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The Fairfield news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1881-1900, April 26, 1899, Image 4

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/2012218613/1899-04-26/ed-1/seq-4/

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, cux school system"
Is Protested Against by Dr. Tai- |
mage in a Sermon.
Finds a Timely Lesson In the Sacrifice
of Jephthah's Daughter.
Thousands of Children Educated
Into Imbecility.
In his sermon Dr. Talmage lodges a
protest against the parental heedlessness
and worldly ambition which are
threatening the sacrifice of many American
children; test. Judges xi. 36, '"My
father, if thou hast opened thy mouth
. unto the Lord, do to me according to I
that which hath proceeded out of thy j
Jephthah was a freebooter. Early
turned out from a home where he ought
to have been cared for, he consorted
with rough men and went forth to earn
his living as best he could. In tho&e
times it was considered right for a man
to go out on indepenent military expeditions.
Jephthah was a good man
according to the light of his dark age,
but through a wandering and predatory
life he became reckless and precipitate.
ine grace 01 vjrou uuaugto ? u?u ^ ,
heart, bat never reverses his natural j
temperament. The Israelites wanted
the Ammonites driven out of their
country, so they sent a delegation to
Jephthah, asking him to become commander
in chief of all the forces. He
might have said. "You drove me ouf"
when you liad ho use for me and, now
you are in trouble, you want ine back,"
but he did not say that. He takes
command of the army, sends messengers
to the Ammenites to tell them to
vacate the country and, getting no fatwtcKIa
TAsmrvnse. marshals his troops
for battle.
Before going out to the war Jephthah
makes a very solemn vow that if the
Lord will give him the victory, then,
on his return home, whatsoever first
comes out of his doorway he will offer
in sacrifice as a burnt offering. The
battle opens. It was no skirmishing on
the edges of danger, no unlimbering of
batteries two miles away, out the hurling
of men on the points of swords and
spears until the ground could no more
drink the blood, and the horses reared
to leap over the pile of bodies of the
slain. In those old times opposing
forces woild fight until their swords
were broken, and then each one would
throttle his man until they both fell,
teeth to teeth, grip to grip, death stare
to death stare, until the plain was one
tumbled mass of corpses from which
the last trace of manhood had been
dashed out.
Jephthah wins the day. Twenty cities
lay captured at his feet. Sound the
victory all through the mountains of
Gilead. Let the trumpeters call up
the survivors. Homeward to your
wives and children. Homeward with
^ your glittering treasures. Homeward
to have the applause of an admiring
nation. Build triumphal arches, swing
ont flacs all over Mizuah, open all your
doors to receive tie captured treasures,
through every hall spread the baDquet,
pile up the viands, fill high the tankards.
The naiion is redeemed, the invaders
are routed and th-* national
honor is vindicated.
Huzza for Jephthah, the conqueror!
Jephthsi, seated on a prancing steed,
\ advances amid the acclaiming multi...
tudss, but his eye is not on the excited
populace. Remembering that he had
made a solemn vow that, returning from
victorious battle, whatsoever first came
out of the doorway of home, that,
should be sacrificed as a burnt offering,
he has his anxious look upon the door.
t i ? - ?- - ^ ?xi? i
i wonaer wnais spouess xamu, nuai
brace of doves will be thrown upon the
fires of the burnt offering.
Oh, horrors! Paleness of death
blanches his cheek. Despair seizes hi?"
heart. His daughter, his only child,
rushes out the dooway to throw herself
in her father's arms and shower upon
him more kisses than there were wounds
on his breast or dents on his shield.
All the triumphal splendor vanishes.
Holding back this child from his heaving
breast and pushing tHe locks back
from the fair brow and looking into the
eyes of inextinguishable affection with
choked utterance he says: ''Would
God I lay stark on the bloody plain.
My daughter, my only child, joy of my
home, life of my life, thou art the sucnfice!"
The whole matter was explained to her.
This was no whining, hollow hearted
girl into whose eyes the father looked.
All the glory of sword and shield
vanished in the presence of the valor of
that girl. There may have been a tremor
of the lip, as a roseleaf trembles in
the sough of the south wind ; there may
have been the starting of a tear like a
rain drop shaken from the anther of a
water lily. Bat with a self sacrifice
fliof. -man m*v Tjnf, rAarOi and rmlv wo
man's heart can compass she surrenders
herself to fire and to death. She cries
out in the words of my text, "My father,
if thou hast opened they mouth
unto the Lord do unto me whatsoever
? hath proceeded from thy mouth." 1
She bows to the knife, aad the blood,
which so often at the father's voice
had rushed to the crimson cheek,
smokes in the fires of the burnt offering.
No one can tell us her name.
There is no need that we know her
name. The garlands that Mizpah twist- ,
ed for Jephthah, the warrior, have gone
into the dust, but all ages are twisting
this girl's chaplet It is well that her
name came not to us, for no one can
wear it. They may take the name of
Deborah or Abigail or Miriam, but no
one in all the ages shall have the title
of this daughter of sacrifice.
Of course this offering was not pleasing
to the Lord, especially as a provision
was made in the law for such a
contingency, and Jephthah might have
redeemed his daughter by the payment-of
30 shekels of silver, but before you
hurl your denunciations at Jephthah'a
cruelty remember that in olden times
when vows were made men thought s
they must execute them, perform them,
whether they were wicked or goodThere
were two wrong things about
Jei'hthah's vow. First, he ought never
to have made it. .Next, having made
? - I i. \ I xl ._ I ^ 1
it, it were setter Dr?<sen man sept.
