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TiE PICKENS SENTINEIL4URNAL
Enltered April 23, 1903 at Pikeni, S. C. as secoud elass Matter4 und*raet of Congress of March 3,1879 39th iecur PICKENS. S. C., SEPTEMBER 23, 1909. Number 18 Dr. Cook ald Is How His New T!wory [or PenctratTna Frozen Noth Won iim Immr. tal Fame - N:ilio.naire Bradley His Backer. By FREDLRICK 1. TUOMB1S. W IHEN tho h-il; nows was 1,1: she idin,!erna t!i the .: . t conti nv ts w th,b that r. Frederick .. -: At( ! : : h:,d die Iee he :o m. te (1ti n of V : e ti:* e C nCIl e ee t f ::I.-I :!,- l-'. )r sei d er d-',:'I .In Ixp;orers self salcr1 : n.: wi" i :s and steely nerlVed i*!e ur-r o a dozeni na: -tionls ha:vo !m !-I"e-W sa ainst the n l,r : : f he frozen north inl atte:,:,s di Ver'hw pole. Dec.Ide Lnter 1k,: n esult failure-.1:1.- n h : r. ward for the I.-Irdy voV. erw d. :: le the .xploits !:e I::m I -h.ardy Xor,;enien"oll-w:, isg nlicanie. It is of death, of N Itar)I"..EDT."W 211 blig t- homs - C sea rch for t'i yIh ben: yr ti en. And it re:::: e tI i1 tihe yearl a i 0:o b.eon:e to e -" h!e. tO nrlm !an I W !n:nortal f:a 'e by : i -tu l : it in: tIh 'o: (*oI 0.M(:heJ .And alo be:i ego.ad n-1" ! Arin acca t of ti Trip. a(1'listory :;' h.. .: n hoetii> ile i t I ' g i- - Svr ::ort , I r. - lat rs - a r n.a las hu:gn fi:'1::d 1 <;i.i d u tin pa s wity h IsI'.' Coo. wa: con ien .thatl'en.i y con: bebIte hepoe the duesion. *o- '.:7 T: ver man,r thouh ii:r hy-hL:r ntobe An'trd ook mae 1oo. An 7leAccount' of.( thI rp During the euAr; pat ofDr oo' trip ntr e ukonsheete0 certts. tedah imfser cr . h e\ 12( -:'1' en! heri~:ds '.; i::In:o :l' N )t1e, I\s v en a I deenre:t wer :n. prime cC: Febr 0:ry . ::.rm lie they bvrp! gn bC:ortu7us tr'eIt v t'. e in st r paued.o trl ee sen.n ivn they -o ro iio swa r.d , .ns preparel our expedition Tery quietly and got in on the ground loor." On his return to North Sydney from Etab on hig yacht Mr. Bradley stated the situation, tho chances and the plans of Cook as follows: "From the po(:ar son tihere will bv only two sturdy Eskiinos and their dogs to go with (ook. From Ele mere Land three families of huskies will go with the party, establishing three stations alon the route. Tihe Idea of taking iimore on the jaunt lieross tile ice fields doe;'s not Ineet with our i approva 1,(Ir iarious reasos. "The uparty will leave 71) inrth lati tide i Silth's silll and] fri)mn there will cross Ellesinere Ia nd aniid try to rv:weh tho pile by ilhe Imiri:- This Means a jolrney. lf over GYn iniles, but for va rions reasns. which I dt 111ti enre tol s:lak :i -n at ['s- . feel convintie lr. Cook vill !and t lie pole successfully. ".Unlike le l'enry expedition. Dr. Cook hasi taken iny t% w) sl-ds. each bullt with ro f!s. cnnh,!i.z the party to1 sleep Inl (holm whilt. pinshinig f*4r :idro. The slds req euippvd ithi 1h1m11 st4)v(e- and( (0otlr ointrivancves. jTwo enllvas bwats alsi forl"I a part of the ouli. itese will bie 1Used in crOss Ing Ildl tereby s:,vin:g N:111uable tilie and ctlting shlrt the imirlvy. ID. C1 k won cecolipaniied Pea o il a poelmi- trip. 1.Il a- Spent ennl Sidlerabple [time inl m1aking prepa ra tionls for the present expedition and gNs with every knlwn eliient if help." The last wortd receivedI froi Dr. Cook after the yacht Bra:ley*'s d partulre was danTedll 'l sca. Marcb 17." and reaclel Alinottld F." specil Eskiio imessei--r. Tli essae seni to I1udolph ir:nlke. 0n' of the origin:al party, who h:u returntd to Annootok for suppliks. was as follows: "I'll Make Desperate Attempt." To the pres'nt we !iave !leen nothinf: of Croker l.antd. a:fl I a:n tai::mL: a strahb: course for the pole. T1.' 