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The Pickens sentinel-journal. (Pickens, S.C.) 1909-1911, September 02, 1909, Image 1

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Entered A pril 23, 1903 at Pickeum, S. C. an second class matter,underaeg of0Congress of March 3,1879
3 9th Year PJ(CKENS, S. C., SEPTEAMBER 2, 1909. Number 15
Important Ann-uncemcnt Made by the
Standard Warehouse Company.
Of ilmportanw- if the highest
or(er to the ,olon gr,owIe of
SoiUtli 8ar(inIa ;ndi 11(iLhb)ring
states is the an onna-ent of
the Farners' Lian ai 'rust
conpany of Cohinibia that it is
prepared to advam1( noiev on
recei)ts for ('tton ton-n with
the Standard Warhiouse comi
pany, havin- warehouses in
Orangeburg. G reen vo(. -New
berry, Aiileno, G rein ville, ('o
hlibia, at * pwr (%,nt interest.
The siigniica'e of this state
Imlent to i e co P1n ioduer's is
measured l. twI" fact that last
seasol an(l hcrctofmr the rate
Of inltert st oil Ioalls seered
by bonded wahoi'1(uses receipts
has been , ptr cent.
MeanwhiK ii.- Sta1ard ware
house compaitv, with which the
Farm1er's 1 and Ti.t coml
panv is in close alliance, the
principle busincs of the latter
being to advance money on the
cotton receipts issued by the
warehouse corpanv, is prepar
ed to receive and store .cotton at
lower rates than are to be obtain
ed from an v o' her wale Iousing
.systeni iiith
W IHAT 4,011r ANs 1 1)PR CES
terest rates savi %1j farmers
may be thus illunstrated: When
.the owner of a bale of cottoln
keeps it at home he must pay 8
per cent. at the hank the inter
.est for six m,onths on 850 ad
vanced a bale being therefore S2.
'This bale of cottoll is not inred
against damage or loss by fire.
weather or stealing and the dif
ficulty of borrowing money on
it is necessarily the greater. Of !
course the amount of money
advanced on a bale of cotton is
a variablie so1-epending On
the market p1rice of the cotton
.aod S50 is ta sOleIV for the
)Ur)oSL' Of it:he ilhistration. At
6 per celit . the interest on 850 for
six mtoths is ;1.5. 'he cost of
storage in one~ (f the Standard's
warehouses is 15 cents the month
thie h)ale withl 5 (cnts for hand
ling andl ( ents for weighing
and( grading added to the first
mnonth, miakinig the t(otal cost
for six mionths .91. Inaterest at
f; per cent and warehouse charg
es together mtake S2.50) for six
months. Inl other' words, the
farmer storing with the Stand1
ar(1 \at ellouse and I orrowing
from the F"armiers Loan andl
'Trust co mp ~any at the same
time has hiis hale of cotton in
5Un'(Id a.iilst lie, weather and
stealing for)l .) et nBts for six
miontihs-thatL is t o say, he is en
abled to hold his ('oitton at a net
cost to himi (of 1-:s cents a month
for each bale.
T1he president of the Stand
ard Warehouse comlpany, Mr'.
T. B. Stackhouise who with Mr.
L. W. Parker. a memiber of the
board of di rect(ors, lately visited
New York and }Boston to confe
with bankers as t) securing
mn 1er fo ad 8 vances on South
ern1 (cott4 n. -aidl ye,trday:
.\T sIX NPEi (i:ENT.
" think I c'an safely say' that
the iFrmers' Loan and Trust
c'ompjanly is p rep)ared to make
advances onl all cottoni stored1
with thn Standar81d WaZrehoulse
comp1 ~any' at (; per cent. We
found I he strong ltnacial inter
ests of the i-Jst wiling1 to make
advances (41n~ louthernh cotton
properly w0.vrell<mlsedn andIi had1
noA tr'oubleh' in per'fet tinig arranige
mentsI . The) truth is' that ini the
wvest wxhere eaistern h)an zZ have
b)een lending llmoney Onl wheat
and other grain c'rops the pros
perity has bee 1~So great that the
western banks a om no longer in
need of nmuch asut an1ce anid ('an
finance their own empns. East
er'n hanlfk*'rs herefore' muist 1look
for annher field in which to lend
money and( they find the Stand
ard warehouse cotton receipts
wholly acceptalek collaterial.
"If vou inquire the reason
the methods of producing, will
have reahced som dIegree of
perfection. The Standard Ware
house company, we think, is
rendering them some assistance
to this end aid our success in
making arranmeni,ts to offer
money at (; per cent. on ware
house receipts as compared with
, last year should be an argu
mnilt of some coivilcing force.
le otlicers of the Standard:l
Warehouse company are: T. B.