But do not take on pretentious airs and
say, UI could not have done as Jephtbah
did." If in former days you had
been standing on the banks of the
Ganges and you had been born in India,
you might have thrown your children
to the crocodiles. It is uot because we
are naturally any better, but because
i we have more gospel light.
I Now I make very practical use of
& this question when I tell you that the
sacrifice of Jephthah's daughter was a
type of the physical, mental and spiritual
sacrifice of ] 0.000 children in
tbis day. There are paracts all unwittingly
bringing to bear upon their
children a class of influences which
will as certainly ruin them as knife and ,
frtiwiTr -i IT r-n ."'
torch destroyed Jephthah's daughter; i
While I speak the whole nation, with- j
out emotion and without shame, looks
upon the stupendous sacrifice.
In the first place. I remark that
much of the system of education in our
day is a system of sacrifice. When
rtliil.-lrpn sit nr seven hours in
school and then must spend two or three
hours in preparation for school the next
day, will you tell me how much time
they will have for sunshine and fresh
air and the obtaining of that exuberance
which is necessary for the duties
of coming life? No one can feel more
thankful than I do for the advancement
of common sehool education. The
printing of books; appropriate for
schools, the multiplication of philosoi-vkinol
anro-ratni t.llA PStnhl ish mATlt
of normal schools, which provide for
our children teachers of largest caliber,
are themes on which every philanthropes
ought to be congratulated. But
this herding of great multitudes of children
in ill ventilated schoolrooms and
poorly (quiped halls of instruction is
making many of the places of knowledged
in this country a huge holocaust.
Politics in many of the cities gets into
educational affairs, and while the t^o
w/vIUiaaI ova c/"?roKVvlinor Fnr t.Tia
pUilUVdl ];ai ftiu ?mv
honors Jephthah's daughther perishes.
It is so much so that there are many
schools in the country today which are
preparing tens of thousands of invalid
men and women for the future; so that,
in many places, by the time the child's
education is finished the child is finished!
In many places, in many
cities of the country, there are large
appropiations for everything else, and
cheerful appropriations, but as soon as
thA aimrnnriation is to be made for the
educational or moral interests of the
city we are struck through with an economy
that is well nigh the death of us.
In connection with this I mention
what I might call the cramming system
of the common schools and many of
the academies; children of delicate
brain compelled to tasks that aaight
appall a mature intellect; children
going down to school with a strap of
books half as high as themselves. The
fact is in some of the cities parents do
not allow their children to graduate for
the simple reason, they say, "We cannot
afford to allow our children's health
to be destroyed in order that they
may gather the honors of an institution."
Tens of thousands of children
educated into imbecility, so that connected
with many snch literary estab- .
lishments there ought to be asjlums
for the wrecked. It is push and crowd
and cram and stuff and jam until the
child's intellect is bewildered, and the
memory is ruined, and the health is
ruined, and the health is gene. There
are children who once were full of
romping and laughter and had cheeks
crimson with health who are now
AMf m fKA farn/vAn nolo "PQn&A
IUi L1CU >Uli 1U C4i uv/i uuuu * uwu^
irritated asthmatic old before their time.
It is one of the saddest sights on earth,
an old mannish boy or an old womanish
girl. Girls 10 >ears of age studying algebra!
Bojs 12 years of age racking
their brain over trigouometry! Children
unacquainted with their mother
tongue crying o^er their Latin, French
and German lessons! All the vivacity *
of their nature beaten out of them "by
the heavy beetle of a Greek lexicon!
And you doctor them for this, ar d you
give them a little medicine for that,
and you wonder what is the matter of
them. I will tell you what is the matter
of them. They are finishing their
In my parish in Philadelphia a little
child was so pushed at school that she
was thrown into a fever, and in her dy
mg delirium ail night loDg she was trying
to recite the multiplication table. In
my boyhood I remember that in our
class at school there was one lad who
knew more than all of us put together.
If we were fast in our arithmetic, he
extricated us. When we stood up for
the spelling class, he was almost always
tne head of the class. Visitors came
to his father's house, and he was always
brought in as a prodigy. At 18 :
years of zzz he was an idiot. He lived
ten years an idiot and died an idiot, not
knowing his right hand from bis left or ,
day from night. The parents and the ;
teachers made him an idiot.
