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The Fairfield news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1881-1900, March 14, 1900, Image 1

Image and text provided by University of South Carolina; Columbia, SC

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/2012218613/1900-03-14/ed-1/seq-1/

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? ??"??Trnn*i I miTTi vtii?ib niVDlTrLV I flTT ATI fin r\ T\ Tl I mTT
Put Her Husband Out of the Way
With Arsenic.
Bottle of Poison Was Found
Concealed in the House,
Whers ii Was Hid by
the Wife.
Columbia has a sensational case for
her next term of court. About the
middle of last January a man by the
name of J..W. Graddick took sick and
after a time died under very suspicious
circumstances. His wife, Mrs. Belle
Graddick, was arrested on the charge
of poisoning her husband, but was soon
released. After the man was buried
the case was reopened, the body exhumed
and an investigation made by a
ehemist, which resulted in the finding
of arsenic in his stomach, which the
jury of inquest says was administered I
by his wife, who has been rearrested
and lodged in jail to stand her trial for
murdering her husband. Graddick was
about 25 years old, the driver of a bread
wagon. Be married when quite young
and his wife was very good-looking, but
they did net live happily. A young
i man named Dawkins, who was put under
arrest, but released, was quite intimate
at the house, and at the coroner's
inquest it was stated that he was like a
brother to Graddick.
The coronor's inquest had been postpond
from day to day, awaiting the report
of the chemist, a ad Wednesday
night when the hearing started the
Court House heli a large:and anxious
crowd waiting for the developments of
the case.
The first witness Wednesday night
was the Graddicks' cook, a colored girl,
pr named Mattie Fisher, who said that
tjae last Sunday she worked for the
Graddicks Graddick complained about
the coffec. After he took some of the
1 ' - ~ ^ ^ rv> i f nrl on/^ '
cones m me mumjjjg uc ?uuiv&u, &uu
? . at dinnsr Mrs. Graddick put something
eise-in the coffee. She quit after that,
praddick had complained that he was
^ sick all Saturday eight and that his
xyife would not hold him up. She asked
Sirs. Graddick what it was she put in
. ;the coffee and Mrs. Graddick told her
it was- something to ^.top Graddick from
drinking. -She kn^w there was poison
or something about the bottle because
Mrs. Graddick told her not to wash
Graddick's dishes with the others. She
told Mrs. Constantino, a neighbor, that
Mrs. Graddick was putting something
in Graddick's coffee>that made* him
vomit. Mrs. Graddick threatened to
" * i ? 3 .1.
tell UawKms to kih ner ana see was
? afraid of him. She certainly told a lie
at the last inquest, but she was afraid
of Dawkins^ ihe friend of Mrs. Gradl
dffe- dick. Witness did not eat at the Grad|r
dicks' on Sunday. Mrs. Graddick
made her wash Graddick's coffee bowl
in a large cap, - Gr?ddick and his wife
had a fight during Christmas. Graddick
and Dawkins were friendly- same
as two broihers. Some time before the
fateful Sunday Mrs. Graddick had her
dig a hole to put something in the hole.
Mrs. Graddick told her she got the bottle
from Ella Taylor and paid $15 for
it, and it was to keep Graddick from
* drinking. Mrs. Graddick did not intend
her to see the bottle. She ca'lcd
the stuff "coffee essence."
testified that the Negro girl had told
the story pretty straight. The girl told
her she left there because she knew
something was going to happen and
she would be accused. About a week
% r-% i v i 'i t.
before tne J? air iurs. uraaaicK saia snc
wished she was a widow, and she told
her she would regret it. She did not
keep company wiii Mrs. Graddick, as
she had heard reports of her. Graddick
rented from witness. She visited
I Graddick the day he died. The doc*
* tor asked her out of the room. Dr.
Sarle slammed the door after her and
the Negro girl told her there was no
use to give Graddick so much morphine
and whiskey. She told Mrs. Graddick I
^ it was too late to cry after he was dead,
and seemed to be provoked there was
neither preacher nor priest present when
he died. She had heard pistol shots
over theret but did not know who shot.
testified that she knew nothing about
^ the case. She bought some medicine
from Mr. Germany. The Graddicks
had the same medicine for sale. She
had never sold Mrs. Grddick any sort
of medicine. She bought a good deal
of root medicine and she let her boarders
have some of it. She owed Mrs.
Graddick for groceries and never sold
r her a cent's worth of anythir-g. She
rwas not a root doctor, she insisted.
She has the reputation of being a regular
root doctor, whatever that may be.
testified that he worked for the GradN.
dicks. He was with Graddick one
K night while -he was sick. He was in
V. the store ard did not know anything.
\jfcie ate at tae u-raaaic&s wua me cook.
;Mrs. Graddick gave him what she said
jas the medicine during the night.
^ j. a ^ery antique colored woman, testified
rate' MrsT^feiddick eaire to see her and tola
R he she wSS willing to pay $50 for something
to pub^Ir. Graddick to sleep so tie
- would never w??e. She refused to sell
her anything amkthey parted. She
lived a short distance from the Graddicka.
