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The Fairfield news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1881-1900, October 10, 1900, Image 1

Image and text provided by University of South Carolina; Columbia, SC

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/2012218613/1900-10-10/ed-1/seq-1/

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Tha Assembled Democra-ic Clubs
- ? j 1 i? r>
ACaressru uy otjfi- .
His Powerful Arraignment of
Republicans. WcKfnfsy's
Own Woras Us?*d
Against Hirr.
The hall in which was assembled the
National Association of Democratic
Club3 at Indianapolis, Ind., on Thnrsday
was thronged wiih people, probably
5,000 being present, but as the hour
approached for the advent of Mr. Bryan
at 4 o'clock the aisles were filled aEd
the hall thronged to a degree of almost
suffocation. After Aclai E Stevenson
had concluded, James S. Sovereign, exgrand
master workman of the Knights
of Labor, spoke, dealing vrith the workingman
from a political standpoint.
He said labor is the foundation of liberty
in all the world.
Mr. Sovereign was followed by Bishoi
J. Milton Turner, minister to JLioena
under Grant's administration, who
spoke briefly and in part as follows:
"A great many of my race ^ho
formed the rnsjoritv of the n^gro population
in'the United States 25 years ago
have already been promoted and have
gone to their good Christian fathers,
but the boys aro coming forth in teeming
hundreds and thtu^andsfrom that
palladium and safeguard of American
institutions, the public school system
of our country, and unlike Uncle Tom
and Aunt Sally,- they are doing their
own thinking like other ycung Americans
for themselves.
'"We come with a fresh born, disin^_
terested patriotism to put forth our
might at this time in the States of Indiana,
Ohio, Illinois, New'York and
New jersey and other States where we
have been making the presidents for
the last 23 or 30 year?, and ws thinkthis
time, through our votes, we will be
able to make up such a quota for the
election of Wm. Jennings Bryan that
we will elect this tickct without any
possibility of McKinley defeating it."
As Bishop Turner concluded Mr.
r Bryan appeared upon the platform. He
had reached the city a few minutes before
3 o'clock, but did not arrive at the
hall until a quarter past 4 o'clock. He
was escorted through the streets by a
number of marching clubs. As soon as
the Democratic national candidate appeared
en the platform there was a
shout of greeting, and this soon developed
into a demonstration which continued
for sbout six minutes, until
there was a call for cessation by Mr.
Bryan himself. The speech was liberally
applauded throughout, and when it
tViara -.zrao n. msh tO the
j?L 1 *Y6D ti?
stage on the part of those in the audience
who wished to shake hands with
him. He, however, avoided this demonstration,
and soon found his way back
to his hotel.
Mr. Bryan said:
4'I appreciate the work done and being
done and to be done by this association
of Democratic clubs, and I appreciate
the energy, the enthusiasm and
the ability displayed by Mr. Hearst,
the president of this association. I believe
in these ciubs. The work of Democracy,
being a work for the people,
must be done by the pec; Je. We neeu
the clubs to help us colic ct money to
carry on our campaign. The republican
party can get its money from the
corporations, whioh plundtr the people
between campaigns in return ror tne
money contributed curirg campaigns.
"We cannot go to a trust ard ask it
to help us, because we do not expect to
be helped. The Kepublican party does
not ooliect money for its national campaign
from one Republican out of 100,
aBd when the election is over 99 out of
100 Kepublicans have nothing to say
about the running of the government.
"We expect that the administration
Pwill be conducted in behak of the great
mass of the American people, and we
have the right to call upon them to
help with their money as well as their
votes to win this fight, which is their
fight, and not our fight. We need the
clubs to help ciraulate literature. If
? ?- /tlnkn \r? * 11 ni r lr Alt ?
eveiy tut mum ui uicviuuo uu?
some acquaintance and find out what he
is thinking ibout, prepare to meet his
arguments, sapply him with literature
and work for his conversion, the members
of these clubs will be astonished
to find how much can be done. We
need the clubs to poll the votes, for
we must do by voluntary effort what
the Republicans can afford to pay for
having done.
"The Republican party is not prepared
to meet the issues of this campaign.
The Republican party is ;;oday
dodging, running from nearly every
issue in the campaign. When they
started out they said the money question
was the question of paramount im nnWnns./y
R])t TO vf Tl O T1 O t.h f V f Allnfl
j^Vl lauv^> - W ?? ?
that when a man says that a question
of money is moie important than a
question of government he at once
arouses suspicion, and people begin to
wonder whether he thinks a dollar is
more important than a man. Think of
trying to make the money question
paramount in this campaign! \Y hy, my
friends, when the money question was
paramount?in 1896?we found the Republicans
trying to make out that the
tariff was the paramount issue. They
said, 'Let us open the mills instead of
the minis,' and the first thing they did
when they got into power was, noo to ;
reform the currency but to reform the
tariff. and give the men who contributed
a chance to run their hands deeper
into the pookets of the people.
"Now, when the questions of the human
race and human liberty are at
stake, the Republicans say that the
money question is the paramount issue.
They were afraid in 18i>6 thai we were
going to have a 50 cent dollar. Now
thev have given us an 85 cent citizen
in Puerto Rico, and they dare not tell
us what per cent, of citizenship the
Filipino is to have. In IS96 they said
we could not have a double standard of
money. Now they think we can have
f a doubie standard of government?a republic
here and a despotism in the
Philippine Islands. They said in 1S96
that we could not maintain a parity
between a white metal and a yellow.
