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The Fairfield news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1881-1900, August 22, 1900, Image 4

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<yi-7rfir?l -<1K-''|<! *. ' rn ' - r?i
Governor McSween6y Rep'ies to j
iCharges Against Him.
Ha Defends His Administration |
and Presents His Claims for
Re-Election to the Office
of Governor.
Governor McSweeney has prepared a
statement regarding his administration
and position, which is interesting. He
Fellow-Citizens:?In presenting my :
claims as a candidate for governor I
desire to thank you for yonr suffrage
: in twice electing me to the responsible
position of lieutenant-governor. In that
position I discharged my duties fairly,
fearlessly and faithfully, and received
the proud endorsement of the body
over which I presided. My platform
has already j^ea announced in my
annual message and on the hustings, but
I shall endeavor to give ifc to you again,
for I believe the people should hear
fully the oandidates asking for their
suffrage. As you know. I succeeded the
lamented Governor Ellerbe to fill out
his unexpired term, and I come before
you to ask your endorsement. I am one
of the people and hsve fought my way
through the world single handed and
- ? * ? I
. aloDe, and I am not ashamed ot my record.
Ever since I have been in public
life I have continuously fought for the
people and their rights.
I am an advocate of *&n ecomical
government wisely and judiciously .administered
with as small a tax as the
safe operation of the government will
allow. My service has not been lip
service, big professions and little deeds,
for I have never yet let an opportunity
pass to help the youog men and young
women upward and onward in life, and
I have always endeavored to protect
and preserve the proud name of my
native state, for the proudest heritage
that I have is that I am a Carolinian.
Nor have my services to the old soldier
Tsrftc(\?<? in svmnathetic sneeches.
in public and private life I have silently
and quietly done all in my power to
smooth ihe road of the tottering Confederate
soldier on Ma fiaal march to
the grave.
I am a 5rm believer in common
schools. It is to them that I owe my
advancement in life. My education was
N limited to them; my heart is wrapped
up in them, and I would be as traitorous
to desert the common schools as
.1 11 1J V- 4.^ J^ia
me oouege ciaa wuluu uc ?.u uc;tu uW
alma mater. Starting out in life as an
orphan and penniless, the only friend I
had was the free public schools. I hare
taken a special interest in them and
shall continue to do so as long as I can
be ef service to them. I believe that
special attention should be given to the
education of children at our cotton factories.
When I appointed the state
board of education some time ago 1 ap- I
pointed as a member au able teacher of I
a school of a manufacturing town in ;
order that the interest of the factory
children might have the benefit of his ;
experience, and that they should have I
a representative on the highest educational
board in the state.'
Likewise I am a consistent friend of
the colleges, both state and denominational.
I giory in the proud record our
colleges have made in the past and the
splendid unlimited future beforra them.
1 m/iro -PAI"
OCU'JOl Iiuuoea uavc uvut uviv >v> va>.
lization and Christianity than all the
armies of conquest Lave ever done or
can ever do.
The material prosperity of oar state
is exceedingly gratifying. While this
is not dne to my administration, for no
governor can stop our march of prosperity,
yet I have done all in my power
to help the grand movement along and
to establish confidence in oar enterprise
and in our state government.
My opponents have attacked me fceftanse
I subscribed for the newspapers.
By such charges they expect to catch
the unthinking. Such a charge is an
insult to intelligence. All of my predecessors
properly subscribed for papers
and paid fnr t h*?zn in the same way. It
is absolutely necessary for the governor
* i-'i ? ?: ? r ^J
CO KEOW WPe: nor prnr:i?ur*uuij>, auvcr
tisements for supplies and so fonrih
have been public? ?? rs? fon, and to
keep posted as to jraud jutj project
meats, violations of the iaw co'i-iu^
of public officials, riots, lynching* a or
so forth. Only a few weeks ago a crime
was committed in Florence county,
The prisoners were arrested, ana had it
not been that the governor was posted
as to the state of feeling at Florence, in
a great measure through the newspapers,
a crime would have been commit
ed that would have been a foul blot on
the stood name of our state and an insult
to Christianity and a perversion of
law and order. And, my friends, I say
here in this connection that so long as
I am governor that I will exhaust every
available means of the state before I
will allow a mob law or lynch law to
dominate the government and rule the
But we are here to discuss measures
and not men. What is local option
and what would be the result of such a
scheme? It is so impracticable that
neither Governor Tillman, nor Evans,
nor Ellerbe, all stalwart friends of the
dispensary, ever once thought of suggesting
such an idea and no honest
prohibitionist ccn favor it for it allows
that which he believes to be inherently
wrong:. The result of such a scheme
would be a conglomeration or pronioition
and dispensary counties, each
bearing the burden and receiving the
Hi-effect of the other, with no benefits
to either. It is a patcnwoiK, crazy
quilt, theory and could only result in
confusion, and simply lives as a theory,
only upon the specious demagogic idea
of local self-government; for is it local
self-government; you cannot limit it to
a congressional district, for counties
may want it. You cannot limit it to
rwvrtntipR fnr narticnlar tovrashiDS mav
want it You cannot limit it to townsMps
for the numerous towns of a township
may want it. And then you could
not only have a county full of bars or
dispensaries against the sentiment of a
county, thereby defeating the theory of
local option, but you would have such
a diversity of the liquor business that
the revenues would be so small that
special officers would be a thing of the
past and illicit liquor traffic would be
But local option is nofc a material
factor in this campaign. The issue is
Cieariy JVMUCU WHICCU ui:ucuj3ij> ?uu
prohibition. The dispensary is no experiment.
It has been a stature law
for over six years and has been endorsed
by every legislature since its enactment.
