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The Fairfield news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1881-1900, October 11, 1899, Image 4

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/2012218613/1899-10-11/ed-1/seq-4/

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Dr "faimage'sSai'rribri on Dewey's
Home Coming.
Naval Heroes Deserve Full Measure
of Praise. Useful Lessons
Drawn From Their Bravery
and". Devotion. Heroic
Deeds Lauded.
^ At a time when the whole nation is
afcired with Datriotic emotion at the re
turn of Admiral George Dewey and his
gallant men on the cruiser Olympia and
the magnificent reception acccrdsd to
them, the Rev. Dr. T. DeWitt Talmage
in his sermon, preaching to a vast audience,
appropriately recalls for devout
and patriotic purposes some of the great
naval deeds of olden and more recent
times. Text, James iii, 4, "'Behold
also the ships."
If this exclamation was appropriate
about 1872 years ago, 'vhen it was written
concerning the crude fishing smacks
that sailed Lake Galilee, how much
more appropriate in an age which has
n ,T * -r\n
launched, trom tee ar^uucft.? ivi purposes
of pence the Oceanic of the
White Star line, the Lucania of the
Cunard line, the St. Louis of the Amer^
ican line, the Kaiser Wilhelm der
Grosse of the North German Lloj -I line,
Augusta Victoria of the HamburgAmerican
line; and in an age which for
purposes of war has launched the screw
sloops like the Idaho, the Shenandoah,
the Ossipee, and our ironclads like the
Kalamazoo, the Roanoke and the Dunderberg,
and those which have already
been buried in the deep, like the Monitor.
the Housatonic and the Weehawken.
the tempests ever since sounding
a volley over their watery sepulchers,
and the Oregon, and the Brooklyn, and
the Texas, and the Olympia, the Iowa,
the Massachusetts, the Indiana, the
New York, the Marietta of the last war,
and the scarred veterans of war shipping,
like*the Constitution or the Alii
ance or the Constellation, tfcat nave
swupg into the naval yards to spend
their last days, their decks now all silent
of the feet that trod them, their
rigging all silent of the hands that
cluDg to them, their portholes silent of
the brczen throats that once thundered
out of them.
If in the first century, when war vessels
were dependent on the oars that
paddled at the side of them for propulsion,
my text was suggestive, with how
much more emphasis and meaning and
overwhelming reminiscence we can cry
out as we see the Keaesarge lay across
the bows of the Alabama and sink it,
teaching foreign nations they had better
keep their hands off our American fight,
or as we see the ram Albemarle of the
Confederates running out and in the
Roanoke and up and down the coast,
throwing everything into confusion as
no other craft ever did, pursued by the
Miami, the Ceres, the SouthSeld, the
Sassocus, the Mattabesett, the Whitehead,
the Commodore Hull, the Louisiana,
the Minnesota and other armed
vessels, all trying in vain to catch her,
until Captain Cushing, 21 years of age,
and Ms men blew her up, himself and
only one other escaping, and as I see
the flagship Hartford, and the Richmond,
and the Monongahela. with
other gunboats, sweep past the batteries
of Port Hudson, and the Mississippi
flows forever free to all northern and
southern craft, and under the fire of
Dewey and his men the Spanish ships
at Manila burn or sink, and the fleet
rushing out of Santiago harbor are de
molished by our guns, and the brave
Cervera surrenders, I cry out with a patriotic
emotion that I cannot suppress
if I would, and would not if I could,
"Behold also the ships."
Full justice has been done to the men
who at different times fought on the
land, but not enough has been said of
those who on ship's deck dared and suffered
all things. Lord God of the
rivers and the sea. help me-in this sermon!
So, ye admirals, commanders,
captains, pilots, gunners, boatswains,
sailmakcrs, surgeons, stokers, messmates
and'seamen of all names, to use
your own parlance, we might as well get
under way and stand :>ut to sea. Let.
all landlubbers go ashore. Full speed
now? Four bells!
Never since the sea fight at Lep"nfco,
wherft 300 roval-sallevs manned b^ SO,
000 warriors, at sunrise, Sept. 6, 1571.
met 250 royal galleys, manned by 120,000
men,-and in tlie four hours of battle
8,0C0 fell on one side and 25,000 on the
other; yea, never since the day when at
Actium, 31 years before Christ. Augustus
with 260 ship3 scattered the 220
ships of Mark Antony and eained universal
dominion as the prize: yea, since
the day when at Salamis the 1.200 galleys
of the Persians, manned by 500,000
men, were crushed by Greeks with
less than a third of that force; yea,
never since the time of Xoah, the first
ship captain, has the world seen such a
miraculous creation as that of the
American navy in 1861.
In the cemeteries for Federal and
Confederate dead are the bodies of
most of those who fell on the land.
But where those are who went down in
the vessels will not be known nntil
''V set Jves up its dead. The Jack
Tai-^new that while loving arms might
carry the men who fell on the land and
bury them with solemn liturgy and the
honors of war, for the bodies of those
who dropped irom the ratlines into tne
sea er went down with all on board under
the stroke of a gunboat there remained
the shark and the whale and the
endless tossing of the sea which cannot
rest. Once a year, in the decoration of
the graves, those who fell in the land
were remembered. But how about the
jcraves of those who went down at sea?
