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The Fairfield news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1881-1900, January 10, 1900, Supplement to THE NEWS AND HERALD, Image 6

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t^c their children it would .be an easy j
nk cr_to supplement. Jthe public school
fwiid anti have j^ood common sclibols in <
Jewry country community. Since-,the
tSt.-lc has undertaken-, this matter the :
j'i'. v is that shb is not able to do'it more i
fh iiouxhly ainl completely, l'or .with i
$h;s divided responsibility the children <
Jn^u^tnv cases ;arc the sufferers. The "]
greatest blessing thftt could-come to this , J
State would bv: first-class common i i
school open for the "full school year in r
every country coimmwuty within.. her , <
borders. vThe State .Superintendent of
Educotion will Submit' to yoxrfiis ahhur.l
report, in which ite will make many suggestions
and recommendations and from
which you can gather the true 'condition
of the common" schools of the;State and
to liiat rc-*K?rt J bet; to direct vour attention.
j Whatever may have been the difference
of opinion as to the wisdom of establishing
State colleges the policy of the
State i:i this matter has.been fixed and
\ these institutions "are here and are all
doing a good work for the State and if i
$> judged by the enrolment of students
mere i;. .. uemaiiu iui. mciu. xw pun
tliem down or to give them niggardly
( assistance would be a backward step which
ft _ I feel that 110 true son of South Carolina
B would be willing to take. It is no longer
ft a question whether- or not- the State
" should engage in higher education. That
~ has been settled. To make war on these
41* State institutions is to.retard the progress
and development * of the State.
lioc o nurol-^rnncr Til
the subject of education in South Caro7"
j lina and not only has the enrolment in
t-- the St^te colleges been ^6od but the de ?
nomination;;! Colleges' -have been more
prosperous iii -recent years thau;ever before
in their history. There should be
no conflict between the denominational
college and fhe'State" college!:--,Tligy 'are
both doing a good,.work. Xo true friend
****** ^/-.n^orv.n-in waw w. rfarft on
" O- any
(fenoniinatienal pollege and there is
110 sound reason^ r.or any denominational
. college to feel'rhukinaly towards the
f- State colleges. '.The'jdgnnminational colleges
have done ajjd are* do4jag a good
^ work in "this Stale and should^^eive our
hearty .commendation. rrI
. would like to' take up each State"
coKfrge separately and call to-jour^tention
the work done and theaaeedi Of-,these
institutions, l?ut I can do nojno^^ha'n
to refer ycax^totfjeir:, reports-ao^i^pbiamendations
ami co^nier.<?sthem^pyour
favorable ' consideration." . . ffiga&fiouth
tgy"Cirolipa -College,. "GJeiason
aii'u. Mechanical College, tirf^p.^a Caro lina*
M )1 itary^cadenn\'\Yin^rd^'Xormal
v. and Industrial Goilege, .and', tin* Colored
College at Orangeburg wiii.allsubiftit 'to
you through Vthe heads ot vthese institutions
xietajlcd" -stateinenta of'-their con-',
duion and needs and;, these deservej.-our
careful attention: You shojjid be aseconomical
in the?ie^penditui^oPaHoney
<>.s is consistent with the efficient conduct
of thc.-e insu^icm&^ut to wi&^oldinore
i. than :S neCes^ry'TTSt^heir' proper main- ]
; tenancy -woafel bot be.^vise vjac^nchay. ]
u: r I feel sure lhe}y$qjl rjo.t ag^, fcy.exlnava<ga?t
6r uYtflec^sltiry" appro'^mt?oi:?%'and
.-V therefore, e$j>ftdcSD%iv.'c6pgStr^i tc?jfbU j
~ ' a* careful study "of their needs and de-1
minds as set forth in-the reports that will'
be-submitted to you. r< J
J ? <j "?
By reference to the report of^the PhosphatelaspeGtOF.yoiv'wiU
see an itemized
f.. kaleni'^ of \vor-it accomplished. di>-_
-ifcg the 4ast fecal year. ' Th^joyalty paid
rne state :or roc.< imnea iu iog* amounteu
. / . ' .to553,5^2.64. During.tbe,hserH^-.ea/just
' -' --Closed itantOunt^d'l:p$^39,379.2S, being an
increase of 5i5,856.64 over the preceding
year., TlSjj '^&3j&t*es^tha.t]^he companies
doing business 4n?our phosphate beds are
recovering from the* disastrous effects of
" ^ the; great stosms years
The^ar&rand Jlevelopnfenuk^the phos
piiate indus-try of .the Siate is of vital 5 m1
portance and demands our careful consid*
eration. AtVour fas^essiort'no" provision
was zaad.e to'defraj* the expenses, of
the Commissioner and ihe."Board: T&ii"
pvnpflw- has-h^n-.t-Ho-" Attorney.
Gencralv under, resolution,. of..the Board;out
of funds,,collected by, him.^nd ia&is
hand's. I iu^esiTtiie ad?isabili'ty .of pro:
- " vfding a-,sufccient )ainbWnt3 toT.covertfiis
expense? ^w.uf^^^oriafiqn^bill. 'For
an itquized .st^e^pt^pf^t^^vorji done
by the Inspector.^-^keet wnr- atleiition.i
t r\ T-.i c r/inort - ??-' *: ? //->*-*
.IkEQ4C;?3SPARrMBSCT-. -i * ^
, As_ will be reSj^ce-to-.tiaiefogg
port of the. - AVlorh^rGeneral, thdt Qm&i
lias acccinplisie^>Iar^am6Si^t7af^:a0t
fl'nrl ir js fb
of that o'fScer. -T-L?'^ublieaticxu;_of sbiue
of the op'4^iftp?.c>f <tb^ ^ttorue^-Crenerai
;" * of a'^geueral^a^i pfeWrc" nature is a corn^
men d able -uj h?r?p<?is; o f the
s^.<3Jc>5g. ^ci&teigefom that'report
are w'prtffv'oT^Qtir Srtenti'oaV. They show
"that ih^elrorts'.of tliese "officers to punish'
} and ?reveh?dp,$ie have.not j>e,ea^8avail-.
