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The Fairfield news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1881-1900, July 26, 1899, Image 4

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/2012218613/1899-07-26/ed-1/seq-4/

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ppPnPreaches on Human
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Epigram to illustrate the Folly of
Mankind. Prone to Magnify
Small Things
Heedless of the
T-r? + k rt7G/?AnrSA. .'founded on an an
cient epigram repeated by Christ, Dr.
Talmage illustrates the folly of being
very particular about insignificant
things while neglectful of vast concerns
The text is Matthew xxiii, 24, ::Ye
blind guides, which strain at a gnat
and swallow a camel."
A proverb is compact wisdom, knowledge
in chunks, a library in a sentence,
tfco /iloofrifiifcv of many clouds dis
charged in one bolt, a river put through
a mill race. When Christ quotes the
proverb of the test, he means to set
forth the ludicrous behavior of those
who make a great bluster about small
sins and have no appreciation of great
ones. In my text a small insect and a
larg-* quadruped are brought into comparison?a
gnat and a camel. You
have in museum or on the desert seen
the latter, a great awkward, sprawling
creature, with back two stories high
" - {}
and stomach having a collection 01 reservoirs
for desert travel, an animal forbidden
to the Jews as food ana in many
literatures entitled "the ship of the
desert." The gnat spoken of in the
text is in the grub form It is born in
pool or pond, after a few weeks becomes
a chrysalis and then after a few
days becomes the gnat as we recognize
it. But the insect spoken of in the
.text is in its very smallest shape, and
it yet inhabits the water, for my text is
a misprint and ought to read "strain
out a gnat."
My text shows you the prince of inconsistencies.
A man after long observation
has formed the suspicion that
in a cup of water he is about to drink,
there is a grub or the grandparent of a
gnat. He goes and gets a sieve or
strainer. He takes the water and pours
* it through the sieve in the broad light.
He says, "I would rather do anything
- almost than drink this water until this
larva be extirpated." This water is
brought under inquisition. The experiment
is successful. The water
rushes through the sieve and leaves
against the side of the sieve the grub or
gnat. Then the man carefully removes
the insect and drinks the water in placidity.
But going out one day, and
* 1 -
Hungry, ne devours a sniy
ert,''the camel, which the Jews were
forbidden to eat. The gastronomer has
no compunctions of conscience. He suffers
from no indigestion. He puts the
lower jaw under the camel's forefoot,
and his upper jaw over the hump of the
camel's back, and gives one swallow
and the dromedary disappears forever.
He strained out a gnat, he swallowed a
' While Christ's audience was yet
? J rrrir /vP
smiling at tne appositeeess ?uu nm ^
his illustration?for smile they did, unless
they were too stupid to understand
the hyperbole?Christ practically said
to them, "That is you." Punctilious
about small things; reckless^ r.bout affairs
of great magnitude. No subject
ever winccd under a surgeon's knife
more bitterly than did the Pharisees
under Christ's scalpel cf truth. As an
anatomist will take a human body to
pieces and put the pieces under a microscope
for the examination, so Christ
finds his way to the heart of the dead
Pharisee and cuts it out and puts it
under the glass of inspection for all
generations to examine. 'Those Pharisees
thought that Christ would flatter
them and compliment them, and how
they must have writhed under the redhot
words as he said. "Ye fools, ye
whited sepulchers, ye blind guides,
which strain out a gnat and swallow a
There are in our day a great many
gnats strained out and a great many
camels swallowed, and it is the object
of this sermon to sketch a few persons
who are extensively engaged in that
First, I remark that all those ministers
of the gospel who are very scrupulous
about the conventionalities of religion,
but put no particular st ess
upon matters of ^ast importance, are
photographed in the text. Church services
ought to be grave and solemn.
There is no room for frivolity inreligious
convocation, but there are illustra^
T VVUa Kl./s
lions, ana mere are uy yviuvwo nn.t
tliat of Clirist in the text that will irradiate
with smiles any intelligent audience.
There are men like those
blind guides of the text who advocate
only those things in religious service
which draw the corners of the mouth
down and denounce all those things
which have a tendency to draw the corners
of the mouth up, and those men
will go to installations, and to presbyteries,
and to conferences, and to associations,
their pockets full of fine
sieves to strain out the gnats, while in
their own churches at home every Sunday
there are 50 people sound asleep.
They make their churches a great dormitory,
and their somniferous sermons
are a cradle and the drawled out hymns
a lullaby, while some wakeful soul in a
pew, with her fan, keeps the flies off
unconscious persons approximate.
Now, I say it is worse to sleep in church
than to smiJc in church, for the latter
implies at least attention, while the
former implies the indifference of the
hearers and the stupidicy of the speaker.
In old age, or from physical infirmity,
or from long watching with the
sick, drowsiness will sometimes overi
. l \ ? !___ J.-L .
power one, dui wnen a minister 01 tne
gospel looks off upon an audience and
finds healthy and intelligent people
struggling with drowsint^s it is time
for him to give out the dosolt^gy or pronounce
the benediction. Tfee great
fault of church services today js^not
too much vivacity, but coo much somnolence.
The one is an irritating gnat
that may be easily strained out, the
other is a great, sprawling and sleepy
eyed camel of the dry desert. In all
our Sabbath schools, in all our Bible
classes, in all our pulpits, we need to
brighten up our religious message with
such Christlike vivacity as we find in
the text.
i take aown irom my library tnc
biographies of ministers and writers of
the past ages, inspired and uninspired,
who have done the most to bring souls
rte Jesus Christ, and I find that, without
a single exception, they consecrated
their wit and their humor to Chrsit.
