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The Fairfield news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1881-1900, December 05, 1900, Image 4

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/2012218613/1900-12-05/ed-1/seq-4/

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Concerning the Countift* in This
That Will be of Great Interest
- - " ' i
to the People of the State
Generally. j
It was to be expected that the census
figures would give some surprises?if a
paradox is admissible. The figures
which were published a few days agoshow
that there have been increases in
wfcora na ftnnsiderable
9CAWUU wuuuwv *w
gains \ were expected while other sections
have not made very muoh larger
gains. In order to intelligently consider
the matter we will at this point
append the figures for 1900, 1890 and
1880, which are as follows:
Counties. 1900 1890 1880
Abbexille , 33 400 46,854 40,815
Aiken. .. 39,032 31,822 2$ 112
Anderson 55,728 43,696 33,612
Bamberg - 17,296
Barnwell 35,504 44 613 .39,857
Beaufort. 35,495 34,119 30,176
? on A ^.4 SJtJVft
j&erseiey ?
Charleston 8S,006 59,903 102,880
Cherokee ? 21 ,"359
Chester - 28,616 26,660 24,153
Chesterfield...- 20,401 18,468 16,345
Clarendon....... 28,184 23,233 19 190
Colleton 83,452 45,293 36,385
Darlington 32,388 29,131 34,483
Dorchester....? 16,2y4
Edgefield 26,478 49,259 45.844
Fairfield 29,425 28,599 27,765
Florence 28,374 25,027
Georgetown 22,846 20,857 19,6 to
GreenTille . 53,490 44,310 37,496
Greenwood.. _. 28,343
Hampton 23,738 20,544 18, <41
Horry.. 23,364 19,256 15,574
TCernhaw 24.696 22,361 21,53b'
Lancaster........ 24,311 20,761 16 903
Laurens 37,3S2 31610 29,444
Lexington....... 27,264 22,181 18,564
Marion.. 35,181 29,976 24,107
Marlboro 27,639 23,600 20,598
Newberry 30.182 26,434 26 497
Oconee 23,634 18,687 16,256
Orangeburg 59,663 49,393 41,395
Pickens 19,375 16,389 14,389
Siahland 45,589 36,821 2S.573
Saluda 18,966
Spartanburg 65,560 55,385 40,409
Sumter 51,237 43,605 37,037
Union. ... 25,501 25,363 24,080
Williamsburg - 31,685 27,777 24,110
York 41,684 38,831 30,713
Total. 1,340,316 1,151,149 995,577 J
? ti* * 1 il *_
As already puDiisnea, ine iocai gain
for the State dunrig the last decade is
189,167 or 16.4 per cent, while the in-j
ereaae from 1880 to 1S90 was 155,572
or 15.6 per oent. Since there have been
ho movements of immigrants into this
State it was not to be expected that the
population would increase very largely.
There have been, of course, numbers of
people who have come to South Carolina
witlrin the last 10 years, but the
great forward strides of our State have
not as yet been such as to attract outsiders,
The development has .been
largely domestie. The more noticeable
hanges in population have evidently,
toeen due to the advancement of certain
towns owing to the increase, in manufacturing
industries. From this cause
it will be 3hown, when tbe figures are
made public, that the drift of population
has been from the country to the
towns. As yet the census department
has not made public statistics bearing
npon this point, but there can be little
doubt that the case is as stated.
Comparing the tables above we are
enabled 'to arrive at the following results,
showing the actuals increase by
counties and the relative gain in population.
Counties. Increase. Cent.
Abbeville (decrease)
Aiken. 7210 23 6
Anderson 12,032 27.5
Barnwell :... (decrease)
Beaufort l,3<b 4.
Berkeley (decrease)
Charleston 28 103 47 95
Chester 1 956 7 3
Chesterfield 1 933 10 47
Clarendon .... *. ... 4,951 21 3
Colleton (decrease)
Darlington 3,254 11 17
Edgefield (decrease)
Fairield. 826 2 88
Jlorence 3,447 13 8
Georgetown 1.989 ? 9 6
Greenville 9 180 20 73
Hampton 3194 15 5
Horry 4 108 21.3
Kerahaw 2.335 10 4
a* ^ 17 r*7
. vjvw
Laurens 5 772 18 26
Lexington 5.083 22 9
Marion 5,205 17 36
Marlboro 4,139 17 63
Newberry 3 748 14 18
Oconee 4 947 21.11
Orangeburg 10,270 20 78
Piekens 2,986 18.24
Richland 8,768 23 85
Spartanburg 10,175 1819
Sumter^ 7,632 17.5
Union 138 .054
Williamsburg 3 908 14
York 2,853 7 3
From this last table it is seen that
on the face of the returns the largest
gain is made by the county of Charleston.
That this county should gain 28,103
while the city of Charleston has
gained only 852 in the same time would
be rather remarkable, but it must be
be remembered that since the last census
there was a rearrangement of the
boundaries between Charleston and
Berkeley counties by which a section
orieinally belonziDz to Charleston, but
befoze 1893 annexed to Berkeley, was
^transferred to Charleston. This section
embraces the town of Mt. Pleasant
with a strip along the cosst including
St. Andrews township and also the sea
islands. Just how many people were
added to Charleston county by this
change it is not possible to determine,
but it was probably in the neighbcrkood
of 15,000 or 20,000. Still this
accounts for but little more than half
of the increase, 29,000, acd it is therefore
proper to infer that there has been
a very large aotual increase among the
negT?> population, which constitutes
the bulk of the citizenship of this coast
and island section. It will be seen
that the county of Berkeley has lost
in round numbers 25,000 siace the last
tensus. Part of this loss is already
accounted for in the gain of Charleston,
but it is also to be remembered
that the new county of Dorchester took
a slice from Berkeley as it did from
Colleton. Colleton county is another
which shows a decrease ic population?
dae to the formation of Dorchester.
