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The Fairfield news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1881-1900, June 07, 1899, Image 4

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/2012218613/1899-06-07/ed-1/seq-4/

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ti?i6m&mamatrii n 11 i?m miii vwr? ' mi-w
Dr, Talmage Discusses the Re- j
public's Destiny.
Of the United States. Nihilism
Also an Evil Power. Infidelity ?
a Source of Weakness.
In this discourse Dr. Talmage speaks
of some of the perils tint threaten our
American instituions, and points out
the path of safety; test, Isaiah lxii, 4,
"Thy land shall be married."
As the greater includes the less, so
^uqcs the circle of future joy around our
entireT^orld include the epicycle of our
own republic, Bold, exhilarant, unique,
divine imagery""^ our test. At the
f>lnse of a -week in which for Jhree days
our national capital was a pageant aj?d
all that grand review and bannered procession.
and national anthems conld do,
celebrated peace, it may not be inapt to
anticipate the time when the Prince of
Peace and the heir of universal dominion
shall take possession of this nation,
and "thy land shall be married."
la discussing me nuai ucsuuj v*
nation it makes all the difference in the
world whether we are on the way to a
funeral or a wedding. The Bible leaves
no doubt on this subject. In pulpits
and on platforms and in places of public
concourse, I hear so many of the
muffled drums of evil prophecy sounded,
as though we were on the way to
national interment,-and besides Thebes
and Babylon and Tyre in the cemetery
of dead nations our republic was to be
enfnmhpr? that I wish vou to under
stand it is not to be obsequies, but nuptials;
not mausoleum, but carpeted altar;
not requiem, bat wedding march;
for ''thy land shall be married."
I propose to name some of the suitors
who are claiming the hand of this republic.
This land is so fair, so beautiful,
so affluent that it has many suitors,
and it will depend much upon your
advice whether this or that shall be acnr
rfliected. In the first place,
I remark: There is a greedy, all grasping
monster who comes in as suitor
seeking the hand of this republic, and
that monster is known by the name of
monopoly. His scepter is made out of
the iron of the rail track and the wire
of telegraphy. He does everything for
his own advantage and for the robbery
~of the people. Things went on from
bad to worse until in the three legislatures,
of New York, New Jersey and
Pennsylvania for a long time monopoly
decided everything. If monopoly favor
a law, it passes; if-'monopoly oppose
a law it is rejected. Monopoly stands
in the railroad depot putting into his
T\A/?V#>fs in one vear $200,000,000 in ex
cess for all reasonable charges for services.
Monopoly hold in his one hand
the steam power of locomotion and in
the other the electricity of swift communication.
Monopoly has the Repubcan
party in one poeket and the Democratic
party in the other pocket Monopoly
decides nominations and elections?city
elections, state elections,
national elections. With bribes he se
cures the votes of legislators, giving
them free passes, giving appointments
to needy relatives to lucrative positions,
employing them as attorneys if they are
lawyers, carrying their goods for 15
per cent, less if they are merchants,
and if he find a case very stubborn as
well as very important puts down before
him the hard cash of bribery.
But monopoly is not so easily caught
now as when during the term of Mr.
'1 ^ in
-Buchanan tne iegisiai XVC Wlimuvgyy
one of our states explored and exposed
tie manner in which a certain railway
csrapany had obtained a donation of
public land. It was found out that 13
of the senators of that state received
$175,000 among them, 60 members of
the lower house of that state received between
$5,000 and $10,000 each, the
governor of that state received $50,000,
his clerk received $5,000, the lieutenant
governor received $10,000, all the
clerks of the legislature received $5,000
each, while $50,000 was divided among
the lobby agents. That thing on a
? n ii _ x
larger or smaller scale is an tne uiue
going oil in some of the states of the
Union, but it is not so blundering as it
used to be, and therefore not so easily
exposed or arrested. I tell you that the
overshadowing curse of the United
States today is monopoly. He pu's his
? /vP unnn
nana upon every uuauw vt ?
every sack of salt, upon every ton of
coal, and every man, woman and child
in the United States feels the touch of
that moneyed despotism. I rejoice
that in 24 states of the Union already
anti-monopoly leagues have been established.
God speed them in the work
of liberation.
I have nothing to say against capitalists;
a man has a right to all the money
he can make honestly. I have nothing
to say against corporations as such;
without them no great enterprise would
be possible, but what I do say is I
that the same principles are to be
. applied to capitalists and to corporations
that are applied to the
poorest man and the plainest laborer.
What is wrong for me is wrong for great
corporations. If I take from yon your
property without aDy adequate compensation,
I am a thief, and, if a railway
damages the property of the people
without making any adequate compensation,
that is a gigantic theft. What
is wrong on a small scale is wrong on a
large scale. Monopoly in England has
" " ? i f* 1
ground hundreds ot tnousanas 01 ner
best people into semistarvation, and in
Ireland has driven multitudinous tenants
almost to madness, and in the
United States proposes to take the
wealth of sixty or seventy millio :s of
people and put it in a few silken wallets.
