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The Fairfield news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1881-1900, February 14, 1900, Image 1

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Vol liv. winnsboro. s, c., Wednesday. February 14,i9oa no. 26 M
* |
The State Board of Control Must
^ Surely Co.
|l?i That, but the House Declines
to Let the Senate Elect the
- Chairman but Approves the
Senate Bill Generally.
The dispensary bill passed by the
A .J V. rt ?a loaf TTAA lr I
auu \jJ iujv n UV4>
f was taken up in the house on Tuesday.
I The bill was considered by sections.
Section 1 of the senate bill was not
acted upon, as it provides that asection
in the present law be knocked out to
make way for the rest of the bill. Section
1 will be adopted after the house
takes action on the rest of the bill.
Section 2 contains but nine words,
Vinf if hoe pvnted a Inn? discussion.
That section reads: "That the State
board of control is he:eby abolished."
"When it was read, Mr. C. E. Robinson
moved to strike it froai the bill. After
a long debate the vote was taken on
Mr. Robinson's motion to strike on the
section abolishing the present board.
That motion was lost by the following
vote: ?
Yeas?Bacot, Bell, Canghman; Dargan,
Dean, E. H. Evans, Jackson,
Jenkins, Jones, Lofcon, Lyles, Laban
" vi -l id
iuatuam, lucvuiiyugu, xcmmvj, <
Prince, Richards, C. E. Robinson, |
Seabrook, 3. D. Smith, Timmerman,
West, Wharton, Wimberly and Woods
^ Nays?Ashley, Bailey, Bates, Black,
351ease, Bolts, Browning, Colcock, Cosgrove,
Cross, Crum, Davis, DeBruhl,
?JDendy, Dowling, l)ukes, Epps, Estndge,
N. G. Evans, Fairev, Floyd,
Gamble, Gantt;, Ganse, Graham, Henderso!:,
Hoffmeyer, Hollis, Hydrick, H.
E. Johnson, W. J. Johnson, Leverett,
Loekwood, Mann, Manning, Marion,
William L. Mauldin. McC&y, McCraw,
r it* Vf r
Mc-Uiii, McJL>ow, iviCL/aucnun, iucuauren,
Means, Mehrtens, Montgomery,
H. B. Richardson, J. L. Smith,
Moses, Moss, Nettles, P.?att, E. B.
v Ragsdale, George W. Bishardson, B.
B. A. Bobinson, C. P. Sanders, Sawyer,
Sharpe, Simkins, Sinkler, G. P.
Smith, Jeremiah Smith, Stackhouse,
Stevenson, Strom, Theus, W. H.
Thomas, Threatt, Vara, Verdier,
"Whisonanfc, Williams, Wilson, Wingo,
WiBkler, Wyche, and Yonng?77.
The section was then adopted.
When section 3 was called Mr. Bacot
sent up an amendment providing tiiat
the governor appoint the three directors
with the confirmation of the senate.
^ He thought it -would be better to do
this than to let the elections come into
th? general assembly. After a sho^
debate Mr. Bacot's proposed, amena_
Afnt waa. killed by a vote of 88 t o 10.
venose favoring the amendment were '
j Bacot, Henderson, Hydrick, Lockwood,
Marion, Moses, Rogers. Sawyer, San
ders and Wyche. x\lr. C. >1 Robinson
and Mr. Dukes, who favored the
amendment, were paired with Mr.
Brantley and Mr. .Evans.
Mr. "Winkler then introduced an
amendment or substitute which
changed the wording but not the intent
of the section under discussion.
That section provides that the senate
shall elect one director who shall-be
chairman and the house shall elect two
other directors.
Mr. Blease spoke against this. He
said it appeared thaft the senate was
trying to take the reins in its own
hands. The joint assembly elects the
judiciary and other officials, why, then, .!
not let the joint assembly elect the cU
rectors? The seriate with its 40 mr
bers appears to be trying to dictat, co
the house, and to elect the most important
Mr. Prince agreed with Mr. Blease
and thought the election should be by
the joint assembly. Why should such
a suggestion come from the senate.
The suggestion could better have come
V\/\nCO confirm Viar? hefc- I
liViU vug UVW0VI a uv
ter be killed.
Mr. Stevenson proposed an additional
y, amendment that no member of the genC
eral assembly shall be elected on the
board of directors.
On motion of Mr. Winkler debate
was adjourned until the night session,
and all the proposed amendments were
ordered printed and laid on the desks
of the members. His substitute for
section 3 reads as follows:
Sec. 3. A board consisting of three
members, to be known as the board of
directors of the State dispensary, is
hereby established, whose duties and
powers stall be hereinafter defined.
The members of said board shall be
men of good moral character, not addicted
to the use of strong drink as a
beverage, and shall be elected as follows:
The senate shall eltct one member,
who shall be the chairman of said
board, and the house of representatives
shall elect the two remaining members
said hoard. The term of office of
the members of i.he beard shall be for
two years. They shall qualify and be
commissioned in the same manner as
other officers. In the event of a vacancy
on said board by death, resignation
or otherwise, such vacancy shall
be filled by appointment by the governor
until the next session of the gener
klrr xrVion an plprtHnn fiViall hf?
F ai ttaOCi-Ll \Jij , nuvu w~v..r_
' held in the senate or the house of repsresentatives?as
the case may be?to
fill said vacancy for the unexpired term.
Each member of said board shall receive
for his services the same per diem and
mileage as is allowed to members of the
J general assembly: Provided, That no
member of said board shall receive per
diem for more than 100 days in any fiscal
year. _
The said board shall devise such a
system of bookkeeping and accounting
as it may deem advisable. The said
board shall prescribe all rules and regulations
not inc*onsis;cnt with law for
the government of the State dispensary
and the county dispensaries. The sentimv
of rerrresentatives shall
a wv M? ?" ?
at the present session of the general
assembly, upon the approval of this
act, elect the members of said bill as
provided for in this section.
