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The Pickens sentinel-journal. (Pickens, S.C.) 1909-1911, March 04, 1909, Image 1

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Entered April 23, 1903 at Pickens, S. C. as second class matter, under act of Congress of larch 3, 1879
38tlrYear PICKENS, S. C., MARCH 4, 1909. Number 48
Demands Made by Leading Manufac.
turers Put Republican Party Lead
era in a Hole-Time for Voters
to Assert Themselves.
A great many Republican manufac
turers, not in a combine or trust, have
at last discovered that they cannot
Increase production and find a mare:t
until the tariff is revised. As long as
the home market absorbed all they
could produce they were satisfied to
have raw materials and foreign made
products taxed by a high tariff, but
now the Repu panic having re
duced consum and having a
surplus to they must either r
ducet' output or seek foreign
markets for their surplus. To cheapen
their products they must have free
raw materials, and that is what some
are demanding, and then they are con
fronted with the dilemma that the tar
iff generally must be reduced, so that
the cost of living may be decreased
and wages thus be reduced without in
jury to their workmen employed.
Gov. Douglas of Massachusetts, the
great boot and shoe manufacturer, has
for years been telling his brother man
ufacturers that present conditions
were approaching and advising them
and 'the people of Massachusetts to
demand tariff to save the industries
of that state. A majority of the boot
and shoe manufacturers of New Eng
land have joined with him in that de
mand, but Gov. Douglas being a Demo
crat, many hang back on account of
partisan politics, although the people
elected him'erovernor by a large ma
_Yoilty on issues of radical tariff
in Washington of rep
enitathes ' nufacturers' as
ecation an oodies, notably the
National Gr and their demand
upon the, presid - e"'" ake
for the passage of ahe bill for a ta
Iff commission, Is a good sign at
tariff reformers can well be plea ed
with, although no immediate ad' an
tage will be gained, for the Repu lic
an leaders will not allow the bi tc
pass. But the movement advert* ses
the fact, long since claimed by De 0
crats, that the protective tariff a
bound to fall of .t's own weight, nc
that manufacturers t use raw w ate
rials of toreign or be
pelled to have sup f
duty or they could not compefe with
foreigners in foreign markets.
That time has now come. The
breakdown of the financial and eco
nomic policies of the Republican party
has produced business depression, and
the first people to suffer are the manu
facturers and their workmen. The
most ordinary business sense woull
seem to demand forthwith such
endment of the tariff law afs would
give our ,manufacturers the free raw
materials ,they need, even If other
people weeo/ meitl relieved
from excessive tariff taxes. If such
reductions were at once put Into ef
fect it would put new life into the
epressed business of manufacturing
llow them to seek foreign mar
their products that cannot be
so he home market, and thus In
duce them to run their factories on
,full times. istead of the present re
duced production. Workmen would
then be employed and from the ex
penditure of their wages all business
would be benefited.
But the managing Republican poll.
ticians in congress are in a blue funk
and are afraid that any discussIon of
the tariff would add to their misery.
Even President Rooseelt fears to
recommend tariff refoE for' * said
he has erT!~'red into an u d~iy altce
with the standpatters, wlho have made
him believe that tariiE ,discussion
would furler depress business and
lead to the defeat of the Republican
So the Republican politicians stand
pat an d'allow the people to continue
to be p undered, and not a Republican
'sman rebels against the pro.
gram. Is it ng ,ieto "turn the ras
cals out~
Blood Balm
(B. B. B.) Cures Through the Blood
BI30o1 Poisou,
Rheumatism, Eczema,
Itching ilumors.
B. B. l (Bioanie l~ood Blood) i the
nv~ B d Re medyvl tt kill t pois.on
- 1 iod adl lhen p tritie, it-sendi
1 ,o i of pur. ric'hilood direct to,
~kn surface. hosnes. joints,. and
ereve r th9 d ivaso is locatedi. I this
all wores. ui c rN pimples. eruiption,
heal d andl cuwds. p tinl andt aches
hwu ii co~ C *s-- s.vellings subsits.
