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The Fairfield news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1881-1900, December 06, 1899, Image 4

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/2012218613/1899-12-06/ed-1/seq-4/

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The South Must Erect a Lasting
Monument in j
Daughters of the Confederacy
Have Assumed the Lovirg
Task of Ra:sirg ihe
Mrs. Augustine T. Smythe, of Char- :
Jetton, ha* is^u-.-d the following circu- j
lar to the Daughters of the Confcdera- i
cy iu South Carolina, and has also re- j
quested its publication in our columns: j
ChsrlpstOD. S. C., Nov. 20. '99 j
To the Ofirers and Members ot j
Chapiter/ South Carolina Divi?ion, I
Daughters of the Confederacy? J
At the late convention of the Daugh- j
ters of the Confederacy, held in Kichr j
mond, it was determined to accede to
the r- quest if the Veterans and assume
the responsibility of erecting the longdelayed
monument to Jtfferson Davis,
-r. .t .L_
jrresioeut' ox mc \,uunuu?>v.
This decision was not ivac! ed without
careful thought and (iiscussion; all the
deiegatts rtci'gtiized the weight thus
laid upon the association, but they also
realix-d that upon the acceptance of'
this burJen of responsibility i>sted the
hope of au early accomplishment of the
work propose*!
The Hon. J Taylor E lyson. m^yor
cf Richni"iid, Va., ai>d president of the
Jt ff<.rson Davis Monument As-ociatiou,
came before the convention aua by his
explanation removed any impression
that indifference or inertness on the
part of ibe men had occasioned the j
proposal to transfer this work to other
D.fficulties arising from earlier and
very expensive plans w<re such that
this change had become urgently ad
The following letter from Mr. E'lyson
gives a lull report of the present
condition of ine Jefferson Davis Monument
Kiebmond, Va., Nov. 13, 1899.
Mrs. 3. T. McCullougb, Cbairmau Jefferson
Davis Monument Committee,
U. 1). C ?Dear Madam:
The Jefer*on Davis Monument Association
was organized in 1890 and
chartered b>' the General Assembly of j
Virginia. At the meeting of the Uui |
ted Confederate Veterans in Charles- i
tnn S n._ in Mav. 1899. a resolution I
was adopted rtque&ting the United
Daughters of the Confederacy to assume
the responsibility of the completion of
this monument and authorizing the Jeffer&ou
Davis Mauument Association to
turn over any funds in thtir possession
to the Uuited Daughters whenever tht-y
should comply with the request of the
Uuittd Couiederate Veterans. 1 had
the honor on Fiiday of submitiin^ the
question for the consideration of the
convention of the Uuited Daughters of
t htn i r> ct>uwiAfi "in
(,'UC v/VUi^w?iuvj J VUV.U AU a u
this city, and they adopted a r< Solution
by which they consented to comply
with the request of the Veterans
and endeavor to raise a sum sudicieut
to erect a suitable monument to the
President of the Confeueiate States.
It is my pleasure to be able to report
to yuu that we Lave in our trea-ury the
Bum of twenty thousand, fuur huudrrd
and sixty-five dollars and 31100, ($20.465
31.) which we will turu over tc
jour treasury whenever rtquested by
jon to jo so. Our asSuoiatiou has no
debts of any sort and you will take up
the work without any embarrassments
on account of any action previously I
takeu by us. The idea of the United I
Confederate Veterans ".fas that' we
should turn ov?.r to \ou the fuuds we
a*.*1! tKof r'nil WAn I ^ t'jl'D 11 r\ tliO
Jaavo a:. juu TIUUI i tuixv ^y ?.uv
work as though it had never been beguu.
You were at liberty to select
such design as )ou might think proper,
cboute Mich a site ia or near the city
of Richmond as you might, prefer and
erect a mouument at such time and at
?uch cost as the Uuited Daughters
might deem best.
i beg leave to renew the assurance |
ieretofore exicndtd that any assistance j
that the membi-rs of the J^Strson J
Davis Monument Association may be j
able to render to the ladies will be j
mos: cheerfully given. We believe j
that under your energetic and luving j
direction the task i>f ouiidin^ a mouu- i
Cient to JtfFerbon Davis will soon be j
completed. You is respectively,
J. Taylor Eil\soa, Fresiuent.
W. D. (Jhtsterman, Secretary.
By vote of the convention as executive
committee was formed, called the
Jefferson Davis monument committee
Af tho TT (1 r?f>rio<srinir of a rripm I
bt-r lrom each Slate. This committee
organized immediately by the election
of Mrs. S. T. McCuIiousib, president of
the (iraud Division of Virginia, U. D.
C-, as its chairman, aud Mr. J. 8 Ellett,
of Kicnmond, the bjunded treasurer
ot the Jtfferson Davis Monument
Association, as treasurer.
With this committee is associated
an advisory board of live gentlemen,
members of the J-.ffersou Daws Mouument
Association, the Hou. J. Taj lor
Klljson. chairmau. The South Carolina
delegation selecttd me to represent
the State on the executive committee,
subject to the approval of the
Siate Diviaion, which was given at its
convention iu Greenville.
As jour representative on that committee
it is my duty tc beg that jour
chapter will, as soon as possible, take
stej.8 towards the accomplishment of
the object set bef??re us by our ass^cia- !
irmr i,f pr^fxii.ff a mnnji sttont Tr? *1
J>ff^rson Davis, President of the Con- 1
fede;ate States.
