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The Fairfield news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1881-1900, January 24, 1900, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/2012218613/1900-01-24/ed-1/seq-1/

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Memorial Meeting in Honor of the
Late Governor Ellerbe.
t .
f Taken by Both Branches of the
i Legislature- Very Little Work
Dona So Far by Either the
House or Senate,
After considerable discussion Tuesj
day tlie House of Representatives
* .1 i p ii. . r> 1 T i. _ I
I' reaucea toe saiary 01 ine jraospuaie
h Inspector from $1,500 to $1,200.
After a long running debate the following
bill regarding convict labor was
passed to a third reading:
v The board of directors of the Penitentiary
are hereby authorized and
empowered to lease or hire out any conviots
in the Penitentiary, except convicts
under sentence for murder, rape,
arson and manslaughter, under the following
rules, and regulations, and
restrictions, with all others imposed by
r the said board: That the said board
% of directors shall make an annual report
to the General Assembly at the
I regular sessions, showing the number
I and names of convicts hired out, to
3 whom hired, for what purpose, and lor
what consideration, and the board of
$ directors are authorized to retain for
? the use of the penitentiary all amounts
received by them from the hire or
labor of conviets during the current
fiscal year: Provided, that the preference
shall be given to counties desiring
to hire the convicts for work on the
? publio works of such counties for $4
^ i>er month, and the county pay all ex
peases of guards, transportation and
medical attendance: Provided further,
that the county authorities shall have
the right to hire such convicts and
work them on their chain gangs and pay
for them out of funds appropriated for
repair and construction of publie highways.
The yea and nay vote on the final
passage of the bill resulted 62 to 42 io
favor of the second reading of the bill
being ordered. The vote was clinched.
> A number of new bills were introduced
- and the House adjourned to Wednesday.
There was a spicy debate in the
House Thursday over the proposition to
take Fiiday and Saturday holiday. Mr.
Magili moved that wiien "tins nouse
adjourns it be to meet Monday at 12
? Mr. Lockwood moved to amend by
making it 8 ~ night. The
amendment was adc^.c- by a vote of
69 to 20.
Mr. C. P. Sanders moved that for
Saturday the house draw no pay. Friv~.
day is Lee's birthday, a holiday which
VkA Rnf "fnr Safnr<1ftr
the members should accept no pay from
the State.
Mr. Bacot and Mr. Ashley heartily
favored the suggestion of Mr. Sanders.
^ Mr. Williams said that there were a
number of members who could not go
home Saturday and it would be unfair
to them to take their pay from them
for an adjournment which they could
not help.
Mr. Means suggested that those members
who were here Saturday appear
before the clerk and have thsir names
recorded. They could draw their pay
and the absentees could forfeit theirs.
Mr. M. B. Woodward contended that
the time had heen frittered away thus
far dnrinc th? session and he was op
posed to adjourning until Monday.
Mr. Marion wanted to meet at 10:30
a. m. Friday, Lee's birthday.
Mr. Stevenson thought it proper to
spend a day in honoring the memory of
a hero, but it was not right to use that
as an excuse to obtain another holiday.
Mr. Marion's amendment was killed,
83 was Mr. Sanders' amendment to the
original motion.
The question before the house then
j was Mr. Lockwood's amendment to Mr.
- - 11 -\f._3
iUagill B motion, to assemoie iuonaay
at 8 p. m The aye and nay vote was
demanded, resulting as follows:
Yeas?Bacot, Bates, Blease, Blythe,
Colccck, Dargan, Dowling, Dates,
Epps, Estridge, Evans H. H., Evans N.
> G., Fairey, Floyd, Gause, Henderson,
Hoffmeyer, Johnson H. E, Johnson
W. J., Lockwooa, Lofton, Magill, MeGraw.
McCulloush, Mehrtens, Mitchell,
Mobley, Montgomery, Moses, Settles,
Patterson, Pyatt, Kagsdale E. B.,
Richardson Henry 3., Rogers, Sanders
y E. L. Sawyer, Smith, G. P., Stackhouse
Strom, Theus, Thomas W. H., Thomas
W. J., Williams, Wilson. Wimberly,
^ay?The Speaker, Ashley, Bailey,
Bell, Black, Bolts, Brantley, Browning.
n r\ T\?rur?,?j,i
V^ross, V/TUUi, l/avis, x/cau, i/cui uui,
Dendy, Efird, Gantt, Graham, Mollis,
k- Jackson, Levorett, L>le3. Mann, Manning,
Marion, Mauldin, Laban. McCoy,
?/ McDill, McLaurin, Means, Moss, Peuri
fey, Prince, Ragsdale J. W., Richards,
Richardson George W., Robinson C. E.
Robinson R. B. A , Sanders C. P.,
Sharpe, Sinkler, Smith Jeremiah,
Smith J. L., Stevenson, Suber, Thre,
att, Yarn, Yerdier, Verner, West,
* "Weston, Whisonant, Wingo, "Woods.
Woodward H. H., Woodward M. B.,
Wyche, Young?57.
The house having refused to adjourn
until S o'clock Monday night, Mr. Ba
cot, moved that when the house adjourns
it be until 12 o'clock Monday.
This was agreed to by the house and
clinched on motion of Mr. Rogers. A
number of those who opposed adjournment
until S p. m. Monday were
standing in the hall with hat in hand
and overcoats on, ready to break for
the train and to take a holiday which
they had voted against for the house as
a body.
