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The Fairfield news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1881-1900, February 14, 1900, Image 4

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A Monument to Be Erected to
Their Memory.
At Least the State Senate So i
Voted on Thursday Night
by a Good Majority.
Mr. Wilson's house bill to provide
for the erection of monuments on the
battlefield of Chickamauga to the valor
and heroism of South Carolina soldiers
was reached on the calendar of the Senate
Thursday and Senator Archer
moved to indefinitely postpone. Sen
ator Barnwell asked for re?,sons for tins
motion and Senator Archer proceeded
to state his position. He was opposed
to all snch appropriations. It would
benefit nobody but the contractor. In
view of the numerous appropriations,
he opposed the spending of money for
stone or marblo to be placed _at Chickamauga.
Stone or brass did not impress
valor or greatness. We read of these
deeds on the imperishable pages of
Senator Barnwell said no better way
of showing South Carolina's appreciation
of her soldiers could be found than
to erect this monument on the bloody
field of Chickamauga. The northern
^1 * * ' ? ? ~~ J 4 IN A0A vn An (F Q
Oiates WX1U UUUtJ VlC AWl lUUSC UEU ao
traitors now look upon them as brothers
who fought in defeose of their homes.,
The State is now in better condition for
some ^feason and while we may not be
able to put up a suitable monument, ina
few years she will be able to do so.
He hoped that while other States are
putting up monuments, South Carolina
wcuid show that she recolleots her
Senator Henderson explained the
origin of the plan to have monuments
placed on the battlefields to mark the
spots where the soldiers from each
State fell. The bill had passed the
house without a voice in protest and it
is for the senate to say whether the
monument shall be erected. He might
prefer the monument at Manassas or
Gettysburg but the United States t \s
made Chiekamauga a national park and
in the general spint of amity over the
country the States are putting up monuments
to their troops. Pointing to
Gen. Kershaw's protrait on the wall, he
paid a beautiful tribute to that general
who led the South Carolina troops at
Chickamagua and closed by saying that
the monument would be worth more
than dormitories at Winthroj).
Senator Saddathsaid he was on the
battlefield of Chickamauga and was led
by that gallant old general, pointing to
Gen. Kershaw's portrait. But he opposed
tha bill and begged that the old
soldiers now living be not neglected for
the dead.
Senator Sarratt said if any State
^ erected a monument to her soldiers it
\ : should be South Carolina; being first to
secede. South Carolina could not do
a better thing than erect this monu
merit to the men who fought for a cause
he believed was just. Ne ;er so loDg as
as we live will we forget the soldiers,
liviDg or dead. Notwithstanding the
opposition of the two good old soldiers
on thiS floor, the monument should be
erected. It ought to cost three or four
' times as much.
Senator Ilderton said he had been in
the legislature since 1894 and had heard
over and over that "we are too poor"
until he did not believe a word of it.
?i n v iv A- a l 2 _
?oiun uaronna is aDie to meet ner demands
financially or otherwise. Ten
thousand dollars is not enough. He
would favor double that amount. It
would be a monument not only to the
soldiers who fell on that field but to all
of South Carolina's soldiers. He hoped
the bill would p?.ss without further
Senator Connor told of an incident
regarding the proposal to erect a monument
to an English general who fell at
Entaw Springs to which the British
government replied that there were not
enough stones-in the world to mark the
spot where British officers fell on the
heroic field of battle. He thought this
applicable to this case. He too was a
Confederate soldier, bat did not favor
erecting the monument.
Senator Kacsdale said that ordinarily
the opposition of the Confederate soldiers
on the floor should settle the matter,
but he thought they were mistak
en. While they owe much to the living
they owe something to their dead comrades.
We are too apt to toke a utilitarian
view of all matters. The bill
did not seek to make an invidious- distinction
between Chickamauga and
other battlefields. Some day perhaps
South Carolina can mark ail of them.
mxt j J.H _ ?_iA
j.en inousana aonars is a paury sum
when it is remembered for what it is
, asked. Men have ever builded monuments
to the courage of their comrades.
Senator Maulain said as an old soldier
he had listened to the discussion
with mortification. Ten thousand dollars
is fritted away by the general as
sembly in useless discussion and idle
talk and yet it could haggle about this
paltry appropriation. The debate
should stop and the senators express
themselves by their votes.
Senator G-. W. Brown had -not
thought it would be necessary to discuss
this subject. He told of the public
monument to Grant in Colorado,
and asked if we should hesitate to
erect amormment to those who fell on
Chickamauga. He spoke of the acceptance
of the Darlington Guards'
flag which, was to be preserved as a
memorial of the men who fought for a
just cause. The histories and monu- .
ments of today must be the inspiration ,
of tomorrow.
Senator Barnwell arose to call attention
to the fact that the State had done ]
all it could for the relics of the Confed- i
eracy. The very first legislature after \
UiC YY 41) TTJULVil Oil T* CkO V v^viCtllvU OUU J
poverty, had provided for limbs for those
maimed in battle. It gave marble left ;
over from the capitol to the ladies to ]
build the monument on the State house ;
grounds. After reconstruction, the j
the legislature at once appropriated i
money for pensions. He spoke as a {
Confederate soldier, as one who had <
suffered with his blood. Chickamauga 3
was not the bloodiest field, but it was ]
the one chosfen by the other States. t
Senator Crosson said, he wa9 perhaps <
the youngest senator on the floor. He \
had not the honor to be a Confederate
soldier, but he had the honor to be the ]
son of a Confederate soldier. It is but (
a duty as citizens of South Carolina and
as senators to erect the shaft in the j
distinguished honor of the dead (
wlo lie there buried. ;
Senator Dean in spite of indisposi- t
i tiea could not allow the opportunity to i
pass to give endorsement to this proposition.
