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The Fairfield news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1881-1900, September 12, 1900, Image 1

Image and text provided by University of South Carolina; Columbia, SC

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/2012218613/1900-09-12/ed-1/seq-1/

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Mgf*r&k.. . ; ' ;* '- -;7'-. -
Senator Wellington Ccm^s Out j!
Squarely for Sryan
i afuh TP) i s WHY HE DID. j
L The Maryland Republican Senator
Renounces f/>cK:n!ey- i
1 ism, and He ard Bryan
Speak from the Same
f Platform.
W. J. Bryan received an ovation at
Cumberland, Md., Wednesday. The
L feature of the meeting was the speech '
of Senator Wellington announcing his
desertion of the Uejuolican party aca \
Hrr-A-n inr^ Srevenson '
HIS Puppet ?. VI J ?
Mr. Wellington was hissed by some of j 1
the Republicans present. but the hisses J j
were drowned oat by great chccrs and |
in the end there wis a great demon- i
etration for Bryan and Wellington J
The principal meeting was held at th? '
Ao*d?my of Music, beginning at S
o'clock. Mr Bryan was received with (
a volume of applause which fairij
shook tbe building. Tho hall was '
crowded, to i:s dome, and the meeting '
?* *? 1 <
was a very entnusiasuc one iaruugu?uu
Senator Wellington made the first <
speech of the evening. He wa3 fre i
quently applauded, ahhougha: times i
there were very pronounced hisses
The Maryland senator in deoiariog his 1
opposition to the present administra
tion and his determination to sup- i
port Mr. Bryan, said it was becs.use oi ]
his views upon the Spanish war a ad be- i
oause of his opposition to imperialism. !
He said in part:
"As tbn govemmcn< al policy of Presi- .
(lent McKinley was developed I W2s
K compelled to differ from it at several ;
points and gave evidence ot my c:sa*ree :
K ment in the speeches delivered by ine :
during the past three years upon the I
floor of the senate, touching the Span- j
ish-American war, the Philippine islands,
Porto Rico and the South African
affairs. Uoon the principles there- i
in advanced I stand today. I gave <
^ N friendly warning to the .Republican <
party that if they became responsible <
for certain policies I would not follow j
Therefore, the party having become so i
responsible, I am compelled to refuse
snhmission to its behests and to range ]
myself against if for conscience. i
<lI cannot see my way clear to in- i
veigh against imperialism, against the i
unconstitutionality of attempting to i
enslave the inhabitants of the Philip i
pine islands and the dishonor of break ]
ing our pledge to Cuba, and then, be- t
cause of the mandate of a sinister in t
f flueace which dominates tLs president, ]
forswear my convictions, set a nought
my declarations and do as Senator Hoar 1
? wiafc 11 d others, appeal to the past and fu- 1
The past is dead I caanot !
change it. No appeal will reach its ;
deaf ear. The future is not in my i
keeping and it is not in my power to i
fashion it. Therefore, I am here to- j
night to reiterate the convictions I i
voiced in the senate ana record my op- i
position to the principles of President ;
& McKinley as evidenced in his foreign
polioy, and with all the vehemence of ,
a positive Eature, protest against the ,
violation of the principles upon which (
our government is founded; against the
J?-nw Af t-Uca <?A>\otihihAn onH t nA
ucBcviaviuu vi viiv
reversal of the policy which has given
us a century and a quarter of national
s life, 6uch as the history cf man hath
not recorded in any age cr clirue.
"I am here tonight to declare my unalterable
antagonism to the policy of
imperialism acd my opposition to the
representative of that vicious principle.
It is an occasion of more than ordinary
importance for any man to antagonize
mi.it TOhi.-?h ho }? ?<
CUC pUAitlVCfcl v; WW ,
for a quarter of a century, to which he
has given the best years of his iifo and
v for which he has achieved some saccess.
It bricgs much bitterness acd
vituperation. The vials of wrath have
already been opened upon me and there
? will be much that is unpleasant in the
work I have to do. I have, however,
determined to do that which I believe
> to be for the best interests of my country,
and I do so in the same spirit
whion was manifested by Lincoln when
he stood upon the steps of the national
eapitol, and in his inaugural address,
n .
"With roal'.ce toward none, wi h
charity for all. with firmness to do the
. right ae Grcd gives me power to :>ee the
right,' I will do my whole duty, aca in
the performance of that duty I find it
necessary not only to < rpose tbe reelection
of President McKinley, bat to
emphasize that position by supporting
his antagonist who in this election
stands for free government according to
the constitution."
Continuing, he said the nation was at
tbe parting of the wajs and must de*
' - j? i ___ r_ _
Clde lor aii ume ier weai or iur wuc,
and he believed the present tendency
of the Republican policy was full of
daDgers of inevitable disasters.
Senator Wellingioa cid not believe
there was any dr.rger of material
changes in the tariff and fisascial laws
in case of Mr. B.-yan's election,
'"In the la*t congress," he said "the
^ money measure became a law.
''These questions are seitiea lor tne
r present at least. There is no immediate
danger of au attack upon the tariff, notwithstanding
the fact that tbe .Republican
party has surrendered the idea of
protectior. And there is not at issue
m this campaign any direct legislation
upon the mosey question, for there is
no possibility tkat there should be,
within the nest four years after Mr.
Bryan's election, unified majorities in
I both houses of contress."
In speakirg of Mr. Wellington's
change Mr. Bryan said:
"1 have listened to a a speech that
ousht to produce a profound impression
upon the American people. After you
have listened to that speech it is not
necessary that- I should address you
tlong; out, my friends, I want to emphasize
the importance of indepeodence of
of opinion and action in a country like
ours. I believe with Senator Wellington.