How can they maintain a parity between
a white citizen aDd ayellow subj
ct in the Philippine Islands? They
hod that it is too sordid a doctrine to
say that the standard of money you
have is more important than the form
of government under which you live.
"And yet, my friends, while they
cannot now boast of the supremacy of
the money question, they are not prepared
to meet tbe other issues. Mr.
Hanna says tbere are no trusts. That
settles that question. He ought to 33k
his wife. Every wife knows there are
trusts. The only trust that any Re
publican in this country seems to know
about is the ice trust, and the Republicans
don't know much about that, for
i? thoy did they would know that every
stockholder is a Republican. If they
knew more about the ioe trust they
would know that its harm was confined
to the people of Sew York, and if
they knew tbat they had a governor of
the State of New York, a man who
VFonld not let au7 harm come to his
people, they would know tbat there
would be no ice trust there or the governor
would kill it
'New York Jias a ilepubiican governor
and a Republican legislature, and
you Republicans who have been worrying
so much about the ioe trust can
ease your minds, for as long as the governor
is ont west making speeche?, you
may be sure nobody is being hurt in
New York. Why is it that no Republican
knows anything about the Standard
Oil trust, or the sugar trust, or the
salt trust, or the trust of cracker?, or
the trust of wiudow glass, or the envelope
trust, or the writing paper trust,
or the trust in paper that Republican
editors use to write a defense of the
trusts upon. Why don't they know
about these trusts? Is it dishonesty or
is it ignorance? Why is it that no Rs
puDJican ppeasers oomc outa&aiusi auy
trust except she ice trust, and why is
it that the Republicans in charge did
Dot destroy that, so you oan believe
Mr. Hanna when he sajs there are no
"The Republican party is not prepared
to defend itself on the trust
question, therefore they try to get it
out of the campaign. The Republican
party is not prepared to defend itself
on the army question. They say there
is no question of militarism and yet an
army four times as great as the standing
army of 1896 is demanded by the
president's message of December, 1898
How much do we spend for education
in the United States? Les9 than $200,000,000.
How much do the Republicans
want to frpena on a military establishment?
(ke hundred million dollars a
year. They want no spend more than
half as much -for a military establishment
as we spend for the education of
all the children in the United States
Is that not a step towards militarism?
What reason can they give for it? They
can give only one. That is the one they
do not give. There are two reasons
which lead men in this country to want
a large standing army? One is a domestic
one; the other is connected with
our foreign affairs. What domestic
reason is there for a large army? To
protect us from the Indians? No; the
less Indians we have the more army
the Republican party want. That is
not the cause. Why do they want it?
So that they can build a fort near every
large city and u?e the army to suppress
by force the discontent that ought to
be cored by remedial legislation.
c:The laboring man asks for arbitration
and gets a large army; he asks
protection from the black li3t and his
answer is a large army; he asks for
shorter hours of labor in order that he
may have more time with his family
and for the development of his micd,
and bis answer is a large army. He
asks for representation in tbe president's
cabinet in order that labor may
be protected, and his answer is a large
army. That is the domestic reason
which is not given and yet it is a rea
son entertained by many. What is the
reason they give? They say we need it
for onr foreign policy but, my friends,
they asked for the army before the
American people had ever decided upon
a foreigh policy that made a large army
"In December of 1898 when the president
asked for his army the treaty bad
not been signed, but its terms were understood.
When the Republicans congress
voted to raise the army to 100,000
the treaty had been signed and no arm
was raised against this nation anywhere
in the world. Bat the American
people had never voted for a colonial
policy; up to this time the American
people have never voted for a colonial
policy, and yet the Kepublican party is
pledges to a large army. What does it
want with it? It intends to exploit the
Philippine islands and if you want to
understand the reasons for a large
arm}, icau uie pivspeuLUD issuau ujr tuo
Philippines Lumber and Development
company. You will find that at the
head of the company as president
stands a republican member of congress
who is the chairman of the army
committee of the house of representatives.
and another Republican congressman
is attorney for the company.
What do you want an army for? To
hold the Philippines while they are being
developed by syndicates headed by
Republican politicians?
"The American people have not yet
decided in favor of imperialism. The
Republicans refuse to meet it. You do
not hear defenses of imperialism from
those authorized to speak. You find
that now the Republicans axe trying to
hide behind first one subterfuge and
then another. They say now that the
reason we are in the Philippines, the
reason our boys are dying, the reason a
large army is necessary, the reason we
cannot come home is bccause I helped
to ratify the treaty.
">iy friends, I want you to go back a
few moments and you will find that the
Republican party said we were in the
Philippine islands because of the act of
God and it ir a great come down from
God to me. If it is the hand of God
that takes us to the Philippine islands,
An fVia T?onrtViliMns tcanf tn lav it
TTiiJ UV VUV >? ?>? ?"v ~?j
on to a Democrat? If it is well to be
there, if it is a part of the divine mission,
why don't they defend their being
[ there? They claim to be silent partners
[ with the Almighty, but the trouble is
that they make all the noise and thus
j far the Almighty ha3 been the silent
partner. .Now they say the war would
stop if it were not for the Democratic
I party. They say that the Filipinos
would lay down their arms but for the
hope they have that I may be elected
Whenever a Republican tells you that
you tell him that the colonists fought
the same battle that the Filipinos arefightiDg
and they did it, nearly 100 years
T tooc Vinrn
"Teli them thit the Filipinos issued
a declaration of independence patterned
after ours before the question of imperialism
ever entered into American politics.
They do me too much honor when
they say that 1 am responsible for the
Filipinos'hatred of foreign domination.
