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The Fairfield news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1881-1900, September 19, 1900, Image 4

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/2012218613/1900-09-19/ed-1/seq-4/

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Dr. Ta'rriage Discourses on tba |
Redemption cf the Race.
The Famous Paintings ct Mun ch
Typas cf Humirify Represented
by the Two
The famous paintings in the picture
galleries of Munich seem to have suggested
the topic of ihis discourse, which
Dr. Talmage sends from the quaint
Bavarian town, but the' theme which
inspired the painters awakens in the
great preacher thoughts of the redemp
tioa of the human race, which was the
supreme design of that scene of suffering
and death. The text is Luke xsiii,
33, "There they crucified him and tbe
malefactors, one on the right har-d and
the other on the lefc."
Ju3t outside of Jerusalem is a swell
of ground, toward which a crowd aie
asoecding. for it is the day of execution.
What a mighty assemblage! Some for
ouriosity to hear what the malefactors
will say and to see bow they will act.
The three persons to be executed are
already there Some or the spectators
are vile of lip and bloated of cheek.
Some look up with revenge, hardW able
to keep their hands off the sufferers
Some tear their own hair in a frenzy of
grief. Some stand in silent horror.
Some break out into uncontrollable
weeping. Some clap their hands ia
delight that the offenders are to be
punished at last. The soldiers, with
*? ? * ' -!
drawn swords, drive Dacs tne moo wmcu
Dresses on so hard. There is fear that
the proceedings may be interrupted.
Let the legion, now stationed at Jerusalem,
on horseback dash along the line
and force back the surging multitude.
"Back wiiSi you!" is theory. "Have
you never before seen a man die?"
Three crosses in a row?an upright
piece, and two transverse pieces
one on the top, on which the hands
are nailed, and one at the middle,
on which the victim sat. Three
trees just planted, vet beaming fruit?
the one at the right bearing poison and
the one at the left bitter aloes, the one
in the middle apples of love. Norway
pine and tropical orange and Lebanon
cedar would not make so strecge a grove
as this orchard of Calvary. Stand and
give a look at the three crosses.
Just look at the cross on the right.
. Its victim dies scoffing. More awful
than his physical anguish is his scorn
and hatred of him on the middle cross.
This wretched man turns half around
on the spikes to hiss at the One in the
middle. If the scoffei could get one
hand loose and he were wittun reacn,
he would smite the middle sufferer in
the face. He hates him with a perfect
hatred. I think he wishes he were
down on the ground that he might spear
him. He envies the mechanics who
with their nails have nailed him fast.
Amid the settling darkness and louder
than the crash of the rocks hear nim
jeer out these words: "Ah, sou poor
wretch! I knew you were an impostor!
You pretended to be a God, and yet
you let these legions master you!" It
was in some such hate that Voltaire I
in his death hour, because lie thought
he saw Christ in his bedroom, got up on
his elbow and cried out, "Crush that
wretch!" What had the middle cross
done to arouse up this right hand cross?
Nothing. Oh, the enmity of the natural
heart against Christ! The world
likes a sentimental Christ or a phi] an>.
tropic Christ, but a Christ who comes
to snatch men awsy from their sios ?
away with him! On his right hand
cross today I see typified the unbelief
of the world. Men sav: "Back with
him from the heart! I will not let him
take my sins. If he will die, let him
t? ? T'Ko-a I
UiC XU1 UliUDVU, UVU -IVI Ul^? a.v
has always been a war between this
right hand cross and the middle cress,
and wherever there is an unbelieving
heart there the light goes on. Oh, i:
when that dying malefactor perish'.d
tb? faithlessness of man had perished,
then that tree which yields poison
would have budded and blossomed with
life for all the world!
Look up into that disturbed countenance
of the sufferer a^d see what a
ghastly thing it is to reject Christ. Be ?
1** . 1 . /? 1 A\ - A
noia m tnai awxui iace, la taai pmiui
leok, in that unblessed dea'.h hour, the
stings of the sinner's departure. What
a plnng8 into darkness! Standing high
upon the cross on the top of the hill, so
that all the world may look at him, he
says, "Here 1 go out of a miserable life
into a wretched eternity!" Oae! Two!
Three! Listen to the crash of the fail,
all ye ages! So Hobbes, dying after he
had 70 year in which to prepare for
eternity, said, "Were I master of all
the world, I would give it ail to live
ODe day longer." SirFrancis Newport,
hovering over the brink, cried out:
"Wretch that I am, whither shall I Hy
from this breast? What will become
ef me Oh, that I were to lie upon I
the fire that never is quenched a thousand
years to pu:v.Aase the favor of God
and to be reconciled to him again! Oh,
eternity! Oh, eternity! Who can discover
the abyss of eternity? Who can
paraphrase these words, "Forever and
That right hand cross?thousands
have perished on it in worse agonies.
For what is physical pain compared to
remorse at the last that life has been
W&St-ea ana omy a usetrng luumcut
stands between the soul and its
everlasting overthrow? 0 God, let me
die anywhere rather ttnn at the foot of
that right hand cross! Let not one
drop of that blood fali upon my cheek.
Rend not my ear fcith that cry. I see
it now as never before?the loathsomeness
and horror of my unbelief. That
dying malefactor was not so much to
blame as I. Christianity was not established,
and peraaps not until that
day had that man beard tte Ubnst. 15ut
after Christ has stood almost 19 centuries,
working the wonders of his
grace, you reject him.