B3. csin'taI -Ihan~e the hod'
kin the r ih. red hue o'f perfect
Trv 1'
t and af to take: compoed of puir"
iigreditas. It p uries andI enriches
.11 R It s trenthlens the nerv e
sup ti e b roken dowsn sytem. i Isrui
.ximE 10TT ILE' with diree.
s.S.C. liy F'dt & Co.
It Will Be a More In
Function Than Any <
ROM present indications it is ap
parent that there will be no
falling off in the inaugural cel- t]
ebration this year. Althoughhe a
never led a charge of rough riders and I
has no actual right to sing "Cheer Up, n
Comrades," Mr. Taft will be honored J
by an attendance at the inaugural cer- Il
emonies of as great a military force as a
that which marched in parade behind b
President Roosevelt. In keeping with t<
the essentially peaceful and civic char- o
acter of the incoming president, the in- v
.dustrial and civilian feature of the pa- p
rade of next March 4 will be far more e
extensive and imposing than ever be- i
The program of the Inaugural period o
is divided into five important features g
and some others of a lesser degree of i
interest-first, the Imposing military a
division of the pageant, which has a
been arranged on a big scale by Major I
General J. Franklin Bell. who is grand z
marshal; second, the civic organization i
division of the parade, with Major I
Thomas P. Morgan, chairman of the I
CO RY R . G . T .98.S .P ....
ommittee, In charge as marshal; third,
the great display of fireworks on the tUa
White lot, just in front of the White ch
House, in combination with the illu- to
[ination of the streets of Washingtonsi
through the downtown section. the he
ome of the United States capitol and th
the Washington monument, and a drill p1
and display of pyrotechnics by the Re- F<
publican Fiambeau club of Minneapo- c
lis; fourth, the inaugural ball in the iit
pension building, the biggest brick p1
structure in the world; fifth, the fore- as
noon parade of the American veteran dr
soldiers and sailors of the G. A. R.,
the United Spanish War Veterans and d4
the Army and Navy union, which will at
form the escort of honor for President cc
Elect Taft and Vice President Elect p<
Sherman from the White House to the Y<
capitol, where they will take the oath tb
of office, preceding the big parade and H
other features.K
Sailors and Marines. l
The details of the big military pa- ~
rde have been worked out by Briga
dier Genera! John A. Johnson, chief of
General Bell's stafi', assisted by Major
Samuel D). Sturgis, adjutant general.
both regular army officers on duty at
the war department. Here is the in
auguration day program in a nutshell
as prepared by them:
The morning escort of the president'
from the White House to the capitol
at 10 a. m. by the veteran grand di-,
sioni; the exercises at the capitol on a
stand accommodating 7.000 persons,
concluding with the administration of
the oath of office to the president and
his address; the assembly of the mili
tary and grand division in the streets
south and southeast of the civic grand
division in the streets west and north
west of the capitol; the afternoon es
cort of the president by the military
and civic grand divisions from the.
capitol to the White House at the con
clusion of his inaugural address at
about 1:20 p. in.; review of the mili
tary and civic grand divisions by the
president from his stand in the court
of honor in front of the White House
from about 3 to C in the afternoon and
the dismissal of the parade; the dis
play of fireworks from 7:.30 to 9 p. m.
In the military division there will be
about 3.000 sailors and marines from
the battleship fleet, fresh from its
cruise around the world: the famous
Philippine constabulary band, the mid
shipmen and cadets from the acade
ie aot Annaolis and Wet D'ont.
of the
mth President
iposing and Costly
f Its Predecessors
The joint committee of the two
ouses of congress purposes to make
ae ceremonies attending the actual in
uguration of President Taft and Vice
'resident Sherman as solemn and dig-*
laed as befits so important an event.
oy and music and the spirit of festiv
y will mark the inaugural parade,
nd the scenes along the streets will
e as brilliant as ever, but in the capi
3l and on the inaugural stand erected
n its east front solemnity and dignity
rill dominate. The details are nlready
erfected, and every official and every
mployee understands the part he Is to
The senate will complete the work
f the last session of the Sixtieth con
ress about 10:30 a. m. on March 4 and!
