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The Fairfield news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1881-1900, May 23, 1900, Image 1

Image and text provided by University of South Carolina; Columbia, SC

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/2012218613/1900-05-23/ed-1/seq-1/

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Total Eclipse of the Sun on Next
Monday Morning.
And Lasts About Two and a Half
Hours The Beautiful
Crcwn of rhe Fiery
On next Monday morning we shall
^ hav? an opportunity to see an uncom- J
1 ???TT*V?a cnr> I
mon aitronomicai oscuaeuw.
will be totally eclipsed, and the event
will be visible in parts of the United
States. Occasionally, as we know, the
moon passes between us ana the sun,
, cutting of the latter's light completely.
This we call a solar eclipse. Lunar
eclipses, on the other hand, are caused
by the moon's reaching such a position
that the earth is directly between it
and the sun. The moon has no inher'
,1T ~ i:i.? cnw cMtipq
01 DHUiauu^ jiAc (uc cuu,
only by reflecting solar light; and when
that light is cut off, the moon simply I
"goes out." Bat the sun is self luminous,
and is in reality shining just the
sam? when under eclipse as at any other
tune. Thus we arrive at this fundamental
difference between lunar and
^ solar eclipses. In the former, the moon
having suddenly oeased to receive or
mSHMR&fe2ect light, the eclipse is observable
n^rever the moon, if uneclipsed,
K be visible. But at any given
we can usually see the moon
IBone-h&lf of the earth's surface
^.uently, if a lunar eolipse takes
H& majority of the earth's inhabiBpaye
an oprortunity to observe it,
Rius a lunar eclipse is something
Bpilmost any person can remember
Flave seen. Bat it is very different
With the sua. As we have said, he
continues to give light when eclipsed,
so that it is only in places where the
sun is actually covered by the moon
* t.W. hft will seem to be eclipsed. The
moon Tinder eclipse is like a candle extinguished;
it is dark from whatever
side we look at it. Bat the eclipsed
snn is like a burning candle, which will
be invisible to him only whose view is
obstructed by the interposition of some
opaque object
That opaque object is the moon, but
she is.comparatively small, and cannot
render the sun totally invisible frem
more than a tiny circular or oval spot
on the earth's surface. In the eclipse
of next Monday mat iitue spot win ue
only about 75 miles wide; and if the
moon were not in motion, the total
eclipse could be seea nowhere else.
Bat the moon is traveling all the time
through space in its orbit around the
earth. So the little spot is moving,
too, and changing its position gradually
upon the earth's surface. Thus, in?
stead of a spot, we shall have a long
trip or band about 75 miles wide; ana
tejbv waiting for the right moment, it will
p jl>e possible to see totality from any
[ point withis this ba^d. The whole
r thing is much as though there were a
huge pencil, with its point touching
the earth, and having its other end pivkoted
to the sun. If the moving moon
were also attached to this pencil somewhere
near the point, she would draw
the pencil along, and the point would
trace out the echpse path on our earth.
Anyone standing in that path could
Kieu look along the pencil, and the
fcaper moment see the moon covering
B^un, and obscuring the light. In
HBi sitnated near this path of totali
is called, we shall be able to
slclipse, but not as a total cue.
. places the moon will corer the
in part, so that some of his
surface will remain in sight,
unt of obscuration always de>on
the observer's nearness to
ity line. The nearer he is, the
,rly total the eclipse will be.
st Monday the path of totality
the Pacific ocean jasl west of
There the point of the huge
' o i 1
K pencil we have imagined iirsc loacces
|py oar earth. It then passes eastward
across Mexico, and entering the United
States near New Orleans, proceeds in a
rf northeasterly direction until it leaves
the continent close to Norfolk, Ya.
Then it crosses the Atlantic, 'touches
Portugal, and afterwards passes across
northern Africa, leaving the earth finally
near ths northern end of the Red
8& Sea. In this country the "cities of New
r Orleans, .La.; Mobile, Aia ; ivaieiga,
N. C., and Norfolk, Ya., are all on the
totality path. At New Orleans the gan
will be completely covercd at 7:30 a.
m., while at Norfolk this will not happen
nntil 8 53 a. m. In the former
city totality will last 7S seconds, and
in the latter, 102 seconds. At intermediate
places both the time and duration
of totality will fall between these
extreme values. For places nearer to
New Orleaas than Norfolk the numbers
will be nearer those given for ^iew Orleans,
and vice versa.
Having thus explained the circumstances
of this eclipse, we shall now
touch upon some of the interesting
things that will be seen, if the sky is
clear. Total solar elipses appeal equilly
]y the general public and to the professional
astronomer. On the one hand,
they present the most superb spectacle
within the whole range of astronomy;
and on the other, they oSer the best
k opportunity to study tne mysterious
? structure and composition of our sun.
One of the things to which astronomers
attach importance is the accurate, obserration
of the times of beginning and
ending of the eclipse. It is easy to see
that the mathematical considerations
upon which arc based our theories o'
lunar motion will be put to a very severe
test in predicting the exact instant
* when the sun will be covered up by the
rcoon. If observation agrees with prediction,
wj have the strongest corroborative
evidence of the correctness of
our theory and of onr numerical calculations.
On the other hand, if it be
found tha: the predictions are slightly
in error, the amount of that error
can be determined by observa
f tion, and mathematical theory thus
corrected for the benefit of future predictions.
Although our knowledge in
this department of astronomy has
reached a very high state of perfection,
it is a fact that we cannot pre&ct the
times of eclipse today without a possibility
of error amounting to several see
onds. Part of this error is due no TRP HFMHP
doubt to insufficient knowledge of the -till-/ i/?<iU.Uv
moon's size, or to the possibility that
contact between sun and moon m3y occur
at a very irregular or mountainous Meet in State Con Ye
part of the lunar surface. .But each
eclipse tends to improve our informa- Elects National Del
tion ana make our mathematical theo
ries more perfect
The greatest interest, however, cen- " HARMNIOUS GAT
- ?
tres about tne pnysicai ouservanuua
possible during a total eclipse. Oar
sun is not merely the blaziDg, brilliant, Col. L W. Youman's
luminous globe we see every day in the
heavens. The fiery central ball has Stir Up Strife Sever
a vast outer appendage, stretching mil- . , , ,
Hods of miles into space?the delicately bilked by tne <
tinted, tenuouB, filmy, unexplaiced
corona. It is this corona that makes ventiona
total eclipse so beautiful, regarded The gfcat9 Democratic
merely as a spectacle to be seen and , . ? , ,. ,
eDjoyed. Its light is much fainter than m in Colum&ia on W edn
* ? i- i State nonse. and was cal.
