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The Fairfield news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1881-1900, March 08, 1899, Image 1

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VOL. LIII. ' " ' WINNSBORO. S. C.. WEDNESDAY. MARCH 8, 1899. ' ' ' " NO. 31.
? _
That Is the Object of Senator
TillmanVAmendment to
He Is Willing to Complete Everv
S: Battleship Now on the
Stocks, but Without
The controversy in the United States
Senate Wednesday over the price of ar^
moi plate was then precipitated by Mr.
Tillman, who offered an amendment reducing
the price fixed by the bill from
$445 per ton to $300. Speaking of his
^ amendment, Mr. Tillman declared that
millions of dollars were being squandered
by the government in feathering
the nests of the armor trust and he felt
- that the senate and country ought to
know "what kind of a steal 'was going
on.'" He said in the course of his
^speech that he proposed an alternative
proposition to establish a government
armor plant so that the United
States could say to the armor trust that
if i* did not supply armor at a proper
- ? /?
price the government would manuracture
its own armor. He said it was
? perfectly evident that the two Penns.vlWfl
vania armor plants had a ''pull, whatever
that may mean," in the other
house of congress and were able to hold
up the price of armor, Mr. Tillman
became inyolved in a sharp colloquy
. with Mr. Gallinger over the subject of
doing government work in private or in
government factories. The latter maintained
the navy department and held
that its work could be done cheaper by
private concerns than by the govern^
ment and that accounted for the fact
that private shipyards were busy and
government shipyards idle. Mr. Tillman
favored the doing of the work by
the government, even at an increased
: pries, fcr then iar>or auu JUW j
would receive the benefits.- "Why,"
he demanded, "are we to yield to these
k, . armor thieves, these robbers? Are we
T to permit these 'people to order us to
r stand ad deliver? I have deemed it
f my duty to protest against these methods
and therefore have offered my
amendment reducing the price to $300
i ton." Mr. Chandler of New Hampi
shire supported the amendment. Mr.
> Tillman's amendment was adopted?3-i
. to 26, as follows:
Yeas?Allen, Bacon. Bate, Berry,
Butler, Caffery. Chandler, Chilton,
Clay, Cockrell, Daniel, Hansbrough,
Harris, Kenney, Kyle, Lindsay, MalV
lory, Martin, Money, Pasco, Pettigrew,
Pettus, Rawlins, Roach, Ross, Stewart
Sullivan, Thurston, Tillman, Turley,
- Turner, Vest, Wellington, White?34.
. ^ Nays?Allison, Burrows, Carter,
_ " T Clark, Deboe. Fairbanks, Faulkner,
Foraker, Gray, Hale,. Hanna. Hawley,
C Eoar, McBride, McEnery, McMillan,
'1 10? ?Piatt of
. _ - iuanue, reuruoc, j. Connecticut,
Proctor, Sewell, Shoup,
k . Spoon er, Teller, Warren?26.
K In the course of debate Senator TillH
man said he was willing to complete
every battleship on the stocks and pay
' $400 a ton for the armor, but he wanted
congress to proceed to the erection of
an armor factory and thus free the
country from the clutches of the armor
-v trust. - *
Mr. Butler of North Carolina then
offered an amendment providing that if
the companies refused to accept $300 a
ton the secretary of the navy should
cost of $1,500,000 and appropriating
$2,000,000 for operating the plant.
Mr. Butler's amendment was adopted
?39 to 27, as follows:
Yeas?Allen, Bacon, Bate, Berry, I
Butler, CafFery, Chandler, Cockrel1,
Daniel, Faulkner, Foraker, Hans- I
brough, Harris, Jones of Nevada, jjiaasay,
McLaurin, Mai lory, Mantle, Martin,
Money, Nelson, Pasco, Perkins,
Pettigrew, Pettus, Rawlins, Roach,
Ross, Simon, Stewart, Teller, Thurston,
Tillman, Turley, Turner. Vest, Warren,
Wellington, White?39.
Nays?Allison, Burrows, Carter,
Chilton, Clark, Cullom, Beboe, Fairhanks.
Frve. Gallinjcer, Gray, Kale,
Hanna, Hawley, Hoar, Kenney, Kyle,
McBride, MeEnery, McMillan, Penrose,
Piatt of Connecticut, Pritchara,
Proctor, Shoup, Spooner?27.
After the bill had been reported to
the senate from the committee of the
whole Mr. Pettigrew oDjected to the
amendment regarding the authorization
of the Gothman gun and projectile.
Mr. Bacon of Georgia also made an
r argument against the amendment,
{ quoting from the report on the subject
of tests of gun and projectile by Capt.
O'Neill, chief of the naval bureau of
. - Mr. Hanna replied to the statement
made by Mr. Bacon declaring that both
gun and projectile had passed beyond
the experimental stage and was a success
beyond a doubt.
The amendment was agreed to with
. the amendment that the secretary of
the navy was authorized ":in his dis.,
eretion" to use the gun.
vm J_;?I *
j. ne urn was pa.j>5>eu v> awlauuc ui * isivu.
Give Bryan His Due.
. ' "Thanks to Senator Gorman ana the
faithful few in the United States senate
the country has been saved from the
an or>i^ ^ i?<TAi? /"\"P o orraof
uuiu^u auu vx t& vuv
* permanent standing army, organized on
political lines for party benefit."?
Charleston News and Conner. Thanks
also and in greater measure to William
Jennings Bryan, -who, when the Demoratio
party was all at sea as to its psliByr
regarding the increase of the army
|feised and urged the solution -which
Bvias now happily prevailed. It is a
M thing to have a brainy man like
Ban as leader of the Democracy, and
|gp News and Courier ought to give
KjhisdneL?The State.
