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The Fairfield news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1881-1900, February 28, 1900, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/2012218613/1900-02-28/ed-1/seq-1/

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liv. ~ ~ winnsboro. s, c., Wednesday. February 28,1900. no. 28 ||
-W - J? / '- -
. . ? " : : ? _
The Trusts Are Driving Thousands
to the Democratic Party.
He Declares that the Crushing
Power of the Cerporations
is Hurting the Republican
Party. :
In a recent issue of the New York
Journal Mr. James Creelman, who has
been traveling extensively over the
Northern ana Eastern States, says the
rushing power of the trusts bo un-^
scrupulously exercised is forcing the
?maU dealers and manufacturers out of
the Republican party into the Democratic
party. Here is tbe letter of Mr.
Oreelman in full:
The most significant fact revealed
by Mr. Bryan's tour through the eastern
states is that tho'isands of small
business men and manufacturers whc
feupported McKinley in 1896 have decided
to support the Democratic party
this year. A more significant movement
can hardly be imagined. This
means that the crushing power exerted
. by the trusts is driving the victims of
i bis all-engulfiBg, rapacious system of
centralization out of the party dominated
by Mr. McKinley and Senator
Hanna, the open agents of trusts and
s} ndicates.
For the first time the trust issue has
become a factor?probably a costroling
factor?in practical politics, not only
iu the west and south, but also in the
east and particularly in New York,
t- While Seaator Hanna is arranging with
the trusts for a campaign fund of
twenty-fivo million dollars?that is
- said to be the estimated sum?Mr.
Bryan has been receiving assurances
from hundreds and hundreds of business
men who opposed him in 1896
that they will aid him now ie self defense.
There is but little X?al opposition in
the country to corporate combinations,
and tru&ts formed and operated for the
purpose of reducing necessary expenses
and solving the problem of cheap and
intelligent distribution. Workmen
and consumers alike recognize that organization
and system are necessary oorollaries
of cheap production, and that
> with reasonable opportunity for com-*
petition the general pnblic_ will ulti
mately get the benefits. Eat the cry
which rings irom stale to state and increases
in volume and intensity every
week is a cry against a system of absolute
monopoly, backed by government
favoritism, which is crushing out sni&ll
proprietor^ fitting the gates of op^
portunity and converting a large and
important body of hitherto independent
bisioess men into salaried empioyes.
The change has been swift
vfp< ^ad almost noiselets.
ia every city and town are to bef
found scores of hired men who, only
two jcars ago. were in business on their
own account. These men were helpjess
to resist the overpowering weight
- of the trust 8) stem. Let any man in
any part of the country investigate this
statement in his own community. The
great danger which threatens the country
is that no man will be able to engage
in any of the businesses controlled
by trusts unless he does so as a hireling,
and that, with competition destroyed,
the prices of necessaries of
life will be fixed arbitrarily by the
trusts, without restraint.
<l/? tn ar>T7 efArp in vnnr neiffhborhood
\JIV wv wv.v ? j _.-0
and ask whether the trusts have reduced
prices. The rapid risse in the
prices within the past year is startling,
almost incredible. Senator Hanns
says publicly that the trusts are doing
good by lowering the cost of manufacture
and distribution. That is true.
The Journal has said the same thing.
It is a part of the order of progress.
Organization and systematic economy,
whether by trusts or otherwise, must
cheapen manulacture. 1 have failed to
Sod any man whose opinions on any
subject are not worth hearing who is
willing to say that it is not a gooa
thing to lessen the cost of producing
any necessary of life. But Senator
Hanna has nothing to say about the
fact that the trusts have become so
powerful, so ruthless, that, while the
post of manufacture is growing less, the
price to the consumer is increasing.
The btartling rise in the price of articles
manufactured by trusts completely
unmabks the gigantic industrial and
commercial conspiracy which is bleeding
the whole country. Mo man is safe
now. No man dares to interfere wiih
the pillage. Within one year the trusts
have nearly doubled in power and in
perfection of organization. Yet the
- prices in the retail stores everywhere
are going up and up and up. If you
are not already aware of this ask your
wife, your housekeeper, your butcher,
your grocer. This is the most overwhelming
thing on the whole social,
political orQeconomic landscape. This
it is that is driving tens of thousands,
if not hundreds of thousands, of new
recruits to the democratic party.
Monopoly.stalks grimly on the ashes
of competition.
These arc not theories?they are
plain facts. I personally know that
^ - even important bankers have iniormed
iAs Mr. Brjan within the past few weeks
,Cy that they are no longer independent;
that they feel the enslaving, humiliat'
- ing clutch of the great trusts and syndicates,
forcing them this way and that
against their will. The business community
is losing its independence; the
trusts, with a newly awakening realisation
of power, are raising the prices
of everything they manufacture; in
small towns and villages clerks are taking
the place of proprietors.
President McKinley and Attorney
General Griggs are sympathetically inactive.
They know that the supreme
court of the Uaited States has declared
in the most positive and unmistakable
language that the and trust law passed
by congress is constitutional, and that
it is sufficient co reach the criminal nature
of the trust conspiracy. The president
and the attorney general know
that at the present time there is being
organized the most extensive and irresistible
combination of railroad transportations,
hand in hand with the other
trusts, and that the nation is becoming
weak and bloodless under the burden.
