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The Fairfield news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1881-1900, March 15, 1899, Image 1

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Hsfe. VOL. LIIL WINNSBORO. S. C., WEDNESDAY, MARCH 15, 1899. NO. 32. "?3j
wSP^* . . . .
Because the Negro Soldiers on it
. Acted Badly.
" The Warm Reception Accorded
?? 1 1 />. n*
* ine musiercu kul men wi uic
Tenth Immunes. The
??32 Story.
The Tenth Immunes, who were mus'
tered ont at Macon, Ga., Wednesday,
began to show their ill temper as soon
as the train bearing the Negroes home
began to move out of Macon. Produc^
ing revolvers and other arms which
they in some way managed to smuggle
with them they began firing from the
^ - T> ?11 y ATT/1T-TT A1 Tdf
windows. ?>uneus ucn iu nvij
^ tion as the train sped on and passersby
were cimpelled to seek shelter. Luckily
only one person was shot in Macon,
/ Will Goodyear, a 16-year old white boy
whose arm was badly fractured by a
ball. As the train passed the various
_ stations on the road the rioting was renewed,
shots being fired from the train
at the peopie standing ou the platforms
to see the train by. *
At Griffin, Ga., where the first section
of the train stopped about 2:30
Wednesday afternoon, occurred the most
? serious trouble of the day. The regiment
came over the central of Georgia
1 Wfipn thp
raiiroau in mr^c ocv/^vuo* ??
first train stopped at Griffin the Xegroes.
who by this time bad filled up 011 whiskey;
began firing their pistols and yelling
like India-s. Over 200 shots were
^ ~ fired and the police were powerless to
resist. The city was at the mercy of the
Negroes, who kept up a fusilade of .shots
until the train carried them beyond the
city limits.
^ The news of the outrageous conduct
spread rapidly over Griffin and it was
? -determined that the next section of the
regiment should be held in check.
Mayor Davis telephoned Gov. Candler
asking him to order out the Griffin rifles.
The governor sent word that he would
consult the authorities and instruct
him in a few minutes. Mayor Davis
^ then ordered out the company on his
own responsibility, as there was no time
to lose. The Rifles were given five j
rounds of ammunition, and under com- i
- mand of Lieut. David marched to the
depot. In addition to the militia, the
mayor and Sheriff Morris deputized
nearly 100. citizens to assist the officers
v in preserving peace and protecting the
citv. .
About 5:15 p. m. the second section
came in sight and above the roar of the
train could be heard the rattle of fire
arms which were being discharged indiscriminately.
When this train cams |
pp. to a standstill the Negroes saw 200
' heavily armed men who commanded J
them te keep Quiet. The negroes were ,
^ awed, and with a few exceptions were
as docile as lambs. To those who
proved fractious cracked heads were ad- j
'V i ministered. When the train pulled;
^ out from- the depot and the Negroes
thought they were out of reach of the j
citizens they began firing at houses. At
the first shot a volley was poured, into
the train by the citizens and militia.
Oeorge Agee, a trainman, was "atally |
shot in the abdomen and one Xegro i
.-slightly wounded.
Gov. Candler said: "I did not give '
the order calling out_the company of 1
militia at Griffin. Word was sent to
the sheriff there to call upon the police
of the town to do thetr daty. Lieut.
Col. Withrow, of the Tenth immunes, |
wired me during the afternoen to ex- j
extend protection to the Negroes while j
they were in the limits of the State.
He said the people of Griffin were re
sponsible for the trouble. , j
A dispatch from Raleigh, N. C., says 1
the tour of the Negro troops through
that State was marked by drunken rioting
and shooting at people, houses and
cattle along the railroad. DuriDg the
few minutes that the train stopped j
here, thrre was drinking and disorder j
among the men. Several shots were j
fired at the ground or into the air. All ;
along the route the conduct was the
same. A dispatch from Hende/son
- ' to-night says- '"The Tenth immune;
Negro troops, passed Wed- j
nesday over the Seaboard Air Line. I
They shot at private houses and school
children. Several men were woudded. '
eaflwad tf\
xne omcers 01 iue reaimcuu sctuj&vi ^
have no control over the men."
Further particulars in regard to the
conduct of the Tenth immunes ./ere received
from the towns along the Seaboard
Air Line. Between Atlanta and
Monroe they shot Flagman Sam Sealy in
the heel inflicting a painful wound. At
Monroe they raided the dispensary, carrying
of some 75 packages of whiskey.
At Henderson they came near killing an
mon nnmpf? Orozier. In
Weldon, the last point at which they
stopped in this State, their conduct was
the worst. At the point of a pistol they
forced John Battle, a worthy colored
man, to drink seven glasses of whiskey.
Battle fell down senseless soon after
I drinking the liquor aud died before a
physician could be summoned. The
' riotous troops forced their way into
? - stores and saloons, taking whatever they
wanted. They lired upon a switchman
who failed to run at.their command and
spoke insultingly to those whom they
met upon the streets.
Tug and Crew Lost.
9|H The tug Bowen was lost with all on
^^^^oard oS Hog Island Wednesday.
lives were lost on the tuc, but
Htf the dredge she was towing
Bk were picked up by the GerBiship
Albano. bound from
Hrk to Newport .News. They
Bmded at old Point Comfort. The
lost in the midst of the terrible
?rn of last week. She was tow atn
barge Admiral to PhilaBbere
she is owned by the
^fcredging company, the asEtotendent
of which was lost
K?e was Cap* William G.
md in Camden.