More Troops for Manila.
cretary of war has ordered the
Bpnt of Gen. Otis by six regi gtese
are the Sixth artillery
ftalong the Atlantic coast
Kxth infantry at San An^uh
infantry at Madison
|^^nth infantry i 1 Xew
^Lity-first infantry at
the sixteenth
and neighboring
' liiC&C
to ruake ready
Blco and then to
The Democrats in Congress Made a
Successful Fight
The Democrats gained every impor
taDt point for which they contended in
the framing of the army bill, and the
measure as amended by them is fai
more satisfactory than it was in its original
form. The best of all the amendments
of the measure is that offered by
Senator Gorman, which was adopted
after a sharp debate. It provides for a
reduction of the army 011 July 1, 1901,
to the number allowed by law on March
31, 1898. This removes the apprehension
that the country would be committed
to a large standing army.
The bill as it passed the senate provides
for a regular army of 38.000 officers
and men, which may be increased
in the discretion of the president to not
exceeding 65,000 enlisted men, and an
additional volunteer force of 35.000 "to
meet the present exigencies of the military
service." The three-battalion
and squadron organization is provided
for in the infantry and cavalry regiments,
and the artillery regiments are
to consist of fourteen batteries each
X ~ 2 ? n 1%/y O C
I\V U UI Wlli'JLL LLiav UC Uiao mviw
artillery. The maximum strength in
enlisted men of a company of infantry
will be sixty-five; of a troop of cavalry,
sixty-five, of a battery of artillery,
eighty. The number of regimental organizations
will remain as at present?
twenty-five regiments of infantry, ten
of cavalry and seven of artillery. With
this organization the theoretical maxi^
^\..l won KO 140
| 111 li llx vi uivu v\svia%% w vvj ^
with nearly 3,000 officers in the line
and staff departments.
There is now serving under the Federal
flag a regular army nearly equal in
numerical strength to the force of 65,000
men which the president may rej
cruit under ihe terms of this army reorganization
bill, and in addition there
are about 50,000 volunteer troops?the
i latter being 16,500 strong in the Philippines.
In Cuba there are at the present
time 33,000 volunteers; the regu
lar army on that island being represented
by about 12,500 troops. There are
12,700 regulars in the Philippines, and
8,000 more are now on the way to Manila
in five transport ships.
It is believed that 5,000 troops will
be sufficient for Porto Rico and Hawaii
as there are no signs of trouble in either
of these new possessions. The army
bill makes no material alteration in the
A - * ? 11*
fighting strength or territorial disposition
of the forces already in the field.
The Democrats in congress are to be
congratulated upon the successful fight
they have made against the imperialist
principle which was embodied in the
original army bill. They improved the
measure immensely.?Atlanta Journal.
Soldirseat the Grave.
A New York regiment encamped at
Greenville, S. C-, or rather a detachment
from the regiment, did an act a
few days ago that is going the rounds
of the newspapers and securing for
them complimentary mention. Ihefuneral
of Captain John McFall, a Confederate
veteran, took place at Greenville,
and during the services at the grave
in the cemetery a detachment of the
Two Hundred and Second New Y ork
regiment, now in camp at Greenville,
marched into vhe grounds under the
charge of a sergeant, md, taking positions
by the grave, bared their heads
in Taer\oot tlie mumnrv rvp him who
had worn the 0Tay. The Greenville
News says the incident attracted much
attention and was favorably commented
upon throughout the city. We see
it referred to editorially in the Baltimore
Sun as '"'a touching incident." and
no doubt it will go the rounds. There
has never been any lack of followship
between real soldiers. Pestiferous po!
iiticians are the ones who have enj
eouraged bitterness, but even their
I power to do harm in this regard is over,
| and it was as natural for the New York
soldiers to do this as it would have been
for Georgia-or Carolina soldiers.
* ,
McXinley's Vacillation.
Before the beginning of the trouble
with the Filipinos Admiral Dewey and
Gen. Merritt said that "not 5,000 troops
would be needed in the Philippines,"
yet we now have 20,000 men there, and
7,000 more and the battleship Oregon
on the way. Does any intelligent man,
not blinded by the light that streams
frnm tVio srmrr>A nf fprlprsl nafxnrsftap
w ? ^ f 0~7
doubt but that the statement of these
two well informed commanders would
have been verified except for the weak
and vacillating policy of Mr. McKinley?
His satellites claim that there
would have been no difficulty in the
way of satisfactory adjustment of the
probkm if the insurgents had not been
encouraged by the position of the anti
imperialists in this country. That is
absurd. The fears of Aguinaldo and
his followers would njver have been
aroused if the executive had promptly
disclaimed any intention of treating
the population otherwise than as a subjugated
people who had no rights the
victor felt bound to respect.?Columbia
The Rita Prize Money.
Tn thp United Sfa+ps District flmirt
in Charleston Thursday Clerk 6? J. C.
Huts^n made out and Judge Brawley
signed 295 checks to the officers and
men of the cruiser Yale for their share
of the money accruing from the sale of
the Spanish Rita prize. After the Rita
bad been captured Dy tne 1 aie ana naa
been sent here the government bought
her for $125,000. The prize money to
be divided was $59,000. Capt. Wise
of the Yale was sent a check for $8,991.
and the smallest amount received by a
seaman was $76.
May Succeed Simonton.
Much interest is manifested in the
news that Senator McLaurin, of South
Carolina, may succeed Judge Simonton.
i when the latter retires. Several mercI
bers of the South Carolina delegation
I fiovo hnr, no nnp. p.mild be
found who -would confirm the published
reports. The senator is known to
be very friendly to the administration,
and the president is said to regard Senator
McLaurin very highly.?Columbia
-r Valuable Trees.
