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The sentinel-journal. (Pickens, S.C.) 1906-1909, December 10, 1908, Image 1

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TP T T.T5 . -. 1% .M14 ml
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NatdAvMf ftem,' Ik~bU . a sod-OUNa Ma#w. Under Act of Oongrs of Marnh3t 1679.
*f Iterd rGobid fra
How to Mix Ferties
Clemson College, 8pecial.-Mr. T:
. Reitt, chemist of the South Caro
fta Experiment Statioi, has prepat
-ed an article on "Home Mixing of
Commmercial Fertilizers," a stpm
mary of which is given herewith. As
the time approaches for the farmer to
procure his fetilizers for the next
-Orop, the question confronts.. hiYn:
1ow can I get the maximum of the
most, available plant food At the min
-imum price t Although growing
plants derive their food from soil,
water and air, it is the fertility of
-the soil that c.oncerns us in the appli
.cation of commercial fertilizers. The
-chief elements which plants derive
from the soil are potassium, phospho
rus, nitrogen, calcium and sulphur.
'The constant natural activities going
-on in the soil furnish generally
enough of. all except nitrogen, phos
phoric acid, and potash, which, there
fore, the farmer must buy in the form
-qf commercial' fertilizers.
In what form shall thehe be
6ought * 4s unmixed materials or as
.#ined fertilizers? The nianufae
t9r- of available phosphoric acid
f&om raw rock or bone requires skill
apd experience, and to the novice is
somewhat dangdroqs; therefore, it is
not generally desirable for the farmer
to attempt to make "'superphos
phates.'' But mixing the manuac
tured goods is rather simple, requir
ing (1) judgment in selecting ma
terial, (2) knowledge of the calcula
lions involved, (3) a tight floor to
-mix on, and (4) a plenty of energy.
1. The material will depend on the
character of the soil,. the crop to be
grown and the price' of material.
hos%horic acid hastens maturity and
aids in developing the seed;' potash
lengthens the growing season and
stiffens the stalk; -nitrogen gives
rapid and luxuriant growth. Nitro.
gen, the most expensive,- can be sue
plied by legumes-peam, ete, but the
-one-crop system now followed neces
sitates the buying of nitrogen ip the
form of nitrate of soda, sulphate of
ammonia. dried blood and cotton seed
meal. The present prohibitive pr'ce
-of dried blood leaves ps the otner
three forms in which tQ obtain nitro
Sen, until we adopt systems of rota
tion to supply it.
The commercial sources of potash
are kaimt, muriate and sulphate of
-potash, containing 12.50 and 48 per
cent of potash, resp ctively. For
cotton or corn, muriate or kainit is
better because cheaper; but murlate
S -cannot be used for tobacco, as it in
jures the burning qu.Jities of the
leaf. For pota'oes, turnips %nd
other root crops some claim that the
sulphate is better.
Phosphorie acid can be obtained
from the 14 per cent or -the 16 p.-r
*-cent article. When prices re pro
portinate the higher grade bought
-saves in the hauhr.g. Do not be
afraid to use a few postage stamps
writing to a number of firms for
prices, and, if possible, order in car
-load lots, alone, or by clubbing with
'2. As to calculations, a unit is 1
-ver cent of a ton, or 20 pounds. If
we desire an 8-3-3 guano, we must
have in a ton 8 u. its of phosphoric
- acid, 3 of ammnoma, or its equivalent.
-and 3 of potash, or 160 pounds of
the first. CO of the see-nd and 60
-of the thin1. Suppose we desire to
-get the ammonia half from meal and
hal Cf- fr nitraje and the acid from
-ameunts would give the 8-3-3 ratio;
- 4.29 pomnd.. meal. 167 nond3 nitrate..
11 polundsl mintte, 06) pounds acid.
'333 noitnds tiller. The number of
'hunidred flouma(1 of material is not
ten by dividing the amount of plant
food d1esired by the per cent contain
ed in the raterial.
UJsing~ full sacks for grentror co,
vcenience, 400 pounds meal. ''30 *f
Dispensary Law Violated?.