But they also know that Mr. Hanna
expects to get twonty-five million dollars
from the trusts to be used in keeping
the administration in power. The
attorney general refuses to enforce the
anti-trust law, and the president will
not compel him to do it. The result
of my investigation in New York and
the middle west duriDg the past few
weeks is a firm conviction that for the
first time the country is aroused to the
real peril to a Republican form of government
arising from the trust system,
which Mr. Hanna says is a good thing I
This is the supreme Democratic issue.
'i No leader or combination of leaders
can increase its power or importance.
It is changing votes every hour. There
Ynay be a difference of opinion regarding
legislation on the subject, but every
man I have met seems to understand
that with a president and cabinet free
from the control of the trusts, the country
has a better chance to strike at the
giant crimes of the trusts than is possible
when the president and the cabinet
place the whole power of the government
behind the criminal combinations.
James Creelman.
Text of An Important Act Passed at
. the Late Sessions.
'.. Among the acts passed at the recent
session of the general assembly
none is of more general interest than
that providing for the establishment of
a juvenile reformatory for prisoners of
tender years sent to the State peniten
? k kflon m o ^ o
liar v. uutuu) uitc iuug uv^u 1UKUU
in this direction, but the question of
the expense has always barred t he way.
Tie board of directors will at its next
meeting proceed under the act to establish
the reformatory. The cost of
putting the buildings in proper shape
will hardly exceed $500. Here is the
'Section 1. That the board of direo
tors and superintendent of the State
penitentiary are hereby authorized and
required to set apart so much of the
State farm in the county in Lexington
as may be necessary for such leforiuatory.
They shall also provide suitable
buildings and stockade fur the safe
keeping and comfort of persons sentenced
Bee. 2. The superintendent of the
penitentiary is auihorixed to use any
money on hand or that may accrue out
of:the profits of the State penitentiary
to defray the expenses incurred in providing
such buildings and stockade and
other appurtenances to the State re
Sec. 3 He slx&ll also appoint, as
warden or overseer, a person who, from
practical experience, possesses the
ability and qualifications necessary to
successfully carry on the industries of
the reformatory, and to enforce and
maintain proper discipline therein, and
snaS remove the same at will. Salary
of jibe warden shall be paid out. of the
pr^&ts of the State penitentiary.
Sec. 4. The board of directors and
superintendent of the penitentiary
shall make rules and regulations for
l&e^government of the reformatory.
Sec. 5. The superintendent of the
penitentiary shall place in the refcrma
tory all male criminals under 16 years
of age who shall be legally sentenced to
Baid reformatory on conviction of any
criminal offence in any court having
jurisdiction thereof and punishable by,
imprisonment in the Stete penitentiary.
Re 'shall also remove all such convicts
now in the penitentiary as soon as existing
circumstances will allow. The
lt?A*n1ina /* KA
UUVXfiluw *V VVOV4 * VV? AM VA*v
prison shall be reformatory, and the
warden shall have power to use saeh
means of reformation, consistent with
the improvement of the inmates, as
miyj&e prescribed by the board and
superintendent. The superintendent
shali.provide for tie instruction of the
inmates in morals as well as useful labor.
The white convicts shall be kept
aad _emplojed separately from the colored":
He Wai a Slasher
A dispatch from Williston, S. C., to
The State, says: "Our little town,
noted for its usual good order, had its
peace ? disturbed Wednesday evening.
Mr. Bud Hudson went to the home of
Mr. M. Jowers to collect house rent.
A quarrel followed which resulted in
Mr Hudson leiDg cut by Mr. Jowers.
Mr. Hudson had no kaife with him.
A little later Mr. Hudson returned and
entered the house of Mr. Jowers, attacked
him and succeeded in slicing
Mr. Jowers in several plaoes. It is reported
that Mr. Hudson was drinking.
Mr. Hudson has disappeared.
A Novel Suit.
In Idaho a unique suit for damages
has been filed by a tramp against the
Oregon Short Line. The hobo recites that
he was stealing a ride, being located
;on the brake rods underneath a
oar; he sustained the injaiies received
$ wing entirely to the fact that
servants of the corporation knew he
was thj?e without right ana did not put
him off, as was their duty, and that
through their gross negligence he sustained
ihe ir juries for which be claims
damages. Owing to the peculiar claim
the attorneys of the road are deeply interested.
The Horrors of War.
The London Daily Mail prints the
following dispatch from Mafeking dated
Tuesday, Feb. 20: "The houses in
the womens' laager are riddled with
bullets notwithstanding the Boer prom>
ises. A womatr who was standing
with a.suckling child, was shot through
UA m^ClA AmAnrr WnmOT) ftnH
fcllU UiCOOt) TTUIICOUIVU5 ?VV nvuivchildren.
An explosive 94 pounder
shell buret in the laager, a piece fixing
itself in the spine of a 9-year-old boy.
The explosive nsed caused blood poisoniDg
and he lingered several days in
Don't lake the Customs.
The Turkish minister Ali Ferrough
Bey, recently returned from Constantinople
to Washington, accompanied by
his wife and sister, and this led to several
references to them in the press.
The minister does not question the good
intent of the writers, but he requested
today that the press respect the customs
of his country in this particular
and refrain from reference to affairs
nprsnnal tn Ms honsehold. He said he
I felt sure that a nation of such hospiJ
tality and greatness would readily ap|
predate this request
Democrats WiSI Name Their Leader
on Fourth of July.