Monopoly, brazen faced, iron angered,
vulture hearted monopoly, offers his
hand to this republic. He stretches it
out over the lakes and up the great railroads
and over the telegraph poles of the
continent and says: "Here are my I
heart and hand. Be mine forever."' j
Let the millions of the people north, I
south, east and west forbid the banns
of that marriage, forbid them at the
ballet box, forbid them on the platform,
forbid them by great organizations, for
bid them by the overwhelming sentiment
of an outraged nation, forbid them
by the protest of the church of God,
forbidjthem by prayer to high heavenS
That Herod shall not have this Abigail.
It shall not be to all devouring monopoly
that this land is to be married.
Another suitor claiming the hand of
this republic is nihilism.
He owns nothing but a knife for
universal cutthroatcry and a nitroglycerin
bomb for universal explosion.
He believes in no God, no government,
no heaven and no hell except what he
can make on earth. He slew the czar
of Russia, keeps many a king practically
imprisoned, killed Abraham Lincoln,
would put to death every king and
president on earth, and. if he had the
ii C" m MIL fT~r 'iri 11
power, would climb up until he could
drive the Gcd of heaven from his throne
and take it himself, the universal
1?1 ? "I?if ?c r*r\rr\_
ouiccer. iu xiauuc n id wibu wu ,
munism; in the United States it is called
anarchism; in Russia it is called nihilism,
hut that is the most graphic and
descriptive term. It means complete
and eternal smash up. It woula make
the holding of property a crime, and it
would drive a dagger through your heart
and put a torch to your dwelling and
turn over tbis whole Jana into me possession
of theft and lust and rapine and
"Where does this monster live? In
all the towns and cities of this land. It
oSers its hand to this fair republic. It
proposes to tear to pieces the ballot
box, the legislative hail, the congressional
assembly. It would take this
land and divide it up, or rather, divide
it down. It would give as much to the
idler as to the worker, to the bad as to
the good. Nihilism! This panther
having prowled across other lands has
set its paw on our soil, and it is ODly
waiting for the time in which to spring
upon its prey. It was nihilism that
burned the railroad property at Pittsburg
during the great riots; it was niozn
that slew black people in our I
northern cities during ine war; it was
nihilism that mauled to death the Chinese
immigrants years ago; it i? nihilism
that glares out of the windows of the
drunkeries upon sober people as they
goby. Ah, its power has never yet
been tested, i pray (ion its power may
never be fully tested. It would, if it
had the power, leave every church,
chapel, cathedral, schoolhouse and college
in ashes.
Let me say it is the worst enemy of
the laboring classes in any country.
The honest cry for reform lifted by oppressed
laboring men is drowned out by
the vociferation for anarchy. The
criminals and the vagabonds who range
through our cities talking about their
rights, when their first right is the penitentiary?if
they could be hushed up,
and the downtrodden laboring men of
this country could be heard, there would
be more bread for hungry children. In
this land, riot and bloodshed never
gained any wages foi the people or
gathered up any prosperity. In this
'and the best weapon is not the club,
not the shillalah, not firearms, but the
ballot. Let not our oppressed laboring
men be beguiled to coming under the
bloody banner of nihilism. It will
make your tases heavier, your wages
smaller, your table scantier, your children
hungrier, your suffering greater.
Yet this nihilism, with feet red of
slaughter, comes forth and offers its
hand for this republic. Shall the banns
be proclaimed? If so, where shall the
marriage altar be? and who will be the
officiating priest? and what will be the
music? That altar will have to be
white with bleached skulls, the officiating
prie?t must be a dripping assassin
the music must be the smothered groan
of multitudinous victims, the garlands
must be twisted of night shade, the
" ?^ t- 1? .? oj?:
iruits must De appiea ui uuuuu,
wine must be the blood of St. Bartholomew's
massacre. No! It is not to
nihilism, the sanguinary monster,- that
this land is to be married.
Another suitor for the hand of this
nation is infidelity. . When the midnight
ruffians despoiled the grave of A.
T. Scewart in St. Mark's churchyard
everybody was shocked; but infidelity
proposes something worse than that?
the robbing of all the graves of Christendom
of the hope of a resurrection.
It proposes to chisel out from the tombstones
of your Christian dead the words
"Asleep in Jesus," and substitute the
words, ' 'Obliteration?annihilation."
-nronnsfts; to take the letter
?X" "X
from the world's Father, inviting the
nations to virtue and happiness, and
tear it up into fragments so small that
vou cannot read a word of it. It proposes
to take the consolation from the
brokenhearted, and the soothing pillow
from the dying. Infidelity proposes to
swear in the president of the United
States, and the supreme court, and the
governors oi states, ana me witnesses
in the courtroom with their right hand
on Paine's Age of Reason," or Voltaire's
"Philosophy of History." It proposes
to "take away from this country the book
that makes the difference between the
United States and the kingdom of Dahomey,
between American civilization
and Bornesian cannibalism. If infidelity
could destroj' the Scriptures, it
would in 200 years turn the civilized
nacions back to semibarbarism, and
then from semibarbarism into mid
i . ?i.:i ~
mgnt savagery, uuui wc uxuiais ui a,
menagerie of tigers, rattlesnakes and
chimpanzes would be better than the
morals of the shipwrecked human race.