1.. are oloint well. aund I have l .of d;:s I to succe-d. A, .:ny ra:e, I v-ill i aie : desperate attrpt. VIle I expoect to u:t ck to yoa by the end of 'May. still I w%isih y i to be ready to go lu Aepo:.:e. thp wland ol North Star. w%;er tt WhlW:-s .te:aners come., by the ~Lth of J::e. and if I uirn no: back go h %v: ith1 t!.f. wanerr. Gather ali the b!e lWx t.aus you can These muso'. Be our moin"i on the remuir trip. It you can gm a few rears!<m. take them; also narwhal anid w:wru tusks, but do ,.ot give tou niuch for t.:e:; This Awful Cold and Wind." I have regretteil n::"y times that yo are not witi us. but ::t th,! r:wilment 11 spen ed best to use:d y.v n bi:. ai.. i: t!e whole. you will he of i;: : :;: :.0 tc rie at the hou1e. to L.uurI aint care to: our things. ha:: !:- in tin Ve nd in th:S :wfui col and wa!.. I I:ust you a:2 oh the samne oUAMUn. So goi-diy. and nww for the p,,le! Yours cordially. FI DIiGCK A. COOK1. Such wr1o the !Ist words lo 1 "the clutside" tif the slout hoarted.1 g:imbler with tinextr:ibple fate who vt rmiing r)() ebairl-s to I that he w(iud 1:13y his bones ligside those who had golle boihre in soelil da rksmIec. greeln ited le,1ar1u G-: llilse fromn re' -uie. Afier nv:ily twu pears e silence. durinv; which only wl :essage from hin was reveive. the relie! hip jet nle was st 11arted niwar, and it was expetcted that thle vessel wvould reach Etah ('arny ini this mnoth. His plan as agreed on was to' putsh oIn to lie niorthiern point of Granat Land1 anld froin thete start his dashi fir the pile in the winIer of 1Pa3, timlinlg imself so as to rietlrln to his heaidqut:ers at1 Atmooto01k not later than September. 1909. Dr. Cook's New Theory. Ir Cook Uiin tteinded !i iut a nlewi the nthiIs trill lit l::ttelal'dto tic m :'e his advancin sut h at-i: way tImt hisi tip aniss thle lce would fuP ll uin-:' ihi witer' liolths. Tis see:ns :a sirngei timie in whli-li to rih thin lode: liut radieai as laymen may consier it. Pi hots and1( txplorers whot~ have 'pr-at win ters in t he nhI believed thaI it inight lead to su' cerSs. U salnly ex ploreros havye done f'la-her t ravelitnz durn.:the I stun51l have 1 1( oe it lIer~ P'l qutrs hi ga:ve tem a ebhatie to re''uperma:te iltr ig thle ((oId weither' for tile hard1t work a head wheni lhe taovinmice had( 01pened'! wate'r to gIive them a c han'ce to use boats. D r. Cook nt it rely i;:nore'd the old ctomstll. He statrted 0on a journefly the exact anltithe'sis of any heretofore unlder'takenl. Cok His Career. Dr. Coo was surgeon amid ethnolo gist to the tirst Pecary expeditioni ill 1591 and 1S92. comanlder' of the ex pedi tionl on1t hie Zti,I ai yaiiht. 15:; or' gaizYer : ad coniunandliter 0f the expeodi tio d on ' the Miran. ta,i sht:lnshi1p. in 18041; surgon:i a n tttoplioist on the Belan anltarctie: expecditionl of 1897-!) nnd surgeon to the Peary autx liry expedition nl the Eikt. a steamIi ship, 1001l. Hie elimbhed Moult Mc li ley Sept. 1 i, 1JUti, afteor ha ir ra isinig escapesI' from deth i andt aflter severiet expIosur'e to thle elemntsii1. l'rotes'sor IH. C. Paiirker of'(0111 C lmi un111iversity. palty, aftter'w::rd diispurn tced Cookt'5 feat and enartgitd ini ai luttir iontro really reach('d the sunuitt of the iOl2 tai.n. at Callicoonl Depot. SIi;iani e1"i"t N. Y., ou Jhune 1i. 1515. II e is the sill of Dr. '1-.Theodre Allbert C< kt. HIe re ceived his elemlenita ry elduent ion in Brooklyni : ad wias t add a! I dLegree of M. D. tit the Uldvvlrsity of New York Ia 1 Stil. On Junie 10?. 19o2, lie ta r Mis Mary Fidt'll 11utnt. He' lias' bet'n dci rated withI the (Oer if L 1l"0- Be giuml; goltd ltiwdtl "i 111 .iv. gum; silver1 meiidal. 