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The Fairfield news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1881-1900, December 12, 1900, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/2012218613/1900-12-12/ed-1/seq-1/

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f Wat fairficlD :Tms anD Heralir.
The Republicans Demand a Large
Standing Army.
r --
iThe Intoducticn cf Army Bill in
th?? House Causes Lively
Scenes, it Is Attacked
by Republicans.
The introduction of the army bill in the
house last Ximrsaay maae tamp uwtsiy
for a time. Mr. Richardson, of Ten
rnessee, on behalf of the minority, said
those on his side of the House recognised
the necessity for some legislation
but they did not agree that this bill
fe establishing a permanent standing arm?
f should become a law. If an emergency
* exists an emergency should be provided
for, a large standing army should not
be established. One obnoxious feature
/was fundamental. It was proposed to
provide an army which could be expand<sd
at the will or one man from 58 000
^ tfco 100,000. No matter how good or
able that man might be, he was not
willing to see one man given such
power. It was, in his opinion, abdicating
the functions of Congress.
Mr. Grosvenor, of Ohio, in support
of the resolution, paid that persoually
he was in favor of a standing army of
100,COO. The people, he said, were
not alarmed by the cries that their
liberty was to be subverted. It was a
glorious tribute to our system that
never had the President of the United
State; attempted to abuse his power
Onp of the maeoificent
sots of Grover Cleveland had been his
assumption of his duty to keep the
peace in a ?reat Commonwealth by
mears of the United States army when
the Governor of that State did not want
him to interfere. Mr. Grosvenor said
that if there had been a standing army :
j? of^jfiy-taan^aq.d loval men at the battie
ot Bnll Kun the rebellion would,
have ended in thirty days. Mr Grosvenor
and Mr. Underwood indulged in
some sharp crossfiring, after which the
resolution was adopted without division.
* Mr. Hull explained the details of the
bill, which, he said, followed practical
ly the scheme already twice endorsed
by the House. The main objection he
had heard to the organization proposed
was to the alleged preponderat
ing influence of the cavalry. This, he
said, was necessary because of the effectiveness
of cavalry in operations in
the Philippines. Mr. Hull ridiculed
ike charges made duriog the recent
.^wimp&ign by the opposition to the effect
the Republican party desired to
g% rat upon the oountry a great standing
R^P'my. Replying to Mr. Hepburn, of
NHsisL wa, Mr. Hall sa?d that to "appoint
_ x ?C J ? ^
^BIlf vojuni*er oxncers iu grauc ui unj m |
^wnxld do a great injustiee to regular
army officers who have served twenty or
twenty-five years in the army.
tateM Mr. Ccohran, of Mi3soari, who folB&pwed
Mr. Hall, introduced the polltiphase
of the question- He charged
PP^^J^the avowed purpose of the Admin
istrationrto "use an army' of 60,000 to
enforce its mandates in the Philippines,
was the very essence of imperialism
Ifo aimy that marched upon the face of
the earth couM accomplish the subjection
of the Philippines. Their geo?
* * * - -1- J - At i.*
grapmcai posiuon raaue taeni prauueally
independent of outside control.
Mr. Kleberg, of Texas, announced
lis unalterable opposition to an increase
of the standing army. Its only
use oould be the establishment of a military
government in the Philippines and
he appealed to bis colleagues to stand
unflincningly against the subversion of
the Constitution.
Mr. Shafroth, of Colorado, offered
some figures to show that the retention
of the Philippines, for which this pro
proposed large increase is the standing
army was to be adopted, must prove a
Qlt&siruus liiYCetiiiCiii. UC Diaicu vuav
it would cost the people of the United
8tate*sixty million of dollars a year to
earn $135.000 for Amerioan manufacturers
and exporteis.
The sensation of the day occured
when Mr. Shafroth took his seat. Mr.
Boll, in charge of the ti ne on the Republican
side, stated that no one on
his side desired to speak farther.
Thereupon Mr. Stiver, who had oharge
of the tim3 on the Democratic side,
yielded an hour to Mr. McCall, Republican,
of Massachusetts. This was the
first intimation the House had that the
Massachusetts member was to oppose
ttte D111.
Mr. McCall declared that he did not
believe in the prinoiple of giving the
Executive authority to multiply almost
by two the regular army, although
President MoKinley would doubtless
exercise that discretion patriotically.
' The objection was one of prinoiple.
twtpoh Armli) nAt. Ka
' kJiUJU a giauti ui yvnui vuiuu mvv vw
paralleled is the constitutional monarchies.
It was not conferred with
any limitation as to time. The Government
should have declared at the
outset a policy in the Philippines similar
to that declared in Cuba. Our system
of government was manifestly unfit
for a oolonial policy, but that Dosition
had been so frequently discussed
that he would consider the practical
ffnoe*inn whAt^AT it. was fnr ftlir int.ATASr,
to remain in the Philippines. There
was no oommunity of interest between
the people of those islands and the United
States, and they were almost as far as
the poles asunder. No advocate of retain*
*"kt - 1_ 3 "L i
mg tne rnuippxnes naa oeen aanng
enough to maintain that they should be a
Eh part of oar political system. In fast the
great argument in favor of the principle
of the Porto Rico tariff was that if we
could not apply that prinoipie to Porto
Rico we could not retain the Philippines.
Upon what theory, he ssfced, are we
to remain in that country? The French
army costs $125 000,000 a year; the
?-German, $130,00U,UUU; tte tfritisb,
$100,000,000 and the Jttussian, $153,000,OuO.