If they have not forgotten the teachings
of Abraham Lincoln they would
know that he said it was not a party
but God himself who planted in the
human heart the love of liberty which
no Republican pary can take away. ,
So that the Filipinos would not fight ,
but for the hope Democratic success.
'"Until human nature is entirely ,
? > * i t _ t- . ? J Ml
cnangea people neia 12 oonaawin
rise against it whomever there is a
prospect of success <roi never made a
race that would -,vjlcome a foreign
master and 1,000 years from now, no ,
matter whac party is in power, the .
Filipinos wilt hate us 3&d stand ready ,
to rise against us if we attempt to hold .
them in vassalage aad tax them with- .
cut their coaseat.
'"Republicans, what we object to is ,
that in order to defend yoar imperial policy
you have to lay down doctrines j
which, if carried out, wiil destroy the
right of the American people to partio ,
ipate in their own government. That ^
is our objection to your policy. If you j
are simply going to kiii the Filipinos
off and come home wc mutt got over
the crime. Bat that is no*- your policy.
You dare not kill theinoi! because you
want to trade with them You would *
destroy your trade argument if you kill J
f-V.om Vati rnxmnrkt with '
people. 1
'"You want them for subjects, but *
you shall not- have thesa for subjects if
we can prevent it. Yon cannot make 1
subjects out of them without changing ^
our ideas of government. You can't 1
hold them in perpetual servitude with- ?
out amending your constitution either ^
openly or indirectly and the sam9
power that can disregard the consitu !j
tion and make a subject out of a Fili
pino can disregard the constitution f
and make subjects out of the American 1
peop e. You have as much risht to a
disregard the constitution in the United f
States as you have in Puerto Kico *
You have as much right to exclude j;
American citizens from the guarantees
of their constitution as you have to ex- j;
elude Puerto Ricans. ,
"The Republican party is following *
the path3 of monarchy. It does not v
propose a king, but it proposes a prin- 0
ciple upon which oniy a king can
stand. Il does not propose a crown,
but it proposes a doctrine that can fit
nothing but a crown. The Republican d
party has dons in Puerto Rico past c
what Eogland did in this country, and J
our president is doing today just wnat a
George III did a century and a quarter 1
ago. What difference does it matter t
whether you call him president, or em- c
peror, or king, if he administers to the d
power of a king? S
"We are not only against imperial- t
ism because it strikes a blow at our 1:
principles of government; we are I
against it because it destroys the moral v
prestige of this nation among the na- 1:
tions of the earth. ^ f
"Let me read you what was said by 1
Mr. McKinley himself in regard to this o
nation's position and in regard to the n
principles set forth in the Declaration s
of Indepsndence. We have insisted, as fc
all have insisted who have defended i
the declaration, that it was not written t
for a day, nor for a year, ncr for a cen- i
tury. We have contended that it was fc
written for all time and all people and c
that no nation would ever be so great q
that it oould not rest securely on that t
declaration of independence. We were
not alone in this idea. Until the poison
of imperialism entered the Republicans
they agreed with us in this doorrine, a
as you will see from a Fourth of July s
speech made by the president himself
at Chicago five years ago last July.
Speaking of the authors and signers of i
the Declaration of Independence and
the constitution, he said: g
m'kinley's own words.
" 'They built not for themselves but ^
for posterity. Their plans stretched (
out into the future, compassing the a
ages and embracing mankind. Nnt t
alone for the present were their sacrifi- 1
ces and their struggles but for ail time *
thereafter; not for American colonists *
only but for the whole human race,
wherever men and women are struggling
for higher, freer a;id better ccu- c
ditions. It was the yearning of the s
soul for emancipation. It was the cry
of humanity for freedom?freedom to r
think, speak aud act within the limitation
of just and proper laws which
sheuld be of their own makiDg."
"There wtre no limitations on that i
constitution then. There wore no limi- :
tations on that declaration of indepen- ]
dence. It was not intended for the (
people who struggled then; it was for f
them and their children's children to <
the remotest ages. It was not for the ,
Anglo-Saxon then. It was for ail man- ,
kind. ;
4,I cannot better describe the fall*of J
the Republican party; I cannot better j
picture its demoralization; I cannot j
better describe its complete surrender <
to the doctrines that underlie monarch- }
ies and empires and despotisms than to .
tell you that when a king dies a Re- j
publican president can send a message ,
of condolence but that when two republics
expire no Republican sheds a
tear. We want the American people
to attend to their own business. We
want them to have their own ideas and T
stand fyr them. We want this nation
to be among the nations as a light ana '
example. j
"I want this nation to be just and '
nrV, t- an fViot tuVion nflier nfttifiriQ (
UUii^KL DV V.UUV nuvu wuv*. ? ? v
quarrel, instead of calling out great ]
armies to kill each other, they will say, I
'leave the question to the United States i
?they can be trusted.' I want this na- :
tion to be a peacemaker among the <
nations and tnen it will earn the re- 1
ward promised to the peacemaker: i
'Blessed are the peacemakers, for they
shall be called the children of God.' "
At the concluding session of the convention
Hoq. Bonrkc Cockrin was the
speaker. Gov. McMiilin of Tennessee,
called the meeting to order and intropuced
Mr. Cockran Mr. Oockran devoted
his speech to the question of imperialism.
Adlai E Stevenson addressed the
convention at the afternoon session.