that ol tee sun; we cau sko il um/ ,
when the latter is completely obscured, by Col. "Wilie Tones, State
At all other times the bright light of 12 o'olock.
the central b&ll illuminates the air sur- m. ?
j . , ihe convention was c
rounding our earth so as to make it
far superior in brightness to the faint Px^?r by Dr. W. E. Evar
corona; and observers looking perforce !??' ^ast as }
through this illumined air cannot dis- ?truck 12. The conventio
tinguish the delicate tracery of the Ing, . Prayer- ^be praj
corona itself. Bat when the advanc- c. ln character but thoro'
ing edge v* the moon slowly covers the P^ate to the occasion, con<
sun's central dies, until at last only a tne Lord ? prayer.
.i- i?lr. rsreazeale, of At
narrow sickie-snappea piece is ien<, cue . , waiting
astronomers have a few mo- ?-ecte(* temporary chai
ments of intense expectation. The Breazealo was ejected u
sickle narrows gradually; but a mere 9? ? 0
thread is left: yet even that is quite ^Sweeney, A.. H. Patte
sufficient to mask tho oerona. Tiien, Gary and Col. Hoyt were
suddenly, all's covered. i_Oa the in- committee to conduct him
stant, as though at the touch of a ma- aa?1(* aPP'3^s.e and laughter
giciau's waad, out bursts the splendid mi^ee did t^is work well,
corona into view. 'Tis a sight of beau- ^ j -Breazeale was then
ty indescribable, impressiva beyond and he thanked the convei
comparison. M^n that have been honor. He explained^why
privileged to ice it, ever after teil of "on had assembled, fciace
iro ^oTrinor oivpn nnft of life's most ex- vention in this otate new
citing moments, never io be forgotten. Pro&iems n.aa arisen ana .
Bat the quiet scientific investigator ^ , traBsPlred ln the polr
trie3 to make use of these rare oppor Almost throughout the wor
tuaities to obtain some knowledge of fup;ls,1D??, ?JT .e I*;0*
the true constitution of our sun. Ba- ?* "&er.fcy? The United J>ta
fere the corona's appearance, just a9 do unimportant part in
the brilliant ccntral disc is being total- j"a had been freed from i
ly obscured, there are a very few brief an<*now had a Republican
important Beconds when wo receive eeQmeQk But now the U
light direct from the outer layers of subduing another pei
f/sL* bti^ f(iaqa moments of- ulUipplH68. XlllS W&S
Liic oviai hum wmvmw ?- ? (
fer the only chances to examine direct- ^L^cb lore
ly the glowing gases that make up the *011Sht. I he .Republican f
sun's outside envelope. Much of our t0 have forgotten what ou
solar knowledge has been thus gather- e?dured at Valley Forge,
ed painfully in the few fleeting min- ??atlc party stool against^
utes of observation made possible by e Pn?cipfca for which si
successive total eclipses. Then it is Sp?.?1~ or f government to:
that we see great red flames flashing ?* j e Pe?Ple and by the pi
hundreds of thousands of miles out into un(*er the leadership of tha
space. Curling, interlacing, ever " ?3, Brjan the
changing, veritable cloudbursts of liv- November to take charge
ing fire, these are proofs of the power things. Mr. Breazsale i
two* j epects to trusts. It woul
SHU ViUiCUOC UJ. UAkiUb a .v>w<?. , . .
The total eclipse of the sun on Mon- ""s fear largely between tl
day will be visible a3 follows: people and the_ trusts. B
as a partial eclipse. was a platform in itself. 0
Begins at Eads at Mr* T- C- Hamer, el<
Atlanta 6 32 a. m. 8 57 a. m. secretary and Mr. S
Charleston .... 7 33 a. m. 10.03 a. m. e e?te? sergeant-at-arms.
Chicago 6.46 s m. 9.02 a.m. elected without opposition.
Cincinnati 6.42 a. m. 9 04 a. m. THE ROLL of DELEO,
Denver 5 41 a. m. 7.4L a. m. The chairman of each de
New York 7.49 a.m. 10.24 a.m. asked to hand in the rev
Washington .. .7.44 a. m. 10.15 a.m. delegates, and the roll w
Columbia 7.34 a. m. 10.02 a. m. as follows:
at a total eclipse. Abbe Til! e?Frank B Garyf
Begins at JSads at don, I H McCalla, M J Ashiej
Mobile 6 29 a. m. 8.53 a m. le?> A- w Jon*3 and M p *>eE
New Orleans.. .6.26 a. m. ,8 43 a.m. j ^7? W
J0,1*?1* Z S inkQ M?Jer' B F Holman and G W
Raleigh < .38 a. m. 10.09 a. m. Anderson?R B A Anderson
Virginia Beach. 7.40 a. m. lO.Io a. m. l E Campbell, J W Ashley, 8
While the eclipse will not be quite 1 F Cely, E M Rucker, Jr., i
total at Columbia the sun's suriace will E Prince, J M Payne, J E Br<
be so nearly obscure as to render all the M Lander.
phenomena of a total eclipse visible. p?w
Columbia lies just on the southern w T Ca e' c Gams 8
limit of totality. So does Winnsboro. Bamwell-RoM Aldtich, A
Xewberry lie? jast on the Northern ter-on, G Duncan Bellinger, J
limit. Youmans, J VT J^ney, HPI
Carlisle Commencement. Beaufort?w n Lock wood, 1
The commencement exercises of the ^ ^ Colcock, F T Hardee, Wm
Carlisle Fitting School at Bamberg will 0 F Pa^-T ? Sanvdere
be held June 14ih to 17th. On Thurs- S nll rr
dav. June 14th. at 8:30 o. m. the an- xur^'.r , T^.ar(lR
nual celebration o! the Kilgo and Shcri- ifams/ W L'PHrker,' C M W
dan literary societies will take place. Hayn'e3, J P Clark and WLW
Essays will be read bv Misses Margaret Charleston?James Coegrove
Roper and Matilda Kennerly. Misses G D Rouse, J W Dunn, J P
Gedelle Brabham and Margaret Kee Kafferty, F H McMaster, W T
will deliver recitations. Then a de- 5a<lsde".' A ^ Brodie> J ^ar
bate takes place, the query beinj: Ke- Tl.Tecdon-C M Dark, R!
solved, that a poet s fame is greater IM Wood., Loui. sppelt, L1
th?n a generals. Affirmative: D. L. Turbeviile, L W Nettles and J
Shiedcr, H. 0 Lawton. Negative: J. Cherokee?E P Macumson, ]
D. Eady, W. B. Bolin. D Jeffries, Sr., N C Lipscon
Friday, June 15lh, at 8:30 p. m. the and Aifred Harris.