Fifty walnut, trees in Cass county,
Michigan, were recently sold for $10000.
T;- se trees have now been felled
and will be shipped to Knglish buyers.
The largest tree vas seven feet
in diameter, at its base, and will yield
lumber worth from $700 to SI,000.
A Dispensary Constable Shot and
. J Killed in Columbia.
The Fatal Shot Was Fired by
W. B. !V5eetz Jr., Who
Surrenders to the ,
Another tragedy was enacted in the
streets of Columbia on Tuesday night j
of last week. Alex Cartledge had had I
; his commission as State constable but
' 24 hours when he was snot oy \>. 15.
Meetze, Jr. The youth of the parties
concerned makes the affair a very sad
one. Cartiedge cannot be more than 24
years old and Meetze is even younger.
Both have been raised in Columbia and
are quite well known here. The affair
occurred on Gervais street, near. Grates,
in that quarter where there are a number
of tumble-down wooden stores in
which restaurants are conducted. It
was just in front of the store of Tom
Lane, colored, j?bout four doors from
the southeast comer of Gates and
Gervais streets, that young Cartledge
The State says from all that can
be gathered, Cartledge was going down
Gervis street toward the union depot.
In front of the Negro re-.taurant kept
by Tom Lane he met Willie Meetze,
Charlie Stone and another whose name
cannot be learned.
Meetze twitted Cartledge "with being
a dispensary spy. CartJedsre replied
that he was not a spy. - The lie was
passed and they clinched. When they
first grappled, so.it is stated by one of
the witnesses, they were on the side
nearest the store. Several shots were
then fired in rapid succession. Cartledge
fell back and told Meetz that he
had shot him. In the scuffie they had
crossed the sidewalk. Stone pulled
Meetze away and started with him
through the Negro's store. They went
out into the back yard. Meetze then
disappeared and Stone walked on back
Officers Bowie and Strickland were
on adjoining beats. They hastened to
the scene of the shooting. They found
Cartledge sitting down on the steps of
the store just above Lane's toward Gates
street. The officers called for a carriage,
and when it came endeavored to
assist Cartlege into it. But the boy
was so weak that he fell on the bridge
which crosses the drain. Seeing that
he was desperately hurt and that life
might be extinct in a few moments,
officer Strickland had Cartledge to dictate
an anteaiort m statement to Mr.
Joe Daly, who came up at this time.
dartlAfls-ft was verrweak and his voice
scarcely audible, but he managed to
gasp, Bill Meetze, Charlie Stone and
'Joe came up and cursed me and
then fired on me. Bill Meetze did all
the shooting. His voice was so weak
that the name of the third paity could
not he learned.
It was fully ten minutes before Drs.
Knowlton and Gibbes could be gotten
j II _ P iT _ 1 J ZA.
10 me scene 01 tne snoowug. auu it was
several minutes later "before the patrol
wagon arrived. The wounded man was
placed in the wagon and was taken to
the Columbia hospital. He called feebly
for his father, who came up before
they left, and asked his sou who shot
him. It is said that his father endeavored
to comfort young Cartledge by
saying that he would be avenged.
This, however, was stated by bat one
"When young Cartledge was placed in
the patrol wagon, a pair of knocks fell
out of his pocket, and in another pocket
??? ? " a ? r% i r\ rr f a a
statement of Officer Dowie. Not a single
witness has been found who saw a
pistol on Cartledge's person, and several
say that he had none during the whole
Chief Daly and Sergt. Jones, accompanied
by OCcers Dowie and Strickland,
instituted a search for Mectze,
but he could not be found. At 10.20
o'clock young Meetze's father walked
^ nAlino offlfiArt fr\ in^Arni filio
J. LA L\J UL1& pUiiVt SVai/lVU Jki_i J. VA-u-i uuu
chief to discontinue the search as his
son had surrendered to Sheriff Cathcart.
He says that young Meetze went
home after the shooting to allay the
fears of his mother. He th_?n started
fr\ tVio cnnnt.v iail tn deliver him self'.
>?and met his father, who. accompanied
him. Mr. Meetze cautioned his son
not to open his moutn on the subject
to anyone. He says thst there are
!:our eye witnesses who are not known
;o the police authorities and who can
ijive valuable testimony in behalf of
young Meetze.
Wm. Parker and Tom Lane, both
colored, are the only witnesses from
whom anything could be obtained last
night. Another Negro, Sim Lorick, is
said to have been an eye witness, but
lie could not be found. Lane was not
an eye witness. He was in his store
when the shooting occurred. Parker
saw part of the affair, and his story is.
substantially that told above. There
is considerable difference of opinion as
to the number of shots tired. Some
say three, others four, and officer Dowie
1 counted five shots, four in rapid succession,
and one a few seconds later.
. n, J!/i_ _ J ^11
I Meetze, stone ana uarueage wero an
members of company K, First South
Carolina regiment. Both are said to be
impetuous and dangeruus. Meetze has
the reputation of being true to his
friends but easily excited and dangerous
to those whom he dislikes. There
is not known to have been any hard
feeling between them at the time.
Meetze is a son of Mr. W. B. Meetze
who conducted an original packege
store in Columbia before the supreme
court decided against tnese agencies.
Cartledge is a son of ex-Dispenser J.
C. Cartledge, and was himself a clerk in
Scott's dispensary at the time when it
was involved in trouble.
In the darkness of the street the phy- !
sioians were unable to make but a cursory
examination of young Caitledge's
wounds. When he was taken to the
hospital he was too weak to stand an
operation. At 12.30 o'clock last night
Dr. R. W. Gibbes stated that he was
very low and his condition extremely
critical. There are three wounds. One
in the chest about midway of his body:
; a second five inches below in a straight
line, and in the abdomen, and the third
in his right wrist. Either of the first
two would be dangerous, but the wound
in the abdomen will in : 11 probability
prove fatal.