She bought occasionally from
the store. She was no root^^loctor and
knew nothing about such thing^
another colored boy, testified that he
nursed Graddick several days. tfraddick
heaved up a great deal. Graddick
smoked cigarettes until he died. Dr.
Earle pumped morphine into him.
. Graddick told him he had a pain in his
k stomach and just before he died he said
r he could Dot catch his breath. Grad|
dick drank no coSee while he was there.
Graddick was in bed four or five days.
Dr. Earle left some medicine, he said,
to Btop Graddick from smokiDg cigarettes,
but it never stopped him from
cigarettes. (Laughter.) Graddick ate
nothing while sick. He drank a very
J little milk and water. He complained
i good deal of a pain across the stomach.
?e was present when Graddick di'jd.
who arrested Mrs. Graddick, testified
that he had hsard rumors of foul play
and he went to look into the case. He
had reasons to suspect foul play. lie
reported the oase to the sergeant and
chief of police. He felt justified in
going to tlie fullest extent. His suspicious
were on what he beard. Mattie
Fisher's story when arrested was the
same as Wednesday Dight. He heard
that a bottle had been found.
MR. J. M. MOORE. .
testified that_ on the night after the
post mortem flattie told turn wnere tne
bottle of medicine could be found. He
and Mr. Thornton went and found the
bottle at the place Mattie indicated. It
was from this bottle Mattie said Mrs.
Graddick got the drops she put in the
coffee. The bottle was a small one
and was marked ''laudanum." Tbe
bottle was found between the beard
and bricks of fireplace where Mattie
told him it could be found. Mattie,
the cook, told him Mrs. Graddick hid
the bottle. The bottle exhibited is
from Zemps, ol Camden, and had a
white looking liquid.
gave a detailed statement of his treatment
of the case, which he had carefully
prepared. Graddick suffered a
great deal from nausea. He injected
but very little morphine. He injected
other stimulants. The symptoms pnzzied
him and they did not strike him
as symptoms of grip. He died so rapidly
nothing could be done. He Had all the
symptoms of arsenic poisoning, but
symptoms were not proof. Nothing
else he knew of would have produced
all these symptoms. He gave him no
arsenic. He asked Mrs. Constantine
out because she was not a inena or rue
family and had no business there.
testified that he did nci see Graddick
before his death. He was called upon
by Dr. Earle and explained the case.
He held the post-mortem. The body
was dressed for burial. He stripped
the body, which was pale, the under
surface was blue. There was a cluster
of blotches near the chin. He had over
the body a peculiar eruption. On his
elbow he had two skin surfaces. His
heart was very good, the lining thin:
his liver and lungs were all right. Hia
kidney had puss. Hi's spleen was normal.
He took out the stomach in toto,
and put it in a pitcher and turned the
stomach over to the coroner. The
room was badly lighted for an inspection.
He had never seen or heard of
Graddick before. There was no inference
from his inspection. The crup- j
tion is more or less a sequence of arsenic
poisoning. Arsenic poisoning frequently
is followed by purging and
vomiting. The bottle that was found
under the fireplace was shown Mattie
and she said it was about the same size.
Mrs. Graddick would shake it up and.ifc
would foam. She saw Mrs. Graddick
take the bottle from under the fireplace,
shake it up and drop some in the coffee.
DR. 0. T. OWIN'GS,
to whom the stomach was turned over
for analysis, testified that Mr. Green I
asked him in to analyze the stomach.
He found arsenic in the stomach, and J
then he opened his instnxment case and
explained by tubes how he distinguished
the arsenic from other inorganic substances.
He made several series of
tests. There was quite enough arsenic
to produce death. The little bottle
found under the fireplace contained
arsenic. He preserved parts of all the
tests. He was absolutely positive there
| was enough arsenic in the body to cause
death. |
announced that he had presented all
the evidence available at the moment,
but if the jury wished further evidence
he would adjourn the inquest from day
to day. He stated the function of jury
and gave out the record, so that if the
jury wished ic could return the verdict
Wednesday night on the evidence presented.
The jury then rendered a verdict that
J. W. Graddick came to his death by
arcsenic poisoniag administered, in the
opinion of the jury, by his wife, Mrs.
Belle Graddick.
A warrant was immediately sworn
out and constables were sent after Mrs.
Graddick to arrest her on the charge of
killing her husband. Mrs. Graddick
has been out recently, wearing pronounced
widow's weeds.
Mrs. Graddick submitted quietly to
arrest. She went pleasantly; had nothing
to say about the case and by midnight
Wednesday was in. jail. There
was no crying or protests.?News and
Smallpox SagiDg.
An official report made to the Mississippi
board of supervisors reveals an
appalling state or affairs in the Jonesville
neighborhood in the southern part
of Hinds county. The county is literally
honeycombed with smallpox of the
most virrulant and loathsome form and,
during the past sis weeks, nearly one
hundred deaths have occured. 'On
some days the death rate ha3 been so
large that it was impossible to
rr* _ jj j ^ L.i
secure comns ana ruue casseLs were
made from rails. Whole families have
been wiped out of existence and of
several large families one or two children
are left. Many of the patients
are now in a critical condition, are
without medical attention, and dying
at the rate cf froxn three to five per day.
