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The Fairfield news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1881-1900, December 05, 1900, Image 1

Image and text provided by University of South Carolina; Columbia, SC

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/2012218613/1900-12-05/ed-1/seq-1/

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: "what they show,
1 V.
Interestirg Figures Regarding
Our Population
i nu t
In Growth ot Popu'ation by
the Low Country.
Which is a Sirprise.
We are going to give you a surprise
" and knock out some long-held theories
? v ? t xi. Ci.iA
as to tfae quarter >n wmca iuv oiate ?
growth in population has bepn greatest.
Practically every man if asked
which counties havs shown the largest
percentage of increase in population in I
the last 20 years would say: ,{The
Piedmont counties, of course." Not
What is the Piedmont region? We
quote from Harry Hammond's handbook
of South Carolina, issued by the
State department of agriculture in 1883:
The Piedmont region of South Carolina
coincides very nearly with what is
known as the upper country of the
State. It memoes me wnoie ei eigut
cunties, to wit: Abbeville, Anderson
Newberry, Laurens, Union, Fairfield,
Chester and Lancaster. It also embraces
the northern portions of Edge- i
~ field and Lexington and the norchwestem
portiona of Richland, Kershaw
and Chesterfield. The southern parts
of Oconee and Pickens, and the south
ern and larger portions of Greenville,
Spartanburg and York are within its
limits A line drawn from a point on
~ * :i-~ -v
the SavaQnan river snree canes ?w?e
Hamburg to Columbia, and running
thence northeast to where the Great
Fee Dee river crosses from Sicrth into
South Carolina, defines, in a general
?-way, its southern border. Its northern
k boundary follows, in the main, the
P direction cf the Atlanta and Charlotte
f .Air Line railroad, which lies on the
dge of the Alpine region, just north
of the one under coDsidera- ioo.
As it is impossible with the figures
???? *l?vV>ia ?or>/3 nTi-tKa})] u if untiln
IIV W Cb TCSi;<? Vig auu wwv?j ..
be equally impossible if we bad the
^ figures by townships?to ascertain the
exact population of the Piedmont region
we must confine ourselves for the
purposes of this article to the us9 of
the term as eommonly accepted, including
in the Piedmont the saiall Al
pine region of the State and the sand
hill portions of such counties as are,
according to the foregoing statement,
in part representative of the Piedmont
In 1880 the populations of the respective
counties touched by the Piedmont
region were as follows:
Abbeville 40,815
^ Anderson .33 612
. . Newberry 26,497
j^^^LaurenB 29 444
'?35'ester 24 153
Lancaster 16 803
Edgefield 45.844
Lexington 18 564
Riohland 28 573
Kershaw 21 538
Chesterfield 16 345
Oconee 16 256
Picken3 14 389
.Greanyille 37,496
Spartanburg 40 409!
York 30,713 |
Total 493.396 j
These were 18 of the 33 courties then
mi i _^Tr,
13 existence. i.ne orgacusuyu ui ucn
counties ha? since increased the number
in the Piedmont to 21 out of 40 in
h State.
In 1900 the populations of the Piedmont
counties were as follows:
Abbeville 33 400
Anderson 55 728
Newberry - 30 182
Laurens ... 37,3s2
Union 25 501
Fairfield 29 425
Chester ' 28 616
. Lancaster 24,311
jiOgcneic 25 478
Lexington 27,264
Bichland 45,589
Kershaw 24 696
- * - Oil >4/1*1
Oconee 23 634
Piokens 19 375
Greenville 53 490
Spartanbxxrg 65.560
York 41 684
Cherokee 21 359
Greenwood 28 342
Saluda 18 966
Total 6yU,3S4
In 1S80 the population of the State
was 995,577 and of this number 493,396
were in the Piedmont counties, leaving
502 181 in the remainder of the State.
The Piedmont counties at that time
contained 8,785 fpwer people than the
remainder of the S:ate.
In 1900 the population of the State is
1,340 316, of which the Piedmont counties
contain 680,384, leaving 659,932 in
the remainder of the State. The Piedmont
counties, therefore, now contain
20.452 more inhabitants than the
remaining counties of South Carolina.
Their net gain over tho remainder of
the State in 20 years has been only
29 237.
Now we will take up the other extreme
of the State?the counties of the
cossfe region as they extend with more
or less regularity from Georgia to
North Carolina- from the ocean to the
lower borders of Barnwell, Orangeburg,
Clarendon and Marion.
In 1880 these counties showed tJtxe
following populations:
Colleton 36,386
Hampton 18.741
Beaufort 3'), 176
Charleston 102 800
Georgetown 19 613
Williamsburg 24,110
Horry 15,574
Total 247,400
v In 1900 the same counties with the
two new ones oarved out of their terahnar
the followice populations:
Colleton 33,452
Hampton 23.73S
L Beaufort 35,495
Charleston S8 006
Georgetown .22 S46
"Williamsburg 31,685
' Horry 23 364
Berkeley 30 454
Dorchester *... 16 294
Total 3<>5 334
- - i n. 1
Id 1830 the population 01 tne acate
was 995 577, and as these counties contained
247.400 the remainder of the
State held 748,177. la 1900 the
Ssate contaits 1,340,316 people and
these couRties 305.334 leaving the
rest of the State 1,034 982. In 1830
the rest cf the State as compared with
these counties bad a majority of 500,777
and in 1900 it has a majority of
729 648, a net gain for the rest of the
nf 228 S71.