At 1(> minutes to 1 o'clock Wednesday
morning the State received intelligence
from the hospital that young
Cartledge was dead.
As to the constabulary part of it, |
wns nnf nnr? t.lirvn?rli l>r> t'nr
some reason claimed to be. He tola
several people so, gcDtlemen whose veracity
is unquestioned. What induced
liim to make such statements are unknown,
for Mr. \V. V, Harris, clerk of
the governor for the constabulary department,
says that lie has never been
commissioned and was in no way connected
with the force. He says that
only yesterday Cartledge met him and
showed him a petition for appointment
auu ut; wauieu iu LcIKU it up uu tue muusion.
31r, Harris told him not torthat
there was little chance of his receiving
the appointment anyway and that the
governor was too ill to see him. Mr.
Harris says that is ihe only convorsation
ever passed between him and Caitledge
on the subject. "But there is no
doubt that young Cartledge led people
to believe he was a c^nstible. Yesterday
he hid some words with a citizen
about searching premises and the citi- ,
zen went to have him put under a peace
bond but nothing came of it. While ,
tiie iact or uartieage s Demg a constable
or Dot has no legal bearing on the ,
homicide, still it appears that the fact
that he said he was ultimately led to ,
his death. ;
What Damage has been Done to Crops
in Various States.
The Chicago Tribune last Friday :
published dispatches from States in
which the crops have been injured by ;
the severe weather of February. The '
statistics show the following condi- :
fions: j
Illinois ?Wheat not damaged in cen- .
tral section, but injured in southern j
c A/if i rsrt
Iowa?Peach crop destroyed; pears '
and apples damaged.
"Wisconsin?Winter wheat injured; ,
potatoes in pits frozen. I
Michigan?Potatoes in pits 40 per \
cent, crop; peaches 60 per cent. crop. 5
Nebraska?Peachcs, pears and apples :
damaged badly. \
Missouri?Meagre fruit prospects. j
Kansas?Small apple crop; strawber- .
rios t-illor?
Georgia?Peaches, prunes and pears J
all killed; early vegetables ruined. J
Florida?Citron fruit and trees dam- (
aged 15 per cent.; general fruit crop 30 *
per cent, better than last year; 90 per
cent, of vegetable crop destroyed. v (
Virginia?Full yield in apples; early *
vegetables and berries damaged. ;
Louisiana?Loss to orange crop $800- "
000 to $1,000,000; truck farmers' loss 1
$500,000"; sugar cane damaged.
* West Virginia?"Wheat crop all right;
potatoes 60 per cent, crop; apples 10 [
per cent, crop; live-stock suffered $e- k
verely.-v" J
Alabama?Market gardens complete ?
Ios#r"wheat prospects fine.
North Car.olina?Growing vegetables *
safe; peach buds injured; snow saves
nrV*oof ornn j *
South Carolina?Wheat, oats and *
fruit tr^cs safe; damage to vegetables 1
and fruit blossoms in State $100,000. *
Kentucky?Peach crop killed; wheat ^
85 per cent, crop; apples all right. j
P.nlifnrnia?Lemnn and (Trance croD *
short; apricots damaged; rain needed. 1
Delaware?Peach crop almost:i total 1
loss; pear crop short; plums, raspberries *
and blackberries killed.
Maryland Honors Schley. i
Rear Admiral \Y infield Scott Schley i
received Tuesday from the people of I
Maryland, his native State, a superb ;
testimonial of the esteem in which%he
is held by the people of Maryland and
of their appreciation of his services to
the country during the late war with
Spain. Incidentally, he was cheered by
thousands as he rode through, the
streets of Baltimore, and at night 400
of the representative men of the c'.ty
and State gathered to witness the presentation
of the testimonial and join'
in banquet given in his ionor. The
testimonial proper took the form of a
magnificent medal of gold and diamonds,
the gift of Maryland, presented
in the name of the State, by Gov. Lloyd
Lowndes. The medal, in the shape of
i HT T 1 * J ^ ^ ?
tne xuaryiana coat-oi-arms, is maue in
gold ia base relief and enamel, surrounded
by a circle of diamonds, around
which is an oak wreath entwined with
diamonds, held b? a ribboo of blue
enamel, the edge of which is set with
diamonds and on which is the inscription:
'"Maryland honors htr son?
Wiuneld Scoit Schley."
Beware the Celluloid Comb.
At Chillicotbe, 0., Miss Saliie Vanmeter.
dauehter of Judge J. M. Van
meter, and one of the leaders of society
there, was leaning oyer an open fire
when a celluloid comb in her hair exploded,
and an instant later her hair
was in a blaze. Persons near by smothered
the flames before they had inflicted
serious injury, but not before a great
deal of her hair had been burned off.
At Wheeling, W. Ya.. while Miss
Nary (Jonnor was" raking the coals in a
grate a celluloid comb which the 3'oung
lady wore in her hair exploded from the
heat, burning her seriously about the
head and face. This was the second
accident of the same kind o:curring
there within a week. At Zanesville,
0.. Miss Lulu Moorehead. while trying
to deep warm, got too near a grate
fire, and a celluloid comb in her hair
ignited. A splendid head of hair is
gone and her scalp is badly burned.
Hanna and His Man.
Senator Ilanna has invited Presi- j
dent McKinley to go with him this j ,
week to his place at Thomasville, Ga., |
for a rest, and the president has promised
to do so if the public business is '
in such condition as to permit his
T-P ic rv? o a if TT'i 11
solely for the purpose of securing recreation.
which the president is in need '
of after his long strain in connection
with the Spanish war. 1
Hobson's Reward. j
The president Thursday nominated .1
Assistant Naval Constructor Richmond 1
P. Hobson to be advanced 10 numbers, i
from Xo. 1 of the list of assistant naval ;
constructors to be No. S on the list of 1
navals constructors for extraordinary <
heroism. ]
South Carolina the Second Cotton
Manufacturing State.
