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The Fairfield news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1881-1900, July 18, 1900, Image 4

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/2012218613/1900-07-18/ed-1/seq-4/

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Dr. Talmagelon Christian Re-j
figion as a Preventive of j
It Is an Active Prir.c'ple, Which j
Constantly, Works for the
Welfare of 3cdy Mind
and Sou!. j
Dr. Taimage is now traveling in Norway,
where he lias been dee>]y interested
in the natural phenomena and the
quaint social life of that vondcrful
land. In his discourse this week he
argues, contrary to the opinion of many
that religion is an active principle
which works constantly for the welfare
of body and mind and soul. His text is
Luke xiv, 34, "Salt is good."
The Bible is a dictionary of the
finest similes, it employs, among living
creatures, storks and eagles and
doves and unicorns and sheep and cat
tie; among trees, sycamores and terebinths
and pomegranates and almonds
and apples; among jewels, pearls and
amethysts ana jacinths and chrysoprases
Christ uses no stale illustrations. The
lilies that he plucks for his sermons are
dewy fresh; the ravens in his discourses
are not stuSea specimens of birds, but
warm with life from wing tip to win*
tip; the fish he points to are not dull
about the gills, as though long captured
but a-equirm in>the wet net just brought
up on the beach of T;beria3. In my
text, which is the peroration of one of
his sermons, he picks up a crystal and
holds it before his congregation as an
illustration of divine grace in the heart
when he says, what we all know by experiment,
"Salt is good."
I shall try to carry out the Saviour's
idea in this text and in the first placc
say to you that grace is like sait in its
beauty. In Galicia there are mines of
salt, with excavations and underground
passages reaching. I am told, 2S0 miles.
Far under ground there are chapels *nd
halls of reception, the columns, the
altars and the pulpits of salt. When
the king and the princes come to visit
these mines, the whole place is illumi
^ rtWTTf-fol WO 11a
UaitXi, ail U kiiO glUijr UJ. Wjaiai naiu
aad crystal ceilings and crystal floors
and crystal columns, under the glare of
the torches and the lamps, needs words
of crystal to describe it. But you need
not go so far as that to find the beauty
of salt You live in a land which produces
millions of bushels of it in a
year, and you can take the morning
rail train and in a few hours get to the
salt mines and salt springs. And you
have this article morning, noon and
night on your table. Salt has all the
beauty of the snowflake and water foam
with durability added. It is beautiful
to the naked eye, but under the glass
you see the stars and the diamonds and
the white tree branches and the splinters
and the bridges of fire as the sun
glints them. There is more architectural
skill in one of these crystals of
salt -than human ingenuity has ever
demonstrated in an Alhambra or St.
It would take all time, with an infringment
upon eternity, for an angel
of G-od to teli one-half the glories in a
salt crystal. So with the grace of God.
1- a ? ?_1 ( 1
ic is periecuy Deauiiiui. jl nave bcbu
it smooth out wrinkles of care from the
biow. I have seen it make an 3ged
man feel almost young again. I have
seen it lift the stooping shoulders and
put sparkle into the dull eye. Solomon
discovered its therapeutic qualities
when he said, "It is marrow to
the bones." It helps to digest the food
and to purify the blood ana to calm the
pulses and quiet the spleen, and instead
of Tjndal's prayer test of 20 years
ago, putting a man in a philosophical
hospital to be experimented up^n by
prayer, it keeps him so well that he
dees not need to be prayed for as an invalid.
I am speaking now of a healthy
religion?not of that morbid religion
that sits for three hours on a gravestone
reading Harvey's "Meditations Among
the Tombs"?a religion that prospers
beet in a bad state of the liver! I
speak of the religion that Christ
preached, 1 suppose when that religion
has conquered the world that disease
will be banished aiid tUat a man a huo
dred years of age will c-uue in from j
hn?inas<j and : "1 f?.tt iifed 1 i
think it must be time for me 10 go." j
and without one physical pang Leaven j
will have him.
Bat the chief beauty of grace is in
the soul. It takes that which was hard
and cold and repulsive and makes it all
over again. It pours upon one's nature
what David calls "the beauty of holiness."
It extirpates everything that is
hateful and unclean. If jealousy and
pride and lust and worldliaess lurk
about, they are chained and have a
very small sweep. Jesus throws upon
the soul the fragrance of a summer garden
as he comes in, saying, '*1 am rose
of Skaron," and he submerges it with
the glory of a spring morniag as he says,
"I am the light." Oh, how much that
grace did for the three Johns I It took
John Bunyan, the foul mouthed, and
made him John Bunyan, the immortal
dreamer. It took John Newton, the infidel
sailor, and in the midst of the
hurricane made him cry out, "My
mother's God, have mercy upon me!"
It took John SummerSeld from a life
oin }w t.ViA hand nf a (Christian
maker of edge tools, led him into the
pulpit that burns still with the light of
that Christian eloquence which charmed
thousands to the Jesus whom he once
despised. Ah, you may searoh all the
earth over for anything so beautiful or
beautifying as the grace of God. Go
all through the desp mine passages of
Wieliezka and amid the underground
kingdoms of salt in Hallstadt, and
show me anything so exquisite, so
transoendently beautiful as this grace
of God fashioned and hung in eternal
Again, grace is like salt in the fact
that it is a necessity of life. Man and
beast perish without salt. What are
those paths across the western prairies?
Whv. thevwere made there bv deer and
buffalo going to and coming away from
the salt "licks." Chemists and physicians
all the world over tell us that salt
is a necessity of life. And so with the
grace of God; yon must have it or die.
