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The Fairfield news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1881-1900, November 01, 1899, Image 4

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/2012218613/1899-11-01/ed-1/seq-4/

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Some of Cur Manufacturers fcr
the "Open Door" Policy.
? / <
i ne vxrowmg inicicdi ^
Southern States in the Trade
Across the Pacific
The following correspondence is published
by request of Senator McLaurin:
"Spartanburg. S- C., September
1899. Hon, B.'R Tillman. Hon. J<>1 u
T "M'-.t ?J. U.,*, William Rllif.tr.
JU. iuuuaunu, jui-u. r.
Hon. Stanyarne Wilson, Hod. \V. -J.
Talbert, Hon. A. C. Lattimer, Hod.
Thomas J. Strait. Hod. Janus Nor on.
Hod. J. William Stokes.?Dear Sirs:
We ask your consideration of the following:
South Carolina is now the
foremost state in the south in the cot
ton manufacturing busine?, Dot o-vly i*.
spindles, looms and cuiber of ban is
employed, but also iD amount of cotton
consumed. She is nearly, and before
the expiration of twelve months, will
Ko noTf, tn Massachusetts in number of
spindles?the second stats in the union
in the conversion of raw material into
finished products, The mills of thestate,
on a basis of 1,000,01)0 bales per
year, consume about one-third of the
entire cotton crop of the state, and if
present ratio in the increase of spindle>
continues, it will not be many years be'
*1-- t-lio mi1!? will
lure LAIC ic4uuciu^uw v* vuv
reach the total cotton crop.
"The business of cotton manufacturing
is the paramount manufacturing interest
of the state. Next to agriculture
it is the principal employment of
our people. It returns wages directly
to a very large percentage of our population,
and indirectly it is the support
of many thousands more, A large
number of the mills in this state are
making goods for the China or eastern
-L j
craae. ?i Dy any ccauce una ucm?uu
should be cut off, the mills would be
compelled to shut down, or to get into
direct competition with the other mills
which are making goods for home consnmrtion
You can see at once what
the importance of the China trade is to
us; it is everything. The prosperity of
the cotton mill business of South Carolina
depends, in our opinion, upon the
China trade. We believe that the expansion
of this trade is the hope of the
cotton mill industry in the south.
"According to the best of our information,
the question of the continuance
of this trade is a question of policy on
the part of our government. Statistics
show that 90 per cent of all the cotton
fri-im t.Tip flnited States
to China find a distributing market at
the three northern treaty ports of Newchwarig,
Chefoo and Tientsin. The
first named is the treaty port of the
great province of Manchuria, already
recoenized. in the railroad and mining
enterprises as an exclusive sphere of
Russian enterprise. The second is the
treaty port of the province of ShantuDg,
in which Germany claims exclusive
privileges similar to those conceded
to Kussia in Manchuria. The third
is the treaty port of the metropolitan
province of Chili and is the maritme
gate of Peking. All three are situated
within a comparrtively narrow area;
but through them is done most of the
fnwtm trade nf north Chini. It Only
requires one step forward ia the extension
of the authority of Russia and
Germany to destroy the terms of equality
on which the commercial nations of
the world participate in the advantages
of Newchwang and Chefoo, and the
movement on Peking which is generally
assumed to be part of the policy of
Russia, would necessarily threaten the
commercial interests which center at
"Up to this time we are informed
that pressure brought by the governments
of Great Britain and the United
States has led Russia to declare its purpose
to admit the merchandise of other
nations into Manchuria on terms of
equality with its own, but it is impos
sible to say how soon that policy may
be changed. It is alleged that in tne
importation of railroad and other material
Russia entirely disregards the imperial
Chinese customs of Newehwang
regarding the port a? if it were already
in a Russian possession; ?iid it fcc
that Russia, for the protection ? !' irs
own trade, may see fit to carry thi- dis*
otn'minofinn TV?ir>f nf imrv. i?. 1 f 1 J'
her own custom duties on American
cotton goods. In suoh an event, our
trade with Manchuria would be seriously
handicapped, and might, conceivably,
cease to exist, as did our trade under
like circumstances, with Madagascar.
"The effect of this would be afarreaching
one to the cotton mill industry
in the south; up to this time, the
federal government has shown a disposition
to insist on the maintenance of
its treaty rights with the Chinese empire,
whenever there seemed any danger
of their positive infringement, but
as wa have indicated, the process of
substituting for the authority of the
Chinese government the jurisdiction of
a foreign power, as a gradual and insidious
one, and its completion would
mark the disappearance of all pre-exist
ing treaties. We are, therefore, led to
believe that equality of commercial opportunity
in China can be maintained
only by a decided stand in the interest
of their trade on the part of the nations
who have most to lose by the creation
of spheres of exclusive commercial
influence, and that any effective assertion
of treaty rights must involve the
stability of conditions now existing.
"When you consider the vital interest
of your constituency in this question,
we feel certain that you will deal
with it in the way best fitted to bring
about a satisfactory solution. In our
opinion, this can be most easily reachcd
by supporting any line of policy of the
federal government based upon the
strict observance of our treaty rights iu
China; or which, in other words, insit
that no part of that empire should be
subject to the influence of any government
without given to the United
States equal commercial rights and
privileges with the most favored nation.
As we understand the situation,
the question of the expansion policy of
the government is in noway involved.
The maintence of our lights in China
does not include an attempt to bring
other countries under the influence of
our flag, 'rue open ana declares purpose
of those who are solicitious about
these rights is that in all questions of
trade and commerce this country shall
be put on a parity with its rivals in the
far east. This is not a question of territory;
not a question of empire, hr
simply a question of trade and of the
right that our people now enjoy to conduct
a profitable commerce with the
Chinese empire in any portion of its
territory. All that we demand is perfect
equality with other nations.