"r.:rv ; : * "-..k
!'' RAILROADS.1. ;' * :
The twenty-tirst ciu?ua!l'-report-of the
State-Railroad ^Commission will belaid
before you. It is gratifying to note that
the general condition of the railroad-b'usi-'
iiess.?of the State is prosperous,-^JRai 1 roads
properly conducted are public benefactors
They are in one sense citizens and large
Y* taxpayers, to the -State.--' It should be"
gratifying to even- citizen of the State to
know that."the business of the railroads
the past year has been good,-for. itwiu'd ideates
that .there has. been activity in every
line of industry, j During
the year, the Commission* ua revising
the freight tariffs, has made various
changes which have reduced TatfeS to
the benefit of shippers without-acy (iimin
i:t:o;i :n tne .^ross revenue 01 tne roans,
which has been maintained' by* th&'increase
of the tonnage. . . <
0:x- of the mosi important changes in
the railroad situaiion tjuriutj-the ye:rt\ha's
been the israsi:i^ qi" the South Carolina
and Georgia Railroad by the Southern
Ra^.way.'.*Systen:._ The result'_of this
transaction Ii.:>-be >n to give the-city of
Phar'lfc'rrn r> rr>n! iii'Trms Tnilpnr??? tariff tr>
all sections o: the State .reaoiied by these
lines. , The saints dwne bp: the Atlantic
. Coast -Line system. : 7hjs;opcefation ox" a
straight .mileage system by the Atlantic
' * Coast Line Railroad and the Southern
.Railway was brought about' in" a' large
measure by the persistent efforts turd
rules of the Commission ..'.vho realized the
importance ol general benefit to &s* ae*
. riyedjjpm a closer commercial relation
between the r seaports of the State
and the. .jCourFtry north - a^d west; of,
Columbia. .'?h,is results in placing'-oinv'
principal seaport city: ?n a , rersocable'
rate basis with-' the entire State, which,
together/vVitbf just- inter-State rates on the
parte: ihesejoads, will enable Ch?-Mest6nv
with proper efforts on the part of her iuer- 11
chants, to take htr position ?.s the leading j i
l>ori on the South Atlaniic'-tossL": _i /s ' !
.As I have already stated. there has been ;
;j;reat activity in railroad bu: loins; during *\
tin-. ]/ >* year and I' ana^pteafeecTtctgiv^' ]
in tbiv c - i'io ti'i:-, t!:c<.\.<ocficjarr* uTiklfr fV
h-'v i ! :: :::r:::'?? ?i :;ie*!?y tiie.K&iilrv
< wiii tt?jl *>::5v atTonri "Uiij ;
' * "-a r< :; Is: ;>:>?) sender t
, . ;> if., ji:ati<gi5ily j
' v.'j-.rli .::'{ii l!]?- ! \-*Mt [,
tile iiti'l \Viil j;iv?- ryi|iJ??ynic;trt:t(> j t
jjiiidV' I'CMl'J'f, . , . I
r?V ;,
r. -j. * *
. ... , f . ... V, -.
The Atlantic Coast Line has can- ,i
>tructed from 'Denmark to Robbies, a. .<
listance of 54 miles. * :
.The Southern Railway has constructed <
m extension from Cayce's' to Ferry, a i
lisUnce 01*31.2 mile.
The Seaboard Air Line has under con- i
om/T \yrjr?r^m-n1 Atprl in a
>LI auu nui iiu>v vv^^/*ww? - ? ?
few weeks;- a line from Clieraw to the i
[unction of, the F. C. 6c P. R. R., a distance
.of 91 miles.
The Sumter and Wateree R. R. constructed
a. line from Sumter Junction to
the City of Sumter, a distance of 15.8
miles. - ' '
The North Western R. R. Company
have under construction an extension ;
from Sumter to Camden, a distance of 30
miles, 10 miles of which is in operation,
and the otherkmi!eage is under rapid construction.
There "is'under construction a line from
? tVia AcVim-iilf. Rr S?r>?rtanbun?
.1 JJUllll. >-uv "" --j
R. R. to Lockhart Mills, a distance of 15
A line from Conway to the Seashore is
nnder construction, a distance of 10'
miles. This will make a total new mileage
of 237 miles in the State.
Your attention is directed-to-the--report .
of the Commission, in which you will -find
much valuable and encouraging information.
" . . - _
I submit herewith a synopsis of the
i-fir's business.
railroad earnings.
Earnings of the railro ids of r
the State from all sources
for the year ending June
30,1S99* -. 5 S,9i6,3S3.04
total expenses.
Maintenance . of way and
structures, equipment, con .ductlbg,
general expenses-. : 5,831,246.37
Income? 2,701,430.44
Increase in gross earnings .. ,
over 1090 01 $ o</)Ujj.w
Gross earning per mile 3.377-43
Operating expenses per mile. 2?357-9^
Net income per mile 1S99 1,023.36
Net income per mile 1S9S.... S07.37' '
Increase per mile 215.77
There is no question that will engage''
ytxi.r attention'at this session that will
demand more pare fail thought and In' !
which there is-morp interest manifested
than that of the'control 01" liquor.
You will no doubt have several pr-optS*'"
sitions presented to you by different
members of your body for your consideration.
It. is important that you
'ishould take hold of the question in a
! posftire and direct manner and meet
the issue squarely. Fnderthe Constitution
of the State there are only three
modes allowed for dealing with this
1 AMomW*!
F question. "J.oe ucuci ai ^-i.aa^uu wijr
L%say license persons or corporations to
ilhjanufacture and sell and retail alcorijolic
liquors or beverages within the
Stat' /' "or the General Assembly may;
prohibitrthe manufacture and sale and
retail of'&lcoholic liquors and beverage^,
witirfn. th*e:State;" p. it "may authorize
and empgwer State,' county and municipal
officers, all or either, under: the
:'a.uth6pi^(>and:in the name of-fffi&tate,
to bur ip any market and retail within
the STate'li'quors and beverages in such
packages and quantities, under such'rules'and
regulations, as it deems expedient."
And in no'case shall it be
* * * '
sold in less quantities- i/uau uuc-uou;
jtfnt or between suh-down and sun-rise,
and it shall not be drunk on the premises.
Neither can-the-General Assembly
"delegate to any municipal corporation
;the' power to issue licenses to
sell the ?ame." Under the last alternative
the Dispensary. Law-is in-foree.