That right hand cross, with its long !
beam, overshadows all the earth. It is
planted in the heart of the race. When
will the time come when the spirit of
God shall, with its ax, hew down that
right hand cross until it shall fall at
tne loot ot mat middle cross, and unDelief,
the railing malefactor of the world,
ahall perish from all our hearts? Away
from me thou spirit of unbelief! I
hate thee! With this sword of God 1
thrust thee ba^k and tbrust thee
through. Down to hell; down, most
accursed monster of the earth, and talk
to those thou hast already damned!
Talk no longer to these sons of God, j
these heirs of heaven.
"If thou be the Son of God/' Was
there any "if" about it? Tell mc, thou
star, that in robe of light did run to
point out his birthplace. Tell me,
thou sea, that didst put thy haod over
thy lip when he bade thee be still. Teli !
M- yc dssd $bv gsfc up ti? ttiP s?3? I
Tell 2:5, ihvtt stsc in tridhesvbn. ^fco
forbid cidfct psli dctfn o7or thy ?a~s
Ihy reil of darkness. Tell ce, ye Itp
ers ?Lo were cleansed, ye dead who
were raised, is he the Son of God'/ Aye,
aye, responds tte universe. The fbwers
breathe it; the btars ch:'me ii; the
redeemed celebrate i'; the aogels rise
on their throats to announce it. Asa
yet on that miserable malefactor's "it"
how many shall be wrecked for /all
eternity ! That little' if" his ca >ugb
venom in its sting to cause the death of
the soul. No "if" about it. I know J
it. Eoce D us! I feel it thoroughly
?through every muscle of trie body,
aad through every faculty of my miiid,
and through every energy uf my soui.
Liviog. I will preach it; dyiag, I will
pillow my head up<jn its consolations
? Je~ui the God
Away then, from this right hand
crois The red berries of the forest are
ape to be poisonous, acd around this
tree of carnage grow the red, poisonous
berrie3 of which many have tasted and
died. I can ses no use for this right
hand cross, except it be used as a lever
with which to upturn the unbelief of
the world.
Here from the right hand cross J go
to the left hand cross. Pass clear to
the other side. That victim also twists
himself upon the nails to look at the
center cross, yet not to scoff. It is to
worship. He, too, would like to get
hi.s hand loose, not to smite, but to de
liver the sufferer of the middle cross.
He cries to the railer cursing on the
other side: '"Siience! Between us is
innocence in agony. We suffer for our
crimes. Siience!" Gather round this
left hand cross, 0 yc people! Bat not
afraid. Bitter herbs are sometimes a
toaic for the body, and the bitter aloes
that ?row on this tree shall give strength
acu life to thy soul. This left haad
cross is a repenucg cross. As men who
have been nearly drowned tell us that
in one moment, while they were under
che water, their whole life passed before
them, so L suppose in one moment tne
dying malefactor thought over all his
past life?of that night when he went
into an unguarded door and to 5k all the
siiver, the gold the jewels, and as the
sleeper stirred he put a knife through
his heart; of that day when, ia the lonely
pass, he met the wayfarer, and, regardless
of the cries aco prayers and
tears and struggles of his victim, he
flang the mangled corpse into the dust
of the highway or heaped upon it the
He 6ays: "I am a guilty wretch. I
rtaservA this. There is no need of my
cursing. That will not stop the pain.
There is no need of blaspheming Christ,
for he has done me no wrong. And yet
I cannot die so. The tortares of my body
are undone by the tortures of my soul.
The past is a sen3e of misdoing, the
present a crucifixion the future, an everlasting
undoing Come back, thou hid
ing midday sun! Kiss my chsek with
cne bright ray of comfort. What, no
help from above?no help from beneath?
Then I must turn to my companions in
sorrow, the One on the middle cross.
1 have heard that he knows how to help
a> man when he is in trouble. I have
heard that he can cure the wounded. I
have heard that he can pardon the sinner.
Sarelyiu all his wanderings up
and aosrn toe eartn ne never saw one
more in need of his forgivenebs. Blessed
Oce, I turn to thee. Wilt thou turn
for ine moment away from thy own
pangs to pity me? Lord, it is not to
have my haods relieved or my feet
taken from the torture?I can stand ail
this?but, oh, my sins, my sins, my
sins! They pierce me through aad
through. They tell me I must die forever.
They will push me cut into the
darkneo.- unless thou wilt Kelp me. I
confess it all. Hear the cry of the dying
thief, 'Lord, remember me when
thou comest into thy kingdom.' I ask no
great things I seek for no throne in
heaven, no chariot to take me to the
skies, bu: just think of me when this
day's horrors have passed. Think of
me a little?of me, the one now hanging
at thy side, when the shout of
heavenlv welcome takes thse back into
thy glory. Thou will not forget me,
wilt thou? 'Lord, remember me when
thou comest into thy kingdom.' Only
just remember me."
Likewise must we repent You say,
"I have stole nothing." I reply, ''We
have all boea guilty of the mightiest felony
of ike universe, for we have robbed
God?robbed hita of our time, robbed
him of our talent,' robbed him of our
services." Suppose you send a man out
as an agcDt of your firm, and every
month ycu pay him his salary, and as
the end of ten years yo'i find out that
he has been serving another firm, but
taking your salary, would you not at
once condemn him as dishonest? (rod
.-.i-i-.v:. ij
SKUl US iiiiu lino wuiiu lu :cnc mu.