'kWe write this letter with the urgent
request that you will use your influence
to insist upon a policy on the part o:
the federal government which "svil
secure ihe results above outlined, anc
I which are so tali or consequence xo uu
people. We believe that the policy cthe
federal {r>verm?ent should be sue!
that while ir ?:<;i:;acd-? rothicgin con
ccs.-i"t;s. it rtq iii? > < w-ry thing in tlx
equality of trail-.;! ' such protectior
t.. our commerce w- h'ch v.ill not male'
i? depend upon the vhim or selfishncs:
of -cy (>'.h? r foreign p<> ac-r. We rccoc
r.ize th?- right i:i other oplft to protec
i\:<-ir n,vn intr-rPsT. hut we do EOt TCC
ttjiz : tii- ::giu i'i the dismemberment
of a frit r.d'y | o>*.( r to shut us out en
tirvly, where, undi r ?? *e-eiEent already
in -x.f. with such ;?nwi r we are fully pro
tcet? d, ai:d hai-e equal rights with othei
jHopie. W'fwihcr *e should trade c:
- " t ?i.j
rot 'Allii a TM'-nuiv" powe-. miuuiu u<>
<i< {cTfi : ii-i vtr-.iict of our rival:
io tru^'o. I?:;t the ?j *rit and result o!
th.it rivair;. blu.u'd depend upon yr\ce$.
ai d i.ot uimmi Given the open
C' or, *>; have no f- af< a-> to the l'tsuh
or us ij the hilar-* p? asperity of ouj
couinKd.'vwsiith l ours respect! uliy,
"John I> Cleveland.
' P< r Wliitntv Mfg. Co.
"John il Montgomery,
''Pres. a;.d '1 roas. P*.colet Mfg. Co. ant
S,-ar:an Mills
' II D. Wheat,
"PriS. ar.d Treas Gaift;ey Mfg. Co.'
' J. A Carroll.
"Pr< s Ci.cr.'k' v Falis Mfg. Co.
T?. R. Brown
"Pre.-Menr and Treasurer.
Cow pens Mfg Co.
'GeorgeS Coffie.
' Pros, ar d Tress. Knner City Co.
;^\V E. Lucas.
''Pres.-Trcas. Laurens Cotion Mills.
the reply of senator mclaurin'.
*''Bennetts vi le. S C , Oct. 12.1899Mes-srs.
J. B. Cleveland, J. H. Mont
1 i r* _ ? l L?
gomery ana utner^, oparcauourg, o. v,
I)ear Sir: Your letter has been re
ceivtd. I fully coucir in everything
you say about the importance of th<
retention of tlo trade of the south witt
Chi^a The 'open door policy1 is wha
we need and want. This has hereto
fore b-icn secured by 'treaty rights,
which have been respected by othei
cations only to the extent to which ii
conduced to their ;rxde interest. TFbil<
ostensibly recognizing these 'treatj
right,' other nations, in violation oi
then, have acquired territory and cx
eluded therefrom our legitimate com
merce. Russia has gradually absorbec
Manchuria and is building a railroad
across Siberia to command the trade o!
China. Germany has been cative anc
waiting ia expectancy to obtain the
Philippines. Japan has given R'issii
[ ail the fruits of victory or 1S02. Francc
| has been the willing tool of Russia.
I hs* been nassive in hej
fear io assail her.
"This was the status in the east wher
the battle of Man la occurred. This
victory thwarted all the schemes ol
Russia for the dismemberment oi
China, and rendered its absorption anc
partition impossible. If you want the
'open door.' the United States now
holds the key. The archipelago of the
Philipines lies along the coast of Asia
for SOC miles and commadsit. Manila
is the point in the east which is the
center of ocean traffic. It is the onlj
point where foreign nations could have
obtained commercial stations without i
''In the vicissitudes and good fortune
of a war with Spain, and without anj
intention of doing so. the United States
has acquired the possession of the
Philippines, which give to her para
mount political and commercial advant
"My judgment is that the control oi
them, or at least of some portions, i;
the only safeguard for our trade inter
ests in the east. The abandonment ol
them means the dismemberment oJ
China, its partition among the European
powers, and the inevitable loss of oui
Chinese trade.
'*1 note you say in your letter, 'thai
the question of our rights in Chim
does not include an attempt to brim
other nations urder the influence of oui
flag; that this is not a question of ter
ritory; a question of empire, bm
simply a question of trade, etc.'
4'It seems to mc that the quertion o!
trade is not alone involved. The com
mercial and political aspects of thegrea'
problem of the hour in this country are
> 1 J * 4. * 1 ^1
| mseparaoie, aaa it is useless iu uiusu uuj
eyes to this fact. Would it Dot be folI
ly for us to sacrifice our commercial in
j tcresrs for purely political considera
i tions? The maintenance of our trade it
the eas.t does not necessarily mean the
forcible annexation of the Philippines,
or the denial of the right of local sell
government, but when the war is endec
by treaty or otherwise for congress t(
settled all questions in a just and con
stitutional way.
';I do not favor the adoption by this
country of a colonial policy because of
the vexed ar.d threatening problems
growing out o!" i^. but I do think that.
" --.- 1.1. ...
II pOS&lUiC, wu; ;mcu ijiates oiivun,
maintain sufficient ir:lerests in the islands
to command tqual trade rights
with other nations in China. This
will prevent for a, long time the dismemberiu??!t
of this vast empire.
England and Japan favor the integrity
| of the empire, but they alone cannol
I cuarantee it aeainst the other Europe
an powers. With the weight of the influence
of the United States throws
against dismemberment, it would be
rendered impossible.
"At present. Hong Kong, under Brit'
ish infiuenc?. is the great distributing
center of tiie orient. Manila, under
American influence, will occupy a bet
fa- sirztrcrin and <rr?n?rranhifi r>nsitinn.
| and should become a commercial centei
of that portion of the world. Commercial
supremacy is the goal of everj
ciriiized nation?it is ouly attained
through commercial progress and commercial
expansion. In this great battle
among the nations, without desigc
of our own, while they were haggling
themselves, Dewey sails into Manila
bay, and we find foothold within twe
days' journey of this land of consumers'
where half cf the population of the
world in congre>ratod within an area nc
larger than the United States.