The iaternsedi&t ^ co*anti< s a~e A ken,
Bamberg, Bamweil, Clarendon, Darlington,
Florence, Marion, Marlboro,
Oranceburg ana Sunrer, which contained
in 1880 254 781 people and in 1900
354,598, as follows:
1880 1900
Aiken 2S 112 36 032
Barnwell 39,857 35 504
Clarendon 19 190 2S.134
Darlington 34 485 32,388
Marion 34 107 35 181
Maribi. ro 20 598 27.639
- - p. s\ Z>/?0 I
I Orangebuig 41 c5Wo oy ooo i
Sumter 37,037 51,278
Bamberg , ? 17.296
Florence . ? 23.474
Summing up results we find tl as the
Piecm ,at counties ia the Uet 20 yars
have increased their population 1S6,988
or 37 9 10 pcrcent.
That the coast couctios have increas
ed their population 57 934 or 23 4 10
nor Aon f
t"~* vv??.
That the middle counties, including
most of the sandhill region and the
upper pine belt, have increased their
population 99 317 or 39 2 10 per cent.
Therefore the State's greatest gain
in population in the last two decades
ha3 been in wnat may be termed the
lower middle country and not in the
Piedmont region. This is remarkable
when we consider how much of this
territory is covered by the sandhill region
with its unproductive lands and the
further fact thai cotton manufacturing
has not been developed in it to any de
[ gree approximating the growth of that
I industry in the Piedmont. The figures
I go to show that with the impending
| great extension of cotton manufacturing
in this belt, the rapid crowth of
| --O - 7 * the
tobacco industry and the See trucking
lands which He sonth of the sandhills
there is good reason tc expect an
iE crease of population in this part of
the State during the next ten years
which shall equal if not surpass that
in any other region.
Unquestionably the general average
of the Piedmont region suffers by reason
of the inclusion in it of several
counties kno^n to be in the part pool
and non-progressive: bat this is equally
true of the middle region, and its growth
despite these disadvantages is a very
! cheering token of the future of Sou:h
i T^ oP fimo f.V.o
VttlUlilid. ia ixig vvuiaw vi viuu VMV
movement of population and of indus|
try will extend to the coast counties?
I as it would do now wero their resources
and opportunities realized?and there
| will then be throughout South Carolina
a symmetrical development and a uniform
prosperity.?The State.
Benet Scores Charleston.
The Spartanburg Journal of yesterday
publishes the following: Judge Benet
jolted Charleston very hard this morning.
In sentencing Ed. Biiley, a young
white man, to twelve months on the
chain gang for selling whiskey, he gave
the most meaning-and direct judicial
arraignment the notorious lawlessness
of that city has yet received. The remarks
of ,the judge were very frank.
Judee Benet said: "You hive made
I a mistake. Tere is a locality on the
opposite side of the State from Spartanburg
where you can sell liquor with
impunity and where grand juries won't
present guilty parties and piiit juries
won't convict; where you can sic and
smile at the plainest, most convincing
evidence 3gainst you must supply that
always great demand for whiskey,
emigrate to that favored locality.
It is not here. In this Piedmont coun
try jurors do their duty and the law is
observed." These remarks made a
secaation in court. Judges do not
always talk out in meeting that way.
In fhia nana thfl r>eonle were with the
Judge. It was a stinging, complete rebake,
a justified "contrast.
Scrubs Cows Teeth
'According to tradition," gays the
Philadelphia Recori, "there was once
an old woman who kissed her cow and
said, 'Every one to his own taste.'
Oat at Bustieton there 13 a "gentleman
farmer' who can give the aforesaid old
woman cards and spades and be^t her
at her own game. He does no* kiss his
cows, but does something more rf .narkable,
He actually scrubs thc:* teeth
with a large toothbrushl This man
has many peculiar ideas about his live
stock, and particularly his cows, which
are of the very finest breeds. So cautious
is he about their eatinganddrinking
that all the water the cows use is
distilled. It is said that he has a separate
toothbrush for each cow, and, as
he cannot depend upon hi? men to do
the brnshine. he does it himself, u~inz
the very best Castile soap. He feels
that in adopting this course he is assured
of pure milk, free from the possibility
of microbes."
Turks MadCable
advices say that the Vienna
Tageblatt publishes a dispatch from
Constantinople to the effect that Turkish
council of ministers have held a
conference to determine whether or
not the sending of the United States
battleship Kentucky to Smyrna should
Mirornof? ?s on rsf Ac
cording to The Ta^eblatt's dispatch the
home minister urged the severance of
diplomatic relations with the United
States and eren went so far as to threaten
war. unless the Kentucky should be
withdrawn from Turkish waters. The
ministers express the belief that the
European powers would not permit the
United States to attack Turkey and
that country, therefore, would be safe
in taking a defiant attitude.
Will Try Old Guns.
Tfr. renorted from Pekin that an
imperial edict h.33 beers issued, ordering
the viceroys and governors to stop
the manufacture of modern iifies and
cannon and revert to the old style of
weapons. Ttie reason given is that
modern weapons in the hands of the
Chinese have proven useless against the
fnricners. and it is thought that the
I ancient styles may be more effective. I
Washed from a Wrecked Steamer
to ba Frczan to Death
? - * - - t" i r-? ? i ii rs
ON A UtStK I l3L?i?y.
The Story of Horrors Ccm9s
From Seven Islands Bay.
No Survivor of the
Disaster Found.
A new horror is reported from Seven
Islands Bay, on the ooast of Labrador,
where 26 lives were lost by the wreck
of the iron coasting steamship St. Olaf.
