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The Fairfield news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1881-1900, April 25, 1900, Image 1

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jf VOL UV - WINNSBORO. S, C., WEDNESDAY. APRIL 25, 1900. ~~ NO. 37
? > a nnm nn Arrnvm
Given to State by Col. Bianding
of Mexican War Fame.
And the Beautiful Jackson Vase
AteoGoes to Columbia. Got. i
McSwderroy'-s Grateful
The following letter from Col. J. D.
Blading, the distinguished Mexican
war veteran, was received by Gov. M*cSweeney
some days ago. It tells of
gifts of incalculable value to be made
to the State and contains history that
every South Carolinian is proud of.
Here is CoL Blandin^s letter:
To His Exoelleney, Gov. M. B. McSweeney.
Dear Sir:. In accordance with the
resolution of the Palmetto Regiment
(Mexican war) Survivors' association,
as president of the association, I have
the honor of turning over in perpetuo
to the State of South Carolina, through
you as governor, one of the two flags
.carried by the regiment in that war,
together with the regimental records.
It is only necessary to state as to the
latter that they are very imperfect, the
general order booh and most of the
loose papers having been sent to and
lost in Chester during Sherman's
march, through the State in 18K>. me
flag is the United States army regulation
flag presented by Gen. Wm. 0.
Butler, then in command of the army
in the early part of 1848, to the regiment
when detailed as guard of the national
palace and archives. My recollection
is that Gen. Scott had ordered
this flag made, on account of the tattoed
and torn condition of the State
flag which was worked by the ladies of
Charleston and presented through the
city oounoil (T. L. Hutchinson, mayor)
in December, 1346, to the regiment,
and by it carried into the city of Mexioo
on 14th September, 1847. Besides
the skirmishes around Vera Cruz on the
routes to the valley of the city, it passed
through the battles of . Contreras,
Cherubusoo, Chapultepee and Garita
de Belen, and there on 13th Sept., 1847,
at 1:20 p. mM the first flag planted on
the walls of the city, four hours before
Gen. Soott, with Gen* Worth's division
of regulars, reached the Larita San ,
Cosme. It may casually be stated that
two commissioned and three non-commissioned
officers were shot down while
carrying it?two mortally. The commanding
general directed Major (afterwards
colonel) Gladden not to use the
State flag bat to encase ana carry n .
back to the State as a sacred relic.
Soon after the return of the regiment
;? both Sags ware tamed over to the State ;
and kept ia a glass case in the State :
house. When Sherman first approached
_ ^Columbia, Capt W. B. Stanley, tien !
President of the Palmetto Regiment .
- TMrvivors' association, sent both flags '
to Thomas J. McKay (a private of Co.
F) at Chester. After matters settled '
down the regulation flag was returned .
to Capt. Stanley, but he was never
informed what became of the
State fiag. He offered a liberal reward ,
for its return, and now, that sectional ,
passions have subsided and a returning '
sense of propriety and comity seems to
be actuating both sides, I have also
offered a reward for its return to the ;
governor of South Carolina in hopes
that it may be brought to light and de- ,
posited with ita oompanion among tie
flags of worth of the civil and Spanish !
wan now in keeping of the State.
It may be interesting also to state
as a matter of history that the regola- :
tion flag was loaned by the executive i
ooxnmittee to the First battalion Sonth i
Carolina infantry (Lieut. Coi Thomp- ;
son) organised for the Spanish war, '
which afterwards became part of the :
Second South Carolina regiment in- i
iantry (Coi. Wilie Jones), and was by
the latter carried to Cubi. Upon the '
muster out of the regiment it was re* i
turned to the committee with accompanying
powder bag taken from Morro i
Castle. It is probably the only flag in .
the United States which has been un- j
furled in the eapitols of the only two 1
foreign countries invaded by the United
States. The executive committee of
the Survivors' association also request
they be allowed to plaoe the "Jackson '
vase" in the legislative library under a I
glass case, and under care of the Secre
* (H. i:v?: |
uu/ ui cutve ur ui uuo uuiuwu, as j uu |
may direct
The reasons for this request are that
the committee have no proper deposi- :
tory for it, and that all "survivors" '
m<jy know at least where it is, so that
the "last survivor," to whom it will ultimately
belong, may prove his claim
(how and before whom I cannot guess) !
And take possession for himself.
The elause of the will of Gen Andrew
Jackson in reference to the vase ]
is in the following words: ,
"The gold box presented to me by <
the corporation of the city of New
York, the large silver vase presented to
mo by the ladies of Charleston, S. C.,
my native state, with the large pictures
representing the unfurling of the American
banner, presented to me by the
citizens of South Carolina when it was
refused to be accepted by the United
States senate, I leave in trust to my '
.. son A. Jackson, Jr., with directions '
rm. .1 . 1 1 1 * A 1
tnat snouiu our nappy coon try not do 3
mb blessed with peace, an event not al- <
ways to be expected, be will at the close ,
of the war or at the end of the conflict present
each of the said artio^s of in- .
estimable value to that patriot residing (
in the city or State from which they (
were presented who shall be adjudged
by his fellow countrymen, cr the ladies,
to have been the most valiant in j
the defexise of his country and our :
country's rights.
