OCR Interpretation

The Fairfield news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1881-1900, June 14, 1899, Image 1

Image and text provided by University of South Carolina; Columbia, SC

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/2012218613/1899-06-14/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

~~N, ~ ' " zSEm
W. R. Crawford Acquitted By a
Kershaw Jury.
TheJury Asked Judge Buchanan
to Charge Them Again on
Certain points of
The non-conviction ofW. R. Crawford
was due in a great measure to the
fact that the prosecution failed to put
* in evidence the fatal bullet, which took
the life of Mrs. Elizabeth Stuart, Sat
urfiay evening, xeuruax.y wlumbia,
S. C. The case was tried at
Camden, Crawford having been
a change of venue.
At 12 o'clock Thursday the jury announced
that it had arrived at a verdict.
Judge Bunchanan was not in the
^ courthouse at the time, but was sum^
moned immediately. In order to prevent
any demonstration in the court
room, he ordered the sheriff and his
deputies to take stations in different
parts of the hall, and to preserve order.
Mr. L. L. Block, foreman, arose and
announced that the verdict of the jury
aroo "rirtt frrnltv." There was no show
0 of excitement. There was no change
on the expressionless face of W. R
The crowd in tie court house was
dissolved in s few moments, Crawford
.vjpr and his friends hurried to the telegraph
offise where they wired to friends in
every county that the trial had ended
and the accused ex-constable had not
been convicted.
~ The jury was out 15 hours. At first,
"'"7 so it is reported, and generally accept
-- ed in Camden, there were nine ior acquittal
and three for conviction. It is
^ stated that, when the jurors went to
sleep at midnight, two of those for conviction
had given in. Thursday morning
at 9 o'clock there was a large crowd
^ mattered around the door of the courthouse
awaiting.the arrival of the judge.
Ihe opinion of every one present was
that when the judge arrived the jury
would announce that it had been unable
to agree, and a "mistrial" would
be ordered. Judge Buchanan arrived
at 10 o'clock. The doors of the court
house were, thrown open.
When the jury had been polled,
Foreman Block said they wanted turther
information in regard to certain
t points in the judge's charge. He asked
i the judge to explain the rights of an officer
in enforcing the excution of a war^
rant where he is opposed by violence.
The jury did not understand the charge
of the court on this point. "We wish
^ to find out if Mr. Crawford had the
right to search the houeo . .witk-v-rairrrtforce,""
hesaid. ... T
t . Solicitor Thurmond rose to object,
but was overruled bv the judge, who
( then addressed the jury:
I "That involves a mixed question of
L law and fact. The court instructed
you that an officer could use force in
HW reasonable circumstances, to meet force
with force; but unless force were necesH
sarv he should not exercise any force at
I all. Whenever the law gives a man a
process and tells him to starch a house,
it gives him everything necessary to accomplish
that purpose, and if he meets
with force, being authorized by law,
being a law officer, he may overcome
that force using so much force as is necessary
to do that.
"His first duty is to use gentle means
if gentle means will avail, and when
gentle means will avail, he cannot use
violent means.
' A-Ptor ltd hsps frpnt.lp. means. if this
does not suffice to overcome the resistance,
he may use such force as is necessary
even to the extreme of taking
life, because he comes clothed with the
?- warrant af the law. and every citizen
must yield to the law.
'"When a man obstruct an officer,
the officer's auty is to put his hand
gently on him, push him out of the way,
unless he sees by the use of gentle
*- means he will be taken at a disadvantage,
or his life will be put in jeopardy
then he may resort to harsh means at
once. If he must resort to such means,
* ' 1_ 1 _ TI71
tHen violence is jusunaoie. uueu a
man is authorized by law to do a thing,
he has a right to do all things necessary
to accomplish that object, and if a person
obstructs him he becomes a wrongdoer
and if anything happens to him,
he will be the* auihor of his own
After elaborating this point, he said:
"The officer must go forward using
r gentle means if gentle means will do,
but if gentle means won't do", it must
L_.' be done anyhow, He can overcome
r force with force, no matter what the
He continued that an officer is not
responsible for the result if he is prudent
and acts with ordinary firmness.
"T - ^~ * In A?A (VA
IIC Has LiitJ I"JLglIL tu UC bUUC CkLLXA ?,V/ A Vi
ward, but he must not do so ruthlessly,
and with due care. He concluded by
saying that the violence must be commensurate
with the resistance. Gentle
means must first be used, but not when
useless, for the law does not require a
man to do a vain thing.
The jury retired. It is reported that
prior to *bat time but one man had held
. p ? tj, ?1?4-~
out lor tc HflUUlUU. XJLC SUUJLUiCl/CU. LU
tie construction of the law by Judge
Bunchanan, and in half an hour the
jury had agreed.
A combination of circumstances enrtered
into the acquittal of Crawford.
y The first axiom of a trial for capital
punishment is that the burden of proof
must be against the prisoner at the bar.
While the State introduced strong evidence,
the defense had a greater num
LfCl Vi
Attorneys from another State who
happened into the court room while
the arguments were in progress, declared
afterwards that they did not
know of a case on record where the
fatal bullet was not in evidence.
The bullet was extracted by Dr. L.
B.Owens and put in the keeping of
Chief of Police Daly. The attorneys
for the prosecution claim that Chief
Daly neglected to take it to Camden,
and that the attorneys did not attach
much importance to it.