It is now be)ieved that many of tho
victims of the disaster escaped the
sea to meet a lingering death in the
snow on a desert island. A schooner
with a relief party went from the village
cf Seven Islands to Isle Boole,
seven mites distant, to search for survivors.
They found no sign of life on
the island which is circular in shape
and a mile in diameter, containing
many bouldeis, but otherwise oovered
with stunted trees.
The hull of the sunken steamer is
broken into four pieces, having crashed
into reeky cliff a in about 30 fathoms
of water. Oa me rocky beao'i close
by are three boats of the vessel smashed
to pieces. In addition to the presence
of the boats ashore the searchers
found a keg containing provisions at
tbe edge of the woods some distance
from the water, showing conclusively,
says the leader of the party of searchers,
that some of the victims mot ashore.
No sign of life was to ba found, and
the island is covered with three feet of
snow, beneath which it is expected,
the missing bodies will be foutd. Tbe
search is being continued, but it will be
slow work removing eo much snow.
There was no shelter but that of the
trees on the island, and it is probable
that the survivars of the wreck went
oeViAro niffht in the midst
of the storm. The body of Miss Marie |
Psge, one of those recovered, was
clothed in a night dress, indicating
that the wreck occurred at night, and
at the St. Oiaf left Sheldrake, 45 miles
distant, on Wednesday afterroon, the
wreck doubtless occurred that night
The lighthouse could not be seen from
Boule Island, and there is no fog Run
near. Seven of the victims were passengers.
They were Louis G-sggon, a
trader of Pentecost, Labrador, whose
brother is a merchant of Qiubec; Joseph
Bacon, Clarence Bond, Jeremy
Obi Die and iMicbaei Manor, or oneidrake;
Napoleon Beadin of St. Johns
river and Miss Marie Page of Thunder
Kiver. There were 19 members of the
The Sfc. Olaf traded between here
asd Eskimo Point, on' the Labrador
coast, and cirried the government
mails to the various points of . that territory.
She was baiit by Murdook &
Murray at Port Glasgow, on the Clyde,
in 1882, and originally plied to the
Orkney Islands. The 3teamer passed
XhoiHralrn nn Wednesdav afternoon.
when there was a gale, with snow, at
the ?uif. It was evident that io attempting
to make the harbor of Seven
Islands she struck Boule Island, At the
entrance of the bay. in the gale. Some
bodies were washed ashore there as
well as a mail bag. Further investigation
revealed on the rocks the boiler
and a part of the bow of the wrecked
vessel, One of the bodies recovered is
that of Miss Marie Page. The body of
Miss Page ?as cast tip 011 the shore inoased
in a iii'e-prestrver. This goes to
show that the only woman on board
the ill fated vessel was not forgotten by
the crew. Miss Page, who was young,
was on her way to Montreal to nur<ie in
a private family.
His Children in an Outhonse
to DieG.orge
Griffm and wife, white were
tried last weeK in Nasii County N. (J.,
lor causiag the death of Griifia's four
children oy a former marriage. The
oldest of the four was barely ten. Griffin
and the step-mother put the children
in an outhouse sixty feet from ttieir
house ana left them there on onu miserable
bed v*i:h no attention. They fell
iil with dropsy and in June oce died.
Tne body lay on the btd bes:.de the
living children. All were covered with
bedsores ana tney ana ine dsu useu
were alive with maggots.
Ihe evidence was so horrible as to
sicken judge and jury. It was ia evidence
ibat the bU-pmother had said she
would move the miserable little dirt eating
devils out into tho outhouse and
let them die. Tne grand jury had returned
a trua bill tor muxder, but it
was decided to try them for manslaughter,
as it was contended for the defense
that on account of the poverty of Griffin
and his wife, the children died - as
much of disease as of neglect because
1J f-.hpm with mftdi
J26 COUiU uuv >~v? ...?
cine. No siedicine was given and no
doctor saw them. When neighbors,
who heaid of the a^iir, wenc to the
aid of the children Griffia made threats
of violence and drove them away. The
neighbors, however, took away the body
oi the first child who died and buried
it after it had remained some time in
bed with the living. At intervals of
about ten day3 other children cied and
the neighbors had to take their bodies.
Griffin was given a twelve years' sentence
:o the penitentiary and Lis wife
six year3. She got the shorter term because
she was no blood relation to the
Indians Dying.
The food supply of the Indians at
Cook Inlet, Aiaska, is about exhausted,
arid nearly half of the savages are literally
starving. They comprise five
tribes. The influx of white prospectors
has resulted in the killing or much
game, with the result that tne Indians
are deprived of flesh for food and furs
for clothing. The supply of dried
salmon which they accumu-ated last
ariTTiTiier is not sufficient to lass throixeh
the season, and now 400 to 600 of them
have not enough food to last through
next mouth. Appeals are made for
help. Most of thefe Indians belong to
tne Jtiassian unnrcn, duc 11 is power-1
less to help them. 1
From Beins Thrown Into a Red Hot
Coke OvenM.
Roper, storekeeper for the WoodI
aatvi nonr a r>ftffAOT
rr cii u iiuu uiauw ?
escape, as he believes, from being
thrown into a rediot coke oven at
Woodward Ala., by Lse Sherman, a
oolored thief. When Rjper opened the
store just after night fall Wednesday
night, he wss faced by Sherman, who
had hidden himself .in the store too ramie
robbery. The ne#ro brandished a
keen knife, and threatening to out
Roper's thoat if he made any outcry,
made Roper follow him from the store
^ j a. --1-.
lywaru liie 'OU&O w<;u yiaut, nuiuu
several hundred yards if, the negro
pretending that he simply wanted to
prevent him from giving thi alarm. A*
he neered the coke ovea p:ant the
negro said, something about being
''roasted alive in a cake oven," and Mr.