The only impulse in the right direction
that this world has ever had has
come from the Bible. It was the
mother of Roman law and of healthful
jurisprudence. T*iat book has been the
j mother of all reforms and all charities
| ?mother of English magna charta and
American declaration of independence.
| BeDjamin Franklin, holding that holy
j book in his band, stood, oerore an infidel
club in Paris and read to them out
of the prophecies of Habakkuk, and
the infidels, not knowing what book it
was, declared it was tbe best poetry
they had ever heard. That book brought
George Washington down on his knees
in the snow at V alley Jb'orge, and led
the dying Prince Albert to ask some
one to sing "Rock of Ages."
I tell you that i;he worst attempted
crime of the certury is the attempt
to destroy this book. Yet infidelity,
loathsome, stenchi'ul, leprous, pestiferous,
rotten monster, stretches out its
hand, ichorous wnh the second death,
to take the hand of this republic. It
stretches it out through seductive magazines,
and through lyceum lectures,
and through caricatures of religion. It
asks for all that part of the continent
already fully settled and the two-thirds
not yet occupied. It says: "Give me
all east of the Mississippi, with the keys
of the church and with the Christian
printing presses. Then give me Wyom
" A Inrl'n m i ATAwfonO
I IDg, V -LUC -TXIctOrwCl, ^|i* C JULL t/ i'JLVUUUUU^
give me Colorado, give me all the states
j west of the Mississippi and I will take
! those places and keep them by right of
I possession long before the gospel can
be fully intrenched.
And this suitor presses his case appallingly.
Shall the banns of that marriage
be proclaimed? {k2so!" say the
home missionaries of the west, a martyr
band of whom the world is not worthy,
toiling amid fatigues and malaria and
starvation. "No. not if we can help it.
T-. y J. j 1 ?(.
i5y Wflat we iiUU UUX Uiiliuicu uavc omfered
we forbid the banns of that marriage!"
"No!" say all patriotic voices.
"Our institutions were bought at too
dear a price and were defended at too
great a sacrifice to be so cheaply surrendered."
"Xo!" says the God of
Bunker Hill and Independence hall and
Gettysburg. "I did not start this nation
for such a farce.'' "Xo!" cry 10,000
voices. "To infidelity this land
shall not be married!"
! But there is another suitor that pres!
ents his claim for the hand of this rej
public. He is mentioned in the verse
following my ten where it says, "As
j the bridegroom rejoiceth over the bride,
I so shall thy God rejoice over thee." It
' is not my figure. It is the figure of the
i?n iH"V inn mrtinn i i
Bible. Christ is so desirous to hare
this world love him that he stops at 110
humiliation of simile. He compares his
grace to spittle on the eyes of the blind
man. He compares himself to a hen
Catherine' the chickens, and in my text
O r-? - i
he compares himself to a suitor begging
a haod in marriage. Does this Christ,
the King, deserve this land? Behold
Pilate's hall andthe insulting expectoration
on the face of Christ. Behold
the Calvarean massacre and the awful
hemorreage of five wounds. Jacob
served 14 years for Rachel, but Christ,
my Lord, the King, suffered in torture
33 years to win the love ot this world.
As often princesses at their very birth
are pledged in treaty of marriage to
princes or kings of earth, so this nation
at its birth was pledged to Christ for
divine marriage.
Before Columbus and his 120 men embarked
on the Santa Maria, the Pinta
1 VTCAn/1 Al^Pnl T7
It LIU. LUC XI lua 1U1 CJ-L^Al nuuuuiui .v;
age what was the last thing they did?
They sat down and took the holy sacrament
of the Lord Jesus Christ. After
they caught the first glimpse of this
country and the gun of on? ship had
announced it to the other vessels tha?
lanr^ had Vipati discovered, what was ?ffe
song t.h?t vent 1'^.from alLtter^ree
decks? "Gloria in excelsis." After
Columbus and his 120 men had stepped
from the ship's deck to the solid ground,
what did they do? They all knelt and
consecrated the new world to God. What
did the Huguenots do after they landed
in the Carolinas? What did the Holland
refugees do after they had landed
;?* Vairr Vrv-rl-? WViof. fhfl t.TiA nilprim
fathers do after they landed in New
England? With bended knee and uplifted
face and heaven besieging prayer,
they took possession of this continent
for God. How was the first American
congress opened? By prayer, in the
name of Jesus Christ.From its birth
this nation was pledged for holy marriage
with Christ.
And then see how good God has been
tio! Tncf iinon tlio mart of fche noil
VV/ UO? V UUU V|/MM W**v ?v.^, v.
tinent and see how it is shaped for immeasurable
prosperities. Navigable
rivers, more in number and greater
than of any other land, rolling down on
all sides into the sea, prophesying large
manufactuies and easy commerce.
Look at the great ranges of mountains
timbered with wealth on the top
and sides, metaled with wealth under^
** -1 xl
neatii. une nunarea ana eigncy muusand
square miles of coal. One hundred
and eighty thousand square miles
of iron. The land so contoured tW
extreme weather hardly ever lasts i .-tc
than three days?extreme heat or extreme
cold. Climate for the most part
bracing and favorable for brawn and
brain. All fruits, all minerals, all harvests.