What a blush of shame would <
be brought to our cheeks if we lag in t
our duty. Be it remembered that the e
first monument to the Confederate t
' .... - rwife
and mother is within the border
of the old Palmetto State. He was
glad of the interest the younger members
displayed. It is not an answer to
the argument to say that it would be a
discrimination. He hoped the bill
would pass.
Senator Wallace thought the Confed- j
erate soldier who opposed the proposition
misunderstood the aim of the bill.
It was no discrimination. The monument
would tell that on this field
South Carolina led the southern army
and came nearest to reaching tiie key
to the situation.
Senator Hough had hoped the bill
would pass as silently as the gravity of
the measure demanded. As a son of
a Confederate soldier, he felt it his
duty to endorse the bill. Should he
ever visit Chickamauga ku did not
want it asked is there no spot where
South Carolina soldiers fought and
died. He wished the grand jstJ monument
ever seen could be plitced there.
Quoting eloquently from tha inscription
on the monument in front of the
oapitol, he said no other inspiration
should be needed to vote for this bill.
01 i.u~
Senator iiiancn expiameu cue imposes
of the erection of this mounment
in accordance with the plan agreed upon
by the associations of other States. It
is not a question of'he most suitable
place, but this I-* -field had been
selected by all the States and South
Carolina must do so or be out of touch
with her sister States. He then paid
an eloquent and beautiful tribute to
the Confederate soldier. A snyopsis
could not reproduce the beautifal diction
of Senator Aldrich's remarks.
The motion to indefinitely postpone
was lost bv this Yote:
Yeas?Alexander, Archer, Bowen,
Connor, Dennis, Donglas<3, Graydon,
Nays Aldrich, Appelt, Barnwell,
Blakeney, G-. W. Brown, W. A. Brown,
Crosson, Dean, Gruber, Henderson,
Hough, Ilderton, LiviDgston, Love,
Marshall, Maaldin, May field, McDermont,
Ragsdale, Sarratt, Stanland,
Sullivan, Talbird, Walker, Wallace,
Waller, Williams.?27.
The bill wastiien passed to the third
A Hew Law Proposed, Which Will
Limit Pensions to the Needy.
The increase in the number of ap
* _
proved applications ior pensions in
South Carolina has so reduced the
amount going to each pensioner that
the Confederate veterins have practically
taken the whole matter of pensions
into their hands. When, years
ago, it was first decided to give pensions,
$50,000 was yoted for this purpose,
and it seemed to be quite adequate
for several years, but so many more
TVnsinners cot on the rolls that the
legislature voted $100,000 for the old
soldiers and their -widows. This has
now become insufficient, pensioners
only getting from $25 to $50 a year.
Last summer at a convention of Confederate
veterans a committee of three
was appointed to draw a pension bill to
be presented to the general assembly,
making radical changes in the system,
and taking the matter out of the hands
of county officers and politicians. This
has been done, the bill favorably reported
in both houses and will be passed
without change. Under this law the
pensioner, of a man, must have been a
soldier or sailor in the Confederate ser
vice and a resident of South Carolina
for two years; must (a) have lost a leg
or arm or receiving other disabling
wounds, and neither he nor his wife
have an income of $250 per annum, or
(b) that he has re ched the'ago of 60
and neither he nor his wife have an income
of $100.
If a woman, she must be Ihe widow,
who has never remarried, of a bonafide
soldier, _and who has not an income of
?100. Tiie sum of at least $iuu,uuu
must be annually appropriated for pensions.
Those who have lost both legs
or both arms shall receive $8 per
month; those who have lost one leg or
one arm shall receive $6 per month.
"Widows recoive $6 per month. AH'
others entitled to pensions receive $4.
If the amount appropriated is insufficierfl,
those of the ?first class shall be
paid in full and the remainder pro rated
among the other pensioners.
Applications for pensions, with proof
of service, etc., shall be made to county
boards. These boards shall be compos.
d of ex-Confederate soldiers, one
being elected by the Confederate survivors
in each township on the first Saturday
in Angust of each year. The
state board of pensions shall consist of
the comptroller general and three exorof-fl
cnlrliora frrt hv I
the United Veteran's Association at
their annual meetings. The members
of the county and state boards shall
each receive $2perdiy for the time
actually employed and the state board
5 ceats per mile traveled.
The list of pensions approved and refused
shall be kept by the clerk of the
court, who shall each year certify to
the comptroller those on such list3
who have died since his last report.
On the first Monday in April the controller
general sb all issue each pensioner
a warrant to the amount due him or
her for that year, so there will be but
one payment instead of by the month.