Elijah used it when he advised the
Baalites, as they could not make their
god respond, to call louder, as their
god might be sound asleep or gone
a-hunting. Job used it when he
said to his self conceited comforters,
"Wisdom Trill die witfc you." Christ
not onlv used it in the lest, but' when
| he ironically complimented the ccrrupt
i Pharisee, saying, "The whole need not
( a physician," ana when, by one word,
| he described the cunning of Herod,
i saying, <;Go ye. and tell that fox."
J Matthew Hesry's commentaries from
Lthe first page to the last corruscated
! with humor as summer clouds with heat
j lightning.
John Bunyan's writings are as full of
humor as they are of saying truth, and
there is not an aged man here who has
ever read '"Pilgrim's Progress," who
does not remember that while reading
it he smiled as often as he wept. Chrysostom,
George Herbert, Robert South,
Geor<re 'Whiteaeld, Jeremy Taylor,
Rowland Hill, Ashael Xettleton, Charles
G. Finney and all the men of the past
who greatly advanced the kingdom of
God consecrated their wit and their
humor to the cause of Christ. So it has
been in all the ages, and I say to all our
youcg theological students, Sharpen
your wits until they are as keen as
I o ?nr! <-Vi.-.n tnl-A tKfim into this
holy war. It is a very short bridge between
a smile and a tear, a suspension
bridge from eye to lip, and it is soon
crossed over, and a smile is sometimes
just as sacred as a tear. There is as
much religion, and, I think, a little
more in a spring morning than in a starless
midnight. .Religious work without
any humor or wit in it is a banquet
with a side of beef, and that raw, and
no condiments and no dessert succeeding.
People will not sit down to such
a banquet. By all means remove all
n T 2 ,11 ?,1 J ?n
invouty anu an piiiacs uuu an
ana vulgarity. Strain them out through
the sieve of holy discrimination, but,
on the other hand, beware of that monster
which overshadows the Christian
church today?conventionally?coming
up from the great Sahara desert of ec
elesiasticism. having on its back a
hump of sanctimonious gloom, and
trnTiorr>onflc rftfllKft to SWolloW that
j camel.
Oh, how particular a great many people
are about the infinitesimals while
they arc quite rockless about the magnitudes!
"What did Christ say? Did
he not excoriate the people in his time
who were so careful to wash their hands
before a meal, but did not wash their
hearts? It is a bad thing tc have unclean
hands. It is a worse thing to
have an unclean hears. How many
people there are in our time who are
very anxious that after their death they
shall be buried with their faces toward
the east and not at all anxious that during
their whole life they should face in
the right direction, so that they shall
come up in the resurrection of the just,
i - > xi v?
wmcnever way mcj aiv uuijlcu. iiun
many there are chiefly anxious that a
minister of the gospel shall come in the
line of apostolic succession, not caring
so much whether he comes from Apostles
Paul or Apostle Judas! They have
a way of measuring a gnat until it is
larger than a camel.
Again, my subject photographs all
those who are abhorrant of small sins
while they are reckless in regard to
magnific-ut thefts. You will find many
a merchant who, while he is so careful
that he would not take a yard of cloth
or a spool of cotton from the counter
without paying for it, and who, if a
bank cashier should make a mistake and
send in a roll of bills $5 too much,
*-- ? T_ _ i T _ _2
would ciispatcn a messenger m not nasie
to return the surplus, yet who will go
into a stock company, in which after
awhile he gets control of the stock, and
then waters the stock and makes $100,000
appear like $200,000. He only
stole $100,000 by the operation. Many
of the men of fortune made their wealth
in that" way.
One of those men engaged in such
unrighteous acts that evening, the evening
of the day when lie watered the
stock, will find a wharf rat stealing a
daily paper from the basement doorway
and will go out and catch the
urchin by the collar and twist the col
| lar so tightly the poor fellcw has no
power to say that it was thirst for knowledge
that led him to the dishonest act,
but grip the collar tighter and tighter,
saying: "I have been looking for you
a long while. You stole my paper four
or five time.-, haven't you, you miserable
wretch?7' And then the old stock
gambkr, with a voice they can hear
three blocks, will cry out, "Police, police!"
That same man the evening of
the day in which he watered the stock
will kneel with his family in prayers
and thank God for the propsperity of
the day, then kiss his children good
night with an air which seems to say,
j "I hope you all will grow up to be as
good as your father." Prisons for sins
insectile in size, but palaces for crimes
dromedarian. No mercy for sins animalcule
in proportion but great leniency
for mastodon iniquity. A poor boy slyly
takes from the bosket of a market
vvoman a choke pear?saving some one
else from the cholera?and you smother
him in the horrible atmosphere of Raymond
Street jail or New York Tombs,
while his cousin, who has been skillful
enough to steal $50,000 trom the city,
you make a candidate for the state leglaturc.
There is a good deal of uneasiness and
nervousness now among some people in
our time who have not got unrighteous
fortunes? a great deal of uneasiness
about dynamite. I tell them that God
will put under their unrighteous fortunes
something more explosive than
dynamite?the earthquake of his omnipotent
indignation. It is time that we
learn in America that sin is not excusable
in proportion as it declares large
dividends and has outriders in equipage.
Many a man is riding to perdition,
postilion ahead and lackey bepf
ac 1 Ann r?r\r\\7 /vf o -nntrrcno_
JlliLiU* JL \J V/UV V v ?* UVIIU]/V?
per is a gnat to steal many thousands
of dollars is a camel. There is many a
fruit dealer who would not consent to
steal a basket of peaches from a neighbors
stall, but who would not scruple to
depress the fruit market, and as long as
I can remember we have heard every
summer the peach crop of Maryland is
a failure, and by the time the crop
comes in the misrepresentation makes a
difference of millions of dollars. A
man who would not steal one basket of
peaches steals 50,000 baskets of peaches.