Hbea Hero.
recently adjouroH^miral,
which inmLOOO
per annum
^tmethirtg sub&ion
of Dew
| Of the Passengers and Crew of a Disabled
The Portuguese steamer Vega, which
arrived at New York Wednesday from
St. Michael's, Azores, brought the passengers
of the Cunanl steamer Pavonia
which was towed into St. Michael's after
a terrible experience at sea. The total
number of the Pavonia's passengers
| was 54, of whom 9 were saloon, 17 second
cabin and 28 steerage. The Vega
also brought four men who were on the
German steamer Bulgaria, which put
into St. Michael's disabled. Dr. J.
W. Inches of St. Clair, Mich., one of
the Pavonia's cabin passengers, said:
"The experience of the voyage of the
Pavoniawas frightful. Gale followed
gale and hurricanes prevailed throughout
the whole time from Liverpool until
we landed at the Azores. Duriug
the gales terrific seas came over the
side and swept everything before them.
The steamer rolled so violently that the
six boilers broke adrift and the steamer
was helpless on the ocean. Five steamers
were sighted, but the weather was
so stormy that they were unable to help
us. The crew of the Pavonia worked
nr.lv! *? f \ mol"A tVl??
?auu uiu v tci)iuiu^ j xxii,uv
passengers as comfortable as possible
under the circumstances. When we
finally got into St. Michael's we were
. obliged to land in lifeboats during a
gale and it is a great wonder that none
of us were lost. However, we landed
without casualties ?ud embarked on the j
Vega for New York. We have had
every care aud comfort possible on the
way home from the Azores." ThePavonia
sailed from London on January
2n for Boston. The general opinions
of the Pavonia's passengers is that the
members of the crew of that steamer
"? <? ii v. i r _ _ i?
deserve every praise ior tneir neroic eiforts,
but Gapt. Atkindid not merit the
same consideration.
Our Boys "Will Come Home by the
First of May.
Orders were issued at the war depart
ment Wednesday for the Twelfth -\ew
York volunteer infantry, now at Matanzas,
Cuba, to take passage on the
transport Berlin for' Xew "York city,
where it will be mustered ou:.. This is
the beginning of a general movement
for -the muster out of all volunteer
'troops stationed in Cuba, and indicates
that the administration believes that
the time has come when it can safely
reduce its military forces in Cuba. The
fact that the rainy seasou is not far of
- 1 x ? ? ? - ?? ALA AAwlrr
IS <1 potent rea.sun IUI tuc cwij v*
the volunteer troops there. The home
movement will have to be gradual because
of the limited transportation facilities
no-* at the disposal of the war
department. There are now about 25,000
volunteers in Cuba, and their withdrawal
will leave about 15,000 regular
troops there for the enforcement of th?
I t\/vK,?tt nf tVi/a <? 1 n i otra.f-,5 <vn for the es
yViAWJ VI V&IV U\AUMI?*wwwm?? ...
tablishment of a stable government on I
the island. Under the present plans
of the department, it is expected that
all of the volunteer troops will be withdrawn
from Cuba before the first of
May, and so escape the dangers of the
fevers which make the country such an
undesirable place of residence during
the summer months. The officials of
the administration express satisfaction
at the present political status of affairs
in Cuba, and ire confident of a continuance
of the prevailing peace and good
order. The troops are to be withi
.-L . .1. |
drawn on tne uieory uuau uucic i* uv
longer need of their services in that
country, and that the questions of government
will work out themselves without
the presence of a large military
A Major Convicted
A dispatch from Santiago says Major
Howard Wilson, of the Third immune
? ^ L ? ? ~ ~ MAAAMilw VkTT 1
regiment, wiiu was xeueuwjr uicu vj j
ceurtmartial on charges of forgery, falsifying
records and conduct unbeeomi
ing an officer and a gentleman, has
I been convicted and sentenced to dismissal
from the service, forfeiture of
pay and allowances, and confinement
for one year at hard labor in the penitentiary.
Gen. L. Wood military governor,
taking into, consideration Wilson's
previous good character and the
? o __ t ^
reduction irom ao aoaorauie puoxtiuu i
to the status of a military coovict, considers
that clemency may be shown
him without detracting from the force
of the example to to others, and directs
that the sentence be remitted so far as
the confinement at hard labor is concerned.
One Bill VetoedGov.
Ellerbe has decided to veto a
bill which has reference to the operation
of the sinking fund. A bill was
passed at the last session relative to the
collection of back taxes. It provided
that for back taxes the state might collect
by a suit or summary process within
ten years from ;he dale when they
should have been paid. For back taxes
due prior to March 31, 1S99, the sinking
fund would have ten years in which
to collect teem. There has been no
law on the subject heretofore, hence
the passage of the bill, rue governor s
veto meet? with the approval and endorsement
of officers of the commission.
Constables Bailed.
Messrs. John P. Thomas, Jr. and
Cole L. Blease. attorneys for State Constables
W. K. Crawford, Coleman, Dorn
and Cooley, charged with the murder
of Mrs. Stuart, made application for
bail for the defendants before Judge
I ~ -r TXT 1 J
Ernest Gary at .Lancaster weanesaayi
morning. Solicitor Henry represented
the State. Crawford wa3 granted bail
in the sura of $3,000, Dorn and Coleman
each in the sum of $1,000 and
Cooley in the sum of $500.
Ice Inside and Out.
| The three masted schooner Alfred
Brabrook, Capt. Garland, from Boothbay,
Maine, for Charleston, S. C., ice
laden, stranded during a heavy gale and
thick snow storm at Gull Shoal Life
Saving Station, X. C., twenty-five miles
north of Hatteras. The crew of eight
men were saved by the life saving
crew from Gull Shoal station by means
of the breeches buoy and are now being
cared for at that station. The vessel
and cargo are probably a total loss. '
I Columbia Entertains the Guests
of the State Handsomely.
i No Sections and no Factions
lObserved In the Hospitality
of the Capital City.