I know a great many speak of it as a
mere adornment, a sort of shoulder strap
adorning a soldier, or a light, frothing
' dessert brought in after the greatest
part of the banquet of life is over, or a
medicine to be taken after ponders acd
mustard plasters have failed to do their
work, but ordinarily a mere superfluity,
a string of bells aiound a horse's neck
while he draws the load, aad in novrise
helping him to draw it. So far from that
I declare the grace of God to be the hrst
j A. t- Tt :? ^
auu ma last iieuesanji. it is iwu r?c
must take or starve into an eternity of
famine. It is clothing without which we
freeze to the mast of infinite terror. It
is the plar?k, and the only plank, on
which we can float shoreward. It is I
the ladder, and the only ladder, ou |
which we can climb up into the light, j
It 23 a positive necessity for the sou1, j
You can tell very easily what the effect
would be if a person refused to j
take salt into the body. The enerJ
P-il tU l,in>TC irrnim c^mtr
glfb WUUIU iOU, IU& HA uf,u nvi... u..w0
gle with the air, slow fevers would
crawl through the brain, the heart would
fiuttc-r, and the life would be gone. Salt
a necessity for the life of the body; the
grace of God a necessity for the life of
j the soul. i
Again I remark that grace is like salt j
in abundance. God fcas strewn salt in j
vast profusion all over the continents. I
Russia seems built cn a saltcellar. There i
is one region of that country that turns !
j out 90,000 ton * in a year. Eagland and
Kussia and Italy have inexhaustible re
sout cos in this respect. Norway and
Sweden, white with snow above, white
with salt beneath. Austria, yielding
r?>a rtr.fw VCOTlr ,11
W\J.\JV!\J I UUfJ auu uanj.
nation n rich in it?rock sal', spring salt,
sea salt. Christ, the Creator of the
world, when he uttered our test, knew
it would become more and more significant
as the shafts were sunk and the
spring were bored and the pumps were
worked and the crystals were gathered.
So the grace of God is abundant. It is
forali!and3, for all ages for all conditions.
It seems to undergird everything.
Pardon for the worst sin, comfort
for the sharpest suffering, brightest
light for the thickestdaikncss. Around
about the salt lakes of Saratoy there
are 10,000 men toiling day and night,
and yet thoy never exhaust the saline
treasures And if the 1,600,000,000 of
our race should now cry out to God for
his mercy there would be enough for
all?for those farthest gone in sia, for
the murderer standing on the drop of
the gallows. It is an ocean of mere?;
and if Europe and Asia, Africa, North
and South America and all th& islands
of the sea went down in it today they
would have room enough to wash and
come up clean. Let no maa think
that his case is too tough a one for God
to act upon. Though your sin may be
deep and raging, let me tell you that
God's grace is a bridge not built on
earthly piers, but suspended and spanning
the awful chasm of your guilt, one
end resting upon the rock of eternal
promises and the other on the t'ounda
tions of heaven. Demetrius wore a robe
so incrusted with jewels that no one after
him ever dared to wear it, but our
King, Jesus, takes off the robe of his
T?<T}>?-oAncT,ACK a rnhe blood dved and
heaven impearled, and reaches it out
to the worst wretch in all the earth ana
says: "Put t.'iat on! Wear it now! I
Wear it forever."
AgaiD, the grace of God is like salt in
the way we come at it. Tne salt on the
! surface is almost always impure?that
which incrusts the Rocky mountains
and the South American pampas and in
India; but the miners go down through
j the shafts and through tbe dark laby!
rinths and along by galleries of rock
and with torches and pickaxes, find their
way under the very foundations of the
earth, to where the salt lies that makes
up the nation's wealth. To get to the
best saline springs of the earth huge
machinery goes 3own, boring depth below
depth until from under the
very roots of the mountains,
the saline water supplies the
aqueduot. This water is brought
to the surface and is exposed in tanks
to tbe sun for evaporation, or it is put
I LI JJUA1C10 LUig.Lll.njr u&aL^u, MUU >?V
water evaporates, ana the salt gathers
at the bottom of the tank?the work is
completed, acid the fortune is made.
So with the grace of God. It is to be
profoundly sought after. With all the
concentered energies o: body, mind and
soul we must dig for it. No man stumbles
accidentally on it. We need to
go down to the very lowest strata of
earnestness and faith to find it. Superficial
exploration will not turn it up.
We must strive and implore and dig
until we strikkthe spring foaming with
living waters. Then the work of evapo|
ration begins, and as when the saline
| waters are exposed to the sun, the vaj
pors float away, leaving nothing but the
pure white salt at the bottom of the
tank, so, when the Christian's soul is
eposed to the Sun of Kighteousness,
the vapors c-t pride and selfishness and
worldliness Scat off, and there is chiefly
left beneath cure white holiness of heart
*5 q in t ho r?2co rtf t Ha oalf, thft
JL w *J xtu. VfcAV, v. ?- ,
furnace is added. Blazing troubles, j
stirred by smutted stokers of darkness, j
quicken the evaporation of worldliness,
and the crystallization of grace.
Have you not been in enough trouble
to huve that work go on? I was readiug
of Aristotle, who said there was a
held of flowers in Sicily so sweet that
once a hound, coming on the track of
game, came to that field and was bewildered
by the perfumes and so lost
the track. Oh, that our souls might
become like "a field which the Lord
hath blessed" and exhale so much of
the sweetness of Christian character
that the hounds of temptation, coming
on our track, might lose it and go howling
back with disappointment!