When speaker Gary called^the house
to order Tuesday night Mr. Sharpe explained
. the status of the dispeasary
Sill at the hour of taking recess. The
printed. amendments had not arrived,
and there was a disposition not to take
up the bill.
Mr. Patterson of Barnwell proposed
the second section of his dispensary
"bill for the third section of the senate
bill. There was some objection, but
the section was read. It provided for
the doing away with the State dispensary
and the shipping of liquor direct to
the county dispensaries from wholesale
dealers. Mr. Pattersorr spoke in favor
of his amendment It was then indefinitely
postponed by a vote of 68 to 39.
Mr. DeBruhl offered an amsndment
providing still a different method for
selecting the board.
Mr. Winkler opposed the amendment
of Mr. DeBruhl and favored the senate
bill's provision. Then Mr. Blease repeated
his objection to the senate nom
inating the chairman of the directors,
the most important hy virtue of his office.
The senate might elect a man
chairman who could not be elected on
the board of election were te be held in
joint session.
Mr. Prince offered an amendment to
Mr. "Winkler's amendment striking out
the third sentence in Mr. Winkler's
amendment printed in the morning report
of the house, providing for one
member to be elected by the senate,
etc.. and substituting "and shall be
elected by the general assembly in joint
session as follows: The chairman of the
board shall be first elected, and then
shall be elected the remaking members."
This amendment was adopted,
showing that the house is not inclined
to let the senate elect the chairman of
the board.
Mr. Ashley offered an amendment
that a director cannot become a candidate
for any other office. The amendment
was carried by a large majority.
Mr. Stevenson offered an amendment
that the members of the board may be
removed by the governor. This was
carried without objection.
Mr. Winkler's amendment as multiATWAn/^fl/3
rt?rt a 4-Vi ATI i Tt coTfo/1
lUUXUV/UOljr aiu^uueu TT AU0V4 ?uvk
in place of section 3 of the senate bill,
and was adopted by the house.
Mr. Cosgrove offered an amendment
that the fiscal year be changed so as to
end Nov. 30th, and that the governor
appointed three expert accountants to
go over the books. and records. Mr.
Cosgrove said it was impossible for the
reports to be properly made after Jan. 1.
This is a business of a million and a
hair dollars, and there is no provision
for its proper inspection by accountants,
the legislative inspecting committee
consisting as a rule of men not
* " * i i mi _ i
sKinea m sucn wort, xne nouse was
proceeding to take a vote when the motion
to adjourn was made and carried
by a vote of 44 to 33.: So the amende
ment was left pending until Wednesday
The House took up the dispensary
bill Wednesday morning. An amecdment
to section 4 provides for the appointment
of two acoountants at $4 per
day to examine the'books .of th.e commissioner
whenever the Governor directs.
' . - & .. -
Section 4 was further amended by
Mr. C. P. Sanders so that it would read
in regard to bids for sales to the State
? t'4'A
QlSpBUS&ry. ?U1U clUCU Lup?u jrlug saiu
bids there shall be a sample of each
kind of liquor offered for sale containing
not more than one half pint each,
which sample shall on its arrival be
delivered to the dispensary commissioner
to be retained by him until after
it has been ascertained that the wines
or liquors purchased correspond " in all
respects with that purchase, said
samples to be the. property of the
Mr. Sanders offered another amendment
that "if the wines or liquors purchased
shall fail to correspond in any
respect with the sample furnished, the
seller thereof shall forfeit to the State
a sum not exceeding the value of said
liquor, to be recovered in an action
broueht bv the State against such sel
Mr. Winkler moved to amend section
* by adding: "Said directors shall require
from the successful bidder or
bidders such, bond in such sum as they
may deem necessary to insure the
compliance by said bidder or bidders
with the terms of said contracts."
Which was agreed to.
Section 5 relates to the duties of the
dispensary commissioner. This section
was adopted as sent over from the senate,
except that at the end was added
a clause which tirovides that liauor
shall be sold to county dispensaries at a
profit of not more than 10 per cent of
the cost to the State.
Mr. Ashley wanted to strike out section
6 of the senate bill which provides
that the State board appoints the county
board as is done as at present, said appointments
to be oonfirmed ky the senate.
He offered an amendment that
the county boards of commissioners
appoint the county boards of control.
Mr. H. B. Richardson's amendmeat
that the county delegations in the general
assembly recommend the boards to
be appeinted by the State board was
adopted, and the section as amended
passed. .. x"" . '4 V
Section 7 dealt entirely with the. duties
of constables. The bill provided
that they be appointed by the governor
as at present ?iid be bonded at $500. J
Mr. Caughman-offered an amendment
that the coBBtables are to be . paid by
the county and that, the county commissioners
instead of the governor appoint
the constables. - He said that to"
some extent the constabulary had been
a stench, sne he^wanted the matter to
be brocght nearer home for better regulations.
Mr. E. B. Ragsdale offered an amendment
providing that the governor appoint
the constables, and as a oheck
to him he must report to the general
assembly. He claimed that it would be
establishing two powerful a county machine
to let the'county officials appoint
constables ad libitum. The governor is
liable t_to impeachment for abuse of
power. Adopted.
The house tken without discussion
adopted the remaining sections of the
bill, and it was ordered to its third
A Strange Case.
A dispatch from Brussels says a
physician at Ghent is investigating
the strange case of a young woman of
17 who has eaten no food since the
beginning of November. For eighty
days, altnbuglfnot apparently sick, she
lias been confined to bed and unable to
even partake, of liquids of any description.