''There is much political rot in the
constant parading of the term ^imperialism."
It is a misnomer, intended tc
confute and dcceive. It involves the
idea of the incorporation into our bodj
politic as American citizens, millions
of the semi barbarous inhabitants of a
tropical country. I do not believe
? - 1 ? - - - ? t J _ 1.1 J _
sucn a imnz lsmienaea, possiuie or uesirable;
nor is such a result necessary
to secure such commercial expansion
as we want. I think the dictates oi
common sease will govern the American
people, acd the ghost ;'imperialism,''sprung
for political effect, will
' not prevent them from gathering the
j lull fruits of the victory so easily won.
! and treadiDg the path so plainly blazed
i out by an overruling providence,
i It will be observed, therefore, thai
: the question of our trade in the east in^
volves both political and commercial
I consequences. Upon its settlement, it
j my judgment, depends the future wel!
fare of our people ia maintaining equal
j ity of opportunity in the eastern mar
kets. A mere superficial view will noi
i reveal its transcendent importance,
f To the sotitheru psople it is fraught
1 with moiuem.tous conscquences. Cotl
ton manufacturing in the south has
r j grown in a few years with phenomenal I
p j rapidt'j. Millions of dollars are now
1 j invested in mills.
- i The product of these have found re
1--?- nu: A
3 iaucerauve IIiaiKeiS m uuiua a.uu vluci
i countries of the east, our cotton goods
t being peculiarly adapted for clothin?
3 the teeming millions of that warm cli
mate. Their trade ii the hope of i his
t great manufacturing industry of the
- south. If it is cut off by other nations.
; not only the manufacturer but the pra
ducer of raw cotton will suffer. The
7 present advar.c-3 in spot cotton, which
our planters are cnj>yiog, is largely
r due to the mills of the south. They
r have for;fd the local maiket above Xew
t York. With active competition in lo?
cal markets Liverpool and New York ^
f exchanges no longer fix the price of
, raw cotton. fao the southern psoplc
i :.ff ?rd to sacrifice their commercial and
... . r
t i^dus'iial iotere?ts for more political '
r sentiment? (
"At the time of the acquisition of /
the Philippines, like most of our people.
Ikaev nothing about the Dew ^
questions suddenly jrojccted by this S
1 unexpected event upon the attention
. and consideration of the American peo- '
pie. I have honestly and earnestly j
sought information, and studied them,
so that I might be able to take such a
position as would be right, and conduce "
to the best interests of the couutry.
11 am willing to concede honesty of '
purpose and siuceiity of conviction to 1
others on thc?J questions. It is diffi- ^
cult for a representative to view this ^
question as he should while the war is ,
in progress, aiid both parties attempt- r
icg to make political capital out of it; [
one making frantic appeals to 'stand by
the flag.' and thejjother criticising on J
- ourjanitarian grounds everything that e
. is said or done. When these questions
are considered by congress, it is my
I purpose to act and vote for what I con- ;
J ceive to be lor the best intarests of
i South Carolina. A discharge of duty
t to the best of my ability will come up
to the full measure of my obligations.
"As you request, i will use my utr
most endeavors to preserve and inforce
t nli nf rmr 'frGatv rights' in China, but a
with the lights now before me, I feel e
that these are feeble safeguards. The *
United Slates, with the control of the ,
Philippines, by treaty or otherwise, will i
be in a position not only to insist upon. 1
but to assert equality of trade rights ii: :
the east. Without this, all she can c.. , :l
is to respectifully but firmly protest j
against their violation by other nations. \ *
but, as ia the past, is not in a position I 1
to assert and maintain them. Yeura 1
j very truly, "Jno. L. McLaurin." j
-1 The New Eoad. I
From Wilmington the Atlantic Coast k
i Lice authorities have issued the fol- i
3 lowing circular announcing the open- \
' ing of their new line from Denmark to ]
: Augusta: 1
[ To Agents and Contractors: I
! TVe take pleasure in advising of the 1
r opening, Nov. 1st, 1899, of our line to (
: Augusta, Ga. The new line is an ex
l tension of the Atlantic Coast Line rail- f
i road of South Carolina. The stations J
; are as follows:
r Distance from 1
; Denmark, S. C. 1
i Hilda, C 7 1*2 miles 1
Barnwei S. C-, (Junction <
> with Southern Railway. .15 miles ;
r Duubarton, S. C 27 miles ]
s Robbins, S. C 35 miles 1
i Augusta, Ga. 64 miles (
^ ?-r**11 V?A AT\A?nf TT1<* (
xrejgut UUiUS Will UC na
- the new route on and after Nov. 1st. *
1899, and it will be our aim to give ?
F prompt and satisfactory movement to '
5 all shipments offering. *
For the present our through passen- (
' ger trains will be continued via Den- (
F mark and Southern railway (formerly ]
i South Carolina and Georgia railroad). ^
: Will advise you later as to jxact date
through passenger trains will be operab
ted via the new route.
t Issued by H. M. Emerson,
; Gen. Freight & Pas. Agt. 1
r Approved:
T. M. Emerson,
t Traffic Manager. k
P Dishonest Naval Officers. 1
A gigantic system of official fraud t
and corruption has been unearthed at 1
( Sebastopol. Forty-three government <
' officials have been arrested and will be
tried by courtmartial December 2d.
