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The Fairfield news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1881-1900, August 29, 1900, Image 1

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i ^ VOL LIV, WINXSBOKO. S, C., WEDNESDAY. AUGUST 29, 1900. NO. 10. ' /?jl
! i
; j
Notified Thursday at Tep?ka of !'
His Nomination
He Clearly Demonstrates That J:
Imperialism and Trusts Are
Deadly to a Free GovI
. "Wm. J. Bryan received the second I
official notification of bis nomination I
^ for the presidency at Topeka, Kansas,
^ on Thnrsday. The notification came
from the Populist parry, and Tfcos. M.
Patterson, of Colorado, acted as the
mouthpiece of the party in making it. Mr
t Bryan was at the same time informed
of the endorsement of his candidacy
- ? - ^ T ?!
by tie uwteu oiaies .i'iuucux/ iue6ut, (
this notification being given by W. A. j
Eucker. The ceremonies cecum d in j
the spacious and beautiful grounds of ;
the State capital ana were vicnessed by
a largfe number of people. Mr. Brjan
spoke as follows:
Mr. Chairman and Members of the
Notification Committee:
In accepting the presidential nomi
nation which jcu tender on behalf of
y*. the Populist pariy, I desire to give emr
phatic recognition to the educational
work done by yourpartv. The Populist
party, as au organization, and the j
?:Uonf.ps and the labor organiz i- !
tions from which they sprang, have
done much to arouse the people to a
study of economic and industrial ques
tioDS. Believing as I do that truth
grows not in seciasion but in the open
^ field and that it thrives best in the sun
light of full and free debate, I have
confidence that the dissussioos which
your paity has compelled will aid in
Sqy? reaching that true solution of pending
problems toward which all honest citit
* zses aim.
llI desire also to express my deep ap^
preciation of the liberality of opinion
and devotion to principle which have
led the members of your party to enter
the ranks of another party in the fceleci
tioajpf a candidate.
- "And let me pause to eay that when j
?. oo nror..jTi o ar.fj ffivPT) to I
rlBld bpCOVil n oj y* MW w Q. . *.?
tht ^rcs3 I did not know that formal
announcement of the resolutions as
passed by the monetary league wcu'd
be made at this time, and I desire to
here to express my gratitude to tjje
: members of that league for the support
which they promise ard for the cordial
commendation which tie r resolutiocs
^ speak. The monetary league has for
fou? years been active in the distribu
tion of literature connected with the
mrtvmTT nnrstion aimed at the eclight
?;nmenfc of the voters and I have on
former occasions and do now express
v ray commendation of the efforts of this
league and similar leagues, to spread
people information on the
fesec^lP^Pmoney qnestion, because I believe the
t more the question is studitd and the
2& better it is understood the stronger will
be the demand for the restoration of j
the double standard in the United
States. (Great applause )
"While 1 am grateful for the confi
dence which the Populists have expressed
in me, I am not vain enough to
regard cs personal their extraordinary
manifestations of good will. The ties
which bind together those who believe
in the same great fundamental principles
are stronger than ties of affection
?ctrmiopr p\-fin than the ties of blood;
and co-operation between Its reform
forces is due. to tbe fact that Democrats,
Populists and Si]verKepublic3ns
take tbe side cf tbe people m their
contest against greed aca agree in tbe
application of Jeffersonian principles
to tbe questions immediately before
''In 18% tbe money question was of
v psramcunt importance ar>d tbe allies ijk
that campaign united in tbe zegrf**
for immediate restoration of ^7
tbe independent action of t>^C0^Qiry
16 to 1, tbe ratio wni^^a? existed
sinco 1834. Tbey defeated, but
liof nrtf *>T?d ciscusiion-' Tbe
7^" uav.
Democrats were'clefeated in 3SSb-, out
tfcat did hoc put an end to tariff reform.
The JKepublicans were dsfeated in 1392
but- tij3t did not permanently overthrow
the protective tariff. Defeat at
the polls does not necessarily decide
tiie great problem- Experience and
experience alone settle questions. If j
an increase in ??ie volume of the cur I
rency since although ucpromiscd i
by the K?r?iblicans, Jind unexpected, j
has brought raiprovement industrial j
* |
conditio*8' tins itapruveaicuc u=iv?u
of acsver*D2: tiie arguuients put forth
in f??'or of bimetalism, only confirms
thf contention of those who insisted
tkat more money would make better
?- "The Republican party, however,
while claiming credit for the increase
in circulation, makes no permanent
provision for an adequate supply cf
standard money. It denies the necessity
for more real money while it permits
national banks to expand the
volume of paper promises to pa> j
"If the Populist felt justified ia op- !
posirg tbe Republican party when it
sought to couceal its gold standard
tendencies ucdtr tbe mask of intercational
bimetalism, the opposition
should be more piocouDced in proportion
as the Republican party more
openly espouses gold monometallism,
"In 1S96 the reform forces charged
the Republican partjvrith intending to
retire greenbacks. This cfearge, denied
at the time, has been confessed by the
financial bill, which converts greenback?,
when occe redeemed into gold
certificates, and extends new jrivileges
- to banks of issue. If a Populist opposed
the Republican party when its hosHf
tility to greenbacks was only suspccted,
that opposition should be f-?ater now
since one can no longer doubt the pur'
pose of the Republican party tc substitute
bank notes for greenbacks.