He has given us wages all tbe time.
Yet bow many of us have been serving
another master! When a man is convicted
of treason, he is brought out; a
regimem surrounds him, and the command
is givan: ''Attention, company!
Take aim! Fire!'' And the man falis
with a hundred bullets throughis heart.
There comes a time in a man's history
when the Lord ealls up the troop of his
iniquities, and at God's command they
pour into him a concentrated volley of
I have bhovn you f ^ right handcros3
and the left hand cross; now come to
the middle cross. We stood at the one
and found it yielded poison; we stood
at the other and found it yielded bitter
aloes. Come now to the middle cross
and shake down apples of love. Uncover
yoar head. You never saw so
tender a scene as this. You may have
seen father or mother or companion or
child die, _but never so afieoting a scene
as this. The railing thiel iooKea irom
one way and saw only the right side of
Christ's face; the penitent thief lookedfrom
the other way and saw the left
side of Christ's face. Bat today, in
the full blaze of gospel light, you see
Christ's full face. It was a suffering
crcs3. If the weapons of torture had
gone only through the fatty portions of
the body, the torture would not have
been sc great, but they went through
the hands and feet and temples, the
most sensitive portions. It was not
? iL.x i. j_
oniy cue Epear mat wem mtu ms oiuc,
but the sins of all the race?a thousand
spears?plunge after plunge, deeper and
deeper, until the silence and composure
that before characterised him gave way
io a groan, through which rumbled the
sorrows of time and the woes of eternity,
Human hate had done its worst,
and hell had buried its sharpest javelin,
and devils had vented their hottest
rase when, with every nerve of his body i
in torture and every fiber of his heart
in excruciation, he cried out, "My God,
my God, why hast thcu forsaken me?''
It was a vicarious cross. The right
hand cross suffered for itself, the left
hand cross for itself, but the middle
cross for you. When a king was dying,
a young man cried, '"Pour mv blood
into his veins, that he di?i not." The
veins of the young man were tapped and
vi aa/3 oa tkof f ha tirifr
LU.C U1UUU Udll^iClX^U) DV kuuv VJLLV aiuj
lived, but the youtgman died. Christ
saw the race perishing. He cried,
"Four my blood into their veins, that
they die not." My hand is free now
because Christ's was crashed; my brow
xU uvv. v.i/iiijv J TT?C
tcfn; si? soul etiipos h<?csusc Christ'?
s?as bosnd; 1 isia Lc-aves becausc
Chris: for i^e etidurcd the horror* of
When the S?i?s were many years r.co
eunieoding iheir enemies. they
saw these eritnici iirrajed i.'.* solid {'ha
laox aad kne* cm bow to b-eak ihe;r
jaclcs but coc of ihtir heroes, Arnold
voa Winkelried. rushed out io front of
his regiment anu sheafed, "make way
for liberu!' The weapons of ti:s eceauy
w?.re plunged i&ro his heart, bat wiiilr
thr-y wt-rc sU>iog him uf eou^e their
r*\ ks were broken, a?:d ihr<-unn thai
gip io the ranks ihe S-viss dashed to
victory. Christ saw &ii tno p -W'Ts 01
clarknci-s assailing men He o:i^d out,
"Make way for tLe rtdeaiption of the
tforlu!' All the weapons of inferaal
wrath otruuk hiai. but th<y struck
him our race marched cut free.
To this middle cr >ss look, that >our
souls may live. 1 tho-veu ycu the right
hand cross in order that jou might see
what an awful thing it is to be unbelieving.
I showed you the left hand
cross that you might fee what it is to iepent.
Now I show you the middle cross
that you m*y see what Christ has done
to save your soul. Poets have sua? its
praise, ecaipioro have attempted to commemorate
it in amble, martyrs have
eiutg to it in the Are. aud Christians
dying quietly in their bids have leaned
their heads ag?iu*t it This hour may
all our souls embrace it with an ecstasy
of affection. Lay hold of that cross!
Everything else vrili fail you. Without
a strong grip on that you perish.
Pat your haou oa that and you are safe,
though a world ssvir g from beneath \ our
Oh, that I might engrave on your souls
inefdeeably the three crosses, so that
if in your waking moments you will not
heed, then in your dreams at night you
may see on the hill- back of Jerusalem
the three spectacles?the right ha^d
orosi showing unbelief, dying without
Christ; the left hand showing what it is
to be pardoned, while the central cross
pours upon your soul the sunburnt of
heaven as it says: "By all these
wounds I plead for thy heart. I ha*ve
loved thee with an everlasting love.
Rivers cannot quench it. Fioods cannot
drown it." And while you look the
right hand cross will fade out of sight,
and then the left will be gone, and
nothing will remain but the middle
cross, and even that in your dream will
oegin to ohange until it becomes a
throne, and the worn face of Calvary
will become radiant with gladness, ind
instead of the mad mob at the foot of
the cross will ba a worshipful multitude
kneeling. And you and I will be among
Bat, no; we will not wait tor suca a
dream, la this our most aroused mood
we throw down at the foot of that middle
cross sia, sorrow, life, death?everything.