The Toasts.
Columbia has entertained the congressional
party which, on its way to
Cuba, has stopped over in South Carolina
at the invitation of our representatives
in congress. Feeling very jubilant
over recent events which point to
Columbia's development and growth,
the capital city has, in the limited time
I allowed, done everything she could to
I entertain ana ho*ior her guests and to
show her appreciation of the services of
Senator Tillman and Congressman
Stanyarne Wilson, who have worked
for the appropriation for the opening of
the Congaree. Greenville entertained
the visitors Tuesday in royal style, Columbia
did her best to receive them in
true Southern style Wednesday, and ">n
Thursday Charleston received them
with a round of pleasure and good
The visiting congressmen were rep-'
resentatives J. Hamilton Lewis of
Washington, W. S. Cowherd, of Mis- i
souri, J. J. Showaterof Pennsylvania,
John Shafroth of Colorado, Israel Waterhou>e
of Massachusetts and J. A. j
Connaliy of llliuois. From our own
State were Senator Tillman, Congressmen
Wilson, A. C. Latimer and James
Norton, The following ladies accom
? t n -n m-1 I
paniea tne party: mrs. x>. ix. xminan,
Mrs. Latimer, Mrs. Norton, Mrs. Connelly,
Mrs. Shafroth, Mrs. Cowherd,
Mrs. Showater, and Miss Connally,
Miss Shafroth, Mrs. Waterhouse, who
is a native of Statesville, N. C. The
party arrived in Columbia at half-past
three o'clock Wednesday.
They were met by the committee on
reception, who drove the visitors to the
Columbia hotel. After resting and re
freshing themselves the visitors turn- i
ed themselves over to the keeping}
of the committae and were driven over
the city, visiting all the public buildings,
among others the State dispensary,
where each visitor was supplied
with a soul-inspiring souvenir of that
institution. At dusk they were taken
back to the Hotel Columbia, where
they rested awhile and received the attentions
of numbers of citizens who
came to call.
The visitors seemed to have enjoyed
the unexpected hospitable attention of
the people of South Carolina and speak
in warmest praise of the open-heartedness
and generosity of the cities in
South Carolina which they have visited.
This town is designed to be an
introduction of Southern people to the
representatives of people of the North,
and from this brief acquaintance the
happiest re'sults are expected. The
average South Carolinian loves to talk
and to hear talking. The lobby was
filled with representative citizen's who
were gazing upward trying to catch a
glimpse of Senator Tillman or some of
nis associates. The programme called
for a reception from 9 to 10, but the
enthusiastic Carolinians conld not
stand the waiting. They wanted a
speech. There were resonant calls for
"Tillman" which broke forth with
marked spontaneity. These were continued
until the senator made his apneaiance.
After he had addressed
them in a few words, pleading fatigue
the other gentlemen were presented
and the orowd was entertained for
quite an hour with the speeches. Each
speech was cheered, as a matter of
course, but there were frequent bursts
of spontaneous applause which sprung
not from courtesy but from appreciation
of the hits of the speakers.
Senator Tillman said; "lam glad to
meet you again after I may say a four
years absence. I wouldn't be surprised,"
he remarked ironically, "if tears
shed upon my departure have raised the
congaree so that it will float a boat
without river improvements.'' He ex
cused himself from further speaking.by
saying that he ^vas very much fatigued
by the continuous session of the senate
just prior to adjournment, and with
the fatigue of traveling. He concluded
by saying: "Remember that I am in
the senate yet and will see you again,
and then you will hear it all.
Mr. James Hamilton Lewis of Washrngton
State responded to popular call
and made a clever speech. He said
that our congressmen are very enterprising
and whenever they see anything
peculiar th^y want to bring it home
and exhibit it. This was a palpable
1 . 1 _ i l .'_l >f
mi on ms pins wins^ars. .u?uluci
told me to come here and let the boys
look at me." He had eDjoyed the
courtesies of' the State and would hate
very much to leave.. He lived as far
west as man could and still be in the
country. If you go further west you
get into the east. Bat even that great
distance could not make him forget the
pleasure of this visit. He then spoke
of the two sons of Bishop Howe,
Judge Eiliot, and Major James L. Orr
of Tacoma. who are worthy representatives
of South Carolina in that far western
Mr. Cowherd of Kansas City, Mo.,
said he had suggested.to Maj. Connally
to tell where he stood on the banks of
the river so that the people could understand
why he had comf -out of the
war without a wound. He could now
understand how this Anglo-Saxon race
could fight and then forget it all. The
Denocrats were improving so that it
? ? ? f rtll frAm f ^ A T? A_
was UlUiUUlb l/U LCH UJCUl 11ULU Lug j.igpublicans.
He hoped for South Carolina
as glorious a future as she had had
a past.
There were loud calls for "Stanyarne
Wilson," the congressman from the
Fourth district. Mr. "Wilson said that
he wanted merely to show his deep and
heartfelt appreciation of all this county
had done for him. He had endeavored
to return that kindness in pushing the
appropriation for the Congaree. He
looked to see the time when Richland
county and grand old Columbia will occupy
that position which past history
and future glory would warrant. Columbia
bet needs to be placed in a position
where she may come out of the
[ category of towns and slie will work
j herself well up among the cities.
He spoke of the presence of the couj
gressmcn from the north. "By their
j presence we recognize that there is no
! North no South, no East, no West, no
| anywhere," Oq the roll of honor bei
side Dewey, Otis. Roosevelt and other
Northern heroes we see "Wheeler. Blue.