He said in part:
"The reelection of President McKinley
will be held by hiui3elf and his party?acd
jastly so?an endorsement o:
(he policy o? the administration towards
the Philippine islands Let no '
Republican with uneasy conscience,
delude himseif with the hope that, if
sus'aincu at the polls, there will be a
change in the methods and policy of
the administration. Such delusion is
worse than ^idsuramjr madness. The
reelection of the present csccutive
would be a votei>f confidence; a solemn |
endorsement by the American people i
ef a xar of conquest?ihe salient feature
of his administration. The condemnation
of the administration by the
ballot is our only hope of escape from
the perilous policy it h?s inaugurated, j
"Imperialisms knows nothicgof lim- j
itations of power. lis rule is outside j
of the constitution. It m^ans the j
adoption by the American r^r-ublic of \
the colonial methods of European!
monarchies, It means the ri^ht to hold
ilien peoples as subjects. Ir entiiioaes
force as the controlling agency id govjrnment.
Ic means the empire. Kul
lowing close in the wake of imperialism
will come the immense standing army,
fhe dread hand of militarism will he
felt in the New World as in the old.
fhe strong arm of power will be subjtituted
for the peac-ful agenoiess,
which have for more th*n a century
aide our people contented*nd happy."
Waiting the Old Party
There is an interesting ir.fbx of old:ime
Repablicans into the Democratic
jarty. The Springfield Kopubliean
lays that "following (Jol. Higginson
Qto the Bryan club of Massachusetts,
co Judge Putnam of Uibridge, exxovernor
Chamberlain, Hiram Vroonan
of Roxbury and many others;"
vhiie the Chicago Record says "the
nost conspicuous convert to the Demo
iratic ticket recently is Syndney
Webster, who was private secretary to
JVilliam Seward and married the
laughter of the late Hamilton Fjsh,
7or many years he has enjojed the
eputation of being one of the ablest
nternational lawyers in the country
md been connected with some of the
nest famou3 and important cases of
nternational litigation. He shares with
>Ir. Oiney and Mr Schurz the fear
hat Prrsident MeKinley's foreign
>olicy will ruin the oouatry, and thereore
advises people to vote for Bryan:,
dr. Webster i3 an aged man &nd
n Vin-r fooKla Vmf lio tpiil r\a In
iVWI/lV) wav UV Mil* VV AU ' ?WW^ WV
>re3ide over the meeeting at Madison
Square when Bryan speaks on the 14-ih
?t October, if he is able to be present."
A Boy AbductedWhat
looks like a genuine case of abiuetion
has come to light in Florcace
ounty. Last Friday morning week
lohn Hey ward, a 13 year-oid boy, disppeared
from hi3 lather's home in the
iffiogham section. Mr. J. E Hey ward,
he father of the lost boy, has been tcld
ly responsible parties thai he was ?e
luced from his home by a man named
iimmons, a pretended clock peddler and
inkerer, Nothing has been seen or
leard of Simmono and the boy since
today week. It is thought that they
rent in the direction of North Caroms.
3immons had been at Effingham
or several weeks, and the people be
ieved in him. Mr. K. Hateheli knew
>f the matter, but at the tim; thought
lOthing of it. It seems froia what he
ays that Simmons had promised the
ioy to take him to Florence and leave
iim there, so that he might return in
he afternoon with his father, who was
n town. Mr. Hcyward is nearly heart>roken
over the disappearance of his
hild. He has made extensive in[uiries,
with no success.?Columbia
Bridegroom Wasn't There.
In Lippincott's Magazine is given an
ccounc by Cbloe, a young negro house
ervant in an Atlanta family, of a wedling
she had attended.
The next day her mistress said to
"Well, Chloe, how did the weddiDg
10 off?"
''Oh, la, missy, it was do grandes'
reddin' I ebber saw! It was jes' lublj!
Jh, yo' jes' ought to ob seen <le flowahs
.n' de splendid weddin1 suppah an' de
>ride?oh, de bride! She had on de
ocgest trail, an' a wtute veil ail ovati
ler, an' a wreath ob fbwahs, an' oh, it
ras jes'd". mos' elegant weddin'!"
"How did the bridegroom look?''
An expression of infinite di^gu^t
:ame into the face of Chlce as sh^. said,
"La, missy, that good-for nothin',
lo-'count niggah nebbah como anigh!"
A Fearful Fall.
George Whittlesey had a remaikabie
escape from death recently while
nakicg a balloon aecention. When
[000 feet high he cnt locie, the psraa
Arvan i r\ cr mih.iItt tkfinr i ^ T,~?r\ nf
'UUU^ '-M M*V^f V#
)0 feet, when the saodbsg ssed in
jvermraing the balloon broke loose
icd feli, staking the parachute on top
md crossing it. Whiitlessey f'eii fully
)00 feet with lightning speed before
;he parachvte reopened, afier which
le landed safely in the meadow adiouraing
the Caraivai Midway
Grounds. People were a^e-3t~iken
*hen the bag struck the parachute,
;he bag passing on down acd missng
the daring aeronaut by a close
An Editor Made Happy.
The Nauvoo Rustier says: ';The
?rorld is, after all. a hapjiy one, and as
^e gaze from the window of our edi
.uiiai uiuupvc:; ?* - ut ruu <
scape, sweet visions of miikand honeycumming
birds and molasses dance before
our astonished vision li We a calf bc'ore
a circus procession. Last Saturiay
one.oi' our subscribers came in and
paid, in cold cash and in cold blood,
;hree years in arrearages and two years
in advance. 'Praise God from 'svhom
ill blessings flow." Now if aa any of
jur delinquents want to make us happy
t\ey can do so by following the example
set by the Rustler's delinquent.