We are slaves; Christ gives deliverance
to the captive. We are
thirsty; Christ is the nver of salvation
to slake oar thirst. We are fcuogry;
Jesus says, '*1 am the bread cf life."
We are coademued to die; Chiist says,
"Save that man from fcoin? down to the
pit; [ am the ransom " We are tossed
on the sea of trouhle; Jesus comes over
it, saying, '"It is [, be not afraid " We
are in darkness; Jesus says, "I am the
A r\ '1 TwAwr.inr* Cfen ' ' W Cx orA Q 1 rt U
UllglXb AUU lUUlUiUJ O < ? 'T V tJiWOk,
Jesu3 i3 the "balm of Gilead." We
are dead; bear the bhrouds reed and
the ftrave hillocks heave as he cries, "I
am the re=urrecfion acd the life; he that
believeth in me, though he were dead,
yet shall he live." We want justification;
''Being justified by faith, we have
peace with God through our Lord Jesus
Christ." We wait ;o exercise faith;
''Believe ia the Lord Jesus Christ, acd
thou shalt be saved." I want to get
from under condemnation; "There is
now, therefore, no condemnation to
them who are are in Christ Jesus."
The cross; he carried it. The flames of
hell; he suffered them. The shame; he
ir TIia (iwisn- ttftn ifc.
Heights of heaven sing it, and worlds
of light to worlds of light all round the
heavens cry: ' Glory! Glory!'' Let us
go forth and gather the trophies for
Jesus. From Golconda ruioea we
gather the diinionds, from Ceylon
shores wo gather the pearls, form all
lands and kingdoms we gather precious
stones, and we bring the glittering burdens
and put them down at the feet of
Jesus and say: "xV;l these are ihine.
Thou art worthy." We go forth again
for siore trophic?, and into one stiesf
we gather all the scepters of the Caesars,
and the Alexanders, and the czars,
and the sultans, and of ail royalties and
dominions, and then we bring the
sheaf of ssepters and put it down at the
feet of Jesus and say: "Thou art
King of kir.gs. All these thou bast J
eosqaored." And then we go forth I
again to gather more trophies, and we j
bid the redeemed of ages, the sons 3Dd J
daughter* of the Lord Almighty, to
come. And the hosts of heaven bring '
crown and palm and scspter and here
by these bleeding feet and this riven
side and by this wounded heart cry, I
"Blessing and honor and glory and I
power utito the Lamb for ever and j
Bodies on the Prarie.
Appended is a list of the dead at
Hitchcock, Texas, so far as is known.
Some of these are Galveston people who
were floated to Hitchcock by the waters
of the bayou:
Harvey Johnson and wife, killed
under house.
Wm. Robinson.
Mrs. Pietz and throe children.
The family of C. W. Young, wife,
two sons aad two daughters.
Mary Montelona.
?Palmero. wffe and seven chil
T. W. O'Connor.
Members of two families of Alvin,
who were visiting the Young family.
Seven unidentified found on prarie,
supposed to be from Galveston. Scores
of the dead from Galveston are yet unburied,
as the bodies are too badly decomposed
to baul and there is too much
water on the prarie to adiait of diggiog
The Dispensary Sustained
TViotais no use trying to diseuise the
fact that the people of this State have
voted fairly and squarely to sustain the
dispensary law. The new Legislature
is more strongly in favor of the dispens*ry
than any since the law was enacted.
While the over^ehlming sentiment
in favor or the la* as shown ia
the campaign for Governor as well as
legislator?, does not change our opinion
of the law, we believe the emphatic expression
of the people this time is intended
as far as possible to take the
liquor question out of politics.?
Spartanburg Herald.
n J- * 1
nau.iiii ouunus maim.
The Hamiliton CJlub of Chicago Wednesday
night tendered a dinner in honor
of Senator William E Mason, who
shared the honors with Senator Hanna.
Senator Hanna ta'ikfd frankly of the
danger of over cocfiituce on the part of
Keupblicans and declared that everything
Republicans and patriotic Democrats
fought for four years ago was at
stake in the present campaign.
; i/ V v /,Jk xs \s ** a *JC 1/ c j
; For Use in the Public Schools cf
the Statf.
i Krc-s Hi vvircri books Are to De
Fu-nishefrt to D^ale'S and
Exch^ng d for F?vs
Y <iJif S.
The following ia tbe list of books
adopted by the State Bjard of Education
for us? in tbe public schools of
South Carolica for tbe next five years.
The first price quoted is the price to
dealers and the second the exchange
Johnson's Readers?B. F. Johnson
& Co., Richmond, Va.
Price to Exchange
First reader S 16 $ 07
Secoud reader 24 .10
Third reader 27 .12
Fourth reader 36 .15
Fifth reader 48 .20
Total 81.51 $64
Lcp's Historic??B. F. Johnson &
Co., Richmond, Ya.
New Primary, cloth $40 S 17
New school, cloth 60 .25
New school, cloth 68 .28
I. WheelerVi Graded Studies in Eng
hsh?W. H. Wheeler & Co , Chicago
Ills.?$ 32; $.20.
II. Kuehler's, "A Modern English
Grammar?Newson & Co , New iork,
(Provided ind^x be made)?$ 45; $ 25
III. Reed & Kelloggs High Sohool
Grammar?Mavuard. Merrill & Co.,
New Ycrk? $ 48; $ 25.
Frye's Geographies?Ginn & Co.,
New York.