The death rate exceeds 75 per cent and
the entire lower portion of the county
is demoralized. The board of Supervisors
will make an effort to check further
spread and its morning session carte
blanche was given to the physicians to
purchase supplies and medicines. A
bill for 43 coffins used within the past
TwSkWeeks was allowed.
Hard en Taylor.
The Kentucky senate Thursday
passed Senator Bell's bill making it a
felony, punishable by confinement in
.1-- : in ^
me pci:iicui.l?ljr uuui JL.y vj MV jtoij,
for an occupant of a state office to forcibly
maintain possession of the office for
more than five days after the legislature
or other competent authority shall
have decided some other person entitled
to the office. This bill is to cover the
case of Taylor, who claims to be the
governor of Kentucky.
One of the Worst Tragedies In
West Virginia Records. .
One Hundred Men Probably Met
their Death by the Explosion
of Coal Dust in
Par! Ach Mine.
The greatest mining horror ever
known in the New river region of West
Virginia occured at Red Ash about 8
o'clock on Tuesday morning of last week
by an explosion in the dnftmine of the
Red Ash Coal company. The mine
was full of men and the explosion occurred
near the entrance which was
closed by falling slate. A relief crew
was quickly at work. The working
capacity of the mine is 175 men and it
was being worked to its full capacity to
fill rush order*. .It is believed over 100
men were at work. The explosion
made but little noise, and the accident
was first discovered by a laborer at the
entrance. The injured are being
cared fjr a3 well as possible under the
circumstances and every nerve is being
strained%to rescue those still in the
The news of the disaster swept
thmnsrh the town like an electrio
shock and within a few minutes hundreds
of men, women and children,
relatives of the unfortunate miners,
were crowded upon the sceoc of the ;
disaster. As the conviction that the
rescue of the entombed men alive was
hopeless forced itself on the griefstricken
crowds they became frantic in
their endeavors to reach their dead and
dying in the wrecked shaft, and the
work of attempted rescue was organized
with extreme difficulty. Of the first
twelve men brought to the sursace five
vreredead or died within a few minutes
and several of the others were horribly
Durned or bruised. As %the work proceeded
and the dead bodies were
brought up one by one the scenes at
the mouth of the shaft became distressing
to the extreme. Shireking, frantic
women and children impeded the rescuers
and added to the horror of the
The mine officials had all the men
available at xork in trying to clear
away the debris and rescue the entombed
men. The managers and bosses
of all the mines in this district came to
the scene as soon as possible ana jomea
in the work of rescue. It is impossible
to describe the amount of work done by
this concentrated army of men, but
they were greatly impeded because of
the extent of the enormous blockade at
the entrance to the drift. The large,
heavy side tires of the entrance were
blown out to some distance, together
with a lot of heavy timber. Even males
were blown out some distance. The
force of such an explosion caused an
immense falling of the slate and other
debris so that the entrance was filled
up for a great distance, and the difficultiesin
digging through it caused delay
in the work c* rescue. As many
men as could work at one time were
digging away with all their might and
were relieved in snort relays by other
men so as to expedite the work of rescuing
as much as possible.
The first successful strike of the
rescuers was about 10 o'clock a. m.,
when ten bodies were recovered. Seven
of them were already dead and the
other three were dying. As the miners
were located at different piaces in the
drift and the explosion caused the falling
slate to blockade the rooms in different
pans of the mine, the work of
rescue met with one great obstruction
after another at the mouth of the mine.
The scene was beyond description,
the wives and children and the neighbors
of those who were known-to be
entombed were there in full force, and
their anxiety and distress were most
intense. While they were all seeking
to help those who were rescued and to
get the mine reopened, yet these bereaved
people were for the most part in
the way of the rescuers and had to be
held back from the entrance. The
mine is one of the largest in West
Virginia and was very heavily timbered
in the different drifts. It was for
this reason feared that those who had
not been killed by falling debris at the
time of the explosion, would be pinioned
by those connected timbers and suffer
death from suffocation.
Air wastorced into the mine by en
gines on tne surface, which were kept
working after the explosion, but it was
found that air could be pumped into the
drift for only a short distance, as the
coal, stone and earth shut of all possibility
of reajhing the interior. The
pumps and all other machinery in the
mine were demolished so that everythiBg
had to be done through temporary
arrangements on the surface. Telegrams
were "sent to Montgomery,
Charlestown and other places for physicians,
nurses and caskets, but during
the greater part of the day there was
only use for caskets. All work was
stopped in the surrounding mines and
the people within a radius of many
miles assembled on the grounds of the
Red Ash company. Had the accident
occurred an hour later many more
would have been entombed in the
mines. The estimates of the number
in the mines when the explosion occurred
are bassed on the number who
entered at 7 o'clock. The manager
stated that by 8 o'clock or 8:30 a. m.,
there would have been twice as many
men in the mines. The population of
this mining village is only 500. All
are miners and the calamity will
reach almost every little house in tne
mining town. Food was liberally supplied
to the relays of workmen in the
rescuing party but many of the women
who could get no word of comfort
refused to eat or to goto their homes.