(Applause ) I believe with him
that a man should make his j arty affiliations
suit his convictions, not make
his convictions suit his party creed.
(Renewed applause.)
"In 18%' gold Demojrats left us atid
silver Republicans came to us. 1 heard
some people hissing here tonight because
Senator Wellington left his party
upon tbe paramount issue of this hour.
T want r<-> ask tnosfi men who hissed jf
they hit-fed when Democratic senators
Seft the Democratic party oa the money
question in 1896. If a Democratic senator
had a right to leave the Democratic. j
party to save the gold standard, cannot
a Republican senator leave the Republican
party to we the declaration of in
dependence? Which is the more importsac?that
you shili have a financial sys
tern which you like or that you shall
have a government deriving its just
powers from the consent of the governed.
Senator Wellington ana I difc-r upon
the tariff question.
But did n^ John G. Carlisle, the
apo-ttlo of tariff reform, support 31 r.
>lcKinley, the apostle of protection,
when he thought that money was the
paramount issue? The tariff question
did cot separate those who believed
that the money question was more important
than the taxation. We do not
agree upon the money question, and
the money question will not separate
thove who beiisve it is more important
:hat we ha?e a republic than that we
nave any kind of a financial system.
We loaned you some gold Democrats in
1896. They have come back, and it is
only fair that you Republicans should
pay us interest (Continued applause
and cheering ) And if I may be per
milted to speak for the Democratic par
ty, let me say thu [ am willing to ac3epi
Senator Wellington as interest and
?ive you a receipt in full. (Applause
and cheers for Wellington )
' - 1 .1 ? ?_ _ J
" uourage nas always oeen aumueu,
but sometimes people have admired
physical courage more thaa they have
admired moral courage. To my mind,
moral courage is as much above physi
jsl courage as man is above the
brute. Physical courage is a trait that
man shares vnth all animal creation.
Moral courage is that characteristic
which.distinguishes animal from marj,
made in the image of his Creator. It
requires physical courage to stand be
fore the bullets of an enemy, yet when
Eife and drum inspire, few have been
Ik. LIU W11 LU iCUCAU L.'CiVig muv
moral courage is often wanting where
physical courage is present, and what
this Dauon needs more than the physi;al
courage of its people is the moral
:ourage of tbe citizens who would rathsr
die right than to live wrong. (Great
applause.) It requires moral courage
for a man to separate from his party.
'"Sesator Wellington has displayed
much courage ia leaving the Rhpubli?an
party, and may we not hope that
the same courage will be displayed by
tens of thousands, hundreds of thousands
ana millions of his fellow Republicans
of the rank and file who are not
held to the party by ties so strong and
50 oirtaiDg. aua yes5 is cuere au& euuugu
to inspire even a Jtiepublicaa senator to
Leave his party? 1 ask not what Senator
Wellington did in 1896. I ask cot
whu he will do in 1904. The same intelligence
and the same courage within
his keeping today wi'l be his four
rears from now to guide and direst hiru
then; but today in meeting the crisis
that is upon us, has he not enough io
li-tw* fA L' ^iag Qnn An.
LU.Cpil O UiU; WAWM v*uvi v ~
dure the hisses o? those who lack the
courage to do what he has done?(Grreac
"What is his inspiration? Does hs
como to us for monej? No man would
come to the Democratic party for money.
(Laughter and applause.) Does
he come for honor? Hi? own party
has satisfied his ambition for honor.
What brings him to the Democrrtic party
at this time? What makes him act
with those who support the Democratic
ticket? It i3 his belief that his country
is in peril; it is his belief that the
course which the Republican party i3
pursuing tends directly toward tJie repudiation
of those principles of govern
ment which every party advocated until
within three years. If there be one
of bis Republican associates who thinks
that his judgment is erroneous, let that
Republican associate read his epesch
and then prepare one in answer to it.
(Renewed applause acd cheering )
''Senator Wellington believes that an
administration thai asks for an army
four times as large as the army was
whenit?rent into power tends toward
1 onu r\f T-r>ll rH MiD it
1 iJJ. J.VJL iai xz Uww J V* ;v? AW.
Why, it pra<? the boast of ^Republicans
in years fast that we did not need a
large standing arm? in this country. If
you can, in one administration, multiply
your standing army by four, and
make it 100,000 instead of 25,000. will
it not be easier for the next administration
to multiply by four and make it
400,000 instead of 100,000? Is there
not something there to alarm the man
who loves his country, believes in its
institutions and wants a government 30
crni-ir? fl-ifit' ii- nntsnnJ noofl a laroffl
5VW .? ?v-- ?o
ing aimy to keep it in existence, % government
so good that every citizen will
die, if need be, to preserve that government?
(Applause) Senator Wellington
believes that the Republican party
is entering upon a career of imperialism
He is cot deceived by the attempt to
hide imperialism under the euphonious
came of expansion. He knows the history
of his country and he know3 that
this nation has expanded before it has
extended its limits of a republic and
that the constitution followed the Sag.
tie Knows tms is not. an attempt to ex- i
tend the limits of a republic here, but
to have a despotism in the Philippine
islands. (Great applause.)
k;He knows how this Philippine war
broke out. Until the Republican party
turned toward a career of empire,
this nation has always sympathized with
those who were struggling for liberty.
He knows that the party to which he
belongs put into its plattorm iu i5yt> a
declaration expressing the sympathy of
Republicans with the struggling patriots
of Cuba, and he know3 that thus
far, but for the career of empire for
which the Republican party now stands,
the Republican party would sympathize
with the Boers who are fighting tor the
right to govern themselves. (Renewed
applause ) He knows that a party that
can stand silent and see two republics
wiped off t'ie face of the earth, can see
this republic converted into an empire.