"It is true that the Populists believe j
| _,in an irredeemable greenback, while ;
the Democrats believe in a greenback
Redeemable in coin, but the vital qaes- j
',ion at this time, so far as the money ;
p concerned is whether the govern- j
L ? K/vr?f /\r> Kan Ire icciiA it. There
will be time enough to discus3 the reieemahility
of the greenbacks, when
Lbe greenback itself is saved from the
inDihilatioD which cow threatens it.
The Republie*n party is now committed
to a cuirency system which necessitates
a Deroetual debt, while the Pop
alist finds himself in agreement with
the Democrats who believe in paying
d2 th? national debt as rapidly as possible.
'If belief in an income tax justified
a Populist in scting with the Democratic
party in 1896, what excuse can
he find for aiding the Republican party
now when even the exigencies of war
have net Deen sufficient to bring that
party to the support of the income t3X
'"Popilists believe ia arbitration
now as much as they did in 1896 and
ar* as much opposed to government
by injunction and blacklist as they
were then, and upon these subjects
they ha^e as much reason for co operation
with the Democratic party today
as they had four years a?o.
"Democrats and Populists alike favor
the principle of direct legislation. If
any differences exist as to the extent
to which the principle should be applied,
these differences can be reconciled
by experimei4
"Democrats and Populists agree
'-*1 >Orian+al laVinr
mat V^-LLltkCOVJ auu VWJiU
should be excluded from the United
'"Democrats and Populists desire to
so enlarge the scope of the inter state
commerce act as to enable the commission
to protect both persons aud places
from discrimination and the public at
large from excessive railroad rates.
"The Pojulists approve the demand
set forth in the Democratic platform
for a labor bureau, with a cabinet offi
cer at its head. Such an official would
keep the administration in close touch
with the wage earning portion of the
population and go far toward securing
such remedial legislation as the toilers
"In 189G the Populists united with
the Democrats in opposing the trusts,
although the question at that time appeared
like a cloud scarcely larger than
a tr.an's hand. Today that cloud well
nigh overspreads the industrial sky.
The farmer dees not participate in the
profits of any trust, but he sorely feels
the burden of them all. He is dependent
upon the seasons for his income.
When he plants his crop he knows not
whether it will be blessed with rain or
blighted with drought; he knows not
whether wind will blow it down, or hail
destroy it, or insects devour it and the
price of his crop is as uncertain as the
quantity. if a private monopoly can
suspend production and fix the price of
raw material as well as the price of the
farmer, nower
less to protect himself when he sells, is
plundered when be purchases. ^ Can
any farmer hesitate to throw the influence
of his ballot upon the side of those
who desire to protect the public at
large from monopolies?
"The fact that the trusts support the
Republican party cught to be sufficient
proof that they expect protection from
it. The Republican cannot be relied
upon to extinguish the trusts so long
as it draws his campaign contributions
from their ovei flowing vaults.
"The prosperity argument which the
Republicans bring forward to answer
ail comolaints against the adminietra
tion will not deceive the farmer. He
knows that two factors come into his
income?first, the size of his crop, and,
second, the price which he receives for
the same. ' He does not return thanks^
to the party in power for favor^j^
weather and a bountiful haives^r
he knows that the Rpublican^1^ tas
no policy which insure3./*^em|?ent
increase in agriculturaK'lce.s* since
he :ells his surplus^' market
he is not a benqF**7? tariff, and
since he Dro^*s merchandise ana not
monev DOt PrcSc W the aP"
prec?^of the doiIar* He knows
much vaunted presperity, of
-jjjuoh. he has never had his share, is on
che wane in spite of the unusual and
UDcaiural stimulation which it has received
during the last three years. He
knows tfcat each month of 1900 shows
a larger number of failures - than the
corresponding month of 1899, and that
thers is als? s marked tendency toward
a decrease in iuc output of the factories.
He knows also that discoveries
of gold, famines abroad and war on
three continents have not been able to
raise the price of farm products as rap*
/>r?rr> Kiro tiAn c T"> O TTCU
10iy ii 3 t* uo to ou \l vvuiyiuauivuo
raised the price of the things *hich
the farmer dujs.
"Oar opponent have tried to make
it appear that we are inconsistent when
we desire a general iise in prices and
yet oppose an arbitrary rise in piotected
manufactures 01 trust-made goods.
There is no conflict whatever between
tlioco fnrrt Tvrrtnncif-.irtma Tf - o^npral
rise in prices occurs because of a permanent
increase iz. the volume of
money, all things adjust themselves to
the new level, and if the volume of
money then increases in proportion to
the demand for money, the price level.,
i-emains the ssme and business can be-:'
done with fairness to ail. If, however,v
the rise is arbitrary and onl? affects a"
part of the products of labor, those
whose products do not participate in
the rise suffer because the 'purchasing
power of their income is decreased. If
a bad monetary system drags down the
price of the farmer's produtt while
monopolies raise the price of what he
buys, he burns the candle at both ends
and mast expect to suffer in comparison
with those who belong to the classes
more favored by legislation.