All other appeals seem weak when
compared to this, and I entreat that
all other plans for work may be temporarily
set aside until this duty be !
in honoring the memory of President
Davis we build a monument to
the principles of the government he j
represented?principles, which are now
being acknowledged as n^ht even by
many who fought against them.
liie task before u? is not unduly
heavy. Authotiues say that a suit- j
ablta monument can be out uu for $50.- !
000. With stroug, concerted action
on the part of Southern r'niien succes
will be sure, and the D<a? liters of ih
Confederacy may well feel that their
organization has not been in vain if it j
can be made the means of bricgiDg j
about a coo&umtuation so heartily i
wished for *11 who revere the mem- j
orv of the "Lost Cause."
The committee v\ili be very glad to i
hear of auy effort on the part of Your I
chanter 10 raise funds for this rnouu- |
meut and if auy further information or
suggestion in njy power is desired ;
pkase call upon me.
Mrs. Augustine T. Smythe,
Member for bouih CaroliLa of Jtfier- 1
son JDavia Monument Committee, U.
i). u. i
South. Carolina 2?ust Help.
The following adlress to the Daugh
ters of the Confederacy in South Caro- i
lina has just been issued by the presi- j
dent of the South Carolina division. It i
will doubtless result in accomplishing j
much fur the cause so earntstly advu- !
To it,e Sleuth Carolina Division, tnited j
Daughters of the Confederacy :
Dear Ladies and Fiieuds: With the j
* ' -? --- - - i ~ ,.e i
piup'tSc or iannenug me uuu aim
the Diughttr.- t l the C"bfid^racv, ai.d
>eiidt!it' for*aid a. iij?S?age from the
i.?-hrc aid iuii d of our women, I a-k J
\our ibcul^viCe for ihe ?r->t words I
address to \cu from the iSije of houor
to which \ou have called me
if my u.itid were nut s > full of the
diguit.v aid Sf-Iei cor (f the |?roj- ct
which I pn-.-ent to jou for coiisidt-ratiou,
in this letter. I mitt! l stop to
j^peak of the peiS' Dal t-stiuiatiou 1 have j
for the posiii-m I occupy by your *ood |
ivi:l ai.fi i-in.!< (>. I i\i,i aiiow uy-elf to j
say that a s-tatesmaii olcc remarked to
Mie < i.ut a j'ubiio h< ut'r is art artr oppurtu
i:y for u.wre thoroughly serving
th- pu''*lic.
I b.luvc I 8ha:l be doing this in
placing before }ou my exception of j
:he strongest, aiott enduring ana far- j
reaching work in which the Daughters ;
of the C'?bfet:* racy can engage uutil it
shall be completed.
The Jefferson Davis monument has
been accepted as our work. I would
recconmu-i.d that we wake ic The work
of the Daughters of the Confederacy.
The flowers we throw upon mounds,
i - i
the medals we oesxow iu scnucu.",
crutches we put under the soldiers'
arms are our wa}side fibers. These
j-erviees rcl.tx the heart, er-g ige sympathies,
enlist many wojkers. The)'
gratif> all, aud are ri^hc elairns upi>D
us Ever> stroke of the artist's biush
tells in his picture?not ot-e, linht or
heavy, but would impair perfection if
missed. Our sweet charities, our It cil
interests, our home monuments, our
dear little care of graves are the delicate
shadings which enrich arid complete
our wonderful picture?The Confederacy.
S'ill we must have in it the
big, strong tone which is idealized by
these tender touches. That is the founua'iou
of their excellence.
Search in all directions, among the
graces of feeling, or into the "deepest
L" I J ? r> d
Otpiu oi UlUUgm, auu v?c U.ULKA
the tea of geueral endeavor, the cable,
upon which we rely to send ou? mes>ane
into the lives of future men and
W hat is the message?
Not to tell them tint men died and
women soff red. but to tell them what
they died and suffered for, and that we
pas> Seres' Kights on to them for them
to live for.
How shall we en-ure the endurance
of uur mcs-a*-? How si care it aaaiust
fKo ,.f rim and defeat of ob- I
livion? You shall not always be heie
to decorate graves of heroes', but we
can leave behind us a witne.-s in stone
?reared to face the whole world?
which would testify our reverence for
<-ur statesman and our confidence iu
their creed
.Tne Jtffers'in Divis monument is.
not the memorial of maD, but it i? the
concrete rec id of the political fai'h of
the Southern people exemplified in
that Mie man.
You see by the minutes of the convention
of the Daughters of the C<?nf<
d>-ra' y r. ceatly held at Greenville,
that this woik has been rei-ommtiLided
b> c >nvention to the chapters. I add
to this my personal recommendation,
leaving it in your consideration.
Stucerel> I a n yuurs,
Mrs. Thouias Taylor,
Pr-s. S. C. Div , D. C.
Wish, to Get Anti-Imperialist Republicans
Into Their Camp.
The Silver Republicans ia onference
at Chicago Tuesday and Wednesday
planned, it is announced, to ally themselves
with and to make use of the
"anti-imperid!ism:' agitation especially
m eastern States where the silver issue
does not attract. Cooperation with
Edward Aikinson's following will be
songht. The purpose <>f the siker Republicans
is to gain, if possible with
this new issue; a foothold- in eastern j
States so that their pariy can more i
truly claim to be a national onraniza- !
tion aud thus become a m ire tffective |
whip for holding the Democrats to
the Boaa and 16 to 1 Hue. This is
one reason why the Silver Republicans
want to hold a big national convention
of 2 GUI) or more delegates next year
Continuation of this plan was received
Thursday i'n m Fred J. Dabois, former
sena'or from Idaho and chairman of
the Silver Republican executive committee.