(Applause ) There is enough in the
fate of this nation to inspire him; there
is enough in his love for the principle
of self government to enable him to get
cut and leave his party, even though
Le goes alone.
"And if Republicans arc no: able to
answer a Deaiocr&tic speech, what will
they do when thev retvl Senator Wellington's
speech?" (Great applause
and loud cheering.)
One of Mosby's Daring Exploits uuring
the War.
I see that tbe Mosby guerrillas have
had another reunion?this time at
Fairfax, Ya., where Mosby captured
Brigadier General Kdwin H. Stcughron
ana started on tbe road to fame.?He
was enabled to eiiect th;s amazing coup
de guerre by Sergeant Jacnes F. Ames,
of the Fifth New York cavalry, who
deserted from that command becauso,
he said, "the war had become a W3r
for '.he negro iostead of a war for the
Union." Anns led the way to Fairfax,
where Stoughton had been enter
tainiag royally that night and was now
- ? "J XIaoVstt nrcl
XJI Ut'U aicepiu^ U'CC^1>. mvow; n?ir*vu
up to the bod and pulled off the cover.
S ouehton slept oc. The ranger then
pulled up his shirt aGd gave him a
hard spank, which sat the brigadier up
io bad, ruabiug his c-ye?. "Genera!,
did you ever hear of Mosb} ?" whispered
the guerrilla "yes," W33 the
quick reply; "'have you ciptured him?"
"No; I am Mosby, and I hsve captured
you Stuart's cavalry holds the town
and Jackson is at Centeniile." This
was a lie to deprive Stm^hton of hope.
"Is Fitz Lee taere?'' be asied, ia an
excess of agony.?"Yes." "Take me
to him; we were at West Point tcgeth- I
Sioughton's reputation wa3 blasted.
He was soon exchanged, but never reentered'rhe
army. He practiced law
in New York for awhile, then went to
Boston to die. Mosby always said that
this adventure was never dupiicattd.
The northern army got too smart for
him. it was one of those acts a man
can be capable of only once in a lifetime
because the opportunity never offers
a second-time. Colonel Johnstone,
of the Fifth New York cavalry, was
surprised the night Stoug'nton was
caught, but escaped from his house in
his shirt-vail, hiding in au outnouse
till daybreak. When he crawled oat
of his hole he tore the shirt off and
went to the house stark naked. Here
his wife refused to embrace bim until
he had been scrubbed and washed down
with a hose. He could not survive the
ridicule of appearing at headquarters in
a state of nature, the guerillas having
taken his wardrobe, and soon resigned
his commission.?New York Press.
What Tillman Says.
The Columbia State reports Senator
m-.i *-11 ?
xinmaii as iwiwwa uu wc ^niuaij,
said: "I have always believed that
the dispensary had the support of two
thirds of the people of the State and
this election shows that is about the
proportion. The vote for Col. Hojt is
several thousand more than the antidispensary
vote. In other words his
personal popularity and his being an
old Confederate soidiers added materially
to the support he received
- < V -fa. 11. ?c
""AUOtner evidence oitue sireujjLu ui
the dispensary is in the complexion of
the next ic^ieiature; of course, the figures
are not complete, bat I have
watched the county papers pretty closely
and the members of the house of representatives
who will support the dispensary
will be more than two thirds "
As to his owa vote and the scratching
of his name he said: "I was very
much gratified to find that the strenuous
efforts to array the religious people
of the State against me had signally
failed. I havo made a careful study of
the returns from several counties and
I do not believe that 2,000 of those who
scratched me were influenced by religious
sentiment. The reople could not
be made to believe that I had wantonly
insulted the ministry or that I was
lacking in respect for religion. The
scratching came from my old political
antagonists of 90 and '92 and any one
who will take the trouble to examine
the returns from any county can easily
verify this. It is very gratifying to me
to knew that only about half of those
who voted against me in '92 could be
induced to serctcti me this year. It
shows that the effort which was made
* - fVirtfi/wialicTvi cTernali^y
IV i ?; * I *0 ^ j ?M*aw?* I
and many of my friends who voted for
prohibition will, however, result the
scratching in the next primary."
As to whether there wiii be as large
a 7v>te in the second primary as in the
first primary Senator Tillman said: "I
hardly think so, bat it wiil depend on
developments in the next week. The
friends of the dispensary will not be
caught nappicg lam certain, and if the
prohibitionists display any activity the
vote may be equalled or even surpassed.
There is one tning in ^hich I am sure
and trust every one will join ma in
hoping?that the result will be decision
.snW tViat- tKp Sf-atA will hjivft relief
from any farther fighting on the whiskey
A Rich Man.
A writer in the Outlook describes a
ride he once took with an old farmer in j
a New England village, duriDg which !
some of the men of the neighborhood
came under criticism. "Speaking of
a prominent man ia the vili a^e, I said: 1
i iHe is a man of means?' 'Well, sir,' |
1 * " 1- -3 <1-- T 'i. u
t&e rarmer rcpueu, ae uuau l kol umuu
money, but he's mighty ricH.'; "He
has a g~eat deal of land, then?' I asked.
\Nro, sir, he ha3n't got much land
cither, but he is mighty rich.' The :
old farmer, with a pleased smile, observed
my puzzled look for a moment,
and then explained: Tou see, he
hasn't got much money, f.ad he hasn't
got much land, but still ne is rich, because
he never went to bed owing any
man a cent in ail his iife. He lives as
well as he wants to live, asd he pays as
he goes; he dosent owe anything and
he isn't afraid of anybody; he tells
- ? ?? ? ? ? +?tl ? V <1 lift?
every iiiau uc uu>u, <?uu, u,uto nio uuwj
by himself, his family and his neighbors;
his word is as good as his bond,
and every man, woman and child in the
village looks up to him and respects
him. No, sir, he basn'tgot much land,
but he's a mighty rich man, because
he's got all he wants."