"It is sometimes urged by partisan
Populists that four years m9re oiRepublic?n
misrule would so aggravate
economic conditions as to make *e
forms easier. JNo one can attord to $d
in making matters worse in the hoje
of beibg able to make them better at.
terwards, for in so doing he assume*
resyuuaiuilltica nuigu JUG LLLOJ UVW UGI
able to remedy. No Populist, however!
sacguine, believes it possible to elect\
a president at ihis time, but the Populist
party may be able to determine
whether a Democrat or a Republican
will be elected. Mr. Chairman, the
Populist convention, which your committee
represents, thought it better to
share with the Democrats in the honor
of securing some of the reforms desired
by your par.v than to bear the odium
of remaining neutral in this g.?at crisis
or of giving open or secret aid to the
Republican parry -which opposes all the
reforms for which the Populists con+
"Those who labor :o improve the
conditions which surround their fellowmen
are apt to become impatient;
bat they must remember that it take*
time to work out great reforms. Let
me illustrate by calling your attention
to the slow growth of public opinion in
support of a proposition to which there
has been practically do open opposition.
President Johnson, in 186S,
recommended a constitutional amendment
providing for the election of United
States senators b7 a direct vote of
the people, but his recommendation
met with no response. About 12 years
later Gen. Weaver, then a member of
congress, tried to secure the passage
of a resolution submittirg such an
amendment, but Iiis efforts were futile.
In 1892 the resolution recommended
hv President Johnson and ureed by
Congressman Weaver finally passed the
house of representatives but it has not
yet reached a vote in the senale and
now, after eight years more of public
discussion the proposition for the first
time received the endorsement of the
national convention of one of the great
"If he fusion forces win a victory
thi-? fail we shall see this reform accomplished
bffore the nest presidential
electioD, and with its accomplishment,
the people will find it easier to
secure any remedial legislation which
they may desire. But how halting has
Keen thp nroPTpss Holland has said:
"Heaven is not gained by a single
We build tee ladder by which we rise
From the lowly earth to the vaulted
And we mount to its summit round by
"And so it is with greit social and
poliiical movements.
''Great problems are solved slowly,
but struggling humanity marches on,
step by step, ccntentthatateach nighty
fall it can pitch itstentonalittiehig'JHtk;
the ties tiiat bind.
"I have called attention to the issue3
which brought the Dcmoorats aod Populists
together and which justifies the
cooperation during the last four years.
Let me low invite vour attention to
a question which would justify cooperation
at this time even though we
differed upon economic questions. It
is not our fault that these tew questions
have been thrust imo the arena
of politics; it is not cur fault that the
~ * % ? , - j
people have been called upon to consider
questions of ever-increasing magnitude.
In 1890 the tariff question was
the principal subject of discussion asd
the Democratic pirty contended that
the masses were carrying a burden of
"unjust and unnecessary taxes. In 1892
the tariff question was still the principal
issue between the Democratic and
Republican parties, although in the
west and south the money question was
assuming greater and greater proportions
and the Populists were contending
that our monetary system wa3
more responsible than the tariff laws 1
for the depression in agriculture and
the distress existing among the wage^'
earners. In 1S96 the whole questjp^"
taxation be came of secondaiy-r^PPJ"
tance because of the incj*^a ,,
ness of those who oppo^ e .an(*
silver coinage oi-^0, constitution.
When the Kcpu>,03:13. declared at St.
Louis that. restoration of bimetali:
country although desirable
^^possible without the aid of the
[vicing commercial nations ef the Old
"world, the Populist and silver Republicans,
joined "with the Democrats in
asserting the rights and duty of the
American people to shape their financial
system for themselves, regardless
of the action of other nations. The
failure of the Republican pr.rty to secure
international bimetallism and its
nnon #>qnnri<5al nf thfi srnld standard still
? o-- ; ; #
keep the money question in politics,
but no economic question can compare
in importance with a question which
concerns the principle and structure of
government. Systems of taxation can
be changed with less difficulty than
financial systems and financial systems
can be altered with less danger and
less disturbance to the country than
the vital doctrines upon which free
government rests.
uIn the early sis tics when we were
engaged in a contest which was to determine
whether we should have one
republic or two, questions of finance
were lost sight of. Silver was at a
premium over gold and both gold and
silver were at a premium over greenbacks
and bank notes, but the people
could not afford to divide over the
money question in the presence of a
greater issae. And so today we are
engaged in a controversy which will
determine whether we are to have a
republic in which the government derives
its just powers from the consent
of the governed, or an empire in which
brute force is the ODly recognized
source of po*er.
"In a government where the people
rule every wrong can be righted and
every evil remedied, bat when only the
doctrine of self government is impaired
anrl micrlit. is substituted forrizhfc there
is no certainty that any question will
be settled oorrectly.
; A colonial policy would so occupy
the people with the consideration of the
nation's foreign policy that domestic
questions would be neglected. 'Who
will haul down the flag,' or 'stand by
the president' would be the prompt response
to every criticism of the adminC
ftArrnnfinn anH crv^rtisi]
XOV-iatWH nuu Wiiuy?4vu
privilege would thrive under the cover
of patriotism.
"It is not strange that the Populists
should oppose militarism and imperial
ism for both are antagonistic to the
principles upon which Populists apply
to other questions. Looking at questions
from the standpoint of the producer
of wealth rather than from the
standpoint of the speculator, the Populist
recognizes in militarism a constant
and increasing burden. The army
worm which occasionally destroys a
teld of wheat is not nearly so dangerous
an enemy to the farmer as a large
Sending army, which invades every
| of industry and exacts toil irom
every crop.