This act is expected to disqualify many
persons now drawing pensions. Ths
veterans have loudly protested against
frauds that they allege were being per- L'
The Supply Bill Put in by Ways and
Means Committee.
a The ways and means committee Wednesday
presented the "supply bill'
which makes provision for the levying 1
:>f tax for the fiscal year. j
The levy for the State purposes is 5 J
mills, no increase over last year. The 1
ways and means committee thinks that
the levy will meet ail appropriations <
md leave a balance in the treasury. i
The appropriation bill provides for i
m expenditure of $858,963 for general i
purposes. In addition to this there is 1
i provision for $20,000 to be set aside <
tor tne purpose 01 redeeming Donas i
which may come due. This appropria- J
:ioa is nade annually but is seldom
expended. In addition to the two items 1
nentioned above the legislative supply 1
Dill will call for about $20,C00 to meet ]
:he expenses of the legislature. These 1
;hree items will amount to $898,693, i
:he estimate expenses for the year. <
nnu^ rvf a a mill
JL JJLV COUm<kbgu J tVt-i A.KJX bug u Uiiii
evy aggregate $873,000; fees from li- 1
senses, etc., $54,472; total, $927,472. ?
This will leave a balance of $28,000 3
n the treasury, in addition to the $20,- g
)00 for redemption of bonds. There a
ire several bills pending whick provide t
:or appropriations, and if enacted they a
" . * * y * 1 X - B 1
viu iase up tne Daiance, ora pari 01 it. i
The several county levies iire practi- t
;ally unchanged. A number of coun- I
;ies, however, have adopted the plan of f
;stablishing a sinking fund to pay off 1
;he county indebtedness. e
.?< r . AS
11 U A V JL JU JL V JL U JLV k/ *
What the President of the Virginia
Carolina Chemical Says.
All the Urude Materials nave Ad- |
vanced, and the Selling Price
is Lower Than Conditions
From the News and Observer, Raleigh
N. C.
Richmond, Va., Feb. 1, 1900.
To the Editor: My attention Jbas
beea called to a communication in The
Ne vs and Observer, published under
date of Wednesday January 31st, 1900,
in reference to the advance in the
price of fertilizers, wherein it is stated
that the farmers of Pitt county, North
Carolina, propose to-organize and fight
the advance in the prices of fertilizers,
and by insinuation our company is censured
as the causc of this advance.
I desire to make a plain statement of
facts and conditions as now obtained
in the fertilizer trade, and to show to
the dealers and consumers of fertilizers
that the advance in the price of manufactured
fertilizers is not only just and
warranted but is absolutely necessary,
and that the manufacturers of fertilizers
could-not afford to sell them at
the price ruling last year unless they
did so at a very heavy loss.
Mrtrrr trof frt foAraonrl ti<rnr/ia
"V"l w 6V" VW
we will see what has really caused the
price of fertilizers to be advanced this
year over last:
Acid Phosphate being one of the
principal ingredients in all complete
fertilizers,' I desire to show here how
much this article costs to make in excess
of the cost price for the same thing
last year. The advance in pyrites,
from which sulphuric acid is made, is
more than $2.00 per ton over last year.
The advance in Nitrate of Soda, which
is a necessary ingredient in the manufacture
of sulphuric acid, is fully $8.00
per ton more than last year. Phosphate
Rock has advanced a minimum
of $1.75 per ton at the mines, and in
some grades -of rock, the advance is
more than $3.00 per ton. These three
articles constitute what is necessary to
make Acid Phosphate. Put them together
in the proper proportion and a
ton of Acid Phosphate will cost $2.07
per ton more than it did last year.
Bags are costing us 20c. per ton
more than they did last year, so that
the erude material going into a ton of
Acid Phosphate is costicg-apprOximately
$2.27 more than it did a year ago.
Every piece of factory supplies and
machinery, coal and everything necessary
to operate a factory is from 25 to
100 per cent, higher than it was a year
ago. This will add certainly an additional
10c. to the cost of a ton of fertilizer,
making in the most conservative
and reasonable estimate possible a
ton of 13 per ceat. Acid .Phosphate,
bagged and ready for shipment, cost
the manufacturer $2.37 more than it
did^twelve months ago.
>iow, let us look at complete ammoniated
fertilizers: .We will take what
is commonly known as standard grade
of complete fertilizers, running, say,
2* per cent, of ammonia, 8 percent, of
available phosphoric -acid, and 1 per
cent, of potash. As I have above dem*
onstrated, acid phosphate costs $2 07
more than last year. This is equivalent
to a little more than 10c. per 100
pounds. In making the 2?, 8 and 1
fertilizers, 1,200 pounds of acid phosphate
would be necessary, so at 10c.
additional cost for acid phosphate
would be $1.20. *
If cotton seed meal was used for the
ammonia, it would take approximately
700 pounds, and cotton seed meal is
now worth 86 00 per ton more than
last year, which is equivalent to 30c.
per 100 pounds, and 700 pounds
would cost $2.10 more than it did last
year. Now, add 20c, for extra cost for
1 J 1 ?9 RA
tiie uaga <tuu )uu nave tuu
for the materials than we paid for these
same materials last year.
If tankage or Jblood was used for the
source of ammonia instead of cotton
seed meal, the advanced cost over last
year would be $3.20 per ton, as ammonia
from tankage or blood is now 60c.
per unit higher than last year, so for
per cent, of ammonia the extra cost
over last year would be $1.80.