Political convictions have
endorsed it and none have dared to condemn
It has proved to be the only practical
Rftlntion of thft linnor aneetioa. Peonle
always have aad always will have liq- |
nor. The greatest evil to the public is j
the l:quor seller. The mere he sells
the greater his profit. The profit feature
is his only incentive and therefore,
more the encouragement he offers the
buyer to buy more and more. That
being the case the best solution is to
remove the cause that compels the unfortunate
to buy more and more. The
dispensary solves this.
The dispenser gets his salary whether
he sells one drop or not, and he is
i not allowed to indulge in the seductive
I and disastrous credit system. It is of J
no interest to him to sell impure liqaor I
or to seduce a minor or to give a free
lunch' to the unwary. He is sworn and
bonded to enforce the law and his position
is at stake. If he fails to enforce
the law, you, the people, who give him
his position, can blame only yonraoltr>?R_
How different is ihe blind tiger, the
progeny of prohibition, whose only ambition
is to make dollars for himself
aco drunkards for the state and whose
only claim to citizenship is based on
his brazen effrontery as a law breaker.
But it is contended there are tigers un;
der the dispensary system. Certainly,
! but the dispensary law does not make
| tigers. Do you suppose people patronize
tigers because there is a dispensary
1 ? f Viotr Tronf, lienor to
jaw, m ?iv; - 2
It is the patronage that makes tigers,
and is it not natural to oonclnde that
if you abolish the dispensary that the
patronage heretofore going to the dispensary
will go to the blind tiger?,
thereby increasing thetn ten fold.
Then, when the dispsnsary goes the
special officer must go, and with only
the civil officers, who ire now unable
to cope with the few tigers the chaotic
?<-v,w7;t;nn ha*. Tr.rrqt follow is enough to
stagger every citizen who loves his
home aod respects the law.
Under a prohibition law a heavy tax
must be levied upon every one to enforce
the law whether hi favors prohibition
or not. But under the law every
trifling negro who buys his flask of
liquor contributes a tax to the tovn
and county to see that he keeps the
? ??won and tn
peace, iu wun ms xvau. ??.?<? ?v ?
the children.
Prohibition is a beautiful sentiment,
but a miserable failure in practice. The
prohibitionist can use no stronger argument
than to cite the states*.that
have tried prohibition. Let us see the
result of suoh argument. Miine, Iowa
and Kansas have prohibition under
their constitution. Now compare these
states with South Carolina by the re'
TT_r*._J Oi.Un nAmmi*acinn0r
por* 01 t'06 UQibtU Ulttvcs yyyni?iintf*vi?v*
of internal revenue for ?he year
ending Juna 30, 1899:
Maine?Number of retail liquor dealers
Iowa?Number of retail liquor dealers
South Carolina?Number of retail
liquor dealers 324
The 324 credited to South Carolina
includes every liquor dispensary in the
State. Thus it is seen that the prohibition
state of Kansas with one half million
population has over ten times as I
- -- - rt .1 I
many illegal liquor licenses as ooutn
Carolina. That Iowa with a fraction
over two million population has six|
teen times as many and that the state
of Maine with about seven hundred
thousand population, (about one-half
the population of South Carolina,) has
five times as many.
Bear with me while I call vour attention
to more unprejudiced and incontrovertible
evidence of the fallacy of
prohibition. A committee of fifty of
the most prominent citizens of the
Uaited States including such men as
Sefch Low, president of tie Columbia
university, ana Charles W. Eiliotc,
president of Yale university, and other
men of equal prominence, not identified
with politics, were appointed to investigate
the operations of the liquor
laws in several of the various states
They report having found 182 places
where liquor was sold in the city of
Portland, Me., not including pocket
peddlers, houses of ill-fame, express
( ftmnaflipd rtlnhs. and certain ovster I
I resturants. That while the investiga;
tioa was in progress several new bars
were opened. T^ Portland Express in
the issne of Jnne 21st, 1894. eontained
the followicsj protest of certain liquor
dealers (prohibition town) of that city:
Some liquor dealers complain that
their profits are cut down by the competition
of shops allowed to exist in the
vicinity of their own places of business
and that the regular collection of protection
money may also be made of
them These demands are in some in
&'<t-j'jes said to be so excessive triattue
<^aler3 say that they swallow up the
lion's share of the profit and sometimes
actually make them run more
disreputable places than they otherwise
would in order to get in money
enoueh to be able to respond to the
perpetual squeezing.
In Augusta, Me., the capital of the
State, 622 places were found in operation,
or one to every 117 inhabitants.
Ellsworth, witb 2 300 inhabitants contains
14 bars and tour other places
(apothecary shops) where liquor is sold.
Thrnnchont the entire State the sicken
ing array of figures comes. The same
account states that one dirty, filthy,
hell-hole, where the viiest liquor is
sold, is maintained to every 200 inhabitants
or less. The committee reports:
"The conclusion must be that it is
impossible to state from the statistics
adduced just how far they reflect
greater or less public inebriety. The
general impression is that drunkenness
is as prevalent now as ever before the
constitutional amendment went into
effect, if not more so.
4'The toleration of an open defiance
of the laws and the constitution indicate
not merely a widespread lack of
flr-mnstlw witn nrnhihifcorv measures.
but a carelessness of public sentiment
which of itself is grave. Citizsns have
become so accustomed to this defiance
that little attention is paid to the continuance
of violations of the liquor
statute or to the contempt for Jaw and
order generally which is an inevitable
"A local judge in speaking of conditions
under a prohibitory law not enforced
has said: 'The value of the oath
has been reduced 50 per cent, in this
State. Perjury (for which the maximum
penalty is imprisonment for life)
is so common tnat it bo longer aur?cts
attention. And it is not canined cnly
to the liquor element; the effect of it
is far-reaching and growing. People
talk of it openly and without a blush '
"Members of the supreme judicial
court have said substantially the same
thing and prosecutions for perjury
committed during the trial of liquor
oases are not frequent. Closely akin
to neriurv is the hvDOcrisy engendered
when people are called upon to support
a law that they do not believe in. The
support of prohibition at the polls and
in party platforms when it is so illenforoed
can be explained only on the
ground that men have become hypocrites.
