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The Fairfield news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1881-1900, March 22, 1899, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/2012218613/1899-03-22/ed-1/seq-1/

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r V; I VOL. LI1I. WINNSBOKO, S. C., WEDNESDAY. MARCH 22, 1899. NO. 33. Jfjg?
" A? * *rrr> I ^?-.-v-rvi-? nTrtTrrnriTn
School Supplies Detract too j
Much from Educational Fund.
>, \
State Superintendent of Educa
tion McMahan Makes a State- L
ment in Regard to the
When Hon. J. J. McMahan entered
the office of state superintendent of
education, he began " to investigate
rumors that the State was being flooded
with maps and charts sold at an extravagant
price, and in large quantities.
There was one chart in particular which
represented the cost of $37.50, equivalent
to the ordinary salary of a public
school teacher for a month and a iiait.
His investigation led him to write the
county boards, urging them to check
the sale of these charts. As the teachers'
associations of Saluda and Kershaw
counties have, recently adopted resolutions
disapproving of buying these
charts in such grat quantities, Mr. 31cMahan
was Wednesday approached in
? regard to the matter.
In February a communication in The
State from Yorkville called attention to
the indiscriminate purchase of charts in
York county, and that Mr. McMahan in
endeavoring to check the sale "./as after
Mr. Mayfield." Mr. McMahan at
the time denied that he was "after Mr.
Mayfield," and stated in a card in The
State that he was trying to prevent
wr.7v>ViocoQ He has since been i
KUtiiCii yuivuwk>v^? ??
making inquiry and compiling figures
from the several counties of the State.
He said in his statement, that from the,
gp. reports of the county-superintendents
^ of education" of the majority of the
counties of the State, and from incomplete
reports- appearing in the last annual
report of the state superintendent
of education, it appears that between
> $57,000 aii-i$5S,000 of public money
has been invested in charts, and like apparaus,
chiefiv the mathematical charts
~ ^ -rnu:
sold by theJtt. jsvans vo ,?iv/uiv?sv.
The chart sells for ?37.50, and consequently
cuts off at least a month's
teaching in the school in which it is
^ To indicate ihe extravagance of the
principle in some counties, it may be
noted that in Sumter county this item
is reported as about $4,200: in Florence
about $4,000; th? proceeds of the th.ee
mill tax in the Inter county being between
$10,000 and $11,000. In one
district in Florence where there were
^ four schools, the county superintendent
reports that the total school fund ap
portioned was $3S0.60, and that of this
$376 was speat fWcharts, leaving $4. GO
to run the schools. In another district
1 * ' ~ o o 1 n c*
tiie expenditure js repuittvj. c
the appointment.
i In Horry county where the three
mill tax raises something between
_ $4,000 and $5,000, the amount spent for
jB& charts according to the item in the state
Wm~ superintendent's annual report is oyer
' $4,000, and it is currently reported to
nave exceeded $5,000. This is more than
was paid for the employment of teachers,
and their school would have been
^ closed but for the dispensary suppk
A Tko ^rmntipq that
hieiuary iuuu.
bought, spent usually about $2,000 for
these charts, the expenditure ranging
from about SI.000 to $3,000. In Fairfield
no permission to canvass was
granted; likewise in Chester, Superintendent
W. D. Knok saying that they
had had experience of "..he danger of
turning loose agents upon the school
Mr. McMahan learning of the damage
being done, exerted himself to stop
further purchases. The county board
of Abbeville reported that they were
in session considering the question
when they received his letter of warning
and they refused to permit the
??fi-va f?Anr>tv Ander
cu .
son county has also just been reached
^ by the agents, and permission was refused.
In Spartanburg and Greenville
the canvass had begun but the expressions
of the state superintendent had
become known in the county, and the
agents had become unable to sell and
abandoned the field. In Lanoasterpermission
was granted after the warning.
Mr. McMafcan stated that he thought
the cost of the chart was extravagant,
and that he was sustained in this opin?
?' TT _ 1 J
ion by a number ol educators, xie uau i
had teachers to tell him that the chart
ffould do very well in the hands of a
capable teacher but not otherwise. He
stated further that in some counties
the agents had received permission to
canvass. Whether ?r not this would
render the contracts invalid, he could
not say, and the attorney general has
not yet expressed an opinion. The
charts were sold on contracts to be
made payable upon deliver of the goods.
These contracts were, as a rule, negotiated
and discounted immediately-upon
1 * 1 ? - J
tneir DeiDg acceptea.
LHe 'was asked if he censured the state
board of education for giving the agents
permission to canvass the State. He
said that he felt diffident in regard to
passing judgment upon those who were
in a measure his superiors in office, but
he thought that the? had actsd unwisely
in permitting the agents to come into
the State and market the chart at such
price. * 'Hindsight is better than
oresight," and the state board probably
had no idea to what extent the I
charts would find sale. He then ex- I
rlained the connection of the state
ooard with the matter. When a con
^^ern of this kiud desires to come into
She State, it must obtain permission
the state board: then the agents
Beuter no county without permission
f>nur:tv board. These grants j
Beission are not necessarily recomH)ns
nor are they binding on the
flgfeistece*. ?State.
Kegrc Labor Experiment
ration was issued Thursday
Rfcotton mill cf Charleston,
&*k of which is to be $250,B^
wing are the corporaBfcttgomery.
of SpartanHen.
of New York; W.
Hmtfton; L. G. Potter,
Bjfll T. Sinythe. o?