Tn the, a?mo tot? Rtrnwpl! I
and Edgefield have now fewer people
than 10 years ago. From Abbeville
the county of Greenwood was largely
made up, Bamberg was subtracted from
Barnwell while Edgefield was sliced ofi
for both Saluda and Greenwood. These
counties are the only ones which show
an actual loss, but among tbose which
have in reality lost inhabitants by reason
of the formation of new counties
?<) Spartanburg, Union, and Tork,
each of which gave territory to Cherokee.
On account of the creation of the
new counties it is in many cases impossible
to make an. accurate statement
of the gains of certain old ccunties,
but eliminating this consideration it
will be instructive to note just what
chaDees have taken place. From the
table of percentages it will be seen j
that, disregarding Charleston, the
largest actual and relative gain is made
j by the county of Anderson, the pop
ulation of which has increased 12,032
or 27 5 per cent. Always a progressive
and substantial county, Anderson's
growth at this time is easily traceable
to t*ie development of the cotton mill
i industry. Within the town itself there
' are three cotton mills all built, we believe,
in the past ten years, while the
I county contains the large mill town of
Pelzw with perhaps 7,000 people, and
there is also a new mill at Belton.
Vpt* to Anderson in relative gain
comes Richland with an increase of
8 768 or 23 85 per cent. Practically,
we might Bay actually, the total gain
of Richland is in the city of Columbia
and its suburbs: la 1890 Columbia
township had 18,437 inhabitants, and
allowing seventh eighths of Richland's
increase- to this city and suburbs the
present population will not be much
less than 28,080. The population of
the city itself will probably be 23,000.
The causes of Columbia's growth are
too familiar to need repetition at this
time. We believe that when the sta
tistics are seen it will b9 proved that
Columbia has made a larger gain actually
and relatively than any other
town in the Stste.
Folio wring Richland is her neighbor,
Lexington, which has gained 5,083, or
22 9 per cent. The population of Lexington
in 1890 was 22.181. Lexington
is a very large county, with its resources
as yet practieally undeveloped,
and while there has been an unusual
amount of railroad building within its
borders in the past 18 months, it is
somewhat surprising to learn that this
1 - J . V 1
county nas maae suou ijugo koiuj,
though it is none the less gratifying.
Aiken is next in order with an increase
of 7,210, or 22 6 per cent. This
is also surprising, although there have
been not a few signs of advancement
in Aiken. Horry and Clarendon tie
. with a gain-of 21-3 per cent?another
' surprise. These two counties have
made some encouraging agricultural
advances but it was not thought they
would show such large gains, which
are presumably due rather to natnral
increase in population. Oconee is
olose to these two counties with a gain
of 21.11 per cent. Oconee has not
been making large boasts, but there
I 1 ~mills orpnfed
nave uscu Devciai vw?vu uu>u ? ?..?in
that county which have perhaps
drawn from North Carolina a considerble
number of people. Orangeburg
shows, next to Anderson, the largest
actuai inorease, except Charleston.
The percentage of Orangeburg's inorease
is 20 78. This is one of the
best agricultural counties in the State,
in which the negro population is not
inconsiderable. Greenville's increase
ranks next to Orangeburg in percentage
and follows Spartanburg in actual gain.
This county has been among the leaders
in the cotton mill development, to
which this increase of population is no
doubt largely due. Spartanburg has
an -actual increase of 10,175, or 18 per
cent., making it next to Charleston
the most populous county in the St3te.
... m . -11
Here again it is a case or couon mius.
In actual increase, therefore, the first
five counties ranks: Anderson, Orangeburg,
Spartanburg, Greenville and
.Richland. In relative incre:*e the.,
rank: Anderson, Richland, Lexington,
Aiken, Horry and Clarendon.
Altogether, the percentages of increase
show that the gain in the upcountry
has not been as large as was
expected in comparison with the lowrtr?Tir>f-T7
Tr? Inwpir section of the
S:ate, where there is a large negro
population, the increases are suoh as
to justify the expectation that the
figures will show that the negro race is
increasing more rapidly than the white
raos, while in the up oountry the increase
in population is due in a large
measure to the development of manufacturing
industries. But until the complete
statistics are obtainable there can
j be only suppositions in respect to this
! question.
i It will be Feen that no county except
those which have given up territory to
the new counties has suffered a loss in
population. ?The smallest gain is made
by Union, from which territory was
taken in the formation of Cherokee.
Fairfield makes actually the smallest
increase, amounting to ao& quite * pci
cents.; but the average of all is just
about the percentage of gain shown by
the figures for the whole State, that is,
16 percent.
Through the kindness of Mr. Fred H.