Among the accused are many high naval
officers, including the former senior
j port officer, Commander Relitsky, sev,
eral wellknown constructors, nearly
every chief engineer of the ships in
P Russia's B'ack sea fleet, the commissary <t
^ officers and others. It is reported that (
several r\f the aeensed have committed I 1
suicide rather than stand trial for, if
found guilty, they would be banished to t
, Siberia. Vice Admiral Tyrtoff. the t
' Russian naval commander in the Black j
, sea, is responsible for the arrests. He i
alleges that the officials of the various j
| government departments from Sebasto- j
nnl f-n \ikr/l?AftY liavfi fnr a lorn? time ,
, been engaged in a huge conspir.c:- io i t
\ misappaopriate funds and sell govera- i l
ment supplies, covering their defalk- {
tions by forgery and suppressing infor- s
^ mation by widely distributed bribes. {
. The affair has created the greatest sen- ?
" sation. t
A Small Riot. |
1 A news letter from Searight, Ala., a j
! lumber town, says that place was a ;
scene of terror early yesterday morning. v
The Negro employes of the turpentine
> stills were paid off Saturday night and
hundreds of them, both men and womeD,
came here to get drunk and take poss- t
? ession of the town. Finally a row start- ;
ed in Falk's bar and dozens of pistols
were fired. Then bedlam reigned for c
' an hour or two. The white men got c
1 together, armed twemselves and scat- a
tered the Negroes, who subsequently a
rallied and started back. They were ]
?i Tk?4.?>? ^
JLLieo UCdl JL/UUSIUU 3 3tAUlC auu a^axuax ^
> engagement ensued, the whites finally r
1 succeeding in forcing the Negroes back j
J to the camp. Three Negroes are re- e
' ported shot. The blacks are still in j
1 the swamp and the white men are o
1 awaiting their return. r
i Dewey's Thanks. TFrank
A. Vanderlip, chairman of
> the Dewey home committee, has re'
ceived the following letter fron the admiral:
i wasnington, uct. zr> ;
Dear Sir: I acknowledge the receipt j
' this day of the title deeds to the b'au- I
tiful home presented to me by my i
' countrymen. My heart is full of gratitude
to them for this overwhelming
expression of their regard for me, and
I request that you will al?o accept and
convey to the committee my heartfelt
1 thanks for your and their efforts.
' Very sincerely yours,
(Signed) George Dewey.
Foul Play Suspected.
; Nelson Slappey, agent of the Somb&s
- railway and postmaster ' al WesJ^,
I Ga., was found dead in a sw.amp a
i that place Friday. Soixe gau>e"iind his f
gun with one barrel empty were found t
- beside him. The entire top of his head i
- was blown off and there is suspicion of t
t foul play. I
pgji? ffrw??wi^?mrnmmrntm?a?? ??
President McKinley Calls on the
People to Give Thanks.
The Last Day of November Fixed
?.s the Time for Especial
Piayer, Thanks and
Preside at McK:uley Wednesday issued
ihe following thanksgiving profanation:
the President of the United States.
A national custom dear to the hearts
>f the people calls for the setting apart
f one d*y in each year as an occasion
?f special thank^eivinc to Almiehtv
}od for the blessings of the preceding
ear. This honored observance acquires
with time a tenderer significance
.t enriches domestic life. It summons
mder the family roof the absent cb.ilIren
to glad reunion with those thev
Seldom has this nation had greater
:ause fV-r profound thanksgiving. No
;reat pestilence has invaded our
bores. Liberal employment waits
ipon labor. Abundant crops have regarded
the (ft' >11, of the husbandman,
increased comforts have come to the
tome. The national finances have
>een sustained and made firmer. In all
>ranches of industry and trade there
las becD an unequaled degree of prosjerity.
while there has been a steady
;aia ia the moral and educational
;rowth of our national character.
'Lurches aad schools have flourished,
^mericaa patriotism has been exalted. {
Dl. .e engaged in maintaining the hon>r
of the flag with such signal success
lave been in a large degree spared from
i: * aa? i
Lisabici auu uiacasc. a.u uuuuiauic
)eace has been ratified with a foreign
iatioii with which we were at war, and
ire now on friendly relations with ev:ry
power of earth.
The trust which we have assumed
'or the benefit of the people of Cuba
las been faithfully advanced. There
s marked progress towards the restorairn
of healthy industrial conditions,
in . under wise sanitary regulations
Le island has enjoyed unusual ex mption
from the scourge of fever.
the hurricane which swept over our
lew possession of Puerto Rico destroy:d
the homes and property of the inlabitants,
called forth the instant sym)athy
of the people of the United
states, who were swift to respoad with
generous aid to the sufferers. While
he insurrection stiil continues in the
sland of Luzon, business is resuming
ts activity and confidence in the good
purposes of the United States is being
apidly established throughout the ar;hipelago.
For these reasons and countless oth?rs,
I, William McKinley, president of
:he United States, do hereby name
fhursday, the 30th day of November
lext, as a day of general thanksgiving
md prayer, to be observed as such by
ill our people on this continent and in
)ur newly acquired islands, as well as
jy those who may be at sea or fiojourn,ng
in foreign lands; and I advise that on
;his day religious exercises be conduct
;d in the churches or meeting places
)? all denominations, in order that in
;he social features of the day its real
significance may not be lost sight, of,
3ut fervent prayers may be offered to
;he Most High lor a continuance of the
livine guidance without which man's
efforts are vain and for divine consola:ion
to those whose kindred and friends
lave sasrificed their lives for country.,
T i?/iAAiv>mAyin ftlcA f V> o f Ar> ^1Q ^ O Tf i
X i uj ^ u u. aiou tuau vu uuig ?
;o far as may be found practical, labor
shall cease from its accustomed toil,
ind charity abound toward the sick,
;he needy and the poor.
In witness whereof I have set ray
land and caused the seal of the United
States to be affixed.
Done at the city of Washington this
26 day of October, in the year of our
Lord 1899 ami of the independence of
;he United States the one hundredth
md twenty-fourth.
William McKinley.
By the president.
.TnVin TW Sor?r<starT7 r*f Statp
Tlisy Must Pay.