Mr. W. J. Joimson defended hi3 bill
to reduce the rates of transportation to
not more than 2j and 3 cents. The
\ railroad people had been given a hear[
ing before tfce committee, while he had
been given no hearing. He wanted
South Carolina to be on an equal footing
with her sister State, Georgia. It
is unfair for northern stockholders of
South Carolina roads to demand a
larger fare than in Georgia. After
some discussion the bill was killed by
a vote of 42 to 39.
This practically concluded the work
of the day. The hour of noon having
arrived, the memorial exercises to the
late Governor Sllerbe were held. It
was three years before, at the hour of
noon, that he first subscribed to the
oath of office as governor, in the hail
where these exercises were to be held,
and just a year previous he had deliv
ered in this hall his second inaugurai
address. A few days later he was confined
to his bed by the disease which
wrought his death. Senator Sheppard
presided. The governor and state officers
and members of the supreme court
occupied seats on the rostrum. Senator
Brown introduced suitable resolutions
in memory of the late go /ernor
and made an address in which the
pood cnalities of the deceased and his
success in life wore depicted in glowing
words. Addresses were made by
Senators Livingston, Aldrich, Henderson
and Appeh. On tfce part of the
house by Representatives Moss, Hydride,
McCullough, Montgomery and
Bacot. The House then adjourned to
meet on Monday.
On motion of Senator Walla'ce, the
senate agreed that when it adjourned
it should stand adjourned until Moaday
evening at 8 o'clock.
The senate then took a recess uni.il
five minutes before 12 o'clock, when
the body was 8gain called to order by
Senator Sheppard, and the senate proceeded
to the hall of the house of rep
resentatives for the memorial exercises.
When the senate returned to its
chambcr. Senator Henderson announced
a fa]AtrTflTn frnm
Charleston giving the sal news if tie
death of Mrs. Barnwell, wife of SeDator
Jos. W. Barnwell. He offered the following
resolution of sympathy:
Resolved, That the senate has heard
with great sorrow of the death of tLe
wife of our associate the distinguished
senator from Charleston, Hon. J.
W. Barnwell, and we hereby extend
our sincere sympathy to Senator Barnwell.
That the clerk forward a copy of
thi3 resolution to Senator Barnwell.
O"RrA/*\P \Tor?
V/U KlUllUU U-l uuuaLUi JL/ivnu v/*
ion, the senate, as a further mark of
respect to the memory of the late Governor
Ellerbe, adjourned.
An Ex-Congressman Uses a Pistol
With. Deadly Effect.
Ex-Congressman David G-. Colson
shot and killed Ethelbnrt Scott, Lnther
Demaree and Charles Julian and slightly
wounded James Golden, in the
Capitol hotel at Frankfort, Ky., "Wednesday.
Scott and Demaree died almost
instantly. Julian was thought to
be only slightly wounded, but died at
- -
1:55 p. m., from shock and loss of
blood, making the third death.
Harry McEweng, of Louisville, also
was hit by stray bullets, but not scriouly
wounded. All but Scott were bystanlers
and were shot by accident.
Colson was shot in the arm, but not
seriously hurt. After the shooting he
- ^ ^ ;j
went 10 me rebiutiuoc ui vmci -L juw
"Williams nearby and gave himself up.
Later a warrant was sworn out by
Clint Fogg, who witnessed the killing.
Fogg says Colson shot first. The killing
occurred in the lobby of the Capitol
hotel, which was densely packed with
Accounts of the killing differ and it
is impossible to give details further
than while Colson and a party of
friends were standing in. the southwest
corner of the hotel lobby, Scott came
in the hotel aad when near Colson the
firing began. Scott after being shot
walked backward toward the stairway
looking to the barroom and fell down
the stairs, dead, as ho reached them.
Hia body rolled over against the barroom
door, and as it did, Colonel Colson,
who had followed shooting at
every step, fired one or more shots in
the Lrostrato from. Demaree, who
was killed in the general fusilade, was
shot twice, one ball piercing the heart
and the other either penetrated the
heart or went directly under it. Those
in the immediate Colson party decline
to talk about the affair, and while it is
generally understood that several others
were engaged in the shooting, no
names are given. Hundreds of people
flocked to the scene of the shooting and
watched the tragic scenes following the
removal of the remains of ihe de^d
from the hotel. The most profound
sorrow exists over theacJ'" ntal kill
ing of Demaree and Julian and the
feeling against Colson among their
friends is exceedingly bitter.
Colonel Colson has been a prominent
figure in Kentucky politics. He
served two terms in congress and declined
a nomination at the hands of the
Republican party of the Eleventh district
in 1898 in order to accept tbe
colonelcy of the Fourth Kentucky regiment
in the Spanish war. Scott was a
lieutenant and Golden was captain ef a
cavalry troop in Colson's regiment and
the trouble which led to the tragedy
Wednesday began then. A feud
sprang up between Colson and Scctt
while the troops were in camp in Anniston.
Ala., and in it is said by Colonel
Oolson's friends that Captain Golden
was a warm partisan of Scott. This
? * .4. _ 2 il. 1 _i.i. T i.
trouoie cuiminateu iu me latier suuuir
ing of Colson by Scott after the regiment
was mustered out. Serious
charges and counter charges were made
at Washington against each other as officers.
Scott and Golden were also Republicans.
The death of Julian is
most remarkable. Ee walked to his
room unaided. His cousin, Judge Ira
Jul'in, examined the wound and congratulated
him on his escape. Doctors
were busy with the dying and Julian
waited. He was bleeding to death,
however, and when the doctors turned
attention to him, he was past, recovery.