At the present time and in .view , of
the era of material progress and development,
upon which th^e State has
entered 51 do not beftev6*it would be
wise or goocf business judgment to refer
this c'ueStion to a popular election. J
: .Xot.-that-thereis-any uneasiness or nnwilliagness
to trust the people, but
,4t have a tendency to renew
:^tuife^'and.bitternessaud engender bad
! fee^fig^-n^I''beileve would retard the
progwi^OMhe'State in its material development:'
MuehVof the prejudice
: tHaCia's-iiei%tofgne^iisted against the
Di$p#fcsary Law,-,h'j^been broken down
;and*maay-of-its most*bitter opponents
LkaTO'come to realise its- good features
: and'are ready; and willing and anxious
: toseO'i^.impre.^d and enforced. With
' certain ^en'dments which seem neces!aary,.and;which
will commend them'1
selves. -tp'.jjour. good -judgment, and
cViniiM hp.'maflft at the nresent
tie proper enforce;
meat .of- the ;l?$.tjit fs the best solution'
:otiha,iUi^ae-Question yet devised.-.
p pose ib.e^Pj^c $<*?&.
1 z - km ?&& dffl&Kt*^^Kerj^s-?Been
put under the ban
aaa eTn e r ffiu prohibit it, license it.
or tilKtwtffire"cha r sfe* of I r,' xhe princi;
pte'is tbfc'satnfe. It-seems to me that 4t
would be gop'd'judgment to take holdJOftb^^fesent'lavv
and amend and im
prove iv .Prohibition ^y^ry THce^n
l" theory but- In exist18 jr-^wteurfrsTances
'and conditions I do ncfbe'lietfe itwo&Jd'
be practicable. f'lxir^c^fittry/-machinery-would
be necessary to enforce
it and there would be no means with
which tO-empioy the machinery except
;byvadditional taxation, and even then
whiskey would be: freely-soid^and .barrooms
bhder the guise of drug stores
would spring up and ?ou?wh..in everyf
town and hamlet *ja Sohtfi .Oardliha.|Such'ha$-'i>een
the experience where-"
I aver urohibition has been tried - Local
I option' would be even worse than prohibition.
: To have prohibiH?n?Htt_;o"&ecounty*
a license sy.sjemfi?; as -*&<ijs>in-'
ing county, and the .-da^emar^" i$>
another,.;-would create .no ead*?C<?Oflfusion
and trouble througho.pt-,.-; the
State. . i*. /. i .. "i
No law has-been enactedvinthisState,
in recent years that has been'as bitferiy
opposed and as stronglysypj>orted as
the Dispensary Lav,-. Ap'd *yet, . with
thft pvfpnrinn of a fpW lrrrn.fft.ir^. 'it, has
been ,as well en forced as &s.-'
pected, being revolutioria'fy'-as* it*was.'
No law can be thoroughly enforced that
^iai not;behind i-t and to "snfcport 'it'- a
be:'lth\* public sentiment in? iosi fafrotv
K w.tbat'public .sentiment is* growing:
... its favor it seems to me that ifw
-ic',bexinvise and bad judgment.to
iu^eal the Dispensary Law and to make
trial of some Oihersrst^m nf cr>nf.riVrlincr
tii'e liquor business.
? That, there has "been bad management
in*-some departments, is ^pt^o'ar^u- J
ment against the.systeto. Tfiat,'.jhere '!
should'.Have "been disagreement and- I
contention amongst those irj cqatrol is ;
unfortunate: " " " r*:
' Iwouid recommend for your consid- !
eration the abolition of the Scateand j
C.'outfry-Boards of Control and that/the' \
duties of these officers he devolved iiuon* !
other;., Qffieial,s; You should . elect "a"
5tate.Commi?s1onerof high (jbafac&er 'I
in a good business judarmen^' acd'jrrre .
bjrn sufficient compeusati&i:-*to' X&a*
aiahd the services of such a. man. . He
-Ik-.hM l.rt 't 1iYH? v?n rVy*"V> n ri <
lisrretion and rtijfiirc-d to fire (A-.good i
in<t s'iffieteot bond and ^uhj^t .go ,<
i-iinjval- by the Governor. * "A? 'the t
3!-<;<?r*n*. law stand* he h.-;s very, lie'h?
ii.M-rvtiorjarv jKiwcr in the manage- i
ju'iif. iiF tftu business arrd much j i
noro Mian vv clertf ,t<* efcrry-.' outr: the-* c
- .. *
V .' v
fit ? *
|M|||||| n 11 ^ inn
ules-and.-regula'tioEis of the Board of
Control.. As an advisory board to the
state Commissioner I would suggest the
Comptroller General, the State Treasurer
and the State Superintendent of
Education, with such powers-and duties
is in your wisdom you may think
proper to confer upon them. I do not
deem it wise to put the Governor'or the
Attorney General on this advisory
board. Vou might add to this board
the chairman of the Finance Committee
of the Senate and the Chairman of
the Ways and Means Committee of the
House. It would not be necessary for
0111b UUill'U lt\J lljcuo iiiui uucLu iuui'
a year and at each meeting competitive
sealed bids"Could be submitted and these
bids, opened in the presence of the Commissioner
and such purchases made as
would be needed to supply the demand.
The State Treasurer is the custodian of
the fund's, the Comptroller General distributes
the school part of the fund
arising from the dispensary, and the
State Supe; intendent of Education is
the head of the educatiomildapartment
which is the beneficiary of the fund.
These officers are elected by the people
and have to give account to them for
the manner in which they discharge
their-duties and are always men of'ability
and character.
,,.In place of thS County Boards I would
suggest that the County Supervisor.'the
County Auditor, and the Mayor of-ihe
County seat town, if a dispensary be located
there, if not the mayor or intendant
of Some town in the' .County in
which there is a dispensary,'constitute
the County Board, and that they serve
without ext<ra compensation. They too
are elected by the people and would l
have to give account of their steward- .
shipao fche people.' I ".'.would also suggest
thatijthe county dispensers be
elected by.; the people as other county
officers., are elected and for a term of
two v"ea?cs. .