Scenery displaying an autuoiDal
pageantry that no land on earth pretends
to rival, ^o South American
i .1 i? xt?
| eartnquaKes. i.*u ouuwiii jcuioud. j.w
London fogs. 2so Egpytian plagues.
No Germanic divisions. Tho people
of the United States are happier than
any people on earth. It is the testimony
of every man that has traveled
abroad. For the poor, more sympathy;
for the industries, more opportunity.
Oh, how good God was to our fathers,
and how good he has been to us and our
children. To him?blessed be his
mighty name?to him of cross and
triumph to him who still remembers the
prayer of the Huguenots and Holland
refugees and the pilgrim fathers?to
him snail this land be married. Oh,
you Christian patriots, by your contributions
and your prayers hasten on the
fulfillment of the text.
We have been turning an important
leaf in the mighty tome of our national
history. One year at the gates of this
continent over 500,000 emigrants arrived.
I was told by the commissioner
! of emigration that the probability was
that in that year 600,000 emigrants
1 would arrive at the different gates of
I commerce. Who were they? The pau!
pers of Europe? Xo. At Kansas
City I was told by a gentleman, who
had opportunity for large investigation,
- J it-, 1,
tnata great mu.iut.uue u&u guuc umuu^u
there, averaging in wordly estate $800.
I was told by an officer of the government,
who had opportunity for authentic
investigation, that thousands and
thousands had gone, averaging $1,000
in possession each. I was told by the
commission of emigration that 20 families
that had recently arrived brought
$85,000 with them. Mark you, fami
lies, not tramps. Additions to the national
wealth, not subtractions therefrom.
I saw some of them reading their
Bibles and their hymnbooks, thanking
God for his kindness in helping them
cross the sea. Some of them had Christ
in the steerage all across the waves and
they will have Christ in the rail trains
which at 5 o'clock every afternoon start
for the great west. They are being
taken by the commission of emigration
in New York, taken from the vessels,
protected from the Shylocks and the
sharpers, and, in the name of God and
humanity, passed on to their destination,
and there they will turn your wilderness
into gardens, if you will build
for them churches and establishfor them
schools and send to them Christian
Are you afraid this continent is going
to be overcrowded with this population?
Ah, that shows you have not been to
California, that shows you have not
been to Oregon, that shows that you
have not been to Texas. A fishing
smack today on Lake Ontario might as
well be afraid of being crowded by other
shipping before night as for any one
of the next ten generations of Americans
to be afraid of being overcrowded
by foreign populations in this country.
The one State of Texas is far larger
than all the Austrian empire, yet the
Austrian empire supports 35,000,000
people. The one State of Texas is
larger than all France, and France supports
36,000,000 people. The one State
of Texas far surpasses in size the German
empire, yet the Germanic empire
supports 41,000,000 people. I tell you
the great want of the western states is
more population.
"While some people may stand at the
gates of the city saying, "Stay back!"
to foreign populations, I press out as
far beyond those gates as I ^an press
out beyond them and beckon to foreign
nations, saying, "Come, come, all ye
people who are honest and industrious
and God loving!" But say you, "lam
so afraid that they will bring their pre
judices for foreign governments and
plant them here," Absurd. They are
sick of tie governments that have oppressed
them, and they want free Amer
ica! Give them the great gospel of
welcome. Throw around them all
Christian hospitalities. mey will aaa
their industry and hard earned wages
to this country, and then we will dedicate
all to Christ and "thy land shall
be married." But where shall the marriage
altar be? Let it be the Rocky
mountains, when, through artificial and
mighty irrigation, all their tops shall
be covered, a? they will be, with vineyards
and orchards and grain fields.
Then let the Bostons and the New Yorks
and the Charlestons of the Pacific coast
come to the marriage altar on one side,
and then let Bostons and the .New l ork
and the Charlestons of the Atlantic
come to the marriage altar on the other
side, and there between them let this
bride of nations kneel and then if the
in W-H1V i MH'PH ?war-mm+rnmmm
organ of the loudest thunders that ever |
shook the Sierra Nevadas on the one
side or moved the fundations of the
Aiieghames on tne otner side snouia
open full diapason of wedding march,
that organ of thunders could not drown
the voice of him who would take the
hand of this bride of nations, saying,
'"asa bridegroom rejoiceth over a bride,
so thy God rejoiceth over thee.", At
that marriage banquet the platters shall
be of Nevada silver, and the chalices of
California gold and the fruits of northern
orchards and the spices of southern
OTATA5 and tb fcanfistrv of American
O* w ?X- * -- -
manufacture and the congratulations
from all the free nations of eartb and
from all the triumphant armies of heav
en. And so thv land ?hall be married."
What the Department of Agriculture
Says About Them.
The following is the weekly bulletin
of the condition of the weather and
crops of .the state issued Wednesday by
'"Ore' South Carolina section of the
climate and crop service;of^the_United
States weather bureau: "
The week ending May 29th averaged
/J A/?I*AAO V? O T-? ncnol
U V cr JLUUA. UCgiCW WUit* WUU.U uwuui,
with an extreme minimum of 45 degrees
at "Walhalla on the 25th.