The defense did not prove that the
fatal bullet was fired by Stuart, but by
ingenius argument showed, by its absence,
that there was "a reasonable
doubt'* that Crawford fired it. The
benefit of any doubt is the right of the
Another circumstance which probably
influenced the jury was the fact
that the defense laid considerable
stress on the lapse of time between the
slappine of Stuart s lace ana tne nnng
of the tirst shot. Iu legal parlance this
is known as '"cooling time"'?time for
the passions to subside, for the mind
deranged with anger to return to its
normal state. In reply the State endeavored
to prove that the interval
was of but few seconds duration, and
that Crawford's pistol covered Stuart
during that time.
j Two Hundred ana Fifty Thousand
T\-ll 1 T
-uonars i.uss.
The largest fire in Augusta's history
in many years burned over the same
district that was swept seven years ago.
when the Augusta Chronicle was
burned. Several buildings that escaped
; at that time are now smoking ruins.
The fire started in the drug store of
Davenport & Phinizy, cn Wednesday.
A negro was mining a pot of Venus
turpentine, which is hard rosin melred
and mixed with turpentine. Fire got
into the pot and the flames spread so
rapidly that employees in the front
part of the store barely had time to
escape. Smoke issued in dense volumes
from tlie back and front of the
2>LUi C. \J W illg tu buc VA.*} yaiuv
chemicals in the stock it was seen from
the beginning thac it would be fortunate
if the fire was confined to this
building. The liames made quick headway,
and in a short while the following
stocks were burned out: Kress & Co.,
fire and ten-cent store, loss $10,000,
insurance, $7,000; Lamkin & Co., groceries,
loss $7,000, insurance $5,000;
Thomas & Barton, musical instruments,
bicycles, furniture, loss $24,000, insurance
$24.000; Alexander Drug company,
loss $17,000. insurance $17,000; Davenport
& Phinizy, loss $21,000. insurance
S22.000: Stulb & Co.. liouor dealers,
loss $5,000, insuarnce about $3,000;
Smythe, china store, loss about $7,000,
insurance $7,000; William Sehwight,
jeweller, loss very slight, fully covered
by insurance. Buildings burned were
valued in the aggregate at about $150.000
insurance about $75,000.
August Dorr's Sons tailors and furnishers,
loss on stock $10,000, fully
covered by insurance.
Besides these there were a number
of smaller losses, as the upper stories of
* " * CP
the buildings were used as omces,
making the total losses in the neighborhood
of $250,000.
Outrage Eepaid in Kind.
A dispatch from San Antonio De Los
Banos, Cuba, says that Jose Labregat,
a notorious agent of Gen "VYeyler, who
outraged defenceless womeri and killed
children, arrived there Tuesday. His
appearance was the signal for a gather
ffiiom neiormeriy persecuted. The excitement
continued throughout the'day
and Tuesday night. About midnight a
crcwd surrounded the houue where he
was and begun to threaten him. He attempted
to escape, and on meeting the
demonstrators emptied his revolver,
wounding two persons. The crowd
immediately closed in and captured
him and he was lynched in the public
square. The anxiety following the excitement
caused a committee of Spaniards
to come to Havana to ask the inA
i> _i? u u
i cenerence oi vxcu uruu^e. ue wmu
not receive them before a late hour of
the evening, but he readily offered to
! send a detachment of American soldiers
to the town. The committee,
which left San Antonio before the
lynching, returned to find Labregat
Many burglaries have been committed
recently in hotels, stores and private
houses, and the police believe an organized
band of American crooks is atwork.
Gen Fitzhugh Lee has sent three
, troops of the 7th cavalry to scour the
provinces of Havana and Pinar Del
Rio, and squads of ten, fifteen and
| twenty men wnn provisiuHs j.ur teu
days are visiting the small towns at
Agninaldo's Latest Move.
Special dispatches from Manila
Thursday say it is reported that Aguinalao
has disoked the Filipino congress
and has proclaimed himself dictator.
The officials in Washington are in doubt
?l9 lu iu uvvimhuk
his dictorehip is anima' ;d by a desire
to rid himself of his refractory generals,
Pilar and Lunar, or whether he aims to
consolidate in his o^n hands the power
to make term? of peace. It is known
from the reports of President Schurman
of the American Philippine commission
that these two generals own only faint
allegiance to Aguinaiao ana tneir attitude
towards the peace, negotiations has
made them ineffectual, the civilian
members on the Filipino side of the
Filipno joint commission being overawed
by these generals. It is dominated
by the military element controlled
by these generals.. It is believed here
that it Aguinaido can Dena tnese men to
his will and assume supreme control he
will at once make for peace, being able
to secure better terms for himself than
he would otherwise.
Suicided Before His "Wife.
A dispatch from Anderson, S. C., to
the Columbia State "Wednesday says:
"Mr. J. Claude Dickson committed
suicide at his home on North McDuffie
street, this city, this morning about
5 o'clock. He had been out part of
onrl in nbont 5 o'clock
and told his wife he was going to commit
suicide, and before she could get
up to try to prevent the rash act, he
put a pistol to his right temple and
fired. Mr. Dickson was a young man
of about 24 years of age and had been
married about three years. Xo one
knows what his troubles were, as he
had said nothing to lead to suppose he
was going to kill himself. He had been
employed as bookkeeper for 0. D. An
derson & JLJro., for the last two years
and was a quiet and peaceable citizen/'
A Pious Scoundrel.
Jacob Farley, a farmer ,of Hartville
Mo., who bad been a justice of the
peace, chairman of the Populist county
committee and a minister of the gospel,
was Thursday found guilty of complicity
in the robbery of the Kansas City
and Fort Scott and Memphis train at
Ma?omb last January. He was sentenced
to twelve years in the penitentiary.