>. These changes are suggested not only
because in my judgment;^ ey would improve
the-ad ministration of the law, but
on the ground of. economy. I regret
that I havfe not the figures for the last
fiscal year. They co4u!d not be obtained
on" account, of the._ assembling of the
"LeHslature-coming'so near to the close
... t C U
01 tne nscar year. xuc u^uics,. uu?:
ever, will not be materially different
from tbo?e of the fjlcjl year 1S98, so
far as the County Boardiare concerned,
buut .the- cost of the ^tate Board will undoubtedly
be very nitt'ch'increased. In
' this year -the total co&t of the County
Boards. jwaS vS^,724 20:^FOr the same
>y&&r/the sost of the;"State Board of
(Control, was $4.-390 01 j'which makes a
total.,of ?14.144.21 as the^cost of the
State and^Oounty Boards of Control and
which , by their abolition would be
tufcaed'into the profits of the dispen
sar'y.? I
would .also suggest that the law be
so amended as to bring violations with'
in'the" jurisdiction of the magistrates,
so that all;cases might.be promptly and
summarily" adjudicated. Much of the
' expense of- the constabulary arises from
having to attend circuit courts as witnesses
and 'prosecutors against blind
Soon after I came'into office I reduced
the constabulary force nearly one-half
;and endeavored as far as I knew and
could.secure information to select men
of. character and discretion to perform
the duties of State Constables. As public
r san.tim.enfr grows in favor-of the law and
[j3^g_'istrates a^d thfeir-constables, and:
'ottier.officers realize-thatr it is as mucir
their.duty, to enforce this as'- any other
i law3;J-am.?atisfied tbacthe force can be
still'furtjier reduced aed finally entirely
abolished. . ' ?
: . During the past vear,:I issued a circular
letter-to/all' the magistrates and
sheriffs of tbe^State and the mayors and
intendents of the-incorporated cities and
towns,'-- calling ttieir attention to xne
fact that the Dispensary Lraw was'as*
much a law- of the State as. any Other
law?and,also directing their attention
to their'duty to enforce it. just sls they
woulflv the statute against larceny or
any other crime, and'asking their aid
and. co-operation in the wise and hti-:mane
execution of all laws. The responses'
were numerous and unanimous
.in expressions of hearty cp-operatioa..
Some of them were frank enough to say
that t&ey naa oeen ana wereopposea to
the Dispensary Law but manly enough
to acknowledge it as a law of the State
and to pledge their support and co-operation
in its proper enforcement. , -I am
satisfied :that this circular has resulted
-in gpod and: that in many .of-the cities
and towns the-local authorities are dodog
what they-can to apprehend viola. tofs^nd
that there are fewer violations
.of the Dispensary Law than of maDy
"other "laws pp ihe statute books.
Mr. W. -W. Harris, who is clerk'and
is in charge of this department under,
mTT ?-1;oontinn .in V.io .ronrtrt tr> mp>
LXJ(V Uli WWiVuj *iU yrv^v? w ?v -? ? |
"There. is "*ess complaint of the illicit j
traffic irr liquor coming to this office j
.from throughout the'State than e^cr
..bBfctffe. during the five years I have
.be^n connected with this department
^and itrk very evident that there is less,
violation, of the Dispensary Law over
the entire-State, .with the possible exception
of the city of Charleston and
two or three of" the. counties in r.he
north-west portion of the State, and itr
is probable that even in those sections.
there has been improvement." I submit
herewith & table showing the comparative
cost and the work-done by the
reduced number jof constables' for the.
last six months of 1899 and.the corre-.
spording six months of LS9S.. It will ,
be seen that ..so far as the .wprk done*
the number .of. .seizures fsv?bout .the
same," while there has been a savin?,
'for*the'six months of 1899 ov.qr the.same
si.vmonths' of 1S98 of 38,238.90 in this
one item.'; ' "
" .. . . I ? O ? ?? I Fl
saiazpg-jousqainx | Z'z*? j ?
*" . IT"- ~ i r. filC | ~~Z I
w ci y> c* I ic!
. " ' vOujnqms %$??? ~ ~
- - v-noD;?v?oomox *>5 ??*?;? S.
* ?
"' ci .' ... - ; -I
"Ci saiqKjsnoo zzqumx -rcnnnnn -I
2:'V ~ " | i |j : : : |~j
5* I . r ii 3 r1 i I 3
i - Sf < :-i i :-i
|' "* 'icdinzi^s jojaqtunx j s>?:'2 j" j -5
I, - . "Of" j S j' S
.', .- v;XjEjnqB}s j "?> $ ? ? | ?
I' '" -uoojojsoo imox ?; ? ?. Z.% ? 1 %\
' . JJ I lj*j
- 2 ^ "! c ^ - I
.WI I \T. XT. W. \T. \TtsZ .1 I
j ? ; I I
!\ I ^o = = )i
. > *.- I =^3 i> Z ; a
v. .. >; .../ - if^!|-si:.
I ??< ic ^ ?-? I
These figures' include the cost of
augfgy hire, railroad fare for the constables,
and the salary of the clerk to
he Governor.-1 ?
I am glad to be able to state
;hai during my term, of .office, with
Mif-nnp >?v?w>Trtinn. therft*'has bfiftn n<V
conflict" between the constables and
citizens and in this exception one cooStable
wa? killed and another wounded'
md one citizen was killed. This unrofr.unate;-trouble
cannot any more be
ian*?ed 'tx> 'the Dispensary Law than,
v .C'
? ? iii mm ii ii 11 rr ? i ? n t im ? wmttmatm
could'a similar difficulty in the enforce
ldciju ui auy uiuci ia>> uu ai^ucu i
against it.
The annual report of the State Board
of Control for the li=cal year endjng
December 31,-1890, will-be submitted!
for your information us soon as it can '
be made. up. As-already stated, the!
fiscal year ending, so near the assembling
of the Legislature, it was impossible
to obtain inforprntion showing the
business and. condition in time for my
message. I am informed, however, that
the profits will be much larger than in
any previous year since the enactmeot
of the Dispensary Law.. This does not
n O v?i 1 tt f V?ot f Vi o An
AIJ- uiic^u iu^ uutiouiu^uivu
of whiskey has increased but rather it
argues that less "whiskey' has been
shipped in the State for personal iise
and the blind tigers have decreased and
much of the prejudice against the Dispensary
Law no longer exists... ;
I have received from the Comptroller
General the following statement of* Receipts
and disbursements on account of
the special State" Dispensary School ,
Fund for lS9S-'99:
Received from State Dispensary
i898r'99,-..? ,5130,000 00
Disbursed to the
several coun- *ties
under Act
. 1898 : $67,204 35
Disbursed D.efi- * . .
ciency several'
counties under
Act 1899.J 19,338 02
Disbursed sur-l^ J, ?
plus several' 1 w . .
counties under
. Act 1899 .4%457 63-S130,0Q0 00
I am sure that yoif'will bie guided by a
wisft discretion an&exercise'goed busi'riess.
judgment In -dealing with this? su ft-'
ject, and I trust that whatever action
you may take will redound to the good
of-th-e State.