1:yeai ~t.i c 'ty, Beallum. anld V :s :i:cl; a t - the Amier'ic-tIu Nati' ini :i l 10 phciia G eog r:'ihicalI SIcietIcs andii t Kinigs County Medical socity. D)r. Cook is presidenit of the Explor -es lu of New York. SOME OF THE CREDIT GOES TO THE ESkIMO Wi.thout Him Pole Hunting Would Be Very Difficult. HARD WORKER, BUT DIRTY. Plenty of Water Around His Land, but None of It Ever Touches Him-Arctic Air Keeps Northern Men In Good Health. In spite of their di[,*erences regard Ing the discovery of the north pole and other matters. in one thi*ng Commander Peary and Dr. Cook are in thorough agreement. With the other men who have sought "farthest north" records they declare that expeditions to or to ward the pole would be almost if not quite impossible without the aid of the Eskimos. Almost all of the long line of arctic explorers have fully acknowl edged their indebtedness to the men of the north for their familiarity with arctic conditions and their willingness to work as sledge drivers and burden bearers. The only true Eskimos on this con tinent live on the west coast of Green land from Upernavik to Etah. in the heart of the arctic. less than 700 inile from the pole, where so many fearless explorers have spent their long. dark winter night before the tinal dash on foot and sledges over ice and hum mocks of ice. With all their virtues of industry, honesty. peaceableness and docility the Eskimos are the fllthiest people in the world. They never wash. not even fav and hands. The smell of their fur clothing aid secretions from the skin causes an odor about their per sons. and espeeially In their Igloos and tents. that is unbearable to tenderfeet. j.iving in huis of stone or ice in winter. in sealskin tents in summer. Eskimios never marry in the sense we u:s.- this word, but mate like animals. Swali n. 1of mates for an ludelinile time is connon. Eskimos are the mnost widely scattered people on the ge!. dwelling together in small bands. without central authority or "overnment. There are less than 40. 000 Eskimos all told. Safe From Many Diseases. Eskimos live almost entirely on raw animal food. and this explains the a bsence or a number of (iseases which are coimion to civilization. Seurvy. so comron anId deadly among early polar explorers. is totally unknown amron.ng Eskimos who eat raw ment. This raw fo:d also explains the abhsence or en langed tonsils. glands and goitre. Their perfect. splendid teeth and strong low er jaws mark then completely carniv ornus. The exclusion of vegetable foed has shortened their intestine. and in digestion is unknown. One woul1d suppose their pure flesh diet would cause biliousness, etc.. but the hirige peircentage of oil ini thieir food acts as a genitle laxative nrd protects them against all harmn. TJhe Eskimo eats with relish l rotten blubber that would stagger :a buzzard. Consumtpt ion is un1k nown among the Eskimos ini the north, nier is there any skini or bonie formt oIf tuberculosis. bt when broughit to thle Utnited ta tes they cotraict c'onsumplltiti inl mtost vir u!enit form. Of six brought to New York all contracted the disease in less than six months. One who returned to his airct Ic home made a qiuick cure. it is wvell known that the long arctie winlter, with Its depressing effects oii body and mind, often upsets the best bahined nervous system,. even of the untives. But this hysteria vanishes withb t he summer. Explorers have suf fered in the same way, and two have comtmitted suicile. in suimmer Eski mos get so full blooded that nose leedin]g is very common. Al! degenerative diseases that cause so mucli suffering and death in civi1li zation are absent from tihe Eskimos. 