-jj ?:n kn Chester?Arthur L Gaston
mer&ry auuieeua wiii uc uvn?cav.i vj m ?
Prof. J. G. Clittkscales. f-oa??Mw f-' J ,ST'?L?
The annual closing exercises will n? '
take place on Satuiday, June 16th, at * Chesterfield?G J Redfeam,
8:30 p. m. The following are the CS- m p Jackson, W F Stevenson,
sayists aDd declaimers: Sallie Garris, i?er and J M Lowery.
Mamie Geo Jennings. Kffis Riley. Mat- Colleton?W B Gruber, D I
tie Tarrant, D. G. Copeiaad, D. L. Cooper, J W Miley, John Bla
Shieder, Eaamandelle Price, Clarence D ? Patterson and Dr 0 E Ker
Hay, L. 0. Hiers, J. W. Miley, Bessie w?,p?ton. * m" w-ir
Lee Black Sadie: Whetstone. H. B. M.
if.iddy, U. AQOad. Dorchester?J D Bivins, J i
Sunday, Jaae 17th., at ll a. m. the Behreand JM Whetsell.
annual sermon will be preached in the Edgefield?B R Tillcan, J
Methodist church by Rev. W. W. Ban- A E Padgett, J G Mobley, P V
iel, D. D., presidentelect of the Co- Bainsford, J H Tillman and M
lumbia Female College. ?a Tfield?R H Jennings, T
The marshals are: E. M. Stokes, J E McD^^d J W Lylea J
? ? -- ? ? -- ? - - 7 T lAhTifirtn onrt K R Kftcr^dalA.
chief; II. ft. Mason, 11. & 31. iUaddy, " ipiorence-Gus Hoflmeyer,"<
C. 3. Ycmgue, D G-. Copeland. Jam,3 Evan9j j H Pet4re;>
PA Willcocx, J H Poston,
Broodiest SpOw on ?&rt&* McLendon, J >1 Humphrey.
The bill to establish the Fredericks- Greenville?James A Hc.yt,
burg sad adjacent battlefields memorial lett, G Laurens Walker, J The
park in Virginia has passed Congress. Mooney, A Blythe, A H Dean,
The bill has for its chief purpose the J JAWelbo:
preservation and suitable marking for H Dorrill
historical and professional military M Luc^ Josiilll D s w R(
study the famous battlefields in Spott j Walter Doar.
sylvania county, Va., known as Fred- Greenwood?E T Sheppard
ericksburr, Salem Church, Chancellors- W H Yeldel, S 3 JIcGhee, D
ville, the Wildsrness and SpottsylvaDia aad H J Kinard.
Court House, all of them within a ra- Hampton?M B McSweeney
dius of eight miles, and on which lim- w^o.njL,.W ^ Saul;
ited territory the late distinguished T'smberoagh,
Union general, John C. Newton, after mott> w LMishoe, L D Long,.
careiul investigation, declared that q j Holliday.
more great battles were fought, more Kershaw?J T Hay, R B
men were engaged and more execution Bojkio, D M Bethuns, A D
was done than on any other spot of Richards.
similar area in the world. Lancaster?J W Hamel, T
N Estridge. H E Coffee, W C(
They Will Learn. C Elliott.
"Every additional revelation" of offi- LaQrens~ITJB/^re!T9! JTH
oial corruption in Cuba, it is reported, B?|3?'i)r j 3 wXi D?A
increases the amazement of Amerioans Lexington?J G Etberidge. t
on the island. They are probably Dr D M Urosson, D F Efird, W
young Americans, who are not familiar Dr J L Shuler.
with the history of Republican recon- Marion?James H Manni
struction of conquered territory in their E .-ana, L H Smith, R H Timm<
nwn countrr. The revelations are what lerbe, J C Mooiy, Jno C Sel
every middle-aged man in this part of Mongomery.
the country has been looking for with p Marlb?r^7Tv F Ha?e^' ? ]
confidence for more than a year. There w sad
are plenty more to come, cot only in Newberry?W ? Lake, E
Cuba, but in Porto Hico and the Phil- Peterson, Cole L Blease, A E I
ippines at well,?News and Courier. C T ffyche, H H Evaui and F
P \ ri V Occnee?E Earle, W H Barron, W M Seventh I
ii nL v 1 Brown, W J Stribling, J C Alexander and F Orangeburg;
M Cftrjr. Af? P
OraDgeburg?.J H Dukes, 8 H Moss, A F mo, * .
H Dukes, L S Connor, W 0 latum, A 0 Sal- ;?mmaQ \or
mtion and ]ey> j d liviagst02) h c paumng) i wbow- Democratic ?
, . man, J L Sims, W TO Bates and A Z Stro* wa9 nnanimo
egaies. man instri
Pickens?R F Smith, J E Boogs, H L q . mClajton,
0 H Doyle, C L Cureton, H C ?
HERING. Shiriey. report of the
? ? ? - ? - MAA/VIK^Ii
Richland?Jno PThamas, Jr., J J Kamin- lcauiuwl
er, Jno McMaster, FH Weston, J D Froet, adopted:
p/r ft r\t ^ ? MoCoy, W McB Sloan, E J Brennen, Resolved,
*" Fred Harmon and N W Edmunds. this State to
olt/ Da. Spartanburg?J J Gentry, W W Harris, U convention 1
e,7 r*e X Gunter, B B Bishop, C P Sanders, Dr J atmctpd to v(
^ W Bramlett, J J C Exell, 0 L Johnson, J D A
irfOn* Norman, J D Leonard, Jno Gary Evans and ^ ^
E F Parker. cratio party.