Fifteen shots went home in Wednesday's
tragedy. When it is remembered
that, so far as known only tbroe revolvers
played a part in the duel. it can be
seen that the aim was for the most part
accurate. Colson's shots were true, but
this detracts nothing from the noted
skill of Scott, because he emptied his
revolve! after several bullets had lodged
in him. Following is the record of the
i 1 it x , i
marksmen: ccou, a Duiiet in tempie,
one in throat, two in lungs, two in
back. Demaree, two in heart. Julian,
bullet in calf right leg. Captain Golden
two bullets in spine. Colson, bullet
splintered left arm from wrist to elbow.
Bullets tore his cuffs and sleeves to
shreads. Nobody not in line of fire
was touched,
Proposed for the Legislature by
the House of Representatives.
Eighty-three Members Voted for
the Measure, While Only
Twenty-two Voted
Against It.
Oil Tuesday of last week in the
House of Representatives Mr. Efird
called up hi3 joint resolution to make
the sessions of the General Assembly
biennial. The time of the General Assembly,
he said, is taken up amending
and repealing statutes. The statutes
of a general nature are jumbled up and
the laws affecliD? the several counties
are at variance. There are only seven
or eight States which have annual ses
sions of the General Assembly. Just
as much could be accomplished in biennial
sessions. The Legislators are
pledged to ecor.omy, and (he peoplt
should be given a chance to say whether
they want the Legislature to meet every
year or every two years. The bill
merely provides for an election on the
question of an amendment to ihe Constitution.
Mr. Peurifoy said he was a member
of the House in 1886, 1887, 1888 and
1S89. The resolution, he said, was
nothing new. He said at that time
that if the House did not meet in five
years it would be better. Formerly the
House met late in November and adjourned
before Christmas, but you Reform
Legislators meet and remain in
session forty days, and there is no
more done. Biennial sessions are
Mr. Wolfe said that nine-tenths of
his biennial constituents favored biennial
sessions. There was now too much
legislation. The State is not rich
enough to pay for laws of no value.
The taxpayers are overburdened. There
is a public demand for the measure.
1VTi> P?o/?/-vf eoif? tliaf oinno 17Q1 f?nirr>
to the present time the bill of rights
has provided for the General Assembly
to meet frequently. Ha thought it
healthy for the lawmakers to meet frequently.
It is the result of the wisdom
of ages. After further discussion
a yea and nay vote was ordered, which
resulted 83 to 23 in favor of the reso- 1
Those who voted against the resolu- ;
tion were: SpeakerLGary, Bacot, Bailey,
DeBruhl, EvaBs, Jones, Lofton,
Lyles, Magill, ManniDg, Mauldin, W.
L. McLaurin, Mehrtens, Mitchell,
Moses, Patton, Ragscale, Richardson, i
H" "R._ Snahrook. West. Williams.
Those absent or not voting were: ;
Blythe, Cosgrov^, Cross, Dargan, Gadsden,
Jennings, Simkins, Sinkler, Theus, 1
Pairs. Weston and Crum.
There was some contennoa aoouc excusing
Mr. Weston from voting, but ho
was finally excused. 1
Mr. McCullough was paired.
Mr. Rogers and Mr. Prince said that
if they had been in tha hall they would
have ?oted yea.
The 83 vote.'5 adopted the resolution
and by the baio "skin of a voto" the
House adopted the resolution submitting
the question of biennial sessions
to the people for a constitutional
Under the Constitution -it took the <
eighty-three votes to order the vote en
the constitutional question, and the 1
resolution now goes to the Senate having
passed the third reading in the
House. ^ 1
The advocates of biennial sessions i
won a decided victory; those voting for :
the resolution were Messrs. Ashley,
Bates, Ball, Black, Blease, Bolta. :
Rranfrfef "Rrnwninir CaTichman. Col
"O! ? O I
cock, Davis, Dendy, Do wling, Dukes,
Efird, Epps, Estridge, H. H. Evans,
Fairey, Fioyd, Gamble, Gantr, Gause, !
Graham, Henderson, Hill, Hoffmejer,
Hollis, Hopkins, Hydrick, Jackson,
H. E. Johnson, W. J. Johnson, Lev- ,
erett, Lockwood, Mann, Marion, Laban
Manldin; McCoy, McCraw, McDill, 1
McLauchlin, Means, Miley, Mobley,
* * . HT \T .ill T>- i
Jiontgomery, iuoss, jetties, jranerauu,
Peurifoy, Pyatt, J. W. Ragsdale,
Richards, Gr. W. Richardson, C. E.
Robinson, R. B A. Robinson, C. P.
Sanders, E. L. Sanders, Sawyer,
Sharpe, Gr. P. Smith, J. Smith, J. L.
Smith, Stacbhousc, Stevenson, Strom,
Suber, W. H. Tiiomas, Threatt, Timmerman,
Verdier, Yerner, Wharton,
Whisonant, Wilson, Wimberly, Wingo,
Winkler, Wolfe, M. B. Woodward, W.
S. Woodward, Wyche, Young?83.
The next resolution was to have a
constitutional amendment looking to
four year terms for members. Strange
to say the friends of the biennial session
bill were divided on the four-year
term idea.
Mr. Stevenson thought it a bad idea
to have four-year terms.
Mr. Efird and Mr. Ashley favored
the four-year idea.
Capt. Wilson agreed with Mr. Stevenson
and did not vote for the fouryear
term. He voted for the biennial
session, but thought it best to get the
.Representatives iresn irom tne peopie.
Mr. W. H. Thomas thought it easy
enough to say they voted for biennial
sessions and at the same time vote for
four-year sessions. The two measures
must go together. Infrequent elections
are just as good as infrequent sessions
of the General Assembly. The friends
of the measure already passed should
stick to the four-year term.