In the fall of 1848 A. Jackson, Jr., y
executor, sent the vase to the governor 3
of South Carolina with the request to
dispose of it according to the terms of
the will of his testator. The governor
reported that it was impracticable to
obtain a decision what patriot of the 1
State was "the most valiant in the de- ^
fense of his oountry and our country's <
rights." The executor authorized him
to deliver it to the survivors of the
Palmetto regiment*(Mexioan war) to be ]
disposed by them as they thought best i
Under the governor's call a majority of <
the survivors met in Columbia, 8. C.,|
organized the ''Palmetto Regimen 1
Survivors' association" and elected Wml
B. Stanley president: The governrl
delivered the vase to the associatio; I
which passed a resolution, to wit: th- H
the vase be kept by the executive ool. w
mittee for and to be the property
the last survivor of the regiment. m
Capt Stanley died in 1892 and tM
undersigned was elected president a^jS
ex officio the personal custodian of ?.|||
vase, flag and records of the regime, jtt
It has been customary to carry jB
vase to the meetings of the Natio V
Association of Mexican Veterans w??
ever requested to do so. It has b%M
ton, S. 0., Atlanta, Ga., and Nashvihg
Tenn., and I hope will be carried
some survivor (not myself) to New (f)I.
leans, February, 1915.
I shall deposit in the vase, for sLf,3
keeping and future reference a ce?jL
fied copy of extract from will of GL^
Jackson; and several communicatiO^.
relative to it, including this semi-offitjijj
correspondence, also a list of the plres.
ent survivors of the regiment (L^
numbering about (40), with their! rje.
spective companies and postoffices;|alLi
that they may know of the presenting,
position of the vase (which in all ptr0V
ability will continue until the last f8t3r_
vivor shall establish his personal clfi ^ ^
I will, with your permission, l ia^
public this letter and your an3we j
will only add that, though hi
many descendants, I hereby ijive py
contingent right of property icf
vase by reason of 4'last sarvivorsT;^ ?
a- tto r\ i: oJ,
lO oouui ^aroiiua, my nuuve
and this letter may be taken as ocIq^I^
rive evidence of such gift.
Yery respectfully yours, etc., J
James D. Blandinjf
Pres. Pal. Reg., Surv. A%> J
Sumter, S. C., April 9,1900. j F
On receiving your assent to tjLJ r6_
qaests above made, I will osJTSBYer
and deliver in person the article H3Ci.
gov. mosweeney's lettsjbb
Gov. McSweeney promptly
Col. Blanding the following iettdglB
Colombia, April 11,1
Col. J. P. Blanding, Sumter, S.flB '
Dear Sir: It gives me gre;;t^geas.
ore to acknowledge receipt of y^B eg.
teemed favor of the 9th, turninSHLyef
to the State in perpetuity one ^H^^lie
flags carried by the Palmetto reflK^nt
in the war. with Mezioo. I see
that it is placed in. the arcbaHt re.
served for suoh historic relics; together
with the interesting Hfrtory
which your letter gives of this Hfft^red
and worn banner, have thernHB^ in
suoh position that they may stjfflg ^ a
memorial to the valor and heflHjQ 0f
fViQ onnfl n-f Htmlinft whn
Sag to victory in so many tight
battles of the Mexican war; ai HK30 ^
a constant reminder to those i ^Htnj0y
the same birthright, "that tra^R 00Tir.
age and patriotism endure forj^H "
The regiment that bore won
honor and distinction, in evfflj Battle, j
for the American army in l^^narch'
from Vera Cruz to the City c?j Mbrico,
and in this they were but l?tjl 9 ^ the
instincts of their birth." Iwi ffa., this
regiment that led the char? against
the compact front of the enSi ^ when
other regiments had been cflt e? upon
by Gen. Shields and decline? volunteer
on account of the danfll oua an(j
hazardous undertaking. \WLen Col.
Butler was asked if his rew^ejit was
willing to clinch the . his
prompt and characteristic H-piy waS)
k'Yes, every man of them, to the
death." They fell upon e enemy
like a -tornado and the W.^orv was
We honor ourselves in hH jring the
bravery and patriotism oS noble
sons of Carolina who fo?*wed this
banner. B.
But the feff of the memBifg 0f this
aoble band survive, and t-Siey are scattered
wide: but, wherever fthey maybe,
it should be a pleasing t^ojfaghfc to them
to know that they and thAjy oomtades j
who have already answeiS^ the final I
roll call and heard the la^& tattoo, are
beld in such loving rfeiaemberance
by the sons and daughtersfigf their native
State. My praye: iajthat those of 1
this grand old regiment 3tj|i survive
may have, in their d&lsuig years, I
the benedictions of a kinB and tender |
Providence, as they havB - ^ hearty j
good will of every true aA,:(i batriotic!
citizen of the State. M
It is also with pleasu* e thajt I give
nprminfiinn. in hafcalf rSi-*.
r ~ aa vilQ UtttCj tv
place the "Jackson vase'jg> jn tie legislative
library, and it shs?n be iproperly
cared for and disposed JLf ^ ] directed
by the Survivors' asscjktiori. I am
sure, I voice the sentim?nt 0fi ^ ^0.
pie of South Carolina wmen j; express
to you my appreciation thefgenerous
and patriotio spirit whi<K y0u
to give your contingent Bgjftf property
in the vase by reasojjp*^ gur.
vivorehip" to South CaJ Dru your native
State, which you J wrved so
long and so well andf onorably,
whether in war or in p?