I. Introductory?$ 34, boards; $ 17.
II. Advanced, $ 75, boards; .37.
Tarr's First Book of Physical Geography,
(special edition for South CaroJio?)
? Macmillan & Co., New York?
$ 87, cloth; $.55.
Wentworth's?Ginn & Co., New
I. Elementary, $ 19; $ 10.
II. Practical, $.36; $ 18.
Brook's Mental Arithmetic?Christopher
Sower & Go , Philadelphia, $.22;
$ 14.
Wontwcrth'8 Algebras? G-inn & Co.
I. First Steps in Algebra, $ 48: $ 24
II. New School Algebra, $ 90; $.45
Brook's?Christopher So^er & Co.,
1 Y11 X _ A ?A A OO
fsrocK s iijiemeniary, $ au: ? Ow.
Hafchin'on's?Maynard, Merrill &
Co., New York.
I Oar Wonderfal Bodies, $ 22; $.11.
II. Oar Wonderful Bodies, $.38;
III. Physiology and Hygiene, $.80;
Wilson's Nature Study in Elementary
Schools?Macmillan Co., New
I First Evader, $ 28; $ 21.
It. Second Reader, $ 28; $ 21.
A Manual for Teachers, $ 72
Bailey's Fir3t Lesions with Plants?
Macmillan & Co., $ 32
Bailey's Principles of Agriculture,
nn-4 7^
The Normal Musio Course?Silver
Burdette & Co., New York.
F;rst reader, $ 24; $ 19
Second reader, $ 45; $ 36.
Third reader. $ 30;-$ 24
SoDga of the Nations, $.45; $ 36
Normal Course in Drawing?Silver,
Burdette & Co.
Books No. 1 to 2, $.72 per dozen;
$.58 per cozen.
Books No. 4 to 9, $1 35 per dozen;
SI.08 Der dozen.
Blank Drawing Books, $.54 per
dozen; $ 43 per dozen.
The Natural System of Vertical
Writing?D. C. Heath & Co., New
Numbers 1 to 6, 5 cents eaoh; $,60
per dozen.
Numbers 7 to 8, 6 3-4 cents eaoh;
$.S0 per dozen.
The Graphic System of Practical
Penmanship (slant writing) A. Lovell
& Co.
Numbers 1 to 6, large size, $.48 per
Number 7, $ 60 per dozen.
* * -1 A OO
jNumoers i toa ana tracing s.ou.
Peterman's Elements of Civil Government?American
Book Co., New
York?$ 45; $ 30.
William's Composi.ion and Rhetoric
by Practice?$ 54; $ 30.
Myers' General History?Ginn & Co.,
New York?$1.20; $.72.
CjT3, Ginn & Co.
T7I- . A OO & 11
nm v f.n
Second 29 .15
! Third- 40 .20
i Fourth ... 48 .24
Fifth *6 .28
The following were adopted for libraries
and for literature study:
Eaglish Classic Series?Maynard,
Merril & Co.
The Riverside Literature Series?
Houghton, Miflin & Co.
Star Series?Globe School Book Co.
Macmillan's Pooket English Classics
?\Tp.mil1aTi Do.
Historical Tales?J. B. Lippinoott &
The following were adopted for a
teachers' course:
White's School Management?American
Book Co.
WKifa'o Tniomonffl nf PfidacfiffV?
American Book Co. 1
London's School and Class Manage
ment?Macmillan Co. ^
I. English Words as Spoken and
Written?GISbe School Book Co.,
New York. ,
II. Benson and Glenn's Speller and J
Definer?D. C. Heath & Co.?$.25; '
- -- <
Chapaan's History of South Carolina.
Everett. Waddey Co., R;ck- j
mond, Va. $.60.
tJlwfiOK-iiiV. i
}Veb=.iar a Dictionaries. A. i3. C.
Hacdy Dictionary, $15; $ 03.
Primary Dictionary, $ 36; $ 24
('oraaion Schooi Dictionary, $ 54; !
$36 ' |
High School Dictionary $ 74; $ 48. j
Academic Dictionary, $1 13; $.75.
South Carolina msp-Rand, McNaily
Series cf Maps?Hand McX-tlly.
The governor and Superintendent cf
education have b.^en empowered and
directed to lis the bonds of the companies.
Superintendent McMahan prepared i
tl e followicg, which points out the
main features of the contract msda by
the State with the publishers:
1 The sd-ption is to expire July 1st.
19oG. after ail schools are closed and
just before they are ojeiud. The pres
ent date of expiration is Nov. 1st. after
most or all of' the schools have begun
and when therefore a change cannot be
generally effected. A change in the
new books wili not be forced until July
l3t, 1901. Hence the present school
sessions may continue with the old
books. Exchange pricts for new books
sold to pupils that have the old books
will continue till Nov. 15th. 1901, aft(r
wHich time ail tfce schools having
opened and every pupil having had a
chance to get rid of his old book, entire
uniformity in books will prevail
in the schools.