Columbia, Special.--Four c,es o
- violation of the dispensary ordinance
were mndo last wenik hy D'nen -
(o's'als Og dN McSwain. The
rea wv"n wIll bi' P.vfn a hear'
n"'ro Rener Sr'nley arn: ' h
Mrcc-arv. 'Mo1re1. the city dlo. enbh-1
-er May TT111. cenhAW Itrdin,
-whito, *and Ida Walker enlred
a AU Sectios'of the StMte~
8")y Readeft
nitrate of soda, 100 of muriate fi
potash, -1,000 of 16 per cent aoI4
and 300 of filler,would give a mixt-tre
grading 8.3-3.227, instead of 8-34
which iq closer than many factory.
mixed fertiliz'rs come to the guar
antee. *
To get high-grade mixed fertili
zers we ;nust of course, use high.
grade materials. In the above mix.
tur',^if no filler is nsed, we would
have 1,700 pounds grading about
9.7-3.7-3.2. It is obvious that we
cannot get an 8-4-4 goods by getting
all of the ammonia from meal and
.ll of the potash from kainit. Very
likely the above mixture would run
slightly over guarantee, because the
seller should allow a margin on each
of his raw materials, whereas, in a
mixed fertilizor, one, or even two,
-of the elements may fall below guar
antee, and the other elements might
pull it over in relative commercial
3. Any tight floor may be used foi
mixing, but better under a shed so
that. rainy days may be used for ny4x
ing.1' A practical farmer tells me that
three hands with hoes apd shovel can
do the mixing at- ab-iut one dollat
per ton. It is convenient to Mi
about 800 pounds at a time, putting
the mixed, fertilizer bAck into the
sacks from which the raw mateial
came. In this way a saving of $3
to $4 per ton can be made over the
prices of factory-mixed goods.
Simming up, by mixing his own
fertilizers the farmer knows juit
what are the sources of the elemento
of his fertilizet: he. avoids undesir
able sources and materials; he may
study his soil, crous and conditicii
aid supply in ar.; proportions thosc
ingrediei.ts most needed; he'tfay sav
transportation oP the eller; he' ia
save the middleman's profit, and -ey.
oral dollars per ton on the actuai
Augusto-Aiken Boulevard.
Aiken, Special.-The Augusta.
A;ken boulevard is stil' being pushed.
The a-unty commissioners authorizeC
the road from the foot of the North
kugusta Bridge via Belvedore and a.
qross.to Bath. and thence' to Aikep
yia Wp.rrenville, upon tho ooncitiri.
that the petition.rs who asked for thc
road should build the necessary five
or six miles across froim a point nesw
1elvedere through Bith to L4ngley
road. and then that the county com.
missioners should take charge of the
road -and, maintain it in the future.
A profile of the plans'for the work
of constructing the rand fror. Belve.
dere across the counLry has b-er
made. It will ,ake between five and
six thousand dollar- to finish the roa.
The cotton mills of Horsecreek Valley
including Clearwater, Bath, Langlqg
Warrenville and Graniteville, and ti
Augusta Land and'-Improvement CorM.
panv, and the trol ny road have! sub.
scribed about $1,000 for this purpose.
and other parties in Aiken ann Au.
,nsta have subscribed in the neigh.
borhtood of $800. It is hoped that at
least $500 more will be raised in this
city. Mr. D. S. Henderson. of Aiken,
has interested himself in this .mattet
a great deal. in the hone that wvhein
the road reaches Aiken it wvill be rurz
on to Columhi... and thence to Cam.
den, ir ordler that there may be e
fine driveway the entire distqe.ce tc
C'cmden from Aiken. Mr. Hende-;.
son has himself collected from per.
ens in.terested ini this m.ovement is
Aik'en about~ $250.
No 1Hazing at Clesse,i Cellege.
Clemson College. Spee'nl.-'l.he re
nort of thie expulsion of endets foi
nam s erronicous. Twvo cadets ha.ve
been dismissed reen*lv. one for ex.
ess of demrnits, the othle" for dr'.nk.
b i and .fight inig. anid f'1e [fl4htmu was
i'f-:'. Wold stu~deit s a.id wau
not "e 1-:'.ag of a newv "tudent b~
E:acrim'ent rarm for Negroes.
