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The Fairfield news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1881-1900, September 13, 1899, Image 1

Image and text provided by University of South Carolina; Columbia, SC

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/2012218613/1899-09-13/ed-1/seq-1/

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A Terrible Story that Comes from j
One of the Survivors Te!!s of Cast-!
ing Lots and Sucking the
Blood cfOneComn;>nir>n.
^ I
The British steamer Woodruff, Cap- j
tain Milburn. srrived at Charleston
from Hamburg Saturday, August 31.
two handrea and fifty miles south of
Charleston the Woodruff picked up
Maurice Anderson and Goodum.::4
Thomasen, survivors of the Norwegian
bark Drot, wrecked August 15. off the
Florida coast. The Drot was bound
from Paseagoula to Buenos Ayres. Anderson
is a raving maniac and his companion
is shockingly mutilated from
bites of tha crazed man. Thomasen
tells a dreadful story. The captain of
the Drot and seven seamen were swept ;
N overboard and lost in the recent West
Indian hurricane, xne mate ana seven :
other men pat to sea on a raft made
from decking. The raft parted soon ,
after, and the mate and one man were
separated from the others. The mate's
companion was landed at Philadelphia
by the German steamer Titania on August
22. He stated that the mate com- ,
mitted suicide. Of the six men on the
other part of the raft one became crazed
from exposure and jumped into the
sea. Two others exhausted from suffering
fell overboard and were lost. Anderson,
Thomasen and a German seaman,
drew lots as to which one would
" - * ? ? i
be eaten, as none of tnem naa naa a
i&outnful since they took to the raft.
The lot fell to the German. He was
killed and the blood was sacked from
his veins by the two survivors. Soon
after Anderson lost his reason and savagely
attacked his only companion.
Thomasen's breast and face were bitten
in several places, chunks of good size,
being torn out. Both men are now at ,
the city hospital and the Norwegian 1
consul has taken the case in hand.
Thomasen is a native of Stevanger, .
Thomasen is a mere lad. Pie is a Norwegian,
17 years of age, and this trip
out from his own country was his first.
He is a pale boy. thin and white, and
his bones yest^day showed out from
under the sheets of his cot. ne couia ,
barely talk above a whisper, though he.
nodded pleasantly when a reporter
went to his aide to talk. On -the lips
of the lad there are two thick, black
scabs, the remnants of ugly sores doubtless
made from contact with the biting
of the human flesh. There are no
bruises on his face and the ulcers over
- his body have been covered with deep 1
smelliDg drags. What might have Deen
flesh has disappeared from the boy's
^ legs, and he looks no larger than a
straw. The physicians are encouraged
at his condition, and they will bring
him through.
Andersen is an older man. He is
about 35 yearu old. His cilia is covered
with a soft growth of stubby hair,
and whiskers sprout from the sides of 1
his face. His eyes are deep set and
hollow ana-they burn red like coals of
fire. The man appears conscious. He
cannot speak English, but he shook his | j
head knowingly as he gave his hand to J
.owahut TT15 pves roamed about I
and he was still so weak that he could
barely lift his arm. His general con
dition, however, is good, and there is
the same encouragement at his steady :
* improvement.
During the day m^ny sailors called <
at the hospital. Some of them could <
speak the language of the sufferer? and
they seemed anxious to hear from ihe
survivors the story of the disaster
Andersen said Wednesday to an interpreter,
who was assisting the reporter,
that made straws from splinters
picked from the raft. It had been >
agTeed that the man who got the longer
stick should die. He was a German, or
an Austrian, and he made no objection
when he got tin straw that killed. He
seemed anxious, however, for a quick
death, and his companions were eager
for his blood. There was a Heavy
piece of iron on the raft. How it got :
there the sailors are unable to tell, but
it came in handy, according to the story
Wednesday, for it was used to knock
the victim in the head. He laid Sat
on the raft. While one man stood
- ready to brain him, another was standing
by with a huge knife to rip for his
heart the moment the iron landed on
the unfortunate's head. The German
shut his eyes. The iron was rais.?
wm high to fall with a terrible blow, and as
- - - ? i ? j
^ it landed the kmle was driven ueey |
into the heart. Then the comrades on
L the raft fell over, placed their lips close
' to the wound, and sucked in the blood.
Once the men at the hospital told
Wednesday that after the blow was
landed on the head the knife was jabbed
into the victim's heart. Again they
told that the weapon went into the
throat instead. At times they said the
man was a German; again they said he
was from Austria.
While the ra:r v. as drifting about at
the will of the waves the water poured
over to add to the suffering of the crew.
Almost the entire ticce the men were
Jam onrl nift-p in the water.
VVaiOb uvvy ;
! which surged on unceasingly and swept
\ with it small sharks and fish and little
demons from the sea. When the sharks
HBr would come by they jumped fiercely for
the prey, but strange luck saved the
creatures en the raft. When the two
companions died the bodies were held
on the craft f^ra time, but they soon
l>egan to give forth a sickening, deadly
scent and the} were cast over. The
sharss hanging about, hungry and
wild, were there and as the forms
splashed on the waves they were lifted
up and eaten by the Sghting. struggling
tribe.?News and Courier.
Poisoned Birds.
I Tourists traveling in Italy are warned
acainst eatinc small birds served
with polenta or otherwise. A number
of cases of poisoning after eating such
biids lid at last to investigations which
showed that the birds had been handled
carelessly by persons who took oft their
feathers for milliners and used arsenic
to preserve them.
Weekly Review of United States
Weather Bureau for this State.
The following is the weekly bulletin
of the condition of the weather and
crops of the State for the past week,
issued Wednesday by Director Bauer of
the South Carolina section ot tne united
States weather bureau.
The temperature, duiing the week
endiDg Septemder 4, 1890, averaged
about normal, having been cooler than
usual during the first part and warmer
than usual during the last part of the
week. At a few places only did the
temperature rise above 90 degrees,
while the lowest minima for the month
were recorded on August 30th.