2. Price to dealer is to be printed en
each book. The county superintendent
in the counties where there are
couaty depositories (nearly all the
counties) will retail the books at this
price. The private dealer will add his
3 During the period of adoption an
adopted book is sold or even offered for
eqIo at ft Inwpr nric.fl &nvwher? in thf
world, that lowest price ia to become
the contract price in South Carolina,
This was not in the old contract, bat is
required in most States that have re
ceatly made adoptions. Many of the
books adopted in this State in 1893 for
seven years are now sold elsewhere at
lower prices, though we have been held
to our contract price. By this clause
in the new contract this State is at
once assured of as low a rate as now
prevails anywhere else. For instance,
we are offered the prices lately accepted
by Tennessee and Washington in
x 1. rii__ j .?i.:
meir oiate auopuuuo.
4 Books in the county depositeries
(sold at actual cost by the county su
perintendents) are to be taken up at
cost by the publishers whose books are
substituted. This is a protection of the
school fund which by act of the legislature
has been invested in books for
sale at cost.
5. Publishers pay freight and drayace
on all books where as much as $25
worth is ordered at a time, and pay
such transportation charges where the
orders are as small as $10 worth, if ordered
by county superintendents.
This smali limit was put because if the
only books used from one publisher
should be copy boots or algebras, the
dealer might have to order a small quantity
and should not be required to pay
the freight. It would not be just to
the publisher, however, to allow a dealer
to harass him with a $5 order on
which the freight might more than
equal the profit. The limit in the old
contract was $100 and many county superintendents
have been compelled to
pay the freight and add a few cents to
the price of eac'a book.
6. The affidavit and contract clause
that the bidder is not in a trust constitutes
a striking feature. This was sugon?
Kqq I
attracted considerable attention, but
the affidavit here required goes much
further in that it requires after the
private holdings of stockholders and
their belongings as trustees or beneficiaries,
and further binds the publisher
to show his private records if the truth
of the affidavit is questioned. Moreover,
the contract is void ab initio if
any untrue statement enters into this
affidavit or clause. This is a practical
way to fight trust3.
Mud Volcanoes
With roariEg as of thunder and a
great spouting of a mass of bluish-black
lionpfiftd earthv matter, the remarkable
mud volcanoes of Mendocino county,
Cal., again became active Friday. It
is stated that Fpouticg of mod from its
craters is contemporaneous with tide3
of the ocean, and it is thought that
they are either connected with the
ocean by some subterranean channel or
acted upon directly by the influence of
the moon or whatever causes the ebb
and flow of the tides of the sea. There
are about 25 volcanoes in the group.
The muddy craters are filled with
bluish mud of about the consistency of
boiling mortar, and when active steam
and bubble like boiling water and make
a thunderous roar that can be heard for
miles around. The disturbance is so
violent that the mud belches forth over
the rims of the craters, flowing down
the mountain side. A warm vapor
shoots high into the air, accompanied
by the spouting mud.
Serious in England.
A dispatoh from Liverpool says the
ootton market was feverish Wednesday
and prices were irregular but they soon
strengthened under the influence of the
advance in prices in New York and
unfavorable American crop reports.
The spinners and manufacturers have
been buoyed with hopes that a good crop
would insure prosperous business in
1901, but the diminished crop prospects
and the delay in exportation from G-alveston
have aroused grave anxiety and
are likely to lead to serious finanoial
difficulties among the trade.
Good Eiddance
The Atlanta Journal says "if Corbett
in his recent fight to England had taken
along all the other ruffians who have
bftftn fakincr the American Dublic in
alleged prize fights for several years
past lie would have won an even larger
measure of our gratitude. But to be
rid of Corbett alone is something to be
profoundly thankful for.
A Peculiar AccidentA
dispatce from New York says during
the prevalence of a high wind Wednesday
a mast sustaining one end of a
political banner suspended over Broadway
was blown down, killing Charles
Duofield of Birmingham, Ala., who was
passing with his brother and a friend.
Both Killed.
Minister Conger in answer to an enquiry
about the fate of Rev. C. R.
Hodge and wife, missionaries in China
e/i r?n VvAfVi /\P
itulu x illirtucijjuia, oo,) o l'ucjll \jl tu^ui
were killed at Pooting Fa by the Boxers.
Gainesville, Ga., Dec. 8, 1899
Pitts' Antiseptio Invigorator has
been used in my family and I am perfectly
satisfied that it is all, and will
do all, you claim for it. Yours truly,
A. B. C. Dorsey.
P. S.?I am u^ing it now myself,
[fs doing me good.?-Sold by The Murray
Drug Co., Columbia, S. C., and all
druggists, if
Of South Carolint Have Peifected
their Organization.
The cotton growers convention met'
at Greenwood on last Thursday Mr. j
Wiiborn, after reading the call for the I
convention issued by him several weeks j
ago, made a talk setting fcrth the objccts
of the organization it was pro-,
posed to form and the benefits to be de- J
rived. All classes are interested in the
prosperity of the farmer, he said, and
for that reason men of all lines of
business and professions in the State
had been invited to attend the convention
and participate in its deliberations.
Pz-mfinninor caiH if, is a shame the
way the cotton crop of the south has
been marketed for ihe past 30 years.
As a general thing the cotton has been
thrown on the market as soon as
ginned, without regard to price. The
uninformed or innifferent men always
suffer. The time is more opportune
now than for 20 years to perfect an organization
and remedy this evil. last
year there was an unprecedented short
crop and the surplus was exhausted,
and the crop this year is even less than
that of last year. Today the cotton
planter has a corner on the crop because
the surplus has been exhausted.