This flag and the reci^ ' the regiment
and the vase ail properly
oared for and as you 1 A f a8 presi_
dent of the Survivors# iation. 1
have the honor to "
Yours ObedienfTHE 7
Governor of Sfa t i C
Democrats SweeJ ^*?ield.
The Democrats of 5 " ma won a
signal victory in laatf K OB , eiection.
rhe Bepublicans, led fJ?gj*f0n of the
renegade United Stat?>w wh ior Cafiery,
lioped to carry thaP set ve ; they
were woefully disapl !. W. W.
Eeard, Democratic cy r-v a e for governor,
appears to haw Led nearly
svery parish in the Bes, H. The sugar
listnct is almost solg GOO' theDemojratic
ticket and theBj-^^^ ' kture is alcuost
solidly Deitg ~ in both
branches. The cons asaa) nal amendment
authorizing thM ,f New Orleans
to issue $14r?vcred t bonds for
water, sewerage an dm- ;e improvements,
has carried lming'y.
Gainesville, A, rn c. 8, 1899
Pitts' Antiseptiy * jyr^r^^afi.
>een used in my fa? ? iXam perfectly
satisfied tha* TaTr,dl5 and will
lo all, you claim fc? ?Z1\J 5Urs truly,
p. S.-I am usJp' 10W myself,
[t's doing me goodJHf Y9gtby The Murray
Drug Co., Cok?f . J. C., and all
iruggists. ^ tf
Given the Republican Party By
Senator Hoar.
He Makes a Brilliant Address,
Rich With Citations From
History, Delivered With
Splendid Rhetoric.
Fer more than three hours Wednesday
Mr. Hoar, the senior senator from
Massachusetts, occupied the attention
-of the senate with a speech in opposition
to the policy of'"imperialism,"
upon which, he maintained, this government
had embarked. As prepared, the
address was 50,000 words in length, but
Mr. Hoar omitted much of it owing to
an incipient attack of the grip from
which he was suffering.
The speech was brilliantly written,
wa3 illuminated with splendid rhetorical
figures and was rioh with oitations
from history. One of the notable parts
of the address was the eulogy of
Aguinaldo. Mr. Hoar did not liken
the insurgent leader to Washington,
as has been done heretofore, but to
rr it r\ t? 1 t 1 yt_iv-_
"Hale and other builders of the church
of liberty. In statecraft he likened
Aguinaldo and his associates in the
leadership of the Filipinos to the best
minds ever produced in the Asiatio
race, a race which handed down to us
"the Scriptures of the Old and New
Testaments, the poetry of David, the
eloquenoe of Isaiah, the wisdom of Solomon
and the profound philosophy of
One of the most effective parts of his
address was his fancied roll-call of
some of the distinguished statesmen of
the United States on the question of
the retention of the- Philippines. He
began with George Washington and
closed with Wm. McKinley, each in a
sentence giving the reason for his vote.
Every vote was in the negative, except
that of Aaron Burr, who voted "yes"
and explained: "You are repeating
my buccanneering expedition down the
Mississippi. I am to be vindicated at
last." When the name of William McKinley
was called, he replied: "There
has been a cloud before my vision for a
moment, but I see clearly now; I go
back to what I said two years ago:
IS O <T_
I'ViVUUiO auugAU uvu jo mimum ? ^ i
gression; governments derive tkeir just
powers from the consent of the governed,
not some of them, bnt all of
them. I will stand with the fathers of
the repnblio. I will stand with the
I founders of the Republican party.
! No."
The effect was dramatic. As Mr.
[Hoar pronounced his peoration the
stillness in the chamber was intense.
Applause swept over the galleries, but
it was hushed quicklv by the president
pro tempore.
Mr. Hoar took as his text the Beveridge
resolution declaring the Philippines
United States territory. He
cited the glory of tne w^r with Spain,
the prosperity of the A tnerican people
at its close, eulogized i^iresideBt MoKinlev's
course at that time, character
izing him as the best beloved president
who ever sat in the chair of Washington.
He begged the Republican party
party not to recede from its principles
and said if, "when we made the peace
treaty, we had adhered to the purpose
we declared when we deolared war; if
we had dealt with the Philppine islands
as we promised to deal, have dealt,
and expect to deal with Cuba, the
country would have escaped the loss of
6,000 brave soldiers, other thousands
of wrecked and shattered lives, the
sickness of many more, the expenditure
of hundreds of millions and, what is
far worse than all, the trampling under
foot of its cherished ideals.
"I do not expect to accomplish anything
for liberty in the Philippine
islands but through the Republican
party; but upon it the fate of these
islands for years to come is to depend.
I cannot look with favor upon Mr.
Bryan as an alternative. * * *
I believe that not only perseverence
in the present policy will be the abandonment
of the principles upon which
our government is founded, that it will
change our republic into an empire,
that our methods of legislation, of diplomaoy,
of administration must hereafter
be those which belong to empires
and not those which belong to republics;
but I believe persistence in this
attempt will result in the defeat and
overthrow of the Republican party."
Touching upon the constitutionality
of the question at issue, Mr. Goar said:
"I hold that this acquisition of territory,
holding and governing can be only
a means for a constitutional end. And
I maintain that you can no more hold
and govern territory than you can hold
and manage cannons or fleets for any
other than a constitutional end."
Adverting the authority to be found
in the declaration of independence,
Mr. Hoar declared: "There is expansion,
enough in it, but it is the expansion
of freedom and not of depotism: of
life,, not of death. Never was such
growth in all human history as that
from the seed Thomas Jefferson planted.