Cre.,nville. Speia'.-The United
States depnrtnent of agricniture has
dee'ded to locate an experiment farn
for ihn color'ed people at Sterling et.
loge, ibis city. The farm will be sim
ilar to the one at Clemson college
TI'e a-mno,ncnent wnfa made by a
r.eprec...rative of the gover.lmont her
last week.
Oontbrence Over, Appointments
R&-bthop Wilo Assigns Mn
iters to 'their Year's Work.
The session of the South, Carolipa
Annual Conference of the Methodist
Episcopal church, South, closed at
baurens on Monday with the reading
of the appointments, which are as fol
Tho Appointments.
Anderson -District-A. J. Cauthen.
presiding elder; Anderson, St. John's,
P. B. Wells; orrville, A. V. Harbin;
West End and Toxaway, W. J.
Snyder and J. A. McGraw; Antre
ville, J. H1. Montgomery; Clemson, J.
H. Graves; Donalds, S. W. Henry;
Lowndesville, R. W. Humphreys;
McCormick, A. H1. Best; Mount Car
mel, J. S. Abercrombie; Pelzer, S. C.
Morris; Pendleton, J. F. Anderson;
Starr,'J. N. Wright; Townville, C. .1.
McCain, Walhalla and Seneca, J. C.
Yongue, C. D. Mann, supernumerary;
Wilballa Mission, R. R. Doyle; West
'minster, J. L. Singleton, supply;
West Union, to be supplied; Wil
iiamston and Belton, C. C. .Derrick,
G. T. Harmon, supernumerary; Wil
liamston Circuit, William Roof.
Charleston District-W. I. Herbert,
presiding elder; Allendale, H. R.
Browne; Appleton, J. T. Peeler;
Beaufort and Port Royal, A. C. Walk
er; A. B. Watson, supernumerary;
Bethel Circuit, C. W. Burgess; Black
Swamp, W. W. Williams; Charleston,
Bethel, W. B. Duncan; Trinity, Peter
Stokes; Spring Street, G. P. Watson;
Cumberland, S. A. Donohoe; Mount
Pleasant, H. Etheredge; Cottageville.
J. P. Inabinet; Cypress. S. D.
Vaughan; Ehrhardt, J. W. Ariail;
Hampton. J. W. Elkins; Renderfen
ville, P. K. Rhoad; Ridgeland, J. 'It.
Copeland; Ridgeville, W. S. Good
win; South Rianpton, W. D. Pat
.rick; Summerville, J. C. Chandler
Walterboro, H. J. Cauthen; Young's
Island, A. Sassard, G. P. Penny, sup.
ernumerary; assistant secretary. mis
sions, H. B. Browne. :
Cokesbury District-J. C. Roper,
presiding elder; --Abbeville, Henry
Stokes; Butler, W. P. Way; Cokes
bury, F. E. Dibble; Greenwood, Main
Street, M. B. Kelly; Greenwood and
Abboville Mills, G. R. Whittaker;
Kinards, D. P. Boyd; Newberry, Cen
tral, J. W. Wolling; O'Neal Street
an4, Mollohon, W. C. Kelley; New
berry Circuit, J. M. Friday; Ninety
Six, J. A. Cook ; Parksville, George
Lee; Phoenix, J. T. Miller Pros
perity, H. W. Whittaker; Princeton,
Foster Speer; Saluda. D. E. Camak;
Verdery, W. E. Wiggins; Waterloo,
0. L. DuRant; Whitmire, 0. A. Jeff
coat; Lander college, Jno. 0. Wil
son, presi.dent
Columbia District-J. W. Daniel,
presiding elder; Aiken, J. B. Tray
wick; Batesburg, S. 0. Cantey; Bath,
D. R. Roof; Columbia, Washington
Street, H. W. Bays; J. A. Campbell,
supernumerary; Main Street, A. N.
