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The Fairfield news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1881-1900, January 10, 1900, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/2012218613/1900-01-10/ed-1/seq-1/

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4 :. r V i . V . : '
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The Men South Carolina Sent
Into the Civil War.
Valuable Historical Facts and
Figures From the State Hisitorian's
Annual Report to
the Legislature.
The annual report of the State historian
of public records has been prea-nA
tn fj-nc- MftSvreenev
f.. for transmission to the genera! assemr
b!y. The report covers 89 printed
pages of as valuable matter-as has ever
i gone into a report to the general as3emjjg
scmbly. It is fall of information that
* - * it * _ 5 jj
|S has Deen couectea aurmg many >eai?
|P and put in condensed form now for
F the first time. Col. Thomas' prelimi
nary report reads as follows:
To His Excellency, M. B. MeS xci&c'y,
(Governor of South Carol i u a. " '%
Sir: I have the honor to submit
through you to the general assembly"
S my annual report for the jear 1899.
J. The last general assembly having
l made no provision for the continuance
\ of the important work of this office, it
was in view of mucli unfinished dusiLiess
connected therewith, outside of
the completion of the rolls, that i
deemed it my duty to keep the office
upen and'to prosecute my labprs on^rny
own responsibility, as a voluntary 'contribution
to the Confederate history of
the State, and especially to the cause
of the rank and fi!e of a noble soldiery.
To this end I have addressed myself
chiefly to the further collection of war
papers and to such data as -would illuminate
the Confederate rolls I placed
| myself as far as practicable in commute
uication with the leading surviving
representatives of each organization,
infantry, cavalry and artillery. Of the'
64 communicated with, about one-half
only made ^response. The- result of
my year's work appears in the following
elaborate pap&.
IV rrill cson frhat fhA aftttftMQt. of
the raising of troops in South Carolina
for State and Confederate service?
4 1S61-65?which is herewith presentedas
the joint work of Mr. W. J Rivers :
and myself, is an iajportabt 'contribu-"
tion to the.history of the part taken by
the State in the Confederate War, and
that taken by the troops furnished by
the State to the southern Confederacy.
Much credit is due to Mr. Rivers, the
eminent historian and educator, for his
share in the "account."' This paper
tnrowa a flood of light upon the Con
federate rolls, 2nd lays broad and deep
the foundation of the sketch which has
been designed by legislative action to
> accompany the publication thereof,
when this publication shall be ordered
by the general assembly.
If ? As a further rc.-u'r of my seryices ,
P"the year ending I report the
llection of muchaddir.ooaldata from-.;
South Carolina in the war for southern
independence and consatutianarUber-^
: ty?such as the following:*.,.s.y. VThe
upveiling of the.mural tablet*..,
Bro'wnfield's sketch of Uicttfer -JR*?/ ;
Anderson. *
McMasterls sketch of Kliioit's bn#aiie%
at Crater.
Hadson's-skelch of the Twenty'.MXtOrJs*
regiment.'-.. " .'\ '}y
Simons' sketch of the..Twenty-sev-"!"
enth regiment.. ' XJ' ' " . j
Mattison's sketch.of-.tKcr-sTiliffes.
Tributes to the lat<r:;OoU.<?.- $IcD.,'
Miller. ,. V^UV:..
(Joker's- History?Co ''E^'Sixth'S O"
V mantry; Uo "br," i\i:;tn a>, v =.y. ia-j
fantry, C S A.
A. Barron Sol mes* sketch of Bdlm?fc--"to
Colcock's account of the bat-tie of -
II oney.Hill.
Wells' paper on the causes of the
Courtenay's fragments of war his5*
tory. v :
?< vr 2 n : (i??
jcws auu vuuiict a w?i yuycis?vvufederate
reunion, May, 1899.
Unveiling shaft to unknown deadOctober,
Our dead at Point Lookout.
The following additional rolls have
been received:
Co A, Twentieth regiment, S C V.
Co K. Seventh regiment, S C V.
Co E, Second regiment, S C V.
Oo A (Richland Volunteer Riile Co)
First regiment, S C V, Gregg's.
* Co A (Calhoun G: -.id- Twenty Seventh
regiment, S o V
Darlington Guards, 1861.
The roll of ''individual records' has
been augmented by the addition of
eight names.
The rolls having been practically
completed, I would regard my duty/not
fully done, if I did not repeat the 'recommendation,
heretofore made, that
they be published* duly edited, and accompanied,
agreeably to ihe original
i-oheme of the general assembly, approved
Dec. 20, 1893, by such a sketch
;ts that contained in the one herewith
v.ibmitted in the ' account," supplemented
by a concise statemcLt of the
uar record of each of tlu- orgauizitions
Irom South Carolina that participated
in our heroic struggle.
As to the approximate com o* ihe |
1 ublicatioa of the rolls,. X submit herewith
the estimates furnished, at my .re- .
^.Maest. by a reputable printing house iu
reference to the publication of
i he rolls, I have looked carefully over
the matter, and believe that the best
>hape would be to set in nonpariel type,
>ize of page 7 3-8 inches by 11. The
width of the column is such' that we
would put tne neaa ct eae& page on
the eleven inch side?that is. the side
(,f the book,, and read do*n one page:
and then down the other. -.Allowing
for 106 pages of introductoryma'.terj,,
title pages, indexes, etc., aided to.the.
rolls as per specifications which jou."
s:ave me, the book will make three
volumes, -about 800 pages each.' I pronose
to put them on thin, stroDg paper,
that they will not be too bulky, and
bind the volumes in c-'otb. In this
ttvle they would, cost as follows -
1,000 copies, about $5,000.
2,000 copies, about $7,000.
5,000 copies, about $12,000.