Touching Scene at the Bedside
of the Dying Governor.
Loved Farm Life. A Clean Official
Record. Honored for
His Honesty by all Who
Knew Him.
The following pen picture of Gov.
Ellerbe's last day on earth will be read
with interest. It is taken from the
News and Courier:
This morning Governor K'lerbe was
getting along as well as could be expected.
He was holding his own?that
w^s all. Dr. Monroe had done about
all that could be done by human hands.
He was leaving the house to visit an
otlier patient near by when he was
quickly summoned. Governor Ellerbe
had said he was choking. He asked to
be raised up, so he could battle with
the troublesome and death dealing
phlegm or accretion. Those about
him, who were everready to do all ihat
could be done, gently raised the patient.
It was not high enough. He asked to
be raised higher. This was done, and
finally he asked to be placed upright.
This was do^e. Governor Ellerbe tried
to cough up the accumulation. He was
too weak. He tried again and again,
' I" " * . TV A T 1_
ana ntiaiiy saia tour. Jionroe, who was
standing by, doing what was possible:
UI am gone," and the plea for help in
those eyes was touching. Dr. Monroe
gave his patient brandy to give strength
by which the accumulation could be
thrown off. The brandy was not quick
enough in its strength-giving and again
Governor Ellerbe said: "I am gone; I
am choking." Dr. Monroe got his
medicine chest and gave a dose of digitalis,
morphine and strychnine as a
powerful stimulant. It gave the small
strength requisite for the work, and
piece by piece the accumulation was
worked off, but not without a severe
tax on Governor Ellerbe's strength and
a severe shock to all, for Dr. Monroe
had said the end would, he thought,
come by just scch a strangulation or by
heart failure, for his heait was already
woefully weak.
The strain was so severe on Mrs. Ellerbe
that she began to cry and Govw*i?1.
- ^ : _ ~ i JU,
ernor njiierue, mrmug tuwinu ua} uuwu
his head and asked her not to cry.
They all say that never was them a
brave heart, nor more devoted wife,
than Mrs. Ellerbe?^*
After the attack Governor Ellerbe
thpy vafa
' Mm, ana ie went to sleep and
rested moderately. Once he woke up
and asked to have his position changed.
It had already become a delicate matter
to move him. All under his person
were piled pillows and about the hips
was medicated cotton in layers, so thin
and fraii was his frame.
There were thirteeen brothers and
sisters in the family, but one, Mrs.
Moody, is dead, and today the eleven
brothers and sisters were ail at his bedside
save one, and she was sick. Then
there were many nieces and nephews,
who were there to do what little they
might, and kinsmen by marriage and
blood came in during the day, and so
B ? J ' A.T ? ?* -A?A fllQf
serious wasxne cuuuiuuu icgaiusu
they all remained over.
Today for the first time Governor
Ellerbe completely gave up and indicated
that he awaited the end. He
made a hard and desperate fight. Although
the day was quite pleasant
Governor Ellerbe wanted the windows
opened; he wanted air and light, and
with all that two or three anxious and
devoted hands were fanning fresh air
and breath to him. Once in a while
he would wake up, look about him and
recognize some one, say a word or two
about what he wanted, and doze off
2gain into a peaceful slumber.
Private Secretary W. Boyd Evans,
who has been intimate with Governor
"FHoxka lioc -nrpruTArl an elaborate
XiXX&l J-S? V ^ _
sketch of him. It is given in his own
words. He writes:
Governor William H. Zllerbe, a native
of the "Palmetto State," is a direct
descendent of Capt. Thomas Ellerby,
of Revolutionary fame, who
served in Gen. Mario a's brigade. William
H. ElLrbe is a great-great-grandson
of this distinguished officer. The
first of the name to come to America
Prf>m TCncland were two brothers?
Thomas and John Ellerby. They settled
first in Virginia, but in 1737, emigrated
to the Pee Dee's and brought a
large property with them. Thomas
was the first slave holder on upper Pee
Dee, he having a large number for that
day. The name is still known in England
and is spelt "Ellerby."
It was changed to its present form
by a teacher of Thomas and William,
after Thomas Ellerby's death, and
i rrr'UJlrv Vio cAnc TTT*XT& VArr V077 T) (rOV
VY lillts J-IJLO OVUO ft V/i ^ j 0- _- , .
ernor Ellerbe is a great-grandson of
William Ellerbe, grandson of John C.
Ellerbe, one of the most scholarly men
of his day, having graduated with
honor at the University of North Carolina,
in both the scholastic and law
departments in 1823. His father,
Capt. William S. Ellerbe, was the oldest
son of John G. Ellerbe, and was
born in Marion county in 1832. He
was one of the largest and most successful
planters in this section. Was
married in 1S31 to Sarah E., daughter
of Major James Haselden, of Marion
county, of which union thirteen chilJ
c/\na rnnp
daughters. Capt. William S. Ellerbe
died on June 17 18S9.
born in 1S62.
The present Governor, Milium
Haselden Ellerbe, was born a', the c Id
VinmAstpad in the histOr. c cou1
ty of Marion on the 7th day ot Apri. ,
1S62. Both parents were of EcglisL
decent, having emigrated direct from
the mother county, and settled m Virginia,
thence, between the Pee-Dee
nearly a century and a half ago. SV. H.
Elierbe received his education from
private tutors at the home of his father
and later at ''Pine Hill Academy," a
neighboring school, taught at that time
by the best educators of the county.