Roper then realized the negro's intention,
which, ss he construes it, wa3 to
out his throat and throw him in half
alive, into mouth of one of tbe ovens
Mr. Rooper, thoroughly alarmed,
quickened the operation of his mind
made the negro a very librril proposition,
promising to go back to the store
and place a lot of goods on the pcroh
for the negro to carry away and forever
hold bis own peace, provided only that
thfl necro did not kill him. After some
parley the negro accepted this proposition,
and xMr. Roper returned to the
store. However, ou his way to the
store he met several other men and induced
them to enter the store by the
back way and concealed themselves in
the store, waiting for the negroe's arrival.
The negro, however, "oaught
on" and failed to put in an appeatanco.
He is now at Urge, with a reward of
$25 outstanding for his ar-'cst for attempted
robbery and murder.
i%nAn<r\TTr rn^ a vti
rAUAaciiX xaotxaiA
An Unnsnal Experience in Secretary
of State's OfficeOfficials
in the secrotary of state's
office had to deal Wedneoday with a
crank or a crazy man, who claims that
he came from near Kaoxville, Tenn.
He was dressed like a farm laborer and
his brogans had not been blacked since
he bought them from a store somewhere.
He carried in his hand an old
horseshoe, with a yellow string tied
i- - ?a .1-:- l? L.IJ i
aDOUl it, anaims ue oeiu iu as wgu?,y
as if it were gold.
Tbe man tc)d the officials that bis
family lived many years before tbe
war in Union county and that tbey
possessed many acres of land. Tbey
went 'to Tennessee and the land was
finally sold, according to his story,
and $2,000 was deposited in a bank to
the credit of bis family. He said that
some official in Union had written his
grandfather years sgo that the money
was on hand, but that fees of $200 were
due. His grandfather, he says, didn't
send the cash and none of the heirs
ciaimingit, it finally escheated to the
He oame here to investigate the mat
ter and see if the money could not be
recovered. He had no letters or documents,
but when ha stated that his
grand parents were named Glaze, the
old records were gone over and nothing
could be found to throw any light on
the subject. He then went to the
treasurer's office, but no record of
$2,000 coming into the state treasury
could be found. This mace the man
suspicious, and ho said in the secretary
of state's offioe that it was evident so
him that the state didn't want to pay
him the money.
When asked to give further facts
he declined to do so, saying that he
would make an investigation of his
own. Hs even refused to give his own
name, seeming to think the officials
were afcer cheating him. He finally
said he would go to Union to make
further investigations and would return.
The man was extremely ignorant, if
not aotually demented.?Columbia Record.
A Crazy Captain.
The brand new four masted American
schooner Wellfell, of Boston,
Mass., bound from Sabine Fass, Texas,
to Pert Antonio, Jamaica, with ,six
hundred thousand feet of lumber was
found in a dangerous position by the
British schooner Union, that arrived
at Mobile Wednesday afternoon from
Georgetown, W. I., off Cape Antonio.
The master of the echooner, J. R.
Jacobs, was insane from illness. There
was no other-navigator aboard and the
ere were about to desert the vessel to
save themselves from being wrecked on
the rocks. Captain E J. Foster, of
the Union was a?ked to come aboard
dUU LiikC cuaigc, ttO tut; 1U1U
had several times attempted to kill the
crew. The crew reported that the vessel
was two days out from her place of
departure wheu Captain Jacobs suddenly
became insane from illness, and imagined
that he was in Sabine Pass, and
began to order the crew to unload the
vessel. The next day he became worse
and announced that he was off the isle
of Pines, and refused to steer the vessel
Captain Foster a'ter making a
claim for salvage sailed the schooner to
Port Antonio.
Despsrate Fight,
A dispatoh from G-affney to The
State says: Geo L. Wilson, manager
of the county chain gang, was committed
to jail here yesterday for shoot
icg E. A. Hughes, one one of his foremen.
The trouble oceured at the camp
near Blacksburg. After Wilson soht
Hagho the latter olo3ad with him and
a disparca battle ensued. Wiltn kept
sboo'.irg and Hughes used his knip.
Hughes was shot twice, once, in the side
and once in the arm, and was thought
. i ? u... v.;? ^nnrT_
tO D"3 I4G*;iy uurii, I'M urjvr lixo i^vvfery
is hoped for. Wi's'i wag cat all
over the nead and face and one cat in
the left side. His wounds are severe
but notdaDgerons.
A Kotable Wedding.
A notable wedding occurred in
Burghampton, N. Y., last week. The
groom to be is Maj. Page, aged 31,
hight 34 inches and weight 49 pounds.
The bride-elect is Miss Mary Weickle,
aue 23. hight 6 feet and weight 158
" w- - t ^
pounds. It is understood that it is a
lovs match. Miss Weickle, who is a
handsome and popular young woman,
' ?-?e J?
na? retusea a Eumuer ui ueouauio v/ifers
in order to be able to marry the
diminutive little major.
Feil Through Rocf on Red Hot
i wr vyi rnw i wrv i i
Precipitating Seventy-five People
On Red Hot Vats. Nine Kill
ed and Fifty Burned
Nine people wera killed and fully 50
badiy injured by the collapse of the
roof of the Pacifio Glass Works, on
Fifteenth street, San Franoisco, Thursday,
while it W35 crowded with men and
boys witching a football ^ame on the
fijld a?ijoining. About 75 people feil
through the roof upon the red hot
furnaces and gla=?s vats below. All
lin-tnKtir Vinrno^ unil if iq fparA? that;
in addition to the deaths already re
ported there will be several more.
