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The Fairfield news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1881-1900, August 29, 1900, Image 2

Image and text provided by University of South Carolina; Columbia, SC

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/2012218613/1900-08-29/ed-1/seq-2/

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Wedass !ay, August 29. - 5.900
Thk maoagers of the South Caroliua
In!er-S a'e dud West I sdian Expo^iti'/ti
hava vpi.?e:y cho-ea the perioi of
the yeir at which to hr>! J their great
Vk\w, m .n?h .it the \ear has
its chinos in th-i c iy of Charleston,'
bni the sweete.?: (ii> s fili in the time
between December *u<i the end of J
May. To many visitors it will bi i
novel to see rosea blooming in the
open, even in D.ccrnber; others will
rejoice in the golden glory of the yellow
jessamine, which fills with fragrance
the months of Pebrniry and
March, while in April the fairy-land
of the magnolia gardens on the A-h!ey,
within easy reach of the exposition
grounds, wiii glow with its giwit banquets
of azileae, whiie, pink, crim on
and palmor. In the winter ;niouths,
those J'ond of colonial relics and historic
research n:ay visit many old
plantation h mes on the Ash!e> and
on ihe Cooper, which have co counterpart
elsewhere, ^vhile in May, 7isitors
will fiad cspecial enjiyment in moonlight
excursions in the harbor, and in
risitiDg the forts and inland-!, wlrch
1 'I o norf ? II i ho
nave piny eu sv iiu^vaani a ?#& ?.
making of history, from revola ionary
days until row.'
De ivered by Prof. Graesar to the Student#
at SCt. Zion on "The Re formation anci
its Influence on Amirlcaa Colonlza.
The following address was delivered
during the summer school at Mt. Zion
and many of the teachers have requested
its publication:
Fellow teachers, ladies and gentlemen:
In accordance with the theory
of history-teaching that facts about
? m?n arnncA more interest and en
thusiasm than facts about a community
of state and that for most
purposes historical characters are the
very btst centers abont whicbto grant
facte, I have decided to try to give
\on a picture of the mau who, when
f.rtf tpnofftpn crf>!-]d was bt:in?r dis
v"' " " o
covered, lead a movement which then
exeried and his continued to exert
one of the most profound and far
reaching iuflacacis that history offers
for our consideration.
Martin Luther was the most promt- '
nent figure in the tii.-tory of the IC h
ceulury, the man who made thi dialect
of Saxony, which up to his time
had been only one of a number of i
dialects used in Germany, the acknowledged
Jiterary form of the language
which we study to-day in our
schools and colleges as German.
Tbe age in which Lather lived is 1
the most remarkable in ail history and
is spokeD of by all historians as tbe
"Renaissance" or second birth of the
human intellec*. :
In tbe year of Lather's birth, 1433,
Raphael, tbe great Italian painter of j
the Madonnas was born; Michael 3
Angelo, tbe celebrated sculptor, artist i
and architect who completed the dome 1
- " ' . I
01 dr. reier S was lliue yeaia uiu,
Oopernious, ibe Polish astronomer tbe I
first to assert ibat tbe sun and not tbe
earth is the center of our planetary '
systeua, a iioctrine so new and con- I
. trary to the old theory that the Pope
condemned it as false, was at this time |
ten years old; Colnmbas wa* abont to |
apply to the king of Portugal for aid ]
in undertaking his expedition to ar- <
rive at the East by way o? tbe west;
flenry VILL. was fco estabitsh the
Church of England, known to us as
tbe Episcopal Church was 2 years o!d.
From the names mentioned, you
will see that this wa$ above all an age
of independent thinkers, and new
ideas; an age when the influeacs of an
individual in private life might become
marc weighty than an empire and j
might overthrow beliefs which for ]
centuries past h d been accepted i
without question. An age marked by
the two discoveries of tb; world in |
which be lives its extent, thape, and i
relation to other worlds; secoud, the <
discovery of mau'?? moral nature aud
the intimate and personal relation of
his soul to God. ,
Having thus given a sketch of con (
temporary persons and a hint at con- |
lamn.ii.ji.ir OOOtltS (Af IK RPft hOff
iCULS jj/vi U4 J wvuwj >?.%
prominent a figare Lather is among
them. His birth-place was accidentally
Elsisbeu in Saxony, for his
parents, poor mine-laborers in a hamlet
near by, had gone to the Eisleben
Winter-Fair and in the tumnlt of this
scene, probably in wretched quarters,
on the 10th diy of November, 1483,
Mr?. Lather bore a son who was called
Martin from Saint Martin to whom
all devoat Catholics pray on this day
of the year.