The United States court of appeals
it St. Louis having decided that suicide
jannot be urged by an insurance company
as its reason for refusing to pay
i policy, unless it can be sho*n that
;he individual at the time of taking out
;he policy contemplated suicide, some
uquiries with regard to the matter
yere made amoung the insurance companies
in New York. It is stated as a
esult that the decision is not a precedent,
as it simply follows the laws of
he state of Missouri. In fact, the
[Jnited States supreme court decided in
i ease from Pennsylvania that an in
surance company may refuse to pay a
joIk-v to ti o b*irs of a suicide on the
ground that it id against public policy
.0 pay insurance on the life of a sui:ide.
However, most of the companies
)097 stipulate that, their policies shall
)e incontestible af:er one ort?vo years,
f- r\ w-1 s\ f Vtnnn ViorA .\T* A O TTT Q T7
T iillVs CUUIC * 'i. LiiVUi HU * t, UVUV Or TT C* J
mh the suicide clause altogether.
Has Forty-two "Wives.
Forty-two wi?es scattered throughout
he world, four of whom are in Chicago
ras the confession made Wednesday by
rValter L. Farnsworth, a Chicago candy
mminissinn man. vrhr> was arrested
iharged with bigamy. Farnsworth also
Emitted that he was a man of many
iliases. Some of these are Charles
Bradford, A. J. Hittig, S. L. Thomas,
V.. L. Kieferand Bradshaw. "I canlot
tell exactly how many women I
lave married," said he. "I know of
leven in Europe, four in China, three
n England and over twenty others in
liferent parts of the world, but to save
y soul I cculd not tell how many. I
nirriff? tViAm fnr diflFfirp.T)t, 7Pasnn<! T
[id not live long with tliem. TVy ^ill
:11 tell you I was g">od t > them."
Sv7;fr. JusticeA
? e-.inl to ;he Charlotte Observer
W<iu i.ujiix-rton, >i. C., Friday night
ays that Ed. Blount, a Negro who atempted
to assault Miss Maloy Moore
rnnnfror cicf^r a c f.Vi&rr
uvi J uuu^vi n ^<i v
eturning from church Thursday night,
pas captured and tried before Judga
)ossey Battle, who was holding a
,pecial term cf court at Lumberton,
he judge postponing a murder case, in
rhich he was engaged, in order to try
Blount, who was convicted and senenced
to 15 years at hard labor. He
pill reach the penitentiary 28 hours
ifter the committal of the crime.
"I have used your 'Lite for the Liver
md Kidneys' with great benefit, and
or Dyspepsia or any derangement of
he Liver or Kidneys I regard it as beng
without an equal." James J. Os)orne,
Attorney at Law, Boliston, ;
lenderson 3o., N. (J.
LIjSUT. victoe 7
He is Presented With a Beautiful Cuj
by His Marion Friends.
Lieut. Victor Blue who arrived witt
his wife last Wednesday at MarioD S
C., on a brief visit to his mother and
other relatives, wa3 the subject of ac
. _ 4.r m rri
luierebiiLjg luucuuu xiiur&uay eveuiag,
when, before a brilliant and appreciative
assembly, the ceremony of presenting
him with the beautiful loving
cap, contributed b7 citizens of the com
munity in which he was reared, was
conducted in the spacious rooiB3 of the
Marion library. The principal apartment
was draped with the national
colors and -tastefully decorated with
flowers; and the artistic surroundings
formed an attractive setting for the
animated picture of beauty and chivalry
gathered to do honor to the gallant
lieutenant and his lovely bride. The
appearance of the lieutenant atd his
party at a late hour of the evening was
the signal for the prompt execution of
the programme that had been arranged
in anticipation of the event.
Hod. W. J. Montgomery in appropriate
remarks introduced Hon. J. E.
Ellerbe who had happily been chosen to
make the speech of presentation Mr.
Ellerbe performed his agreeable duty
with the grace and skill of the practiced
orator, and Kas warmlv atmlauded
Those who know thatelocution is not
in the lieutenant's line did not expect
him to essay a stiff and formal recitation
o{ his thanks, and were pleased
when h8 simply arose and emiliDgly
thanked his friends for their remembrances
There was a spontaneous
movement of the onlookers to grasp hi?
hands and shower upo'v him hearty
congratulations for the exploits which
bad given mm a loity nicne in tne temple
of fume.
Mrs. Blue receive- her husband's enthusiastic
friends with a graeiousness
and suavity that charmed all who had
an opportunity of payiDg their respects;
and the gratified recipients of her
graceful acknowledgements withdrew
from her presence, with fixed impressions
of the fact that the winning of his
amiable bride?one of the fairest products
of the Land of Flowers?is the
worthiest, as it is the latest, of the gallant
lieutenant's illustrious achievements.
His leave of absence did not permit
t , ni , 1 i . * _ x.i
Jjieut. i5Jue to prolong nis visit to iu^rion,
much to the regret of his friends
there. He and his bride took the cars
Friday evening for Washington.
Capt. Kirkland Iisues a Circular Letter
to the State Militia.
The following was sent out from
the headquarters uf the Richland Volunteers
Thursday to the captain of every
military company in the State:
Dear Sir: I have secured contribu
turns to the amount of $125 to be of
fered and contested for during fair week
as first and second prizes for the best
and second best drilled company in the
South Carolina militia.
The Atlantic Coast Line and Southern
railway will offer a rate of one cent
per mile to companies in uniform, in
parties of 25 cr more, and the tickets
will be sold without the coupon attached.
The armory of the Richland Volun
teers will be open and all visiting companies
are invited to nseonr armory for
their headquarters while here.
I have undertaken to get up the drill,
and it is my earnest desire to have all
companies of the South Carolina militia
contest for the prizes.
I will gladly make the best possible
arrangements f?r quarters and board
for any company that will inform me
that it is its desire for me to do so.
Otfing to the fact that I will not have
time to communicate with the captains
of all the companies that will attend in
regard to the judges, I have asked Adjt.
and Inspector Gen. Floyd to select
three men who will judge the contest,
and it was my request of him that he
appoint men from town that will not be
represented in the contest.