Mr. Stevenson said the committee
did not think it wise to hare four-year
terms. It is all a sentiment to re-elect
members. Moss backs would have to
be kept here for four years.
The Eouse year after year passed
the Clemson College resolution, but
the Senate defeated it, but he was
disposed to haye men so tney could De
reached, and new and fresh men from
the people put in office. There ought
to be one body in close touch with the
ilr. Stevenson wanted the House and
the Executive elccted together and in
harmony. Ths Senate has at least half
the members in harmony with the
people, half the members being elected
every two years.
A yea and Day v^te was then ordered
on the resolution lookiog to a fouryear
membership, and as only seventy
members voted for it?although a decided
majority of those voting?the
motion was lost, as it was held that under
the Constitution a two-thirds vote
of all members elected must vote for
any such resolution to insure its sue
An Awful Deed of a Georgia National
Bank CashierOn
Wednesday morning J. W. Murphy,
cashier of the Third National
Bank of Columbus, Ga., shot and instantly
killed J. W. Shutze, the paying
teller of the same bank, and then blew
out his own brains. Murphy was unusually
rland blue Wednesday
morning. He went to the bank early
and talked for over an hour with President
G-. Gunby Jordan. During this
conversation it was decided that Murphy
was to accompany Mr. Jordan to
Atlanta Wednesday afternoon for treatment.
Murphy agreed to accompany
Mr. Jordan and informed him that he
would step down to his borne and see
his wife and would make her make
preparations for his departure.
Mr. Murphy after leaving Jordan
started for the rear end of the bank
and stopped at Shutze's desk and made
some iocular remark to him. He then
asked Shutz-} for a sharp pencil. Shutze
did not have one, but said he would
get him one. At this juncture one of
the bank clcrks spoke up and said that
he had a pencil and handed it to Murphy.
Shutze paused a moment. Murphy,
who had by this time reached the
directors' private room turned and
beckoned Sliatze to follow him. Shutze
responded quickly and in a moment
both gentlemen disappeared into the
private room and the key was heard to
turn in the lock. In about two minutes
three shots were heard in the room?
one, a short pause and then two in
rapid succession.
President Jordan fortunately had a
key to the outside, or street door of the
directors' room and gained an entrance.
The sight that met his eyes was a horrible
one. Shutze, whom he had seen
only ten minutes before sitting at his
desk in the bloom of health and manhood
was sitting in a chair by his typewriter,
his left hand in an open drawer
clutching a sheet of writing paper, his
head thrown back on the chair, cold in
death. with a bullet hole through his
temple and the brains slowly oozing
out of the frightful wound. About
five feet from Shutze lay Marphy face
downward with two bullet holes through
the roof of his mouth and his life blood
slowly oozing away.
From Shutze's position it is evident
that he had no forewarning of what was
to happen. He knew that? Murphy and
himself had been tbe best of mends
and little did he dream that whea he
was called into that room that the summons
was that of death. Since Murphy
has been in such feeble health it
has been Shutze's custom to write all
of his letters for him and the supposition
is, that when the two entered the
room, it was with the intention of attending
to some correspondence. Shutze
had taken a seat before his typewriter
desk, opened the drawer to his left ana
was in the act of removing a sheet of
paper from the drawer when Murphy
fired a bullet from 38 calibre, Smith &
Wesson revolver, into his right temple.
Tf ia Afi'laint fViof riAVnr
Ill ID WYJ.V1WUV WU?H Uumimu mv> va Mav v ?
His blood and brains oozed down into
his lap and on to the floor, his head fell
back and ho was dead. The revolver
was evidently placed very close to his
temple, as a place as large as a silver
dollar on his temple was burned black.
En an instant after firing the shot into
Shutze's brain, the supposition is that
Murphy placed the revolver inside of
his own mouth and fired two shots,
completely teariDg away the roof of his
mouth, causing instant death. The
" > ?* l 1 A 1 2 _
tloor under jnurpny s prostrate souy
was strewed with blood and brains, and
it is evident that he did not move a
muscle after he fell. Columbus is
hushed in silence and the city mourns
the death of Murphy and Alderman
A Minister Bobbed.
Tbe Greenville Times says the Rev.
XX7 U An A Wfl 11 Irn nam minKafpr I
'T . XX, 7? JU4?a tuu, O, n V/AA auu n u
of the up-country, retired Thursday
night at the usual hour and up to 1
o'clock enjoyed a peacefal sleep. About
that hour he was awakened by a noise
in his room, and wheD he investigated
the cause from his upright position in
bed he saw a man taking an inventory
of the contents of his truBk. He arose
and approached the thief and was met
with the remark that all the ready cash
he had must be given up. The minister
told the amount he had in the room |
"? .1 P |
ana tne tmei repnea tuat ne aireauj
nad it in his possession. The midnight
culler seeing nething else he wanted
eooly drew a pistol and pointed it at
the minister and in a cool deliberate
manner made his exit, going via the
door he came in. When the sudden
and unpleasant ordeal was over Mr
Wharton found that his overcoat and
gold watch and chain was gone, pre*
* * .1 t* n t_
sumaoiy witn tne tnier. oearcn was
made Friday morning for information
concerning the unknown man but no
such could be had.
Criminal Careleness.
A dispatch to the Columbia State
says Jack Thomas accidentally shot and
killed George McCail. There were no
un>np?ic!f?H tn the shootine. Both par
ties were Negroes and were the best of
friends. The verdict was to the eSect
that the shootiDg was accidental and
the prisoner was liberated. The Negroes
were trading pistols. Thomas,
thinking he had removed all of the
cartridges from his revolver, began to
snap it. It was discharged and McCall
was struck just above the heart
with a 38-calibre ball. Death was instantaneous.