> slkr -
.Referring to toe publication of the
rolls, we shall be pleased to furnish the
same, with the names only, without
the record, and allowing about 120
pages for roll of general field staff officers
and the narcfktjve matter, bound
in paper. ]J set in small pica type:
1,000 copies, $l,2ik).
ii,vuu copies, ouw.
5,000 copies, $2,$75.
We could set in % little smaller type
than the above (brevier,) it and would
reduce the cost somewhat, say:
1,000 copies, $1,100.
2,000 copies, $1,300.
5,000 copies, $2,35U.
They could be bound in a very fair
quality of cloth cases for about $180
per 1,000 copies. You twild try the
edition in paper, and that would ensure
the publication, and parties desiring to
get them could have them bound more
substantially afterwards.
These estimates are submitted to the
judgementof the general assembly. I
desire only to add. that the publication
of the names alone, leaving out the descriptive
^part on each roll, while respecting
economical conditions, would
in my view meet the requirements of
the proposed publication. This whole
mUter, however, is a question for the
general assembly to determine upon its
responsibility to therfteo^e; of - . South
Carolina, and there -I alri ^conteifr to
leave it.,
Having fulfilled to the full measure
of my ability and my opportunity ihe
tru3t mommftted to mo, October, 1897,
by-the late lioveraor Ellerbe, and the
general assembly having shown no disposition
to consummate the work as
originally oudictfd and designed, I now
submit to \ou the resignation of my
office, with a high appreciation of the
interest that your excellency:has shown
in my labors.
I have the honor to be, yours
respcctfulljirf^^;. Jno. P. Thomas.
The ; account"-'"S^vCTrng South Caro
lioajs part ia the Civil Was is entitled
'The liaising of Tr*ops in South Carolina
focState and.(JOnfederaterService"
and Paft, One deals with l*Tne beginning^
the War between the States -in
South Carolina." It makes interesting
reading. The namesfof the, officers of
all the commands a^e-giv.efr^'
Pan Two deals wi&4ibe' ''"volunteers
for Oonfederate^seiyice "itfd State service
to the* close of tbe'^ear 1861."
Part Three is entitlcd^.'Volunteering
continued?conscription*-reenliating of
12 months' trobps,.- ant! .reorganization in
the spring. oHS62,':... . ^ ;
The "account" concludes thus:
*? v*'It"ias been seen that'up to August,
1862, 45.000 were computed toentered
the Confederate service from
this State." . :
This is the revelation of the rolls at
this time:
: The official records in the office of
the .Scate historian- of Confederate
"> 'i -< * * n 1? X
recoros snow ixiav ooum uarouna put
iD the armies of the Confederate States
3i rcgiue'nts and four battalions of infantry?371
companies, seven regiments,
one squadron and one company
of cavalry?73 companies; and three
regiments, two battalions and 19 unattached
batteries of artillery ?55CO?PEanies?^Wtabulation
of the roib;'
including the field and staff, regimental
sn'd/ttairstfoif, |ftTdg the following
reagltrC * t '* ' * ~
.'I ?*'?; JSlirolil^lr Uffecti^
Infantry . v"? *v". 'f. ^,328 * 38,31#
Cayalfy!"-".*. 3,014
-I-ai?a<? caaa-j-tii'e .?^u^pe.cord sshow
fe!d and* ,
t.t> :.
there were organizS;<?. J ea$?%2 f%imenis
of rosett^B ^titiOp^ .ott^r.-;
troops...-: wfc* i
It. thus appe2r$7 from the'- figures of
the folU 'id the State historian's custody
and duly -fikfk, that South Carolina
furrn^bcd for C ">nfederate service
61,608 officers and men - total enrolled,or
53.965 total effective, and for State
service 4,944officers and men. total:.
rolled, or'4,9ir total effective.Making.now
the :moderate' estimate, .
and the estimate that the truth of history
warraats that 5 per cent, of Con
federate ana zo per per cent.. Uf btate
troops are not carried on. Xhe^r^lls;. ,it>
farther appears that ^South.., Carolina
gave to the Southern Confederacy a
total of 71;0S3 officers and men'enrolled
or 62,833 effective, .as follows:
? Enrolled- Eifec^Lve.
Infantry 46,544 40', 229
Cava-tv ; r . 9.520 - 8,414
Artillery ...... r. 8,839- 9,018
Total 56,661
State troops enrolled or- effective
6,177, aggregating^ asabove stated,
71 Affl^aro onrT man onrAllo^ e\t .
838 efective. : ~~ iS ' * ; v
The magDiffcent-.way and--the -rare:
unanimity with which South Carolina
btcod ^y her .c.olors and redeemed.Jthev
plejige'of lSKO'oFlife acdliojio^la'bost
illustrated by the simple fact *tlia"t the
voting population of the State fcas but
60,000 i^J^-; ; $*'* I\
.Biit'thi^qb^ not limit the confiribir- ;'
lion of the' State. Entitled to" equal
honor with the officers and men-i>? ihe
line are those'self-sacrificing "and skilful
meo who -eempesed the engineer :
corps, the med;cal stafi^and.'the band of
chaplains, as well as'the'quartermaster
and commissary department.
- Nor sho-uld we overlook the services of
the :s ieo a I cojfcpS;" ~ Captains
Courageous-' .??. the"Bfo6^a(ig nmners,
ind; th& officers and men that -SbuthCarolina
gave to tlj.e iron-.clads.in the
harbor of Charleston aiid'to'the' Con
feaerate-.-Svaies navy, the-feefoism ofwhich
is matter of ^history. Id
reviewing further the contribution
of this State to the cause of~ secession
and State rights, must be---feken inVaC'* r
count the military.skill-cf the geVetfci"
office rs-fomi sonth GaroIina4ri th"6 uoit- '
federate-armies,'of whom,* appointed
from South Carolina ^..or from'^tHar
ct. , ' ^*j-_ .h_' "l'r " ..i.