These figures induce pensions
and fortifications. '"If this
^ bill passes the war department will
B| need $113,000,000. There is another
Slg^cost aos included ia these fiuures,
fewhioh is a necessary incident to an
[pftrmy. as maoh a part of its cost as the
1 TUf nan. I
a? Ui oviutgJkO. AO j/vm
?L won system. ' We are appropriating for
||l lihat purpose $145,000,000 a year. Oar
H& liotal charges, therefore, for military
^a>arpose3 are $260,000,000 par year, aa
amount greater than the joint military
rxDen'esof these two armed rivaia,
Franceaod Germany."
In conclusion Mr. McCall pleaded
that in deaJing with ihe Philippines we
pursue American precedents, and said:
"The time has come when v?e caa
frankiy declare nur purposes. Let ua
oi?a fhnno nflrtnin "fchnsa assurances
which oar history inspired. Let us tell
them that wo will aid them for one year
or for five, if need be, in setting np a
Government of their own, nymboliied j
by their own Sag, and we will leave
wish them all that i3 most glorious in
tie meaning of our flag?liberty, independence
andtelf eovernmant."
When Mr. MoCall finished the Demo
crass appiauueu mm vigutvusij.
Mr. Cox, of Tennessee, a member of
the military committee, spoke against
the general principle of increasing the
size of the permanent army.
Mr. Hull declared that Mr. McCall
had misapprehendee the putpose of the
bill The President under the treaty
of Paris must assert the sovereignty of
the United States over the Phil'ppine
Islands. The people of the United
States must decide how low our authority
there shall exist. Personally he
believed tbat our soverignty over the
Philippines wouH continue as long as
thfi RennHlin Andnred.
"Honestly, ne w," asked Mr Williams,
"independently of the Philippine
question, do you not want a permanent
army of $o,0G0 men for other
"No, mort emphatically no," answered
Mr. Hull.
General debate was then closed and
the bill was read for amendment under
the five^minute rule.
a young- highwayman
He Will Stay in the Peniteniary Five
recently sent a batoh of
thirty criminals to. the penitenitary.
Among the number is a ten year old
boy, who gets five years for snatching a
pockofc-book from a lady. Here is aD
account of the youthful criminal as
given by the News and Courier:
"Photographs of the most notorious
members of the penitentiary delegation
were taken from the police Saturday
afternoon. When the photographer
went to the jail the prisoners hailed
his arrival with more or less pleasure.
They ail seemed glad to leara that pic
in'res of the "bad niggers" would be
preserved. The boy Singleton, the
young highway robber, was the proud
est negro in the bunch. He was so de
lighted over the thought of having his
photograph preserved in the police
archives that he brushed himself up
and did the best he knew how in the
wa? of looking pleasant. Before his
'sittine' he asked for a Docketbook.
This created surprise; but the boy said
he wanted to pin it on his breast, so it
would show in the picture. 'I is er
highway robber' he said behind smiles
'an as I is goia' up for stealia' a pocket
book I wants to hab one ob dem ting
an me breast. 4'The puree was pined
on the bey's shirt, where it would be
seen, and he stood up with his best ex
pression. while the photographer pressed
the button. The pictures of the
other criminals were desired by the police,
and these will be preserved for fu
tnre .reference."
Mush comment is being made as to
this case, and it is likely that some
good people will uoderrake to secure a
pirdon and send the boy where his
character may be formed. A writer ia
the News and Courier says: '"The
case of the Sicgleten boy has attracted
a great deal of attraction. He was with
another boy in King street one afternoon
when a young lady passed by.
She was wearing a pursa suspended
f.-om her belt, and it contained about
$65. The boy followed her until he
s<*w a good opening, and without a word
he ran up close and snatohed the wal
let. A crowd had him oornered in
Wentworth street a few minutes later,
but the "puree was not found. At the
trial the boy said he took the money,
but gave it to another boy when he saw
tie crowd following him. While the
boy is young in year3, he is old in ex
perienee and time, and he is believed
to have been the leader of a young robber
band whioh had been operating
quietly for some time. His stay in
Columbia, however, will help to de
velop nis. body, altnon.^n it is couDtiui
if it will improve his mind or his morals."
Who Ctime Very Hear Seiiu? Hung
])uring the Civil WarAmong
the seven new members of
the house of representatives is a man
who was once sentenced to be hanged?
the hero of one of the most exciting
episodes of the civil war. In 1863 a
* 3 j. _ ? J 1
youug conieuerate irom Aiaoama nsmea
William Richardson was captured by
the federal force in Tennessee and
taken to a prisoners' camp in Indiana.
He mace his escape and got back to
Nashville, where he had relatives who
sympathized with the Southern cause
and who arranged for him to go through
the Uarion lines with a confederate
spy known as "Mr. Paul." The pair
were captured by Gen. Crittenden's
forces, taken to his headquarter at
Murfreeeboro, and, after trial before a
drum-head courtmartial, were sentenced
to ignominious death by hanging,
which is the fate of spies, who, unt
. t * # m 1 , 1
aer tne rules or wariare, ao not aeserve
honorable death by shooting.
In seme manner the news was
brought to Gen. Forrest?forty seven
miles sway?that one of the most valuable
2c.en in the secret service of the
Confederacy was about to be hanged by
Gen. Crittenden, and an hour or two
before daylight on the morning appointed
for the execution Forrept surprised
Crittenden's forces, demoralizing
them, killing a good many and taking
a large number of prisoners. Daring
the fight; "Mr. Paul" and young Rich
ardson managed to escape. After the
war tho latter returned to Alabama,
studied law with his father, who was an
eminent member of the bar of that
state, and now comes to oocgress as
the successor of Gen. Joe Wheeler.?