The rainfall for the week was heavy
at a few widely separated points, hut
was generally light and insufficient to
relieve the prevailing drought. In
some localities no rain fell. The need
of rain is general and is indicated for
all crops. Hail fell over the central
and eastern counties on the 22d, but in
Spartanburg, Unioj). Orangeburg and
Colleton only was any considerable
damage done, and over small areas in
those counties.
The dry weather was favorable for"
cultivation; farm work make rapid progress
and field crops are free from grass
and weeds. Late planted seeds are not
all nn and larffe areas remain to be
planted to com and cotton should the
ground become softened sufficiently to
permit preparation within the next
Where moisture is lacking corn is
" 1 A"
turning yellow, ana iaie piaaungs are
not up. Over about half the State the
crop is in good condition, and over the
more easterly counties is being laid by.
Worms and grasshoppers have damaged
corn in placc3.
i The cool weather was unfavorable
j for cotton, which is making slow
growth, and in a lew localities is infested
by lice. Late plantings not up.
Sea island cotton has good stands.
Late tobacco settings have poor
stands, and in a few localities the
plants are dying for want of moisture.
Early plantings are doing well.
Worms havei aDDeared in one county.
Wheat is ripening and harvesting has
begun. Wheat and oats are below
former expectations, the latter being a
short crop generally for fall sown and
a failure for spring sown. The weather
has been favorable for harvesting.
Rice is doing well in most districts
and has good stands. In Colleton some
fields are infested by caterpillars Hoe
ing has begun in the Georgetown district
and is well advanced elsewhere.
Melons, sugar cane and minor crops
generally continue promising. Truck
farms in the Charleston district were
visited by heavy rains and are greatlv
Some few peas have been planted on
stubble lands but the ground is generally
too dry. No improvement in the
fruit prospects.
Volunteer Soldiers Certain of Getting
Some Extra Money.
Mr. W. Boyd Evans has received a
leter from Judee C. P. Townsend
which is of especial interest to those
having claims against the government
yet unadjusted as well as to volunteer
soldiers of this State. Following is an
' extract from a letter dated at Benaettsviile
and directed to Mr. Evans:
"I returned from Washington last
night. When I called on the auditor
of the war department I found him examining
the claims of South Carolina.
He informs me that all are audited except
four claims, one of them being for
iU- ru?t. T.;?a flio fnr r>T?lv
CLLC VUitSl XJIUI, auu vmv --- _?j
small amounts. I have written the
parties and informed them that unless
they sign the papers and send them and
thus perfect the vouchers their claims
will be disallowed.
"I asked the auditor to wait three or
four days before he sent the check to
Governor Ellerbe. I think vou will re
ceive the checks in the course of ten
"I exhibited to him the submitted
copy of the act you sent me and he said
this was all right, and $1.50 per day
would be allowed by the government.
He further informed me that when
there was no special forms and none
would be required for making out claims
" - 11 L
of officers and men. xne roiis musi
shofothe names, number of days served
between the entry into the service and
the mu-jfer in, the amount due each
with receipt from each man.
1 'He further said there must be the
certificate of some military officer as to
correctness of the rolls and also at
tached to each a copy of tlie act sucn
as you sent me. I think the form of
roll adopted by Captain Carson, judging
from the duplicate of it you sent to me,
will do. The auditor said it must appear
that the men actually volunteered
?that is, that they went to Colnmbia
for this purpose.
"This, I think, embraces all the information
I received. If there is anything
more you would like me to look
into, I will promptly do so.
"C. P. Townsend."
Captains of companies should go to
work at once on the basis of this letter
and get up the rolls. The men will
get $1.50 per day, except officers, who
will rrpt the reeralar armv nay. It is
certain that both the accepted and rejected
men will be paid for the time between
enrollment for the service and
the muster in or rejection from the
United States army. But a receipt for
each individual man must be had and
the soomr the captains forward the
rolls the sooner will the men be paid.
An army officer, probably Captain Fuller,
will be detailed to assist in getting
up correct rolls.
An effort will be made to secure a
month;s extra pay for the First Regiment.
But there is some doubt about
it being obtained, as the regiment was
mustered out before the law allowing
extra pay was passed. j
Five People JJrownea.
Five people, three women and two
men, were drowned "Wednesday at the
foot of Madison street, Toledo, 0., in
full view of a number of persons on the
dock, and so far it has been impossible
to locate the bodies or ascertain the
names. The party was in a row boat
and got in the way of a steamer. The
boat upturned and all went under. The
boat also sank.
Editors Will Spend Week at Harris
Lithia Springs in July.
The South Carolina State Press Association
will meet this yea.- at Harris
Lithia Springs, July 25-2S inclusive,
and promises to be a most interesting
occasion. The program tor tne weeic is
as follows:
Miscellaneous business, appointment
of committees, reports of officers, etc.
A symposium, "The Newspaper.''
1. How to Buy the Stock?J. L.
Sims, Times and Democrat, Orangeburg.
2. How to Print It?Geo. E. Grist,
Enquirer Yorkville.
3. How to Get the News?A. Kohn,
News and Courier, Columbia.