But, I remark again, that the grace
of God is like the salt ic ics preservative
quality. l7ou know that salt absorbs
the moisture c-f articles of food and infuses
them with brine, which preserves
them for a lorg while. Salt is the
great anti putrefactor of the world.
Experimenters in preserving food,
have tried sugar and smoke and airtight
jars and everything else, but as long as
the world stands Christ's words will be
suggestive, and men will admit that as
a great preservative 4'salt is good."
? ! e A. rt-J iL.
i>us ior me grace ox wuu sue eariu
vrould have become a stale carcass loDg
before this. That grace is the only
preservative of laws and constitutions
s.nd literatures. Ju3t as soon as a government
loses this salt of divine grace
it perishes. The philosophy of this
day, so far as it is antagonistic to this
religion, putrefies and sticks The
great want of our schools of learning
and our institutions of science today
is, not more Lsyden j3rs and galvanic
batteries and spectroscopes and philosphical
apparatus, but more of that
grace that will teach our men of science
that the God of the universe is the God
r>-P tVia R?r?]o TTatt fltrancrA it is that
V* J-r A tUi\J? XAV II ** ?fc/ ?UM?r
in ail their magnificent sweep of the
telescope they have not seen the mornicg
star of Jesus and that in all their
experiments with light and heat they
have not seen the light and felt the
warmth of the Sun of righteousness' We
want more of the salt of God's grace in
our homes, in our schools, in our colleges,
in our social life, ia our Chris- !
tianity. And that which has it will j
live; that whieh has it not will die. I
proclaim the tendency of everything
earthly to putrefaction and death?the
religion ofJDhrist the only preservative.
My subject is one of great congratulation
to those who have within their
i souls this gospel antiseptic. This sal:
I will preserve tEem through the temptaj
tions and sorrows of life and through
| the ages of eternity. I do not mean to
j say that you will have a smooth time
i because you are a Christian. On the
j contrary, if you do your whole duty, I
j will promise you a rough time. You
I march through an enemy's country, and
| they will try to double up both fianks
j and to cut you off from your source of
rT-T--?-r .mi?_. n n?i i i 11 urn 11 '
supplies. The war you wage will no' I
I be with toy arrow.-, but with sword
! plungei to the hilt 3cd spurriog on ;
I your steed over heaps of the slain. Bat :
I I think that God omnipotent will see j
you through. 1 think he will. Jtsut j
why do I talk 3ike an atheist whei 1
ought to say I know he will? '"Kept {
by the power cf God through faith unto
complete salvation."
When Governor Geary of Pennsylj
vania died, years ago, I lost a good
j friend. He impressed me mightily
I with the horrors of war. In the eight
hours that we roue together in the cars
he recited to me the scenes through
which he had posted in the civil war.
He said that there c;me one battle
upon which everything seemed to pivot.
I Teiegram3 from Washington said that
I the life of the nation depended on that
I struggle. He said to me: ;'I went into
I that battle, sir, with my son. His
i ~T- ?- ? ^<3 I <miKf r,i riflr nf
LUUCUCi auu JL U1VUS>< v v.v?^ - him.
You know how a father will feel
toward his son who is coming up manly
! and brave and good. Well, the bittle
opened and eoaoentcred, and it was
awful. Horses and riders bent and
twisted and piled up together. It was
awful, sir. We quit firing 3nd took to
the point of tfce bsyonet. Weli, sir,
I didn't feel like myself that day. 1
had prayed to God for strength for that
particular battle, aod I went inlo it
feeliDg that I had in my r:ght arm the
strength of ten giants " And as the
governor brought his arm down on the
back of the seat it fairly made the car
tremble. ''vVeU,^ he said, "the battle
was desperate, but after awhile we
gained a iiitile, atd wc marched on a
lit tic. I :.u-ned round to the troops
and shouted, "Come on, boys!' and I
stepped across a dead soldier, and, lo,
it was my son! I saw at the first glance
I he was dead, and yet I did not dare to
[ stop a minure, for the crisis had come
j in the battle. So i jast got aown on
! my knees, and I threw my arms around
him, and I gave him one good kiss and
said, 'Goodby, dear,' and sprung up
and shouted, 'Come on, boys!' " So
it is in ths Christian conflict?it is a
fierce fight. E:ernal age* seem depending
on the strife. Heaven is waiting
for the bulletins to announce the
tremendous issue. Hail of shot, gash
of saber, fall of battle-ax, groaning on
every side. We cannot stop for loss 01
bereavement or anything else. With
one ardent embrace and one loving kiss
we utter our farewells and then cry:
'Come on, boys! There are other
heights to be captured; there are other !
foes to be conquered; there other j
crowns to be won."
Yet, as one of the Lord's surgeons, I j
must bind up two or three wounds.
' ^ I
JUbt illfc lilt.'Ill IiU?, HTlittlCYCi liAtjr I
I have been told there is nothing like
salt to stop the bleeding'of a wound,
and so I take this salt of God's gospel
and put it on the iaceratcd soul. It
smarts a little at first, but see?the
bleeding stops, and. lo, the flesh comes
again as the flesli of a little child.
"Salt is good." ''Comfort one another ;
with these words."
After a Most Successful Meeting
Closed Friday.