Go down into the public library, in
the reading rooms, and see the newspa
per reports of the crops from all parts of
the country, and their phraseology is
very much the same, and the same men
wrote them, methedically and infam\ously
carrying out the huge lying about
the grain crop from year to year and for
a score of years. After awhile there
will be"a "corner" in the wheat market,
and men who had a contempt for petty
theft will burglarize the wheat bin of a
nation and commit larceny upon the
American corn crib. And some o
the men will sit ia churches and in
reformatory institutions trying to
strain out the small gnats of
scoundrelism while in their grain elevaj
tors and in their storehouses they are
j fattening huge camels which chey ex
pect after awhile to swallow. society
has to be entirely reconstructed on this
subject. We are to find that a sin is
inexcusable in proportion as it is great,,
i I know in our time the tendency is to
charge religious frauds upon good men.
They say, '"Oh. what a host of frauds
you have in the church of God in this
! day Anc K-hcn ac elder of ? canrch, ;
j or a dcscon. or a minister of the gospel, j
J or a superintendent of a Sabbath school !
I turns out a defaulter, what display ;
I heads there are ia many of the newspa- j'
' pers! Great primer type. Five line [
pica. "Another Saint Absconded. ' !
"Clerical Scoundrelism." "Religion at i
- t\; i !? i
j a -L/15CUULIL, WlUiC LL1C1C illC a. luuuj- j
ana scoundrels outside the church to j i
one inside the church, and the misbe- ;
havior of those who never see the inside
of a church is so great that it is
enough to tempt a man to become a
Christian to get out of their company. <
But in all circles, religious and irreii- '
gious, the tendency is to excuse sin in j
proportion as it is mammoth. Even ,
John Milton in his "Paradise Lost,"
while he condemns satan, gives such a <
grand description of him you have hard
work to withhold your admiration. Oh, ]
this straining out of small sins like <
gnats and this gulping down great iniq- ;
uities like camels!
This subject does not give the picture
of one or two persons, but is a gallery
in which thousands of people mav j
see their likenesses. For instance, all ;
those people who, while they would not
rob their neighbors of a farthing, appropriate
the money and the treasure of
the public. A man has a house to sell,
and he tells his customer it is worth
$20,000. Nest day the assessor comes
^ s\y* Ort T-?c 1 ? lO TT? AT f 1*1 4
itX CUiiU Hi.LIU Luc unuci caj o i? xj nvnu ,
$15,000. The government of the ]
United States took off the tax from personal
income, among other reasons be- ]
cause so few people would tell the
truth, and many a man with an income
of hundreds of dollars a day made statements
which seemed to imply he was
about to be handed over to the overseer
of the poor. Careful to pay their
passage from Liverpool to New York,
yet smuggling in their Saratoga trunk
ten silk dresses from Paris and a half
dozen watches from Geneva, Switzerland,
telling the custom house officer on
the wharf, there is nothing in that \
trunk but wearing apparel." and putting <
a five dollar gold piece in his hand to <
punctuate the statement. i
Described in the text are all those ]
who are particular never to break the ?
law of grammar and who want all their ,
language an elegant specimen of syn- ,
tax, straining out all the inaccuracies
of speech with a fine sieve of literary :
criticism, while through their conversa- '
tion go slander and innuendo and pro- j
fanity and falsehood larger than a whole
caravan of camels, when they might j
better fracture every law of the lang- (
- uage and shock their intellectual ta . ; <
and better let every verb seek in > ;;.. i j
for its nominative, and every noun Kr
its government, and let every prop -i- tion
lose its way in the sentence, :: .d (
adjectives and participles and pronouns ^
get into a grand riot worthy of the ]
Fourth ward of New York on election \
day, than to commit a moral inaccuracy. <
Better swallow a thousand gnats than ,
one camel.
Such persons are also described in
the test who are very much alarmed
about the small faults of others and
have no alarm about their own great
transgressions. There are in every '
community and in every church watch- ]
dogs who feel called upon to keep their ]
eyes on others and growl. They are i
full of suspicions. They wonder if this ,
man is not dishonest, if that man is not '
unclean, if there is not something 3
wrong about the other man. They are <
always the first to hear of anything (
wrong. Vultures are always the first \
to smell carrion. They are self ap- <
pointed detectives. I lay this down as j
a rule without any exception, that ]
those people who have the most faults <
themselves are most merciless in their 1
watching of others. From scalp of j
head to sole of foot they are full of j
jealousies and hypercriticisms. They j
spend their life in hunting for m uskrats |
and mud turtles instead of hunting for j
Rocky mountain eagles, always for some- ]
thing mean instead of something grand. 1
They look at their neighbors' imperfec- ,
tions through a microscope and look at I <
their own imperfections through a tele- i ]
scope upside down. Twenty faults of j
their own do not hurt them so much as j
one fault of somebody else. Their <
neighbors' imperfections are like gnats, <
and they strain t'aem out; their own im- <
perfections are like camels, and they \
swallow them. I
But lest too many might think they (
escape the scrutiny of the text, I have j
to tell you that we all come under the j
divine satire when we make the oues- ^
tions of time more prominent than the | ]
questions of eternity. Come now, let 1
us all go into the confessional. Are <
not all tempted to make the question, j
Where shall I live now? greater than <
the question. Where shall I live forev- ]
er? How shall I get more dollars here? <
greater than the question, How shall I ?
lay up treasures in heaven? the ques- 3
tion, How shall I pay my debts to man? j
greater than the question, How shall I (
meet my obligations to God? the ques- j
tion, How shall I gaiD the world? (
greater than the question, What if I j
lose my soul? the question, Why did j
God let sin come into the world? great- ?
er than the question, How shall I get :
it. extirpated from my nature? the ques- ,
tion, What shall I do with the i'-) or jit j
or 70 years of my sublunar existence? \
greater than the question, What sha.il l ,
do with the millions of cycles of my i
past terrestrial existence? Time?how j
small it is! Eternity?how vast it is! 2
The former more insignificant in com- j
parison with the latter than a gnat is T
insignificant when compared with a t
camel. We dodged the text. We said, ^
"That does not mean me, and that docs c
not mean me," and with a ruinous be- r
nevolence we are giving the whole .sermon
But let us all surrender to the charge.