Sulphate- of ammonia is the only
other sourcc of ammonia commonly '
used in the manufacture of fertilizers.
Twelve months ago this article was sell- :
ing at about $43 00 per ton. We paid
fl -i it? 1. A/?ft A A * _ ? <
lor 11 inis wees ??o.s.uu per ton.
Now, I assert that the price of ferti- (
lizers has not advanced nearly so much
as the price of raw materials goiDg into |
them. Let us see who is to blame, if
anyone, for the advance of these crude !
materials. Take Pyrites: We buy
from Spain more than three-fourths of
all we use. Nitrate of Soda: We buy
entirely from South America. Potash '
Salts: We buy entirely from Germany.
So it cannot be said that our company 1
controls or is in anywise responsible
for tne advance of these materials, as ^
we have no interest whatever in any of ]
these properties, either directly or indirectly.
Take phosphate rock: We do mine .
a small nrniinrfcinn of onr wants of i
phosphate rock, but we mine none for
sale and we buy from other mines
more than two-thirds of what we consume.
So no one will suppose that we
were anxious to put up the price of
phosphate rock.
As for cotton seed meal, we have no
interest either directly or indirectly in
any cotton seed mill, so we are not responsible
for the advance in this artijle.
Blood and tankage are made by
the large packers in the west, and we
baye no interest and no control over
these products in any way.
Why, then, should the Virginia- 4
Carolina Chemical Company be blamed
for the advance in the cost of crude
on/1 wnnU if. Via KnQiriecclilrn
tor us to want an advancc in crude ma- f
trials of which we have to buy almost j
;ntirely all of our needs and of which ,
??e produce absolutely nothing, except ].
i, small quantity of phosphate rock? j
It is our aim and purpose to mann- (.
acture fertilizers as cheajdy ? > josai- ^
)le and and to sell them at as low a E
)rice as we can afford, thereby biimu- ^
aiing a large cousumption of fertili- ..
:ers and their general use for all r
srops. ' ^ v
Let us see how the farmer is situated: a
3e is getting this year from 2* to 3c. a
t pound for his cotton more than last i
rear, and we understand that for a
;reat deal of the cotton seed the cotton
ieed oil mills are now paying 25e. per t
rashel. Are these advances wrong, 1
ind are the manufacturers who are -I
laving to use this product condemning d
he parties who produce them simply p
>ecause the demand is <=uch that the o
>rice has increased so enormously over s.
ast year? At present prices the farm- ii
r can sell the cotton seed from one o
< ? HHn - i. n... ,
acre of land and buy as nmeli fertilizers
_ r _ 11^ x ,1
as Be usuany puts oyer two or tnrea
acres, even though there is a small advance
in the priee of fertilizers, caused
by the manufacturers having to pay
high prices for the materials entering
into them.
"VTe propose to be perfectly fair and
in mir statement* and TipHava
that when an unprejudiced farmer looks
into the situation he will realize that
he is not charged as much for fertilizers
as the cost of materials under preseut
conditions warrant.
Yours very respectfully,
S. T. Morgan,
Pres. Virginia-Carolina Chemical Co.
Organization Formed in Greenville
a Drtnirf fVl A A ^TTrt vi A*
LU xvcoiav uno auvauwc.
The Greenville county farmers met
in the court house one day last week
and not only began a strong fight
against the fertilizer trust by condemning
it and resolving not to purchase its
products but started a scheme to
organize the farmers in every neighborhood
of all of the sixteen townships
for the purpose of keeping up the war
il. i. j
Oil tue trusts ituu tu ucai as an assuuiation
with other matters of interest to
farmers. These neighborhood organization
meetings are to be held on Saturday,
the 17th of this month, to name
delegates to a general meeting here in
the court house every sale day. The
following resolutions were unanimously
Icf nPViot. i(-. ia tViA ?An??> r?f tliio
meeting that we ought not to give more
than 10 per cent, advance on last year's
prices for fertilizers.
2nd. That it is the sense of this body
that unless the price of fertilizer is reduced
to within the 10 per cent, advance
of last year's price we *ill discourage
the use of fertilizers to as large
an extent as possible.
3d. That we condemn the action of
the Virginia Chemical company in
forming a fertilizer trust, thereby arbitrarily
advancing the price of guano,
and we would urge our representatives
in the legislature to use every effoit to
investigate said trust and thwart the
injustice done the farmers of the State.
4th. That we give as far as practicable
preference to the fertilizers of the
iii^atm>nnent fiorrmanies and avoid dut
chasing the produots of the trusts."
Col. J. A. Hoyt, at the request of a
a umber of persons, addressed the meeting,
urging organization in every township
in the County." He wa3 "surprised,
astonished and amazed" that there is
do organization in this county. They
should have a powerful organization as
in the days of the alliance ten years
ago; "but you'll have to keep it out of
politics." If the idea of reorganizing
the alliance did not meet with favor,
let the farmers at least organize farmers'
clubs. They need it iu a social way,
ia an educational way and in a business
way. The whole world is against the
farmer on this chief staple of the South.
Tod^y cotton is 1 cent higher since a
few weeks ago a cotton aushority, supposed
to be friendly to the growers of
cotton, sent out telegrams to nearly
every editor in the country saying that
the price had gone as high as it could
go and advised-its patrons to-sell in
view of the coming decline. These
telegrams were sent out Saturday so as
to catch the Sunday readers of newspapers
and depress the market.