Pity Tills Is True.
The Atlanta Journal says "if the
Rr>xeM will keen their e"-es ooen they
will be able to leara from some of the
"Christian" soldiers who have under
taken to civilize and elevate China, some
valuable lessons ia the science of looting
private property, murdering helpless
citisens, vutraging women, braining ba
bies. The average Boxer appears to be a
respectable and harmless fellow beside
the Cossack''
Bishop Turner Has Quit the Rs -V11kIi/ ?i? ?
K-"1"""' ' ?' 'J'
He Wi.l Take the Stump for
the Demccrat'c Ticket if
the Party Needs
His Services.
The Chicago Daily News says Bishop
XJ \S Tnt?r?Ai? A * 1 o r* * ?"? C\f
I Jt x'X. xuiuvl, V* Axunuin| w*
the African M. E church, and idolized
leader of tho colored race sinco the
death of Frederick Douglas, has decidcd
to come out for Bryan. The formal announcement
of his reasons are to be
given in an address Saturday night.
Bishop Turner will be attended in his
conversion to Democracy, it is further
announced, by Bishops Derrick and
(IwnJ r>f rKn c!.mp />hrrr.lh
Vi?u? j V1 w U.V I^MU< V V w. I
This statement was made Wednesday
by the Rev. J. A Williams, a colored
minister of Atlanta, and the personal
representative of Hishop Turner. Just
before the departure of ex Governor
Stone, of Missouri, to the east, the bishop
sent the vice chairman of the
Democratic National Committee a telegram
sayiag that the Atlanta minister
had full au-.hoiity to speak for him.
Not content with deciding to vote
for Bryan, Bishop Turner has also expressed
a desire to take the stump for
the Democratic nominee, and he has already
made arrangements with the Democratic
National Committee to speak
in Kaneaa, Minnesota, Michigan, Indiana,
Ohio, West Virginia and Illinois.
In the last four states the African
Methodist Episcopal church has
centered a large part of its total membership
of over 900,000 communicants.
Bishop Turner will take with him on
his journey through those states, if he
follows his present plan, a huge canvas
tent, so that he may always have
a hall big enough to accommodate the
crowds of his colored brethren who, it
is thought, will flock to hear him.
Anti imperialism is said to be the
mainspring that has governed Bishop
Turner's action in leaving the Republican
party in which he has grown old.
Bishops Grant and Derrick are influenced
more by their resentment of the
way in which they assert the administration
has treated the colored troops.
They also blame McKinley for what
they call his "apathy" concerning
lynohings in the south and his alleged
failure to keep a promise they say he
made them to appoint a colored man on
the labor commission.
The decision of Bishops Turner,
Grant and Derrick partakes of the startling,
coming as it does immediately
after the failure of the Africo- American
council in the national convention at
lndiacapolis this week to take sides
with either party. It is also significant
in view of the statement of Vice-Chairman
Henry B Payne, of the Republican
National Committee, in The Dailv
News Tuesday, that the dividing of
the colored vote between the Democrats
and the Republicans this year will mean
the breaking up of the solid south
whioh has only been held together for
the past dosen jears by its antipathy
to the colored voters and the additional
fact that practically all colored men
in the country have been Republicans.
Chairman Jones, of the Democratic
National Committee, is known to be a
great admirer of Bishop turner, and
to have wide respect for his opinions,
and Bishop Turner's friends are already
tttavL- /%? Kncr
aaSGlllUg mat* bug r> u;a. yi vva * ?*-*|
the colored vote for the Democratic
ticket will be entrusted to the hands of
the Georgia bishop. Thus far in the
compaign the colored Democrats have
been in charge of J. Milton Turner, of
St. Louis.
There are now three distinct factions
o? colored Democrats. Oacis headed by
Bishop Turner. The second is ied by
J. Milton Turner, who has gathered
about him Frederick L. McGee, of
Minneapolis; William A. Crosthwaite,
of Nashville; J. A. Sweeney, A, E. i
Manning and William Miller, of Indianapolis,
and Harvey A. Thompson and
and A. T. Waibine, of Chicago. The
I third is under the leadership of George
| E. Tayior of Oskaloosa, Io^a, who is
| president of tne iNegro National L>emocratio
League. The support of the
National Democratic committee, it is
thought, will install Bishop Turner as
tho ohief of all the factions, while the
leaders of the others are expected to
fall into line as his assistants.
Thinks Bryan Will Win
Dr. H. L. Hall, chairman, of the
Democratic State Committee of Nebraska,
recently attended a meetisg of the
?1? k/\ J I A rnAflt O f"
ULiail jjjau Ui LUC 1U1UU16 nuoi <au
Chicago. The conditions as he heard
them reported there are filled with hope
and he risks hisreputrtion as a prophet
on the forecast that Bryan will carry
a majority of the states unrepresented
that lander. He had a private conversation
with each of the chairmen
present with the exception of Ohio's
representative. He Fa:J. this morning:
"Michigan, Ohio, Indiana, - Illinois,
Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota and Nebraska
were represented There is no
doubt that we have gained immeasurely
in ail these States since 1896. I am
not a prophet nor the s^n of a prophet,
but if we don't carry most of the States
* ' 1 ? a _ J; _ _ * JJ
I cannot reaa present indications.
Desperate Bobbers.
H. H. Mowry, night operator of the
Chicago and Alton railroad, at Marshail,
Mo., was held up by three masked
robbers. While the men were rifleiag
the station money drawer, nieht
Watchman Aulgur appeared ana point
ing his pistol through the parti? cpoa
door, commanded the men to surrender.