' There is no place for the Republican
auti-imperialists of New EuglaDd
\nd the coast to no except into our
party," said Mr. Duboi?. '"The assured
composition of the United States
senate for several years couvinces them
that silver legislation cannot be p?S;>td
for miuy years yet On anti imperialism
and kiudrtd questi jus they are as
ODe with us. I am satisfied they will
come to us. I cspect tu see former
Gov. Buutwell of Massachusetts, Elward
A kiuson and men like them sitting
as delegates iu our c 'n^entioa.
"We have planned for a big convention
of 2,000 or more. Our convention,
if hp.l.i at the same time and place as
tbe Democratic convention will be a
powerful stimulus a^aiast aDy concession
by iba'. party to the forces of unriabteuusness.
We have not much to
fear on this score however. We are
pretty well satisfied that the Democrats
will reaffirm the platform of 1896
and nominate Mr. Bryan. That will
be enough. If, However, they should
seek to evade or subordinate the silv-r
issue, we 11 not be their allies. Ia
such cas-e we will do what many silver
Republicans wanted to do in 1S96?establish
a separate organization and
Dominate a separate ticket."
Will Bun Into SavannahIt
is announced that, ijommencing
December 10, 1899. the Southern Railway
Company will opperate through
train ecrvice ove?its own line via Columbia,
Perry, Biackville and Allen
dale, S. C., into and out of Savannah,
Commencing that date its through
car service will be opperated in connection
with the Plant System south of
Savannah, Ga., and the Florida East
Coast Railway, to and from points on
the east cost ot Jtloricla, witn d'rect
connections to and from Key Went,
Fia., Havana, Cuba, and Nassau, X. P.,
via Miami. FJa., ia connection wiih
the F.orida East Coa?>t Steaajship Line;
ana ia connection with the Piant System
south of Savannah to and from
other points in Fiorida, including
points on the west coast, with direct
connections to and f.om Key West and
Havana, via Tampa, Fia , in connection ]
with the Piaui Stt-am?hip Line.? I
WashiDgton Pust, Nov. 10, 1899.
Tlie Black Delegates Too Expensive a
AT- "FTonrtr PacriA a
member of the Republican National
Committee, it is announced will offer
to the committee afc its next meeting,
two weeks distant, a resolution recommending
a change in the ba>is of representation
in future Republican Xa'i->nal
Conventions, on the ground that the
pnsent baMS is unjust and unequal,
and that this \l justice should be remedied.
The resolution propose0, as stated
that the new ba>is of re re^entftion
' ' ' 11 ^ ^ ! t> L
shall be 'our a< le^ntes at urge jor rmzu
Siafc. and ot*e additional delegate f.?r
ach ten thousand votes, or majority
fraction thereof cast at the prec diria
Presidential election for Republican
electors, and four delegates from each
orjrnni2-d TYrri'ory and the District of
Columbia. If' the plaa is adopted by
the ("odvention, it is explained, the
total number of delegates would rt-mai"
S94. as at present, but the number from
Arkansas, A'abama, Florida. Georgia,
Louisiana, Mississippi and Sou'h Caro
lina would be rcduced from 129 under
the present apportionment to 49?a
A c* - J ?l:J
loss <1 fcU to tne atarea caajeu, wuue
other Southern States would lose
What is the "injustice" and "ine
qu<lit>" in the present arrangement,
which it is proposed to correct, is not
indicated or suggested in tho dispatch,
and must, therefore, be inferred. We
are not in the confidence of Mr. Payne
and other Republican leaders and pro
moters of the proposed change, and
cannot, thenfo.e, ppeak with authority
fur them, but it will be noted that the
change mainly affects the representation
of the Southern States in the Re?vi:?_
i'i?n.>^r.t!nn TcV>i/?ri if-. reHnnps
I'uuuirau vuu?tu?.?u4VM ,
by oyer a hundred delelates, and that
the reduction is mo?t sweeping in the
ranks of those from the Cotton States,
and the Black Belt of those S ates, and
of thosefr<?m the State of Arkansas,
which has the largest olack population
of my State outride the South.
In view of these facts, the most
natural, as it is indubitably the correct,
inference, is that the change is designed
to have the effect it will hare, and that
the condition it is meant to reform is
that or the presence of so large a number
of negroes and colored men in the
National Conventions of their party
Why they are unwelcome, it is not f->r
us to ?ay, of cour.-e, but possibly tb?
white leaders of the party regard it a?
- J- |
an "IDIIlSllCe IU WlUtl su mauy w uic i
party conventions to help to choose Re
publican Presidents when so few of
them are allowed to share in the spoils
which the Presidents dispense, and !
deem that the best way to correct the I
"inequality" in the ranks oF ne^ro
delegates aud of negro officeholders in
high places is to cut down the number
of the former.
Arid then, again, it may be considered
tfar it is an ''injustice" to the
Republican candidates fur national
honors to b^ compelled to bid agains'
each other in buying up, say, 150
Southern delegates, white and colored,
in every C?>uvention, when they rnisiht
easily be rid of two-tnirdsof t' at numVi^r
hv nrnnoSfd t>lan. and so be
spared a proportional wear and tear of
mind and the expenditure of much
cash. There is tomething in that.
The comtemplated change will cot oul\
relitve the leaders of emb*rras-ing
com: any in the conventions, but wiil
be of an economical character brides
It will c'OubtlcSs be adopted with sin
c#?re if secret enthusiam. News and
Anothe:: New York "Get Rich Quick"
Concern Goes Up the Flue.