A judge of the supreme court
as quoted ia public newspapers, referring
co conditions in Cumberland county,
Maine, said: 'It is a question
whether the prohibitory law makes
i more hypocrites or more drunkards.'
[ It would have perhaps been more iust
to say: 'It is a question whether mofts j
men become drunkards or hypocrites
under the prohibitory law.'
This, gentlemen, is bat a like report
made of every other prohibition State
by this committee.
Hear me again, you men who believe
that Democracy lias a stronger claim
upon you than prohibition, and hear
the arraignment of prohibition, Col.
Hoyt's pet theory, by the Democracy
of Maine. On July 11,19UU, the democratic
party adopted the following as a
part of its platform:
'"For nearly half a century we have
had statutory law prohibiting the
manu'acture, sale and use of intoxicating
liquors. For nearly half that
time it has been embodied in the Stata
constitution. Since it was first enacted
scores of amendments, each more
stringent and the penalties more than
those preceding it, have been passed
{ For nearly 20 years the alleged enfor
jement of the prohibitory law has
ll??" fTAwinor mnroani] m-VA IaX Until
LfCGU VTiiwj, w - _
today in nearly every city in the State
aod many of the larger towns there are
regularly established bars and saloons
where liqaors are sold in open, flagrant
violation of the constitution aod
statutory law. Nearly every hotel,
many restaurants, hundreds of socalled
drag 6tores and uanumbered
and secret saloons and barrooms in the
cities sell without restriction, save an
occasional seizure and fine for political
"For years the prohibitory law has
been a political footbal.. Its hjpocriti
Oil enforcement has be n used co control
the liqcnr vote to isccvaie the ia
come ofperjared officials and to swell
the corruption fund for campaiga pur
poses. Through its instrumentality the
party in power has influenced juries,
cortupted officials sworn to enforce the
law; debauched voters, deceived the
advocates of temperance, betrajed the
cause it professed lo support. creating
a contempt and a disregard for ail lavVd
and has made the good name of the
Sroto ? kura-trd anr? Tv?nrn?fth wherever
it is known "
Then you ask the question, if these
prohibition States are ia such a deplor
able condition why do they not change?
The answer is evident. The liquor men
are in the saddle aad they, like the
liquor men of Soath Carolina, are perfectly
satisfied with prohibition. Think
of the condition of Maine. The prohibitionists
cannot change. The liquor
men cannot be disenthralled. Do you
desire such a condition of affairs here?
Have you any reason why South Carolina
would not be in a3 deplorable
conditien as any of these States. If so
what is it? And if none, why change
a settled law for a disastrous experiment.
Some of my competitors in their
frenzied desire for office ha7c made the
unwarranted charge that J. have not
enforced the law. Try my recDrd before
a tribunal over which neither I
nor my competitors have any control.
The reports of the attorney general s
office show that for the year 1899, the
only year reported to that office during
which I was responsible for the en
r i. .uoo
iuruemeuii ui mn j<*nr iuat un m;ic
were charged with the violation of the
dispensary law than for the year 1898
Ninety-one more than for 1897; 213 more
than for 1895. The yean; 1893,1S9? are
cot considered as the cnforcment of
the law wag practicilly stepped by the
courts. My record has been exceeded
by only one year and during that year
the constables were allowed to seize all
inter state liquor as -well as to arrest
any man transporting contraband inter-state
liquor which privilege has
since been denied by the court. During
the past six montk3 cf my administration
167 cases have been sent to the
circuit court for trial and 106 men have
been convicted in the various courts of
the State. Does this savor of a nonenforcement
of the law?
My competitors make reckless charges
e ^L ~ _ _ ?e L it.. i
01 me uoa exnurceaieuij ui me i?vr.
T<?o of them have taken an oath to
support the law and the other two have
a moral obligation on their shoulders as ,
If either of them knows of any vio
latioDs of the law or has any such information
is it not his duty to see that
the law i3 enforced or renounce his
obligations as an officer or a citizen?
TA > ? ? / _ __ A. :.i
ir tney cm specuy as 10 aay violations
I can and will use their testimony ia
the courts.
To simply assert, or charge, without
specifying and without proof is unmanly,
unfair and un-American. I
have done the best I could to enforce
the law. That it is not perfectly enforced,
never has been, and never will
Va **?/* r\? 4-liio Irttr fi a if ia r\r ?r?TT
UVy 13 CkD U UC vuio lan a 3 i\i ij vi uu;
other law. The federal government
with its unlimited resources cannot stop
moonshining. Then how can a debtridden
Sfcate do better than we have
It has been suggested that the law
has not been enforced in the city of
Charleston. My friends, you may rest
assured that the State authorities and
officers have done everything within
- a . y * T7*
tneir power to entorce cne law. jor
the first six months of this year one
magistrate alone issued 600 search warrants
for contraband liquor. Numbers
of cases have been sent up to the upper
court charging persons with violating
the law. No opportunity has
ever been missed, so far as I know, to
enforce the law vigorously. But what
in the result? Jast as fast as we send
them up the grand jury unceremoninnolv
throws them ont. I cannot make
juries nor am I the guardian of the
consoience of any juror. We can only
give the court and jaries an opportuni
ty to enforce th<* law. If they decline
or refuse, our labors can go no further.
Now, in all fairness, can mortal man
do more? No force that I can use,
even to the shedding of blood, can force
a jary to write to find a true bill or a
verdict of guilty.