It has covered the continent. It
is on both the seas. It has saved South
America. It is revolutionizing Europe.
It is the expansion of freedom.
It differs from your tinsel, pinohbeok,
pewter expansion as the growth
of a healthy youth into a strong man
differs from the expansion of an ana
conda when he swallows his victim.
Oars is the expansion of Thomas Jefferson.
Yours is the expansion of
Aaron Burr. It is destined to as short
a life and to a like fate.
"You have tried governing men of
other races than your-own at home for
a hundred years. You have dealt with
the Indian, you have dealt with the
negro, close at hand, knowing all
about them. I suppose you feel encouraged
by yeur success. There are
10,000,000 of them. And now you go
forth to lay your yoke on 10,000,000
more 7,000 miles away, of whom you
know nothing. You go forth jauntily
and boastingly, as Louis Napoleon went
to meet his doom at Sedan."
Mr. Hoar reviewed/the rebellion and
made a vigorous defense of the Filipinos.
The state papers of Aguinaldo,
* *
he said, in discussion of the law of
nations by his attorney general, Mabani's
masterly appeal, are the products
of the Asiatic mind. The senator
fully justified the Filipinos' action
in resisting the American force.
As to what he would do with the
Philippines, Mr. Hoar said:
"Declare now that We will not take
the islands to govern them against their
"Reject a cession of sovereignty
which implies that sovereignty may be
bought and sold and delivered without
the oonsent of the people.
"Require all foreign government to
nnt of tfhftflA islands.
"Offer the Filipinos oar help in maintaining
order until they hare a reasonable
opportunity to establish a government
of their own.
"Aid them by advice, if they desire
it, to set up a free and inependent goyernment.
"Invite all the great powers of Europe
to unite in an agreement that that
independence shall not be interfered
"Declare that the United 8tates will
enforce the same doctrine as applicable
to the Philippines that we declared as
to Mexico and Haiti and the South
American republics.
"Then, in a not distant future, leave
them to work cut their own salvation,
as every nation on earth, from the beginning
of time, has wrought out ita
own salvation."
A Negro Boy Found in the Sick Chamber
of a Lady.
A case of somewhat sensational flavor
was heard before Magistrate Smith in
rt-i v:. ? A?
VAUUUILUa Oil n cu;:coua/. xu teported
in the Evening Be cord, the
facts are are as follows: Richard Neal,
alias Robert Jackson, colored, who
claims Charleston 'as his horse, was
charged with burglary and attempt to
rape. The warrant was sworn out by
J. F. Sanders, white, who lives near
the Southside Baptist church, in the
mill district.
Mr. Sanders said that at 3 o'clock
Wednesday morning he found the Negro,
who is not muoh more than a boy,
in his wife's bedroom. She has been
quite sick for the past week or two and
is very feeble. Mr. Sanders was sleeping
in the same room and had frequently
to get up to administer to his wife
medicine. He kept a lamp brightly
burning in the room. Shortly after 2
o'clock he gave his wife medicine and
fell over in his bed and must have
slept more soundly than he expected
to do. His wife aroused him and told
him that some one was in the room.
He arose and, finding the light out,
was much alarmed.
He grabbed for the match box, but
didn't find it in its place. In the
meantime in the dark he jcaught the
^nr*A Kw awm noai* ttifl
UJ iUC ?> HI)
wife's bed. Finally, striking a matoh,
he held the Negro, who did not in the
meantime off any resistance. Mr. Sanders
said he heard some people . jump
off the piazza and that Ms first intention
was to kill the boy; but, remembering
his wife's feeble condition, he
refrained from doing so. He called in
several neighbors and took- the boy to
The boy did not deny being in the
house, but said that he had been made
drunk by two white tramps whose
names he did not know. He attempted
to describe them to Judge Smith, but
his description was not perfectly clear.
Sanders and his friends said that they
would look oui for such men as described
and if they were found they
would be brought before the magistrate.
The boy is ocdy about 14 or 15 years
old, but, acoording, to Mr. Sanders,
there can be no doubt as to his intentions
from the circumstances. He was
sent to jail to await trial.
Gov. Goebel'a Murderers.
A dispatch from Frankfort, Ky., says
Henry E. Youtsey, James Howard,
Herry Howard, Harland Wliittaker and
"Tallow Diok" Combs, colored, have
been indicted by the grand jury for the
murder of Gov. Goebel, and Secretary
of State Caleb Powers and Capt John
T. Wharton were indicted as accessories
before the fact. In the indictment, relating
to the alleged accessories, three
other men are indirectly referred to aa
accessories, though no indictments
were reported against them. They are
Gov. W. S. Taylor, Green Golder and
Capt. John Davis. Henry E. Youtsey,
who is mentioned as the first principal,
was a clerk in the office of State Auditor
Sweeney. Jim and Berry Howard
are cousins and mountaineers of note
connection with the old Howard feud.
Harlan Wnittaker lived in Butler. Gov.
Taylor's home county, and is alleged to
have been in the room in the executive
building from which the shot was fired.
Dick Combs, the negro, lived at Beattyyille,
and also came with the mountain
men. Caleb Powers is the Republioan
contestee for secretary of state,
and John T. Powers, another of the
defendants named as an accessory, is
his brother. Charles Finley was secretary
of sL..e under the former Republican
State administration when W. 0.