What an ado about things heie! What
poor preparation for a great eternity! 1
As though a minnow were larger than i
a behemoth, as though a swallow took t
wider circuit than an albatross, as 1
though a nettle were taller than a Leba- <
non cedar, as though a gnat were great- *
er than a camel, as though a minute *
were longer than a century, as though t
time were higher deeper and broader
than eternity. So the text which
flashed with lightning of wit as Christ 1
uttered it is followed by the crashing ]
thunders of awful catastrophe to those '
nrTin moto +T10 nf timA crrr>ntr>r (
"iW 1??
than the questions of the future, the 1
oncoming, overshadowing future. Oh! <
Eternity! Eternity! Eternity!
Killed by a Wall.
A dispatch to The State from Pied
mont, S. C., says: "G. W. Sheltyn
was killed here this morning. Joseph
Austin and W. B. Bryant were ]>rob*- *
bly fatally injured. R. A. Po: tor had j
his leg broken. Robt. Freeman had (
his shoulder dislocated and arm broken.
Calaway Smith, N. P. Fleming and
Jack West were painfully injured. ,
They were all at work on a warehouse J
being built for the Piedmont Manufacturing
company when at about 11
o'clock the centre brick wall, which ?
was fully 30 feet high, suddenly caved j
in, burying Shelton, who was instantly [
killed, and mulcting injuries on cne ; ,
the oihers as abpve stated. AH that I
medical skill can do" is; being done for j
the injured. " The verdiet'of.the coroner's
jury was that G. W. Shelton came }
to his death by the accidental falling J
of the fire wall."'
What the Department of Ajtricultur*
Says About Them.
At the beginning of the week end
tug July 17th the temperature wa:
iower than usual, but with steadily increasing
heat up to Saturday (15th) or
tvhich date it rose to from 96 to lOi
iegrecs except on the immediate coast.
Hie extreme maximum of 105 is the
highest ever recorded f.t Columbia,
rhe tropic heat continued to the clos<
of tne week.
"With the exception of quite genera;
out light showers throughout the State
>n the Stli. and in m few places on the
LOth. there has been no rain of anj
jonsequcnce in two weeks, and ovei
the greater portion of the State the
need of ruoisture is urgent to maintaic
:he condition of the various crops; indeed,
over the central ?.nd westerc
counties, crops are fast failing undei
the comuincu influence of prolonged
uUrnu Li*ydii anu jAiiyme uijueas. n <ilcj
courses arc very low, and steck watei
is becoming scarce. Des'cating winds,
too, aided in drying the soil and vegetation,
but made the heat more endurable
for animals.
For the first time this season, the
aoajoritv of the reports are unfavorible
on cotton, relating that growtl
lias practically stopped, that the plants
ire losing their prryious healthy color,
md are shedding leaves and squares,
ind are blooming to the very top. Generally
they are well fruited with bolls,
[a Marion, Marlboro and Cherokee
joanties the crop is unimpaired. Ses
island cotton continues to do well, bu!
in placcs is blighting.
Old corn is suffering severely froir
Lhc dryness, and much is injured be
^oad recuperation even should it rair
soon. At a few points only is corn ui
to an average condition. Young corc
lias not reached its critical stage oi
growth and generally maintains its
jolor. but i: not making seasonable
Tobacco lias improved. Gathering
iad curing has made rapid progress,
Phe crop is yielding well, and sonu
Gelds excellently.
Nearly all but the very latest plantings
of rice have been laid by,, and a<
caterpillars arc no logger troublesome.
: he crop is in fine shape. Upland ric<
is, however, suffering for rain.
Melon vines are failing. Peas dying,
md a^eage reduced. Pastures and gardens
are lurning up. Pears, apples.
?rar>f>s and fics are Dlentiful in Char
ie? ton, but the commercial crop oi
Fruit throughout the State is Sir.all,
drapes are ripening over the casterr
Tlie Value of Cornstalks.
The farmers have reason to re6arc
a-ith aversion our numerous tariff-prC'
tected trusts, but the farmers on th<
prairie lands of the West at least wil
probably view with favor the fifty-mil
lion-dollar cornstalk trust which is be
ing organized, it is stated, to make i
market for the 250,000,000 tons of corn
stalks that go to waste every year. Tb<
3ornstalk is to be developed by'thenev
trust into a commercial commodity, a<
;otton seed were a few years ago, anc
it is believed that "there are millions
in it." According to the New Yorl
Commercial our farmers have hithert<
oeen throwing away $900,000,000 a yea:
in stalks. The yield of stalks aver
iges three tons to the acre, the acreage
averaging SO,000,000, and but a frac
ion of this is utilized as fodder. Dur
lug the last twenty years our larmerj
tiave destroyed, it is estimated by the
'Commercial,' $18,000,000,000 wortl
)f their product?a value equal to th<
sum total of their mortgages plus th<
public debt. This sum the new trusi
proposes to enable the farmers to pul
in their pockets during the nest scon
)f years. Six different commodities
ire now being manufactured from corn
;talks?namely, cellulose, worth $400 j
:on, used by the Government as an an
:omatic hole-stopper for battleships,
excellent cardboard, a fine grade of paper,
an unequalled foundation for dylamite,
a patent cattle food, and a superior
glue. The value of the cellulose
ining for warships is well known,
When a leak develops the cellulose
swells in such a manner as to automatcally
close it. With fifteen tons ol
stalks, worth $90, one ton of such eel.ulose
is made, for which, as already
stated, the Government is now paying
it the rate of $400 a ton. Two factories?one
in Rockfort, 111., and another
n Owensboro. Ky.?are now making
iomstalk cellulose, together with othei
products of less value. As respects the
jornstalk cattle food, it is stated that
;lie stalks, when ground to a coarse
neal, cooked, sweetened with molasses,
md pressed into cakes, form one of the
nost nutritive and valuable foods yet
placed on the market. The absorptive
->ower of cellulose dust fits it admira'
>!y for the manufacture of dynamite bj
nix in? with nitrodveerine. such dust
if-lni' superior even to gun cotton.