An Invitation to All Good Citizens
Who Favor a Republic to
Join the Democratic
The next national Democratic convention
will be held at Kansas City,
Mo., July 4. This was the decision
of the Democratic national committee
which met at the Hotel Raleigh, in
Washington Thursday, to fix the time
and place of holding the convention.
Milwaukee was the only other city
which competed for the honor of entertaining
the convention, and the poor
showing she made when the vote was
taken (the result being Kansas City,
40; Milwaukee, 9) caused a general surprise.
The claims of the rival cities
are to hotel accommodations, railroad
and telegraphic facilities were presented
in open session by representatives
of each city and jubsequently in exeo
utive session. JEx-Gov. Stone, on behalf
of Kansas City, and National Committeeman
E. C. Wall, on behalf of
Milkaukee, explained-the financial inducements,
which the cities they represented
were willing to make. Each
offered the committee $50,000. but in
addition Kansas City was willing to
furnish hotel accommodations for the
member??of (he committee and the hall
with decorations and music free of expense
to the committee.
One of Milwaukee's strongest arguments
was the political effect which the
holding of the convention in that city
would have upon the German-American
voters, who were represented to the
committee as wavering in their allegiance
to the Republican party.
It seemed to be taken for granted by
at least two speakers that Bryan would
be renominated and that the Chicago
platform in substance would be reaffirmed.
Opposition to trusts, expansion
and imperialism, together with every
mention of Bryan and the Chicago
platform, aroused enthusiasm, but during
the open session of the committee
there was no allusion to the isroe-of
free silver. Three dates for holding
the convention were propose 1?May 9
by Mr. Townsend of Oregon, June 14
^ m-n r CI L n 1!
by Senator unman or oouta v/?romra i
and July 4 by Mr. McCraw of Westj
Virginia. A speech by ex-Senator
Gorman in favor o? holding to precedent
and naming a date later than that
for the convention of the party in
power had considerable influence in
causing independence day to be chosen.
After the committee had selected the
"Gate City" of the west the Kansas
City boomers held a jollification meeting
in their rooms at the Raleigh. ExGov.
Stone addressed the gathering,predicting
that those who attended the
convention would depart with^ praises
upon their lips for the hospitality they
hud received and that the nominee of
the convention would be the victor at
the polls in November.
The committee was called to order
by Senator Jones, chairman. Every1
State and Territory was represented*
either by the national committeeman,
or by proxy. There were strong indi-^
cations when the convention met that
Kansas City would be chosen. Sach
city was allowed 30 minutes to present
its claims and the two rival cities argued
in rotation.
James A. Reed, prosecntingattorney,
of Kansas City, made the opening
speech, presenting the claims of the:
metropolis of tho southwest. The invitation
he presented, he said, came not
only from the citiz? is of Kansas City,
but from the unfa.' ering, triumphant
Democracy of Missc iri.
Kansas City has A lines of railroad,
and her telegraphic facilities are excellent.
Her hotels are more than ample.
Outside of the great hotels of
New York, there were in Kansas City
seven hotels that will rank as high as
any in the United States. The committee,
he said, should have the hrst
choice of rooms at these hotels, the
delegates the second choice. Hotel
rates he promised would not be raised*
Mr. Reed was especially fulsome in hiB
e *i-- ? u.i!
eulogy 01 LU? CUUVCUUUU uau, nuuu,
he said, would seat 25,000 people.
New York was passed, as there was
o one to present her same.
Mayor Rose of Milwaukee presented
the claims ?f the Badger City, whose
selection, he said, would do its Democracy
good. Although McKinley
carried Wisconsin by 100,000 majority
he promised that the State would this
year give her electoriai vote to Bryan.
This announcement was greete'd with
great applause. The same element
which carried Wisconsin in 1892 was in
sympathy with the Democrats now, he
said.: The hope of success for the Democracy
this fall lay in the GermanAmerican
"Show to the Germans," he said,
"that the' Democrats are opposed to
imnerialism and expansion ind they
will be with us." (Applause.)
Mayor Hose then turned to the facilities
of Milwaukee for accommodating
the convention. In the matter of
railroads, hotel capacity and telegraphic
facilities he said that the conveniion
had Lothing tc gaiD by going
to Kansas City. Besides, Milwaukee
ha*l a summer climate superior to that
of "her rival. Tbe determinati ,?n of the
convention city, he said, should not be
a question of personal predeliotion but
of party welfare.
Among tbe others who spoke were
ex-Governor Peck of Wisconsin and
Representative Lentz of Ohio for Milwaukee
and David Overmyer of Kansas
for Kansas City.
At 3 o'clock the committee reassembled.
The vote then taken resulted:
Kansas City 43; Milwaukee 9.
The vote fixing the date of the convention
was in favor of July 4, 27
votes; June 14, 21 votes; May 9, 1 vote.
A speech which had a great deal of
- - ~ t * J ~
influence in nxmg me aate was ou?
by ex Senator G-orman. He said that
four years ago it might hare been well
to hold the convention early, as the
party then tock a new position, one
which drove many of the leaders out
of the party or into temporary retirement.