You may flatter your pride of forcing <
your child to know more than any other
children, but you are making a sacrifice i
of that child if by the additions to its i
intelligence you are making a subtrac- ;
tion from its future. The child will go 1
away from such maltreatment with no i
exuberance to fight the battle of life, i
Such children may get along very well I
while you take care of them, but when i
you are old or dead alas for them if, 1
through the wrong system of education 1
which you adopted, they have no ;
swarthiness or force of character to i
take care of themselves. Be careful i
how you make the child's head ache or
its heart flutter. I hear a great deal i
about black man's rights, and Chinaman's
rights, and Indian's rights, and 1
woman's rights. Would God that some i
body would rise to plead for children's j
rights. The Carthaginians used to ;
sacrifice their children by putting them 1
into the arms of an idol which thrust i
forth its hand. The child was put into 1
the arms of the idol and no sooner 11
touched the arms than it dropped into j
the fire. But it was tht> art of the ']
mothers to keep the children smiling ]
and laughing until the moment they 1
died. There may be a fascination and 1
a hilarity about the styles of education i
of which I am speaking, but it is only 1
laughter at the moment of sacrifice. :
Would God there were only one Jeph- s
thah's dauehter! i
Again there are many parents who {
are sacrificing their children with wrong
system of discipline?too great rigor or .
too great leniency. There are children ^
in families who rule the household. *
The high chair in which the infant sits *
is the throne, and the rattle is the '
scepter, and the other children make up j
the parliment where father and mother j
have no vote! Such children come up
to be miscreants. There i3 no chance '
in this world for a child that has never J
learned to mind. Such people become (
the botheration of the church of God 1
and the pest of the world. Children
that do not learn to obey human authority
are unwilling to learn to obey
divine authority. Children will not re- 1
spect parents whose authority they do >
not respect. Who are these young men *
that swagger through the streets with 1
their thumbs in their vest talking about *
their father as "the old man," "the '
governor," "the squire." "the old 1
cbap'.:? or their mother as ; the old wo- !
man?" They are those who in youth, 1
1*1 Jl. _ l i i
in cnuanooa never learned to respect
authority. Eli, having heard that his
sons had died in their wickedness, fell !
over backward and broke his neck and <
died. Well he might. "What is life to i
a father whose sons are debauched? Th<j '
dust of the valley is pleasant to his taste '
and the driving rains that drip through
the roof of the sepulcher are sweeter
than the wines of Helbon..
There must be harmony between the
father's government and the mothers
government. The father will be tempted
to too great rigor. The mother will
be tempted to too great leniency. Her
tenderness will overcome her. Her
voice is a little softer, her hand seems
better fitted to pull out a thorn and .
soothe a pang. Children wanting any- '
thing from the mother, cry for it. They
hope to dissolve her with tears. But
the mother must not interfere, must
not coax off, must not beg for the child
when the hour comes for the assertion |
of parental supremacy ana the subjuga- j
tion of a child's temper. There comes
in the history of every child an hour !
when it is tested whether the parents j
shall rule or the child shall rule. That !
is the crucial hour. If the child triumphs
in that hour, then he will some
day make you crouch. It is a horrible
scene. I hare witnessed it. A mother I
come to old age, shivering with terror j
in the presence of a son who cursed her j
gray hairs and mtfcked her wrinkled !
face and begrudged her the crust she j
munched with her toothless gums!
row sharper than a serpent's tooth ilia
To h ive a thaukli si cbi <i!
There are many who are sacrificing
their children to a spirit of worldliness
Some one asied a mother whose children
had turned out very well what was |
the secret by which she prepared them !
for usefulness and for the Christian !
life, and she oaid: "This was the secret.
When in the morning I washed
mv children, I prayed that they might
be washed ia the fountain of a Saviours j
mercy. When I put on their garments |
I prayed that they might be arrayed in
the robe of a Saviour's righteousness.
When I gave them food, I prayed that
they might be fed wi.h manna from
heaven. When I started tbem on the
road to school, I prayed that their path
might be as the shining light, brighter
and brighter to the perfect day. When
T nut, fhft-m to sleen. I craved that they
might be infolded iD the Saviour's arms.
Oh, you say, that was very oid fashioned.
It was quite old fashioned. But
do you suppose that a child under
such nurture as that ever turned out
Further on thousands and tens of
thousands of the daughters of America
are sacrificed to worldliness. They are
taught to be in sympathy with all the
artificialties of society. They are inducted
into all the hollowness_of what
is called fashionable life, 'l'iiey are
taught to believe that history is dry,
but that 50 cent stories of adventurous
love are delicious. With capacity that
might have rivaled a Florence jSightingale
in heavenly ministries or made the
father's house glad with filial and sisterly
demeanor their life is a waste,
their beauty a curse, their eternity a
I lift up my voice against the j
fice of children. Hook out of my window
on a Sabbath, and I see agrou.- of
children unwashed, uncombed, unChristianized.
"Who cares for- tl ca?
Who pravs for them? Who utte:s to
them one kind word? When the city
missionary, passing along the park in
JNew lork, saw a ragged iaa ana neara
him swearing, lie said to him: '"My
stop swearing! You ought to go to tne
house of God today. You ought to be
a Christian.'1 The lad looked in his
face and said: "Ah, it is easy for you
to talk, well clothed as :?ou are and well
fed. But we chaps hain't got no
chance!'' Who lifts them to the alter
for baptism? Who goes for*h to snatch
them up from crime and death and
woe? Who today will go forth and
bring them iBto schools and churches?
No; heap them up, great piles of rags
and wretchedness and filth. Put underneath
them the fires of sacrifice, stir
up the blaze, put on more lago's, ana
while we sit in the churches with folded
arms and indifference crime and disease
and death will go on with the
agonizing sacrifice.
Daring the early French revolution
at Bourges there was a company of boys
who used to train every day as young
soldiers, and they carried a flag and
they had on the flag this inscription,
"Tremble. Tyrants, Tremble; We Are
Growing Up."' Mightily suggestive!