_ Saluda?J B Mitcholl, E S Blease, J B fore the conv
Jones, J ii Watson, a vy troucn ana j ai ?i<vu ?uu
LonrentiOQ Forrest. delegated, th<
esday ill the Sumter?R I Manning Edwin Wilson, tion c&iting t
!p<* to nrfor 1 L Biker' E D Smith' E L 000Per' E E A?* gation.
lea to order cock> w A NewJe3> R E Canie8j w D Scar. ?
Chairman at borough, E 0 Purdy, C C JSmanwl, W fl . tfesoivea, J
Seals. tionfromthi:
, . , Union?L J Browning, J M Greer, 3 G to vote for W
opened witn QTtgory, J TGan't, W L Linder, J W Craw- nominee of I
is, rector of ford president,
be city bell Williamsburg?A H WiPiaras, R D Rol- The follow
n stood dur- lin3> w H Kennedy, T II Black well, C W *.,tQ
r.r Woife, J D I arter, W D Bryan and Yf F Wil
nghly appro- york_j ? Brice, AGOreene, H C Straw, ^uth Carol)
:laaiDg wltH Williams Bants, G L Kiddle, W ft Bradford, bled, do con
W B Wilson, J C Wilborn, W B Smith and T against the t
iderson wag f McDow. pledge our s;
.man. Mr. Jno W Dunn waa made assistant secretary, tion in every
oaniraously, Hr w F Stevenson was then eleted th?, i:
' peiDpr permanent chairman by acclamation. ' Sr Ya
r30n'- / a ' He was escorted to the cha^r by Messrj. other Stages
T- F- >lcDow and a. Dancan Bellinger. aSainst ttis 1
The om- ^r' Stevenson on taking the chair INDO
c * thanked the convention for the honor The follow
* * 1 * _ ; / _ i .
, i * oonferrea?aouoiy an nonor coming iereo:
ition for the sooh' Stsle as South Carolina. Resoived
tv. nnnrtan The convention was meeting on the 0f non r r
the last con" lr??ition from one century to another, S(ateg B'enate
issues and f? e]ect de[ega^c3 \? Dame a standard manner in wl
wonnoMBffl bearer to usher m the new century, a condemned
h>al wnrld *eader standing in the shoes of Thomas tjc P0]iC7 0f
10 .1 a j Jefferson. He looked back and referred trution The
u behalf Caroliua'sgreat growthin tax>tes
had paid afcle V0?"1* f fo''0" aannfaoturing, aad bis eIpo,
this work 8eoond now 0Dly to Msssaohuaetts; and armor p)ate 0
Spain's yoke ? t?ta?oo growin*. We now have a thanksofhi9
I united front and have rolled back the Thp resolnl
nited Statis dark eloud of nepo domination Rail- ed to all aP]
i ,v. roads were being built here faster than sentinz vote.
insttheprin- many other state. It was a phenome- mans of Bara
fathers had n1aI reco/d for a dTd?; Ifc b1Lehol07cd and moved tb
>artv seemed th.e?'then' ?? 8>01lIder t(> Moulder, tion ag endon
r forefathers without partisanship, and make the first senator be sti
The Demo- ?eca^e of the new century the grandest seConded and
this and for ? the history of thisgrand 8tate. (Ap- era] motions I
le had ever p1^,30, . , the table,
r the people, temporary secretaries were made Senator Til
sople. And permanent secretaries. head of the n
t great com- vice presidents. stood only a i
party hoped On motion of Mr. Tatum, the follow- When order y
> of all these ing vice presidents were elected: some manual
>aid his re- First District?Josiah Doar, George- ln BaPP?rt of
d be a fight town. nea* manner.
le American Second District?W. H. Mauldin, aisle near the
riron'fl nam A CiOSelV tO Xie3
<LJ*m 4* kJ AAMMAW XiaiU^WUt
Cheers.) Third District?J. C. Alexander, , ,
scted tempo- Oconee. f
taneell was Fourth District?J. Tom Austin, ?. aPPr?ve ^
Both were Greenville. Hons.,Hedl
Ffth DiBtriot?J. T. Hay, Keraha*. ??nt *?5uf
HEi. Sixth Distriot-B. B. Scarborough, ^.iyn*Bit
. Seventh District J. Etheridge, Lexas
made nP ^ ^ accord^ith ,
Wm N Gray- Committees were appointed on plat- Again there \
, W W Brad- form and resolutions and on con?titu- ^uct The s<
fcion and by-laws as follow8: the policy of;
J P Mealing, ^ xii._Ar j i _ /
r> ?<v uu cuuauiuuuu ?uu uy-iano ui iu accuru uu
E Thorne party-M P DeBruhl, J E Clay, E M Continuing h
, a c Latimer, Rucker, Jr, H U Folk, A fl Patterson, Tillman may
' N Pearman, C J Colcook, R W Earner, J F Raffer- with becomit
i C McGee. G ty, T B Bnthen, A L Gaston, W P still his view*
:azeale and F Pollock, L Appelt, D P Patterson, J ed the propri*
M Speers, D H Behre, J C Sheppard, the people. I
[ay field, D P Lyles, J E Pettigrew, A Blythe, posed to free i
ind R L Hard- g g Boykin, W C Uauthen, 0 P Good- of the three c
Howard Pat- D M Crosson, J E Ellerbe, J W mocracy, he ii
B Bates, L W Bouohier, J E Bendenbaugh, W J a national cu:
tuist and J 0 StribHng, James L Sims, J E Boggs, a tendency to
F H Weston, E 3 Blease, U X Gunter, and leave rur
Thos Talbird. jTt ty J) Scarborough, J M Greer, C W usurious rate;
Lliiott, Jr, T F Woif6) j q Wilborn, S H McGee, B H This was si
9 Caas Cohen, TUn?a T A T,awia
, ? ? ??v"vv? w
. Platform and resolutions?W N Gray- platform ap
i?JTw Wii don, D 8 Henderson, George E Prince, private bank
i'J R W C W Garris, Robert Aldrich, W H principle of
S Lockwood, C W Williams. E M Sea- ?toe does
,/LA O'Neill, brook, J B Batler, S G McKeown, Ei- Comparing j
Magrath, J F ward Mclver, L W Nettles, 1) L Smith, with that of
Logan, P H g Williamson, J D Bivinza, B R nil- Tillman calls
nuaa and JI P man j j; McDonald, D H Traxler, W stand togethe
3T, riittmrn L Maul din, J M Gaines, W H Maul- legislation c
BDesChaicps, ^ j jj0nyay J Q Richards. Or, qnotea from :
s:; J* TBOjn, D F EM. fromTill.a,
5 ii S^pOCDf J t> U UO KJ ?T U JUiYttUD, XJ JJL xjluia, \J0Ilgr6BSlUUJfci
ib, T B Butler E C Doyle, I W Bowman, T C Robin- favored prote
eon, J P Thomas, Jr, B W Crouch, J trine. Stran
3 G Evans, ED Smith, L J Browning, professing to
'lowld3I A H wmilm3' W B Wils<">- ly declare hi
Georgetown has no committeemen, as foreign mark
W P Pollock, D0 one wa3 present from that county, to open them
Edward Mc- and Mr T B Butler was the only dele- Senator Til
gate from Cherokee county, and was, venor of Ohi<
vl Vara. M R on motion, put on both committees. leftDemocrai
ok, j w Hill, delegates elected. ciples of feee
B^adgett, W Mr. D. S. Henderson moved that the . ra?
