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The Fairfield news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1881-1900, January 10, 1900, Supplement to THE NEWS AND HERALD, Image 5

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cuvrRAT. iMENTmi
L?jj r uuiiu
The Finances of the State in j
and Good Will Prevail Th
ferent Departments of
Numerous and Timeh
As to Taxation-Claii
Gentlemen of the General Assembly: j !
" -* - +V10 Vimw hand of I ;
.Lmnng tne po?L
affliction was laid upon the chief execu- ,
tive of the State and the people were
called to ruourn the death of their Governor.
After a long illness Governor
William H. Ellerbe died at his home in
Marion County on June 2, 1S99. Young
in years, full of honors, and commanding
the respect of his countrymen he was
gathered to his fathers. Holding the position
of Lieutenant Governor, to which I
had been elected, and obeying the Coni
" ? T oath of office as I
Governor on the 3d day of June, 1899,
and immediately thereafter began the
discharge of the duties pertaining thereto.
Since you last met there has been very
marked material progress in the State in
almost every branch of industry. The
husbandman has garnered the products of
his fields with the assurance of good returns
for his labor. Manufacturing enterprises
have gone forward with almost
miraculous rapidity and are furnishing
lucrative employment for many of our
people. There has been great activity in
r ~ -3 ~ rrrAQt*
the Ouiidmg 01 rauruaus, ? ?
velopers of a country. Peace, happiness
and prosperity prevail in every portion of
the State. Factional bitterness and strife
are things of the past and the poeple are
united for the upbuilding, progress and
development of the entire State. Death
has not thinned your ranks and you come
together to deliberate and make laws for <
the people under most auspicious circum- ?
stances. I trust that m all vourdelibera- .
* f
tions you may be guided by a single
purpose?the welfare and happiness of .
the people whom you have the honor to i
represent. However you may differ, as
differ you will, your combined wisdom
and high patriotism, I am sure, will re- :
suit in the passage of such laws as will i
redound to the good of all the people. In
the accomplishment of this purpose I :
stand ready and anxious to aid you and
co-operate with you in so far as my power >
and ability may go. I
In cotton manufacturing South Caroli- '
:na leads all of the Southern States and j
stands second only to Massachusetts in '
the number of spindles and second to
sane in equipment. If the progress of
She past year augurs anything for the
future ?e shall soon lead all others in
this important industry ana instead of
furnishing aa3* of of our staple crop for j
export to other places for manufacture we 1
* ?<
will be large importers ui ,
other States to supply the local demand.
During the past year eleven new mills
have been organized and are in process of
construction, representing a total capital
?f $3,275,000. Sixteen old mills have
been enlarged, representing an increase
of their capital stock of 52,429,000. This
not onlv means a large addition to the
wealth of the State and an increase of the
taxable property, but it means wealth put
into active service and employment for :
many of our people.
In railroad building, as I have already
stated, there has been very decided activity.
237 miles have been completed
and in actual process of construction.
' This represents an outlay of least $25,000
; a mile, or nearly <6,000,000, and when
completed and returned for taxation,
even at a valuation of $10,000 a mile will
-add $2,370,000 to the taxable property of
the State.
In cotton seed oil miils, the lumber
"business, and other branches of industry
there has been very marked activity. For
the exact figures in all of these new en
terprises x ucg Louucti jvui amuuvu ^
the full and exhaustive report of the Secretary
of State. A study of these figures
and a realization of the material progress
upon which the State has entered should
be cause of sincere congratulation to every
true Carolinian and should move you as
representatives of the people to do all that ,
you can to foster and encourage this prog- :
ress and these institutions and industries :
which mean so much for our State. I 1
lave thought proper thus briefly to direct {
your attention to these substantial evidences
of progress and growth as an encouragement
and an incentive to our people
to the accomplishment of even greater
things which lie easily within our grasp
if we will but put forth our hands and lay
hold of the advantages and opportunities
that thickly surround us on every side.
I take pleasure a!so in congratulating
-vrm rm rrvrtrlifinn r>f til** fn.ltires of
the State. The State Treasuter has been
able to meet all of the obligations of the :
State promptly and also the interest on ;
the public debt without the necessity of
a. Healthy Condition?Peace
roughout the State?Difthe
State Reviewed,
j Suggestions Made,
ns Against General
d Roads?Read it.
having to borrow any money or overdraw
his account, and stili has a balance in the
Freasurv. I give herewith a statement of
tbe receipts and disbursements of the past
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The Treasurer of the Slate has called
my attention to the fact that there are a
number of old bonds which have hitherto
been reported as fundable, but which under
the Act of 1893 are now no longer so,
and among them are the bonds claimed
by the State Bank (Bine Ridge Railroad
honds of iS^ol to the amount of ?r7.ooo.