Eh& the old CharlesH?9&gone
through so
H&H&the experiment
Hkning it by Xe
Words Fail to Convey an Idea of tlie
Fearful Condition in CubaWilliam
Willard Howard, general
manager of the Cuban industrial relief
fund of Xew York, passed through
Jacksonville "Wednesday evening on his
way home from Cuba. He goes north
to purchase agricultural implements
asd seeds for the use of the industrial
relief station which he has just established
at Guines, Cuba, Mr. Eoward
<;The condition of Cuba, so far as-my
observations have gone, is really worse
than it was at this time last year when
I made my. first investigations. In the
rural districts little has been done to
restore the island to its normal condition.
The fields are vacant a ad the
farmers idle. The people still remain
in the towns and cities, where army
rations are issued to them. They cannot
return to their abandoned farms because
they have nothing to return
"Our government has done, ana is
doing nothing to enable farmers to resume
the cultivation of their lands. All
that it pretends to do is to distribute
rations through local committees of
Cubans.. Gov. Gen. Brooke and the
officers under hin realize keenly the
condition of things,but they cannot give
any assistance except food. Ours is not
a paternal government.
"The coDdition of the widows and
orphans of Cuba is heart-rending.
There are thousands upon thousands of
these poor creatures scattered over the
island. They have neither homes to
live in, food to eat. nor clothes to cover
them. Uae cannot tmnK or uieir iuture
without a shudder. I am especially
concerned for the poor little orphau
girls who form the streets, scantily
ckd, asking for a bit of food with which
to keep their little bodies and souls together.
What will become of these
girls? Their future for good 01 evil lies
1 iu the people of the United States.
"Among these widows aud orphans I
have as lately as last week seen individual
cases of destitution and physical
emaciation worse than anything thac. I
saw in Armen-" during the two years
that I gave to Armenian relief work.
And to have these wrecks of humanity
stand and look up to the Stars and
Stripes waving over their city hall gives
one a queer sensation. The generous
American people surely cannot understand
the condition of Cuba, or these
poor creatures would be taken care oi.
liI do not speak of the sick, the infirm,
or of those who hobble about,
covered with loathsome sores, resulting
from starvation. I cannot speak of
them for the English langiage in inadequate
to the task. They should have
Been cared for in hospitals longmonths
ago. Why it has not been done I cannot
"The condition of Cuba is a reproach
to the American people^ _an<fcaj
blot upon civilization. We are goingJ
to do something to improve tnat condition
and we invite all lovers of humanity
in the United States to help us for
the good name of the American flag.
Our flag fcshould mean something to
those homeless, helpless orphans and
destitute country people. Money for
these orphans or for our industrial relief
fund work should be sent to the
Continental Trust company, 30 Broad
street, New York city marked "For the
! Cuban Industrial Relief Fund."
A Desperate Fight.
The strongly fortified village of'Cainti,
northwest of Pasig. was captured
Thursday after a desperate fight, by the
Twentieth regular infantry. The troops
first encountered the rebel outposts in
the dense jungle on the banks or tne ]
river. The enemy was dislodged after
half an hour s fighting.
The Americans advanced iu splendid
order under a heavy fire until it was
accessary to volley the rebels from the
trenches. The latter had a great advantage
and dropped a number of our
men. The Americans charged across
the rice fields, making four advances on
the enemy, who numbered a thousand
~ ~ rrltAm All
trenched, and in the face of a cross fire.
Our troops, however, carried the town
after four hours' fighting and burned
the out skirts, the rebels firing from
the windows and keeping up a runniag
fire in the streets. The Americans
then withdrew in order to obtain more
The rebel loss about 100 men and the
American loss was Corporal Johnson of
company C, and Private McAvoy of
compaDy L, killed. In addition the
following Americans were wounded:
Sergt. Check, company L; Corp.
Households, company M; Private Kelly,
company C; Private Kinney, company
C; Private Tinker, company C;
Private iiilley, company U; rnvate |
Varley, company G: ?rivate Calcy,
| company F: Private Ma lan, company
L; Private Griffiths, company L'; Private
Lafeyth, company L; Private Mcj
Farland, company L.
Almost Starved to Death.
The train that has been snowbound
! on the Cheyenne and Northern railroad
I for the past three weeks was abondoned
Wednesday. The passengers were taken
in wagons from Altus to Horse
Creek station, where they were transj
ferred to a train and brought to Cheyenne.
A number of relief trains were
! sent to the resue, but they failed to
i get through the drifts of snow and ice,
which are 10 to 20 feet deep, and ire
now blockaded at different points along
the road. E. P. Richardson, oneot the
; rescued pa--sangers, said of his experiI
ence: "I have been around the world
j several times, have been in shipwrecks
[ and railroad collisions, but have had
[ nothing to equal my trip of 154 miles
j on the Cheyenne and Northern. We
| suffered intensely from the cold and
| poor quality of food, being compelled
j to sleep in the coach without anything
to lie on but the hard floor and with no
j covers. The small stove only heated
I one end of the car, so that at times we
! were obliged to stay awake to prevent
1 freezing. Whe^ we left uhe train this
j morning our supply of food was comI
pletely exhausted and had we been
j obliged to remain in the aow abandanI
doned train 24 hours longer we would
surely have starved to death."
Explosion on a Cruiser.
j The British f rstclass cruiser Terrible
from Malta reports th;it a boiler ex |
plosion on board of her Monday killed
a stoker, fatally injured another man
and badly scalded several others.
Of the Working of the South Carolina
The Unquestioned Success Attained
Under the Law. Should
Commend it to the Study
of Temperance People.
The March number of the Zion's
Herald, published at Boston, contains
the following report of an investigation
into the operation of the dispensary
We arrived at Columbia; the capital
of South Carolina, about 5 p. m.