Thomas is a highly respectable
Negro, and his regret of the
accident is genuine.
Good Juries.
While newspaper men and ministers
are exempt from jury duty, they are not
disqualified and may serve if drawn,
The commissioners of Greenville put
the names of ministers and newspaper
men in the box and some were drawn
for jury duty. Supervisor Speegle
said that the commissioners put into
the box the names of preachers and
newspaper men because they wanted
good juries and added that the intellect
and piety of the county ? oro in the box.
Passed by the State Senate by a
Large Majority
Nearly Two-Thirds of Them Favor
the Good Roads MeasureFull
Text of the Bill
as it Passed.
The Broad Tire Bill was fuliy discussed
in the State Senate on Wednes
day and finally passed by a very large
Senator Ragsdale moved to strike,
out the enacting words and spoke to his.
motion in opposition to the bill. Although
the supervisor of his county,
Tior^ tViA hill Tift Sau3
the sentiment among the men who use
wagons was against it. Fairfield is a
hilly county aud the wagon owners say
the wide tire wheels will slip off the
Senator Sarratt opposed the bill on
vArr Tmi(?h tlifi same fffoutids as did
Senator Ragsdale. He thought the
wide tires would not work on roads in
his county.
Senator Appelt said he would not
vote against the bill but would ask for
Clarendon to be exempted.
Senator Bowen thought the bill
would be a hardship on Pickens.
Senator Mayfield took the floor and
began by saying the roads in Pickens
were the- finest in the southern states.
The present road law is modeled after
the Pickens idea. He was raised in
the county adjoining Pickens, and as a
boy had worked on the roads there.
liie (Jolted states department naa sent
a commissioner to Pickens who highly
complimented the roads. The saw mill
wagons had broad tires and he had never
seen or heard of any of them slipping
into the gulleys. In late years he had
lived in the low country and had noticed
the advantage of broad tires on
sandy roads. They were good for both
clay and sand roads. In sand, the
wide tires packed the road. He detailed
the work of investigation by the
Clemson authorities which he had witnessed.
The read taken for experi
ment was the worst in his section and
all who saw it afterwards agreed that
1 1 ...3 j All
cue Droaa urea were guuu. umuci
wagons, traction engines and vehicles
for heavy loads use broad tires. Drivers
would always hitch up a wagon with
broad tires in preference to one with
narr ow tires. He favored the bill because
it would help the coun'ry to have
good roads. The country could not
have macadam or telford roads but
could have good dirt roads and wide
tires would pack the roads.
Senator Hough of Lancaster said the
people of his county also opposed the
bill but he would vote for it because he
thought it a good bill and the opposition
was because the people did not undoMHnil
mho*, o K?nefik if, wnilld bfl.
There are no broad tires in use in his
Senator Connor of OraDgeburg
thought the use of wide tires would not
build good roads but vould ODly aid in
preserving the roads. He doubted if
the bill would be operative, though he
did not know that he would vote
against it.
Senator Manning was surprised at
some of the statements which had been
made in opposition. Scientific tests
show that on all coils the broad tire has
lighter draught. At the last session
this was admitted as to all soils except
sand arid the experiments made during
the year at Bamberg had proved it true
in regard to sand also.
The bill is a plain, simple one.
There is nothing drastic in it and it
rives ample time for the introduction
of broad tires. It can do no harm. If
any one engaged in hanling would once
use wide tires he would never go back
" -W-znttt XT A KTTA/1 m i aonrl o
LU LUC I1<*1 IUVT. UC xlx c*
country, and his hands always preferred
the broad tires. The passage of this
law would introduce the wide tire.
Senator Henderson favored the bill,
but did not think counties ought to be
exempted as such a law would not have
any good effect. The senate may as
well meet the subject fairly and
Senator Mauldin, the author of the
bill, took the floor. lie gave his personal
experience. He had had more to
do with hauliDg than any other man on
the floor. In the war he had been a
quartermaster and all wl.o knew him
knew he had some knowledge of hauliDg.
He had since the war had experience
in hauling heavy loads in the lumber
and turpentine business in the low
conntrv and had also lived in Greenville
and Anderson and knew ihe roads up
there. Not only the scientific were on
his side but the practical men who are
buildiDg roads in this State. He read
an extract from the Edgefield bupervisor's
letter endorsing wide tires. He
had favorable letters from supervisors
of counties whose senators opposed the
bill. The supervisors ought to know
a3 much about roads as the senators,
and if the counties had not elected" sur,A.tiioAro
titVia L-noor srtmpf'Tnrnr fthmit,
pCIYAaVikJ IIUV UUV it ?, v
reads they had made a mistake. In
reference to pleasure vehicles, he said
they did not cut the roads. As io
wagons slipping from K_ds, there was
no excuse for such conditions as would
permit this. The United States government
uses wide tires, and so do all
States which are trying to build good
roads. They are used in France. As
to the constitutional question in regard
to section 1, he said the lawyers might
have to settle that, but it would not
make much difference if this were left
Senator Graydon said that without
reflecting on counties whose senators
were opposing the bill, he represented
a progressive county which wasendeav
<-A Vi o T"?a rrrtA/^ Trvo f}a on^ A KKP. I
UiiUg IU uarg juuu x\jt*\Au^ auu mww
villa's supervisor heartily endorsed
wide tires, aa any must do who has seen
them tried. They were helpful to stock
The vote to strike out the enacting
words was then taken with the following
Yeas?Bowen, Dennis, Hay, Mower,
Sarratt, SanlaDd, Suddath, Walker,
Nay??Alexander. Appelt, Archer,
Blakene7, G- W Brown, W A Brown,
{. ODDor, Crosson, Douglass, Glenn,
Grajdon, Gruber, Henderton, Hough,
1'dertOD, Love, Maauing Marshall,
MauldiD, Ma> field, MeDermott, Sheppard,
Sullivan, Talbird, Waller,
Senator Kagsdale, who would have
voted aye, annouoced a pair with Senator
Livingston, who would have voted
no, if present. The absentees were:
Senators Aldrich, Dean, Livingston
and Barnwell.