Brunson; Green Street, B. R. Turnip
seed; Granby, L. 1. Bedenbaugh;
Brookland, W. S. Myers; Edgewood,
E. F. Scoggins; Edgefleld, L. D. Gil
lespie; Fairfield Circut, J. I. Spinks;
Ciilhairt. C. S. Felder; (raniteville, E.
F. Green; Johnston, B. J. Guess;
Langrley, E. A. Wayne; Leeeville. S.
H. Booth; Lexington, J. W. Neeley;
Lexington Fork, W. H. Thrgwver;
North Augusta, .J. L. Stokes; Ridge.
way, J. K. Inabinet; Springfield, G.
W. Dukes; M. M. Ferguson, super
numierary; Swansea, J1. C. Davis;
Wa rener, R. C. Boulware ; (Columibia
Collegre. W. W. Daniel, presidlent;
Epwort h Orphanage, W. B. Whartor,.
superintenidenit; P aine College, (G. W.
WXaIker, president.
Florence District-P. F. Kilgo, pre
sidinr (ieler; Bennettsville, 1?. E.
Tun nipsed: Bennett svi lle Circuit.
W. P'. Mendors; llrightsville. P. B.
Tngraam: et hiehemi, .J. B. Wolulon:
Caprtrsvi lle. A. M~l. Gardner; Cherawv.
Marcia Auld; (Chesterfield, M. F.
Dukes ; ('lyde. D). HI. Everet t ; Dnr
lington. Truinity, M. L. Banks; Ep
worth. F. S. Hook; Darlington Cir
cuit, ,J. 11. T. Major; East Chester
field, J1. C. Holley; Florence. RI. TI.
Jones ; Ilart sville. A. T1. D)un-up:
Jefferson, J1. A. Crnhcm: Lamer. .J.
L. Tyhler; Liberty. J. 1L. Uo.-e;
Marlboro, P. A. l?-'we: Mlcoall, (I.
Leonard ; TIimmnonsv:lle. F. VW. Mison,
as~sistannt Sunday school editor, L.
F. Beaty.
GreenvilleIc District-W. M. Duncan,
rriding elder; Clinton, .J. E. Mn-.
hafifey; Easley, C. E. Burnus; Foun
tain Inn, S. T. Blackman- Gray
Court, R. M. DuBose; Greenilie,
Buncombe Street, W. A. Masseeq -
St. Paul's, R.. L. Holroyd; Hampt6n
4venne A. E. Driggers; Westge
vile, W. B..' Jstus; Monaghan and
Woodside. T. A. Oroce; Sampson and
Poff. J. N. Isom; Greenville Cirepit,
J, P. 'Attaway;Gree4 E. T. Hodges;
Laurens, First church, J. D. Crout;
Laurens Circuit, 9. T. McCarty; Lib
erty, W. S. Henry North Pickens, E.
L. Thomason; Pickenns, N. 0. Bal
lenger; L. L. Inabinet, .supernumer
ary; Piedmont, R. A. Yongue; Souh
Greer, S. T. Creech; Traveler's Rest,
J. R. Walker; conference secretary
missions, R. L. Holroyd. . .
Kingstree District-J. E. darlisle,
presiding elder; Cades, E. M. Me.
Kissick; Corde,sville, W. T. Beden
baugh; Georgetown, Duncan, W. H.
Hodges; West- End, W. H. Murray;
Greeleyville, L. E. Peeler; Harper,
S. J. McConnell; Johnsonville, J. L.
Mullinnix; Jordan, T. W. Oodbold;
Kingstree, W. A. Faircy; Lake City,
W. L. Wait; McClellanville, W. C.
Glenton, E. K. Moore; New Zion, E.
P. Hutson; Pinouolis, W. H1. Perry;
Rhome, T. J. Olyde; Salters, W. T.
Patrick; Sampit, R. F. Bryant;
Scranton, W. H. Murphy; South
Florence, J. R. Sojourner; Summer
ton and St. Pauls, E. S. Jones.
Marion Distrit-E. 0. Watson.
presiding elder; Blenheim, J. F.