Adrift On An Open Sea for Ten
The Captain and Crew of the
Ship Ellsrslie Rescued
After Severe Suffering.
The Britisfe steamer Amana; Captain
Carr, fromSamarang, Java, via St.
Michael's, arrived at Boston Wednesday
afternoon, having on board the
captain and thirteen of the crew of tie
Liverpool ship Ellertlie, which was
abandoned at sea, dismasted and waterlogged.
The steamer rescued the men
O 1 on _ t. T J ^ -
on oepiemoer auer tuey iiau uten
buffeted about by fearful seas for tec
days. The master of the Ellerslie is
Captain Llewellyn Cook. Oae member
of the crew was lost overboard on September
18 The Eileralie sailed from
Piseagoula, Miss., on August 18, for
Liverpool* She was a three masted
wooden ship of 1 346 tons.
Captain Cock states that the Eilerslie
sailed August IS with nearly a mil- 1
lioa feet of pioe lumber for Liverpool
and had light winds until September 3, :
alter which a succession of gales was ;
eDC'juntered, developing on the 18ch '
into a perfect Hurricane. During the J
nest few days the wind blew at the rate ]
of eighty miles an hour at times, the
vessel rolling and piloting in a terri-.
ble manner. The men were forced to 1
fnrp?msfclp. h^ad tn rtrfivent bftine 1
carricd overboard. The sufferings of j
the mea became intense through lack of
fresh water, the supply having become
exhausted. After the masts went by
the board the vessel was relieved somewhat
and the gale moderated poon afterwards.
The crew set to work clearing
away the mass of wreckage from the
deck, ia order to secure a donkey boiler
with which to condense the salt water.
About eight gallons of sea water were
thus condensed and the crew were given
small drinks diluted with lime juice.
During ail these days the vessel was be-'
ing made the toy of the waves, the ?
rrr V\T7 m r> O aiornolc I t
V/i^rr \j j iuvauo VI.
to attract the attention of passing ves- 1
sels. Three or four steamers passed 3
within sight of the shipwreoked men, J
but apparently did not see their signals 2
of distress, or at least they paid no at- J
tention to them. Finally on the 20th, i
at 2 p. m., \Japt. Cook saw a faint <
streak of smoke far away to the east- 1
ward and all hands eagerly watohed the <
volume grow ia size until faint outlines c
of a steamer were finally made out on ^
the horizon. The stump of the main- I
mast was now utilized for distress flags, r
and not cn'y the British jack, but a I
bunch of the international coda signals s
was nailed to it to attract the attention
of the oncoming steamer. The latter
proved to be the Amana, Java for Boston,
and was soon in hailing distance, j
The steamer's boats were speedily low- a
ered. and after several ineffectual ef- j
forts to get the men off the wreck from ;
the side of their vessel, the boats were ]
pulled under the jibboom, and by means (
of lines the men were lowered from this t
part of the wreck and taken on bo*Td j
the steamer. The Ellerslie was th( n :
set on fire. ^
Bryan Nails a Lie \
W. J. Bryan's attention was called j
to the statement alleged to have been }
made by Mr. Kingman, that he received (
$150,000 for insisting upon the silver ;
plank of the Kansas City platform, and (
nesaia: T
"It is hardly worth while to deny the ]
charge of a man who hides behind a j
woman whose namo he will not give, \
hut in order that the most unscrupulous
Republican may have no reason tor repeating
the charge I will say that it is
absolute'y false in every particular.
No one ever offered, promised or gave ]
me that sum or any other sum for urging '
that plank or any other plank of the (
Kansas City platform or any other
platform. 1 do not know anything of \
Mr. KiDgman, but it is said that he is
a cousin to Senator Cullom. The sen- 1
ator ought to know whether his cousin ]
is trustworthy or not, and if the senator *
will state over his own signature that '
lie believes what ins cousio says, ana J
is willing to represent bim in an inves- J
tigation of the charge, I will make him !
a proposition which will give him an
opportunity to produce his evidence." '
Served Him Eight. a
The Spartanburg correspondent of '
The State eajs Lewis Byarp, a white ]
man, subjected to a rough and de
served experience in that city on Wed- i
nesday. The day before he had been
convicted in the court of an aggravated
assault, 3nd the man he assaulted appeared
and a&ked for mercy. He wa3
given a sentence of one year in the .
penitentiary or $150 floe. As he was 1
going out of the court room Byars j
struck the object of his former assault i
one blow in the mouth, making a blooay I
- i
lUJpiCSDiUU. T* CUUC3Ui?JT l/UUjcc Wtutv a
called Bjars into court, revoked the 1
former sentence and imposed a sentenee l
of eighteen months on the chaingang. i
In Heed of Money.
National Democratic Chairman Jas. j
K Jones has written from Chicago to (
Scate Chairman Willie Jones as follows:
My Dear Sir: Please accept my very
sincere thanks for your letter of recent
date enclosing check for $60 as a contribution
to the campaign fund from (
citiz ins of Marion county, S. C. I will
place this amount in the hands of the !
treasurer of the national committee, '
and it will be used for furthering the J
cause of Democraoy. Please extend 1
my thanks to the gentlemen who joined !
in this contribution, and assure them it i
is the more appreciated because we are
very much in need of such assistance.
Killed .Forty Boxers.
A dispatch from Pekin says the German
column consisting of 1,700 men |
under Gen. von Hoopfner, encountered :
a small Boxer force south of the imrM?rin.l
nark rfifip.ntlv and killed 1
40 of the Chinese during a fight which
followed. The Chinese were put to
flight and scattered. Four Germans
were wounded.