; Hobson and Micah Jenkins. This is
i dow one grand country withoutdistincj
tion of section. The South has taken
j up the song of prosperity and is forging
i ahead, aided by the reunited govern!
uient. He would make way for other
j speakers. He kDiw that it would do
| the old Confederate soldiers good to
| hear from some who had worn the blue.
| He then introduced Representative
! Connally of Illinois. Mr. Wilson
j was frequently interrupted with ap!
There was then an unusual picture,
i A Union veteran being entertained by
! and addressing an audience of southern
j people, some of whom were C-jniederJ
ate soldiers. Mr. Connally of Illinois
j told of his first visit to or toward Columbia
35 years ago. Sherman's corps
was marching through. He was at
I nvin.Tfan t-* rJ ,r t t \\ f\ rttfl*
JJUAIU^IUIJ auu UiUU^Ht Wwj VI v>v
lumbia was in Sherman's hands. Accompanied
by an orderly he rode to the
banks of the river, but the bridge had
been burned. He stood on the opposite
bank trying to find some way to cross,
because he wanted to see the capital
city of South Carolina- Some public
spirited citizen appeared on the opposite
bank of the river and began shooting at
lie decided that he would postpone
his visit to Columbia. But now he was
glad to say that the people of Columbia
had become wre hospitable, genuinely
hospitable. lie came from the State
which was the home of that good and
great rnau. than whom the south had
no better friend, Abraham Lincoln.
He spoke feelingly of the pleasure it
gave him to meet the "Johnny Rebs,"
aud he carae with -a message of good
ft'npM frnm the "Prairie State.'1
Mr. Connally retired amid the loud
cheers of the Confederate soldiers and
all the others present.
There were loud calls for Senator
Tillman, and his ardent friends would
not have a refusal. He appeared again
and in his characteristic way stated
that this was not an election year and
he couid not understand the demonstration,
as there is now no politics in Columbia,
unless it be that they had been
to the dispensary. (Laughter.)
lie congratulated Columbia on the
/%? " T*r>TO
V^^AOJIUU UJ. Vli\> J VllUVtttAUU* JbUic
will give Columbia an equal show in
developing trade, and will place her
upon an equal plane with Atlanta and
other southern citiea. UI don't want
any thanks," he said, "I have but
done my duty. Columbia is in South
Carolina, not South Carolina in Columbia,
and from the bottom of my heart I
congratulate her upon her good fortune."
Congressman Latimer, Shafroth, Showalter
and Waterhouse entertained the
populace with short speeches in which
they praised the hospitality and warmheartedness
of the southern people and
of South Carolina.
At 10 o'colck the guests were eacorte^
to the Grand Central hotel, in whose
spacious dining hail an elegant banquet
was spread by the Messrs. Gillard. The
hall was draped in the tri-colors of the
goveonment of Republicans and Democrats
and of all other parties.
There were covers lands for- 260
guests, and there was a representative
American at each plate. Good will
and friendship headed the bill of fare,
but there were a lot of more substantial
dishes elegantly prepared, and the menu
wound up with entrees of an exchange
of confidences and sentiments by the
'speakers who represented the feelngs of
ail present.
Mr. R. W. Shand who had presided
with much dignity, and in a graceful
speech introduced ilr. E. L. Abney,
who delivered the address of welcome.
We are glad, said he to extend to
these distinguished visitors of other
States, and to our own representatives
the heartiest welcome. These gentlemen
from far off States come among us
? * "i 1.1. _ mi
as mends ana neignoors. xiiey me
entitled to hospitality, to generosity
and to friendship.
Mr. Shand introduced Congressman
Showalter, who responded to the toast
k'Manufactures as a source o*f wealth."
He began by congratulating Columbia
upon the acquisition of the appropriation.
He was proud that it was a senator
from his State, Don Camron, who
had killed the force hill, and his action
met the approbation of tne entire commenwealth.
Congressman Cowherd, of Missouri,
was received with hearty applause when
he was announced to speak upon "The
Old and the New South.'' He paid a
tribute to the industry of the senators
and representatives from South Carolina,
saying that it' they kept up their
work, they would have the entire treasury
in circulation in the State. He
was a '"nevr member"' of congress.
There are three classes in Washington
society, itie aristocracy, or aepartment
clerks; the potentates, or president.
senate and old members; and the
trash, or new members and colored attaches.
The new members vrere good
for nothiug but to make the applause
which is printed in the journals which
Latimer, Wilson and these other fellows
send down here. He paid a beautiful
tribute to the in<Justry and development
of the new south, but said she
lost none of the attributes of the old.
When the new south shall have transformed
the face of the earth, and has
attained her highest glory, there will
still be erected a monument to the old
south of chivalry, manhood, and beauty
The applause which succeeded his
very elegant peroration lasted for several
minutes, and was again and again
renewed when lie was by some admirers
callcd the Henry Grady of Kansas City.
But the north had its innings again.
Judge Connallv, in his response to the
''American Soldier" was listened to
with marked attention as he paid tribute
to the soldier who could shoot straighten
march longer, and fight harder than
those of any nation. He paid a glowing
tribute to the volunteer soldier, and
said that he was one of the six rebels
in the house who voted against quadrupling
the regular army. He represented
the district where lie the remains
of the patient, meek, lowly
child of Nature who loved the south
as much as the north, Abraham Lincoln.
The son of the Federal soldier and
'of the Confederate soldier are soldiers
by inheritance. The men who rode
with Sheridan.' who marched wit!
Sherman, can strike hands with thos.
who marcLed with Jackson and rod'
with Stuart. There was no complaint
about embalmed beef and short rations
It would appear that no soldiers suffere<
as those of today. He then told of thi
short rations of the soldiers in the wa
! between the war .between the States.
