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The sentinel-journal. (Pickens, S.C.) 1906-1909, July 02, 1908, Image 3

Image and text provided by University of South Carolina; Columbia, SC

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/2012218672/1908-07-02/ed-1/seq-3/

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Model School b
a Woman's
By Mrs. Fenton Oiey e
Prominent Southern Woman
Tells How Woman's Club Ren
dered Practical Assistance to a
Comnunity--Deplorable Condi
tions in Public Schools Where
Children Attend Only Three
Months a Year-Interest Stimu
lated by Model County Schools
College Graduates Teach Chil
dren Domestic Sciences, Carpen
try and Gardening.
%co- q iIlil, by Joseph B3. IDowlea.)
(Mi's. Fonto Otti-. O:e <af tIe le td
Ing women in publie reform Inovements
,. h .quii, is a ciarter me:nbl-r o t
tan ta WoAfn's club, annd has beenl its
an's Clubs for the state of (Ge6rgia, as
first chairman of the state idutitr'~a coa
mission, which did inuci Work for thc.
Xnfy of (Aiid.g'or ab01s., an citahrmato
o?, hestate Colinission on arts and
crafts, andti as one of Georgla's Vounmit
toe of three to consider the color line
<uestion. Mrs. Ottley is a Mississipplan
b birti and rearing, but has resided ia
Allanta since her nau'riage. hier husband
beitig a banker oC that iltry.)
The possibilities of Georgia pine
are being exploited from one end of
the country to the other, but what
thought is being given to the possibil
Ities of the Georgia baw?" So wrote
President Branson, of the state nor
mal school at Athens, Ga., a few
years ago. The educational renais
sance now beginning in the south is
based upon recognition of that great
est of "waste products," undeveloped
human life, of which so much exists
In the states south of Mason and
Dixon's line.
Since most of the people live in
the country-the average population
of Georgia, for instance, being 35 to
the square mile, with 1,600,000 per
eons living in one-room cabins-it is
easy to see that the country school
must be the evangel to the people.
In its improvement Uies the solution
of the problem of general social bet
terment. The tremendous and sys
tematic crusade now being organized
throughout the southern states by the
southern educational board purposes
working almost entirely through this
agency, devoting itself to the perfec
tion of the rural school and such nor
mal institutions as furnish teachers
for it. This field of endeavor is oer
tainly wide.
Out 'of 700,000 children of school
age in Georgia barely 280,000 go to
school 100 days in the year. Eight
months schools are the engption, the
rule being five months, while many
communities do not have school long
er than three months each year. In
these schools, when existent, the
poorest and most meager instructioh
is too often giveb, owing to the poor
pay of teacher..
All this seems in a fair way to be
revolutionized by the efforts of the
southern people, spurred on and en
couraged by the southern educational
board. In view of this great move
ment in the country schools it is in
teresting to note that the forerunner
of the model country sehool, as
planned by educational enthusiasts,
was initiated and carried on succes
fully by the clubwomen of the state
of Georgia a few years ago. By their
efforts and under thels diarge twc
model country schools were main
tained five months the first year ir
rural districts. On visiting them a
committee of the southern education,
al board declared them "ideal." Thest
schools, begun as an experiment and
an object lesson, have been carried
on since then with pronounced suo
Their history is interesIWmg, particu
larly for the striking example it af
fords of what may be the outcome o
an active and whole-hearted coopera
tion between the representative womn
en who make up the clubs of the va
rious states and 'the educators ani
educational experts of theit' sectinna
President Branson, of the Georgia
state normal school, lad addressed to
Mrs. Lindsay Johnson, the, ptosdent
of the State Federation .of Woman's
Clubs, a letter in which he asked it
that association would undertake to
raise $1,000 for the maintenance for
five months of a model county school
which should furnish an object les
son of what a county school should
and might be. The Federation of
Women's Clubs, a body of 6,000 rep
resentative women, having been long
devoted to efforts for educational bet
terment, and, as Mr. Hranson knew,
particularly interested in the problem
of the rural school, at once accepted
the suggestion and pledged the requi
site sun.
The school was to be a part of the
county system, its location to be de
cided by competition among the
county sunerintendents of the state,
the school to be awarded to the high
est bidder and the federation pledging
itself to supply the difference be
tween this highest bid and the neces
sary $1,000. All the money was to
be placed in the h~nds of the Geor
gia federation, and the school was
to be inaugurated by the federation,
and remain under its control. Mr.