It was at this academy that he was fitted
for college by Mr. L. B. Prince, a well
known educator. In 1880 he entered
Wofford college, at Spartanburg, S. C.,
which he attended two sessions. He
then entered Vanderbilt University, at
Nashville, Tenn., where he remained
until his health failed, and his physi"
J L! ^ 1* ATM /V f A V> 1 o
Clans auviseu mm iu rewmuumc w uu
father's plantation, recommending a
life of active outdoor exercise. His
father placed him in charge of one of his
large plantations, where he worked for
a while, but subsequently bought one
of his own. In 1S87 he and his younger
Vv?*Vrv T l?.nTTrin *R11ATKA
U1UIULCI, tJLIC JULUJLU fj . juuiiAii jwuviww
graduate of Wofford oollege, member of
the legislature, and also a member of
the South Carolina Constitutional Convention
? began merchandising on
their plantation, where they ran a successful
business until 1889, when W. EL
Ellerbe sold out his interest to his
brother and became a member of the
firm of Holiday, Ellerbe & Co., where
he continued until November, 1890.
During his business career he also conducted
his plantation?each year pur/- Kacinor
nfMitinnal land?and was Uni
formly successful. He is now one of
the largest landowners in the eastern
part of our State, *owning part of his
father's magnificent plantations, with
the additional ones purchased.
Wm. H. Ellerbe was married in June
18S7, to >liss Henrietta, daughter of
Hemy S. Rogers of Marlboro, S. C. Of
this unioD five sons and one daughter
have been born. He is a member of
the Methodist church. His family -life
is one of the happiesu, he is devoted to
his home, he loves and cherishes all
within it. and is loved by them with a
strong affection. His ideas of manhood j
are exalted, but he does not except him- i
self, and at all times tried to live up to
his ideal. Every one knows him as a
brave and honest man. Every position
of responsibility to which he has been
called has been filled with ability and
At the heffiniiinsr of the reform move
meat in 1SS6 Wm. H, Ellerbe allied
himself with it, and in 1887 he joined
the Alliance, but was suspended from
membership during the same year when
he engaged in merchandise. In 1890
he was nominated, without solicitation
for the position of comptroller general
of the State, and was elected without
an active canvass. He is the youngest
man eyer ejected to a state omce in
South Carolina. He took a conservative
position during the campaign, and
was voted for by both factions. His
administrntion of the office of comptroller
general was vigorous, able and
entirely satisfactory, being above that
of older officials. This office was filled
by him without fear or favor. His
only desire was to do his duty. In 1894
he was a candidate for governor?defeated
he bowed gracefully to the will
of the people, withdrew from the busy
whirl of political life, and retired to
the seclusion ofjns farm, where he re-.
-'ma in.ec} '} u'rc t iTo3""re5Ig5e3^? neither
seeking political favor nor troubling
with the formation of political rings.
In the same vear there was an effort
made by some of our people to reconcile
factional differences and to inspire
a feeling of peace and unity. Following
this was another effort in 1895 on
the part of prominent reformers and
conservatives to unite the whole people
and elect representative men to the
constituttonal convention. As a result
of these pacific efforts a feeling of
peace and unity prevailed in tfee State
and in the constitutional convention.
Without this feeling, and its consequent
concert of aotion, it is doubtful whether
the constitutional convention ever
would have been called, and when it
assembled, whether the suffrage, liquor
and other important questions ever
could have been so wisely and successfully
settled. Besides, the whole people,
without regard to faction, were
represented in the convention, and all
of them are irrevocably committed to
every provision of the new constitution,
UiUUy Ui WU1UUI LiiC 1X1U.U J avmv i ments
of the reform party. In 1896
this was the political status in the
State. As Governor Ellerbe favored a
liberal policy he was nominated for
governor, carrying every county in the
State, except one?the home county of
orift of his comDetitors. It was known
that he had been a zealous reformer but
that he felt the time had come when
factional lines were unnecessary, and
that the strife and bitterness which
characterized politics should be modified.
It was supposed that he could
represent both factions and could administer
the State government in the
interest a ad to the advantage of the
whole people. In his canvass he proclaimed
his determination to know no
faction, and, if elected to rule the whole
people. At the election, he was chosen
by a large majority of the voters which
demonstrated that the people, irrespective
of past factional differences, iad
supported him.
After his inauguration he determined
to put his pledge into action and to
bring the whole people of the State in
accord and political affiliation. No one
can form any adequate conception of
the difficulties and embarassment which
surrounded him. His position was a
trying one, beseiged by office seekers, j
confronted by new conditions growing
out of new constitutional provisions,
continually thwarted and painfully annoyed
in his efforts to aid in the execution
of the dispensary law; being
called upon to fill an unprecedentedly
large number of vacancies in important
offices, and having the responsibility
cast upon him by the war of appointing
military officers and organizing regiments?these,
and ethers, are the official
cares and difficulties with which he
had to contend.
No other governor for half a century
has occupied such a trying poeition. It
was a continual and intolerable strain
upon his mental and physical constitution.
The number of applicants for
dnrine his administration have
been legion. Friends of all these applicants
urged their appointment, and
in this way much of his time was occupied.
And when they were made,
friends of the disappointed aspirants
seized upon every pretext to form opposition.
He never at any time shrunk from
these responsibilities. In all of his official
acts and under all adverse circumstances
he discharged his duty faithfully.
In honesty of heart and judgment
he endeavored to do right, regardless
of the consequence.
He was elected Governor for a seconp
term over a most formidable opposition.