The last General Assembly made ho
provision, fbr the: continuance of ?he .
offioe'pfState Historian and the c<>mpletion-'of
the work which - that -officer
had in hand. CoL John P. Thomas,
who'had been appointed to take up the
work laid down by Judge J, B.Kershaw
and Gen. H L. Farlfey, aBd in-'vieV? Of
much unfinished business connected
* <3 AAWM.nJ 4* /I n4 f A lr Art r\
mereW1U.U, ueeujcu uis iiuvj.
.his'office open and;to. prosecute his labors
on his own responsibility, and as a
contribution to the'Confederate History
of the State. The
resultpf tbis year's work appears
in the elaborate ivepdrt submitted to me
and by me transmitted to the General
Assembly. .... ?. .
It will be seen that the account given
of the raising of troops in South Carolina
for State and Confederate service,
1861?"65, which Col. Thomas presents as
the joint work of Mr. VV. J. Rivers and
himself, is a valuable contribution to
the history of- the part taken by
the'-State in the War Between the
States and that taken, by the
troops furnished by the State to the
Southern Confederacy. ' This paper
throws a flood of light, upon .the rolls
and lays the foundation of the sketch
designed to accompany the publication
thereof, when this publication shall be
ordered by the General Assemby.
Col. Thomas further, .reports, as the
V? ! *? f fr\n% tVa rvocf rao it
IC3UII VI ilia OGl V IUCO lUl pUfO U j Vxfcfci ?
the collection 0/ much additional historic
data beating upon the services of the.
Confederate - soldiery- from?South.Carolina
in the. War. for Southere,Independence.
"[ /
. ..The rolls having befen'practically coin
pleted, Col. Thomas-''recommends-their
publication, properlj edited and accomt\rt
?iav! Kt? o'el-of/ik oc tKot AntHn??^
..pciuicu, 3UV/U Cb O CfcJ ui_i<^,v V/kA v>*UN~v?
in the one submitt-jd, supplemented by
a concise'statement "of the bart' taken
by each of the organizations ?rom South
Caroi%&;which.participated' in: our heroic
struggle./ ' " '
. "The^cosfof this publica'tioii wbulcTbe
very'small-compared with its historic
value/"It'fs-important that we should
preserve this'history "and that ifshould
be nut in cerm'anent sbaoe while some
of .those are still living .who helped- to
make it and are more competent to record
it'accurately than any of their de-;scendants
will be. J submit for your
consideration the wisdom of coitfianing
the office-, of.' State Historian .?and of
making provision for the publication of
this history. Estimates have been received
from a reputable publisher which
indicate that it will not take a very
.-great-outlay'to-.have this history pub-'
Wished." It is-probable that a sufficient
.number.of copies .could be sold to pri-.
vate individuals to reimburse the' State
for the outlay. Before taking definite
action you might appoint^ Committee
from both Houses to look'Into this .matter
and report at the present session.
Col. Thomas will ?gladly. iurni3h-the
Committee with such information'as he
may-have, "i " V
Col. Thomas has submitted to me
his .resignation as State -Historian,.to
whieh he was appointed:in Ojctober,
ion- v.. ?tr^
iu{jij uy uuvcruui juiici uc. uic ua-o
given efficient and faithful service during
his terra of office and. ha$ 'labored
.hard to gather and pu-t-in shape the
part that South Carolina took Tri that
great strujrsl-e.. .He should-be compensated
for his- services-"during 'the past
year, and, i.com'aiend it? to "your favor-,
able cotlsideratron. ' * ' .
.rkt^k*a\farrria rattt.f.fie r;ri.
k The Gener&l/Government has purchased
the(^wkamau?a battlefield and
converted it> ittto a national park: ..It iskept
in excellent condition-aDd -Stands
as a permanent tribute to the magnificent
valor of the Americau soldier. It
is the only; battlefield so consecrated.
Th'e'General Government has asked the
various "States having'.troops engaged
in mat nattie to mars .we. positions o'
their troops by the erection of suitable
monuments. Man} of the States have
so honored their sons.and $-171,500 have
already been expended for this purpose
by sixteen States. Georgia ieads the
Southern States with an expenditure of
825.000. The General Assembly of
South Carolina in 1S93 sent a commission
to locate the position of her
troops and in 1894 appointed a
commission to select suitable
monuments. In view of the prominent
part South Carolina took in thi.*
war and in this battle.it seems but fit
and proper that she should join with
her sister States in this tribute to the
memory of her heroic dead and provide
the necessary means to complete the
work already commenced. The South
Carolina Division U. C. V. will present,
a memorial to you asking an appropria-'
tion for this purpose'of $10,000. I commend
it to your favorable consideration
The annual report of the State Board
tta#.uu ...in u~ 4.^,,^., . .r.
Ui. OCdlbii Will UC aUULUiliLCU uw. VUU. J.1
is important that you should give care
ful attention to this report and the sug- :
gestions and:recommendations con- 1
tained in it. You will also find a. full
exhibit of expenditures of the Board
The fund-appropriated at the last session
was exhausted before the-close o' 1
the year largely on account of'the existence
of small pox in various sections o<
the State'and in the efforts of the Boarc
to combat the .disease.. Other infectious
and contagious diseases have pre- <
vailed to a more or'less extent in some i
parts of the State but have been of a ;
very miid character. Only small pox 1
has assumed anything' like an epidemic t
form and the mortality has been very i
light. It has appeared in twenty-three <
counties during the year and is still 1
prevalent in some sections. Itisitn- (
portant that stringent measures should t
he adopted in order to stamp it out be- i
fore it assumes a more virulent type, f
The Secretary of t he State Board, Dr. 1
James Evans, in his report to me says: i
"It was impossible .for the.State Board ?
of Health to prevent the rapid spread t
of the disease to those widely separated (
sections of the State-for several reasons, c
tbe cruet ot wmen was tne inadequate t
funds at tht> disposal of the Board: not t
being clothed with sufficient power to e
enforce their authority in isolating, \
guarding a*nd presenting intercourse \
with the sick: in enforcing the great *
safeguard against the spread of the i
contagion,.compulsory vaccination, and c
the great necessity of extending the 1
health organization to the township t
which would secure prompt notification c
of the presence of any contagious or^n- f
fectious disease to the health authori- i
ties, who could thus take prompt ac- {
otuu in wu u auv uijica?c ui;iv;ic
it could possibly infect other persons t
and become epidemic.;' This matter t
deservesyourcareful attention. To ex- z
tend the organization from the State i
Board to the County Board and from t
the County Board to the Township ?