The Boers, Though Conquered, Kade
a Gallant Fight.
The official report of British casualties
in the Boer war up to September
15 shows how expensive even a small
and successful war may be to say nothing
of a big one. The total losses are
given at 40,075, of which 28,199 are
persons sent home as invalids, 285 officers
and 2,718 men kiiied in action,
86 r.fficers and 797men died of wounds,
149 officers and 5 5S2 men died of dis- !
ease, 3 officers and 86 men died in |
captivity, 12 officers and 809 men are
"missing" or in captivity and 3 officers
and 107 men were killed in accidents.
Every week uses up nearly half a regi
ment. In the week ended September j
15, for example, there were 24 officers
and 440 men killed, wounded, died of
disease or invalided home. As m'-my
as 110 died in South Africa of dis- j
ease during the week mentioned There
were 1,073 officers and 13 001 men
wounded during the war. The British
taken prisoners, or missing, were 284
officers and 7 339 men, of' whom 269 officers
and 6,444 men have been released
or have escaped. These were losses of
an army aggregating about 230,000 men,
including colonials. The total of 40,075
casualties, it will be observed, about
equals the aggregate of Boer soldiers
of the Transvaal. and Orange Free
State. Including the Boers of Cape
Colony and Natal who joined the burgher
army, the erand total of the" bur
gner army wnen it was strongest was
not over52,000 But it was all mounted
infantry or artillery and the most
mobile army of modern times. It was
also an army of the best marksmen
the world has ever seen, armed with
the best weapons ever used so far in
war. fJV their mobility and marksmanship
the Boers added the advantage of
jxceptional skill in selecting defensive
positions in a country that offered fine
facilities for the defensive.
To Buy up the Rice.
A meeeting of rice growers have been
fcield in Beaumont, Crowley and other
:owns in tnc nee district ox Louisiana
mdTexas,at which the proposition made
)y the New York syndicate to buy up
;he entire rice crop waa submitted. It
ieemed to meet with the approval of
;he farmers, and it is olaimed that 90
per cent, of the rice growers of South
Jarolina, Georgia, Louisiana, and Texts,
have agreed to the plan and signed
;he contract engaging to sell all the
ice they may grow for the next four
rears, to the New York syndicate.
Messrs. Anderson, Herd, of New York,
mdC. D. Dusen, of Crowley, La., represented
the syndicate at these meetngs.
It is said the syndicate has a
sash capial of $7,500,000. New Oceans
rice brokers are likely to raise an
>bjeotion as it will largely shut them
ut of their business, The agreement
rill probably be perfected this week,
>ut it can scarcely be put in operation
mtil the next season as the bulk of the
w'/ia At?An V> o o 1 o^ rr Kzior* mar.
S1G3CUK JLiVC UlV/y U?4D t?ii v?u j I7VVU
After Thirty-Eight Years
General R. N. Richbourg, who for a
ong time commanded the Fourth brig
bde, South Carolina milita, and was a
esident of Columbia for many years,
?as twic^ wounded 3t the battle of
brazier's farm, June 27, 1862, while
iharging the breast works. One bullet
,ook off a finger, while another struck
lim full in the breast. No effort was
nade to locate the bullet and the
vounded soldier recovered and coninued
fighting until the end of the
var. General Richbourg writes from
Montgomery to say that a few days ago
le felt a pain in Ms back. A spot be>ame
inflamed and tore to the touch,
rhat night he placed a drawing pla&ter
>n the spot. Next morning the pain
vas relieved, and taking off the plaster
le found the old bullet that he had car ied
for 38 years sticking to it. It was
lattended and weig ed one ounce.
How They Talk
"Negro disfranchisement the paramount
issue," was the subject discussed
jy several speakers at a mass meeting
>f colored people in Cooper union, New
?ork, Wednesday night. It was coniucted
by the Colored Citizens' league.
l?e Hall was niiea, ana aDoui nan tne
people present were whiie. Resolutions
i?ere passed protesting against the disTanchising
of negroes in Southern
states; calling on congress to reduce the
representation of such states to a proportion
of votes cast; asking congress to
pass laws for the enforcement of the
13th, 14th and 15th amendments to the
jonstitution, and "a force bill if necessary,"
protesting against lynching;
isking the president to use the military
torce to prevent lynching; pledging the
meeting to oppose the election of Mr.
Bryan and favoring the election of Mr.
McKinley, byway of "rebuke to recent
lammany police methods."
Burned at the Stake.
Winfield Townsend, alias Floyd, a
Negro, was burned 3t the stake in the
little town of Eclectic, Ala , a half
hour after midnight Wednesday morn
Lug. The Negro's crime was an attempted
assault on Mrs. Lonnie Harrington,
whose bus'oand set fire to the
brands which reduced Townsend's body
to ashes. Townsend made a confession
implicating seven other Negroes in his
jrime. As this is the second white
woman assaulted in this vicinity within
the month it is believed there is a
lonspiracy among the Negroes
A Lucky Nurse.
Mrs. Ora Horsmac, Lynn, Mass.. a
Qurse, is woith perhaps $1,000,000,
iuc to the beneficence of Mrs. William
Porter of Boston. Mrs. Porter is 85
J f.->/ >K1 n RVio lives in thp
yc'aid ui'j. auu ??i%w
Back Bay district, and there has been
nursed and cared for by Mrs. Ora Horsoian.
On September o Mrs. Porter
paid her nurse with $80,000, and on
September 9, made a wili leaving Mrs.
Horseman all her property.