This generation is passing off, and a
mightier generation is coming on. Will
they be the foes of tyranny, the foes of
sin and the foes of death, or will they
be the foes of God? They are coming
up! I congratulate all parents who are
doing theii best to keep their children
away from the alter of sacrifice. Your
prayers are going to be answered. Your
children may wander away from God,
but they will come back again. A voice
comes from the throne today, encouraging
you, t;I will be a God to thee
and to thy seed after thee." And
though when you lay your head in death
there may be some wanderer of the
family far away from God, and you may
> 1 T_ . T _ 1 I
ce zu years in neaven ueiure s<uvau.vu
shall come to his heart, he will be
brought into the kingdom, and before
the throne of God yon will rejoice that
pou were faithful. Come at last though
50 long postponed his coming. Come
it last!
1 congratulate all those who are toiling
for the outcast and the wandering.
Your work will soon be over, but the inn
j.: ;n
nuence you are setung iu iuouuu win
aever stop. =Long after you have been
garnered for the skies your prayers,
pour teachings and pour Christian influence
will go on and help to people
heaven with bright inhabitants. Which
would you rather see. which scene
would you rather mingle in in the last
;reat day, being able to say, "I added
house to house and land to land and
manufactory to manufactory; I owned
half the city; whatever my eye saw I
bad, whatever I wanted I got," or on
:hat day to have Christ look you full in
;he fa^e and say, "I was hungry, and
pe fed me; I was sick and in prison,
md ye visited me, inasmuch as ye did
it to the least of these my brethren, ye
lid it to me?"
An exchange gets off the following:
[ want to be a farmer and till the virgin
soil, and labor in the sunshine to
'weatand stew and boil; I want to earn
arge acres whereupon the rye to sow,
md wateh the cornstalk waving, and
aear the mortgage grow; I want to be a
?armer, and grow a Hubbard squash.
:he pumpkin and potatoes, and other
stuff, by gosh; I want to be a farmer. I >
au upuil iuy ouui, uun ua>cu 15cu.^
noney to buy a gopher bole.
A special dispatch to the New York
{Vorld from Manila says: "It is the universal
opinion among army men here
hat it will require the presence of 50,-,
)00 American troops to occupy the
:erritory that has been taken and
;o keep open communications among'
:he islands." We would infer from
;his that our forces arc not making
much progress towards pacifying the
aatives of the Philippines.
A paper published a long obituary
says an exchange, of a.aan who had
died in the community, closing with the
ratement that a "loog procession of
friends followed the remains to the last
roasting place." The ^>mily read the
nore and discovered the supposed error
and asked the editor to make correction
in the word '"roasting," but he said
he could not do it until the seven years
back subscription which deceased owed j
him had been paid.
The only man that doesn't make a
fool of himself occasionally is the one
that nature saved the trouble.
The Forma! Report of the Legis- j
lative Committee,
r\irn\/Ti iiha t % i i n? ai it
The Profits and Losses, Receipts :
and Disbursements, Assets
And Liabilities Tabulated.
The legislative committee, after mak- i
eg a formal inspection of the dispen- j
sary, has submitted its report. From j .
the figures submitted the expense was
greater than the profit the last quarter, '
the time covered by the report. The
total receipts for the quarter amounted j
to S377,G94.24 and the total disburse- J
ments to ?391.236.57, bringing down j
the balance in the State treasury at the j i
first of the year from $4(5,073.21: to j '
$32,433.91. The report follows:
Dear Sir: The committee appointed j 1
by the officers of the general assembly |
to investigate and examine tiie books
of the State dispensary for the year
1809 begs leave to submit the following
report for the quarter ending 3Iarch
The stook on hand was taken on 1
March 31st and April 1st by D. F.
Efird, representing the committee, and 1
Messrs. Miles and. Bojkin, represent- 1
ing the State board of control. All j
liquors, supplies, machinery and office !
fixtures were exhibited and taken, as j
per inventory submitted.
The committee met April 17th and j
proceeded to examine the books and <
cnnr?Vipr<5 fnr r.liA mrmt.hs nf .lanuarv. ! 3
. -w. ~ ~ _ w V 7 .
February and March. - We found the ]
collections and expenditures, with '
vouchers for each and every item prop- :
erly recorded. (
We append hereto the following
statements: Assets and liabilities for
said quarter; profit and loss account,
and cash statement of receipt and dis- ]
bursements. J
We find that the books of the institu- 3
tion correspond with the cash balance
of the State treasurer, with the exception
of warrants issued which have not '
been presented for payment.
