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The Fairfield news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1881-1900, March 15, 1899, Image 4

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/2012218613/1899-03-15/ed-1/seq-4/

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i bundleTfTiFe"
The Rev. Dr. Talmage Inspired by
Familiar Simile.
The Things Which (jG to Make
Up Man's Earthly and HeavenJy
the familiar image of a bundle
Dr. Talmage shows in this sermon the
things which go to make up man?s earth
ly and heavenly life; text, I Samuel
ryr 29 "The soul of my Lord shall be
bound ia the bundle of life with the
Lord thy Gad."
Beautiful Abigail, in her rhythmic
plea for tne rcscuc of her inebriate hus
band, who died within ten days addresses
David the warrior ia the words
of .the text. She suggests that his life,
physically aac iatellectually and spiritually,
is a valuable package or bundle,
divinely bound up and to be diViaely
That phrase "bundle of life;' T heard
many times in ruv lather's family prayers.
Family payers, you kaow, have
frpqueat repetitious, because day by
day they acknowledge about the same
blessing* and deplore about the same
frailties and sympathize "with at>out tne
same misfortunes, and I do not know
why those who lead at household devotioDs
should seek vaiiety of composition
That familiar prayer becomes the house
hold liturgy. I would not give one of
my old father's prayers for 50 elocu>
tionarv supplications. Again and again
in the morning and evening prayer, I
heard the request that we might all be
bound up in the bundle of life, bot I
did not know until a fe* days ago that
the phrase was a Bible phrase.
Now, the more I think of it the better
like it. Bundle of life! It is such a
simple and unpretending yet expressive
compr Ison. There is nothing iikc
grandiloquence in there are many sublime
passages in Holy Writ, there are
more passages homely and drawing illustrations
from common observation
and everyday life. In Christ's great sermons
you hear a hen clucking hei
eliiokeu.s together and see the photographs
of hypocrites with a sad countenance
and hear of the grass of the field,
and the buck crows which our heavenly
Father feeds, and the salt that is worthless,
and the precious stones flung under
the feet of swine, and the shifting
sand that lets down the house with a
great crash and hear the comparison of
the text, the most uupoetical thing we
can think of?a bundle. Ordinarily it
is something tossed about, something
thrown- under the table, something that
suggests garrets or something on the
shoulder of a poor wayfarer. But there
are bundles of great value, bundles put
up with great caution, bundles the loss
of which means consternation and despair,
and there have been bundles rep
resenting the worth of a kingdom.
During the last spell of cold weather
there were bundles that attracted the
attention and the plaudits of the high
.^fe?avens?bundles of clothing on the
x way from comfortable homes to the
s" door of the mission room, and Christ
stood in the snowbanks and said as the
bundles passed: "Paired, and ye clothed
me.. Inasmuch as j a have done
it unto one of the least of these, my
brethren, ye have done ic unto me."
Those bundles are multiplying. Blessings
on those who pack them! Blessing
on those who distribute them!
Blessings on those who receive them!
With what beautiful aptitude did
, - Abigail, in my text, speak of the bun,
die of life! Oh, what a precious bundle
is life! Bundle of memories, bun
die of hopes, bundle of ambitions, Dundle
of destinies! Once in a while a
man writes his autobiography, and it is
of thrilling interest. The 3tory of his
birthplace, the story of his struggles,
the story of his sufferings, the story of
his triumphs! But if the autobiography
of the most eventful life were well
written it would make many chapters of
adventure, of tragedy, of comedy, and
there would not be an uninteresting
step from cradle to grave.
Bundles of memories are * *>u!* Boy
hood memories, with all its injustices
from playmates, with all its games with
. . all its games with ball and bat and kite
and sled. Manhood memories, with all
your struggles in starting?obstacles,
oppositions, accidents, misfortunes,
losses, successes. Memories of the
first marriage you ever saw solemnized,
of the first grave you ever saw opened,
of the first mighty wrong you ever suffered,
of the first victory you ever gained.
Memory of the hour when you
were affianced, memory of the first advent
n your home, memory of the
roseate cneek faded and of blue eyes
closed in the last ileep, memory of anthem
and of dirge, memory of great
pain and of slow convalescence, memory
of times when all things were against
you, memory of prosperities that came
like the full tide of the sea, memories
of a lifetime. What a bundle!
I lift that bundle today and unloose
> ?j v:?j_ :l
me cora mat uiuus il} ?uu iui a mument
you look in and see tears and
smiles and laughter and groans and
noondays and midnights of experience,
and then I tie again the bundle with
heartstrings that have some time vibrated
with joy and anon been thrummed
by fingers of woe.
Bundle of hopes and ambitions also
is almost every man and woman, especially
at the starting. What gains he
will harvest, or what reputation he will
achieve, or what bliss he will reach or i
* * ? TTT7 j 1 '
Vbat love He will win. ? nat maKes
college commencement day so entrancing
to all of ns as we see the students
receive their diplomas and take up the
garlands thrown to their feet? Oh,
' whit a bundle of hopes and ambitions!
It is a bundle of garlands and scepters
from which I would not take one sprig
of mignonette nor extinguish one spark
of brilliance. They who start life without
bright hopes and inspiring ambitions
might as well not start at all. for
every step will be a failure. Rather
would I add to the bundle, and if I open
it now it will not be because I wish to
take anything from it, but that I may
put into it more coronets and hosannas.