^Nothing but the archangel's trumpet
shall reach their lowly bed. A few of
them were gathered into naval cemeteries
of the land, and we every year garland
the sod that cover them. But
who will put fiowers on the fallen crew
of the exploded Westfield and Shawsheen
and the sunken Southfield s nd
the Winneld Scott? Bullets threatening
in front, bombs threatening from
above, torpedoes threatening from beneath,
and the ocean, with its reputation
of 6,000 years for shipwreck, lying
? all around, am I not right in saying it
equired a special courage for the navy
in 1S63 as it required special courage in
It looks picturesque and beautiful to
see a war vessel going out through the
Narrows, sailors in new rig singing,
A life on the ocean wave,
A home on^the roiliDj: deep,
the colors gracefully dipping to passing
ships, the decks immaculately clean and
the guns at quarantine firins; a parting
salute. But the poetry is all gone out
of that ship as it comes out of the t ingagement,
its decks red with huu&n
blood, wheelhouse gone, the cabins a
*4i\mm i ? T; wmn " i ^"r '.* ** II - a? aw
pile of shattered mirror? and destroyed j ,
furniture, Steeling wheel broksn, smoke- ; j
stack crushed, hundred pound Whit- i
worth ri8e shot having Jeft its mark \ i
n^r!-, to starboard, the shrouds rent | !
away, ladders splintered and decks <
plowed up and smoke blackened and <
scalded corpses lying among those who :
are gasping their last gasp far away
from home and kindred, whom they love
as much as we love wife and parents
and children.
On, men of the American navy returned
from Manila and Santiago and
Havana, as well as those who are survivors
of the naval conflicts of 1863 and
1804, men of the western gulf squadron,
of the eastern gulf squadron, of the
south Atlantic squadron, of the north
Atlantic squadron, of the Mississippi
squadron, of the Pacific squadron, of
the West India squadron and of the
Potomac flotilla, hear our thanks! Take
the benediction of our churches. Accept
the hospitalities of the nation.
If we had our way, we would get you
not only a pension, but a home and a
princely wardrobe and at equipage and
a banquet while you live and after your
departure a catafalque acd a mausoium
of sculptured marble, with a model of
the ship in which you wen the day. It
is considered a gallant thing when in a
naval fight the flagship with its blue
ensign goes ahead up a river or into a
bay, its admiral standing in the shrouds
watching and giving orders. But I
have to tell you, O veterans of the American
navy, if you are as loyal to
Christ as you were to the government
there is a flagship sailing ahead of you
of which Christ is the admiral, and he
I i f a.
watcnes irouu tue suryuus, auu
veris are the blue ensign, and he leads
you toward the harbor, and ail the
broadsides of earth and hell cannot
damage you, and ye whose garments
were once red with your own blood
shall have a robe washed and made
white in the blood of the Lamb. Then
strike eight bells! High noon in heaven!
Sometimes off the coast of England
the royal family have inspected the
British navy, maneuvered before them
for that purpose. In the Baltic sea the
czar and czarina have reviewed the
Russian navy. To bring before the
A merican people the debt they owe to
navy I go out with you on the Atlantic
ocean, where there is plenty of
room, and in imagination review the
war shipping of our four great conflicts
?1776, 1812, 1865 and 1898. Swing
into line all ye frigates, ironclads, fire
rafts, gunboats and men-of-war! There
they come, all sail set and furnaces in
full blast, sheaves of crystal tossing
! from their cutting prows. That is Che
Delaware, an old Revolutionary craft,
commanded by Commodore Decatur.
Yonder goes the Constitution, Commodore
Hull commanding. 'There is
the Chesapeake,, commanded by Captain
Lawrence, whose dying words
were, ''Don't give up the ship," and the
Niagara of 1812, commanded by Commodore
Perry, who wrote on the back
of an old letter, resting on his navy
cap,'"We have met the enemy, and
they are ours." 1 onder is tne nagsnip
Wabash, Admiral Dupont commanding;
yonder, the flagship Minnesota, Admiral
Goldsborough commanding; yonder,
the flagship Philadelphia, Admiral
Dahlgren commanding; yonder, the
flagship San Jacinto, Admiral Bailey
commanding; yonder, the flagship
Black Hawk, Admiral Porter commanding;
yonder, the flag steamer Benton,
Admiral Foote commanding; yonder,
the flagship Hartford, David G-. Farragut
commanding: yonder, the Brooklyn.
Piear Admiral Schley commanding;
i -- '-I /"VI * J_: ^
yonaer5 tne viympis, auuiusi ^cncj i
commanding; yonder, the Oregon, Captain
Clark commanding; yander, tlie
Texas, Captain Piiilip commanding;
yonder, the New York, Rear Admiral
Sampson commanding: yonder the Iowa,
Captain Robley D. Evans commanding.
According to his own statement, Farragut
was very loose in his morals in
early manhood and practiced all kinds
of sin. One day he was called into the
cabin of his father, who was a shipmaster.
His father said, "David, what are
you going to be anyhow?" He answered,
"I am going to follow the sea."
"Follow the sea," said the father, "and
.1 L tV . ^ 0
US ikiUiiCU <1UUUI> t."C YVU..1U wu uic 1U a.
foreign hospital?" "Mo," said David;
"I am going to command like you."
"2so," said the father: ''a boy of your
habits will never command anything."
And his father burst into tears and left
the cabin. From that day David Farragut
started on a new life.
Captain Pennington, an honored
elder of my Brooklyn church, was with
him in most of his battles and had his
intimate friendship, and he confirmed,
what I had heard elsewhere, that Farragut
was good and Christian. In every
great crisis of life he asked and obtained
the Divine direction. When in Moble
bay the monitor lecumseh sank from a
i J- J 1.1 4
| turpeuu a Liu tut; &ieu,L vtuxauip jluvwalyn,
that was to lead the squadron,
turned back, he said he was at a loss to
know whether to advance or retreat,
and he says: ''I prayed. '0 God,
who created man and gave hica reason,
direct me what to do. Shall I go on?'
And a voice commanded me, 'Goon,'
and I went on." Was there ever a
more touching Christian letter than
that which Le wrote to his wife from
his flagship Hartford? "My dearest
wife, 1 write and leave this letter for
you. I am going into Mobile bay in
the morning if God is my leader, and I
hope he is, and in him I place my trust.
If he thinks it is the proper place for
me to die, I am ready to submit to his
will in that as all other thiDgs. G-od
bless and preserve you, my darling, and
my dear boy,'if anything should happen
to me. May his blessings rest upon
you and your dear mother."
