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The Fairfield news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1881-1900, April 19, 1899, Image 4

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/2012218613/1899-04-19/ed-1/seq-4/

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Dr. Taimage Draws a Lesson
From Eleazars's Tenacity.
Noted Preacher Says He
Will Not Cease to Preach Because
He Resigned His
In the first notice concerning Dr.
Talmage that Pastor Charles H. Spurnf
London wrote the sr^at English
oy- p minister
said he was glad to find a
preacher that believed something. This
discourse of Dr. Talmage is in that
Tein and urges close adherence to the
old gospel; text, II Samuel xxiii, 10.
"And his hand clave unto the sword."
What a glorious thing to preach the
gospel! Some suppose that becai se I
have resigned a fixed pastoral- I will
cease to preach. No! No! I expect
to preach more than I ev.r have. If
the Lord will, four times as much,
though iu maDifold places. I would
not dare to halt with such opportunity
* to declare the truth through the ear to
^ audiences and to the eye through the
printing press. And here we have a
stirring- theme put before us by the
A great general of King David was
Ele^zar, the hero of the text. The
Philistines opened battle against him,
r- - and his troops retreated. The cowards
fied. Eleazar and three of his comrades
went into the battle and swept the field,
for four men with G-od on their side are
stronger than a whole regiment with
God against them. "Fall back!"
Bhouted the commander of the Philistine
army. The cry ?a aioDgthe host,
''Fall back!" Eleazar,,having swept the
field, throws himself *on the ground to
^ .1. 1 j ^ v,
rest out cue iXlUSUieS itliu 31"cno UI ma
hand had been so long bent around the
v hilt of his sword that the hilt was imbedded
in the flesh, and the gold wire
of the hilt had broken through the skin
of the palm of the haDd, and lie could
not drop this sword which he had so gallantly
wielded. <;His hand cla?e unto
the sword." That is what I call magnificent
fighting for the Lord God of Israel
And we want more of it.
I propose to show you how Eleazar
took hold of the sword and how the
sword took hold of Eleazar. I look at
Eleazar's hand, and I come to the conclusion
that he took the sword with a
very tight grip. The cowards who fled
? had no trouble in dropping their
swords. As they fly over the rocks I
hear their swords clanging in every
? direction. It is easy enouxh for them
to drop their swords. But Eleazar's
hand clave unto the sword. In this
f Christian conflict we want a tighter
grip of the gospel weapons, a tighter
grasp of the two edged sword of the
tmt.ii Tt -makes me siek to see these
Chrisiian people who hold only a part
of the truth and let the rest of the
truth go, so that the Philistines, seeing
W the loosed gra-p. wrench the whole
swerd away from them,
r The only safe thing- for us to do is to
put our thuirb on the book of Genesis
and sweep cur hand around the book
until the New Testament comes into
the palm and keep on sweeping our
hand around thr^-h^-nntil tbi?
the fingers clutcrn at the words, "In the
' beginning Go? created the heavens and
' ?the earth. " I like an infidel a great
deal better than* I do one of these
namby pamby Christians who hoid a
part of the truth and let the rest go
-? ? -i- o.j ?: J d.U.
' s>y miracle. vrou preserveu tuia utviv
just as it is, audit is a Damascus blade.
The severest test to which a sword can
be put in a sword factory is to wind the
blade around a gun barrel like a ribbon,
and then, when the sword is let loose,
it flies back to its own shape. So the
sword of God's truth has been fully
tested, and it is bent this way aDd that
wav and wound this vrav and that way.
but it always comes back to its own
shape. Thick of it! A book written
near 19 centuries aeo and some of it
thousands of years ago, and yet in onr
time the average sale of this book is
'more than twenty thousand copies every
week and more than a million copies a
year. I say now that a book which is
divinely inspired and divinely kept and
w divinely scattered is a weapon worthholding
a tight grip of. Bishop Colenso
1 will come along and try to wrench out
of your hand the five books of Moses,
snl Strass will come along and try to
v.rench out of your hand the miracles,
and Renan will come along and try to
wrench out of your hand the entire life
KJJ. tuc ?J\JL u. ywuo CLLtvL j> uui aosociates
in the office or the factory or
the banking house will try to wrench
out of your hand the entire Bible, but
in the strength of the Lord God of Israel
and with Eleazar's grip hold on to
it Yot gue up.the Bible, you give up
any part of it, aod you give up pardon
and peace and life and heaven.
Do not be ashamed, young man, to
have the world know that you are a
friend of the Bible. This book is the
friend of all that is good, and it is the
sworn enemy of ail that is bad. An
eloquent writer recently gives an incident
of a very bad man who Mood in a
cell of a western prison. This criminal
* had gone through all styles of crime.
and he was there waiting for the gallows.
The convict standing there at
the window of the cell, this wrirersays,
"looked out and declared, 'I am an infidel.'
He said that, to ail the men and
women and children who hap;>ened to
be gathered there, 'I am an infidel,'"
and the eloquent writer says, "Every
man aDd woman thers believed him."
And the writer goes on to say, "if he
had stood there sayiDg, 'I am a Christian,'
every man aDd woman would have
3aid, 'He is a liar!' "
This Bible is the sworn enemy of all
that is wrong, and it is the friend all
that is good. Oh, hold on it! Do not
take part of it and throw the rest away.