Bundle of faculties in every man and
every woman! Power to think?to
think of the past and through all the
future, to think upward and higher than
the highest pinnacle of heaven, or to
tiisk'downward until there is no lower
abysm to" fathom. Power to think
v"""' right, power to think wrong, power to
tkink forever, for. once having begun
to think, there shall be no terminus for
that exercise, and eternity itself shall
have no power to bid it halt. Faculties
to love?filial love, conjugal love, paternal
love, maternal love, love of country,
love of God. Faculty of judgment,
with scales so delicate and yet j
so mighty they can weigh arguments, j
weigh emotions, weigh worlds, weigh
heaven and hell. Faculty of will, that
can climb mountains or tunnel them,
T. f \ ^
? ;?
waae s'eaS 6i* oridge tnelllj... accepting
eternal enthronement or cEp^sing ever
lasting exile. Oh. what it is t<, be i
man! Oh, what it is to b<. a woman
Sublime and infinite oundte /jf facul
ties! The thought of it staggers me,
swamps me, stuns me, bewilders me,
| overwhelms me. Oh, what a bundle o!
J life Abigail of my text saw in David
j and which we ought to see in every hu
I man, yet immortal, being!
Know, also, that this boundle of lift
was put with great care. Any merch
ant and almost any faithful householde:
will tell you how much depends on th<
way a boundle is bound. The cord o
rope must be strong enough to hold, th<
knot must be well tied. You know no
what rough hands may toss that bundle
If not properly put together, though i
may leave your hands in good order an<
symmetrical, before it reaches its pro
per destination it may ue loosened ii
fragments for the winds to scatter or th<
j rail train to lose.
Now, I havre to tell you that thi
| bundle of lift, is well put together?th
body, the nica, the soul. Who bu
the omnipotent God could bind such
bundle? Anatomists physiologists
physicists, logicians, metaphysicians
declare that we are fearfully made
That we a**e a bundle well put togethe
I prove by the amount of journeyin
' we can endure without damage, by th
amount of rough handling we can sui
vive, by .the iact that the vast majorit
of us go through iife without the losso
an eye, or the crippling of a lamb, o
the destruction of a single energy o
body or' faculty of mind. I subpoeo
for this trial that man ia yonder viei
! 70 or 80 years of age and ask him t
testify that after all the st-orms aad ac
cidents and vicissitudes of long life h
still keeps his five senses, and, thoug
all the lighthouses as old as h(? is hav
been reconstructed' or ne>7 lanterns pu
in, he has in under his forehead tli
same two lanterns with which Go
stated hLn, and, though the loeomc
tives of 60 years* ago were long^ ag
sold for old iron, he has the origins
powers of locomotion in the limbs wit
which God started him, and, though a!
the electric, wires that carried message
25 years ago have been torn down, J hi
nerves bring messages from all parts c
, his body as well as when God strun
| the-* 75 years ago. "Was there eve
si^h a complete bundle put together a
' the human being? What a factory
What an engine! What a mill race
What a lighthouse! What a locomc
11 > C . IT LLCL-J 4PU IV WWVW . I ?
a furnace! What a masterpiece of th
Lord God Almighty! Or to employ th
anticlimax aDd use the figure of th
text, what a bundle!
Know also that this bundle of life i
properly directed. MaDy a bundle ha
missed its way and disappeared becaus
th.e address has dropped and no one ca
find by examination for what city c
town or neighborhood it was intended
All great carrying companies ha^e s
many misdirected packages that the
appoint days of vendue to dispose c
them. All intelligent people know th
importance of' having a valuable pact
age plainly directed, name of the on
to whom it is to go plainly - writtcr
Baggage master and expressman ough
to know at the first glance to whom t
take it.
This bundle of life that Abigail, i
my text, speaks of is plainly addressed
By divine penmanship it i? directe
heavenward. However lone mav b
the earthly distance it travels, its des
tination is the eternal city of God o
high. Every mile it goes away froi
that direction is by some human or in
fernal fraud practiced against it. Ther
are those who put it on some othe
track, who misplace it in some wron
conveyance, who send -it off or send i
back by some diabolic miscarriage
The' value of that bundle is so wel
known all up and down the univers
that there are a million dishonest hand
which are trying to detain or divert it
or to forever stop its progress in th<
right direction There are so many in
fiuences abroad io rr'n your body, min<
and ssul that my wonder is not that s<
many are destroyed for this world an<
the next, but that there are not mori
WUU uur 11 111 ^iiiguiak/Ajf .
Every human beieg is assailed at thi
start., Within an hour-of the tim<
when this bundle of life is made up thi
assault begins. First of all, there ar<
the infantile disorders that threatei
the body just launched upon earthl]
existence. Scarlet fevefs and pneum
onias, and diphtherias and influenzas
and the whole pack of epidemics sur
round'the cradle and threaten its occu
pant, and infant Moses in the ark o:
bulrushes was not more imperiled dj
the monsters of the Nil* than ever]
cradle is imperiled by ailments all ae
vouring." In after years there are foes
within and foes without. Evil appetite
joined by outside allurements." Temp
tations that have utterly destroyed
more people than now inhabit the earth,
Gambling saloons and rummeries, anc
places where dissoluteness reigns su
preme, enough in number to go rounc
and round the earth. Discouragements,
ioalmuips rovpnups TTialpVrtlAnrtAH
disappointments, swindles, arsons, con
flagrations and cruelties which make
continued existence of the human race
a wonderment. Was any valuable
handle ever so imperiled as this bundle
of life? Oh, look at the address and
get that bundle going in the right way
';Thou shalt love the Lord thy Goo
with all thy heart and soul, and mind
and strength." Heaven with its 12
gates standing wide open with invitations.
All the forces of the Godhead
pledged for our heavenly arrival if we
will do the right thing. . All angeldom
ready for our advance and guidance.
All. the lightnings of heaven many
drawn swords for our protection. What
a pity, what an everlasting pity, if this
bundle of life, so well bound and so
plainly directed, does not eome out at
the right station, but becomes a lost
bundle, cast out amid the rubbish of
the universel!