:'ive l'acLuiio.-, says the Commercial,
ire to be at once erected, in additioc
,o those already in operation. The
nore the better It is the good fortune
of the proposed combine that it
fill, if successful, have for its object tc
snlarge. or, in fact, create, an industry,
lot to stifle it.
Street Car Strike.
New York and Brooklyn are now havng
to contend with a strike of conside able
magnitude from the operatives oi
,he rapid transit lines of the city, and
lundreds of policemen are constantly
sailed into service to quell alleged disurbances
from the strikers. It seems
,he strikers have much sympathy from
,he public.
The Grand Army post at Sprinelill,
Kas , is getting blasphemous.
Recently it adopted a resolution that
'it is just and proper to invoke a just
Jod to remove a president that retains
rl. Clay Evans as pension commission;r.'?
When God "removes" a muu he
s dead. This Kansas post, therefore,
vants the death of the president. But
t shr.nld be uiore specific. Harrison
imi ciud during office from nat
r.tl nauses. Lincoln and Garfield bv as
sassination. Does the post want the
^resident promptly murdered or does it
nerely want some mortal disease to
smite him?
The first honor man of the South
Carolina College this year is J. E.
jwearingen, a blind man and a nephew
)f Senator Tillman. Mr. Swearingen
s totally blind and studied his lessons
>y getting his college mates to read to
lim. He is said to be posssessed of a
wonderful mind, and he proposes to
)ecome a lawyer.
''Marvelous, indeed, is the age in
vhieh cowless milk is sold from horseess
wagons, exclaims the Chattanooga
; j "What a JTorthem Visitor Has to Say
About It.
Paul Standisli writes as follows to the j
5 Boston Transcript regarding the dispen- j
sarv ovstpm:
i South Carolina's legislation in two
; particulars stands out in bold contrast
to that of all other states of the
5 First. It has no divorce laws, and
. no divorce has ever been granted in the
? history of the state. Second. Its liquor
law is utterly unlike that of any other
, in Christendom. The writei recently
spent five months in the city of Aiken
! and had abundant opportunity to study
! the character and working of the dis[
pensary law. He came awiy an unhe
sitating convert to its wisdom and
' practicability. Aiken has a resident
1 population of 3,500, with 1,000 Northern
visitors in the winter. More than
' half the residents are Xegroes, and the
; average Negro is far from being a teeto[
taller, and yet in five months of continued
observation I aid not see five intoxicated
Stand with me a half hour in the
Aiken dispensary and see what transpires.
The establishment is on the
main street, and is a single room 100
5 feet long by perhaps thirty wide. A
small space opposite the door, shaped
| like the letter V with its apex cut off
5 is for the public; all the rest is for the
1 dispenser and his goods. The s; ace fori
1 customers is not more than ten feet
losg by six at its widest end; a high
fence encloses it, save at its apex, where
! the customer makes his purchase. No
[ seats of any sort welcome the visitor.
* There is no counter 10 lounge upuu?
the fence prevents.
1 No glasses wait to be filled?no pictures-hang
on the wall?no crackers and
1 cheese speak the pleasant language ot
) hospitality?no tempting odors salute
| the nostrils. Only bottles (sealed ones)
; adorn the shelves. Th<*re is no paraJ
phernalia for mixing drinks. There is
* no display of goods in the windows. All
is plain, unattractive, inhospitable.
> Wait?here comcs a customer. Watch
' him! He walks to the hole in the
' fence, says to the dispenser, i:I want a
pint of whiskey," names the grade he
wishes and signs a blank lorm put dc'
fore him.
1 The dispenser passes him a sealed
5 bottle which the purchaser puts in his
pocket and immediately walks away.
1 Two men come in together. Each
makes his purchase and pays for it and
1 they go out together. Qow striking
; the contrast between this matter-of-fact
c commercial transaction and the way
' things go on in a typical Boston saloon!
1 No treating here; no longing; no clicking
of glasses "ad drinking of health:
* * ' n ,i
no ciubroom tnis ior me young men 01
. the village; no insidious attractions to
1 tempt the boys. It is the use uf ?,!co
holic liquors as a beverage rid of all the
> gilded trappings that are responsible
i for at least a half of all the intemperance
of the land. It is said that no
man ever pays for his first drink.
- Somebody always gives it to him.
i Abolish the abominable treating cus.
torn and you immediately reduce drinking
enormously. Abolish the saloon,
' that is, its social attractions, and you
' reduce drinking as much more. The
? dispensary does both. "What are the
i -fnnrl-am^nf-n] nrimiirtles of this UniflUe
' law? They are only three, yiz., these:
" First, the sale of pure liquor only by
I the state alone; second, payment of
r fized salaries to the men who sell; third,
no drinking on the premises. Remove
' either of these and the whole structure
falls to the ground. Retain all, and
" there is only one more step to take, and
' that is the absolute destruction of the
5 traffic.