All of which is respectfully submit- i
T. J. Stanland,
D. F. Efird,
A. C. Lyles.
Quarterly statement of State dispensary
for quarter ending March 31:
Cash in State treasury
March 31....:.- $ 32,438.91
Merchandise in hands of I a
dispensers March 31 210,283.18 j
Merchandise at State dis- i
pensary 135,449 98 s
Supplies 35,421.70
Teams and wagons 150.00
Machinery asd office fixtures
2,500 00 <
Contraband 775 00
Real estate 34,899 45 (
Suspended accounts ' 3,517.95 *
Personal accounts due State * j
for royalty on beer, etc.. 7.255.88 j
Total assets $462,696.43 1
School fund $406,325.58 1
r? _ . i _ i {
rersonai accounts uue oy
State for supplies, whiskies,
wines, beers, alcohol,
etc 56,370.85 j
Total liabilities $462,696.43 ]
Statement of profit and loss account c
for quarter ending March 31st:
Gross profits on merchandise
sold during the quar- 1
ter ; $100,334.40
Discounts on whiskey purchases
1,323 31
Contraband seizures 1.904.17 J
Permit fees 4.50 ,
Profits from beer dispensa- j
ries St... 6,422 98 c
Total gross profits ?109,989.36 i
losses. <
Supplies, bottles, corks, 1
labels, wire, tin foil, j
boxes, etc., used during {
quarter- $ 31,773.32 ^
Depreciated value cf teams (
aud wagons 30.00 i
Depreciated value of ma- (
chinerv and office fixtures 38S.30
Constabulary 12,692.77
Breakage and leakage 131.73
Freight and express charges 19,242.22 i
Labor 3.997.03 1
Insurance 217.50 I
Expense account 5 200.69 1
T"-* i on r\n t
jjiagauon iou.vu .
Loss by robbery at Salke- t
hatchie dispensary '14.72 r
Loss by fire at Jacksonboro [
dispensary 22G.S6 t
Worthless wines at W. J.
Mott's dispensary 59.10
Undercredit of prices of
goods at tne manning ais- s
pensary 100.00 1
Uop.n-1 license by dispenser *
at Ulmer's, the profits of *
that dispensary not being c
sufficient to bear expenses 50.00 *
Total expenses $ 74,354.24 C
Net profits on sales for quarter,
passed to the credit
of the school lund 35,695.12 ^
Total S109.939.36 ]
Cash statement for quarter ending 1
of 1QQQ- i
A'AUl vu AWVV ~
receipts. *
Balance in Scate treasury. .$ 46,073.24
January receipts 139,740.76
February receipts 117,747.19
March receipts 120,116.29 ^
Total $423,677.48 \
January disbursements... .$151,596 14
February disbursements... 133,568.95
March disbursements 106,073.48 (
Total , $391,236.57 '
In 1511 when the Spaniards, under '
Velasquez, were devastating Cuoj. a <
chief by the name of liatu??y, wa-< con- 1
demnei to V.urneJ alive. When i
ure-d at. tlie >take to embrace Chnstian- 1
itj i li te i.io soul might find admission 1
into Heaven, he inquired if the white
men would-go there. On being an
swered in the affirmative, he exclaimed,
"Then I will not be a Christian; 1
for I would not go again to a place 1
where I must find men so cruel!" What
impressions of Christianity are wegiv- t
ing the heathens of the Philippines? I
The New York World's account of '
the burning of the VaDderbilt country ?
place, '"Idle Hour," where W. K. Vauderbilt,
Jr., and his bride were spending
their honeymoon, contains this bit
of information: "Two Pinkerton de- ^
tectives were on the premises. One j
was outside the house, the second had ,
accompanied Mr. and Mrs. Vanderbilt _
to 'Idle Hour,' at the express wish of c
the bride, and occupied a room on the "
same floor as the young couple." *
'.T i ? !! I vmi m-V.-, ? 1 > 'lit .
They Arc Still Made, Largely for Export.
"Oh, yes, paper collars are stili
made," said a haberdasher, smilingly,
in reply to an inquisitive customer.
'Thirty years ago they were worn by
men who considered themselves very
good dressers. Now their use is conlined
to a few old fellows who won't ;
change and, of course, they have to j
be manufactured to order. There are ;
several customers for them here, and j
a wealthy planter who lives some dis- |
tance north of the city orders them by j
thousand lots. I was in New England
last summer, and while visiting a little i
town famous for its collar-makers saw !
an old nlant used for turninsr out the
paper article. It had been rusting i
away in snence for years, and I was i
astonished at its size. The buildings
easily covered an acre, and the machinery
was enormous. I was told that
in its heyday the concern shipped its
product all over the world, and sold
paper collars even in the Fiji Islands.
I supposed they must have been used
nc tritnTYiinrrc rmccinnnrv
"The celluloid collar inaustry is still
very much alive, and you may be surprised
to know that its trade last year
was the largest on record. Who buys
them? Lots of different people. Thousands
are sold to seafaring men, particularly
those whose voyaging takes
mere into tne tropics, rxance, ueimany,
and Italy import an immense
number. Another big lot is supplied
tinder contract to the Russian army?
a. fact not generally knovrn?and I
understand there is a large sale of
them in Turkey.
"The principal market in this country
is in the West. The lumbermen up
in the Minnesota and Wisconsin regions
regard them as very recherche,
i-nri fhot7 hnT thorn hv thf? hnlf?. Tn
the cities they are worn generally by
policemen, who would find it impossible
to keep a linen collar looking neat
in bad weather.The great objection to
celluloid collars used to be their Inaamabilitv.
Their composition is very
Like gun-cotton, and it was formerly a
common joke to touch a match to a
fellows neck-gear and see it vanish.
JTou can't do that now. A new process
has rendered them fireproof."
The Best-Lighted City.
Paris is now said to be the best
lighted city in the world and a model
[or all cities that are bent on introducing
electric lighting on a grand scale,
[t is the great installation under the
rast central markets of Paris that has
enabled he municipality to command
:he situation and to carry out a
scheme which has been settled, not
hastily, but after a patient, scientific
md systematic study.