Know also that this bundle of life
will be gladly received when it comes
to the door of the mansion for which it
was bound and plainly directed. With
what alacrity and glee we await some
package that has been foretold by letter;
some holiday presentation; something
that will enrich and ornament aur
i ^ : .1? i i?
nome; some testimony 01 aamiration
and affection! With what glow of expectation
we untie the knot ahd take off
the cord that holds it together in safety,
and with what glad exclamation we
unroll the covering and :see the gift or
purchase in all its beauty of color and
proportion. Well, what a day it will
be when your precious bundle of life
shall be opened in the "house of many
mansions" amid saintly and angelic and
divine inspection! The bundle may be
spotted with the marks of much exposure.
It may bear inscription after inscription
to tell through what ordeal it
has passed. Perhaps splashed of wave
and scorched of flame, but all it has
within undamaged of the journey. And
with what shouts of joy the bundle of
life will be greeted by all the voices of
the heavenly home circle!
In our anxiety at last to reach heaven
we are apt to lose sight of the glee
or welcome that awaits us if we get in
at all. We all have friends up there.
i They will socieborf heat that we are
\ ' coming. Such close and swift and conL
hstant communication is there between
! j those uplands and these lowlaDds that
. we will not surprise them by sudden ar
rival. If loved ones on earth expect ;
our coming visit and are at the depot I
\ with carriage to meet us, surely vre j
will be met at the shiuing gate by old
1 friends now sainted and kindred now
glorified. If there were no angel of
; God to meet us and show us the pal.
aces and guide, us to our everlasting
r residence, these kindred would show
? us the way iDd point out the spJendors
r and guide us to our celestial home, bow?
ered and fountained and arched and ilf
lumined by a sun that never sets. Will
it not be glorious, the going in and the
t settling down after all the moving
i about and upsettings of earthly experi.
ence? We will soon know all our
3 neighbors, kingly, queenly, prophetic,
e apostolic, seraphic, arohangelic. The
preoious bundle of life opened amid
s palaces and grand marches and acclae
mations. They will all be so glad we
i have got safely through. They saw us
a down here in the struggle. TJhey saw
i us when we lost our way. They knew
when we*got off the right course. None
l# of the 32 ships that were overdue at
r New York harbor in the storm of week,
g before last was greeted so heartily by
e friends on the dock or the steam tugs
.. that went out to meet them at Sandy
y Hook as we will be greeted in the hea'f
venly world if by the pardouiug and pro,r
tecting grace of God we come to celes,f
tial wharfage. We shall have to tell
a them of the many wrecks that we have
X passed on the way across wild seas and
0 amid Carribbean cyclones. It will be
like our arrival some years ago from
e New Zealand at Sydney, people surh
prised that we got in at all, because we
e w?re two days late, and some of the
it ghips esp^ctcd had gone to the bottom,
e and we had priced derelicts and aband
doned crafts all up and down that aw>
ful channel?our arrival in heaven all
o the more rapturously welcomed because
il of the doubt as to whether we would evh
er get there at all.
'I Once there it will be found that the
' safety of that precious bundle of life
|? was assured because it was bound up
with the life of God in Jesus Christ.
? Heaven could not afford to have . that
' bundle lost, because it had been said in
,, regard to its transportation and safe arki
rival, "Kept by the power of God
' through faith unto complete salvation "
The veracity of the heavens is i"\
_ ed in its arrival. If God siiould i
g keep his promise to just one raDfom.-d
soul . the pillars of Jehovah's t)?mue
would fall, and the foundations of i?e
9 eternal city *ould crumble, and ii li lite
g poverties would dash down all thi cha'
lices and .close all the banqueting hulls,
n and the river of life would change its
course, sweeping everything with JesoI
lation, aBd frost would blast all the gar
0 dens, and immeasurable sickness slay
the immortals, and the new Jeru-alem
(? become an abandoned city, with no chariot
wheel on the streets and no worshipers
in "the temple?a dead Pompeii of
" the skies, a buried Herculaneum of the
' heavens. Lest any one should doubt,
,1 the God who cannot lie smites his om
nipotient hand on the side of his
throne, and tases affidavit, declaring.
"As I live, said the Lord God, I have I
^ no pleasure in the death of him that
^ dieth." Oh! I cannot tell you how I
feel about it, the thought is so glorious.
Bound up -with God. Bonnd up with
^ infinite mercy. Bound up with infinite
joy. Bound up with infinite purity.
Bound up with infinite might. That
' thought is more beautiful and glorious
r than was the heroic Abigail, who at the
foot of the crags uttered it?"Bound in
f the bundle of life with the Lord thy
] Now. my hearer and reader, apprecie
ate the value of that bundle. See that
g it is bound up with nothing mean, but
with the unsullied and immaculate,
e Not with a pebble of the shifting beach,
. but with the kohinoor of the palace, cot
3 with some fading regalia of earthly
5 pomp, but with the robe washed and
I made white in the blood of the Lamb,
a Pray as you never prayed before, that
by divine chiiography written all over
your nature, you may be properly ada
dressed for a glorious destination. Turn
I not over a new leaf of the old book, but
I by the grace of God open an entirely
^ new volume of experience and put into
practice the advice contained in the peculiar
but beautiful rhythm of some author
whose name I know not:
> * ' . a- .
If you ye aoy task to do,
Let me whisper, friend, to yon
1 TV - TL
p- VO It.
If you ve anything to say,
7 True and needed, jea or nay.
Say it.
If you've anjtbiog to lore
As a-blessing from abova,
Lore it.
If you've anything to give,
That another's joy maj live,
" Give it.
i If some hollow creed vou doubt,
- '1 hough the whole worjd hoot and shout,
j * * Doubt it.
If you've any debt to pay,
i < Rest you neither night nor .la; ?
p Pay r. .
If you've any joy to holcf,
' Near-your heart, lest it grow cold,
i * ?-.' .<> * , Hold it.
* Tf ?AM*?IA n*\TI iwvtiaf 4A maaf *
' xi jrvu * o ?uj iti uAWby
J At a loving Father's feet
L " Meet it!
If you know what torch to light,
[ Guidiug others in the nipht,
[ Light it.