The New York Herald says White's
hnrfan sometimes known as "Charles
H. White's bureau " aod a "'get rich
quick" concern, located in the cotton
exchange building, vanished with its
managers on Sunday, and it is estimated
that credulous depositors are out of
pocket more than $200 000. White's
bureau was in many respects similar to
the Franklyo syndicate, operated by
William F. Miller. Like the Franklin
syndicate, it offered tremendous dividends
to depositors, professed to be
legitimate and to be an old established
couceru, professed to have the strongest
kind of recommendation from banks
and bankers. Lise the Franklin syndicate,
it managed its business without
any inquiries being made by the police.
It had accounts in several down town
banks, aod drafts from its customers
passed through the banks without any
questions being asked, except in the
instance of one bank.
Like the Franklin syndicate, it paid
out "dividends," to depositors presumably
from the money placed on depo-jit
in order to lure larger gudgeons. Finally.
like the Franklin syndicate, its
backers took alarm and disappeared
* ~r .*1 I.a.
Wltn a large quaiiwiy ui utuer pcujuc o
money. White's bureau was operated
by iwo young men who went uoder the
name of H) man. Oae of them gave
the name oi C. H. Hyman, and he is
uoders-tood to have been the "0. H.
White'' whose bureau the concern purported
to be. The ''bureau" began
business in the latter part of September.
It sub-let two rooms from another tenant
on the fir.-^t floor. The offices are
very handsomely furnished, and are
partitioned off into smaller rooms.
rnomi'itorj ww (imnlntp^ and
i'lauj w-r.wrfv-,
when the business was first established
an enormous quaatity of letters and
circulars wttfe sent forth. The firm inserted
advertisements in newspapers
all over the country, promisiog that
White's bureau would make money for
anybody who would send his cash on to
New York. Tbe advertisements were
as alluring as green <ioods circulars.
The circulars and advertisements
soon began to have the usual effect.
Letters began to come in from all over
the country. The mail to the bureau
grew to such proportions that the sus
picions Ul luc cuycuuicuucuu Ui uuc
cotton exchange building became
aroused, and he made an investigation.
He could not find out anything about
the busy young men, ezcept that tl.ey
professed to be doing a general investment
business so they were permitted
to remain. It is impossible to make
any estimate, based on reliable figures,
as to the amount of business that
White's bureau did. It was unques
tiooably very large. Taking into con- I
siderarion all the banks in the city, the I
business represented Dy drafts alone
would be somewhere between $80,000
and $100,000. The bulk of the business
done by White's bureau, however,
was done through registered letters,
pos;office orders and express packages.
The business by mail reached all over
the country from Maine to Florida,
and from the Atlantic to the great west.
tiiwrts maue hi i^sw jui* n?
Break the Market.
Anonymous Advertisements Appear
in the Newspapers Predicting
Slump in Cotton
On Account Big Crop.
"Wednesday the York papers
published an advertisement readicg as
'"Cotton?Immediate and scnsationa'
break certain; exports sure of crop <f
11,00(1,000 tremendous slump iu
evitable. Crisis has b^eu reacheo
fOm h, carryiug enormous qumtiiies ors.im
margins. Staving pyram ded from G
cei.is up; short iutcfe-t entirely tliiui
nated. To whom are bulls to sell?
Market un irldly and unsafe, i^ell cotloii
for 100 points purH profit. Further
particulars, address 'Truthseeker."
This was followed Thursday bj
another advertisement reading:
'"Ooiton?My prtdiciou of a slump
was immediately followed by a 16-poitn
break, sho<riug precarious conditiou ol
uresent market. Liverpool and Mem
phis were hf-avv tellers. Ncill, the
ablest cotton expert in the world, is
more positive than ev^r that yield will
not exceed 11,000, UUO bales. Market i^
hone}combed with stop orders. It i^
but a question of hours when they will
be reached. Information soon to . be
made public as to cotton held by interior
w/ll send January below 6 50
Fall information and facts given.
Address 'Fruthseeker.' "
We do not know who the author of
these advertisements i-?, but it is rumored
that they have been inserted in
the iuterests of a groupof bucket ihops
whose customers are heavy long of the
market, ana whose only possible salvation
is to bring about a break that will
wipe out margins. We think the pub
lie ouiiht to be brought to an understanding
of the situation. Piivate
fahlp^ rn frnm I-ivernnnl Thursday ad
vise an advauce there of 2 Gi as a result
of the good trade, demand and ththealthy
condition in Manchester, which
it, is stated, promises to contiuu-*.
Thrre is, therefore, no reason wnj
owners of coit.on should expect an}
lower prices than genuine trade con
dititions justify, or be terrorized int<selling
by anonymous advertisements
Price, McCormick & Co.
A Railroad Massacre.
oocfkiMlnf} T?ilffj!r> #>Tf!rP3<3 flT) I
the Delaware, Lackawanna and Western
Railway, while standiDg outside the
station at the Van Winkle street crossing,
at Paterson, N. J., at 7 54 Wednesday
night, was run into by a swiftlr
movine accommodation train, bound
trom P.'iiiip'bu'g, N J., to Jeise\
City. At least mx people were killed
aud there are now twenty injure i at the
hospital in Pateison, of whom some
will probably die. while some of thos
not seriously i?jured were able to go to
their d-stiuat'on-. The dead are: Mrs
Mary Roe, wife of David Roe, of' Ithaca.