We are now in a positon we have
never occupied before?the world wants
more cotton than we have to sel[. If
??ill ? ?*i*1 aitt in on /iorrj^cf in.']
we Will UlgauiAC uun 1U QU VX1UVU.
intelligent manner we can not only
control the price nosy bat in the future.
He said it was proposed to devise a
scheme by which the cotton crop of the
south could be marketed throughout
th? twelve months of the year instead
of thrown upon the market at one time
and sold within two or three months.
This movement is intended to fight the
speculators and not the legitimate buyers
and the manufacturers. A wellknown
cotton mill man said a few days
ago that he hoped this movement
would succeed, as it would be better
for the mills to able to be buy tiieir
cotton as needed. Under the present
system ef marketing the crop the mills
of the south are forctd into the market
in the fall as speculators. No man can
tell what will be the price of cotton
goods six, eight or ten months ahead,
aid when the mills are forccd to buy a
n'ne or twelve months' supply at one
time they are forced to allow a margin
to protect themselves against unfavorable
fluctuations in the price cf cotton
goods. This association is not intended
to fight or injure the cotton mills; onj
rtnntrarr ftTfi asked tO CO
bilU VVU } ? ?v - ?? ?. ?
operate with us. The prosperity of all
classes depends on the prosperity of
the farmers, and it is only proposed
now to enable the farmers to secure a
fair prioe for their crop. The value of
the cotton crop regulates the value of
evesthing in the south. There should
not and will not be any conflcit between
tbe southern cotton grower and
the southern cotton manufacturer.
There 105,000,000 cotton spinalis in
the world, and of these only 5,000,000
are in the south. The southern mills
cannot wholly regulate the price of cotton
if tJioo tn Stored, because thev are
not strong enough.
At the conclusion of Mr. Wilborn's
speebh the convention was formally organized
by the election of J. U. Wilborn,
of Columbia, as president; J. A.
Peterkin, of OraDgeburg, as vice president,
and J. K. Blake, of Abbeville, as
Hon. 0. H. Jordan, president of the
Georgia association, was present, and
by request gave tbt details and plan of
the organization in Georgia. Air. Jordan
was the originator of the movement
in his l^tate and has recently organized
a similar association in Alabama.
He outlined the plan of the organization
in much the same manner
as given in his speech of Tnurday, as
reported in The State Friday.
Oa motion, the president was author
ized to appoint an executive committee
consisting of three from each congressional
district, to push the work of oreanizine
the different counties. The
convention adopted the constitution
and by-laws of Georgia association,
these to be in effect until the next
meeting of the association.
The convention then adjourned to
meet in Columbia during fair week, the
hour and place of meeting to be announced
later by the president.
President Wilborn Friday afternoon
announced the appointment of the following
executive committee as Author
UCU uJ LUC wuu Tguuvu.
first district ?T. M. Talbird, Beaufort;
Geo. A. Wagner, Charleston; M.
R. Cooper, Colleton.
Second District?L. W. Youmans,
Fairfax; T. H. Rainsford, Edgefield;
VV. H. Mauldin, Hampton.
Third district?J. Malcolm Johnson,
Newberry; C. P. Roberts, Ninety-Six;
J. R. Vandiver, Anderson,
Fourth district?J. D. M. Shaw, High
Point; J. B. Steppe, Spartanburg;
Wilie Jones, Columbia.
Fifth district?R. A. Love, Chester;;
W. J. Roddey, Rock Hill; J. F. Nes-!
bitt, Lancaster.
Sixth district?P. L. Breeden, Bsnnettsville;
J. JE. Edwards, Marion; D.
H. Traxler, Timmonsville.
Seventh district?D. F. Efird, Lexington;
J. W. H. Dukes, Orangeburg;
Harvey Wilson, Sumter.
Immediately after the adjournment i
of the convention the farmers of Green- j
wood county held a meeting and per-'
" jl ^
feoted organization. Mr. Wilborn accepted
an invitation from the farmers
of Anderson county who were present
to go to tbat county Dext Monday and
assist in the organization tv are.
Mr. Wilborn Thursday sfternoon expressed
himself as very much gratified
at the attendance on the convention
and the interest shown, and expressed
tlio (?AnpT/?f-,io7i that tf.p n riff, mint wrm'i3
be successful aDd the method of marketing
the cotton crop in the south would
be revolutionized. It will take some
time to get a perfect organization, he
said, but the work will be pushed as
rapidly as possible. He wili issue a
circular letter in a few days, giviDg
full details with a constitution and bylaws
suitable for county associations.
He is very'much enthused over the
movement-, as are the other farmers
who attended the convention.
Mr. Wilborn requests the statement
that all letters of inquiry on the subject,
addressed to him at Columbia,
will receive prompt attention.
Some Plain Talk.
The Grand Army of the Republic is
becoming interested in the matter of
history. At its recent convention in
Chicago strong resolutions were passed
condemning the school histories used in
the South and looking to the abolisament
of all such books and the intro
duction of histories written by Godfearing
and truth-telling historians
from the North. We appreciate this
delicate consideration shown by the
pension drawers of the Grand Army.