The National Educational Society,
which met in Charleston last week,
concluded its labors on Friday night
and adjourned sine die. There were
many di3ting;xshed educators from all
over the Uuited States present, and
i * y J
many vaiuao;e papers were r?;au uu
school matter* at the different sessions
&f the convention. The following officers
were elected far the coming year:
Fesidcnt?J. M. Green. Trenton, N.
J. First vicc president, 0. T. Uorscn,
Ohio; second, J. A. Fcshay, California;
third. H. P. Archer, South Carolina;
fourth, H B. Browu, Indiana; fifth,
Francis W. Parker, Illinois; sixth, L.
W. Bacholez, Florida; seventh, W.
II. Bartholomew, Kentucky; eighth, 0.
H. Cooper, T x.s; ninth, Wm. M.
Davidson, Kansas; tenth. R. B. Fulton,
Mississippi; eleventh, Gertrude
Edmonds, Massachusetts; twelfth, II.
E. Kratz, Iowa: treasurer, L. C. Greenlee,
Colorado. Mr. Irving Shephard,
the treasurer, holds ever. The selection
of the convention city for 1901
was left to the executive committee.
At the closing session the committee
on resolutions made its retort. Their
findings urge Lie battering and spreading
of the common school and the extension
of the American system into Cuba,
Puerto Rico and the Philippines. Congress
is requested to reorganize the
bureau of education upon broader line?,
in order tj meet the increased requirej
ments and to i stablish it as anindepenI
dent department on a plane with the
department of labor.
The department of school administration
elected the following officers:
President, W. S. Ellis, Anderson, Ind.;
first vice president, I. H. Peres, Memphis,
Tenn.; second, John Ogren,
Charleston; third, Dr. W. A. Hunt.,
Xorthfieid, Minn.; fourth, Graham H
Harris, Chicago; fifth, R. L. Y?airer,
Kansas City; secretary, Wui. George
Brnce, Milwaukee.
Jnmped From tlie TrainA
negro was killed Thursday night on
the Coast Line railroad in the Southern
portion of the city. Coroner Green
held an inquest this morning, butitwa3
n/if /lofirifolTT what the
negro's name wan. He was variously
called Smith, Davis or gome other
name, so he was denominated unknown.
He was stealing a ride on an incoming
freight train and jumped off just as the
train got under the Seaboard trestle
and was killed. His head was crushed.
It is said that he came from Wedgefield.
The verdict was that he came to his
death by jumping eff the train while
stealing a ride. The railroad company
buried the remains.?Columbia Record.
Devoured by Cannibals.
Bushmen from Cape Oxford, according
to a letter received from Sydney,
were killed and eaten by cannibals on
the coast of New Britain. The most
horrifying part was when several men
ware captured alive and dragged to the
" . * o -x ii i J*: ^ - 4.^
[ scene 01 me least mejr ouuies wem
provide. They were clubbed and after!
wards roasted and eaten. This tribe
of native ghouls is one of the most
notorious in the islands for man eating,
who kill l?or food solely. The victims
were not all killed at once, some of them
witnessing the killing of their eosnrvlya
j *nd the first part of the cannibal least.
A Foolish Charge.
The Springfield Republican says:
"One of the odd things in this charge
that Mr. Bryan was responsible for the
ratiScation of the Paris treaty is that
it leaves out of account Mr. McKinley,
two-thirds of the United States senate
| and the sudden outbreak of war at Maj
nila the day before the vote was taken, i
J If Brran had more to do with ratiQca- j
I LLULi LllCklJ. WUVCV A V i-x/ - vrv-r not
need to be iaaugurated as president
of the United States to ran the American
people. He is, in that <?ase, the
biggest force in the country already,
and he ought to start 16 to 1 a-going
without being elected/'
? -mmmmrnmmmi ! ??a
Thirteen Thousand People Piesent
to Hear the Speeches.
Several Very Strong Pi esentations
of the Democratic Doctrine.
Appeal to the Voters
of the Nation.
The informal opening of the Democratic
presidential campaign took place
at Liscota, Neb., on Tuesday of last
week. In two ratification meetings,
one in the afternoon, conducted by the
Populists and Silver Republicans of
Nebraska, and one in the evening conducted
by the Democrats, Wm. Jennings
Bryan, Chas. A. Towne, Gen.
James B. Weaver and other leaders of
the parties, outlined the work of the
campaign in the interest of Bryan and
Stevenson. Probably 13,000 people, a
good proportion from distant points in
the State, listened to the speeches and
paid homage to the leaders of the parties
to which they owe allegiance, nearly
3 000 people packing the auditorium in
the afternoon, while 19,000 gathered in
the capital grounds in the eveniDg.
Mr. Bryan and Mr. Towne spoke at
both meetings, although it was their
intention to deliver addresses only at
the evening meeting, and their remarks,
forecasting as they did the
fusion of the three parties on the Democratic
national ticket, were received
with unbounded enthusiasm. Mr.
Stevenson, who is Mr. Bryan's guest,
was somewhat indisposed and did not
appear at the afternoon meeting. He
was present at the evening meeting,
however, and received an ovation.
At the afternooon meeting the speakers
were Mr. Bryan, Congressman Shaforth
of Colorado. "Cyoione" Davis of
Tesas, former Assistant Secretary of
the Interior Webster Davis, Charles A.
Towne, and Gen. James B. Weaver.