3iaies, ice r?curas ^owjaye lieutenant
generals, besides a
,1qq2 array; of brigadier*generals, colonels
and "majors^ Of other comtnis^iqr^dr'nbn-cominissioned
officers and
privates- comftig under.-this he?.d thews Is
no record.
^ S? much,; concisely "stated; ?or South
Carolina's contribution/to.thr :aise to
which she was ple'dled" by the ordinance
of ..secession, -passed December 20,
.1S60. _ " *
ThATA ih r>TV?apnfrp<3 ncrt fViA f.nstlv
acrifice laid upoa the altar of country ?
by South Carolina in the war she precipitated
and then grandly breasted,
receiving her full share of the liery
bolts of battle from 1861 to the end. |
The report of the State historian, laid j
before the general assembly, shows the i
deaths in battle or from wounds, the
deaths from disease and in prison, and
the wounded to be as follows:
Infantry 17,918
Cavalry 1,467
Arhillprv 710
making a total of such casualties to be
But this, owing to the imperfection
of some of the rolls reported, does not
give the full showing. As to the 371
infantry company rolls, 26 contain no
report of ./'died in battle or from
wounds"; 43 no report of "died fromdisease";
167 no report of "died in prison,"
and 45 no report of "wounded."
As ?o the 56 artillery company rolls,
22 contain so report of "died in battle
or from wounds"; 25 no report of "died
from disciase"; 49 no report of "died in
prison," and 27 no report of "wounded."
Applying now the rule of averages to
1 a. i f onnoora that
XU^UUi|avW 1 V14J-J AV VM-the
infaDtrv casualties may fairly be
put at-21,146; the civalry at 1,739, and
the artillery at 1,363, making a total of
24,245, ilastified as follows:
Died in battle or from wounds... 0,705
Died fror.i disease 5,746
Died-in prison 1.182
Wounded 7,513
Total . .2U46
Died in battle or from wounds 528
Died from disease 457 j
Died .in prison 86 |
Wounded 66S
Total . .1.729
ARTILLERY. , :! * '
Died in battle or fioin wounds.. .. 350
Died from disease '. 404
Died in prison - * 37
Wounded : .... :572
/ i wn
i vjiai w v
To sum up: Basing the percentage
of casualties upon the "total.enroled"
in each arm of the service, .fRe- rssolt
would be: Infantry, 45? 'per!cent.:
cavalry, 18 2-10 per C?nt.;__artillery,
15 4-10 per cent. ' . Making
the "total effective'' ia each
arm of tfce service the basis of said percentage,
the result wouhi-be: Infantry,
52 7-10. per cent.; cavalry, 20 7-10 per
oenti That is. the casualties of the in"
fantry in war were more than one-fialf
of <he total effective; of the cavalry
more than one-fifth,'and of the artillery
more than one-sixth. ,
Truly, a costly sacntice, ana one
freely made, of the best blood of the
So much, concisely presented* for the
personal sacrifice of South Carolina-- in
the field of arms 1861-65. More eloquent
than words are the. figures here
given?figures based upon records and
the logical inferences deducible therefrom.
The-patriot arc- X)f'- the contribution
and ' the cathos of the self-sacrifice
make up the story of the fame of this
commonwealth. And when, further,
there are added to this military heritage
South Carolina's contribution* of
statesmanship and the fidelity &f her
noble womanhood in the. years of the
war, there is exhibited a demonstration
of devotion to principle in scorn of con
sequence, and in obedience to duty,
that challenges the world's admiration.
The part enacted by South Carolina in
the war between the States is her gfory
?n.d her complete vindication.
-.Part four deals exclusively with the
$State troops."
"*r.A. _ m 4, .
xnofc a
|-;-After fully investigating the matter
$k; Spartanburg Herald has corce to
the conclusion that the Virginia-Carolina
Chemical Company is not a-"trust,
but a lagitimate business enterprise.
The Heraltka^***: 'It is a joint stock
corporationffwfciripiiias bought and ^aid
for a number of fertilizer factories. It
owns the,poverty and the stock in the
company is owned by tttouands of Individuals
all over the -south. The
stockholers manage the affairs, through
a board: of'directors.-' We have taken
the trouble_.t? lo$c3nto this matter and
to inquire into the rise in the price of
fertilizers.4 We find that the prices of
commercial. fe4ili^eis have incraaed
about 20 .per centr over last year, while
the cost of most "of 'the material that
enters into-the manufacture of fertilizers
has increased much more than this
in price. A-s-a ma&epo??act there is
less profit to t?ie companies making
fertilizers just now even at the in
_.j? j.i? i?i _i? "
creased prxue iuau jaai/ yuai, wjjcu iuc>
were sold far 20 per _ cent. less. A
Trust is ..au organisation of ^manufacturers
id w;hicSi?e Taterests^of several
concerns aje^jigpled .for the purpose
of. limiting ^?.putput of the factories
w-ith.avje#:to-controlling price?.
Severalconceanis come together and
agsee tfcat & cethin-:.number of them
shall suspeikb^p.ei'ations for a stated
time, and- that all^ stalP share in the
profits of thbsfe^w-hich continue to oper
ate. It is strictly an organization to
limit production and to raise prices, and
i^annot.b^on any 'ground.
It'is an organ jp;tioQ : in . restraint of
trade, and measure! by the definition
of a Trust, we find that the VirginiaCarolina
Chemical Co., is, in fact, the
opposite of a trust. .This company,
with ample means,'..has. bought up a
number of struggling, mill's, ..making
fertilizers. ^keV"'plant's ' iha re been
ond nnt in raftrtd renair.
Many of them have been enlarged, and,instead
of having the- force of men at
wo& in the factories reduced, as is the
case with Trusts, -there has been an
actual increase." ' * .
