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The Fairfield news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1881-1900, December 06, 1899, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/2012218613/1899-12-06/ed-1/seq-1/

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Synopsi* ^ Bill Prepared for Re.-alican
? *
An Admission of the Illegality of
Cleveland's Bond System
Seeks fo Enact Single
Standard. \
r?f the bill snd report pre
pared bj the Republican committee,
wLioh met at Atlantic City last spring,
were maiiei Tuesday evening to ' the*
* Republican members of the house.
The wurpose of the bill is to remove
any doubt that may exist as to the
^ character of the standard. It contains
a number of distinct propositions.
1. The standard unit of value shall
be the gold dollar.
2. United States bonds, United
Sutes sotes and treasury notes shall be
paid in gold, and all other public and
private obligations shall be paid in conformity
with the standard.
3. The establishment of a division
of issue and redemption in the treasury
to sejaa&te the note issue from the
fiscal operations of the del artment and
the creation of a gold reserve equal to
25 per cent, of the outstanding United
States notes and treasury notes.
4. The sale of three per cent, gold
bonds to maintain the gold reserve.
5. Gold coin may be exchanged for
any other money, when necessary to
maintain the parity, and United States
notes and treasury notes redeemed in
gold shall not be disbursed except in
exchange for gold.
6. Subsidiary silver may be coined
from any silver bullion purchased
% under the act of July 14, 1890, and
treasuay notes equal to the cost of the
bullion contained in such coin shall be
7. AJ1 worn uncurrent subsidiary
jp... silver coin may be recoined.
8. Silver certificates shall be limited
9. National banks may issue circulation
to the bar value of the bonds deposited
by them.
in denomifiations o? $1, $2 and $5.
10. The tax on national bank circulation
is repealed and a tax of one fifth
of 1 per cent, per annum is placed on
the franchise of the banks as measured
by their capital, surplus, and undivided
11. National banks may be organized
with & capital of $25,000 in town3 oi
2,000 inhabitants,
Ivill Vionn nrn.
xne report ou iub um u<*3 u?u y**,
^ pared by Representative Overstreet of
Indiauapolis, who introduced the original
bill of the monetry commission in
1898. 0?erstreet frankly admits that
the committee "did Dot coosiderthe
? general subject of banking, nbr -ditr it
seek to arrange . complete scheme of
fioaDce, but confined its reocmmendations
to those subjects of most pre>sing
^L^demand, ase\iuccced by tbe pltd^es of
the Republican party and the general
policy of the admiuistra!ion.:'
^ It was felt, the report declares, "that
. V. ? roik!i/> it. hv
B Ht-rCU^LJJCUiiJJ, lu\> fuv.lv V?
the removal of ail doubt concernirg
the policy and practice of the governmeat
relative to the unit uf value, is of
H^^aramount importance. '7
report contiiines: "When the
^^JH^HHvard shall be permanently estab
and all doubt of its stability re,
the parity of all our money will
recognized, ana the kind of
HHH|^ftin which payments shall be
j^^^MH^BI^^^irely, if ever be the
^^Yhen certainty shall take
feubt, and the integrity of
Ks fixed as the honor of
Hhe national debt can be
BHHBHHBSded and at lower interests
loans negotiated witft ease
HHH|mPbetter terms thau ever before.
IHi^^^^The rapid development of American
trade makis it imperative that the
standard of value in which settlements
are made shall be the best known to
the highest civilization. Recent
^ - events, shaped by causes beyond control,
bearing obligations which national
honor requires shall be courageously
discharged, open new fields for American
statesmanship. Channels o. trade
yet unknown to American en' erpr.'ses
It and avenues of commerce yet to welcome
American products, will surely
result. Such conditions emphasize the
necessity for a standard of value which
shall remain firm throughout the vicissitudes
of competive trade.''
The fact is pointed out that the treas- l
r?rv at the hearinnine of October had a |
net gold reserve of more than $250,000,- j
000; that there is more gold ia the J
United States now thaD ever before,
aDd that the present conditions are
> - most favorable, and the time most opportune
for the clear and unequivocal
adoption of the gold standard. If,
mider all existing conditions, the
States shalK-jlearly, by law,
/"" adopt the gold standard, it will pass to
J the new condition with even less friction
than was experienced by the redemption
of specie payment.
The mechanism of the new div" ion
nf issue and redemption is explained,
and it is declared that tha different
?? funds referred to in that division as
they stood on September last, are as
1. Gold coin and bullion, represented
by outstanding gold certificates,
2. United States notes, represented
by outstanding currency certificates,
jjgfo $16,100,000.
~ Ml.
6. Oliver aoiiars. repre&tjiiitu u.v vui-standing
silver certificates, $405,197.504.
4. Silver bullion, represented by outstanding
treasury notes, $91,167,280.
5. Guld coin and bullion, equal to
one fourth of the Uuited States notes
($346 681,016) and treasury notes ($91,167.280)
outstanding, $109,462,1)74.
onnmrtrofD tVi A
JL lie UI 3L 1UU1 IICOIS CUUUiviuit, V?V
special deposits dedicated to specific
payments. As these obligations are
met, the deposits are correspondingly
The scope and purposes of the provisions
for maintaining the standard by
the sale of bonds and the exchange of
* money are thus set forth b 'lr. Oversireet:
"Tn aVisonrv r>f n law r>rr>vidin?
protection to the gold rererve, it is al^
ways subject to encrochment in expenditures^
meet the general expenses
of the government. Wherever such
encroachment ears probably, a fear
has arisen thai the government may
not be able to meet its demanded obligation?,
and a run upon the reserve for
the redemption of the demand notes
has followed. This situation is responsible
fnr the so called endless chain.