He was immediately shot in the eye by
one of the robbers and died soon after.
The rebbers escaped.
Killed by Exploding Cannon.
Darin? the Austrian military manoeuvers
Friday on the borders of Galicia
and Bohemia, a big gun exploded
killing four men outright and fatally
wounding 18 others.
The Cotton Crop Not Sufficient to Supply
the Demand. 1
A dispatch from New York last Wed
i xt * . _ i.i _ vr . i.
nesuay says m** od ioe new ior* coiton
exchange was characterized by terrifia
bull speculation, a wild stampede
of shorts and violent fluctuations. Not
since tbe great effort made last spring
to corner the summer months, which it j
will be remembered proved a disastrous
failure, has the market been so active
or have prices advanced with equal
rapidity. The start was to 13 points
above the price at the closing the day
before was entirely in response to sharp
bulge in the Liverpool market. It
gradually developed that European
spinners were in desperate straits for 1
I ? - 1 il ^ > i \ 2
raw COIICD ana tnai snorts aoroau were E
in a precarious condition, rendered the
more serious by inability to secure cot- 1
ton through scarcity of freight room at *
southern ports. As English market ad- 1
vanced the local contingent hammered 1
away at the under pinning of the shorts '
*?ho were eventually compelled to abandon
their position and retreat without !
the least semblance of reserve. The ]
south. Wall street and Liverpool del ]
uged the market with baying orders and 1
on this support the prices advanced by j
great strides, with the near months '
leaning in the rise. The report that 1
fully 500,000 pieces of print cloths had
U -<avi a *1 A 4#% I? irrrtt? n OtOTTT f A ?
Z) >2U xu x All xiivgi auu a ctvij vu
the effect that southern spot cotton
holders were refusing to do business cx- ]
cept at pronounced advances stimulated 1
buyiDg for both accounts in the after- (
noon. At the close the build were in '
full control with t'no market ruling firm '
at a net advance of 31 to 36 points. 1
A dispatch from Lancaster, England, f
sajs cotton has not been so scarce b-j- ,
fore since the days of the American
civil w&r. The purchasers are chiefly ,
employers having large contracts on ,
V A ? .4 T*. ? r? yv y?_/3 lUnf Dlfliafl An
UdUU it. iO JJU^UU. Ciidi Diiuouuu ^
may be saved by the arrival of the new ,
crop from America toward the end of i
the month. The same dispatch says
the greatest interest is felt in a called 2
meetiDg of the Lancashire spinners, ^
convened by the Federation of Cotton (
Spinners, at which a proposal will be (
brought forward to discontinue buying (
American spot cotton. Since the an- ,
nouncement was made that such a conference
would be held there has ,
been such a rush upon the smaller ,
stock3 ot cotton in tae nanas or iiiverpool
brokers that today's sales advanced
from 3,000 to 15,000 bales, with the result
that not more than 100,000 bales
are left.
Friday marked the turning point in
the grnat bull movement in cotton in
New York, New Orleans and Liverpool
cotton exchanges. With a crash amid
tremendous excitement prices fell 25 to
32 points on the opening while the
-1 - 1?t _ _-i. io c
Closing was wea& at a net juao ui xn an
25 points. Between the opening and
final phases, the market scored some
violent pcndulations, at one time advancing
within a point or so of Thursday's
dosing. The loss on the first call
wiped out fally oacthird of the rise accumulated
during the forepart of the
week and resulted from a bull paaio in
Liverpool. The public was not a loser
oq the coliapso of the English and American
markets, having sold out pretty
thnrmiffhlv durinc the trreat rise of J
Wednesday. Manchester spinners vot- ?
ed at a meeting Friday to close down 5
their mills, being unable to profitably j
manufacture goods at she present ad- 1
normal prices demanded for American 1
cotton. Moreover, there was not suffi- *
cient staple in all England to keep *
them going for 10 days consecutively. 5
Some traders are talking 10 cents for '
January delivery, but conservative p3r- '
ties believe the turning point has been {
rcacbod. Friday's business on the 1
New York cotton exchange was esti- !
mated at 1,000.000 bales. 1
The English spinners are trying to I
break the price of cotton. At a ;
meeting of cotton spinners at Man- i
Chester, Eag., Friday it was de- i
cided not to purchase American spot i
cotton during the month of September. <
Four-fifths of the employers in the
trade <?rero represented. It 13 anticipated
that the decision vriil lead to the
closure of scores of mills for several
week-;. Most of the Eaglish mills that
use American cotton wiil closedown.
The London morning papers comment
upon the seriousness of the crisis which
has arisen at Manchester, where suffering
is likely to be caused by the enforced
idleness of operatives, especially
if, as is not impossible, the stoppage
continues into October. The prospects
of a satisfactory American crop are regarded
as slender.
Hester's Cotton Statement.
Secretary Hester's New Orleans cotton
exchange statement issued Friday
shows the amount brought into sight
for the we^k ending Friday afternoon
to be 90,770 bales, against 155,054 last
year and 76 210 year before last.
The statement shows receipts a* all
United States ports since Sept. 1,51 ?
507, against 95,7-13 last year; overland
across the Mississippi, Ohio and Potomac
risers to northern milh and
Canada 2 372 bales, against 10:293
last year; interior stocks in excess of
those held at the close of the commercial
year 6,391, against 19,465; southern
mill takings 30.500, agaiast-29,534
1 - .*? OS O ? 4 !_ _i? 1 _i.
last year ana -u,o-t-?year ueiore jsbs.