The Act of 1896 referred to prohibits the
State Treasurer from funding or paying
any bonds after the expiration of twenty
years from the date of maturity. The
bonds above mentioned matured on July
1st, 1879, and the twenty years limitation
expired on July 1st, 1S99.
These bonds, it may be recollected,
have been the subject of several applications
to the General Assembly for permission
to fund the m without the surrender
of the bonds themselves. One hundred
thousand aonars 01 inese oonos were, 11
is alleged, plundered and taken from the
Bank in February, 1S65, by the Federal
troops in their march through the State.
They have from that time been constantly
claimed by the Bank, the receiver of
which obtained an injunction from the
courts as early as 1S70, restraining the
Treasurer of the State from paying principal
or interest of any of them to any one
but to the receiver, and under that injunction
all of these bonds but the thirtyseven
now remaining upon the Treasurer's
books have from time to time been
recovered by the receiver of the Bank,
and by him funded. No one has during
the thirty years since the injunction has
been in force claimed the bonds in question,
and the Courts of the State have declared
that they are the property of the
State Bank, and that the receiver of the
Bank is the only person entitled to fund
and collect them from the Treasurer of
the State.
The State owes these bonds to some
r\no an/1 tVip nHii^rtinn tVif? ("ipnpral
Assembly has hitherto had to the funding
of them has been, it is understood, the
fear that some one might still produce
and present them to the Treasurer, for
funding under the funding Act of the
State, and that the State might in this
nai7 have tr> nav them twire This r>h
jection seems now removed, as no one but
the receiver of the bank has the right to
ask to have them funded, all other persons
being now barred by the statutes from
applying to the Treasurer for that purpose.
But however this may be, some action
must now be taken in regard to them.
They can no longer be carried on the
books of the Treasurer as bonds fundable.
It rests with the General Assembly to say
what must be done in the matter.
A short time ago I received a communication
from the Secretary of the Treasury
at Washington calling my attention
to a claim of the United States Government
against the State":>f South Carolina
and an Act of Congress massed March *d.
i$99, requiring him to institute such pro- J
j cecdings as be might deem proper to collect
any bonds or stocks, principal and
interest, which the General Government
holds against this State before any claipis
on the part of the State against the General
Government should be paid. This
communication was brought forth c n account
of the claims put in by this State
i for reimbursement of expenses incurred
in organizing volunteer troops for service
in the war with Spain. I submitted the
letter to the State Treasurer and asked
him for a statement. I submit herewith
his statement and ask for this matter such
consideration and action as in your wisdom
you may deem proper to take: "In
pursuance of this provision of law the
Secretary of the Treasury* of the United
States has notified us that theGeneral Government
holds certain State bonds to the
amount of5125,000, principal; and interest
to maturity of $123,750, aggregating 524S,750,
and requests payment of the same.
These bonds bear interest at six per cent,
and were issued under Act of December
J9? *855, for construction of new State
House, issued January ist, 1S56, redeemable
January ist, 1SS1.. By reference to
the records of the State Treasurer's office .
it is noted that there was some correspondence
had between this office and the
Treasury Department at Washington in -'
November, 18S1, and during the administration
of Governor Johnson Hagood, but
without a settlement of the claim so far
as we know.
"Under the Act of the General Assembly
at that time of force these bonds,.
principal ana interest unpaia to ist January,
iS3o, were fundable in six per cent.'
consolidation bonds at fifty' per cent, of
said amount. The consols being redeemable
on ist of July, 1S93. The Act of the
Legislature of 22nd of December, 1S93,
provides that all bonds and stocks hithf
erto fundable in these consols upon their. surrender
be exchanged for the new.204c
years 4^ per cent, bonds and stocks
authorized by Act of December, 1S92, for
the redemption of Brown Consols. These .
coupon bonds now held by the United
States Government are fundable as above:
stated upon their surrender, i. e. , at 50 *
per cent, of principal and interest up to
maturity. The State, however, has Revolutionary
War claims to the amount, in
round numbers of <550,000. Jn the investigation
of this claim against the
United States Government theGeneral As
sembly in December, 1S56, passed a resolution
authorizing the appointment of
some suitable person to investigate and
prosecuie the State's claims as aforesaid, .
and under that authority Governor R;- i\
W. Allston appointed Hon. Jas. 'A'. Black
agent for that work. The said agent "incorporated
the result of his labors in a report
to the General Assembly, which.was
ordered to be filed with Comptroller Gen
era 1, wincn cannot now oe iouna among
the records of his office. There -is a la'rge
mass of old papers now in one-of the
rooms of the State House, among. which
this valuable report might be found if-the
means were in hand to employ an efficient
and painstaking person or. persons
to examine this confused mass of papers.]