Stackhouse, president: E. W. -
Robertstoii, first vice president;
J. K. Diurst, inenwood, second.
vice president, and L. W. Park-.
er, Greenville: C. E. Summer, A
Newberry, R. E. Vannamaker,
Orangeburg: R. E. Ligon, An
derson, anI Allgust Kohn, (o
lam111bia ale tie director.s.-Co
lunibia State.
The Work of One Township.
The new road law is working
like a charm in Catawba town
ship, notwithstandingthe many
obstacles the law makers met
with during the meeting of the
legislature. If every township
in York county will follow Ca
tawba's footsteps the county
will in a few vears have the:
best roads ini the State. I
Six roads in Catawba town
shin which touch the Chester 1
county line are being worked at
present, and they will be work- I
ed to the Chester county line.
The roads being worked are the
Catawba road, both the upper
and lower York and Landsford
roads, the Colunbia road and i
the road running b Mr. W. P N
Nealy's residence, which is al
new road.
Mr. Preston D. Lesslie, Ca
tawba's supervisor, informs
The Herald that never before i
his life has he seen so much
good roads enthusiasm. He
says that everywhere he has
gone he has met with aid and
encouragement. He has col -
lected already from this town
ship $1,845 from the commu
tation tax. The law requires
that all male citizens between
the ages of 21and 55, except in t
incorporated towns and cities
are liable for this tax and he has
collected practically all with the
exception of perhaps 150, who ~
will work on the roads for
a peroid of five dlays each.
Since crops have been lay-ed
by labor is plentiful and the
work is being pushed forward,
The hardest task the township
supervisors have met with is in
miaking out a list of all those lia
le fo road dulty in each town
ship, b)ut this wvork is ab)out ov
er and 3Mr. Lesslie wvent to York
ville yesterday to have his list
coriected by the county treasur
er's. The county list contains
sonie names that do not appear I
on the township's, and Vice ver
sa, and the two lists will be cor
rectedI to a name.
As an examle as to what
Catawba township is doing, we
will print the followving: Messrs.
Henry Massey arid R. H. Pea
cock, who live out on the 01(d
Saluda r'oad, near the river,1
built nearly three miles of per
nmanent road work in three days
last week. They- will not, and
(d0 not, expect ai cent from the
county for their services, al
though it cost them a nice little
sum to accomplish what they
(lid. They had 12 mules at
work antd nine laborers. The
laborors were p)aid1 75 cents a
day, while they- got not a-cent
for their own time, neither the
12 mules, andl similar conditions
prevail all over the township and
as long as such is the case we:
are bound to have good roads.
Another thing, the work being
done now is permanent work.
Deep ditches are being placed
along all roads arid the roadbeds
are being built up considerably. :
-R>ck Hill Herald.
The Bugle is Blowing.
Charleston is to have a direct
steamship line~ to Panama.
Wake up b)usiiess men, the
bugle is blowing reveille for~
Southern commercial expansion.
-Florence Times.
in Account by Senator Tillman of One
of the Most Momentous Incidents
of the Struggle.
Senator Tillm an, in the cours(
of his address today, gave thE
ollowing account of the "Bloody
)rill" at Aiken on August 9,
There has been more or les,
liscussion in the papers of the
tate recently about The origin of
he red shirt as the democratic
iniforni in 1876. I shall leave
t to others to sift the evidence
md determine if it can be done,
ust where the credit lies. I
vant to tell what I know about
he bloody shirt and its effective
ise in that momentous crisis.
n my story of the Hamburg
iot I have mentioned the drum
kead court martial which con
lemned and executed prisoners
fter the fighting or firing had
The last man selected to be
hot was a notorious thief by
he name of Pomp Curry whom
had known from boyhood.
le had furnished the names of
,11 whom he recognized to, Dis
rict Attorney Stone and this evi
ence caused warrants to be is
und against practically all the
embers of the Sweetwater
abre Club and a few others
vho were not members. 'We
cere charged with murder and
onsiracy to murder, and the
heriff of Aiken county was
iurdered to make the arrest.
Aike a wise and prudent man
.e did not attempt to execute
he warrants, but communicated
rith Col. Butler, our, captain,
,nd by common uuderstanding
11 of the men thus charged as
embled at Lower Cherokee
ond a place near Col. Butler's
ome and started for Aiken.
'he procession was led by the
heriff in a buggy, followed by
he so-called prisoners, armed to
he teeth, and accompanied by
aggage wagons with supplies
or horses and men, cooks and
full camping outfit except
ents. Rev. William Shaw who
wned a plantation two miles
vest of Aiken, the dwelling
ouse on which was unoccupied,
tad kindly offered it for our use.