By seperating the reserve fund from
the general fund and prohibiting its use
except for redemption of United States
notes and treasury notes, the dangers
to which it has been so greatly sub
jected will be removed. These demand
notes are being redeemed in gold now,
and always have been, and no additional
Knr^An is imrospd uDon the Eovern
dent. It is sought to simplify and
legalize the practice and create a division
in the treasury where the whole
business of issuing and redeeiuitg notes
may be transacted, a^d to establish
complete confidence in^the redemption
of our demand obligations.
Section 4 of the bill seeks to provide
a complete safeguard to guarantee the
permanent maintenance of the gold
standard, bv authorizing tho secretary
of the treasury whenever it is accessary
for such maintenance issue arjd sell
bonds of the United States, payable in
gold coin, and for the exchange of gold
for any other money issued or coined by
the United States, when the secretary
of the treasury deems such change
necessary in order to maintain the
parity and equal value of all the
uiu^?y of the United States.
Disguised as a Mail One Woman Wins
The case of Ellis Glenn, long a society
favorite at Litchfield, 111., but recently
convicted of forgery and then
found to be a woman, proves to be
much more remarkable than Sr?t reported.
As there is do ward fur fouiale
convicts at Chester, 'he sheriff will
take his prisoner to Jv-ilet.
Glenn's- career is a reiuarkab'e nne.
"He" reached LitchfHo three years
ago. Whence k:he"' came no "Due
knows. "He" dressed stylishly, courted
like a prince and speedily became a so/?Wtt
fornriro seemed such a
very Dice chap that all the girls fell in
love with "him."
Early last spring "be" went to Butler,
a town near Litchfield, to represent
a business concern. "He" secured
quarters at the home of James Duke, a
wealthy citizen, aod soon won the
heart of Ella Duke, the belle of Butler.
They became engaged. .
In April Glenn opened negotiations
for the purchase of property in Litchfield
and offered in payment a note for
$4,000 signed by John and Durjcan
McLean, farmers living near Hill&boro.
Investigation showed the note a forgery,
and Glenn was arrested and held
to answer to the ^November grand jury.
James Duke furnished a bond f->r the
prisoner's appearance aud "he"' returned
to the Duke hous^ho-d. The
wedding of Glenn and ?!ia Duke was
fixed for October 18th, but two days
before that date the h-ver disappeared.
Miss Duke, the duped fiance of Glenc.
deeply feels the unpleasant notoriety
the affair has caused her. She said:
''I met Grleon in 1S9S. He called
frequently, proposed and was accepted.
I never once suspected that he was not
a man.
"I don't know whether to take any
stock in the story about his twiu brother,
the impersonation and all that. It
was a cruel deception that wa= nrac
deed on me. I feel sure that the person
under arrest is the one 1 met first,
who courted me, and who afterwards
proved to be a woman.
"I don't think I oould be intimately
acquainted with a person so long as not
to know him ?r distinguish him from
even the most perfect twin brother ever
'"It is terrible."
Must Fight the Trusts.
United States Senator "William E.
Chandler, Republican, and ex-Governor
Cbarles A. Busiel and others today
issued an address to the Republicans pi'
New Hampshire inviting co-operation
;n opposing what is termed ''the railroad
power"' in the state and in suppressing
evils arising from industrial
combined and advocated election laws.
T~ 1 ' 11 -C x i..
unaer ine neaa 01 trusts mc suuiwb
advocated the universal application in
the state and nation of the people of
unrestricted competition which is the
life of trade and the basis of all prosperity
in society, and the election of
members of legislature and of congress
who will enforce this principle. "The
convention will readily enough denounce
trusts and declare for competition. The
danger is that the cause will be betrayed
by representatives and senators in .he
state legislatures ana in xne nauonai
congress; so that extraordinary pains
must be taken by the peoo\s to stand
against fuch betrayals.' The address
says: "The undersigned believe that
the neglect by Republicans generally to
pursue earnestly and in good faith the
objects named, Y7ill endanger Republican
ascendance in state and national
victory io 1900 will be achieved.''
His Eyes Burnt O'lt.
A remarkable instance of barbarity,
within two hours' journey of Tangier,
is reported, which shows Low matters
still go in Morocco to-day. At the
duar of Charitin a man stele a donkey
and sola it for seven pesetas?less than
?1 2n On his return home he was
taken before the chief of the duar, who
gave the thief's relations leave to punish
him as they thought best. There
and then, in the presence of the neighbors,
the man was tied to a tree and his
eyes were burned out with a red-hot
iron. The wretches took their victim
to the Basha of Tangier, who, instead
of giving them their deserts, consigned
the injured man to the vi!e dungeon at
the Ivasbah, from v>hich he was only re
eased on tns motncr s intercession.
Aguinaido's Mother.
A dispatch from Manila says Aguinalco's
mother has irnved there and
has been given shelter by Senor
Legarce, a prominent amigo. who
was secretary of the treasury
before the outbreak, and who resigned
when it came. It seems that Buet*
camino's party took refuge in u bandit
village, which had offered Aguinaldo an
asylum, intendir g to sell inm to the
Americans. The bandits assassinated
haif of Buencamino's guard and proposed
to keep Aguinaldo's mother for
Thirty-First Infantry Narrowly
Escapes Drowning.
The Engines Poor and Ship
Struct Bad Weather, Officers
and Men Suffer and
Toil Together.