A Preacher Murdered. - '
The Rev. Mr: Brooks, of the Church
MissionaryVooiety,-siatiooed at Piug
_Y:n, in thevprovmcre,'o! SHan Tung,
.Chipa wfls^afiturgj^-in that vicinity
ancumurderedTjecember 3 by members
of-a sediti&ti^fjbr^y'called.."boxers,"
who'have t^efc^afetive lately destroying
m o r> rr T-S11 a ?TA<J OT><^ Villinsr nftti VPi Chri ?
tians. The government,, of.the. province
had despa^iad j 'a f5rcfirof^cavalry-(o
tho sceneofc the* disturbances, bat "the
soldiers - aifrfred: -fco^'kte' to save Mr.
JBrooks.:--'-*^'" i
.AlyDeej) Eiaiifire. * -Lz
>liss May Hudson of Walden, Ga.,
while lookingfinto- a.7(Moot well,-lost
her balance
yoafig man wl^vfaawithnfcr at the
time -succeededftf--res'catng- h&r. ^ Bejond
a few scratches, she was unin
jured. I
The Goebel People Promise to
Shake Social Kentucky
They Make Nine Charges in Their
Contest. The Goebel Democrats
Have the Legislature.
It begins to look as if there was considerable
?ronnd for the charges made
by the Goebei Democrats that the Republicans
of Kentucky were determined
to steal the State. The legislature is
now in session at Frankfoit and the
Goebel Democrats have, submitted their
notice of contest against Governor Taylor
and-Lieut. Gov. Marshall ha? been ;
served./ Nice different grounds of cpn-\
tpst are embraced in the notice^ the
substance of which is as-follows: ' ?'
First. Alleged use ol tissue "ballots '
in 40 fiDunties. '
' Second. Military interference with
the election and intimidation, of voters
in Jefferson county by troops under or-,
ders and personal command of Gov.
Braajey., .
Third. Alleged, unlawful .issuance
of itfaridatory - injunctions by-Judge
Toncy, . in Louisviikvon election day,
by which election officers were 'compelled
to sign false returns.
-Fourth. ' Intimidation of: railroad
ciu jv'ojees by.chief officers of the Louis ni
I. v) V*aV*vilL> i* i-!! r.i jr? in SAtreral
counties; .
F??th. .That the leaders of the Republican
part}* coriuptly entered into a
conspiracy with the Louisville anid
Xashville'railroad, the American Book
Trust and.other corporations and trustsby
which-these corporations furnished:,
large sums of money for the purpose of"
defeating the contest.
Si^th. Alleged unlawful issuance of
mandatory Injunctions in Knox and
Lewfe counties compelling county election
boards to certify to false returns.
Seventh.- Alleged interference ot
United States marshals in the elections
which was the result of a conspiracy
betwpen the marshals and the Republican'leaders
to intimidate the voters.
'Eighth. That before the meeting of
the S:ate election commissioners Dec.
4, the Louisville and Nashville railroad
through its paid agent, John H.
Whallen, entered into a conspiracy with
the Republican leaders to bring to the
State capital large bodies of deperadoes
to intimidate and overawe the election
commissioners 'into giving-the certificates
of election to Republican candidates;
t'hat-Go v. Bradley had here for.
like purposes, soldicr3 in citizens clothing,
Xinth. That the election commissioners
were forced threugh threats of
personal violence and incendiarism .in
spirea ny me Juguisv-Mie auu i^aauyuic
railroad, to sign returns which were
net true. *
In addition to the above it was
charged at the Democratic caucus by
Senator Harrell that he had: been approached
by Whallen and paid $4,500
to remain out of the caucus. The
money, he said, had been placed in a
box with the Louisville Trust Company,
the key to which he passed up to Senator
Gcebel, who was presiding over the
J- -L; t. J_ :
caucus, ending ms speecu Dy ueuiarmg
that he had entered into the deal for
the purpose of exposing WhalleD, and,
further, that there was not money
ccough in the world to make him disloyal
to his party and his State.
Col Wballen was arraigned on the
attempted bribery charge before Magis
trate Thompson and held over to the
Fr?nklin county grand jury, his bond
being fixed at'$10,00G^- In the circuijT
court President H. V'.-Loving of th?
Louisville Trust compaoy was. before
Judge Cantrill, charged with contempt
for disobeying the order of the court to
turn over the vault box.alleged to hold
the $4,500 wbTSh it-^fs "claimed was to
1 J _ TT 11 : _ il U
ue paiu lu nan"ii ill iuc event 11c vutcu
agaijst Goebel in the contest. Loving
stated that ha merely -d^ired to protect
the customers 'of his company, and his
attorney mSved to quash the summons
against him.7'" This the court overruled.
Thereupon a response was filed
to the rule for contempt and in this it
is stated thit. Whallen," "Harrell and
Charles Ryan rented the-box in ques/JAnAcifA/1
in i f
CIVU ttUU U.(-jJVS01lfVA OViUg.WUiUft *li *v, VMV
box being sealed up ^nd covered over
with white paper.' The trust company
officials were notified not- to allow the
box opened except in the presence or
by the consent of all three parties.
Judge Cantrill adjudged the response
insufficient and ordered the box to be
produced in court. It is said that an
attompt will be made to have Senator
Harreil indicted in Louisville, where
VVhallen's attorneys claim the prosecution
should have been instituted if any
offense has been committed. The
? TT 1 ^ ^ _ 1_ _ 1_ 1 _
cnarge against narrei wouig prodadjy
be conspiracy, or accepting a bribe.
Both houses of the legislature organized
at noon by electing the nominees
of last night's caucus. In the house
South Trimble, .for speaker, received
the full 58 Democratic votes and J. P.