Rushton; Britton's Neck, J. M. Gis
q iie; Brownsville, C. M. Peeler:
ucksville, 0. N. Rountree; Cente
nary, J. C. Counts; Conway, G. E.
Edwards; Conway Circuit, N. , F
Jackson: Clio, C. C. Herbert; Dillon.
W. C. Kirkland: Gallivennts, J. W
Bailey; LAtta, T. C. 'O'Dell; Lattr
Circuit, W. B. Baker; Little Rivey
W. R. Barnes; Little Rock, W. C
Owen; Loris, T. F. Gibson: Marion.
J. W. Kilgore; Marion Circuit, W.
C.' BQwden; Mullins, J. L. Daniel;
Mgllina Circuit, Dove TiRer; North
Mullins, Allan Macfarlane; Wacca
maw, S. M. Jones, supply; West Con
way, to be supplied; conference sec
.retary of education, W. C. Kirkland.
. Orangeburg Distriot-C. B. Smith,
presiding elder; Bamberg, T. G. Her
bert; Barnwell, E. A. Wilkes; Branch
ville, E. H. Beckham; Cameron, C. E.
Peele; Denmark, T. E. Morris; Ed
isto, G. T. Harmon, Jr.; Grover, W.
L. Gaults; Harleyville, H. C. Mon
zon; Norway, L. E. Wiggins; Orange
burg, St. Paul's, L. P. McGee;
Orangeburg Circuit, G. W. Davis;
Orange, T. L. Belvin; Providence, J.
J. Stevenson, J. F. Way, supernum
erary; Rowesville, A. R. Phillips;
Smoaks, J. M. Lawson; St. George,
J. M. Steadman; St. George Circuit,
J. E. Taylor.
Rock Hill District-R. E. Stack
house, presiding elder; Blackstock.
H. B. Hardy; Chester, D. M. Mc
Leod; Chester Circuit, A. E. Holler;
East Chester, F. E. Hodges; East
Lancaster, W. A. Beekman; Fort
Mill, S. J. Bethea; Hickory Grove,
S. D. Bailey; Lancaster, M. M. Brab
ham; Lancaster Circuit, H-. L. Single
ton; North Rock Hill, W. M. Owings;
Richburg, W. S. Martin; Rock Hill,
St. John's, H. R. Mills: Laurel Street,
J. M. Rogers; Rock Hill Circuit, W.
H-. Ariail; Van Wyck, C. P. Carter;
Winnsboro, D. Arthur Phillips;
Yorkville, 0. M. Abney, S. A. WVeber,
sulpernumecrary; York Circuit, B. 0.
Vaughan; Missionary evangelist, E.
K. Hardin ; Student Vaniderbile uni-.
versity, J II. Brown.
Spartanburg. District- M. L. Car
lisle, presiding elder Belmont. B. M.
Robertson; Blacksburg, 0. F. K{irby;
Campobello, E. Z. .James ; (Che'rokee,
.J. T. Maef'arlane : (lifP en an C11(ow
pensfl, J. (1. HuTii: Enoree, D). 1).
*Jones, Gahffney, Bifo dI Street, S. B.
Laha;GOniny!u'Cir< m, T. B. Ov:en;
Paeolef Circii. R. A. lroek ;JPaco.e
MIills, to be suppli ied; Reidvil, II~ J.
L. Ray ; Santine. J1. HI. Mau:ly; :ar
anhurg, Centra:l. B. S. Truiesanle;
ItIhel, J. W. Sw'nke ; 1Duncan iiand
Saxon. J. TP. 1'owler; Olenidale. WV.
11. Polk ; City Mission, .J. WV. Sh;ell:
I'nion, Grace, D). W. Keller; Grjen
St reet.1J. (;. Farr ; P'.fff.l Ina l
"''.hel. TC. .J. WVhite: WVoe,lirr. C.
nthbern (histi ani Advoente. S.
ele; : eld( seoret ary ur'~en t
-Nnro fund. Urnr'on ih1rg:m;
.J. 1 ,. UaJ~rlev.
Snre; P'shonpv'lle, P. A. Murrav';
(amden. B. G. Murphy; Ellorm. .