A dispacth from Maaila 3ays the
transport Manauense with Lieut. Col.
Webb-Hayes and three companies of
the Tiiirty-first infantry on board has
arrived there. She narrowiy escaped
disaster. The officers- and solders
were for 12 days bailiDg with buckets.
The steamer was unstaworthv, undermanned
and short of provisions Her
engines broke down and she rolled three
days iu a typhoon.
When the >lanauen?e anchored in
! t ; OO J i1
iiiaou* Day mis morning, oo ua.vs iiouu
San Francisco, there were several feet
of water ia her bold, and 400 grimy,
greasy, hungry, exhausted soldiers
and sailors had been passing buckets
of water since Xov. 17th, nigbcand day.
First Assistant EngiLeer Dunleavy was
ULd.r arrest and, accoidkg to Col. j
Wcbb Bayes' official report, the chief
cbgiceer would also have been under
arrest if there had been any one to replace
The colonel's report also declares that
the. captain of the vessel toii him that
the only thing which bronght thi-m
thruUii!x .vas the fact that the men were
greenhorns and failed to reoLze tiu-ir
danger, while experienced seamen
wmiiri hav? rift.sertcd theshiu and taken
to tfie boa' > iu mid-ocean.
Th?i Mdiiaueuj-e is a chartered ship
ilyiog the British fla^. She belongs to
<x tirm of which Seaaior Pcrkitid of San
Fiaucisco is alleged to be a juiiior
member. The officers say the iirin
bought her for $45,000 a^d they claitu
efforts were made to sell her to the
.government for $150,000. Sne started
from San Francisco accompanied by
the transport Pekic, which carried the
remainder of the regiment and encountered
heavy seas to Honolulu with/ ?nf
o/voriont- Arrpr Rf.flrtincr it de
vcloped that she was undermanned and
soldiers had to be detailed to act as
firemen, coal passers and waiters and
to do other work. Before reaching
Honolulu the crew concluded that the
ship was not safe and the majority
agreed to desert. Though they were
closely watched, many of the crew succeeded
in getting away, and the Man j
auense left Honolulu with less than half
her crew. The captain of the transport
on Nov. 17th, told Col. Hayes that the
? <-* ^ rr r? I oO L- o r?/3 O n 7nT*?>C
Jia-a a. > V.C*IK uuu ?U*VW
ligation resulted in fiiidiQg several feet
of water in toe? We. Th?~f> tea mp u ops
were tried bat failtdto work, and there
wore no hand pumps on board. However,
46 buckets were found, others
were improvised, and the soldiers not
emplojed iu working the ship were
organized into five shifts and, stripped
and forming lines, they began bailiag,
the officers working with the men, pass
ing the buckets, which were sent up to
the deck by a windlass. The longest
time a shift could stand was two hours,
and, often, the period was not longer
than half an hour. The bailing cdq
tinued until the ship anchored here.
The same day the leak was discovered
the machinery collapsed, and the
electric lighting plant and evaporatiog,
distilling and refrigerating apparatus
failed to work. There were ls lamps
and the few candles found were exhausted
after a few days. During the
last week of the passage the Manauense
was in utter darkness at night. She
had been rolling in heavy seas all the
way, but Nov. 22d she encountered a
typhoon and pitched and tossed alarmingly.
The Fekin became separated
from the Manauense in the storm.
The water rose rapidly and the bailing
fyrce was doubled. Bat the buckets
were gradually smashed, and barrels
and boxes were substituted for them,
the men working in darkness, planks
and "pieces of iron shafting being violently
washed among them. The firemen
could only feed the fires by being
lifted on the shoulders ofQthe other
man water waist deeo.
a- "
The typhoon lasted two days and a
half, and in the midst of it the engines
stopped. The officers then held a council
ana found that there wer? 420 persons
on board with life boat accommodations
for 213. In the meantime the
men below, ignorant of their extreme
peril, were passing buckets and singing
"What the hell do we care," while the
ship rolled helpless on the ocean, with
hatches closed.
The heat was intense until the typhoon
passed, and then the Fekin,
which had retraced her course about
70 miles, came alongside the Manauense
which was rolling so heavily that the
? ? "? U - -L 1 11
soldiers in tne noia couiu, ac ea.cn run
see the PekiD through the hatches overhead.
Mr. James S. Pettit, commander
of the Thirty-first volunteer regiment,
ordered theManauense to proceed
to Guam and await relief but the captain
of the Manauense declined, the
officers say, because the government
was renting t'ae ship for $500 per day.
Throughout the remainder of the
voj age the engines of the Manauense
failed frequently and the ship would
roll for a few hours while the engines
were repairing. Then the steamer
would proceed again for a few hours.
The meat and vegetables rotted because
of the failure of the refrigerators,
rrni'A Vi TX7 n . *T*nr K 01
auu Itmvnu v/ ? V* vt**. v*
After the storm, the water supplied
to the ship at Honolulu had to be used
for the boilers and there was little cr
none for drinking. In fact, it is asserted
that during the last wees of the
voyage the men lived almost entirely
on whiskey, beer and hardtack.
The officers and soldiers were utterly
exhausted when they reached Manila.
They declare the engineers were grossly
incompetent. The officers also say
tnat the behavior 01 tne troops vas oeyond
praise. For days they worked in
the dark, suffocating hold with water
up to their shouiders, and planks washing
about in a manner dangerous to life
and limb. The officers took the lead in
bailing and encouraged the men.