"If 100,000 men are withdrawn from
J 1
Excitlrg Scenes Witnessed in the
City of Akron.
i .
An Angry Crowd of PeoPie Seek
to Lynch a Negro for Attempted
Assault on
a GiriA
dispatch from Akron, Ohio, ears
between one and two o'clock Wednesday
morning Officer John Duffy arrest
ed a colored man who, during the day,
confessed to Prison Keeper Washer, to
having attempted to assault Christina,
the six year old daughter of Mr. and
Mrs. Theo. Maas, industrious and respectable
people who live on Perkins
hili. The prisoner has given his name
as Louis Peck. He is about 40 years
old, married and recently moved here.
The story of his confession spread
like wild fire through the city and offiT_
cers learned that an attempt wouia De
made to ljnch him In the police
court Peck pleaded guilty aid was
bound ever to the common picas court.
His bail was placed at $5,000.
Several thousand people were ready
to lynch Peck. A large crowd gath
ered about the city prison at 7:30
o'clock and forced in the doors The
prison was soon packcd with the mob
and the officers offered no residence,
as Peck earlier ii .he evening had been
quietly taken away to Cleveland.
To satisfy the mob the officers suggested
that a committee of six be ap
pointed to search ali the cells and go
through every part of the buildiDg.
This was done, and as the nc-gro was
not found, a yell was made, 4<Now for
the county jail. Give cs the niggsrand
we will deal with him.'' A mad rash
was made for the j?il and scon the jail
was,in the hands of the mob. After
g through the private apartmeDts
of the jiil the crowd started to batter
down the big iron doors.
Deputy Sheriff Stone stood in front
of the prison doors and made a speech.
He informed the crowd that Peck could
not be found in there and he told the
1- J_ it 1. 1. 1 --4 ?
people iu tue muu iu sciuvi a wuiiuntee
and he would allow the committee
to search the jail from top to bottom.
A committee was quickly selected and
the jail was searched, every cell being
examined. Satisfied that the negro
I was not there the mob then rushed
across the street aad forced opea the
doors of the county court house. The
old courthouse was soon packed ana all
rooms searched exccpt the rooms in the
i treasury department.
I The city prison was again surrounded-"
i jnil fmnrlrcria nf tisnnle forced their
way into the prison for the., second
time, insisting that the-^S1"0 w*s
there. Mayor W. Jj>-*oung at this
time appeared at arc'of the windows in
the upper par^"6* building. He
addressed -*re .^ob as best-be could,
sayine>^c Peck bad been taken out of
the^^on at ^ o'clock by Sheriff Kelly
driven out of the city in a closed
The people in the moL would not believe
the mayor and continued to yell i
auu utuauu tuai JL CLA. UU ouiiguu^ivui
At 10 o'clock the mob began for the j
third time to attack the city prison.
Some one in the crowd began shooting
at the building. This was followed by
several more shots. The officers in the
building appeared at the windows and
began to shoot over the heads of the
people. A man with a shot gun then
fired at the officers.
It is said several officers were wounded.
The crowd then began to smash
in fTio nnndrinra nf/*itTr hnilrlinc and
the firing became general. Hundreds
of shots were exchanged, and one boy,
name unknown, was earned dead from
the street. It is ccrtain that dozens of
men were wounded.
All the ambulances of the city have
been called out and the excitement has
become intense. The front of the city
building is a total wreck and the fire
bells were rung.
At 10:45 d. m. Prison Keeper John
E. Washer came from the city building ,
and he was knocked down by a brick.
He was badly injured about the head ;
and had to receive medical attention. ;
It was known that two people were
instantly killed and another person is
dying at the city hospital. The dead
are: G-len Wade, aged 10, shot through
the heart; John M. Davidson's four- I
year-old child, shot dead in a baby car- ,
Fred V. Orwick, age 25, is badly
wounded with buckshot. He lives_ at
No. 43 North street, and is now dying
at the hosDital. A man named Mull
was shot in the head and also in one
Another man, whose name could not
be learned, but who is a driver for the
American Express company was shot
in the leg.
At lip. m. the crowd began to leave
for home, and the indications are that
no more trouble will take place.
Shortly after midnight the mob broke
into a hardware store and stole all the
firearms and ammunition they could
find, including gnns, nfies and revolvers
and proceeded to the city building
and opened fire on the defenders and
r* . t /ii i r .11
nnany set nre to tne uoiumoia nan,
*hich adjoins the city building. At
last accounts the flames were spreading
No Prisoners Were MadeA
dispatch from Berlin says general
attention has been attracted by an interview
published in the Frankfurter
Zeitung between that paper's corres
pondent at Tokio and Lieut, von Krohn
who was wounded in Admiral Seymour's
expedition. Lieut, von Krohn says:
"At the beginning wounded Boxers
were sent to the hospitals at.Tien Tsin;
but it was seen later that this was a
mistake. Hence an order was given to
kill all Chinamen able to stand, not
even to spare the wounded, but particlarly
to make absolutely no prisoners
ijon t oe jeaious.