Some Interesting Statistics About
the Spinning of Yarns and
Making Cloth in the
United States.
The Columbia State, after thoroughly
investigating the figures, announces
the fact that South Carolina will rank
second among the States of the Union
in the production of cotton cloth. The
State says "this statement may startle
those who have not kept in touch with
the manufacturing progress of the State,
but if the number of looms be an index
to the turnout of cloth?as, on the average,
it must be?we have high New
England authority for the claim. C.
A. Dockham & Co., of Boston, publish
11 1- n . >
annually a textile directory or tne
United States which is recognized as an
authority. Advance sheets of their director}*
for 1896 show the number of
spindles and looms employed in the
manufacture of cotton, wool and
silk in 1896 and 1898 in each of the
3 f f a e I ' ninn Prnm tVnam TT P
ui but u uivu- j. iMiii it w
lake up the following tables showing
the changes in the number of cotton
looms whiclrhave occurred in two years
in the ten leading textile manufacturing
Looms. I?auk.
Massachusetts 1S5.806 1
Rhode Island 41,406" 2
New Hampshire 35,098 3
South Carolina 31,092 4
Maine -24.189 5
Pennsylvania 21,S02 6
of .
L'onnecticut zv,i 01 1
North Carolina 20,720 S
Greorgia \ 17,789.. -9New
York ' 15,420 10
Looms, jiank.
Massachusetts ...182.193 .1 *
Rhode Island... 40,085 2
South Carolina 38,293 3
NTew Hampshire. .... 35,230 4
Maine v.. .. 24,139 5
STorth Carolina 23,704 6
Connecticut .- 21,92ft 7
Pennsylvania 18,990 8
Georgia 18,504 9
Sew York 15,474 10
"It will be seen that-in two years
South Carolina has risen 'from fourth to
Jhird place and North Carolina from
itghth to sixt'h plage; while Xew Hamp-#
shire has fallen from* third to fourth
nti i.'ennsvivama irom^ixTn -KLeigawi.
Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Maine
ind Pennsylvania have suffered an
iclual falling off in the dumber of their
ooms. The net loss of the seven north-;
;rn States in.two years was 6,434'looms; .
south Carolina's gain was 7.201 lopms.;;
:he combined gains of Xorth Carolinamd
Georgia were 3,699 loOms, or harif
>f South Carolina's gain. So much for'
,he changes up to last year.
;:As for 1899, a consideration of the
igures and known facts will prove thafr
South Carolina must take second place'
)efore the year is out. The figures
ihow that in 1898 this State lacked only
[,792 looms of equalling Khode Island's
;otal. But in Rhode Island the number
is decreasing or stationary, while
n South Carolina.many more than the
lumber required to make up the differsnce
are now being installed or have
)een orcfered. By the close of the year
;his State wiK be in second place, never
:o lose it except to. take first place. Ap*?
*? o i i n
piying tne same lacis ana ngures, ?b
san f'orsee. th^t'before nest January
North Carolina will have dislodged.
Maine from fifth place and Georgia
taken Pennsylvania's place, now eighth.
"In spindles South Carolina is making
as great an increase-as in looms, although,
because of the number of separate
yarn mills in New England, she
does not rank as high., The following
figures for the same years show the
changesjn the spinning business:
"" - Spindles. Rank.
Massachusetts... .r..7^790,642 1
Rhode 'sland 2,104,060 2
New Hampshire 1,308.802 -- 3 '
Connecticut....... .<{1,045.937 4
South Carolina...... 997,185 5
Maine T... 916.304 ^ 6
xr > /--? i r\in.?fT/i >7
iN or en uaroiina . ?>iv,-??* ?
Georgia ....? 731,238 8
Xew York...- ... 717.423 9
Pennsylvania." '464.017 10
1898- '
Spindles. Rank.
Massachusetts 7,907,388 1
Rhode Island 2,132.350 ' 2 "
Xew Hampshire 1,323,378 3
South Carolina 1.260,536 4
Connecticut 1,059,244 5
.North Carolina 1,029,924 (I
Maine 908,208' 7
ry - ?AAA-? * Q
ueorgia taz7,cui. u
New York ... r 735.971? ' 9 .
Pennsylvania ....-v.. 438,435 10 *
"It will be seen- -that Sou.t1i Carolina
has taken f'ourth: place, . Connecticut
dropping to fifth, and th*at North Carolina
has advanced to ' sixth place,
dislodging Maine. The. prediction
may be made with confidence that by
the end of this year South Carolina
will have passed New Hampshire, taking
third place. North Carolina will
have displaced Connecticut at fifth and
Georgia will have risen to seventh
place, sending Maine to eighth. The
differences are all small and easily over
? * p i
come at tne present rate 01 soutuern
progress, the industry in the east remaining.
as at present, nearly stationary.
- The followinc table shows the
?;?c in cion^l AC mor?^ i*i tViA frrn t'Aorc
1896-9S. and will illustrate the progress
of the Southern States, especially
South Carolina:
189(3. ' 1898- .'G-aipsV
S. C 997.0U0 1.260,000 263?000
N. C 910,000 li029.000 11-9.000
Mass 7.790.000 7,907,00.0 116.000
Ala 231,000 314,000. 33:0.00".