Hold on t<- all of it. There are so
many people dow who do not know.
You ask them if the soul is immortal,
and they say: "I guess it is; I don't
know. Perhaps it is; perhaps it isn't."
Is the Bible true? "Well, perhaps it is,
and perhaps it isn't. Perhaps it may
be, figuratively, and perhaps it may be
partly, and perhaps it may not be at
L all." They despise what they call the
apostolic creed, but if their own creed
H were written out it would read like this: i
"I believe id nothing, the maker of
|?:- heaven and earth, and in nothing which |
Bfc it hath sent, which nothing was born of j
nothing and which nothing was dead j
Rk and buried and descended into nothing
IK. and arose from nothinsr and aseeRaed to '
Hi nothing and now sitteth at the right !
R hand of nothiog, from which it will
^^^^come to judge nothing. I believe in
^^ly agnostic chuich and in the
JfcjB^ofnothingarians and in the
[baling, and the returg&ylin
thft life that
fci^That is the
feKoeople in
??? - ? CT
; in God the Father Almighty, Maker of
heaven and earth, ar.d in Jesus Christ
and in the holy catholic church and in j
the communion of sain :s and in the life ,
i everlasting. Amen." Oh, when I see !
I E.'eazar taking such a stout grip of the
j sword in the battle arainst sin and for
I righteousness, I come to the conclusion
j that, we ought to lake a s'outer grip of
I Qf d's eternal truth?the sword of !
What have we sufferred in comparison
with tho^e who expired with suffocation
or were burned or were chopped
! to pieces tor the truth's sak?? We
| talk of the persecution of olden times.
There is just as much persecution going
on now ia various ways. In 1849,
in Madagascar, 18 men were put to
death for Christ's sake. They were to
j be hurled over tbe rocks, and before
they were hurled over tDe rocns, in order
to make their death the more dread
ful in anticipation, they were put in
baskets and swung to and fro over the
precipice that they mijjht see how
many hundred feet they would have to
be dashed down, and while they were
swiDging in these baskets over the
rocks tbey sang:
Jesus, lover of my soul,
Let me to thy bosom fly,
While the billows near me roll,
While the tempest still is high.
Then they were dashed down to
death. Oh, hew much others have en- |
dured for Christ, and how little we ea- j
! dure for Christ! We want to ride to
heaven in a Pullman sleeping car, our
feet on soft plush, the bed made up
early, so we can sleep all the way, the
black porter of death to wake us up
only in time to enter the golden city.
We want all the surgeons to fix our
hand up. Let them bring on all the
lint and all the bandages and all the
! salve, for our hand is hurt, while Elea
2ar doe3 not know his hand is hurt.
' ' " * * .1 - J
j "His band clave unto tne swora.
As 1 look at Eleazer's hand I come
J to ihe conclusion that he Has done a
! great deal of hard hitting. I am not
surprised when I see that these four
men?Eieazar ana'his 'tinee ceropanions
drove back the army of Fhilistines?
that Eieazar s sword clave to his hand,
for every time he struck an enemy with
one end of the sword the other end of
the s^ord wounded hiai. When he
took hold of the sword,,the sword took
hold of him.
Oh, we have found an enemy who
Mnnnf. h* f?r>nmiftred bv rosewater and
soft speeches. It must be sharp stroke
and straight thrust. There is intemperance,
a^d there is fraud, and there
are ten thousand battalions of iniquity,
armed Philistine iniquity. How are
they to be captured and overthrown?
Suft sermons in morocco cases laid
down in front of an exquisite audience
will not do it. You have got to call
things by their right name.
The whole tendency is to refine on
Christian work. We keep on refining
on it until we send apologetic words to
iniquity we are about to capture it.
And we must go with sword, silver
chased and presented by the ladies and
we must ride on white palfrey under
embroidered housiDg, putting the spurs
in only just enough to make the eharger
dance gracefully, and then we must
send a missive, delicate as a wedding
card, to ask the ?ld block giant of sin
if he will nr: surreEder. Woman saved
by the graci of God and on gloriQnsmishiou
sent, detainpd from Sabbath
classes because their new- nat is not
i done. Churches thafshook our cities
revivals"sending around to
i ask some demonstrative worshiper if he
| wiil not please to say "amen" and
1 - 1:1.^. ?Ci.? TV
iiaiieiuia,n a, nunc aunei. h cccuw i
as if in our churches we wanted a baptism
of cologne and Dalm of a thousand
flowers when we actually need a baptism
of fire from the Lord God of Pentecost.
But we are so afraid somebody
will criticise our sermons or criticise
our prayers or criticise our religious
work that our anxiety for the world's
redemption is loet in the fear we will
get our hand hurt, while Eleazar went
rtrtnflirtf. V>?? Kan^ I
unto the sword."
. But I see in the next place what a
hard thing it was for Eleazar to get his
hand and his sword parted. The muscles
and the sinews had been so long
grashed around the sword he could not
drop it when he proposed to drop it, and
his three comrades, I suppose, came up
and tried to help him, and they bathed
i the back part of the hand, hoping the
I J 1 u T?..*
sinewsauu muscies wuuw iej<t.a.. x?ut
do. "Hia hand clave unto the sword."