Learning that the legislature was in
session in the evening, we looked in on
both houses and listened for a considerble
time to the proceedings. While
the dispensary law was up for consideration,
we observed chat it was true?
as we had been previously informed?
that both senators and representatives
were very careful to profess that thej
believed in it and were supporters of
*it. This fact indicates the measure ef
approval of the act which is now general
throughout the state; but more of
this later. The Negro of the South
has been so thoroughly eliminated from
politics and office-holding that there is
but one colored man in the house aa.d
Done in the senate. As there are cities
in the State, notably Charleston, where,
if we remember correctly, there are
more Negroes than white people, it will
sapti that the nrocess of elimination
is very successful. The personnel of
both houses was very creditable, and
the speeches heard were able and pertinent.
The speaker of the house and
the president of the senate were arrayed
in richly-colored robes?a ?ustom
we have not seen in any other commonwealth.
The State house is a cheerless
and unattractive building, looking more
like a railroad station than anything
Columbia has a population of twenty
five thousand people, but the city as a
whole is disappointing. There are
spacious streets, but they are UDpaved,
and the sidewalks, if there be any
worthy the name, even on the main
business streets, are perilous. Southern
cities are very poorly lighted in the
evening. It is difficult to understand
how the people, with so fine a location
and a city so well laid out, can be so
-- JwViif.li. a; a
i Liu mere in. LU xiu^iv>v*uv-vk- ??7 ? ?
slight expense, would add so much to
its beauty and convenience.
But we are here to study the dispen
sary law, and so devote our time to it,
mainly. The next morning, with an
apologetic Is supposed ts
go into the dispensary except to buy
liquor and it cannot be purchased elsewhere),
we asked to be directed'to a
dispensary. It was a few doors from
our hotel;> We recognized-,it because
the word "Dispensary" was painted
across the front window; and this is all
the sign or indication that is allowed.
It is a little after 9 o'clock in the morning,
and when we enter we find no other
person there except a man behind the
counter, and here we are at last, in a
dispensary! What sort of a place
is it? Certainly not an inviting
place in whioh to linger. There is not
a picture on the naked wall, nor is
there any chance to sit down, not even
nn is fVirAA-lecced stool. There are no
Vfc* " CO? B
refresh meats of any kind to attract the
driuker, such as are advertised by the
saloons of our cities. And, as if to
prevent any social relation or conversation
between buyer and seller, the
manager is shut in behind his high,
1 OTTOT7 fr^m oil
uroau uuuulcidj ? ?t i+j ~?
close contact with his visitors. Nothing
is to be seen in this store, which is
perhaps thirty feet deep and twenty
feet wide, in addition to what has been
mentioned, except bottles on the plain
shelves on either side of the counters.
We commence our inquiries, which are
respectfully answered. The dispensary
is open from sunrise to sunset, never
evouings. Any adulc can purchase
liquor, if he is known not to be a drunkard
or a man whose wife has requested
the manager not to sell liquor to him.
No minor can purchase liquor in a dispensary.
The dispensary is not open
Sundajs, holidays or evenings. Every
particle of liquor bought in the State
must be purchased at the dispensary
under these and more exacting and inviolable
conditions. Every bottle of
liquor is sealed, and the seal must be
I u.fV,a dianAnsarv. and in
Ui vatu VUUOIUV vuv ~ ^ ,
no instance can it be losted or drank
on the premises. There are four dispensaries
in this city of 25,000.
We are not arguing this case, but
reporting it. "We are anxious, however,
that our readers should catch the
full significance of what it means to
thus strangle the liquor trade and crowd
it into such confinement. How would
it seem in good old New England if
there were no saloons and no enticements
to drink, no treating, and no opI
portunities for going into a place to
purchase liquors and drinking it there'!
How would it seem if no boy or?to
our shame be it said?girl could go into
any place in our cities and purchase
wiae and other intoxicants? flow
would it seem if there were n? selling
of liquor among us in the evening or
night, when carnivals of hell are earned
on in our very sight? With us the
laboring man is enticed into the saloon
in the evening, and wastes there his
substance and himself in riotous living,
only to go to his home, late, drunken,
robbed and ugly. Nothing of this kind
can take place in South Carolina. The
manager of the dispensary is put under
$3,000 bonds, and his bond is good for
two years after he resigns or is removed
from his office; and if he violates a single
one of the many conditions under
wmVh he acts, his bondsmen are liable.
In the half hour that we remained in
that dispensary four people came in to
buy liquor?three negroes and one white
man, one of the negroes being a woman.
A record was made of each sale.
The purchasers each bought a half pint
of whiskey, put it into their pockets or
in some way concealed it, and quickly
slid out of the place as if doing something
they tfid not want seen. To show
the operation of this law: There was a
regiment of solders there a few weeks
before, when it was known that th^y
would remain a day in Columbia, the
dispensaries were ordered closed. ^
j the soldiers could not obtain drink, j
J they were peaceable and inoffensive, j
j The next day they were in a neighbor- i
j ing state where license prevailed, and }
! they drank to beastly excess, looted the 1
} town, got into brutal fights, and one or
i more were killed. That is the best j
j commentary we heard on the effect of j
! South Carolina law.
| From this local dispensary we went
| to the State dispensary?a large, two
story brick building in this city, where
the whole liquor business of the State
is done. Here all the liquors furnished
the dispensaries throughout the State
are stored, chemically examined, bot1
1 1 1 1 TT 1 ~,,rv,W !