The speaker was heartily in favor of
the resolutions.
C. C. Williams put Col. Hoyt's suggestions
in the shape of a resolution,
--1-- e ?
abfelLlg <k mcciiiJg Ui IUO laiiiiuo iu cagu
neighborhood to meet on. the third
Saturday aud send delegates to the
general meeting on sale day.
By resolutions offered by x Colonel
Hoyt the chairman and secretary were
directed to push the organization.
C. C. Williams offered a resolution,
mitt AU A J /\*\f rt/l fllfl ttAtB a^.
WillVsU was aujyttu, aoaiag ugno~
papers of the county to give publicity
to the proceedings of the meeting and
assist the far ners in fighting the trust.
John Butler was called upon for* a
speech; he "resolved that ifc? is moved
and seconded that we do new adjourn."
His resolution was adopted, but in the
regular way.
i /
Dr. Chas- A- Eastman, of Brighton,
Mass., Looking for'His Son.
Ihe Columbia Record says Chief of
Police Daily, of that city, has received
a letter from Dr. Chas. A. Eistman,
461 WashiDzton street. Brichton.
Mass., enclosing a description of
his son, who has been missing since
January 6, 1900. He says the boy
was last heard of between Ocala and
Gainesville, Fla., making his way north
ana the distracted parent asks the
chief to watch out for him here. He
offers a reward of $100 and asks to be
notified at once if his son is found and
he will come on at once for him. He
a:-kg that the newspapers in the State
aid nim by giving publicity to the matter.
Following is a description sent
IS??4 A U A/??rt nVn A f\ n 4" A ^ ^ V< A Vl A rt A A
JU.I.J a a ymvj tub ui vvj avscompaiijing
- He is 14 years of age, but would pass
for 17 or 18 years, being very large for
bis age. and well matured. Light
jomplesion; blue eyes, light brown
hair; very poor black teeth. He wore
i soft brown hat. light overcoat, dark
blue coat and gray pants. He plays
Dhe piano well tor nrs years. Ulayton s
3rand March," "Old Kentucky
Home," and otb^r old airs, with variations
by Ryder, being favorites. Should
;his meet the eye of the beloved son,
nay he think of the anguish and desoation
caused by his absence to fond
Either and mother, whose nights are
Dassed in tears and wakefulness, cry-4
' ilTITl ^ 1 .
ng, wnere is our uaruog Di>y 10light?
Is he dead?" All charges and
expenses will be paid. Hold him and
elegraph at my expense. Address,
Dr. Chas. A. Eastman,
161 Washington St., Brighton, Mass.
Indian Skeletons.
While excavating for the foundation
or a house in Boone county Virginia,
Jr. George Myers and others were surprised
to find the skeletons.of several
luman beings that had apparently beennterred
at the spot many years ago.
Several phyaiciaos were summoned,
srho. after examining the bones, prolounced
them the skeletons "of Indians. k-.
rVith them were found many sharp
lointed flints and several bows and arows
very much decayed. The remains
7ere found two feet from the surface,
nd it is supposed that the place was
n old Indian graveyard.
CoL Heal Pays Hp. \
The Columbia Kecord says there are
hree very happy men in Columbia, i
'hey are Col. Wilie Jones, W. S. i
'ope and P. H. Haltiwanger. As :
ondsmen for Col. W. A. Neal, they
aril the state $2,800 41, the amount
f his shortage for which they were re
ponsible. Wednesday they were paid .
i full by Col. Neal. so they are are not
at a cent by reason of his shortage.
Considerably Reduced by a State
Senate Bill.
The Bill Makes Many Changes ;
in the Present Jim Crow
Car Law as to Division j
of Cars. |
Mr. Caughman's house biH to amend \
the law requiring divided coaches so as j
to require separate coaches for the two
races was taken up as a special order. J
by the Senate Tuesday.
Th<* hill it!) ii-. nvprfrftm thff '
house provided in section 2 that the \
rate for transportation of passengers on <
all railroads should not exceed 3 cents 1
per mile, and railroads were not to be ;
required to have second-class coaches (
or to sell second-class tickets, but must i
provide one first-class coach for each
race, giving each race equal accommo- j
dation. This would do away with the ;
divided coaches which have proved so J
unsatisfactory on certain lines. J
Seantor Graydon offered an amend- !
ment to make the rate 2 3-4 cent? a
mile instead of 3 cents. He said this <
rate prevailed in Georgia, Alabama and* 1
other States. , ? !
Senator Mower thought the present
system should be continued, as it was 1
working smoothly so far as he could 1
see. He moved to strike out the en- 1
acting words of the bill. j
Senator Ragsdale wanted to vote on ;
Senator Graydon's amendment first J
and for this purpose Senator Mower 1
withdrew his motion. The vote on
senator u-raydon s amendment to make
the uaiform rate 2 3-4 cents was fol- \
lows, the amendment being lost. 9 j
Yeas?Aicher, Blakeney, Connor, 1
Crosson, Graydon, Hough, llderton, '
Love, McDermott, Mower, Ragsdale, 1
Sarratt, Stanland, Sullivan, Wallace.?