There are, in all probability,.other claims
held by the State against the General '?
Government, to say nothing of private'
claims of large amounts amounting. jiq!
millions of dollars." ' *
This is a matter of very great ;
tance to our State. At your last s'e^ion.
you passed a joint resolution requesting- ~
and directing the Governor and State.
Treasurer to furnish all information avail--.?
able to our Senators and "Representatives; f
touching the claim of the State against;
the United States for money advanced;
duriug the War of 1S12, and that' -our
Representatives in Congress be requested' f
to urge forward all legislation on the-sub- >
ject. You also rescinded all outstanding *
contracts if any should exist for the collection
of this claim. It seems that the. :
Black Report made in 1S5S and mentioned ;
by the State Treasurer embraces all the
testimony and facts relative to the State's
claim. In view of the importance of this ;
report I recommend that you provide for
an examination of all the old records and
especially the old rubbish that is stored
away in one of the unoccupied rooms of
the State Capitol to see if this report can
be found. Its recovery may be the means
of our getting a considerable sum of
money from the United States Government
and it is important to put our Senators
and Representatives in possession of?
all the facts that can be obtained. As.Iunderstand
it, the claim of the "Uuited
States Government for the settlefrie.il of
ine {>125,000 01 oouin v_aroiiD3 oonns uelongiug
to the Indian Trust Fund anci.the
accumulated interest is a just and honest
claim which, we ought to pay and
which we could pay. with our claim
against the United" States. Govern-*
ment and have a balance to'the credit of
the State if we can find the testimony to
substantiate the claim of the State; The
matter was in process of settlement when
the Civil War broke out in i860, and the
a/1 f Vi /\f U a?? Cf d-afi < n rvrA
Oldie uau |y;utu witu wtun nwwoiu yi utest
against the unfair methods of the
United States in adjusting the claims ani
it was to sustain its contentions that
Black was employed to -work up the
State's case. It may not be possible' to
obtain the full amount claimed by .the"
State, but I am informed that.there^is absolute
proof in official documents that the
United States acknowledged that it owed
the State of South Carolina in 1831
$7S,ooo and this with accumulated inter-,
est for fifty-nine years would amount to
about $350,000. If this could beadjustedwithout
going into the disputed claims-the
State could pay the claim the United.
States Government holds against it and
have about $100,000 left. Underthe consolidation
Act of 1873 State Treasurer
can only refund old bonds at fifty cents,
on the dollar, but if a settlement as suggested
could be made with the United'
States Government you might pass-an
Act authorizing the State Treasurer tooaf
tic* of t An f c r\ n tViA r\r%\}ctr r\r)
condition that the United States pay the
just claims to the State of South Carolina'
as acknowledged in the report of the Secretary
of the Treasury in 1S5S.
For a statement of the bonded debt of
the State your attention is directed to the
annual report of the State Treasurer. Our
bonds find a read}' sale in the markets of
the world at a premium and the credit"of
the State is good.
The Constitution says that "All taxes
upon property, real and personal, shall b'e
laid upon the actual value of the property
taxed, as the same shall be ascertained by
an assessment made for the purpose of
laying such tax." It also says the "General
Assembly shall provide by law for a
uniform and equal rate of assessment for
taxation." It is a fact that very little if
any property is assessed for taxation at its
"actual value." For if it were the taxable
property of the State would be a great
deal more than it is and the rate o! taxation
could be considerably reduced. T.o.
the taxpayer, however, that is not a matter
of very great concern, for a certain
amount of money has to be raised to meet
the expenses of government and while, if
__ .
the valuation were hiyh the rate could be j
reduced, yet in'the end it amouuts to the
sa:ne thin#. The question that concerns i
the taxpayer is to have a uniform value |
of assessment .whether it be the actual
value or one-half the actual value. The :
burdeu of taxation would then fall equally |
on all the taxpayers in proportion to the I
property they own, but if one man's prop- j
erty is assessed at its actual value and
another man's at one-half its actual value
the one either contributes more than his
share to the support of the government or
the other does not measure up to his duty
111 tliis matter. The main desideratum is
to secure such a mode of assessment es
will give a uniform valuation to all property
subject to taxation. That such results
are not obtained now I am sure.
Whether it is the fault of the law or its
administration I am not prepared.to'say.