am^oQ. J M delegates-at-large to the national con- ing with th
Berry. vention no?7 be elected. south. At j
l Hiera, D H Mr. Gentry of Spartanburg nominated Senator lilln
? - ? ? ? * ? mo tmfn Ahr:
o o,. * Col. Willie J oacsot -Kiclilancl ana mere *? ;
C Sheppard, werQ many aec0nd8> laration of lr
p wrfSf' Mr. D. S. Henderson of Aiken nomi- ncgro^the eqa
W Woodward, nated Gov. M. B. MoSweeney and from eulogized Lir
G Mobley, W many part3 of the house came seconds, senate.
Senator Jno. C. Sheppard then arose _^-9 to - 11
3 W Atkinson, and, "in behalf of the Edgefield delega- Yopmans cha
D H Trailer, tion," presented the name of United P^re
EW Floyd, R States Senator B. R. Tillman. Mr. J892 a half p.
tv rr d Cosgrove of Charleston and others seo- backer; in lo
IaS7A ?nd?d this nomination. Bjron-"I ?
w L Maul din Mr. Geo. of Anderson southern
-? ' a a n LaH'TTiPP On Democratic
ni, J tY (jT&J I uamtvi vuu? <Vi9uiuhu AM vr? _ ^
motion of Mr. Croft of Aiken, the farmers the i
, J B Sheele, E nominations were closed and the four In eu^
tuqui, Jr., and were declared elected unanimon9ly. sa^ tb
J M Gaines Mr* Tatum moved that during the war> 8ave ^
' H Tompkins receBS tIie district delegations meet and eminent as h
select the district delegates to tie na- stated at anoi
, W H Maul- tional convention. olina's credit
?, B H Theus The two important committees were psachable. '
then called to meet at 4 p. m., and the ator now is ^
J A McDer- convention took a -ecess until 8 p. m. stealing done
J A Lewis and When the convention reassembled the ter sliaFe- T]
wniia b it C^a^rman oalled for the nominations of tie desire of
Jones and J G ?elegat 8 to the national oovention lina to put m
from_ the congressional districts. The tr?tb anc* bo>
Y WiUiama, J election of the delegates resulted as fol- terance of
Jaathen and J lows: Carolina witi
First District?'W. B. Wilson, sibilities of
Charleston; Thos. Talbird, Beanfort. se"tors
F Bolt. John n;e4,u T,wafl TT Tillman He aCCUSe(
; rfsssud src. wrgatris STBS:
L Frank Le^er, , ? jary. i ill mi
H Sharpe and DerS' # convention h
TiiirdDistrict?J. H. McCalla, Abbe- son ag saying
ng, W Boyd ville, and W. J. Stribbling, Oconee. 0f g00d stea
srman, J E El Fonrth District?J. A. Mooney, jje ]ater sai<j
lers and J D Greenville; John Gary Evans, Spartan- wag g00d ste;
ckho^se' E F F^th District?T. Y. Williams, Lan- seff^he^td
E^ans ' caster; J. C. Wilborn, Rock Hill as^med of i(
H Anil, W G Sixth District?D. H. Traxler of Tim- ge arraign
* Bedenbangb, monsville and T. W. Bouchier of Ben
H Dominick. nettsville. [OONT:
W. B. G ruber, Colleton.
i then nominated Senator
member of the national
:xecative committee. He Adopted by the Democratic St
usly elected.
jcting delegates. Convention Last Week.
llm^n then presented the
committee on platform A CLEAR CUT DOCUMENT
jLia. jl iic lunv/rriug rrao
Chicago Platform Endorsed:
S&jVu^o^mtto its Reaffirmation Demandsthe
interests of the Demo- Trusts and Imperialism
All questions coming beention
shall first be voted Denounced.
ided by a majority of the
3 chairman of the_ delega- The following is the platform ado]
ho vote of the entire dele- by the Democratic State Conventio
Columbia last week. Tho platfoim
further, That the delega- presented to the convention by Sen
i State is hereby instructed Tillman, Chairman of the commi
rilliam Jennings Bryan as on platform and resolutions:
.he Democratic party for Resolved, by the Democracy of Sc
Carolina in convention assembled:
ing resolution denouncing First?That we reaffirm our all
; was also adopted: ance to the Democratic party of
That we, the Democrats of United States and declare again
ina in convention assem- belief in the principles upon which
demn this great iniquity party was founded by Thomas Je:
igricultural interests and son.
empathy, aid. and coopera- Second?That we endorse in full
- 1 -1- - -l.ii . _ J a. '
legitimate way in aiding m particular s piauorm auopiei
o their fight against this the Democratic convention at Chi<
call upon the farmers of in 1896 and that we adhere to the p
to unite and cooperate cipies therein enunciated without q
rust. ification or amendment and dem
RSixa a 8exat0s. reaffirmation by the eonven
, L. it_ e which will meet in Kansas city
mg resolution was then of- July tho 4A nexfc>
Third?That we condemn as in jar
That we endorse the course to the best interests of this country
I. Tillman in the United financial legislation of -the Republi
, and especially the able majority in congress. Its policy pr<
lich he has exposed and the subserviency of that party to
le hypocritical imperialis- trusts and national bank interests,
the _ Republican adminis- Fourth?That we view with al
it his efforts to inculcate the power which the trusts, thro
ds in pablic expenditures, the Republican party, are exercii
je 01 irauas ana sieais in over legislation and national poll
ontracts entitle him to the and their ability to control the pi
State and of the republic. 0f the necessities of lifo without
:ion was about to be adopt- gar(j to the law of supply and denn
pearances without a dis- \ye condemn the hypocritical attit
when Col. L. W. You- 0f the Republican leaders who ab
.well county took the floor trusts and combines, whiie they use
tat so much of the resolu- money obtained from them and st<
sed the course of the senior from the people to debauch the
*iken out. The motion was norant voters of the country.