Branson, on his part, pledged to un
dertake the technical direction of the
So much interest was aroused, and
the bids of the counties ran so high,
that it was found possible to supple
ment the efforts of two communities,
instead of one, with the sum raised
by the federation. Hence, while
Danielsville, Madison county, with a
bid of $700, secured the first schccl,
W~ratters district, Floyd county, was
able, with $650, to secure a second.
The tragedy of the situation lay in
two splendid bids of $500 from Bar
tow county and $450 from Rabun
county, the latter the most mountain
ous county in Georgia. To those who
understand the meaning of these
guarantees from such sections there
is infinite pathos in the thought of
such sums as these having been gath
ered for such a cause and in vain!
One thousand dollars more would
have done noble service.
The iwo sections securing thd
schools furnished contrasting but ex
cellent fields for the social experi
ment. Danielsville, the county seat
of Madison county, is a typical village
of the best character. Its people are,
many of them, educated and refined,
but the county is essentially rural,
since only one edge of it is crossed by
a railroad, Danielsville itself being
six miles distant from it. About 500
people center at Danielsville. The best
of them threw themselves heart and
soul into the effort not only to secure
the first model school, but to guaran
tee its perpetuation. The president
of the county board of education, a
well-known lawyer, besides his other
efforts, threw his home open to the
teachers, who were thus assured the
comforts of daily life.
Watters district, Floyd county, is a
"crossing" of the Southern railroad,
just out of the little city of Rome.
Its people are rougher than the coun
try folk, and the life led there by the
three young teachers was hard enough
to furnish missionary,,conditions.,
Both schools thrived surprisingly.
The people, who looked upon it at
first as a sort of vagary of their su
perintendent and the clubwomen,
seen became deeply interested in the
plan. The school at Danielsviile,
opening with 8,6 pupils, very soon had
126, a great number of children com
ing in from the county to board. At
Watters about 80 remained in at
,At both places a -kitchen and work
shop were, added to the schoolhouse,
which belonged to the county, and
about $200 was spent in permanent
improvements. The success of the ex
periment may .be gathered from the
fact that the five-month schools,'main
tained as .an .experiment, were re
placed by eight monthm' sessions in
both ciunties the succeeding year.
The children are taught in the
simplest and most effective manner
plain cooking, plai~n sewing, nature
studies, the raising of vegetables,
herbs and flowers (each school has
three acres of ground), the making
of baskets and other articles in
cluded in fireside industries, for the
girls, with carpentry, wood carving
and the general use of tools and
drawing iffiplements for the boys. All
this fn addition to the regular academ
*Ic studies taught in the shortest and
most vital way,
By plain cooking is meant the sim
ple, wholesome preparation of that
which is-or should be-found in
every Georgia garden.
By plain sewing is meant the mak
ing of articles needed in the homes
of Georgia.
fly fireside industries is meant the
making of articles with a marketable
value, as baskets, hats, fans, hand
carved articles, home-woven spreads
and rumgs, or, indeed, anything which
will be profitable or will hellp to make
the rural home more attractive or
- comfortable.
- In domestic science is taught, be
- sides the usual things, some practi
cal knowledge of "first aid to the
The plan is that each school shall
become a blooming garden, the gen
eral headquarters of the people- of
the. neighborhood, where library and
reading rooms shall help to ren.
der it attractive and necessary to
patrons, as well as to pupils.
It is safe to say that these two
model schools in purpose, plan and
detail will be the model indeed for
thousands of others which the new
educational movement in the south
will produce. That they have been
successfully initiated, maintained and
administered by women furnishes a
fair answer to that. already rapidly
vanishing question: "What can
women's clubs do?'
When a Thing's Nice.
London's Lord Mayor declared the
other day, that -he did not know much
about cooking: "But, said he, "I
know when a thing's nice." Cut cur
rant bread very thin, so that you slice
through the fruit *and bring out its
full flavor, butter it lightly, and serve
it neatly, and you may be sure that
this most wholesome and sustaining
food will win for itself the praise due
to the thing that's nice.