Georgia .. 731,000 " 799,000 '..68.0Q0J
'"Rhode Island gained only"2.8,200'
spindles. New Hampshire 14,576 and
Connecticut 13,307. while Maine lost
3,096 and Pennsylvania. 25,582. Ia
two or three years South Carolina will
take from Rhode Island second pl^cp.
in spinning, as she takes from h?rthis
fear second place in weaving. , * After
that Massachusetts only will be ahead
)f her. The Bay State has a very long
lead, hut length of lead doesn't couno
| for much with a manufacturing sprinter
| like South Carolina, At her present
I rate of progress she will catch up before
ten years are. over. Anyway, that
S.000';000 spindle total makes a shining
and pleasant mark to aim at.'.'. ;
j Chaplain Murray Writes to Governor
Ellerbe About Cuban Officers.
Governor Ellerbe recently received
the following letter from the Rev. P.
A. Murray, chaplain of the Second
South Carolina regimen;, now at Camp ]
Columbia, near Habana:
Dear Sir and Brother: I see from
papers you are confined to your room.
Let me assure von that I deenlv resrret
to hear of your illneo?, and sincerely
hope you will soon be yourself again.
Our regiment is away now on a march.
They were to be gone 10 days, but for
some reason they have begun the re'
turn march and will reach camp here
tomorrow night or Sunday morning. I
did not go, but remained to look after
the sick men in the hospital. We have
quite a cuaib:r in the hospital, three
or four of whom are sriously sick. We
lost two men this week, both typhoid
cases. We have about 10 other cases
oi typhoid fever. Most of the talk qow
e i mi i ! - _ _ j
is or getuog come, ine ooys, ana
most of the officers as well, are sufficiently
amused with camp life. It is
the same thing every day. nothing to
brenk the monotony. I think most of
regi.n-eit would really prefer a little
fighting to the present inactivity. A
large part of the Cuban army consists
of black Negroes and I'm sure they will
not t>c- prepared tor anyming nice a
civilized (? mean'self-government) governmcht
for at least 100 years. The
editor of' The State gives a very different
idea I know, but with his views,
seeing for myself. I'm not prepared to
agree. There are some nice people
here, but they are decidedly in the
minority. The majority will object
to any kind of law and any form of government.
A large number of.men now
composing the Cuban army will in future
constitute a lawless element and to
the extent we give them good laws, just
to that exttfht will they hate us. They
are a lazy, ignorant crowd and will always
give trouble. To ride a Cuban
pony, carry a machete and play soldier
is the height of their, ambition. They
are not fittedjor jtimes qf peace. I'm
' here getting" 5long pleasantly in some
respect's with my' work. Army life
is demoralizing on th.e boys, &nd in
some instances, I fear, on the officers., T
hone I have done some srood. I think'
at lp^st I hay^e helped to cheer 'sqjae of
sick.. I sincerely hope you will i|fable
to keep up a spirit ofcheerfulries/and .
of. hope, and that the- good
restore yotf to health.' " I could tellyou
. much about the- customs and peculiarities
of these peopole. They are very
amusing at times. .. ,/*
Asking for the blessing of our Heavenly
^Fatter. I remahin yours sincercly,
:<r' V P. A. Murray,
'**' Chaplain Second S. C. V. I.
JtSiue antrj enzins.
The attention of the ladies who are
securing funds for tlie Victor Blue testimonial
is' invited to'the letter of Theodore
Roosevelt on John Micah Jenkins
of South Carolina, who at Las Guasimas
so distinguished himself that "at
the request of all the other captains"
he was promoted from junior captain to
acting major, and because of his gallantry
at San Juan promoted to major;
who, in the Kettle hill charge followed
the Spaniards into their lines ''practically
by himself" and "had to be recalled,"
"his hat shot from his head
and his coat almost in tatters." " South
Carolina women are going to honor a
brave representative ol this State in the
navy; let them also honor a hero it contributed
to the army. Make it a Blue
and Jenkins testimonial!?The State.
'A Fatal Fight
The Rev. John Rexroad, a Baptist
ministar of Lewis county/ W. Ya., ami
"a wealthy landowner,' will lose his life,
' and his neighbors, Clark, Simmons and
J as. Bonnett,' also farmers, will bfe tried
for murder as the result of a quarrel
over rails from a line fence. The wind
blew the rails on the Rexroad land.
Simmons and Bonnett went to recover
them. Rexroad met them and,a fisl.
fight ensued in which Simmons was
worsted. All parties armed themselves,
and returned to the rails, when they all
fired simultaneously. Rexroad was
mortally wounded. _ The others escaped
injury, but were arrested. ' Simmons
is cxpre'sident of'the counfr court.
Want Eggs Badly.
A dealer in 'Savannah, G-a., has just'
shipped 1,000 do2en eges to Habana,
for which he will rcceivfi 81.60- per
dozen. The order came before the blizzard
and the egg famine^ At the time
pcrir* in Hahana w^re worth five cents
each. The freeze cut off the supply
and the dealer cabled that- he could noti
fill the order lower lhanf$l>60. a dozen.t
The reply came back to ship then*any- ,
way. It is said be. .paid around 30 and
"40 cents per dozen.
^ Fast'Train.
The great record of the Bunlington
route, between Chicago and Burlington,
made on 2d of January, was eclipsed
on "the lSth. when the actual running
time was 502 miles in 4^1 minutes.
Including stops, it was 5.">4 minutes, at
several places, for many miles, the
speed was over a hundred miles a a
hour, and this, too, with a very heavy
train. It is hardly possible to conceive
of such speed. br>t the official records I
admit of no mistake.
A Hard World.
A homeless wanderer found the front i
J door of the Second Presbyterian church !
