegros had an interview with General
Otis and informed him that the Anieri- ^
can flag had already been raised over w
that island and its inhabitants were tc
ready and anxious and willing to acccDt ai
* i IT
any propositions me Americans uiiguw "
offer. The insurgents have been driven
from the island entirely. Although the
Iloilo rebels have given the people of
JSegros much trouble, especially in the ,
matter of financial assistance demanded 1
by the rebel leaders, the inhabitants ox ?
Negros have persistently held aloof, and
now, through the commissioners, announced
they wanted the help and adive ai
of General Otis. The latter assured P
them the Americans would provide an
acceptable government and in the mean- ^
time he instructed them not to pay the
rebels anything. The Negros commis- J;6
sioners were delighted with their receptl0n
Sufferings Drove Him Mad. ^
Robert A. Beale, second officer of 0]
the steamer Wm. L. Lawrenc?, which
was wrecked on the South Carolina n)
coast during the blizzard of week before
last, has gone crazy< from his in- w
tense suffering in the open boat during w
the storm, Bea'es home is m Jtfaiti- |
more, and he has been sent there in
the hope that treatment at a private
sanitarium may restore his reason. ,,
There were seven men in the boat with ,
Beale. Of the number Chief Engineer 01
Koach is dead, one sailor will lose one
or both feet, two other sailors will lose a,
their toes and Beale has gone mad from ^
his sufferings from cold. y
Disaster-Near Birmingham,
An explosion of gas in No. 2 mine
at Birmingham. Ala., Wednesday resuited
in the death of K. L. Davenport
and William Davenport, brothers, and r?
three Negroes. The white men have V1
been brought out of the mine, but the
Negroes have not beeD found. There i ^
TrAr* a number of men in the mine at j sa
the time of the explosion, but fortunate- [ 1J
]y they were not in the disturbed dis- Se
trict and escaped uninjured. ! Sc
.. . y>'
V - V .
rhe Greenwood People Tell The
- :
Tolberts to Move On.
-. - \pg'
\ Crowd Goes to the Town of
Greenwood to See If the
Tolberts Are There.
A dispatch to The State from Greenrood
says: Tuesday night about 9
'clock a body of men variously estimated
at from 75 to 100 in number rode
nto the square and stopped in fron't of
liley's hotel. They were all on horseback
and all were armed. The men
rere all, or nearly all, from the. vicinity
f Phoenix, in this county, and a numer
of the best citizens of that section
rere in the party. None of the crowd
rore masks, and there was no attempt
t concealment. Hon. J. $1. Gaines
ppeared to be in command and did
aost of the talking. Inquiry was made
f Joe Tolbert was at the hotel. On
i.u L i J l-Ci. ?1
eiug ujju tuai jluiucil uau IUV me
ity several days ago, the crowd, with
ossibly one or two exceptions, seemed
lad of it. They said they did not
rant any blood-shed, and were glad
'olbert was out of the way.
The object of the visit to Greenwood
be men composing the party stated,
ras to make a demonstration showing
a Af A nAAmln fl* A OVI AA
Lie dbtlbuuv: Ut ilUU pcu^ic UI VUC 1 iiUC"
ix section toward those of the Tolbert-s
ho were to blame for the recent pchtial
troubles in this county. Two-of
liese Tolberts, it was known, had been
1 this city, and the citizens stated that
le object of their visit was to protest
gainst the presence of these men in
ie county, and if they were still there,
) insist on their immediate departure.
On finding that the men they were
>oking for were not in the city, the
itizens spent about two hours around
>wn before starting for their homes.