He frequently tapped. Mayor Lips
comb on the shoulder, speaking of hiii
as "My old Johnny Reb friend," am
his response was filled, with good humo:
and genuine pathos, "which spiced th<
ommon sense talk of a Yankee in lov<
with Dixie.
"The Fiftyfifth-Congress," a hare
subject to handle in its scope, wa:
treated in a masterly way by Mr.
James Hamilton -Lewis. He said tha
probably "congressmen'' would be a
more fit sub jeer..'than "congress." II<
made some happy hits upon the person
ality of the visiting congressmen. It
>* /! 11 1 -1.1 , . 1
regaru to -uaj. ^onnauy, ne saici mat tn<
worst the Yankees " had treated the
southerners the -better the Yankee was
treated in return.
The assembly was convulsed witl
laughter at his characterization of Mr.
Cowherd speaking of chivalry before a
South Carolina audience. There was a
laugh at the expense of Mr. Shafroth ol
Colorado, when he said that that State
way like Scuth Carolina?very dry. He
then turned bis remarks to the Soutli
Carolina delegation: He said Senator
Tillman was a'aau who sought no laudation.
and ao-i^an wu? stronirer'in his
integrity. (Cheers.)
He spoke in- words of burning eloquence
of the causes which actuated the
congress to come to the relief of Cuba.
when all sectional aad factional lines
were forgotten. The Fifty-fifthcongress
is worthy of vue encomiums "well
doue." But the. chasm had not been
breached by any act of the administration
but by the lives of the volunteer
soldiers of the South, who true to the
pledges of their fathers offered their
lives to the country which their fathers
had fought. i
Mr. Lewis a descendant of a South
Carolina governo*, and the native Southern
fire and adopted western pluck rang
in every sentence. The entire assemb1
TT TTTOC A/1 TTTlfll TTT ! f Y? O * 1 1 1 * V*
XJ *T AO vua.mgu Wil/JJ. lilJ YTXUj * CX oaiiil
and genius.
The "United State? Congress" was
ably discussed by Mr. Shafroth of Colo
rado. He said that a senator could
speak for three months on one bill if lie
wanted, but in. the fcwer house the
more important bdls received but short
discussion. (Laughter.)
He then made * very interesting exposition
of the operations of both
branches of congress. He gave the
speaker of the house quite a "roast."
jljicio <uc lic^utruczj' a ouuic vi rnciubers
on the floor endeavoring to obtain
recognition. The speaker will glance
casually around tlie house, and, as if by
accident, pick out ? member. But that
was design. .. Thi-' Louse is each day
under a schedule already mapped out
by the speaker. His peroration was a
tribute to the greatness of the American
nation, which was beyond comparison
with any other nation.
When Mr. Shand announced Benjamin
R. Tillman, the senior senator's
name was received with deafening applause,
and he was kept standing several
minutes before he could reply to
the toast "South Carolina."
Senator Tillman said that the senate
was the onlv deliberate bodv in Wash
ington, and he related his experiences
of the last few days, showing that he
had had much to fatigue him. Therefore,
he made apology for any short
TT .1 l: xtr i cw . i. .
coming. jtie saia: we nave a ?tate
of which we are proud. You have a
city which we hope to see marching
steadily to the front. It is not necessary
to discuss the occasion of this assembly.
I have simply done my duty.
I am glad that you are willing to acknowledge
that I am not a nonenity in
the United States senate, and I am glad
that you are willing to honor me. Let
the dead past bury its dead, and let us
move forward together. I congratulate
you that half* of these visiting gentlemen
are Republicans and that there is
now less sectional feeling than since
the war. (Cheers.) The United States
are today united by bonds of blood.
r-AlrAn'.rf nf f kflco r f 1 aivi An ic o
i uui u; u 10 a.
harbinger of better days in the republic.
The great heart of the masses of the
people beats for good government. We
are not going the way oi other republics
and sink beneath the burden of a
standing army. "We
arc far poorer than other States,
but they have the accumulated wealth
of 200 years, while we began life anew
in 1865. When they consider our poverty.
our lack of thrift, these representatives
from other States cannot refuse
us. struggling under adverse conditions,
paying $2,000,000 pensions; they cannot
refuse us a request for any appropriation
whi(*h is in order, decency and
right, and South Carolina will never
ask for anything which is not decent
and right. (Cheers.) We of South
LarGlma have ao apologies to mate.
We will always lespond to every call
as in 1876, 1812 and 1847 and every
other time when we have been called
"Columbia" ^as the theme responded
to bv Mr. Stanyarne Wilson. He con
gratulated the State of South Carolina
for having as its capital this grand old
citv of Columbia. He congratulated
Columbia for being the capital of the
grand old Stare. He congratulated
himself for haring such an excellent
constituency. He had been working
for three years, but felt that he would
be obtaining goods under false pretenses
if he gave nj credit to Senator Tillman
for obtaining the Congaree appropriation.
Appropriations don't come
fast. They must be sought for. The
only way to get an appropriation is to
go for it. For weeks and months he
had dreamed of what Columbia and the
upper part of the State could and should
become. He spoke proudly of the prospects
of the capital city.
When the cheers which greeted his
taking his seat bad subsided, Mr. CowV?rtvi<4
o faocf ta Qonofnr TSll
UCIU <* 4-vajv w
man and Mr. Wilson. This was drunk
with a hearty good will by all present,
and the love feast of the Yankee and
Reb., of partisan and opponent was declared
adjourned by Toastmaster
The Augusta Tribune says it is again
as it was two years ago, when every paper
contained notices of a voluntary advance
in wages somewhere. Is another
wave of prosperity down on 'the schedule?
3 The .Penitentiar* Investigation
l o
r Shows up Badly for Col. Neal.