Board would put in operation machin- s
ery that should be able to control and i
stamp out any contagious or infectious t
disease before it atold have opportuni- i
tv tn cnrpad. anrT onnld omard with a i
J -w T * ~
jealous eye the health of the State.
You have now on your calendar a.hill
providing for township boards pf health.
On account of the prevalence of small
pox recently I made, arrangements to
borrow' $3,000 to be put at the disposal
of the State Board of Health in order
to stamp out and control the small pox
epidemic. Up to this.time that fund
has not been drawn upon' but I have rio
doubt the State Board" has 'incurred
some obligations'which tf'i'll have to be
met in handling the' disaase. The
health of the people of the State is a
ver.y important matter 'and should be
carefully guarded by ^the enactment of
wise sanitary measures. In .the rerort ]
nf "the Stoto Rrm rrl von will find several I
important- suggestions acd recommendations
which should receive your careful
The Medical College of the State of <
South Carolina located at Charleston i
is not a State institutson but through j
the kindness of its faculty has for sev- i
eral years been furnishing free tuition i
to seven deserving young men, one from !
each congressional district in the State. 1
These young men have been named by ]
a. U n ~ T ?L ?.? WMAWAM Jin, 1 1 ?
i-ut: vjuveruur. ii/uuuuui|ji'u^cr iuv.au t
this matter to your official attention i
and to commend this institution for the i
good work it has been doing for the <
State. .. <
In our coast counties the oyster busi- '
ness could be made an important indus- J
try if proper and wise legislation were
enacted to protect the oyster beds. I j
am informed that tons of oysters are
shipped from Beaufort County every
week durin? the winter to canning fac- '
tories in other States for which the *
(State receives practically no reve'nue,
and these beds are almost inexhaustible.
And- what 'is true of
Beaufort is true of Georgetown and
our other coast counties. It is a'much
more important matter than some of
our people-who are hot familiar with it
imagine. * If properly protected, canneries
could not be built and profitably
operated where the beds are and remunerative
employment given our own people.
If they were not and the oysters
were exported the State should receive
some revenue from them and not voluntarily
contribute to. enrich other
.States from property which Is ohrs. I
ask for this matter your careful consid
eration and such - legislation as in your-} j
wisdom you tiny conclude pcoper for (
t'he protection of the State; "At the '
.session of 1897 *1*010 legislation was had
along'this lin.? i>;jt it, -iceds to be amend- .
ed and perfecte ; ana made- more effective.
i \
It has been brought to my notice that !
there remains in the Treasury of the ]
United States the sum of $10,512,007.96, i
balance remaining, from the"sale of .
captured ana aoanaonea property ui uue
Southern States, under the Acts of Con- i
gcess 'approved Varch. 12, 1863, .and :
July 2, 1864, this-.Jbeing chiefly cotton '
seized in and around 'Beaufort during i
the occupancy of the parishes of St.
Helena and-St. Luke's .while the war i
iwas in progress, and elsewhere through- i
out the"Southern-States in such parts of
? he-territory aa-were under Federal con- ]
trol during the war, and after the war . <
by special agents of the Treasury ap- <
pointed,-.for .that purpose. This fund 1
has been the -subject of considerable s
contention. Claimants have-endeavor- i
ed to establish their right to it, but 1
owing to the difficulty of bringing suit i
airainstr'tbe ITnit'ed States, a sovereign. !
and the peculiar provision of the law 1
.under which .it was taken requiring- 1
iron-clad oaths and proof of loyalty, in- i
dividual suit could be brought only in 1
a very few instances. Meanwhile the t
fund has laid in the Treasury, and in- 5
dividual efforts have continued to be
made by persons deeming themselves
interested therein, before' Congress, to c
secure the privilege of bringing suit in "c
the Court of Claims. During the years
that have passed the subject has been /
considered frequently by the Supreme c
Court of the United States, and it has *
been determined by that tribunal in a ~
lirect decision, (Klein vs. U IS 13 W. r
A. L L. 133 II) that it was not the in- a
mention of Congress by the enactment g
jf those statutes, that the title to property
seized under them should be di- ^
vested from the loyal owner: (2) that {'
ihe proceeds of the property should go t
into the Treasury without change of t
ownership: (3) that the same intention s
prevailed in regard to property o.f own- t
*rs, who though hostile at the time the ^
property was taken, might subsequent- g
Iv become loyal: (4) that the Govern- j
raent constituted itself trustee for those r
U?? A rtf AA! A H'A/1
W uu UJ UUdL ucuaicu tuuii/itu ?
f,o the proceeds of captured and aban- c
uonea property. H
Ta the 5.5th Congress a_ general I;
Bill was introduced opening the. door j ^
of the Court of Claims " to 'suits} v
liy all of these claimants, and favorable
reports from the Committees
on Claims of both " Houses
<.vere submitted; .recommending the i
uassaire of the bill (Senate Bill 5020' s
35th Congress, 3rd Session. Report ^en- !!
Ate Committee on Claims' No.-1634') and C
t-hese pub'-ic documents^carried on their j c
face'lhe-evident justice of such Ieirisla- j c
'.ion. The bill-fa!led to pass only for : a
r-he reason, a* I am informed.'that it! a
'ailed t > receive aiteot'.on in the ma^s s
)f business b?for\Contrress. and so this S
nen^uro. so.bfp??ticial to a lar^e nurn- 11
'ier of our citizens, the proceeds', of <1
rhose property is in th;?t fund, failed a
it that Congress. With a view of aid::
.ng the passage of the bill when re-m- .!
j a __ 1 1? U* T I
.X'UUUUCU, U.5 II. uas WCU m rvm. ue. x I
lave seen proper to address a requesi I
;o every member of our congressional '
ielegation. requesting1 them to give ;
iiligent attention to this important j
measure, and I have also addressed i
jommunications to the Governors of j
he several Southern States, whose citzens
are in common interested in the I
iind. and requested them to take simi- j
ar action, and replies have been re- \
;eived from several of the Governors. I
ihowing that they have acted upou !
his suggestion, and the Legislature of
jeorg'ia has passed a resolution requesting
its congressioral delegation
ictively to co-operate, and it is hoped
;hat at the present Congress by united
itfort, this legislation, long delayed.