'The pure, sterile arctic air contains no germs. htut the natives invariably take a band "ship cold" whetn they go aboard whlite men's ships. Nature acts the good sanitar'iani in the far north and shuts the door against all disease ge'rms. The use of remedies either in side or out is unknown. Wounds heal up at once without mattering. All tu mors, warts and cancers are unknown, Walrus Hunting Is Perilous. Thle large number of children and lusty young widows shows the dangers of walrus hunting. The kayak, in wichl the hunting is done, Is a very frail craft. The Eskimo can't swim. Tihe wvountded walirus tears or sinks the little skin canoe, and widow, chil dren atnd relatives become co-mmont charges. At a distance it is difficult to distin guishl an Eskimo man from his mate, as t he sexes dress simiilarly. The out cr clothigg 'onIsists of trousers and : coat titting c'lose to the body and cov' eraig the head by a prolongation 01 tile coat, like a hood. The clothing i~ tmade of the skins of seals, land ani mails and birds. Sotme of tihe southerr: Eskimos have been Chiristiaized. anW their mode (if life has5 been birouighi somiewhlat into conformity withI civi lized ideas. The great majority of them. however, believ'e in a c.-ude forn (f nature worship and hero veneration First Case of September Strawberries r1Te first Sep'tember strawherriet cever heard of in New Jersey werm I!acedl on sale inl Relvidere. N. J1., a f:inety prices. They came frotm thn fartm of David Miiller. just aeross thi river in Pennisylvanin. He has beet experimenting with late berries nn (eclares that they are Just as good n: Irip to the Pole Secrecy Surrounded [xpedition So as to Thwart His Rival, Peary. He Has Been a Lifelong Adventurer. had succumbed to the strangling grip Df the abysmal horrors of the region. And it was in April that the orbit of the midnight sun carried its brilliant occupant over the horizon. The glitter on the green-white p:ack ice and the purple inged bergs was a stimulant to .he nerve worn invaders of the grim sileice. The dogs beg'iI to sicken. Those that dropped dead in the stiff ened harness were eagerly devoured by their mates. Thus the team of huskies beenme self supporting. A temperature of mori a1ii 45 de grees below zero prevailed in spite of the rays of the n1didi.:ht sui. The day Came wheni but 1oU miles of lve P:Ick lay be; ween Dr. Cook and the Uorth pole-n on. around. up. dowl. b:w-k gnd agaiin on. circumvenitg the shiftlig Orriers. outwitting the frozen 1z' AA4 F BROOKLY.N . WHO DISCOV Fii POLE seas. The ie hardened as he got ta within fifty mile's of the pole. The a! prevailhing silence and samoness wer. telling heav'ily on the temnlpirs of tia men. The EskImos quarreled an. thlrea tened to knrife one a not her. The pall of the hidden pole. jealotus of theii discovery of its long retreat,I was work ing on the braiins of its pursuers. At this time but Iwo Eskimos accom painied him. On A pril 21 observations showed Dr Cook that be wais within a few hun dred feet ot the pole. A few seCondii more and he stocod upon it,- t he god l i scores (at the world's branvest ment and. planrinag the American iing. hi clatimedl for the United States OVE' 80.000 square miles of territory: 80.(0)0 mile section of nature's sera henap. News Came From Copenhagen. The first news of Dr. Cock's discav ery to reach A merica camein from t ha c-olonial office at Copienhagen, stain--ii thait with a few Eskimos. a siedgina: parrty. Dr. Cook reac'hed tihe p)ole o: A pril 21. 1908. The ('openhtanen authorities h1(1ad' and their in formation in a dispat' from Lerwick. Scotland. which also re latead t ha:t Dr. Cook was returning from. the plar' seas on the steamship Hans Egede. bound for Denmark. I)r. Cook, who was surgeon of the first Pearyv arctic expedition and who Is a monin e i ilber of wide expo riece. 