Many people regard her as a
saint, and already pilgrimages are made
to her house by superstitious pe:rsons.
The New Bill Passed by the House
and Senate.
As It Finally Passed the General
Assembly, and Which Will
be Signed by the
Section 1. That Section 2, of an Act
entitled "An Aet to provide for the
election of a State board of control, and
to further regulate, the sale, use, consumption,
transportation and disposition
of intoxicating and alcoholic
liquors or liquids in the State; and prescribe
penalties for violation of dispensary
laws, to police the same, approved
March 6, 1896," as amended by
the Act approved 5th of March. 1897,
be stricken out, and insert in lieu
thereof the following, to be and to be
known as Section 2:
? - ~ '"t 1
Section Z. '1'Hat tne state Doaru 01
control is hereby abolished.
Section 3. A board, consisting of
three members, to be known as the
board of directors of the State dispensary,
is hereby established, whose duties
and powers shall De hereinafter
defined. The members of said board
shall be men of good moral character,
not addicted to the use of intoxicating
liquor as a beverage, shall be elected
by the General Assembly in joint session
as follows: The chairman of the
board shall be first elected and the a
shall be elected the two remaining
members. . The term of cffice of the
members of said board shall be for two
years, unless sooner removed by the
Governor; they shall qualify and be
commissioned in the same manner as
other State officers. In the event of
a vacancy on said board, by death,
resignation or otherwise, such vacancy
shall be filled by appointment, by the
Governor, until the next session of the
General Assembly, when an election
shall be held to fill said vacancy for the
unexpired term. Each member of*said
board shalKijeceive for his services the
same Der diem and mileage allowed to
members of the General Assembly:
Provided, that no member of said board
shall receive per diem for more than
one hundred days in any fiscal year.
The said board shall devise such a system
of bookkeeping and accounting as
it may deem advisable. The said board
shall prescribe all rules and regulations,
" l *? _
not id consistent wna iaw, ior me guvernmeDt
of the State dispensary and the
county dispensaries. The General * Assembly.
shall, at the present session,
upon the approval of this Act, elect
the members of said board, as provided <
for in this section: Provided, that no :
member of this board of directors, while
holding this office, shall become a candidate
for any other office.
Section 4. A dispensary commissioner
shall be elected by the General
Assembly, who shall hold office ior the
term of two years and until his succes;
sor shall be elected and qualified, and
?oVoll ?r? ftnnnal salarv of
n L1\J DliCklA. ? .
tliree thousand dollars, to be paid as
now provided by law. The Governor
shall have the right at any time to suspend
the said commissioner for any
cause which he shall consider sufficient
until the next meeting of the General
Assembly and appoint some suitable
person to fill such vacancy during such
suspension^ In case of the removal of
?:j Imt f.Tio fl-(vo7vrn<vr he
shall, on the first day of the next
meeting of the Legislature, make report
to said General Assembly, stating
the "reasons for his a?;tion, which action,
if approved by the General
Assembly, sliall operate as a removal
and the General Assembly shall
elect a successor to said commissioner.
In case of the death, suspension or
other disability of the commissioner
the Governor shall have the right to
appoint a successor to nil saia vacancy
until the next meeting of the General
Assembly. Said directors of the dispensary
shall, within thirty days after
the approval of this Act by the Governor,
and thereafter quarterly,"advertise
in two or more daily newspapers of this
State and one or more daily newspapers
published without this State for
bids to be made by parties desiring to
furnish liquor to the dispensary for
" * *** -1 j
said quarter; said bias snail oe piaceu j
in an envelope, securely sealed with
the seai of company, firm or corpora!
tion, and having been so sealed,
j shall be placed in the express office,
j directed to the State Treasurer, Columbia,
S. C.; and only one bid shall
be made by anyone, which shall state
the quantity, price and chemical analysis
thereof, accompanying said bids
there shall be a sample of each kind of
liquor offered for sale containing not
more than one-half pint each wlrch
sample shall on its arrival be delivered
to the dispensary commissioner, U) be
' ?-*< ? t? I
retained by mm unm ana inu? uccu
ascertained that the wines or liquors
purchased correspond in all respects
with that purchased, said samples to be
the property of the State; and bids shall
be kept by the State Treasurer in his
office and he shall not himself or allow
anyone to inspectsaid bids or the envelopes
containing said bids, but shall deliver
said bids to the directors of the
? t ?J
j dispensary at a meeting 01 tne Doara. 01
directors, who shall open said bids in
public and record all bids in a book
kept for that purpose; said directors of
the dispensary may reject any and all
bids and readvertise for other bids; said
directors of the dispensary shall purchase
all alcoholic liquors for lawful
use in this State and shall have the
same tested and declared to be chemically
pure; and if the wiues or liquors
purchased fpil' to correspond in any respect
witb the sample furnished the
seller thereof shall forfeit to the State
a sum not exceeding the value of said
liquor, to be recorered in an action
brought by the State aginst such seller;
and said contracts shall be awarded to
the lowest responsible bidder, for such
quantities and kinds of liquors as may .
be deemed necessary to the dispensarp
for that quarter; and said contracts
***/? *3 A "1 a x T_ J .
~ fha H i roof HTQ
snail I aimer pruviuc man ?u?
of the dispensary may order additional
quantities of liquors sufficient to supply
the dispensary, should there be need
for more, from the same persons or
corporations at the same prices for that
quarter. Said directors shall require
v- ir ... ... -
from the successful bidder or bidders
such bond in such sum as they may
deem necessary to insure the compliance
by said bidder or bidders with the
terms of said contracts: Provided,
that said directors of the dispensary
shall not purchase any liquor of any
person, firm or corporation who shall
anlioif-. anv nrd#?rs fiifchfir hv drnmmer.
agents, samples or otherwise, except as
herein provided: Provided, fuither,
that nothing herein contained shall
prevent said directors of the dispe nsai7
from making with distillers of this
State contracts for the purchse of liquors
manufactured by them within
this State.