Messages to the Dead.
A sad leaf in the history of telegraphic
communication is encompassed
in the story that never before ha3 there
been so many messages sent to the
dead as at Galveston. Thousands of
despatches have been sent to persons
1 J Vtt mrtfln f linn.
who were uesiiioycu uj mc mvu> |
ricane, and who can never call for
Some Einejleaders Arrested, Others
Have Fled.
A dispatch from Georgetown says
Main street Tuesday morning presented
a scene wbieh would do credit to Manila.
Soldiers marchcd, drums were
beating and the whole towr: apparently
was under military rule, but such was
not the case. Mayor Morgan and the
councilme'n, to whom were added several
prominent citizens, constituting an
advisory board, were in session and have
been discussing what was best to do in
the premises. About noon it was given
out that twenty warrants had been issued
for the arrest of ringleaders in the
disturbance of Sunday night, and these
were served Tuesday afternoon. Walter
Deaison, a negro barber, is considered
the ringleader, and is being held
responsible, in a large measure, for the
excitement Sunday night.
While it is not generally admitted
by some ii is believed that by the
thoughtless remarks of a few hot heads
Snndav afternoon the negroes believed
that John Brownfield would be taken
from the jail by the whites Sunday
night aiid lynched, and that the ringing
of the fire alarm would be the signal.
At the first sound of the bell, therefore,
there was a hue and cry raised,
especially by the ' negro woineD, and
there was a general rush to the j ail,
each bearing some kind of weapon,
from a rice reaphook to a rifle, and in a
few minutes 1,500 negroes were around
the jail and in the streets adjoining.
The whites at first did not understand
the meaning of this outpour and some
of the prominent citizens, including
Mayor W. D. Morgan, Col. Sparkman,
Sheriff Skinner and others wentamongst
the mob and told them that no one was
going to lynch John Brownfield. Here
the rice field virago, the length of whose
vindictive tongue has never yet been
ascertained, got in her vilest work.
"Don't go home, mens, like de
buckra men tell you; stay here and save
John. Bu'n de dam town down to
ashes. Yunnakill all tie buckra men,
an' we will 'tend to de buckra 'ooman
and chillun. De buckra want to run :
over xis, but we will show dem."
These and other remarks followed in
rapid succession, and the consequence !
was that pandemonium reigned su- .
preme. The Georgetown Rifles were .
sumuoned and remained in their ar- j
mory all night awaiting orders. Mayor j
Morgan understands the negro well. |
As far as he is concerned, he was un- }
willing to-call on the governor for j
troops, but yielded to the judgment of ?
others whom he called into consultation. ,
As soon as- it was learned that the
troops were coming the leaders among
the negroes;advised them to go to rheir
homes andstay there, which they liave
done. It seems as if this negro, John
Brownfield, was a leader in the society
of coondom as well as a member of the
Odd Fellows and other organizations.
It was believed that a large stock of
arms was stored in a certain hall in
town, and a committee was sent
to seize them, but it proved to be false.
Not more than sixteen arrests were
made this afternoon on the twenty warrants
issued this morning on the charge
of riotous conduct, carrying arms and
using menacing language to the terror
of the people. Some cf the principal
ringleaders have escaped, including
Walter Denison. As predicted, these
arrests were made without resistance,
and a few of the cases were heard this
afternoon, a conviction resulting in .
every case. Three are in jail under <
sentence of 30 days or $100. One (
woman paid her fine of $15.
Killed in a WreckA
serious and fatal wreck occurred
oh the Plant System road near Benbow
mines, several miles from Charleston,
Wednesday night. The engine and i
several freight cars jumped the track i
and tumbled down an embankment, i
killing Engineer Gooding, a young
white man, and Fireman Harvey :
Thompson and Brakeman Ben White,
colored. When the cars and engine ;
went down the lo?g embankment the
cars caught on fire, and the surviving
members of the crew fought the fire to
prevent the bodies of the dead from
being burned to a crisp. The cause of
the wreck is not known. The railroad
sv ?C> Ari tt f a W IrA A
UiUUiai.3 iciu:c jxiaa.^ a
statement. The conduct of the railroad
officials cannot be explained, unless it
be that they are anxious to cover up
something that ought to be exposed.
Coroner DuSus was holding the inquest
Thursday afternoon and Friday. The
examination was a most thorough one,
and the blame will be fixed where it lies.
Sanaa's Way
It was recently stated that Senator
Mark Hanna demanded a contribution
of $80,000 from the Baltimore Clearing
House association for the Republican
campaign fund. Not only has this report
not been denied but the Baltimore
sua puDiisnes statements rrom two directors
of Baltimore banks who corroborate
it and tell how the domand was
made. One of these is a Bryan man
and was indignant when the proposition
was presented to the directors'
Ten Dollars Per Family.
The census of 1900 is expected to
show a population for the Uoitde States
of from 75,000,000 to 80,000,000. The
yearly current cost of holding the Phil:
: ~?-7 ?
lysines, (.ucreiuie, auiuums IU uc4xjijr i
or quite $2 per individual. It accordingly
amounts to $10 per year for each
average family. To the large majority
of families in 'the United States this
sum is nearly or quite equal to what the
heads thereof arc able to earn in a
Galveston Still Nee'Iy.
The Fund for the Gilveston suffers
so far collected is altogether inade
quate to t fiord the relief that is so
much needed. Charitable persons
should njt withhold their hands from
giving because the city is beginning to
"do business at the old stand." There
are many victims of the storm who
lost their all. and who must be helped
to their feet again before they can earn
a livelihood.
j la Hard Luck.