These circnmstances furnish food ,
for reflection. Mrs. Lather had ac- (
companies her husband to purchase ,
their limited sopply of necessaries for ,
winter comfort; perhaps no more in- j
significant couple conld have been <
seen on tbesireets of Eisleben than J
?rr I A r?/l POt
Lois uiiuer awu ms nnv. auu i,
what were all the Emperors, Princes,!
and Popes in comparison with them,
Jor to them was entrusted a Hie whose
light was to flame as a beacon to the
world for centuries to come. Who
bat would have laaghed to scorn the
suggestion that the babe of snch j
peasants wonld be the instrument some ,
e-? tl?..
day Oy which uuk uuuwu auei ttuuwct ,
was to be wrenched from the then ,
universal grasp of the Roman Church {
and by a long succession of events onr (
religious freedom would become a 8
Have you already outstripped my t
thought and has yoar mind reverted
to a still more humble birth-hour more ;
than 1900 years ago? Perhaps it is .
fitting that we say nothing, only ponder
over this comparison in silence. Con- !
sidering Luther's mission in this
world it was appropriate and we may '
say providentially ordered that he ;
-3 > ' j:? a r> '
8UUUIU UC UUIii) live, ?uu u>< yuw. i i
Hardship was to reveal to hi.:i sod i
painfaliy kee? him acquainted rich !,
the stern realities of life f r:t was '
his divinely appointed bu>i.ie?? ?? urn ,
tbe attention of the world to r :?ities j
and to tear away all hollow forms and
mockeries that concealed the corruptions
of church and the intriguem of |
Luther was seutto school afEi>enach iJ
and while here poverty compelled him 1
to join the choir of boys who went !
from house to house singiDg their
. ----- e ' m
carol9 and receiving a? pay a morsel
of bread. It was on a Christmas
morning while Rinsing wiMi his companions
and with a U j.-o c.i countenance
at the prospect oi oeiug obliged
to give up his studies and return to
work in the mines that his sad face attracted
the attention of Ursula Coua,
the bui? inaster'o wife, who, t inched
by the story of his privations, otfered
him a shelter and a nlace at her board
for which she wae ever held io grutefal
remembrance by Lather.
These and other anecd ?tes of his
ii:e are, or will, I hope, become
familiar to all some day in reading the
Scouberg Cotta Family, and if I *tn
not misinformed the de-ceudsns ot
tbis satae (Jrsular (Jotta fouu ie-1 and
and to-dav own and operate one ot
the largest and wealthiest b^ok concerns
m all Europe ku<>w;i as ',be
Cottasche Publishing House founded
at Stnttgart iu 16?0.
At the age of 21 JLutbtr yra.iuated
rT,.i?oPo'.fv rvf* Krf.ii' ?/h IP v\f?.
at Hit Ui'lttlCUJ Vt V, ? ?
carding to the wish uf his father, be
had cotnmeuced the stuly of law.
One day while iu ihe library of thj
university, looki-ig over one b??U
after another, he came up ?u the fi. st
complete copy of sne Bible tic had
ever seen. It was iu L iiin. He had
supposed up to this time that the
gospels and such passages as wcte
used in the church services were ail
there was to kuow. He happened to
open the book at the story ot Hannah
s.nd Samuel, and became so deeply
interested that he retarned to the
A ..
liDrary uay aitcr uav iu oluut uuii,
and more of this wonderful book, the
u a hs of wnic 1 were entirely unknown
to the common people and
mieunde: stood or purposely misconstrued
by tbe majority of :he clergy.
An historian says: "This Erfurt Bible
gave liberty to Luther, and Luther
with ttii-j Bible in his hand gave liberty
to the wond."
Re urniug to Erfurt after a visit to
his paients in company with a fellow
student, a ttorto overtook them and a
flash uf li^htuingstruck his companion
dead at tii > ^ide. This incident uf-. |
lected Luther so prolouudlv that it is
l'egaraeu oy a?any as loe luruiD^ potn
in iiis hte. Iti gratitude to heaven for j
so signal a deliverance be vowed thai
henceforth he would devote his life 10.
God's service. In those days that
meant eutering a monastery. YYe may
imagine wnat a disappointmeut guch a
decision was to old Hans Lnt'ier, his
fa:her, wh) had been economizing tor
years that his son might receive an
-J? j i.????
eUUUtiUULi U'lU euuic U?? V UCWUIC uv<u
and tainoas as a doctor of Uw. bat
God's ways are not always man's
Lutber became, according to his
vow, an Aagustinian monk, cou'iuaed
hi3 stadies ailigently bat satire J great
mental tori are in donbts couceruiug
the final salvation of bis son'. He at
length loaod peacj in the doctrine of
forgiveness of sins by God's grace?a
doctrine totally opposed to thtt of the
churcu which arged as the snresi
means of salvation good works and
liberal donations to ibe chnrcfc.