We have township boards of assessors and
county' boards of equalization, but the
manner in which they as a rule discharge
their duties and the time they allot to the
discharge of these duti.es does not secure
a uniform valuation of property for the
they do.it under the present plan if they
gave;moxe time to it. They may secure
an approximate uniformity for valuation
in each county,'and so far as county purposes
are-concernedi that might suffice,
but the average in the counties varies and
the burden of State taxation does not fall
equally Oh the several counties. I have
no fully'matured plan to submit for your
consideration as a remedy for this evil,
but I am persuaded that if some plan
could'be'devised by which the Constitution
could-be obeyed and all property as
j _4. :* ^i a.A..u
scbseu at/ USra-ciuai vaiuc iuc uuiueii wuuiu
bear more easily and equitably upon all
taxpayers.' As the law now stands the
County Auditor is required to go into
each township and take returns of property
and then the township boards meet
and go over these returns and then they
are gone over by the county boards of
equalization'. I submit for your consideration
the advisability of requiring that
the*" Constitution be carried out and all
properly assessed ac us aciuai vaiue ana
.that the County Auditor take returns only
in the townships and that the township
boards be required to attend while these
returns are being made and if any queson
arises as to the valuation of the property
it could be settled by the Auditor, the
board ' of assessors Mid the owner of the
property.1'.These township boards should
be men-of. ability and character and
should> be in position-to determine the
actual value of the property. I believe
that sopie such, plan if properly carried
out-would materially increase the taxable
property of the-State and go far towards
equalizing the burden of.taxation. There
is need for something to be done along
this line. ^ - ?
There is-also some complaint of the irregularity
in \\vhich' some County Treasurers
remit taxes collected by them to the
State Treasurer.* "The law fixes the times
at which they shall remit but mauy of
them do.not observe it. I think it would
be,a4vj^ble .to place them on salary the
sapie ' a^. County.. Auditors and require
tocnihfy statenfents from them and withhpld
.tjheir salary -until the statements
&ere received And j also require them
t6 lil&ffit with their monthly statement a.
statenfeat from the bank'of deposit showing
.th^, amount, of'.money to their credit
as Treasurer. , . And penalty should, be
? * i' rL '* / _ r -i A.
proYiaea ior me iaiiure to turn over
ftinds-'.'&sd make -Veports1 as required by
lav.:._aod.-.pow^ given the -Governor to
suspend or remove such as persistently
refuse or neglect to obey the law.
This subject of taxation is one that
more' directly' concerns the people than
any other with which you will have to
deal aM' if deserves your most earnest
consideration and in whatever you do you
should endeavor to.'make the burden bear
equally-Upon all the pfopefty of the State.
By comparison of the figures in the
Comptroller' General's reports you will
see that the taxable property for the fiscal
year commencing January i, 3S99, is
$3,i&5,1S5 more than for the preceding
fiscal vear. .
Total taxable property for the
fiscal year commencing Jan
uaryj.st, 1S99. .'..$176,422,288
Total taxable property for the
fiscat year commencing Jan
-nary rst, 1898 173,237,105
Increa^.. 3>iS5,iS3
I beg to-direct your attention to the report.of.the
Commissioners of the Sinking
Fund from which it appears that the Cumulative.
Phosphate Sinking Fund now
amounts to j347.73x.38. This shows an
inrrease. of .these assets of 12s;.04
since the report of last year. Of this
amount.!11,746.65 is derived' from interest
and $39,379.28 is derived from phosphate
royalty during theyear. : The assets of
this fund consist of the following:
State stocks '$ 35,728.56
Bank loan secured by State
Bonds:.^.20,000 00
Loans to Counties..;.. 113,084.33
Interest bearing deposits in
Banks 178.91S.49
Total _ 7*T.?S
* V v?-r/ ' / KJ ~' sj "
The assests of. the Ordinary Sinking
Fund amount to $43,330 .64 of which
S3O,20o.tx> is loaned to counties and $13,.130.64
deposited iii banks. This shows a
decrease-of this-fund of $2,143.42 since
the last report. - This is covered by the
purchase of escheated lands which have
since been sold, at a profit but the terms
of sale have not yet..been fully complied
with by the purchaser. .The report gives
full details of the. work of -the Commissioners
for the year and I invite your
careful attention to it and the recommendations
contained therein.