rill then take a recess so that the
cenery may be set for the important
.t In the great drama of the republic
o soon to take place. Shortly before
loon the vice president will call the
enate to order. The secretary of the
enate will announce the arrival of the
peaker and the house of representa
hCH BROS.. N. Y.
es, and they will file into the senate d
amber and take the places assigned fl
them. Next in order will come the
preme court of the United States, c
aded by Chief J'ustice Fuller, and n
en the ambassadors and ministers a
enipotentlary of the foreign nations, a
yllowing the heads of the diplomnatic ti
rps will come the heads of the exec- ti
le departments, who will take their f;
aces immediately back of the seats t)
signed to the chief figures In the t)
Following the cabinet, the vice presi- ti
nt elect will be formally announced fi
d will enter, accompanied by his es- a
rt-Senator Frye, president pro temn- c'
re of the senate, and Representative k
Dung. "The president elect" will be tl
.e next announcement, and William sa
.Taft, accompanied by Senators t<
nox and Lodge, will enter, and final- o
the president of the United States i1
i enter alone. At each announce- Il
ent the entire assemblage will rise it
residential Im
From Washin,
All the Way From "Jet
to the Pomp and Stat<
URING the early years of the I
government, before the capital
was moved to Washington, the I
induction of a president, al
ough a ceremony of great dignity I
id solemnity, was a very small and t
lect affair. e
In New York for nearly a fortnight
eceding the great day of April 30, '
'89, every tavern and boarding house
id been thronged with visitors, and 1
i the day before the inauguration
very private house was filled with I
iests from all parts of the Union.
In the center of the procession. pre- 1
,ded by the senate and followed by I
presentatives, walked George Wash- I
gton. On reaching Federal hall the
oops formed a line on each side of I
e way, through which the president, 9
th his attendants, was conducted to I
chamber of the senate, where the
resentatives had assembled a few a
rtes before, and at the door the a
e president received him and at- fi
dd him to the chair.t
'he vice president then said, "Sir, e
senate and the house of represent- p
yes are ready to attend you to take d
oath required by the constitution, d
iich will be administered by the s
te of New York-." The president c~
wered, "I am ready to proceed."
e vice president and the senators J
the way, and, followed by the rep- n
entatives, Washington walked to a:
outside gallery, overlooking both
ill and Broad streets, which were ti
ed with a sea of upturned faces rr
ishington's first offi.ial act was to el
end service in old St. Paul's. it
he second inauguration of Presi- tl
at Washington took place in Inde- .
dence hnll, at Philadelphia, on.
rch 4, 1702.
)n March 4, 1797. John Adams was
ugurated president of the United
ites in the old statehouse at Phila
phia. Although the day was favor
le, there was no parade or gathering
a large assemblage.
Lthough the generally accepted ac
mnts of Jefferson's inauguration
Eke it appear that he rode to the cap
I on horseback without attendan'e
d that the ceremony was of the
aplest kind, a newspaper of the day
tes that "on this day President
act ,Jefferson was escorted from his
gngs to the capitol by a brdy of
ltia and a procession of citizens."
efferson's second inauguration on
treh 5, 1805, was simpler, if possible,
in his irst.
A Ceremonlous Occasion.
Lhe inauguration of James Madison
s the first ceremony whi- was
tde a great occasion. The day was
bered in by a federal salute'. and at
early hour the v-olunteer corps of
litia began to assemble. So great
Ls the crowd that the oath of offiee
ts administered in the old hail of
resentatives, now statualry bail, at
e capitol. For the first time In the
story of inaugurations the various~
nches of the government were ush
d into the hail with ceremonious
wp and parade.
rames Madison was Inaugurated the
and time on March 4, 1813. H~e had
military escort, and the ceremonies
the house of representatives were
nilar to those of hIs first inaugura
in. In the evening there was an in
guration bali at Davis' hotel, which
now the Metropolitan.
The 4th of March, 1817, was a beau
all day and there was a large crowd
witness the inauguration ceremo
es. The president elect and vice
esident elect left the private res!
ce of President Monroe, attended
a large cavalcade of citizens on
ind remain standing unti the person
Lnnounced is seated.