We uext find him promoted to a
protessorship in the uew university of
Wittenberg and later sent to lioin; on
some business of the- Aujusiiui&n
Order. At Rojje be was am^z-d to
find the capitii of the Cuurch a perfect
sink of iniquity, but noi presuming
to raise bis voice bv way of reproof,
be re urued t ? Wilte.iberg and
the discharge of his duties.
lu pursuance of the doctrine of salvation
from sin by good vvoiksaud
generous donations to the Church,
fetzel, a Dominican monk, citne to
Wittenberg in 1517 to &ell indulgence?.
Among other things, Tetzc! said by
wav of encouraging Catholics to bay
indulgences: "1 Dave saved more
souls by the sale of indulgences than
thf^J^postle Peter by his sermou?.
flwer crime one may have com*
u^PF or may intend to commit, let.
him pay well and he will receive pardon."
This outrageous advice to the Wittenberg
congregation of which he was
pastor was too mcch lor Maruu
f ?At ?. V ~4. I L /I
UUlUCi' 3 LUUC51 UL'il I IU lUJCiato outt
lie uaiieJ upon the doora ot the churcU
tjia 95 ttieae-5 iu which be expojed t he
iniquity of Tetzel's l>n3iness. The
;i8tof the entire 95 m y be summed
up iu tbeir closing *<? nice: <4It is
better that 'Jhri.-tiaus o- iu..c j tribulation
should enter the Kingdom of
Heaveu than be lulled to temporary
security by the consolation-<jt a false
peace "
Thus a controversy was starteJ with
;he church. Various eff jrts were m .dj
bv the Pope and his agents to yet
La*her to retract what be hid written.
Qffers of promotion and bigh office
beius: met with a deaf ear, the Pope
resorted to harsher measures and issued
a bu:i of excomrnauicition
igain-?t Lutber. This was ?o dreadful
i weapon in the oando of t Mo man
pontiff, that up this tim; it ii. I i-i a
moment reduced the haugut.. ui-.nirch
to a>i outcast, regarded ?viiLi
inucb loathing by bis own nation as it'
^ hari hf>An a lener. but Lutber
laughed in the Pope's face and burned
:he document in the public square of
Wittenberg amid the applause of the
people. I bare but to call to youi
mind Gregory VII and Heary IV of
Germany at (Janosss.
Th3 new emperor of the Holy
Roman Empire, Charles V of Spain,
who with h s s-o-i Pnilip II, 'atcr became
notorious in history for persecutions
of protestants in Holland and iu
jther parts of ih?ir dominions, ne:a a
Diet at Wo m' in 1521 and Luthjr
was summoned to appear before it.
[lis friend- in vain urged him to stay
iway and remain under the fiiendly
protection of Frederick, Elector of
Saxony. His enemies tried to terrify
aim into staying away by their threat?,
jut Lather replied* "If the devils
were as ibicV: as the tiles on the housetop?,
at Worms I shall appear." Tne
people who crowded along the roadside
to see him, as all then feared, for
ihe last time, exclaimed partly as encouragement,
partly as a solemn peti;ion:
"'Whosoever deuieth me before
nan, him will I also deny before my
Father which U in Heaven." That
scene as hd "enters the council chamber
it Worms may De regarded as iub
jrea'est in modern history, the point
Irom which all subsequent history of
:iyiiization begins. Before the assembly
of Emperor, Princes of Germany,
ind Papa! dignitaries, standi up for
Sod's truth only one poor miner's son,
1 monk in hi? sober robe. The sun.
light pouring through the windows of
;hat hall tonnd only one doll spot, the
rough browu frock of Luther; every
where else it fell upon the ccarlet of
sardinals, wa3 reflected a hundredfold
from princely diadems and the silver
jword-hMts of keights in armor.
When the question is pnt to hitn,
'Will you recaut?'we may imagine
he hush that fell upon the assembly,
rhe decisive moment io modern bis:ory
i-* before us. European development,
English Puritanism, England's
!orm of government, the striking con rftst
between th3 develooment of
North America and Soath America?
aung upon the following reply: "Unless
ray errors can be demonstrated
from iext3 of Scriptnre, I cannot and
will not recant; for it is not safe for a
n in to ge against his conscience. Here
[stand, I cannot do otherwise. Gad
,iehi me!"