!efore leaving they made urgent renflcfa
n-p ATT T T? RIIATT O?/3
uvuw v* a'm* ?*? -k jLvjavj auu vuuvx VAir
:ens not to allow any of the Tolberts
ow under proscription to again take up
ieir residence in this city for any
ingth. of time. The people in the
>wer portion of the coiinty, It was repjsented,
had suffered for many years
LI iiuv uouuc Vi vuv <UJU ULCJf
ave resolved that they will not suffer
:om this cause any longer. vThey do'
ot believe that peace and good order -, :yg
an be maintained with the TolSerts in - ie
county at present, and they do not .* ~-> V
ro,pose to run any risks. -: ^ %
They - said that if "the. Tolberte bid ;
iown any sign of regret for their pasfc^
induct and the consequences of it, and :
ad made any pledges as to good con
act in the future, their jeturn, might
ave been tolerated, but that until the
Olberts shotted some desire to have the
jttywii ariniT ' the people
f the county tb?y wf?Sn?t be ajlow-.
ftolivein Viscounty again. The? ?:
Wizens said they thought the sooner """rrj
lis was known the better it would be
ir all parties concerned, and that the
>ject of their visit here was to make
tat fact known in the most unmistakae
manner. The crowcfpdurtsg the . ^~T
ro fours'-staj--' in the city, was genea^
ly quiet and orderly. Some of the
en had been drinking, and one or two
ere disposed to be quarrelsome and
ake asses of themselves, but the great
ajority were sobermen, and sobermen
ere certainly in charge of the "-crowd
id directed its movements. The leads
were using every effort to keep 7^??
>wn any disorderly or unseemly con- :
The crowd started out of town in the
xection of Phoenix about 11 o'clocc.
stop was made at the home of Mr.
r. H. Napier, in the- outskirts of the
ty. Mr. Napier is a brother-in-law of
is. W. Tolbert. Tolbert has been
tere for two weeks, but left, it is said,
:veral days ago. Mr. Napier was told
)t to allow Tolbert to return. Mr.
apier stated Tuesday that the crowd,
iring the stop at his house, was quiet
id orderly; that no threats were made
id that no abusive language was used.
The State correspondent talked with
on. J. M." Gaines over the telephone
uesday afternoon. Mr. Gaines was at
is home, 15 miles in the country. He
ated that the men. after leaving tne
ty Tuesday night, all returned quiet
to their homes, and were attending
i their business as usual, i
T-- Ti.ii i. x ... r> J --
uue Auiueru went u> vjrreeawwu. uu
ie Southern train from Columbia, fie
as met at the depot by citizens and
ild of the occurrences Tuesday night ^
id was advised to stay on the train.
hich he did; he left on the same train.
Moved a Brick House.
Moving a 100 by 65 feet five-story
ick building was successfully accom
ised recently in Mew York city. The
lilding had an estimated weight of 3,)0
tons and was moved 75 feet south .1
id 35 feet east, 350 jack-screws being
nployed to furnish the power. Tim>r
ways and shoes lubricated with soa
ere used, andthe movement of each
irn nf lack-screws was three-six
lenths of an inch. ' The greatest dismce
which the building was moved in
ie day's work was 9 feet 8 inches, and
le whole movement of 75 feet to the
>uth was accomplished in seventeen
iys. From the beginning of the work
lly five weeks elapsed until the buildtg
was jacked up ready to receive the
jw foundations, and a force of about
eenty men accomplished the entire ^
ork. The contract price for the work
as $10,000.
Murdered His Sister. _
The Greenville Xews says that near
entral Wednesday morning at the
eakfa t taEle, Kick Mansion, color?id
;ed 18, and his sister Silvia, 16, began
quarfel. JSick ended the quarrel by
looting, Sylvia through the brain.
eateswas instantaneous. The murirer^is
under arrest. ,
- AnExpress Robbery.
Air' express car on the CoffeyviHe
ae, a braa^h of the Santa .fre itaiiad.
was-ijj^&ea Wednesday at Chcrylle,
Kj$?;*o1? a large amount of corncy
and ii>oney orders while Express "
esseriger Cooper was eating. The
fe was opened-' with a skeleton key.
lie robbers-escaped. It is stated they
cured aboti't $4,000. the Wells, Far?Company
being the loser.

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