A.generation has passed since the War
Between the States. The Southern soldiers
who fought for a cause they believed
to be right laid their all upon the altar of*
their country. Greater sacrifice and selfdenial
were never more cheerfully made
in any cause or in any country than in
this struggle by the Southern soldier.
i ney aispiayea a iortnuae anu a iieruiMii
that will furnish themes for the. poet and
the historian for all time to come. They
lost in battle because of overwhelming
numbers and resources on the other side,
and without repining laid down theirarms
and returned to their homes and began
with a spirit of cheerfulness rarely seen to
rebuild their lost fortunes. Many of them
have passed to the other shore and now
rest under the shade of- the trees, and
every year .the ranks grow-less. It is our
sacred duty to honor their memory and
defend their good name. Not only so, it
is our duty to take care of and provide for |
those who are in need of our help. This
we can do without the slighest semblance
of disloyalty to the Union. There is no
longer any antagonism between the sections^
The Southern soldier .will-defend
the Unio'ii as cheerfully now as any citizeni
This was demonstrated in the war
with Soain. where those who had oooosed
.. : ?
each other in battle fought shoulder to
shoulder for the flag.
What we are able to give is but a pittance,
but it helps and we should give it
cheerfully. Last year you appropriated
for pensions to Confederate soldiers and
widows of soldiers the sum of <100,000. I
recommend a like appropriation this year.
It is inmnrtnnt fliar this armrnnriatinn
should be expended and distributed wisely
and in such a manner as to meet the
intention of the appropriation. The selection
of good, competent, and conscientious
township and county boards, men
who know the conditions and arc acquainted
with the needs of the applicants,
is of very great importance. It is difficult
to get men to work without pay, and
while in'this case it seems that good men
might be found who would be willing to
serve without compensation, I suggest
that you consider the wisdom and advisa?
n : 41.~ -~r
uj11Lj ui auuwjiig cuc iJiciiiucii ui uic
county and township boards one dollar
per day for not exceeding two days for
this service.
As you will see from the report of the
Comptroller General, there were on the
pension roll the past year 7,158 pensioners.
Of this number 2,910 are widows of
soldiers. The total amount disbursed in
pensions was 598,675 So. The widows
were paid $38,412 and the soldiers $60, *6;.
Under the provisions of the Act of Congress
August 5, iS6x, a direct tax was imposed
upon the citizens of the United
States, and a part of it was apportioned to
and assessed upon the State of South Carolina.
Direct Tax Commissioners were
appointed to demonstrate this law, but at
that time no part of the State of South
Carolina was under Federal control. In
November, 1S61, the whole of the parish
of St. Helena, and all of that portion of
St. Luke's, which was composed of islands,
fell into the hands of Federal
forces, and the Direct Tax Commissioners
established themselves at that point,
and under the administration of the law
?u ^ u.u : ~ *:
illl VI LiiC piupciLY UClUilglllg IU tllC L1LI*
zens of those two parishes was sold and
bought by the United States, aud resold
under tbe provisions of that Act, and of
other Acts amendatory thereto, and these
citizens were entirely divested of their
properties. Later upon the determination
of the war a portion of the direct tax assessed
to the State of South Carolina was
collected in Charleston and in some other
lower counties of the State. The pro
ceeds arising from tee sale of the lands in
Beaufort went into the Treasury of the
United States uuder the different laws relating
thereto, and have been disposed of
by the United States Government in accordance
with those laws.
A number of school farms, consisting
each of 160 acres, carved out of the plantations
entirely in St. Helena parish, were
reserved from the early sales, and leased
by the Government, and rents collected
and separately kept, and at the close of
the war the Government found itself in
possession of these school farms, of a number
of houses and lots in the town of Beau-,
fort, and a number of lots in what was
then known as Port Royal City, a mythi- j
cal city sought to be laid out and estab
Iished by the Direct Tax Commissioners,
and which, though thoroughly laid out
and projected, failed to become a city,
and is now a part of three plantatioxs in
St. Helena parish.
By special enactment (Act of Congress,
July 16, 1S66) it was directed that these
school farms, houses and lots in Beaufort,
and lots in the city of Port Royal on St.
Helena Island, should be sold and the
proceeds invested in bonds of the United
States, and the interest used under direction
of the Secretary of the Treasury in
the support of schools, without distmc
tiou of color or race, on the islands in the
parishes of St. Helena and St. Luke's,
and by subsequent Act of Congress, approved
March 3, 1S73, it was directed that
in addition to these funds the rents derived
from the lots of school farm lands
should be likewise invested in such bonds
of the United States, and all of these
bonds retained by the Secretary of the
Treasury as a fund for the use and support
of free public schools in the parishes
of St. Helena and St. Luke's, South Carolina,
in equal parts, the interest of
which should be annually expended to
increase the efficiency of any free public
schools established and sustained in.said
oarishes by authority of said State, if such
~ 1 1 1 I**. * _ - A. il.. _3 *
scnuui Mian e-xisL.umerwise ai uie aiscretion
of the commissioners herein named,
and a special board cf three commissioners,
directed to be appointed by the Secretary
of the Treasury, removable at his
pleasure, each to receive a salary of $rco
per year for his services in administering
this fund. The Act concludes with the
following statement: "This Act shall be
subject to amendment or repeal at the
pleasure of Congress."