Cheerful to the end, he said on
board the Tallapoosa in the last voyage
he ever took, "I would be well if I
J.-.J ? ?? ? 1?V f V.K
U1CU AiU V* 1U ild.lUs.^3. fJDU X. k/llll/U
Episcopal service for the dead was
never more appropriately rendered than
over his casket, and well did all the
forts of Xew York harbor thunder as
his body was brought- *o the wharf, and
well did the minute guns sound and
the bells toll as in a procession having
in its ranks the president of th j United
States and his cabinet and the mighty
men of land and sea the old admiral
was carried, amid hundreds of thousands
of uncovered heads on Broadway,
and laid on his pillow of dust in beautiful
Woodiawn, Sept. 30, amid the
pomp of our autumnal forests.
But just as much am I stirred at the
scene on warship's deck before Santiago
last summer, when the yictory gained
for our American flag over Spanish oppression
the captain took off his hat
~ii ?ij:
a.uu an tii^ saixuis <*uu ouiAieis uiu. tuc
same and silently they offered thanks
to Almighty Gcd for vrhat had been accomplished,
and when oa another ship
the soldiers and sailors were cheering
J as a Spanish vessel sank and its officers
and crews were straggling in the wa'j
ers and the captain of our warship cried
| out, '"Don't cheer; the poor fellows are
| drowning."' Prayers on deck! Prayj
ers in the forecastle! Prayers in the
I cabin! Prayers in the hammocks!
i Prayers on the lookout at midnight!
j The batlV ?l that war opened with
prayer, pushed on with prayer
and closed v,;th prayer, and today the ;
m i n^minihimm t?>" ii ii"~t? ^ "hi i n ii ii mi ' *?11 " "i
A.mei1??2 nation recalls !bein ^kb |
praych . j
We hail $ith thanks the new gsners- i
Lion of naTfil heroes, thoaC of the year
1898. We are too near their n:arvelDus
deeds to fully appreciate them. A
century from now poetry and sculpture
and painting and history will do them
better jastiee than we can do them
now. A defeat at Manila would have
been an infinite disaster. Foreign
nations not overfond of our American
institutions would have joined the ot"\er
side, and the war so many months j-ASt
would have been raging still, and perhaps
a hundred thousand graves would
have opened to take down our slain soldiers
and sailors. It took this country
three years to get over the disaster
at Bull Ran at the opening of the civil
war. How many years it would have
required to recover from a defeat at
Manila in the opening of the Spanish
war I cannot say. God averted the
calamity by giving triumph to our navy
under Admiral Dewey, whose coming
up through the Narrows of New York
harbor day before yesterday was greeted
by the cation whose welcoming cheers
will noc cease to resound until tomorrow
and next dav in the oaoital of the
nation the jeweled sword voted by congress
shall be presented amid booming
cannonade and embannered hosts,
"acd our autumnal nights shall become
a conflagration of splendor, but the
tramp of these processions and the
flash of that sword and the huzza of
that greeting and the roar of those
guns and the illumination of those
?? UA rr? Q CJ 1 fi H 0"
III ^ Li L 3 Villi Ut OtVU uuu uvmu ~ O
as a page of American history remains
Especially let the country boys of
America join in these greetings to the
returned heroes of Manila. It is their
work. The chief character in all the
soene is the once country lad, George
Dewey. Let the Vermonters come down
and find him Older, but the same modest,
unassumine. almost bashful person
that they went to school with and
with whom they sported on the playground.
Ihe honors of all the world
cannot spoil him. A few weets ago at
a banquet in England some of the titled
noblemen were affronted because our
American minister plenipotentiary associated
the name of Dewey with that
of Lord Nelson. As weil might we be
affronted because the name of Nelson is
associated with that of our mo3t renowed
admiral. The one man in all
the coming ages will stand as high as
the other. So this day, sympathizing
" ' " 11 1- xi
witn ail tne isstmties ana ceieorauous
of the pa3t week and with all the festivities
and celebrations to come this
week, let us anew thank God and tho.'e
heroes of the American navy who have
done such great things for our beloved
land. Come aboard the old ship, Zion,
ye sailors and soldiers, whether still in
the active service or honorably discharged
and at home having resumed
citizenship. And ye men of the past,
your last battle on the seas fought, take
from me, in God's name, salutation and
good cheer. For the few remaining
fights with sin and death and hell make
ready. Strip your vessel for the fray.
Hang the sheet chains ever the side.
Send down the topgallant masts. Barriscade
the wheel. Rig in the flying
jib boom. Steer straight for the shining
shore, and hear the shout of the
great Commander of earth and heaven
as he cries from the shrouds, "To him
that overccmeth will I give to eat of the
tree of life which is in the midst of the
paradise of God." HosannalHosanna!
A Bride and Groom Shot by a Rejected
A special to the St. Louis Post-Dispatch
from Montgomery, Mo., says:
Frank Walker and his bride were murdered
today by Charles Rankin, a disappointed
lover, who then killed himself.
A child was seriously wounded
by the shots that killed the coupie.
All concerned in the tragedy w<jre
prominent residents of Montgomery
county. The murder occurred at the
home of James Cook, nine miles east of
here, where the couple and their friends
had gone to eat the wedding supper.
Walker, who had no relatives, worked
around the farm. Tuesday afterBoon
he and Miss Maud Groshorn drove
to Montgomery and were married.
They then drove out to the Cook home,
where a supper was prepared. A company
of well-wishers gathered. The
bride and groom sat sid$ by side at the
head of the table in front of an uncurwin/lnw
nrTifin T^antlW sTinf, thft I
firing with a shotgun through
the window. Both were instantly killed,
their heads being riddled with shot.
A child, a member of the Cook family,
was badly wounded.
No one saw the murderer and his
identity was unknown until his dead
body was stumbled over outside the
house. A letter left by Rankin revealed
the fact that he was a rejected suitor
of Miss Goshorn's and that he committed
the murder because she married another.
Praises a Southern Soy.