Dominick of Newberry we have the
table below, wich will show the
changes brought about in the apportionment
of representatives in the lower
house of the legislature. Aocording to
the consititution, the house of representatives
consists of 124 members, appor*
- - -"3 in A /5 1 If /?*s ^ ftrt.
cording to population, and "if there be
still 3 deficiency in the number of representatives
required by section third
of this article such deficiency shall be
supplied by assigning representatives
to those counties having the largest
surplus fractions." Under the present
apportionment in a total population of
1,151,149 there is one representative
for every 9,299 citizens. According to
this year's census in a total population
of 1,340,316 there will be one member
for every 10,809 citizens. Taking the
population of each county as the dividend
and 10,809 as the divisor, the
quotient will represent tne numoer or
members to "which the county is entitled,
the remainders indicating to which
counties the extra representatives are
allotted. It will be seen that Aiken,
(5-reenwood, Lexington and Spartanburg
will each gain one member, and
Beaufort, Berkeley, Charleston and
Edgefield will lose one. Greenwood is
the only new county to increase its
representation. Charleston loses, since
under the present apportionment she
has had more representatives than actually
entitled to even under the
census of 1890.
In viewing the figures it will be inter
estiDg to note that the five new counties
now contain a population of 102,253.
From comparisons easy to make it will
be seen that the five counties which
gave up considerable territory to farm
new counties have sustained an aggre
gate loss of 78,159. The other counties
taken altogether show a gain of 165,068,
making the total gain of the State 189,
lb<?as tne census omce announced
borne time ago.
Fatal Explosion.
.Four were killed and fifteen or twenty
injured by an explosion of nitroglycerine
on the rirer bank at Wollaburg,
TV. Va, .Wednsaday. A party of
boys gathered to look at the high river
builtabonSre of drift wood on the bank,
r\ t 4.' Vi . i' c
V/liC Ui tUUIU Caugilc ^ tiLI UUdciU^
oa tho water and thoughtlessly threw
it on the fre. Ii contained nitro glycerine.
A baby in a near-by house
was also killed.
Lost for Thirty Years But Found
at Last.
A Georgia Stcry That Reads
Like Fiction, I3ut Which
Is Said To Be the
A special dispatch from Gainsvill?,
Ga., to the Atlanta Journal relates the
following remarkable story. The dispatch
is as follows:
Mr. Jim Nunn tells a rather strange
story this week?one seemingly impossible
in this enlightened age of railroads,
telegraph, splendid mail facili
ties and newspapers, but one true never
theless It runs this way: In the
year 1869 Mr Nuno's father, the late
Seaborn J. Nuun, moved to Atlanta
from Clarke county. His health was
poor, and after remaining there for'a
few months he decided to try Gainsville
in the hope of getting well. Accordingly
he came here and after a few weeks
wrote back to his son, Mr.- Jim Nunn,
to bring the family here, as he had been
benefited and had decided to make this
plaoe his home. The old Air Line
railroad, now tne Southern, was only
completed to Baford and the household
efLats were shipped to that point and
hauled by wagon teams to Gainesville
Mr. Nann, senior, was the father of
several children, boys and girls." His
daughter, Sallie, married a Frenchman
of the name of Thomas Per Dee, who
was located at that time at Penfield,
this state. Some tim9 before her
father's removal to Gainesville she
visited the family in Atlanta and spent
some time ministering to his wants, he
being very feeble at that time, and returned
to her middle Georgia home.
He did not then entertain the idea of
moving to Gainesville and when the
decision was made to come here she was
not notified. About the time Mr.
Nunn decided to come here Mr. Per
Dee made up his mind to make a change
also, but he went to the then thinly
populated section of south Georgia to
engage in the sawmill business. No
letters were written by either family in
some time and neither knew where the
other was, but each presumed that the
other was living at the same place.
Weeks passed and Mr. Nunn failed
to hear from his daughter's family and
vice versa. Weeks grew into months
and still no message passed. Finally
months grew into years and there was
still nn news. Manv ietters had bees
written by Mr. Nunn's family to Mrs.
Per Dee at her former postoffice, but
each was returned marsed "uncalled
for." Mrs. Per Dee had also written
to her father's family at Atlanta, and
likewise her letters were returned with
the same explanation. Mr. Nann wrote
to a gentleman who lived near where
the Per Dee's formerly resided asking
fox information as to where they were,
but the answer came back that he didn't
i "I - "1 > ? T\ ? J * J i. 1
Know; mat xur. .rer jL/ee uiu nut &uu?
where lie was goiDg to locate when he
left there. Both sides gave up and
thirty years passed.
A few weeks ago Mrs. Per Dee,
whose home is at Grlennwood, Montgomery
county, where her husband moved
to from Penfisld, decided that she would
make one last effort to find her relatives.
She went to Atlanta, secured a
city directory and looked it over for the
name of Nanns, but their initials did
not correspond with those of any of her
brothers or sisters. She finally came
1 t 1 * 1 J A - I .1
aoross one tn&c sne aeciaea to iooic up.
She west to his boarding house, but he
was-out. Ioquiry put her oa the track
of another JSunn, and after considerable
delay she found him. It' was her
brother, JDilmus Nunn. Explanations
were soon made and brother and sister
were happy together. They at once
notified other brothers aod sisters, ex
cept one, Mr. J. M. Nann, whom they
decided to surprise and they all joined
in a happy reunion. Monday Mrs. Per
Uee arriyea in tne city ana at once was
diiven to Mr. Nann's home. He had
not been notified of her comirg, and it
id safe to say it was the most joyous
hurprise of his life. Mrs. PerDt-e will
remain here some time and will visit
all he* relatives before returning home.