Be was permited to retire?hence
Fortb the idol ot his nation. vVith the
Diet at Worms, the crowning point of
Luther's career vrns reached; tie never
secarae more faaion3 and never ap-1
peared more grsiudly.
We cannot follow him in detail*
I tbrough the many events of the re
maining fifteen years of his life; His
seclusion at the Warlburg, where be
was forcibly detained fer his own
safety, and whiere he began the translation
of the Bible, his marriage with
tbe recasant nun Katherine von Bdra,
and olber prominent events in his life
mast remain unnoticed while we torn
onr a:tention to tbe literary production*
of this great man.
lu the National Library at Berlin *
through the srlass of one of the cases
r coon ur\ Anon h.-snt seirh its n9crps
i UC4' V MU V^vu * - ? r"~0
\ellow from ago. This book is Luther's
translation of the Bible in his owd
h md. It is almost with reverence that
one's e_.es follow the stroDg, welldefined,
not nograceful characters,
thinking whose forehead was often
bu..t over them in perplexity while the
pen wrote. The homely character of
Luther's translation made at once popular,
the people recognized in every
ooiiionpH i heir own familiar talk thonorh
| avutvvv >uv" ? ? o ~
fr.ed from dialect. Luther himself
says: "It was no easy ta^k. I sweat
bl > ?i and water trying to translate
theproph;ts into the vulgar tongue.
vVhit a lab>r to make these Hebrew
writers talk German ! 'Tis as though
you should force the nightingale to
forget her s*eet melody and sing like
the cuckoc. When Christ says 'Ex
abundantia cordis, os loquitor,' if I
follow the asses (meaning the Papists)
I should translate 'From the superabundance
of tbe immaterial part,
proceedeth lbs utterance,' unt is that
German? Who understands that sort
of talk? Thus speaks the mother in
the home: 'If the heart is full, the
mouth will out with it.'"
Luther and his scholarly friend,
Melanothon, once spent four days on
three lines of book ol Job before getting
a satisfactory rendering of the
Tbe translation of the Bible would
alone be a wcrk sufficient to render
bis name immortal, but its greatest
* ? ? fho ofolo r,f
value IB 1U lui, cj.v,
the various authors of the Old Testameat.
A German critic says of this
work: "In the Song of Solomon, we
feel the glow, the rapture, the ^rief ol
the lover in truly oriental colors. In
the Poaims, the tone is exalted to that
of prayer, the great visioi s of the
prophets are related iu fiery, inspiring
words; to reproduce these in their ,
individuality, shows a reach of intel- ,
lec'ual greitne.<5 that seldom belongs j
t<> one man." I
The (fiist) Engli-h translation of the (
Bible by the ?-xi!e William Tvu-iale ]
would probab'y hhve been deferred ,
fr?r mmv va<m h?.fl no? Tvn.lale vis- l
| ited Lather in person at Wittenberg, ,
'there read o7er his trausUti?,n and
receivad the inspiration as well as
lierary aid for his own work.
Besides, Lusher wa^ a po t and
musiciar. To him we owe th i introduction
of c nigre^ational singing in
the church service'. He oinpused
some 30 hymns and set several of them
to rnusx; the most widely known of
the-n is call-fi, "A Mighty Fortress is
Oar God," aud the f >l!owiug are two
stanz-is uf it:
A mighty fortress is our God,
A bulwark never failing,
Our helper He, amid the flood
L>? m>nai in* prevaiim^. c
For still our ancient foe c
Doth seek to vv?rk u1 woej
Hi6 power ami cr.ifi are great, j
And armed *.vith cruel hate, t
On o-irth is n>t Li)?qaai.
And though this world with devils t
fille i, fc
Shall threaten to und> us, 1]
We will not f.-ar for G >d hath willed, c
His truth to triumph through ?. e
The prince of darkness grim, v
We tremble u. t for him;
His raes we can endure, fa
For lo! his doom is sure, E
One little word can fell him. fi
Oue hundred )ears after its compo- fi
sitio u this hymn was used as a battle- c
hymn bv the'Swedes on that dreadful C
field of Lutzen in 1632, where half an h
hoar after kneeling with, the king at
their bead ana cnauuug .Liuiaers ti
hymn, the whole Swedish regiment, b
in tbe same perfect order in which it s
had chanted while living, lay dead n
beside its arms. C
Thru in the moment of triumph q
Gustavus Adolpbus Jaid down his life q
in defence of the principles enunciated b
by Luther, and by a victory dearly ti
purchased at the price of such a lead- a
cr, the power of the Papist party was 1<
held in check. n
Well might a discomforted Jesait y
elaim: "The h\mns of Luther have
lo^t for tbe Catholic religion more souls o
thai hi* books and sermons." Heinrich
Heine, a literary genius, an ex- a
iled lierman, ajew by oirtn. an atneist r
by belief, forgot his scoffing when o
speaking of Luther. He says: "All fc
glor> to Lniher. In bis translation of a
the Bib!e be created the German Ian- e
gua^c We owe to Luther the spiritual g
lreedom which the later literature of p
Germany, and for thit ma-ter ihe a
world, ueede l for it? development. ?