Bradley was governor. W. H. Culton
was a clerk in the office of Auditor
Sweeney. Wharton Golden was a member
of the Taylor State guard, and
olaimed to turn State's evidence on the
stand in the examining trial of Caleb
Powers, when he reoited what he
claimed to be the inside facts relating
to the alleged conspiracy to murder
Goebel and enough Democratio members
of the legislature to give the Republicans
a majority.
The Only Way Out.
The women of the country may as
well begin now to brace their consciences
on the question of age. The
census man will be around in two
m/\?fViQ or?<1 rofnoal fft ftrswflf hifl
MUV4 ?v > v
pointed personal questions Till be a
misdemeanor, punishable with fine and
imprisonment. The best plan,' perhaps,
will be to send a colored Bervant habituated
to polite prevarications to answer
for the family.?Greenville News.
A Hew Wonder.
A Georgia man has retired from public
life because he thinks too many of
his relatives have offices. He has a
right to a place among the wonders of
the world.
The Deadly Plague.
The deaths from plague throughout
India during the past week slightly decreased
in number but the aggregate is
still upward# of 4,000.
As to Whether the Honorable
William McKinley's Mind Is
Permitting it to Wig-Wag in or
Out, According as Pressure
is Applied. There Was
No Bloodshed.
The debate in the House of Eepresenatives
Wednesday on the naval appropriation
bill drifted into politics
and for a good portion of the afternoon
members fought hammer and tongs
aerosa tlie political aisle. The partisan
rancor almost culminated in a sensational
scene between Mr. Grosvenor of
1 Ohio, the champion of the administration,
and Mr. Williams of Mississippi.
Mr. Williams askek Mr. Grosvenor,
i who had joined in the debate, if it was
not true that the president had changed
his mind on the Puerto Rican question.
There was considerable fencing, Mr.
Wheeler taking a hand in trying to
foroe the Ohioan. At last Mr. Grosvenor
made an allusion to Mr. Williams'
method of interrupting him which the
latter resented with an emphasis that
portended a personal quarrel on the
floor, but Mr. Williams linally allowed
Mr. Grosvenor to proceed,. reserving
his reply until the Ohioan had finished.
"Does the gentleman deny that the
president has changed his mind?"
asked Mr. Kitehin of North Carolina,
addressing Mr. Grosvenor.
"As soon as it became manifest to
the president that money had to be
raised in Home wav and that the ways
and means oommittee of this house had
brought in a tariff bill providing for
15 per oent. or 25 per cent," replied
Mr. Grosvenor, "the president recognized
the right and power of this house
to orginate that tariff bill. But I call
the gentleman's attention to the fact
in the message of the president he gave
no sign or indication of when he desired
that free trade measure should
go into effect. We, by our vote* put it
so that within the next 60 days, 90
days, four months, any time after the
organization of the civil government
the people of Puerto Bico can have free
trade. The president has signed it and'
thereby given his approval to it."
"The gentleman says the president
bows to the will of congress," interposed
Mr. Wheeler. "In the debate on
the Puerto Bican question when the ,
gentleman appealed to his colleagues
to support the pending bill, he charged
it to be trae that the president of the
United States was then in accord with
Mr. Grosvenor?I say so now.
Mr. Wheeler?He changes his opinion.
Mr. Grosvenor?I say <he did not
change his opinion in any material respect.
he simply changed from the
original idea of free trade to what was
almost the condition of free trade that
we appended to the measure. The country
understands it. Congressman after
congressman who stood here in defense
of the bill has been sent back here with
a unanimity almost unparelleled. The
Bepublioan party will not lose any
votes in the coming election because of
its action on the Puerto Bican bill.
We are not holding back by the coattails
of the world and hollering whoa
(laughter), we have got something to
show for our opinions. Witness the
splendid organization of the government
of Hawaiian territory. Look at the
liberal, generous, Christian laws that
v__x i
we nave uctswweu uyvu wo Vi .
Puerto Rico. Look at the fact that I
but for the intervention of a few men
on this side of the water we should
have extended the same benefits of the
constitution, the same liberality of
American citizenship, in embryo at
least, to the people of the Philippine
islands. But we would not consent that
millions of Malays and all those people
might come over here and march into
our labor markets and we will make it
warn for you before the campaign is
over. (Laughter and applause on the
Republican side.) In due time under
the wisdom of the Republican party
and under the blessings of Gtad we will
send liberty and equal rights, as rapidly
as they can comprehend them, to the
people of Puerto Rico and to the people
of the Philippine island. (Applause
on the Republican side.)
When Mr. Grosvenor took his seat
Mr. Williams demanded an opportunity
to reply and time was accorded him.
"Mr. Chairman," said he, speaking
with deliberation, "as a man grows old
he learns something. I have learned
something today. 1 will never again
while a member ef the American son- j
gress undertake to ask a question of
any member on this floor who is not
sufficiently well versed in the ordinary
courtesies of human intercourse as to
be eapable of returning at least a polite
reply to a polite inquiry. Further than
that it would be almost impossible for
me without a breaoh of parliamentary !
rule to express myself upon that par- J
ticular su^eot.