Then they tried to pull open the fingers
and to pull back the thumb, but no
sooner were they pulled back than they
closed again, "and his hand clave unto
the sword." But after awhile ihey
were successful, and then they noticed
that the curve in the palm of the hand
corresponded exactly with the curve of
the hilt. "His hand clave unto the
i sword."
I had in but parish in Philadelphia a
very aged man who in his early life had
been the companion and adviser of the
early presidents, Madison and Monroe.
He had wielded vast influence, but I
only knew him as a very aged man.
'1 he most remarkaHIe thing about him
was his ardor for Christ. "When he
could not s:and up in :he meetings
without propping, he would threw his
arm around a pillar of the church, and,
though his ruind was partially eoue, hia
love for Christ was so great that all
were in deep respect and profound admiration,
and were moved when he
spoke. I was called to see him die. I
entered the room, and he said, "Mr.
Talmage. I cannot speak to you now."
He was in a verv nloasanfc dfllirintn. as
he imagined he had an audience before
him. He said, ':I must tell these people
to come to Christ and prepare for
heaven." And then in this pleasant
delirium, both arms lifted, this oetogenarian
preached Christ and told of
the glories of the world to come. There
lying oq his dying pillow, his dying
hand clave to his sword.
Ok, if there ever was any one who
had a right to retire from the conflict,
I it was old Joshua. Suldiers come back
j from battle have the names of the bat
ties on their flags, showing where they
j distinruif-hea themselves, and it is a
| very . -nropriate inscription. Look at
p ry it i r\ I
mil ik ' 01 oiq general josnua. ud it
Jericu-;, Gibeon, Hazar, city of Ai, and
instead of the stars sprinkled on the
flag the sun and the moon which stood
still. There he is, 110 years old. He
is lying flat on his back, but he is
preaehing. His dying words are a battle
charge against idolatry and a rallying
crv for the Lord of Hosts as he
says, "Behold, this day I go the way of
all the earth, and God hath not failed
to fulfill hix promise concerning Israel."
His dying hand clave unto the
There is the hra lless body of Paul
on the road to Ostea. His great brain
aud his great heart have been severed, ?
The elm?:ood rods had stung him fearfully.
When the corn ship broke up.
he swam ashore, coming up drenched
wiih the brine. Every day since that !
dav when the horsi; reared under him i
in the SDburbs of Damascus, asthesu- ;
pernatural light fei.l, down to this day, 1
when he is 63 years of age and ill from \
the prison cell of the Marnertine,- he i
has been outra?eonsly treated, and he
i3 waiting to die. How does he spend
his last hours? Telling the wi>rid how
badiy he feels and describing the rheumatism
t! at he got in prise d, the rheumatism
afflicting his limbs, or the neurulaio
niuminir hi* fpmnr thf* thir.it
-v-v that
fevers his tongue? Oh, no! Ilis
last words are the battle shout for
Christendom: '"I am now ready to be
offered, and the time of my departure
is at band. I have fought the good
fight." And so his dying banc5 clave
uuto the 8word.
I intend this sermon as a tonic. I
want you to hold the truth with ineradicable
grip, and I want you to strike s >
hard for God that it will react, and
while you take tbe sword the sword will
take you. You notice that the officers
of the northern army every year assemble.
and you notice that the officers of
the southern army every year assemble.
Soldiers coming together are very apt to
recount their experiences and to snow
their scars. Here is a soldier who pulls
up his sleeve and says. "There, I was
wounded in that arm." and shows the
scar. And another soldier j.nils down
his collar and says, "There, I was
wounded in the neck." And another
soldier says, "I have had no use of that
KwtVt f-ViA rrn H TA Oh
iiUJ U O li-i Ut WJLL^ I^UUJUVW liuvvuiv. V S?,
my friends, when the battle of life is
over; and the resurrection has come,
and our bodies rise from the dead, will
we have on us any scars showing our
brayery for God? Christ will be there
all covered with scars. Scars on the
brow, ocars on the hand, scars on the
feet, scars all over the heart, won in
the battle of redemption. And all heaven
will sob aloud with emotion as they
look it those scr.rs. Ignatius will be
there, and he will point out the place
where the tooth and paw of the lion
seized him in the Coliseum, and John
Huss will be there, end he will show
where the coal first scorched the foot
on that day when his spirit took wing
of Same from Constance.
M'Millan and Campbell and Freeman,
American missionaries in India, will be
there?the men who with their wives
and children went down in the awful
massacre at Cawnpur, and they will
she* where the daggers of the sepoys
struck them. The Waldenses will be
there and they will show where their
boaei were broken on that/day when
1 J xl
tJie fiedmontese soicuery pucaea mem
over the rocks. And there will be
those there who took care of the sick
and who looked after the poor, and they
will have evidences of' earthly exh ^-?
tion. And Christ, with his sc;? < ;
hand waving over the scarred multi
will say. "You suffered with m<> on
earth; now be glorified with me in lieaven."
And then the great organs of
eternity will take up the chant, and St.
John will play, "These are they who
camc out of great tribulation and had
?t-.j ?j ?
tneir roDes wasneu aim mauc nuns
the blood of the Lamb."
But what will your chagrin and mine
be if it shall be told that day on the
streets of heaven that on earth we
shraDk back from all toil and sacrifice
and hardship. N.o scars to show the
heavenly soldiery. .Not so much as one
ridge on the palm of the hand to show
that jnst once in all this battle for God
and the truth we grasped the sword so
firmly and struck so hard that the sword
and the hand stuck together and the
hand clave to the sword. .Oh, my
ijOTP. uesus, ruuse us iv iuji swnw.