Chicago Record.
An engine on the Grand Trunk railroad
near Ingle wood Junction Oat.,
Wednesday, crashed into a hand-car on
which were five aeotion men going to
their work All were killed instantly.
How Money Was LovishiylUsed
by the Republicans.
of Votes in New York
State- Some Inside Facts
on the Late
The Washington correspondent of the
Baltimore San lets in considerable light
on th? late *leotion. He says: Vote
bribing in Kent and other Eastern Shoro
counties of Maryland, as recently set
forth in The San, had its parallel in
Western Shore counties of the State
and in hundreds oi ooun ties in diff rent
States of the Union. If the praotioe of
buying votes is not broken up it will
attain to such an extent Chat elections
will universally be decided by the corrupt
use of money, and not by the free
will of the peole.
Campaign committees and subscriptions
by vested interests for the defray
ment o? election expensee were practically
unknown ia the politics of the
United States until after the close of
Civil War. The poorest and most
obscure man in the baokwoods would
hare promptly resented as an insult any
proposition looking to the purchase of
his vote. It is true there were eleotion
frauds; witness the Plaquemines frauds
in Louisiana and the repeating and
false counting which were done under
Know-Kothing anspices in the city of
Baltimore. But bribery, which has
now taken deep root in every doubtful
State and every doubtful Congressional
district in the entire Union, had no
part in the determination of election
It is one of the manifold blessings
which has cooae through the rise and
progress of the ^tspublican party. From
cainpaiga to campaign it has grown until
now it flourishes like a green bay
tree. The story told in the The San
of Kent is startling enough, heaven
knows. It ia very far from being the
whole story if any reliance can be placed
on the corrent political gossip which
fl >ats in this direction. According to
this, a sum in the neighborhood ot
$50,000 was spent in the interest of the
itepub ican Electoral and Congressional
ticket on the Eastern Shore of Maryland.
The same policy of baying votes
was practiced in almost every eounty
on the Western Shore, and iamor places
the expenditure at $80,000.
It is not understood that any votebuying
of consequenoe was done in the
city of Baltimore. It seems to be the
fact that in the large cities there is not
much of this kind of business. For
various reasons it is rather a dangerous
operation in the cities and one which is
very likely to get those concerned into
into trouble.
There are other methods of improperly
icflaenoing city votes, which are
liberally aviled of?methods perhaps
not so bad as bribery, but certainly of a
-i i ti
cii&rauier wuivju iuuso lcspuusiuio xv/i
would hesitate very long before introducing
into private business transactions.
Politics in the Uuited Srates is
fast becoming a vast gambling game,
where brag, bluff, trickery and stacked
cards are the leading features. The
princicfil players show very often that
private motives, not public policy, infiaence
all their actions.
The campaign in Maryland just ended
furnishes more than one striking
illustration of this. Suspicions were
Antprtairifld. and man several occasions
found utterance, taat several gentlemen
supposed to be active in promoting Mr.
Brian's prospects at heart were really
taking no interest in the cause and in a
covert way were throwing all the cold
water upon it they could. These
charges were indignantly denied by
those affeoted. Since the election the
stories have been revived and brought
to Washington by Maryland Republicans,
who make great sport over it, and
affirm they know what they are talking
"his fight next teas."
A very prominent Maryland Democrat
of the regular persuasion,
speaking to me a night or two before
the election of another not less prominent
than he, said: ''I believe if he
thought it would not be found out he
would plump in a vote for MeKinley."
A friend of mine, who does not reside
in the State >of Maryland?a man
worthy of all confidence?told me the
gentleman who has for years been known
as the Democratic boss of Baltimore
said to him in October that he was tak
?- ? f kn f mao
XUg UU liibClCCU lu IUO u^LLLj vuau iu naa
cot his fight; his fight would coma next
Oae of the most noted Democratic
ward bosses of Baltimore, who was ostensibly
working very hard for Bryan,
in his confidential moments had no
hesitation in expressing the most cordial
wishes for his defeat. All of these
gentlemen will be in the fight next year
in Maryland tooth and toe nail, because
it will be their fight, and, as politics
goes, it may possibly make no difference
that passively, if not actively, they assisted
in the downfall of the national
candidate of the party.
The tortuous ways of Maryland polities
are, of oourse, not much, better and
not much worse than the- politics of
other States ruled by bosses who think
of themselves only. Yon will recall
that grave doubts were expressed durir>?*
??mn?iun f\t fliA tv nf
Richard Croker's professed devotion to
Bryan. I had that doubt myself, and
His now scarcely less than a conviction.
.Everything tends to confirm the belief
that, as usual, there was a deal between
Croker and Piatt, and each of them
knew what he was about.
I must tell you what I heard down in
Wall street in the later days of the campaign
and from men who professed to
have a share in the transaction. It was
s*id that a month or two before the
Kmsas City Convention a fund was
w-piamoItt flifimflffld ftf
$500,000 to $1,000,000, for the purpose
of securing the insertion of a silver
plank in the Kansas City platform.