.viil be enacted. It is difficult to see
why in this era of good feeling, when
ill the acerbities of the war have gone
,o their merited oblivioD, that the Congress
of the United States should withhold
from its citizens the simple right
io proceed before its own courts, and
iemonstrate their interests in the
und, for which the highest courts has
idmitted that they occupy a hduciary
In this connection it is proper to state
.hat much of the evidence upon which
nloimo ovict..k vnnirilv nassincr
iwav, and some means should be af'orded
to our citizens to perpetuate
;his testimony as far as possible, and to
inable them to do so a commissioner
ibould be appointed with power to administer
oaths who should take depositor^
of witnesses who are cognizant of
acts relative to these claims, put them
.n permanent shape, and register them
n a suitable manner, so that this testimony,
now so valuable, may be available
whenever the Congress of the United"
States shall see proper to permit these
natters to be litigated. Such a commissioner
should be appointed without ex
aenseto the State, but his compensation
should be entirely a matter of agreenent
between him and tbe parties who
nay desire to avail themselves of his
services in the perpetuation of the eviience
relating to their several claims,
ind a sum of money, not exceeding $100
night wisely be appropriated to defray
;he expens- of printing needed blanks
md purchasing suitable books of
There is no subject of greater imoortance
aad that v? 11L affect more people
than tbat of good roads. No sub
ject will coaie before you to which you
jould give careful consideration with
more profit. The tendency has been
for the country population to move to
ihe cities and towns in order to secure
;he advantages of church acid school,
[f this continues the country districts
will become depopulated and the population
will be congested in the cities
ind towns. The condition of the public I
roads in certain seasons of the year J
Bakes it almost necessary that the
country people should be denied school,
church and social privileges. Unless
something is done to arrest this flow of
population to the cities acid towns the
condition of the country districts will
oecome alarming and it is already receiving
the attention of the bboughtful
The country is the preserver of
;rue manhood atid the foster father of
nanly independence. Nothing will
conduce more to its development and
lesirability as a place of residence than
r 11 h o COT7
jUC UUJiUiU^ u; ^vuu iv/auo. xuv. ^utns
af time, the saving in the wear and
;ear of stock and vehicles, and the adiition
to the loads that could be hauled
with more ease, would compensate for'
nuch outlay in road improvement, not
;o speak of the convenience and comfort
to the people who travel on the1,
-oads in marketing their products and
mending church and school. Our conJitions
are such that it would scarcely
De wise to levy an additional tax for
;his purpose. But by wise and proper
ase of the means at our disposal much
? v-r, w r K t> Krv n r\l l c Vt oH t V? Q n i Q
iiUi O uv/W??(yii?www. -W
20w done. In many of the counties
jjuch of the work on public roads is
Dut a shiftless preteoce. Under our
system of county chain gangs if the
force were kept at work on permanentimprovements
and the building of
permaueLLU ruaua mstcau ux v;icauiug
:>ut ditches and throwing a little dirt
in the middle, which has to be done
Dver after each rain, much more might
be accomplished. Some of thecounties
have realizod the importance of this
permanent work and as a result good
and permanent roads are being built,
r submit for your consideration the importance
of requiring all county chain
V\a lr Ar? nanmonont. cPAnV
IU UC vu luuuuuv <T vkM
and not be permitted to.fritter away
their time on work that will have to be
ione over two or three times a year.
I am glad to report to you that the
authorities of Clemson College have
realized the fact tuat road improvement
is one of the greatest economical
problems of the day and t-hat they are
Jevotiog money ana nme to tne stuay
Df the problem* for the benefit of the
farmers of the State. Experiments
ire being1 made under the direction of
in expert, who will also give the colege
classes a series of lectures on road
Baking. . Experiments have also been
nade at Clemson- on the use of broad
iires and the results have been pubished
in bulletin form. If in your
visdom you can devise some plan by
.vhirh von can ?ive to the people of
.his State better roads you will confer
?lasting blessing upon them.
During the raising of troops by the
State ia 1598 for the war with Spain
:onsiderable indebtedness was incurred <
vhich has not yet been entirely adjusted j
Jlaims have been nut in against the j
general government for these several <
Lmounts but many of them still remain
inpaid. I will submit to you a special
nessage covering, as far as I am able, j
i full statement of this matterand I de- i
ire now simply to direct your attention <
c this special message. Those citizens *
pI'iO furnished supplies on the order of ?
he Governor of the State should have i
heir money and should not be required ,
o wait any longer for payment. They ?
old their goods to the State and look s
o the State for payment and not to the j
reneral government. You should make t
ome provision for the prompt and sat- <
sfactory adjustment ot tuese cimms emainin?
unpaid. This would not in- t
erfere or retard the collection of these
laims from the general government
.nd private parties would not be sub- [
ectca to the inconvenience of bein? <
:ept out. of money justly due tbem and s
rhich they expected to receive in cash. *
It is gratifying to note that marked j
mprovement has been made id the \
tatus of the State militia under the J
iresent administration of the Adjutant \
General's department. The Dumber of i
ompanies in actual" service has been 1
J VI .1 JU? *
onsiuerauiy reuuuru uuo mcic uas uccu j
a increase in efficiency. You are c
ware .that for several years past the 5
upport of this Department by the I
>tate bas been very meagre and really c
sufficient to meet the demands re- 1
uired in maintaining a creditable and ?
n efficientmilitiaorganization. 2
Grave social and political conditions. d
iaole at any moment to threaten the F
" .-V~
peace and welfare of the State, would
seem to indicate the necessity of preparatian
at all times. 1- would, therefore.
recommend that you be.as liberal
iiju curreuu vcar iu uuc u ui tuxa
important branch of the State service
as the finances of the State founded on
wise economy will allow.
A full and exhaustive report of all
matter relating to this department, has
been prepared by the Adjutant General
for your consideration. I commend it
to your careful attention.
The repeal of the ten per eent. tax on
State Banks will go far toward solving
the money question. This is a matter
entirely within the province of the National
Congress at Washington, but a
resolution from the several State Legislatures
requesting Congress to repeal
this tax would have its influence. Such
a resolution from you would give encouragement
to our"Senators and Representatives
in Congress who are
making a fight for the repeal of this
tax and would be evidence that they,
had behind them the support and en
aorsemens 01 toe people wnom mey
bank and insurance examiner.