Thy saints in all this glorious war
Shall conquer, though they die.
They see the triumph from afar
And seize it with the eye.
When that illustrious day shall rise
And all thy armies shine
In robes of victory through the skies,
The glorv shall be thine.
A Bad Mess.
"Political pressure," said Gen. Eagan,
(the official pet of President McKinley
and Secretary of War Alger,
and who was at the head of the commissary
department during the war with
Spain,) to the lawjer of the Texas cattle
raisers who wanted to sell the government
beef on the hoof, "is what
gets contracts," and when Eagan said
that he was not lying in his throat, nor
any other part of his body either, sa.\ s
the Nashville American. A packing
house expert, Lees by name, testified
that "one-third of the animals used for
canning would be condemned in an English
market." And so it goes. .But
the evidence is so accumulative and
there is such an amount of it to the ef
feet that the beef was putrid and "utterly
unfit for human food," as Gov.
Roosevelt said of it, that the case
against the packers ana someuuujr iu
the War Department is compete- ^ b?
that somebody or somebodies are will
probably never be proved* although
they are pretty well kn?wn-. The
strange part of it is that the President,
who knows now if he never did before
that rotten beef was furnished shows
not the slightest resentment that a<*"
ministration has been imposed upon c
such a shameless manner or that it has
been harboring rascals in high places.
On the contrary he seems to resent the
meddling into the private aifairs of the
government. In spite of the most con
YiLiv;iii? cviucuic, uu Luau <juljuc^icu
with the damnable poisoning of soldiers
has been punished. Eagan has
been retired, but that was because he
spoke unbecomingly of Miles, and hia
wounds were immediately balmed by
the President by giving him a furlough
on full pay, at the same time apologizing
for this much punishment with
the statement that the circumstances
were mitigating. Unless the administration
takes action of its own motion
to punish the depraved beasts, for they
were without the attributes of human
beings, who knowingly compounded and
sent-to the soldiers diseased food, the
only conclusion that can be drawn
a fViof An
xo viAttu cuw auuiiux^uauvu tuuviuvo
such proceedings. Senator Hauna's
reference to Major Lee. whose outrageous
work in bringing to light the illsmelling
scandals deserves the highest
praise, shows where his sympathies
are. Where are the President's sympathies?
Dr. William Nelson, a leading physician
of the south side of Virginia,
died at Danville on April 6. While
performing an operation, March 26, on a
little girl for appendkitis. Dr. Nelson
punctured the skin of the index finger
of his right hand. The puncture was
exceedingly minute. The same niaht.
bis arm became swollen, and from that
time on there was a fight asrainst the
poison in his veins. Dr. Nelson and
his brother. Judge Frank Nelson. ov
Campbell County, were the original
Willie and Frank, the heroes in Thomas
Nelson Page's book, "The Two Little
At a school exhibition in Orange,
N". J., the children were allowed to
enter into a public discussion as to
whether Adam or Eve was the bigger
sinner. Isu't this a rather unbecom- I
ing >ort of intellectual skylarking? To I
millions of people the old story of Adam
and Eve, if not a revealed truth, is a
serious allegorical and ethical story,
touching the de&tiuy of man and of
sp-ave import, and should not be used
in a frivolous manner.
i An Account of Its Services in Vir!
| The Battle of Hawe's Shop and
Cold Harbor, in Which the
Brigade Bore a
The following letter is clipped from
the Charleston Courier of Sept. 21, j
Army Northern Virginia, )
September 5, 1864. ?
The campaign of 1864 has been without
exception ..he moat active of all the
preceding years siuce the inauguration
of the war, as will be admitted. Hence
the amount of work done by the army
is without parallel in the past three
years. Tnc use of cavalry in a country
like ours has been indispensable, and
of great utility. That branch of the
service has rendered our defence effective,
much to the annoyance of the foe.
Armed as they are with the most severe
ana dangerous weapons, have rendered
great service, and proved the cavalry
to be indispensable in time of war.
The mode of fighting cavalry in these
modern times differs vastlv from that
j in years past in any of the foreign
wars. In the present war they map
be rightly termed as nothing else but
mounted infantry. In innumerable instances
the cavalry has been dismounted
and thrown against-t'ne enemy with
{ complete success.
In the great drama of this year's
campaign, as far as it has advanced,
General Butler's South Carolina Cavalry
Brigade has had a prominent part in
it and done its share of work. With
these few introductory remarks upon the
utility of the cavalry service, mode and
style of fihting cavalry in a coantry
like ours, I will give a summary in this
my second, as 1 promised in mytfirst,
and show what our South Carolina Brigade
has been doing. The Fourth Regiment,
commanded by Col. B. H. Rutledge,
was, it will be remembered, one
of the finest reriments the State of
, South Carolina has ever sent to the
I fields of Virginia, numbering nine hundred
and eighty-seven men, well mounted
and equipped for service, and one of
the regiments comprising Butler's Brigade.
This regiment had encamped at
Atlee's Station, near the Central Kail
Road, after a march of twenty miles
from the South Anna'river.