He himself, opens this literatuie, it c
besrirn with him; hi? spiritual son^s a
are the first material of if. Whoever ?
therefore proposes to speak about p
modern literature must begin with v
Luther." a
I once visited the old palaca in Ber- f
lin, and as we slided over the polished
floors with our shoes stuck into great e
felt siippers, so that the "parquet" a
might not be scratched by the nails of b
onr shoes, we were shown the cr.?wu i
jewel* and other magnificent curio*, r
la the middle of one ot the largest t
apartments we wer-i stopped and told "
to look ab ?ve oar heads?there hang n
an antique tarnished chandelier which i:
harmonized but poorly with the pomp tl
and splendor of the surrcuuJing?. t
Nevertheless it was in its proper place li
?a plice none too good, I thought, v
wheu presently the guide told ns that 1<
5* Vi?/3 nnna hnnor in tha tyro of h<ill nf 55
AW UUU vuv. I?uu^ III iwv vwv v. the
citv of Worms, ami that under it e
stood Lather, ^i:^n as I have already ii
tried to picture t> you, he defied the ii
great powers of earth. L looked up at
thi* old-fashioned chandelier and my a
heart beat quicker in the presence of u
a t obj?ct that had looked down npon 3
tLat trial sceae, and which io the still- e
ness must have vibrated a? Luther'.- p
word* rang out: "Here I stand, I p
cannot do otherwise, G >d h^lp m !" n
Nearly in the ceniro of Germany, in
Saxony, a half hour's railroad ride g
from Weimar, Avhere Goethe and tl
Schiller c imposed their ino?t cele c
hr^?or1 ^rintrihn inna fn Ge?rm in litcra- SI
tare, ami hilf that distance from d
Erfurt, where Luther studied and v
graduated, sia:id? in the midst nt b
mountainous forests Eisenach. Tnere
I {jot ontot the train and went throtub n
the streets where Lnth;r sang a?a s
chorister boy legging alms, and then, s
I climbed ihe rock;, height about a r
mile from the t-?w io the gnteof the s
Wart burg, thai has stool f ?r 800 p
vetrs. What great memories crcvd
auiljostle one another upoo this <: istied
heiyht. The trasric strife of the
Minnesangers, thosj compel I ion3 ol *
minstrelsy in which the defeated bard i
lost his life?a fre?co representing the
most tamons of the contests is still to
be seen npou the wa'Is. Here in some
solitary tower Wolfram von Escbenbach
dreamed over his "Parziva!," as v
we call it "Percival," recently re- ,
Ku ni* Suhoror in Vila a^Hpaqc ^
before the medical college. The i
crossed swords of Guslavus Adolphas
and of his friend Barnard of Saxe\Ve;nur
are hanging npon one of the t
pillars. Kelic3 of many i!iu>triotH j,
nobles and princas, but here, ??s j
wheiever e-se'he trod, all is eubordi- j,
dated in the sturdy son of tho Thnm- j
Til** KL*:? Yew
iii use ibr ovi r oa y
All Counterfeit:?, Iiuiiauo;-Experiments
tTmt trli\ *
Infants and Children - j .
What ij C
Cast or ia is a harmless sul:.goric,
Drops and Soothing
contains neitlier Opium, 2i?
substance. Its age is its gn;
and allays Fevarislmess. Ic
Colic. It relieves Teethingand
Flatulency. It assiinilt
Stomacli and Bowels, giving
Tlie Children's Panacea?Tli
genuine CAS1
te Kind Yofe
In Use For C
riugian miner. Here I wa9 shown the*
suit of armor he wore as a diegnhe,
helmet and cuirass made to fit a broad
fort head and an amp'e chest. Here is
Lite little room where he translated the
Psalms. This vertebra of some mammth
animal served as his tootstool.
Upon this hlt!e table-desk rested the
svritieti page, while above on ei:her
land weie the t>ortraits of the father
mi mother wh? Dal sacrificed every*
hing for iheir s >n'<5 advancemen*.