The captain of the ship promised the
men twenty-five cents a day for bailing,
but he now proposes to pay them
a dollar and a half. The soldicis talk
of attaching the ship. The regiment
will proceed to Zimboangaoc the Pckiu
to garrison several ports oc the island of
AT i r> n a n an
An Increase of One Hundred Million
In One Year.
Commissioner Georjre W. Wilson, of
the internal revenue bureau, in his report
to the Secretary of the Treasury of
the operation of his office for the fiscal
year ended Juue 30, 1899, shows that
the rece ipts from all sources aggregated
60T0 < r.TO AT?AH fVlA T\r/i.
iP-lO.tatjUI.Jj Uli iUClCil^C UVCl C1AO
ceding year of 5102.617,000, an<* an increase
of $3,484,573 over the estimate
of the commissioner made one year ago.
The receipts from the several sources
of reveme during the last year, and the
iucrease or decrease in each as compared
with the year 1893 are given as
Spirits $99,283,534, increase $6,736,534
Tobacco $52 493.207, increase
Fermented Fquors $36 644,558, increase
Oleomargarine $1,956,613, iucrease
Filled cheese $18,023, increase $1,579.
Mixed flour $7,040; law not in force
last year.
Sj eci J taxes not elsewhere enuraera'ed
$4,921,953; law not in force on
s:u til tan ul last 3 ear.
Le^aci?.s <md distributive shares of
ptv ouai pro pu-iy $1,235,435.
S <tu,p t-i\i> uuuer Sci-elule A, of
the War Kcvci 11c Ac, $33,618,081.
Mtd.ciLal proprietary articles and
preparations required to be stamped under
Schedule#, of the Act, $5,219,737.
The colJt-eii >r,s b\ districts dirin*
the year, where the amount is over
$8.G0U,0l)0, include the folto*ing: Two
cou'.ti^s >a Virgiijid $^130,409. The
total amount expended in thecollcction
of revenues curing the last fiscal year
was $4,591,754, or 1.03 ptr cent of the
This percentage of cost is the smallest
tint has ever been reached in the
history of the bureau. The estimated
expf n>es *'or the next fiscal year are
S4.877,340, a slight increase over the
last year.
During the last year oficcrs of the
internal revenue seized 2.190 iliicit
stills, and in the discharge of their duty
one officer was killed and three wounded
-Seven hundred and eleven persons
were arretted in connection with illicit
distilling whij'n the commissioner says
is rather on the increase in certain sections
of the country. The cooimitsioncr
a ntimhnr nf y m#>nrlrnATlts
to exi-jtjng laws.
A Fiendish ActA
most fiendish deed is reported from
Reevesville. The fiendish act was committed
by a negro girl, who is said to be
only fc'cven\ ears of age. It seems that
the girl nur=ed for Mr. J. M. Berry, of
tiift ahovg^ jilacc. Mrs. "Berry placed
Ler icitanit cnild", nine months of age, on
ihe floor in the dining room and gave
the little follow some playthings to
amuse himself with, while the nurse was
engaged in washing up the dishes.
Mrs. Berry returned to her room and in
- i- ..c? 1 u?A
H mvv tuiuutus itiLCi vyaiu uuaiu a suc&u
from her child. She rushed to the
diniug room aud saw her babe in convulsive
agony, but did not know what
was the matter with him. She caught
her child up hastily and, calling in a
neighbor from across the street, a
hasty examination was made, resulting
iu the discovery that the child *as suffering
from concentrated lye. Dr.
Johnson was called in and did everything
possibie to alleviate the sufferings
of the little oue. The girl denied
giving the child lye, but a spoon and a
box of lye was found go the table where
she was washing the dishes, and the
spoon on bciug examined by Dr.
Johnson still contaiaed a small Quantity
of lye. The girl lived only a short
distance from town and she wanted to
go home on Sunday, but Mrs. Berry
did not want her to go, as she spent the
Sunday before with her parents. It is
supposed tnat the little <;fiend'' took
revenge by giving the child concen
trated lye. The child is in a very
dangereus condition from the effects of
the lye and no one can yet tell what
will be the consequences. An example
should be nude of this, cruel
> Wants Money Returned.
Governor McSweeney has addressed
a letter to the governor of each southern
stare, expecting unanimous support
in his proposition. He says: "Your
attention is invited to the fact that
there now remains in the treasury of the
United States in the neighborhood of
$11,000,000 arising from the sale of
cotton seized by the fo:ces of the
United States, and its treasury agents,
during the period of the war and during
a few years thereafter. This mon?y
belongs to citizens of the southern
* 1
states, wnose property was seized,
shipped to Xew York city to the collector
of customs and by him Fold and sent
to th? treasury of the United States.
It will be observed that this is not requesting
from the government of the
United States any appropriation of its
funds for the purpose of payirag these
demands, but is simply requesting it to
do justice to certain of its citizens by
returning them moneys belonging to
them now in its treasury, long withheld
from them wrongfully. I take che
liberty of suggesting toyoutnat you
join with iue in a request to your congressional
delegation that they unite
with delegations from other southern
states in an effort to secure for your
people this measure of relief which, in
this era of good 1'eeliDg and reunion, it
would seem the congress ef the United
States would make haste to accord."
Death of a Hero.
Ihe first section of the train bearing
i rr ?1
1116 leodcssui; vuiulilccis udiiuni; tocaped
a bad accident near Wier, on its
way through Texas. Section Foreman
Thomas Collins, by sacrificing his own
life, prevented it. The section gang
was on the track with a hand-car and
did not discover the approaching special
---i -1? ~ Th?