2 Thirty Convicts Worked on the
I Farm?" of Col. Neal for
Which the State has
l Not Seen Paid.
The committee appointed by the
1 Legislature to investigate the charges
| against Col. W. A. Xeal, late superin,
tendent of the Penitentiary, spent several
days last week on the matter. Aci
cording to the testimony taken up to
Thursday here is the situation:
1 la 189l) J. B. Watson and Col. W.
? A. Xeal made a contract whereby the
. latter was to redeem or buy back his
> farm in Anderson county, which he had
1 turned over to the former for debt..
The pricc was tu be $14,000. and this
. was to be paid in installments of $2,000
a year. At the same time and on the
same day, aeeording to the testimony
of Gol. Neal, Mr. Watson made a contract
with him as superintendent cf the
penitentiary for 30 convicts \yho were
1 to work this farm and another owned
bvJiim (Xeal) in Pickens county. The
superintendence of the Anderson county
farm work was to be under B. B.
Kagsdaleand the Pickens farm under
C. VV. Ragsiale. By this contract for
convict hire J. B. Watson was to be
nominally responsible, while Neal in
reality was to ge the oenefit of the laKnr
ThlQ woe QT>nornnf 1 *7 f/% crr\?
" miw viuuv kv ggb
around the statute which prohibits the
superintendent of the penitentiary from
employing convicts tc work for himself
individually. This contract with Watson
was not secured by bond as is generally
required because Col. Neal considered
him "a responsible man."
Under the instructions of the board
of directors a note properly endorsed
so that it may be discounted at a bank
may be accepted in payment for convicts.
In the year 1896 J. B. Watson
got 30 convicts who worked the two
farms of Col. Xeal in Anderson and
Pickens counties. These eonvicts
worked those farms during 1896, '97
and 9b. in payment for their work
the first year B. B. Ragsdale gave his
note for $2,595.99, endorsed by "W. A.
Neal as superintendent. For their
work in 1897 C. W. Ragsdale gave his !
note for ?2,012.45, endorsed in the j
same way. The account for 1898 is j
still open, though under the head of |
assets, j. B. Watson is charged up
with their hjre. These two Ragsdale .
notes were placed in the Carolina Na- ,
tional bank and the money drawn on :
them. The B. B. Ragsdale . note for :
5>2,oyo.yy was taken up by the payment ;
of check given by J. B. Watson. .The i
check was made payable in five days,
but before that time had expired Mr. .
Watson held up the payment. The <
"bank now demands from the penitenti- \
ary the payment of these two amounts.' ]
W. A. Neal as superintendent having j
endorsed the two notes. .
This puts the State virtually in the j
position of endorsing notes in jrder to j
cAt mnnpv and th^n hnvinc tn nar the j
notes herself, the maker of the notes (
not having paid them. CoL Neal tes- ,
tified that the two Ragsdales who gave
their ncte3 its payment for this convict ,
hire for the years had not derived a \
cent's benefit from the convicts's work. ,
It had been done on his farms and he >
had gotten the benefit of their work, ,
The State will have to redeem these j
two notes and by doing so loses the pay j
for 30 convicts for the years 1896 and |
1897. This amount is in round num- i
bers $4,500. to say nothing of the past ,(
year, which will run the amount up to
about $G,000. All this labor Col. Neal
was using on his farms, though under
the contract Mr. J. B. "Watson is the j
nominal lessee of the convicts. ]
3Ir. Watson's testimony was impor- <
tant in that it told cf the contracts (
made between himself asd Col. Neal. j
He gave his reason^ for refusing to pay j
it.. -1 1. iL. 15 1> T> l
cue cuech. uuuag up tue ij. ?>. rt&gs- {
dale notes and then went on to say that <
under their personal agreement he had t
sold the cotton crop from the two farms 1
made in 1396. After taking out from 1
the proceeds the first payment on the i
farm to himself, he turned over to Col. :
Xeal ?1,465.85, fo{ which C'ol. Neal re- j
ceipted as snperintendent, and which ]
he understood was to pay the convict i
hire for that year. Tthad not been so (
credited and the records gave no evi- ?
decee of it hnving been paid. In 1895 j
he had also paid a draft of $500 to Col. t
Neal. but, as was afterwads shown, he '
was not credited with this in any wiy. t
Uoi. iNeal, in reterence totne $ouu
draft, said he had used it for traveling
expenses. About the $1,463 83 paid
by Mr. Watson, he claimed that it had
been paid oat to* hands and for the expenses
of making the crop in 1896. Mr.
Stevenson asked the pointed question,
after Col. Xeal had stated that he had j
paid $2,700 in 1898 and 1897 to Mr.
Watson, in payment on the farm as per
private contract, if the payment of
i r* i 1 fo rrrara n n> tti rf n o 11T7 }
1-L1C3C/ luo^aiim^uvo iiviv ?-*w ?
using muney due the State to-paypriv- i
ate debts. Mr. Burriss testified to sev- c
eral irregularities involving several \
hundred dollars and showed where only (
a part of a draft would be credited to a ?
man's account, while the remainder t
was placed to the personal credit of W. i
A. Xeal. i
The facts so far brought out in the *
penitentiary investigation Friday show
that Col. W. A. Xeal, the retiring superintendent.
is due the State the follow- j
ing amounts: .
Cash collected from Cooley & i
Fowler Dec. 9,1895, for con- t
' i/>l> A .