I Selling liquor on a salary and selling
' for a profit are as unlike as light and
' darkness. Into the last comes the
I mighty factor of avarice, only equalled
" in its strength by that other resistless
\ impulse, appetite. License brings into
5 working contact these two forces, and
the result is inevitable and dire disas1
ter. Under the dispensary system avar!no
noococ +0 Off TViata 1<? Tin ITldnftft
1 ment whatever to the dispenser to increase
his sales. Should he do so he
would simply work harder for the same
money. Appetite, alone and hamper!
ed is thus the main factor in the prob[
lem. Is it not plain upon the face of
! it that such a system must greatly rej
duce the sale of liquor? Do the varied
and seductive attractions of the saloon
count for nothing?the tempting window
displays, the brilliant lights, the
> lunch, the comradeshio?
[ Is it any wonder the arrests for
drunkenness in 18 cities and towns of
; South Carolina were 57G during the last
six months under license, and only 2S3
! during the first six months under the
' dispensary? Who can doubt that sim1
ilar effects would follow similar causes
in this and other states? The regula!
tions imposed upon the dispensers are
' most salutary. No sales arc permitted
! to minors, intoxicated persons or hab|
itual drunkards, or between sunset and
' sunrise, or on Sundays or holidays, and
' no loafing is permitted.
If the dispenser is warned by one
member of a family and does so, his
1 bondsman can be mulcted ?200 for
! each offence. The dispensary law has
suffered attacks more bitter and more
' powerful perhaps than any legislation
1 in the history of our country, but has
triumphantly withstood them all, and
practically silenced all,
Ridicule and argument?the shot
guns and the courts (all but the highest)
have struck it blow after blow. A
. year ago it looked as though it had re
' ceived its death blow in the repeated
decisions of Judge Simonton, United
- States Circuit Judge, who emasculated
. the law by his injunctions and opini
ions, thereby flooding the state with
t "0. P." (original package) shops, run
by "agents" from other states, and
making ridiculous the state dispensarie?.
But the final appeal to the highest
authority, the United States su
. preme court, resulted in a magnificen.
victory for the dispensary. The de
' cision upheld the law; closed every 0'
P. shop in 24 hours; routed the ene"
mics of the dispensary in tumultuous
fight, and established the right of a
, I boverex^u SLclCC tu
the liquor traffic?yes, even to monopolize
it for the public good.
A fair specimen of the style Df criticism
which the dispensary has been
! made the subject of may be found in
| the September, 1893, number of the
North American Review, where Mayo
Chaffee, of Aiken, bitterly attacks the
law. characterizing it as paternalism
run mad; as an abominable injustice to
the liquor sellers, who were entitled to
compensation when thus driven out of a
business in which, naturally, they ex1
pectea to remain for life; as a serious
1 blow to the prosperity of the state
' since merchants (especially wholesale
1 and retail liquor dealers) had moved to
other states. But his sense of justice
compelled him to say at the end of his
^T?%a -r\s\rrr crcfnTTl ATTATTOr lfl
' not totally bad. There has been a
marked decrease of drunkenness since
it went into operation. In the munici
! pnniy oi vmicli the "writer is tuc cinei
executive oficer the police hare not
u:ad&an arrest for drunkenness since
July 1st-.."
Adjutant General Floyd Issues a Very
Important Order.
The Columbia State says: A great
many difficulties have been encountered
in the eSort to bring the State militia
up to a creditable standard and much
time has been consumed in getting the
various organizations to understand
what would be expected of them under
the reorganization. The following general
order issued "Wednesday, however,
shows that the time has arrived to
shape things and that Gen. Floyd proposes
to have a militia force that will
be a credit to the State or rone at all.
The last two paragraphs of the order
make such provisions:
Columbia, July 20. 1S99.
n i /^v 3 v _ 4
ueneraj uraer ^?o. *.
Par. 1. I he mustering of the State
volunteer troops and national guard
that have not been mustered into service,
and the annual inspection of companies
that have complied with general
orders Nos. 2 and 3, will commence
Aug. 10, 1899, and continue until completed.
Par. 2. Companies will be inrpected
at their respective places o' meeting
and timely notice of the arrival of the
inspecting officer will be duly forwarded
to all companies enrolled.
Par. 3. The comanding officer of companies
are hereby ordered to have all
State property, funds, books, etc., on
hand ready for inspection together with
a complete inventory of same in order
that delay mr.y be avoided.
Par. 4. In conducting the approaching
inspection companies arc hereby
warned that unless a creditable knowledge
of the manual of arms, evolutions,
etc., is clearly demonstrated at the in
spection, and a mark or (jO attained disbandment
of companies failing will be
Par. 5. While geographical conditions
and the distribution of companies
according to the statutes of the State
must and will be duly considered, nevertheless
the report of the inspector as
per paragraph four will be strictly adhered
to, and assignment of companies
to the active or reserve branches of the
service thereby determined.
By order. Gen. Floja.
John D. Frost, A. A. and I. Gen.
The Coroner of Bichland Had an Exciting
Fight With Them.
William Ric'. ardson, a colored man,
was found dead Wednesday evening a
few miles below the city. He was
alout 55 years old and has been very
feeble. Notwithstanding the protests
of his wife he went out in the morning
to shoot a young rabbit as a relish for
dinner. The old single barrel gun he
carried hai been patched up by having
tin twisted and nailed about the barrel
and stock, .hvcn witn the smallest
charge of powder and shot it was a dangerous
weapon to fire. Probably if he
had come across i young rabbtt the
coroner woulv. have had to hold an inquest
anyway and the rabbit would
have been safely ensconced in its bed.
But he hadn't gone far when his physical
nature naturally gave way and the
old man naturally fell to the ground on
his face, his gun being under him- He
had two dogs of dogs of m ean lineage
with him. one being a half setter, and
the other a common cur "yellow dog."