UQIH it was a.iuju3L upuu iucu. xuv
crew fled, but Collins pluckily tried to
get the hand car out of the way that a
wreck might be avoided and had almost
succeeded wnen tne iraiu sirucs. mm.
breaking nearly every bone in bis body
and instantly killing him. The hand
car had been removed far enough to
prevent any gieafc damage being done.
Very Pleasantly Entertained in
the City by ihe Sea.
His Excellency Given a Morning
at the Isle of Palms. Lun
cheon Thursday and Banquet
Thursday Night.
Charleston observed Thanksgiving i
Day in a more elaborate form than ]
usual Thursday, because of the visit of j
Governor McSweeney and staff and ,
party to Charleston to attend the an- ,
nuai review of the militia, which had
been deferred from last February.
WTir^ fliic a-vnortfirvn flua oT7 TPOQ AVt- ^
TV IVU bllic VtAvv^ btvUt tuw ?T vw
served as usual. The weather was cool, '
pleasant and exhilarating and a mor"s 1
beautiful day could not have been pro- ^
vided by the weather bureau. All the !
Federal, State and municipal buildings
and offices were closed, as were the '
banks and commercial exchanges, and j
the streets bore a holiday appearai.ce. ,
A large number of people left the city
on hunts or pleasure bent to the suburban
resorts and the Isle of Palms.
37: e main attraction of the day was c
the inspection and review of the militia j
in the afternoon and the inoidental
celebration in honor of Governor Me- ,
{vvveeuey and party. ,
The battalion of infantry, the artil- <
ler* battalion, cavalrv comDanies and "
the aaval reserves were inspected and
rovitwed by Gov. McSweeney, Gen.
FioSd and Col. Frost on Marion square.
Tbfil companies' ranks were full, and
?.he.y. presented a handsome and creditn':>k?appearauce.
The street parade
followed the inspection. There were
three bands of music in the procession
arid the militia marched like regulars.
The; governor and his staff rode at the
heii& of the column and were loudly
cb? <^ed by the crowds, which lined the
streets. At the intersection of Broad
anilTiMeeting streets, the governor and
slaj. dropped out oi line aua viewea
the troops in marching order. The ]
marching salute was given. The troops \
were particularly pleased with the com- ''
iDg of the governor to Charleston to
view them.
The governor and party were taken
down to the Isle of Palms at 10 o'clock
Thursday morning by a party of military
officers and citizens, some of whom
were accompanied by lady members of '
thcfr families. They were shown all
ovtr the famous resort and their visit
was made particularly pleasant. The
vistors Wv>re out for a good time, and ?
they rode in the carousel, Ferris wheel, 1
stp.snlefthase and took in the other i
amusements. The music was furnished j
by the First artillery band and orches- .
tr.\ and the younger members of the
pcccy diiiecd-in the elegant pavilion.
The weather was too cool for surf bathing.
The trip to the seashore was
greatly eujojed.
A luncheon wa? served at the Charleston
hotel, which proved a delightful
affair. After the parade Governor McSweeney,
Gen. Flojd and Col. Frost
attended the annual banquet of the Lafayette
artillery. ]
Later in the evening the military
officers of Charleston entertained the ,
rramrwnr vffit.li on oT\/VT?tft anH *
?v. O
dinner at the Freundschaftsbund hall.
The occasion, which was informal iu *
the way of there being no set speeches, '
was a memorable event. The menu ?
was particularly choice, and it was j
served in a faultless style. The hall
and table were beautifully decorated j
and brilliantly lighted. Although it '
was a military affair, Mayor J. Adger ]
Smyth and many prominent citizens
nnt wtt.h t.hA militia and a '
number of 'adies were in attendance.
The executive party returned to Co- "
lumbia Friday morning.
Curing Home Raised Pork.
In a short time the dying squeal of
fattened pork wiil be heard thoughout
tiie country districts. Hog-killing
times are always good, and little chil- ]
trVio ViavA npwr p.nnkpd a "ynfilt"
on the hot rocks, or blew up a bladder
for Christmas momi.Dg, have never enjoyed
the happiest features of young
child life. The proper method of cnr- '
ing our meat is not always looked after '
as it should be. Meat should never be ]
slaughtered unless there is ice. Dry, !
clear weather, with the thermometer 1
down to freezing point, is a safe period j
to kill. The hog should be slit in half
and laid out (after sprinkling salt light- ]
ly on the joints) the first night. The ,
next morning the animal heat will have
disappeared, and the meat be cold and '
firm for cutting up. After trimming ]
alJ the hams and should*-rs close, all the
meat to be cured should be well rubbed '
with salt and neatly packed down in a '
box or barrels. After which cover the
whole with salt, and if the hogs are (
small let the meat remain down for a
period of three weeks, if large hogs, !
four weeks. After taking up, knock i
off the salt, and before hanging up, !
sprinkle each piece lightly with pul- J
veiized boras, using one pound to about 1
700 pounds of meat. Bugs and flies
will never disturb meat on which borax ;
has been sprinkled, and it therefore '
keeps nicely for any length of time.
Defeat for McKinley.
The England ant-Imperialist League i
held its annua) meeting in Wesleyan !
hall, Boston, last week at which the :
principal speech was made by ex-Gov- :
ernor S. Boutwell. Winslow Warren
presided. Ex-Governor Boutwell ;
roundly scored the McKinley administration
for its policy in the Philippines.