Don't be jealous of your neighbor or
your brother. Don't. That is little,
too little, very little. And if you indulge
that spirit long it will make jou
little, and then mean, and then contemptible,
Don't let the spirit get you.
liie Mob Enraged at Escape of Wouldbe
A dispatch from Akron says when
day danced in that city Thursday
morning it revealed a scene of desolation
and the evidences of violence and
lawlessness unparalled in the history i
of this city. The rioters had done
their wcrk and had disappeared. One
child was lying cold in death and neari
- i
l/ a 9cure ui jjeupie vveie ouuuiiuguuui
the wounds of pistol balls, buckshot
and missiles. The city building was a
heap of smoulderiug ruins and beside it
steamed the water-soaked ashes of Columbia
At 0 o'clock the crowd began to increase
as the curious spectators hurried
to the scene of the trouble. A policeman
appeared and then another, timid
at first, but with increasing assurance as
no violence was offered. Iben Co. C
of Canton, a detachment of the gallant
Eighth Ohio regiment, marcned down
the street from the train and, halting
befoie the ruins of the buildiDg. was
at once set to patroling the fi'e lines. ,
There was no evidence of ill will or disquiet
on' the part of the crowds at the
lines. There was nc talked of violence,
as the turbulent element had sunk away
with the coming of daylight and order
was once more fully rtstored after an
awful night of terror and anarchy.
At 6:30 o'clock Thursday morning
Co. 0, Eighth regiment, of Canton, un
der command of Capt. A. Fischer, arrived
in Akron under riot orders. The
soldiers were met in the Valley depot
by Mayor Young and a p*rty of city officials,
They were marched immediately
'.o the scene of Wednesday night's
rioting. As the troops marched up the
main thoroughfare hisses and groans
were ieard. At 9:20 nine companies
nf the Frmrth rpciment arrived in the
city and marched to the scene of Wednesday
night's rioting.
Shortly before 10 o'clock Mayor W.
E. Young issued a proclamation closing
e7ery saloon in Akron until further
orders. Oce killed, one fatally
injured and 20 persons more or less injured
is the result of the mob's work.
Glen Wade was shot and almost instantly
killed. He was in the mob and
a ballet from the revolver of a policeman
in the city hall struck him. The
lad ras only 11 years of age. Another
innocent who will die is Rhoda Davidson,
the seven-year-old daughter of Mr.
and Mrs. J. M. Davidson. Sitting in a
carriage with her mother and father on
the outskirts of the cob, a stray bullet
struck her in the head. No hope is
held out for her recovery.
r'"h< resistance shown by the police
office!-? and city cfficials in the city hali
only jerved to lash the mob into greater
fre^2J_-EaiIijajr in its efforts to tcro.e
oirciitrance into the city hail a portion
of the mob ran to the store of the Standard
Hardware Co. on Main street,
about one and a half blocks fiom the
fccene of the noting. Revolvers, rifles,
ehotgunp, razors^ and thousands of
rounds of ammunition were taken and
with these weapons the mob returned
A - 1. .11 1 Ml ?l
to tne city nan, wnere tne city omciais
were haranguing the mob.
Adjsining the city hall which was
constructed almost entirely of brick,
wa3 an immense building which for
many yeais past was ihe principal public
hall of Akron. This building was
set aSre. The various fire companies
responded to the alarm, but the mob
refused to nermit them to work. On
lumbia ball was soon a ruin, but the
city hall was yet standing. Flaming
embers were thrown into the different
rooms and the building was soon buraing.
Some of the more thoughtful ones
in the mob liberated the prisoners from
the cells below the hall. A stick of
dynamite wa3 thrown into the front of
the burning building. A terrific crash
followed and portions of the wall
crumbled away like dust before a breeze.
Another charge was exploded and the
?o k of devastation was completed.
Killed by a Masher.
J. tfascom JKobbms, a young man
from Big Sandy, Tenn., making his
firti trip through northern Wisconsin for
the Chicago Crockexy company, of
Rhinelander attempted a flirtation with
one of the women clerks in the store of
Fenelon&Co., on Saturday evening,
and after being repulsed by the woman
and chased out of the store and down
the street, he shot and instantly killed
W. W. Fecelon, head of the firm who
had resented the insult to his employee.
Bobbins was taken to the
oounty jail and afterward spirited out
of the city as it was feared that public
feeling might result in violence. The
murdered man was one of the foremost
citizens of northern Wisconsin. He
was heavily interested in property, both
in this region and in the state of Washington.
For fifteen years he has been
at the head of one of the largest mercantile
houses of northern Wisconsin.
He leaves a widow and two young
Turtle Showed Fight.
John Fisher, of Romey, W. Va,
had an exciting experience with a large
turtle in the south branch of the Poto
mac a lew days ago. He caught the
turtle, which weigned about 40 pounds,
od his lice, but after landing it in his
boat it showed fight and chased him
from one end of the boat to the other.
His only weapon of defense was a
small paddle, which the turtle would
now and then grab between its jaws
Fisher at length sacceeded in beatirg
it over into the river.
Heat Damaged Crops
A dispatch from Chattanooga, Term.,
savs the protracted bot weather, with
almost complete absence of rain and
temperature averaging iromy* degrees
is proving disastrous to the interests of
farmers. Reliable reports were brought
in to the effect that the late corn was
completely killed in some districts,
while hundreds of acres of strawberry
plants were dried up and were a complete
loss. It is estimated that the
damage to date is very great.
Good Advice-.