The silver plahk was put in, and, as ^ ia
a matter of history, by one majority
uu y. Dyvid B Hiil was most anxious
to be a xu;iiiHer of the committee on
resolutions Mr. Crcker would not per
mit this, bnt put on the committee
from New York odo of his o?=n men,
who voted for silver If Mr Hill -had
been on that committee silver would
haye been left out.
sbnatoe Daniel's attitude
Senator Denial, of Virginia, as in
tense silver man, earnestly questioned
the expediency of reaffirming the siiver
clause of 1896. Oiher Southern men
on that committee sided with h'tn
Colonel Baughman, of Maryland, made
an eloquent and passionate appeal
I against it. It has been said the vote
; of Prince David, of Hawaii, put in
j silver. It might just as well be said
the vote ef of any other member of the
majority determined it. Cemioly but
ts\y V5* P.iinlrAr'ii m?n if f?AnlH hivo
A. \JX i-'MA. * V/AVAW* kJ MIUM ? wvw J-W- . v
The Wall street men told me Croker
got the money which was raised, aDd
whether he divided with anyone else
was neither known nor oared. As Mr.
Croker is on record assaying he in politics
for his pocket, everyone is at
liberty to draw hi* own inferences.
To return to toe question of the
systematic bribery of voters everywhere
so graphically dilated upon in The 8an
editorially, I will tell you in what
States it ra? riot on election day, oufc-:j
~e vf 1 j. t? TX7??t V;
blue ui luai/iauu. xu f? cau t ligiuio,
in Ohio, in Indiana, in Illinois, in
Kansas, Newbraska, in South Dakota
and in New York. There were others, of
oourse, where bribery was more or less
largely resorted to, but ifc was mosfc
glaring in the States named. Ib may
be a surprise to r pie generally to hear
this about "up-b?*te" dn New York,
the praotice is -carried oa io so bold and
uoblushiDg a mancer that the bargains
are made in eight and hearing of all
those around. It is no unaommon
speotale to see an old farmer in Western
vr _ XT ?1_ j_i__ ; At. ll_
new JtorK anve up 10 iue puim wua
his sods, holding the reins over a pair
of horses whioh belong to him, getting
out and negotiating with the vote buver
for the votes of himself and his boys.
Fot this statement I have the authority
of one of the most eminent oitizens of
Whateyer may be said of Mr. Bryan's
doctrines and of his utteranoes, there
10 *Vvia nhinh mnafr Via in hiq faffftr1
Not one of the millions of votes oast
for him represented bargain and sale.
' Uadoubtediy Democratic managers
have been as guilty as Republicans in
this horrible traffio, but as it happened
this time the Democrats had no money
to buy votes. Their campaign committees
from one end of the country to the
other were lietraiiy riding under bare
' T* t* T _ 1 *
poles, f rom inr. jones onairman 01
the National Committee, down so
slender was the exchequer that they
were all eompelled to practice the most
rigid economy in every item of expenditure.
They could not even have
all the printing done which they would
have liked.
It is said that the contributions
which came to the National Democratic
Commicttee did not in all exceed $200000,
while the stream whioh flowed into
the ooffers of the Republican Committee
aggregatee $15,000,000. What may
" -i?I AAnl /3 ?Af
possibly have absorbed more than half
a million of this sum. Just think of
the golden shower which was left to
rain down on the heads of the venal
voiers, and how sickening it is to olaim
the people have indorsed the Administration
The dollars which the trusts threw
into the lap of the Republican Committee
came thicker than doughnuts.
Si muohaof the treasure is left that the
National Committee and the Maryland
and other State oommittees propose to
keep open house in the entire fonr years
interval between now and the next
Presidential election.
Phosphates and Fertilizers.
A writerin the Frenoh paper L' Engrais,
recently said, commenting on the
Paris Expcuton, and. especially the
American exhibit at this Exposition:
"The American exhabition in the gallery
of mines is in all points remarkable,
and complete specimens of all the
phosphates exploited in the United
States were expected, bat the disappointment
was great. There was nothing,
or nearly nothing, bearing on the
vario is phosphate exploitation^ in
Florida, Carolina and Tennessee. Oae
of the finest productions of Amerioa
was found completely ignored." It is
easy to see the cause of this neglect,
in the fact that the Southern States as
a whole, took very Jittie interest in tne
Paris Exposition, and thus failed to
present to the world one of the largest
industries of that part of the United
States, and one which furnishes the
chief souroe of wealth to the citizens
of certain of the more important States
of the South. This is a feature in which
however, it is safe to say, The South
Carolina Inter State and West Indian
Exposition will surpass any that has
ever been held in this or any other
oouotry. It would be strange if this should
not be the ease, seeing that this
Exposition will be held at Charleston,
the largest manufacturing centre of
commercial fertilizers in the world,
which is surrounded by regions whioh
contain soma of the richest beds of
phosphatio deposits whioh hare been
discovered in this oountry.
Gen Eaa;an EestoredBrigadier
General Egan, oommisssary
general, was Thursday restored to duty
by the President and was at onoe plac
ed on the retired list. The order issued
by the President remitted the unexpired
portion of his sentence and re
stored him to duty. This order was
immediately followed by one issued by
Gen. Miles announcing that Eigan had
been plactd on the retired list on his
application, after thirty years of service.
, Col. John F. Weston who has
been acting as commissary general since
Egan was suspended, will be promoted
to the full rank of the office.
Chinese Cruelty.
Walter Kennedy, contractor and ex
pert engineer who has just returned
from oompleting some big contracts in
China said he saw twenty-six Chinamen
beheaded for no reason other than that
they were it his employ. During the
time he was erecting extensive machinery
he was practically a prisoner
' * * . 1
and did not mow wnat momens no
would bo taken from hii work and ?xooutod.
p ? ? ? el u; T<-?
xmaofc a OUUI;JUJU^ xiagoujr m a noik
Virginia Town.
Hon. J3. Davis Stokes shot and instantly
killed Rev. John W. Wohl in a
street duel at Williamson, W. V?., Mr.