X. Y , and t*o daughter.*; Walter Weibro
ck. Cornel! Coll^ee, Irhaca, N. Y ;
Miller Craie. New York city; uuknowi.
woman. The body that was thought to
be that of a boy proved to be the yount
daughter of Mrs. Roe. All the bodi->
hav? been removed to the morgue. Th<
Buffalo exprrss was waiting for a local
traiu to m->ve that had been delayed at
the ftatiun, and the Phillipsburg accommodation
was following the exprc>3,
but a short di>tance behind
-rzer O'jrj r\f rhp prnrPW VCfTt- I
broken to pieces, njosrofthe pa^senger.on
them btiDg either killed or injured
The engine of '.he PHiJipsburg train
was completely wrecked the eugioeer
and fireman <scaping by jumping
Those killed w?re:
Alexander Craig of Scanton, Pa.,
[ business maaager of the Siiranton Tribune.
Ester Craif, his wife.
Ether S. Craij, their 15 year old
! daughter.
Jessie Craig, their 11 year old daugh|
I Mrs. Mary Bert Roe, wife of David
*"* ATi vr \r
itoe or noaca in. x .
Walter Jacob Walbrook, 19 years
old, of New York city.
Mr. Waibrook was a studeot at Cornell.
The accident wiped out the (Jraig
family. They were on their way to
spend Thanksgiving with relatives ia
December Weather.
Tha -P.-kl 1 ?Trin<r prw/*rinfr a nprirtd
of twenty-eight years; have been compiled
from the weather bureau records
at Charleston for the month of Dec.
Mean or normal temperaturj, 52 degrees
The warmest mouth was that
of 1S89, with an average of 60 degrees.
The coldest month was that of 1876,
with an average of 44 degrees. The
higest temperature was 78 degrees on
December 11, 1669. The lowest temperature
was 13 degrees on Dec. 30, 1880.
Average precipitation for month,
3 26 inches. Average number of d-ivs
with.01 of an inch or more, 9. The
greatest monthly preceipi'.ation was
7.91 inches in 1887. The last monthly
precipitation was U.03 inches in 1889.
The greatest amount of precipitation
recorded in any twenty-four consecutive
hours was 3.46 inches on December
9 and 10, 1835.
The greatest amount of snowfall recorded
iq aoy twenty-four consecutive
hours (record extending to winter of
1884 85 only) was 0.01 inch on December
6, 18S6.
Average number of clear days, 13;
partly cloudy days, 10: cloudy days. 8.
The prevailing winds have been from
the northeast, 15 per centum. The
highest velocity of the wind was 5s)
miles from the southeast on December
17, 1888.
Sampson Praises Hobson.
In a speech at Brockton. Mass , recently
Admiral Sampson said: "When
the North Athn'ic s-quadron was ordered
from K<:y West, Hobson was
sent aboard the New York to inspect
the ships and find their weak places.
He found a number that would have
been fatal had they remained and had
the Spaniards b?en good shots. When
<fTfA Uft/1 kftan Q.infiflrrrt o nm a 4-1 m cx T
>T c uau uii uauiia^u OUOJS biuic J.
decided that we should blockade the
harbor by sinking a large ship in it-.
He worked three days and three nights
before it was done. Hobson always
had my unbounded trust. He *as always
brave and did his duty, as he is
j x . J __ r J _ ~
doing it ujuay. jl uo not uenevs a,
word of the stories circulated about
him. If I had another such task to
perform, such as closing up the harbor
of Santiago, I would detail Hobson to
do it."
Bermuda Stone Which Can Be Quarried
With a Hand Savr.
Nature has made it easy to build j
hnns?s in Bermuda. The entire jrrouD i
of islands is made up of coral rock, j
so that every man can have a quarry
in his back yard if he cares to dig deep
enough. This stone, when first cut, is
soft and white, so that it "cuts like
cheese/' like the wood of the famous j
"one-hoss shay." and can be got out I
in square blocks with an ordinary ;
handsaw. On exposure to the air, :
bovever, it soon becomes dark and !
hard enough to break the teeth out of :
the saw that cut it so easily from it3 I
As there is no lumber In Bermuda
oxcopt that which is brought from
Canada at considerable expense, stone
is used for nearly tlie entire house. |
The walls are laid of blocks about
eight inches by six, and two feet in
length. Window sills and door jams
are ulso sawed out of stone in the proper
shape, and even the roof is covered
with stone shingles, which are made
by simply setting a block of soft, fresh
stone on edge anri sawing it into thin
slabs. Both roof and walls have to be
kept whitewashed, or the stone would
crumble away, hard as it finally becomes;
but with this precaution it
lasts a long time. There is an old coral
stone-house on Harrington Sound
which is considerably over 200 years
Coral Islands are formed by the coral
polyps, or insects, which build up reefs
tr> ;i limit the level of the sen. and then i
dip. On the rough surface of these J
reefs seaweed clings. The wind and ;
the waves work together to grind up
their substance and pile it in heaps of
sand, which finally solidifies into the
rock which can be cut so easily.
The freshly broken stone mnkes admirable
road material. Even the rubber
tire of a bicyle will crush a piece
of it fiat, and the rain soon solidifies
it in that shape, so that the whole
roadbed, new stone and old together,
becomes like a smooth track cut in
solid rock.
Lucky Dredging for a Plnmonrt.
Dredging has been successfully resorted
to in recovering a valuable diamond
rin?: that was lost in Petaluma
creek. Recently the owner of the ring
was standing on a bridge Just below
Petaluma, across an arm of the creek,
when his diamond ring slipped from
rtis linger ana ien tnrougn a cracs in
the bridge and into about eight feet of
water. The stone in the ring cost,
without the' mounting, $S00. The
owner hated to give it up, yet he did
not kDow how to go to work to get it
out In his perplexity he applied to
Capt. John Hackett a man of experience
in dredging though on a somewhat
larger scale than hunting for so
small a thing as a ring. The loser of
the ring had been thoughtful enough
to mark the place in the bridge where
the ring fell through. Hackett rigged
a small clamshell bucket, to be operated
by hand, with a rope this was
dropped through the bridge at the
place marked, and a bucket of mud
1 1- -L * ~
was urougui uum uk uuuuui vj. mc
creek. It was taken to the bnnk and
washed out. A second and then a third
was tried, and in the third was found
the ring. ?Stockton Independent
Maklnc Colored Soldiers. .