The point in his address, and it i
was all punctuated witn applause,
which arou-ed much enthusiasm, was i
when he declared that if President Mc- :
Kinley is the candidate of the Republican
party next year on a platform
embodying his present policy he will be
as surprised a man on the morning
after election as Van Buren was in
1S40, when be thought he was elected,
ccViilft hf> had mieived the votes of onlv
five states.
"1 have used your ".Lite lor the Liiver
and Kidneys' with great benefit, and
for Dyspepsia or any derangement of
the Liver or Kidneys I regard it as being
without an equal." James J. Osborne,
Attorney at Law, Boliston,
Henderson Oo., N. C.
But a Charleston Jury Says He "Was
Not Guilty of Murder.
A. J. Pittman was tried in Charleston
last Wednesday for killing his
brother, N. T. Pittman, of G-ourdins,
Ucfc. 1<. ihe claim ot self deiense
was set up by the defendant. The evidence
was all practically a reaffirmation
Bf the evidence already printed in the
newspapers. The new feature was the
testimony of Pittman himself, in which
he constructed his story of self defense.
He told of his troubles and differences
with his brother and that his life had
been frequently threatened. He fiDaliy
secured the privat3 conference, and,
because of the threats previously made,
tie had armed himself before meeting
the engagement. He said that his
orother called him a liar and put his
band to his hip pocket, and then it
Evas that he drew his pistol and discharged
the chambers in quick succession.
The small harmless looking
pocket knife of the deci'a&ed did not
play the part in the iraged> that was
jxpected. It was shown that the
sni(e had been opened and used, probibly
but a minute before the killing, to
;ut a chew of tubacco. A piece of to
jauuu ncLo UU tue laUiU ilLIU *1 SU12U1
:rebh piece wa3 found between the
:eeth of the deceased. Mr. Legare
nade a forcible aud eloquent plea in
lefeDse of his client. He laid much
smphaais on Pittman's statement that
le shot his brother because he thought
.hat his own life was in danger. Mr.
Legare spoke for only about a half
lour. Mr, Legate was followed by
Solicitor Jervey, who carefully sifted
;he evidence and argued eloquently for
-he conviction of the prisoner. Judge
jrage's charge was clear, impartial and
:omprehonsive. He urged the jury to
i? 11_ " L z"L . 1J I L *
sareiuiiy weign iue eviutcce auu unug
.a a verdici in accordance with the
'acts. The jury retired and in less than
m hour a verdict of not guilty was re;urned.
The verdict was a complete
surprise to aluiobt every man in the
jourt rooiu, and it was thought that
.he best tbat i'ittman could hope for
would be a mistrial, and the announcement
of the verdict almost took the
jreath from the large crowd in the
-oom. Pittman was congratulated by
i few acquaintances. After exchanging
i few Words and shaking hands with
iio counsel, Pittman left the court
louse by the front entrance, followed
iv a larce number of the curious.
' *! O *
Candler Gives Them a Severe
Gov. Candler, of Georgia, in a message
to the Legislature recommending
egislation looking to the protection of
iveak -financial concerns, which are
!orced in"a Court by a certain class of
awyers, took occasion to score "barra;ors
and shysters," whose methods, he
Wlarprl haH ''hrnnc'if; nnrif>f>pssarv
*uin upon many railroads, factories, and
nercantile corporatio&s. The grand
iury of Fulton County, (Atlanta,)
ecentiy made a set of presentments in
;he matter, and asked that a law be
enacted compelling persons to give a
)ond, payable to defendant, in cases
where is junctions for receivers are
iled and the suit proves unsuccessful.
In transmitting these findings to the
Legislature Governor Candler said
iDiODg other things: "Barratry is a
Af il Vtoa tnf kirt tk/l
cvu auu ua.i rr xiuiu vug xclo\,
;wo decades assumed proportions which
ire alarming and threatening to legitimate
business enterprise: Men licensed
;o practice law and their paid agents
md coadjutors have in many instances
sought unnecessary ruin upon railroads,
?actories, mercantile corporations,
irms and individuals, and at the same
;im<> brought reproach upon the honorable
profession of the law. Honest,
iafe business men and corporations
loing legitimate business, buo temporarily
embarrassed financially arc
jften f-jrcod by conscienceless barrators
ai;d shysters into the hands of
receivers and are ruined when, if let
ilone, they would extricate themselves
nav all honest debts and live in com
"It is true, too, that -when corporaLions
and individuals are wrecked by
;he nefarious methods of these enemies
}f society and of the business of the
jountry the the creditor usually suffers
with the debtor. He most frequently
it the end of the litigation gets nothtrxr
trTiilo fVio rlohtnr anri his
1U6I '* ?? ?
ire reduced to penury, the en tire estate
being consumed in Court costs,
receivers' salaries and lawyers' fees,
rhe Court coast are fixed by statute,
but the salaries of receivers, sometimes
two or three in number when one
should be better, and the fees of the
lawyers, frequently a score or more in a
single case, are-fixed by the Court on
the testimony of other lawyers as to tlie
value of the services performed in the
zase by their professional brethren.
"The result has Deen that exorbitant
salaries have been allowed to receivers
md often fees out of all proportions to
the work don^ have been allowed to the
lawyers representing tne various interests
involved in tbe suit.
''These evils have assumed such
magnitude that they demand a
Will Support Bryan.
Informal discussion by members of
the executive committee of the .National
Silver Republican committee and chairman
of the state committees at the
meeting held at Chicago Tuesday de
reloped as the concensus oi' purpose,
adherence to the Bryan Democracy, ''if
the right men are nominated." There
was no dissent from the opinion that,
is the presidential candidate, AVm. J.