From the proceeds of sales directed by
these Acts of property formerly belonging
to citizens of Beaufort County there was
realized a sum-of money iu the neighborhood
of $53,oco, which money, in obedi
ence to these'Acts, has been invested in
bonds of the United States, and these
bonds are now in the Treasury of the
United States, and the interest, though a
mere pittance, 'after the payment of the
salaries of three commissioners, is added
to the school fund for Beaufort County,
and continues to be so applied to this
An Act of Congress approved March 2,
1S91, was passed to refund the money collected
by the United States under Direct
Tax Acts, and a provision was made in
the 4th section of that Act to make some
partial compensation to the citizens of
Beaufort for the loss of their lands and the
actual direct tax, with the penalty ami
interest, has been refunded to the citizens
of this State, and the citizens of Beaufort
have received from the Secretary of the
Treasury the gratuity which was given to
them on account of their land, but this
fund, the immediate proceeds of lands of
former citizens of Beaufort County, still
remains in the Treasury of the United
States undisposed of, and is still withheld
from them, though the Supreme Court of
the United States (McKee vs. U. S., 164
U. S. Reports, 29 1) has declared that "a
perusal of the entire Act (March 2, 1S91)
shows that its purpose was to pay back to
the States, and to! individual citizens
of the States the amounts of money
received from them in the course of the
a : _ z 4.1. _ t~> ? t* _ c .or.
execuuun 01 me i^ircci iax .-vets 01 iooj,
and Acts amendatory thereto.1' This fund
could not be paid back for lack, of legislation,
inasmuch as the effect of the Act of
March 15, 1S73, has been to confer it into
bonds, and impound it in the Treasury
"subject to the pleasure of Congress."
It seems to be somewhat of an anomaly
that the Government of the United States
should feel itself interested in the free
schools of two of the parishes of this State,
and should go to the extent, of withholding
and using monev which morally be
longs to the citizens of Beaufort County
to obtain the funds wherewith to do it,
and it has also seemed to me that it was the
peculiar province of the State of South
Carolina under its Constitution to providi
for ail of its free schools, and this it ha:
done without making any exception it
respect to the schools in these two forme
parishes, and the conduct of the Govern
ment of the United States in this regarc
wrml/l t/\ T?r? CAmAirlinf r\f o ti mtraclAt'
of the constitutional rights of the State, a:
well as an injustice to those citizens, the
proceeds of whose lands are thus withhelc
and perverted.
I have, therefore, requested a nietnbc;
of Congress to introduce a bill to repea
the provisions of the Act of March 15
1S73, to provide for the sale of those
bonds, the proceeds to the persons frorr
the sale or leasing of whose lands the}
originated, and such action, taken at
request, at the suggestion of parties inter
ested, is now peuding before Congress.
When this matter is concluded th<
t. .1.. ~ f i: i- - t - ?Mi.
wiiuie buujeci 01 uireci lax may ue saiu u
be ended.
Penal and Charitable Institutions,
The Constitution of the State impose:
upon us the duty of caring for the insane
blind, deaf, and dumb, and the poor, anc
says that institutions for this purpose shall
be fostered and supported.
While we all deplore the fact that we
should have amongst us 'those who arc
mentally afflicted, we should not onlv
consider it a duty but we should esteem it
? 4-t T J 4.~
<X piCUOUIC IU UiC 1UI tilCill. J. UCdIIC Lt
call your special attention to the full and
complete report of your efficient Superintendent
of the State Hospital for the Insane,
Dr. J. W. Babcock, and to ask for it
your careful consideration. It is a sad
fact that the population at this institution
is gradually and constantly increasing,the
average daily population being cnethous
and. The total number being cared for
at this time is 1,002, an increase over last
year of 36. Of this number 599 are white
and 407 colored. The number admitted
during the year closing December 31 was
1 415. The discharges were 397. In the
I report of the Board of Regents to me it is
stated: "The steady growth of the institution
in the last twenty-five years has
imposed burdens upon us beyond the expectations
of our predecessors. The number
of colored insane will in a few years
exceed the white. While the races have
always occupied separate buildings 01
wards, yet we cannot but anticipate the
time when a wider separation than now
exists will' be deemed necessary. In
dealing with her charitable institutions as
with other vital questions, no progressive
commonwealth should be satisfied with
temporary makeshifts. These subjects
demand not only consideration for to-day
but also provision for to-morrow. ~ We
must adjust our present plans to meet so
far as possible future needs." All these
matters and the improvements deemed
nprpwaru art* rar^fnllv sn/1 miniifelu rlic
J ? ? ?
cussed in the report of the Superintendent.