The incident of Dewey's praise for
the Charleston boy is reported in the
New York World of Friday by Lavinia
Hart, a young woman reporter who interviewed
the admiral. Miss Hart had
just referred to Dewey as a hero:
" 'You really must not call me a
hero," he said modestly, "after all
"Was scared to death all through
the battle,' I said timidly.
" 'Exactly,' said the admiral, re!_ .?
j <*r?> ?t.:?
nevea. jow, uc uuuuuucu,
comes one of the real heroes of Manila.'
'A lanky youth in uniform hove in
" 'That boy,' said the admiral, 'has
worked himself up out of the ranks.
Xow he's chief quartermaster. He'll
be heard from some day. His name's
Mehrtens and he steered the Olympia
through the battle of Manila. i 4
" 'Mehrtens,' as the lad saluted, and
was passing, "where do you come from?'
" 'Charleston, South Carolina, sir.'
"'What, another,' cried the admiral.
'Charleston may be proud of her contributions
to this war.'"
Parachute Didn't Opan.
Marza Townsend of Decorab, la., about
20 years old, was killed on the Carnival
circus grounds at Des Moines Wednesday
evening while attempting a parachute
leap. While up l.OUO feet in
the air the parachute failed to open and
he fell to the earth like a stone and was
picked up dead and terribly mangled.
A large crowd saw the accident.
Don't Want Them.
There has been some talk of estab- I
risking a colony for Negro farmers in
New Jersey. The scheme does not receive
much encouragement from the
newspapers of the section in which the
colony is proposed to be planted. The
New Jersey newspapers are always
ready to give a word of advice respecting
the Negro in the South; but they do
not desire to have the Negro in New
J ersey.
^'Tv- i Tin nr ?T>, n i*i^n .* f
An effort to Publish Dickert's Eiatory j
of Kershaw's Brigade.
Mr. E II. Aull sends the State the !
4,I will greatly thank The State if it |
will take enough interest to publish the j
circular below and make the statement
contained therein. If there should be
anyone wuose picture comes 111 tne list
enumerated who is not willing to help
the work by paying $31 would be glad
to have him send the photograph desired
and maybe some one else will help
bear the expense so that the lilt will be
"The publisher would be glad to
have the papers in Darlington, Marion,
Marlboro, Fairfield, Kershaw, Chester
Held, spartanourg, union, ureenville,
Anderson, Abbeville, Edgefield, Saluda,
Lexington. Orangeburg, Newberry,
Charleston and Richland copy the circular
as it was largely from these coun
ties that the men who made the brigade
came. I do not know to whom to write,
but I hope those officers who are living
will heed the request?and those
who are dead I know have left some
descendants who have enough interest
io their own to help in this matter."
To the Friends, Relatives, and Surviv
orsor the Uid rirst isrigade:
The publisher or "Dickert's History
of Kershaw's Brigade" takes pleasure
iu announcing that this work has passed
beyond its doubtfnl stage, and is
now a reality. The work of printing is
now well under way, and will soon be
ready for the binder. It is the wish of
those who have undertaken the publication
of the history to make it as
home-like, realistic, and attractive as
possible, and nothing will add more to
this purpose than having it embellished
with cuts and engravings of those who
led and commanded, for so long a time
and under such trying ordeals, this noble
band of immortals. They would
even like to have the cuts of all were
it possible or practical, but this not being
the case, they will have to content
themselves with only the illustrations
of the captains (or company commanders),
colonels, and brigadiers, and their
field and staff officers.
As we have said at the outset of this
undertaking, the history is not written
nor published for gain or profit, but
more as a memorial volume, and the
publisher does not feel warranted from
c daancial Doint of view, in making this
outlay of ready cash to Dieet these requirements.
As the author has spent
so much of his time, to say nothing of
the expense, in getting up this memorial
to the worth and' valor of his old
comrades, without compensation; it is
the hope of the publisher that the
friends and survivors will come to his
aid"; and he makes this proposition:
Any of the friends of the above named
officers, who will send the publisher a
photo or picture of the officers named,
enclosing five dollars?three dollars for
n-wn f\r\CL TTAIT1 TT>A I
IUC CUt dUU LYl KJ UU11A10 1V/1 iviuu.v
of the history?he will have a nice picture
or cut of such officer inserted in
the book, and' one volume delivered
without additional expense to the person
furnishing the photograph and paying
five dollars. This will about cover
the actual expense ol the engraving
and publication.
Capt. Dickert has written a valuable
history, and as a record of the
events, a description of battles and
camp life, sketches of officers, and the
life of a soldier as seen from the ranks
and the battle line, it stands unrivaled
as a history from the Confederate
-i.? j?:_i. __j
HUillUpUlIlb, auu it 13 Liuvt a uuij tu.v^
friends and survivors of the Old First"
Brigade owe to their children and to
posterity to furnish these illustrations
as a fitting tribute to the brave officers,
orirl ali^o whsi an offpn led their
troops to victory. Pictures of photos
taken during the war, or just after and
in uniform, are prefeired. They will
be carefully handled and as carefully
returned. No uneasines0 need be felt as
to theirbeingdamagedorlost, as the publisher
is well aware how these priceless
relics of the past are treasured an no
pains will be spared in having them
safely returned.
We wish photos of all captains (and
lieutenants commanding companies),
adjutants, quartermasters, commissaries,
and chaplains, majors, lieutenant
iJ ..1 i :
coioneis, ana cuioueia, urigauici gciicials
and their staffs. Write (if living)
the name and rank of officer, in his
own handwriting, under the picture, or
paste on back the nane on slip of paper;
and, to avoid delays and miscarriages
in return, write the name of postoffice
to which it is to be returned.
Piease give this request prompt at?
i ,1 _ _ v _
tention, as photograpm must De received
within the next thirty days to insure
having them inserted in the book.
Send the three dollars along with photograph
and the books can be paid for
on delivery. Address
llbert H. Aull,
Newberry, S. C.