I will add that in my opinion the
prizes wi.l be larger than named, and
will say further that all that is contributed
will be added to the above
amount. Respectfully.
W. N. Kirkland,
CaDtain R. V. R, C.
Whiskey Licenses.
"Josiah Allen's Wife," in giving the
world at large a piece of her mind on
the subject of license, asks the following
questions in her homely but pointed
fashion: "If a deadly serpent had
broken loose from some circus, and was
writhin' and twistin' his way through
Jonesville, swailerin' down a man or a
woman every few days, would men
stand with tb?;r hands in their pockets,
or leanin' up against barn doors a whittling
arguin' feebly from year to year,
1 t - L 1 * _fi.? _71 u*
wneiaer n was ueafa, aiwci <ui, lw ict
him go free? After they had seen
some of their best friends swallowed
down by it, wouldn't they chase it into
any hole they could get it into?
Wouldn't they turn the first key on it
they could get a hold of? And if it
broke loose from that, wouldn't they
try another key, and another, till they
got one that would hold him? Do you
suppose they would rent out that serpo.Dt
at so much a year to crunch and
swaller folks accordin' to law? And
would it bo any easier fopjthe folks
that was crushed and swallowed, and
for the survivin' friends of the same, if
tliey was killed by act of Congress?"
? ' - _ * t i i:
Li-.t toe advocates 01 nign or iow license
read and reflect on the abovs.
The president of the Southern
railway system testified before
the industrial commission that
the company employed 21,000
men, a good per cent of whom
was colored. The white men
? t
get 10 per cem: more wages oecausethey
are worth more to
the company. No extra pay is
given on Sunday "and the rule is
to handle as little freight as possible
on that day "without detriment
to the service." The
president considers passes and
ticket brokerage as hampering
the railroad in its improvements
and he would be glad to see a
statute forbidding anyone to use
Mrs. W. N. Mitchell, of Atlanta,
Ga., has inaugurated a
movement to have the picture
of General Robert E. Lee placed
in the gallery of superintendents
of the National military
academy at West Point. In reply
to a letter Secretary of War
Root says Col. A. L. Miller,
present superintendent of the
academy, will place Gen. Lee's
portrait in the academy gallery,
if one is provided, showing General
Lee in the uniform of a United
States army officer. Gen.
Lee was superintendent of the
academy from September 1,
1852, toMareb 81.185*.
) ;
He VVibhed t~> Marry His First
Lcve Who Was Rich
: Woman He Courted While Contemplat:ng
Murder Was Chief
Witness Against Him -Died
With Resignation.
llev. G. E Morrison was hanged a
12 o'clock Friday at VernoD, Tex., for
wife inurder. He met his death resignedly.
On the scaffold he said to the
select party of 20 witnesses permitted
at the execution: i!I am innocent.
Circumstanc* s over which I had no
control have placed rue ia tbis position.
L have taken ray trouble ia private to
rav God. 1 admit that I have acted indiscretely.
I have- done no worse,
however, than huudreds of men who
stand high in the religious, social, business
and official circles of your State.
I have done nothing to confess. I am
in the hands of my Maker. He know?
that I am innocent." Morrison's neck
was broken and death appeared to be
T?1. * A 1*1 T* n
ine came ior wnica nev. u. r* Jiorrison
paid the death penalty was the
poisoning of his wife in October, 1897.
The motive for the crime was to rid
himself of a pretty, amiable, loving
wife, in order to marry a lady posse?sed
of means, $10,000 of which was in
Morrison married his deceased wife
about 17 years ago. At one time they
lived in California, then in Oklahoma
Territory, from which place they
moved to Panhandle, Tex., where the
rtrimo ttic T-T o ttoc V>rtrn
Ui- lUib nftO tULli-i Al'v/ )1UJ UUIU
and raised in Illinois and went to
school at Carbondale. There he be.
cane acquaintd with Miss Anna
Whittlesey, who tubsequently moved
with her parents to Topeka, Kan. In
August previous to the poisoning of
his wife in Oct., 1897. Morrison met
Miss Whittlesey, his school day's
sweetheart, ascertained her financial
erudition and made offer of marriage.
He pretended thjt his wife had been
dead 11 years, that he hai quit preach
ing, had been succ -s^fally engaged in
tbe cattle business tor ci^ht years and
o*ce<i a ranch near Higgins, Tex. Oo
his return to Texas he began a correspondence
with Miss Whittelesey, urging
his proposition of marriage, stating
that be had for a number of years intended
to come to her when he could
do so honorably, and he believed he
could now see the time. This siate1
ment was made one month before the
death of his wife.
He procured strychnine for the ostensible
purpose of poisoning animals
which he said were catching his chickens.
On the day previous he had procured
a box of quinine with empty
capsules. On Friday night before her
rtaafli ATra IVTirrisnn wnt Swiss
Bell ringers, leaving Morrison at home,
who said he had to prepare his Sunday
serman. The next morning he took
the strychnine back to the druggist,
telliog him that he was afraid to use
it for fear he would poison his neighbors
chickens. The package had been
opened. Sunday night he preached and
alluded in a pithetic manner to the
parting with loved ones at death.
About 10 o'clock that night he called
upon his neighbors for assistance, announcing
the serious illness of his wife.
She was found id paroxysms and
spasms. He delayed sendiDg for a
doctor who arrived after the wife's
death, *n the meantime he had kept
up his correspondence with Miss Whittelesey,
writing her a letter two days
before the death of his wife and the
day after her burial, asserting his love
in the most lavish terms. In the lat
ter letter he announced the death of
his brother's wife and notified her of his
early visit to Topeka.
On his rr-turn from Topeka he was
arrested, held a few days, was released
on bond and fled. About three months
thereafter he was arrested in San Francisco,
returned to Texas, tried with
Miss Whittelsey as the main prosecuting
witness, and given the death penalty.
Miser Murdered.