' tied ana seaieu. neru u. jaitc uumuw i
of men and women are kept bus}*. The
visitor is cordially welcomed and his
questions are answered, and there is no
attempt to conceal any feature or part
of the business. We confess that there
was nothing especially attractive or inspiring
about this place?in beholding ;
hundreds of barrels of liquors curing
I and taking on age, and seeing men and
women filling thousands of bottles aud
sealing andfpacking them for sale. But
if it must be sold?aud it will be?is it
not better for the State to take it in
hand, see that it is pure, and regulate
the sale, as South Carolina does? TTe
?aula /if imnTwiwflpr. dvna
j i uiv OU.V vr* v ^ 7 _v _
mite, poisons and other things which
prove harmful to the people. Liquor
selling, indiscriminate or under license
which usually means no restraint, or
the violated prohibitory law which
breeds the low dive, does a thousand
times more harm than these regulated
articles that the states everywhere
control. Is there not more sentiment
than sense iu much of our thinking and
acting concerning the liquor business
iu New England?
One thing is certain: The dispensary
law, which was first passed in 1892, has
justified itself to the best people of the
State, and, as we said at first, it has
their support; and_ men are very careful.
whatever their criticisms may be
upon some special feature of the law, I
to highly commend it as a whole. Several
leading men in the State whom we
questioned, acknowledged, in substance,
that at first they did not - support it,
but had become convinced, against their
prejudice and opposition, that it is tbe
best law in the world for the regulation
of the liquor traffic and the drink
Three facts are claimed for it that
should be more fully stated:
1. Only pure liquors are provided.
All liquors are chemically assajed by
an expert, and nothing is allowed to be
sold unless it is pure.
2. There is no" aDneal to the selfish
ness or avarice of those who are employed
in the business. The greed of gain,
the desire to receive the largest returns
for money and time and strength put
into the business, is the - loadstone
which draws many a saloon-keeper
among us to the business, and which
tempts him, when once engaged in it,
__tQ- 'inolro?"ini ?and to toaob minors
and women to drink. But all
this is entirely taken away by the dispensary
law. Everybody employed in
the business receives a salary,^?ftich is
in no case based upon the amount of liquors
sold. It makes no ^difference in
any way to the manager^? a dispensary
whether he sells a half pint per day or
several gallons.
3. The significant fact which has already
been suggested, that with no
open saloon and no enticements, no
evening and no night sales, and no
sale to minon, the great business of
drundkard-making, which is so largely
the accursed feature of our saloons,
is eliminated. The importance of this
fact need only to be mentioned in order
to be appreciated. Here, it seems to
us, is the best feature of the law. If
only we had this here in New England,
what unspeakable horror and anguish
we should be spared!
The dispensary law seems to have
conquered foes, which have been
legion. Men who love drink, and others
who want to get rich carrying on
the business, have fought it with wicked
desperation. Men who did not and do
,, not like Senator Tillman, who made
and pressed this law through and saw
that it was executed, arc now forced to
confess, and do confess, that the law is
an unparalleled success. Judges of
the United States courts have stretched
their, views of the Lw and been prejudged
in the examination of facts in j
order to break down the execution of
the same; but all this opposition is conquered.
The United States supreme 1
court has finally given a decision to the
effect that the police regulation of liquor
business which South Carolina exercises
in executing its liquor business is
allow able in that or any state. Here
is the decision.
"The police power includes all measures
for the protection of the life, the
health, the pioperty and the welfare of
the inhabitants, and for the promotion
of good order and the public morals. It
covers the suppression of nuisances,
whether injurious to public health, like
unwholesome trades, or to the public
morals, like gambling houses and tottery
tickets. The police power extends
to things not only intrinsically dangerous
to the public health, such as infected
rags or diseased meat, but to
things which, when used in a lawful
manner, are subjects of property and of
commerce, and yet may be used so as to
fce injurious or dangerous to the life,
the health or the morals of the people.
Gunpowder, for instance, is a subject
of commercc, and of lawful use, yet.
because of its explosive and dangerous
fliot- tJio ctntp mav
UUclii HC3, an auuiiv luav ??w
regakte its keeping and sale. And
there is 110 article, the right of the
state to control or to prohibit the sale
or manufacture of which within its limits
is better established than intoxicating
In order to answer the many questions
which may have arisen in the
minds of our readers, we give in their
?* i-l-x* iTnnnae nf rf?r>?t5tinn.
U1 H Ci C V Cii Cl U Ifliu UtJV V? * VJ>/an?-?? ?7
the leading features of the law; (
The law establishes a state board,
which has entire control of the liquor
traffic, said board having power to draw
on the stato treasury for all sums required
in carrying on the business, and
all moneys received from sales arc turn
ed into the state treasury. ;,
j All officials are salaried ien, and
have no interest in the sales. They
; must also be kno^n as temperate men.
A petition signed by a majority of'the
voters of any town or towDship is required
to get a local dispensary. It .
must be plainly fitted up, open during
the day time, closed on Sundays, holi- :
days and election days. No liquor can ;
--be drunk on the premises. Nothing
sola less than one-half pint of stron:
liquors, each package to be sealed an<
a certificate of purity attached. In eacl
case the buyer must make out an ap
plication, giving name, etc. Not les
than a bottle of beer is sold.
No liquor is sold to minors, intoxi
cated persons, known drunkards, or t<
one whose family has entered a protes
against selling to him.
All the profits from the sale of li
quors?about $480,000 per year?goe
to the several counties of the state fo
public school purposes, ana is expcna
ed without discrimination.
There are 90 dispensaries in the state
whereas, under license, there were rnori
than a thousand legal places for thi
sale of liquor.