On the following morning, being 28th
May, the Fifth Regiment, under command
of the able and esteemed commander,
Col. John Dunovant, was met
by the Fourth Regiment at "Hawe's
Shop," waiting and ready to act in
conjunction against the enemy at that
place. The .Fourth Jftegiment was ordered
by Gen. Hampton to dismount
and move forward, Lieut. Col. Stokes
commanding, (Col. itutledge in command
of tie brigade.") On arriving at
the front the regiment was ordered to
take position on the right line, moving
uuder fire some four hundred yards.
Just as they had formed line of battle
and commenced moving into position,
^1- j *?2 1 l.
me oruer was receiveu to remove it uaua.
to the left again, during which time the
bullets were flying thick and fast; but
nothing daunted they heeded them not,
and wiih uncerved.stepstaey wot? pressing
to that point to which they were ordered.
They had just reached the centre
of the line when they wei? ordered
to halt and await orders, atd in the
midst of a mo*t terrific fire from the
enemy's forces. They were kept in this
position for upwards of an hour, durtxrtiioVi
tmo c^raro\ Foil ftnH
i.11^ i UAVU .AUiV/ gv ? w ?** *WA
wounded. The fiaht continued with
great fierceness and unabating in its
violence between the forces then engaged.
An nour and a half had elapsed,
when the Fourth Regiment was orderea
into action, moving up with cheers and
yells, evincing a spirit anxious and desirous
to engage the enemy. The enemy
at tnis time were pressing back,
by their greatly superior force, our
forces. The Fourth Regiment, led by
their gallaut Lieutenant Colonel, Stokes
moved a little more to the left of the
line and deployed across an open field
to the support of our wavering line, at
the doub:e quick, with Capt. Pinckney
acting Lieutenant Colonel, and Capt.
Berber as Major; pressing onward under
a complete shower of bul'ets, until
within about fifty yards of the enemy's
line, when they were ordered to commence
firing, which was done, giving
them volley after volley, which was so
terrific that the enemy wavered and
give back. Reinforcements of infantry
cime to their aid and support. Still
the gailant Fourth held their ground
l.ke veterans, nobly and unwaveringly,
pouring in the contents of their Enfields
with a complete and steady fire into
their columns. This continued ' for
! three ouarters of an hour, the battle
raging at its highest pitch conceivable,
wnlj'jut intemission or cessation, but
one coniiuual roar of musketry, it seems
impossible that a man could escape.
At this juncture of affairs the noble
Fifth, under command of the gallant
Col. Dunovant, came in, joining in the
bloody contest, and at the time when
the battle was at its sever-st pitch
making a bold dash in a charge upon
the ep.emy's lines, though under great
disadvantages, through a bog and up a
hill, doing great execution and injury
to the enemy, driving them a few hundred
yards back. During this period
of the battle Col. John Dunovant received
a painful wound in the hand,
the battle still raging with unremitting
severity, when it was perceived that the
left wing of the line was fast giving
away, and they were about being
surrounded. They were then ordered
to retire firing, which they had to do
for three hundred yards, across an
open field. At this time of affairs
Captain Pinckney was captured, and the
4;h regiment sustained a loss of twentyfiTTA
rtf n VtAtif f ? 1-1 rvn Vrt/J aa
uvc uutui auuuu iuui iiuuuicu v;diiicu
into action, and the 5th regihieut a
lose of thirty. '
Xo body r>? men ever behaved with
more roolness under such a fearful and
j terriliu tire, and being the first general
engagement that a majority of them
had ever been into, it was generally
acknowledged by 'hose who saw the 4th
regiment go into action that they never
saw men go in better or behave more
; gallantly. Oo another occasion, after
this entacement, the fourth and fifth
were in column, en route, and passing
a body of troops drawn up on the right
of the road. It was asked if these were
not South Carolina boys. They were
told yes. they were. "Ah." said several,
"'these are men that don't know
how to run. but are like the trees."
Would that I could here award to each
one of the men and officers individually
who were engaged in this fight, a tribute
of praise commensura-e with the
valor displayed; actuated as he is by
the highest degree and feelings of patriotism
which entitle him exclusively to '
the right of the highest encomium and
everlasting remembrance in the heart
of his country.
The lorces fell back across an open j
field, exposed to a heavy and severe j
fire from the enemy's line whiie retreat- :
ing. They were ordered to recover their
horses and re-mount and remain on the ,
ground, which was done, expecting the ;
enemy to advance. It became, evident, {
however, that we had injured them ;
somewhat, and probably to a greater ex-i
tent than we had sustained, as they were j
not anxious to resume the fight. The ;
numerical forces of the enemy in this !
fight must certainly have been five to
one, if there was one man in it, and
having in their command a large number
that they could bring up at any
time. It speaks well for our men, and
shows the material, of Southern blood
and valor. If there is any better men
in the world for fighting it is-yet to be
known, and I regret that they are wasted
on such a horde as the North' brings
agaiDSt them Having given you a de
scription of the Havre's Shop battle I
will now annex the Mattadaguin Creek
fight, (commonly called Cold Harbor.)
On the morning of the 30th May, Gen.
Butler, pursuant to orders, moved from
Mechanicsville in the direction of Old
Church, (being in Hanover county,)
with the object of finding out what the
m?>mv wpta fthnnfc and tn ascertain
their strength; Col. Gary, with his
command would co-operate with him.