-The original then went into new
hands, in the hands of able men, bat
many of whom had not been active in
control of party affairs, it took them
some time to organize. Now there was
a good organization. The party was
ready and equipped to enter upon the
campaign. The party in power should
be allowed to hold its convention first
and the indictment of that party could
be made as it has been in times past.
Mr. McLean of Ohio also favored the
latter date.
Chairman Jones was authorized to
appoint a sub-committee of seven to
make arrangements for the conven|
tion. It is probable that Messrs Store
of Missouri and Johnson of Kansas
will be members of this committee.
I The following call was issued:
"Tho natinnal ftnmTTIlfc
tee, having met in the city of Washington,
on the 22d day of February,
1900, has appointed Wednesday, the 4th
day of July, as the time, and chosen
the city of Kansas City, Missouri, as
the place for holding the national
Democratic convention. Each State is
entitled to a representation therein
equal to doubled the number of its senators
and representatives in the congress
of the United States; and each
territory, Alaska, Indian Territory and
the District of Columbia, shall have
six delegates. All Democratic, conserI
vative reform citizens of the United
States, irrespective of past political associations
and differences, who can
unite with us in the effort for pure,
economical and constitutional government
and who favor the republic and
oppose the empire, are cordially invited
to join us in sending delegates to
the convention.
The committee then adjourned.
Starving Millions.
Two weeks ago Lord Carzon gave the
Dumber of persons receiving aid and
food from the Government in India at
3.252,000. He has raised the total
twice since then to 3.500,000 and 4,000,000.
Bat large as these figures
are they give no full idea of the extent
of the suffering. "There are, as a mat'
ter of fact, two famines, one covering
an are of 300,000 eqaare mile3, with
40,000.000 people, the greater proportion
of whom will bo brought very
near to starvation before they can har
vest another crop, and another of 145,000
square miles, with 21,000,009 inhabitants,
where more or less relief will
be needed." The whol* number of
people affected, it will be noted, is
about equal to the population of the
United 8iate3 ten years ago.?New and
Tried to Walk a Trestle,
A dispatch from Augusta, Ga., says
a remarkable feat wa?-uodertaken by a
horse Wednesday, which "1?d^*~fatal I
ending for the horse. The animaV"^]
fine pray, owned by Mr. J. J. Thar*
mond, was tamed loose and was grax;ng
near the railroad trestle at H^wk'a gaily.
This trestle is aboat thirty feet
high and a hundred feet long. The
rails are laid on sawed trestle ties, aboat
a foot apart, and without a plank running
lengthwise between the rails. The
horse started to walk across this trestle
and actually made about one-third the
distance safely. Here he m'ade a misstep
and-slipped through the ties,
breaking two of his legs. It was neces
sary to kill him and drag the body off
with ropes to clear the track for the
approaching train.
A Popular Mayor,
" m n iV. ? 1 Q
-M. V/srsuu, me ui wunuouuc,
Texas, is known in that country as the
X{'perpetual Mayor." He has held the
office for twenty-one years, and he can
not scet out of it. He has declined renomination
time and again, and threat*
ened to resign if elected; but the people
hare nominated and elected him ia
spite of it. He was the first Mayor
elected in Texas under the new Constitution
of 1879, and before, that he
had been an Alderman for a number of
Sold His DaughterBessie
Titsworth, who is only sit.
years old, the only daughter of Simon
Titsworth, of Milfoid, Pike county,
Pa., by a second wife, was sold by her
father for $1 to the Key. W. R. Neff,
pastor of the Methodist Episcopal
church. The father relinquished all
rights and olaim to the child. An instrument
in writing was drawn up and
signed by the contracting parties and
the custody of Bessie was transferred
to Mr. Neff.
\< The Only One. '
v Dallas, Texas, nas a woman deputy
sheriff, the ooly one in this country.
Her name is Mrs. Emma Van Dusen.
Her father was Robert O'Diniel of
County Cork, Ireland, and her mother
was a cousin of 4 'Stonewall' Jaokson.
Her husband, Charles Farmer Van Dasen
of Evansville, Ind., died nine years
ago. Soon after his death she removed
to Dallas, and until her reoent promotion
has been connected with the office
of the clerk of the federal court.
A Million Stamps.
, Some three or four years ago a
wealthy man of Chicago told a young
woman that he would provide for life
for a protege of hers, a heloless man,
if she would collect a million postage
stamps. She has just done so, but in the
meantime the helpless man has not only
recovered his health, but has made a
fortune of a quarter of a million, while
| the young woman's parents have died
: and left her in straightened circumstances.
A Bad ?07.
Ojcar Collins, of New Fork the son of
John Collins, a cotton broker, has been
I missinK'uince Thursday. His disappear{
ance brought out a story that he was an
embezzler in his fathers's firm for $6,000.
Today Eugene J. Monthen, the
bookkeeper, was arraigned in the police
court, charged with being an accomplice.
O^car circulated a story to hide
Ka amWilflmiint that his father had
Disappointed in Love.
A dispatch from Darlington says
James Gardner committed suicide at
Mechanicsville in that county Thursday
night by taking strichnine. Disappointment
in love "as the cause. Mr.
Gardaer was from North Carolina aod
was 55 years old. He willed all his
property to the girl who rejected him.
The coroner's verdict was that deceased
came to his death by taking strichnine
in grape wine with suicidal intent.