His victory was one to be prond of, opposed
by a combination of some minis- ters
and liquor men, bv bis personal
enemies, disgruntled politicians, dis
- J -jr. i j l
sausueu umce-aeeiieia auu suic utauo
of both reform and conservative factions.
Governor Ellerbe regarded the war
against Spain as a just war and believed
that it will profit this country in many
ways. He said that it will lead to the
introduction of American civilization in
the West Indies and will dismiss from }
this continent the cruel ferocity of a
past age and a decayed nation. It has
shown our people everywhere that no
nno nf A marina is more Datriot
ic than another, and has brought a
balm to ancient wounds in the general
expression and general action of a deep
seated and fervent patriotism. This
? war has revealed the United States in ]
their true light, and never was the good (
feeling of the people more transparent,
and its prestige among the nations was (
never so high. He said: "It will be
worth the costing to broaden the views
of the people. Believing it would ele- '
vate the patriotism, cement the good (
will, stimulate the commerce, manurac
tures and agriculture of the whole peo- j
pie, he says it will bring new questions j
which must be coolly and carefully '
considered; that it might entail bur- 1
dens, but all in all the war will profit '
this nation in all directions of its ad- 1
vanced civilization. But care must be ;
taken to suppress its tendencies toward J
great standing armies, toward arbitrary :
power and extravagent expenditures.
The people will see to it that this is 1
regulated. He felt that America's
keen sword was not drawn for aggran- '
disement, but for humanity. j
Brilliant- Closing of South Carolina's i
- "Woman's College. j
Wednesday was commencement day y
at Winthrop! Two thousand were pres- $
ent to witness the 59 graduates receive
their diplomas. The chapel was pack- 1
ed to its utmost capacity and hundreds ;
were in the hallways and parlors unable <
to get near the doors. <
Seated on the right oi tne rostrum (
was the graduation class, clad in their
immaculate ^hite uniforms, while on
the left could "be seen the familiar ^
faces of the faculty aad the board of 3
trustees. - v . ~
The Cecilia chorus, consisting of 75 ;
j under tie directorship of Pi of. W. &. j
Brown, occupied ^.position near the 1
| front. President Johnson is justly
i proud of the senior class, for they are ;
the first to'go forth from this institut
tion who have completed the full four ;
I years'coarse. ' - '
I T" 'I * - - - -"II ' 1 J
YV miarop college iS no lunger au ca!
periment,.but an established reality,
and if^very citizen of South Carolina 1
witness what has aucHs^Derng done foi ^
the elevation and uplifting of our fair ^
young women their-hearts would swell ^
with pride.
There is no period in life more invit- j
ing and bouyant than when the chimes (
nf mnsic calls the sweet
girl gradates to the arena of their tri- ('
umpha and bids them ponr out the har- J
monies of their grateful hearts for tie j
beneficence which unselfish tutelage j
has showered upon thoir young lives. (
Sweet womanhood in its "blush and (
bloom" of youth steps upon the tapis to <
be greeted and cheered by the echoes of J
man's most responsive impulse, and
providence looks on in smiling appro- j
val because the climax of his creative j
power was realized when the woman j
was made to cheer and comfert the
Living as we lo under the protection
nf on crnv^rnmPT)t. where
VA OU VUil^,uvvuv? QV v* ? ? ? j ^
the principles of religion, liberty and 1
law are recognized, we ought to con- j
gratulate ourselves at the great strides ^
of educational advancement which exists
on every hand and which portend ,
in the future a better apportionment J
between the sexes of the avenues and 1
opportunities of employment aad en- j
terprise for the promotion of the comfort
and happiness of the race.
Fireworks Blown Up.
Thirty-sis buildings comprising almost
the entire plant of the Xordlinger
Charlton Fireworks company at Granitcville,
Richmond borough, New York
were blown up Thursday afternoon and
the entire fireworks plant practically .
ffiped out of existence. Although the \
C ? ? ?X??11 ^IVA Arr%l/\OTAn loar
lires Wiliyjj. lUHUWCU luc gAjjiuoiuu At?u V
ed for several hours, the wreck was ^
complete within a few minutes. Xo
lives were lost, and but three persons e
were injured, two of them seriously, j
The operators in the various buildings rushed
out into the yards, the flying j
rockets, many of them of the greatest ^
power, made it almost as dangerous for
the employers to be out of the build- ,
- ? ~4 /v +Viam A a rushed
lugs aa i>v ug tu iuvm. w?v ^
out explosion followed explosion as the j
buildings flew into the air. After a t
score of explosions three heavy ones
that shook the ground for miles, oceurr- ^
ed. These were the three store houses
in which supplies for the Fourth of t
July were being held. Loss, about
$40,000. \
Fond of Obscene Literature.
Edward Gould, a white man, aged 45 ^
years, was given a year in jail at Nor- \
folk, Va., Tuesday, for sending obscene g
and blackmailing circulars to parties by c
express. It is said that he recently g
sent one each to President McKinley
and Secretary Alger, and attempted to J
blackmail a prominent lawyer of Norfolk.
Gould was sent to King's County, (N. .
Y.,) penitentiary two years from the J
United States court at Richmond a few
years ago for using the mails for the
same purpose
Kidnappers Indicted.
