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410e1 $1,000,000 - F t the Diews. g 8of 1IE soT IIM MaNe the Gift EpreeeI Appe.cht-1 g the oHsHitaty Shows Him By the Soethrs People. New York Citj.-A gift of $1,000,000 by John D. Rockefeller to fight the "hook worm disease" was announced A dozen well known educators and scientists, selected in large part from Institutions of learning in the south. where the parasite is prevalent, were called in conference with Mr. Rocke efes representatives, and at that meeting Mr. Rockefeller's desire to organize a commission to carry on a campaign against the malady was dip mzssed. As a result of this discussion of the situation, the "Rockefeller coltnission for the Eradication of the Book Worm Disease" was organized. The members of this commission, as selected by Mr. Rockefeller, are: Dr. William H. Welch, professor ef pathology in Johns Hopkins universl ty. president of the American Medical assoiation; Dr. Simon Flexner, direc tor of Rockefeller Institute for Med ical- Research: Dr. Charles W. Stiles, chief of the division of zoorogy, Unit id States Rublic Health and Marine Hospital service, and discoverer of the American species of hook worm, and the prevalence of the disease in - A1erica; Dr., Edward A. Alderman, presdbnt of the University of Virgin fa; Dr. David F. Houston, chancellor of Washington university, St. Louis, No.'Professor P. P. Claxon, profes sor of education in the University of Tennessee; Honorable J. Y. Joyner, state superintendent of education in X qrth Carolina, and president of the NatiollI Educational association; 'Waler H. Page, editor of the World's W*; Dr. H. B. Frissell, principal Hampton institute; Frederick T. . Gates, one of Mr. Rockefeller's busi n managers; Starr J. Murphy, Mr. Rockefeler's counsel in benevolent matters; John D. Rockefeller, Jr. Al but Professor Claxton and Mr. Joyner were present at the meeting and they have both since accepted places on the boards elected to carry out Mr. Rockefeller's plans. In calling these gentlemen together Mr. Rockefeller addressed to each a letter pointing out his interest in re 1leving the human suffering caused by the "hook worm" parasite, especially because, he said, it had been his pleas we to spend a portion of each year among the warm-hearted people of the south, and he welcomed the op portunity to express appreciation of their many kindnesses and hospital Ities. The members of the commission In framing a reply to Mr. Rockefel ler's offer of $1,000,000 declared that the proposition met with their hearti est approbation. "Two millions of our people are in fected with this parasite," they ad ded. "It is by no means confined to one class; it takes Its toll of suffering and death from the intelligent and well-to-do as well as from the less for tunates." The "hook worm," according to New York Medical authorities, is a hair-like parasite to which is eharg ed a form of anemia prevalent espec ially among the poor people of the south. It was not until recent years that'members of the medical profess slon recognized that a parasite caus ed the malady. In December, 1902, Dr. Charles Wardell Stiles, then a zoologist in the Bureau of Animal Industry at Wash ington. who had been studying in testinal parasites, announced to the Pan-American Sanitary congress his conviction that the so-called "lazi-. ness' and "shiftlessness," widely ob served in certain portions of the south wa a specific disease due to the hook worm. Many members of the congress expressed surprise at the announcement and up to the present the disease has been a matter of some controversy. REPORT ON RAILlROAD ACCIDENTS, Railroads Killed 2.791 During the1 Year .209. Washington, D. C.-The interstate commerce commission announces that by railroad accidents during the year ending June 30,. 1909, 2.791 p)ersons were killed and 63.920 injured, as against 3,704 killed and 6.S,9S9 injur ed in the preceding year. The num ber of employees killed in coupling cars was 32 per cent less than last year. It i's also shown that there were 2,917 derailments and collisions in the same period, -of which 272 affected passenger trains. DYNAMITE USED ON AMDLERS. Two Bombs Thrown in Chicago Sporting Clubs. Chicago, 11.-Two bombs were thrown here in the downtown dis trict in buildings occupied by gamb ling clubs. The bombs were the thir ty-second and thirty-third that have been hurled in gambling establish ments within the last two years. No one was injured. For two years~ bombs have been ox ploded intermit.tently In Chicago in the vicinity of places declared to house gambling clubs and bookmak ers' establishments. The bombs have been thrown in what is believed ed to be a quarrel between gamblers who operate in violation of the law. FIRST TRAIN ON C. . ? 0. Road Between Dante, Va., and Spar tanburg, S. C., Formally Opened. Spartanburg, S. C.-First train over the C. C. and 0. railroad between. here and Dante, Va., arrived in itis. city with eight hundred visitors fro:n Johnson City, Tenn.. and other points of the road, which was held h-e for the celebration of the com;.letion Five thousand people were at the s tion to witness the arrival of the nrist train over the r.ew road and to wel come the visitors. 35 IMIGRWANTS_INJURED. ynynigrant Train Was Telescoped by Freight Train. Fort Way'ne, lnd.-In a collision be tween a west-bund im:nnt train and an eastXUound fre:h:zr :*a Tci,on the 9hicauo and Ej. 1 Sroad. thirty- e im a - ' :. womnen and childrenl - iued \some of them, fatally. The air brakes of the f: r'ht train ailed to work, and it pl!owed tmo e imigrant train. which w as stand , telfcopng oe coach an2d ditch sonme others. HOOK WORM' WOMENTHREW ACID ON BALLOTS. English Suffragette, Smashes Bottles, But Doesn't Hurt the Tickets. London, England.