15. J
Nays?AldricV, Alexander, Appelt,
Bowen, Gk W. Brown, Dean, Douglass,
Glenn, Gruber. Henderson, Livingston, j
Manning, Marshall, Mauldin, Mayfield, 1
Sheppard, Talbird, Walker, Waller.? 1
19. :
Senator Ragsdale offered an amend
ment making the first- clrss rate cf cents j
and the second-class rate 2* and strik- J
ing out the section abolishing the sec- 1
ond-class car. - j
Senator Mower moved to indefinitely 1
postpone the bill on the ground that ]
the question had become merely one of '
On Senater Mower's motion to indefi- ]
nitely postpone, the vote stood as fol- '
l/-vTT7a tlio oonot/i T**fnain<7 fn nndfnnnp' '
Yeas?Alexander, Archer, Blakeney, 3
Connor, Dean, Glenn, Hough, Mower, 1
Sarratt, Talbird, Walker, Wallace.?
12' , l
Nays?Aldrich, Appelt, Bowen, G-. '
W, Brown, Crosson, Douglass, Gray- 1
don, Gruber, Henderson, llderton, Liv- 1
ingston, Love, Manning, Marshall, !
Mauldin. Mayfield. McDermott, Hags- ]
dale, Sheppard, Stacland, Sullivan,
Senator Grufrer moved to amend Senator
Ragedale's amendment by making
the second-class rate 2 3-4 cents instead
of 2i cents.
Senator Gruber's motion to amend
Senator Ragsdale'a amendment so as to
make the second-class rate 2 3-4 was
voted on, and agreed to. Senator Ragsdale's
amendment, as amended, was
then voted on and adopted, the rate being
thus fixed at 3 cents for first-class
fare and 2 3-4 for second-class. This
reduces the first-class fare and leaves ?
the second-class %s it is under the present
law, and Btrikes out the section
abolishing the second-class car..
Senator U-raydon's amendment allow- ?
ing the division of the second-class 1
coach w&3 next in order and developed f
much discussien. t
Senator Grraydon's amendment was <
then adopted after more debate by several
senatois. It is as follows: (
Add section 1, Provided that the t
second-class coach may be divided into (
two compartments, oneior wane ana
one for colored people. (
Senator Mayfield moved to amend the <
bill by providing that a compartment t
should be cut off at each end of the i
coach, one for -females and one for
males. The amendment was agreed to. I
Senator Gruber moved to amend the J
bill by adding imprisonment for not
mn-rA flioti ^ot7p oa ? rmnialimp'nf, in
UiVl V VUUU 1/V V? w MW U ?? V ?
addition to the fine provided. This was
adopted. a
Senator Mayfield luoved the commit- r
tee amendment exempting mixed trains ^
and this brought up the most puzzling r
portion of the problem. Senator May- s
field offered a substitute for the amend- c
ment, "nor to mixed trains," as fol- a
lows, "nor to regular freight trains c
with a passenger tram attached for s
local travel." t
Senator Ragsdale's motion to^inde- e
finitely postpone the amendment was t
put and the vote resulted, 10 ayes to 24 t
noes, as follows, the senate refusing to
reject the amendment:
Yeas?Archer Blakeney, Connor
Gradon, Gruber, Ilderton, Love, Rags- e
dale, Suddath, aad Wallace.?10. t
XL. AU wrtli Alnvor/lfii* Anrtfilf. I n
A.\ A J a ^JUUllVU JAXVAdUUbl) A*|/Jk/W*v? a
Bowen, Urosson, Dean, Douglass, a
Glenn, Henderson, Hough, Livingston, r
Manning, Marshall, Mauldin, Mayfield,
McDermott. Mower, Sarratt, Shsppard,
Stanland, Sullivan, Talbird, Walker,
and Waller.?24.
The amendment was then agreed to
without division.
The question then came up on the
passage of the bill as amended and the
aye and no vote resulted in its passage
by a vote of 22 to 13 as follows:
Yeas?Archer, Blakeney, Bowen,G.
W. Brown, Connor, Crosson, Douglass,
Graydon, Gruber, Henderson, Hough,
llderton, Love, Marshall, Mayfield,
McDermott, Ragsdale, Sarratt, Stanland,
Suddath, Sullivan, Wallace.?22.
Nays?Aldrich, Alexander, Appelt,
fV>on ftliinn T.iTr?rnrnfnr? TVIanninc.
Vivu u j ? D J I
Mauldin, Mower, Sheppard, Talbird,
Walker, Waller.?13.
The bill as it finally passed the Senate
is published in another column.
A Timely Rebuke.
That wa3 not a very edifying sight
last night when members of the house |
who remained in their hall during the
joint session engaged in singing sacred
songs in a spirit which was evidently
not that of worship. Ic may have
amused members and spectators, but it
Bmacked strongly of sacrilege. The
practice is a custom which can well be
discontinued with credit to all legislative
bodies who are given to indulging
in it.?Columbia State.
A. kingdom for a cure I
You need not pay so much.
& twenty-five cenc bottle of L. L. & K. I
Will drive all ills away.
See ad. and try it?never fails.
c . " /
What the Chairman of the Staid Board
of Health Says.