To the liiht of the taMeon the wall
* ? Ul<? cr\Af Anmn/v on Kol. I
3 a ^li'ai viuca i/uuug au uaiucination
of a miud that was working
it a prodigious rate io a body pining
'or oat-door exercise and fresh air,
Limber imagined that the devil had
tppeared in visible form aad tried to
lissuade bim from translating the
3ib!e and the feirless reformer had
mrlod at bim his inkstand which was
>f coarse lcs3 harmful to lis Salanic
n?j -sly than to the white-wash of the
vail. Carioity haulers have chipped
(ff more than half the stained por ion
>f the plastering.
A remarkable providence broogbt
jUtuer back to the home of his child- i
lood to die. A dispute having arisen ]
icueen the Uouuts of Mansfield, the
iefo.mcr was sent for as an umpire
>et.veen these two brothers of high
lirth who, in their yomh had never
leard of nor woa'd have- cared to
loiicc ih'H miner boy on their father's
states who. as the last net of his life
ra? to be peacemaker bit ween them.
At Ei3leben where he had been .
*i a* - * ~ urj..4 ...
>orn araia u.o mmuii. <i->c ??jnn:i
'air 63 years prevlon?, he died ,^socially
and in perfect trust iu 15?6. Iliody
lies buried at Wittenberg in
ront of the pulpii where he *as acu?tomed
to preach, aud within the
Jastle Church to the door of whith
e had nailed his 9$ theses
It vras against tbe wish and intenion
of Lather that a church fchooid
ear his name. 4,I pray yon," he
aid, "leave my name alone and do
ot call yourselves Lutherar.es but
\I7 /-? o T.nl KorV T VlQW
/unsuauB. f? uv s? uuiuv. . * mm.i v
ot been crucifiad for anyone. It is
nite proper that the Papists slnnld
ear the name of their party, becaa-e
bey are not content with the uame
fid doctrine of Je9as, Christ. Well,
it tbsm own the Pope, as he i* their
ias:er. For me, I neither am ltor
riab to be fbe master of anyone."
i cannot better close these remarks
n Luther than by qaoting Thos. Career
"I wiil ca'l this Lather a troe,
reat uaan, g;eat in intellect, in cou
age, affection aid integrity, one of
? L U.U man
ur mOSu luvauic auu ^ICUVUO mwm
rreat not as the hewn obslisk, bat &s
n Alpine raoaotain? so simple, boost,
spontaneous; oot setting up to be
reat at all?there for quite another
urpose than being great. Ab, yes,
usubduable granite piercing far and
ride into the heavens; y t in the
lefts of it fountains of consolation
nd refreshment for the mist Unmble
rayfarer. A right spirituil bero and
rophet, a true son of nature for
pbom these centuries and many that
- - ? - *i i.r-i ./v 1
re yet to ome win ue umu&iui
It would be both instractive and
ntertaiuing to trace this movement
mong the other nation3 ot Europe
'Ut the inflaence ?>f the reformation in
Vance and E iglaud will have to be
eserved fjr another time. Suffice it
o say with a great writer on hist >ry
'The history .>f the Reformation does
ot clo e, as many writers hive held,
a a balanced and fioal distribution of
be norih and sooth of Europe bewe
mi the Pro:estants and tho Cathoicp."
The great issue that it involved
ras individual liberty ol though'. So
jng a^ there was one vast, over
hado^ing, intolerant corporation
very man raun bring Lis understanding
to its iheas-ire and tbink only as
t instructed hira to do.
As soon as dissensions from chnrch
u hority, such as the reformation
,n ier Lu!he;\ gathered ftuflL-.ienr
tr ngfh to miin;ain their ri?ht to
xistiinca, toleration became not only
owb!e bat inevitable, and that iernaps
as far as the movement h i*,
;p to this day, advaticrd iu Europe
r A *? *+ * ?.* ? ?in ^ rl .1 ynnrhar un I I
Ill Allici i^a lb a*-* Uiau< <*uv.??w.
re.nter stride, and from th) date ??I
he Am-ricin Uevuln ion theStaie?!>d
hurcb were solemnly and opeuly ?l:s
evered. SecU:im differences a-> 1 iu.ep
Middricics nil t he process by
7hte'> individual mental ilbeny ba>
em engendered and maintained.
I he reformatio!) gave !iber:y to
3iS-iCS of incn grouped togeibrr in
afG.:ient strength to insure their poiiiofi,
a.-itl it is now invisibly bnt iresi-iib!y
tn-iking step9 nevor to be
ta\eil ntiLii thore is an absolute and
lerfeci emancipation for man.