Killed by Boiler Explosion.
By the explosion of a boiler at Brace's
saw mill near Trevilions, in Louisa
county, A. Campbell, a well known farmer.
and a Negro were instantly killed.
AnOihur Xc^rrn was fataily injured, and
the owner of the mill, Mr. Robert
Bruce, so badly scxlded that he may
She Deserves It.
The sailors of Dewey's flagship are
going to make Miss Heleu Gould a
present that she will appreciate highly.
It is in the form of two 4.7-incii shows
from the wreck of the Reina Chrisiina,
Admiral 3Iontojo's flagship, mounted in
Leghorn marble. Upon each shell is
a statuette of Liberty in ivory. The
mounting and carving were done at
Fifteen Hundred Killed.
It is estimated that fifteen hundred
persons perished in the earthquakes in
Asia Minor around Aidin. The first
shock occurred at 4 o'clock on the
morning of September 29th and lasted
forty seconds. The effects were appalling.
Whole villages were comp'etely
destroyed. The earthquake
* "? " C*.f. J
was ieit as lar as ocio, iuityieme aau
He Was Disgusted.
"No," tie c-jnvicted saloon
keepor. '"I won't nave you to defend
another case for me." "But," his lawyer
protested, "you know you were
guilty and you know, too, that the evidence
against you was overwhelming."
"Oh. I don't deny that, but after having
the case postponed four times you
run out of excuses. A lawyer what
ain t got no more resources tnan tnat
can't git fees from me."
Killedthe Sing in
As a result of a prize fight held at
Valley Grass, Cal., Thursday night between
Jim Pendergast of Sacramento
and Chas. 'Hoskins of that place, the
latter is dead. HoskiDS "was knocked
out in the 10th round and although
physicians worked upon the prostrate
man all night they could not save his
life. The referee, Pendergast and all
the seconds were placed under arrest.
x> 'ftt 1 ?' i ? .nr
What a Prdlaineiit Republican Say
About It.
in The Review of Reviews for Oeto
ber the Hon. Thomas L. James, formerly
postmaster-general and now president
of a New York national bank, essays
an explanation of the causes which
have led to the present prosperous condition
of business. A Republican and
a gold man, Mr. James does not, like
many of his fellows, undertake to claim
for Republicanism and the gold standard
the sole credit for existing condi
ticms, but, with an obvious purpose to
tell the story fairly and explain it rationally,
he shows the real influences
which have been making for better
times. We quote freely.
"In order clearly to understand the
rise and development of influences that
i "1.1 "? 1
produced cue depressing conditions culminating
between 1S93 and 189(>, it is
necessary to go back to the time of the
resumption^ specie payments in 1879.
This country immediately after the
government resumed payment of its obligations
in coin entered an era of prosperity
which has been compared with
the one that now prevails, and yet the
conditions characterizing it were entirely
different. We had then, in comparison
with our possessions today, little
capital, and vet we undertook to open
up the wheat belts of the west, to complete
the Northern Pacific railway, to
construct thousands of miles of new
railroa'd in unsettled regions, so that in
the coarse of three or four years we expended
at least $500,000,000 in building
new railroads. Much of this money
was borrowed in Europe, and the railroads
when built did not at first begin
to earn their interest charges, and some
of them with difficulty paid their running
expenses. They were kept in op
eration in many cases by borrowing
more money to pay the interest upon
bonds and at last became heavily burdened
with mortgages and underlying
mortgages, ultimately involving reorganization
and heavy loss. All of this
money we had to pay back, and the
effect of those enormous payments was
severely felt between 1835 and 1894.
These new railroads, however, did a
great service for the country, since they
opened up the agricultural lands to the
farmer and made possible the amazing
crops which 'Were grown in 1891 and
" 1S92. For about ten years, or say from
the spring of 1831 until near the close
of Mr. Cleveland's administration, the
people of this country, both in their
corporate and their individual relations,
I ' J - - _ ?
were engaged in payiug ueuia. mc
farmers did that and were thereby
compelled to practice the utmost
economy, many of them finding
even the most stringent self-denial
inadequate, so that they were forced
to submit to foreclosure. But stock
holders in the railroad corporations
were also ^suffering,' and there
came fir many of them the same experA
-po flro Wflf . TT77 fc The I
icuv;c ujll.vu xai.mgiQ .ua.wv - t? x***
owners of the bonds exacted their interest
or took possession of the property
just as the owners cf the farm mortgages
exacted theirs or foreclosed. We
lived in a time of forced and great economy.
Many men esteemed very rich
were compelled to draw upon their principal
in order to maintain in some measure
their customary manner of life, and
the wa^e-earners were either drawing
upon their savings or else were compelled
to live upon half pay so to speak?
some of them upon credit. During Mr.
Cleveland's second administration we
were really getting into a heathful condition.
We were paying our debts, reorganizing
our bankrupt railroads on
sound and economical bases, living
with rigid economy, liquidating obliga1
tions long past due, and were at last in
a condition that required only some
tonic or stimulus in order to regain
prosperity and industrial activity."
He goes on to show how a check to
1*1113 V> UUiCOUUit rr aj uj
the financial collapse of the Argentine
republic and the resulting failure of
Baring Brothers. The Bank of England
interposed its resources. "One of
I the ablest of the financiers of New York,
when he read that report, said: 'The
Bank of England has prevented a
panic; but a failure like this will shrivel
credits, benumb business everywhere,
and its disastrous influence will be felt
in every nation of the world for the
next two or three years.' The prediction
was justified in every respect."