The march was somewhat lengthy, but
i: was not long before we arrived at
Mattaaaguin Creek. It is here the
fight took place, so incorrectly located
at Cold Harbor. Cold Harbor is some
two miles below. It is a mistake,
therefore; the correct name should be
the Mattadguin Creek battle. The
forces fell back to Cold Harbor and
made a stand.
lien. Uutier, witti tne -itn ana otn
regiments, in conjunction with Gen.
Gary's cavalry, encountered the enemy
about 3 o'clock on the above day, contending
against superior odds of the
-J-* i-i l\.
enemy, aispuuug ganauuy ime giuuuu,
with a desperate and firm spirit, under
a heary fire of musketry and artillery.
The forces were sent forward into action
by sqadrons from each regiment at
such times a? was thought necessary by
our able commander, Gen. Butler, who
was to be seen moving up and down the
midst of the fight attending to his duty.
Among the officers whom I saw upon
the field Lieutenant Colonel- Stokes
Dure <1 piUi-LLJLUCU t jjclhj auu AO a mvou
gallant and efficient officer, daring and
fearless in the din of battle. The second
squadron was the last to he sent in;
this squadron is formed of Company B,
Captain Barber, and Company K, Captain
Colcock: both captains being unavoidably
absent, Lieutenant Osborn,
commanded company B, and Lieuten
ant Lionel Nowell, company K, well
known to the readers as the Charleston
Light Dragoons. General Butler
addressed the squadron and said:
"Men I have stood it long enough. I
wish the enemy driven from that house
in the field," which was about a quarter
of a mile off. The squadron dismounted,
formed into line and went forward
at the double quick, making the welkin
ring with the old charge shout and yell.
Never did men appear so enthusiastic
and intent upon an object as they did.
They arrived in che lane or road as it
may be called, fenced on each side,
company K, taking the lane as their position,
and company B, the right, in an
open wheat field. They opened upon
the house a blazing fire, when the Yan1
1. i v.:? uiuj
sees oegan cu leave, tuau^ ueiug mucu
and wounded in the attempt to escape,
and some were captured. While this
was going on another poitioc of the
forcos were involved more to the left in
a portion of woods. The battle waged
until about six o'clock, hot and sharply
contested. The wounded were seen in
every direction.
.Lieutenant Colonel Jeffords, comM&adinr
1st reeiment. received a very .
wound in the thigh in this battle. The
house was taken and burnt, as it was
used as a shelter to the enemy. The
enemy was not idle, but pouring it in
on the left sharply and brought up rein
forcements, and thus outnumbering us
by a large majority, and were fast flanking
us. The order wks then given to
fall back, aad in a very favorable time,
a? the ammunition had given out. The
retreat was made, but with some little
confusi )n, the enemy pressing us closely.
The day was very warm and the retreat
was exhausting; many gave out
and could not go further, and stopped
breathless, and were captured. It was
during this period that the gallant Lieutenant
Nowell was captured and many
killed, wounded and missing from that
old time honored corps, knowu in the
city as tho Charleston Light Dragoons,
and many more unheard from.
Information gathered from prisoners
taken in this fight state that we were
engaged with the left wing of Grant's
army, an overwhelming force. Butler's
brigade has been well worked and done
its full share in this campaign. No
body of troopers is more deserving of
* ' * ?* ' J T_ ? J.-L .
credit ior gaimntry ana Dravery on me
field of liattle than General Butler's
South Carolina Cavalry Brigade.
.Night came on and the forces retired
to their encampment near by, leaving
a detachment on picket. On the following
morning they were brought forward
again, expecting an attack from
the enemy, and formed into line of battle:
when about twelve o'clock the brigade
was relieved by fresh troops. The
1st Regiment in this fight met with a
loss of fifty-two killed, wounded and
missing. The 5th Regiment sustained
a losi of ?ixteen killed, wounded and
missing. Orlando.
Pressley's Parlors.
Mr. D. A. Pressley, of Columbia,
who represents the Ludden & Bates
Southern Music House, has just fitted
up his exhibition parlors. Here may
be found specimens of the standard instruments
which he handles?Mathushek
pianos, Mason & Hamlin and
Sterling Organs. These are first-class
instruments of established reputation.
Mr. Pre3sley invites lovers of music
and admirers of high grade instruments
to give him a call. He stands ready,
also, to give prompt attention to all
inquiries addressed to him by mail.
See advertisement in another column.
An interesting point has been raised
in Columbia. A negro woman was in
dieted for stealing a ring from Mrs.
Philip Epstin. Mr. P. H. Nelson
raised the point that the indictment
w?q in l-.Tm nfiarsra alirmM
have been that the ring was stolen from
Mrs. Charlotte Epstin and not from
Mrs. Philip Epstin. Judge "Watts sustained
the objection and the negro woman
rejoices that there is, after all,
somethiag in a name. It was stated
that the point was entirely new, and
that there is no record of the question
having been raised, but that in law a
woman goes by her given name and not
that of her husband. Both night be
used for identification, so to speak.
The other day a hugging bee was
given out in Arizona, and it wa3 fifteen '
cents a hug. A man, while blindfolded,
hugged his own wife for several minutes.