Bryan would be "the right man.1' Most
of the session was devoted to hearing
reports on the condition of Silver Re
publicanism in the various states.
Chairman Charles Towne made an address,
in which he inveighed against
the "tendency of the McKioley administration
towards absolutism." Senator
Teller, of Colorado, said that the drift
of the Republican party was away from
its original principles and that if he
had not quit the party in 1896, he
would have had ample cause to do so
since then. A committee was appointed
to report on the best time and places to
hold the national convention, the manner
of issuing the call and details of
practical organizations after the convention.
Account of Experiences of Captured
Men of the Yorktown.
A disnatch from Manila savs when
;he landing party from the United
States battleship Oregon under Lieut.
Commander McCrackin took the town
of Yigan, province of South Ilocos,
last Sunday they found there an escaped
prisoner, A. L. Sonnenshein, who furnished
the first authentic account of
the experience of Lieut. James C.
Gillmore of the United States boat
Yorktown, who, with a party of the
Yorktown, *aa captured by the insurgents
near Baler, on the east coast of
T a :i i-l_ 1
jjuzoa iast .apru wniie maong an ex
amination cf the river in an armed
boat, Mr. Sonnenshein was imprisoned
at Abra for a long time with Lieut.
Gillmore and seven sailors, but contrived
to escape, carrying a concealed
note, written in naval cipher, dated
Abra, Nov. 19. addressed to "any
naval officer" and saying: "You mayhave
perfect confidence in anything the
bearer says." The note was signed
''Gilmore." According to Mr. Sonnenshein,
when Lieut. G-ilmore's launch
entered the river from Balor harbor,
under the cover of Ensign W. H.
Staudley's pun, the lan&Dg party was
received with three volleys. Two of
the Americans were killed and two
mortally wounded. Every man was hit,
Lieut. Gilmore receiving a flesh wound
in the leg and his foot stuck fast in the
mud. u was a choice between surrender
ana beinc; slaughtered. Lieut.
Gillmore asked the terms of release.
The insurgents orouosed that he should
procure the delivery of the arms and
munitions of the Spanish garrisons,
undertaking, if this was accomplished,
to send the Spaniards and the Americans
to the Yorktown. A sailor of
Lieut. Gillmore's party carried this
proposition to the garrison. The Spanish
commandant replied that it was an
insult to Spanish arms, and expelled
the sailor, a Spanish soldier firing upon
him as he went. The Americans were
then bound hand and foot and taken to
?>an isidro, wnere lien. .Luna ordered
tiieir execution. They were marched
to the plaza, and, in the presence of a
great crowd, were aligned to be execur
ted. Lieut. Gillmore said: "As an
American officer and gentleman I protest
against being shot with my hands
tied." Aguinaldo interfered and prevented
the execution. When Gen.
Lawton approached San Isido last
June the Americans were removed to
Abra, where they were kept confined
in cells for two months. Subsequently
they were allowed greater liberty, but
the report tnat Lieut. Gilmore was
given a house and servant is untrue.
He had the same quarters as the men
and the Americans were given the
same allowance as the Spanish prisoners?nve
cents a day with which to
buy rice and bananas, virtually the
only rations.
Druggists in Trouble.
The Charleston Post says the Drug
gists in that city have gctten in serious
trouble with Uncle Sam through the
sale of malt preparations without having
paid the tax prescribed by the
revenua act, which went into effect in
June, 1S98. Almost every druggist in
Charleston has received a notice from
Internal Revenue Collector Webster to :
trmsmit'to his office before-December 7 I
$60 for licenses for two vears and the
penalty of $10 for not having taken out
the licenses. The notices have come to
the druggists as a clap of thunder out
of a clear sky. A couple of months
ago Special Agent Broadnax visited
P.horlojtnn on*! pallor! nr.nn ^ m ctri ?f.<a
for their licenses to sell the preparations
in question. It appears that this
was the first intimation that the druggists
had that a license was required.
The packages all bore revenue stamps,
and it was a rare thing for a purchase
to be made without a physician's prescription
the druggists aid not think
that the revenue act applied to these
preparations, which are not used here
as beverages. The drueeists exDlained
to Broadnax that they were ignorant of
the provision of the law and they were
led to believe that the government
would drop the matter under the circumstances,
especially in view of the expressed
declaration of the druggists to
withdraw the articles from sale, as the
demand was so small that the druggists
were not justified in paying the tax.
Probably a Murder.
The body of a white man, about 35
years old, was found Wednesday morning
near the crossing of the railroad
tracks, five miles west of Jacksonville
Fia. It was stripped of all clothing
except shirt and shoes and was covered
with blood. The head was crushed in
and the ground round about was torn
up as though a scuffle had occurred.
The murdered man has been identified
as William Ileynolds. He came here
on the Comanche last Monday in search
of work. He told a friend that he had
relatives at Mount Uarrnel, near JNew
Haven, Conn. He had sent his baggage
to Fargo, Ga., and started to wain:
there. It is said he o^ns property m
Tampa. Reynolds's murderer is as yet
Kills His BrotherRoy
Jackson, a colored boy, aged 16,
was killed Wednesday morning in CoIn
? 1. kwAi'k A? TAWAO
iULLLUlU uy HIS Uiuiuci, u auit,o
It appears that their mother, Ellie
Jackson, was whipping the younger boy,
Roy, when James, the elder brother,
camc in. There was a dispute about
the whipping and the two brothers went
out in the stree*, where they had a
regular street fight. Roy ran around a
tree and James followed him up. It is
now said that Roy fired a pistol at
T<mv>/\a wrliArfiMnAn Tomfla n n O
*J <X LLi XJ J, rutituyvu M
rock or brick and struck Roy in the
head. Roy died in an hour or two from
the effects of the blow.