Iostcad of wringing your hands over
the unsaved masses, suppose you turn
your energies to the salvation of the
sinner nearest to you? You will find
that a task which will call for all your
strength, your energy, your power with
The Allies Arrived Not a Day
Too Socn
Commander?, Alarmed by Sound
of Bombardment, Gave Men
no Time to Rest. Musician
Titus' Laurels.
A dispatch from Pekin says the
American and Russian flags were
planted on the last walh of that city on
Tuesday morning 14th instant, at 11
o'clock. The India troops entered the
British legation at 1 and the Americans
at 3. There was a joyful reception
from the wall.
The cmaciatcd tenants couid have
lasted but little longer. They had only
thrna days' rations. The Chinese had
been attacking furiously for tvro days.
Four thousand shells fell in the legation
duriDg the siege. Sixty-five were
killed and 160 wounded.
The Japanese began the battle before
daylight and they are still fighting
about the north wall, where a part of
the Chinese are defending the imperial
city. The Japanese casualties have not
yet been ascertained. The Russians
had five killed and twelve wounded.
The Americans had but few wounded.
The plan was to make a general attack
tomorrow, and the troops were arriving
at camp, five miles east, all
and slept in the cornfields in the rain.
Generals, however, alarmed at the
founds of a heavy attack on the legations,
pushed forward independently,
the British, Americans and French on
the left of the river ana the Russians
and Japanese on the right. Beginning
at 2 o'clock this morning the Japanese
diverted the brunt of the resistance to
the northern city, their artillery engaging
the Chinese heavily there. The
Americans and British met with but
little resistance until they entered the
city, where there was street fighting
Reillev's battery attempted to reach
the inner wall. The troops finally entered
the foreign settlement through
the canal.
Company E, Fourteenth United
States infantry, planted its flag on the
outer wall, Musician Tims scaling the
wall with a rope, by means of which
the others climbed to the top.
A dispatch to The New York Herald
from Pekin, Fiiday, August IT, via-1
Shanghai says:
Contrary to the agreement of the
allied commanders the Russians ad
vanced and occupied the first deer of
the east gate early iu the morning of
the 14ch (Tuesday,) but failed to force
the second door.
At 2 o'clock on tho afternaou of the,
14th the British and Americans entered
the gate near the legations and met with
only slight resistance.
The Japanese met more serious opposition
at the upper east gate all day.
At midnight on the 14th they blew
up tne gate ana entered tee city.
Many Chinese were killed.
The people in the legation were well,
but somewhat starved.
Minister Conger said:
'They tried to annihilate us the day
before you got in.
"Prince Ching, president of the
TsuDg Li Yamen, sent word tbat his
officers had received orders to cease firing
on us under pain of death.
"At 7 o'clock in the evening of the
same day the Chinese opened fire and
this continued all day.
ir the relieving column had not arrived
when it did we should probably
have succumbed.
''The Americans lost seven marines
killed and 15 wounded and one child
"The whole movement is purely a
governmental one. The boxers are
onlyga pretense, having no guns.
"Tbe confidential adviser of the emperor
was the leader cf the. imperial
"In eleven days over 2,OOOsbel3s fell
among us."
A dispatch from Hongkong says a
prominent reformer has obtained from
yamen runners a letter from Gen. Yung
Lu, commander-in-chief of the northern
armies, to Gen. Tung Fu Sian, commanding
the Kan Sa troops, saying:_
"It is not convenient to accomplish
my secret orders," and proceeding:
"The foreign devils, counting their
superior etrenght ia warships and guns
have dared to exert all their power to
rob and insult us, but their populations
are small and entirely dependent
on the Chinese productions. China now
possesses cannon and rifles and plenty
of well t'fained troops.
"I don't fear the foreigners. In the
case of San Muu, I refused Italy with
the result that nothing was taken. It
is evident the foreigners are cowards. I
and Prince Tuan recently obtained the
heln nf millions nf Boxprs. nos9e3sin2
magic boldness. I svrear to murdtr ail
the foreigners with assistance of the
Boxers who are supplied with arms."
Gen. Tang Fu Sian, in his reply,
which was also obtained, says he is of
the same opinion and places the Kan
Sa troops at Gen. Yung La's disposal.
A Yonn? Man's CampaignAdlai
E. Stephenson, the Democratic
nominee for vice president, has
this to say to the young men of the
country, and it is to b^ hoped they will
ponder well his words: "Uarry to toe
young men the message that this is
their campaign. It is their campaign
in a a sense that no other presidential
campaign in the history of our politics
has been. The doors of opportunity
are closing in the face of youth. It is
the mission of Democracy to open them
and to place before the young men of
ambition, intelligence and integrity the
hopes that were theirs before tbe governmental
favoritism and special privilege
politics of our opponents became
so controlling in onr national life." Mr.
Bryan is in a peculiar sense the young
men's candidate and the young men's
hope, and our party is the logical one
for young men to Bupport."
Tb* Effect of th9 Heat on Growing
following is the weekly bulletin
of the condition of the weather and
crop3 of the State issued Wednesday by
Section Director Bauer, of the crop and
oiimate service of- the United States
weather bureau.
The mean temperature for the State
was 87 degrees for the week ending 8 a.
m. August 20th, and the normal for the
same period is 78 degrees. The highes
maximum fanged from 100 to 10-i every
day; the lowest minimum was 67 at
Spartanburg on the 13:h.
The drought was relieved in spots.