XT xt . Oi.i. T
imo men 10 mc otate cave au upputtunity
to determine whether the dispensary
law has been enforced better
than the mayors of the towns. They
are absolutely under no obligations to
the executive department. Hear their
The mayor of Newberry says: ' 'There
is co violation of the dispensary law in
town and I do not think there is any in
the county. The dispensary law has
been much better enforced during the
past year than heretofore."
The mayor of Spartanburg says:
"There is very little, if any, violation
of the dispensary law in the town or
county. The illicit pale of whiskey is
on the decrease. The law has been
well enforced during the past ye*r."
The mayor of Saluda says: ''There
has been no violation whatever of the
dispensary law in the town and only
by a temporary poeket blind tiger in
the surrounding country among the neerrr.ee
at nlrtnina Sn far it is
? 1
possible to :ell, I would say that the
dispensary law has been better enforced
during the past year than heretofore."
The mayor of Edgefield says: ';The
dispensary law is not being violated in
this town or county to my knowledge."
The mayor of Abbeville says: "The
disoensarv law is not being violated to
any extent. There are practically no
illicit sales of whiskey.*'
The niayof of Flore&fce says: "The
illicit sale of whiskey is decreasing. '
The dispensary law has been a9 well
enforced during the past year as heretofore."
The mayor of Cheater says: "The
dispensary law is not violated in town
or county to my knowledge. I think
the illicit sale of whiskey is decreasing
The dispensary law has been as well
enforced during the past year as heretofore."
The mayor of Laurens says: "The I
illicit sale of whiskey is decreasing
considerably in this city and in the
county. The dispensary law ha* been
better enforced during the past year
than heretofore."
The mayor of Orangeburg says:
"There is no violation of tbe dispen- i
sary law in this city, nor have I heard ]
of aoy in the county for some time. I
jadge the dispeasay law is being better
enforced than heretofore."
The mayor of Rock Hill say3: "The
illi.it sale of whiskey I do cot think i<
increasing. It is sold mostly froaa
pocket blio-d tigers. I favor the law
and would like to see it kept on the
statute books as I regard it as the best 2
solution." (
The mayor of Anderson says: "No i
illicit whiskpy is sold in this city." t
The mayor of Winnaboro says: "The t
dispensary law i9 not being violated to j
our official knowledge or information. a
The illicit sale of whiskey is decreas- f
ing. The dispensary law is as well, or
better enforced than heretofore."
I have earnestly endeavored to enforce
the law without bloodshed, but ?
this liw, as all other laws, must be en 1
forced without apology to any man.
Now, my friends, 1 ask ia all candor 3,
in view of the conditions that exist in
prohibition States, and the reoord in 1
the enforcement of the law in South ?
Carolina, is there any reason to ques 1
tion or doubt the motive of the blind j
tigers ia joining forces with the prohi- '
bicionists. For whose benefit is such ,
an alliance? J.et the past experience ,
speak for the jn3eat. If prohibition '
should wio, its continuance would have ;
to depend, as ia other States, upon its A
old ally, the tigtr.
A?ain, the most enthusiastic prohi- j
bitionist does not hope for a prohibi '
tioQ legislature. That means a continuance
of the dispensary. Now, my 1
friendg, who is the more likely to en- 1
fmv?A thfl law?a man who hoaeatlv be
lieves in the law, or a man like Col. *
Hoyt, in whose nostrils the very name 1
of the dispensary law is a stench. 3
N my fellow-citizans, in concla- *
i iu L thank the people of the State c
or the support given to my administration
and am gratified for the harmo- J
nioua work of all the member* of the J
administration. I have endeavored tj '
fulfill the duties of the office of gover- 1
nor with the same fidelity and upon 1
* *_ . ^1. -x 1
t!)G same Dusmess principles bust uas
a'-ways characterized my official and 1
private life, whether as a member of
the general assembly, as lieutenant 1
dpvernor, or in the Democratic councils.
I am running on my record, *
uiiritand fitness for the ofine, and not
upon the demerits of any other man. 4
[ am running as an individual Demo- 1
crat, unfettered by the nomination or 1
suggestion of any faction and bound by
no platform except that of Democracy. J
[ would rather my tongue should cleava
to the roof of my mouth than to dip '
into the cesspools of slander and vitu '
Deration Neither my State nor any of !
her honored citizens, such a3 my oppo- |
nents, .shall be slandered by me for
self-aggrand'zement, and rather than
go into office by mud-slingmg and bitter
vitrperation, I will go to my grave
His Wife to Let Him Marry Aner
A dispatch from Chicago says a magnificent
string of pearls, William Bateman
Leeds' gift to his bride, wa3 not
the most costly part of his second mar- J
i * i- T? 3 _ m;..
riage. JUeeaa lormeriy uvea ia umua- ]
go, is very wealthy and one of the prin- <
cipal tioplate manufacturers of this 1
To obtain freedom from his former
wife to marry Nannie May Stewart !
Washington, he is said to have given '
Jeaanette I;ene Leeds $1 000.000 in
bunds and stocks. The former Mrs.
Leeds knew that her husband was en- '
otiaoA fcn flip dashinc divorcee of Cleve- I
6i?B>.~ ? o ; land,
but refused his entreaties that he
be freed from tbe vows he assumed 17
years ago in a little Indiana town.
He threatened to go into coiirt himself
for a divorce, and Mrs. Leeds
smiled and said: "G-o," but he did cot
go- For five years he had not lived
with his ffife. Why they separated is
a secret that both have kept. Friends
guessed it, but Mrs. Leeds said nothiag.