Hester's StatementSecretary
Hester'.: New Orleans Cotton
Exchange statement today siows
an increase for the month in round figures
of 109,000 bales. The total for November
was 1,767,831 against 1,658,425
last year. The amount of the crop
brought into sight for the three
months from September to November
inclusive is299,0u0 over last year.
The movement from the first of September
to November 30, inclusive,
shows receipts at ail United States delivery
ports of 3,363,63? against 3,019.813
last year; overland across the Mississippi,
Ohio and Potomac rivers 471,ftQ;l
otriinof 03"? laqh TPar Snnr.hftrn
miil takings, exclusive of qaantisy consumed
at Southern outports 418,202
against 430,350 last year; interiors took
in ezcei59 or those held at the commencement
of the season 565,280 against
488,465 last year. These make the
total amount of the ootton crop brought
into sight during the three months
ending Nov. 30, 4,819 151 against 4,519,
660 last year. Northern spinners
took during the month of November
394,150 bales against 479,048 last year,
increasing their total for the three
months co 718,455 against 837,504 last
Foreign exports for the first three
months of the season have been 2,361,6)2
bales, showing an increase over
last season of 375,380.
Stocks at tUe seaboard and the 29
leading southern interior markets on
V/1T7 50 dopo 1 J.3.1 71Q atrainat. 1 TiSfS.
535 the same dace last year.
$100 Reward, $100.
The readers of this paper will be
pleased to learn that there is at least
one dreaded disease that science has
been able to cure in all its stages, and
that is Catarrh. Hall's Catarrh Cure
is the only positive cure known to the
medical fraternity. Catarrh being a
constitutional disease, requires constitutional
treatment. Hall's Catarrh
Cure is taken internally, acting directly
upon the blood and mucous surfaces of
the system, thereby destroying the
foundation of the disease and giving the
af-wavt rrt V> kt? Imi iMinrr ti n f k a
paucuw \jj uuuu^ug \jly vvm.
stitution and assisting nature in doing
its work. The proprietors have so
much faith in its curative powers, that
they offer Oae Hundred Dollars for
any case that it fails to cure. Send for
list of testimonials Address,
F. J. CHENEY & CO. Props.,
Toledo, O.
Sold by Druggists, 75o.
Hall's Family Pills are the best.
Agreement of the Bride and Grocm
Filed at the Recorder's Office.
As the clock in the recorder of deed's
eiwrtlr 19 ft Kor?<4 nf fi-nii
iilUC CUUva * **) ?? wuuv v* \ji j j7
sies entered the room. Leading the
procession were * youth and a maiden,
fair to look upon. She was dressed in
gaudy attire with bangles acid tiny bells
jingling from her wrists. A Roman
scarf of bright colors was thrown across
one shoulder. The remainder of the
swarthy company was made up of at
least twenty men and women, all Gypsies.
It was evidently the girl's party,
for she took the reios. In the purest
English she said:
'"We wish a marriage license?Char
lie and I."
Deputy Richard Costello drew the
1# *1 _1__ A. J I!
marriage license Dianas lowara oim.
She g*ve her name as Marie Arbar,
aged 17, and the youth his as Charles
Staney, aged 19 years. When the time
came for the affixing of the signature,
the girl called a halt.
"I have an agreement here," she
said, "that must be signed before we
* - i- *? cii _ 3
taKe one tne license.- one arew a
piece of paper from her pocket and
handed it to the deputy.
"Read it out loud," she commanded,
so all can hear."
Mr. Costello read wha.f. fol^ws:
"The girl has three horses, oue wagon,
a tent and a little money that they
need to start on, but the boy has nothing
but what he has on, and she agrees
to marry him on these conditions: He has
a father, mother and two bro;hers, and
in our role we have to buy women,- and
then the boy and girl has to work for
the boy's mother and father until th?y
pay the amount back, whatever it may
I- ? Uao AM AAA/] m AfVlA*
ue. iWW iiUlO 5111 AIOD Cku ogcvi luuuugi
and her mother doesn't want any money
for her, but she wants some one to
marry her daughter and care for her
until death. And as now she has
found this boy and his parents have no
money to pay for this girl, for oui
women run up to $500, $600 and $700,
this boy's parents and brothers agr^e
to let this boy marry this girl and tiey
say they will not have anything to do
with this boy afterwards. For the
girl says she will not marry him under
any consideration and be with his parents
Rhft desirea to be with her moth
er. He and hia parents and brothers
agree to this and if not there will bs no
marriage, and if they marry and after
this the parents and he vary from the
agreement he shall be imprisioced
wherever he may be in the United
States, for she doesn't want any fool
ishneBsin her marrying. She means
to marry for a lif? time journey."
"Now, can I get it copied?"' she asked,
smiling sweetly at the deputy.
"Indeed, you oan," answered Mr.
It was copied on iegai paper, xni's
done, the girl turned to every one present
and said, as she and Charles signed
the document:
"Everybody mast sign as witnesses.
But first, she remarked to Mr. Costello,
"read it over again to Charlie. I
want him to have some sense."
After the second reading for the ben
efitofthe groom-to be all signed, including
several deputies, as witnesses.
When the fee of $2 had been paid and
the gypsies ready to depart, it was suggested.
that Marie teli Martin G-oesett's
"He's the boss," suggested Costello,
and you should do it for nothing.
uIs he?" a=ked the girl. "Well,
I'm the boss here, ain't 1?" pointihg
to the bridal party; "it cost us $2 fei
our license so I think he must pay 50
cents like any one else."