At a late hour Tuesday nignc tne rnosc
reliable estimate obtainable put the
number of the victims at 125. So far
as could be learned there were 37 dead
bodies in the village tonight that have
been taken out of the mine during the
day, and there are also parts of human
bodies at different places, mangled
beyond recognition.
Most of the bodies that cannot be
identified or recognized have been
placed in the large blacksmith shop,
giving the shop the appearance of a
horrible morgue. The general belief is
that the explosion occurred by contact
with dust when they entered with their
light and that it was not due to fire
damp as has been currently reported all
day. Nearly all the men employed in
the mine are white, only about one fifth
i i-_.J ? J ^
DCing coioreu <iuu must ui cue uicu
were married and bad families in the
little cottages Dear the tipple of the
great mine. A special train arrived
tonight from Montgomery filled with
reporters, physicians, nurses and others
and one car contained 30 caskets.
After the arrival of the train an order
was sent back to Montgomery for 50
more caskets. Another train arrived
from Charleston with physicians, caskets
ana relief supplies. Still another
train came in from Hinton, but there
is no need of physicians and nurses as
the victims are dead. There is great;
need of undertakers and expert tnine
woikers. The work of rescue is being
continued during the night and will be
kept up until the mine is clear.
Annual Conyention of the State Association
at Laurens.
The State (South Carolina) SundaySchool
Association will be convened in
annual session in the city of Laurens
on March 20, continuing through the
22i. The invitation eomes from all
the churches and is hearty. The good
people of Laurens know how to entertain,
and they hope to have their hooies
filled on this occasion with the consecrated
men and women who aro engaged
in the noble work of educating the children
and youth in the Sabbath-schools
of the State.
It is earnestly desired that there
shall be a large attendance of active
Christian workers of the several Evangelical
faiths throughout the State, and
we hope to enlist the hearty co-operation
of all well-wishers of this cause
; from pulpits to pews. Superintendents
will olease elect delegates at once. Pastors
and superintendents are ex-officio
members. We hazard nothing when
, we say that the time is ripe for greater
zeal and activity among us all, to the
end that there may be a more widesnread
and better study of the Word of
God; and to further such efforts is the
one and great object of this Convention.
Surely this field of service for the Master
offers magnificent opportunities for
fuller fellowship and cordiality between
the several Christian denominations,
and of usefulness to the Master in
breaking down the strongholds of Satan.
Let us therefore be aroused to this
great work and, by coming together,
feel the elbow-touch of Christian comradeship,
become stimulated to renewed
fervor, and be bound and knit
together in the praiseworthy effort and
desire for better and moie desirable
methods of teaching.
We send forth a Clarion call to every
pastor, every teacher and every superintendent
to get in line for this cause,
to lay aside for a few brief days the
usual avocations and set your faces in
the direction of Laurens, S. C., March
20-22. Come with note-book and pencil;
come expecting a blessing, and let
us pray that the God of our salvation
will coofer it.
Mr. B. F. Jacobs, of Chicago, well
known throughout all Christian countries
as the chairman of the international
executive committee for many
trnoro TCI II ha trif-.'h no and will deliver
several addresses on live Sunday-school
topics. His presence alone should insure
a large assemblage, but we have
promise likewise of the presence of
some distinguished educators within
our own Slate who will address the
The full programme will be published
shortly. Fraternally,
Wm. E. Pelham,
Pres. State S. S. Association.
| Newberry, S. C., Feb. 19, 1900.
Flanagan, a Notorious Criminal Dies
In a Jail.
Edward C. FlanagaD, the man who
murdered Miss Ruth Slack and Mr?.
Martha Allen at Poplar Springs, Ga.,
VT-_ TT ?_ lOO?? TV^r,
on Jew j.ear a cvc xocu, &avc jsmvu
Allen the wound which subsequently
caused his death and attempted the
life of George W. Allen, died 'in the
county jail at Decatur Tuesday morning.
A post mortem examination will
be held and the brain that has puzzled
so many-experts will reveal its true
Setting aside the crime for which the
prisoner wa3 put in jail, the case of
Flanagan is remarkable by reason of
the many trials, convictions and death
sentences which have fallen to him and
the attendant train of fatilities which
has seemingly followed those interested
in the matter. Eight have died and
two gone insane.
Judge Chandler has three times
passed sentence of death on Flanagan.
The case has been in all the courts of
the State aud a suspension of sentence
was had in January, 1899, on account
of the prisoner's weakened condition.
Flanagan made three attempts to escape
from the Decatur jail. On one
1-wP fViooa offomnffl flA rpp.htaH iail
\JL VUVOW MV wwv^ .
er's baby and held it up in front of him
to prevent the father from shooting
him. Sis weeks ago he made the
last attempt to gain his liberty but was
wounded by a guard. The prisoner
tried to suicide by drinking kerosene.
The belief is general that Flanagan has
always been iDsane yet many believe
that he escaped the gallons by feigning
that his mind was unbalanced.
The Horrors of War.
A dispatch fr?jm Ladysmith says the
British garrison has begun to leave that
place and is arriving at the Mooi river
camp, where the troops will remain several
days, after which they will go farther
south. They are emaciated and
exnausici"^-?1^ say the roai tc Colenso_
presents scenes that exceed in horror
those depicted in Dante's "Inferno."