This installation, however, has never
t>een intended for the general work of
Lighting. It is for experimental purposes,
and also for acting as a regu/ ?>?
?staa Aonh tho
:ity, radiatiiig from a centre, being
eased for a limited terra to a responsible
electric company.
The old troublesome question of how
to dispose of wires never arises iu
Paris, where, thanks mainly to the
subways, there are absolutely no obstructive
Tea Cl arette?.
The ordinary much-maligned tobacco
;igarette, says a medical journal, must
Field up the finest place as a destroyer
)f nerves and vitality and general eneny
of mankind. Its successful rival,
which has apperred recently In the
ield, is the tea cigarette. It is made
.'rom unbroken leavt of green tea mis:d
with a little tea dust. The combinaion.
is moistened, rolled and inserted
n a paper wrapper so that outwardly
t looks like an ordinary cigarette. The
iffects are peculiar. The smoker first
ixperiences a thickening sensation of
iie head and is afflicted with a desire
:o sit down. This phase is followed
jy a period of intense exhilaration,
.vhich, presumably, accounts for the
labit; the third phase is nausea and
lisgust for all food.
The beginning of recovery is marked
)y a yearning for tea in any form.
The tea cigarette habit is said to be
peculiarly difficult to overcome.
An Ingenious Device.
Formerly the ashes on steamships
vere gathered into great cans, hoisted
:o the decKS with more or less difficulty
md thrown overboard. Among the
lew devices for labor saving in this
lirection is a chute into which a very
;trong air current is forced. The ashes
ire placed in the chute as they ac:umulate
and are almost instantly
>lown through this conductor into the
:e.a_ The amount of labor saved by
bis means can scarcely be appreciated
jy those who have not watched the
wearisome dragging of the enormous
quantity of refuse from the furnaces
n steamships; and large plants of this
Good Work of the Anc.ents.
Eighteen hundred years ago or thereibouts,
the Roman emperor Trajan
milt a bridge across .ne Danube, the
jiers of which are found by the Rou
* wirvwet +n C11Q.
IlULlIilll ovrxavt
ain a new structure, which Trill unite
:he towns of Ternu Severin, in Rounania,
and Gladova, In Servia. In the
niddle of the structure the statue of
Trajan will stand lour squares to all
:he winds that blow.
School Children Provided For.
At Roubaix, one of the socialist
itrongholds of France, the 11,000 pubic
school children receive free food
md clothing at the expense of the
own. Their dinner at scnooi consists
if soup, bread, vegetables, meat and a
jlass of wine. At the beginning of
;nmmer and of winter each child retires
a complete suit of clothes.
A Strange Pet.
Perhaps the strangest pet ever kept
)y a man was a wasp which Sir John
jubbock caught in the Pyrenees and
esolved to tame. He began by teachng
it to take its meals on his hand, and
u a very short space of time it grew
o expect to be fed in that way.
Very Hard Wood.
Some of tne petrified wood found in
Arizona, it Is said, is so hard that steel
ools will not work It, the petrifications
>eing only three degrees less in hardless
than a diamond.
An exchange gets off the following:
[ want to he a farmer and till the virgin
Boil, and labor in the sunshine to sweat
- ?J ~ <3 Vv/vM. T TT-ont to parTi I
dXIU bLU VV dUU UVllj JL VV 0 ?
icres, whereupon the rye to sew, and
watch the cornstalk waving, and hear
[he mortgage grow; I want to be a
banner, and grow a Hubbard squash,
:he pumpkin and potatoes, and other
stuff, by gosh; I want to be a farmer,
[ do, upon my soul, but I haven't got
:he money to buy a gopher hole.
On the Trail of a Pension.
A somewhat pathetic letter comes
:rom an old colored citizen. It is as
"De rain has done beat down my cot.on,
an' most er my co'n -is done ruint.
ily son wuz a sojer in de war wid de
Suaniels. He lost two legs in. it Do
rou reckon de guv-ment will give him
|2 a leg fer 'em?"
Level Sea Bottom.
The bottom of the Pacific between
lawaii and California is said to be so
evel that a railroad could be laid for
iOO miles without grading anywhere.
This fact was discovered by the United
States surveying vessel engaged in
naking soundings with a vievcpf laynz
cable. -
* wmmwtmu i m iThb iinni i ^ 11 iiwV i 1 t*W
- . ^
?.?. '
Nearly Everyone Manifests Soma Favorite j
- j , i
i^rerycoar, more or less, possesses a |
favorite nreiiidfrp -o-TiiVh in tfiA pvw i
, ? __ (
of everybody else, appears nonsensical i
and unnecessary. In the gay time o? j
the Georges, for instance, the young j
rakes strove their hardest to develop j
some peculiarity or curious prejudice, j
by -which their names-would become ;
famous, and possibly through this behanded
on to posterity.
Just now there is an eccentric old
gentleman living near Luton, in Bed
fordshire, who persists in donning the
attire of an earlier time. Any day he
may be seen taking his walks, wearing
knee breeches and an indescribable
green waistcoat, whilst his silk hat is
peculiarly antique. Notwithstanding _
the remonstrances of his friends, he re- |
fuses absolutely to dress up-to-date,
protesting that he is a great admirer
of the good old days and of all its customs.