Ve reached this place some time
iefore sun-down and took up
sur quar4ers for the night.
Iourt was to convene two days
ater and we were thus early on
he ground in order to give the
atwyers who had our case in
and opportunity to draw up
he papers and prepare for ob.
aining bail if we were to be al
>wed to return home. Gen.
3utler, who was under indict.
ment. Hon. George W. Croft,
Ion.D. S. Henderson of the
\iken bar and Maj. William T,
lary were acting as oua attor
Among those whose interest
lad1 induced them to accompay
is was my brother, Hon. Georgt
). Tillman, who had beer
tominated as a candidote fo:
ongress ln our congressional
listrict. He had been in corres
>ondIence with General, after
vard1s Senator J. Z. George, of
dississippl, the man whose con
tructive statemanship in devi,
ing means to s'tfeguard south
~rn civilization by the elimin.
tion of the negro vote will caus<
11s name to shine for all time at
. great constitution lawyer and
>enef actor of the south. It war
mder- him that Mississippi let
ff in disfranchising the negr<
nd practically every southerr
tate has followed suit. Missis
ippi had thrown off the carpe
>ag yoke two years before tha'
nd Gen. George advised my bro
her to have the South Carolinu
nmpress the negroes both as t<
mr strength and the purpose oj
:he whites by using spetacula:
mniform and urged the paradE
f long processions of arme<
vhite men through the country.
The Hmhnrg riot had cause
that southern banks are not
equally able to finance the farm
ers without assistance from the
east, since the price of cotton
has increased in the last seven
or eight years, the answer is
that the increase in the value of
the southern cotton crop has
been by no means so great as
the increase has been in the
value of the grain crop. For
example, a suggestive table in
tihe current number of the Liter
arv Digest, which you may have
seen, points out that while dur:
ing the period from 1900 to 1908
the value of the wheat crop in
creased 90 per cent. the increased
value of the cotton crop was on
lv 32 per cent.
"In m~-Y judgement the ex
planation of this is that the west
ern farmer has been accustom
ed for vears to store his wheat
ta the elevator and to sell wheat
only when the world wants it,
while, until recently, the cotton
farmer has disposed of his crop
during the harvest months and
the two or three months inine
diately following at whatever
prices were offered. Neither
wheat nor cotton can be econ
omically held by the farmer un
less he have warehouse facilities
-and the wheat farmer has had
them longer and more of them.
"The Standard Warehouse
. any is steadly enlarging
ts faciTNz>s for storing cotton.
Nt present it. capacity is 75.000
)ales but it coNtemplates the es
ablishment of otjer warehouses
it points where the demand for
hem seems to justify it. Ware
louse facilities which enable
he farmer to borrow money on
heir product at 6 per cent. ought
o go far in assisting the south
rn farmers to distribute the
narketing of their cotton dur
n) the 12 months of the year'
-ather than during four and
hat is the real problem that
he farmer must face if he would
>btain for his cotton what it is
"In our arrangements with
astern bankers to furnish nion
y for advances on cotton wvare
louse receipts," continued Mr.
tackhouse, 'it is worth noting~
hat the receipts themselves are
wot sent to P'oston or New York
is collaterial. Under our con
racts receipts for a specified
iount are simply turned over
o the Coiumbia Savings Bank
mnd Trust company, which
10ld1s them as custodian for the
Eastern lender, they having our
general note for the money bor-!
owed, which includes ai conl
ract to deposit warehouse re
:eipts with the Columbia bank.I
*he importance and value of
his arrangement to the farmer
re that if at any time he wish
~s to sell his cotton and pay his
wte, he may make the settle
nent at home and1 avoid the
ecessity of having the bank
ere send north for his note and
aking payment in New York
Lxhange. Our contract per
its us, when a note dleposited
s paid, to substitute another
ote for it. When the farmer's
ote and warehouse receip)ts are
hemselves sent to Boston from
ouror five (days in interest is
ost in closing out each accon
hich ultimately the farmer
ays, as well as the premiunm on
Ne w York or Boston exchange.