Dead men and animals are lying, mutilated
and putrified, in the trenches
formerly occupied by the Boers and fill
the air with a sickening stench. In
cases where hurried burial had been attempted
the rains have washed the
_ i ./I.
| earin away ana out ui luc e*rtu
' ghastly less and arms of burghers.
The Bodies of Two Little Boys
Found in a Closet
The Cruel Monster Who Locked
Them Up Was Arrested and
Is Now Locked Up
in Jail.
Sis months ago two little boys, each
about eight or nine years old, went out
of their homes one day to play in the
streets of New York City. Their parents
lived near each other and. the boys were
playmates and friends. It is presumed
that they were prompt to return at the
usual time after such seasons of play
until the day here noted.
That day they failed to return to their
homes. Their parents set up a long anxious
search that continued until they
were of the opinion that both were
drowned. No clue to their disappearance
was found. The two little boys
simply dropped ont of sight, and were
gone?forever, as their parents beleived.
A few days ago, the owner, or the
renting agent of a vacant house in the
neighborhood discovered the need of a
plumber in the building. When the
house was opened and the gas or water
pipes were traced?along through the
V> n Vvm i 1 /) i n /v i?fA rs
where the bodies of the two missing
children were discovered wearing the
clothes in which they were dressed
when last seen by their respective
families. Their small bodies had
become like the ancient mummies in
Egypt?dried up and withered.
Somebody, for some - season, had
locked these little friends in a dark
closet of the empty house. The caretaker
lodged in the -.basement. This
janitor or caretaker has been arrested,
and is now in prison as the suspected
murderer of these dead children.
He is reputed to be a cruel father to
his own children. Complaints had
been made against him on this line,
before the closet was opened or anybody
was aware of .the horrible fate of
the two little b$ys so long missing from
their homes. i
The plasteciogin; the closet gave evidence
of their struggle in death. Little
finger prints became a witness of
their torture and agony. They did
ttiAir Vipsf-. fnr lihprfcv hnfc died in this
prison, not a .block from their homes
and their parents.
The vicious creature, whoever'he may
be, who deliberately destroyed these
little boys, ought to die by slow torture.
The electric chair, or the hangman's
rope would not meet the conditions
of exact justice?when the recollection
of what thi innocent boys suffered
comes to one's mind. Let us hope
their struggle was brief?and death
easy?at the end!
There is a lesson in this sad story for
children and: for parents. It may be a
good deal of trouble to keep a watchful
Arja nn ohi 1 ron ?DT>l1or T65M
vu vuiiuiva v* wuvu j
but it is nevertheless a business that
pays, in various ways. It should be a
warning to other children. not to go
into forbidden places?and to keep
their parents informed as to tleir play
grounds,; etc.
There are certainly vile people in the
world, who have no limit to their hate
or revenge. Children are kidnaped
sometimes from motives of greed as
well a3 revenge. Very careful parents
may sometimes be considered unnecessarily
anxious about their children,
when they are out of sight, but that
extreme is far preferrable to don't-care
parents, who turn out their children to
follow their own inclinations at such
early ages.
When I read this pathetic, true story,
of real life, I could almost hear the
cries of these frightened and imprisoned
captives. I review the story for the
sake of other children and their
Woe Tirm
Attempts have been made by members
on both sides of the house to induce
Representative Talbert, of South
Carolina, to withdraw from his decision
to insist upon a quorum at the pension
sessions on Friday night and thus avoid
the necessity of bringing in the rule already
framed by the committee on rules
to devote two Fridays of each month
to the consideration of private pension
bills. The Democrats who are interested
in private claims wh;ch are set
for consideratijn od Fridiys, sought to
prevent the appropriation of two Fridays
for pension b;lls, and the Republicans
were equally anxious to avoid
day pension sesr-ijns. Mr. Talbert,
however, declined to yield. He said
he believed that the position he had
taken in demanding the presence of a
quorum for the passage of pension bills
was correct, and that he would adhere
to it. The rule that has been prepared
will be brought in as soon as the Aldrich-Robbins
case is out of the way.
a. uaii irom japs.
A party of distinguished Japanese
cotton dealers were in Columbia Wednesday
to inspect the Columbia cotton
mills. The following were in the party;
Mr. Takeo Ya:naaobe, president of
the Cotton Spinners' Association o!
Japan, and president of the Oiaka
Cotton Mills of Osaka, Japan; M. T.
Saite, president of the Miye Cotton
Spinning Company of Yokkaichi Japan;
Mr. S. WataDabe, representing the
banking firm of Mitsui & Co., London,
San Francisco, New York and Japan,
and K. Johnston, of Boston, representing
English firms. Ihe party spent
the day looking over the mills and were
delighted with what they saw. They
left on the afternoon train for Washington.
Killed Near Greenville.
Another tragedy, making the third
in tiie vicinity 01 vjrreenvme in mree
weeks, occurred four miles east of that
city Monday night. Again as in the
former two cases the negro was the victim
and a white man the slayer, and
again whiskey was the railing cause.
Monday night about 10 o'clock Pliny
Hill was killed near the McBee distillery.