Issued by the Prohibitionists' Excutive
The Newspapers, The Good Women
and Christian Ministers Called
on to Help the Cause.
The prohibition conference held in
Columbia on the 12th of January, 1900,
adopted the following:
''Resolved, That Joel E. Branson, J.
S. Moffatt, E D. Smith, J. A. Hoyt,
F. E. Kyatt, W. C. Thomson and Jeremiah
Smith be and hereby are appointed
to prepare an address to the people
of South Carolina, setting forth the
work and issues before us, and to plan
for and perfect an organization of the
prohibitienists for the coming campaign."
In. accordance with the above, we
snhmifr. tho fnllnwinsr addrpqs!
To the people of South Carolina:
The prohibitionists of the State are
encouraged to make another appeal to
the voters for a supreme effort along
the line for the abolition of the manu:
facture and sale of liquor in South
Carolina. For many years the men
and women of our State have toiled
earnestly to effect legal prohibition of
the liquor traffio, and gratifying progress
was being made not only in banishing
the licensed saloon from all territory
without incorporated towns and
cities, but there was much beiDg accomplished
in the way of reducing the
number of saloons here and there, and
fclso in securing control of the smaller
municipalities through the ballot box
or restrictive legislation. This progress
in temperance reform ioduoed an
application the regularly constituted
authorities of the Democratic party in
control of the election machinery of
the State for a separate bix in which
to vote for or against prohibition, and
this privilege was granted in the primary
eleotion of 1892, resulting in an
overwhelming majority for the legal
prohibition of the liquor traffic, and
along with this re?u)G there was obtained
a dear majority of members in
the lower house, who passed a strict
prohibitory measure in accordance
with the verdict ol the people. This
measure was defeated, however, and
in its stead was substituted the dispensary
law for the regulation and control
of the traffic, an importation that was
recognized as contrary to the wishes
of the people and in direct conflict
with their ascertained verdict. Thus
the dispensary began its career as a
supplanter, and it has made seven
.of uncanny record, marked by
bloody an4-4?grac??al-&Ups-froiB -tiebeginning.
The present condition of the liquor
business can hardly be said to be satisfactory
to a single intelligent person
in the State. When the dispensary
law was first adopted, thousands of our
honest people hoped for, and expected
much from it. They were told that the
restrictive features of the law would be
enforced by sober State officials, who,
not having any financial interest at
IaVaw <A IIAA AAnonmru
DUl&Cj IT\JU1U IBUUl IV iwuugw vvusuuiy
tion of liquor and make the dispensary
system a stepping stone to prohibition.
The dispensary had been in operation
but a short time before the greed of
gold began to manifest itself among
high officials, and pressure was brought
to bear upon dispensers to increase
sales. The annual salary paid to a
commbn' county dispenser would buy
thirty bales of cotton, and he was given
to understand that his dispensary must
be profitable to the State or it would be
closed and he himself dismissed from
the service.- The sales increased at
once and have increased month by
month ever since;- so that today the
State is * selling nearly as much liquor
as ever did the old barrooms in their
palmiest days.
And how eould it be otherwise? The
appetitejor drink is the same and every
hindrance to the sale of liquor has been
swept away. The door of the dispensary
stands wide open to serve every
_ vr?. ne
uue tliai will Uujr. municuj^ vi
the purchaser necessary, ne inquiry as
to the purpose for which the liquor is
wanted, and no signature to any request;
simply pay your money and take your
liquor, ss much as you can carry, if you
like. So indifferent and demoralized
have become our State and county officials,
that although these violations of
law are known to all of them, they have
neither the manliness nor moral cour*
age to tiy-to bring the offenders to justice.
Tourist hotel privileges and .beer
shops Lu've been,, and are still, conducted
under the very nose of the governor
of the State without'a shadow of law,
and no effort made to prevent it. Dispenser
after dispenser has stolen or lost
the money of the State and not one Has
ever been ounished or even prosecuted,
except in one or two instances. Commissions
and rebates and bribes and
thefts andunurdera have been the natural
products of this system of State
liquor selling, and, after years of such
work, its managers still plead with us
to ' give it a fair trial."
Those who manage it say the dispensary
paid last year $130,000 to the education
of the children of the State, but
they did not tell the startling fact that
the dispensary had drawn from the people
of the State at least 20 times as
much and spent it in- fat salaries and
other expenses, purchsaes, etc., of the
liquor system. It may be said that in
addition to the $130,000, the counties
and towns received a small sum eajh and
to this we reply: The expenses incurred
by the counties and towns in the trial,
punishment and support of criminal*,
who have been made such by the liquor
sold them by the State, Will far more
than balance the money received from
the dispensary. We state it modestly
when we say the present system of
liqaor selling is robbing the people of
the State of $20 for every dollar paid
to the State treasurer for educational
purposes. The State board of control
is sending out of our Siate each- j ear
at least $1,000,000, and in exchange for
it bringing into the State and distributing
to our people five times the
amount in poverty, wretchedness, disease
and death.
We appeal to every newspaper in the
State that has a sense of honesty and
fairness to lose eight of the few dollars
that may come to it through those who
love liquor; to forego the imaginary
pleasure of holding up the hands of
those who cry, "personal liberty,"
when the personal liberty is violative
of the rights of others, and to join with
us in the effort to remove the accursed
liquor traffic from our State.