They left the room chattering joyously,
the girl leading the way.?Kansas
a tar.
Some Sayings of a South Carolina
Jurist of Long A goMr.
Edward Hookor, a native ol
Connecticut, and an educator of note,
was a professor in the 8outh Carolina
College at Columbia from 1805 to 1808
He kept a voluminous dairy during
that period, which, through the enterprise
of Prof. Jameson of the Amerioan
Historical Association, has been pub
lished. Prof. Hooker relates many in
teresting experiences with eminent
members of South Carolina bar of thai
day, a few of which we recount here,
Aedanus Barke, a native of Ireland,
and a Caroiiniaa by adoption, was a
member or uongressirom noy to hvl.
He was a common law jadge from 1772
to 1799. He once pronounced sentence
of death on a culprit and added at the
close of it, "but don't mind, my good
fellow, it is only what we have all got
to come to."
"I hop8." said one of the lawyers,
"your honor don't mean that we've all
got to be hanged."
"No," replied the judge, "but we've
all got to die, and it don't make much
difference hoff.
On one occaasion Gen. C. C. Pinckney,
wlio tad been minister to France,
and the Federalist candidate for the
Vioe Presidency of the United States
in 1880, was arguing a dry legal point
before Judge Barke, when the lattei
lost patience, tucked up his silk robe,
took his hat and left the bench. The
lawyer ceased his argument.
' Go on, Gen. Pickney; go on," said
the Judge, '"you love to hear yourself
talk. Meanvhiie, 1'il go out and take
a peep at the camel," then on exhibition
back of the court house.
Hence "peeping at the camel1'is to
this Jay a byword among the Carolina
lawyers for going out of the court room
on any occasion.
One day, while going on horseback
to hold court in a neighboring county
he lost his way. He met a mountaineer,
whom he requested to pilot him through
the woods to the court house. Upon
his refusal to do so, the judge dismounted
and vigorously attacked him until
he cried out that he was willing to carry
his honor anywhere if he would stop
beating him. The judge told the lawyers
that he had been among desperate
people that day, and that nothing but
their fear of his strong arm had enabled
him to fill bis judicial appointment.
Prof. Hooker devotes much space in
his diary to the legislative debates at
Columbia, and pays high compliment
to the gifted and amiable Col. Robert
Barnwell, Gren. Wade Hampton of revolutionary
fame Chas. Pickney, Paul
Hamilton, William Lowndes, Jonn
Geodloe Harper and others. The years
that Mr. Hooker spenaat Columbia-are
a part of a period of transition, during
which the State was developing from
tho Federalist S^rnth Carolina of 1788
into the better known South Carolina of
1832. All South Carolinians will
thank Prof. Jameson for having made
public this most interesting diary.
i Gainesville, Ga., Dee. 8, 1899
Pitts' Aitiseptio Invigorator ks*
been used in my family and I am per
fectly satisfied that it is all, and will
do all, you elaim for ifc. Yours truly,
A. ft. fL Doraev.
P. 8.?I am using it now myself.
It'a doing me good.?Sold by Tie Murray
Drug Co., Columbia, S. C., and all
druggists, tf
? We Support the Moat Doctors.
A writer in the Medical Record is
authority for the statement that there
is in the United States on*, physician
for every 600 people. This is twice as
I ???"ni?ftnnT?t!nr!5^alp n o. tK ar* a ta. * t-i
jjuauj JJiWWW wuuu C&1.WJA4
Gre'at Britain, four times as many as
in France, live times as many as in
Germany and six times as many as
in Italy. Because we have five times
as many doctors as they have in Germany
does not prove that we have need
of five "times as much medical treatment
as the Germans, but it is. fair
enough to assume that there is encouragement
for the profession in this
country or its ranks -would not be so
well filled-. So the questions arise:
Are we a sickly people? Are we, generally
speaking, less strong and weil.
in the proportion of one to two, and
four, and five, and six than tie people
of Great Britain, and France, and Germany,
and Italy? Or is it, perhaps,
that we are more watchful of our condition,
either through nervousness that
apprehends something wrong, or
through wisdom that appreciates the
delicacy of the human mechanism?
Or, again, is it, as has been suggested,
our poor cooking that keeps us i* a
A ? P + A i f i r\r? /?/>nofonf
UXOkUi 4 v A* * VMM w
dosing??New Bedford Standard.
"Old-Time Food Laws In London.
Medieval London had summary
methods of dealing with dishonest
purveyors of food and drink. The
pillory was the usual fat? of the
baker who sold a loaf that was not
of full weight, and sometimes we read
that he was drawn on a hurdle
through the streets on his way to the
pillory, with a fraudulent loaf suspended
round his neck. A taverner
who adulterated his wino was condemned
to drink his own liquor until
he could drink no more, and the remainder
was then poured upon the unhappy
man's head.?London Express.
Steam and Modern Naxiex.
A whole fleet in the days of Nelso*
could bo built and fitted out at little
more than the cost ol a single ironclad;
the coal expended on a single oruis*
t would pay for the refitting of his whole
battle line, while the immense shells required
to make anj impression on the
modern armor plate cost more than his
whole armament. But the modern llneof-battle
ship could neither be built,
armed nor fought without the use of
steam, and its evolution may be said
to have oommencod with the first ap
plication, of tie steam engine to navigation.?Chicago
OycJonei In "West ladies.