The Board of Regents- desires to suggest
for your consideration the better development
of the system of .county poor
houses and the consideration of the matter
of "settlement," bySvbich it would be
better established wlicu^nay claim bene'ficiary
support in the State Hospital. Our
law should also be more specific in dealing
with "Inebriates and the criminal insane.
During the prevalence of an epidemic
disease it is also recommended that
for the protection of the patients in the
Hospital the right of quarantine against
the infected territory be entrusted to the
Governor, the Chairman of the. State
Board of Health, and the President of the
orrnxrtVi Vior
? V* VMV W VtWAV/lA UOO U\r\~U>
so great that the necessary repairs from
ordinary wear and tear have become a
considerable drain upon the maintenance
fund. The Board estimates that in order
to keep up these repairs and make some
of the improvements recommended will
require about $10,000.- An itemized statement
will be found in the Superintendent's
report. .
The Board estimates that it will need
for this year appropriations as follows:
For maintenance $100,coo
For debton Wallace property and
interest 4,360
For permanent improvements 10,000
For Regents' 1,200
..... ?n*.?;6o
The institution is efficiently managed
and the appropriation is as economically
expended as isjxesible with a -wise conduct
of tne affairs. I commend to your
favorable consideration the suggestions'of
the Superintendent and Board of Regents.
The annual report of this institution for
the year closing December 31,1899, shows
an enrolment of 1S6 pupils, representing
thirtv-seven counties As an nf
the economical manner in which, the institution
is managed the average cost in
twenty-four schools in which this school
was included was $222 per pupil as against
si32 for this school: But the school has
grown beyond the accommodations which
it has to offer. The Superintendent in a
report to me says: "The time has come in
the history .of the institution when it willbe
necessary to limit the number of pupils
admitted or to arrange for the accommodation
of a greater number." At a meeting
of the Board the following action was
taken: "On motion of Mr. D. E. Converse
the Sunerintendent was instructed
io ask the Legislature in next annual report
for an appropriation of $20,000 for the
erection and equipment of a school building.
Also- to renew request for appropriation
of $ro,ooo for building for department
of colored pupils." The following appropriations
are deemed necessary for the
proper maintenance and equipment of the
institution for the ensuing fiscal year:
For support ..$20,000
For general repairs 500
For school buildinn\ 20.000
For building for colored pupils..... lo,ooo
Superintendent Walker aHd his efficient
corps of instructors are performing a labor
of love and doing an excellent work at
.this institution. The carfe and education
of these'unfortunate children of the State
should enlist your'sympathy and command
your thoughtful consideration.
At your last session a resolution was
adopted ordering an investigation into the
affairs of the State Penitentiary." That
investigation was had and a report of the
committee was saomiueu to me as uirecied
by the resolution. I have submitted
in a separate message the action '.aken by
me on this report and beg to direct your
attention to it and also to the report of
the special committee. That committee
performed the duties laid upon it'efTicient]y
and well as you will see from an examination
of their work.
The present Superintendent.of the Penitentiary,
-Capt. D. J. Griffith, took charge
^ ~ TZ-fV* "A To ?/-T-i _* *-? flvflmitintiAn
\j 11 Lilt lQLti, ui .uai v-ii. . xii "
of his report will show that the affairs of
the Penitentiary have been managed in a
g very satisfactory manner and the finances
s of the institution are in a very healty con1
| dition. He found it necessary to do much
r | repairing on the buildings at the institu
I tion and on the farm and there is much
I i more work that is necessary to be done.
i j When he took charge there was turned over
5 j to him by his predecessor ?114.35 in cash
? and he found it necessary to commence
i buying provisions to support the inmates
at once and from March 15th to the harr
vesting of the new corn crop he was cota1
pelled to buy 3.3SS bushels of corn and
, meal. It uoes not appear to me to
; be good business judgment, with the
1 farms that are worked by the State, j
r to be forced to buys so large a quan- J
; tity of corn and meal when they could
- and ought to to made on the farms. J
i am giaa to oe a Die to state tnat tne sui
perintendent thinks his supply of corn
> made (luring the past year will be suffi
cieut to supply the institution during this
year until the new crop comes in. There
' was also a large crop of oats made, some;
thing over 4,000 bushels having been sold.
, The Superintendent says: "The year agl
riculturally has been satisfactory, consid
i ering tne iaie start ana otner aisacivantages
under which the work was done." Z.