Stokes being also dangerously injured.
Throughout the whole town and even
in che country districts the exoitemeni
is intense.. .
Mr. Stokes, one of the most prominent
young lawyers in Mingo county, left
l:_ JC ?w:~ _*i. :
after dinner and pleasantly greeting
frienda on the way, walked up with
quick and firm etep ia the direction of
the house occupied by Kev. Mr. Wohl
and his housekeeper, Mrj. Lsrine, Mr.
Wohi's family beirg in Kentucky.
Mr. Stokes stopped at the gate to talk
with .Mrs. Levine, who atood in her
doorway. Within a few minutes the
minister came out of the house. He
seemed to be greatly exoited about
something, and said to Mrs. Levine as
he passed her at the door; "You would
be much better at present in the house."
Shd laughingly replied that the day
was i&r too pretty to be spent enurely
within doora, and Mr. Stokes interrupted
by remarking: ''Yes, don't think
of leaving U3 for the house."
Quick as a flash Mr. Wohl turned,
and addressing Stokes, said: "Leave
th8 premises."
Aa altercation followed. Both men
ran quickly to the sidewalk direotly in
front of the bouse. Something was
said, almost indistinguishable that drew
from R?v. ,Wcbl a sharp retort.
"You &T3 a liar," and in an instant
the report of a revolver was heard.
Stokes stumbled, tried to regain
his footing, tas fell in the street.
Wounded as he was, he drew his revolver
and covered the mioister, now
within ten feet of his fallen foe. Again
Wohl fired, and simultaneously with
that shot the gun in the sinking hand
of Stokes spoke. When the smoke cleared
away the two men lay in their own
blood upon the sidewalk. A crowd
ran to the scene. Rev. Wohl was dead.
Chance had carried the ballet fromStokes'
pistol through the head of the
minister, killing him as He fell. The
bullet had entered Stokes' side below
the heart and passed entirely through
HIS UUliy.
Ia the hill of the minister's home,
facing the fearful duel to the death,
fallen across the doorway, was found
Mrs. Levine. It was first thought she
was dead, and had probably been shot,
but an investigation showed that she
had only fainted from fright.
Up to a late hour this evening Mr.
Stohes has refased to say anything concerning
the terrible tragedy, and Mrs.
T : : _ * u
citemenfc to talk.
Rev. Wohl was recognized as one of
the most forceful and eioqaent Presbyterian
ministers of this State. Mr.
Stokes is an ex-Virginia university president
and oomes from one of the best
families of the old dominion.
It be comes more evident that the
shootiDg of Bev. John H. Wohl by the
Hon. S. I). Stokes was the result of
the seathing sermoa preached by Rev.
Whol last Sunday. Mr. Stokes is tonight
improving and it is now expected
that he will recover.
Mr$. Lswis late this evening made
an affidavit in which she, the only eyetrifnpaa
nf f.hp fi<rhk thrniiffhnnfc. ntTAftrs
that the first shot was fired by Bav.
Whol after a prolonged discussion of
the sermon and the cartoons and oaricatures
that had been used to emphasize
its more striking passages. The
Rev. Whol in his sermon depicted in
vivid language the terrible results
of the dance and drink, and condemned
without exception every woman, mar
ned or single, who indulged in either.
. Six Hundred Million a 'Sear.
The Secretary of the Treasury to-day
sent to Congress the annual estimates
of the expenses of the Government for
the coming year. They aggregate $626,741,
762. This is a slight decrease
from the total estimates of last year.
The appropriations for the present,
year are $586,655,362 The estimates
cover every bianch of Government
service and by department are as follows:
Legislative, $10,956,700; executive,
$283,400; States department, $2 125.
148; treasury department,
136; war department, $176,658 345;
navy departmont, $88,913,248; interior
department, $170,799 705; postoffioe department,
$6 295 877; department of
agriculture. $4,669,050; department of
labor, $177,980; department of justice,
Tne details of the war and navy estimates,
including rivers and harbors,
have been published.
The public building estimates include
Baltimore, Md, custom house $500,000,
New York custom house $500,000,
Tamra, Fla, Court House, postoffice
and custom house $100,000, marine hospital
at'Hoaolulu $200,000.
The total for rivers and harbors, including
continuing contracts, is $33,881,317.
. . .
The total for pensions is $144 000,000,
for fees and examinations $700,000,
and foi pension agencies $545,230.
Neve consuls are estimated for as follows:
Nuchwang and Hangchow $3,000
eaoh, Port Limon, Costa Rioa, $2,000;
Moscow, $2,000; Manzanillo, Cuba,
For Indian affairs $9,250,571.
Rich Bag Picker.
An inventory of the estate of Sarah
E. Gardner, an eccentric old woman
who died last spring, was filed in the
probate oonrt at Newport, JR. I., Wed
needay. Miss Gardner, who lived to be
more than seventy claimed to be a direct
deoendant of the famous Commo
dore Perry. For years she lived in a
wretched hovel in the most ecmalid aeo
ticn of the city. She left a will, however,
naming Lewis L. Simmons executor,
without bonds and with the stipulation
that he need not make an inventory
to the ooxirts, but that after all her
debts and faneral expenses were paid,
he was to turn over to the Rhode IsUnd
Society for the Prevention of Cruelty
to Animals the residue of the estate.
This is now found to be $30,000. For
years Miss Gardner had devoted her
life to rummaging in ash barrels. When
1 i . J _:i a vu:_v
ner uome was searcueu pnea ui ruuuiau
were found, besides expensive silk garments.
The Expenditures of Late Director
Genera! of Cuba.