Public sentiment heartily support;
the execution of the law, and the sum
mary effort to abolish the low dive
called in South Carolina the "blind ti
The unquestioned success attained uu
derthelaw should commend it to thi
study of temperance people of al
shades of opinion. A request address
ed to Hon. S. W. Vance, state coinmis
siouer. South Carolina dispensary, Co
lumbia. S. C., for a copy of the lav
and other data necessary to understate
its operation, will secure favorable anc
prompt reply.
Becker Confeses He Cut His Wife U]
ana Burned the Pieces.
A dispatcn trorn tnicagosays Augus:
A. Becker, the sausage maker who ha:
been under arrest for weeks on ih<
charge of murdering his wife, made j
full confession Wednesday. He said tha
he cut his wife to pieces and bunrnec
the remains in a stove. Becker, wher
first arrested, admitted killing his wife
but declared he pushed her )2Handolpl
street viaduct into the lake and thai
she was drowned. The police hav<
never placed any reliance in the drown
ing idea aod have kept up the work 01
the theory that Becker had killed th<
woman in his house and made way wit!
the body. The finding of a portion o:
a human lung three days ago in Beck
or < barn rmf. strength in their theon
W? - c o? *
and late Wedneday they induced Becke:
to confess. In his confession, Beckei
said he had killed his wife by striking
her on the head with a hatchet in the
kitchen of his home. He then cut th<
body tp pieces and boiled it in a larg<
kettle Becker says he took what re
mained and burned it in a red hoi
stove. The bones which were noi
burnned he buried on the prairie neai
his home. January 27 was the dat<
Becker says he committed the-murder
He asserted the crime was notr premedi
tated, but that he quarreled with his
wife on the afternoon of that day, and
in the heat of passion, he struck her or
a - ?3 _:A ii..
tne neau wnu me uaigugL. j.u.m
of' lung and a portion of calico whict
-rrrrcioTind :ir-dcr-.thc barn, and wbk;!:
the police believed to be strong evidence
against Becker, be says, could, not be
any part of tbe body of bis wife, as he
is certain tbat he destroyed every particle
of flesh, and he maintains the
dress which .s^e wore was entirely
burned. 'The ptiliee-'will look for the
woman's bones tomotrow. They refuse
to tell at present the location of the
spot where Becker says they are buried.
Eaten by Cannibals.
The Sun's Tacoma advices say thai
Yokohama papers just arrived contain
details of the murder of M. G. Blanchard,
formerly of Cincinnati,, by bloodthirsty
Manchoorian Chinese. Several
years ago Blanchard joined a Britisl
ship at Xew York, but deserted hei
last year at Callao. Then he drifted
up the coast and finally sailed from
Tacoma to Yokohama. From there he
got to Yladivostock, and then proceeded
to the interior. He was captured
by one of the bands of Manchoorians
that rave through north China and
taken to the mountains. There was
three feet of snow on the ground. The
unfortunate American was tied hand
and foot and after being stripped was
laid on the snow by a fire so that his head
and shoulders were nearly roated, while
the rest of his body was feezing. Id
the morning he was flayed with bamboc
canes until he was dead, and he was
then eaten by the cannibals.
A Georgia Lynching.
Twenty "men, armed and masked,
rode into Palmetto, Ga., on Thursdaj
mnrninz and nut to death four Negroes,
fatally woundsd one, and broke the
arm of a seventh man. Two others whc
were of the crowd upon which the bullets
were showered miraculously escaped.
These unfortunates were under
guard of three men awaiting the
hour of 9 o'clock, when they were tc
have a hearing before a justice of the
peace on the charge of arson. Win. Cotton,
the leader of the nine men, confessed
some time ago that a conspiracy
has been entered into which resulted in
two incendiary fires in February, and
on this evidence the D;en were, to have
been tried. G-ov. Chandler, of Georgia,
denounces the lynching and has offered
a big reward for the arrest of the lynch
Japan May Adopt Christianity.
There may be do foundation for the
report that the mikado has already de
cided to make Christianity the established
religion of his empire, giving it
the place which Buddhism occupied under
the Sho^unate, and whioh the traditional
Shintoism now. nominally,
holds. There is no doubt, however,
that the expediency of placing Japan
among the Christian powers has been
for some time the subject of earnest
discussion in the native press, and that
it has been seriously considered by em:
* ?vi:
iLieui. puuiiv; mcu.
A Tornado Strides a Town.
A fierce tornado passed over the town
of Avendale, Ala., and twenty resi
dences, three churches and two machine
shops were destroyed. Many
persons were injured, one perhaps fatally.
The Southern railroad was compelled
to abandon all its trains west of
Birmingham and the Louisville & .Nashville
trains are ten hours late. The cyclone
was attended by heavy rain and
lightning. It seems a miracle that
luore fatalities did not occur.
An Awful Mistake.'
A specif! from Orange. Tex., says:
Mrs. Henry (irubbs, on her way to sit
ap with a sick person, was mistaken for
a footpad by Will Fourch and shot and
killed. He surrendered and was
brought to Houston for safekeepiag.
. In "Which Several Ken Are Killet
2 j. and Woimdsd
I A shooting occurred at Hot Springs
o j Ark.. Thursday evening, which resulte<
t in the death of five men and the wound
ing of one other. The killed were:
Thomas Toier, chief of police,
s J. E. Hart, city detectivc.
r Tbos. F. Gcslee. police sergeaut.
- j John Williams, son of Sheri5 Wil
j liatns.