4di.emb arked from the au xii inlry schoonrer yac'ht John R. Bradhe: oni A uz. 27 with hIIis supapl ies at EtahI -on Smith's souind. latitude 79 degrees maorthI amnd aout 730 miles from the polhe. Sinit h's sounda is att the north ern extremity of flallin b:my. His idea: was to w\inrter somewhere in this geln er:;I! sect ion tad ea rly in the spring croass E!!esamere Land :rnd push onward ad inorthwavrd to the pole across the de'so1::te polar sea. whenee few men evert "-turneda to tell the tatle. P:' isionais. clothiun. : and ammifunitionl su r:a,: i far tvo yeai's werec taken a::sho r' fra:n the Uradl(ey'. The adven I ui?er's party coansisted of one at her whhe a moant i tanaout at dozen Eski imos. M rs. C'aaok. t he exp)lorer's wife. ae(oa')ni ed himr as far as Etab. A Secret Expedition. Th',e Coaok exhaeaitioni was largely' a burnding d'esire to Iav e Dri. Cook out stripa I'eari- to thea pole. insisted that ano1 (-lan:-e should Ie taiikeni of letting P'eiry ::et wind of thre venture. In his opainioan. P ear'y, whoi was alIready withbin striikim:z distance of Etah. waauld h:asteia his own' -aperations if he hied o f Ca k's p.hm<a~ :n11~ : oa!y sea' ! hea'a.n::ble dl::s tat Et:ah, so ':K<. -.m: he~ unabale to starrt ve ::: i' a his sled::es. "F"or tb.ro Sc i-as'" "ars \tr. rltaleyt '"e Worldwide Controversy Over Discovery of North Pole Will Probably Con tinue For Years-Await Cook?s Book ; By FRLDERICX R. TOOMBS. , MALL, woNd1er thIt the discovery of the lio I poli shinI 1 have precipitat ed a war :n : - ma:iPmialers 'f- th ii' :: :,:.h sensnional circumstances :n revealing of the exploits of tile C..: and the Peary ex' peditn :s m.1e eer tain a long series of dispute -- ences of opinion, rival claims a::l i charges. Each ianl's iMIn1nnIneilt 1!:. I! reached the pole imust in the i Subseqiuent events he neeptd at until proved false. One hing s s certain-that the arrival in the 1ni.( States of both Intrepid conquero..; 1r the arctic drift will not bring a <;iek solution of the intricate points iv ed, nor will it end the controversy h is spreading and flaming like a 1rnirle fire. Their arrival on these s,res will, on the contrary. fan the sparks still higher. and no min can foresee what the ultimate outcon wli )e. Peary is expected in New Yirk in a few days, and Dr. Cook annoiunces th.t he will arrive there ahout Sept. ',:. That the discussion as to who really discovered the pole will exten over a number of years appears cert.in. Dr. Cook states that the iost convinein-z proof of his claims will not he given ou .uti.hsne.b ok...:.. nda 14r few until his tause but th.... - tino reul sthe )ientt~ by itn' a agency,. wih ksalithart <" II a Pearys Claim Tht hewa 1:1 Fl t gavestil other r ma'ttie tur:..t.. th. csiaio, and ith iny uprrso idction of tteirness of r. ., ageny, which the1(doctr si. I : gdtoaofPearyclie :'s' suc. If h saysI he reache the p'>le I kuI hI Ct. I situation., agn til the~ dispat -b se fr.okGexena d tated th tt ook etsec:l acton Peay lad fo hei thas hag a s cac tollows: a(ltal recnt out hmy hvin tien Asom asil toeary'dfo eand dot atfe Etnh.:Ths poiertandinthe desr~e no: t r.trovter sy.Iaime sa in which tim, any su:ch:l assertion 'N.'Cmadr ofIers e ar ifI say frie rofhe tmine." k. e t pters nteUid ttsnYe gard is list turn has Dr.I Cook siuatinds ain,thbynavy dpartn have tod by very owr e h~s rasent pthuslifr dar n fondeavrint thin- chare nnhias foows: nosii The Commander Is a Man of Wealth.