Mr. and Mrs. Barrow, accused of kidnapping
little Marion Clark, waived examination
before Justice of the Peace,
Herbert at G-arnerville, Rockland County,
and were committed to the county
iail to await the action of the grand
J ?? _
jary which meets in October. All ef- c
forts of the New York county authori- *
ties to obtain possession of the prison- 1
ers have failed thus far. 1
iligo is Not Dead. r
A London dispatch says: Princess
Chimay, formerly Clara Ward, of De- t
troit, telegraphs from Cairo that Jansel i
Rigo, the Gypsy, with whom she I
eloped, and later married, is not dead, i
VTT11 1 ry Poirn C
\ Charleston Boy in the Executive
*ii- -A /-vi ^ m?Tr
rvridL (lid uiu nay rcnuns
Said of the New Governor
While Talking
About Him.
The sketch below of our new Goverior
is taken from The Xews and Courier
)f last Monday:
For the first time in many years a
Charleston man, born and raised, is
jrovemor of South Carolina. Of course,
Hampton County claims the distinction
jf furnishing the present Chief Execu iTTo
nftlid St-af-A f<vr it wit<3 wVnlo n rpsi
ient of that place that Governor McBweeney
was raised to the Lieutenant
jroyernorship. Still the new Governor
R-as born in this city, and spent a numaer
of the years that will comprise the
irst half of his life in Charleston. Not
i few of the present residents of Charleston
remember the Governor as a
small boy, playing around the old West
Point Mill?a famous play ground for
:he youngsters of twenty or twenty five
fears ago. At that time the embryo Governor
was not different from the other
Tcritli -cp^inm Ti? TilaVAf} S9VP that,
ae went about amusements with a quiet
iud silent determination that got all
:he boyish pleasure that was abroad,
md at the same time attracted very lit;le
attention. *'Miles," as he was then
jailed, was a good swimmer, a fair jumper
and could hold his own in a foot
race with any of the other boys who
irere not fleet footed to a marked decree.
It was this same unobtrusive determination
displayed while acquiring the
arowess that bovs covet, which has fin
illy succeeded in placing Governor McSweeney
in the Executive Chair of the
State of South Carolina. "When it
:ame time for Miles McSweeney to earn
i living he followed the footsteps of
several of the older members of his
'amily and entered the printing busiless
as an apprentice. In the old
jrintiDg offices of that day?not so long
! ? t-- U ? TT, n(_
igu lie UCgttU UCVli. XUL cixv> VIice
of the Gazette "Print" McSweeney
yas considered a fast and correct compositor.
In his own quiet way he had
worked hard at his cases during his apprenticeship
and had kept both eyes
md ears open for any informatian that
might assist him in the future. Few
people outside a newspaper office understand
the splendid liberal education
;hat an intelHeent printer secures at
aia eases. The editor of nisaTs paper
ivould be surprised with the intelligence
;hat the compossitors use in dissecting
;he editorial page on which he has
labored so diligently. The printer's
Dusiness is to put in type the history
if each day's doings throughout the
eWorld, as well as the learned discussion
on these doings by the best brains
)f the day. Naturally the compositor
Decomes a thinker and reader, a comaination
that is always sure to amount
:o something if it ever comes in contact
with opportunity. Governor Mc
Sweeney was of a careful, thoughtful
;ur& of mind as a printer, and for this
reason acquired an education that colleges
cannot furnish, but merely lay a
foundation for, because -the education
tie secured from the stare was practical
md useful in itself, and not simply as
i stepping stone to further knowledge.
Besides having the quality of learning
surely and fast, Mr. McSweeney
ras ambitions. and his old friends sav
ae never entertained the idea of con;inuing
ii the service of other people
luring his whole life. He saved money
md always said that when he acquired
ihe information he thought necessary
:hat he would go into one of the smal?
? ^ f\ T*\ A Aolrtkliolt O
Ml UitlCS UJL tuc UUILC auu. coutuiiau a
paper of his own. How well carried
)ut this intention is now a matter of
listory, for the Hampton -Guardian,
.VI. B. McSweeney, owner and proprie;or,
stands foremost among the weekies
of South Carelina. It is larger .
ihan most others, contains a great deal
)f well selected reading matter, and
;he editarials are stong and never abu-'
live. A newspaper man can read the
sLamwton liuardian and tell wnere tne
iditor received his early training. The
ypographical make-up of the paper
ndicates the neatness and thorough
lolidity that is now only found in
Charleston, among the larger cities,
fhere is nothing flashy or shody about
hft Guardian, but it is an excellent
veekly paper.
The growth of the Guardian uoder
Editor McSweeney is strong evidence
>f his business qualifications and his
knowledge of what a newspaper must be
,o succeed. He has worked year after"
?ear until, from a small "4x6," as the
)ld folks say, it has become a journal
)f which a city much larger than Hampon
might be proud. A glance at its
idvertising columns shows that the
aerchants of two States appreciate its
isefulness. In Augusta'the merchants
mow "Mac." as thev call him. Quite as
veil as the people of Charleston in a
msiness way. He makes monthly pilgrimages
to the Georgia city, and, revives
a hearty welcom and business
upport on each trip.
1 It was as editor of the Guardian
hat Governor McSweeney first gained
)rominence in State politics. When i
he Reform Movement first started he
oined it and threw the influence of his <
>aper to the success of that cause, j
lis editorials during the campaigns i
rhich have ensued since the inception
if the movement were always strong :
or his chosen side, but they were al- ;
fays free from vituperation. He ar- '
;ued points without dealing in violence ]
?or this reason Governor McSweeney
o-dav is on more cordial terms with
he Conservatives than most Ex-I\eforners.