. ' Louis Henkel. driver of a brewer]
s wagon.
j Ed Spears was shot in the occk anc
may die.
s The shooting grew out of the mayor
- alty campaign under way here. Sherif
, Williams was a warm supporter of th<
- | regular Democratic nomiuee, wi?U<
j Toler, Hart and Goslee were support
- j ing au opposition candidate.
3 fciiiriy iu me auernoon snots were es.
1 changed between Sheriff Williams anc
- his son John on the one side and Ser
geant Goslee on the other, but no one
- was injured. After this both parties
>r determined to have it out. Toler Han
i and Goslec were walking south on Cen
1 tral avenue at about half past 5 o'clock
when the}' met Sheriff Williams and hi<
two sons. John and Coffey, and Ec
Spears. No one can tell who fired th(
first shot, but in a moment there was 2
i o .mi i ;.i. a(\ r.r
3 general iusn:aae, in wiucu -?v ui o\
shots were exchanged. When it was
over. Tolcr, Hart, Goslee and Henkel.
. a n?mcombatant; were dead, and Johc
Williams was mortally wounded. He
died au hour iater. Louis Henkel' at'
tempted to separate the combatants
t when the fight opened. lie was shol
^ in the head and died instantly.
The mayor, immediately after the
shooting, appointed Judge L. D. Beld
^ ILIg UiJICI Ul *T MX v
t sworn in al once and all saloons were
5 ordered closcd. There is little factiona]
* feeling outside of thos* engaged in the
shooting. Order was easily restored
^ and the city is now quiet. The sherifi
" and his son Coffey are under arrest and
P no further trouble is anticipated.
Sheriff Williams was no: pressenl
. when the battle occurred, but soon apr
peared, audon learning of the death oi
r his son became frantic with rage.
About 20 minutes after the main bat
; tie another affray occurred nearby ic
which four or five shots were fired. Ie
[ this fusillade Detective Jim Hart wenl
' down with the whole top of his skul]
' blown off. All of the dead men leave
^ large'families.
A Large Number of People Burnt t(
'I Death in a Hoteli
Flame3 which originated from th(
L iffifeiag of a lace. curtain hurst fron
> j&c^'sccd^d floor of the Windsor-hole
at Fort? -seventh street and Fifth avenue,
Nev York, shortly after 3 o'clock
Friday a.^rnoon, and in a few minutes
they had leaped up to the roof and enveloped
the entire Fifth avenue.^and
Forty-seventh street fronts^f the hotel.
Ten minutes later the. flames were roaring
through the interior of' the hotel,
and all means of escape by way of stairways
and elevators were cut off and
fT-?XTTOC tVifi TcilriAct.
meDt within and without the building.
' Hundreds of guestr and employees were
( in the hotel when the fire broko out,
and for many of them escape with safe|
ty was impossible.
Probably fifteen lives were lost within
1 a half hour, and 30 or 40 other persons
' were injured in jumping from windows
and in rushing through the flames in
1 the corridors and on the stairways.
! Many who were injured died later at
; nearby residences or at hospitals, and
others who made wild leaps to the stone
* sidewalks were so badly injured that
1 they are still hovering between life and
1 death. It may be 24 hours or more be!
fore the complete list of fatalities be/irtmoe!
l-nnirn orirl if mnc Hfl lnnir^T
\j\JLUMO IVUV1TU, u.k+\? vv
| than that before it can be ascertained
1 definitely how many charred bodies are
! in the mass of fallen masonry that
1 marks the spot where the hotel stood,
i TheTimrod Memorial.
It is hoped that tLa plan of- issuing
a memorial edition of Timrod's poems
will meet with great success. He was
one of the south's greatest goets. . His
war lyrics have stirred southern hearts
with a fervor unequalled since "Chevy
! Chase." His unpretentious monument
1 in Columbia?hardly larger than an ear
' of corn?is a mockery. Timrod should
' have a monument worthv of his name
' and fame. It should be a pleasure and
1 a privilege for all South Carolinians,
1 and, indeed, for all southerners in
1 whatever state they may make their
' home, to contribute to this memorial
fund. Uur neighbors across tne river,
especially the newspaper brethren, are
doing all in their power to make the
monument a great success, and we hope
1 that their wishes may be gratified. ?
Augusta Herald.
Army Enlistments.
The following additional recruiting
stations have been established for the
purpose of endisting men to ?11 the
: regular army up the maximum of 65,000
allowed, by the new army law:
?1I 1..^ U n . Trtn n .
J wULl, O. -x > i.ig, i vuu. ^
Memphis, Tenn ; Norfolk, Va.; Savannah.
Ga. Ia addition to these stations
the war department will have officers at
every place ^here volunteers are mastered
out. An order has been issued
i by the war dep-irtuieat increasing the
age limit for enlistment from thirty to
; thirty-live years. The youngest age at
which a man can be enlisted is IS years.
The results so far for the enlistment of
troops is very encouraging.
A Poor Outlook.
A colored editor who was a delegate
to the last Republican national convention
from one of the southern states announces
that ho has finally succeeded
in securing a supply of garden seeds to
distribute to his friends. At the present
time the indications are that the
southern delegate business nest year
will not even pay garden-seed dividends.?Washington
Built His Own Gallows.
' - - - . . ? i
KGbert Lewis was hanged, at Atlanta at
noon Tuesday for the murder of Charles
Haynes, on the gallows built by Lewis
i two years ago when employed as a workman.
Charles Haynes was the foreman
of a building here aud discharged Lewis.
The latter met Haynes in December
last and shot him to death.
UU-tl J5LJSrJA&Ai.