In the early days of colored troops
in the regular array it was essential,
to get the best results, that they should
serve with white troops, so that discipline
could be enforced when necessary.
It was a decidedly risky experiment
to attempt making soldiers of
such people. They needed the object
lesson of contact with white troops.
Naturally of an imitative disposition,
the colored man took the white soldier
as his pattern, carefully watching
every gesture and movement with inquisitive
concern. Recruitod from the
most dangerous and shiftless of the
freed negroes, they were naturally
lazy, and disinclined to do the work
required of them. They spent all their
leisure time in gambling, drinking and
quarrelling. Every possible punishment
employed In the discipline of
frontier posts was inflicted upon them.
They were stood on barrels, they were
"bucked" and gagged, they were
111?11 vj net i vjuc uitu
heavy planks tied to their backs, bearin?:
the word "gambler" in chalk.
Everything was done to discipline
them, every means taken to make
soldiers of them.
The first smokeless powder that I
made in England was made in exactly
the snme manner as the French. I
had obtained a quantity of true gun
cotton, that is, tri-nitro-cellulose,
(known sometimes as insoluble gun
cotton, because it cannot be dissolved
in alcohol and ether like collodion cotton
di-nitro-cellulose.) Some of this
powder, when freshly made produced
fairly good results, quite as good as
those produced by the French powder,
but upon keeping it a few months the
<rrains lost their transparency, became
quite opaque and fibrous, and it then
burned with great violence. Investigation
showed that about 1 to 2 per
cent, of the solvent was still in the
powder when the first tests were made,
whereas the drying out of this last
trace of solvent had completely changed
the character of the powder. I
then added to this powder about 2 per
cent, of castor oil. with the result that
the castor oil remained after the solv
IIJIU uctfii uuiiiiJicierij icuju>cuf ov
that tlie powder would keep any length
of time: indeed, powder made at time
(1SS9) is good to-day.?niram Maxim.
Thn " Terrier."
In ecclesiastical law a terrier is a
book which is supposed to be kept in
every parish and in which there is a
record of the sources of its revenue,
and particularly of its lands (terrae in
Latin, terres In French, whence the
word terrier). Of course it is the duty
as well as the interest of every person
to see that the terrier of his parish
5s well kept, but the duty is often
leglected During the early days of
lie incumbency of a parson who was
lther fond of sport lie received from
s bishop a formal letter of inquiry
n several matters, to which he was
. quested to give answer. When he
ame to the question: "Do you keep a
terrier?" the good-natured parson replied:
No; but I have two well-bred
pointers, and your lordship is welcome
to one of them if you to have it."
WvT-.ns.?Here is a hint froai Vick's
Magazine that is worth remembering: J
Don't pull up weeds and thea leave I
them on the flower bed or throw them
down in the path, for the next rain will
make many of them grow again. Always
take a basket with you and go
"marketing" in the garden every day
for weeds, and when you have found
one (you may possibly fied two or three
more), account that you have found a
treasure and consign it to ttie compost
heap. iTou will soon have no need oi
investing a fortane m "Baaler's
Chemical Fertilizer,'" because you will
carry online and enterprising chemical
works of your own. My lazy neighbors
marvel at the fineness of my potting
soil, after I have sifted it, but it is
mostly weeds, I make the raising of
weeds a business. I like weeds. They
make grand flower.*. Gojd weeds, like
~ ~ ~ ^ o y*n I Tl/? An AS.
gUU'A iuuiauo, uiu * JUV %. - v ?
Law Examinations.
It is ordered that the examination of
applicants for admission to practice
law in the several courts of this State
be held in the supreme court room at
Columbia, S. C . Wednesday, the 13th j
day of Dec. 1899, commencing at 5
o'clock p. m. i
They Were Sometime* Fat to the Rack in
Order to Extort Confession?In Other Instances
They Were Buried Alive?Pigs
Hanged or Barned lor Murder.
Beasts were often condemned to be
burned alive, and, strangely enough, it
was in the latter half of the seventeenth
century, an age of comparative
enlightenment, that this cruel penalty
was most frequently inflicted. Occasionally
a merciful judge adhered to the
letter of the law by sentencing the cul
prit to be slightly singed, and then to
be strangled before being burned.
Sometimes tliey were condemned to be
buried alive. Such was the fate suffered
by two pigs in 145G, "on the vigil
of the holy virgin," at Oppenheim-onthe-Rhine,
for killing a child. Animals
were even put to the rack in order to
extort confession. It is not to be supposed
that the judge had the
slightest expectation that any confession
vrould be made; he wished
simply to observe all forms prescribed
by the law, and to set in
motion the -whole machinery of justice
before pronouncing judgment. "The
question," which in such cases frould
seem to be only a wan ten and srp-irfluous
act of cruelty, was nevertheless
an Important element in determining
the final decision, since the death sentence
could be commuted into banish
ment provided the criminal tad not
confessed under torture. The use of
the rack was therefore a means of escaping
the gallows. Appeals were
sometimes made to higher tribunals,
and the judments of the lower courts
annulled or modified. In one instance
a sow and a she-ass were condemned
to be hanged; on appeal and after a
new trial they were sentenced to be
simply knocked on the head. In another
instance an appeal led to the acquittal
of the accused.