The rains for the week were general,
heavy, and continuous, except over the
northeastern portion of the State,
wfctre showers only occurred. The rainfall
for the week averaged from half an
inch at Cheraw to six and one-half
inchcs at Charleston. The drought was
effectually broken.
Cotton did not receive much, if an}*,
benefit from the rains, except possibly
very late cotton that will now put on a
top crop. As an effect of the rain rust has
increased and open cotton has become
stained, and some blown to the ground,
sprouting and rotting in the bolls is also
cpi'o general. Fair weather is needed
i'or gathering cotion. Picking was
reta- d^d by the wet weather. The yield
prosptcis have not improved and continue
poor. Sea-island cotton is opening
rapidly and is being picked as it
opens. Blight and shedding continue.
The rains came in time to help late
corn, which is now veiy proirising
where not being destroyed by army
worms which infest nearly every county
in the western portion of the State. But
little fodder could be saved during the
Early rice harvest is well under way,
and stacked rice suffered somewhat
^ J- ^ ^ ? ?? Vk ATATTfir
irom ine ue&vy lams, nuiuu, uvnvi^j
were very beneficial on late rice.
Peas and peavine for forage, as well
as sugar cane, sweet potatoes, sorghum,
and peanuts, were materially improved
by the wet weather. Grass for hay is
making rapid growth, but in the west
c-ii-ff/i-rc fmm ormr wnrms.
CLU tUUUUt-O OUUViJ AAVi-" v-* j .. ~
The week afforded but little opportunity
for saving hay. 3Iuch land was
sown and resown to turnips. In the
trucking districts, cabbage and strawberry
plants were set out.
A WifA Wanted Her Husband Put Out
of the Way.
An ugly story comes from Darlington
in which a wife is accused of trying to
poison her husband. James K. Kelley,
who was pardoned out of the penitentiary
last January, has had his wife indicted
for try" jg to put him out of the
way. Kelley was sent to the penitentiary
for shooting a detective, or dis
pensary constable, named Jenkins in
March, 1896,to serve three years. During
the incarceration his wife left his
home to live with a man Darned Arthur
Atkinson. "When Kellev returned
fmm the nenitentiary he went to his
home ana has lived there with his children
eyer since. Last Monday Mr3.
Kelley gave her son, Rosser Kelly who
lives with his father, a powder to put in
the old man's whiskey the nest time he
?ot drunk and promised to give the boy
$50 for doing it. Atkinson also promised
to give the boy a new bicycle if he
would sweeten Kelley?s liquor with the
powatr. Instead of doing as he was
told, Hosser gave the powder to ms
father, who brought it to town and gave
it to Magistrate Dargan to have analyzed.
The analysis proved that the powder
contained three grains of strychnine,
and a warrant was issued for the arrest
of Atkinson and Mrs. Lou Kelley.
The sheriff has sent for them, but as
t-v.?rr lir-a TC/il 1 thf: ''dark
lltv A 4-4 ?v .? --y ?
comer' of Darlington county, and as
the Kelley family up there is si pretty
desperate one, it is likely that the constable
will have trouble in arresting
them.?The State.
Merited Success.
Special attention is called to the
large advertisement of the Columbia
Business College, which appears in
another column of this pape*. There
is no school in the country that turns
out more successful graduates, or is
more progressive, more alive to the
demands of the tiros or that has a better
business or shorthand course. No
young man or lady who is thinking of
attending a business college should fail
to send for one of their catalogues.
The college makes a specialty of securing
good positions for its graduates and
it often has more calls than it can fill.
Every graduate of the college and many
prominent business men of Columbia
endorse the school as one of the very
best. A postal addressed to Prof. W.
H. Newberry, the president will briDg
full particulars.
A Queer CaseA
dispatch from Sycamore, 111., says:
Lyle Smith, son of Deputy Sheriff
Frank Smith, died here, aged 30 years,
He was born with imperfect valves of
the heart, so that the venuous and arterial
blood were not separated. This
caused his complexion to be very susceptible
to the changes of the weather.
In pleasant weather he was of a fair
color, but when a storm was approaching
he would begin to show signs cf
changing before it was visible, and
gradually became a blue color, tne nevous
blood predomiating. Physicians
had studied his case a .id predicted his
earlj death.
A Fish Story.
A }C1 >v< rlale, In1., man sajs that
while hshing he tied his line about his
ankle and went to sleep i>n the bank of
the river. A twenty-one pound carp
which seized the hook pulled the man
off the bank into the river. He was
rescued just in time and the Ssh landed.
The Smith Family.
Four thousand of the Smith family
held ureunionat Peacock, X. J., recently.
All of them trace their ancestry
to a certain John Smith who '.-ame to
that part of the country as a boy 100
years ago. "Whether he was a relative
of John Smith of the Pocahontas love
affair is not known.
An Ohio Town Stampeded by a j
False Alarm.