"I asked the gentleman from Ohio a
question which he either could not
answer or would not answer or in his ,
usual lawyer-like politician style desired
to evade. That question has not
been answered yet The gentleman said
on this floor that the president of the
United States had not changed his
mind upon the Puerto Eican question. ,
Remember, I did not charge that he
had. What I charged was that he had 1
permitted others to change his mind '
for him, which in my opinion was not .
a thing of which any man oould at any
time be proud. But in charity to the
president and in charity to many of 1
the members of this house, I asked the gentleman
when he denied that the
I president had changed his mind that j1
he permit me to ask a question; and Ae 1
yielded. I asked him whether the pres- :
ident had not in a public message an- 1
nounced that he was in favor of free
trade between Puerto Bioo and the
balance of the United States and also
whether various members of this house i
had not risen one after another to Bay j
that the president had told them in 1
private conversation subsequently that I
he wus at the time of the conversation \
in favor of the bill which passed the
house. There was nothing rude in that
inquiry; there was nothing personal in
it; there was nothing discourteous in
it; there was nothing unprecedented in
it; there was nothing in it that could
have stirred up wrath in the breast of
any man except one who felt as if he
had to break up the convention in a
row in order to keep from arriving at
an eleotion. That is all." (Democratic
applause.) ?
Mr. Grosvenor disclaimed any intention
of affronting Mr. Williams and
there the matter ended.
Eow They Will be Illustrated in
Columbia's Great FestivalColumbia,
April 21.?Special: The
preparations for Columbia's Festival of
Music and Art are now complete.
There is every assurance that a large
attendance will greet fete singers st
each of the three concerts to be given.
The hall of the House of Representatives,
where the concerts are to take
place, will be especially arranged for.
the ocoasion comfortably seating the
critical audience that will attend. The
several railroads having made a onefare
rate for the occasion, there will be
quite a number of people coming from
the territory within a radius of a hundred
miles from Columbia.
The leading performers already mentioned
in this correspondence will all
be present.
Mde Meredith, the soprano, has delighted
her audiences everywhere by
the sweetness, naturalness, compass
and power of her voice, and by the excellent
taste of all her renditions.
Miss Gleary, whose pure contralto
voioe bespeaks an extraordinary gift,
which its possessor has so far appreciated
that she has added assiduous
cuitivation. She has sung beiore audiences
whose standards were of the
very highest, and she Ms invariably
called forth the highest praises.
Amil Rieger has been called the
prince of tenors, because, in the estimate
of critics, he stands among the
highest His voice is sweet, smooth,
of great compass and, in many of his
renditions exhibits that attractive qual-,
ity to which we apply the word "devotional."
He always sings with feeling.
Heinnch Meyi>, the baritone, has a
voice that is little short of wonderful,
so powerful is it in the heavier selections,
and yet he sings the daintiest
little ballads with a tone so clear and
bell-like that he all but bewitches his
audience. His voice is full and round,
seething over with emotion, and he
sings with an expression that charms
his hearers.
JohnChesire, harpist, to the Duke
of Edinburgh, ranks among tne finest
living performers on that instrument
In all the wide range of his travels, he
has left impressions whieh haye given
a reputation which will last always. .
v-r-Sliss Oelia Schiller, piano^soloist in
the orchestras of TJSEtoboE"amiLaidV
comnletes the list of leading musicians
who will appear.
The mixed chorus of 49 voices has
been under the careful training of Mr.
H. J. F. Mayser who has charge of the
department of music in tho Presbyterian
College for Women. They will do
their part handsomely.
The ohorus of 60 female voices, also
under the training of Mr. Mayser, haye
been practicing the cantata which they
will present, and there is so doubt that
this will add much to the enjoyment of
the audience.
But the other feature of the Festival
must not be overlooked?the art exhibit,
under the auspices of the Columbia
Art League. Thus far the list of exhibits
is as follows:
1. Cincinnati Academy of Art will
furnish work of students and teachers.
2. Mr. Christy's collection of pastels
from the Scribner collection of
New York.
3. Collection of water colors from
Louisville, Ky.
4. Two photographic exhibits from
Washington, D. C., one reproductions
of mural decorations in congressional
library, the other an exhibit of artistic
5. An exhibit of minatures.
A Big Reunion.
The alumni of Wofford college are to
havo a big reunion at commencement
this year. The following letter is being
sent out by a committee on invitations
consisting of J. Wright Nash, D.
D. Wallace, fl. N. Snyder, W. W. Duncan.
J. Gr. Clinkscales, J. F. Brown,
W. E. Burnett, K. L. Aroher, Q. W.
Heinitsh, James Cofield, and J. L.
"The local alumni and citizens of
Spartanburg desire to make the coming
commencement an ever memorable
one in the history of Wofford college.
We therefore extend to every graduate
and former student a most cordial _ invitation
to be present on that oocasion.
It will be our pleasure to entertain as
our guests every son of the old college.
Plans are on foot to effect class reunions.
The rates of travel will be unosally
4'We have every assurance that this
will be the largest gathering of college
alumni ever seen in South Carolina.
So come and be one among us. Please
notify the chairman of the committee
on entertainment by May 15th."
There is a committee on entertainment
headed by Mayor A. B. Calvert,
a banquet committee headed by S. B.
Jones and a toast committee headed by
Prof. A. G. Rembert. I
Beauty and Utility.
Among the elements which, in combination,
go to make that which appeals
to the taste of man or womon are
beauty and utility. In the new ballbearing
Domestic sewing machine we
have snch a combination. It is finely
finished in every part. It is substantial,
durable?so much so that, in use '
fofc family sewing, it really never shows
wear. It is attractive in appearance,
3imple, light running, quiet in operation.