The cotton crop will amount to nearly
six hundred bales. ' *\A
There has been no serious sickness ^
amongst the prisoners except a few cases .
of miuingitis, from which there were several
deaths. The Superintendent informs \
me that there are Several prisoners who
are suffering from consumption and close
i.uuuucmcui uuiy dj^^iiivciucs LUC ujscasc.
I have thought it would be wise and humane
to secure a report from the physician
of such cases and have them turned ^
out, or. placed in a separate building re- ?' ^
mote from other convicts, for their , 1
puuishment was not intended to be g
a slow death. There have been only
15 escapes under the . present "man- >
agement and 12 of these were from stockades
of private parties who have convicts"
leased.- I understand that the Board of
, ..Directors have been making contracts
' 'for the lease of convicts when there was
| riot' a - sufficient .number' to fill existiiff-r^-j
' contracts. I do not consider this gojod 4
business judgment. Neither do I thimk
: it wise to make contracts for a I$ng term
of years, for conditions might arise which
would not leave a sufficient number to
. work the State's property. I ask a careful
consideration of these contracts.'These
suggestions are made only in the interest
of the efficient management of the institution
and not with a view of criticism.
There has been a slight total increase of
convicts during the past year, as the fol'
"lowing statement will show:
Prisoners in confinement De-.
cember 31, ,1898 . 784
From courts, since .that date.272
Recaptured 27- 289
- ' 1,073 I
Discharged......... 199. !,
Pardoned 16 ....
- -Escaped". ??
Accidently kiHed...V?:\....v.."....V i :
Died H- . 272
'In-prison' December 31, 1899.,.. 801
A summary of expenditures and receipts
during the past year shows a net
cash balance on hand of $9,886.67. . *.
, Balance cash on hand Dec. 31,'98$ 4,804.44
Total receip?s"fortheyear...."..63,518.23
' ''v l $6S,322.67
Total expenditures for the year. 58,436.00
Cash balance December 31, '99.$ 9,886.67
In addition to the above receipts the
following amounts were collected and belong-properly
to the earnings of 1899.
Janv 3. Collected from contrac- ^
tors $ 431.60
Collected - from J. M.
Graham, Hosiery Mill,
October, 1899, hire... 2,182.29
"" . , 12,613.89
In this statement the provisions and
supplies made on the farms to be used in
the maintenance of tlie institution are notincluded.
This,'it appears to me, is a
good showing and demonstrates good
business .management. -It/seems to me it
would be wise for the Superintendent to
keep on hand a sufficient amount of this
money to meet current expenses and to
pay the cash, fox what hed? compelled to
buy, for by so dojng he can run the institution
much more economically, and
.thus in the end be able to save money for
the .State. I commend 'to your careful
consideration the report of-the Superintendent
and Board of Directors.
Along with the material progress that
has come to our State there has been a
lively interest in the education of our
youth. Not only has this been manifest
in our higher institutions of learning but
the country schools and the primary
schools throughout the State have been
greatly improved. In almost every incor-'
porated town and many of the country
districts the three mill constitutional tax
v \s been supplemented and the schools
k kept open for the full school-year. The
teachers are educated Christian men and
women who have gone out from our. colleges,
and training schools fully equipped
for their work. In a government like ours
the education of our youth is of paramount
importance. Any legislation that
will foster and encourage our common ,
schools should receive your hearty approval
and endorsement for vnn m?v -fhc.
ter and build colleges as you please, the
fact-remains that a vast majority of our
children can never avail themselves of a
collegiate training. If the means are
available it is within the range of possibility
for all of them to obtain a common
school education, and thus be equipped
for the proper'jdischarge of the duties of
citizenship. Intelligent citizens make
Itvtellicrent voters. Educated mnthprs
rear intelligent citizens. When you put
money in education you invest capital
that will give you .ever increasing return
and can neither be lost nor squandered. To
secure efficiency iu our common schools
three things are of paramount importance:
First, you must have the means with
which to operate them. Second, you must
Vi3vf? p/lnratfvl and consecrated teachers.
Third, you want intelligent and efficient
County'Superintendents of Education.
Unfortunately with the money which the
State is able to expend for common school
education the average length of the terms
of the" public schools where the public
school tax is not supplemented is only from
three to four months. It is impossible to
secure that efficiency and thoroughness
which we should have unless the schools
.could run louger. The teachers as a rule,
are efficient and competent and their pay
is far too small for the work they render.
I fear that the parents too often feel when
they have paid their tax that they have
shifted the'responsibility for the education
of their children from their shoulders
to the btate. It the parents could be
"made to realize the importance of this
matter and their responsibility and duty

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