there was a buzz and sev- Fifth?That we denounce the imp
to lay Youmans motion on alistic policv of the present adminis
tion under President William Mcl
Iman was sitdng near the ag contrary to the letter and sj
lain aisle. Uol. Xoumans of the Declaration of Independence
ew feet away in the aisle. constitution of the United Sta
fas restored lie pulled out an(j ^ dan'gerous to the liberty
sript and began to speak freedom not only of the people of
his motion in a most ear- Spanish islands but of tne citizen
walking up and down the this country as well. "Thebenevo!
press stand. All listened assimilation" of the Fillipinos
j what he ^as going to pr0ven to be the benevolence of mtu
and the assimilation of robbery,
it the outset that he could denounce it as an outrage to the <
if some of the senator s ac- sciences of liberty-loving Americi
id not think such endorse- institutions cannot long i
be desired unless it was yjyQ destruction of those princi
ily given When a voice npon whioh they rest, and the specti
i raised the reasons mast 0f subject peoples held down by
be stated. Sometimes ^ bayonet and robbed by carpetbag!
wYIti Rrt much in ^att?H fofo /vm* pr
"V*T r. " . " ULLb 1U1 couauu n o lug aavu ^VJ WU W
,hose of his constitatents try ^niggg the people are aroused
wise to ask endorsement. 0ur danger. The unjust war of ?
ras the question of con- jueation now being carried on in
jnator was in accord with Philippines by President McKii
tree silver. He was not ghonld be ended at once with defii
other important issues. an(j pacjgc declarations to the nat:
e said that while Senator as t0 the intention of this countr;
have deported himself ^ them in the establishment of a !
ig integrity and dignity, grovenment of their own choice, ur
3 and sentiments preclud- a protectorate by the United States,
>fr nf an endorsement bv TW a nfnVt
1"'. V" ~~ ' " . - IJ1AIU. XU?b FIV W W%..v
leas on wcord as being op- herenC9 on tie parfc 0f the Uq:
trade and free_ banking two States government to the solemn pie
ardmal principles^ of De- es by w}1i0}1 congress promised ii
3 on record as favoring only pendence to tho Caban patriots,
rrency, acurreDcy having for wiiioh. this country waged as
i congest at trade centres ce3Sfui acd glorious war with Spain,
al districts subject to most Seventh?That we denounce and <
3 of intere&t. ^ demn the unjust and unconstitutk
jown in senator Tillman s treatment of Puerto Rico by the
corporate in the Chicago xxblican party, whose policy in 1
rohibitory clause against i8]aQ(} js not oniy illegal but unwoi
;1D?- On the cardinal 0f a republic, and we demand a re<
tariff for revenue only nition of Puerto Rico under the <
Senator Tinman stana? stitution of the United States anc
Senator Tillman s record the same basis with the other te
Wm. McKmley, whom tories.
"a lovable man," the two TR^V.f.K?'That we endorae the coi
r, on protection, the class 0f t^ose Democratic senators and :
?f the favored few. He reSentatives who opposed the impel
1 toie *hos. F. Byron jstjclegislation enacted by the Rei
i in 1895, and irom Ihe jican congress for the governmen
[ Record, m which he had paerto Rico.
ction, or HcKinley s doc- Ninth?That we heartily comm
ga that Senator Tillman, an(j approve the wise and conserva
be a farmer, should bold- party leadership of William Jenni
s willingness to close the Bryan? the ablest statesman of the
;ets to our consumers and an(j promise him our unqualified i
to our manufacturers. port for the presidency of the Un:
Iman is included by Gros- gtates, believing that he will res
5 among those who have the lost prestige of that high office
jy on these cardinal prin- execute its duties with a view to
trace and protection. g00(j 0j the people and not in the in
e question we see him sid- eBt 0f plutocracy or according to
e north ra ber than the dictates of any foreign power,
ropeka, XiDsas, in 1896, Tenth?That we express our he
"ian fiaid tli&t lie CODCUr* oTrmrKifViT? thp twn HnnkK Afr
aham Lincoln m his dec- republics now lighting so valiantly
idependence making the liberty against the immense armie
ial of the white man. He Great Britain. Her unrighteous coi
icoln in the United States deserves the condemnation of all lo"
n . of self-government, and we denot
nan s loyalty to par^, Col. the COwardice of the present admi
c ij1Dtv W*S tration for not extending an offer o
-hdgeneld democrat; in g00(j 0ffices to terminate the unl
opuhst; m 1894 a green- war of subjugation.
9o in a letter to xhos. Jr. ^he utterances of the platform on
ee no heps of relief unless Philippine war were applauded as S
farmers quit voting the ator Tillman read them.
ticket and the western ??: rr~?
iepublicaD ticket." ^ Kiot.
jgy on Scuator Earle, he Eighteen drunken negro raih
^ - - - 1 1 _ 3 x? ? 1 li
e aristocracy before the nanas ana umuer cutters ncuv
s country as pure a gov- little village of Four Oaks, N.
ad ever been given. He Thursday, threatening to kill e^
ther time that South Car- white man. They were armed. '
prior to 1863 was unim- crowd commenced to curse and raij
The contention by the sen- disturbance. The town policeman
lat if there is to be any,; tempted to arre3t a negro for dison
, let South Carolina get ly coDdacl, whereupon the neg:
ae speaker then disclaimed mobbed the policeman, who was nai
the people of South Caro- Sanderlin, and beat him insensi
oney considerations above His face was badly disfigured and
nor. This unfortunate ut- was bloody from head to foot. S;
Tillmn's classing South white men attempted to aid the pol
i rogues offended the sen- man, but were knocked down or f
* 1 ' 1J 1 I
more than one southern at. ittuch miscniei wouia nave l
done by the negroes, who were
i Tillman of political per- drunk, but for the action of the vr'
rsonal but political per- merchants and railroad employeef
an in the constitutional the town. Several negroes were wot
ad quoted Jno. P. Patter- ed, but not fatally, and several w
that there was "five years men injured.
ling in South Carolina." TZ?77.?.
several times that there _ ^ ^tr0Cltleim ^ ^
aling going on in Wash- Pekln correspondent of the I
le wanted some of it him- don Times Ws: "There ias
earned it and was not serious anti Christian outbreak i
Pao-Ting-Fu, province of Pe Chi
ed Senator Tillman for his ?3,n^ive Christians were murde:
including women and children. M
[>~UED ON page 4.1 were burned alive.