Mr. Bryan spoke last and only in response
to repeated calls. He was wildly
cheered as Chairman Sdmonston intro
duced him as "Mr. Bryan of North
I Feel almost as if I ought to apol ^:za
for not being able to call myself
i 'ormerRepublican," said Mr. Bryan,
amid laughter. Mr. Bryan then paid
eloquent tribute to Gen. Weaver,
Charles A. Towne and Webster Davis,
t'ormer Republicans, saying he "wandered
how the Republican who is not tied
ohisDartyby office oould refuse to
!eave the party and cast his lot with
hose who believe in the Declaratien of
independence here and in South Africa
. iso
4"I simply want to say dow that the
campaign is begun so far as the tickets
and the platforms are concerned," Mr.
liryan continued, "and from now until
election day it will be the duty of every
citizen to take these issues before the
country and weigh them. It will be the
duty of every citizen to see where his
duty lies. There is a privilege in being
an American citizen, and there is a
responsibility commensurate with the
privilege. If we lived in a laad where
a king thought for us. we would feel no
responsibility for the action of that
king. But we live in a land where the
people dete-roiiae the policy. We live
in a land where the citizen impresses
his own opinion upon the government,
where the policy of the government
may bo determined by the vote of one
citizen. And I want to leave a thought
with those who are to vote this fall.
I want every citizen to vote as he
would vote if he knew that his vote
would determine this next election.
(Applause.) "Remember what it
means. You vote in Nebraska, and
your vote may determine the vote of
this State on the presidential ticket and
your State may determine the result.
(Applause )
"When you g,et to the polls to vote,
remember that you are an American
citizen. (Applause.) Remember that
your vote may determine this nation's
position and that this nation will, in
a lar*re measure, determine the public
opinion of the world on the doctrine
that governments come up from the
people. (Great applause.) For 124
years this nation has held before the
world the light of liberty. For more
? ? Uftfl kflflfl O ?> AVOTYirklo I
liiULl <A OClilUI/ IV i-?CfcO UOV/U tmu. ^AUuipiv
to all the world. You tell me that we
caD now be indifferent to what is going
on? You tell me that a man who lifts
his voice against the doctrine of imperialism
is pleading the cause of the
Filipino? I tell you he is pleading the
cause of American citizens?yea, he is
championing the rights of the strug
gling masses of the world who look to
America for example. (Great applause.)
If every Filipino were to die the world
would go on, but if this nation, the
greatest republic of the world's history,
put s out its light, if this republic turns
r?a;-.k lo the doctrines which we loathed
a oeutury and a quarter ago, then to
wha' nation ?>' the world can the people
look fjr hupe aii-i insipiration? So you
ought to be proud that you are an
American citizen and are able to say
?'If the republic goes down I am not
? ? ^ 11 n ?? /ri ?
to blame lor its aowniaiu ^urreat
At the evening meeting Mr. Bryan
and Mr. Stevenson were given a tremendous
greeting by the crowd. Both
were cheered again and again as they
appeared on the platform. Mr. Towne
delivered the most extended speech of
the evening meeting, outlining the campaign
arguments on which the- Democratic
party will fight the campaign of
1900. Mr, Towne gave his first attention
to the [monetary question, admitting
that the issue had changed in importance
since 1896, but insisting that
it was still a live issue; tha. the principles
of bimetallism are as true now as
they were in 189t>. Trusts were denounced
as an inherent part of the Republican
administration. Mr. Towne
devoted considerable attention to imperialism,
condemning the course of
Mr. Towne was followed by Mr.
Bryan, who was iutroduoed amid tremendous
3j'p!ause. He spoke as folio
"I am deeply grateful to the good
people of this city and State for their
very cordial approval of my nomination.
Four yeara ago the State gave
me about 13,000 plurality, and on three
occasions since that time the people of
Nebraska hu.d declared their adherence
to the political principles for which
I have been contending. I am not vain
enough to believe that their support is
meant as a personal compliment. I accept
it as an evidence of their steadfast
r!<?vr.ririn to the nrinciolea to which I
have been wedded. We enter this
campaign under conditions far more
favorable to success than those which
surrounded us in 1396. Bat whether we
win this year or not, the fight must be
continued until organized wealth ceases
to control the affairs of the cation and
it becomes again a nation of the people.
"[ do not cire to enter at the present
time upon a discussion of the issues
presented by the platform adopted at
Kansas City. I can say, however, that
it is, in my judgment, the greatest
nUt-form adootod in recent Years, if
not in the history of the country. It j
is greater than the Chicago plaifoim,
for it endorses the principles set forth
in that platform and in addition thereto
presents the party's position upon
several new and vital questions. There
is no evasion about the platform, no
ambiguity and no double dealing. It is
as clear as the tones of a bell?as clear
as the tones of a liberty bell. It deals
honestly with the American people. Its
candidates are pledged to its maintenance.
"When the convention came to the
station of naming a candidate for vicepresident
there was diverrity of opinion.
Sams preferred an eastern cacdidate,
believing that he would strengthen
the ticket in the east. Some pre
ferred Mr. Towne, knowing of the sacrifices
which he made for principle and
aP Viia tfi tiiA r*rim?in!p.s
forth in the Chicago platform. Bat the
choice fell upon a distinguished Illinois
Democrat who once discharged with
great credit the duties of the office. In
the campaign of 1896, when plutocracy
and democracy met face to face, Adlai
E. Stevenson was an able and courage
dus defender of the cause of democracy.
During the campaign he spoke
in seven of the close States.