Two Parties of Home Guards j
Frighten Each Other. Atter j
Ail Morgan Failed to Put in
an Appearance. '
"We had been alarmed so often that <
summer by false reports of lawless raid- J
ers invading Ohio that we had come to ]
look upon every new rumor with suspi- i
cion, in fact, as a huge joke, inveDted i
p . -
ior cne express purpuse m niguicu;uS
timid women and children. Hence, 1
the scare lines in the sensational dailies 1
announcing Morgan's movements after ]
he had actually invaded the State were 1
regarded with considerable scepticism, i
people doubting the statements of his 1
whereabouts. s
I was teaching in Ilookstown. a little i
Pennsylvania town socne three miles 1
back from the Ohio river, at that time, i
I hoarded with my aunt, and on that i
never-to-be-forgotten Sunday accompa- ]
-nr/?Vi oc iKilol /
UlCU t 11C- WV MW?AW?. >
The day was warm and sultry, but <
in spite of the heat and the uneasiness t
fairly well filled at the opening of the :
morning service. The devotional ex- i
ercises were over, and Parson Darwin
had just reached his ''secondly," when ]
"Hardy" Davis, the village blacksmith, i
appeared at the open door without hat or i
cuat, acd, rushing up tnc long aisle, i
beckoned to the minister to lean down <
r\trnr fViA Prnnf- nf tVip Viifh nnlnifc. The 1
parson obeyed in a dignified way, turn- <
ing his ear to catch the excited whisper, t
He nodded confusedly, as the smith t
still tarried, and then, at the big man's 1
impatient gesture, said: i
"I am informed that the raider Mor
gan and his men are at Smith's Ferry? i
prisoners, I presume." i
"Shades of stupidity!'" shouted the s
irate blacksmith. i-I tell you he is c
there with his army, and all who don't 1
want .to become prisoners in his hands r
had better make ready to defend their 1
homes. Let every man who can find a i
gun, pitchfork or axe report at the 1
blacksmith shop immediately. Unhitch
the horses from buggies, carriages t
and wagons, without r. minute's delay." i
The panic-stricken congregation
rushed to the door, like a crowd of un- s
disciplined school children trying to c
escape from a burning building, not *
halting even when the pastor raised his (
ahnve the din. in a most pathetic i
prayer for their safety and the preser- i
vation of their homes, t
The work of dismantling the houses t
began at once. Best things were se- \
creted in unheard-of places, treasures j
were buried, and horses, cattle, and 1
even poultry were driven down to rav- c
ines that promised them .protection ^
wViilis tnirn wac; Vipinc Tiillao'P.d. t
?1M"V vvtl*- t. vw ? O X O ~ ~
"Johnny was sent post-haste to the (
hollow with '"Brindle," many charges
concerning her safety ringing in his
ears, while across his shoulders sv?ung
a brace of quacking Muscovies, the boy's
own valued possession. f
Under Aunt Kate's direction, Lydia (
and T narked the familv heirlooms, t
hiding boxes and bundle? in queer, out- ?
of-the-way corners, while the best sil- I
ver and valuable trinkets were buried i
under the unionbed, our digging being c
done in tnnnel-fashion by aid of the 1
new-fangled post-digger. I
"Oh, mother, don't let us begin to i
take cjyrpets up," Lydia pleaded, as, f
coming in from one of our hasty trips (
to the saw mill, we encountered her i
mother down on her knees. T
"Do you think I'm going to have f
those cut-throats tramping the roses ^
out of my good parlor Brussels" asked c
Aunt Kate, as she gave the refractory 1
carpet a vicious jerk. "Xo, indeed; I a
wove many a web of flannel to pay for 1
it, and I consider it a real work of necessity
to lift it, Sunday and all as
it is."
Just then Joe returned from his long 1
tramp, whistling "Yankee Doodle" at c
the top of his voice. 1
''Joseph Addison Blake, you wicked, ^
wicked boy," his mother exclaimed 1
sternly, grasping his arm and shaking 3
him vigorously. "Whistling on the \
Sabbath day, and 'Yankee Doodle' at J
that! What will become of you?"
'"I forgot, mother; indeed I did, see- 5
ing people rushing about worse than I 9
ever saw them on week days," Joe an- c
1 1- 1 4.n s
swerea, scarcely snowiug waicouci tu
laugli or cry. ?
"Pretty time to make such a mis- 1
take, and an army of cut-throats march- <
ing on the town ready to burn your x,
home, and maybe shoot you down in c
your tracks," she added, looking at me ?
as if suspicious of my loyalty. "I'll *
give you a chance to work off your extra
spirits. Get right down there and
pull those tacks out, and be careful not j
to break them ofc, and do not tear the s
carpet, either." ('
"I can't sec the difference," began j.
Joe rebelliously, still smarting under 2
what he considered his mother's in jus- T
tice; but she would not allow him to ^
talk back. (
Suddenly the loud clanging of the (
church bell brought as to a realization (
of our utter helplessnes in the hands of t
an unprincipled mob, such as Morgan's (
band had been pictured. Women and :
children flocked into the streets, ringing
their hands and crying and begging
their neiehbors to flee with them to the
hills or valleys or ravines?anywhere :
to hide until the lawless raiders, havine
satisfied their greed by ransacking the 1
village, should have taken their de- {
paiture. ?
Three horsemen, lads from the neigh- j
borhood, rode past at breakneck speed, j
shouting, ''They are coming up Cam- ]
eron's lane at full tilt. Get in and bolt t
jour doors quickly." *
"Jtlow do you Know wnere tue troup <
ers are when the lane is out of sight?"' ;
asked some one on the sidewalk. "It ]
is guesswork, I'll wager."
"Not a bit of it," was the reply.
'The dust rising above them like a
cloud settles the point of their where- j
abouts."' ]
Nearer and nearer came the tramp of i
horses' feet, until, through the cloud of 1
dust they were making, a squad of 2
horsemen galloped past, and on?on? 1
out of hearing. But they were our own <
village boy:*? fleeing no doubt from an ]
overwhelming foe. ]
On, on, ijame the cavalrymen sweep- j
ing through the bared village like a
whirlwind. Far down the long street
we heard shouting, screaming, then,
ibove the deafening roar of the horses'
hoofs, the firing of muskets. The next '
moment the horsemen thundered past,
icd even through the blinding dust we
;ould see it was a company of our own
men, neighbors from the Ridge district,
who like the Hookstown youths had 1
rrvriA rmf, tn stnrt the rtrofrress of the
X- ^X O
guerrillas. In the distance they had
mistaken the first squad for the enemy, i
md had given chase, while it was quite
evident that the Hookstown boys, reLurniEg
the compliment, were fleeing
from them. The mistake was both annoying
and ridiculous, but at that time
scarcely mirth-provoking, since in adiition
to the duel likely to occur before
it could be rectified, the blunder .