I About 88 per' oent. of the West Imdies
cyclones oocur in August, September
and October. Fortunately
most of them are not of a very destructive
character. The record* in
the island of St. Thomas, for example,
l shovr that in the century and a half
preceding: 1S97 that island suffered
from devastating cyclones onlj sevea
times, though it is the northern and
eastern islands, such as St. Thomas,
Porto Kico, Cuba and the Bahamas,
that tre most frequently in the pathway
of the severest cyclones.?Y.
A Queer Lottery Prize.
In St. Wolfgang, a eharmi'ng little
place in the Austrian Alps, a charity
.lottery was recently held where the
great prize was a season ticket for
that unique little railroad which"
climbs up the summit of the highe?i
mountain in the vicinity, the Schafberg,
twice a day. Curiously enough,
> the prize was won by the last maa
on earth with a desire for it. Th?
' conductor on the little railroad waa
the lucky man.?2s". Y. Herald.
| Silhouette.
It is said that the word "silhouette"
originated from the niggardliness oi
a French minister of finance named
M Silhouette. Under hie rule the
k meanest tricks to economy -were practiced,
and the courtier* had th?ir por.
traits painted entirely in black with
' profile view, claiming' that M. Sili
houette had left them so poor that
1 thoy oould not afford anything i?ore
costly.?Chicago Inter Ooeaa.
A Great Recovery.
Bobbs?Isn't the recovery of old
Eonditt a wonderful thing?
Dobbs?Didn't know h? had been ill.
; "Why, he lost hi* memory entirely
Ke-frti-a t>io tor n ?MMr h^rran
work, and regained that faculty as
soon as the assessor quit."?Baltimore
, The Closet's Secret.
Mrs. Du Byous?I just know that
' there is a skeleton ia the closet at the
Mr. Du Byous?Xo, there isn't, but
' Cooley keeps in there a demijohn with
the most ghostly case of eoffln naiis
that I ever tasted.?Denver If ewe.
Germany Protecting Birds.
The feeling in Germany against the
wholesale slaughter of birds ia Italy
is getting very bitter. This year very
few swallows have come froxa the
south, and it is feared that ia a few
i years thay will ba praetiaally Jctari
jainated.?-If. Y. torn.
Auctions Sa Japan.
Auction# in. Japam ara quietly conducted.
Th? bidding1 is secret and silent,
each persoa writing his bid on
slip of paper and dropping it iato a
box. When it appears that all the
bids are in the box is opened ami the
lighest bidder is named.
His Way ot Patting; It.
1 Carruthers?Hello, Ja?k; what oh
' aartli is that bundle?
1 Jack?This is my dress suit, old fellow.
I hay? got to go to tkree "balls
this erening\?Harlem Life.
Could Take a Joke.
Barber (absently)?Shampoo, sir.
Customer (-with shining hald pat#)
?No; ? shine!?Puelc.
Dry Subjects.
Egyptian mummies ar? drjr rab*
1 fects.?Chicago UaIfc; Jtrrrs* ^
i Killed Two.
Policeman Henry Haley and Chandler
Brooks, colored, -were shot dead at the
corner of Davis and Forsyth streets
; Jacksonville, F1&., Thursday afternoon
by John Baiter, a young negro. The
, negroes were in a fight when the officer
arrested one of them, the other escaping.
While waiting for the patrol wagon
Baxter and a number of others negroes
demanded the officer to release the
prisoner. Words ensued, and before
; Haley could draw Mb pistol uaxner snot
him dead. Brooks, an inoffensive negro,
rushed to Haley's assistance aod was
shot down by Baxter. Ex-policeman
Tucker also received a severe wound
from the murderer. Baxter escaped but
was captured at 10 o'olock tonight.
Death of a Senator.
- i . n?j? tv?-e iw:_
Uoitea states oenaior jl/svib, ui iumnesota,
died at his home in St Paul on
last Wednesday after an illness of two
months. He had suffered greatly during
his sickness and gradually sank
away, being unconscious for several
hours before death, and so far as known
suffering no pain,
The formula
know just what yc
do not advertise th
j ? :i ..
uicir mcuiciuc n y
Iron 2nd Quinine pi
form." The Iron
malaria out of the
Grove's is the On
Chill. Tonics are in
that Grove's is . $'
are not experimen
and excellence h;
only Chili Cure s<
the U nited States.
Took All the CashFour
masked msn wrecked the Farmera
back of Emben HI., early Wednesday.
It is stated they secured all the
funds of the bank, between $3,000 and
$4_000. " When the robbers discharged
firof. nf dvnftTnifA in an flffnrfc
to open the vault the explosion aroused
a citizen, John Alberts, four blocks
away. Alberis hurried to the bank.
One of the robbers was on guard in the
street. He seized Alberts, who was
bound hand and foot and dragged into
the bank, where he witnessed the gang
drilling into the vault door, making
ready a second blast. When the fuiie
W38 lighted the robbers stepped outside,
and Alberts k in the corner
when it went off. He was not seriously
injured, however. The second blaafc
unhinged the vault doors and the robbers
made off with all the cash. Secur
ing a hand oar they pulled in the diieci.-?
-r rni at
ciuu ui JL/eiavau* xjucio vucjr ncio jjasjv
by Night Patrolman Sanford, who attempted
to arrest them. One of the
robbers fired and Sanford fell, mortally
wounded through the body. Oatside of
town the men boarded a passenger
train on the Chicago and Alton. _ All
traces of t^emr were lost. The engineer
of the .passenger train claims that he
saw a man jump from the first oar near
Minier, while the train was moying at a
high rate; but a search of the locality
failed to show any traces of the man.