"I know that some of our allies felt
aggrieved that they were not given the
second placa upon the ticket, but I am
sure that they cannot feel unkindly
toward one who, like Mr. Stevenson,
was loyal to the ticket nominated at
Chicago and who is able to defend the
magnificent party creed set forth at
Kansas City. In this campaign issues
are greater than men. 1 shall cot ask
anyone to vote our ticket merely because
it is the ticket of the party. It
deserves support because it stands for
the Declaration of Independence in
dealing with the Philippines and foi the
doctrine of equal rights for all and
special privilege for" none in all domis- |
tic questions.
Gen. James B. Weaver spoke at some
length, outliniDg the work to be done
by the Democratic, Silver Republican
and Populist parties and appealing for
harmony for the common cause. He
also paid tribute to Mr. Stevenson's
record in congress.
A Religious Rite Among the Natives
of the PhilippinesThe
Manila correspondent of the
Philadelphia Record says the almost
naked body of a woman lying in a ditch
ci__ r i.j
near oan jjazaru suaiteu au luvccu^ation
by the police recently that led to
startling di&olosures as to the character
of the Filipinos. Their treachery was
common knowledge. Their savagery
was not so well recognized uatil discoveries
in connection with the finding
of this quite decomposed body gave
sufficient evidence to clear up any im
pressions that the Tagalo was tnlightenea.
The woman had died during the penitent
dance on Good Friday, and in so
doing had disgraced herself to the extent
that her relatives had refused to
have anything to do with her after
death. The native priests have encouraged
this relic of barbarity. Men, women
and children indulge in the dance
with a view of obtaining expiation for
the sins of the year.
The place chosen for the ceremony is
always isolated. The more remote it is
the more pleased are those who participate,
for then there can be that abandon
thrown into it which would be impossible
near any town. The fanatics
generally strip most of their clothing,
ana are reaay ior toe aaace.
They form a circle, giving their bodies
a slightly swaying motion, aud all the
while cut and lash each other with
tough switches. It is considered a disgrace
for aay of the participants to
give way to fatigue until the dance is
over, the only way to find favor in the
eyes of the Supreme Being consisting
1 of a fortitude that makes light of the
fearful switching. A dismal chant is
kept up during the danoe, only ceasing
when the chosen leader gives the sigaal
to stop.
The dead woman had participated in
one of these dances, and had held out
for hours. Those who were with her in
the dance expreesed surprise that she
held out as she did. Late in the afternoon,
however she had succumbed and
fallen utterly exhausted. She was
dragged out of the circle and thrown
into the ditch, where she had remained
until the officers found her.
?" o ;_i_ i. U
me opamsa government uiu m
could to stop these rites, which closely
approach those of the American Indians
in their medicine dance, and now
the United States will have something
more to contend against in killing such
Carries a Spine.
A western man man wrote to Life,
clever satire weekly of New York, asking
it to state its position in the national
campaign. Life responded: "We
are cot going to support Mr. McKinley
nor Mr. Bryan. We are not going to
support imperialism. The election of
Mr. Bryan would not mean free silver.
He could not force it upon the country
if he tried. Congress is for gold, and
will so remain. Mr. McKinley's reelection,
especially with Mr. Roosevelt
at his elbow, would promise a prolonged
and bloody orgie of imperialism
?that if, of conquest, debt and dishonor.
As to the two candidates personally
we prefer Mr. Bryan. He has
convictions?such as they are?and he
carries a spine."
Tha Two Issues.
Senator J. K. Jones, chairman of
the Democratic national committee
says: "The Democrats made free silver
the issue in 1896," declared the
Senator, "and they will make anti- imperialism
the issue in the coming campaign.
Tbe Republicans may try to
make othtr questions paramount, so as
to keep imperialism and trusts in the
background, but we will not allow them
to d*> so."
No Increase of Trade.
We refer our imperialists to the official
report of our trade with Manila.
TUa Moot Vr.rl- BVpninc Post, after
^>v. ? 0 ,
summing it up, says: ".Practically all
the increase in our exports is caused by
the presence of our army in the Philippines.
Remove it, and there would be
no more left of our export to those
islands than there is of a soapbubble
when it has burse.
The Cotton Crop.
The outlook for cotton is bad. The
monthly report of the statistician of
the department of agriculture will show
the average condition of cotton on Jily
1 to have bt.u 75.S, as compared with
82.5 last month, S7.8 on July 1, 1899,
91.2 at the corresponding date in 1898,
and a ten year average of S7,9.
China Defines Her Position in a
Royal Decree.
In it the Bcxers are Charged
With Originating the Disturbances
Now Going
on in China
A dispatch from Washington bays an
imperial decree dated third day of sixth
mocn was received by telegraph Wednesday
by Minister Wu, from the Taotai
of Shanghai, transmitted on July
1st from the treasure of the Chihli republic
who received ifc by special courier
on June 30 from the board of war, who
in turn received it from the privy council
in Pekin. This decree is as follows:
"The circumstances which led to the
commencement of fighting between
Chinese and foreigners were of such a
complex, confusing and unfortunate
character as to be entirely unexpected.
Oar diolomatic reDresentatives abroad.
owiDg to their absence from the scene
of action, have had no means of knowing
the true state of things, and accordingly
cannot lay the views of their government
before the ministers of foreign
affairs of the respective powers to which
they are accredited. Now we take this
opportunitv of going fully into the matter
for the information of our representatives
"In the first place, there arose ia the
provinces of Chihli and Shan TuDg a
band of rebellious subjects, who had
been in the habit of practicing boxing
and fencing in their respective villages,
and at the game time clothing their
doiDgs with spiritualistic and strange
rites. The local authorities failed to
take due notice of them at the time.