?ii;i line iui irmvuuuicvuiu j
wa? made to the penitentiary $ 500.00 1
Cash collected from W. Q. }
Hammond in the same way
on Not. 27, 1895 500.00 (
B. B. Ragsdaie's note for labor
used by Col. Neal 2,595.99
C. W. Ragsdaie's note for la- 1
bor used by Col. Xeal 2.012.45 1
Due for convict labor used by t
Col. Neal in 1898 2,800.00 t
W. W. Russell's note endorsed
by Xeal as superintendent.. 600.00
Balance of $1,352.22 collected
of Cooley & Fowler and W.
Q. Hammond Feb. 24,1897,
deposited to his own personal
account and not credited
539.95 I
Received of J. J. Fretwellfor
oats and not accounted for. 337.17 !
Check given by Xeal to balance
Watson's account for
1897 and never paid but
r'Orrid^ in nomfDnfinrxr ro.
vuiiivu *u |/vuAwvu^avt J i V
port as cash - 172.00 j
Total: $10,057.56 j
If the three items for convict hire '
used on Col. Neal's Anderson farm in '
the years 18%, 1897 and 1898, and for J
which J. Belton "Watson is nominally j
responsible is deducted, then Col.
Xeal has misappropriated funds to his j
own use 'to the amount of $2,649.12.
In hi? testimony Friday, however, Col. I
Xeal virtually admitted that he was the j
beneficiary of the convict labor, though
Watson, under his contract with the I
State, is responsible for the hire.
The testimony Friday clarified many
points that had before this been confused.
It also served to show that the
board of directors who were charged
with a general supervision of the entire
penitentiary had been kept woefully in
the dark in regard to matters which
they were supposed to know something
A Postmaster Detected Opening Other
People's Letters
Edward F. Bogert, postmaster of
Wilkesbarre, Pa., was arrested Thursday,
charged with tamjaering with the
United States mails. About two months
ago several complaints were lodged with
the postal authorities at Washington
that mail was disappearing, or -that
which they roceived bore evidence,of
having been opened by a steaming pro- cess.
The postal authorities subsequently
detailed two secret service men
on the case under orders of Inspector
(jrorman. Wednesday night "after the ,
mail from Baltimore and Washington
arrived and had been distributed Bog- j
ert entered the -office and was seeato
take several letters from th? boxes and
men go into ftis private office and care- '
fully draw down a curtain. ' The detectives
went to the office and, without
the ceremony of knocking, entered and
there found the postmaster seated at i
his desk, on which lay three letters ad- <
dressed to prominent business men of
Wilkesbarre and all of them opened. ]
Bogert was taken before United States
Commissioner H-ahn, where he gave <
bail in $4,000 for, appearance later. <
Mr. JBogert, besides being editor of The
ncr /\( WTi I <1 1
juguuvA v* i? uav^yaiivj ig u
member of "a large number of lodges, 1
said for the past 10 or 12 years has been 1
an active member of the baseball asso- 1
eiation. He is a brother of the late <
Joseph K. Bogert, a gentleman who ?
was prominent in Democratic county
and State politics, and at the time of
bis death was postmaster. Postmaster t
Bogert would not be interviewed, but c
in his paper, the Evening Leader, t
Thursday night appears the following: i
' 'I here are always two sides to a ques- i
bion and whfen there are three or four s
fellows, and OLe or two in particular
clamoring for a political office, and c
hungry for the emoluments attached i
thereto, there are sure to be schemes a
worked and plans formed to entrap the c
incumbent, cause his removal and pun- I
ish him otherwise, even if notning j
further than the annoyance and 1
:hagrin tn?t accomplishment of their I
devilish underhand work imposes.
When the diabolical schemers are fully
3hown up and their nefarious trickery
exposed there is a question as to which c
side will furnish the raciest reading.''
Die inference to be drawn j"rom the
ibove is* that Bogert imagined himself
the victim of a conspiracy to oust -him
tromthe postmastership, and in order
to discover the conspirators he opened
letters addressed to Republican politicians.
A Democratic Army.
Instead of getting an imperial standing
army of 100,000 men, Mr. McKiniey
has had to accept the Bryan plan
embodied in the German army bill?
30,000 regulars and 35.000 volunteers I
for two years, aad after that a return to s
i standing army of only 27,000 men. 1
Jhairman Hull, godfather of the deceas- *
id Alger-Corbin imperial bill, says that >
;his "miserable makeshift" wili not J
ast longer than the session'of congress t
aest winter. It is possible, indeed, it ?
.s desirable, that a bill to reorganize the' i
irmy on a modern military plan shall ?
pass congress nest winter. But the
Republican naioritv in the next house
.s narrower than that in the present
)ne. The sentknent against a big ^
standing army is showing itself fully as ^
>rrong in the Republican raoks as in (
;he Democratic the country through. T
Fhere is, therefore, no great probabili- *
:y that any such scheme for construct- 1
ng a huge political and most unmilita- v
:y as Alger, Corbin and Hull devised c
vili become law. Next winter the sec- *
;nd term syndicate will have to deal S
vith several sturdy Republican presi
ienrial booms, not one of them based 1
lpon any of Mr. McKialey's peculiar v
jolicies.?Xew York World. a
Citizens Were Prepared. . t
An unsuccessful attempt was made '
)y an organized gang to hold up and 1
ob Xoel, a small town in McDonald :ounty,
Mo. The citizens had been
earned and were prepared for the gang.
3ae robber was shot and killed by Louis e
Smith, a saloon keeper, ana another of t
he robbers was arrested. The killing 3
lipped the robbery in the bud, the re- t
nainder of the gang escaping. There 3
s nothing on the dead robber to identi'y
Remembered at Last. s
Some four thousand dollars have (
)een raised as a starter for a monument jj
.0 General Beauregard in New Orleans, h
ATe are glad that this movement has I
aken practical shape and hope to see p
t continued to success. When the p
Sew Orleans people do anything they g
lo it well, anct this will be an ornament a
is well as an honor to the Crescent a
jitj. h
Now that March is here, people canlot
be too careful witb fire. It is to be t
loped that the country will not suffer v
.he losses, from forest fires, this year v
.hat it did last Spring. p
! We Are Making Slow Progress at
The American Troops are Still
Fighting the Filipinos,
Who Seem to Hold
Their Own.