-- Owns Sixteen Islands on Maine Coast - Mrs. Peary's Record Trip > Ity of Dr. Cook's assertions. This at titude is probably a natural one, owing to the fact that Peary is a popular iavy man and one who has spent lhra ble time in cultivating friend a:s in o,'l!ial circles in Washington. In European circles, however. Dr. Cook is credited as much as Peary, a,.6 in Denmiarl: his story is accepted s :Qsolutely true by the leading geo r: a authoritles. The fact that thi Ttoyal Geographical society of Den rirk presented hini with a gold medal aLd tlhat the council of the University nf Copenlagen by a vote of 10 to I ro-tved to confer on Cook the degree of loctor of philosophy (honoris causa) i.s an indication of the force with wiCh his story impressed the hard .odd. unexcitable experts of the Danish nation. It Is probable that the :I n- are better qualified to judge the i:s or demerits of a north pole dis covery story than any other nation. That vital differences as to verneity should arise between two world heroes of the caliber of Cook and Peary is a mnz;er of poignant regret. Both men )re of spartan mold, fearless, deter ilined, enduring and patriotic. Each has perfornied a feat that will fix his nam securely in the histor.y of his countrY and his tine. Therefore If M ..TI...O..:.E.. Captain, C.TAasn he ofth n::utcal dpartmnt ofthe asM erlgia nsiue,dca hth believs firly Peay.dupicatedCook' acieemntbyfoloin'te eser muc moecovninio i ha'h (<i:: .-matled Peryrla the fores -o thwie t an Injusice of the smallhpro ter~~n- lu:i onew. nolee CaTant C.'br-le,iefyon of rtice nuric:a epare o the D aniry 18e afa ed.eutb followying the wernid r;..ti fo the greate particf ight atur (.uchdi rSui:dmus wh o comnedy N::u hoai,the Fram C snyer that then la. : e h:Guasreoree ofeay re mu:; a ye con.cn wto both than tei frt, :,ic he Far scin ek to douay au . ::rul: sa helples cnippced <b .;utc:: tha Cok ranhd thelasse, Peo::a: Telns ofin Hripjets.lt dcr:n into rae the ol-b unot.: e ety oe aod myarets, unti the f.:I theratys of u nuary,ih 1Sn 1:: 'ultte part C ofFerur thperymitd ita he sgra. Latic dnwnt, a jour-e ae in e uev nowrneso from rtadlve toueihVt'ee - hours o e chbumin sarel pound in;rove rh broener te ofb*n A reds: c Thean mandmmlanse tenperitd~rdiing that hiA'h was 58% degrees below zero. The temper ature the day we reached the ship was 65 degrees below zero." Mrs. Peary, who has all along insist ed that her husband would reach the pole, holds the record for the woman who has lived farthest north. She spent a year on the northern edge of Greenland with the commander when he made the first detailed explorations there. The long winter night and the hard ships Inevitable under the circum stances produced no unfavorable ef fects upon Mrs. Peary, wio battled through the dreary season of darkness with all the energy shown by the men of the party. To her doubtless the party owed much 'of the comparative comfort which relleved the monotony of the winter season. No white wo man had been so far north by several hundreds of miles as Mrs. Peary at that time (1892). A Danish woman lived for a long time at Tessulsak, about forty miles above Upernavik. This is hundreds of miles south of the place where Mrs. Peary spent a year. The Eskimo women were par ticularly interested In the white wo man who had come among them, and Mrs. Peary wgis of much service to her husband 'in the pursuit of his ethno logical researches. Laughs at Auto and Airship Plan. The ex-1 - has never had any sym pathy v. che various schemes ad vanced to invade the Ice locked polar regions with airships or automobiles. When Dr. Cook proposed a few years ago to dash for the south pole In an auto Commander Peary scoffed at the Idea. He said: "The roughness of the ice would prevent any such plan from working out successfully. Then, too, the stretches of open water 6ould not be overcome." He also deprecated the Idea of going to 'he north pole in an airship in the U. .iowlng words: "I don't feel