Accordingly the infection spxead with
astonishing rapidity. Within the space
of a month it seemed to make its appearance
everywhere and finally even
reached, the capital itself. Every one
looked upon the movement as supernatural
and strange and many joined
it. Then there were lawless and
troaoTiArnns npMnns. who sounded the
cry of 'Down with Christianity.' About
the middle of the fifth moon, these
persons began to create disturbances
without warning. Churches were
burnt and converts were killed. The
whole city was in a ferment. A situation
was created which could not be
brought under control. At first, the
foreign powers requested that foreign
troops be allowed to enter the capital
for the protection of the legations. The
imperial government, having in view
tbe comparative urgency of the occasion,
granted the request, as an extraordianary
mark of courtesy beyond the
requirements of international inter
course. Over 500 foreign troops were
sent to Pekin. This shows cleady how
much care China exercised in the maintenance
of friendly relations with other
countries. The legations at the capital
never had much to do with the people.
But from the time following the troops'
entering the citv the euards did not de
vote themselves exclusively to the protection
of their respective legations.
They sometimes fired their guDS on
top of the city walis, and sometimes
patrolled the streets everywhere.
There were repeated reports of persons
beiDg hit by stray bullets. Moreover,
thej strolled about the city without restraint,
and even attempted to enter
the Tung Hua gate (the eastern gate of
the palace grounds) They only desisted
when admittance was positively
forbidden. Oa this account both the
soldiers and the people were provoked
to resentment, and voiced their indignation
with one accord.
"Lawless pejsons then took advantage
of the situation to do mischief,
and became bolder than ever in burning
and killing Christian converts. The
powers thereupon attempted to reinforce
the foreign troops in Pekin, but
the reinforcements encountered resistance
and defeat at the hands of the
insurgents on the way and have not
yet been able to proceed. The insurgents
of the provinces of Chihli and
Shan Tun had by this time eneccca a
complete union, and could not be separated.
The imperial government was
by no meaDS reluctant to issue orders
for the entire suppression of this insurgent
element. Bat as the trouble
was so near at hand, there was a great
fear that due protection might not be
assured to the legations, if the anarchists
should be driven to extremities,
thus bringing on a national calamity.
There also was a fear that uprisings
might occur in the provices of Ohihli
and Shan Tung at the same time, with
the result that both foreign missionaries
and Chinese converts in the two
provinces might fall victims to popular
fury. It was, therefore, absolutely necessary
to consider the matter from every
point of view.
"As a measure of precaution it was
finally deoided to request the foreign
ministers to retire temporarily to Tien
Tsin for safety. It was while the discussion
of this proposition was in progress
that the German minister, Baron
* i 3 l_ _
von Jietteler, was assassmazea Dy a
riotious mob one morning while on his
way te the tsung-li-yamen. On the
previous day the German minister had
written a letter appointing a time for
calling at thetsung-li-yamen. But the
yamen, fearing he might be molested
on the way, did not consent to the appointment-.
as suggested by the minister.
Since this occurrence the anarchists
assumed a more bold and threatening
attitude and consequently it was
deemed wise to carry out the project
of sending the diplomatic corps to Tien
Tsin under an escort, However, orders
were issued to the troops detailed for
the protection of the legations to keep
stricter watch and take greater precaution
against any emergency.
"To our surprise, on the 20th day of
the fifth moon (June 16,) foreign
(naval) officers at Taku called upon Lo
Jung Kwang, the general commanding,
and demanded his surrender of the
forts, notifyiBg him that failing to receive
compliance they would at 2
o'clock the next day take steps to seize
the forts by force. Lo Jung Kwang
being bound by the duties of his office
to hold the forts, how could he yield to
the demand? On the day named they
actually first fired upon the forts,
which responded and kept up a fighting
all day and then surrendered. Thus
the conflict of forces began, but certainly
the initiative did not come from
our side.
Even supposing that China were not
conscious of her true condition, how
mnlil cIia talcA snf>h a steD as to en
gage in war with all the powers simulteneously,
aod how could she, relying
upon the support of an anarchistic
populace, go into war with the powers?
Our position in this matter ought to
be clearly understood by all the powers.
The Demand of the Timea. Su
Mac Feat's School ofSho
W. H. MacFeat, Court S
Terms reasonable.
''The above is a statement of the'
wrongs we have suffered, and how
China was driven to the UBfortunate
position from which she could not escape.
' Our several ministers will make
known accurately and in detail the
contents of this def-ee and the policy
of China to the ministers of foreign
affairs in their respective countries and
assure tfcern that the military authorities
are still er>j:>ined to afford protection
to the legations as hitherto, to the
utmost of their power. As for the
anarchist, they will be severely dealt
with as circumstances permit.
"The several ministers will continue j
in the discharge of the duties of their
office as hitherto without heeitation or
doubt. This telegraphic decree to be
transmitted for their information. Reset
ct this."
Scholarships For Girls
The South Carolina Federation of i
Woman's Clubs has received from Con-1
verse college one scholarship of free tuition
for each county in the State. All
competitors for these scholarships will
be required to pass a satisfactory examination
in the following four subjects:
1. Latin, including grammar, composition;.
and four books of Caesar, or
an equivalent.
2. Mathematics, which will include
arithmetic and algebra, covered by such
text book as Olney, Wells or Wentworth.
3 English, which will include grammar,
analysis, composition and elementary
rhetoric, and a fair knowledge of
English and American literature.
4 rr:-.. VU
?. li.iaiui'jr, vvuiuu vrxix iuuuuc cic
mentary English and United States history.