4. How to Make it Readable?E. H.
1 11 TT_?U V^TrrVvrt^TT
AUllj xieraiu auu iiewo, -icnuwij.
5. How to Circulate It?J. C. Gar
lington,, jlerald. i?mrtankgj=ft>-?
Greneral discussion of the above sul>
(Evening Session.)
"Scraps of History of Journalism in
South Carolina"?continued .from the
session of two years ago?Yates Snowden,
News and Courier, Charleston.
"Advantages and Disadvantages of a
Semi-Weekly"?J. T. Bigham, Lan
tern, unester.
"The Relation of the Newspaper to
Public Men"?J. C. Hemphill, Xews
and Courier, Charleston.
General discussion of the above subjects.
Miscellaneous subjects.
(Afternoon Session.)
"For What Am I RunDing a Newspaper?"?
E. W. Nolley. Herald, Conway.
"The Future of the Southern "Woman
in Journalism"?Mrs. Virginia D.
Vrmnp. Enterorise. Fairfax.
General discussion of tlie above subjects.
Miscellaneous subjects.
(Evening Session.)
"The Editor as a Judge of the Good
I Things of Life"?James T. Bacon,
Chronicle, Edgefield.
General discussion of the above subject.
"The Relation of the Daily to the
Country Weekly"?N. G. Gonzales,
The State, Uoiumoia.
'Newspaper Fakes and Fates"?C.
W. Wolfe, Record, Kingstree.
General discussion of the above subject.
Miscellaneous subjects.
(Afternoon Session)
4'The Importance of an Ideal in
Journalism"?Rev W M G-rier, D D,
A R, Presbyterian, Due West.
General discussion of the above subject.
(Evening Session)
At 8:30 o'clock the annual address
before the association will be delivered
- ~ 1 i A Ol 11 ^ ^
Dy uoi JFieasant sx otuva.ii, cuiwi i.^v
Press, Savannah, G-a.
At the conclusion of Colonel StovaH's
address, a banquet will be tendered the
association by Mr Harris.
"Personal Reminiscences of South
rumiin^ -Trtnmalism " to be onened by
vaivuu?vuu. , ,
Col J A Hoyt, Mountaineer, Greenville,
and followed by Col T B Crews,
Herald, Laurens; L M Grist, Enquirer,
Yorkville; Chas Petty, Spartan, Spartanburg;
F Melchers, Zeitung, Charleston;
Rev Sidi H Browne, Christian
Neighbor, Columbia; Gen R R Hemphill,
Medium, Abbeville; M B McSweeney,
Guardian, Hampton; "W P
1 VAnr^ArrTT
nouseai, v-/userver,
Build Cotton Mills.
Mr. D. A. Tompkins, of Charlotte,
N. C., is one of the most successful cotton
manufacturers in the south, and is
doing much to encourage and improve
this industry. In a recent interview
Mr. Tompkins advocates the building
of cotton mills in small towns. He believes
that this is the surest way to restore
prosperity to the cotton districts,
' J -mills nmnorlr hnilt, and
ciLLU. ILLcib OUUU rnixio **%? * * ~
managed, will prove excellent investments
for their owners or stockholders.
Mr. Tompkins believes that the erection
of a cotton mill in a country community
will promptly enhance the value of
the cotton product of the immediate
district by affording a home market for
a large portion, if not all of the output
of the farms. A home market means
the saving of transportation charges,
the cost of labor and tho profits of the
middlemen. Moreover, the cotton
turned into cloth is worth three times
as much in the case of coarse cloth than
I + V,? matflrial" lmnpo f.liA wrrrVinfr
U10.Q iOiTT W-4UWIV/A j ?g
into cloth of the raw cotton at home
adds the profit and the wages of the
mill in the price realized for the raw
material. Another advantage of a local
mill is the employment it affords to
many who would otherwise be idle.
This employment adds to the farmers'
income and the industrial community
which always springs up about a successful
mill will furnish a ready market
I for the minor products of the farms,
. ...li.? c
sucn as meat, poultry, Dui&er, nuns
and vegetables, thus still further adding
to the profits of the fanners. There
is much idleness in the country towns
of the south, due largely to the lack of
paying development. Cotton mills in
the small towns would absorb much of
this idle labor, Mr. Tompkins contends
with good reason that the benefit
of a cotton mill to a town is both direct
and far-reaching. It gives an air of
business and thrift to the locality and
the district. Money becomes more
plentiful, the roads are improved and a
contagious business briskness extends
throughout the community. MaDy
towns in both the Carolinas have taken
on new life since cotton mills were built
within their limits. Charlotte, tiie
city of Mr. Tompkins' residence, is
said to have doubled in population in
^aJbout ten years and its remarkable
growth is due to the fact that it has become
such a large manufacturing center.
Some of the best paying cotton
mills in the south are located in South
Carolina towns, and there is room for
many more.
A Child's Horrible Death.
An 18-months-old child of Mr. John
H. Clegg. of Greenwood, met with a
horrible death Wednesday afternoon.
The little one was playing around the
and cmt, hold of the kerosene
can and drank a quantity of the fluid.
Congestion followed and the little one
died in a few hours. The child's
mother died very suddenly about ten
aays agu.