Foreign f-xports for the seven days
have been 13,939 against 20.819. The
total takings of American mills, north,
south and Canada thus far for the soa- (
poti have been 39,90b' bales, against 52,- (
046 last jear.
Since the close of the commercial
year, stocks at American ports aad the
29 leading southern inferior centres
have been increased 31875 bales,
against an incr -as* for the same period
Rpatson nf 77 170.
Including amounts leftover in stocks
at port3 and interior towns from the
last crop and the number of bales
brought into sight thus far for the new
crop the supply to date is 213,30-i,
against 773,952 for the same period
last year.
Charleston's Popularity.
The census bureau announces the
population of Charleston 33 55.807 as
against 54,955 in 1890, being an increase
of only 852 in ten years.
5av':d B. Hiil Causes a Decided
He Says the Flag Shall Not
33 Furled in Dishonor, Nor
Shall it ba Unfurled in
Ex-Senator Kill's appearance at Her- :
:imer, N. Y., Friday evening occalioned
something o? a sensation in
jolitical circles. He came ostensibly
;o visit his old friend ex-Judge Earl
af that place. In the evening the Fort
Dayton band serenaded Mr. Hill and a
arge crowd of citizens assembled.
He was introduced by Judge ifiarl
md made a speech, the chief feature of
vhich was his reiterated declarations |
.21 support of Brvan. There was some
:alk that Jadge Eirl was to be aa7an c&d
is compromise candidate for governor,
jut Judge Eirl emphatically denies
:hat his name was to be considered.
Senator Hill, among other things,
It is needless to say that I am heartiy
in favor of the election of Brjan and
Stevenson. They are the candidates
)f the Democratic party duly and regularly
nominated at a national conrention,
of which I was a member and
vhich treated me, from beginning to
;nd, with ma:W and unusual courtesy,
ind I am honorably bound to actively
mnnnrt a tinitet of mv nartv nominated
'~rr' ? ? *
inder such circumstances.
4iOar candidates represent the interests
of the average man?the plain people
of the country?the farmer, the me-_
jhanic, the laborer. The issues this
rear are very plain and cannot be misinder&tood.
"One party favors large standing
irmies, immense public expenditures, a
50vernment of grandeur and magnificence,
high protective tariffs, a British
jolonial poJicv, great combinations of
corporate wealth and a centralized
"me otner party iavors a coduqlance
of the p'ain and simple governnent
of our fathers, public expendi:ures
limited to the actual necessities
)f the government, tariff taxation for
public purposes only, an army for deiense
and not for conquest, competition
n business free from monopolistic
"An appeal is made by our opponents
;o our love of country. Country! We
leard the same specious appeal in 1896,
md we always hear it when our opponents
seek Democratic votes to aid
iJtieir cause. It is a partisan and not a
lincere or patriotic appeal. It is based
lpon false pretenses. The country is
lot in danger except from those who
ire now administering its government, i
irVe will protect the flag wherever it <
;oes, but we will see that the flag goes i
>nlv where it belongs. It shall not be
lauled down in disgrace, neither shall '
t be raised anywhere in dishonor. ;
4'The people are opposed to this government
acquiring territory which is not
;o be governed by .our constitution.
Ct has no more constitutional right to 1
set us a colonial system than it has 1
:o create a king. The foreign policy of
;he present national admimistration
aas been weak, shifty, inconsistent and
mpatriotio, and the best thought of
:ho country, the best students of history,
the most intelligent of Americans
ire against it. No right minded man
san depend a president who said in his
innual message that it was our 'plain
luty' to give free trade to Puerto Rico
with the United States and then within
* few months thereafter signed a measure
whioh imposed a tariff duty of 15
per cent.
"If wise counsels shall prevail at the
Saratoga convention nest week acd we
proceed on right lines to plan for victory
instead of inviting defeat, and
shall so shape our course and policies as
to deserve the support of the great independent
and conservative forces of
this State, we can not only rescue the
Empire State from further Republican
control, but can give our electoral vote
for our gallant national standard-bear
er?Wo. J. Bryan.
"While, disagreeing with Mr Bryan
in some matters, I need not reiterate
that I earnestly desire his election.
"Our opponents aro entrenched in patronage
and power, and the struggle to
oust them must necessarily be terrific.
"The tide however, is with us. The
skies are becoming brighter every day.
Let us then all work together enthusiastically
for the cause and victory is
within our reach."
Why They Hate Christians.
The Atalanta Journal says none of
the allied troops in Chira have been
? T. , x -T.?*
Diameiess. AS turns OUC tiia;. uiauy VI
the American and Japanese soldiers
who have deported themselves decently
have engaged in robbing and beating
helpless Chinese. Bat the Cossacks
lead all the rest in the crimes which
are being perpetrated at Tien Tsin and
other places. They are the liveliest
devils in the entire orgy. They knock
down women and pound out their brains
- - - - I t- _ L ?
with ntle butts. iney pick up dsdics
by the feefc and dash their brains out
against stones. They impale children
and helpless old men upon their bayonets
and throw others into the river
and club them to death when they try
to swim ashore. These things are done
before the eyes of officers without rebuke.
aud are done so openly and frequently
as to convince the correspondent,
that they are "the ordinary practices
of Russian warfare."
Drowned at New York.
The body of a well dressed woman of
middle age was found floating off the
battery at New York Friday morning.
Clutched in the right hand were a pair
of gold spectacles. Two letters were
found in her pocket, addressed to Mrs.
Amanda Bunte, Medford, Wis. It is
believed the woman was a visitor to
this p.itv.
A Mystery.
At Fort Dodge, la., four men who
drank from a keg of beer are dead, and
when the keg was opened it was found
to contain the skeleton of a rattlesnake.