She was absorbed in the education
of her boy, Rudolph, now 14 yej^rs
The first Mrs. Leeds was approached
by her husband a month ago and asked
to naoic a cash consideration to releiise
him She said, the story goes, $1,000,000
was LOi to.) much for a man to pay ]
? 1.-1* L:.
WHO wanted to marry a woman uau ma
age. Leeds seemed to think his second
love was rated at a high figure, He
tried to "bear" the price. Mrs. Leeds
first declined to go into the dickering
The chief of the tin plate barons, it is
alleged, at length sent $1,000,000 to
his former wife, who was living at the
Virginia hotel wuiting for the accept
' ? ~ flliA lrwA*TT mAti 1A AATnA TllO .
duu? tuai one xvuen ttvuiu wiuvi jk**v <
cay after the transfer of all the bonds
and stocks had been made she sought
George A. Trade and told him she
wanted a divorce from Leeds.
"What about the alimony?" inquired
the attorney, as he seemed to
set down a memoranda of the points involved
in the bill. [
"That matter has all been settled," ]
she said. "All I want of vou is to get \
me a divorce. Mr. Leeds wants it ]
quick, and you cannot proceed to rap- \
idly. A fairer and a younger woman ]
is waiting for him," y
* ? it .?-1. .L it. ,
August i, at 11 0 CiOCK m me muru- j
ing, the bill for divorce was fTed. Fif- j
teen minutes later Judge Bishop lis- ]
tened to the tesimony of a middle a-:cd
woman, qiietly drowsed. She said her
husband : ad deserted her five years ago. <
She koe^ of no cause for his conduct. 1
The usual denial had been filed by f
Leeds' attorney, but no defense was 1
made in court. Half an hour after the *
? ? ? ' ? i x.j 4
tiling ot tne Din cue aecree was grauieu. *
That evening Mrs. Leeds the first left <
Chicago for the east. She is going to <
Europe with her boy. i
Gainesville, G-a., Dec. 8, 1899
Pitts' Antiseptic lnvigorator has
been used in my family and I am per- ?
fectly satisfied that it is all, and will j
do all, you claim for it. Yours truly, j
A. B. 0. Dorsev. '
P. S.?I am using it now myself. 3
It's doing me good.?Sold by The Mur- <
ray Drug Co., Columbia, S. C., and all i
druggists. tf <
yaaSBaaw VrnTvn-'
\ Man Who Uses a Pistol to Avoid
\ NflW Yorker Weary of Life
Puts a Ball in His Brain
While Drowning.
The Yacht Edith, Captain Parker, lay
M V AW /if ^ Vl A of ^ A'III I^AV
u UC1 Uti til at iu& xuigu au a \j vivua.
3?ery day she makes several trips out
o sea. Always the Edith has mostpaslengers
oa her evening trip, for she
(tarts when the sun i3 settiDg and reurns
when the dusk is gathering.
One of the first to go abroard this evining
wa3 a youcg man who seated
jimself in the bow. He was short, slight
md weighed not more than 100 pounds,
Captain Parker thinks. There was
lothing peculiar in the young man's
>earing, to, naturally, tbe captain did
tot scrutinize him. But he noticed that i
lis passenger wore a black slouch hat
ind a suit of serge somewhat the worse
or wear.
Parties of two or three, sweethearts
lomc, some people industriously purauojr,
good health, soon filled the boat
?Vhen there w<*re about twewty-five
iboard Captain Parker cast off and the
Sdith put out over the calm, geDtly
oiling water. The passengers laughed
md joked, chaffed each other about beng
bad or good sailors, or made unobrusive
love or watched others make
Only the young man, who wore a
)lack slouch hat, sat alone iu the bow
lo troc nmof tVio inoaoriMro fifl.tr Hnfc
;e did not seem moody, despondent.
!sow, silent, he loooked out over tbe ilimitable
expanse, now at the men and
pomen from whom he was about to cut
limself off.
They knew afterward he had made
ip his micd and but awaited the monent.
That moment came when the Edith,
laving sailed seven miles, tacked pre
jaratory to the run home. The man, so
roung, so determined, kaew, or suppos:d,
the water under him there was as
i i i j i e
leepas ue cuuiu. uupe lur.
He arose and slowly and very oare!ully,
as if he feared to fa'l and hurt
rimself, he picked his way to the very
)OW. He took his hat from his head
md, with a gesture more graceful than
violent, cast it overboard.
He turned for an instant to those in
;he boat.
"G-ood-by!" he cried, then leaped into
;he water.
The women on the yacht shrieked,
jeized the men, fearful, clung to them.
"Save him, Captain! Put aboutl
Save him! 41 We'll get him!" yelled the
nen, and two or three jumped off and
pulled off their ooats.
Obeying the tiller, which Parker banIted,
the Edith quickly came about,
rhe youDg man, so weary of life, who
had risen from his plunge, glanced over
bia shoulder at the boat and vigorously
struck out, swimming away from her.
He swam well, strongly for a minute or
two, even and again looking over his
shoulder at the Edith, as if he led in
& race asrinst her. The yacht gained on
him. But he won the race.
HewasDOtmore than twenty yards
iway from the Edith.
Women with agonized eyes were staring
at him; others hid theii faces. Men
on the boat were cursing their helplessness.
Thia calm but determined young man
seased to swim; he appeared to utread
water'' strongly, for as he rocked and
3wayed erect in the gteen rollers his
armpit3 were above the surface.
TXTCaT* V* i Va /?*arrr rvief a!
ry it II 1113 ?l?ixv Jiauu uc uign a
from one of hi3 pocket3, whose cartridges,
of course, were waterproof. He
put the pistol to nis head. The people
3q the boat saw a flash, in the thousandth
of a second heard a report.
A little cloud of smoke was lost in the
The most remarkable of suicides disippeared
in the calm, tbe life giving
icean.?New York Journal.