O Jl. S *3} <3 -FL IjOL. .
Bears the /j - Kisd You Ha?a Always Saualii
Mr. and Mrs M:Kiu?try, of Giin.-i
ille, Florida, return?d home on Friay
after visiting Mr. and Mrs. J. F.
Th > qiicker yon stop a cough or cold
he less danger (here will be of fail
aog trouble. On e Minute Cough Cure
< the only harmless remedy that gives
maaeuiate resuu3. iou w:u use u.
JcMaster Co.
' ^ V /*'
?> - % w. ? v =: .'- ?
'. ?C*. 5 &i vJ
* v>;
?: T' A
,\ . ; /? " ;2
. vx*.
.. , : id: >.;? ?-oil
LI.US i,!:; lij-".':1 (.?
\.s i:fr i:;S T}' rii?>
:>RC : : ' I JU th't.
aiul li : : > : " vJ
:"vu< in.-.
* VW . W / i
W- lO ? i V* "J A. it- '.**
Syrups. It i.i 1! it
jrplilne liov oilior IN arctic
\:-a:itce. It ties.'roys Wari<:.>
Cures !Diiiri\L<X::- itlid V. Ltl-il
frouLIes, cures CojiStip&tiou
ttes tlie Food, reg-ulatos ilio
X healthy imd natural sleep,
e Mother's tYiciul.
"ORIA always
Signature of
vT.4 ?
?o Aiwajs Bought
ver 30 Years.
NRAY XlrtCC't. Ntvtf tohK CITY*
?Mr. C. A. Graeser, who returned to
Charleston several days ago on ac
count of sicfcnese, is etiil quite ticK
and will not be able to return to
Winnfcboro to continue his woik in the
summer school. Prof. W. H. Wiiherow
and Mr. D. G. Dwfebt will bave
charge of the school during the remainder
of ibe session, which will last
until September 1st.
No Ricrht to Uerliness.
The wom?.ii who is lotely in face,
form and temper will always have
friends, bnt one who would be attractive
must keep her health. If she is
weak, sickly and all rnu down, she
will be nervous and irritable. If she
had constipation or kidney trouble,
her impure blood will cause pimples,
blotches, skin eruptions and a wretched
complexion. Electric Bitters is the
best medicine in the world to regulate
stomach, liver and kidneys and to
purify the biood. It gives strong
nerves, bright eye?,'smooth, velvety
skin, rich complexion. It will make a
good-looking, charming woman of a
run-down invalid, uaiy ou cents at
McMaster Co.'? dro* stor?.
Miss Martha Moblcv, of Blackstock,
Fail field County, is vi>iting her cousin.
Miss L'My Uornwei;.?Uniou Timep.
W\ est iors^"
fljf for Women \ )
.VV Are you nervous?
^ Are you completely exhausted? ?
rDo you suffer every month?
If you answer "yes" to any of jj
these questions you have ills which w
Wine of Cardui cure*. Do you fa
appreciate what pcrfect health would |
be to you? After taking Wine of I
Cavdui, thousands like you have real- 0
ized it Nervous strain, Iocs of slesp,
cold or indigestion starts menstrual I
disorders that arc not noticeahlc at |
first, but dzy by day steadily grow |
into troubLsome complications. Wine fl
of Cardui, used just before the men- 1
strual period, will keep the female 8
system in perfect condition. This 1
medicine is taken quietly at home. |
There is nothing like > to help jj
women enjoy good health. It costs g
only $1 to test this remedy, which is ?
endorsed by J ,000,000 cured women.
AIrs. Lena T. Fruburg, East Si Louis, I
Hi., says: "1 am physically a new
woman, by reason of my use of Wine of
Cardui and Thedford's Black Draught." |
In cue* roqulrloff special directions, ad- I
dress.girlngpymptoms,* rhe Ladles' Advis- I
ory Department." The Chnttanooira. Mcdi
cine Co.,Chattanoo>:(i. Tens.
liwtfiar Graded School.
M. W. Pecrifoy, A. B., Principal.
Mrs. A. VV. Peurifot, Ma9ic and
Miss Lottie Blair, A. B , Primary
Hon I monf
A ech '0* of Hijjh Grade in a progressive,
Chri-tian community. Tnitiou
tr?m $1 to $3 according to grade.
Bvml at re ?*oiiHb!e r:i'e>.
N-xr - 'Si-ion be^iux SEPTEMBER
3HI) F-rtnrher information applv
P: incipnl.
(). t? Tnos. 1> .i \ J I?. Cnrlee,
T. W. Ituff, Trn?'ecb 7-12 3in
The Improved
? White f?