Mr. James recognizes the bad effect of
*1 .0 it . ? ^2
tile suspension 01 me iree cuiuage ui
silver in India which followed. "It
was everywhere recognized as a remedy
for certain evils from which Great
Britain aDd her colonies were suffering,
but it was a remedy so heroic that its
immediate effect was harmful, at least
to some lines of - trade." Other reasons
for the depression and the panic of
1893 are given, but it is the revival which
is our theme. As to the causes of the
revival Mr. James barely mentions the
defeat of free silver and the passage of
* T\ 1 j r? 1 TT. xl ,
tne umgiey tann jaw. ne men proceeds:
"Bat there is another influence which
may be esteemed among the greatest
of any that have caused these last
years of the century to give industrial
prosperity, content, happiness, and a
wide distribution of wealth to our people.
That influence was created by the
recent amazing development of the gold
mines of the world. Undoubtedly the
action of congress in repealing the
Sherman law induced capital to turn its
attention to the American gold mines.
Bat the same impulse existed all over
the world. The discovery of cheap
chemical methods of abstracting gold
from low-grade ore was as momentous
almost as that of Bessemer, to which
much of the industrial activity of the
last half of the nineteenth century can
be traced. That process made it possible
to utilize with commercial profit
the low-grade ores in South Africa, and
only a year after the Sherman law was
1 i xi _ i. i x i. _i.i
repealed me mgnest expert aumunt>
predicted that the South African mines
would be adding yearly to the gold of
the world from $75,000,000 to 8100,000,000,
a prediction that has been almost
justified already. Then Australia
amazed the world with discoveries of
unsuspected gold deposits and Colorado
at;d Idaho and southern California
began to report profitable mining operations,
until at last it was reported by
the director of the mintthatthe United
States was producing nearly $60,000,000
of gold a year, the estimate for 1S99
being about $5,000,000 a month. Then.
too, just as these inspiring influences
were beginning to have their legitimate
effect upon business, there came from
the wilds of Alaska romantic tales of
rich discoveries of gold, and since that
news was first brought to this country
the estimated output of that once desolate
territory has been about $40,000,000
gold, almost all of which
has come to the United States and re
mained. nere.
The director of the mint estimates
that today there is in the United States
almost a billion of gold, in coin and
bullion, and whereas in Mr. Cleveland's
administration the gold in the treasury
had been drained so low that it seemed
at one time as though the government
would be CDmpelled to suspend gold
payments, fiow the treasury possess *
nearly $250,000,000 of gold and ths ;
banks of New York nearlv ?175.000,- 1
J00. _ c
In addition to the gold that came t
from the mines, there came many millions
of it in the year 1S9S to the United i
States from Europe in liquidation of i
trade balances, and with the exception <
of $20,000,000 sent to Europe to pay i
the Spanish indemnity, almost every ;
dollar of the gold brought here from 1
mines and the payment of debts has re- ]
mained her,j."
This is an admission of the accuracy
of the quantitative theory of money,
held by the Democratic party and so
vigorously pressed in the campaign of
1806. If the world's supply of gold
had not increased so marvellously and
if our rxports had not, through a remarkable
concurrence of circumstances,
run beyond all expectation and hope,
in what condition would we now have
"If, now, wo turn to another report
vcr> Ha trt dis^.nvAr in it Der
haps the most impressive of all the stories
that tell of our revival and increase
of prosperity. Ia 1S92 we exported oi
agricultural products in tbe fiscal year
ending June SO $799,000,000 in round
numbers. We did not export as much
in TT-jino as tliaf, aornin alfhnncrh in 1899
we exported $785,000,000 in round numbers.
In the intervening years the export
ranged from $650,000,000 in
round oumbers in 1898 down to $553,000,000
in 1895. But if we turn to the
figures that tell the story of the export
of the products of our manufactories in
the same yearsf we discover, set forth
in the most emphatic manner the amazing
story of our industrial expansion.
In 1S92, fiscal year, we exported of
manufactured products $158,000,000;
in 1893, approximately the same
amount; in 1S94, $183,000,000; in
1S95, approximately the same amount;
in 1896, $22S,000,000; in 1897, $277,000,000;
in 1898, $290,000,000: and in
1899, $338,000,000, with every indication
that the export for thi? fiscal year
of manufactured products will be as
great as $375.0vJ0,000.. Therefore
while we have gained in export of ag?u
1 L 1 CO'}
ricuuurai pruuucis uui ac<uiaiut^ jlu^,
we have gained more than 100 per cent
in our export of manufactured products,
showing how vastly our industries have
expanded, and that while we are commanding
our own domestic markets, we
are surely reaching out in successful
competition with other nations for the
control of the markets of the world."
We agree with the Columbia State,
from which paper the above article is
taken, that "these are explanations that
explain. There is nothing in them
which disproves,- and everything which
confirms, the Democratic convention of
1S9G that the great need of the country
was an increase in the supply of standard
money. At that time it seemed impossible
to secure this without the free
coinage of silver; but Providence has
been kind to tlie Amencan people ana
saved them from the worst effect of one of
their fTeatest blunders.*' The State adds
to Mr. James's catalogue this further
reason for the suddenness of the change:
Eigteen months ago, while the signs of
improvement- were of the faintest, the
war with Spain began. Instead of proving
financially destructive as was predicted
by most of the spokesmen for
gold and "business," it had precisely
the opposite effect. As a smart blow
is? rJ\/\frrmA OT?/3
UJJUil (X vratv;u v-ii.au 10 vi
stopped may set it going again, so the
jar to the country from the shock of
war set the wheels of busines in full
motion once more, and the revival was
instant and complete.