A. Fast Train Crashes Into a
Full Omnibus.
Eleven persons were instantly killed
lod 11 others, several of whom will die,
were seriously injured Sunday night in
i grade crossing accident three miles
?ast of Slaiington, Pa., by a passenger
:rain on the Lehigh and New Eagland
railroad crashing into an omnibus containing
25 persons. All the dead and
injurned were in the omnibus, and but
ihree esoapcd uninjured. At least
V>i*aa f/inrfVia nf flio npnnno.nt'.fl nf t.hfi
jmnibus were ladies. The accident
occurred about 5 o'clock. The omnibus,
iriven by a man named Peters, was
eturning to 81atington from a funeral
;he occupants had been attending at
3herrysville. The coach belonged to j
Eenry Bittner of Slatington, and the
lead and injured were nearly all rela;ives
of 3ophia Schoefiner, at whose
jbsequies they had been present. The
;rain was a special and consisted of an
engine and one car. At the point at
ffhich the collision occurred there is a
sharp curve in the road and the omnibus
came along at a good rate of speed,
;ne occupanis uqcousciuus ui auy impending
danger. As the bus swung
irouod the curve the engine and car
:ame in sight. It was too late to stop
either the omnibus or the train and as
;he driver of the former whipped up
ihe four horses to cross the track ahead
)f the train, the latter crashed into its
niddle. The occupants were thrown
n all directions, Druisea ana Dieeamg.
rhe 11 dead were killed outright.
Physicians and a special train were sent I
'or and the injured were taken to South
Bethlehem. No watchman is employed
;o warn teams or pedestrians of any approaching
train and those living in the
ricinity stata that it is impossible to
lear an approaching train. A peculiar
Mature of the accident was that the
loroes drawing the bus escaped unhurt.
Tiie way of the newspaper man or
;he transgressor is hard. The Swainsjoro
Wiregrass Blade says: uIt's a
?reat pleasure to run a country newspaper?its
so nice to be able to do things
:or accommodatien, you might publish
!ree notices of births, deaths, marriages,
;tc., to the amount of a hundred dollars
)r more and then send a man a bill for
?1 subscription and he will *aat to
nrsfi von nnt."
Dr. Charles E. Page created quite a
sensation at the Washington convention
of Doctors by coming to the defense
of the microbe. He held that a
lealthy body generates its own germisides
and that the microbe in such a
jody stands about as good a chance of
ioing mischief t;as a mouse in a tight
room surrounded by a dozen hungTy
jats." j
_w il
Will Not Lecture Until Victuals
Are Exhausted'Tis
tome where the heart ia, and
the most of mine is here. Ihe epicure
filled his stomach with choicest food
and exclaimed, "Fate cannot harm me;
7 /? TT A OA T llrtTTA .
x uavc uxiic;u ivuajf, auu ov jl
filled my heart with the sweets and
co&iforts of home, and feel defiant of
human misery. Fate cannot harm me,
for my Home is my castle where, as
Biackstone says, "the king of Eogland
dare not enter uninvited." But an old
man did enter not long ago and said he
camo to stay a few days if it was con
venient. 1 saw bia baggage on tbe iron
seat ia tbe verandah. He said, "I
travel free and lo'ige free and mix with
none but the best people, and so I have
come to abide with you for a few days.
I hope it is convenient." Well it wasent
convenient, for my wife was at
Rome and my daughters away, and I
had never heard of him, and so I told
him it was not convenient. He seemed
surprised and asked me if was a Virginin,
I told him no, I was a Georgian,
and he said that Virginians seemed to
be scarce in this region and he feared
that old v iiginia hospitality had not
reached here; that Bishop Nalson had
entertained him in Atlanta, and he had
found a welcome among all Virginians.
"What are you going to do with me?"
he asked. "I am lame and can't walk;
I was told you had a carriage and would
drive me anywhere I wished to go "
4*No, sir, 1 have neither carriage nor
buggy, but 1 will go down town and get
a vehicle and take you anywhere you
wish to ge." Then he said that Brother
Bealer told him that if I would not take
him, there was a poor widow across
town who would, and he would speak
to her. Sa I took him there and left
_ _ 2 Ml !_ L "11 T> 1.1
mm, ana win pay ms Dili it x>rotner
Bealer dident. There are religious
tramps as well as sinner tramps, and
they are not angels unawares. 1 was
down in the wiregrass region for nearly
two weeks, and have most pleasant
memories of my new found friends, but
the last day was the best for I was on
my journey home and counted *the
milestones as we speeded along", Happy
faces and loving kisses greeted me
when I came, and here I am going to
rest until the larder gets low and my
wife insists that I had better make
another venture. And now let the
procession proceed. Let the war go
on. It is none of my begetting; it
might have stopped at Santiago, but
our Yankee brethern seem to love the
nigger afar o5 and have bought 8,000,000
at two dollars and a half a head,
which was cheap enough if Spain could
have delivered the goods. But they
have cost ten times that now and are
at.il! in t.h? wnnds. Wa nqpd fcn adver
tise cur runaways and say "Ten dollars
reward?Runaway from the subscriber
my boy Dick, 25 years old, 5
feet 10 inches high, black complexion
and very fiat nose. The above reward
will be paid on his delivery to me or
his lodgment in the nearest jail." Why
not try try that on Aguinaldo and the
other runnaways? Bit if they catch
them 1 doa't know what they, are going
to do with them; they wouldent let
Aguinaldo set up a barber shop in
Manila no more than they would in
Boston or Chicago. Professor Council,
wno is president - or tne colored
agricultural college in Alabama,.understands
this. He is the smartest and
best leader of his race, and when he
speaks or writes to the public always
says the right thing. I have great
respect for him.