Gen. Wheeler Left Out.
[ A dispatch from Washington says
! the president has practical!}* made up
l the list of the general officeis to be retained
in the volunteer branch of the
' service. The basis of all the calcula;
tions is an army of 65,000 men, for the
i president has so far insisted that he
i will not call for volunteers in addition
i to that number unless an emergency
, should arise. The reorganization act
limits the number of major generals to
be appointed to one for each 12,000
men and the brigadier generals to one
i for every 4,000 men in actual service.
On this basis, as there are already three
major generals in the army in the persons
of Gen. Miles, Gen. Brooke and
Gen. Merrilt, there is room for but two
more. To fill these two places the
, president has selected Gen. Shafter and
Gen. Otis, now in command at Manila.
It is safe to say that the list of brigadiers
to be appointed will include the
j following names: Gen. Wood at Sautia
go; Lten. Wilson at luarauzas; uen.
Lee ill the province of Ilabana; Gen.
Davis now on duty with the court of inquiry
into the beef supplies; Gen. Ludlow
in command of Habana city; Gen.
Lawton nearing Manila; Gen. McArthur
at Manila; Gen. Chaffee, and Gen.
V 4. TTT /Tl
ill us i wear uiuiju.es.
The United States grovenment, or at
least some of its agencies, have now engaged
in that most difficult of all reforms.
a dress reform. In San Juan,
Porto Rico an cdicthas gone forth
that the little children shall no longer
run naked in-'the streets. It will require
cotton goods to clothe the little
ones, and the mills of the south are .
very close to Porto Rico. This may ,
mean new business for themv
What Secretary Hester, of New 0r: j
leans, Says About It.
ci ? TT .i. /? i xr i
secretary nester. or me jiew urieans j
Cottou Exchange, says the cotton
movement for the six months of the
season since September 1. to the close
of February inclusive, shows, that compared
with the crop movement last
year, Texas, including the Indian territory,
has brought into sight this season
in round figures 425,462 bales more
while other Gulf States, which include
Arkansas, .Louisiana, .Mississippi, iennessee,
Missouri; aod Oklahoma have
marketed 476,492 less, and the crop of
the Atlantic States, which' includes
North and -South Carolina, Georgia,
Florida, Alabama and Virginia, shows
a decrease of 136,696. In other words
all of the States outside of Texas and
Indian territory hare decreased 593,
18b bales, against an increase for Texas
and the Indian territory of 425,462.
leaving the net decrease in the total of
the crop marketed of 167,727.
Mr. Hester shows the amouut
brought iato sight by groups of States
for the six months of this season as
i follows: Texas and Indiau territory 3,i
179,734 bales, an increase over same
time last year of 425.492 bales. Other
I Gulf States 2.707.570, a decrease under
last year of 476,492: Atlantic States 3,523.238,
a decrease under last year of
116 696. Total crop in sight' at close
of February 9.410.541, a decrease under
last year of 167.726. and an increaseover
year before last of 1,798,545.
In commenting on the above statement
th& Columbia State says: Secretary
Hester's cotton report for the first
and heaviest six months of the cotton
year shows that while the Atlantic
States have marketed 116,000 bales less
than in the same period of the preceding
year and the Gulf States 476,000
bales less, Texas and Indian territory
have marketed 425,000 bales more.
Mr. R. H. Edmunds of the Manufacturers'
Record mentioned tcr us the
other day that in the Indian Territory
he had been assured that 1,000,000
bales would be raised there within five
years and in Texas that the crop of that
State would soon reach 5,000,000. The
rich black prairies of the transOIississippi
region, where not a pound of fertilizers
is used, can make a profit on
cotton at 4 1-2 cents and will increase
I their production rapiaiy even on tnat
basis, keeping the price down permanently.
We will be fools if we attempt
to compete with them. The temporary
rise in price usual at this season should
delude no planter in South Carolina
into dependence on cotton again. The
price next fall will be made beyond the
Mississippi and it will be to& low for
our profit."
/ *
Value of Chickens and Eggs Produced
Last Year Was Fully $290,000,000.
P. H. Sprague, a Chicago poultry
dealer, read a paper before the farmers'
institute at Princeton Wednesday, in
which he stated that the production of
chickens in the United States last year
reached 3,350,000,000 and of eggs 130,000,000,000.
The total value of chickens
and eggs produced was $290,000,000.
Accepting these figures as approximately
correct, we must conclude
that the hen olays an important part in
our American life. But we will better
understand* the relative importance of
| that part when we comc to make some
The value of our tobacco crop has
i rarely been as much as $43,000,000.
| The value of our potato crop is less than
! $80,000,000 on an average. The value
! of our barley crop is not often as much
as $30,000,000. An oat crop worth
59A0 nnn 000 is nnnsn&l. Our annual
output of pig iron has rarely exceeded
$130,000,000 in value. Coal, by far
the most valuable of our mineral products.
gives a total output of some
Raw cotton, wheat, hay and com are
the only four products of our. country
that exceed in value heus and hens'
eggs, according to the above estimate,
and cotton sometimes follows the latter
in order of importance, the crop having
exceeded $290,000,000 in value only
three times and the highest having been
not quite $310,000,000. The wheat
ciop has ranged in value from $213,000.000
to $513,000,000 and the corn
crop from about $140,000,000 to $783,00fo,000.
The average value of the hay
crop maybe stated at about $390,000,0U0.
From this comparison the ifepoi t
anc; of the hen, especially in our agric
xltural economy, will be appreciated.
'n - "t.i I _ t
if i>lr. Sprague stated rue vaiue 01
the egg product seperately the fact is
not reported. It would be interesting
to know the value of the egg output.
Probably it exceeds the value of any
farm product except corn, wheat, hay,
cotton and oats, may even exceed oats.
The hen is by no means to bis despised.
A Gallant Rescue.