While ardent in the advocacy
?f his beliefs, he never allowed politics o
interfere with his friendships. He .<
s what the politicians call a "good' i
nixer,'* and can advocate strongly with- i
mt making mortal enemies of his oppo- 1
The people of Charleston are pleased
o find one of themselves in the Guberlatorial
chair after j*ears. Governor i
HcSweeney will without doubt, receive
nany sincere congratulations from his 1
>ld friends in this city, and also from i
those who are of the opinion tnat a conservative
Reformer is in the State Executive
The following carefully prepared 1
sketch will be of interest to the many
friends of Governor McSweeney just at
this time:
The Hon. jM. B. McSweeney, the
subject of this sketch, can truly be referred
to as a self-made man. He was
left fatherless at the age of 4 years
his father djingof yellow fever in
'Yonng McSweeney's struggles for a
livelihood began before he reached Ms
10 th year. He sold newspapers and
clerked in a book store. While clerk1
^ ? J.J :_Vi. ?T 1 J
ing He ausuueu a uiguu suuuui, *uu uceame
very fond of reading and writes*
* i
While in the book store he met Mr.
Augustine Ford, a member of a company
that had j ust begun the publicati )n
of a paper known as the Gazette. This
was in 1867.
McSweeney afterwards worked for
Burke & Ford, job printers. From
there he went to Edward Perry's, where
he completed his apprenticeship as a
job printer. At this time "Washington
and Lee University, of Lexington, Va., :
had offered-a scholarship to the Char- 1
leston Typographical Union, which was
to be awarded to the most deserving of
the youifg men then employed in Charleston
printing offices. By a majority
of votes of members of the Union young 1
McSweeney was chosen and the scholarship
given to him. On account of
the lack of means he found that he
could not pay for his board and clothing,
and was obliged, after spending
part of a session, to give up his desire
fo: a collegiate education. Like all
good typos at tnat time, ne was a Hnion
printer, and served Columbia Typographical
Union as corresponding secretary
and aferwards as president.
He was among the first to sign the
roll for reorganization of the Pheonix
Hook and Ladder Company, and served
as secretary of the company for a number
of vears.
McSweeney's record as a Democrat is 1
well known, and he did faithful work i
for the party in 1S76.
McSweeney moved to Ninety-Six, in
Abbeville County, and commenced the :
publication of the Xinety-Six G-uardi- :
an. This was his first business ven
XIA o Aonifo] AP or/1 I
tUJL^? uau M> VA yvv; uuu
purchased a second-hand press and outfit
for $500, paying $55 cash as first
But he had energy and was a good
workman and gave the people a newsy
paper, lived economically, and in the
course of a year he paid every dollar
that he owed.
On the 22d of August, 1879, the first
issue of the Hampton County Guardian
appeared, and it has been published
ever since by Mr. McSweeney. The rpaper
has been-well managed and is- -i
looked upon today as one of the best iif "
the Slate?Mr. ?as- - ever- :
been foremost in everything calculated 1
to help his town and county.
He is regarded as one of 'the best '<
business men in his section, ana has '
been successful in every undertaking. '
His progressive spirit is seen in differ- ;
ent parts of Hampton, and he has de- i
veloped and improved every lot pur- 1
chased by him in that town.
He has shown his confidence in !
Hampton county and her people by in- '<
vesting every dollar he has made in his ]
county. i
The school house in Hampton was ]
built by money loaned to the town by a J
few citizens. The resolution was offer- 1
ed by Mr. McSweeney at a public
meeting and it was unanimously agreed
As inten lent of the town he afterwards
saw every dollar of indebtedness
paid. He served for five terms and
then declined re-election.
Mr. McSweeney also took a prominent J
part in building the Methodist and Bap- ]
tist churches. He not only contribut- 1
ed liberally, but solicited subscriptions 1
in Augusta and Charleston. ]
McSweeney has always been promi- .
nent in politics and has been twice !
honored as a delegate to the National '
Democratic convention. I
At the first St. Louis convention in <
1888 he voted for Cleveland and Thur- .
man, and at the Convention in July, ]
1896 he voted for Bryan and Sewell. ]
He served the Democracy of his i
county for ten years as county chairman 1
declining in 1S94, when he was elected
to the Legislature.
FFi? lias alwavstakftn jrreat interest in
the military of his State, and was on ]
the staff of Gen. Stokes and Gen. Moore <
with the. rank of major and lieutenant <
colonel, and is now on the Governor's j
staff, with the rank of colonel. During :
the last two sessio ns of the Legislature -
he was chairman of the committee on (
military. j
I'lr. McSweeney takes a keen interest (
in all educational matters, and is a <
trustee of the South Carolina College
and a member of the board of vislors \
of the Citadel. ]
He is a member of the Orders of ]
Knights of Honor and the Knights of |
Pythias, and has been honored by both |
organizations. I
Mr. McSweeney is a member of the
State Democratic executive committee,
and has been for a number of years. He
was for eight years president of the ^
South Carolina Press Association. ^
Mr. McSweeney was married on the
12th day of July, 1SS6, to luiss Mattie j
Miles Porcher, and their nnion has
been blessed with six children. ,
The Aitgeia nan.
The plan of ex Governor Altgeld co j
fight the trusts is to have the govern- ]
ment go into business as a trust. A
government trust would, he argues, be
able to swallow all the others. Competition
would be out of the question,
[n fact, there would be a central de- 'c
spotism, bestriding the narrow world 1
like a colossus, whilst (with apologies to j
Shakespeare) petty men would walk under
its huge legs and peep about to ?
ind themselves dishonorable graves.