Bat this awful muddle with China,
which was precipitated by our aggression
upon the Philippines, seems to
have no end in sight. Kev. Dr. Haiderman,
of New York, who is said to be a
very learned man, says that he demon1
< 1
sL-atea a year ago irom scriptuai pro- >
phecy that the present year would find
all the nations at war, and there would
be a mighty struggle between Rassia
and China, aad that Russia would eventually
gain the supremacy; but that for
a .time the hordes from Chioa will
break in an awfal avalanche upon the
western nations and the greed, the
rapacity, the Christless, Goiless selfishness
of European nations will get its
reward, and there will be a terrible
balance sheet against those Christian
nations who have poisoned China with
opinm and made them look upon all
Christians as rapacious foreign devils.
He says that the Chinese are fighting
for their homes and institutions, and
know that the Christian nations are
seeking to rob them, and that their missionaries
are backed by guns and swords
and Godless soldiers ready to kill and
slay. This infuriates them, and they
look upon any white man as a devil who
should be slain. He says that while
this impending and destructive war is
ordained of God and foretold by His
nrnnhfttfl. vet the ain of it lies at the
doors of Christian nations. Offenses
must needs come, but woe unto those
by whom they cams. The love of
money is still the root of all evil.
"Trade will folio* the flag," is the
shibboleth of commerce, and if the flag
has to be stained with blood it does not
These are my convictions, and hence
T nan'fc work no anv enthusiasm nor
any revenge. In 1841 Eagland took
Hong Kong. In 1848 Eagland made
China pay $20,000,000 because she destroyed
20,000 chests of opium.that had
been stored there by Eaglish merchants.
In 1858 Russia grabbed all the
Armoor country, containing 600,000
square miles, and when the United
States grabbed the Philippines the suspicious
Chinaman said, "The Christians
are coming; they wantmere." No,
it is none of my war. The blood of it
is on somebody's hands.
I see that General Gordon is going
up yonder on another mission of peace j
?f^oirxr fn mir nn fhfl hlnfi and the I
gray and make a compromise color that
will satisfy beth sides. He can't do it,
but maybe he enjoys the fun of tryiDg.
Here and there you will find a good
hearted, clever Federal pensioner, but
most of the clever ones come down here
and stay. The malignant ones don't
come; they are afraid to come. That
is all right; let them stay there; we had
?i-v? ? AffFAfla lion mflin I
1 CtLilCl live? HllU (IUO UVJ^i VWJ I.UUU rnvMM
Yankees. Here is a paper (The Monroe
Chronicle) that was sent in3 last
week?a marked copy?that is mad because
our neeple talk about building a
Confederate memorial at Kichmond,
and says it ought not to be allowed, and
that our loyalty to the union is all a
pretense, and that Bill Arp, a noted
rebel and writer, shows no love for a
restored union. He says that such a
memorial is an insult to the nation and
makes treason honorable and loyalty
odious; every Confederate monument is
* * ? * .1 T> 1_ 1*
a bloody 8aire, ana ine ivepucmcaa party
ought to die, and die eternally, if it
ever allows the return of those rebel
flags which are an insult to the union
dead and disabled veterans. He denounced
our rebel soags and rebel tribnfoo
froaarm* ?n<? is A lot more
U bvu l>V V* v?. J >?? ? ? ?
of such stuff, and it is in keeping with
G-enerai Shaw's utterances in Atlanta
about what we shall teach our children.
Old as I am, I can lick that fellow in
tbree minutes by the clock, and as he
- * .. * _ _ _ -
- in - ri-av VWai-'Y-iiViir
has single! me oiitj it ftcftld do me
good to maul somo grace into his malignant
soul. I am afraid we will have
to whip them again. -Bat I am not going
to let every fool up there make me
mad?I haven't got time?I'd rather
work in the garden or. play with the
grandchildren; they k'$ep"\me amused,
and I can love them without a strain.
Last night I had to play Trimbletoe
with them, and had to be .the elephant
and let them ride home on my back.
How far away that sounds?"Catches
his hens and puts them in a pens; some
lays eggs and some lays none:
briar, limberlock, three geese in the
flock," etc. One of these little girls,
not yet four years old, disobeyed her
mother yesterday and was promised a
whipping. "Mary Lou, tbis-i&the second
time you have opened the ice chest
and turned over the cream. I told you
that if ycu did it again I would whip
you Now come along in the other
room." She is a good child, loving and
smart, but willful. "Mama, peas don't
vip me hard." Her older sister, Caro
line, had followed along ont of sympa
it._ ** i T? J ' v~-~
my luary juuu caw uw auu miu, xww5
Talline, you go back; me don't want
you to see mama yip me and hear me
cry. It's none of your pfsness; it's j ust
my pisness.. You go back, Talline,"
and she laid herself across her mother's
lap ready for her bisness. The mother
couldn't stand that; she relented and
kissed her child, and the little thing
promised again.
And so it ?oss on in everv loving
family?promising and repenting?
from childhood to old age, we sin in
haste and repent at leisure. May the
Lird forgive us all and blc-ss the children,
is my prayer Bill Arp.
State of Ohio, City of Toledo, i
Lucas County. {
Frank J. Cheney makes oath that
he is the senior partner of the firm of
F. J. Cheney & Co , doing business in
the City of Toledo, County and State
aforesaid, and that said firm will pa;
the sum of ONE HUNDRED DOL
L ARS for each and every case of Ca
tarrh that cannot be cured by Hall s
Catarrh Cure.
Sworn to before me aad subscribed
in my my presence, tnis 6 ;h day of December,
A. D. 1886.
, . A. W. GLEASON,
j seal > Notary Pablic.
Hall's Catarrh Cure is taken internally,
and acta direcdy on the blood and
mucous surfaces of .the system. Send
for testimonials, free.