The British steamer Cape Corrientc3,
Capt. Metcaif, which arrived at Baltimore
Wednesday from Shields, brought
the information of a brave rescue made
at sea. On Jan. 28. in about Lat, 40
and Long, 32, the steamer sighted a
vessel in distress, which proved to be
the Russian bark Barunga. Capt.
Sundman, which had sailed from Ship
island, Ira., on uecenioer 10, wnn a
cargo of lumber for Dieppe. When
Capt. Metcalf sighted the vessel she
was waterlogged and partly dismasted.
At 3 p. m., a life saving crew from the
steamer, in charge of Chief Officer
Charles Johnson, started to rescue the
Barunga's crew. He first brought back
Mrs. Sundman and three children. The
little ones were a boy three and a half
years old, a two-year-old girl and a fourmonths-old
baby. It was 9 o'clock at
night when the last of the Barunga's
crew were on board the Cape Corrientes.
The machinery of the steamer
was out cf order when the rescue was
made and Capt. Metcalf bore for St.
Michael's, where he arrived Feb. 10.
Capt. Sundman and the 17 others resT)
rt ?^1 n rrn of
UUCU 11 vIII LUC JLfGL Uli?><^5 tTCit xauuvu ?.*,
that port.
Killed by the Train.
Mr. D C. Calvert, who resides between
Abbeville and Hodges was accidentally
killed by the Southern train
Thursday. It seems that Mr. Calvert
was attempting to board the train at
Darraugh's turnout while it was in nation,
lost his footing, and was thrown
under the wheels. One of his legs was ,
severed above the knee and his back was
badly bruised from being dragged quite
a distance.
Mr. James M. Smith of Columbia. S !
C. writes: Dear Sir?It eives me" ;
great pleasure to say tnat tne Uld ;
North State Ointment bought of you ^
has entirely cured me of eczema when (
everything I had used previously failed (
to giye any relief. It is a great ijedi- ^
cine, and I would not be without it in
my house. I use it for almost every- (
thing, where any medicine is needed, ;
and have gotten the best of result;* J
every time. Respectfully, (
James M. Smith. 2
* . '*
What a Marion Comity Farmer Thinks
About the Two.
The following article puoiisnea in
the Pee Dee Hustler, of Marion, S. C..
will no doubt be read with interest by
our readers. The article was written
by a Marion farmer. Here it is.
The question agitating the minds of
a great many farmers of Marion county
as well as other sections of South Carolina
at the present time is the difference
as a money crop as between the
cultivation of tobaeco and cotton, and
this is a very important question to
the fam ers at this time, hence it is
that I wish to give them a few facts as
I see them for their consideration, I
will state in the outset that I am a tobacco
man, but it is not my wish nor
purpose to bring any undue influence to
bear in favor of tobaeco that I cannot
_ n?a t
siciie IctClS LU SUSLiilLi. j. aumiu iu cut
outset that when the farmers have cultivated
for a long period of time any
special crop as a money crop, it is well
for them to consider and calculate before
making a change, but when they
know they are losing money every year
on that crop has not the time come for
them to stop, consider and calculate, if
there is not some crop which they can
cultivate that will pay them? I will
now proceed to state as to the cultivation
of cutton as given to me by quite a
number of farmers and iudorsed by a
great many others, if in error it is their
mistake and not mine, as I do not claim
to know from experience. I am informed
that in the section mentioned
that the average of lint cotton per acre
will not exceed 250 lbs, we will put
that at 5c which is more than last years
crop was sold for, which would make
$12.50. I am told to pick out, gin and
bale will cost iuu lbs per acre, mat
would leave $7.50 per acre to fertilize,
to make it produce the average of 250
per acre, for the cultivation and hand
rent. Farmers is it not a reasonable
calculation* to make, to say that this
would soon quit itself?
Now, the first proposition I have to
make on the side of tobacco, is that for
every farmer in Marion county that can
show liis cotton bill for the crop of
1898 with any profit, I will agree to
produce fifty tobacco bills for the crop
of 189S, showing ten times as much
profit per acre. The tobacco bills
oo unmmrwl in InrfA numbers show
that in this section the land will produce
on an average 1,000 pounds of tobacco
per acre, if properly manured and
cultivated. I know of very few farmers
that got as low as $50.00 per acre
for the last crop and from that to $250.00,
and as I wish to be conservative on
this side of the question I will say that
I am satisfied that the tobacco bills in
Marion county will show, an average of
at least $75.00 per acre for all cultivated
in 1898 but I do not advise the farmers
to plant tobacco, baseing their calculations
entirely on the crop of 1898,
for no one knows what it will do this
year: at the same time there is no room
f J iT. ?
ior any uuuulij. me id piujucuj
cultivated, but what it will pay several
times more profit than cotton, this fact
is not only true for the crop of 1898;
but for several years with large numbers
of farmers in sections where they
pay special attention to the cultivation
of tobacco; unless they intend to do that
in sections where none has ever been
raised, it might be to the interest of
those wishing to raise it to group together
and get a good man that understands
his business to show*them the first year.
It would not cost one much, and in
addition to the profit they would get in
* ? .1 n
the lirstcrop Dy drying time, cney wouia
gain information that would enable
them in many instances in the future
to manage successfully for themselves.'