Nearly every county reported some
rain, but over by far the greater portion
of the State the rainfall was inar.n
morn? nr>>n + c r>/\ roin
UUiMViVUX MUWk UiHUJ uau liV 1 C41U>
Where the rain was followed by bright
sunshine crops were scalded and injared
instead of benefited. There was
more cloudiness and lighter winds generally
than daring the previoas week,
except that heavy winds accompanied
some of the thunder storms. Damaging
hail fell in Lancaster and Pickens
The weather was too hot and gener
ally i cd dry for all growing vegetation,
and crop reports indicate wide-spread
deterioration, amounting in the case of
young corn to complete ruination of
snch that has but recently tasselled.
Earlier planting, not matured, is not
filling well, and the blades and stalks
are dead. The com crop will be short.
Fodder was pulled from early corn and
saved in fine condition.
The weather conditions were also unfavorable
to cotton, causing continued
shedding of leaves, forms and even
young bolls, and checked all growth.
Rust has decreased. Premature opening
is general and picking has begun in
all sections. Sea island eontidues to
blight, is dwarfed and is fruiting poorly.
In places late planted cotton continues
to look well, but the prospects
for the middle and top crops are poor.
River rice is exceptionally promising,
except at a few points, and harvest,
which has begun, will soon be actively
prosecuted. Upland rice has failed
T> it _ * * n
xeas ux joucg growiQ wera iicerany
killed, while earlier plantings have
been severely injured. Some pea-vines
have been cut for hay. Swaet potatoes
and cane, pastures and gardens, in
short, all minor crops, have shared in
the general deterioration caused by the
unprecedented period of prolonged excessive
heat and drought in places.
- Fighting at Pekin Over.
A- dispatch from Washington says
bloody work has been going on in
Pekin, according to a dispatch received
Wednesday by the Navy Q|jjrtment
from Remey. The messa^fJBys the
American forces iichtiEZ aiSBRth the
allies, and that progress has been made,
which has only been accomplished after
military efforts of a severe character.
Officials of the War Department
familiar with the physical condition of
the defenses at Pekin say the fact that
all but the imperial city is cleared of
Chinese troops is evidence that severe
fighting mnst have occurred.
Id order for the American troops to
penetrate to the gates of the palace they
must have stormed a wall thirty feet
high which no doubt was stubbornly
defended. It is a source of satisfaction
to the military oflhials that the
allied commaaders succeeded in clearing
the region outside of the imperial
vii-j vi vuiugou \Jl\JVyO) <43 iiUCiCU,/ tilC
danger of attacks in flank and rear,
while invaders are storming the imperial
city, is removed. The statement
that all but the imperial city is cleared
of Chinese soldiers left the impression
that the force of defenders is still intrenched
in that section and will have
to be routed.
.All except imperial city cleared of
Chinese troops. American troops first
to enter imperial city. Have oenetrat
ed to gates palace. Capfc. Riely, Fifth
Artillery, killed. Morning 19th Sixth
Cavalry and about 400 English and
Japanese dispersed about 11,000 Boxers
eight miles outside Tien Tsin. One
hundred Chinese killed, five Americans
wounded: Chaffee's losses six killed,
thirty wounded, two days fighting.
Dispatches received from Taku, dated
August 19, say that according to advices
from a Japanese source, dated
August 17, the battle of Pekin wa3 finished.
The Japanese entered the imperial
palace. The foreign ministers,
wiih detachments of the allied troops,
were then occupying the imperial city,
the Chinese princes and ministers hav
ing retired to Sian Fa, we3t of Pekin. i
One Good ChinamanMrs.
Joseph Buffiogton, wife of tne
United States district court jud^e of
this dial rict, recently received a ietter
from Mrs. James B. Neal, wife of "Dr.
Neal, bow with United States Consul
John Fowler, teliing of a thrilling incident,
in which a Chinese war ship
floated the stars and stripes. The letter
s T_I? in __j
was Yvntceu uruui vueiuu, o uiy jlv/, auu
in it Mrs. Neal writes: '"There is one
good Chinaman in the world. He is
Captain Sah, of the Chinese gunboat
Hai Chi, on which twenty six of us
American women and children took
refuge while she was lying five miles
out in Tfcung Ctow harbor. Captain
Sah gave assistance to Captain Wilde,
of the Oregon, when the latter grounded
and in recognition of his services Captain
Wilde cave the Chinaman a letter.
bearing an official seal, that for saving
and guarding Americans at Tsung
Chow Captain Sah and his ship were
under American protection. While
we were still on board the Hai Chi a
Russian man of-war started in her
direction. But Captain Sah ran up the
stars and stripes, as Captain Wilde had
told him to do, and the Russian ship
turned promptly away. There weie
twenty-six American women and children
of us to cheer and cry as 'old
glory' unfurled from the staff of a Chinese
. Corn Crop Ruined.
Kansas has had a terrible drop in
her hopes of a magnificent com crop.
A few weeks ago something like 250,000,000
bushels was counted on. The
subsequent and still continued drouth
has made it probable that the crop
will not ezceed 75,000,000. After all
there is no state where crops are as cerj
tain a3 they are in Georgia.
' >- ,r
Some Latter Day Chivalry Up
North. *.
By Twelve Men in Middletcwn,
Conn,, Because They' Did
Not Like Her f.