H^swell, all of the 42 Republicans.
For president pro tem of the senate^
Ciroebel was elected. The four Democratic
senators who bolted the caucus
Tuesday night, voted or the caucus
nominees Wednesday.
Making Them New.
The advertisement of Ortmao's
Steam Dye Works, of Columbia, S. C.
touches a subject of interest to lots of
people?because so many people have
clothes that' they want renewed by
cleansing or dveine or both. At Ortnian's
Steam Dye Works, only the best
materials are used and only skilled
workmen are employed. Satisfaction
is guaranteed.
Eight Enndred Bodies.
; Tifiis, Russian .Transcaucasia, has
.been visited1 by a terrific earthquake.
Altogether i3 villages in the Achalk-.
alak districfrof' this government have
experiencecfilrthquakeshocks. : Six of'
t'tpfiA .have been comoletelv de
stroyed and 800 dead bodies have already
been recovered.
-* ^ .^^PL.
- J
Facts and Figures About Them Hard
to Get At.
The superintendent of education, after
a yery ninute study of conditions
in the country, has prepared a system 1
of registers for the teachers and trustees
in the country schools. Mr. McMahan
has made most strenuous efforts I
to simplify the keeping of the records I
in *the schools, while at the same time j
having each item of interest about the {
school carefully kept. In making out <
Viis annual rpnnrf. ho Tias frmrtti t^ah \
--x-V- -j ? ~ ?? - .
the data about the schools in the coun- ,
try are very hard to get, bccause of the ,
meagerness of the reports from the
teachers and trustees.
The county superintendents have ^
been unable to make their reports full, J
bewise of there being no records in the '
county offices. Whether or not it is 1
too much to expect that the district |
trustees make out the very elaborate '
reports*heretofore asked cf them/it is 1
'proven beyond question true that they 1
haye not made out tiesc reports. The
new* record books are very simple in
form, and- require, ao Chinese puzzle
work to keep straight. To better preserve
the records in the schools, and
have them so that information can be
readily iound out' in time, all records
kept by the teachers and the trustees
are to turned in to the county superintendent
of education at the close of
eaoh school year<.
Tn thfi trustee' record books. Mr.
McMahan gives some ^ery carefully 1
prepared instructions, not only as to the 1
keeping of these 'records, but as to the 1
management of the school generally.
These instructions are vr-ry interesting J
to all *ho are interested in tbe welfare J
of public schools, and are given here in
full: * !
. . 1. Mftftfinffis. The hoard can take no !
action except at a regular called meet- '
ing. The proceedings of each meeting
should be recorded in this book, and 1
no order for money should be issued 1
except under the authority of a resolu- 1
tion properly adopted, and recorded. 1
Ai its first meeting the board should ]
choose for its terms of two years a J
chairman and a cterk. The clerk will 1
keep this book. ' 1
2. Warrants. Every order for money
shall specify exactly the service or ar- *
---i- -.1 : ]
liUie LUCICIU ptiiu lUi. auu cjiu cv/uuui
that has received the benefit. The ]
stub mast be filled out, and then the j
clerk of the board, the county superin
tendent and the county treasurer will j
each have a complete record of all the '
details of every item of expenditure for 1
each particular school in the district, j
The county superintendent will not '
approve a warrant that is not thus J
definitely filled out.
3. Overdrafts. The clerk will trai.5- 1
fer U> tlic disCurseurcEt page a'! 1
i- -- -i.,k?- ?;n (
duluuuld uil luc dijKXIJS, auu.tnu jvuvvt .
at all time3 how his aceount stands with
the treasurer. No warrant should 1
be issued in excess of the money to the J
district. If issued, it is void.
*-v4. Report. This book properly kept 1
will be delivered at the end of the 1
school year to the county superintend- (
ent as the report of board of trustees. 1
5. Visiting schools. The trustees 1
should manifest an interest in the" '
schools under their charge and acquaint
themselves with 'the condition and
needs of each" school, so as to be able ]
to promote best the educational inter- 1
ests of the district. Each trustee i
should visit each school ih his district 1
at least once a year, and observe the j
work and the spirit of teacher aod pu
pils. 1
G. Contract with teacher. No one <
can be elected as a teacher who has not i
at the time of a certificate of qualifica- ]
tion granted by, the board, of education 1
of the cwi-nty or'by the State b?ard -of '<
education. Diplomas and certificates <
from other States have no legai effect I
in -this Stater "Great hardships may <
restilc from attempting to employ a i
teacher who has no certificate*.- and is '
consequently legally incapacitated, to <
draw the'salary. The-plea of ignorance ]
of the law can effect no relief. Before definitely
choosing a teacher the board; i
? m - --i xt_ . i.?J-i
snouia comuruuicate wiui iae cuuut.&rf>.
superintendent &ad obtain his sanctioD. 1
7. Salary.*? j?his is a matter of coil- j
tract between the teacher. and the i
board of trustees, subject to the super- <
.vision of the county board of education. '
There is no law requiripg uniform salaries
to grade of certificate. The board*'--3
ifrits discretion should endeavor t) fix !
the salary in every case according to <
individual merit and the work of the i
school. Especially should the board J
observe the evidences of the teacher's i
skill and fidelity and regular the sal- '
ary the next year accordingly. _ i
8. Time of choosing tcavher. i?eforc '
the close of a school, or u * soon afterwards
as possible, the teu ;Ler for the
next year shouid be elected, with salary
and number of months definitely ]
agreed upon, so that the teacher may <
know the prospect of work for the coining
year and may plan for it. The chil- ]
dren, moreover, have an interest in i
knowing if their old teacher is to come ]
back, and the parents have a right to ;
know at the earliest possible time what i
is the outlook for the next year's I
school. <
The trustees shoald avoid the fre- 1
quent changing of teacher.-, a practice ;
whicli is destructive to the progress of 1
the pupils and to the jrofession of i
teachers. Refusinz to maintain an un- <
necessary number of schools, economizing
in all purchases, and seekipg
the aid, when posiible, of an extra tax
or a neighborhood contribution, the j
trustees should pat forth every effort j
to find means to pay a living yearly j
salary and employ a competent teacher, f
CTMfk tlio onr>rtnracrin?r nn^pr^fnndinc .