But we'll attend to our own affairs a
little while longer?until our State
shall have ceased to furnish the money
to educate our children acd until imperialism
shall have been completely
established over the country and Euperor
McKiniey or somebody else shall
been enthroned at Washington and
shall issue an edict that truth is mighty
otimnof T^rnrriti THhar/iMl avn'o 1 n
CkUU 1UU3V J.U^U 11 il
how it wa3 that six hundred thousand
men overwhelmed with numbers on
many a bloody field fought two millions
eight hundred thousand porehearted
patriots, and how those same
six hundred thousand put one million
out of the combat and one million more
on the pension roll forever! We'll show
further that we went to war in defence
of a right which the N.rth itself had
always claimed and that we fought for
principles which will yet be triumphant
or this whole Republic will tumble into
ruins.?Gaffney Ledger.
Catarrh Cannot be Cured
/inTtvtAi* *AA/tV) A Ofllif
LXIKuJ KJc*U. UUv 1C<?V>U Qtrtw Vi WJ-IC Vlisoaoct
Catarrh is a blood or constitutional disease,
and in order to cure it you must
take internal remedies. Hall's Catarrh
Cure is taken internally, and acts directly
cn the blood and mucous surfaces.
Hall's Catarrh Cure is not a quack
medicine. It was prescribed by one of
the best physicians in this country for
years, and is a regular prescription.
It is composed of the best tonics known,
combined with the best blood purifiers,
acting directly on the mucous surfaces.
The perfect combination of the two ingredients
is what produces such wonderful
results in curing Catarrh. Send
for testimonials free.
Props., Toledo, Ohio.
Sold by Druggists, 75c.
Hall's Family Pills are the best.
Silled in a Wreck.
A special from Cairo, 111., says: The
special car of the Duncan Ciarke Female
Minstrel troupe was wrecked at
Mounds Wednesday and of 16 occupants
nine are now dead and dix others
are Beriously injured, some of them
fatally. Patrick Patterson, the only
man killed, was the cook. He was burled
from the car and struck the switch stand.
A special train was hurried from this
city to the scene, with Dr. W. W.
Cransiead, the company'8 physician,
and a corps of nurses on board.
On improved real estate.
Interest eight per cent,
payable semi-annually.
Time 3 to 5 years.
N o commissions charged
E. K. Palmer.
205 Plain St.. Columbia, S. C
Cures La Gr'ppe, dyspepsia, indigestion
and all stomach and bowel troubles colic or
cholera morbus, teething troubles with
children, kidney troubles, bad blood and
all sorts of sores, risings or felons, cuts and
burns. It is as good antiseptic, when locally
applied, as anything on the market.
Try it and you will praise it to others.
If your druggist doesn't keep it, write to
For Sale.
One Direct Current Electric Fan, 260
volts. For terms apply to Secrebay
Orangeburg Club, P. 0. Box 256. Orangeburg,
8. C.
Near tJiii ot XJepot.
Saving formed a ctiniiectioli
I am now prepared to repair |f~
and rebuild cotton gins as '
thoroughly as the vari *
ons manufacturers. * *
This branch of the busine?M^. V;/^
be under the personal
supervision of
?vho ha? had fourteen years of
practical experience in building
the Elliot Gin, and who ' ^
Js well known to most -Jg
gin users id tins state.
Now is the Time! Bring Your
Gins Before You Need Them!
Highes Grade Engines, Boilers, . |
Saw Mills, Corn Mills, Brick
Machines, Wood Working fl
Machinery, Saws, Pulleys, etc
offor: Quick delivery, low pricea and
reasonable teiaoa. % jam
1326 Main St., Columbia. S. C.
Ginning Systems Equipped
WithTHe /Jf
Murray Gleaning and |i
Distributing System. |
Power Equipments jg
Saw Mill Machinery ||
form and Mill Monhinonf ;
I hi ill uiiu iHiti iiiauniuuij
8. C. Agents for Steele's New
South Brick Machinery. ~ 35
Write us for prices on anything
in our line. Jjl
W. H. Sibbes & Go., j?
804 Gervais Street,
-V- (p^
MENT, the Great Antiseptic
Healer, cnres Piles, Eczema,
Sore Eyes, Granulated Eyelids,
Carbuncles, Boils, Cuts, Bruises,
Old Sores, Burns, Corns, -M
Bunions, Ingrowing Toenail^jj^ M
Inflammatory Rheumatism^ J
Aches and Fains, Chapped
Hands and Lips, Erysipelas.
It is something eyerybody
needs. Once used always used.
For sale by all druggists and -W
dealers. At wholesale by
Columbia, S. C
The New Ball Bearing
Sewing Machine 1
It Leads in Workmanship. Beauty,
Capacity, Strength, Light nunning.
Every Weman Wants One.
Attachments, Needles and
Parts for Sewing Machines
of all makes. ^
When ordering needles send
sample. Price 27c per dozen,
postpaid. jMgk
Agents Wanted in TJnoosupied Teni
J. L. SHULL, '
191Q Toxrlni* Stroo*
Aromatic |J
Mouth ||
Wash :;1g||
Whitens the Teeth
Cleanses the Month
Sweetens the Breath
mi ? JRi
?ne? |i|
Drug Co., II
COLUMBIA, S. C. fjjf
Ortman Pays ~1
the EXpre ss J
Steam Dyeing of every
description. 8team, Nap- J|
tha, French Dry and
chemical cleansing
for our new price list and
circular. All work guar
anteed or no charge. J
Drtman'-s Steam Dye Ms
1310 Main Street ||
Columbia, S. C :j|?
A. L Ortman, Proprietor.

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