Fall information will be gladly
famished by J. L. Shall, 1219 Taylor
street. Colombia, 8. C.
Good AdviceThe
Greenville Mountaineer is waging
a vigorous fight against the trusts
ind ur?es the farmers to attend their
local organisations and make the same
light they made ten years ago ''gainst
the jute bagging trust
Tim UV2SAJ1 U&aouD.
It Hakes an Admirable Showing
for the Island.
Gen. Sanger Thursday made public
the compendious results of the Cuban
census taken under his direction. The
total population of Cuba is 1,572,797,
including 815,205 males and 757,592
females. There are 447,372 white
males and 462,926 white females of
native birth. The foreign whites number
115,760 males and 26,459 females.
There are 111,898 male Negroes ana
122,740 female Negroes. The mixed
races number 125,500 males and 145,305
Of the total population of the island
1,118,709 persons are set down as single,
246,351 as married; while 131,787 live
together by mutual consent. There
are 85,112 widowed persons.
Of the total population according to
citizenship, 20,478 are Spanish; 1,296,367
are Cuban; 175,811 are in suspense;
79,526 are of other citizenship, and 616
are unknown. The Spanish by birth
number 129,240. Of the children of
10 years of age and over, 49,414 have
attended school. Of the total population
443,426 can read and write and
19,158 have a superior education.
The table on citizenship, literacy and
education is specially important as
! forming the basis of suffrage about to
. be conferred. Because so many citizenships
are still in suspense, and for
other reasons, the returns are not quite
oomplete, but the conclusion is drawn
that there will be at least 114,000
qualified native Cabin voters tinder the
proposed basis of suffrage, and agfdnst
this there will be 55,767 Spaniards
whose citizenship was in suspense
when the eensns was taken, less the
number who have since declared to
preserve their Spanish citizenship, and
plus illiterate Spaniard^ not declared
who are the owners of property. It is
not believed that there will be any
great number of the latter class, as the
total number of illiterate Spanish males
over 21 is only 17,426. The comparison
shows a much greater preponderance
of Cuban voters than was expected.
There are 187,826 white adult males
who were born in Cuba as against 96,083
born in Spain; 6,794 born in other
countries and 127,300 colored.
Males are in excess in the total population,
except in Santiago, though the
female whites outnumber the male
whites, except in Pinardel Bio. Among
the Negroes and mited races the females
are in excess; while among the foreign
whites the. males are largely in excess.
The Negroes are in the minority in
Cuba, constituting only 32 per oent. of
the population, being the most numer
ons in Santiago, where fiber constitute
43 percent. The native whites constitute
more than one-half the population,
or 58 per cent The proportion
of children under 5 years is unusually
small, but the proportion under 21 is
normal; about one-half of the population.
Only 15.7 per cent, of adults
were married. Nearly nine-tenths of
j&e inhabitants were born in Cuba.
NiES-SentfcflT 5f-ihe~aKiHreri~ teaPthaaf
ten years of age do not attend school;
forty-three per cent above ten yean;
are literate.
TITAt SfiiWntr T.t/in/vr in
If CBO WimgW H *M* WWl M'P mmm
the Custom Hoqm.
President McKinley removed John
R. Toibert as Collector of the port of
Charleston and appointed Robert M.
Wallace, of Sumter, as his successor.
Toibert was removed on the recommendation
of Secretary of the Treasury
Gage to the President
This action is taken upon the recent
report of government agents in which
it was shown to the satisfaction of the
secretary that Toibert and other officials
and employes of the Charleston
custom house secreted liquor in the
building for illegal purposes. Wallace,
it is said, will dismiss the deputy collector
and at least one janitor and poasiblylotherf
, who are alleged to have
had a hand in the storing of the liquor.
The clerks who are presumably innocent
of wrong doing will not be disturbed.
A dispatch from Charleston says the
removal of Toibert caused little surnrinA
Anrillsta siMfiial A^ent
of the treasury department, accompanied
by several dispensary constables
searched the Charleston custom house
for contraband liquor. Twenty-nine
10-galon casks were found and evidences
showed they had been dumped into the
drain. The case against the collector
was strong and upon the veport of the
special agent Tolbertwas removed and
Wallace nominated to the position.
Tolbert j^was never recognized in
Charleston except officially b^ the propie
there being regarded as unfit in
every way for any position of importance
or dignity. His removal will be
a distinct relief to Charleston. Wallace
is a Confederate veteran and is
well thought of in Charleston notwithstanding
his strong Republican sentiments.'
The War Goes OnA
dispatch from Manila says:
Twelve hundred Tagaloes attacked
Case's battalion at its headquarter's at
Cagayan on the 7th. The Americans
fought twenty minutes and drove the
Tagaloes to the mountains. Fifty of
them are killed and thirty wounded
< . ? fin a
ana tacen prisoners, xne Americans
had fifteen casualties. The enemy's
foree was a hundred and fifty rifles,
and the remainder polome a and archers.
Their mounted spearmen swooped
down in a howling mass at daylight,
surprising our sentinels and killing
three of them.
Indemnity Demanded.
It is said that the state department
has sent a peremptory note to Turkey
requiring that the indemnity claimed
by us must be paid immediately or she
will have to take the consequences.
This ends the diplomacy battle on our
side, and unless Turkey settles up we
will send a gun boat or two over and
make her do so.