A girl's taste differs according to her
age, says a cynic. At 16 she wants a
dude with toothpick shoes and miscroscope
mustache; at 20 a chief justice
with a pile of tin; at 25 she'll be satisfied
with a member of congress; at 30 a
country doctor or a preacher will do;
and at 35 anything in the male line
from an editor down.
mmmmmam? i iili i-i-ii i
Violations of the Fish Law on the
Edi.sto River.
The Legislature at its recent session,
as was recently recalled by Mr. August
Kohn3 the wide-awake Columbia correspondent
of the News and Courier,
refused to provide for a '"fish patrol."
and there is now, therefore, no one
whose special business it is to stop the
wholesale and sensehss destruction ?>f
fish in the waters of the State, even in
those to which they resort for spawning
-- 3 ij- :
purposes, ana me result is cauiuilcu. iu
the letter of Mr. Frank M. Stubbs to
Governor Ellerbe. Writing in the in- j
terest of the people living along the
Edisto Kiver, Mr. Stubbs reports, in
substance, that he spent an few days,
recently, on the river, covering a dis
tance of about twenty miles above and
below Branchville, and adds:
"All-the-outlets to lakes, slews, guts,
in fact every opening where fish go out
to spawn, bed and raise their young, is
entirely closed with fine gauzenet^jsitiL,
^rapTnt%c""i?ftit7e, uKr~catches every
fish that tries to pass and -prevents any
from passing. These traps are put in
and fished by a few men, two living at
Edisto Station, four miles from Branch **
* mi . i? _T_
vilie, towards Augusta, iney are usning
for market, of course, and against
the wishes of the citizens and their interests;
that is, of those living along the
river, who like to have some sport some
time with a hook and line. They will
destroy the fish soon, if it is not stopped."
In commenting on the matter The
News and Courier says "there is ample
law on the statute books to prevent the
use of such destructive devices, and to
punish the men who employ them, but
there is no one to enforce it. The
Legislature refused to make a specific
appropriation for the purpose of a patrol,
the Governor's contingent fund is
not available for that purpose, and he
has "no way of reaching the offenders.'
It is suggested, therefore, that the only
thing that can be done in the circumstances
is for the people themselves to
punish the offenders, and the matter
must rest on that suggestion.
The Governor is not at fault, certainly,
and is powerless to .remedy the fault
of the Legislature, which is wholly to
blame for the condition described.
That body will not meet again until
next year, and there is no reason whatI
.1 .1 ' ?11 J.-1
ever to expect or cope tnat it wm ias.e
any action for the effective protection
of the fisheries when it meets. It has
paid little or no attention to the appeals
and arguments for such action that
have been addressed to it heretofore,
and has allowed some of the most important
fishing interests in the State to
be practically ruined with the same indifference
which it has so persistently
manifested with regard to the destruc.
tion of the equally important sheep and
wool interest. It has seen the streams
of the State, from the sea to the moun,
tains, nearly denuded of all the varied
tto 1 nnviln f/vn/1 flatma
I <*JUVk TttlUftWiV 1VUU Uv^JUvw 71 v?w ;
j | swarmed in them, without making one I
adequate effort to arrest the evil, and!
i finally, at its last session, turned over
, every stream in the State to the greed
of ignorant and unscrupulous maraud
ers, by calling off the lonely and illpaid
patrol before provided, and leaving
. them free to prosecute their bad busi.
ness at their pleasure and without fear
of interruption. The people living
along the streams can protect their own
. interests in them if they will by re.
perting and prosecuting the offenders of
every class, and the grand juries of one
or two of the upper counties have recently
been induced to move in the
> matter, in view of the wholesale and
nearly complete destruction of the fish
in the streams in their counties. The
condition which has thus been forced
on their attention threatens all the
streams in the State above the tide water
line, and will speedily obtain in
them, if effective measures are not
taken to avert it. No such measures
will be taken, it is very plain, unless
the people move actively and in earnest
on their own behalf. Whether the end
?? Za o rrrVn
they must decide for themselves."
A vegetable for Mild,
, cure for Liv- the Pleasant,
er, Kidney & LIVER Sure,
stomach troubles, and 25, 50, $1.
?hi!)Dili IdSola
wholesale by?
The Murray Drug Co., Columbia.
Dr. H. Baer, Charleston, S C
I High Arm Sewin<
I Fully guaranteed for ten J
all the latest at*achinent?, i
mented wood work.
Price $I8.(
Money refunded after 30 da
is not as good as the $40.00 to
sold by amenta.
IStfad for dmdaxz and atact*
W? an headquarters for Fern
Mattings, e&fpets, Sew;
BaJjy earretc.
| IIIO & III2 Br
A Cruel Father Shot and Killed by
His Young Children.
A remarkable murder case has develi
i tv i. _"l ^
opea at JLiapia. uity, o. v., m wmuii a j
14-year-old girl, Lena Bouts and .her
10-year-old brother are charged with J
the murder of their father, Frank
Bouts. The murdored man was a
prominent railroad contractor.