In 12GG, at Fontenay-aux-Roses, near
Paris, a pig, convicted of having eaten
a child, was publicly burned by order
of the monks of Sainte-Genevieve. In
13SG the tribunal of Falaise sentenced
a sow to be mangled and maimed in
the head and leg, and then to be hanged,
for having torn the face and arm
' 3 J '1 ?iu TT/V?A
or a cnuci ana causeu us u?u.lu. j~lcj.<=
we have a strict application of the lex
tallonis. The sow was dressed In man's
clothes and executed In the public
square, near the city hall, at the expense
to the state of ten sous and ten
deniers, besides a pair of gloves to the
The executioner was provided with
new gloves in order that he might
come from the discharge of his duty
with clean hands, thus indicating that
as a minister of Justice he incurred no
* '? TT/a tit<3c nnt
?Uill li-l MiCUUm^ v/iwvi. aav t. bw
a common butcher of swine, but a public
functionary, a "master of high
works" (maitre des hautes oeuvres)'
as he was officially styled. In 1394 a
pi? was found guilty of "having killed
and murdered a child in the parish of
Roumaygne, in the county of Mortaing,
l'or which deed said pig was condemned
to be drawn and hanged by Jehan
Pettit, lieutenant of the bailiff."
There is also extant an order Issued
by the magistracy of Gisors In 1405,
commanding payment to be made to
the carpenter who had erected the
scaffold on which an ox had been executed
"for its demerits."
On the 9th of June, 1576, at Schweinfurt,
in Franconia, a sow which had
bitten off the ear and torn the hand of
a child was given in custody to the
hangman, who, without further authority,
took it to the gallows green and
there "hanged it publicly, to the disgrace
and detriment of the city."
On the 10th of January, 1457, a sow
was convicted of murder, committed
on the person of an infant name Jehan
Martin of Savigny, and sentenced to be
banged. Her six sucklings were also
included in the Indictment as accomplices.
"but in default of positive proof
that they had assisted In mangling the
deceased, they were restored to their
owner, on condition that he should
give bail for their appearance should
further evidence be forthcoming to
prove their complicity in their mother's
The Knowing Sfcnrfc.
A painful moment on board ship at
sea is that when some poor mortal,
who has died on the voyage. has to be
laid away in the bosom of the deep
with the simple ceremonies of an ocean
A vessel carrying a dead body and
passing through waters frequented by
sharks is almost sure to be followed by
one or more of those fishes if it does
not out-speed them.
Rather than bury a copse while
sharks are following the 'vessel the
captain will sometimes have a body
Dlaced In the ice chamber and full
steam put on the engines until the
hungry fishes have dropped astern
In one case at least a body was actually
cremated on board by the captain's
orders because of the sharks.
But sharks are not often obstacles to
prompt burial, and. generally speaking,
when death occurs at sea the body is
slipped into the water at night with
none to witness the proceeding but a
couple of the crew and the captain,
wno reaas an aunugiueui m iue ?ci ?Ice
from tbe Prayer Book.
Tlie Oldest Clocks.
The oldest clocks of American manufacture
"were made by Gideon Roberts,
of Bristol, Conn. According to
the best authorities, no clocks were
manufactured in what are now the
United States prior to 1S00. at which
time Mr. Roberts first placed his timepieces
on the market. His clocks were
made with the greatest care, and
much time was spent in perfecting
them. They were all of the style commonly
known as "hall" clocks, about
In Ti at <rh t Vwnrfenmolr
OiA ItCli iu MM
Ishod and a recognized separate piece
of furniture in which the owner always
took great pride.
A Real
A novel sort of window glass has
been Invented. Persons on the Inside
of the house can see through it. but it
Is opaque to those on the outside..
Bnt a Rail way Will.
The Kurds and Cossacks believe that
Mount Ararat is guardcl by an unp.irthlr
beins. and that no man can
ascend tbo peak and live.
The Smith Pneumatic Suction
Elevating, Ginning and
Packing bystem
Is the simplest and most efficient on
the market. Forty-eight complete
outfits in South Carolina; each
one giviDg absolute
Boilers and Engines; Slide
Valve, Automatic and Corliss.
My Light aad Heavy Log Beam Sa*
Mills cannot be equalled in design, etficienev
or Drice bv any dealer or manu
cajturer ia the South.
Write for prices and catalogues.
V. C. Badham,
1326 Main Street,
Royal Elastic
i! i- *vr Mi
It \>hi h'CO'iH iU'l'pf. \
It is the odIj i'ericct Mi <rc-?.
Li is j-bsoiute.-^ a- b-ah orbunt.
()L:<> tj \ r!A - E h r?-l
\ i: urn iitif ? >:< I>*'V
O'tr !?-t wMtif 1! <le* Mj?>i . wii b<
ir\joui I-i-.-a <i aic dots : i i tann
Took the Premium at Colur
of $40.00 Hair Mattresses,
Royall & Bor
mm SEEN ;
the BEAR !
These and the EMPIRE SQUA1
?. .-sw.J from stock in.q
[Owing to early purchases v/
Wrapping Paper. Bags, Twines
Columbia St;
5Wholesalers of Paper.
Hose of Red Pipestone Surg of in
Less than a mile from the bustling
little city of Pipestone, Minn., are
three freaks of nature that will well
repay a visit from the lovers of the
curious and the beautiful. The first Is
a waterfall, or cataract, which when
the stream that feeds it is swollen by
melting snow and spring rains is a
miniature Niagara, and in point of
beauty rivals many of the famed
waterfalls of the East The second is
the famous Red Pipestone Quarry, the
sce^e of the opening of Longfellow's I
bei> .tiful poem "Hiawatna," ana uie
third is a group of immense rocks?
also spoken of In "Hiawatha" as the
Three Maidens?that have stood for
ages as a landmark to guide the Indians
to the only spot In the known
world where the sacred pipestone
could be found.