Charged Everything to Public from
Coachman's Gloves to $850
Carriage. A Mass
cf Figures.
8enator Piatt of Connecticut*, chairman
of the senate committee on relations
with Cuba, Friday made public
the statynent prepared by the auditing
/i nrri cirtw r\f fliA nm aViAor.
UCT4D1VU VL bug wax .uvfouiuguv ouvning
the expenditures mad# by E. Gk
Rathbone, late diiector general of the
department of posts for Cuba. The
statement covers the period from
January 1, 1899, to April 30, 1900.
There are no remarks, and the bock
is a solid mass of figures. The total
disallowances for the 16 months were
The first disallowance was oa accoanfc
of an expenditure of $S50 for a duchess
oxrriage, made on the 28 ?h of February,
tnnn mi t i i
ioy?.- mere were ircqaent uisoarsements
for the director general's carriage
Bent for the coachman, stable, etc.,
seems to have been regularly paid out
of the public fuuds at the rate of $110
per month, and in one or two instances
the hostler a salary was thus supplied.
All the ooach furnishings were provided
in this way. In 1899 a uniform
costing $40, a pair of boots costing $15
and another hat costing $9 were bought
for the coachman. June 9, a rain coat
costing $26 was supplied to that individual.
The coach later was supplied
with rubber tires at an expense to the
public of $110. In addition there were
many miscellaneous oharges for stable
rent and for oarnage and oar hire. All
of the payments made to C. W. F.
Neeley, chief of the financial bureau of
the department, appear to ha re been
carefully scrutinized, and many of them
were disallowed.
Neeley made a trip to the United
States going as far west as his old
home in Indiana under the direction it
is stated in the report, of the director
general, and many 01 the charges in
this connection were disallowed, upon
re-exami natron, but doc or course, until
they had been paid.
In April 1899, Mr. Rathbone made a
visit to this country under the claim
that it v/as made in obedience to the
orders of the postmaster general, and
the auditor finds that the trip was not
authorised and refuses to sanotion the
entire expenditure which was an even
$500. Similar action is taken with referaoce
to the purehase of an enameled .
bath tub for the department of posts
eecurred at a cost of $42. Attorneys and
notaries were paid $110 for services in
connection with the leasing of Mr.
lUthbcne'a residenoe. There was also
charges for plumbing and paper hanging
at the residenoe and for a chandelier
in the billiard room of that establishment.
In one case the rent of the
house was paid from the public funds.
The house also appears to have been
furnished at the oost of the public. In
Deoember of 1899, and January 1900
several Dills were paid to New York
and Washington firms by Rathbone,
- Li. *Q9& ..J *QCQ *199
aggregating yvuu auu vug
one $121, another $135.
The last bill includes 240 entries and
covers many articles of domestio use,
euch as clothes, gloves, scarfs, toilet
articles, cuspidors, champagne and oth
er wine glasses, table ware, kitohen
utensils, bedsteids, bed room eetfi, bed
clothing, eto., shirts, collars, and oufs
were charged to the government.
All the payments made <to Cowan &
Co., of Muncie, Ind., for printing and
fltaiiouary aggregnuug eovcrai iuuusand
dollars, are found to hare been
Burned to Death.'
Wednesday Pat E. Bain, ex-constable,
and highly respeoted citizen of the
Garland precinct, Dallas county, Texas,
was barned to death in John Chapman's
saloon. According to his dying statement
he wai dragged, robbed and then
set aire. His clothes were saturated
with four ounces of turpentine
and then ignitec with a match.
His body was burnod to a crisp before
the fire could be put out by those who
i - 1 i tt?_ 1 _
discovered mm. ins eyes were ue-1
stroyed by the flames and there was
a sound piece of skin on his body. He
died at Parkland Hospital two hours
after being taken there. John Chap
man and E D. Faulkner, Chapman's
bartender, were arrested charged with
the murder, and three other men are
being looked for. A body of armed men
without masks, said to be farmers, called
at the county jail and demanded to
be given the oustody of the men changed
with Bain's murder. Tbey declared
it to be their intention to burn tham
as Baine had been burned. Jailer
Off ens met the men at the barred jail
door, which was looked. He told their
1 * 1 J 1- I U. X
ieaaer 11 wouia dq useless iur tnem w
take farther proceedings as the prision
era had been taken from his custody
early in the night and conveyed to the
jail at Fort worth as a matter of precaution
for their safety. The men departed,
but there are fears that they
may return to-night. No one believe
the men haye been removed. Sheriff
Johnson and his deputies are far in
theoountry districts looking for suspects.
Tillman Scores One?
? ? * j_
To Senator xuiman dcioh^b me
credit of obtaining the passage of the
first bill cf the seotion in the Senate.
It was the bill making an appropriation
for the Charleston Esposition. Just
before the ship subsidy bill was called
np Senator Tillman was observed circulating
freely around the ohaxnber
conversing earnestly with certain republican
senators who might have been
inclined to interpose an objection to
the immediate passage of the bill.
He returned to hu desk with a smile 01
satisfaction on ilia face and presented
the bill for immediate consideration.
He briefly explained the provisions of
the bill and the object to be obtained.
His explanation was entirely satisfactory.
so that the measure nassed with
oak dissenting vtfce. The bill appropriates
$2W,?0$ far ths exposition.
Kev. T- J- Gattis Wins His Suit for
dispatch from Ralicgh, N. C.,sajs
a noted legal contest in that State
came to a close Saturday when the jury
awarded to toe Rev. T. J. Gattis. a
Methodist minister, $20,000 as damages
in his libel suit against the Rev.
bt. John C. Kilgo, president of Trinity
college; B. N. Duke the millionaire
tobacco manufacturer, cf the American
Tobacco company, and W. K.