I have heard some good farmers say the
best investment they ever made on
their crops was getting experienced
men for thei) first crop in tobacco that :
if ?Af AnltT in t.VlA QJjIaS
XV uvu vtIk J yu-iu V.U.V".Ci I( V?V W?WW |
of that crop but the information gained ' 1
for the future, was was worth more to 1
them than the amount paid out. I [
would not have any one to understand
me to advise them to plant tobacco on
any land that they would plant cottcn ,
on, for "that would not d?, but I am sat ]
isfied from ^hat I have seen of the
lands with some few exceptions, the j
majority of the farmers have land that
will produce good tobacco if properly
cultivated; it is always best to select
land that is so located as to have some 1
natural drainage, then run your rows ''
the way to give them the advantage of 1
the drainage; by this, in the case of a :
great deal of rain, you keep the fibre !
roots from dscaying which alway causes j
the tobacco to damage and get in such J
condition that there is no improvement
in it by anything that you can do, that
you may not fail to understand this, I
will state that tobacco planted on land
with no drainage in case of excess of i
rain gets in what the tobacco men call >
drowned out, and in such cases is of <
very little value. I don't think any <
man's experience has been sufficient to s
? X _ 1 J J ,
teu improvement id tooacco uamageu ;
from the drouth, especially when prop- 1
erly managed when we do have seasons. <
I' in error let me know. :
The Jews Still Emigrating to the City i
of Jerusalem. j
In a recent report to the state de- ]
partiuent Mr. Ravndal, United States
consul at Beirut, Syria, refers to the j
Zionist movement which was started
two years ago and for a while was the (
subject of much discussion. This j
movement aimed at the restoration of.
the Jewish nation in Palestine with g
Jerasalem as its capital. It looks to- '
ward the realization of a dream which c
pious Jews have cherished for many
centuries. Zionism seemed to subside
as quickly as it sprang up, but it has *
recently had a revival. I his is due
mn'nlp trift Zinnist fionerress which was
held at Basel. Switzerland last September,
and in some degree to the recent ?
visit of the German emperor 10 Palestine.
Consul Ravndal gives some in- r
teresting facts concerning the Jews in 0
that country. Out of a total popula- '
tion of 200.000, about 40,000 are Jews, S
against only 14,000 twenty years ago. ^
In Jerusalem alone there are 22,000 ?
Jews, half of whom have gone there
from Europe and America in the last ^
twelve or fifteen years. It is evident kthat
the tendency of Jews to return to !
their own land is growing. Whether
Zionism shall grow or weaken it seems J ?
certain that the Jewish population of [ 4
Palestine will be increased very largely. 0
[t is strange that this tendency has set ^
in at a time when the Tews in almost
jvery country eDjoy a larger degree of E
jivil and religious liberty than evei be- 13
It is estimated that there are 6.000.- v
)00 of those remarkable people in the D
s-orld, the great majority of them in g
Europe. But they are found wherever jj
;ivilization has gone and wherever they g
ire their influence is felt. 1 j
There Was No Change in the law at!
the Late Session.
The legislature cid riot change the j
pension law. Amendments were intro- I
duced by Capt. A. II. Dean, of Spartan- j
burg, and by 3Ir. Labau Mauldin, of
Pickens, but neither bill passed the senate.
The state board of pensions, through
Miss Kate F. Maher, clerk, is sendiDg
out instructions to township and county
boards. The state board consists of M.
K. Cooper, secretary of *tate. J. P. Derham,
comptroller general, and G. Dancan
Bellinger, attorney general.
The following copy of instructions to
county and township boards will be of
general interest.
All new applicants for pensions must
appear in person before the township
boards. Said application must haye the
approval of the-township and county
Krmrric Hofnro rliA Xi-af-A hr>?rd will an
prove them. The township boards may
drop from the roll of pensioners the
name or names of any party or parties
which, in their judgment, are not entitled
to a pension under the law. They
may add to the roll only such names of
new applicants as may file applications.
Those already on the pension roll need
not file new applications, but must report
to the board. .The board will prepare
a list giving the name of each penvinnor
vrVirt Vinoi^iori winr-P flip last Histfi
bution of pension funds, and of those
who participated in the distribution of
1898 who, in their judgment, are not now
entitled to a pension.
All new applications not properly and
correctly filed in every particular, although
approved by township and county
boards, will be disapproved by the
state board. The county boards are requested
not to forward to the state
board theaDDlications of new pensioners
disapproved by township and county |
Township and county boards will notic.e
that the law provides three classes,
"A," "13,*' "C," with five sub-divisions
of Class (J, as follows:
Class A.?Those who have lost both
hands, or both legs, or both eyes, or are
totally disabled, and whose income
does not exceed $250. This does not
include soldiers whose disabilities arise
a j: ?
ii u:u Uisuasus u; uituaca anaiug
the war.
' Class B.?Those who have lost one
arm or one leg and whose income does
not exceed $250,
Class C, No. 1.-- -Those soldiers and
sailors disabled by wounds, but not sufficient
to be placed in Class B, whose
income does not exceed $250.
Class C. Xo. 2.?Those who have
reached the age of 60 years, and whose
income does not exceed $100.
n \r ttT i C ,r T
Uiass u, ?widows or tnose wuo
have lost their lives while in the service
of the State or Confederate States,
and whose income' does not exceed
Class C, Xo. 4.?Widows above the
age of 60 years, whose income does not
exceed $100.
Class C, No. 5.?Widows of pensioners.
This class is not mentioned in the
printed acts sent out, but by the act approved
9th December, 1894.,
Blanks for reports of township and
county boards have been prepared and
3 TH- . 1 J
write the township, and then give the
pensioners in that township by classes
Township boards cannot be too careful
in these matters of '-'income" and
''physical condition." It is a very poor
man whose gross income from labor,
rent, and other sources, does not exceed
$100, or poor lands, if any which will
not produce this amount gross. Property
sufficient to produce $100 in applicant's
oi his wife's name debars him or
her. Where soldiers or widows dispose
of their property by giving or selling to
their children they are debarred.
widows of pensioners who re-marry
are not entitled any longer to pensions.
Pensioners who have moved to another
State are no longer entitled to *a pennPkyye/%
rrrV>/\ O T'/i mAr^^ tn QTlAt.ll
3XUU. X uuov nuv 11U "V tuv > vv
sr county must have their name transferred
and draw their pension from that
Please note very carefully the following:
Let township and county boards act
promptly and fairly, giving the state
board full information with complete reports
by townships for each county, and
writing'the names alphabetically, full
?nd clear, and beginning with Class A,
md giving reasons for approving. Township
boards must firs: approve in writing
each new application, and then
county boards, and afterwards the state
board. In making reports to county
boards, township'boards'reports should '
be signed by each member.