aad left the road to the river entirely
iDguarded, and the town wholly at the i
nercy of the raiders. i
The horsemen galloped on, deaf to i
:he shouts from the sidewalk, and if a i
rin nf lfloronrdq had nnt hrrmcht ud the
:ear far enough behind the racers to ;
near what the villagers were screaming. 1
.t is quite probable there would have ]
seen bloodshed between the friendly i
squads before they discovered their i
nistake. But the laggards were not ]
,ODg in overtaking the hind riders, 1
vhose white flag soon brought the run- 1
iways ahead of them to a standstill. ]
Half an hour later the would-be-troop- s
;rs came thurdering back, looking I
irestfallen. There was no halting in ]
:he town, however, the reoort that the 1
aiders were coming up the valley leavng
no time for the exchange of jokes.
The remainder of the afternoon
proved quite as exciting as the foreioon,
had been, as rumors of all sorts
egarding the movements of the raiders
*ere in circulation. Ominous reports
)f a desperate battle in progress came <
a. _;_La j ? /
-YiUl tne SIULUUW& VI Lllgilt, a,uu a. IJ5U. *
;low shining through the darkness in !
he direction of the rivsr, gave credence 1
:o the story that Glasgow was ablaze, I
laving been pillaged and fired by the 1
It lacked but half an hour to mid- s
:ight, and we were trying to get a i;ttle 1
est, watching in turns while the others i
slept, when suddenly, out of the silent <
larkness, the noise of horses' feet was I
leard. Nearer and nearer came the 5
narch like tread, reasuring in its regu- <
arity; a few horsemen rode by in a ieis- 1
irely way, and then down in the vil- ]
age cheer aft;* cheer rent the air. s
"Morgan must be captured," cried 1
Foe, picking up his cap for another 1
ace down town. ]
It was all true enough; Morgan had i
iurrendered to Gen. Shackelford, with- t
rat a battle, early in the afternoon. 1
rhe capture had taken placs far off in :
Jilumbiana county, Ohio, fully 15 <
niles from our town. All our excite- <
nent and alarm had been groundless, i
.hat "Glasgow tire" was only the reflec- 2
ion of a bonfire kindled by a lot of
joys to celebrate the capture of Morgan.
The Hookstown men had waited
lours, after the truth was known, to
:atch a glimpse of the prisoners, who
vere now well on their way to the miliary
prison at Columbus.?Belle V.
Jhiaolm in N. Y. Evening Post.
Assassination in Lexington.
Wednesday night about S o'clock,
Vlbert Swygert, colored who lived a
ew hundred yards from the residence
>f Col. D. T. Barre, in Hollow Creek
ownship, Lexington county was shot
ind instantly killed by some one?at
>resent unknown. He had just finshed
eating supper and pushed his
:hair back, and while attempting to
ight his pipe he was shot with a shotgun
through the window of his dining nnm.
An alarm was raised and in a 7
'ew minutes Col. Barre and quite a t
:rowd assembled. The colonel would j
lot let the body be touched during the (
light, and Thursday morning he sent j
'or the coroner to hold an inquest, ^
vhich is in progress now. There is no (
ilue as to who the guilty party it. *,
3e killed anotner Negro a few years 1
tgo about a mile from his home, at a ^
larbecue, and was tried and acquitted. ?
Married Five Sisters.
Bill Mercer, of Raccoon Creek, Va., ^
s probably the happiest mortal in the j
lounty. He has secured his fifth mariage
license and wines and other deli- (
:acies for the feast that is to follow.
Jr. Mercer has just passed his fiftieth j
"car, and was married to his first wife j
rhen niueteen. She was Miss Jennie
Hoffat, and her four successors nave
>een her sisters, Ada, Catherine, Misouri,
and finally Anna. She is twenty
ix and good looking. There is but
me more of the Moffat girls left, and
he is now twenty. The parents of the
:irls made no objections to theirdaughers
marrying Mercer. Consumption
larried off most of the Mrs. Mercers,
tfr. Mercer is the father of eight ehil[ren.
Mercer declares that he just
imply fell in love with the iYionat
amily. I
Gave Them Beri-Beri. ' t
The llev. Peter Macqueen, who has '<
>een saying things about Gen. Otis ]
.ince his return from the Philippines, <
leclares that the Eigan canned roast 1
>eef found its way to the firing lines 1
it Manila. He says: "In the Philip- <
>ines the men can not eat it. The cans ]
ictually explode. Jb'ilipino prisoners ?
>f war were confined in the Spanish
lungeons, old and damp, and fed on 1
:anned beef. It was not long until i
-hey bagan dying of beri-beri. Four 1
>r five died each day until 250 out of 1
>00 were dead." 1
The Leading Names. (
British census reports of family {
lames give for England and Wales i
253,606 Smiths, 242,100 Joneses and I
vVilliams. Taylor, Davies and Brown l
'ollowing in order. For Scotland, <
Smith leads, followed by McDonald, y
Brown, Thompson, Robertson, Stewart i
md Campbell. Murphy is ahead in s
[reland, there being 62,000 of them; i
;hen come Kelley, 55,900; Sullivan, $
13.600: "Walsh, 41,7C0: Smith, 37.000; i
v^ "r? OO AAA. T) '
J tfrien, 66,-iuu; uyrne, oo,uw, ivyau, .
52,000; Connor, 31.200; O'Neil, 29,- \
LOO, and Reilly 29,000.
A Slight Mistake.
A Louisville newspaper has been
'orced to offer an apology to Colonel
Phil Thompson for a freak of one of
ts lynotype machines. The paper's
report of Colonel Thompson's speech
it the Lexington convention recently ^
made him say that "at the Louisville i
ionvention in 1S96 we nominated a
ying devil," when the fact was that
ae had said they nominated "Alvin I
Duyall." J
What a Practical Farmer Has to
Say About It.