The waterfall, quarry and Three
Maidens are all located on the Indian
Reservation, which is one mile square,
adjoining the corporation of Pipestone
4-U HPT-*/-v wACArrn f!nn h^lrtT)<*Q
OU Lilt: liUl tli. J.11C IWCIIUUUU
to the Dacotas, or what is better
known by its French name as the Sioux
Nation, but it is claimed by the
Yankton Sioux. Several years since a
determined effort was made by a committee
of citizens of Pipestone to purchase
it, as they did not want so large
a tract of land so near this city lying
Idle, but the Indians would not part
with it for love or money. The next
best thing to do was to see if something
could not be done with it even
if it romflinpd in thp Indians' Dosses
sion An application was made to Congress,
an appropriation of $30,000 was
obtained, and a substantial school
bailding was built on one corner of
the land. The school has proved so
successful that a second building, the
size of the first, is being built to accommodate
the ever-increasing number
of pupils.
The poem of "Hiawatha" begins:
On the mountains of the prairie,
On the great Red Pipestone quarries,
and any one unacquainted with the
neighborhood would naturally suppose
that it was hilly, to say the least. On
the contrary, the couatry is quite level,
there not beins even what in Eastern
parlance would be called a"small hill"
in the neighborhood. The quarry lies
in about the centre of the bed of what
Is apparently a prehistoric lake, and
when first discovered the stone cropped
out of the surface, but the continual
quarrying for ages has es tended
the quarry about sixty rods toward the
south, and it is now necessary to remove
from six to eight feet of scale
an dirt before the pure 6tone is
No one but the Indians are allowed
to quarry it, and every summer they
come in squads from distant reservations
to get supplies of the stone with
which to make pipes, knicknacks and
ornaments that they carve out of It,
both for their own use and for sale and
trade to the white man. They also
licqucuLij sen cue otvue IJU luc ivu^u
to the white men, who. with turning
lathe, can work it up much better than
they can.
The stone is known to the scientific
world as eatlinite, beins: so called in
honor of Catlin. the celebrated historian
of the Indians, who was the first
wnite man to set eyes on -the quarry,
while gathering material for his 'History
of the Indians of the Northwest,"
In 1S36.
School of
This School hag the reputation of beinz thf
Dot business institution in the State. Grad
uates an> holding remunerative positions ic
aercantile house*. bankiag. insu^nce. rea
?st&te. railroad office. &c., in this and othe?
States. Write to W H. Vliflfaat.
Stenographer, Colurahia. S C. for terms, etc
. ____ ._ - .j,
- '.'T 1109 Plain Street.'1 v
Between Assembly a-id Mala
Felt Mattress j
)] LiJLiA K1 ! i DA I L i
. -j
k W&k ' 'M,
!t ib?* oios' elaj,ic maf-r-*- irnl* -ft.
It is bett-T tliMt: the b?F! hair mwrw.
l> m t v?-t r?bi g <?ML.'tr -oh i, ?'-a r *-J.
It is tec >cauitLu <1 lev.i.t.; (jhj^ c a.*
run-ied, wiicoit. q-i-utf m. if -.firr i'? u ga'-'
; niii e'i ; r> Hj.-t lio ?f;on.
wriu* u? d?r*. t.
nbia State Fair ovgp an exhibit
-- - I
. <a
'dsn, manufacturers,
goldsboro, n. c. :h
_ Self-Opening
i n a aaa
tlE we can ship PROMPTLY
nantities from
,000,000. I
e command tlie"situation as to
i, Etc.
itionery Co.,
nnr.mfRTA s f!
v\/ JU U 17X UX?JL^ V
"Machinery ' I
AND -8
Mill Supplies"
If yon need anything ia the
above line write us. Prices
are steadily advancing, and |
there is every indication of
further advances. TJny .\ow |
and say2 mosey. Pi ires and
estimates cheerfully submit1
ted. Now is the time to bur.
Engines and Boilers, j *. i
Saw and Grist Kills, i mJ
1 th*
Woodworking Hacmiiery, [ MOST '
Ricc Hullers, - UtT* J
Snck Machinery, %
Grain Drills. ] T' I
s '
W. H. Gibbes & Co., |
ftflA rjttTTroifi SSfrvJUlt.
W * V?V* T UIVJ ?b/(/4
Sear Union Depot.
a\"i> c ?\>t ?m n??r?)si I VKt V
* UK I) 1<V T.u: Ui> f j
.ue aims. J
A vege't'Ic* ppfuit^'i n. wier*??r knraw-t
th* iu> e?t p /pu'.^r ot ft? uv- Jiea. <> c?-m -?t*
aio8f eflfftruit: J
Sold wholesale ~
The Mum) Druj Co. 'Wumbia
Dr. H. Haer. Chariest ?&. S. C.
Oa improved real estate. ^
Interest eight per cent., y4
payable semi-annually. J,
Time 3 to 5 years. Jt
o commissions charged
Jno. B. Palmer & Son, |
19ft?5 Ploin ftt r!nlnmV?i'> ft fl
I 4lC4 X il vtt) v VI V4UA*/AU^ - \/?
To get stPQTlf^
and healthy use |
one bottle Mur- ; 1
ray's Iron Mix
IUBE. Frice 80c *
- a
Jno. S. Reynolds, |
Attorney at Law,
Columbia, S, C?

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