Senator Appelt moved to amend by
exemption of the counties of Clarendon,
Oconee, Berkeley, Georgetown,
Dorchester, Laurens, Kershaw, Pickens,
Florence, Horry aod Chesterfield.
After sooie discussion the amendment
TI'OO KTT O rAtA 1Q tn
Senator Appelt then moved to strike
out tbe enacting words of the bill ae
amended with the following result:
Yeas?Alexander, Appelt, Bo wen,
Connor, Dennis, McDermott, Mower,
Sarratt, Sheppard, Scanland. Suddath,
Nays?Archer, Blakeney, G. W.
Brown, W. A. Brown, Crosaon. Douglass,
Glenn, Graydon, Gruber, Henderson
Houge Ilderton, Love, Manning,
Marshall, M&uldin. iuayneld, Sullivan,
Talbird, Walliams, Wallace.?21.
Senator llagsdaleannounced his pair
with Senator Livingston, who was absent,
but who would have voted ?no if
present. Those absent were Senators
Aldrich, Barnwell, Dean, Kay,
Living-ton and Walker.
The bill was then ssfe-bya vote of 21
to 12 and was accordingly passed.
The bill as it passed will be found in
Considered by the Education Committee
of the Senate.
The Marchall-King's Daughters bill,
preventing the employment of children under
12 years old in cotton mills,
came up luesaay ..iternoon before the
committee on education of the SenateIt
had been previously announced that .
any parties interested would be given a j
hearing. J. L. Orr and L. W. Parker,
of Greenville; Mr. Hickman, of Granite- 1
ville, and Leroy Springs, of Lancaster, '
appeared before the committee in op- f
position to the bill. Col. James L. Orr
was the chief spokesman for the mill
m a n T-Tr% tn t Tin "Po nf tVio'k fV?n *
m^u? xjlw iwiuiiwu w buu c tuau vuv |
most cordial relations now existed between
mill men and operatives, and
that no legislation was needed on any
mill question now. The mill men had no
objection to a law limiting the age,
provided it was made compulsory that \
the children be educated. Mill owners
themselves did not want to employ such
labor, but siDce the parents would not
send them to school it was best to employ
them in the mills and keep them
out of mischief, such as breaking window
glasses and other fragile property
about the mills. The operatives themselves
wanted their children employed,
2 IB Zm. i. * a.1 4.1 1 J
ana 11 it was not given mem iney wouiu
take themselves and families to North
Carolina, where they could secure employment.
Tais would disorganize
labor in this State. It was further
stated that mill owners have been
negotiating with owners in North Carolina
to ceaso employing children 12
years old unless they had previouly
been to cchool. Unless both States
acted in unison on the subiect anv law ,
like the proposed one would be an in- J
jury to the mill interests of the State.
Other gentlmen briefly spoke, emphasizing
the points made by Col. Orr. The
committee tied when a vote was taken
and the bill will be reported back without
recommendation. Those voting
for the biil *ere Senators Marshall,
iuauiain ana vv. a. i5rown; tnose
against it Senators Graydon, Brown, of
Darlington, and Henderson.
Silled Himself and Family. f
Martin Bergen, the catcher of the *
Boston baseball team of the National ^
league, killed his wife and two children 1
and committed suici ie at his horns ia '
Brookfield, Mass., Friday, Ail axe was J
the implement nsed in taking the life
of Mrs. Bergen and one of the children, (
while a razor was employed to cut the 1
throat of tbe other child, a little girl, '
and of the man himself. It is thought '
the action was d'ie to insanity. It has J
been suspected for some time that Ber- 1
was a victim of mental derangement. 1
TU. <rr?Art krf fkrt I
neighbors, who found the body of Ber- 1
pen 2nd the little girl lying on the *
kitchen floor. Deep cats in the throat j
of the child and its father showed how '
death had been inflicted and a blood- '
stained razor lay nearby. Further 1
investigations showed that Mrs. Ber- 1
gen and the little boy abo had been '
killed. Their bodies lay upon a bed in
cuu ci:<iujuur auu utuiuj was <*u
covered with blood. The head of both
the woman and the child had been
crushed by the blunt end of the axe and <
presented horrible wounds. Bergen was '
29 years of age. His wife was of about .
the same age, the little girl was 8 or 9 <
years old and the boy a little younger. !
Dire Famine in India, \
A dispatch from Calcutta says the
council Friday considered the famine ]
situation. The official estimates show ]
L11U U?J3t CU LUC JjU * CI ULLICLI V VI wt 16" ]
lief works, etc., to the end of March <
will be 40,000,000 rupees. About 22,- j
000,000 pertons are now affected in
British territory and abut 27,000,000 in
the native States.