The following'is 'from-the' Florence
rimes of Tuesday:
Dr. Evans received last night a big
package of vaccine?points, enough, it
appeared, to vaccinate the whole of
;his section of tbe country, but he said
It was only enough for the most pressing
needs of tie health department.
There have been several new centres
)f infection, the doctor said, but on
ihe whole, the situation was* encouraging.
The disease had been stamped
jut below Orangeburg, and there- were
few cases only at points in Bamberg,
md in Beaufort counties, in fact there
ire now not over 75 cases in the State.
There are some new points of infection
in the mill districts of Spartanburg
and in Pickens counties. These
:ases came from mill hands iD Greenville,
who took flight when the order :
for compulsory vaccination was pass2d.
They carried the infection with
them and have caused new centres to
spring up. The mills in Greenville
were infected by hands that came from
the infected districts in;_Georgia, and
3pread the disease here.
Dr. Evans says that, as yet, only
about one-fourth of the people in the
State .have been vaccinated, and that
heL finds it very hard to enforce the
vaccination. Unless this is done the
spread of the disease cannot be prevented.
The compulsory vaccination
jf all laborers on railroads, in mills,
md in the publio schools, would soon
stop-the plague.
Several days ago he went to Gibbons,
where he found several cases. He
vaccinated about a hundred Negroes in
the community and-gave the teacher
Df the colored school a lot of points.
She was instructed in the/use of them,
ind promised to vaccinate the children
^f the school thoroughly.
The doctor is very>much disappointed
that the bill he had before the genjral
assembly have been sidetracked.
He was getting the work of the health
Doard in such a good shape, and the
jhacges asked for would have rounded
jp the matter so completely, that South
Carolina would have had the very best
health organization in the nation,
rhese reforms were opposed for several
reasons, all more or less trivial, but sufacient
to prevent the passage of the
Mil. in me senate it seems tnat tQe
natter of the expense of the registration
sras the consideration, though it is a
fact that if the bill had passed as was
proposed, the general government would
have borne the expense of the registration,
as they do in all the States that are
strictly "registration States." This is
borne as part, and the most important
part of the census department, that of
i.i tl j i? at?
viim Btatiaiiua. xt ib urgeu uy me
triends of the measure, that there are
10 vital statistics now that can serve
us a guide to the health authorities^
md that nothing can be done to im- .
prove the health of the community
antil you know what is the matter
with the community in question. When
sne takes into consideration the great
loss of the services of the wealth pro
lucers of the world from sickness,
iither to themselves or as nurses, one
;an see how heavy ths balance would
incline to the side of the health authorities
in the matter of the reforms
As it has taken some time to educate
:he - statesmen o"f this State up to the
eforms already accomplished, the' <
'riends of the doctor who has labored ;
;o faithfully in this cause, encourage
lim to hope that time will soon bring
ibout the desired result, and that he ;
nay rest easy soon, in the happy con-"i]
-emplation of the completed system
ibat has been his dream for the good >
)f humanity, and the extension of the ,
)net span ot tne years allotted to mail,
md the full eDjoyment of them.
--MoreCollege Elections. J ~ <
The senate -immediately after as- J
lembling Thursday proceeded to the 1
lonse, where a joint session was held '
'or the purpose of electing trustees for
&e Citadel, Clemson and the Colored
sollege. Following was the result:
n "n
VlWkUCl r iDllUlD \J* JUm . \A auouou,
Charleston; Bishop-Capers, Columbia;
r. J. Lucas, Darlington; E.IM. Blythe,
xreenville; W. W. Lewis, York.
Clemson trustees?A. T. Smy the,
Charleston, to succeed the late Govsrnor
Ellerbe, D. T. Redfern, of Chesterfield.
Jesse Hardin, of Chester and
r. E. Tindall, of Clarendon.
Colored college at Orangeburg?D.
F. Brabham, of Clarendon, and 0. K.
j'owman, of Orangeburg. ^
Sack to Confacious.
The dowager empress of China, it is
^ocneu, tu uc ucicimiuLu cu
elapse into the ancient conservatism, -i
Wednesday she issued aa edict com- :j
oanding a return to the old manner of
tudy, according to teachings of Confuius,
for examinations for official rank, 1
,nd ordering the abolition of the study f
if the "now deprayed _and erroneous <
ubjects of the western schools," and
rs of such subjects. The closing of
he new university at Pekin h expected
o speedily follow.
Grows Worse.
A dispatch from BombayTsays the
mortality from the bubonic plague yeserday
was unprecedented. There was j
total of 408 deaths. The?situation is
ggravated by the advent of-the famiae 1
efugees. .
^Wood's flaine-Grown
Seed Potatoes
are unquestiorin'nly tl>?- best Seed Potatoes
for Soul horn planting. Our Pota-.
toesare grown ?*?peciai!y for ?eed pur- |
Maine, and are noted for their earll- I I \
ness, uniformity and large yields pro
duced. The !arz*>< t potato growers In ?3
the South are jslRntins our Seed Pota- I
toes, with the bogt and most profitable a
results. Wo also offer
grown from Maine seed. These give E
splendid crop results and nre popular I
frith truckers everywhere.
Wood's Descriptive Seed Catalogue. 9 I
giving full information, mailed free. 1
Prices quoted upon request. B 11
SEEDSMEN, Richmond, Va.