Odsll, a wealthy ootton manufacirer.
The last two are trustees of Trinity college,
which is the Methodist institution
for young men in North Carolina.
It is the wealthiest endowed institution
in the South Atlantic States, havitg
received benefactios to the amount of
$800,000 from the Dakes.
Air. GaUis used for $100,000 damages.
The suit was baaed, on a speech
made by President Kilgo, in which he
said Mr. Gatii? was a back-slider, a
hypoorite and that he retailed gossip
over the couater. Messrs. Dake and
Odell were made parties to the. suit, by
reason of the fact that as trustees of
the oollege thev voted to have published
Dr. Kilgo's speech. The suit involved
the leaders of the Methodist church
in North Carolina. It arose out of a
controversy between Dr. Kilgo and
Justice Walter Clark of the North Carolina
supreme court.
Judge Clark, who was a trustee of
m *_ _ j a.1. rk. rr:\ 1 J
iniuiy, cuargeu tone jjr. ixugo uau
the reputation in North Carolina of being
a wirepuller and manipulator of
the ward politician type. He demanded
his removal and "when the charges
were heard before the trastees, Mr.
G-attis gave testimony against Dr. Kilgo.
Inreplying to them, Dr. Kilgo denounced
Mr. Gaitis, and the trustees, after
exonerating Dr. Kilgo of charges,
deoided to publish all the proceedings,
which included the president's speech.
Almost the entire ohurch was arrayed
against Mr. Gattis at the meeting of
the conference. Dr- Kilgo was made
the hero of the occasion. Bishop Duncan
of South Carolina was a witness in
the case at the recent trial and affidavis
were read from ex-Guv. Eilerbe
and United States Senator McLaurin
of South Carolina, who testified to Dr..
Kiigo's high character.
Tlie trial was in progress ten days
and twelve of the ablest lawyers in the
8fcate addressed the jary. Governorelect
Aycock appeared for the defence,
concluding the argument. Tin verdict
was a surprise. At Oxford, where the
case was tried, there is great prejadice
against the American Tobacco company.
The case is appealed to the suprem
court, of which Judge Clark, one
of the central figures in the trial, is a
member. . Judge Clark will not sit on
the ease when it reaohes that court.
" O"
Consul Roosevelt, of Brussels, re
porte^jia the state department that a
station has been established at L*
Panne, Belgium, for the exchange of
wireless telegrapiiio messages between
Belgium and Eagland. La Panne was
selected on aeoount of its being the
point of Belgium littoral nearest the
English coast and a mast of the Marconi
system 130 feet high was erected
there. The Dover Ostend mail boat
Princess Clementine was fitted up with
temporary apparatus for use in expermental
trials. An additional mast was
affixed about 0 feet. From that extremity
the telegraphic waves are projected
towards each coast. A special
room has been fitted up on the steamer
H it A. A '* i.L.i
ior tne instruments ana irom oust room
the cable is earned to the top of the
extended topmast It is confidently
expected to maintain communication
between ship and shore for at least 20
miles, which is about half way across.
With stations at La .Panne and Dover
those on board the vessel will be able
to keep in touch with the land daring
the entire trip across. Recent experiments
showed that replies arrived with
the same regularity and celerity as .ordinary
telegrams. When about 40
miles from Ostend the captain was
about to telegraph the station master
at Oitend the probable hour of his arrival.
Varicus telegrams were sent
from the vessels to Ojtend. Brussels,
Dover and - London, and the reception
of each message was acknowledged
promptly. Subsequently, the consul
adds, a message was sent from the ves .
sel to the station at Dover court, Essex,
a distance of nearly 90 miles, including
manv miles of cliffs and seas.
Better's Cotton Statement.
Secretary Heater's weekly cotton ex ;
change Statement show an increase in <
the movement in sight compared with ;
the seven days ending this date last i
year in ronnd figures 64,000. For the <
seven days of December, the totals )
show an increase over last year of 64,- i
000. For the days of the season that i
have elapsed the aggregate is ahead of i
the 98 days of last year 364,000. 1
, The amount brought into sight dnr- <
ing the past week has bsen 44 L, 131, <
MMAlMOf Q77 C!A1 frtK tVlA OATTAfl A O T7CJ nr^_ i
ogaiuot* ui ijVTi ivi vug cctquuo;o quu~ '
ing Deo 7, last year. ]
- The movement since Sept 1, shows <
receipts at all United Stated ports 3,- 1
665,763 against 3,255,929 last year; I
overland across the Mississippi, Ohio 1
and Potomac rivers to northern mills 1
and Canada 530,709 against .660,889 j
last year; interior stocks in excess of' j
these held at the close of the commer- i
cial year 605,514 against' 509,539 last i
year; southern mill taking 458,296 t
against 470,440 last year. 1
Foreign exports for the week havo
been 259,039 against 109,370 last yew.
Northern mill takings and Canada during
the past seven days show a decrease
of 69.500 as compared with the corres- \
ponding period last year.* Then total 1
takings of American mills, north soath 1
and 'Canada thus far for the season 1
have been 1,275,896 against 1,581,618 j
la?t year. j
Stocks at the seaboarl and th 29 J
leading southern interior centres have 1
increased daring the week 51,523. j
An explosion of dynamite Wednes- j
day at the mines at San Andres de La ,
Sierra Mexieo, killed and wounded ,
many miners. At the latest advices
27 dead bodies had been recovered.