S. Lesley; Fort MotteL. T. Phillt,it.
Heath Springs, 1, E. Sharp; Kee
shaw, J. H. Noland; Lynehh ,
S. Beasley; MAnning, F. H. Sh lor
Oswego, hb Hupk Pinewood E W.
Munnerlyn: P 'dene, Whit
lock; Richland, J. P. ghaia
St. John's ind Rem s, J. X.
Striekland; St. Matthews.
Thacker-; Sumter, First church,
W. Hook, W. S. Stokes, superlumm, J,
erary; Broad Street, J. B. Wilhon$'
Wateree, J. V. Davis.
Trangferred-J. B. Kilgore to
Northwest Texas Coinference.
Ruperannunated-R. W. Barber,
W. E. Barre, G. N. Boyd, -D. A. Cal
houn, W. 'A. Clarke, . B. Clarksoi ,
R-. R. Dagnall, D. D. Dantzler, R1 Lr
Duffle, G. W. Gatlin, A. W. Jackson,
N. K. Melton, E.. M. Merritt, J..K
McCain, T. J. Newberry, G. H. Pooser
John A. Porter, W. C. Power, R. W.
Spignor, A. J. Stafford, G. H. Wad
d1, T. E. Wannamaker, W. 0. Winn,
J A. Wood.
The doxology was sung, Bishop
Wilson pronounced the benediction
and conference stood adjorned sine
Brave Engineer. Scalded to Death in
His Cab.
Statesboro, Ga., Special.-Remain
ing at his post though danger
threatened, A. A.. Reppard, a son, of
the late well-known luimberman, R.
D. Reppard, of Savannah, was slowly
scalded to death when his engine
turned over and pinned him in the
Avreckage, one mile from Aaron, Ge.,
on the Savannah, Augusta & North
ern Railway. Twenty p1ssengers in
a caboose that with the engine made
up the train had narrow escapes from
Strikers ad Solder Clash.
Portimac, Portugal, By Cable.-.
Three regiments of soldiers. are try
ing to suppress a riot of hundreds of
striking workmen of the numeraus
sardine canneries here. Several
clashes have occurred between the
strikers and soldiers and many per
sons have been injured. The stri
is general and unles it is supprese1k
shortly there is danger of other
workmen becoming involved.
Prominent Woman Buicides.
Bristol, R. I., Special.-Mro. En.
ma Russell Chesebrough, aged 39
years, wife of Alfred S. Chesebrough,
a well-known yacht designer of this
city, committed suicide by shooting
herself in the head with a revolver.
She had been troubled with melan
cholia and insomnia for some time.
She was the daughter of former Lieu
tenat Governor Jonathan Russell
Nigbt-aUdets Threaten Col. Taylor.
Chattanooga, Tenn., Special.-A
%eipial tp Tho TiMo from Trenton.
Tenn., says: It hus Ln it;vwLt;%
that Col. R. Z. Taylor, of this place,
who made such a mirneufous escape
from the night-riders the night that
Captain Quentin Renkin was hanged
at Walnut Log, has received a note
containing potice that the night
rider3 will enll :at his home aend take
his body, dead or live, no date be
mlg given.
Haitlen Ruler is Deposed.
Port--au-Prince, By Cable.-Presi.
dent Nord Alexis has bccn deposed
andl is. now safe on board the French
training ship Duniay Trouin, and
Port-au-Princ(e is in thle hiands of the
revolut ionisis. Genieral Antoine Sim
on, thle leader of' the insiurgents, is
marcehin. ir> th le pe'ninsuila wvith an
army ot' 5,000( and a new President,
Generaijl Legitime, has b)een proclaim
Bold Burglars Blow Safe.
Pepperell, Mass., Special.--Althiough
t he police of' every city and ~town
uithin a radius of fifty miles were
kr-epn' a sharp lookout for traces,
of thle fire burglars wvho ea:ly Wed
niesday blew open the safe of the
First National Bank here and escan
el with $14,000 in cash, no clue to
the identity or whereabouts of s'the
safe blowers has be4n dstodred

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