The viceroy, Lord Curzon of Kedleston,
said that the famine area had ex- '
panded, surpassing the worst fears and ]
they were now facing a cattle, water .
and food scarcity of a terrible charac- j
ter. About 3,250,000 persons, he con- J
tinued, were already receiving relief. '
While in 1897 the world shared In- !
dia's sorrow and contributed hundreds !
of thousands of pounds towards the re- 1
lief fund, the viceroy pointed out, India
now would have to struggle alone, 1
for the thoughts of every Englishman 1
in the world were centered on Sout^ 1
Africa. It would be the duty of the
government to pursue the task of saving
millions of lives and it would spend
its last rupee, if necessary to do so. i
Seeking Mill Hands.
? # 1
nf flrAPnvillp Oo7in- i
ty, received a telegram Wednesday
from Lonsdale, Rh?de Island, notifying
him of the expected arrival there of
agents to secure factory hands for that
place, where a strike is r2ging. The
bheriff will promptly arrest any such
i agent under the state laws.
The Full Text of The Act as It Passed
the Senate.
Whereas the use over the public
highways of the State of the Darrowtire
wagons now in general use is injurious
to said highways and against
the public welfare; therfore,
TJA if KTT rr/5T-?/}TO 1 OOCOTT1 -
LJo id guav/i*Qu uj uuv ^u^iai ur^uviM
bly of the State of South Carolina:
Section 1. That after January 1st,
1901, it shall be unlawful for any person
or persons, firm or corporation, to
sell or otherwise dispose of for use upon
the highways or public roads iu this
State, any wagon having less width of
tires than below specified, viz: On all
wagons having standard iron or steel
axles, not exceeding one and three
eighths inches, tupular axles not exceeding
one and seven-eights inches, or
thimble-skein axles not exceeding two
and one-eighth inches, the width of the
tires shall not be less than two inches;
on all wagons having standard iron or
steel axles exceeding one and threeeights
inches, but not exceeding one
and five-eights inches, tubular axles
exceeding one and seven-eighth, inches
bnt not exceeding two and one-eighth
inches, or thimble-skein axles exceeding
two and three-eighths inches, but
not exceeding two and three-fourths
inches, the width of tires shall not be
less than threi and one-half inches.
On all wagons having standard iron or
steel axles exceeding one and liveeights
inches, hut not exceeding two
inches, tubular axles exceeding two
and one-eighth inches, but not exceeding
two and five-eighths inches, or
thimble-skein axles exceeding two and
three-fourths inches, but not exceeding
three and one-fourth inches, the width
of tires shall be not less than four
inches. On all wagons having standard
iron or steel axles exceeding two inches
? 1 1 ! - 1 / _
tuouiar axies exeeaing two ana uveeights
inches, or thimble-skein axles
exceeding three and one-fourth inches,
the width of tires shall be not less than
four and one-half inches.
Sec. 2. That from and after the passage
of this act and until January 1st,
1903, any person who produces a certificate
of the township board of assessors,
or a majority of them, to the
jffect that such person owns and habitually
uses at least one road vehicle
with tires not less than four inches in
width, shall be exempt from road duty
md from the payment of a commutation
road tax: Provided. That the provisions
of this seetion shall not apply
to log carts or log wagons.
Sec. 3. That after January 1st,
1904, it shall be unlawful for any person
or persons to use upon the public
highways of this State, or any part
;hereof, any wagon having tires of less
width than specified in section 1 of this
ict: Provided, That the provisions of
:his act shali not apply to pleasure
vehicles, nor to the use of parts of the
public highways by any person or persons
in transDortine anv croDS or nro
iucts from one part to another of their
premises: Provided, Further, That all
vagons now in use, or that may be in
ase January 1st, 1904, of less width
;ban above designated may be used
mtil worn out.
Sec. 4. That the violation of any of
:he provisions ol this act shall be
leeraed, and is hereby declared, to be
t misdemeanor, and the offender, upon
sonviction, shall be punished by a fine
)f not less than $5 or not more than
&15, or by imprisonment for not more
;han 30 days.
O _ . K (TIL-i. it. -1.-11 V
oeu. o. iuaii it scan uc tuc uutjr ui
til county supervisors and members of
;ounty boards of commissioners to see
;hat the provisions of this act are.
properly enforced, and to prosecute all
riolations thereof.
To Eefnud Cotton Money..
The Southern Senators express themselves
as hopeful over the prospers of
securing legislation duriog the present
session of congress looking to the refunding
of money paid into the treasiry
of the United States soon after the
-I 1- -c *1 *
;iyii w;ir as iuk ieauit ux tue odie ui wt"
con captured by the Federal forces,
fhere was originally about $30,000,000
31 this money, but a portion of it was
paid to the owners of the cotton soon
ifter the close of the war. The remainder
was left in the treasury and
bias remained there ever since. Senator
Money, who is giving especial attention
looking to the reopening of the
subject, says that the sum left amounts
to about $11,UUU.UUU. A Mil mtroiuced
by Senator Davis, gives one year
idditional time for proof of snch claims
before the court of claims. It has been
Favorably reported by the senate committee
on claims, and Senator Money
thinks the outlook very good for favor-,
able action. Mo;t of the claims arc
held in the Southern States.
Showing Up a Benesade.
The United States senate committee
m finance had under consideration
Thursday the nomination of W.
D. Bjnum to be general appraiser
af merchandise at New York. The
Democratic members of the committee
continued their opposition to
the nomination, contending that Mr.
Bynum is not a Democrat and that his
aomination as such is an evasion of the
law. After a general exchange of opinion,
it was decided that the D?mocrats
should have time to adduce proof of
Mr. Bynum's Republiianism.
A True Test.
One of Moody's favorite stories was
ibout a converted miser to whom a
oeighbor in distress appealed for help,
rhe miser decided to prove the genuineness
of his conversion by giving
him a ham. On his way to get it the
tempter whispered, '"Give him the
smallest one you have." A mental
struggle ensued, and finally the miser
took down the largest ham he had.