The little girl admits the crime and
the boy adds that he did whit he could
to kill his father. The father is said to
have been very cruel to his family and
this appears to have been the' motive
for the trime. It was committed while
the mother was at a neighbor's, and after
the killing the girl prepared lunch
in the usual way, and when the mother
returned the three sat down and ate,
wnile tiie body of the father lay a few
rods away in the rear of the house.
The rifle of the father was used for
the purpose. While the little boy
steadied the weapon the girl fired it
from a rear window. Her aim fi-as true,
and a great hole was torn i^^^ather's
back. Death must hawgrtflfl^feMneous.
The gun~wa^^^wa^ana
nnthine' said of the crime until the
mother became alarmed at the long absence
of the father, and the shooting
was then admitted.
The children are quite bright, and
seem to think the cruelty of their parent
warranted the murder. The girl
spoke freely to the wife of the jailor in
Kapid City the day of the crime.
"You see," she said, "papa was very
mean to mama and us, and Nicholas
and I were talking about having him
hanged, and he came in the house and
kicked me. Nicholas ran to him, and
he got kicked too. Then papa went
out behind the house to fix a buggy
whip, and we thought he was going to
whip us, so Nicholas got the rifle and
cocked it, as he had seen papa do, and
? " * 1 1 4.*
I put it tnrougn tne winaow ciuae w
where papa stood. I pulled the trigger
and it kicked me dowa, but when I
looked out papa was rolling on the
ground, but did not speak."
ell From Maker o:recl to Purchaser
MA feCbOCl |j
:| Kasio 1
^ ^feUme j
?f, and give ^
?? : r^^*:,^Ec3 endless en- >??
f?| vriillastafew ?J
^ SSkSJ18 is
1 Matimshek I
Wi Is always Good, always Reliably
?5 always Satisfactory, always Last* JgB
;$? ing. You take do chances to buy* ?
^ ' ft costs somewhat _^ore than a 18
gS cheapo poor piano, but is much th? MR
4ffi? cheap&jt in tbe end. W
g? No other High Grade Piano soldco fgi
ss? reasonable. Factory prices to reta^ 9H
gj? buyers. Easy payments. Write a*. CSt
g? <* LUBBEif a> GATES, S;
M Savannah. Ca-. end New York City. i?y
Address: D. A. PRESSLEY, Agent,
To get strong
and healthy use
one bottle Murray's
Iron Mixture.
Price 50c
Macfeafs ,
School o?
. a %tt\
Zill V
This School has the reputation of being the
beet business institution in the State. Graduates
are holding reamnerative positions in
mercantile uuubcp, uwui^, luouiauw, ?v~
estate, railroad offices, &c., in this and other
etates. Write to W. H. Macfeat, CourtongtHPigr
C)l ninbia, S C.forteroH , etc
1 Machine ^
$ars, fitted with
beautifully orat dfldHflB
ys tt#e if machin# ^HHj Jroi \f
$50.00 machines ^ IS j?\s
; what yea want. XV
I tare, Steves, tfJH
jag jUtiiiies,
The Padgett Pun
oad Street,
' -v
Ginning 4
maoiiiuui j. m
The Smith Pneumatic Suction fl
Elevating, Ginning and
Packing System
Is the simplest and most efficient cnfl
the market. Forty-eight complete
outfits in South Carolina; each V||sfl
one giving absolute
A- J
satisiacuon. mm
?? H
Boilers anct Engines; Slide
Valve, Automatic and Corliss.
My Light ana Heavy Log Beam Saw
Mills cannot be equalled in design, efficiency
or price by any dealer or manu- ^
facturer in the South.
Write-for nrices and catalogues.
V. C. Badham&Mf^fl
1 OOfi ITmn Q
l'J-iU luaiu UV1WV) - va
Constipation, J
' Regulator ?, Kidnsys. V1
Wholesale by?
m-f-n tfTTTlT> 1 Tr TVT>TT/1 nA
I xnjii iiiunnax jjivuu w.,
Columbia, S. C. "
Dr. H. BAER,
Charleston, S. C.
=Keeley j
Cor. Vaxderhoest, || Ij |0
OPIUM %"'k?
Produce each a disease having defin- ~ H
ite pathology. The disease yields Ml
easily to the Double Chloride of Gold vfl
[ Treatment as administered at the above si
Keeley Institute.
| N. B.?The Keeleyi?&tment is
I administered in South Carolina M
t We make a specialty of equipping II
! improved and modern ginneries with fl
tke Murray Air Distributing System, jfl
; the simplest, most efficient and pracfci- 11
I cal cotton handling apparatus on the 41
[ market. No spike belt distributor, no II
I overflow, no time lost between bales; jfl
i improved sample of cotton, most dur- II
j able machinery, nothing to get out of
i order or break down. No expense for
repairs. Write for catalogue.* - fl
W. H. Gibbes &Co.. |
*> A 8 BVBC I I
Only $1O.0?.
Has 17x17 inch oven, four 8 iaeh
ot holes; large flues and frranur I a /
Bed a good baker. We It
tore up -with forty piece* of we I
lcludiag the latest stove intra.
To advertise our tmsfctoi1 --^2
all sell this No. 8 Cootifcg Stow,
itted with 40 pieces of wsre far
$10.oo CASH.
Jr-M fiV
liture Co. |
Augusta, 6a.

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