Bids for Star Route Contracts Must
Include Free Delivery of Mail,
The Postoffice Department has issued
the revised instructions governing bids
for Star Route mail contracts. It is
--i. 1 11-, 1
LIUL JlfciiiiipS gCUCiclllJ' AUUIVU lUAl UUCOC
contracts are given out for four years at
a time and that this year is the time
for new contracts. This service touches
perhaps two-thirds of the people of this
State; and it behooves them to see that
responsible bids are put in from the
neighborhood of oach route at the lowest
practicable figures before Nov. 30th 1
These instruction contain a new and
important paragraph in so far as bids in
South Carolina are concerned. It re- !
quires all bids to include the free de
livery of mail to persons living on or ;
near the route. This is a practical
adoption, so far as South Carolina is '
concerned, of Congressman Stokes :
scheme which attracted such favorab'e ;
attention last winter, and which was '
warmly advocated by The Times and
Democrat. It was not generally known
at the time that the one vote lacking in
conference committee to fix the Stokes ]
proposition as a "rider''on the appro- j
priation bill, was lacking by reason uf i
Senator Quay's absence on trial for 1
n} T\1 r? rr f-/\ TT"rG/^l- Q 1T1 T^h 11 9 ^ p! - I
U1-'lnUS W TIAVVa - -
Having failed to get what lie sought
by special bill and by a "rider" on the
Supply Bill, through an unfortunate
combination of circumstances, Congressman
Stokes went to work to secure
it through the department, under the
discretionary power given for experimental
General Sliallenberger was very favorably
disposed and was anxious to
incorporate the requirements in the
contracts as suggested by Mr. Stokes,
but at first hesitated, as congress had
taken the matter in hand but had fallen
short of authorizing it. (
Jb maliy nis scruples were overcome, ?
and the recent order secures substanti- <
ally all that Mr. Stokes strove to obtain i
first through a special act and then ?
through a "rider"' on the appropriation
bill. At least it is secured so far as 5
South Carolina is concerned; for the 1
order applies specifically to South Caro- ^
lina. j
Naturally Mr. Stokes feels much i
frratifior! at flip rpsnlt and has nn doubt c
? 7
as to the permanency of the feature not f.
only in the postal system of this State I
but of the whole United States. He 1
also credits the press of the State and r
of the country at large, with a large 1
share of the influence which brought
about the result. Below is the regulation
referred to which will be seen to
follow closely the terms of the bill introduced
by Mr. Stokes:
"In addition to proposals for carry- s
ing the mails on the routes and subject i
to the conditions hereinbefore set forth, 1
proposals will also be received for car- E
rying the mails on the same routes in [
the State of South Carolina, subject to t
the same conditions, a-jd also subject t
fn Pnrfliar rormiromonfc oc^nllntXTQ* f
Any person living on or near any 'i
Star Route herein described who desires
his-mail deposited in a box on
the line of the route by the carrier on
said route .may provide and erect a suit- j
able box on the roadside, located in {
such manner as to be reached as con- 5
veniently as practicable by the carrier, a
and such person shall file with the
postmaster at the postoffice to which his
mail is addressed (which shall be one 0
of the two postoffices on the route on E
I-.II I?mi 11"| In??? IN ir ii I Si r
either aide of and next to tbe box) a
equest in writing for the delivery of
lis mail to the carrier on the route for
leposit in said mail box at the risk of
:he addresse
Ic should be the duty of the postnaster
at every su ;h postoffice, upon a
*r;tten order from any person living on
ir near the Star Koute, to deliver to
:he proper mail carrier for that route
my mail matter, except registered
mail, with-instructions as to tne proper
mail box at which said mail matter
shall be deposited; but do mail matter
30 delivered to a carrier for deposit
shall be carried past another postoffice
an the route before being deposited iu
a mail box.
The carrier on the Star Route * ill
be required to receive from any postmaster
on the route any mail matter
that may be intrusted to him, outside
the usual mail bag, and shall carry such
mail matter to and deposit i'fc in the
proper boxes placed on thejiiie of the
route for this purpose; sucK-service by
the carrier to be without charge to the
Ballroad Man's Mistake In Handling a Car
of Crashed Gold Ore. ,
The average railroad official, from
the President down to the section boss,
i-?? ? +>,0
IS uiuruu?iu^ uuuvcisaui Ttiui
work that comes in his department,
but the following incident shows that
even the higher officials can make mistakes.
Several months ago a Kansas City,
Mo., company bought a carload of
crushed ore in Mexico. Adrlces were
duly received that the ore had been
shipped?twenty tons of it Weeks
passed and the ore did not come. The
smelting company politely asked the
local agent of the railroad when the
ore would arrive. The local agent said
that he had never heard of it The
smelting company tnen appeaieu iu lxiv
general agent of the road. The general
agent gave it up. Along the line
the question was passed until it
reached an official who started out a
tracer for the carload of ore. A tracer
is a document on which every agent,
train conductor and every other person
who *ia* had anything to do with
the shipment must say whence he took
it and where he laid it down From
the mine in Mexico the car of ore was
traced from innction noint to junction
point until it "was well with {he rail- '
road company's local yards at Kansas
City, and thence to a side track by the
roundhouse and into the possession of 1
the master mechanic.
A carload of crushed gold ore looks
like a lot of yellow sand, and this particular
carload had been knocked
about and disrespected as a car of
common sand should be. When the
officials were notified that the tracer
had chased the car into the master mechanic's
track they sent him a note
asking him about the disposition of
the car, giving its number. The master
mechanic turned the note over and
endorsed it on the back: "The car contained
a bad aualitv of sand. Some of
it I used in the sand boxes of the engines,
but it -was not servlcable, so I
had it scattered along the right of
way?' The railroad paid the smelter
company $180 a ton for the "bad
Paris an Impregnable City. (
The French have been taught wisdom
by past experience, and as a result
have planned, and a few years ^
ago finished, a system of fortification .
around Paris winch are probably unequalled
for the purposes for which
they are intended by any similar fortifications
in the world. A well-informed
military writer, a member of
the general staff of the German army,
has given it as his opinion that a successful
siege of Paris would be, under
present conditions, an impossible undertaking.
The new fortifications that surround i
the French capital, says Pearson's, (
are some fifteen or twenty miles from
the city, and are connected with Paris
and with each other by a railway system
which would enable t'ie French
commander to quickly mass at one
nninf a verv laree body ?f men. while
the general of the besieging army, if
he wished to prevent the citj from obtaining
supplies and thus shut in the
people and the army that was defending
it, would have to occupy a line extending
more than one hundred miles,
and hence could not by any possibility
collect a large number of his force
at any one point to resist with even a
shadow of hope an attack of the enemy.