The dead are: J A. Mulrooney, W.
R. Eatfelt, Edgar Fiahein, T. J. Rip
pon, William Valenaia and M. Vaadina.
Three unidentified.
Two hundred men and bojs had
gathered on the sheet-iron roof of the
glass works to obtain a free view of the
annual football game between Stanford
and University of California.
About zu mtnutes alter tne game naa
commenced there was a crash, plainly
audible from the football grounds, and
a portion of the crowd on the roof went
The fire3 in the furnaces had been
started for the flrjt time today and the
vats were fall of liquid glass. It was
upon thes9 that the victims feel. Some
were killed instantly and others were
slowly roasted to death. The few who
missed the furnaces rolled off and, to-'
gether with workmen in the glass
works, saved the lives of many by pulling
them away from their horrible resting
The police and fire department were
soon on hand, and every patrol wagon
and ambulance in the city were summoned.
They were not enough, and
express wagons and private carriges
were pressed into service to carry off
AenA am? wnnndfld. Manv of the
injured were unooascious, while others
were hurried to the hospitals. The
Southern Pacific railway hospital, only
two blocks away, was quickly filled.
About forty wounded were taken there.
Others were sent to St. Luke's hospital,
to private residences and other places.
At the hospitals there was aoon a
shortage of surgeons, and some of the
wouaded had to wait uatil help came.
The roof of the glass works was not
200 feet away from the football field,
bat the 9U,UUU people watoning tne
game wore too interested in the contest
to noti ia what had occored. It was
only when the ushers went through the
vast ?rowd calling for dootors that it
became known that there had been an
accident. Hundreds of people left the
grounds and gathered about the fence
enclosing the glass works. News of
the disaster spread rapidly, and
thousands of anxious people qaiokly
assembled. The police kept them back
with difficulty, while the patrol wagons
and ambulances dashed through the
crowd on their way to and from the
Four bodies have been identified.
Eighty-two persons more or less injured
have been taken to the various
hospitals or removed to their home3.
Most of those killed or injured were
^ * .A _
boys between V ana 10 years 01 a^e.
Nearly all of the victim* had their
skulis fractured or limbs broken and
sustained serious internal injuries.
Fire Don't Hurt Him
The Columbia Record says one of
the most startling exhibitions ever seen
in Columbia was that of Mr. N. C.
Watts at Hyatt park yesterday and evening.
He h\d a wire 400 feet long
stretched from a tailpipe, and by msans
of a pulley arrangement he went flying
through the air enveloped in flames.
Yet at the end or nia nrery journey ne
comes out with but few burns, flow it
is done has been a mystery, and many
people believed be wore an asbestos
suit as a protection. But the fact is
that his olothing has baen previously
saturated with oil, is set on fire, and
there is absolutely no artificial protection
to keep the flames from his body.
A Record reporter had a talk with Mr.
Watta this morniDg, and that his exhibition
is genuine he proved by showing
various burns he had received on
his flash. He declares that no pain attaches
to it, and from his actions and
movements there can be no doubt of
the truth of his statement. An ordinary
man burned as he was would bo in
bed writhing in pain. He is trn y a
wonderful man in this respect at least.
He is from Lynchburg, Va., and, in ad
dition to his "fire aot," is a fcaloonist
and a ventriloquist. He is a young
man, but like all other businesses his
sometime gets dull, though it would
seem that he could get an engagement
almost any time to do tho fiery slide
Fatally Shot.
George F. Nesbitt, of Kingston, P?.,
aged 35 years, a member of the Lnzerne
county bar and a eon of one of Luzerne's
wealthiest citizens, was accidentally
killed while hunting on a private
reserve at Mebanes, N. C., Wednesday.
Sa was hunting with a colored boy and
hig dogs. The colored boy heard no
report of the gun, and after waiting an
hour instifued a search. The body was
found with the gun on the ground near
by. The charge had blown a large
hole in his head and death was probably
instanteously. Deceased was an
extensive traveler and had fusf. returned j
from a hunting expedition to tte Kooky
Moun tains.
Trait WonA
dispatch from Washington says
Justic Bernard of the Supreme Court
of the District declined to grant an inj
unction against the Standard Oil Company
to restain them from maintaining
an oil storage plant in the southwestern
part of the city. For several
' 1 -1?1. il** j
years tne resiaeutBut uc UI/V1MVVU j
have been seeking the removal of the
plant beyond the city limits, claiming
the etoiage of large quantities of oil
endangered their lives and property.