1'You are a fool," the devil said, and
the farmer replied, "If you doa't keep
3till I'll give him every ham in the
Gen. Wheeler's Eeturn.
Gen. "Wheeler started for home from
the Philippines last week. War department
officials have little to say regarding
Gen. Wheeler's return. The
order had been given some time ago,
but whether it was the result of an
aplication from him could not be recalled.
It was gathered that Gen.
Otis had not been able to find a place
in the field satisfactory to Gen. Whee*
i 3 *
ier, who naa no nana xor service m i
Manila- |
.. ^
. ^Il
V >
North Carolina Tobacco Growers
Will Fight It
.' *' v-"7?
Who Agree to Take the Entire
- Crop at an Advance of Fifteen
Per Cent Over Old
" I
The tobacco growers of Noith Carolina
met at Raleigh on Thursday in
State convention, for the purpose of
e 1-.-: j t ;kl
lurxjuuiainjg surnc ueuuivo ?uu idmidw
plan for fighting the American Tobacoo
After discussing the various plans
suggested, the convention Thursday
morning adopted a contract whereby
they are not to sell the American Tobacco
company a pound of their leaf
tobacco for the next five years. The
contract in part is as follows:
"We Agree to enter into a contract
with J. F. Jordan and his associates
to sell to them our tobacoo raised daring
the next five years at an advance of
not Jess than 15 per cent, over the
-e a. ?
pncea vi tuc same ^l<suo ui wvwwv
during the last five years, said price to
be fixed by a commission, a majority
of whom shall represent the seller.
"We further asrce to take stock with
said Jordan and his associates, a corporation
which shall be formed for the
purpose of manipulating and disposing
of said tobacco. If we make default is
this agreement in any particular we
agree to forfeit to said corporation the
said stock so taken.
"And we further recommend for our
mutual benefit that the farmers of
North Carolina reduce their crop at
leist 25 per cent below the past year's
production. We invite the co-operation
of Virginia. South Carolina and
other sections which grow bright tobacif
This is merely a preliminary agreement
between the convention and the
capitalists who are backing the fight
against the American Tobacco company.
The contract will be submitted to
individual farmers for approval. When
90 per cent of them have agreed to it
another State convention will be held.
The final contract then adopted will
also be referred back to the individual
? I 1 Tf _ J 1
iarmer ior nis approval, xi iiguea ojr
90 per cent of them it will be binding
and become operative at once.
All the 30 principal tobacco growing
counties of the Srate were represented by
delegates in this convention and ft
number of representatives were there
1 Tl 1 A
An efiort is being made to arrange a
joint convention of North Carolina asd
Virginia tobacco men with a view to
securing the co-operation of all tobaoco
growers in the two States.
Bryan on Republicanism.
Col. W. J. Bryan addressed an audience
of 5,000 at Cincinnati Wednesday
under the auspices cf the Cincinnati
Bimetallic council. He said
that the time had come when no farmer
or laborer could afford to be a Be^
publican. He said that party bad
entirely changed frost. As to dropping
the money question he said that
there was no man in this nation big
enough to let that question fall in such
a way to break it. He argued that
monopolies could be stopped by Congress.
He discussed the defenses of
the Philippine policy and was very
severe on the theory that the possession
of the Philippines would pay.
He said: "I would not put the life of
one American soldier on the auction
block for all the gold and all the wealth.
nf Tahiti rtninaa "
Fell Nine Stories- ,
Two men were killed and thrse possibly
fatally injured in the falling of an
elevator Thursday in the storage ware- house
of O'Reilly Bros., Oae Hundred
and Twenty-third street and St. Nicholas
avenue, New York. The dead are
Michael McLean, aged 22; Patrick
Leddy, aged 27. The elevator was at
the ninth floor and had just beenioaded
with five wheelbarrows filled with
brick. There were five men aboard.
A. cable broke and the elevator dropped
140 feet to the basement with
frightful rapidity, and was crushed to
splinters. On the way down it tore
out. the brick partitions and loosened
the iron counterbalance weights, whioh,
falling oq the elevator, kilied the men,
n. oa.u y iii wc tt ?uA
special dispatch from Rock Hill
to the Columbia State say a on Thursday
a colored girl, drawing water from
a well in a vacant lot in the rear of the
Presbyterian church, found a bag
caught on the bucket when it was
drawn up. She called a passerby and
npon investigation found the contents
of the bag to be a bright mulatto child.
The police are at work and have already
found a clae, which they will pursue.
There is considerable talk of the affair,
the most serious aspect of which, in
Via /"xiinicm t.ViA nnhli/? f>rtn
tamination of the water of a pablio
drinking place. :r|
" ?
Wheeler Has Resigned.
Gen. Wheeler anuouncss his piara in
a private letter received by Tax Commissioner
Wood of Fioreaee, Ala.
From Luzon, Dec. 2, the general
writes he expects to leave in a few days
and will devote himself here to pushshicg
school and land legislation for
the Philippines through co ngress. He
says: "I could not have left here
while the campaign was on without being
subjected to severe criticism- I
have resigned my position in the
. -'1
Dies From Faith Cure.
A post mortem examination held
upon Ester H. Hocking, two years old, /
of Ohicago has developed the fact that
the child died from measles while under
the treatment of Elde Carbon, *
disciple of Bowie, the faith cure
preacher. The other ehildren of Hocking's
suffering with scarlet fever art
being healed by Carbon, and it is said
their father has refused to call a physician.
Hocking ia a plumber by trade.

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