Leon Jackson, a miser and eccentric
character of Newport, Tenn., was murdered
at his home early Friday morning.
Three men called at the house
nstAnsihlv r.n pftt something to eat and
provoked a quarrel. Mrs. Jackson was
run from the house by their conduct
and in her absence the husband was
murdered. He was found with four
shots in his body. The strangers secured
$600 which was hidden in the
house and fled into the mountains. A
posse is in pursuit.
Knocked in the Head.
C. L Bond, who is depot and express
agent and postmaster at Nicholson,
G-a., was knocked in the hrai -vith
a club by unknown parties as he Je! t
his office Thursday night late, and
while unconscious his pockets were
a :J n v_ j ^ 1..^
Tinea or in mousy uuu uluci valuables.
It was some time before he regained
consciousness and made his way
to help. Mr. Bond's condition is serious.
There is no clue to the robbers.
Leaders of Men.
Lord TVolseley, Commander in-Chief
of the English army, whose rating of
Lee as the greatest commander of the
civil war made some admirers of Grant
unhappy, has continued his studies of
the war with an essay on Stonewal'
Jackson, of whom he speaks with almost
equal enthusiasm. Few men, he
concludes, have been more fitted by
natural instincts, by study and by self
discipline to become leaders of men.
Died for a Dog.
A special from Leesburg, Fia,, says
that S. 0. Jones, section boss, was killed
there Wednesday afternoon. To
rescue a pet dog he ran in front of a
train moving at the rate of 35 miles an
hour, when the cowcatcher-beam struck
him in the small of the back, killing
him almost instantly. His wife and
children witnessed the accident.
Straight to Eeaven. *
Samuel Walrous, one of the murderers
of Gr. W. Engberg and wife, wa3
hanged in the jail yard at Austin, Texas.
Friday. Before dying Walrous said he
was going to heaven. James Davidson,
convicted of the same crime, will be
hanged Nov. 24.
Ella Ewing, the giantess, has had
built for herself a new residence near
Gorin, Mo. The house was constucted
on a scaie proportionate to Miss Ewing's
needs. The doors arc 10 feet high,
and the ceilings and windows look like
those of fabled giants' castles. The
proprietress of this establishment is
now 8 feet 4 inches tall, and is still
The Sole Product o? Linkvllle Xeai
Southern Border of Oregon.
"Linkville," cr "Klamath. Falls," i3
situated in an obscure corner over tlie
California border line in Oregon, and
may be reached in twenty-four hours'
travel from San Francisco, iou nave
only to take the northern-bound train
for Ager, thence a stage line of about
twenty miles conducts you to your destination.
It is impossible to associate "snakes"
with the beautiful and varying scenery
through which you pass as far as Klamath
Hot Springs. Trees and streams
and all the glories of mountain scenery
greet ycu on every hand. You
drive through a luxurious growth of
evergreens and shrubbery; you cross
and recross numerous streams; you
breathe the soft air of Shasta and Siskiyou.
But when you have left Klamath
Hot Springs a few mile3 behind,
there' is an appreciable difference in
the landscape. Sparcity of vegetation
Ar-. xv. ^ *. A 4
jo me iir&t. uusex vauie ciiaiige. At
every turn of the road, the aspect becomes
more barren, more forlorn, and
more desolate. Finally, you seek in
vain for a tree or a shrub, and at last,
dust-covered and weary, you pull up
at a dry, withered village that produces
nothing on its hard, rocky soil but re
voiung snaKes. xou nave reacnea
Linkville, the haunting retreat of serpents.
There is a bridge in Linkville that
spans Klamath . River. From this
bridge, which is a vantage point as far
as view is concerned, a most extraordinary
sight meets the eyes. Along
the river banks, at irregular intervals
of a few yards, are seen dark balls
ranging from a foot to three feet in diameter.
Thev are stafinnarv and as
passive as a boulder, which they resemble
in color. But if a stone is
hurled at any of these strange spheres
to your horror snakes will crawl off
in every direction, and the ball will
melt away as lard melts In a frying
pan. The repulsive creatures that
have thus bean coiled up in a perfect
sphere glide away under rocks, and one
minute later not a snake is to be seen
in that particular spot. But the other
balls of snakes in the vicinity are little
disturbed by the stone.
As has been said. Linkville Is in a
very barren district Nothing whatever
grows upon the rocky soil, not
even sagebrush. And so the river
banks, which are a mas3 of driftwood
and rocks, seem a befitting place for
enakes. But it is surprising that they
should develop in such great numb'ers.
When not rolled in balls, they may be
seen slipping in and out along the rubbish,
and the ground for yards will be
a smrirminsr. wrie?line mass.
These snakes are perfectly harmless.
Indeed, if it were not for this fact,
Linkville would not he habitable, for,
while the immediate neighborhood of
the river is their favorite haunt, they
roam for many hundreds of yards away
and may be seen along the roadways
and around the houses and creeping
over the porches. They possess a
marked degree of tameness. You may
pick them up with impunity, and children
play with them on the doorsteps.
J. lie -Limn. Viiic ouaacc aic uaLA aj-l i,wor,
-with two yellowish stripes on their
backs. The average size is about an
inch and a half in diameter and a yard
in length though many are smaller and
some attain much greater proportions.
A Remarkable Speller.
"I think the luckiest man I ever
heard of was examined here along last
spring," said an old cl6rk in the Civil
Service Commission in a group of official
reformers at the Civil Service
building in "Washington. "He was
from one of the big towns in central
Illinois, and had worked for several
years in a rolling mill. He was a big,
brawny, handsome fellow, and I liked
his looks from the first When I am
working around these examinations I
always pick out my favorites and keep
track of them to see if they are win1
I 1 it:
OUlUtTLLUW tilib 1C11UVY uau ucgu onmed
up by his friends at home to think
he could get a good, juicy place If he
crammed up on a lot of old questions
he had got hold of somewhere, and he
put himself down for a $1,200 place.