] in Charlotte open a few days ago. , It
I was warm within and entering he ate j
his frugal meal. He was detected, reported
to the police, and- 'tf'hen taksn
before the mayor was lined ^7.50. but
failing tn pay up he was sent to the
chaingang.. What a hard world th?s
They All Dodged.^A-.Jopiin
(Mo.) paper says a'woman j
preacher.at that place recently stopped j
on- the middle of a discourse, and, pick- ;
ing up a Bible, said she was going to
throw it at a man who was unfaithful
to his wife. As she swung her arm forward
every man in- ihe church but one
ducked under the seat. He was a deaf j
A Negro Buncoes a Great Many of
His Own Color.
A special dispatch from Washington,
Ga., to the Augusta Chronicle says:
The disappearance of a tajl. black Negro
with about $300 belonging to. the
Negroes 01 this town and county has
caused much indignation and excitement
among them.
About two months ago" a tall, black
Negro came to this place - representing
himself to be a minister of the gospel,
a doctor of medicinc and a lawyer. By
his pleasing manners he soon won'the
confidence of a great many of his color,
and was dined and pampered to a considerable
He brought with him a catalogue of
Sears, Roebucs & Co., the great department
store of Chicago, III. He
said he had the interest of the oppressed
Negroes at heaTt, and the above,
mentioned firm had sent' him here to
sell them all classes of goods at wholesale
prices. He "agreed to take in payment
their notes payable next fail with-'
out interest, provided they would pay
the freight charges in advance. He
collected 50c. from one as freight on a
buggy, 75c. from another ior rreight on
IOC pounds of meat, $1 from a poor
country Negro as freight on ten sacks
of guano.
He was also representative of a build-.
iDg and loan association, and collected
$10 from an intelligent Negro preacher
as lawyer's fees for drawing up papers
and application for a loan of $1,000,
with which the preacher was going to
build a church. In addition to the
loan he was to furnish hi'm with a carriage
to go to the church in.
He sold every conceivable article of
merchandise; and was special agent for
everything and everybody. He was to
have a solid train load of provisions,
guano, buggies, wagons, dry goods,
etc., to arrive here March 1, and just
before the time he skipped for parts
unknown. The Negroes are trying to
raise $50 to offer as a regard for the
erstwhile Dr. Murray.
a woman witn ner two uniiaren
Jumps Overboard.
An appalling tragedy occurred the
other day on the steamer Orion, as the
vessel was making her way from Santos
in Brazil to Genoa. Among the passengers
was a famiiy namsd Forrarini,
the members of which were natives of
Modena. The family comprised the
father, mother and-four children, who
were returning-to Italy with a snug little
fortune which the father had accumulated
in Brazil. Dunng the voyage
rMr'., and Mrs.Forrarini frequently quarreled,
the husband & .using the wife
of improper'conduct, and she retorting
th?t he was insane through unfounded
jealousy, "finally in presence of all
the passengers the husband. made an
awful charge in regard to the two
youngest children, winding up his invective
by saying that he would not acknowledge4hem.
At this the wife beKASUIIP
h^rsAlf with ihditmatinn.
and, catching the two little ones in her
arms, she sprang to the side of the vessel
and flung. herself overboard. The
witneseses of-' this horrible act were for
the moment petrified with -mazement.
Then the captain was notified, the vessel
was stopped and boats were hastily
launched in the hope of saving the
three unfortunates. This hope, however
was soon seen to be baseless. The
sturdy seamen did their best, but the
sea had engulfed its prey, and the bodies
could not - be recovered. When
Forrarini saw that -the' search was useless,
he abandoned himself to despair,
and it soon became evident that he
was losing entire, command of himself.
Uonseqnentiy a close watcn was Kept
over his movements, but lie eluded his
watchers, and on the third, day after
his wife had drowned herself and the
two youngest children, he too, flung
himself overboard and met with the
same death. There were now only twe
children left, and when the vessel arrived
at Grenoa they were handed over,
to the care of the authorities.
A Thrilling Story. >
The race of the courier of- United
j States Judge .Clayton's court for'the
life of "Walla Tonka, the condemned
Cuoctaw Indian was won by a hairsbreadth
by the courier, who made the
wild ride from South JIcAl ester. to
Alikchi. Waila Tohda was to have
been' shot Monday morning for the
murder of his uncle and had come to
the execution grounds, as he had promised
to do, having been at liberty pending
iinal action by tKe court. Last
week a reprieve for a.-xefcearing of the
I - j i-_ -Ti. j ni
case was oiaerea uy ?>uuge V/jsytuu,
the courier dispatched on the eighty
mile journey. Rain was falling in torrents
and there-was every cause for fear
that he could not make Alikchi, as he
had but one broncho to carry him the
distance.. It was after midnight Sunr
day morning when *he rider reached
the fiood'ed Kiannchi river. Here he
stopped till daylight and then with his
hand on the pommel of his saddle swam
the stream; with his pony. The. pony
was almost exhausted when Big creek
was reached and a long detour was
necessaary, which caused hours of delay.
Night came and more rain when
the Seven Devil'? hill was reached the
broncho fell to the ground with the
_:j? l *1,^.?i. k..*
rxucr, ttuu uuwx. aivpt, luvi^u uut
miles from Alikchi. Before dawn they
were up again and finally the broticho
bearing the couriei, staggered
to the execution grounds where the witness,
executioners and stolid Walla
Tonka were waiting the tne fatal mom
ent. The Indian heard his reprieve
without comment and will appear before
Judge Clayton forthwith.- :.v
* Took Them In.
A trio of smart young men .took in j
the unsophisticated in Pennsylvania by j
sending out circulars stating that they
would, to introduce their goods, give
ten yards oi silk for one dollar. The
unsophisticated that bit got in return
for the one dollar ten yards of silk
thread. As a rule, people don't give
ao-'mething for nothing. .
Gen. Toral Arrested.