A Constant GuestDid
you ever observe that the manners
of even the bestmannered families
ire a little improved by the presence of
company? Do you not realize in your
Dwn case that you are less apt to give
short answers, to be contentious, to
speak sharply, to give way to selfish sii
lence, to De mooay, or uuieiinuuttuic. ui
lisagreeable, when there is a guest in
Four household? Especially is this not
so if the stranger is one of dignified and
aoble bearing, of high position and
jharacter, of sweet and winning manner,
and Tery especially if it is one
ivhom you love, and who loves you?
Sow this thoueht seems to suggest a
possibility of your wearing these '"eomsany
manners1' always, for always you
lave, or may have, such a guest with
rou?One who is more majestic in bearng
than the kings of the earth, yet
nore tender and loving than a mother.
)ne who is ? "crowned with glory and
lonor," yet bears Himself toward you
vith matchless tenderness otae whom
lurely you must love, since He so loved
'ou as to give His life for you. There
:an be no doubt of His willingness to j
ibide with you, for He Himself has
>romised, ':Lo! I am with you always,
iven to the end of the world."
The Round Bale.
R. H. Edmunds, editor of the Manuacturers'
Record, says in regard to his
ecent Southern trip: "I have had
fccasion to study carefully the actual
rorkings of the round bale system of
otton handling, which is being introluced
by Mr.'Searles, and I- am more
han ever convinced that while it means ;
he development of probably the big- i
;est industrial enterprise since the ,
Standard Oil was brought into exist- ,
nee, it also means a saving of $30,- ;
'OO.OOO to $40,000,000 a year to the <
South. The middlemen, the cotton i
actors and compress people, who now j
ake toil out of every bale or cotton, ao ,
iot like it. butthe farmers do; for un- (
[er it they are getting a dollar or two ,
Qore a bale for their cotten than if put
ip in the old square bale."
European newspapers predict a long
rar, costly in expenditure of life and i
Qoney. before the United States shall
mally subjugate the Filipinos. They
:novf from the experience's of their own
;overnment the difficulties of carry- j
og on foreign wars.
Some Good Advice From the Georgia
Agricultural Department.
In the cotton bulletin issued from the !
Georgia State experiment station. Col. j
Reading, the director devotes a chap
ter LU SUUiLUlU^ U.?J OUiliC Ul tlic ICOUIia
of experiments on the farm during his
nine years' administration. He says
it is possible to make the mistake of
planting too much corn or oats as well
as too much cotiou, and whether a farmer
is producing too much cotton depends
on whether he is 'producing it at
a profit andjaot on the number bales
he makes. If a farmer is producing it
at a cost less than the market price,
and can sell at a profit, he is not producing
too much, it does not-matter
how many bales he makes. If on the
contrary he is making fifty bales at a
'loss, he is making too much co.ton for
his good.
When a farmer finds .his crop is
costing him more or as much as he can
sell it for. then one of two things are
necessary. . He mu^t either raise the
price or lower the cost of production.
The former is beyond his control and
he had better address himself to the
latter. In the opinion of Director Redding
if he will select his best land, the
best varieties of cotton seed, properly
balanced fertilizers and manures and
adopt the best methods of cultivation,
the farmer can certainly reduce the cost
of' producing his crop. He says:
By these means, a farmer may not
make so many bales of cotton as he
has usually done; in fact, he certainly
will not, but the smaller number will
Vom V?AAn of O lofiC n/ir
lia>^ pVUUV/\/U M www ^sv*.
pound. If a farmer has been planting
90 acres of cotton to get 30 bales, and
finds that these 30 bales have cost him
six cents a pound, it would certainly
be better to reduce his area to 15 acres
and his output to 10 bal?g. if by so doing
he can produce these 10 bales at a
cost of 3 ? or 4 cents per pound. In
the first case there is much work and
worry without any profit; while in the
second case there is not so much work
and worry, and less than one-third as
many bales; and there is some profit in >
the 'atter course.
When our farmers learn that ten
bales of cctton, with a profit of $10 a
bale are much better than thirty Tjales
at no profit, they will be on the road to
reform. They will not only make
money, but they will save in labor, time
* ^ * 1 1 - t. * -T_
and acreage, ana nave iana upon wmcn
to make other crops for food. "We
quote again from Director Redding:
T he very same principle applies to every
kind of crop. It is certainly not sound
policy to expend $5 per acre in preparing,
planting, cultivating and harvesting
a crop of 8 or 10 bushels of corn.
The true policy is to concentrate labor,
fertilizers and skill, on smaller areas of
better soil, for such crops as require
the more expensive cultivation, and
devote a larger area to small grain
(especially oats and rye), cow peas, pasture,
etc,?crops which cost little.labor
and are essentially improvers of the
soil.?Augusta Chronicle.
Close to Five'Hundred Millions so Far
and Other Expenses a Billion.
The New York Sun says the Republican
chairman of appropriations and
the leader of the opposition on the
committee concur as to the cost to the
nation of the war with Spain in money
a re d/ aj propriated. The total is^almost
half a billion dollars. The exact
figures, as stated both by Mr-. Cannon
and Doekery, are $482,562,083.
This is the cost to date of an idea, an
intellectual conceplion; a sentiment;
and r>i<? is worth pvp.rvr dollar it
ha? cost or will cost.
Last August after hostilities hid
ceased, there was current an official
statement apparently showing that the
entire expenditure for military and
naval operations up to that date had
been $117,121,000; and this total was
prematurely accepted in some quarters
as representing approximately the cost
to the nation of the war which the nation
righteously undertook.