1 What to Do With the Philippines is
the Question,
| What io do with the Philippines is a
i | question which presses upon us with in
I creasing force and increasing uncertainI
ty as time passes. It is taken for
i granted that we shall finally subdue the
J natives who are making a desperate
! struggle for independence, though
- > opinions differ as to whether that re!
suit will be accomplished in one or five
r ; years. But sooner or -later we shall
: have' the Philippines fully on our hands
i j and the disposition of them will be
; forced upon us as a practical question.
- ! Professor Clay MaeCauley, of Tokio,
E j Japan, visited the Philippines in Janu!
ary to study the problem for himself.
I The conclusions he reached have been
| stated on his return to Tokio with a
I frankness and a freedom from partizan
j asperity which oommend them to re:
spectful consideration. He went to
Manila strongly predisposed in favor of
annexation; he came away convinced
that annexation would be a most unforx
i.. A
L | luuawi tiuug uutu iui v;uuuuj auu
i the Filipi-nos. A majority cf the Am:
j ericans in Manila, he says, are opposed
3 to annexation in any form. Professor
I MacCauley does not discuss constitu;
tional objections, but 'considers^ the
i ijuestion as a practical problem.
) The annexation of the islands by
i force he thinks would entail frequent
, and almost incessant revolts, requiring
i us to spend far mere money to hold
^ them than they could possibly be worth
to us. To buy the Filipino insurgents
; off would secure a comprorising gain
: of doubtful value. Another possibility
is the transfer of the islands to the Ph.ils
ippine republic, the United States re
tainiog Manila Bay and the forts.
! This plan, however, would expose
i the Philippines to the greed of the
1 world's powers and "would be neither
> honorable nor wise" in the opinion of
[ Professor MacCauley. The third sot
lution and the one he favors is to recog[
nize the autonomy of the Philippines
under an American protectorate.
; This would insure the independence
xt L i; -
| oi iue repuuuu m me autuiuiatruLiuu ui
: its internal affairs, our government taking
charge of the supreme judiciary and
the foreign relations of the republic,
i Professor MacCauley believes tHat
i only in this way can be secured peace
; and prosperity both for the United States
[ and the Philippines.
! He says: "As for the subjugation of
the islands, it is folly to talk of a war
of conquest for the reason that the
climate, so good physicians tell me,
would place 60 soldiers out of a hundred
hors^c combat in 60 days." The
) intolerablfcJl&t season begins the latter
part of Marctt and lasts until August.
"Moreover," adds Professor MacCauley
"the Filipinos would have hundreds of
; miles of-country to fight over, and their
| tactics'^ould be a ^ueriUa warfare. r
' Every bamboo thicket and jungle would
' be a shelter for their rifles and the loss
J of life and expense of such a war would
5 be terrible. Professor MacOauley has
; , put the,-difficulties..; of -the Philippine
situation in a very impressive manner,
bat he has probably not exaggerated
them in the least.
The Heal Investigation Shows Him a
Debtor to the Penitentiary.
The penitentiary investigation committee
Monday of last week devoted
oractically its whole time to an inquiry
* ? i _r l
relative to tne Dries wmcu came iutu
the possession of the penitentiary.
Under a concurrent resolution thirty
, convicts were allowed the asylum to
make brick for the new building. The
asylum made a contract with the penitentiary
to secure a certain number of
brick in iieu of the convicts. Th* penitentiary
then made a contract with T.
J. Lipscomb by which the asylum was
- to get its brick and then the remainder :
were to be divided between Lipscomb
and the penitentiary. Lipscomb sup,
plied half the wood, machinery, clay 1
and burners and the penitentiary the 1
labor. In one of the settlements the
penitentiary is charged with 1.200
; brick sent to Senator B. R. Tillman at
Trenton, F. C. These brick were shipped
July o;d 1895 and have never yet
bean paid for. Lipscomb certified that
^eal told him to charge the brick
against the penitentiary share after
having sent Tillman :t bill and having
received no reply. Xeal testified that
Tillman owed the penitentiary for the
brick and they would no doubt be paid
for by him. He said that the Tillman
account should appear as an asset of the
penitentiary, and the only reason he
could assign was the fault of the book- :
keeper, and the bookkeeper swore that
Col. Xeal told him to leave Senator
Tillman's account open until he saw
him and not to transfer it to the penitentiary
account. The bill was for $72.
The committee took recess until May
22. P.nttnn
a Rv-Prndnct.
It is estimated, says the Savannah
Morning News, that during the past
year over 4,000,000 tons of cotton
seeds were crushed, and that from
them products valued at more thau
$120,000,000 were marketed. Only a
few years ago the seed of the cotton
plant was practically a waste product,
aad often a source of annoyance, it
not of acutal expense, to the planter
The growth of the cotton oil iudustr>
has been hardly short of marvelous
La*t year there were shipped nearly i
40,000,000 gallons of the oil to Earepe
a large iucrease over ail previous years,
aud it is confidently expected that the
exports of oil for the present year will
1 be very much greater. And while the 1
| field for the oil is being extended new
uses for it are being constantly found. '
I The market, therefore, is far from be
ing fully developed. In view of these '
facts, it is not l^yond the range of possibilities
that in the course of time? 1
and it may not be such a long time,
| either?the lint of the cotton plant '
! will become the by-product and the
i seed the chief staple.
Four Hundred Drowned ]
; The search steamer which has just <
I returned to Brisbane from Cooktown on :
j Endeavor river, Queenstand colony, re- i
ports that three schooners and eighty '<
luggers were lost and that four hundred 1
! colored persons and eleven whites were
j drowned during the recent hurricane 1
that swept the northeast coast of 1
I Queensland. ?
Wheaton's Column Sweeping
Everything Before Them.