Mr. Fairbanks' Valedictory.
When all the dignitaries have ar
-ived the vice president will deliver
.s valedictory and will then call to
the rostrum James S. Sherman, to
whom he, will administer the oath of
:he vice president of the United States,
fter which he will declare the senate
djourned without day. Having been
;worn, Mr. Sherman will ascend the
ostrum and, taking the gavel, will call
:he senate to order for the new session
md will ask that new members of the
;enate come forward and take the
ath of office. Presumably there will '
>e sixteen new faces in the senate.
Each new senator, accompanied by his
:olleague, will step forward and take
,he oath. This done, the entire assem- th
blage will proceed to the inaugural at
tand. se
The sergeants-at-arms of the senate
ind the house will lead the stately p,
procession. This is an innovation, as it
beretofore it has been led by the mar- he
shals of the supreme court and of the or
District of Columbia. Those present in ei
the senate chamber will fall into line
in the same order in which they en
tered the senate, and the entire com- cc
pany will march to the inaugural re
stand. In
The troops gathered in front of the tr
stand will present arms as the presi- t:
dent and the president elect appear at W
the main door of the capitol. and when
they have arrived at the front of the
stand Chief Justice Fuller will step
forward and administer to Mr. Taft
the oath of office, following which the
new president will deliver his Inau
gural address, which is understood to
be unusually brief. From the stand
the president will descend a flight of
steps to his carriage and drive imme
diately to the White House. where he
may snatch a brief luncheon bcfore
taking his place in the stand.
There will be a slight change this
year in the order of the progress of the
president, the president elect and the
vice president and the vice president
elect to the capitol. In view of the close
relations of Senator Lodge to the pres
ident he will ride in the carriage with
the president and the president elect,
as will also Senator Knox. who as
chairman of the committee on ar
rangements is the personal escort of
the executive. The vice president will
have as escort Senator Bacon and Iep
resentatives Burke and Gaines, while
the vice president elect will be accom
panied by Senator Frye, the presIdent
pro tempore of the senate, and Repre
sentative Young. Heretofore only one
senator has accompanied the two chief
figures in the ceremonies.
Ball a National Function.
-s a plensin1g an( plc -
-proposed -no In
.ething more
unction of supreme
ignificance. It will take
of a reception by President
..t and Vice President Sherman to
ie country at large. Each state in
ie Union will be officially represented
a the floor by one of its distinguished
ns, whose mission it will be to co- the
erate officially in the presentation of i rep
e visitors from here, there and ev- mil
rywhere to the great men of the na- i
on who will be in attendance. ten
Gist Blair, whose father, Montgom- 'I
r Blair, was postmaster general in the
ie cabinet of President Lincoln. is ati
bairman of the committee in charge the
! the inaugural ball and has so plan- wi
ed the event as to bring the entire sta
'nion through the forty-six states into an
Irect and active participation in the Th
"Washington is a national city, a ret
[ty belonging to the country," Chair- the
man Blair said in discussing the ball W:
rrangements. "It is our desire that fill
1 who come to the inauguration-and WI
ere promises to be the biggest at- att
mdance in the history of these at
irs-should feel that in coming to del
me national capital they are coming to pel
meir own city. Ma
"The ball will be essentially and dis
nctively national. A representative tnt
rom each state has been designated Str
s a member of the inaugural ball del
mmittee. These gentlemen will ab1
now many of the people who come of
romi their respective states and will
e that they are properly introduced col
the stateamen and their wives and ma
ther distinguished visitors. Thus it Ito
hoped to bring the forty-six states: an
ito close touch with the national cap- sirl
a on this memorable occasion." s ti
-'. : in'
- th
,ton to Lincoln
'fersonian Simplicity"
! of Modern Times.
ol by the militia, and the ceremony
:ook place in the senate chamber,
hich Is now the supreme court room.
As the day for the second Inaugura
ion of James Monroe fell on Sunday,
he ceremony took place the following
ay, Monday, March 5.