We appeal to the good women of the
State, and when have the women of
South' Carolina ever failed in a good
cause? You cannot vote, it is true, but
you can give expression to your opposition
to the liquor traffic by wearing the
badge and by a thousand acts of your
life, and it may be your hand that shall
drive the "tent nail" through the head
of the monster that is now actually
eating your o&priag.
We appeal to the Christian ministers
of the State. Shall these who preach
the gospel enter the field and speak
- n n i! it .i.._
against liquor selling: oee me master
with a scourage driving out the money
changers from the temple, overthrowing
the tables and pouring out their
money; and hear Him cry, "Woe unto
scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites; ye
serpents, ye feneration of vipers, how
can ye escape the damnation of hell?"
and you will see that He did not seem
to have a sort of namby pamby citizenship,
nor to have been afraid of offending
against the proprieties of life.
Remember that this liquor selling and
liquor drinking is the one great battery
of hell, manned chiefly by the devil
himself, and is shelling the church of
Christ, slayinac you brothers all
around you, and you stand as watchmen
on the walls of Zion and must cry
out with warning to those around you.
Arise as soldiers of the. cross and silence
forever this destructive agency of
the devil.
Light the fires of prohibition on every
hilltop in thG State; let the rays go
gliding down the valleys and floating
on the bosom of every stream until the
kaalrncp Kaama oVioll pVAPU
UVOllUg UUU1A |/VWW?*MW w> I
nook and corner, every crack and crevice
in the homes and hearts of our people.
"Then shall the earth vield her
increase; aBd God, even our own God,
shairbless us."
Joel E. Branson,
J. S. Moffati,
E D. Smith,
James A. Hoyt,
F. H. Hyatt,
W. 0. Thomson,
Jeremiah Smith.
The Carolina National Bank of Columbia
Authorized to Do So.
The legislature passed the bill. auth-.
orizing the Carolina National Batik io
bring suit against the State for Ut^^eI
covery of money placed to the credi?pf
the State penitentiary oa tw.o.notea eiajiorsed
by Neal as superintendent, |
said notes having never been paid.
The State will lose nothing in the sait.
If it it be shown that the bank can hold
the State responsible, then the State
may go back on Neal's bondholders. If
the State is not accountable, then tho
bank and Neal must hive it out between
them. The recent legislation
further provides that this suit will not
afiect the status of the criminal action
already brought against Neal. The
joint resolution reads:
Whereas the Carolina National Bank
of Columbia, now holds one note of W.
W. Russell for $600 dated July 8 th,
1899, and one note of C. W. Kagsdale
for $2,000 both payable to the order of
W. A. Neal, superintendent, and endorsed
by WV A. Neal, superintendent,
and discounted by the said bank for the
accommodation of the State penitentiary,
the proceeds thereof going to the
. * . v _ _ ? J
credit or tne penitentiary in me saia
bank; and whereas both of said notes
are now past due and unpaid, and the
makers thereof having failed and refused
to pay the same on demand, the
said bank claims that the State should
pay the said notes and refund and return
to it the proceeds thereof, placed
by it to the credit of the pentitentiary,
with interest thereon; and whereas, the
State is unwilling to do so unless its
liability in the premises shall first be
legally estatyished; and whereas, no
action can be brought against the State
without its authority; therefore,
Section 1. Be it enacted by the general
assembly of the State of South
Carolina: That the said bank be, and it
is hereby authorized to bring and prosecute
against the State, in the courts of
the State, any action or actions, as it
may be advised, for the purpose of testing
the liability of the State in the
premises, and of establishing the validity
of the said claim against the State.
The leave herein granted to sue the
State is noon the exDress condition that
nothing herein contained is to be considered
as estopping the State npon any
action that it may be deemed proper to
bnng on the official bond of Neal and
his sureties upon the matter in question;
and upon the further condition
that if such action so allowed to be
brought is not carried to final judgment
(should the said be against the
State) by six months before the right
of action in the State on said official
bond would be barred, thea said ajtion
is discontinued, and iany judgment
against the State rendered thereon
thereafter, is null and void and of none
effect. .
Sec. 2. In ease' the claim of the said
bank shall be legally established by
final judgment of the courts of this:
State, as provided for in the preceding
section, then, and in that event, the
superintendent of the State penitentiary,
and the board of directors thereof,
shall* pay the full amount of the
same as fixed by such final judgment,
with legal interest thereon to date of
payment, together with the cost and
disbursements of the action in which
said final judgment may be recovered,
such payment to be made out of there
- ? ? u ~ Cf.fa nonitonfioru r*r nnv
U1 CUC kjwave Vk I
funds in their hands belonging to the
wid penitentiary.
Where is Aguinaldo!
A special from Hoog Kong, British
Chiaa, to The Evening World, says:
"United States Consul Wildman has
information that three members of the
Filipho junta, Luban, Ponce and Agoncillo,
brother of the envoy, left recently
for Japan to meet Aguinaldo. This
gives credence to the story that Aguinaldo
escaped from the island of Luzon
to Foremosa when hunted by Gen. i
Lawton's expedition through tho north
1 .(A. :?i j
J era pair 01 uie uiwuu.
Congressman Sims of Tennessee Makes
an Invidions Comparison.