Avenue of Communication
.. m
Now Closed, American Cor
don Now Stretching
Over a Mile.
A dispatch from Manila Wednesday
says at seven o'clock, hearing the insurgents'
bugles sounding, Scott's battery
dropped three Shrapnel shell into
the woods on the left of the Pasig
church. No reply was made, and at
7:45 o'clock the Twenty-second regular
infantry advanced until they encountered
a number of volleys. This fire
was returned with interest. The line
then wheeled toward Pateros, in the
following order: The Oregon volunteers,
the Twentieth regulars, the'
Washington volunteers, a cavalry detachment,
the Twenty:second regulars
and reserve artillery. Troops followed
the roads; while the gunboats Ceste
and Laguna de Bay assisted in sup- . : ' >
pressing the fire, on- the left flank.
Three rebel canoes were captured on
the river.
Brig. Gen. Wheaton's column advanced
beyond Pasir to the shore of La- '
" ** i-v:?
guna ae -Day, sweeping everymmg u?fore
them. The enemy made a running
fight and suffered severe loss. The
rebel's avenue of communication north , ^
and south is now'closed, the American cordon
stretching over a mile from- the
river to the lake. The rebels are in
force at Pateros and Taguig. Two of
yesterday's wounded, Private Stewart.
erf Company B, Twentieth infantry, ana
Private Munson, of Company K, Twenty-second
regiment, are dead. . T
s ' * r* i rm.
Late 1 uesaay ijrenerai vy aeawu u
column encountered the enemy in such
force between Pateros and Tagolg, as
to necessitate a change in the original
plans. The cavalry attacked the rebel
stronghold in the jungle, driving the ^ V^jjB
enemy into Pateros. ' The Americans
had one man killed and three wounded. I
Scott's battery shelled the city and I
woods effectively. Later the enemy
crossed the riv6r from Pasig. Two^
companies of the Second Oregon in-^ H
fantry cleared the' right bank after afl
sharp engagement and- then retired. withB
* * iL
three wounded, .'.a tne meauume
Washington volunteers closed in dri^fl
ing small bodies of the rebeis bafl
upon Pateros. One man was kilfl
Daring the night the enemybnmed^B
towrfof Pasig. ' I
- ?V VrtCAT G-j&Nr OTiS
Adjutaik^eneral, Washington. fl
Until yesterday fiel^^>rations heH
since capturing Caloocalrbf minor na^H
cure consisting of-driving back small
bands of insurgents, with considerable
loss to latter. Yesterday" General
Wheaton, with the Twentieth, 2nd in- /' ,
fantry. the Oregon and Washington
troops, section 'Sixth artillery and
squadron Fourth cavalry, attacked the
regular force of enemy and drove them ?
back and took line of Pasig river, which
he now holds. Two improvised gunboats
in Lake have been captured, con- v
siderable property. Insurgents lose
heavy; our, one killed and wounded
slight, "aggregating thirty-five, mostly
slightly wounded. Insurgents made no determined
stand. _ ? Otis.
Wiieaton's divisional brigade contin
ues the work of clearing out the rebels
around Pasig. The Washington vobm
teers have captured and burned Pateros,
meeting with a sharp fire from the enemy
while crossing the river. Tuerday's
fighting was like that of the past week,
the insurgents occasionally making a *
stand but eventually fie'eing. Their
loss is supposed to have been small, as
the Americans were unable to see the .
enejny in the thickets- The progress
of the Americans' advance is slow.
Gen. Lloyd Wheaton, commanding
the United States flying column, attacked
and defeated a force of 2,000
Filippinos at Pasig Wsdnesday afternoon,
inflicting a heavy loss upon them.
The American loss was slight The
Americans captured 330 Filipinos.
Many bodies of rebels killed in the
engagement are noatxng uown me nvw.
About 350 Filipinos surrendered at the
town of Taguig to the Washington regiment
and 175 Filipinos were captured
at Pasig by the Twentieth regiment. j'.W
Our troops found 106 dead Filipinos
and 100 new graves near Pasig. The
prisoners were unarmed, and, therefore,
it is presumed they executed their
threat of throwing their arms into the
river. Gen. Otia says this is the greatest
victory since February 5. The
Americans will now pass toward Aguinaldo's
Some Hard Facts.
Oar troops at Manila liavc taken two
or three suburban. to*rns after hard
lighting but with, little loss. It is 4
;asy to take subnrban towns from guer- : j
dlla foes. It is even easy to take dis- ?
cam towns Dy marcmng strong oouies ?
>f our excellent soldiers to them. Bat
chat it is not successful occupation. Mm
Please to remember that the Spaniards 'fl
aeld every town in Cuba for three years,
out lost 10CKU00 men and several hunired
million dollars in holding them?
:o what good? ?|
Penitentiary Appointments.
Capt. Griffith, the new Superintenient
of the State Penitentiary has announced
the following appointments:
Physician, Dr. L. K. Sturkie, of Orinjseburg.
Mr. W. D. Black, of Barnwell county.
is to "02 captain of the guards. ;
Sergeant W. W. Adams is to be reRev.
J. C. Abney. of Columbia, has
L>een appointed chaplain.
The Second Eegiment^
From orders issued by the war department
it appears likely that the Se- qj
jond Regiment will be mustered out at
Savannah. The regiment with other
Southern troops has been ordered: to:hat
city and it is expected that they ?
- !! 1. - e L.
rtui reacu uiere wiium a lew wrec*.o> m
Lbe government intends to get all the- M
roluntcers back from Cuba by May 1, at
ivliich time quarantine regulations usu.- ~
illy are in force. j .' '

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