One Han Starts Out to Kill Every On?
:ate On a Steamer- Weekly I
A dispatch from Koping, Sweden, *^j0j
reports that as the steamer Raping last
nisht was nassinz the Prinz Carl a
r. man sprung upon the deck of the latter HOW TH
vessel and shouted: "If any one comes
near I will shoot," at the same moment
and a woman was seen hanging over the Review <
ship's side shrieking for help. The man
d. escaped in a boat. When the Prinz Sumn
Carl was boarded it was found that 12
men on board had been shot, six of for
? * * 3? .
"wnom, including tne captain, were
dead. The rest were found locked in
. their quarters. One of the wounded m, .
has siDce died. The murderer is being
n ln pursued. The wounded say they were of "ie con
was playing cards in the smoking room oropfi of th.<
ator about half past 11 with other men when Director B
ttee somebody put his head in the room and a?rtt:rtri
exclaimed: "Look out, there's a mas- , , ..
sacre on board." . bureau sell
At the same moment shots were heard The weel
e81* and all sprang to their feet in order to had a rang*
the leave the cabin; but they found the {mnm 0f 9
?.ur door fastened on the outside. While . . ?
the they were trying to force the door a
^er" shot was fifed through the window and Oa
j hit one of them, a man named Karlson, frosts in CI
auu Wh0 fen to tne floor, xne otner tnree, aQd gpartai
1 Schneider, Konditor and Lindquist bust There w
3,g? the door. Lindquist, who was the first , . .
ni?" to step through, reoeived a bullet in his benencial, ?
ua*" head, Disregarding the wound, lie ran oentral poi
!?fld after tjig ag8a3ain to the steering room, the immed
turn The fugitive shouted down the speaking vflrv
on tube: "Full speed ahead." Then en- ^
gines were already at full speed, and ? .
l0U3 the engineer replied: "Is that the cap- v^w ?ai
tain?" receiving the answer, "Certain- r710?, ,n
?? ly. Drive her to the devil." J "*
sves The engineer put the engines at full J
t"e speed estern. The assassin then ran
down to the engine room and threaten- a 1
ari? ed to shoot the engineer if he did obey. TT
The engineer barricaded himself in the
31.n8 room. At that moment the Koping
?ies came along and the murderer fled in a ,
ices boat. Further details from Koping
rf* show that the man suddenly started ?tt ,, inJ*
shutting all the doors of the cabins and a KJJ (
,ude saloons and the man with a revolver in 4.1,
lU?e either hand and with a dagger and a , A
knife in his belt, he began firing at Prf, , ,
wen e7ery one be encountered. He stabbed v* , T'
18" the captain in the back and a lady pas- ? ,
. Bonger in the breast with the dagger '
>cn" aad hacked a boy with the knife. tfle |
to"3* He also shot the mate through the ,
fin. t _i] j e ii ine cool 1
suooiaer, "ana ui juut geuueiueu wuu
>irit wer8 playing cards in the smoaking 0 SPrfr
and room, one was shot in the temple be- VL *
te3? cause he moved when the murderer vi,
warned him not to stir. The Prinz i ? rv
th? Carl was stopped at Kop ing and the mur- J. A ' ,;
8 of derer seized the opportunity to jump ?
lent iut0 a life boat and row away as fast as
bas possible. Search of the steamer dis- _
covered seven dead and five wounded. S ^
We The Prinz Carl proceeded to Stockholm
son- wixCre the police officials took chaige ' ?
ins* of the victims. The tradesmen of ?
***' Arboga, Sweden, report that a man giv- P ?J
pies jng t?e name 0f (Jronkirst, of Stock- ,
wle holm, yesterday secured two revolvers f,
tlie which he fired several times to test mi'
s j*r.
; fixce wa
freshet in i
tiey Captain of a Monitor Shot Him From Ceived less
aite the Deck. the Georget
Ives anticipated.
y to A court of inquiry haa been ordered jurious. P
free to meet in Washington May 21, com- Wheat hi
l(^er posed of Admirals Sogers, Cotton and but^tl
3(j_ Terry to investigate the circumstances promising a
ited attending the shooting by Capt. Mc- are ripeninj
?dg- Gowan of a Filipino on the United crop needs:
1(je. States monitor Monadnock in the har- While p<
?j hnr nf Hehn on Nov. 21st. 1899. and nlaces. but
CkLLU ? t m t
}ao. also the alleged faiiare of the captain except that
to report the matter to the oommander- Large shipr
.on. in-chief of the Asiatic squadron. the Charles
)nal The facts in the case as they are re- ever, the y
"Re- ported to the navy department that the Sweet potal
;hat officer was on the deck of his shlD at some have 1
thy the noon hour when the regular officer rain. Melt
;0g. of the deck was at dinner below. Ho- Frnit prosp
5on. vericg about was a native boat which cept that a(
[ on had been warned away before only to blight Be
irri- return. It was not conceived that the be very pie
Monadnock was endangered by the ?
irse presence of such a little craft, but the
rep. commanding officer had been having Adiroat
ial. much trouble in preventing the natives 7,. !