There were no eye witnesses,
and so far as can be learned the row
that led to the tragedy was without
adequate cause. No evidence has been
brought to show what the trouble was
about and the slayer says he does not
An Important Order from tto Post- 1
master-General About It.
Notice is hereby given to the public (
that the contracts for carrying the mail ;
on all of the Star Routes in the State
of South Carolina, taking effect Jnly 1, .
1900, provide that those who so desire ,
may have the mail that is addressed to
them delivered by carriers into boxes
along the lines of the several routes.
Any person liviDg on or near any Star
Route in the State named who desires
his mail deposited in a box on the line
of the route by the carrier on said route
mav nrovide and erect a suitable box
on the roadside, located in such manner
as to be reached as conveniently as
practicable by the carrier, and such person
shall file with the postmaster at the
postoffice to which his mail is addressed
(which shall be one of the two
postoffices on the route on either side of
and next to the box) a request iff writing
for the delivery of his mail to the
carrier on the route for deposit in said
mail box, at the risk of the addressee.
It shall be the duty of the postmaster
at every such post office, upon the written
order from any person living on or
near the Star Route, to deliver to the
proper mail carrier for that route any
mail matter, except registered mail,
with instructions afc to the proper mail
box into which said mail matter shall
be deposited; bat no mail matter so delivered
to a carrier for deposit shall be
carried past another post office on the
route before being deposited in a, mail
The carrier on the StarRoute will be
required to receive from any postmaster
on the route any mail matter that
may be intrusted to him, outside of the
usual mail bag, and shall carry such
mail matter to and deposit it in the
proper boxes placed on the line of the
route for this purpose; such service by
the carrier to be without charge to the
addressees. 1
The mail carriers must be ableto !
read and write the English language
and to be of sufficient. intelligence to :
properly handle and deposit the mail
for boxes along the routes. 1
The law provides that every carrier 1
of the mail shall receive any mail mat- i
ter prresented to him, if properly pre- '
paid by stamps, and deliver the same '
for mailing at the next post office at i
-1 ! 1 i it.l ? j
wnicn ne arrives, out mat uu xccb suau
be allowed therefor. ^ 3
The contract price covers all the ser- J
vice required of the carrier that is indi- <
cated herein.
W. S. Shallenberger, ]
Second Assistant Postmaster General, j
. i
What the Railroads in this State j
Must Now Do. *
The following act was passed at the
recent session of the Legislature:
"Section 1. That all' railroads and j
railroad companies engaged in this z
State as common carriers of passengers t
for hire shall furnish separate coaches ?
for the accommodation of white and t
? j T> i *
coicreu passengers: jcrroviueu, jjquai {
accommodations shall be supplied to all (
persons, without distinction of race, x
color or previous condition, in Buch j
coaches. ^ ? j
"Sec. 2. That the provisions of this
act shall not apply to nurses on trains,
nor to narrow gauge roads or branch
lines nor roads under 40 miles in length,
or to relief trains in case of accident, ]
or to through vestibule trains not intended
or used for local travel, nor to
regular freight trains with a passenger
coach attached for local travel, nor to
officers or.guards transporting prison- 1
.ers; or lunatics, nor to prisoners or <
lunatics being so transported. ]
"Sec. 3. That 60 days from and after ^
the approval of this act the rate of .
transportation of passengers on all J
railroads to which the provisions of '
this act shall apply shall not exceed j
three cents per mile for every mile ,
traveled; and such railroads shall not
be required to have second-class coaches 1
or to sell second-class tickets. !
' 'Sec. 4. That it shall be unlawful for i
the officers or the employes having i
charge "of such railroad cars as are
provided for by this act to allow or <
permit white and colored passengers to 1
occupy the same car, except as herein i
permitted and allowed; and for a vio- 1
lation of this section any such officer
or employe shall be guilty of a mis- i
demeanor and,, on conviction thereof, i
shall be punished by a fine of not less i
than $25 nor more than $100. - ' "!
"Sec. 5. That anypasseopr remain- !
ing in said car other than that provided
for him, after request by the officer
er employe in charge of said car to remove
into the car provided for him,
shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and,
on conviction thereof, shall be fined
not less than' $25 nor more than $100.
Jurisdiction of such offenses shall be i
in the county in which the same occurs.
The conductor and any and all <
employes on such cars are hereby <
clothed with power to eject from the :
train or car any passenger wno refuses
to remain in such car as may be
assigned or provided for him, or to removed
from a car not so assigned and
l,Sec. 6. That in case the coach for
either white or colored passengers
should be full of passengers and another <
coach cannot be procured at the time, :
then the conductor in charge ot the <
train shall be, and he is hereby, autho* j
rized to set apart so much of the other
coach as may be necessary to accommodate
the passengers on said train.
"Sec. 7. Should any railroad or railroad
company, its agentp or employes,
violate the provisions of this act, 6uch 1
railroad or railroad company shall be
liable to a penalty of not more than
$500 nor less than $300, for each violation
to be collected: by suit of any J
citizen of the State, -and the penalty j
recovered shall, after"paying all proper .
fees and costs, go into the general'fund J
of the State ^treasury.