But they both kept vigil over the body
of their master. The first man to discover
the body ^as a Negro who approached
it, but the two dogs attacked
him favaselv and he ran. Thev did
cot follow bat went back to guard the
body. Coroner Green was notified and
with Dr. C. C. Johnson he went to
where the body lay. A man named
Wiih'ams was with them. Mr. Green
jumped from his buggy and started to
the body, when the two dogs made a
vicious onslaught on him. He defended
himself with his whip and notwithstanding
the lashes he gave them, the
dogs still advanced and the coroner was
retreating. It looked for ^ moment as
if the dogs would tear :dm to nieces,
and he called for assistance. Neither
of those with him comiDg to his aid, he
i i r _ i .ii _i? 1- J . _
tooK me DUtc 01 ms wnip auu aicer a
fight with the dogs, lasting full fifteen
minutes, the coroner succeeded in beating
them off. He now has great respect
for the much maligned "yaller
dog" end believes a man has no better
friend, when they once become attached
to cne. The body of the dead was
brought to the colored hospital last
night and, after a post mortem examination,
the jury returned a vcrdict
that the defeased came to his death
from heart disease.?Columbia Record.
A Good Showing.
Reliable poultry statistics that are of
practical value are aiificult to get, for
the reason that not one poultry raiser
out of a hundred in this section even
i. 2. x.l ,1 XT_ 1> l._
preiciius lu Keep a. iuuuiu. 1*11%
Inman. of Yorkville, however, gave the
reporter of the Enquirer recently some
figures that are quite interesting.
"Since January last up to today," said
Mr. Inman, "I have had 26 Brown
Leghorn hens, and in the time mentioned
they have laid 225 dozen eggs. A
great many of these eggs, I have sold at
a dollar a setting, but at 12V cents per
dozen the gross income would have
amounted to $23.12i. During this
time, the hens have cost on account of
feed and other expenses $11.SO, leaving
a net profit of $16.32, and the hens
practically of the same value as at the
beginning of the j'ear." According to
these figures it would seem that chicken
raising is a pretty good business, especially
if the chickens are leoked after
properly, and accorded intelligent attention.
The Enquirer ?ays there are
several other poultry raisers in Yorkville
who are in the business as extensively
as 3Ir. Inman, and perhaps some
of them may be able to report results
even more satisfactory.
The Lexington Dispatch meets the
proposition of The State to consolidate
Richland and Lexington counties with
ridicule. The Dispatch will find that
ridicule will not do in this case. Look
at the State's proposition from any
standpoint you please and there is
merit in it. \Ye would therefore advise
The Dispatch to treat the matter
more seriously, andhu nt up some facts }
to off-set the ones presented by The <
State. The proposition cannot be j
rediculecl out of existence. It will take j
stubborn facts, and plenty of them, to
kill it. Can the Dispatch array them?
The latest wonder to have been discovered
by Kansas is the "raspberry,
stawberry/' grown by one P. IL Hartman.
"It is a beautiful red borry,"
says the Kansas City Journal, "'looks
very much like a stawberry. It has
n flavor resembling a mixture of strawberry
and rastberry. It is easy of cul- ;
tivation, and is a very handsome fruit. :
- f
l Tn'any Stories Prove That Rats Will Leave j
an Tuseavrcrthy Vessel.
The old superstition, which has
I grown into au adage, that rats desert
! a shin which is no longer seaworthy,
Liddeil to., Charlotte, jN. v;.
A. B. Farquhar Co., Ltd., York, Pa.
Eagle Cotton G-in. Cg., Bridgewater,
Straub Machinery Co., Cincinnati, 0.
M Keeley
if they could. But nature lovers, devout,
silent, open-eyed, alert, looking
and listening "with love, sitting still
here and there for hours or days, as
their genius directs, find no lack of
inhabitants in these mountain mansions,
and they come to them gladly.
I Not to mention the large animals or
the small insect people every waterfall
has its ouzel, and every tree its squirrel
or tamias, or bird?tiny nuthatch
, threading the furrows of the bark,
cheerily whispering to itself as it deftly
pries of loose scales and examines
the curled edges of lichens, or Clarke
crow, or jay, examining the cones, or
some singer-oriole, tanager, warbler,
resting, feeding, attending to domestic
affairs. Hawks and eagles sail overhead,
and grouse walk in happy flocks
below, and the song sparrow'sings in
every bed of chaparral. There is no
crowding, to be sure. Unlike the low
Eastern trees, those of the Sierra in
the main forest belt average nearly
j 200 feet in height, and of course' many
I moIrck mnnli nl' sl
I JJii UO CLX C7 AU.AA \j\J. CV v?.
show in them, and many voices to filJ
them. Nevertheless, the whole range /
from foothills to snowy summits is
shaken into song every summer; and
though low and thin in winter, the
music never ceases.
Prompt Mr. Scott.
A certain Mr. Scott, of Exeter, Eng.,
: whose business required him to travel
i constantly, was one of the most famous
characters for punctuality in the
kingdom. By his methodical habits,
^ TT-c-f- r-Tr liA
cunxumeu WILLI. uunwim wuiuu;, JU.V
accumulated a large fortune. For a
great many years the landlord of every
inn in Cornwall and Devon tiiat lie
visited knew tie exact day and hour
he would arrive. A short time before
he died, at the advanced age of eighty,
a gentleman -who was making a journey
through Cornwall put up at a
small inn at Port Isaac for his dinner.
He looked over the bill of fare, and
found notching to his liking. He had,
however, eeen a fine duck roasting on
the fire.
"I'll have that," said he.
"You cannot, sir," replied the land
lord, "it is for Mr. Scott, of Exeter."
"I know Mr. Scctt very well," replied
the traveller. "He is not in your
"Very sorry," said the landlord, "but
six months ago, when he was last here. ,
he ordered the duck to he ready for
him this day, exactly at 2 o'clock."
And to the amazement of the traveler,
who chanced to look from the window,
the old gentleman was at that
moment entering the inn yard, about
five minutes before the appointed
A Curious Collection.