The fical year of the transactions of
the State dispensary shall end on the
30 day of Novemberofeach year. The
Governor of the State shall appointnot
later than the 15th day of December
in each year, two expert account?.t
?j -v j. j
aula, ux guuu uutuautci auu <ji mgu
standing in their profession, who shall
make a thorough examination of the
books of account, trial balances and
balance sheet of the dispensary for the
year ending November 30, together with
all bills, vouchers and any and all evidences
of receipts and expenditures
whatsoever, and they shall certify to
the- General Assembly, in writting, at
the beginning of the regular session in
January of ea?;h year, the resul t of such
examination. This certificate to be in
AiUUiAn oitrmal rvf fliA
board of directors. The accounts so
named by the Governor of the Stateshall
each receive for their services four
dollars per day for not exceeding thirty
days in any one year, to be paid from
the earnings of the dispensary. The
commissioner and the members of the
board of directors aro hereby directed |
and commanded to give tc the accountants
appointed by the G-overnor free !
and full access to all books of accounts,
trial balances, balance sheet and every j
and all books, invoices, receipts, bank .
books, and every and all papers con- ,
nected with the financial operations of .
the dispeDsary. J
Section 5. The dispensary commissioner
shall, before entering upon the ,
duties of his office, executive a bond to
the State of South Carolina in the sum (
of $75,000, which bond shall be ap- (
proved by the Attorney General of the n
State according to the provisions or <
the law as now provided, or which may J
be hereinafter enac^-^ and for the
faitlifill nhsprvanftA of all rnlea and
regulations made and adopted by the' i
directors of the dispensary during his '
term of office; said commissioner shall :
be charged with the management and .
control of the State dispensary, subject
to the rules and regulations of said (
directors of the dispensary and the provisions
of the dispensary law; said com- <
missioner shall enter into contracts, ,
employ all assistants and help neoes- .
sary to manage che State dispensary, at j
salaries not to exceed those fixed by ,
the directory of the dispensary; said- .
? ? ? ? /3 A4k*?
UUUJJLLU331UUC1 .uiajr uiouiiaigo auj vx lug
employees at pleasure, and report his ,
reasons therefor inigriting to_tha flir<?r?. _
tors of "the dispensary: Provided, that
said dispensary commissioner shall not j
employ any person who is related to
him or any members of the directors of ,
the dispensary by blood or marriage,
within the sixth degree: Provided,
further, that the liquors sold to the
county dispensaries shall oe sold at a
profit of not over 10 per cent-of the cost
to the State.
Section 6, That the county boards
of control be appointed by the board of
State directors in the manner now provided
by law, and with the advice and
consent ef the members of the Senate
and House of Representatives from the
several counties, or a majority thereof.
The county dispensers shall be elected
by the county boards of control: Provided,
that no person shall be elected
county dispenser or clerk who is related
witnm tne sixtn aegree, Dy Diooa or
marriage, with any member of the
board of directors of the State dispesary
with the dispensary commissioner,
or with any member of the county
board of control by whom such county
dispenser or clerk are to be elected.
Section 7. All constables appointed
under the provisions of this. "Act to
provide for the election of a State ;
board of control, and to further regulate
the sale, use, consumption, tcansporta- .
tion and disposition of intoxicating and ;
lirmnrs nr Hrmidsj in flio
and prescribe penalties for violation of
dispensary laws, to police the same,
approved March. 6, 1896," and Acts
amendatory thereof, shall, before
entering upon the dnties of their office,
and in case snch constables shall have
been alieady appointed, then within
thirty days from the passage of this
Act, each give bond to the State in the
sum of $500, with surety and sureties,
to be approved dj the Attorney General,
conditioned for the faithful performance
of the duties of his office; and
in case of the breach of said bond, suit
may be brought therein by any person
aggrieved thereby, either in the county
where any of the obligors reside or in
any county where said breach may have
occurred: Provided, that the Governor
shall report all such appointments to
the General Assembly at the next ensuing
session, the date and term of service
Section 8, It shall be unlawful for
the State commissioner, or any officer
or employee of the State dispensary, or
Awrf A/\ni\fTT ^ior\ftncor r\v a1a?U 6 a
ttlljr WUUlfJ UiOytUDtl, Vi 1XLO tu
put any false or misleading label on
any package af liquor to be sold udner
any provisions of this Act, or to receive
any samples for personal use, or to
drink, or to give a*;:;- any liquors in
stock; and any person found guilty of
violating the provisions of the section
shall, upon conviction in any Court
of competent jurisdiction, be punished
by a fine of not less than $100 or by
- : i 1 -
imprisonment lur um ieoa iiiaa oue
month, and such conviction shall work
a forfeiture of the office or position
held by such person.
Section 9. The State board of control
shall, within ten days after the approval
of this Act, on demand, - deliver
to said directors of the dispensary all
books, accounts and property of every
o-ni^ whatanavA'P
Section 10. All Acts or parts of Acts
inconsistent with the provisions of this
Act be, and are hereby, repealed.
Section 11. That all Acts relating to
the sale, nse and consumption of intoxicating
liquors, now of force in this
State, except suoh as are in conflict with
this, be, and the same are hereby, reenacted
and declared to be in full force
and effect.
QAaiiAvt 19 TViia A rtf. cl-?oll ca ir?f
effect immediately upon its approval by
tbe Governor.
Dr. J. L. M. Curry Deals With the
Subject of Education.
t s
Lawmakers and All Others Give
- the Distinguished Orator
Their Undivided
a^l A?:
at 1 o'olock the Hon. J.