JuBtic Bernard decided that the plant
as conducted was not dangerous,
By the United States Army in the
A special dispatch from "Washington
to the New York Journal says:
Slaugnter 01 innpinos wnerever mere
is an attack on the American troops or
the "sniping" of American soldiers is
the programme that has been ordered
by the war department. Army officers
long ago urged that these tactics be
employed, but the fear of their cffect
upon the election prevented them from
being carried into effect. Now the orders
have been issued and the people
of the island are to be taught what war
:-i- rpu.
is m e&ruebw jiuc ^ vuuj' ui vac juhcish
in South Africa is to be copied,
and tbe punishment of villages and set
tlemeats tbat givj shelter to the io9uigents
is to eo effected that the war department
believes it will be an easy
matter to stamp out all signs of tie
present insurrection. Army officers
who have served in the Pailippiaea
point cut that the natives work in the
fields as "srnigos" when the Americans
are close at hand, and as soon as they
bate passed take up their guns and pursue,
lagging far enough behind to
'"SDipe" the soldiers, and frequently
gathering in sufficient numbers to create
dangerous ambashes. Under the new
policy, whenever anything of this kind
is done the whole section is to be
scoured, the men killed, huts burned
and the women and ohildren chased
away. The innooent may thus be
punished for the aetsof the guilty, because
of the impossibilty of separating
the non-combatants from those who are
fighting. Through the fear thus instilled
in the minds of the people, it is
believed by army offioarsthat the natives
in seif-protection will-refuse to
give the "in&urrecto3" food and shelter,
and thus make it impossible for the
rebels to continue their depredations
and maintain their attacks upon the
American troops." Army officers have .
for a year urged that this be done, bat
prior to the election the Administration
feared to give the order.
In commenting on the above The
State says: "Weyler, it seems, was a
great military piotesr, much abuse in
his .time but now the model of the two
most enlightened nations upon earth.
His methods of dealing with a people
who persisted in straggling for the independence
against great odds of men
m?f?] ttrara n/wol anil
auu vat ttwiv mv f va umw* %?ahw??v
were subject to criticism from humanitarians,
but after all, they were, it appears,
the only hopeful method of convincing
stubborn freemen of their folly
in opposing great nations with great
armaments. It is true that Weyler was
not successful in Cuba, neither the reconcentration
and starvation of the
women and children nor the summary
slaughter of prisoners of war serving to
subdue the revolt against Spain. But
perhaps that was because Spanish pesos
w?re not numerous enouch to DroDerly
sustain his plans. There is no suoli
difficulty in South Africa or the Philippines.
British pound and American
dollars are equal to all demands made
upon them and the twentieth century
will open with two simultaneous tests
of Weylerism under circumsUnces
promising better results than the original
policy attained. Nevertheless, to
make the test euccessfull the consciences
of two nations must be wholly
Must Pay Up.
A dispatch to Tiie bato says taxpayers
of Wise and Pickens townships and
the citizens of Edgefield village are
j ast now very much exercised over the
payment of the bonds issued by Wise
and Piokens townships to build a rail
road through them. The bonds, now
amounting to $65,000, were issued and
sold bat no railroad was built through
them. When the first installment of
bonds became due, amounting no>r to
$40,000, payment was refused. The
bondholders hied salt in the United
States court and payment fought on
various grounds, but the court decreed
that they must be paid, and the coanty
auditor was ordered to levy a sulhoient
tax this fall to pay the $40,000 at once.
The auditor has not made the levy, and
notice has been given that steps in law
will be taken to compel him to make
the levy. To collect that amount at
our levy would amount to about 6 per
cent, of the taxable property of the
trrrn Umnallinc an/} if ID All IA
amount to confiscation in a number of
instances. The taxpayers cannot stand
it. Various plans to arraage the matter
have been snggested. It has been
determined, it seems, to cail a meeting
of the taxpayers of tho?e townships at
an early cay to discuss the situation
and to arrange some plan to pay off or
satisfy the bond holders. The most
feasible plan proposed is to issue new
6 per cent bonds, eeil them and pay off
the old bonds. It is farther suggested
that the new bonds be issued m such
shape to retire a certain number of
them each year, say from 10 to 15 years.
Gamblers Bit Hard.
The trial of the alleged gamblers at
Pensacola Fia., has been completed.
Fifteen of them have been "discharged
for want cf' evidence to convict. Mayor
Hillyard in the police court today announced
fines of $250 each, or 60 days
in jail, again&t Charles Evans, C. F.
Schad and ffil TjonT>d.?th*>rrv for keeD
ing gaming hoo?3S, and of $50 each or
30 days in jail against W. Church, M.
Kosentero, J. W". Pope and George
Mocdy for visiting gaming houses.
Moreno Jones, attorney for th? defendants,
made a motion for a new trial.
ABuddist Hun.
Sister Sanghamitta, a Buddist nun,
has arrived from Honolulu and proposes
to speak through the country in behalf
of her chosen faith. She represents
the Mah* Bodhi society, which aims
to promulgate the true teachings of
Buddha. Sister Sanghamitta was formerly
the Countess De Can&varro, wif?
of the one time minister from Portugal
to the Hawaiian islands. She was born
in Tsxas and entered the order in New
York in 18S>7.
Washed From Bigginy.
A special dispatoh from Kingston,
Oat., Say* that the trig Rule, Captain
Ha?kett, master, has jast returned from
Point Polecand Pelee' and reports haviug
been close enough to the eohnoor
wrecked there to learn that its name was
the Miame Valley, and to ascertain
definitely that the eight sailors who
were 3een lashed in the rigging early
I Monday had been washed away and
| drowned, >
? - _
Charged With Killing Two Ladies
Near CharlotteA
dispatch from Charlotte, N. C.,
to the Atlanta Journal, says: ''Jacob A.