>ub- from smuggling rum aboard to the sail- wedding ol
t of ors and, had given orders that no un- Minna Olsc
authorized'native boats should be per- Thursday
end mitted to approach the Monadnock.
tive So when this particular craft failed to ja(jZ0 pe_
molro nff ftfl rpnnir^d. thfl caDtain him- rni__
dfy self taking revolver sought to frighten gneafc'of'^tb
3nD. the crew by firing a shot across the ?
ited bow- CnforhuiiitelyUie shot, striking intgant
tore the water was deflected so as to- pass ^h . * .
and through the body of one of the Filipi- char_e, tha
the no* The wounded man was hauled 1,7?
ter- aboard the Monadnoclc, and after being . mJLv a
the given first-class aid was shipped off te a
shore hospital where he died in the VrJ
arty course of a day or so. frt_
ican This incident was referred to in the
- r temporary:
' lor preao icjjuud uvm ? flpppmn
iS of waiting a reasonable period of time to ^ arrcmi
arse be informed the navy department made j .^fr.
yars inquiry of Admiral Watson to learn the manenfc
[nce facts. 1 he admiral responded that the v-f?]iv co'
nis- matter had not been reported to him "jf y
f jts and this omission on the part of Capt _
ioly McGowan is one of the matters into
which the court is to inquire, the other
the being the propriety of the action of the Three pe
Jan- commanding officer of the Monadnock jDiaj
| in taking into his own hands the exe- ^ursday d
cution of an order to fire instead of call- 1*? f?/J
, | ing upon a marine or sailor to do so. of tfe 1Diul
M* j dead are:
VaU ??_____
A Sharp Trick. room girl, f
U., ; , , .a crisp; Li
rery Senator Clark seems to nave outwit- almost bey<
The ted his persecutors. The committee Miss Peten
3e a o* elections reported that inasmuch as partly born
at- it was apparent that he had bought his _
jer. seat, he was not entitled to hold it. ?
roes The Governor of Montana, who is antimed
Clark, being absent for a fortnight, *
ble# and the Lieutenant-Governor, acting his millions
he as governor, being a strong friend of Jfe a3f?re ^
3me Clark, the Senator resigned, while sena- "eve him o
ice- torial proceedings against him were $,up,8,"e*
i- m?.;_ i_*j. vf?*? Rockfeller.
jhot pending. XIUB leu muauuil niiuuui, - .
)een a senator and necessarily the proceed- Pans Expo:
all ings against Mr. Clark are at an end. ke 15 Fran?
h.Ite Under the constitution, it is the duty roP?> Paris
! of of the governor to appoint senators to their best a
Ind- fill out unexpired terms. Acting Gov- Herald.
hite ernor Spriggs appointed Mr. Clark and ~
he accepted. This brings on a compli- '
cated situation Clearly the proceed- Sam Him
ings instituted against Clark in the be- day in Nesc
<on- ginning must be dropped. The ques- of white xn(
- * -1 s: 1 4 _ .\,A
ID ft tion Ot .MS flOiaiDg ai? scab kmm uu vu we
aear the point whether the acting governor Cushtusha,
Li; had authority to appoint a successor to her. He w
red, fill a vacancy caused by resignation, of neighbor
any That is the problem the Senate will screams. 1
wrestle over. captured ai
Bulletin Issued by Sec?
n Director Bauer.
- -.3
- ^
of the Situation and
lary of the Outlook
the Year. Warm . ^
wing is the"weekly bulletin
dition of the weather and
! State issued Wednesday by
auer of the South Carolina
the United States weather
imate and.crop service:
: ending Monday, May 14th,
5 of temperature from a max2
degrees on the 8 th to a
>f 40 degrees on the 11th.
h and 11th there were light
lerokee, Colleton, Greenville
abnrg counties.
>re numerous, and in places
showers on the 9 th, over the
. ' A
rtions of the State. Along
iate coast the rainfall was
and the extreme western
id no rain. Following the
ne cooler weather and high,
ds; both conditions proved
? crops. Clayey lands are
hard, and break np cloddy.
teeded over the entire State
crops except rice; it is es?
eded to germinate recently
rn and cotton. Damaging
sd in portions of Orangebnrg
ere in places stands of corn
yere destroyed. The weather N ..
during the week were very
)r farm work.
rn has generally good stands,
j eastern sections is knee
sftflivinff its second ralowiniT.
eart worms are damaging
i the western sections botsing
prepared and planted,
ground is fib to work, bat
e areas are yet to plant
reather yellowed corn and
offered from the recent cool
>h caused it to turn.red, and
nds the plants are dying in ,
irly planted cotton has good
is being plowed and chopntly
planted ootton needs
g it up. Planting is not .
rer the western portions.
laints of grassy fields ccsto
a less extent than last
le fields have been plowed
.1?? 1.
jiauieu ua aixuuut vx un
island cotton has excellent
t needs rain and warmer
is practically all planted,
;ood stands have been ses
severely injured by the
heUombahee river, bat reinjury
from high waters in
;own district than had been
. The cool nights were inlanting
is not been seriously injured
decreasing. It is heading
ie crop as a whole is not as _ ?_
s it was a month ago. Oats
I in Hampton county. This
rain badly.
)tatoes have poor stands in
generally are doing well, ?
bugs are very numerous.
nents are being made from
ston districts, where, howield
is below the average.
;o draws are plentiful and
3ecn set out. Gardens need
>ns and sugar cane look well.
ects continue promising, ex
jples and pears continue to
jrries of all kinds promise to
Capid Enjoined;h
from Milwaukee says the
: Henry Monson, Jr., and
?n, which was to take place
wag stormed bv an iniano
I Wednesday afternoon by
eles, of the probate court
jtion was issued at the reie
father of the prospective
, who also 'asks for the apof
a guardian for the son,
y years of age. The father
t his son is incomp3tent to
affairs and says he is about
widow with four small chilnarriage
certificate has been
L the marriage has been set
. Judge Pereles granted a
injunction, and ordered that
my be deferred until after
?nt on .Tnne 5. The indse
jfore he would grant a per*
junction he woold have to
nvinced of tho necessity of
Fatal Fire.
rsoDS were killed and fifteen
ed in a fire which early ^ ~
estroyed the Hotel Helena,
14 53d street, Chicago. Five
red will probably die. Tha Charlotte
Peterson, dining
'ound in her room burned^to
3na Pearson, found burned
>nd recognition in room with
son: S. G. McHaddin, fleah
ed/died the same evening.
1 i i -.. - mm
7anti Hia Sharelockfeller
is really holding
i in trust for his fellowmen
im we are quite ready to ref
any farther trouble about
Just express it along, Mr.
The Czar will attend the
sition in September, and as
e's best friend now in Euand
its Exposition will do
t that time.?Newport News
T '"V*$
[e Was Lynched,
son was lynched last Thura>ba
County, Miss.t by a mob
;n. Uinsoa was empioyea
i of Mrs. Eliza Adams, near
and attempted to murder
as prevented by the arrival
s who heard Mrs. Adam's
[he negro fled but waa
id lynched.

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