that the position is assured for sue- -j
eeediDg years "during good ^ehavior" <
and constant evidences of unflagging ]
earnestness and effort toward further <
9. Patrons. The trustees (subject" <
only to rthe county and State board)
have entire control of the public (
schools of their district, location and ?
building of newschool houses, the sale ;
of former school-iousss, the employ- 1
ment of teachers, etc. Patrons have no
voice except as the trustees may see fit
to consult .them. At the same time
the trustees should' never lose - sight of i
the fact ^hat the confident approval i
aiiu vi ^i*i?xv/j-io <*i.xla\ui^~ j
pensable to the prosperity of the i
school, and are to be obtained by a <
wise and firm administration without 1
^ y/i?' ' ' Ovy. .1- - ..
?avor or fear, with an eye only to the
public good. It is often a mistake to
:ry too hard to please everybody.
John J. McMahan,
State Superintendent of Education.
0L White Republican Will Bun
Against the Democrat.
A dispatch from Charleston to the
Columbia State says ''the contest for
Congress from the First District
promises to be bitterly fonght, both in
Lhe Democratic party and at the general
election. It is generally thought
-Trjf William Rllintf. anrl \Tai
Joseph W. Barnwell will compete
done for the honor of the Democratic
nomination. It is possible, of course,
'or a Richmond to enter the field, but
:his seems doubtful at present, and it
looks as if the candidates now before
:he public will have the fight all to
themselves. The forces have already
begun to line up for the fray, but the
primary is a loBg time off and there
will be many changes between this day
md next August. Both candidates
have their admirers and supporters at
work, who are going about ar using
interest in behalf of their favorite -and
endeavoring to count the noses. It is
appreciated that organization ia the
main spriug, and both' sides are
endeavoring to put their forces in'
The Republicans promiss to make a
hard fight this year, and it consequently
behooves thej^mosralic voters to settle
their differences within the party
and with as little fricjioji.as possible,
I hif o rtAmm^n onrl frAnt m <1T? ho I
presented to the enemy. The Republicans
will start their campaign early
this year. The party realizes that is
has not got the voters to put their can
iidate ia office and their only hope
lies in making the rac?, as a matter of
form, and then appealing to a probable
Republican house for the seating of its
^audidate on the grounds of the alleged
unconstitutional election laws of South
Carolina. The Republican convention
trill be held in April or May. Chair
man Green of Beaufort will soon issue
liis call for the election o? the delegates
:o the convention, which will probably
meet in Charleston.
Col. T. Barber Jones stated today
:hat he was a candidate and that his
aame would be presented to the conrention.
He seemed certain of securing
the nomination, and said that he
aad already assurances from tn9 national
congressional committee that if
ie was the nominee of the Republican
sarty, in the event of the l-.ouse of
epresentatives beiDg Republican, that
le would be seated over the Democrat.
A. prominent Republican was seen and
ae said that the party intended to
lominate a strong white man. who
1J * J i.L. i. -C Ti
wouia commauu iuu support) ui jueiiiusratic
voters as well as Republicans.
3e thought. Col. Jones, a very light
weight and said that that gentleman
rill hardly get the nomination,
jreorge Washioton Marray, who Las
nonopolized ' the "Republican ' party
lomination for years, will probably be
iropped this year and a strong white
nan nominated for the place, as stated
Blackburn is Chosen.
The Democartic members of the
Kentucky Legislature in caucus on
Wedaesday night at Frankfort, Ky.,
lamed former Senator J. C. S. BlackDurn
as the successor of Senator Wm.
Lindsay in the United States Senate.
Notwithstanding Blackburn's nomina:ion
was a foregone conclusion and his
jlection morally certain, the proceed
ing3 of the caucus were enacted in the
presence of a galaxy of Keatucky beau;y
.and a dense throng of Blackburn
idmirers The caucus convened at 8
)'ciock aad wascalied to order by Senator
Goet.el, chairman of the joint cau
;as. Tucre was a wild demonstration
in the galleries when G-oebel came into
Lhe hall before calling the caucus to
Drder, the cheering continuing several
minutes. Senators Alexander and Hays,
Democrats, and McConnell, Populist,
stayed out of the caucus. * Blackburn
yas placed -in nomination by Senator
3-oebel, who said that the longest and
bitterest fight ever fought for senator
in this State, which began four years
igo (when Deboe defeated Blackburn)
was about to reach its just termination.
The State capitol rang with cheers as
he placed Blackburn in nomination.
Senator Thomas asked that the roll be
called so that every Democratic member
might have an opportunity to go on
record for Blackburn. Senators Alexander
and Hajs failed to respond to
their names, otherwise the vote was
unanimous. Goebel was applauded
when lie voted for Blaokburu.
The Whole Truth.
While the convention of judges was
prescribing rules and regulations for
;ourt attire, why did it not go further?
[t might just as well have insisted on
patent leather shoes, four-in-hand
neckties and kid gloves. It could have
restored the wearing of wigs by judges
md sitting on the woolsacks. It might
Insist on lawyers parting their hair in
:he Diiddle,.though such a rule could
;ould not affect some members of the
3ar, particularly in Richland. There
ire lots of other useless things it
night have done. Justice, not habiliments,
will make a court respected.?
Columbia Record.