At that time The San published an
estimate of the several items of cost
likely to be chargeable ultimately to
the account of the war with Spain aud
ifQ rfsnlt.iniT rftsnnnsibilities. The
table is here repeated:
1. Current war expenses.. $400,000,000
2. State expenditures ... 15,000,000
3. Private contributions. 1-5,000,000
4. War claims 30,000,000
5. Loss of soldiers1 produc
tivc labor 100,000,000 ' >
6. Interest on the war debt 90,000,000
7. Pensions 300.000,000 ,
8. The Maine * 3.000,000
^ Total.. $943,000,000 |
This estimate was attacked as excessive
by some conscientious statisticians, j
particularly on account of the size of :
the first item. How could the direct j
appropriations for tlfe war itself possi- j
bly reach $400,000,000, we were asked. :
when the official accountants of the !
Treasury reported a total of only $117,121,000
at the end of four months of
aciual operations?
Yet the result shows that our estimate
was so moderate that it hao already
been exceeded by a nearly $100.000.000.
IIow. many people remember
"hat the corresponding item on account
of the war for the preservation of the
Union amounted to $3,348,372,904?
"We therefore revise the table, leaving
the other items of cost standing as
they were, to be verified or discredited
as time goes on:
1. Current war espensesS -182,562,083
2. State expenditures.. 15,000,000 ,
3. Private contributions 15.000,000
4. War claims 20,000,000
5. Loss of soldiers pro- ductive
labor 100.000.000
u. iuicicst uii tiic wax
debt 90.000 OX)
7. Pensions 300,000.UUO i
8 The Maine 3,000.000
?:? ,
Total $1,025,552,083
' John* Barrett, United States minister
to Siam, calls the attention of our
cotton growers and merchants to the 1
fact that the opportunities for trade ^
which the east holds out to them are
3imply infinite. Out of the 500,000,D00
people who inhabit the Asiatic
countries not fewer than 400,000,000
Df the number are clothed in cotton garments,
and out of 5,000,000 square \
miles which these Asiatic countries contain,
not more than 100,000 square
miles are adapted to the production of
:otton. In these facts may be promis2d
much for the cotton growing states
of North America.
Braytox Ives, the famous Xew York
collector, has brought suit against a
London firm of booksellers to recover .
$4,374, which he paid for what pur- "
ported to be an original letter written I
by Christopher Columbus, but which
turned out to be only a skilful photo- {
graphic reproduction of the original let- a
ter. c
" :. i
. ,:'
timUmmmi ? - -- MMtitgW * ^
Flour Mill
Machinery. M
Roller Floor Mills.
kiiniciiu City Kill Works,
One of the largest anadfAOtareri
Flour Mill Machinery in fciie coaotry
and having experienced Millwrights,
I am prepared to build mills on
the most improved plans and at
prices to compete with any one ^
in the trade. We guarantee
tVm irYrwrlrj/?+.a nnr mi lie
equal the grades of the best
Western mills. Before
placing your orders
write to me.
I also handle a complete lio&of WoodWorkiDg
Machinery: Saw Mills, En ,
gines and Boilera, Corn Mills and Machinery
in general.
Having been established in business
here for sixteen years, I have built up * vmy
trade by selling the very highest ^
class of machinery, aod am in a better
position to serve the interest of my eustomers
than ever before. 0
V. C. Badham, 2
?TO THE ^ ' -
for catalogae. Free scholarships
on easy conditions to
those who write soon. Railroad
fare paid. Cheap board.
Notes accepted. Can pay part
of expenses by working in the - *|jj
college office. Address, mentioning,
course desired, ?
ttt rr r-n itrr* r?T\ T"% tt T\ _ _ i_
w.JH. jNiiiwrresc.
"We are State Agents for and make a - _j|
SPECIALTY of equipping improved - |
modern ginneries with the celebrated?
ii ft* a.?I ' V - 'M
murray Binning aysieni,
the simplest and best. Cotton ginned
on this system commands a higher mar- .
ket price than any other, and. the ma- v 3
chinery itself is a marvel of* simplicity."9^
We control for this State the improved
Murray Cleaning Feeder, which is "
unquestionably the best gin feeder ever *. *>^
yet invented. Parties contemplating J-'$M
a purchase of machinery of this kind
are invited to correspond with us.
Machinery and Mill Supplies of- ^
all kinds at lowest manufacturers
Xow is the time to place your order 7 "
for a threshing machine; buy the best, ^
we sell it?the FARQCJHAR. t
* ' - |
State Agents for:?Liddell Co., Eagle? > v
Cotton Gin Co.,^L B. Farqnhar Co.
From f.laker iS^-oct to Purchaser !?.
386 A tB . M- "'!?
? IjrOOfl H
1- Piano 1 Jfeg
wllj lax't a i?
la<:g;??rjg ?iKfc'^?'3 j i feti me' 3fc-.'gS
1 JBBfil gk.f'? * '->j
A Pour Plane S
I willtatafew ?
@] give endless SI /
?k ThC . vexation. n
1 Mathushek | I
^ Is always Good, always Rellablei sft
jSS alwava Satisfactory, always Last? JSK
3*5 jng. You take no chances in buy- m|
?; lDgit. m
?S It costs somewhat ^ore than a ?*
SfB cheap, poor piano, bat is much tho (Si
?? cheapest in the end. *J?
Ss? No other Hlsrh Grade Planosoldro M
SB reasonable. Factory prices to retail 1BI ,
iSC buyers. Easy payments- Write u*. 2g* ^ ;
??! Savannah, Go-, and New York CHy. jjg? #
.Mdr?ss: I). A.. PrtESSLKY, \centj
Charleston, South Carolina, <?
I i
insmuie, u
Gcrngr Vaniierhorst & Smith Sts.E
until IUWLUII; J
SouthCarolina |
We will exhibit at theJ^J
Fair to be held hei^^
to 19 th,
ation a
3uilt by IjjM
otte, N. CA
This will^fl
ind simrifl
san't ajl

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