?? Moun - |?
H tain? H
N > uiaiUr bow often or how much
we talk a'^otif the wmte Mountain
Freezer, we itll nothing bat ?he truth
abiatit. la tact ibere is no necessity
for telling anything but the trnth, as
e .'e v feature of the White Mountain
is a goo;l featnre, and every point is a
telling p >int. Only the very be-tt
rafi'erials are u*cd in its minnfaciur*,
anJ will produce the fineu quality of
creftin in tbe shortest possible tirna.
3 QUARTS, $2.25; 4QUARTS, $2 75;
6 QUARTS, $3.25.
/ \
I?I \
r, ' ^und
Jordan & D
t Offer at fi
Goods we sold at 25c, nc
Goods that were 17 1-2C
Goods that were 12 1-2C
Good that were 7c and ?
Th(is is youp (
buy a eool d
We have many nice thii
Organdies and Fancy Stripes t]
Gauze Vests, Ventilated C
and- many other goods that mak
?cr t TA
We have many bargains i
dren's Sandals and Oxford Ties
Come to see us, we can pleas*
The Caldwell Dry
i notk^ve in sto
Babies V]
Shoes, S;
-< A /T
ana ivioc
AL<Ovj n i ij ?? i -- ? i
(J. U. ^vii
V**# W^SsJ -A- (Teething Po
Or mr.il ?5 cents to C. J
* !
_ |
l?Hicr?>cifion i
. # !
t I '
reds of persons, young and c
the bicycle offers as an aid 1
)r outing piirposes is the
r all ordinary conditions bevelThe
mechanism is free from di
jhest eAciency, always perfectl
: have to devote more or less t
rts in order and for this reaso
:hine for vacation uses is alvva;
est (tevolopin: nt 01 r:uiereiJt inasse*
represented l>y tl
IMS, MTfll1 Ml
rt/2 for Illustrated Booktei "Ontinga
avis, Agts., wi
educed Prices
>w 15c.
and 20c, now 12 1-2C.
and 15c, now 10c.
5 1-3C, now 5c.
3ppoptur|ity lo
tigs in White Goods, Lawns,
lat are cheap.
orsets, Drop Stitch Hosiery,
e the heat less burdensome.
n Ladies', Misses' and Chil;?good
shapes and styles.
2 you.
Goods Company.
\ ' '
"" v
:casins. ^
\ . :
.izes, 1 to 5.
mmocks LEFT.
ETT'S s ti'W Irritation, Aids Digestln,
12 kt /'i Regulates the Bowefa,
I ni / S Strengthens the ChOd*
| J* f--fi Makes Teething Easy.
wders) JLJSLtEETHINA Relieves the Bowtt
t , Troubles of Children of
at DmggL<tS, ANY ACE.
$1.25 per Bushel.
M.W.Doty & Co.
om\ ]
My enjoy the advantages
:o recreation. The ideal . '"v.'
gears run easier than the
jst, grit and mud; always
y lubricated. The rider
ime to keeping the runn
alone fhe selection of
ys to be advised.
of the chain wheel type is
innsboro, S. C.
flnnnm ft? IIFlinnf
uiwi i nu |
is not ohly one of the most ' jj|'
delicate and delicious of break.- Jpf
fast foods ever offered to the
public, but in addition ismgn* gjjp
ly recommended for the us? -Sf,
of persons of weak digestion.
Sm Our Window Dispiaj
of handsome gravures we are 3?||?
<yivin<r with Cream of Wheat. 'iM
They are works of art. Ask
to see them.
F. M.Habenicht ^
Dealer in Pine Groceries.
The Easy Runni ng
The most modern Sewing ^||
Machine of the age, embrac- vif|
ing all the latest improve-' ^J||t
ments. Unequaled for Dura
bility, Range of Work and gjgg
Dealers wanted in unoccupied
territory. Correspondenee
solicited. Address,
General Agent, 1l|
^ Richmond, VIRGINIA. |
y m
-1 - ^ I
But Plant Them ,
Look over our list b&ore
planting and you will see just
what suits you, because the^ 1
are the ones THAT GKOWX
Yours for Turnips,
J. H. McMaster %
& Co.,
. m
with a fall stock of C**kv\?. r.nri?i
Cases nnd Coffins, cons'ant t)
and us?' of hoarse wVh r< qg?**ie<i.
Thnnltfai foryxvt paH<?-.ag< *vd -nk-"tatiou
for a share in Ike ifcru *, i* the
Id stand FlBl
Calls attended to a. all kww-?.
J. U, ELLIOTT & CO. jfl
r .

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