How the reptile got into the beer is a
Soia.8 Interesting Facts as to its Great j
Value. v
Mr. F. N. Wieaig, of Forsjth, Ga.'
writes as follows in the Southern Cultivator:
~ . . 1
The Georgia Experiment station
places the value of c?rn stalks in
[Georgia at about ($1 500,000) coliari ,
per jear. At least 75 per c?nt. of this *
is wasted by being left ia the Seld to
rot, without material]; benelitticg the
soil as a fertilizer, yet very much in
the way while cultivating the crop the
following year While this waste is
going on the poor man's stock is left
almost to perish upon ceadgra s during
the winttr mocths and the wealthy }
man's cattle feed upon cotton seed hulls (
and meal, sometimes to eat timothy a
hay, raised, cuied, baled and shipped c
from ^ome other State, the same costing \
from $io to $20 per ton, (
Last September I bought an interest t
in a McCormic Shredder, cut, shocked 1
and shredded eighteen acres of corn, c
having sufficient to winter sixteen cows J
asd two mules, using no other forage, (
besides having to feed cows through an 5
unusually long winter. I wintered ]
four oiber cows (not my own) upon cotton
seed hulls and meal at a cost of from \
$2 to $2 50 per month. <
Comparing cost ob the above; a half 1
dozen hands c^n cut and shock eighteen j
r\s*vr.a / ?? in o A + rr Q?rr 1
ci v i 3 v a uuiu iu <a vaujt? isJAA iiuuuj
could with difficulty pull fodder from 1
about one third as much ground, and ;
fodder curing is generally accompanied
with a great deal of risk. The corn, if ]
well shocked, will not iojure if rained I
upon for two weeks, fcr ic should be l
shocked as fast as cufc.
From The cultivator I see that hoes i
are used to cut the corn. My plan is i
to break the hock from an old scythe !
blade, batter down the hook end and ;
bind with padding for handle. This !
n.*i 11 Kft f/"? Korrn virrVifr 1 n or f Vt 1
rr ill u ^ iy un?g lug iiguw ivu^vu j
and weight and serves the purpose much
better than a hoe, as the corn may in
this manner be laid in straight piles,
and gathered easily for shockiag. A
careful band should start the shock by
placing two aria-fulls of the cut corn
together with the butts placed firmly
on the ground and the tops placed
well together. The shock thus started
resemble the letter A. Afterward the
other hands may gather up the corn
lying near and place equally on all sides.
In bottom or very big corn, a ladder
of three or four risers may be used in
order to reach the top to tie securely.
In four to six weeks shooks with two to
three hundred stalks in them will be
ready for the shredding. In case
the shredding cannot be done at z
the expiration of the curing period t
three or four shocks at a small cost may i
be combined, and then the shredding s
may be postponed indefinitely. The 1
com wili-not-injure if the tops are well 1
pressed together and the shock shaped
to shed the rain.
Be sure the corn is well cured before
shredding, use a good shredder. (
(I use the McOormick and find that it
does more than is claimed for it.) With
a McCormick Machine, run by a six
horso power engine, I sfcredded from c
two to three tons per tour at the small c
coast of 75 cents per toe, including r
Try shredded corn one year and you c
will continue shreddiDg. I doubted the \
expediency (others will) at first but was a
convinced that shredding is more prof- {
itable. The same amount cf corn is r
heavier than corn harvested in the r
usual way from which the fodder has e
been pulled. Cattle will fare better r
nrtAn if fnf fnn reofflT nrhari fa/1 n r\Ar?
n iatigu lasbbi nuru igu g
meals and hulls. Am glad The Culti- e
vator is doing so much good in this line. z
A Lady Attacked by a Panther While '
Berry Picking. (
A correspondent of the Chicago <
Tribun? writing from jRome, Maine, *
says: Mrs. Anna Perkins was one of a 1
party of blueberry pickers which wenS <
to the Dead River section a week age.
TUrt pAviTth /3ot7 n? frkn cf-itT IVfVa P.?r. 1
t iav ivuuu vj. v>uvi uvw; iiiui >. v;. j
kins separated from the rest and went '<
oii toward the north, where she said <
she believed the berries would be more J
Edward Lapham, another member of
the party, went to look for her just be- '
fore lunch hour. He soon saw her 1
among the bashes at work. Almost at 1
the same iuataat he saw a panther 1
peering over the tops of the bashes at '
the woman. The animal was between 1
them. L"ipham yelled to Mrs. Perkins, 1
, j i * i ii. . i l i
telling, ner tnat mere was a Deast 01 ?
some kind after her, and to run the 1
other way. The woman became excited
and ran toward the man, and consequently
toward the beast. Suddenly
there was a snarl and a leap, but the
panther misjudged the distance, and
cropped at the woman's feet. Then i
there was a scream that the other mem- 1
bers of the party heard. The woman :
fell prostrated in a dead faint, and the :
panther at once attacked her.
Lapham had sccured a dead limd, ;
and was aoDroachins as rapidly as the :
thick brushes would permit. The ani- :
mal tore the woman's dress into shreds i
and badly lacerated her legs and body.
As Lapharn approached the beast
crcuched as though to spring upon him,
but Lapham landed squarely with the ;
cead limb on the skull of the panther. t
He followed up the attack with swift I
blows, breaking the old limb several 1
timrs The panther rose up on his
hind legs and struck at its assailant. A 1
claw caught in Lapnam's sleeve and 1
tore it from the body of the garment, s
Another vicious sweep drow blood on i
Lapham's right leg. He continued, 1
however, to beat the animal with the <
club, and finally it bounded ofi towards i
the woods as the rest of the party came
Mrs. Perkins, it was discovered, was
severely clawed by the panther, but ,
will recover. j
Will SnrmnTf. Rrwan.