Ia 1896 an Act was passed creating
the ofSce of Ba^k Examiner. But tbe
Board appointed by that Act did not
elect tbe Examiner, as L am informed,
for tbe reason tbat .no appropriationwas
provided for tbe expenses of tbe
office and the. law is, therefore, a'dead
letter. *
There are now more than one hundred
insurance companies doing business
in this State. Life insurance as
well as fire insurance has taken deep
root with our people and nearly every
man has those who are dependent
upon him provided against his death
with an insurance poirdv upon his
life. It is of very great importance
to a great many of our people that the
companies that solicit business
in this State should be substantial'
and reliable companies, so that the in- '* '
sured may feel secure that when he
pays the premium on his policy, when
death comes, those for whose benefit
he has paid it may get the insurance. " " :
And so with State Banks.- A great * '"V
deal of the business of the country is
done through banks and many of our
peujjic u&vc oucir savings m mese iustitutions.
"They invite the trust and
confidence of the people and should- be under
the supervision of the State. I .
submit for your serious consideration
.the wisdom-of providing: a State Ex-:-'
aminer for State Banks and bankers ' . v
and the insurance companies doing , .
business in this State. AH reputable
companies and banks should be glad to
have such examinations made for their own
protection as wejil as the protec-.
tion of their customers. The salary
and expenses of this office could be
provided for by the institutions named
in proportion to the business they do,
as is done in the case of the Railroad . .
LLi IwOlvilCI O.
While we feilicitate ourselves on the
number of corporations that have been .
chartered within the State during the
past year and should do nothing: to
hinder their success- it should not be
forgotten that they are creatures of the
State. Obtaining their existence from
the State, you have the right to
regulate .their operations and the - .
operations of those doing business in. - ,r'
this State-though receiving their cor- , . ,
porate existence . from other States"- \ ' - "
The tendency of thesfe corporations is ' >' .. '
f r\ rn XanfTtolinAfiAiii'
ouwcuuo ^cubiaii^auiuu auu vuuiumatioa.
This tendency leads ultimately.. .
to oppression and an effort to drive-the'
weaker institutions out of competition
and unless guarded by wise legislation
will eventually take away from The individual
his dearest rights. While on
the other hand if wisely conducted and
properly guarded they will do much'to
develop and bring into life the natural " >
resources of the State. It is a subject < .v;
that should command your most earnest
and thoughtful attention.- I
thought proper simply to call it to
your attention, so that while you legis
lated to foster and encourage corporate
enterprises you might also, guard and
protect the rights and privileges of the
individual citizen!
The advisability of biennial sessions of. tie- ^
Legislature has been frequently called to the attention
of the General Assembly by my predft;. *
cessors. That we have too much .legislation weall
admit. Fewer changes'in laws as a rule: , " , would
be better. There wouldi^X; be that un- vr_- <
certainty in regard to many'laws,'that now -.' - ;
exists. Many States have adopted' biennial , , - '
sessions of their Legislatures. The State Con-. - ? :-j:.
stitution orovides for annual sessions 'of the -; '
Legislature and the Declaration of Rights de>
clares, "The.General Assembly ought frequently J- . - ,
to assemble for the redress.of grievances and for
making new laws, as the common .good, may re~ ? '
quire." I submit the ftia'tter' to you fOrvour
careful consideration, inasmuch as* there ..has. a-? '
been some discussion of this subject and some . ' " >.">
demand in certain sections for bienpial sessions. , ;
As you will see, in order to change, would re-.
quire an amendment toour Constitution.
' Much time at each session of the Legislature is
consumed with the passage of laws that have
only a local application The attention of .the
Legislature has been called to the expense
of such legislation at different'times by my predecessors
and yet every session of the Legislature
finds itself confronted with a batch .
of local and special legislation. The Constitution
prohibits the passage of local or special
illWb tUIiLCIUXJV; ouujtv.uj auu utu.auuo
the enactment of general laws to cover the same. , /
You should avoid as far as possible the passage
of local *nd special legislation, for it not only .
involves expense, but it' creates confusion in un- v
derstanding and knowipg just what the law is.
Where general laws have not. been provided in
accordance with the requirements ot the Constitution
they should receive your attention and .
then the introduction of local and special legis-' * :
lation should not be permitted.
In view of the demand from certain sections
that the time for payment of taxes be extended,
after consultation with .the Comptroller General, . .
by virtue of authority given us'by law, we ex- ,
tended the time for the payment of taxes withDut
penalty to the first of February, 1900. ,
There has been 110 mob violence during the
past year and general good order has prevailed
mrougnout me state. 1 ne county 01 uarnngton is
io be congratulated on giving a legal trial and
;xecution for a crime that usually results in
summary justice. This spirit is to be encouraged
and commended and will result in greater respect
for. the proper and legal channels of administering
the laws.
Liberty is too often construed as license and we
seed to* instil into our people a regard and respect
for constituted authority and that the best
ind most highly prized liberty is that which is
surrounded by restraint. One of the greatest
:vils of the Say and of modern times is the
.endency to disregard and disrespect constituted
tuthority and to rebel at the restraint that in
lecessary to put upon personal-freedom in order
:o secure and enjoy the best and the purest and ,
I have thus endeavored to obey the mandate of'
he Constitution laid upon the Governor to "give
o the General Assembly information of the coniition
of the State, and recommend.for its con;ideration
such measures as he shall deem necessary
or expedient." I have not presumed to.
ecture you on economy, for I feel sure that you,
ealize as fully as I do' the needs of our people
md will be as economical in the expenditure of
>ublic money as is consistent with efficient ser:ice.
The burdens of taxation always fait
leavily but where there is a wise and nocessary
rxpenditure of the public fund for the general *
rood no reasonable tax-payer will complain.
t'ou should deal with the affairs of state in a
msincsslike manner an.d as a prudent business
nan would manage his private affairs. If you
ind that in any department the expenditures .
an be cut down without hurt to efficient service
t is your duty to cut-them down. Useless and
xtravaeant anDrooriatioiis should under no cir
umstances even be considered. Prudent and
areful economy should guide you in all matters
ouching the State's finances.
I invoke upon all yptir deliberations the
ruidance of an all-wise and overruling Provi- '
leuce and trust that whatever you do may be
loue with an eye single to the good of all the
ieople of the State.
M. E. McSWF.ENF.Y, Governor. :

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