These examinations will be held in
each county on August 1, 1900.
Those desiring to enter the contest
will please send their names before July
20 to Christie H. Poppenheim, ohairman
education department, 31 Meeting
street, Charleston, S. C.
The Cotton Outlook.
Except in Florida, Texas and Okla- j
homa where cotton is doing perhaps as
well as usual considering the vast territory
aad diversity of climate and soil
embraced, tBe prospects have not been
bettered during the past week and cotton
fields with few exceptions "are foul
with grass and weeds over the entirebelt
east of the Mississippi. Many
fields in Tennessee, Alabama and South
Carolina have been abandoned. To
what extent the productive acreage has
been affected cannot now be deter
miced, but a low estimate cf abandoned
fields equals the increase in acreage
planted. The plants in general are
not fruiting well, and in places are
sbedding, bat it is probable that the
recent more favorable weather has applied
natnre's remedy for those complaints.
Within the past few days
moderate rains have fallen over nearly
the whole of Texas, supplying the rainfall
needed to keep the plants in a vigorous,
growing and fruiting condition.
It has been many years since the crop
as a whole presented such a variety of
condition, ranging from as fine as could
be wished to the very poorest.
Deafness Cannot be Cnred
by local applications as they cannot
reach the diseased portion of the ear.
There is only one way to cure deafness,
and that is by constitutional remedies.
Deafness is caused by an inflamed condition
of the mucou? lining of the
Eustachian Tube. When this tube is
inflamed you have a rumbling sound or
imperfect hearing and when it is entirely
closed. Deafness is the result, and
unless the inflammation can be condition,
hearing will be destroyed forever;
nine cases cut of ten are caused by
Catarrh, which is nothing but an inflamed
condition of the mucous surfaces.
We will give One Hundred Dollars
for aBy case of Deafness (caused by
catarrh) that cannot be cured by Hall's
Catarrh Cure. Send for circulars, free.
F. J. Cheney & Co., Toledo, 0.
Sold by all Druggists 75c.
Hall's Family Pills are the best.
Tho Mour Rail Ruariftfl
]uv nun vhu tfviu?m<|
Sewing Machine
It Leads in Workmanship, Beauty,
Capacity, Strength, Light Running.
Every Weman Wants One.
Attachments, Needles and
Parts for Sewing Machines
of all makes.
When ordering needles send
sample. Price 27c per dozen,
Agents Wanted in Unoccupied TerritorF.
t t fittttt t
j. Li. anujLOi,
1219 Taylor Street,
Cures La Grppe, dyspepsia, indigestion
and all Ktomach and bowel troubles, colic or
cholera morbus, teething troubles with
children, kidney troubles, bad blood and
all sorts of sores, risings or felons, cuts and
burns. It is as good antiseptic, when locally
applied, as anything on the market.
Try it and you will praise it to others
I/your druggist doesn't keep it, write to
Columbia, S. C.
On improved real estate.
Interest eight per cent,
payable semi-annnally.
Time 3 to 5 years.
No commissions charged
J110. B. Palmer & Son,
1205 Plain St., Columbia, S. C '
===== I
icli is the Training afforded at <
rthand and Typewrit! ng
LA, B. U.
- ^
tenographer, Principal.
Write for catalogue.
Having formed a connection
?with? *
I am now prepared to repair
and rebuild cotton gins as
thoroughly as the vari ous
This branch of the business
nrtdor tTiP -nararm J? 1
supervision of
who lias had fourteen years of
practical experience in building
the Elliot Gin, and who
is well known to most
gin users in this State.
Now is the Time! Bring Your
Gins Before You Need Them!
Highes Grade Engines, Boilers,
Saw Mills, Corn Mills, Brick
Machines, Wood Working
Machinery,Saws, Pulleys, etc
we oner: sjuick delivery, iow pncei ^
and reasonable terms.
1326 Main St., Columbia, S. C.
The Murray Improved
Clejining and Distributing
The simplest and most efficient
Complete Power Equipments, V
any horse power.
Plain, Aatomatic and Corliss EnGines
Boilers, Saw Mills, Woodworking machinery
Grain maohinery, Threshers, Rice Huilers J
Grist Mills, Saws. Injectoru,
Machinery, appnrtenaocea of all kind*.
W. H. Gibbes & Co., f
804 Gervais Street, I
Near Union Depot.
C3 r*
^ " I
. I
MENT, the Great Antiseptic
Healer, cures Piles, Eczema,
Sore Eyes, Gianulated Eyelids,
Carbuncles, Boils, Cuts, Bruises,
Old Sores, Burns, Corns,
Bunions, Ingrowing Toenails,
Inflammatory Rheumatism, ^
Aches and Pains. Chaimed
Hands and Lips, Erysipelas.
It is something, everybody
needs. Once used always used.
For sale by all druggists and jj
dealers. At wholesale by
Columbia, S. C.
Ort man Pays
the EXpress |
Steam Dyeing of every
description. Steam, .Naptha,
French Dry and
chemical cleansing. Send
for our new price list and
circular. All work guar #
an teed or no charge.
Oilman's Steam Dye Works i
1310 Main Street
Columbia, S. C
A. L. Ortman. Proprietor.
A J ^
Mouth i
Wash jg\
-' ;-n
Whitens the Teeth
Cleanses the Mouth
Sweetens the Breath
The- . |
Drug Co., 1
Jqo. S. Reynolds, j
Attorney at Law,
i .!?!

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