The Arnimals Do Bettar When Given
Th re are sonc very I:nportant con
'iderations in fodi-g swine whleh
shouldI not be lost sht of. The 110'
by nature is aa om:zvorous animi
and ia.lily eats a g;-eat variety u
food. Though domesticated for many
yeats he has not lcst hi-; natural in
stincts and loves to roam the fields
and voods in search of various roots
and plants and is not averse to eating
meat of various kii-.'s whenever oppor
tunity affords. This love of a great
variety of food is so deeply rooted in
the ho as to have made a permanent
Impression upon the character of his
teeth which are adal..ted not only to
the grinding of grain but also to the
tearing asunder of flesh. This of it
self should be sufficient to convince
the feeder of the ,advisability of vari
eti in the ration of the hog but the gen
eral cuftivationr ofc a in the corn
belt and its cheapness in years gone
by have led many farmers to lose
sight of tils essential matter. More
over a variety of foo( while Cs.
sential to the satisfaction of the ani
mal consuiming it stimulates the diges
tive organs to greater activity, which
Is a most desirable end to attain, and
(Ihis of itself would amply reward the
feeder for taking greater pains and
,,ffort to provide the hog with a great
er variety of food suited to his nutri
The mere fact that the hog has a
ravenous appetite and will eat practi
:ally anything that is placed before it
should not render it insensible to the
value of a variety "of food. The in
stincts of the human being are so
deeply grounded in this respect that
they should teach us to have more
regard for the dumb animals placed
under our control and which cannot
help themselves by reason of their do
mestication to secure many of the
things which the system naturally
We generally regard the needs of
the animal satisfied when we have
given a theoretical proportion of pro
tein, carbohydrates and fat, trusting
to luck that sufficient mineral matter
will be supplied in the foods fed to
meet the requirement, of the animal
body and it is in this respect that a
greater injustice is done the fatten
ing hog as a rule than in any other
particular-Experiment Station Bul
Suggeeted Arrangement for Limited
Ppaoe and Uneven Ground.
A Maryland farmer wishes to plan
a stable 28x86 feet to have in it twou
box stalls, three -single stalls and
space for carriages. Qwing to the
nature of the ground he can enter in
only one place..
The Breeder's Gagette suggests the
following as a solution: He can have
three stalls five feet wide and ten
: OPINSHI0 I 1612
Ground Floor Plan of Stable.
feet long, two boxes each 10 feet 6
inches by 12 feet (which will be
found to be large enough for carriage
horses) and a space for carriages
26x20 feet. This leaves space for a
large porch or open shed, which will
pr-ove useful for many purposes, wash
ing vehicles, hitching 4nder to keep~
out of the sun or sheltering an extra
vehicen in emergency
G Out For I
HIS is the time of year
thete is not much buy
do not know dull da3
prices are two things that he
Our goods are the very besi
all, and our prices are as lov
can be legitimately sold at.
UR entire line is comp
and we can supply yot
Clothing, Shoes, Hats,
Hardware, Furniture, Bugg
in fact anything you need ca
at the right prices.
C'OME to see us, and it
with us, you will find t
. ter goods for less mon
Another car of Majestic Fl(
$5.50 per barrel.
Thanking our friends and cu
we hope to merit a continuat
i Gaines & Gas!
Their Safe has been tried and found Burgi:
This Bank has Burglar Insurance, Fire Ins
lose your money.
Liberal Interest allowed on Time Ds pts
you up saitisfactorily,
HI. C. SHIRLEY, Cashier.
Sou thern Shiortli
and Busin4
Atlanta, Ga., also All
Over I5,ooo Graduat<
Iteceives 12,000 applications every year for Vooll
FE. A n average of two opening, for every student
70 typewriting machines,
TIhe Southern also conduets the.
Uploni which institution the ra ilioa and telegraph
Main Line Wires Run
W rite for cntalogue. Enuter now. The Souther
i.i the South. Address,
A. C. BRISCOE, Pres., or W
Printing of
Except thae SI
when trade is dull and
ng and -selling, but we
r s. Our goods and our
lp to keep our trade up.
:that can be bought at
r as these same goods
Lete-no broken lots
ir wants at all times, in
Dry Goods, Groceries,
es, Wagons, etc., etc.,
ri be procured here and
you have never traded
iat ve can sell aou bet.
ey than you have been
)ur, the best made, at
stomers for past favors.
ice of the sarne.
3away Bros.
S. 0.
ir Proof.
urance, Carbier Bonded, so you can'ti,
is. S3ee H1. C. Shirley and lhe will fix.
ass University
any, Ga. Branch
as in Positions
keepers, Stenographers. Telegraph Operatoru
that attenide the Scuthern.
the largebt collection of ty pewriters owned
companicea are coiiitantly caling for opera..
into This School.
n Is the oldest and largest Rusiness College
.L. ARNOLD, Vice-Pres.
all Kinds.
loddy Kind.

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