When he found out who she was, he S
got made demanded his 15 cents
To Inquire About a Wife's Welfare If a
Gross Impertinence.
j Social etiquette among the Arabs is
a factor in life to be considered seriously,
if you wish to live among them
without f-ictlon. Its obligations are
not to be completely mastered in a fewmonths.
Sometimes when I hare had
UUUipUllIUIlS Yi 1UU U1C jjicouuiauij
thoroughly au fait with all things
Mohammedan, the narmony of the occasion
has been seriously endangered
by some thoughtlessness or Ignorance
on their part, which to the Moslem
could-jfppear only as a contemptuous
want of consideration.
No greater insult could be offered to
an Arab than a friendly inquiry as to
the welfare of his wife?to as a natural
civility, but to him a gross impertinence
bitterly resented. On one
occasion I nearly made a similar
blunder. I was invited by a neighboring
sheik to go to see him, and was on
the point of riding up to his tent door
and dismounting there. Fortunately,
however, I recollected in time that eti
quette demanded that I should foaitnrty
yards off, and call in a loud voice:
"Have I your permission to approach?"
This gives ti-ie to bundle off any of
their womenkind who may he about,
preparatory to the admission of a
It is curious also to notice tha+, in
spite of the real effection existing between
father anu son, the sense of
respect dominates all other feelings,
and the sons will never sit at meat
with their father in the presence of a
guest, but will wait upon both until
the father, rising, allows them the opportunity
of breaking bread with their
Work That the Heart Doe*.
The work of the heart is the circulation
of the life-giving blood throughout
the body. With each stroke or
beat of the heart it projects something
like six ounces of blood into the bodily
conduits, throwing it for a distance of
nine feet. This it does C9 times each
minute, 4,140 times each hour, 99.360
times in a day. 36.260.400 times in a
year, and 2,540,337.120 times in a lifetime
of seventy years (including leap
years.) The blood is propelled by the
heart nine feet each beat, 207 yards
each minute, seven miles in an hour.
169 miles in a day, 01.S17 miles in
a year and 4.330,063 miles in the 70
years. The total force exerted by the
heart every 24 hours has been calculated
to be equal to 124 foot tons?that
is, if the whole force expended by the
heart in 24 hours were gathered into
one huge stroke, such a power would
lift 124 tons one foot off the ground.
Speaking Clocks.
In Switzerland they have commenced
making phonographic clocks and
watches which, it eppears, leave anything
heretofore accomplished far in
the shade. By merely pressing the button
of the new timepiece, it pronounces
the hour distinctly. The alarms call
to the sleeper, "It's sis o'clock; get up I"
There are some which even add the
words. "Now, don't go to sleep again."
The form can be changed to suit the
buyer and make the warning more or
less emphatic. This application of the
phonographic principle is due to .a
French watchmaker settled at Geneva.
He introduces into clocks and watches
lit+io siflhs of vulcanized rubber, on
which the uesired words are traced In
grooves corresponding to the hours
and fractions of hours.
Th? Diving: Spider.
There is nothing new in the diving
bell. Long before man thought he Invented
it, the water spider knew all
about It
The water spider shins down a reed,
dragging his diring bell with him, and
anchors it under water on a level keel,
so that the air it contains keeps the
water out.
When this air becomes foul, the
spider swims to the top, captures a
bubble with a flirt of its tail and carries
It down to the bell for future reference.
There the spider lives in snug comfort
and no storm disturbed his lowly
World's Big jest Crop.
a nroMfr* man if asked what is the
JLlit tfc ?
most important crop of the world
would unhesitatingly say, '-wheat.''
This is true in the United States, but
far from the case in the world as a
whole. The first place must be given
the potato. Of all the staple crops of
the world the potato takes the first
place, the annual crop being more than
4,000,000,000 bushels, against 2,500,000,000
bushels of wheat and 2,600,000.000
bushels of corn. Of the total
potatoe crop Europe produces fully
seven-eights, and one-half times as
much as her wheat, and all the cereals
together are but 50 per cent more.
An Etruscan Tomo.
Lightning recently brought about the
discovery of an Etruscan tomb near
Volterra. It struct an old pine tree on
a hillock and in cutting down the remnants
of the tree the workmen found
the top of the sepulcher under the
| 41S^iSIS
I Migh Hrm Sewing
fjj: Fully guaranteed for ten y<
Ej all the latest attachments, t
g | mentcd wood work.
il Price SI8.C
Money refunded after 30 da]
I! is not as good as the $40.00 to
** '
| j . sold by agents.
Send for circulars Mid state
I ; We are headquarters for FurnJ
Mattings, Carpets, Sewii
g Baby Carriages, etc.
- I
IN... -- -Address
jj IIIO & 1112 Sn
i #eeklv Bulletins Sow Beins Issued by
| , Director J. W Bauer.
"\Tr .r W Tl*Ti<?r wAflthpr dirp^tftr. I
has begun the publication of weekly
ulletins of the condition of the weathr
and crops.
The bulletin co-tains a general summary"
for the State, and contains an
pitomized statement from each county
imilarto the following from Aiken:
Aiken.?Windsor: Some raio, plenty
of ice and heavy frost; ground very wet;
some cotton planted; corn coming up;
wheat doing nicely; oats good; gardens
oackward; cool weather and high winds
*ere unfavorable for all ciops.?B. B.
Following is the general summary:
Columbia, S C., April 11. 1899.