When we came to read the papers for
the examination my Illinois friend's
papers came to me, and I tell you it
was a picnic. Answer after answer
was all wrong. He bounded Illinois
on the north by Michigan City, and put
the battle of Bunker Hill at Yorktown,
and in arithmetic he said 'interest
was the share a pardner got of the
profits,' and that the cube root of 729
was that number multiplied by itsslf
several times. But it was in spelling
he surpassed even himself. We had
twenty words. Tney were given out
for all to write down and the applicants
were permitted to rewrite thern
as they thought was correct I saw
my fellow sweating and working like a
beaver to keep up and get them all
down, and when I got his spelling paper
I had to copy his list and carry the
copy in my pocket book. Here it is:
" 'Speling Exircice.
T1n!Ti:?A4iA IATI
JCiAllilJL ate .l imfl u*r>xy}ja,<*xw>.
Purambullate Booy (Buoy)
Orgunnize Doseve (Deceive)
Febry Hidrawlic
Purfurate Anthrysite
Salution Prelimonery
Nesesry Backterea
Publicasion Auntesedent
Sellebrate Fulmenate
Ventalation Redemslou
"The young fellow had missed twenty-two
words out of twenty, and he
worked harder over It than anybody
[ else there that day. It was genuine
work, too. Of course, his hopes were
dashed to the ground and he had a
good deal of rough talk to let off about
the Civil Service humbug. I suppose
he must have received consolation
from his Congressman, for it was not
long after the trouble with Spain
broke out that I noticed my young fellow
was commissioned a lieutenant in
an Illinois regiment, and ne afterwards
went to Manila. From all accounts
be made a good officer."
Curious Ear of the Catfish,
The catfish uses his lungs as an op
gan. of hearing, says "Popular Science
Monthly." The needless lung becomes
a closed sac filled with air, and commonly
known as the swim bladder. In
the catfish (as in the suckers, chubs
and most brook fishes) the air bladder
is large, and is connected by a 6lender
tube, the remains of the trachea., to
the esophagus. At its front It fits
closely to the vertebral column. The
anterior vertebrae are much enlarged.
Twisted together and through them
passes a chain of bones which connect
with the hidden cavity of the air. The
air bladder therefore -assists the ear of
the catfish as the tympanum and its
bones assist the ear of the higher animals.
An ear of this sort can carry
little range of variety in sound. It
probably gives only the impression of
jars ur uioiui in waici,
School of
"1 ?AND?
This School has the reputation of being the
best business institution in the Stat?. Grad- '
antes ar^ holding remunerative positions in
mercantile house?, banking, insurance, real
estate, railroad offices, &c., in this and other
etates. Write to W. II. Micfeat,
ographerComalbU, G. f>r t '
. a
Gome to the 1
State Fair %
To be'held at COLUMBIA,
n n HT . i. /iii 4 /\.i_ fll
a. <j., i\ovemDer orn to lum, m
and we~will show you, in
eration, 4L
the most eon^^
plete and mod- ^
ern ginning system
ever put on
the market.
We will exhibit the Murray
System with the
Celebrated Eaale Sins
. 0?
Cleaning Feeders f
?AND Lidtfelfs
Direct Connected
Automatic Enpe, Ricc Holler ^
And other machinery.
It will pay all interested t#
see our exhibit and inreftigate
the merits of the^ different
machinery we show. ^
W. H. SibkM & $ ? J
Headquarters for Machinery
and Mill Supplies,
*\ ,
What Would the Business
World Do Without TJi*
We^know our business and * alwayiTiif* - -j
employment. We secured our it ft*
Columbia, S. C.,
\ad would aiviie you to do likewise if ?H
desire the b-*t in the fr^nntrj. fib tuft
"vuwi UK} i? UIUIV (uuiuuKu uufliacto wvm^rmw} m
a simpler or euier levrned sfccrtfentf CTttm,
or more sncceseful graduates.
Their catalogue gives fall ftiforliitfiV ?
ro courses of Btn-i". rtfes *f Urtthtt. V*H,
-ecuring positions, and other ihdticeWPrtL ^3
Send for it*ad vamfi the cOar?? Utttlj
Address, W. B. RjffWBURET,* . ^
4t President. ^
o 1 ?
The Smitli Pneumatic Indies
Elevating, Ginning and
Packing ftyatem
Is the simplest and most efficient efl
the market. Forty-eight complete
outfits in South Carolina; each
one giving absolute ' ^
Boilers and Engines; Slide
Valve, Automatic and Corliss.
My Light and Heavy Log Beam
Mills cannot be equalled in design, efficiency
or price by any dealer er mafia
cajturer in the South.
Write for trices and catalogues.V.
C. Badhan,
1326 Mam Street,
diseases, dyspepsia, lsdigls'nc*
anu 0 nst?pat101< PHBITl vtjlf .
? uhr u bythb tj? of
A vegetvie preparatba, wbererer kno*t
the m p-pular of all Tecaedie.-, becvOM riu
most effectual.
Sold wholesale by?
The Murray Drug Co. C?lu?W* ^
Dr. H. Baer, Charleston, 8. C. ^
dLDlHTi ? llfitll 1
It cares piles, eozaffta, im
bnncles, boil*, sore eyes, ?!
and granulated eye Ildi, o!
sore*, cuts, brnise#, burns, erysipelas,
inflamatory rfcfwiufcism,
corns, bunioaf and ingrowing
toe nailt. Take? internally
it onxes dytpeyrfa, gj
bilions fever, ?tottatfc aftf
bladder tTonblei.
It is the best thing os ti? Wbl ftr *v'l
these af3ieiJo?9. Th<T? ll ftothte to
it for Kidney Trouble *a4 C?tt* ? lur;**,
and all it eo*t is 25?*? box.
At wholesale by
mu*kay drug ro.. roi??w^ a n
I " " ?
To get strong
and healthy use
one bottle MURray's
Iron Mn
L _ Tk
iukjs. jrnoeooc

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