Good for Lake City.
W" 1 -IP -x T /VJ
me poswmce At lose vuy in uun
state which has been closed ever since
Baker, the postmaster, was killed by a
mob, has been reopened with Mrs.
Dellla D. Carter as postmistress. Mrs.
Carter is an excellent ladj, and will
give satisfaction to the patrons of the
A riria anvwiuur.
South Carolina's Record in Cot
ton MiU Building Since
The Average Daily Investment of
Capital, Exclusive of Sundays,
Over Sixty
Thousand Dollars*
V*. '* ' ,'vVr
The following which we olip gfoa
the Columbia State, will be of Inteieet:
The total capitalisation of the new ootton
mills croleoted in -South Carolina .
since Jan, 1,1900, including increases
of capital stock, which merely meant
enlargement of existing sills, amounts
to the handsome total of $5,675,000?
almost six millions of dollars. And
this does not include the several nails
now building which doing so without
securing incorporation papers. If
they are included the figures to date
would be, in round numbers, sis aillions.
The figures given Thursday an
taken directly from the recoxds on lie
in the office of the secretary of state.
They show a total of 25 new mflls, and
five mills enlarging. Thns it is seen
that the average of a little over $80^000
a day, exclusive of Sundays, in new
capital, has been going into new cotmil
In 4liA tinanlnw AI MB9
wu iU'UU} tuuuy vuy vyp?iH^ v& mm / m i
The statement Is given by mwwtiss
and, as willbe seen, Greentifle court?
leads the procession.
The Croft Mannfsetaring
Co., Croft .Station, commissioned
March l5th... $ 250,000
The Clear Water Bleaohery
and Mfg. Co., Clear Water,
com. March 15th... 300,000
The Weinona mill, Aiken
county, com. March 27th. 100,000
Anderson Yarn and Knitting
mills. Anderson, sfcfc
Feb. 6th... 200,000
Williamston mills, Williamston,
com. Feb. 7th..... 190,600
Georgia Carolina Mfg. Co.,
Anderson, oom. Feb. 10.. 100,000
Cox Mfg. Co.. Anderson,
chartered Feb. 10 th 90,000 .
Wilmont mills, Honea Path,
com. Feb. 28th. . 300,000
m.. A?^?*
J.UO T11UO lillliPf VMMOTJTOft vfv.
Feb. 6th, com. Jan. 28th. 100,000
The Chennr Cotton mills, ,
Oherav, com. Jul 31st.. 100,000 >
CHlBOXn 0009774
The Limestone Hfg. Co.,
Gaffney, com. Jan. 8th.. 200,000
The Blacksburg Cotton Mill f
Blsekiumrx, oom.
ffimmu oothtt.
Monaghan mills, chartered
April 17th, Greenville
connty, com. Jan. 4Ul . . 500,000
Simpsonyille Cotton mills,
Simpsonville, chartered
Jan. 31st . 250,000
Fade Shoals Gotten mill
chartered Feb. 6th, 1900. 60,000
The Franklin milla, Grecrs,
com. Much28th...l ... *5,000
The Carolina mills, Greenville,
com. April 11th... 50,0G0
The Bradley. Mfg. Co., vJ
Bradley, com. March 24. 100,000
The Verdesy Cotton mills,
Yerdery, con. April 2nd. 100,009
De Kalb Cotton milla, Camden,
com. Jan. 1st 200,090
Saxon milla, Spartanburj,
oom. Jan. nth. .. * 200,000
Woodruff Cotton milla.
Woodruff, oom. Maroh 8th . 280,000
Mary-Louise milla, Island
Crak, com. April 9th... 50,000
Alpha Cotton milla, Joneaville,
chartered March 6. 100,000
Buffalo Cotton milla, Union
chartered April 18th 600,000
Total (25 mills)..! $5,005,000
iscbeasi of capital stock.
Anderson Cotton mills ..$100,009
Courtney Mfg. Co. 100,000
Biverside Mfg. Co 150,000
F. W. Poe Co 350,000
Beaumont Mfg. Co 70,000
His Tile ?f Wot.
Got. McSweeney received Wednesday
a long communication from James
W. Tolbert, who was run out of HoCormick
last week by a committee of
citizens. The communication is a tale
of woe, telling the trials and tribulations
that Tolbert has had. It was received
as information and is under advisement
by the governor and by the
attorney general. Tolbert requests that
ihe letter be kept on file.
A Republican Sow.
The Alabama Republican State convention
which met last Thursday la
the State House at Montgomery broke
up in row, in which pir*ois was used.
One man was- shot and dangeroosly
wounded. The governor had both factions
expelled from the State Hove sad
grounds. Two septate conventions
was then held and two sets of delegates
elected to the national oonvention.
Goes Democratic.
The annual election of city and
municipal officers at New Haven* &mn.,
Wednesday resulted in a complete lit*
tory fv/r the Democratic "imTHitw
*r. t:i- ..i ' 1
j.iu uwjruraubjr waaiaiw ? III1911
for. The Deraoeratio majoiitiea range
from 2,000 to 2,300 and are the lasfeat
in yean. The Demoeratahate oosfecqi
of both branohee of the common, council.
Poor fallow.
J. J. Newman, tired of life, blew up I
hiTnuftlf and his offioe at Dutch Greek, I
Mine, N. 0., Wednesday. The body 1
waa considerably mangled.

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