The week ending April 10th averaged
nearly 10 degrees per day colder than
usual, with frequent heavy to killing
frosts that injured corn, fruit (espec
ially peaches) aod vegetables. Ice was
observed on two mornings.
There was from 1 to 3 inches of rain
ovei the whole state, further delaying
j farming operations, which were already
from two or three weeks later than
usual. O^er the western portions of
the State plowing has been impracticable
the entire spring, owing to the wet
condition ot the ground, and, of course,
iittle or no plantiog has been done except
in patches. Over the central and
eastern portions of the State the weather
conditions previous to last week were
more favorable, and in places corn
j planting is beiDg finished, with the earj
iiest planted up. Germination has
; Deen slow, and some seed rotted in the
i ground, owing to the cool weather,
i r.snrls fnr nottnn have been DreDared in
! this section, and .some seaisiand and a
| little upland cotton has been planted.
' Preparing aoJ planting rice lands has
; made favorable progress, but some rice
ifields have been recently inundated.
JSome cane has also been planted,
j Tobacco plants in beds are available
j to set out as soon as the weather be- j
j comes warm enough: a littb has already j
j been transplanted.
! It appears from correspondents' re- I
ports that peaches an: about all killed, j
but that apple, pear and cherry trees !
; are blooming profusely. Gardens are!
: late, and not growing well. Truck has
i received another set-back by frost.
{ The season as a whole has been unI
favorable, except that wheat and oats
| generally look promising. There has i
I been but little spring_oats sown.
Flour Mill
Roller Floor Mills.
Bichmond City Mill Ms,
I One of the aar'iiu'ii'i'
! Vft{| WT irt r.h l /M.I jfl'-j
JL' IV U1 'Alll 'X * J 14 v k / v '* ? vi ^
and ttiyiageipifieaiei *Iit>
I am prepared to build mills on
the most improved plans and at
prices to compete with any one
in the trade. We guarantee
the products of our mills to
equal the grades of the best
Western mills. Before
placing your orders
write to me.
[ I also handle a complete line of Wood i
Working Machinery: Saw Mills, En
j gines and Boilera, Corn Mills and Maj
chinery in general.
Having been established in business
here for sixteen years, I have built up !
mT trade hv sellinc the verv highest ;
class of machinery, and am in a better ;
position to serve the interest of my
customers than ever before.
V. C. Badfaam,
I Machine
ears, fitted with jP
ture, Stoves, JUfw?||||
ng Machines,
The Padgett Furri
>ad Street,
? Keeley
12G smith street. ||
Cor. Yandesiiorst, fi (111
Charleston, s. c. "" ^
AijVJUaULi. .-j,.
TOBACCO .... .7 J
using.:; *
Produce.each a disease haviDg defin
ite pathology. The disease yields
easily to the Double Chloride of Gold
Treatment as administered at the above
Ketley Institute.
' r a
X. B.?The ' Keeley Treatment is
administered in South Carolina ^
We are State Agents for and make
SPECIALTY of equipping improvec
modern ?iuneries with the celebrated? Murray
ginning System;
the simplest and best Cotton ginned
on this system commands a higher market
price than any other, and the machinery
itself is a marvel of simplicity
We control for this State the improved.
Murray Cleaning Feeder, which is
unquestionably the best gin feeder eveyet
invented. Parties contemplating
a purchase of machinery of thi? kind
are invited to correspond with us.
Machinery and Mill Supplies of
all kinds at lowest manufacturers
Now is the time to place your order
for a threshing machine; buy the best,
we sell it?the FARQUHAIL
State Agents for:?Liddell Co., Eagle
Cotton Gin Co., A. B. Faranhar Co.
~ - a m
Write Quick
for catalogae. Free scholarship3
on easy conditions to
those who write soon. Rail- ' .
road fare paid. Cheap board.
Notes accepted. Can. pay part:
of expenses by working in the- J;
college -office. Address, men- --/I
tioning course d-sired,
W. H- NfiWBBJagr, Preaife '
^ Frc^ Ji'aker Cirect to Purchaser
? iV Cs-ooct ?
1 jflBBl si?ff? ?
^j^?zWZ jcymenl. . flfi J
H A Poor Plan? fi
yilllastafew fi >
^ *?
i5 Is ajways Good, always ReUaWOi S %
always Satisfactory, always Laat> 9B ^
SS5 inz. 3Tou lake no dances In boy- W ' - '
gS ?Dglt.
3ss it costs somewhat _.?re than |g .
Ak cheap, poor piano, but Is much the jm
?s cheapcJ. in the end.
JSC- Noother Hlsh&raicie Pianosoldio ?
SSB reasonable. Factory prices to retail H .
ftti. buyers. Easy payments. Wrttew. w
g UiDOEfi & BATES, ?
jjyt SttTonnah. <Va_ and York City. jg
?aww ,:?|
Address: D. A. PJK.ESSLEY, Agent
umy <35 IU.VU.
Has 17x1" inch ove-n, four S inch Si J
?t holes: large flues ana guaran-.3
- tra -fl* H
cu a gwu uuau. ?r v ?
ove up with forty pieces of ware
eluding the latest stove ware.
To advertise our business we
ill sell tl:i> No. S Cooking Stove,
;te<i with -JO pieces ot wnre for 'O
$70.00 CASH.
liture Co. ; ___ j
Augusta, Ga.

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