? _ i- tl .1 r>i ij i o i
nn Mnicie i nai onouiu ue r\eau
by Every Farmer Who Contemplates
We find the following in the Oconee
News on wheat growing, which we commend
to the careful perusal of all our
readers, whether they plant wheat or
act. It was written by a practical
Certainly the first thing to do when
pou make up your mind to sow wheat is
:o select the best land for that purpose.
Red land is without a doubt the best
idapted to wheat in this part of the
State. Though any of the uplands if
properly treated will produce wheat
with, the possible exception of that
which is too deep in sand. It is of
prime importance that the land to ' be
sown shall have baen well cultivated
:hat year, and if it had been well
prepared for the crop that preceded the
ivheat we do not advise deep plowing
:or wheat, but if there is any kind of
Srass or weeds to create a turf when
plowing, then we advise a thorough
oreaking of the soil. Wheat will peraaps
follow a well cultivated pea crop
:o the best advantage of any hoed crop
jna ao wen alter peas are sowed oroaa
;ast if the pea crop cnyers the land suffijiently
to keep down grass or weeds.
Next to peas we would prefer cotton
and to sow in wheat and perhaps nine
:enths of the wheat of the country will
ae sown to cotton land.
After deciding upon the land to be
sown, the manner of preparing the
and will depend upon its condition as
1 1 .1 1 o 1. V . _1 1 11 _ 1
indicated aoove, n it naa Deen wen piow
;d the winter or spring previous and
;he present crop kept clear of weeds
ma grass then you only need to furrow
jut the old cotton stalks. This should
ae done, thoroughly spread what ever
manure you mean to use over the land,
ow the wheat froa 45 to 55 pounds to
:he acre and harrow or plow it in. We
lave been using the disk and cut-away
aarrows for ten years and have not put
!n wheat with any other implement in
:hat time. Cotton seed and horse
stable manure have given the best results
on this farm. Though any kind
)f manure has proved valuable in injreasing
the yield. The main trouble
is to get manure enough to go over the
imount of land that should be sown in
irheat. This is one of the great advances
of cotton seed, I have found that
in running the cotton seed through the
:arm stables 'hat the manure becomes
50 well mixed and pulverized that' it
;an be spread over the land as thinly as
With the average land and the averxro
ttoot 1H KiiaVidld nf fhia rrnvfnrA is
perhaps the most profitable quality to
)e used. Ihe great advantage in the
narrow is reducing the cost of the crop.
Jnegood six foot cutaway harrow with
;wo good large mules and only a small
joy to drive will put in from three to
* 1 T 1 _ ?_
:our acres per aay. i nave m tea years
;ried four distinct varieties of wheat,
:he purple straw, early May, learded
vheat, and what is known here as the
,vhite wheat. The latter giving the
)est results. This white wheat, it
nakes a taller and laiger straw than
;he purple straw wheat and the grain
s full and plump and makes the best
)f flour. The purple straw is my next
^reference, the bearded and the May
vhaat I do not like at all. The years
)f 96, 97 and 98 I made an average of
20 bushels to one bushel sown, this year
vheat was not so good. Our lands
mol-a fmm 1 .J. nr tn 1 3 mnrp 11P7"
1UU1U 1UA&V .ljlvsaaa a * V* vv A V I -tcre
if they could be sown in the latter
)art of October or first of November,
jut we usually follow a cotton crop
vith wheat and often finish sowing the
atter part of December.
I now give the experiences of some
)ther farmers in this county. Mr. J.
F. Haley of Oakway made 212 bushels
ihis year from 16 bu3hels sowd, and 25
)ushels raw cotton seed to the acre,
jurple 3traw wheat, plowed up cotton
italks and plowed in wheat with small
jlows, sowed in November. Mr. W. H.
lancock, of "Westminister, has for
i J OA
ieverai years maue au ivnagc V/.
jushels to the acre, apr/-. 9 homemade
nanure. uses white vrh.at Mr. Wiliam
Bibb made last yja: u 13 bushels
>n 40 acres, bearded oat. Mr. L.
isbury Edwards of Oa'<\ :y made (>7J
jushels on 13-4 acre- >t land, $20
yorth of cotton seed a' u acid phosphate
Mr. A. Bearden, of Oakway, made 100
jushels on eight acres this year. All
ihese crops were sown to cotton Lnds
md had about the same mode of pre
paring and sowing land, with the ex:eption
of Mr. Bearden, who plowed in
lis wheat with a Hancock three-horse
slow about 5 inches deep. We do not
;hink wheat will do for a money crop.
[ know it pays to raise enough for home
I shall not take time to try to prove
;he profitableness of wheat sowing, it
,s sufficient to say that in this part of
;he State, the man who buys flour and
nakes money farming is an exception
/\ fVio Till/* onrl t'boh fVie rnan wVin crrnwci
*\j tug i uiv< ttuu v>umv ?mv q- v
lis own wheat is a success without ex;eption.
To succeed in this line of
?arming as in any other, you have got to
vork. You must rise early and stick
:o it late, you must work yourself. If
;he wind blows or the ground is frozen,
)r ice gets i nthe tub on top of the
ivheat that is in soak, just go right on
md break the ice and face the wind and
.tick to the job until you have got it
ixed exactly right. No matter if you
let some skin off your hands or dry dust
n your shoes or mud on your clothing.
A.11 of the like is after all about the best
fertilizer and you will see the truth of
;his when harvest time comes. Good
jotton land or good land after peas will
De more profitable in wheat without
manure, but is much better with it. I
io not advise the buying of commercial
(nr tc-Vioof T rlnnVif nnA rpsr
tiiliiVl J J \JX T? A. V?WVtWV W?V J ~
ffith another it would be profitable to
lo so. I soak wheat every year, one
pound of blue stone to five bushels of
ffheat over night.