Suicide at Camden*
t> ?:__x? l
JX. X>. V^UVlXJgluu, 1V1
Mavrant & Jackson of Camden, S. C.,
comniitted suicide there Tuesday nigh?.
He fired five shots, three of them taking
effect in his head, reappointment
in love was the cause of the deed, which
Has the second attempt to take his life,
we was a native of Cheraw, in this
State, and was 30 years of age.
Raided the Columbia and Charleston
Train Friday Night
Secured Seventeen Hundred Dollars,
then Stopped Train and
Stepped Off Into WoodsSheriff
in Pursuit
A special dispatch from Branehville
to The State says two robbers, supposed
to have boarded the train on the Charleston
Division of the. Southern Kail way
at that place about six o clock inday
evening, entered the express car four
miles below Branchville, and while
one covered the express messenger with
a revolver the other secured the money,
which, it is said, amounted to about
$1,700. After securing the money
thev pulled the bell cord, signalling the
engineer to stop, and made good their
escape before the train came to a standstill.
The sheriff of Dorchester county
way immediately notified, and is in
pursuit of the robbers. This is a very
unusual occurrence for this part of the
country, and every effort will be made
to capture the robbers.
A dispatch from Bamberg to The
State 3ays a daring robbery occurred on
the express train from Columbia for
Charleston Friday night just east of
Branchville, in which live highwaj men
entered the express car between Branchville
and Reeyesville with draivn revolvers
and demanded that the messenger
"hands up and hand over his valuables,"
which he unhesitatingly d:d. The
bounty secured by the robbers is said,
to amount to about $2,000, and is principally
collections from way stations of
the railroad. The robbers, after securing
the cash, pulled the bell cord,
stopped the train and made good their
escape in the thick woods nearby. None
of the passengers or train crew knew
asvthine of the robberv until it was all
over. It i-? supposed the robbers secreted
themselves on the platform between
the engine and express car at
Branchville and entered the- car by
smashing in the door as the train left
for Charleston, taking Messenger
Rhodes completely by surprise, and before
hfe could secure his rifle, which
hung nearby. It is said a posse is being
organized tonight in Georges to
pursue and, if possible, capture the
gang. It is the first robbery of the
? - i it . i 1 - J - A! c
Kma taac p as ever occurrea. in tiiis part
of the country.
A dispatch from Charleston says an
unknown white masked man robbed a
Southern Express company car near
Branchvilie, S. C., on the .Southern
railway Friday night The train had
just left the station wheu Messengers
Ramsey and Rhodes'were covered with
two revolvers held in the hands of the
stalwart robber. One messenger was
made to stand with his hands over his
head and the other wa3 commanded to
hand over the money packages in the
safe. Seventeen hundred dollars were
secured and the robber, after warning
the messengers not to put a foot outside
of the car until the train had got under
headway again, pulled the bell cord
<*LLU JUIU^U <-?UL AO C.U.C UAiU oivnvu
up. The conductor saw the robber as
he escaped alongside the track, bat '
thinking him a tramp signalled th? engineer
ahead. When the train got under
headway the messengers came out
and told their story. The car was a -?"""
combination baggage and express car '
and the door had been opened to permit
the conductor to reach the baggage
section, which was in the forward section
of the car. It was on acoount of
this fact that the robber was able to
-i /\ 1.1. .
enter cne car. une or me saies id tue car
which escaped the robber's notice
contained $8.(H)0. The sheriff of Dorchester
with six men and two hounds
has been hurried to the scene of the
robbery and will take up the chase.
A special from Branchville says that
two men committed the robbery, but
thejnessengers who arrived in Charleston
say that there was only one robber.
Too Many Chinese.
The Charleston City Council has
raised the license of the Chinese laundries
in that city from $25 to $50, and
the almond eyed washee man dont like
it. The Post says "the license was
raised in response to a petition to the
ways and means committee. The
Chinese laundries have been multiplying
largely in Charleston under the
small license rate and as the Chinese
are not a desirable class of residents or
merchants, the increse of the license
will meet with general approval." The
Post says a celestial oa iover King
street delivered himself of something
like this when told of the increase of
his license: "Wong an'no just. Chineeman
no gibbee trouble lik nigger, an'
no poolice 'rest us. We payee always
licen an' Melican nigger washee woman
no payee licen. Wedoee bus'ness
no mind licen. We no leavee Chareeton."
Returns to Port
With a cargo of dying horses and
mules and fifty-five empty stalls, the
rinited States transDort Victoria re
turned to Seattle Tuesday night, having
been forced by an unprecedented stres3
of weather o2 Oape Flattery to turn
back from her voyage to the Philippines.
Uf the four hundred and ten
horses and mules carried by the Victoria,
taken on board November 23, fiftyfive
vrere literally pounded to death
azainst the side3 of their stalls in the
storm, and the remaining animals were
so badly bruised that the officials of the
vessel believe that many cannot be
Drowned at Savannah.
Tuesday night the tug Weymouth,
from Warsaw for Savannah, while in
Wilmington river, ran into and sank a
row boat containing four persons, one a
woman. The woman and one man
were picked up. Two men, Isaac Butler
and George Brown, were drowned.
The row boat, which had no light, was
smashed almost into kindling wood.
Th? Vtavp not. hpAn TPAnrerwi.

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