Fifteen icjured persons, some of whom ,
will die, were taken from the wreckage, ]
and the ruins are thought to contain .
other victims. Nine cases of dynamite !
blew-np the power house with an appalling
roar, shaking the country for \
miles around.
Smal'pcx Appears in the Hospital
for the Insane.
- > .
; *> ?rf
The Status of Affairs at th*
County Jail Whence
the State Hospital
Case Came.
It was only a fevr days ago that Tlx*
State gave an account of the introduction
of smallpox into the men's building
for colored people at the hospital
for the insane by a patient -gent from v
the UnioQ cou&ty jail after confinement
with persons having the disease. AI
the time rumors were pleniifol here
that smallpox was generally prevalent
at Union, . iThursday
a letter from a thoroughly
reliable man reached the executive
chamber. Here are some extracts from
this leiter showing a bad-state of affairs:
' . . . - v>
"My object in writing this letter td
you is to put before you our condition.
I mean the people of the town of Union.
The jail has been used by county and
town (in common} since its erection I
suppose. It has been a pest-hole for
some time. Several eases have been in .
jail and no steps have been takes to
suppress or stamp it out. The town
council is the cause -of- thndiseaw
spreading on account of using it for
a lock up. U is fearful to think of tht
number of cases we Have in this town.
No one knows; I know of at least ten
oases. Wehavsten doctors. Df-Y.
L. Poole, , one who has * fair practice
in the town, tcld methismornin^t tlurt
he had about 20 oases under treatment.
All the doctors will treatthe diteese;
none seem to bo afraidofit/ Dr. Poole
said tint some of his patients had it in
its worst form. It is in every portion
of onr town. Now these are facts. We ?
have a pest house. Town authoiititea
send patients to same.. He or she returns
at night to visit about the town
and returns to pest house for break- fast.
The health officer of - the to*a
told me that he could not keep them
in the pest house because the boar&of
health would-not give him power to
have a guard. The. board of health ia
responsible for the condition today: If
ar>T7f V>i r\<t 'Ko ^nnn frtW * HBtfTAIl'i
sake order it to begone. We liave some
eases I am told {on good authority)
that have to be handleifaltogetkerwjth
sheets. It is awful to thinkthat nothing
is being done to suppress it. _ I
want you to ^understand that thisdiaease
is not ^nfwedTto the Negro race.
[ think more whites are down now than
blacks, I don't .wish to appear as' a
srambiersj but I can't stand everything.
I do hope that you will order the mat- " ^
ter investigated and'hare it thoroughly
done. I do hope that, yon will acta*
once, not for my sake, but for the sake
of the community. What I hive told
you in this letter is not half as bad as
it really is."
The governor at once ordered tills report
forwarded to Dr. T. Grange Simons,
chairman of the State board of
health, at Charleston, his secretary
writing Dr. Simons in part as follows:
"He directs that you will at once
take this matter up and uss snob moot
and measures as you deem necessaryand
as are authorised by law to stamp out
the disease and prevent its further
spread.. Yon no doubt have observed
that it was from. Union that a patient
for the hospital for the insane was sent
after having been exposed to smallpox
and has caused it to break out in the
hospital. It is very important .thai
something should be done and. that '
promptly. The governor will be very
glad to cooperate with you in any way
that he can in handling the diease,
and will be* glad to hear from you in
regard to this matter. Please give this
matter your very earnest attention.
So far'no heir cues have developed
at the hospitjj for die insane here, and
the sick are. getting along very well,
Dr. Bab cock is still icing every endeavor
to stamp the disease out of the
institution. The Negro tramp sent here
from Union is said to be improving.
He is at the pest house.?The State.
A Severe Storm*
The heavy gale whioh swept ihe New
England coast last week created havoo
among the large number of schooners
caught off the Berth shore of Boston
and the beaches of New Hampshire and
southeastern Maine. More than a dosen
schooners were wrecked, a . luge
Dumber of others were damagediand
several narrowly escaped being dashed
to pieces. Serious loss of life reported.
up to-early this afterneoi were in the
wreck of the Gloucester fishing schooner
Mary A Brown, which, was wrecked
dS Hampton Beach, N.^IL;whose arew
jf seven men perished. At 2 a. m.
life savers discovered parts cf a vessel
soming ashore? A patrol of the shore
wts then begun. Shortly afterward
;he body of a sailor was picked np and
such wreckage washed in. The Brown
*as a two-masted vessel of 15 tons
rross. She was built at Bath, Me., in
1876. A schooner was reported oa
scarboro beach at noon. The storm
novel northwesterly. Severe gales
iwept over Nova Scotia and New Foundend.
' ?' '
Could Not "Resist.
After having served for twenty-three
rears the firm of Frank and Dabois, of
Srew York, whose employ he entered
is errand boy? and after having been
idvaaced until he had fall charge jf
;he office as manager, William M. Gates
it is asserted, confessed thai he had
long been robbing his employers and
was involved in ruin. The full amount
of his alleged stealing is not known,
but it is believed he has taken $50,000,
perhaps more. He is cow a fugitive
through the courtsey of *he men he is
said to have robbed, who. were reluctmt
to see him imprisoned, and who of* - :
fered him the opportunity to escape.
Expert accountants are endeavoring to
straighten out the tangle which Gate's
books for the last seven years seem to
ahovr. Meantime the amount of the
dieted defalcation increases, though
it cf.naot by any possibility xeaoh to*
* * * " n i (L TV_ .-j
tai vrnion will eaiDarrtss J?rnutot
bois. * -

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