Eller, white, who formerly lived near
the scene of the crime, was brought
here Wednesday night on the oharge
of murdering Mrs. Colley and her nieee
last week and burning the house containing
the bodies. He was arrested in
Rown county, sixty miles from Uharlott
The clew that led to the arrest was a
sewing machine lease issued in the name
of his wife which was found in Mrs.
flnliflv'a hrmsfi flirts^ t.n tha ftnnbaard
which contained hidden money. The
lease showed that the machine had been
repossessed by the seller, the dialer ,
Sewing Machine company, on the 2(kh
of?, 1893. After finding the lease
Chief o? Police Orr icquircd about
Eller. Us ascertained that the man was
a j*ckleg carpenter with scant reputation
of any kind; that he came from
T> _ _ * 11_ i.L.1. ?
nowan county origmaiiy, dul mat iur
somfl years he had lived on a small
farm about two miles from the residence
of Mrs. Coiley. A week before the
murder Eller's wife and three children
left for Goldhill, where it was found
Eller had gone the day after the women
had been killed. Upon locating his man
the -chief announced here yesterday
morning that he was going off on a
shooting trip and he and two other
officers, dressed in sportsmen garb,
proceeded to Eller's house. The man
said he had no money, but a search of
his house disclosed $10 in old and
crumpled bills. Tracks leading from
the house where the murder occurred
measured No 9, which correspond with
Eiler's shoes. He claimes that he can
prove an alibi. The suspected man is
forty-nine years old, fi?e feet nine
inches high and weighs about 150
pounds and is dark."
In Mortal Combat
W. J. Bailey, railroad agent at
Mango, Fla., shot and killed Paul Huet,
a Frenchman, in a dnel at that place.
Huet was employed by Bailey to do
some work on his farm. Ha was ordered
to stop the work on account of its not
fceing satisfactory. Hnet became enraged
at this and it is alleged threatened
to do Bailey violence. Bailey returned
to his home for a gun. Huet ran to his
home on a similar mission. Mrs. Bailav
followed her husband, armed with a
pistol. Mrs. Huet followed her husband
similarly armed. When the party
met both men raised guns, it is alleged,
and Bailey shot first, killing Huet
instantly. Mrs. Btileyand Mrs. Huet
were in the meantime fighting with
revolvers, Mrs. Huet severely beating
Mrs.- Bailey over the head and painfully
wounding her. After the homicide,:
-Bailey coolly carried his wife
home, gave her medical attention,' and
'fAlAnrMnliA frt fKa kj\ rtAmfl i
tucix \j\j wuv ?v wiuv
for him.
Captured by BoersLord
Roberts cables from Johannesburg
under date of Wednesday, November
28: "The Dcwetsdorp garrison
of two guns of the Sixty-eight field bat
teiy.were detachments of the Gloucestershire
regiment, the Highland Light Infantry
and Irish Rifles, 400 in ail, surrendered
at 5:20 p. m., November 23.
Oar losses were 15 men killed and 42
wounded, including Major H. J. Anson
and-Capt. Digby. The enemy is said
to be 2,500 strong. Four hundred men
were despatched from Sdenburgh to
relieve Dewetsdorp, but they did not
succeed in reaching there in time. Knox
joined this force and found Dewetsdorp
evacuated. Seventy-five ' sick and
or/inn^ Iiotto Vioon loff-. fVioro TCnrtT
pursued and is reported to have successfully
engaged Steyn and Dewet
near Vaalbank, November 27. They retired
west and southwest. Knox's
messenger failed to get through, so I
have no details." -
Carried to Sea.
A dispatoh from Brunswick, Gra., to
the Atlanta Journal, says: Alfred Eoberta
and Ernest Bolt, two white boys,
aged thirteen and fifteen years, were
picked ud Sunday by the tug boat Aagie
and Nellie after having a dreadful
experience in an open rowbaat. The
bays went fishing in Biack river Saturday
morning and in some way the
boat became unmanageable, the currant
nar'-cinflr f.hft vnnfchs a ffraat disfcanea in
o ?* --? ? o ?~ ?
the .direction of the sea body. The
anxious parents becoming alarmed at
their continued absence chartered the
launch Charley D and went in search
of them. In the meantime they were
rescued as above mentioned by the
Angie and Nellie. Had their rescue
not been affected as early as it was
their fate would doubtless never have
been known, as a heavy south to north
east gale is now blowing at sea. Their
safe return to their homes was the signal
for great rejoicing by their loved
Domestic Animals.
hmv?an Wpdne.idftV i*?nf?<3
a bulletin giving the results of the
enumeration of the domestic animals
on enclosures, _ but not on farms or
r?nges. Ox 1,878,207 barns or enclosures
reporting domestic animals,
which was substantially one-third of
the total number of farms in the United
a...*? toi SCA Ada Q7a
OUftLCD) ?ui ^'jukaiucu Tuvalu mgav
cattle; 1,355,636 inclosurcs reporting
horses aggregated 2,833,877 horses; and
the aggregate of other animals reported
as follows: Males, 162.115; asses,
12,870; sheep, 156 470; swine, 1,592,861,
and goats, 47, 652.
What It Mean*
The Philadelphia North American recently
published an article headed "A
Dream of Beauty was Mrs. McKinley
Thirty Years Ago," etc., being a de
scription of the person*! charms acd
attractions of the First Lady of the
Land during her school days. Mrs. McKinley
ordered a half dozen copies by
wire and the North American printed
a fac smile of the telegram. Up at the
top we read "25 D, H.," which being
interpreted macns 23 words, deadhead.
It is an interesting incident.
(ione wrong.
There hav8 been public rumors for
the past week that a clerk of the Seahoard
Air Lice at Femandina, Fla.,
was short in his accounts about $40,000
or upwards. No information could be
obtained and railroad officials refused
I Oil iuiviiuavjivui
The Yosemite Went Down at
Guam Two Weeks Ago.
Ship Had Full Compliment of
Officers and Men. Many
Wftra Profaablv on
Shore Duty.