Fequently the farmer wishes
o sell his cotton on a particular
lay, the market may be up and
t may be down the next day, so
hat the conducting of the whole
ransaction at home so far as
he farmer is concerned should
>K no small consideration to
"Whenever the southern far
ers universally adopt the cus
om of storing their cotton in
warehouses, protecting it from
amage of every kind at the
nost economical rates and sell
ing it as the demand develops
throughout the year, the meth
ods of marketing, which ai'e
scaercely seond in importance to
such a furore throughout the
north and the republican press
of that section was waving the
bloody shirt with such frantic
energy that Mr. Tillman suggest
ed to Col. Butler that we though
assembled as prisoners should
wave the bloody shirt in reality
as a token of defiance. The idea
was seized upon by all of us and
Luther Ransom anmd yself were
appointed a committee to visit
Aiken confer with the democra
tic authorities, and see if we
could induce them to help us in
securing shirts to be donned as
uniforms. Col. George W.
Croft, then county chairman en
tered into the scheme with groat
zeal, and gave us an order for
the necessary yellow homespun.
Having obtained this, Rans,n
who knew nearly all of the la
dies of Aiken accompanied me
in my buggy and we distributed
the bolts of cloth among the la
dies with the request that they
inake us forty homespun shirts
just as soon as possible.
As I remember it, the cloth was
distributed one afternoon and
the next morning we drove into
town from our camp and gather
ed up the garments obtaining a
good supply of turpentine, oil,
and Venetian red at the -same
time. I had telegraphed to a
friend in Augusta, Tom Henry
to send me without fail two ne
gro paper masks or dough-faces
and a kinky chignon. I had or
dered a carpenter to m ike a
large flag staff in the shape of a
cross and I got one of the ladies
to make an ennIous shirt big
ger than Goliath of Gath would
have worn. This shirt was
turned into a flag with the arms
outstretched over the cross
pieces. The negro faces were
tacked to the top back to back so
as to make a grinning -negro
Ihead from either side and the
chignon was nailed on top of
Satan's appeal to the fallen
"Awake, arise or be forever
fallen" had been emblazoned in
large black letters on one side
and my brother suggested the
motto for the other side:
"None but the guilty need
The shirt was made bloody
with the marks of bullet wounds
in red, and when the work of
making the unique b)anner was
completed, Ransom and others
making suggestions, it was sure
ly a most ghastly object.
The yellow homesoun shirts
had been put on and every wear
er stained his shirt with artificial
blood according to his own
fancy. Some used poke-berries
to make the color more fiery
than the Venetian Red and tur
pentine, and vary the ti'2t.
Everything in readiness about
4 o'clock the day before court
was to convene the Hamburg
rioters to the number of forty
uniformed as no men have ever
been before or since rode into the
town of Aiken in column of
two's. The flag which was in
itself not very heavy required a
very strong and muscular man
to handle it when we began to
gallop, and Milledge Horn was
selected as flag-bearer. He had
lost five brothers in the Conffed
erate army a sure guarantee of
his courage and daring, w~as six
feet high, weighed over 200
pounds and was correspondingly
muscular. As soon as we reach
ed Aiken we rode quietly by ev
ery house where the ladies had
Lbeen at work on our shirLs so as
Ito let them see us. Then string
ing out in column of file making
a line nearly a quarter of a mile
Llong, an the order was given to
gallop, and for half an hour at
break-neck speed we paraded
~through every street. It b,eing
Ldry we soon kicked up a great
cloud of dust, while all the men
in the town as well as the women
and children lined the spaces in
front of their houses and waved
handkerchiefs and cheered us.
Not a neg-o did we see.
Having shown how little ter
I rified we were to thus baed the
lion in his den, we proceeded in
column of two's to Coker Spring
where consumed an hour or
more in washing the dirt off our
faces and out of our eyes and
ears, and watering our horses.
At that time there was sta
tioned at Aiken a company of
United States regulars. These
were camped on the bluff over
hanging Coker Spring. The
strange and unique appearance
of this new uniform and the
men in it caused all of the sol
diers to line up on the bluff and
watch us with great curiosity
and interest. When all our men
had finished washing, and we
were again in our places (every
thing having been done in mili
tary style, one man holding
three horses linked bridles while
the other three washed at the
h-rse trough) Col. Butler gave
the command: "Foursleft. left
dress." This threw us into line
facing the bluff where the
Yankees were gathered some
sixty yards away and about for
ty feet above us. Then the or
der was given: "Three cheers
for the boys in blue," and if
there was ever a "rebel yell" it
must have leaped from the
throats of those determined and
desperate men. As soon as the
cheers were given the command
followed: "Fours left, left by
two's, march," and we started
off back up the hill briskly, to
wards the town.
Almost as if by magic the Yan
kee soldiers who were all in uni
form received the order from
someone: "Fallin, rightdress."
As they were already in line it
took them only two or three sec
onds to get in military formation
and withont counting off the or
der was given: "Three cheers
for the men in white." The
answering call of the northern
white man to the southern
white man was.as hearty and
vigorous as our own defiance
had been.