L. M. Curry, D. D., LL. D., statesman,
literateur and friend of education, addressed
the general assembly of the
State in the capitol building. It was
an inspiring sight which greeted him,
and he felt the inspiration. On the
floor of the* "house of representatives
sat the legislators, senators and repre_
- I 1 ^ ' A J _
seniatives, wno in a aay or two are to
discuss appropriations which are to be
made for the education of the youth.
In the gallery sat 200 young men and
women, students of South Carolina'
college,., the Presbyterian College for :
Women and Columbia Female college. ;
They had been given this opportunity ,
to hear the distinguished southron.
Senator Henderson of Aiken, chairman j
r\q /lamrwiff aa avi a min n rtrtrn at?f a in.
ut ti-Lo uummibbcc uu ax;au^mi;uvO) IU- ^
troduced the speaker.
Dr. Carry has passed the three score '
and ten, but his blood is young with
eloquence, with patriotism and with '
love of the youthful mind. In begin
ning he said that he was pleased to i
meet the "assembled wisdom" of the
State. He had in his lifetime had the j
anique honor of addressing the legisla- j
tures of more States than any other i
man but he had never met a more representative,
a more manly, a more j
courageous, a more progressive body ,
than that which sat- in this very hall !
the year that Governor Hampton's term ,
: j TT- i-J ii i. 1
KApirsu. JJLC asberieu Luau ae io UU
stranger in the State, but claimed to be, ,
the oldest South Carolinau iu the hall, for
the year after the stars fell he had
attended the school at Willingtoa, Ab- ,
beville county, taught by the Waddells.
He had watched South Carolina through j
all the years to the present. Just here
he interpolated that the terms "rebel- j
lion" and "civil war" were unparliamentary
and should not be applied to
"the jwar between the States." This i
evoked tremendous annlause. ,
He then paid a beautiful tribute to
South Carolina. What a long roll call
of noble men and women rise to one's
memory when he stands in the presence
of South Carolinians. Do not let your
Bons or daughters forget them. Teach
them the history of ancient times, but
teach them, and truly, that South Carolina'j-history
is the sublimest of all.?
?Wfeilc uui pulses dual quicker hi tne-"
memory of these great people of our
State remember that the manna of yesterday
will not satisfy the hunger of to
day, and we must look ahead.
Addressing himself to the legislators. ,
he said: "What are you here for?
What are yoor plans? You are here to
advance the prosperity of South Carolina.,
to enhance her glory."
He had listened to the dispensary
discussion and he now wanted to talk
of another dispensary, the establishment
of one of whioh in every neighborhood
in South Carolina would not
spread pestilence and disease and poverty.
and death, but would shed light !
and happiness in every home. i
He was delighted with the new era
in this State. He had jast read that
this was the second State in the union
in spindles. He had heard the senate
discussing cotton seed oil mills, an industry
unknown 20 years ago. But
develop the minds of the children of
the State and you ftill create power. If
you would build for posterity develop
t.hfl mini! "Rnild tin t.TiA frAA Hfihnnl
system in South Carolina and you will
build up the State. Carrying the advantage
of education to every home.
He then stated thafehe had with Mm
an old pamphlet giving the names of
all the young men who had attended i
South Carolina college between its
# 1 il _ 10JA TO x.
iounaauon ana me year iosjs. nra6
on the roll of the Clariosophic society
was the name of Bowie, afterwards
chancellor of Alabama, and the speaker's
father-in-law. Crenshaw, another
chancellor of Alabama, was the first
name on the Eaphradian roll. As he
ran down the names of illustrous jurists,
theologians and statesmen he became
more and more eloquent, and
when he pansed at the name of "that
grand old Roman," James H. Carlisle
of Wofford College, the audience
cheered almost wildly.
These great men constituted South
Carolina's true wealth, her glory. Who
would tear one page from the history of
the State on which the grandeur of
South Carolina college's influence was ,
stamped. If you be true South Carolinians
you will support her to the extent.
of your power and influence.
His splendid tribute to southern
women was also cheered.
tie was tnere to plead for the little
boys and Httle girls of South Carolina.
The future prosperity and glory of the
State is wrapped up in them, many of
whom are going barefooted in the wiregrass
country, not knowing the advantages
of education. "While you are worrying
about the ratio of 16 to 1, there
is another ratio of incomparably more
importance, the ratio of illiteracy to
those who can read and write.
Are you in favor of education? How
much do you give to education? There
jLo uu oucu legitimate vax on property
as 'that which is levied on property
for the education of children.
The first school he ever attended was
in a log house 16 by 18. They got
holidays by coercion and immersion,
tying the teacher and ducking him until
ke gave in. Some schoolhouses now
are as cold as icebergs and as barren as
Sahara. The first need is an attractive
schoolhouse5 with pretty landscapes
and an occasional flnwer nn * ?^
? ? -V?v* VU uuu VCttViUer's
desk. The next need is good
teachers and the next longer sessions.
In the annual report of the State superintendent
of education, a masterly
document from a brainy and progressive
young man (applause) the need of these
advantages was shown. He then ridiculed
the fact that South Carolina provided
so little for the superintendent of
education. His office is in an obsoure
1 winmmw?mi '
place and has no comforts. He has no
funds to travel over the State. He
should be permitted to go around and
try to find future statesmen who cannot
get an education and bring them to
attention as was done with. the great
George MoDuffie. A *Lis point he explained
that the Aristotle of America,
the greatest logician this country ever
produced, was a South Carolinian, John
Caldwell Calhoun. (Cheers.) The
greatest American who has ever entered
a pulpit was a South'Carolinian,
James Henry Thornwell. (Cheers.)