like criticising those who try the airship method of naviga tion. I don't care for a balloon. Let me put It in this way: I don't believe that the airship in Its present state of development can successfully combat the conditions which will be met with in an attempt to reach the pole. When an airship has been constructed which can navigate the air Independent of storms and behave In the air as one of the big liners does at sea in any kind of weather, then It Is time enough to talk about reaching the pole by means of an airship, but not before. My er periences have not impaired by belief in my own method, which is In making a dash over the ice by means of sleds." "My Most Imp'rtant Work." Commander Peary has long main tained that the discovery of the pole would not prove the most Important result of arctic exploration. He states his views on the subject In the follow ing words: "The gain to the scientific world by the results of my work In the arctic regions Is of far more actual value than the discovery of the north pole. "The discovery of the north pole is merely a more or less spectacular fact, but still one that had to be tried again and again until actually accomplished. "I have traveled the most northerly land on the globe. The departments of science which will be benefited by my sojourn In the north are geology, meteorology, anthropology and natural history. The full result of my labors, especially in the field of meteorology, cannot be fully ascertained until the observations I have taken have been worked out by scientists. "Perhaps the most Important result of my labor-I am not now speaking from a scientific standpoint-is the demonstrating most conclusively that the right kind of a man can carry on arctic exploration without great dan ger or suffering exceptionial hardships. In fact, he can work in the far north as well as in his office in New York. "In natural history the work I have done, I am vain enough to think, is great. No expeditions ever had the opportunity that we had of studying the musk ox. I have sent home at different times very complete speci mens of this animal, and I have also sent a young walrus. So far as I know, no other specimens of these ani mals a'-e now living in captivity, and scientists have unexcel led opportunity to study them when alive. Commander Peary is widely report ed to be a poor man, one who has been Impoverished by his arctic trips. Such Is not the case, however. .Three years ago he purchased a total of sixteen Islands along the Maine coast-'north of Portland, which are held at high prices owing to the demand for exclusive sites for cottages along the cost. Sev eral of the Islands are in Casco bay. Eagle island, which he owns, has for several years been Commander Peary's stronghhold, his fortress, where he could retire at will safe fronu the at tacks of interviewers and photogra phers. It is an outside island about fifteen miles from Portland, partly wooded, partly open, with vegetation almost tropical In its density. The commander also owns Basket island, In Casco bay, an ideal seashore resort. It is a small Island, probably not more than a quarter of a mile long and perhaps an eighth of a mile wide. In fact, it Is an ideal location for a big seashore hotel of the exclusive type, and this, it is said, is just the use to which Commander Peary 'c.Ill eventu ally put it. He has purchased an island off Freeport called "A Pound of Tea," and away down the middle bay, off Freeport, Is Shelter island, twenty miles from Portland and about the same size as Basket. This Is one of the explorer's purchases. Within a radius of five miles fro Eagle Island are Great Mri Flag and Horse islani~, . have been acquired 4* 5'.