The bank building was almost a complete
wreck and the vault was entirely
The word "artistic" has been so misapplied
that the majority of people sup'
pose it mean* something rather disorderly
and haphazard. How often literature*
gives us the prim, precis? maidea
aunt, with her narrow, intense lore of
exact outline, and the art-loving niece,
all on lire with rapture? over "color
harmonies," and contempt for everything
whioh is not picturesque! Let
us give our sympathy, however, to the
cenaea &u&u wa^c iui uui%u a w n ?
degree of the sense of beauty than appreciation.
of symmetrical arrangement.
Sculpture is a flnar achievement
of the intellect than painting. Savages
and ignorant children can take
pleasure in color display, but only a*
educated mind is moved through effect*
of form.?Florence Hull "Winter
burn, in Woman's Home Companion.
Smart Ma a.
In a busy quarter of a bustling
town s boot and shoe emporium was)
doing a fairly good business, until a
rival establishment waa started, bearing
in its window a flaming placard
with the legend: "Mens eonscia recti." j
A J-UJ.JJ.VJ. wuowvu# w, * w^v4.?r?*v*<w* I
Tie proprietor of 3Ne. 1, teeing that
his neighbor was getting more than a
fair share of patronage, concluded
that the heathenish-looking device
had something to do with it, so he
determined to checkmate him.
Accordingly one morning the public
was informed by gorgeously colored
letters that: "Men's and women's
oonscia recti may be had here of the
best quality at loweet possible prices."
That man deserved success, but,!
alas! it cam* not.?London Answer?.
What She Wanted.
"Misa Mary," said the sable maiden,
"we 'speot to lave an en'tainment at
enr ohu'oh n?x* week, an' I g^ot to speak j
a piece. I tva? jeet join* t* ast you if
you had a book with tome o' them
pieces in?"
"Why, yee, Dora, I hare a book of :
recitations. What kind of a piece do
you want?"
"Well, I was thinMn.' ob somep'n ia I
de nature of a oatelog-ue." . J
"A what?"
"A catalogue. Y* know; a pieee frith
?no person a-talkin' an' 'nother oa?
answerin' 'em back. Has yon get a
piece like dat? I'd like it fust rata.**?
Indianapolis News.
He Understood His Business.
First Beggar?Why didn't you tackle
that lady? She might hare given ys*
Second Beggar?I let h?r go bscawt
I understand my business better thaa
yon. I never ask a woman for anything
when she is alone; but when two
women are together yon can get money
from both, because each one is afraid
the other will think her *tingy if she
refuses. This profession has to be
studied, just like any other, if you eiI
Tkont tn make a success of it, s?e!?Har
Ism Life.
Failed to Tarn It Down.
Tess?I never saw any man so alow
as Mr. Timrus.
Jess?Ha is alow isn't he?
"Awfully. We -were sitting in the
parlor last night, and he suddenly
said: If yon conld only see how much
I lore you I'm sure you'd let me kiss
rou.' I told him 'I souldn't see it ia
that light,' and he just sat tier* like
* stiok."?Troy Times.
Queerest Street In the World.
Canton, China, possesses the queerest
street in the world. It is roofed im
with glazed paper fastened on bamboo,
and contains more signboards to the
square foot than any street in any
ther country. It contains no other
shops but those of apothecaries and
*e?tists.~Chicasro Chronicle.
Jfot a Promiiing Pupil.
Uncle (giTing his nephew a few hints ;
! on politeness)?Now, why, for instance,
I do I make it a point to turn my back
as little as possible to the ladies ?
Johnny (promptly)?So they won't
ie? your" bald spot.?Meg-g-endorfer
j Elaetter. j
aria, CMIIs ai
1 *
rasteless Ch
is plainly printed on every.
>u are taking when you take
eir formula knowing that y
ou knew what it contained,
at up in correct proportions a
acts as a tonic whil<^ the
system. Any reliable druggis
fginai and that all other
nitations. An analysis of oth<
uperior to all others in ei
ting when you take Grov
avin? lone been establish*
.O VJ *
old throughout' the entire
No Cure, No Pay; Pric<
Density of Ropuls.tioiL
The density of the population of
South Carolina, according to recent
ceflBus, is 43 8 10 persons per square
mile, against 37 6 10 in 1390 and 32 5
1A in 1QQft Oni? nnnnlatinn io mftTfl
than five times as dense as it was in
1790, when there were 8 2 10 inhabitants
to the square mile. In 1800 tbe
density per square mile was 11 5-10; in
1810, 13 8 10; in 1820, 167 10;in.l830,
19 3-10; in 1840,19 7 10; in 1850, 22 1
0; in 1860, 23 3 10; in 1870, according
to a detective enumeration, 25 8-10.