A Sensation in Raleigh*
la the United States District Court
it Raleigh, N. C., Friday, Aquila J.
Marshall, of-'Wilmington, jS\ U., was
put on trial for .counterfeiting. Marshall
is an attorney, well connected,
ind up to this time has borne a good
reputation. His arrest and trial have
:aused a great sensation.- The principal'
witnesses, against him are two
Greeks, Nicholas Poiitz. and Theodore
Darkley, one of them already serving
sis year's sentence-in the?penitentiary
ind the other under indictmont for
jounterfeiting. - They*claim that Marshall
acted as their adviser, ordered
material and outfit for them in making
the sDurious coin.
So It Will Be.
"The Columb'ia Sute thinks the estimates
for the future of cotton manufacturing
by Mr." D.. A.- Tompkins aie
rer? moderate. - "Tenyears from now,"
says the State, "the south will control
:otton manufacturing as it now controls
cotton production."
Would Do Well to Read and Heed the
T A _ 1_ * _ . _ ^ 1
m answer to ms ltquiry as to wny
cigarette smoking applicants for bonds
from trust companies are rejected,
President Henry S. Hartzog, of Clemaon
.College,'bas received ttue following,
of deep interest to all young cigarette
fiends, from one of the nation's leading
trust companies:
"To President Hartzog, Clemson College,
S. C.:
'"Dear Sir:?Your esteemed letter is
TY?<*P1VP.H. nnr cr>nnio1 n/iri
fidential circular concerning Mr. ,
and I note your inquiry as to the reasons
that led us to inquire if "the applicant
was a cigarette smoker. We always
affix this question when the appli
cant is under twenty-one years of age.
I do not know that all the guarantee
companies ask for this information, but
this branch of our company has been
lecf to do so, because the writer in ten
years'experience finds that this company
in the conduct of its business
throughout the Southern States has not
paid a claim under a defaulter, who
i was less than twenty-one years old,
who7? as not a cigarette smoker.
"if all tbe defaulter: under twentyone
years are cigarette smokers it is
only reasonable that we should inquire
as to the uabit of applicants in this rerespect.
"If a young man 19 or 20 years old
should apply to us for bond the mere
smokicg of cigarettes alone would cot
disqualify him of our indorsement, but
if there was aDy other adverse information
obtained the company's objection
to cigarette smokiDg would be accentuated,
and while neither of these objections
alone would cause the company to
decline the bond, both together would
unquestionably do so.
' It is our habit at this branch to require
a written promise from a minor
who is addicted to the habit of cirgarette
smoking to entirely abstain from
their use as iong as he serves under our
bond or until he has reached his ma!
,;It is not uncommon in these days
for a business man to decline to give
employment to a young person who is
addicted to the cigarette habit.
"Yours truly,
' <4* * * ?>
Cut this--out, boys, and paste it in
your hat, where you can refer to it
handily. If you want to succeed you
mu^t let cigarettes alone.
Objects to His Color.
The New -York Herald says there is
likely to be trouble m the Brooklyn
school board over the election of a Negro
man as a teacher in one of the
schools. The Herald says: "An effort
will be made to have the appointment'revoked.
Threats on the part of
the corps of white teachers in. the school
to resign in a body if the appointment
is not recalled complicate the situation.
William L Buckley, Ph.' D., is the
LLiali iv nuuiu u>cscuujcv;uuusaiciiiauc.
A.t the meeting of the school board
November 13, Samuel B Scottron,
chairman of the local committee of No.
114 school, asked for his appointment
as teacher, but said nothing about his
color. Scottron is himself a Negro
man, and the only representative of his
race on the board. There are only a
few Negro children in the school, and
they have ' never been collected into a
separate class. The local committee
of this school consists of Scottron, Dr.
J K Powell and Edward M Bassett.
Dr. Powell, it appears, had been previ
ously seen by Scottron with reference
to the appointment, and made no objection.
There is no doubt as to the
qualifications of Buckley. His color is
the only objection found to him. The
other teachers declare that they will
not teach alongside a Negro teacher.
Scottron says Buckley is not a stranger
in educational circles, as nine months
ago he was an applicant for the position
of teacher of languages in the Eastern
n- rr:_k i rr? 1 ~
vice president ?f the Olaflin University
in South Carolina, and a teacher, of
languages,' continued Scottron. kHe
came to Brooklyn more than a year ago
i.nthe interest of the university, and
was so favorably impressed that he decided
to remain. In September he passed
an examination under Maxwell, city
superintendent of schools, for the position
of assistant principal. ''There
was a vacancy in No. 114 school a little
later, and I thought Buckley would be
a good man to fill it. I sent him to
Messrs. Bassett and Powell, who consented
to his appointment. Later Bassett
withdrew his consent on the ground
that he had thought it was a class of
Negro children he was to teach, and
not white children. Bassett excitedly
informed me that he had heard from the
1 .1 _ ?
LUtt<JUC13 Ul liiC OViiUUI) Vtuu ucuaiuu
that if Buckley was placed in the
school they would resign. Oa learning
of this Scottron sail he calicd a meeting
in the school, at which Powell
gave his consent to the appointment,
but Bassett refused to give his." Buckley
is well known in Orangeburg, having
beea a student and a teacher in
Claflin Universty for many .years.
Moody's Biography.
The family of the late D. L. Moody
announce that, in accordance with his
pzpressed desire, his elderson, William
Revell Moody, will write the biography
of the evangelist. And it is requested
that friends having correspondence or
other matters of interest communicate
with Mr. Moody at East -Northuela,
Brothers Drowned.
New Year's day near .Danwille, Esses
county, Va., Joan aad CharlesWheelyj
17 and la yoa: old sons of a leading
farmer, went skating on Hobinson mill
pond. Oae of the youths" broke
through aad his brother tried to rescue
him. The result was the drewnlng- of
both. . . *;. ^
Slew His jather. ...