I will say in passing, that,
while some of these same men
marched sixteen miles to
Rouse's Bridge to stop the Ellen
ton riot some weeks later, and
were held along with a large
number of other troops in the
disturbed region,-one whole
regiment being sent to Edgefield
court house in October, none of
the soldier~s ever displayed any
other than the most friendly and
kindly feeling and they had no
stomach whatever for the dirty
work they had been sent into
the state to do. They obeyed or
ders which is the duty of a sol
dier but they never showed any
feeling other than good will and
sympathy for our people. But
while the Sweetwater Sabre club
andl its successor in Meriwether
township, the democratic fight.
ing club, came in contact with
the troops on several occasions
afterwards they were never per
m itted to cheer us again.
The rioters in their bloody
shirts returned to their quarters.
In this parade the shirts were
worn as blouses over the pants
with pistol belts outside. Some
of the men wore them home,
and one young mian, John Craw
ford, I think, caused his sisters
to become dreadfully frightened
because they thought he was
wounded. I carried the flag te
my home and I have always re*
gretted that it was destroyed by
fire when my residence was
burned some three years later.
It was a unique scene in the
court room when Judge Mahei
ordered bail lo be granted, fixing
the sum as I recall it, at $1,00(
each. The argument of the
case had delayed action far intk
the night. Lamps had to b<
brought in and as the restles:
"prisoners" would pass in ani
out of the court room and tak<
their seats the thud of the bar
rels of their revolvers could bi
heard as they came in contrac
with the benches.
When court was adjourned thi
'men began to make inquiry o
,the clerk of the court as to whei
they could file their bonds. E
tn a rather putulant and hrHi
able manner, which was natur
al because he must have been
very much fatigued, replied;
"Sometime in the morning."
Just then I overheard Sheriff
Jordan whisper to him: You
had better let these men get out
of town tonight else they may
burn it and hang you before
morning." In a thrice the
manner of the clerk changed
and be began to hand out blank
bail bonds to be signed by all
the applicants and their sureties.
We all went on each other bonds
and it became a joke causing
a great amusement that Walker
Matheny, who did not own ten
dollars worth of property, had
signed bonds to the extent of
$20,000. In truth the whole per
formance was a perfunctory
and in many respects a laugh
able travesty on law, for if they
had attempted to put us in jail
I am sure few or none of us *
would have acquiesced and
we would havc probably killed
every obnoxious radical in the
court room and town and gone
to Texas or some other hiding
place. In an hour we had de
parted and gathering up our
camp followers were on our way
We had in truth waved the
bloody shirt it the face of the
Yankee bull and dared him to
do his worst, It is needless to
say that this daring act on the
part of the whites served to in
tensify the dread of the neMes
while among the whites the ban
of race drew up closer toge eri
It was "all for one and one
all" and the state's mottocl"
"Animls opibusque parati" }
ready with our lives and fortu---,
nes-pulsated as the sentiment
in every bosom.-Anderson
Cotton in York
We have before us a stalk of
cotton measuring eight inches
in height and containing one
bloom and two forms. It was
sent to this office by Mr. Julius.
Friedheim and a note sent along
with it states that the sample
came from a farm in the Santuc
section and that it is the best
that can be found in that section
this year. Now, this may be
exaggerating conditions a little,
but some good and conservative
farmers in that section say they
will not make over half a crop
of cotton this year.
This is no reflecoion on the
good people of Santuc for some
of the best farmers in the county
are to be found down there.
They were just rained out this
year. The deep sandy soil in
that section does not stand a
wet year so well as red land,
and conditions are bad enough
on all kinds of land this year.
There is no longer any doubt of
the fact that the cotton crop
will be short this year and if it
does not bring fifteen cents this
fall, supply and demand for
the staple will not figure in
the market at all. Some good
farmers say the crop in York
county will be at least twenty
five per cent less than last
year's crop.-Rock Hill Herald.
Investigating Titles.
Mr. Drayton F. Hastie, assis
tant United States district at
torney, from Charleston was in
town two days last week inves
tigating the title to the postoffice
lots in behalf of the government.
Mr. Hastie is a descendant of
the Drayton family, long pro
minent in South Carolina. He
is a genial gentleman and one
who knows his business. He
will report the whole question to
,the attorney general of the Unit
ed States in a few days.-Gaff
ney Ledger.
Big Mortgages.
Several mortgagesof the Caro
lina, Clinchfield and Ohio road
are being recorded in the office
of the register of mesne convey
ance. One is for $5,000,000. It
1is perhaps the h-rgest mortgage
on record in this county.-Spar
tanburg Spartan.

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