Jl dispatch from Madrid says General
Toral. who commanded the Spanish
troops at Santiago de Cuba,. has been
arrestecf and imprisoned,, previous to
being tried by courtmartial on the
charge of capitulation to General Shafter
at that place on July 14. last,
Indulged In by Senator Tillman to
the Outlook Club.
He Tells the New Jersey People
That the Negro Will Never
Have Equat Rights in
the South.
Uuited States Senator Benjamin R.
Tillman, of South Carolina, and the
Rev. Dr. A. E. Bradford, of the First.
Congregational church of Montclair, N.
J., talked.before the Outlook club
there recently on "The Race Question
in the South/' Senator Tillman, after
drawing a picture of the ruin and desolation
cau_3ed in hi3 land by the civil
conflict, said:
[ "The white i&gnia superior to the
| colored man, and,^-rftkjvelping us, we
j will maintain that supenfeijty. Your -
great soldier, Grant, sent taTniJ^untry
in 1876 a regiment of ten companies
tc maintain carpet b?.g governmentT"N.
Tiose troops-' had orders to compel a N^.
free vote and a "fair count. They did ^
their duty as they saw it. They maintained
law and order, although there
were 5.200 blacks to 3,500 whites.
What do you reckon our majority was?
Three thousand nine hundred. Can
Tammany beat that? Can Philadelphia
bp.at it? WA hpat rvn/?nto Ktt rmf
. v wvnw vMVWV/ ?SVV/?SAV/ Vj VUV
voting and outcounting 'them, and we
admit it. We can't repeal the fourteenth.
and fifteenth amendments except
by. force and fraud. I told the
senators this in "Washington and then I
said: 'WLat are yon going to do about
it? In the North it is a question oi
white rascals against white rascals.- In
the South it is a contest between Ando-Sason
suoerioritv ana fiiviliwitinn
and degraded, corrupt and corruptible
people. f
"We called a constitutional convention
and created a constitution tinder
which every man must be able to read
or write or pay taxes on $300. Under
that constitution 90 per cent, of the
whites and 10 per cent, of the blacks
vote. The colored people are a happygo-lucky,
immoral, untruthful, unreliable
race. There are exceptions and > - J.-t
bright r nes, but I speak-of the great
mass. They were unfit for the ballot
and are now, because they are lacking
in "that moral fibre which gives them
souad judgment, and they can be led
away by any shrewd and sharp rascal. ??i
I simply recognize my superiority to
the black man a_sd am willing to consent
to his life, liberty and happiness
so long as he does not step on ray feet.
(Laughter.) Take a pilgrimmage to
the South. Settle in any part you may
please, and if you don't come North
convinced that my view is the right
one?why, then, I'll stand treat. I
have a Negro on my plantation 27 years *
old. I would trust him with my wife
and child and he would die protecting
them, but he ain't fit to vote. You >
can't alter what God has made and
though this or that Negro may be a decent
man or an honest man, yet the f _
tiger is loosened in a*white man's bosom
without regard to consequences when
the two races come in'contact.''
Speaking of the Negro from the in
uustnai standpoint, senator 'iniman
said: "He is by- nature and by every instinct
of his soul a loafer. His one
purose in life is to get.somethihg to \\
eat for today, with no thought for the
future. In consequence, the Southern
States lag behind the North because of
the lack of thrift in its laboring class.
But don't think that the Negro does all
the work. The South produces 11,000,000
bales of cotton last year and onehalf
of it was raised by white men. If
any commonwealth will give us onegood
industrious white man for three
niggers, we'll swap as long they'll, keep
up the exchange. We've got the white
man*8 burden down there." \ .
'-'In closing, the speaker said: -. ""We. '
! are educating them, bit event if they .
1 can learn, we don't propose tjo hivethem
govern us. We'll use the shot
gun if necessary." j,
Dr. Bradford, in .reply, denied that
we "can't alter what G-od has made."
ne said: "i &at a what we are doing
all the time.': He read statistics and
letters from various institutions of
learning in the North, showing tliat the
Negro was capable of taking a high intellectu&l
A Terrible Crime.
A dispatch from Clay Centre.-Kan..
says a murder was discovered this* evening
in Thelstone township, this'' coun- ~ ty.
A neighbor, going to the home of
John Gilberts, found Mrs. Gilberts and
her four children murdered. The boy
was nine years old and the three girls'
v4?iW) ??v uuu cv?gu jVtviO iWpCV/HVC
ly. The family had not been seen
since Tuesday night. The door wat
found locked and the husband missing.
Came In Troops.
Misfortunes follow some men in rapI
id succession. The Maryland papers
tell of a farmer in that state who three
weeks ago lost three children from dip'
theria. the next week his barns and sta- - j
bles were burned, and with them his j
stock, farming implements and grain.
I and the third week his house burned in J
the night and he and his wife and re1
maining child were almost frozen before
they reached a neighbors house.
. .3. ,
A Remarkable Case. a?
Since May. 1897. a native of Watt' kesha,
Whs., has lived and even at times - *
performed light work with two bullets ?
in his brain. By the aid of X-rays one . >
was located at the base of the brain, ^ ^
right over the spinal column, and the ' * vother
in the roof.of the orbit. The 'W*
case has baffled the skill of physicians ~
who say that according to all rules of
medical science he should be dea4, . j
- For the Veterans
. "i
Senator Tillman secured the adoption
by the United States Senate on *" ' M
11- 1 l n i ? -. . .W . r
v> eanesaay ox a resolution authorizing /
the secretary of war to loan the execu- ' y
tivc committee of the United Oonfeder- /*
ate veterans for their reunion -to be /* ^
held in Charleston, S. C., on May 10,
1899. 10.000 cots, 10.000 mattresses
and 2.000 tents.

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