A specril dispatch from Loureris, S.'
C.. to the Columbia State says: "Coot
Robertson, a colored youth, vras lodged
in jail Thursday for.shooting and killing
his father. Henry Robertson, out "at
Mr. J. J. Jaek's, the night 'before,
j "Coot" claims self-defense, ashisfathe*
J was attacking him with an open knife.1'
She Will Demand Exact and Full
ReparationlFrom Englar.d
She Regards the Seizures as High
Handed Proceedings and Demands
Redress for the
The Gorman Imperial, mail steamer
General, lias been detained at Aden
and occupied by British troops, wifcfc.
the object of searching her cargo which
is to be discharged. The General is
owned by the German East African
line, the owners of the Bundesrath;
previously captured by the British.
cruiser .Magicienne off Delagoa Bay.
A dispatch from Berlin says the
seizure of the above and other German
steamers by the English ha** consider- ?
ably aggrevated the situation there,
and the indignation against England is
intensified. - The governmeat is still
earnestly endeavoring to preserve correct
official relations, but Eoglani will
do well to hasten to make the amende
honorable to Germany.
Oo absolutely reliable authority the
correspondent ot tne Associated. rress
learns that Emperor William' is no*
thoroughly aroused by the repeated ;
seizures of vessels not one of which, he
has been assured, has been guilty of
carrying contraband. He regards the
seizures as hi$h handed proceedings,
which E-jgland would not have dared
i to undertake if the German navy were
more powerful than it is.. His majesty
> io f a V> rt /tnl .ultT 1 n/iAnCo/^ .
is oaxu lu uc ua? nv/Uiaixjr iuv^uo&u- wv *
cause information has reached him
showiog that the seizures were not due
tc the blundering of British naval officers,
but to strict orders from headquarters,
which the officers are merely
carrying out. He has therefore instructed
Count von Bdelow, the foreign sec- .
retary, to demand exact and full reparation
for the outrage done to the German
flag. No answer that is considered
satisfactory has yet been received, from
London, and according-to advice here, ( :
none is to be expected for several days
a j: a-T- t rr t 4.1.-4.
uiapaiuu iruiii xxamuurg oayo tua*
although the maaifests of the German
steamers General show there was no
war material on board, she wes compelled
to discharge her cargo. The
German East Africa company publishes a
statement in the Hamburger N*chrichtem
saying that immediately on
the declaration of war the company
voluntarily refused to forward to South
Africa two consignments of arms already
on board their vessels, simply^ to
avoid trouble and delay in connection
with the other portions of the cargoes.
A copy of the manifest of the Bumdesrah
has been published showing that
hpr cariro c id not oontain contraband. ^ <
The owners declare that there is absolutely
no foundation for the statement
that saddles and other war material
have been found amid the cargo of the
The German steamer Kanzler, with
the Dutch and Luosian Bed Cross detachments
for the Transvaal on board,
discharged a quantity of her cargo at
Naples Thursday as'it was contraband
_i! mL.. ir i._ 1 ? : a - a.
oi war. j.tie xvaozier Deiongs w uie
same company as the Bandersrath and
General. *. -
Nearly . Tw.o Million Dollars the
AmoiiSt of Gross Premiums.
During the pa'k jear the insurance -<
companies of all kinds doing business in ^
A:'i o.i 2 1 i :
iuis Cx.alo.jja.vu uuue au cuujlujuus uusiness,
to judge from the' summariz-xl - - :?
statement made up by the comptroller
general-Wednesday for his anuual report.
Tl:c statement shows tbar the
increass has been close to one miil on
dollars'as compared with last yi-ar.
The statement last year sboxs ihat
the gross premiums collected in this
Stiiic by accident, lite and fire insurance
companies for the three Quarters
ending Sept. 28, 1898, amounted
$31-2,261.25, and the one-half of one
pecceut. taz thereon was $3,561 24. ^
This year's statement covers a full
year and shoffs that the gross premiums
amounted to $1,948. 824 39?nearly
two millions of dollars?and the one- *
half of one per cent, thereon to be
$9,743.63. . .
The statement by quarters is as.fol
Fourth quarter 1898 $ 500 144 05 ^
First quarter 1890 529 7IU 54
Second quarter isyy abando n .
fhird quarter 1S99 453,935 69
Totals '..$1,943 824 39
The taxes given above are paid direct
to the State treasurer under the
new act and are exclusive of all the
regular State, county and school taxes
collected in the several counties by the
various cjuatv treasurers. $
The showing is a handsome one *nd
indicates that the io&urance business
in South Caroliaa has been most profitable
to the agents. No statement is
vet av:ii!ah)p shn jetnff f h#> Inssps nt the
companies for the corresponding period.?Columbia
{ :
Oar Amy in the EastWith
the transport Grant, which left
San Francisco on the 21st ulL, with
the -Forty.eighth volunteer infantry
(colored) Gen. Otis wili havecommand - of
an effective force of about 65.000
men.. The army-flow in the Philippines
aggregates 62.500. of which 31,000 are
regular troops and 31,500 are volunteers.
With the arrival of the-Grant
the entire volunteers serength of 34,000
men will be-in the Philippines.
. . C
Warm Young Negroes. .. - ^
JdEus-Robinson,'colored, was "hanged
Wednesday vat Diowiddie court-bouSe, - Tai,
.for murdering. William Jolly, jl .. y
meichant and-prominent citizen, in November
last. He: ^as taken-from Pet--'
ersburg to t&e scene of the hanging ^odl^. ... >
a train a*?d ?was the~eooleetman m the-. - crowdl
He made a.gpeech. oa the.gal:..
loves,.1 warning young colored" "men ^
against drinking whiskey and carrying
- i ?"

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