John Quincy Ads ns was Inaugurated
n March 4, 1825, and the day was one
f great demonstration and display.
resident Monroe called at the resi
ence of the president elect, who then
esided on F street, opposite the Eb
>tt House, and here they were joined
>y the military escort, and the proces
ion, headed by the cavalry, moved at
nce to the capitol.
The inauguration of "Old Hickory"
ook place on March 4, 1829. and was
memorable one. The friends of
resident John Quincy Adams had
-- ;
reed not to participate in the in
igural ceremonies. and the only uni
rmed military company in the Dis
ict of Columbia declined to offer its
cort to the president elect. A com
iny of Revolutionary officers and sol
ers, however, organized and ten
red their services to General Jack
m as an escort, and he rode to the
pitol in an open carriage.
The second inauguration of Andrew
ickson was very simple. There was
>military escort, no outward display
id no procession.
The 4th of March, 1838, was a beau
ful day, and the Inauguration cere
onies of Martin Van Buren were
aborate, and the crowds in Wash
.gton severely taxed the capacity of
ie city. Van Buren was the first na
;4 -,/.
m anctur...n.T.... TN
Live Ameriean citizen mnauguratme
president, for all the others had been
born as British subjects.
A Notable Celebration.
The inauguration of "Old Tippeca
noe" was one of the greatest events
that ever occurred in the national cap
ItaL. After the furious campaign
which preceded his election great
Crowds gathered in Washington to
witness the inauguration.
Exactly one month after this Presi
dent Harrison died, and on April 0
John Tyler took the oath of office be
fore William Cranch, chief judge of
the circuit court of the District of Co
It was a cold, rainy day when Presi
dent Polk was Inaugurated, but there
was a long procession of the military
as well as civic organizations.
Zachary Taylor had fine weather,
unlimited noise and great ceremonies
attending his inauguration. As the 4th
fell on Sunday, he was inaugurated on
As President Taylor died on July 9.
one year after his inauguration, Vice
President Millard Fillmore took the
oath of office on July 10 in the house
of representatives.
The inauguration of Franklin Pierce
was unique In the fact that the vice
president elect, William R. King, was
not In Washington to be sworn Into
office, but was on a mission to Cuba
and took the oath of office at a plan
tation on the hills above Matanzas at
the same time President Elect Pierce
was being sworn in In Washington.
There was no inaugural ball.
The 4th of March, 1857. was a splen
did day, and James Buchanan was In
augurated with much pomp and cere
mony. After reaching the White
House President Buchanan held al
public reception and at night attended
the inauguration ball, which was held
in a building In Judiciary square erect
ed for that purpose.
The Lincoln Festivities.
Abraham Lincoln had a bright, clear
day for his first inauguration, but it
rained and the streets were wet and
muddy when he took his second oath
of office. The martyr president went
to the capital from Springfield by way
of Indianapolis, Columbus, Cleveland,
Pittsburg and Philadelphia. and, al
though he was given receptions all
along the way, when he reached Har
risburg, on account of threatened vio
ce, it was thought best to change
the ns, and he proceeded to Phila
delphia one of the public cars, and,
arriving t e at midnight, he entered
the New Y sleeper and passed
through Baltimore ed and ar
rived in Washingto
morning of Feb. 23. -
Willard's hotel until the innugurz a.on
day, when President Buchanan called
for him. and in an open carriage the
party proceeded to the capitol. In or
der to avoid threatened violence the
president and president elect in their
marriage were preceded by a company
of infantry, double files of the Dis
trict cavalry on either side and in
tantry and other military organiza
tions following. In the long proces
on there was a large car or float
presenting the constitution and the
nion, each state being represented
by a little girl dressed in white. A
battalion of District troops guarded
the steps of the capitol. The cere
mony of swearing in the vice president
In the senate completed, the entire
party marched to the east portico of
the capitol, where the great scene of
iwearing In Abraham Lincoln tookc
The civil war was in progress when
lr. Lincoln was inaugurated for the
second time. There were evidences
of the war everywhere, and gloom
and sadness covered the whole land.
The president went to the capitol ear
ly to sign bills, and therefore the pa
rade marched down without him. The
procession, however, was noteworthy.

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