The education of children is the paramount
object ia South Carolina. Yet
there are schools which run but two
and three months. Teaching doesn t
come naturally. A doctor must be
trained. Not everybody can teach
school. And teaching has so much to
do with the child. Every teacher
ought to go through an examination
just like a doctor. No business can be
conducted-without supervision. It is
parsimony to do away with supervision
in the school business.
Education' has become a part of *he
government, the Democratic government.
He stated in this connection
the general ignorance in regard to our
government and challenged anyone to
show him where the constitution says
"All men are born free and equal."
The consent of the governed ia not
sound doctrine. The idea of asking the
Filipinos what kind of governmen they
want! Or some of these Cubans!
Their condition he pictured as analagous
to that of the savages in Africa.
To be a lawmaker is to be clothed with
the attributes of a soverign. To make
a law to which a State is subject, an
emanation from infinitude, the essence
of devine sovereignty, is an awful re?
3ponsibiiity. He appealed to the legislafnrA
t/v ayataira its sncprpi^n nnwAT
^ -w . w ?0 ? rv" ?
[n the right direction.
Rhode Island and Massachusetts
have more wealth per capita than-any
jther State. Because they give mil- ;
[ions to education?the best investment 1
i State can make because it increases
the productive ability of the mind.
South Carolina may say she is too poor :
to do this, Iwt to the contrary she is ;
too poor not to. Where the public '
school term is the longest, the productive
capacity of the citizen is greatest. 1
[f you want to make a good invest- ;
ment put it into brain. He recited a '
touching incident showing that at 1
\To?ta n otttt cnn fVi otti '
v n>> -mm v j uv iaw^va u
men, and sometimes Confederate veterans*
were getting but 50 cents a day J
because they had never tad the proper '
manual training, while men from other j
3ections who - had enjoyed those ad- 1
vantages were getting from 5 to 7 dollars
a day. Put money into the schools
ind it will come back.
South Carolina pays $60,000 to her
schools, not including income by the
iispensary evasion, and she gets her
money back at about 50 to 100 per cent. !
rhe education of the past was too
sflholnrlr ' was nnt. f. r tliA mas?ps. Tt
took a man away from tie productive
^ J3ft3oa-POOT IiUHJU-1. U1 J
i poor politician orhim, after he had 1
read more Latin than had Cicero.
But today things have changed. J
Youth is being trained to do as well as
to know. Poverty is the fruit of ill ad
rised parsimony, and the State shonld ;
act stint the schools.
Our Prison System Needs Reforming
.rauiy. , ^ ,
In the Senate Wednesday Senator
Sarratt moved to indefinitely postpone
the bill to provide for the establishment
of a reformatory in connection with the
3tate penitentiary. He said he did not
see that there are funds to establish
this reformatory. The boys in the '
penitentiary are oatlaws and if they
are put on a farm tkey will have better
accommodations than bhev would at
borne. It will not be punishment for
them. Senator.
Graydon wishes to add to
Senator Sarratt's remarks that there is
no^wayto heat the penitentiary and it
was a wondar the mortality is not
greater lhari it has been. Humanity
Bhould first dictate making the penifnnfiftTxr
fnr nld and vrtnnc.
The penitentiary should fix it ap so
that it would befit fcr human beings to
live in. There are many necessary
improvements that should be made before
establishing a reformatory without
any plans 'or ideas before the senate.
He suggested appointing a committee
to investigate the matter.
Senator Archer said he thought it was
high time for making a change in South
Poplin* Wo liod Keen tancht that
V(UVllun? ? w w? _0
idea of punishment was retribution?
retribution I He knew the treasury is
empty But would, not vote for this bill
from that standpoint The superintendent
had told him there are buildings on
the Eeid farm where the young criminals
could be placed and he only wanted
aoney to pay certain expenses.' The
"Ki'l ohrtnM rennire the directors to
make this separtion. It is possible under
this bill to work part of the Reid
farm by young convicts. He agreed
with Senator Graydon about the sanitation
of the penitentiary. Half of the
convicts cannot walk straight because
their feet have been frozen. It' is not
right to keep the young convicts in
these quarters. 8enator Archer plead
ed eloquently for a reformatory system,
which would help youthful convicts to
begin life anew after the expiration of
their sentences.
Senator Q-. W. Brown asked for his
authority that the convicts' feet are
Senator Archer gave the superintendent
of the penitentiary as his authority
and Senator Hay, chairman of the penitentiary
committee,- eonfirmed -this,
Senator Archer continued that the con.
victs are put in cold tells for is nours
and they eouli not stay in bed all this *
time and their feet on the stone floors
were froaen. Senator Archer then,
took np the system of eorporal punish-.
ment and referred to the practice of.
whipping. He said the superintendent
said the white convicts would not work
as weU separated from the colored and
ttad offered a eent a dozen to them lor
bettor work. Those who lagged were
"taken out," which meant they are
Senator Ragsdale moved to table the
motion to indefinitely postpone. This
was agreed to and the bill passed the
third reading and was ordered sent to
the house.
The Bill That Passed the House Voted
on in the Senate.
The joint resolution passed by the
honse proposing a constitutional amendment
to make sessions of the general
assembly biennial came up in the senate
Wednesday. Senator G-raydon
moved to strike out the enacting words.
On this the ayes and noes were taken
without debate, except a short speech
by Senator Barnwell, who thought the
people ought to be given the right to
vote on the amendment. The motion
to kill the bill was lost by a vote of 27
i. iA
iu iv as xuiiuwa.
Yeas?Alexander, Glenn, Graydon,
Hay, Henderson, Hough, Livingston,
Marshall, Mower, Talbird.?10.