The Savannah Morning News makes
the following comment on a matter that
has been attracting a great deal of attention
lately: The politicians of the
north have debauched pnblic sentiment
in that section in respect to pensions.
In their efforts to curry favor with the
soldier voters they have fayored pension
laws of such a liberal character
that about every one who served in the
Union armies daring the war of secession
has been, or will be, able to get a
pension. Tens of thousands of men
have been given pensions who are no
more deserving of the assistance from
the government than if they had never ,
been in the army. As a result of this
there is a violated public sentiment in
the north in respect to pensions. That
fkia ia on ia shnarn Ktt tVio rinmhor nf
tuto AaJ UV UUV rv U VUV v?
applications for pensions by northern
volunteers who served in the SpanishAmerican
In a speech in the house on Wednesday
representative Sims of Tennessee
called attention to the fact that
from eight volanteer regiments from
the states of Net? York, Massachusetts,
Michigan, Ohio and the District of Columbia
which were engaged in the battle
of Santiago, and which had 209 men
killed and wounded, there have been
filed already 3,588 applications for pen*
sions, and that from twenty?three regiments
and two battalions of regulars
that participated in the same battles,
and lost in killed, wounded acid missing
1,344, there have been 2,962 applications
for pensions. It seems, therefore,
that eight volunteer regiments from the
north have filed 636 more applications
for pensions than the twenty-three regimi>nh)
ami fwn hafrifllinna rAimlarfl.
though the regulars have served from
April, 1898, until the present time,
while the volunteers served only about
six months.
Mr. Sims compared the pension record
of the foregoing eight, .northern
regiments with eight regiments from
the states of Alabama, Georgia, Kentucky,
Mississippi, South Carolina,
Tennessee and Texas. These pouthern
regiments served for * looger period
than the eight northern regiments, but
from them have been filed onlv 761 applications
for pensions, being 2,827 less
than the number fifed by the eight
northern regiments. "Look at the
Ninth Massachusetts," said Mr. Sims,
in the course of his speech, "and notice
what a record it has for pension applications.
It did not have a man killed,
--wounded or disabled, and yet it has on
file 643 applications," for pension. Mr.
Sims expressed the opinion that if it
had remained in service six months
longer every man in it would have been
ah applicant for a
Tnere does not seem to be any donbt
-i&*t-ift-tfee-a<Srth the idea lis to miss no
chance to get a pension. The people
of that section have been in the enjoyment
of pensions so long, and on such
a liberal scale, that the pension crazc
is general and acnte. The foregoing
comparison between the eight northern
regiments is a remarkable one. If the
pension record of these regiments show
anything, it is said in the south the
young men volunteered from patriotism,
while those in the north had in mind
the opportunity for getting on the pension
roll for life. Ic will be said in the
north probably that the difference in
the number of pension, applications
does not show srreater patriotism in the
south, but greater tbriftiness in the
A National Dishonor*
The first trade to follow the flag in
the East, it appears, is the liqaor trade.
The Chicago Chronicle reports: "The
trade in strong drink has outstripped
all other lines of American commercial
enterprise in Manilla. There were but
three saloons in the city when the first
American troops arrivod; now there are
four hundred. If one pioks np an
American paper published at the metropolis
of the Philippines he finds that
practically all the advertisements set
Lrth the attractions of saloons and
the virtues of numerous brands of
American beer and whiskey." As the
President piously remarked in his recent
message: "The Filipinos will
soon recognise the fact that oar flag has
not lost its gift of benediction in its
journey to their shores." Nor our beer
and whiskey.?News and Courier.
Gilt Edged Affections*
Just after the minister united Millionaire
Samuel Stone and Begina
Neville in the holy bond of wedded bliss
at Colorado Springs, Cal., a deputy
? i ? i i i i
s&enff presented cue Diusning oriaegroom
with a capias calling for bonds
in the sum of $250^000 to insure the
payment of damages in a suit instituted
by Anabella Vance, of Goldfield, who
charges him with trifiint? with her affections.
As Mr. and Mrs. Stone were
about to start upon their wedding trip
another deputy sheriff served a capais
issued to Miss Nelli Lewis who charges
that Stone enticed her to New York
npon a promise of marriage, and that
he there cruelly deserted her, and
sbij pad ber and her sisters to Pasa.
dena, Cal., where they now reside
She placesher damagesat $ 200,000,
; What they Seed.
In his speech in the House on the
Porto Rican tariff bill Mr. Swanson, of
Virginia, "argued the injustice of permitting
the .300.000 tons of RUgar in
Hawaii to be admitted free of duty,
while at the same time the bill imposes
a heavy custoja-uduty upon the 60,000
tons of sugar from Porto Rico; t>the
difference in this treatment re?v .a
from the fact that the sugar interest of
Hawaii was owned by a few millionaires,
while that of Porto Rico was
owned by several thousand small farmers."
The Porto Ricans should get
some of the trusts interested in their
products. They would have no more tronble
then. exceDt. of course, to pay
the trusts for their services.?New* and
Courier. * * "" ; Sewall
and/Biyan 2?eet.