' F. J. CHENET & CO.,
Toledo, Ohio.
Sold by Druggists, 75 j.
Hall's Family Pills are the best.
McKinley Prosperity,
The failures for May, as compiled
from Dun's Review, number
947, as compared with 581
last year and 917 in the "calamitous"
year of 1896. The number
for May, 1900, is the largest
ever known in that month since
the records have been kept. The
records for the two succeeding
months have been equally significant,
as indicating the full
meaning of the McKinley prosperity.
President Gary of the
Federal Steel Trust, who certainly
has no motive for misrepresenting
the facts on that
side, said in a recent statement
of the iron and steel industry:
"The demand is not equal to the
production, and the latter should
be curtailed until conditions
change." Production is being
curtailed at a rate extremely
disastrous to the interests of
workingmen. And this in spite
of the pressure which, it is
everywhere agreed, is being
brought to bear upon the trust
managers by their friends, Hanna
and McKinley, to keep their
works open if possible until after
the election. The trust men
TT T> T-1 ?
are gooa nanna xvepuuizucuis
and would be glad to comply
with this campaign request,
but there is a limit even to the
powers of a trust which has fattened
upon the abnormal profits
of a short season of artificial
prosperity. The trust men are
doing the best they can, but
the truth cannot be concealed;
that^ the bottom is out of vthe
Mc Kin ley prosperity, and the
end is near at hand.
The New Ball Bearing
Sewing Machine
It Leads in Workmanship, Beauty,
Capacity, Strength, Light Banning.
Every Weman Wants One.
Attachments, Needles and
Parts for Sewing Machines
of all makes.
When ordering needles send
sample. Price 27c per dozen,
Agents "Wanted in Unoooupied Territory.
J. L. SHULL, '
1219 Taylcr Street,
lUTiornTin luwinnnimn i
AMidtriib mnuunaiun!
Gores La Gr'ppe, dyspepsia, indiges tion
and all stomach and bowel troubles, colio or
cholera morbus, teething troubles with
children, kidney troubles, bad blood and
all sorts of sores, risings or felons, cats and
bums. It is as good antiseptic, when locally
applied, as anything on the market.
Try it and you will praise it to others.
If your druggist doesn't keep it, write to
irtt-nntr tvritm r</\irr\ a \ttt
JHUJtt-ttx -u.tf.uur x,
On improved real estate.
Interest eight per cent,
payable semi-annually.
Time 3 to 5 years.
No commissions charged
E. K. Palmer.
205 Plain St.. Columbia. S .C
For Sale.
f~\ne Direct Current Electric Fan, 250
U Tolts. For tenria apply to Secretary
Orangeburg Club, P. 0. Box 256, Orangeburg,
8. 6.
Near Union Depot.
Having formed a connection
I am now prepared to repair .^Jl
and rebuild cotton gins as
thoroughly as the various
Tiis branch of the business jgg
be under the personal
supervision of
?vho has had fourteen years of
practical experience in building
the Elliot Gin, and who
is well known to most
gin nsers in this State. i
Now is the Time I Bring- Your J
Gins Before Yon Need Them!
Highes Grade Engines, Boilers,
Saw Mills, Corn Hills, Brick ||
Machines, Wood Working
Machinery, Saws, Pulleys, etc
We offer: Quick delivery, low prices
snd reasonable terms.
1326 Main StM Columbia, S. C.
Ginning Systems Equipped
With The
Murray Gleaning and
Distributing: System.
Power Equipments jj
Saw Mill Machinery
r? j uni ? l:
rann ana- mm mmm]
S. C. Agents for Steele's New
South Brick Machinery. ^
Write us for prices on anything
in our lin<?.
W. H. Gibbes & Co., M
804 Servala 8tre?t,
TtfTf.WT t"h ?> f^-r?jr> t A
ITI iiiil A J VUV VIAVMV MU vwv j/va v
Healer, cures Piles, Eczema,
Sore Eyes, Ghanulated Eyelids,
Carbuncles, Boils, Cuts, Bruises,
Old Sores, Burns, Corns,
Bunions, Ingrowing ToeiiaMP^^^B
Inflammatory Rheumatism, ; M
Aches and Pains, Chapped
Hands and Lips, Erysipelas.
It is something everybody
needs. Once used always usei
For sale by all druggists and ?
dealers. At wholesale by
Columbia, S. C.
Oilman Pays
the EXpress
Steam Dyeing of every
v description. Steam, Nap
tha, French Dry and ' i|||
chemical cleansing. Send ;:8S
for our new price list and :Sjg
circular. All work guar
anteed or no charge.
Oilman's Steals Dye Works
1310 Main Street
A. L. Ortman, Proprietor.
Murray's 1
Mouth %
Wash |
Whitens the Teeth
Cleanses the Mouth
Sweetens the Breath
The? H
Drug Co., %
The firm of J?io S. Reynolds & Co., Printers
of Ready Prints to Newspapers,
was dissolved by mutual consent on July I,' <3
1900. JNO. S. REYNOLDS, V|
OAS. JU. BIJ13. ^ J
Having purchased the interest of Mr. Jno
S. Reynolds in the above business* I wit!
continue the same on my own account at > \ '?
Orangeburg, 8, C., and hope ,by strict aiten- - M
tion to business to merit a continuance of the Sg
patronage heretofore bestowed on the old
firm. JAS. L. SIMS.
Having transferred to Mr. Jai. L. Sims .. .-Tjl
my interest in the business of Jno. S. Beyn- ^t^Ss
olds Sc. Co., I take pleasure in asking for him
a oontinuance of the patronage hitherto ,
giTea tae firm. JNO. 8. REYNOLDS.
Columbia, 8, C., July 1, 1900.

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