Nays?Aldrich, Appelfc, Archer,
Barnwell, Blakeney, Bowen, Connor
Crosson, Dean, Dennis, Douglass, Gruber,
Ilderton, Love, Manning, Mauldin,
McDermott, Ragsdale, Sarratt, Sheppard,
Stanland, Suddath, Sullivan,
Walker. Wallace. Waller. Williams.-24
The bill was then up for its second
readiDg. 7
Senator Kagsdale raised the point
whether two-thirds of the senators yotr
ing or of the whole number of senators
was required to pass the resolution.
The constitution was consulted and it
requires t^o-thirds of the whole number.
On the motion to pass it to the
third reading, the ayes and noes were
taken and the resolution received 20
votes out of a possible 40, lacking the
two-thirds vote, but the chair ruled
J n r? * el wA/iAnAADir An! rt
loiac atwu'buiiua vuicis ucucsoaij' uuijr
for the fioal passage and not for the second
reading. The vote was as follows:
Yeas?Aldrich, Archer, Barnwell,
Blakeney, Bowen, Connor, Crosson.
Dean, Dennis, Douglass, Gruber, Ilderton,
Love, Manning, Mauldin, McDermott,
Ragsdale, Sarratt, Sheppard,
Standtand, Suddath, Sullivan, Walker,
Appelt, Waller, Williams.?26.
Nays?Alexander, Glenn, Graydon,
Mower, Talbird, Hay, Henderson,
Hough, Livingston, Marshall, Wallace.?11.
Senator Raesdale said the speaker of
the house had ruled that such a resolution
must have two-thirds on every
reading. Senator Graydon took the
3ame view and argued this point at
some length. Senators. Ragsdale and
Barnwell spoke on the same line. The
3enate seemed in doubt on this point
and it was uncertain whether a twothirds
vote was necessary to pass the
bill to tne third reaping.
Senator Archer moved to reconsider
the vote and this was adopted in order
to obviate the difficulty and secure a
rote when all the senators are present.'
: ___
State Executive Committee's Meeting
*:m Columbia Thursday. ' .
The Bepublican State convention for
.*1 j? -i _ _? _ * i x.
nationaT Republican convention has
been callea to be held on March 20th,
next. The convention has been called
by the State Republican executive committee
which met in Columbia Thursday
in response to the call sent out by
Senator Mark Hauna, the national
Republican chariaan to the various
States. The national convention is to
bp heid in Philadelphia on'June 19 th,
next, for. the purpose of adopting a
national platform and nominating can'
tMAfl rvroci.
oiuavca xvi picoiuguu auu TIVW
dent of the United States. South Carolina
is to be represented by ^sixteen
delegates in that convention, and the
State convention is to name these delegates.
and attend to such other matters
as may be presented.
All but twelve members of the regular
committee attended the meeting
Thursday and those twelve were represented
by proxies. Since the last
meeting of the committee W. D, Hoopai<
rt-f +T?o flftfi Tioa diod and
Thursday C. J. Pride of Rock Hill was
elected to succeed him. The personnel
of the regular oommittee is as follows:
R. R. Tolbert, Jr., chairman, Greenwood.
# .
Robt. Small, ?vice chairman, Beaufort
J. H. Johnson, secretary, Charleston.
' _ V .
E. A. Webster, Orangeburg.
E. H. Deas, Darlington. t
First District?W. I>. Crum, Charleston;
J. A. Baxter, Georgetown; R. C.
Brown, Charleston.- ' *
Second District?E. J. Dickerson,
Aiken; Paris Simkins, Edgefield; W.
S. Dixson, Barnwell.
Third District?A. M. Folger, Pickens;
E. F. Cochran, Anderson; R. E.
Williams, Newberry.
Fourth District?B. F. Means, Spartanburg;
L. F. Goldsmith, Reedy River;
J. H. Moore, High Point. Fifth
District?E. B. Burroughs,
T r? 3 "H 1 TT*11 TTT
uneraw; u. o. rncie, xvoce hiu; v> .
E. Boykins, Camden.
Sixth District?R. A. Stewart, Manning;
W. H. Collier, Marion; James
Tharpe, Kingstree.
Seventh District?D. T. Middleton,
Mount Holly; W. W. Ramsey, Wedgefield;
Abial Lathrop, Orangeburg. '
The proxies were as follows?E. A;
Webster for Brown, Burroughs and
Middleton; J. W. Bolts for Baxter, E.
W. Sereven for Simpkins; J. H. Fordham
for Dixson; H. Gr. Arthur for Williams;
H. B. Thomas for Means; Joe
W. Tolbert for G-oldsmith; P. S. Suber
? " t _ _ v t
lor jaoore; uuo. i. uuum ivi xnuo,
and E. H. Peas for Collier.?The
Got, Goebel's Funeral.
Rain came down in sheets Thursday
while the fnneral services were being
held over the body of Kentucky's
dead Democratic leader, at Frankfort
The morning dawned dark and threatening,
and when the parade was on the
march rain fell in torrents. Services .
were held in the parlor of the' Capitol
hotel. They consisted aerely of a ,
reading of the scriptures by Dr. Talia
ferro of the Methodist cbnrcn ana a
solo by Mrs. Jessie B. Caldwell,-of
CovingtOD, and a prayer by Dr. Sohmiti.
The march to the cemetery from the
hotel began at 1 o'clock. Many distinguished
men,were in attendance
^AflVioc J
JTCclCs) W n in aoiusi .
Maj. H., Clay Richardson, formerly
a widely inown newspaper man' of Co- .
lumbia, died in Greensboro, Ala., on
Tuesday. He was local reporter for the
Columbia Register in its best days, and
his "Registered Dots" in the campaign
of 1876 were famtts. He was afterward
Columbia correspondent of The News
and Courier.
Strange Story of the Skeleton of
a Missing Man.