Ways. *
A dispatch from Middletown, Conn.,
says a whitecap outrage of a disgraceful
nature was perpetrated in Centrebrook,
a village m tiie sout&ern part or uiax
county, Wednesday night.
A woman was set upon by twelve
men and so seriously chastised for an
alleged infraction of the moral law that
she may die.
There are slight clews to the men who
were implicated in the cowardly assault
t but there is little chance that they will
I be punished, because it is likely that
? 1 i e
I tney were prommeDt ciuzeus ui? uwoir ,
laced and law-abiding community.
Concerning the provocation furnished
to the woman-beaters by Mrs. Adolph
Fritz this story has nothing to do. She
is a comely woman, the mother of three
children, and a good housewife, as far
as is known.
Previous to the shocking occurrence
of last night it had not been known in
the little town that there was any animous
against her on the part of the
self-constituted regulators of the town.
Mrs. Fritz took a stroll with a young
Italian of the place. While walking >. I
along the railroad track near the Essex $
depot twelve masked,men sprang from
the underbrush and made a rush for
the eouple. . * '
The Italian escort of Mrs. Fritz made . N *||
a wild leap over a fence, and was out .i'[
of sight in a minute. He was not pursued!
The twelve chivalrous citizens of the .
commonwealth of Connecticut eared
? -miiM Tf rrrna f.limi*
UUtiLLLtg 1W1 bUC luau. jlu nw wvu w. x ^
sire to chastise the woman, and chastise
her they did. ~ " -2
Two of the masked assailants pushed
a meal sack over the woman's head and
choked her until she could not utter an
She was then stripped of her clothing
and tied to a tree by the roadside. The ^ III
men appeared to be frantic. They tore
in fn Tm
up LUC Vdjr COUU JLU iiUWM WW *rv
in on the punishment.
When the woman had been stripped
she was whfpped most cruelly.
Buggy whips, blacksnakes and limbs ' , v:
of trees figured as instruments of casti- ||
gation in the hands of the whijtecap.
Under the awful punishment she endured,
her breath cut off by the tightly
wrapped sack, the woman became un- " ;"l
When the regulators had glutted
their desire to reform by flaggellation
they cut the woman loose, tore her
clothes to bits and oast her body in cne
dust of the road.
She made the best of her way to her ~ ;||
home upon her recovery, crawling on
her hands and knees. . . . .
Being strong and self-reliant she had
made a gallant fight against her twelve
brutal assailants. ' . 5
She managed to gather a mask, a
whip and a man's soft hat. These Bhe
Arrt cteraA trt finmo mifTl Tlfll" And '
U1?66VU ww UV4 AAVMAW 5"?"?
they had been turned over to the police.
. No efforts will be spared, it is.proclaimed,
to bring the perpetrators of
the outrage to justice, but it is feared
that efforts will not avail when the
prominent persons back of the affair
show their influence.
The woman is in a seiious condition.
Her physical injuries are most shocking,
but they have not had the effeot
of the nervous shock. . , %
Investigating parties who visited the . - ^
scene of the assault say that the place :J
resembles a battle ground. The clothing
of the woman was literally torn to
ornl TtioiTO KoTJffllS
of trees lying by the roadside bear evidence
to the vigor with which she was
whipped. ' "I
He Was a DesperadoJames
Wallace, a wealthy farmer.
was shot and instantly "killed Wednesday
in Piatt county, Missouri, near
East Leavenworth, by a neighbor, Dr.
Arrington, in a quarrel over a line
fence. Dr. Arrington then went to
the home of Wallace's mother-in-law
and deliberately shot her to death. Ar
rington escaped in a wagon with his
daughter, but was pursued by the
sheriff and a posse which came up with
him in the road near Farley. The
murderer opened fire, fatally wounding
Sheriff Dillingham io the breast. As
he fell Dillingham shot Arrington
through the heart. The murders were
committed in a cold biftded manner.
Wallace and Arrington were^^s&bors
Viaan of /vrtfa fnr o/ffllfl
Wallace was greasing his buggy this
morning when Arlington approached
and without a word fired two shots,
killing Wallace almost instantly. Arrington
drove across the river to Leav- \ ;
enworth, taking his daughter with him, v.-.
purchased 250 cartridges, returned to
the home of Wallace's mother-in-law,
entered the woman's house and shot her
to death before she could make an outcry.
He then climbed into a wagon
and drove off. Saturday night Arlington
drove his wife away from houw by
frt till hoi* Sh? in a
WJLLiVKWUlUg VV AAA! uv* _ ? j- -
cornfield and is still in hiding.
Many Frogs Sold in Chicago.
South Water street merchants report
that more thin 62,000 frogs were sold
Saturday in Chicago. This is much
bigger than the average Saturday sale,
which is 55,000. More than 300,000
are sold each week. Almost all the
department stores sell frogs at retail.
The frogs are shipped into umcago
from all the nearby Western states.
They are raised on frog farms, except
in low and marshy localities, where the
frogs raise themselves without cultivation.
The croakers are caught by small
boys and ^pufc into boxes full of wet
grass. The department stores have
their frog tanks on the top floors. The
frogs are hafiy creatures and manage
10 t'Ul All CA191CUV9 iu uuvu viKj
homes in the department stores for a
month without being fed. The demand ?
for big, fat frog legs for the table is always
ahead of sutgly.

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