The farmers are busy getting out
heir cotton, and have no time just now
:or anything else.
Seven Members of a New York Party
Dies in Alaska.
A dispat.-h froinScalde, Wash., says
Otto Thews, of Primrose, Iowa, who
has arrived there from Copper river,
Alaska, brings news confirming the reported
deaths of seven members of the
y.mortf.ififi nrnsnectiner comnanv of New
York. Thedoadare: Earnhardt, Miller,
Alierman, Schultz, Peter Seigel,
Butner and Baumgartner.
George Hooker, another member of
the party got out alive, but is badly
cripled with scurvy, which carried away
the majority of his companions.
Baumgartner went out hunting and
wis never seen again. The most affecting
case was that of Butner, who
was driven insane by his sufferings.
His weak companions had to strap him
down but even then they could not restrain
him. One morning Thews,
whose camp was near, found Butner
sitting out in tne snow with his clothes
und hat off. The thermometer 45 degrees
below zero. Butner was taken
inside, but he died in a few hours.
Thews also brings a gruesome story
ia conncction with the ficding of the
remains of a jeweler named Smith,
who perished last November on Yaldez
glacier. Every exposed portion of the
body had been eaten by ravens.
They Will All Bs Abolished November
If there is one feature of the dispensary
system which has caused more
trouble than another it has been the
beer dispensaries. Two-thirds of the
time of the monthly meetings of the
Vk/>or\$ AAnfrrtl irr* fol'on 71 rk trifll
wvaiu VI V'JUUUi C4i.v tMavu \*.y it avu. w>vu
tling matters connected with these dispensaries.
The board has decided to abolish
them altogether.and the new arrangement
will go into effect November 1.
Thereafter consumers will have to get
their beer from regular dispensers. Lit- ;
tie inconvenien ce will result as plans are
being arranged which will make the
purchase and delivery of beer as con
venient-as it now is.
After a full discussion of the whole
matter Saturday morning, the board
adopted the following resolution, which
was introduced by Mr. L. J. Williams:
"Resolved, That all beer dispensaries
are hereby ordered closed and the
terms of office of such dispensers are
declared to be vacant; this order to become
effective on November 1, 1899. ,
"Resolved, further, That semi-ster- ;
I ilized or family beer be supplied to conj
sumers through the regular county dis- ;
pensaries, and that breweries usually
seeking business with the dispensary
i t i _ ^ l: j- J.^ .
are requested to suomu- ums tu me
State board of control at the October ;
r meeting, proposing to supply such beer
bo'ttled and in crates and in ~uch quantities:
as mav Kr? neeessarv to be ship
ped to various county dispensaries direct,
and at such times as it may be ordered
out by the board.
"And it is further resolved, That the
of fVio O/ifnJ-ipr TnpAtirnT npsicma.fcp '
suci dispensaries as it is deemed prudent
to require to handle such beer,
and that they be required to handle
such beer business by November 1."
Experiment Station Work.
The eleventh bulletin on "Experiment
Station Work" is now in press and ;
will ?oon be issued by the United States
department of agriculture as farmers' j
bulletin No. 103. Twelve subjects are <
discussed. The first calls attention to <
the danger from excessive irrigation j
and gives the remedy. The second ]
treats of the cross-pollination of plums, <
and the third of close rott pruning of
trees. These are followed by articles '
on "The Oxeye Daisy." "Poisoning by i
i "Wild Cherry Loaves," "Preserving j
Eggs in Waterglass," "The Period of i
Gestation in Cows," "The Long Clam," 1
"Silage for Horses and Hogs," "Com- j
mere al Batter Cultures Used in Con- j
nection with Pasteurized Cream," and i
the "Stave Silo." Tht last mentioned ;
article says that the stave silo is the <
most practical and successful silo which j
can be constructed and gives sugges
tions regarding the construction of
such silos, together with four illustrations
showing sections of the silo and ;
general appearance of the completed !
structure. Copies may be obtained on
application to the secretary of agricul
ture. (
She Was Particular,
Miss Jennie Wyatc, about 20 years :
old, was caught in the current opposite '
? i a .1 r?. _ i_ nr. j 1
a notei at Auannc r>eaca ?eunesuaj
and was being carried out to sea. A
colored man, a stalwart fellow, named '
Grey, and a strong swimmer, was first
to reach her side. However, Miss '
Wyatt saw a white swimmer within a 1
four cf-rrtlr^c nf Vipr rp.fnsfid the assist
ance of Grey and waited until the other '
man reached her side. Miss Wyatt
threw her arms around her rescuer, and
within a fe>v minutes was brought
ashore. When she reached the beach '
she fell to the ground from exhaustion.
The colored man followed the white (
man with his burden, ready to lend as- 1
sistance if needed, and, upon reaching 1
shore, helped to carry the girl to the '
Killed for One CentNews
comes from Georgetown, S. C.,
that on Saturday Charley Chung, a
Chinese laundryman. killed a young
Negro named Jas. Porcher. Chung
claimed that a balance of one cent was
due him for laundry, a quarrel ensued j
and the Chinaman fired a pistol ball
into the Negro's abdomen. If Chung
is found guilty of murder he will be the
first Chinaman ever hanged in South '
A Number of Lives Lost.
An open switch caused a wreck on
the Erie railroad at Miller's station.
Pa., Wednesday, in which three 3Ieadville
men were killed and one injured.