The present-day orthodox dress
Is far too sober and severe to suit his
Equally singular is the prejudice
against modern things shared by an
other old gentleman who is the squire ;
of a small village in Derbyshire. He j
also shuns from his tables any French j
;.r continental dishes, allowing the
:ook to prepare only plain food, in
.vhich a saddle of beef always plays a
conspicuous part. As might be expected,
he is a firm believer in the greatness
of his country, and has never yet j
evinced a desire to travel further than j
Scotland, where he possesses anotner j
A celebrated author professes a ter- j
rible prejudice against cats. He can
neither eat nor -worlc while one is in
the room, and says that, without seeing
the animal, he can tell whether one
ia about. A well-known politician is
similarly prejudiced against the feline
Music halls and theaters are the pet
aversion of another individual, who
ascribes much of the wickedness of this
world to their influence. His eldest
son, of twenty-two, once visited a certain
place of this description, and so
enraged was his father that the latter
vowed that if it occurred again he
would cut him off with the proverbial
A -wealthy old lady living in Derbyshire
las never yet entered a train,
although her age must be very nearly
eighty. Her ideas are naturally very
old-fashioned, and so great is her dislike
to railways that-she has fixed upon
a house some fifteen miles away
from the nearest line. When she does
travel, she accomplishes it by means
of a pony chaise very similar to the
one the queen uses at Balmoral.
Science's Triumph Over Crime.
The Berlin newspapers have lately
been telling with great ^Tee of a triumph
of science over crime. In one of
the great offices of the German capital,
a number of petty thefts had been committed,
the pockets of coats hanging in
the anterooms being visited and cigars
and small change extracted. The police
-were for a time nonplussed and
invoked the aid of science. A professor
being consulted, he advised the insertion
of a delicate aniline powder in
the mouth end of seme cigars to be
placed at the mercy of the thief. The
next morning there was a summoning
of the clerks an a general inspection of
Hno nnVunnv VOrtth WSS
LiieiJL 1UUUCU. w ---?
discovered with aniline tongue and lips.
= Keeley
Cor. Vanderhorst, | e i ? ^ ? ?
Produce each a disease haviDg deSn- {
ite pathology. The disease yields j
easily to the Double Chloride of Gold j
? 1 -i-i-i ?-J -i. 1.1 I
Treatment as aamimscereu at iubuwvc j
Keeley Institute.
N. B.?The Keeley Treatment is j
administered in South Carolina
High arm Sewing
Fully guaranteed for ten ye
I I all the latest attachments, b<
i inentcd wood work. "
Price $18.C
Money refunded after 30 day
j is not as good as the $40.00 to ;
sold by agents.
Send for circulars and state
We are headquarters for Fumr
Mattings, Carpets, Sewir
jj | Baby C'arriacca, etc.
I Address
IIIO & 1112 Brc
lO?bjEWln'Mi 111 III
Tie Great Setmion. ]
' The great reunion of the Veterans of I
the ever to be venerated Confederacy
is now but a little more than a month
.-,ff T'nu nn/3'.-irxr i.otrinfi?rvi Pif flfa? i
old Charleston is oozing at every pore |
and such extensive preparations are be- j
ing made for the reception and enter- j
tainment of the thousands who vrill
visit the old shino of chivalry as will
cause this to overshadow all other reunions,-especialj.
in open-handed hospitality
and the coming together of the
scattered survivors of the heroic a nine? !
that stood the shock of the world> j
-V 1 ,?tkon ,
t;u<llgca 111 ICglVLL XVX ilivxo U.au ?^'M. .
years. As the Rock Hill Herald says \
it it to be a great occasion and every ;
old Veteran who followed the Starry ,
Cross ought to be there, and as the bar- !
talion's move once agai?: over Charle?- i
ton's proud thoroughfares, hear us in j
days of yore the invincible "rebel yell. '* I
It will be there and will awaken memo- j
rics of the immortal achievements < f j
the grandest armies that ever faced an j
overpowering foe in battle. Gen. Joe !
Wheeler will deliver the emtio< and
the ever-faithful city will be gorgeous !
in holiday attire in honor of the coming j
once again of the men who stood her j
hrm defenders for so many years. The j
Veteran visit to Charleston may be i
their last pilgrimage to the Mecca of j
Southern chivalry and fcoaor. and there I
will be no disappointments. Th^ News i
and Courier tells us of the great preparations
being made, and from it we
learn that more money has been subscribed
than in any of the other Reunion
cities and the end is not yet. Nearly
$15,000 have been raised and the
sources of contribution have by no
means been exhausted. In addition
to the funds secured for the entertainment
of the Veterans the city has ex
pended over $30,000 in the erection of
the handsomest Auditorium in the
Southern States^ There is another very
significant indication of the general
interest in the Reunion, and that is of
all the money raised not $500 have
come from people or places outside of
city of Charleston, and not a cent of
the fund for the entertainment of the
Veterans is the result of municipal appropriation,
but represents the patriotic
offerings of the people of the city to
the men who wore the Grey. The eommiflpft
on nuartersand housing has Dro
vided sleeping placesfor 30,000 visitors
and every day Eew names are added to
the list of those wlio will assist in taking
care of the guests. A very important
feature of the arrangements for
the reception of the people is the special
effort that is being made to give
the ladies every comfort that is possible
under tbe circumstances, to which reference
is made elsewhere. The committee
on restaurants has secured the
names of places where meals can be
furnished to 25,000 persons daily.
for catalogue. Free scholarships
rm ftflsv conditions to
those who write sou a. Railroad
fare paid. Cheap board.