Hon. Aithur ^^l', oi Bath,Me.,
candidate for ^Ice-.poBsfdent on the
ticket with Bry&jf Sif!^5896, met"Bryan
in Atlaota on Wfedtoesdiy. Mr. Sewall
said he had no choice- fof the vice presi*
dential nomination. Mr. Bryan's nomination
for first place on the ticket he
put down as a foregone conclusion.
- - - - ' _. .
The Text of Act Recently Passed
to Complete it
All Realize That the Completion
of the Structure is the Wish
of tbe? People and
In~a?few months the neighborhood
around the old State capitol will be the
scene of great activity, unless -there is
trouble with the sinking fund commission
about getting the money. Jhe
building is to be finished if the legislatures
wishes are to be carried out.
The splendid, but rather ponderous,
.pile of granite is to be transformed
nto something ^nore stately and more
State like.
It was with somo trepidation that
friends of the movement introduced a
bill to appropriate $50,000 out of the
State treasury for that1 purpose. The ______
senate passed the bill by a large m?- . J
iorifcv. The house was not so stronzly
in fayorof the measure, for the $10 000
appropriation for the Chickamauga
monument and the $35,000 appropria- ra tion
for Winthrop's new dormitory had ,
been graft ted. ^
Bat Mr Steven3on from Chesterfield,
came to the rescue. He showed that
the sinking fcmd, commission had nearly
$200,000 in the bank drawiag foar
per cent. interest. Why not lend this
amount to the State treasury refaad it
at the rate of $15,000 per aunum?
This would cot increase the levy of
the State and would not hurt the appropriations
to other causes.
The suggestion was adopted by both
houses, and the following act was passed
and -has been approved by thegovernor:
Section 1. That* the sum of $175 000
of the siokiog fund in the hands of the
sinking fund commission, as shown by
their report, shall be used by the sink"?
ing fund commission to complete the
State house, the said commission acting
with the commission hereinafter appointed
in having the same completed; '
and the sum of $15,000 per year of the
taxes collected annually for State parposes
is hereby set aside and pledged - . ^
annually to repay the sum so used from
the sinking f and for this purpose, and ? ..
four per cent annual interest thereonv. '-- V
till the whole is pajjd. .
Sec. 2 Tha: the. governor, secretary - * ?
of State and one member of the senate, - -V.
to be appointed by the president ot the
senate, and two members of the hoose,
to beiijpj^iliieiby the speaker of the .
house, be, afiTiimir T ff^T) iVecLa - commission
with the siokiog fund com-"*"
mission to take charge of aad direct the
completion of the State house; to let
out all work herein authorized, to make
all necessary contracts, ioluding the
employment of an architect, and .to see
that the said work is completed according
to the contract, and to do any and
every act necessary to carry out the purpose
of this act Provided/That
no fands shall be set aside except
as they are actually needed, and shall
not be used unless a contract be entered
tA knnOA
1UIU WJ CUUipiClC tut} (NUU uporc uviuv
for the sum get apart
Since the adjournment of the general
assembly the point raised in the senate
as to the legal right to loan the
hinkiog fund money to the State has
created no ~ end of discussion am >ng
lawyers, and those who are mcm^ets
of the commission have been locking * |
into it with care. They say if the State
could be sued there would be no
trouble. They, realifb that it is the
wish of the people and the general assembly
that the oapitol be completed
in this way, and say it will be done if
it can be done. Fr<>m what can be
heard now it looks as if the whole matter
will be taken up when the sinking
fund commission meets early in Al*rch.
There is a strong sentiment among the .
m^mViArs tin makfl nrt a casa to be taken i
before the supreme court, Askiag an
immediate deliverance from that tribunal
so that the work will not be de- ?
Iayed if the legislature's wishes can be
carried out?The State.
To Punish Amitsin.
A dispatch from Frankfort,- Ky.,
says as a result of a conference of the
Democratic legislators on the proposed
reward biU a substitute for Senator
Ferguson's bill was drafted. The new
measure provides for the eleotion of
five commissioners, viz: John K.
Hendrick Joseph H. L^wis, John D.
Clark, William M. Moore and B. W. .
Bradbnro, to have charge of a fund of
$100,000 apppropriated out of the state
treasury and to expend so much thereof
as they deem necessary to apprehend
and convict the assassin of "Governor
William Goebel and conspirators responsible
for the act of the as^issin.
U provided that not exceeding $15,000
be voted to the preliminary work of the
commission. The commissioners shall
offer out of the fund whatever reward "f
they deem necessary for the apprehension
of the assasin, and each conspirator.
The bill provides that not a cent of the
fund shall be used in the employment
of counsel and that no order expending
money shall be valid except by the C'i
unanimous consent of the commissioners.
Burned to DeathBen
Walker, an old Negro, was
burned to death, near Thomaston, Ga.,
Wednesday night, in a peculiar manner.
Walker had some money buried
? ? * 1 -I l ! 1*
under His nouse ana waen me ouuamg
took fire he ctawlcd under it and attempted
to ^dig it up. /Wben he was .
taken from under the borniog building
be had ieoeived burn* which proved
It Took Mon?y.
Senator Clark insists that he paid no
money for the purchase of votes, bul
says: "It was estimated that it would
take $35,000 to control the committee
and that $75,000 would be necessary to
control the-fegialature. There ?a^ no
limit and I agreed to pay whatever
might be necessary." Ao yet Senator
Clark insists that be was working to
purify his party and bought no votee.

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