We now have nearly twice as many inhabitants
per square mile as in 1850
and 1860. The percentage of increase
between 1790 and 180C was 38 7 10; between
1800 and 1810, 20 1-10; between
1810 and 1820 2110-0; 1820 betwen and
1830,15 6 19; between 1830 and 18i0,
2 2-lo; between 1840 and 1850, 12 4 10:
between 1850 and I860, 5 7-10; between
1860 and 1870, 2-10ths cf 1 per cent.;
between 1870 and 1880, 41; between
1880 and 1890, 15- 6-10 and between
1890 and 1909, 16 4 10. The recoga?
f.Ka oAncni r\f 187ft
JJ 141 OVA UlMVVUAdV/ V* Vi*v wmww V* w
effects the percentage of increase indicated
for that year as well as for 1880,
making the first much smaller than
it really was. The very small increases
shown between 1830 and 1840 and 1850
and 1860 were unquestionably due to
the nullification and seccession agitations
and the emigration of many thousands
ofi South Carolinians to the southwest.?The
Hypnotized into MatrimonyThe
most novel claim ever set up for
i* i i _ j- t-_ vr n t*_i
divorce nas Deen maae oy a. xaimer,
a business mas of San Francisco,
who claims in his complaint against his
wife that she made him marry her
against his will, and thafc at the time
of the wedding he was in a ''hypnotic
fog." Mrs. Pajmer was formerly Mrs.
Fanny Stockton, who was expelled
from the First Congregtaicnal church of
San Francisco. Palmer declares that
she hypnotized the Bev. C O.Brown,
whose forced resignation from the pastorate
of the church caused much comment
a few years ago. Mrs. Palmer
is now in Chicago.
Hani to Beit our. Line .
of HaCiiiflonr anil
Mill Supplies.
Lane, Chase, Hege, Liddell and High
Point sawmills
The Murray Cleaning and Distributing
System. * i
Licideil Automatic and plain Engines.
"Sioux ' UoriiM Engines.
' New South" Brick Machinery.
Farquhar Threshers aud Grain Drills.
Disston Saws and files.
Peerless Packings, Sjeveni Sewer Pipe,
and Supplies generally.
Erie City Engines and Boilers
Egan Woodworking Machinery.
"Queen of the South" Grist Mills
Kelley Duplex Feed Mills
Bundy Traps and Steam Specialties
Magnolia and Columbia Babbett Metals.
W. H. fiibbes & Co.,
Rfll Osawftfa Rtrpflt,
T f C4K7JLK.
^'Whitens the Teeth
Cleanses the Month
Sweetens the Breath
Drug Co.,
(tares La trippe, dyspepsia, indigestion
sad all tt^aach. and bowel troubles, colic or
oholcra morbus, teething troubles with
children, kidney troubles, bad blood and
all sorts of vores, risings or felons, cats and
ksrns. It is as good antiseptic, when locally
applied, as anything on the market.
* fry it and yon will praise it to others
if your drczjirt d?e?s'i keep it write to
On improved real estate.
Interest eight per cent,
payable semi-annually.
No commissions charged
E. K. Palmer,
Gen feral National Bank Building,
905 Plain St-, Gelumb^ g, C
\V - V
* .
7<f ? I
I %" |
ill Tonic. I
_ bottle?hence you
Grove's. Imitators
ou would not buy
Grove's contains
tnd is in a Tasteless
Quinine drives the
t will teU you that
so-called Tasteless .
zr chill-tonics shows
/ery respect. You
e's?its superiority
id. Grove's is the
malarial sections of
Saw Mills, I
Corn Mills, j
Cane Mills,
RinA TTnlWs. M
Pea Hullers,
Planers and!
Swing Saws,
Rip Saws, |j
and all otlaer kinds of woofc
wAi?lrinff rrsonh 1 naw \Pw
TTVllMJkfeg mtfaVH ?Iiva J m,9mw
geant Log Beam. Saw inffl fl jj
tlit heaviest, strongest,
most efficient mill for the ;
money on the market, qniok, j |
aconratw. State Agent foe a. ;;
B. Smith Machine Company
wood working machinery; |S
For high grade engines, plain ~M
slide valve?Automatic* and > gB
Corliss, write me: Ait^- ~f
Watertown, and Strathers
ana wens.
V. C. BAD H A M|- '
1326 Main St., Columbia, 8. 0.
The New Ball Beuris;
Domestic 1
Sewing Machin^gj
It Leads in Workmanship.
Capacity, Strength, Light Knanhv^
Every Woman Wants One.
~ _*r -^3
Attachments, Needles and
Parts for Sewing Machines
of all makes.
When ordering needles send ^
sample. Price 37c per dostfi, M
* ' Agents.Wtnted
in Unoconpiti T?qi;
J. L. SHULL, 1219
Taylor Street,
MENT, the Great Antiseptic
Healer, cures Piles, Eczema,
Sore Eyes, Gianulated Eyelids, r-sg
Carbuncles, Boils, Cute, Bruises,
Old Sores, Burns, Corns, - ^
Bunions, Ingrowing Toenails, ?
Inflammatory Rheumatism,
Aches and Pains, Chapped
Hands and Lips, Erysipelas.
It is something everybody
needs. Once used always used. f||
For sale by all druggists said
dealers. At wholesale ?>y J
Columbia, 8. 0.
Ortman Pays |
the EXpress ;
Steam Dyeing of everyJttflfl
description. Steam, Nap-^^jM
tha, French Dry and M
VUCllUbBl ucauauig. OQilU 3
for ?ui new jnrice list and
circular. All work gu&z :||H
anteed or no charge. Vgm
Qrtoafl's Steam Dye Voir |
1810 Main Street
Colombia, S. 0 - |||
A. L Ortman, Proprietor.
QPHPig CQSMftE^WHiSK*^. *4
of references. ?5 Tears a opecialtr. Sos^MinH
Hom? Treatment *?nt FBEE. Addren Hn
1 a. m. wuuLLir, m* UMAuvnitUtira
*.- "

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