"Bee. b: Xbat an acts ana pans 01
acts inconsistent with this act be, and
the same are hereby, repealed." 1
Biotin?fin Chicago,
Labor troubles culminated in a riot 1
at Chicago- Tfiursday evening. One i
man .im sifot and probably fatally i
wottnd^a&d sit others were injured, ]
oQe.o^ffcheai severely. t
i aa ixiaxb o i>Amxaxuj.i.
Setting Beady for Reorganization.
Condensed Information.
Things are beginning to loom up for
the coming Democratic party reorganization
in the State, preparatory to the
holding of the State Democratic convention
to be held hi May, and to the
conduct of the campaign and primaries
to be Jieid throughout the state tnis
The first step toward reorganization
for the work ahead this'-year, which
is a presidential as well as a State
campaign year, was taken Friday
when Col. Wilie Jones, chairman of the
State Democratic executive committee,
issued a call for a meeting of that committee
to be held in this city on WedBesday,
April 11. The committee will
have various matters to attend to at
this session. '
In order that those interested in all
parts of the State-.might have something
for their guidance in proceeding
with the reorganization of the Democratic
party, Col. U. X. Gunter, Jr.,
secretary of--the State executive committee,
has prepared the following,
which gives all information necessary
and which it will be well to clip and
keep. ' ~ "The
township .or ward clubs shaU
meet on the fourth Saturday in April.
These local clubs elect a president, :i
recording and a corresponding secre^
? J ? WV J A I 1 V? A *TA
l'aij auu a ucitauicif auu duau uayc
three working committees of not less
than three members each^a committee
cn registration, an . executive commits
tee and such other committees as may
be deemed expedient. _ ,
"These clubs shall operate.under the
control of a county executive committee,
which shall consist of one member
from each club to be elected by the re-'
spective clubs. Tie executive committee
shall appoint its own officers except
the chairman, who shall be elected, by
the county convention. The local
clubs shall eleot one delegate to the
county convention for every 25 members
and one delegate for each majority
fraction of 25.
"The county convention shall be
called by the coanty executive committee
to meet on the first Monday in May
rod when assembled shall be called to
3rder by the chairman of the executive
41K A nil <*11
JUHllllltCCC AUU blic WUTCUUVU oxuui
proceed to nominate and elect from
imong its members a president, one or
more vice presidents, a secretary and
i treasurer, a member of the State
executive committee . and delegates to
;he State convention',1 each county being
entitled to double tBg number of
ieiegates in the State convention as it
las members in the geadrfByassembly.
"The State conveatijw^eSalibe called
>y the State executiye^committee to
neet on the third Wednesday in May.
rhe State convention ele.cta. delegates
:o the national -Democratic convention
md a member of the'national Demo;ratic
Already there is much discussion as
o who will be this State's delegates to
he national Democratic convention,
[t has been stated that Senator Tillnan
would attempt to name them, but
his has been denied. So far as the'
State campaign is concerned there is
>lenty of speculation as to ffho will be
;he candidates for the several State
)ffices this year. All incumbents, it is
mderstood, will stand for reelection,
ind opposition to only three has so far
nade itself manifest.?The State.
People Who Made a Good Living Under
Spanish Rule.
A dispatch from Washington says
;he acting Secretary of "War has received
a communication from Gen.
Davis on the subject of food distribution
and the relief of the destitute. in
Porto Rico. Gen. Davis had intended
to discontinue the free distribution ot
food about the first of this month, but
the industrial condition existing in certain
portions of the island rendered it
absolutely necessary to continue to
feed the starving inhabitants for some
time longer.
Jn the centre of the island, or the
coffee-growing district, there is nothing
for the poor to eat.. Any discontinuance
of the food distribution,
L?p? ? J? *1?- -?
cnereiure, uuuci' mcac wuumuua,
would result ia a large increase of
Bickness and of the death rate. The
coffee planters are making strenuous
efforts toclearup their fields, but, having
no money for their payment, the
hands and laborers have necessarily
been laid off and a~? drifting into the
towns, thereby becoJiiDg public charges.
Unless fed at public expense starvation
will result and the Military Governor
has, therefore, requested a shipment of
five hundred tons of rice, codfish and
bacon, in addition to the five hundred
tons asked for about three weeks ago.
In connection with the^ existing in-.
dustrial conditions Gen. Davis is of the
opinion that the quickest and nost effective
way of securing relief would be
through lar^e expenditures upon public
works. Gen. Davis states that if
he could put about 25,000 men at work
for a period of three months on the
roads, involving expenditures for labor,
tool3 and supervision of some $223,000
month, the period of acute distress
could be tided ove? The acting commissary
general of subsistence was today
directed to secure the food asked
for immediate shipment.
The Way to Stop Them.
When the police in .Cleveland, Ohio;
f?ere instructed to inspect the performance
of ''Zaza" in that city, with a
?iew to securing evidence; as to its immorality,
Mrs. Leslie Carter had a severe
sore throat and could not appear.
A. determination to. prosecute on-the
part of the authorities* is all that is
lecessary to put an" end' to indecent
performances.?Augusta Chronicle.'