' ' \
The Body Found in the Hollow
of a Huge Sycamore Tree
When Cut Down by
A dispatch from Cox's Landing in
West Virginia says four years ago a conspicuous
figure in this section of. the
Ohio valley was Frederick Davis, a
German, about 38 years of age, who '
peddled jewelry. He purchased all his'
geods in Chicago, and hadquite an extensive
trade among the farmers in the
valley between Huntington, W. Ya.,
and Gallipolis, Ohio.- Ha had no "
relatives living in<this eonntrv. bnfc for
ten years, so he' said, hj^ home had
been in and about Chicago.
- One of his best customers us Mrs.
Howard, a wealthy widow, who resides
in Union district, Cabell county, a few
miles off the river.. Davis was rather
a neat looking fellow, a good conversationalist,
and always- had plenty -of
money.. After repeated visits to. the
home of Mrs. - Howard, it became
noised about that more than a friendship
existed between t^e widow and the
peddler. Dame rumor was true for\
once, and. in the early part of
November, 1896, a wedding took plaoe. ;
' After the marriage Davis traveled ., >:
knf lifflo Vvnf all liifl ^
attention to looking after the interest =.
of his wife's property." About six
months after the wedding, he left home very
early one morning for Huntington,
to do some shopping. Eewaato have
returned home the same day. He had
considerable money with Him. He was
seen here, and late in the afternoon
started for home. That was the last
seen of him. Many were the theories
advanced te account for his disappear
ance as the months rolled by, bat the ,
one most believed was that Davis had
simply become tired of living in. this . ?
locality and had left for other parts.
His wife spent hundreds of dollars
endeavoring to locate or find some trace
of him, but in vain.'
A few days ago a firm of timber dealers
put a force of men at work eat'
ting timber on Trace 'creek* on a strip
of - land recently purchased from . J
Mis. -Davis. On chopping down a *
huge sycamore tree, to make room for
a haul way, the workmen found in tne
hollow trunk the skeleton of a man. ' *4.
About seven feet.from the^ronnd mi " ^sh
a huge hole, ftnd through this the body
jft the man had beca. thrust, to conocaE
a murder.- A few-fragments of clothing * /
still clung about the skeleton, -and when ~ , /*
a portion of the same were shown to _J>
Mrs. Davis, she really identified* them .
as pieces of the garments worn by her
husband on the day of his disappearance.
It is the prevailing opinion that
Davis vas murdered for Ms money, and .
his body concealed in the trunk of the
old sycamore.
Enlarging* Wmthrop College. - V
The house of representatives Thursday
passed McDow's bill to appropriate
$35,000 for a new-dormitory for Win throp
college/ The. bill had commended
iiovxj. wv iuou/j i/uu w iuvvvn 0 ywour
tent efforts is due a great measure of
the big majority which his bill rolled
tip. The rote 011 the bill was as follows
Teas?Bacet, Bailey, Bell, Blease,
Blythe, Brantley, Browning, Caughmaa,
Cosgrove, Cross, Gram, Dargro,
Davis, Dean, Dendy, Dowling, Dokea,
Eons. Esfcridze. N. G. Evans. Floyd.
I Grause, Henderson, Heffmeyer, Hollis,
Jackson, Jenkins, H. E. Johnson; Jones
Leverett, Lockwood, Lofton,- Lyles,
Magill, Manning, Marion, McCoy,'MoCraw,
McCullongh, McDill, McDow,
McLaurin, Means, Mehrtens, Mitchell,
Montgomery, Moses, Moss, Nettles,
Patton, Penrifoy, Prince, Pyatt, E. B.
Ragsdale, J. W. Ragsdale, George W.
Richardson,- Henry B. Richardson,
R. B. A. Robinson, Rogers, E. L. Sanders,'
Sawyer, Seabrook,. Simians,
Sinkler, Stackhoase, Strom, Saber,
Theas, W. H. Thomas, Threatt, Ver- dier,
West, Weston, Wharton, Whison- ?
ant, Wilson, Wingo, Winkler, H. H. .
Woodward, Wyche and Yoang.?8L
Nays?Ashley, Bates, Black;-DeBruhl,
Gamble, Gantt, Graham, Hill,
Hydrick, W. J. Johnson, * Mann,
Laban Manldin, Miley, Mobley, Patterson,
C. E. Robinson, G. P. Sanders,
G. P. Smith, E. D. Smith, J.X. Smith,
Timmerman, Yarn, Verner, Williams,
Wimberly and Woods.?26.
Dolegates Selected.
lnursaay mgnc tne executive committee
of the South Carolina State Press
association held a meeting in this city
for the purpose of completing some
work overlooked at the recent annual
meeting. The committee selected President
E. H. Auil, Editor N. G. Gonzales
of The State and Editor J. 0.
Hemphill of The News and Courier delegates
to the annual meeting of the National
Press association to: be neld in
\Ta*w nJMaai^ATlf ia fA fill
xicw Viioaus* ' J.UC pi^oiuguv ?? ?v ??
any vacanoies in the lis of .delegates. '
The National association's membefs expect
to rendexvous in St. Louis on
Washington's birthday, where they will
participate in the festivities of the occasion.
v AH the members expect to be
in New Orleans in time for the Mardi
Gras festivities. The business sessions
of the association will begin abont
March-!.-; ^
Gal.; James A. Hoyt, the national executive,
coinmitfeeman from this State,
expects to attend in that capacity.
. A RdHpino Ambush.
..A dispatch dfrom Manila says the in- fl
surgents on ;Mcn'day captured a supply
train of nine "hull .oarta between Orani
and; five privates of Company
Thirty-second infantry. The insurgents
weakened the supports of bridge
over a creek. The first cart
wont into the stream. While the
Americans were trying to haul the cart eg
out, the insurgents fired a volley from
the bushes and killed six soldiers and
two native drivers. _
. . . -

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