One of the most remarkable collections
or souvenirs ever made is a collection
of male opera liats by one of
the actresses of a London company.
She owns no fewer than 216 of these
articles, for it. was her whim to make
M-onr vnnrier man trho was introduced
to her give her his opera hat as a
souvenir. She not only keeps them in
their pristine condition, bat converts
them into all sorts of other things,
such as photograph frames, work
baskets, and some are even used for
the purpose of holding flower pots.
The Chinese are said to remove the
pulp from oranges and substitute various
jellies. Tie closest examination 1
fails to reveal any opening or incision 1
in the skin, of the fruit.
A vegetable for Mild.
curef?rLiv- the Pleasant",
er, Kidney & LIVER Sure.
stomach troubles, and 25. 50. $1. ,
Sold wholesale by?
The Murray Drug Co. Colum bia
Dr. H. Baer, Charleston, S C,
Macfeat's ,
School of
1his School has the reputation of being the .
b$fit business institution in the State. Graduates
are holding remunerative positions in 1
tfiercantile houses, banking, insurance, real
"estate, railroad offices, &c., in this and other
eta tea. Write to "W. H. Macfeat, Court
Stenographer Comulbia, 8.C. for terms, etc
_ . j
ii ii mi ? i Tii iTn i niir i? itftiin?>r?i'?ViK^
All We Ask of
xxeeu ui ?* m
Machinery "
Mill Sapply Line j
Is that yon give us an opportunity
to submit our prices and make fl
comparisons. We ask this be- ^Bj
cause we believe we can make it to ^
YOUR advantage. TRY US.
We make a specialty of equipping
Correspondence with intending purbcasers
W. H. Gibbes & Co..
is still an article of faith with, the
fresh "water sailors of the great Jakes.
Sundry -well-authenticated instances
seem to justify this belief. The Vernon
was a three-master, "which did a
j tramp business. Built in Buffalo in
1S50, she "was for many years regarded
as one of the best craft on the lakes.
I^ate in the fall, about fifteen years
ago, she unloadeu a cargo of grain in
j Buffalo, and reloaded "with package .
1 freight for Chicago. She was about to
sail one rough November night. Just
before the lines were let off, one of
the seamen, saw a rat run. over the
hawsers to the wharf. In a moment
another was- seen. The seaman called
others of the crew to see the unusual
sight. Between fifty and seventy-five
rats poured out of the ship and took i
refuge along the wharf. The crew refused
to sail, but the captain was obstinate,
shipped a fresh crew, and sailed
forthwith. The ship was lost with
all hands. The Idaho, a fine passenger
steamer, foundered in Lake Erie in
November, 1897. Out of her crew of
twenty-one men nineteen were drownT
-i-t 4-1^ a ?? <-iff.nl 1 "n c*t*
CU. O LCI U1UIC C11C iWi-V uvi
ings a swarm of rats crawled over the <
hawsers to the wharf. This was known
to part of the crew, and four men de- ,
seried at the last moment. Similar
stories are told of other wrecked vessels,
and an old lakeman says: "It
has been proved a hundred times.
There are a whole lot of things in this
world that we don't know anything
about. Rats live in the very filers of
a ship. They see what we can't see. i
"WTien the timbers are hollowed and
the seams open, these little animals
know that the ship is unsafe, and they
desert it." :
Music in the Sierras. I
Travelers in the Sierra forests usu- '
ally complain of their want of life, es- I
pecially of birds. "The trees," they
say, "are fine, but the empty stillness
is deadly; there are no animals to be
seen, no birds. We have not heard a J
j song in all the woods." And no won- 1
i der, going in large parties with mules '
and horses, making so much noise,
| dressed in outlandish, unnatural colj
ors, every animal shuns them. Even
i the frightened pines would run away ;
Produce each a disease having defin
ite pathology. The disease yields
sa3ily to the Double Chloride of Gold
Treatment as administered at the above
Keeley Institute.
N. B.?The Keeley Treatment is
administered in South Carolina
' I
' T---~pyk
L, L&K
?? Regulator & Kidneys.
Columbia, S. C. \
Dr. 5. BAER,
Charleston, S. C.
Ginning 1
a <-T% D? /% ? tnrk ClS/lfl A-n
J.JL1C OJJLU.OJJ. JL iiOULUaUiU kju.viu.yu.
Elevating, Ginning and
Packing System
Is the simplest and most efficient on
the market. Forty-eight complete
outfits in South Carolina; each
one giving absolute
Boilers and Engines; Slide
Valve, Automatic and Corliss.
My Light and Heavy Log Beam Saw
Mills cannot be equalled in design, efficiency
or price by any dealer or manu
facturer in the South.
Write for trices and catalogues.
V.C. BadHam,
1326 Main Street,
It is tll8= =
vi . - SgS!
Bat a ?er? po-r ooe. to wait unjil the ginning
seamen is jn king to eee
w b.'ii-ft-x TTiei^h is in
Now is the time to
HiidT m RFPilR WORKS 1
bkhlW Hill llkil mil II VIftllVI
Do not delay and thea 3sk us to let you
have it at occc, for thorough work cannot
be dene ia a hurry. The attention given ^
this matter now will more than repay you
when the cjtton is white in the fie'ds
iiid the gin house crowded. Tbe work ia
comiag in already, so &h.<p at once to the
undersigned, located at the old electric light
engine house.
References by permission:?W. H Gibbes
? Co , V C. Bad ham, Jno. A Willis
?S?*iIar!? your name and shipping point
jn work sent and prepay the freight. a
III EHiitt Ilia iprfjfft,' :
W. J. ELLIOTT, Proprietor,
Xo. 1314 Gates Street,
To get strong
and healthy use
one bottle Mur
ray's Iron Mixture.
Price 50c

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