The Largest Seed :,
UanM J- ?ha
f tiviun. IU uiv
. I ri I I, - " |||?
Their ADti-Friction Wheel Fastener,
Their Patent Foot Brake, *
n\L T? Ll fTV. T17L?1 i .lL ?:iL
i.neir auoocr Aire rrnetjj, tugctuer wiui j
ire styles, easily place them ahead of all com
We have been exclusive sales'agent in tl
to announce that nearly all dealers are'n^w 8
with the attractive styles, good workmanship,
Should you need a carnage ask'your deal
not take one "just as good," but'aak him to g
Yonrs truly,
Rnvall k
- J H.11 V
Prenare to i
r ? -Prices
of paper and paper b;
if you will tell us your troubles
Colombia St;
^Wholesalers of Bags,
j columb:
.7^v^v~V< */>?. < ;
^i^r7^ L i s- v?"
ir t w' < ^ v *.
5,1 */ f("U ^ I
S. *"r"* ^ '< - "-MaoFEAT's
School of Shoe
W. H. MacFeafc, Courfc S
Terms reasonable.. ..
The Cotton Seed Meal Tax.
In the senate Wednesday the bill to
prevent adulteration in cotton seed
meal; which provide that all dealers in
this State shall pay the inspection tax
as provided for fertilizers and shall be
Bubject to the lawsregnlating the sale
and inspection of. fertilizers, whether
the same is sold as stock feed or as
e i.ii: -l l i._ v _ j
ieriiiizere; eauu uag. uj ue mais.cu
"Highgrade," "Standard,", or "Low
Grade," according to the analysis was
killed by. a yote of 18 to 15.The
wife of a West Virginia
Republican presented* her husband
with four children last
week, says the Durham Sum
The "fond" father gave the new
arrivals one look, disappeared"
and has not been seen or heard
Df since. Four doses of Republican
expansion were more than
lie could stand, and he has fled
to the woods.Ginning
!S_ _i'?
riie Smith. Pneumatic Suction
Elevating, Ginning and
' Packing System [s
the simplest and most efficient on
tne market, ijorty-eigni complete
outfits in South Carolina; each
one giving absolute
Boilers and Engines; Slide
Valve, Automatic and Corliss.
My Light and Heavy Log Beam feaw
Hills cannot be equalled in design, eficiency
or price by any dealer er manu
>altnT/>r in flip Snnth.
Write for prices and catalogues.
V. C. Badbam,
1326 Main Street,
Oilman Pays
Steam Dyeing of every ,
description. Steam, Nap'
tha, French. Dry and
chemical cleansing. S#nd
for onr new price list and
circular. All work gnar
itlllajcu. 11u 1/xuu.gu*
Irtman's Steam Dye Works,:
1310 Main Street
Columbia, S. C . j
A; Xj. Ortman, Proprietor. 1
On improved real estate.
Interest eight per cent.,
payable semi-annually.
Time 3 to 5 years.'
No commissions charged
too. B. Palmer & Son,
205 Plain St., Columbia, S. C
" }-M
.? -i I . ?yyr - . -- *>
m Anil tiu liAiiio.
- -"
>erfect workmanship, aad the most attract
lis territory for eight years, and are pleased
ailing Whitney Carriages, being impressed
and cheap prices.
Ler for a "Whitney.". If he hasn't any do
et catalogue, or writ* to us.
? ' ' 3a
i Borden,
; .
' - f. k
*?, ?z a sai
- 22
o*i _ i m
onea xears.
ags are rapidly advancing, bat
j we may be able to help you.
Paper, Twines, etc.
r* a n
La, o? v*
T ^ v ~ T"" '
- 1 7 ^~>/ / 0 -"V * ' \
( <^> .^7/? ' i
~7 .c^jl / ^ ^J?.; ?1
S. C.
tenographer, Principal. ?
Write for catalogue.
TIia OaiiIMa I Afldinnr Bm4iia{a ' . J
I lie OUUUId LGOIIIIIg nuuuuio.
We are headquarters for the
best line of machinery re-/
quired for preparing the above
for market, having a complete
and extensive line of Saw Mills'
and Saw Mill Machinery, Cot- < 'Ja
ton Ginning. Machinery and
Engines and Boilers. >,
. The equipment of modern
ginneries with the celebrated J
Murray Cleaning and Distributing
System a specialty.-r
- - ' v
W. H. Gibbes & Co.,
804 Gtervais Street,
- - :
Near Union Depot.
' ; 'v^
Man's strength;
ues 111 ui?
A poor, weakjdigestion debilitates
and impoverishes the body.
No need confining one's self to
certain simple diet, on this account,
when with the use |of
"Hilton's Life for the Liver and ' *
juaneys" any Kina.oriood may
be eaten with comfort. 25c a
bottle. WholesaleJt>y
13uehu, Gin and
Juniper cures SJ
your kidney
troubles. Trv a.
Every one to * know that the
for Dsnrc, Dbug and Tobacco rm
iddictions is now re-estab- / vl
lihsed at Columbia, S. C. ' |f
Call or write, ,.v .
The Keeley Institute,
11 HQ Ploin lfraot
mw m. ?mn wviwcv>
No other in th * ntete.
Ino. S. Reynolds, I
* Attorney at Law,
Columbia. S C.

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