The latest political sensation is the
report thai ex-Secretary Oiney has come
out squarely for Bryan, and has written
a letter urging all Democrats to support
the nominee of the party. Heretofore
Mr. Olney had been placed in "the expansion"'
as well as in the "gold'- column
of Democracy. Mr. OIne/s conversion
is second only in imporlaDce
to the sensation which would be caused j
u n :
SLLUUIU VJiUVCi viuvciauu auuuauuc uio
allegiance to Bryan. Mr. Olney has
been considered by many as the strong- <
est man in Cleveland's cabinet. i
Wreck a Sad Ruin in Poor Galves*
ten Texas.
tfany Great Buildings Dragged
Down and Heavy Trains
Blown Ab^ut as
A dispatch from Houston says the
ftest Indian storm which reached the
5-ul? coast Saturday morning wrought
twfui havoc in Texas. Reports are
lonflictiag, but it is known that an ap)alling
disaster has befallen the city of
Galveston, where, it is reported, a
;housand or more lives have been
jlotted out and tremendous property
iamage incurred. Meagre reports ?rom
Sabine P^ss and Port Arthur also inlicate
a heavy loss of life, but these
eports cannot be confirmed at this
The first news to reach Houston from
Via />ifv nf fralvpstnn wag re
jeived Sunday night. James C. Timnons,
who resides in Houston, and who
is the general superintendent of the
National Compress company, arrived in
the city at 8 o'clock from Galveston.
Se was one of the first to reach there
seitn tidings of the great disaster which
has befallen that city and the magnitude
of that disaster remains to be told
beoause of his endeavors to reach home.
After remaining through the hurricane
of Saturday, he departed fiom Galveston
on a schooner and came across the
bay to Morgan's Point, where he caught
a train for Houston. The hurricane.
Mr. Timmons said, was the worst ever
The estimates made by citizens of
Gralveston was that 4,000 houses, most
3f them residences, have been destroyed
and that at least 3,000 people <
have been drowned, killed or are missing.
Some business houses were also
lestroyed, but most of them stood,
though badly damaged. The city, Mr.
Hmmons avers, is a complete wreck,
* A aamI/I A
3U 1'OX <43 JUC UC'UiU DCC XlVTiU lug n awi
!ront and from the Tremont hotel.
fVater was blown over the island by the
lurricane, the wind blowing at the
rate of 80 miles an hour, straight from
he Gulf, and forcing the sea water beiore
it in big waves. The gale was a
iteady one, the heart of it striking the
sity about 5 o'clock Sunday evening
md continuing without intermission
mtil midnight Sunday night, when it
ibated somewhat, although it continued
ill night. Haavy railroad trains were
)lown about like eggshells and great
louses were blown down.
Jnv TWV>?Ui7patiav t.titi* THanntft* of s.
Colored Company.
Oa labor day in Columbia the local
lolored militia company and another
:olored company from Savannah paoled
the streets. The soldiere acted
rery boisterously and came near predicating
a race riot. Several monitors
of the two companies broke ranks
>nd pursued two young white men in a
>uggy who had driven through the
aarching line. The afiair occnred
lear the State house, right under the
iye of the Governor, who ordered the
natter investigated. At the investi
;ation it developed that the horse drivjn
by the young men had become unnanageable
and they were not to blame
!or his pluDging through the crowd,
rhe cases were thereupon dismissed,
rhe eight negroes who broke ranks and
nade all the attacks on citizens on
jrervais street were fined heavily, and
>ne fellow who failed to respond to the
summons to court was given thirty days
"or this offense and another thirty days
)n the gang for his part in the affair.
Assistant Ad in tan t General Frost was
present and took all the testimony. As
i result, an order is now being preparsd
by the commander in chief, Gover or
JlcSweeney, disbanding the company
under the section of the military
iaws giving thb officer the right to disband
any military organization when
the good of the service demands iu
Governor McSweeney's order will howsver,
give credit to the men who did
not break ranks and to the officers who
carried out his commands after the
trouble commenced. The Governor's
action gives universal satisfaction in
Through Different Glasses.
Gov. Stanley, of Kansas, while practicing
la?7, dofeaded a negro charged
with mnrdcr. His client was convicted
ana Jir. Stanley wrote a strong indorsement
of the convict's application
t'or pardon. New lie Las been called
upon to pass another application on
behalf of the same man, but, like his
predecessor, refuses to grant it, even
though baefced by his own letter, saying
that as Governor he views the matter
"in an entirely different light."
So Fear of Conviction.
A dispatch fron Akron, Ohio, says
all the men arrested there for the attempt
to lynch the negro wretch who
* i <
tried to outrage a *nite gin, " are
working men, living in that city."
Yes, their hands aad their faces may
06 grimed with the dirt and sweat of
tabor, but their hearts are bright crimson
with the rsd blood of the white
:ace, and, though the law should always
be observed, no jury composed of
)f the same sort of rnon will decide
igainst them.
Heavy Republican Loses.
The election last week in Vermont
* -11 ^ x. a.'L. . T>.
tvas doc at an sausiaccory to tne iiepublicans.
They carried the State by
i large majority, but there was a great
shrinkage in the majority from other
pears. The vote w*s as follows: Stickaey.
.Republican, 43,102; Senter, Demjcrat,
15,919; All others, 1,275. Stickley's
plurality 32,183 and a majority
)ver all of 30,908. The Republican
plurality four years ago was 38,264 and
najority over all 36 628.
Sewall is Dead.
Hon. Arthur Sewall, who ran with
Bryan in 1896 died at Bath, Ale., on
Wednesday. He was sizty-seven years
)f age, and was a very successful business

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