A tramp was alsD killed and another ,
injured. A westbound freight train
had taken siding to allow train No. y, :
vestibuled limited New York-Chicago ;
express, to pass. The switch was left .
open and the passenger train ran into .
the rear end of the freight at the rate ;
of 60 miles an hour, ploughing through ,
freight cars. J
Yield of Last Year Greatest Recorded
but Value Decreased. S
Secretary Hester's New Orleans cotton
exchange annual report was issued
n 11 -rrr 3 TT- J.? <1,^ ^ +
in lull vveanesuay. jo.e puts iuc ^uucrop
of 1S9S-99 at 11,274,S40 bales, an
increase of 74,845 over 1897-98, and
says that while Texas, including Indian
Territory, shows an excess of 480,000 y
bales, and the group of Atlantic States,
consisting of Alabama, Georgia,
Florida, North Carolina, South Carolina,
Kentucky and Virginia, increased
only 9,000 bales, the group of other
Gulf States, consisting of Arkansas,
Louisiana, Mississippi, Tennessee,
Oklahoma and Missouri have fallen ofi
414,000. >
Mr. Hester puts the average commer- Q
cial value of the crop at $25. OS per ,
bale against $2S.62 last year, $36.76
the year before, and $41.09 in 1895-96, v
and the total value of the crop at $282,- d
773,000, against $320,533,000 last year }
and $320,925,000 the year before. He
calls attention to the fact that the i
money value of the cotton crop just
marketed is slightly under that of the
1393 94 crop, which was 3,725,023
bales less. The value of the 1893-94 -J
crop had been $283,11S,000.
He puts the total spindles in the ^
south at 4,952,092, an increase over 1
last year of 894,848. These included ?
823,354 now not complete. The net ^
gain in the number of southern mills ^
has been 53, making the total now 550, ^
and the consumption ha<; been diyided
as follows: Alabama 132,763 bales, an tj
increase of 31,601; Arkansas 3,182 .
in/^VAOCA /\? 1 9Q.Q Cl-t>r\vcnn. *
UO.J.C3, an xuvi^aag vi. A.-WJ ^
271,807 bales, an increase of 13,190; ^
Kentucky 26,842 bales, an increase of ??C,
Louisiana. IS,025 bales, an in- v
creaso of 1,976; Mississippi 19,894
baic<5; a decrease of 1S6, Missouri 3,96S j
bales, an increase of 233; North Caro- <<
lina 382,4S7 bales, an increase of 49,- *
676; South Carolina 443,978. and in- .
crease of 60,824; Tennessee 3-1,310 Daies, Q
a decrease of 2,335; Texas 16,059 bales,
an increase of 1,365; Virginia 46,088
bales, an increase of 4,240. Total con- ^
sumption of cotton in the South, 4,399,- Q
399 bales, an increase of 170,079. jy
In reference to the general manufac- ;
turing industry of the country and its ^
comparative progress north and south,
Mr. Hester says that the year has been
an active one for American mills. Low j
prices for t.ie raw material and itoproved
values for manufactured goods !
L? ?ii. J j.i ?:?0
nave ecaoiea aortueru spxuucia w 10- ^
cover from the depression of the two j
previous years and the result with a
continued improvement in the south, ij
has been the largest consumption of ^
of cotton and the heaviest takings by
mills on record. He puts the consumption
of northern mills for the year at r
2,100,000 bales which together with ^
that of the South makes an aggreate for
the entire country of 3,589,000. In
the South, the activity within the year
in building new mills has been without z
paraliftL. .Mere than 300.060 _spindies
have been added to mills in operation ?
and there are now being erected in old g(
and new conccrns nearly 825,000 spin- ^
pies. In addition to this there are j(
projected in every soufhera State cot- ai
ton manufactories covering many thou- t,
sands of spindles. ^
Great Interest in the Exliibits is De- 5
veloping. e;
It is now only two months before the
annual State fair is to be held, and the ^
people of the State will be crowding r(
into the most rapidly developing city
of the South. The fair comes a week
-. ... j.
earlier this year, and unless tJae past ?
amounts to nothing there will be no "
rain to mar the pleasures of the oeca- e1
si on. s|
The people in other parts of the State "
have already begun to manifest an in- e]
terest in the comiug exhibition. Sec- ^
retary Holloway write3 from his home a!
at Pomaria that twenty-five stalls for C1
horses from York county and four stalls .
for horses from Orangeburg county Lave 18
already been engaged. He also writes
that one county?Lexington?is mov- ^
ing vigorously in the matter of county ?!
displays. This year the premiums of- ^
fered for the best county displays are ai
worth strivinz for. and several counties
will doubtless enter the lists against t|
Lexington. There are three prizes
agregating $500?first $250, second "
8150, and third $100. ?'
So far no steps have been taken to- "
wards getting the Columbia Fair Asso- "
ciation to work on the programme of
outside attractions for the week. Last
year a late start was made and things,
bad to be done in a rush. It is to be tl
hoped that this year no time will be E
thrown away and that the association el
will get to work early, having its pro- U
gramme fully mapped out and an- u:
nounced some weeks in advance of the c<
annual gala occasion. From all parts c:
.rii-.cji._i i: n
im. uie ouue comes imuruiauuu ui peu- u
pie who expect to expect this year's s(
fair week festivities. ss
A Blue Eose. G
A blue rose is described by the German
gardners in Slavonia, Chwnika and
Bitz. who are cultivating it. Reports D(
come of blue roses that grow wild in ^
Servia and a specimen was sent to them Ti
two years ago, with beautiful violet-blue ^
flowers. They have been experiment- o'.
iog to see whether the color is retained ^
under cultivation or whether it is due
to the soil ot the moors where it is
found. If the roses retain their blue ?
the plants will be for sale in 1901. m
A Fatal Mistake.
The cure of Cicognola, Italy, was
conducting mass at Ceraballo, near C
Genoa, when immediately after drink- Q
in? some of the consecrated wine he n
fell to the floor in front of the altar r;
and died almost instmtly. The cure's m
uephew had, by mistake, filled the cup ni
from a vessel containing a liquid used d;
for cleaning purposes in the church, T
and which was a deadly poison. tl
A Hint to Delinquents. fc
An exchange published a long obituary
of a man who had died in the
community, closing with the statement
that ';a long procession of people S
followed the remains to their last roast- T
ing place." The family read the notice ci
and discovered the supposed error G
and asked the editor to make a cor- ie
rection in the word "roasting," but he ir
=aid he could not "do it until seven ci
Fears back subscription had been paid. r'
\JN UtiJJSU'l' LilSbUJM.