- The Union correspondent of The
State says Mr. G. Wait Whitman, late
candidate for governor, was recently
elected in that town for disorderly conduct
and carrying concealed weapons.
He was fined $25 and costs.
They Are Reviswad by a Returned
The Refugees Arriving in San
,,, .* **!
Francisco Tell of Great
Hardships Experienced
In China.
Rev. C. H. Fenn, a returned missionary
from Pekin, tells of the first receipt
during the siege, of direct news by
Minister CoDger from secretary of
State Qay. He said:
"On July 15 we received a message
that said: ,
t? 'Communicate tidings bearer.'
''There was no date and no signature.
This Conger sent to the Tsung Li Ya- ?
men with the request that it be plain.
He received in rcplp a copy of Minister
Wu's dispatch which stated that the
United States government. demanded
word from Minister (Jonger ia cipher.
The message made our hearts jump
with j.>y. Conger sent his,reply at
"The night before relief arrived we
heard the rattle from Chinese gens
in the distance and it was sweet music. ' .
Everybody got up?it was about 1 r
o'clock?the women made coffee and
there was no more sleeping that
night. The nezc day as the Americans
came in I went down and shook hands.
with each man as he came through the
water gate." .
Cecile E. Payne, who went to Pekin
last spring as the guests of Minister and
Mrs. Conger, was a passenger on the
steamer Coptic. She told a graphic
story of the siege on her arrival here.
"Of the whole eight weeks of terrible
anxiety and dreadshe Isaid,
"three nights stand out with special
prominence. They are spoken of-by
the besieged as 'the three nights,' The ,
first was just before the siege?about
Jane 17 or 18. That was while we
were in the American legation. "We
went into the British legation compeuad
on Jane 20. The night I speak
Df was one the foreigners will never
forget All night long went up terrible
cries?howls and shouts of thousands
upon thousands of Chinese crying
for the blood of the foreigners. The
second terrible night was about the mid
He of the siege when after three - or
'our days of muggy and sultry weather'. ,
>ne of the most violent thounderstorms
[ ever experienced broke over tHe city.
Everybody had predicted that with the
joining of rain the Chinese would cease
iring, but the effect was just the oppo- y
site. It was a night of bellowing thun- '
ier, roaring artillery, incessant lightling
and pouring rain.
"The third and last night of horrors
7as that of August 13th, the day before
;he rtlief came. On that night the
Chinese were fairly frantic to break
2 and kill us. The firing that had before
seemed furious was tame compared
rith the hail of shot and shell that
poured in upen us that night It came
:rom all quarters, and seemed to bo
:rom every imaginable kind of firearm.
tVe had received reports of the approach
of the relief column, and knew
:hat it must be near from the furious
itttempts.of the Chinese .to slay us.
We expected that any moment might be
pur last, as many breaches Were made
by shells, and a determined assault at
my one place would have opened the -.
s?ay for the hordes outside."
Talking: Through Their Eat.
In a statement issued from Republii*
i i T i
can national neaaqaarcers tnrougn
Committeeman Manly, the national
committee claims 266 votes certain in
the electoral college for McKinley, 112
for Bryan and 54 ptit down as donbtful.
The States oonceded to Bryan
are: Alabama, Arkansas, Florida,
Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, tfl?
Carolinas, Tennessee, Texas 'and Virginia.
In the doubtful column is put
Colorado, Idaho, Kentucky, Missouri,
Montana, Nevada, Nebraska and Utah.
Everything else is put down for McKinley,
but Indiana, which with its 15
votes is admitted to be in doubt.
When shown this Republican claim
Mr. Biohardson for the Democrats
characterized it as only "so much
coasting." iie oaoea tnattne itemocrats
also had a poll which was very
different'from the Republican one, but
that it would not be made publio.
Sounds the Key Note. - ? '
Senator Beveridge, of Indiana, has
sounded the key-note of the McKinley
imperial campaign. He was put forward
by the Hanna national committee
i.~. _c ii. j L i?
cu VUIM LUC spi;it ui cue nuat yar&jr,
and at the Auditorium in Chicago, Sept.
25, he sums up the whole matter in ^
these words: "If the opposition says
that our constitution forbids American
people to hold and govern possessions
as their situation may require, .I demand
that they show me the denial of
that power in the constitution. We
are a nation. We can acquire territory.
If we can acquire territory we
can govern it. If we can govern it we ?;
cao govern it as its situation may demand."
Memories of Homestead.
The great staike now in progress in
the anthracite 5elds of Pennsylvania
had its counter part in the bloody Homeofacii
efinlra in 1 QQ'7 Tlli la+a? Annn^m.
ObWOVt Jlliag XU Awl/?" . J. uv 4MWWJL VVUMU1
buted largely to the defeat of the Republicans
in that memorable year.
The Homestead affair was one of the
worst in the history of monopoly war on
labor. The steel barons had setout to
destroy the nnions and the culmination
of their efforts was reacted in the murderous
assault of the Pinkertons upon
an unarmed populace. '
Died in the Mountains.
Gen. MacArthur reported to the was
department Friday that five soldierr
died in the mountains of Laguna
province after having made their
escape from the insurgents by whom
they had been captured. The date of
their death, is unknown and.no details
# _! ''3 . _ j .1 . ? ii
are iurmsneu as 10 me manner ox tneir
death. It is supposed, however, that
they perished from starvation and exposure,
having lost their way in the
mountains in their endeavor to return
to their comrades.
' l-ll
.. " " -7VZ:

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