T/vnrn TntoH-tr TieotrnTPf? T
The market town of Ottensheim,
A.ustria. about five miles west of Linz,
)n the Daube. has been totally destroyed
by fire. Four women perished c
n the flames and a number of people i
^ere injured. e
Shot Himself. j
J. C. Dickson, a young married man, d
shot himself in his home in Anderson r
Wednesday morning. He was a book- t
weeper. Xo cause is assigned for the c
ict. i'
Gov. McSweeney Assumes the
Duties of His Office.
He Has No Enemies to Punish and
No Friends to Reward, and
Will be Guided by a Strict
Regard for Duty.
Governor McSweeney returned to
Columbia from Hampton Monday afternoon.
He has taken up quarters at
the Hotel Jerome, until he moves his *
family to the executive mansion. Monday
night the Governor issued the following
To the People of South Carolina:
In the providence of Almighty God
l:_ tt" 17 rrr:n: rr trm
ins TI xiiioiiii xi. xuucrisc,
late Governor of South Carolina, lias
passed to his reward. I regret the sad
event which makes it necessary for me
to assume the duties of Governor of . .
South Carolina. The constitution,
however, is mandatory. I have taken
the oath of office and assume formal
control of the Executive department
to-day. I have thought it proper to
/I TTTAW/? ^ A A A A T\1 A f Vi A
AUUlCdO <* WUiU. UJLLC pcvjjic VI vug
State. I realize fully the responsibility
of the position, I shall endeavor to
be faithful and conscientious in the
discharge of the duties which shall be
mine. In the wisdom which devised
our system of government, three distinct
departments were made, the legislative,
the executive, the judicial, to
make the laws, to execute the laws, to
interpret the laws. Under our Constitution
these are to "be forever separate
and distinct from each other,"
and no person exercising the duties of
the one shall assume to discharge the
duties of the other. It is a wise provision.
My duty mainly is to see that
the laws as placed on the statute books
by the legislative department are enforced.
This I shall attempt to do
faithfully and impartially, and without
fear or favor, following onlv where
duty points. In doing S3, however, I
ask and shall expect the hearty co-operation
of every officer in South Carolina,
whether he holds a State office, a county
office or an office under a municipality.
Not only so, but I ask the ^
hearty support and encouragement of \ . -*v
every citizen of South Carolina in the . .
<? x. _*i? 1 i_ 3 _ x-L
emorcement or raw ana la pae prwuiufcion
and advancement and progress of
our own Commonwealth. 2 realize the >
impotency of any officer, ihowev^r iaith- . *
ful he may be, who'doeg no^ltaye tills. / j*
support '
We are on the eve of a^great iiidiistri-'
3I advaiioe-r^iii manufacture, education,
commerce and agriculture?and I stand,
ready to contribute my part as cityam
and officer of this forward i^Jmrial
Diovement, and to do anything in my
my powor for the vrdaare of my
people. I have no political punishments
to inflict an^feo political rewards
to pay. It shal^be my aim and steadEast
purpose ty'give the people of the
State a stn^fy business administration
md toj^e'the Governor of all the peo
pie. yl'o this end 1 seek their sympathy,
their counsel and their prayers,
praying myself that peace and happiness
and prosperity may come to every
home in South Carolina.
Yours respectfully,
M. B. McSweeney,
Governor of South Carolina.
Curing Consuption.
At the meetine of the American
Medical Association Wednesday at Coiumbus,
Ohio, a sensational report was
presented on the cure of consumption
Qy Francisque Crotte, of Paris. Mr.
Drotte has cured more than 1,000 apparently
hopeless consumption cases. j
Be now offers to treat gratis 500 consumptives
from the different States in
the Union. He comes to America with
the highest credentials from the most
eminent physicians and the press in
Europe. The treatment consists of inhalation
of formaldehyde vapor, transported
directly through the tissues by
the aid of light tension static electricity.
A Deal in Columbia.
The Columbia Electric Light and
Railway Company was sold Thursday to
i syndicate, represented by Mr. P. H,
aadsden, of Charleston. It develops
;hat Mr. Gadsden has had control of a ^
najority of the stock for some time,
md called upon the local holders to _
jome^in on the deal. This they unanimously
decided to do, and the sale was
jonsummated. The price paid was
?257,000, and the stockholders get
ibout fifty cents on the dollar, which
;Lev consider the best offer that has
Deec made them. Negotiations have
Deen in progress for some time looking
:o the sale of the road to other people,
Dut none of them amounted to anything.
Volunteers' Extra Pay.
Gov. McSweeney, when asked last
veek if any change would be made in
;he matter of collecting the volunteers'
0 - it T1_ 3 i :J
pay irom tae reaerai guvermneut, d?au
ie proposed to let all existing arrangements
made by his predecessor stand,
rhis means that Judge C. P. Townsend
and Mr. W. Boyd Evans, who were
placed in charge of the matter by Gov.
Elierbe, will conclude the work they
lave begun.
Non-Union Men Bun Out.
A number of non-union glass blowers
irrived at Bridgetown, N. J., Thursday
light from Strandsburg to work in the
Cumberland glass company's works.
The train was met by a large number of
itrikers and many blows were exchang;d.
The non unionists were finally
)revailed on to leave town, the strikers
)aying their fare back to Strandsburg.
Committed Suicide. '
George Sturzenbegger, undertaker
?f Jersey City, suicided Friday mornng,
after making every preparation, ven
choosing his coffin and filling out
tis own death certificate. He shot
-?? ^ ?"LIT- A nrtffln qti/1
Limseu wune i>iug m wmu . .?
iicd almost instantly. He had quareled
with his wife shortly before he
ook his life. He had buried many suiides
and often said that when he died
t would be by his own hand.

xml | txt