Jtoryof a Bloody Fight and Many
* '-^eSSS
Vho Would No Doudt Shake .'the
Faith of the NewEnglanders
in the Negro.
The Torkvillc correspondent of the
i ews and Courier says if a delegation
f those Xew Emglanders who seem to
ave such implicit confidence in the
irtue, honor and humanity of the orinary
Southern Negro had been in
"orkville last Monday afternoon it is
ery probable that their faith would
> 11. x ii. _ i x Ti
ave Deen snaten, to gay cue icaau xu ia
lore than probable that they would have
dmitted that there were at least three
bat were brutes, pure and simple, that
> if they are as honest as they profess
d be. Thg reader may judge by the
allowing story whether or net the foreomg
observations are justified:
Lizzie Adams, a Negro woman of
oubtful character, lives in a shanty on "V
he outskirts of town, where whiskey of
hp Mind ticer variety is auDDOSed to be
old, and gambling is reported as being
he favorite pastime. On Monday afsrnoon
Lizzie had a visitor, Will Jones,
Negro; vrhen Adam McKinney, Alph
lassy and another Negro "just dropped
a." They talked pleasantly at first,
ut presently became abusive.
McKinney applied an epithet to
ones that called oat the remark:
Adam, I ought to kill you for that."
Ickinney replied: "Do it, and then
ilk about it," and he at once advanced
n Jones with a knife in his hand,
irew his other arm around Jone's neck
nd stabbed him. Massy undertook to
jparate them, and Mckmney got noitt
f Massey and raked his knife through
lassey's shoulder. While McKinney
ad Massey were struggling Jones got
is pistol.
lathe meantime "Massey had broken
way, crying: "Send for the doctor;
am killed." He got out of the house,
ad Jones fired at McKinney twice,
ne ball taking effect in the left shouler
and the other in the head. While
ones was firing McKinney rnshed upn
him, slashing him with his knife.
'hey clinched and fell to the floor,
here McKinney continned to hack
ntil satisfied. Ee then got np and
ift, leaving Jones where he had fallen. ? \
[e went ontside the house, which then
ad the appearance of a slaughter pen,
wore and stormed for a time and then
ent away.
The knife used was a large one, havlg
a blade to 3 inches long. Jone's
istol was a cheap one,' of 32-calibre,
ot calculated to do a great deal of exuution.
The wound of Alf Massey,
hich commenced near the point of the
ift shoulder blade, extended round to
bout the front of the left arm, a dismce
of about eight inches and reached
) all bones in its course. He walked
early a mile down to the Court House,.
here he met Dr. W. GK White, who
>ok him in his buggy, carried him to
is office, where he and Dr. McDowell
ressed the wound. Twenty odd stitch?
wprp nenp.saarv to close the zan. The
'egrero was very weak from loss of
loon, but is reported as being on the
)ad to recoveryWill
Jone's wounds, which are more
umerous than those of Massey, were
ressed at the house of Lizzie Adams
y Dr. M. J. Walker. One wound pentrated
his lungs and another almost
jvered his head. It is the opinion of
le doctors that his chances for recov- ?'
ry are rather slim, but so far he is getng
along apparently about as well as
i ordinary human being would with a
it finger.
McKinney was captured on the premies
of Mr. W. B. de Loach, by PoliceLen
Love and Rose. He was lodged in
n1 -wrlia**a "H* Wd 1 Anf. a Knllof Anf
i/A. 7? OilkW VUU ? v?*?
t his shoulder. He has a wound on
is head, but it has more of the appearace
of having been made by a blud202.
than a bullet, but it is possible
lat it was made by a bullet, as one
lat was slightly flattened was found on
le floor of the house where the fight
jcurred. The prisoner is apparently
i as good condition as before the bate.
The Atlanta Sensation.
A semi-official agency declares that
le statement recently made by Charles
I. Bentheim at Atlanta, Ga., to the
lect that Alvin Elorschuetz, when
nited States vice consul at Sonneberg,
sed the seals, letter heads, etc., of the
insulate for years before the Dreyfus
ise came up for the transmission to the
erman war office of French military
:crets is pure invention. It is also
iid that Bentheim was never employ1
in the offices of the German staff of
ermany as he has claimed. ^
Texas Cotton Crop.
The Galveston News published a reart
Thursday of the cotton crop of Tex3
and the territories made up of 385
sports of an average date of Septemgr
3, covering 134 Texas councies, and
Tn/^iAM rtn/^ nirlol^Amo
j yuiuvo au xuuiau auu vaiauvuu*
irritories. These reports indicate a
screase in the yield of Texas of 36.8
2r cent and for Texas and the territoes
of 37.5 per cent. Dronth caused
tost of the loss.
Priest Marries His Horse- ;
Father Charles Brady, a priest of the
atholic church, was taken sick in
uincy, 111., three weeks ago, and was
nrsed back to health by Miss Addie
winn. a Protestant nurse. It is ancunced
that Father Brady and the
tirse were my ricd in St. Louis a few
ays ago by a Protestant minister,
he marriage means the retirement of
le priest from the church. Father
rady, who is wealthy, was educated
>r the priesthood at Rome.
Georgia Cotton Crop.
Commissioner of Agriculture 0. B.
tevens, who returned to Atlanta
hursday after an inspection of the
:ops throughout Middle and South
eorgia, states that cotton will be at
:ast half a million bales short and that
i order to realize 75 per cent of the
op of 1899, conditions will have-to
iisdn favorable for some time to come.

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