Bubonic Plaerue- A
ease*of what is supposed to be
jubonic plague, though the exact
lature of the disease is yet uncertain,
las been discovered in Chinatown
lear SanFrancisco. The patient, who
s a Chinaman, was immediately
aolated, and th.<e whole of Chinatown
>laced under strict quarantine regulaion*.
dHUl JLU V&Mn.
? - - - - ,
B. R. Carroll Killed by D. P. Johnson
at Blackville.
* ?
A Gun With Buckshot Used at
Close Range, Then His
^ s
Brains Shot Out With
A dispatch from Blackville to the
Columbia State says B. K. Carroll was
fatally shot there at 2 o'clock Thursday
by D. P. Johnson. '*
It appears that Carroll was on his
way or returning from a blacksmith
shop when D. P. Johnson emerged from
the store of Briggs, Buist & Co. and
fired twice at Carroll with a shotgun ;
loaded with buckshot at very close
range, the gun wads-entering Carroll's .
After Carroll was shot down Johnson
emptied the contents of a revolver into
Carroll's head and body, almost touching
him witK his pistol. Carroll can
live but a short while; his brains are '
shot out. _
Carroll was to have been tried for his
life at t'.ie comiog sessions! of our cou?t
at Barnwell next week for' the killing
of James Bolin last Christmas. It
seems that some time ago Johnson had
sued Carroll for a debt and after the
suit Carroll made -public threats to the
-.effect that he would kill Johnson
- _ i JTTT 1 x. L. it .
on aignt. ?ms. is saia to oe me cause *
of the shooting, Carroll died at five
o'clock, a few hours after being shot _
Both men were white and pf promineat
families, Carroll being a man of
some means; . He leaves a wife and two
.children. Johnson was a blacksmith
and always had a good reputation. Frem
the talk after the.shooting it seemed
that the sentiment of the town was
with Johnson.
Carroll did not shoot or attempt to
use a weapon if he had one. The surgeon
says the shotgun wounds were not '
fatal and Carroll would have survived
if the oistol had* not been used. Car
roll is son of Mrs. Whito, wife of Quartermaster
White of the Citadel. Johnsen
surrendered to the sheriff and is
now in jail.
Platform of Party as Adopted on
Motion of Eugene Debs.
At the Social Democratic^ National ,
convention held at Indianapolis, IncLj
Wednesday the following platform was 1%
adopted on motion of Eagene Y. Debs:
1. Revision of our antiquated federal ^ ^
constitution m order to remove the ob^
stacles to full and complete control^of
government by all the people, irrespective
of sex.
2. The public ownership of all industries
controlled by monopolies, trusts
and rtnmhinps.
3. "The publio ownership of all railroads,
telegraph, telephone, all means
of transportation, communication, waterworks,
gas and electric plants and
other public utilities.
4. The public ownership of all gold,
silver, coppei, lead, iron, coal and all
other mines; also all oil and gas wells.
5. Reduction of the hours of labor J
in proportion to the increasing facilities g||
of production.. -4 . . jjfi
'6. The inauguration of a system of ffsS
public works and improvements for the MM
employment of a large number of the,,-? *|P
unemployed; the public credit to be'
utilized for that purpose. ^
7. All useful inventions to be free to
all, the inventor to be remunerated by '
the public.
8. Labor legislation to be made national
instead of local, and international
where possible.
9. National insurance of working
people against accidents, lack of employment
and want in old age.
1 rt AITTll A
xv. -i^4vim auu ^v/kuvmi 11511^
for men and women and the abolition
of all laws discriminating against
11. The adoption of the initiative
and referfendum and the right to the
recall of representatives by the voters.
12. Abolition of war as far as the
IJuited States are concerned and *he
introduction, of international arbitration
The committee on resolutions reported
approval of a resolution condemning
the establishment of militarism in Porto
Rico and the combination 0? capitalists
to deprive Porto Kicans of the franchise.
Ah Atrocious Murder.
^ brutal murder was committed
Tuesday afternoon of last week about
three miles from Yorkville. A negro
named Fred Stewart married about
three months ago, and about a month
i_. i.j _:?i. 1
since ne quarreieu. wuu ma wu? auu
kicked her, she being in a delicate condition.
She left him and went to her
father's honse. Fred went there Tuesday
to try and get her to go back with
him. She told him she was not able
to do so on account of the kick. She
was sitting in a chair. Stewart then
drew a pistol and shot her, the ball entering
the upper part of her breast,
passing through the heart and liver. 1
The woman was singing at the
time she was shot Sheriff Logan went
out at once with a posse>and his bloodhounds,
and it is hoped that he will
succed in capturing the murderer..
Will Oppose Dr. Timmerman.
According to the Winnsboro News
and Herald, Mr. E. H. Jennings, who
is now serving his second term as county
clerk of court of Fairfield county,
,will be a candidate in. the campaign' -} -k
j(his summer against J)r. Tknmennan-- _
for;the office of State treasurer.,^Mr.
JeaaiDes is an ex-Oonfederate soldifer
and is highly esteefl&ed by aH^wm> r>%
know him.?The State* ^
. J*&1 "
It Must Be Tough..
*'Sapho" has been suppressed^in-Jfejr
York. If it was too bad^for Xew^odt
it will hardly attempt to-go-on the

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