It required a German array of ap- 1
nrnvimatplv 500.000 men to lav siecre
to Paris from September 19. 1870, to
January 30, 1871; but the authority, we
refer to Is of the opinion that to repeat
the same operation a German besieging
army would have to number
more than 2,000,060 men, and the
work of maintaining such a ferce and *
properly handling its parts would be
somthing which few Governments
would care to undertake and few military
commanders w?uld fe? abie to t
efficiently perform. c
The French have spent upon these <
new fortifications an amount variously
estimated at from $30,000,000 to
>50,000,000, and hence can w?il afford
to sell the land occupied by some of
the now obsolete fortifications of a
generation ago.
A Little Luck at Most? Carlo. '
A short time ago a young man paid
his first visit to tie Casino, and with >
m absolute lack of knowledge of how j
the game is played, threw down a "
:ouis at the trente-et-quarante table, t
[t chanced to fall on black. Lost in g
rying to follow the game, h? paid no
. uruici aueuuuu w it uuui i.uc uvup*
er called his attention to the fact that S
ie had staked the maximum and that j
ie must remove his winnings. Entirey
unheeded his twenty-franc piece c
aad "doubled up" until it had reached t
:he maximum. He obeyed the croup* jier,
leaving on his stake, ard black ,
:ame up again. Now he began to take ?ome
interest, and as he had chanced j
>n a run of fifteen blacks he Bbortly ti
ifterward left the table with sixty- ii
Mgnt tnousana irs.EC? ior tne run over, a
He seemed to have no desire to pursue
Dame Fortune any further, and at
lis first loss he left Moreover, It
vould seem that on this particular occasion
the plan of the temptress did
lot seem to have succeeded, for the
lext day the hero of the previous |
jvening was to be seen contentedly
staking single louis again, and he left
Honte Carlo at night carrying his -win- C
ling almost intact The name of this *
nost fortunate, most wise young man
vas the Baron Rolling.
Prehistoric Man's Favorite Food.
What was the favorite food of prelistoric
man? According to Dr. Ma- ^
iegka, of Prague, it was his brother. w
le proves from an examination of m
:ome prehistoric remains at Knovlzc, ?
n Bohemia, that the people who bur.
J 4-1 ? *
UJeiil >>cic ^auxiiuaia, liuc irUili n
leed, but from choice, and that they
(referred the flesh of their own rela- ives,
especially if young and tender,
o that of their enemies. He also conends,
and most anthropologists seem
o agree with him, that the eating of
mman flesh in prehistoric times r
pread all over Europe, tin practice C
eing first induced by scarcity of other
nod, next by preference, and was fin- s
lly persisted in for religious, or, rath- ^
r, ceremonial reasons. The flesh was
u every case prepared by cooking "J
ometimes with flie juice of oranges
,nd lemons.
Dewey kisse? no girls over ten 5 ears
Id among those *ho come to see him.
la is very fond of children.
What Would the Business
World Do Without Us ?
We know our ousmess aau we?iwojroua<?
enjoyment. We secured ourtraioingatthe
Columbia, S. C,
and would advise you to do likewise if you
desire the best ia the country. No other
?1 ' v-? - ***** th/ninnBli hll oinCM (V)11?8P. .
CCUUUl uao a uiviv IMV**?? w ? ? __? w
a simpler or easier learned shorthand cou*sff^^
or more successful graduates. X
Their catalogue gives full inforaatifm as
to courses of stud j, rates of tuition, b?ard,
securing positions, aod other inducements
Send for it and name the course wanted.
Address, W. fl. NEWBERRY,
4t President.
IIinvillllMiia l m-mmmmm
It is now unseasonable to
"Talk" Cotton Ginning Machinery,
but it is the time for you to
place your orders for?
And many other useful and necessary machines
we might mention.
If you want the best valup for your
money, consult your itteral by writing or
calling on ua for prices and estimates before
placing your orders.
Large Stocks.
Prompt Shipments.
Lowest Prices Consistent With
"Honest Goods."
W. H. Gibbes & Co.. 1
rhe Smith Pneumatic Suction
Elevating, Ginning and
Packing System
[s the simplest and most efficient on
the market. Forty-eight complete
ontfits in South Carolina: each
one giving absolute i
satisfaction. A
Boilers and Engines; Slide
Valve, Automatic and Corliss. M
My Light and Heavy Log Beam Saw
Mills cannot be equalled in design, ef-JB
iciency or price by any dealer or znan^fl
laiturer in the South. W
Write fer prices and catalogues.
V. C. Badhair,
1326 Main Street,
iiucd iiin vinurvo
A vegetable preparation, wherever known
he mf st popular of all remedies, bsc .use the
aost effectual.
Sold wholesale by?
The Murray Drug Co. Columbia.
Dr. H. Baer, Charleston, S. C.
I Itjcures piles, eczema, oar.
)uncles. boils. sore'eves. stiee
/Si J -*"7
md granulated eye lids, ol
lorei, cuts, bruises, burns, eryipelas,
inflamatory rheumatsm,
corns, bunions and injrowingtoe
nails. Taken in- ?
ernally it cures dyspepsia,
)ilious fever, stomach and
>1 adder troubles.
^lt is the best thing on the market for aU >.
tiese ifflictioLS There is nothing to tqaal
; for Kiiney Trouble and Colic in horoea,
nd all it cost is 25c a box.
At wholesale by
MUAJIAY DRUG CO., Columbia. ?. 0.
School of
This School has the reputation of being the
est business institution in the State. Gradates
are holding remunerative positions ia
mercantile houses, banking, insurance, r^al .
itate, railroad offices, &c., in this and other ^
ates. Write to W. H. Maifeat,
jrapherCoa) 2 he ts; a. t
To get strong
ind healthy use
me bottle Mur
jay's Ikon Mixcure.
Price 50c

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