Notes accepted. Can pay part
of expenses by working in the
college office. Address, men- j
tioning course d-sired.
\Y. H. NEWBERRY, Prest j
a a _ _ ? _ _
School of
Th:s ?choo' h*? t" e reparation of being the ;
he i htusite** ii:vim?iou in tr e Si* ? ;
nr? S-o'iHnz re n?in$mti?e j'Ovi i>t;? ?? J
fT-eri-ai.tiV h-h'ir.kui=r, i-uiir?nci?, r?;i' >
rai &<?.. m 'iiis aa i t-- < r
"I lf? ?0 W II Ml'-f tit. <*o?rt ;
rxp1 r O'lnnjbw, S 0 , fi-r :er:n* e'.- j
r T oi^Pfi
ssw1 y DhPly
__ .. L
Machine |p
ars, fitted with ?T2k
eautifully in.a$50.00
machines ^ iff jig
wnat you want.. kw
ture, Stoves,
ig Machines,
The Padgett Furn
>ad Street,
hi i -rmriifw ????*
Flour Mill j
_ 1
? *1 f?"i- I
issuer rioar mm*.
r5!-L J fill.. RSIH li]?*!#? J
iiiCDiMiD buy iiiw nuif.i, a
Flour ?l.i: I 1 t: i t; ;?i v'
aad lt/i :< > i?a i: t i ? > / : ?. "M
I am prepared to build mill> ?.? -S
the most improved plans aad j.'
prices to compete with aay o:m
C JL in the trade. We guaraat*- J
the products of our^wiis t->
equal the grades of the best
Western miils. Before
piaciag your orders
m to??
n w M*V*
I also handle a complete line of "A' ? > I ^
Workiag Machinery: Saw Mills. K >
gines and Boiler, Cora Mills a.ii M. chinery
in general.
Having been established in bu<iz?t^3 .j:
here for sixteen years, I have baih up
my trade by-selling the very
class of machinery, and am i:? j b srtcr
position to serve the intere?- >f tay ^
customers than ever before. ?2
- :M
"" mi m*
V. li. uaanam, |
Fro.n ticker Drrcct io Pl'-'lhe ~,cr "JS
| A Good J 1
SSS give encuea h m
TllC vexation. ?? f ^
I Mathusbck ? |
^ Is always Good, always Reliable aR T
ighf always Satisfactory, always Last* mm
"9e5 ing. You take no chances In boy aH > ^
SI1 costs somewhat ^ore than a 9
95 cheap, poor piano, but Is much the M| '
?? cheapen m toe ena. gSSv
tootherHisrhGradePlanosold?p M
sSa reasonable. Factory prices to retail
SS? buyers. Easy payments. Write?*. ?M
H * LUDDEN & BATES, 3 /&
Address: JL>. A. Jb'JR.kcejur*; .w> u( ^
We are State Agents for -n 1 _;nik.?i
SPECIALTY of equippio^r i^t^TTv^-c - ;
K/vlom flrinr?/?ri<?<5 with the t 'u^rnlc:?
Murray Sinning System, J
tije si:upl*-st ana i?o*t O-jUo.: giii'tcl H
oij this system c<jui-?a i-J s a huhsr asav^H
ket piice than any other. h>j (~th? mi<fl
ehiucry itself id a snxrvd of -i up \z\l$ A
Wcco'itroi th'sSuN; :ii ?.pr.?v?,4 I
Murray Ci<-a.ilit? Feeder. *??;c.i i*H
u:?quej>tioru.bi} the be-t gii feeder ?v;
y?.t iaveatcl. P*ru?\s co>i?.cui,jiaUUj{ H
d ^?rchais of michider.v of cili-1 km 1
are invited to correspond wich us
Machinery akd 'wilt, Supplies of .
all kinds at h in i-iu^iotarcM -t2
No-7 is the time to pljwe voir order Jj
for a ihresniag raaebine; bay the best, "J
we sell it?she FAKQO'if V: v - I
'it tf^" Of " *1 1 * tfV -T?B
l<< ? t 1 *1? , V'-K * *
li. v j Ky
( i-U ;}'.\ S C
iiilLe lor; i-jii i'ji-li'J
Co't'i'i ! '?> ijti . \ i?d.ro iKir 0?. jsj
. _ ..^SSZSU 'SS? ?72ZaBB3SM* %
:APW^i !l 1
1^1 EI * w-!
>>''. ?.- ? V/-> t VT
C t\ly $IC~GQ.
U-:.? 17x11 in* u :??ur -c ?n?4r**' ji ?
f -tJ
t lii.rs ;:a?i jruaran- p
i\ .1 ?oo?l b:ikcr We Jit ilii* if
,'U' i.p wiJt forty i koesof ware 1
t!.o latest stove ware.
fo :ulvcrtise our I/iisint-sfi we
is Si ! r!:;s N<>. s ( coking Stove, ;
U-?i "i:li ' < I'i-.t'rs <-f ware fur j
5/O.GC GASH. y-M
^4^.^ ' I
iture Co. |
Augusta, 6a.
1-1 1

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