News from the Philippine Islands is
not very encouraging. Wednesday
morning at daylight the enemy was discovered
trying to mount .a gun across
the river from San Pedro and the Sixth
artillery promptly shelled, the febel
battery. Temporarily stopping work,
the enemy poured a fusiladeof musketry
across the river, but a gunboat moved
up and cleared the banks of the stream *" *
with rapid fire guns.
Detachments of Gen. Hale's and Gen.
Wheaton's brigades were engaged idt~
two hours Wednesday morning, clearing
the country in front of their lines on
both sides of the river, the enemy concentrating
with flie apparent purpose
of cutting off the garrison at the water
works. The rebels bolted at the first
sign of the advance, but they separated
into small bodies and kept up a running
fire. By a series of rapid advances,
followed by flank movements, the ene
C 4
my was wuipuziszxy iuuucu as uat as
Gaadoloupe on the right and almost to
Mariquina on the left. The casualties
reported are Capt. O'Brien of Uo. F, ,
First Wyoming volunteers, and two !:
men slightly wounded. The rebel losses
were heavy. No rebels were visible at
Near San Pedro Macati the rebels
have been aetively attempting to make
the position of the Sixth artillery uu- -. ... ^
tenable, their sharpshooters keeping up : .
a constant fire all day. Private Lovejoy,
Co. C, \Va9fcingt0n volunteers, was ' .
killed by a stray ballet. Maj. Bell,
Seventh United States.cavalry, Private Young,
Co. M;Tentieth infantry; Private.
Curran, Oo. H, Twentieth iafautry,
and Private Sparks, Co. I, First .
Wyoming volunteers, were wounded.^-^^^^
Wednesday morning the^^
front of Gen. Orenshine's^H
i flag of truce, but retire*
Koohler, with two men^H
In the afternoon they^fl
;he white flag, and-a geqfl
officers and an interprefl
w nen tne Americans wjfl
;wo hundred yards of tfl
;he latter dragged riflS
;heir back and opened fireH
Dufr fortunately without efSH
;horne's battery fired two shlH
some of the enemy.
In accordance with instruction!
he land and naval forces a generaijH
.er was issued Wednesday, directin^ii^^^^
he United States troops to give particilar
attention to the specific duty of
urnishing fall protection to the lives
ind property of all German, Austrian,
Dutch, Italian and Portuguese resi- *
ients, and, at the cooperation of the
esident German consul, to rive aid and
issistanoe whenever necessary. At 3
>'clock Wednesday afternoon the tem
jerature was 84 degrees Fahrenheit
Che heat is intense, especially on the
ines, where twenty-five men were tem>orarily
prostrated during the day.
Bowdy Negro Soldiers.
The Eighth United States immunes,
iolored, commanded by Col. Higgins,
vas mustered out of the service at
Chattanooga, Tenn., "Wednesday. Two
litizens were seriously wounded by
ihots' from the train as the soldiers
vere leaving the city. About 500 of
;he discharged men. many of whom
vere under the infiuense of liquor, went
lome by the Nashville, Chattanooga
md St. Louis road, and as they were
eaving the yards in the city a number
>f men who had in some way secured
evolvers began to discharge them into
ihe air and into sheds and vacant
louses. A soldier standing on the rear
)latform shot at W. W. Harkins, car in
ipector of the Nashville road, the bulet
striking him in the right leg andiniicting
a painful, though not serious
vound. A general fusillade followed. *
Andrew Ledford who wa" standing near ' ?
,he track, was shot in the face and
ieriously wounded. An efiort will be
nade to stop the train at Bridgeport to
iecure the arrest of the riotous soldiers.
A Large Steamer Beached.
The Mallary linn steamer Leona,
vhich sailed from New York for G-al- (
reston, Texas, Wednesday with a large
:argo and passenger listdies beached on
.Ha WKon onnr/vj/>KinflP
? V v mwvw* TT LfcVU y
he Narrows smoke was discovered coning
from the forward hold and the ship 1
ras pat aboat and returned to the pier
m East river from which she had sailed 1
wo hoars earlier. There the. passengers
were debarked aad efforts made to
sxtinguish the tire, which was among
he sugar. Though the ship's crew
fere assisted by a lire tug, no impres- I
lion could be ma le upon the flames and . m
,o save the docks and near by shipping ?
,ne steamer was sent to tne Jersey flats
rhere she was suak in 20 feet of water, &
he fire being extinguished by that 1^-?'
neans. Th * damage to the steamer is
jstimated at $10,000, but no accurate
istimate of the loss of the cargo can be
istimated at present. The Leona has
>een an unfortunate craft. On May 10,
,897. she caught fire at her pier and
hirteen persons on board perished by
^Terrorizing Spaniards.
A Spanish newspaper publishes a
tory to the effect that a party of armed
Cubans are terrorizing the Spaniards at * ?
layari. It says also these Cubans
Lave murdered several Spaniards near .
Jarajagua and mentions cases of die
ersecution of Spaniards at Calabazas,
irovince of Sante Clara. In conclil-ion
the newspaper asks the American j
uthorities to inquire into the matter /
nd to afford protection to the Span- /
irds. ' J
A Connecticut man wagered $10
bat he could drink fifteen glasses of
rhiskey without taking a rest He
ron tie money, but Lis funeral extenses
amounted to more than that*

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