A dispatch from Manila reports the
sinking of the United States auxiliary
'cruiser Yoiemite in a typhoon at Guam,
"November 15. Five of the crew, were '
lost. Details of the disaster are lacking
and it-is not known how many, if
any, or the crew, was saved.
A dispatch, from W*?hinjton.fl*ya the
TT * 1. 1 : J A
xosemue wu ursi commisaiuneu .opm
13, 1898, she has b?en stationed at the
island of Guam since the days of the
Spanish war. She is & sixteen-knot
converted cruiser, of 6,179 teas displacement,
and is provided with, amain
battery ef ten 5 inch rapid firing guns
and a secondary battaryof lix 6 pounders
and two Colt riflea. She hat a compliment
of 18 officers and 267 men.
Her measurements are 391 feet in
length by 48 feet, extreme bireadtL
She has a mean draft of 20 feet. 1 inch.
Just before the outbreak of toe Spas
ish-American war the vessel vu purchased
by the navy department, fitted >
as an auxiliary cruiser,, and rendered
effective service as one of the patrol
fleet, being manned in part by the
'Michigan naval militia. It is slid that
her ancaorage at Guam was off the
harbor of San Lois d'Apra, and that
owing to her draft she was obliged to
lie six miles off shore. The horbor in
a particularly dangerous one, owing to
xi i - i _t i A.
me eiiflieuce ui a ruoxjr lugu IU mo
middle and a particularly crooked ?
According to the naval register, the
jTosemite was manned bj 18 officers
and .267 men, but in her capacity aa /
station ship not all of these were required,
and undoubtedly a part of them
were ashore engaged in dutiei at .the
naval station. This probably would be
true of her commander, Sea too Schroder,
who also is governor of Goam, and
who probably left the active command
of the ship to the ranking lieutenant,
Augustus N. Mayer. The other offioers
accredited to the ship by the register
are Lieutenants W. E. Safford, Albert
Moritz, B. B. Bierer, Bnsignu A, W. v.
Presiey; H. L, Collins, A. N. Mitchell
and F. T. Evans, Assistant Surgeon
F. M. Furlong, Assistant Paymaster
P. W. Delano, Chaplain L. P. Bennolds,
and eight warrant officer
The navy department Thursday rel
ceived a cablegram from Admira
Romow ftfinfirmiflff tli* r<*nnH; <vf tlia
disaster to the auxiliary cruiser Yosemite
at Guam. Following is the text
of Admiral Barney's cablegram:
Uavite, Nov. 29.1900.
"Bureau of navigation, Washington:
Captain of transport Sherman reports
total loss of Yosemite, Nov. 13. Chains
parted in typhoon, drifted to sea and
sank seventy miles off. Justin (a collier)
went to rescue. Steam launch
crew of five lost. Shall send Kempff
to Guam tomorrow to ascertain extent
of disaster and transport Yosemite
crew to Cavite. Remey."
Boys On The Farm.
The farm has given to the world some
of its most useful men and women, of
the kind that the world has greatneed
of today. B/reason of t^ieir separation
? i.L. i 1 J -?
xrom me nauaia ana aens 01 iniquity
sad viae they erected character* tiiat
were firm, strong and uncompromising.
By reason of hard physical labor in the
open, fresh air they acquired ragged
and strong constituiiona needed for en*
durance in the conflicts in whioh they
engaged. And by reason of the hard
battles foaght and difficulties overcome
in the attainment of knowledge they acquired
a development of intellect that
was both desirable and commendable.
What are the boys and girls on the farm,
who are enjoying superior advantages,
doing to day to improve their condition?
Ar they making the very best
use of ihe means which cheap books
ana papers ana tne long winter evenings
afford to adorn their minds and
make tifem more useful?
Bryan's ReplyA
dispatch from Lincoln, Neb., says
in answer to a congtatnlatory address
presented by the Bryan Some Guards
.some days ago, W. J. Bryan Wednesday
afternoon sent a letter to H. F.
Hockey, thanking him for the expressions
of esteem, and confidence as follows:
44 When a political party meets
with reverses tne greatest consolation
the candidate has, aside from the approval
of conscience, is the knowledge
that he retains the confidence of those
with whom he was associated, and I
thank the Guards for this asaoranoe.
The oontest between democracy and plutocraoy
will go on, and those who believe
in the Declaration of Independence
and the doctrine of equality before
the law most still defend hmman
rights from encroachment and greed."
A Tatal Fall*
The State says Elijah Johnstone,
colored, came to his death in a terrible
manner Friday. He wts walking across
the Southern bridge over theCong aree,
on his way to Oayce, where h* worked,
when he was seised with vertigo or
epilesy something of the kind and fell
from the trestle. He was not lolled
immediately, and some colored people
who had seen him fall ran to his assistance.
He was taken to his home at
809 Pulaski street, but before medical
attention could reach him he was dead.
The drop fro n the top of the trestle
was over 45 feet. Cornor Green held an
inquest, and the verdict of the jury was
in accordance with the facts above
stated. '
Conspirator* Killed.
A Morgantown, W. V$., special .
says: State Mine Inspector Jas. W.
.Paul, of West Virginia, says the reoent
.mine disaster at Berrysville in Wh&h
3 lives were loot, was the resale of a
conspiracy to kill _ihe foreman, of the
mine. The conspirators after~ lighting^
the fuse stood at the- entrance of' the
mine, but -the force of-vtfce- explosion
1 rmmm fhMf fi** tflfl
I they were also killed.
- -'
v ' - -i
i - . >-4^
: ^togiS
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