-Mrs. Chapin, a suffragette, furnished a thrill at the Bermondozey, by-election. when she smashed a bottle containing corrosive acid upon a ballot box. Her intention evidently was to destroy the ballots in the box as a protest against the exclusion of women from the right of franchise. What she accomplished was the painful burning of some of the election officers and assurances of her own arrest. About' the same time a similar out rage was attempted at another booth by a young girl who wore the suffra gette colors. In the latter instance little damage was done beyond the burning of the finger tips of the elec tion officials who removed the bits of broken glass. So far as could be as certained, not much acid reached the ballots in either case. FOTBALL FATAL TO CADET. Member of West Point Eleven Dies. injured in Harvard Game. West Point, N. 'Y.-Cadet A. Eu -;ene Byrne of Buffalo, U. S. A., a fourth year man at the United States Military Academy, died in the cadet hospital, a sacrifice to football. The army is accustomed to death, but not in this deplorable form; and this tragedy of the gridiron has brought such poignant grief to offi cers and cadets alike that the end of football at West Point and Annapolis is predicted by many. Brave as was the young soldier's fight against death, it was hopeless from the start. Buried beneath a mass of struggling players in the Harvard-Army game, his neck was twisted and broken by the weight of the crushing pile above him, and he as picked up with every nerve of his body, except those of his head and raee; helpless to perform their func tions. Only the immediate resort to artificial respiraition kept the boy rom almost instant death. Because of the death of Cadet Byrne no more football will be played by the West Point eleven this year. This statement was*made by Colonel Hugh L. Scott, superintendent of the United States Military Academy, af ter a consultation with the athletic authorities of the academy on the death of young Byrne. 12 MEN KILLED IN -COAL MINE. Dynamite Supposed to Have Caused Explosion. Johnstown, Pa.-Twelve men were killed in the Cambria Steel Compa ny's coal mine, two miles from here, as the result of what is supposed to have been a dynamite explosion. All the dead are foreigners. Three men escaped with their lives by a perilous climb on life ladders through poisonous mine gas and falling slate up the walls of the main shaft. At the time of the explosion only fifteen workmen, all t.rack layers, were in the mine. The explosion occurred at sun own, as the workmen were putting their tools away at the end of their day's work. Hundreds of persons gathered at the mine entrance with n an incredible space of time. A force of men, working in shifts, began clearing the debris and fallen slate in the lower levels of the mine. It was hours before the workers gained perceptible headway. When the final barrier of rocks was passed the rescue party found twelve forms uddled close together, the bodies in dicating that the men had died of suffocation. Mine officials,. refused definite in formation as to the canse of the dis aster, saying they were awaiting the arrival of state mine examiners. WLlD WHEAT_DISCOVERED. housands of Acres Growing Wild in Palestine. Billings, Mont.-At the meeting of the National Dry Farming Congress ere, Dr. Adolph Aaronsohn, in charge f the dry land experiments in Pales tine for the Turkish government, made his first public announcement of his discovery of a wild wheat on the slops of Mount Hebron. Dr. Aaron soh is preparing for a thorough in vesiation of the subject, including a survey of thousands of square miles n which this wheat grows. Keeping Liquor from IndIans. Washington, D. C.-The Indian se cret service for the suppression of the liquor traffice among Indians is mak ing a vigorous campaign in Wiscon sin. Notwithstandinlg the local prej udice encounter-ed and the active work of the organized liquor interests, good results are being r-eported from small er towns in which roaming Indians have secured liquor. Alabama Must Borrow. Montgomery, Ala.-It is shown that with a balance, of $60,000 in tne treasury, the state will have to bor row at least $50,000 to meet the de nands of the month of November. Governor B. B. Coiner, who, under the new law, may borrow as much as $300,000, is negotiat; a loan, it understood, to come in svhen needed. Dickinson Sells Belie Meade. Nashville, - Tenn.-J. M. Dickinson, secretary of war, has sold his coun try seat. "Belle Meade." four miles west of here, to J. 0. Leake. a Nash vilel capitalist. The place comprises 400 arcres of land and the price is $110,000. Women LUke Polygamy. San Francisco, Cal.-"The women are more anxious for polygamy than the men are,'' said Bishop Spalding of Utah, at a conclave of the\ Episcopal dlocese in this city. The bishop went ei to say that polygamy in Utah has mr recruits among the women than tmo; the men, and that so long as ann suffrage prevailed in that state iwuld he utterly impossible to es a Ush aw' that would result in the aohion of .1:: gamy., Girls fight to Keep "Rtats." New York C-ty. - Twoi thousand i Is at''tne ig 'School, B 'V 5 meeting, at wto ignore an ed. *e at prr.c!lpal, ''on' -rs"and uff -to discomi -~ rne adornm"ent' V me:Ig after school iiours. and a r.K U 'htenew ru'le would not be o-cv. U. and that such girls as dxired ra: ninue the wcarinig cf rats 18e. GM-TON_PREIETED The Condition of the Crop This Month is 55.5. HNHS TO LOAN ON COTTON South Carolina Mills Are Buying Indian Cotton Laid Down for 11 3-4 Cents. Crop Being Picked Rapidly. New Ycrk City.-Deterioration for the past mernta in the condition of cotton was soiewhat les than nor mal, being 3.9 points, against 3.6 puint-. la st year, 4 point in 1907, 7.5 points in 1906, 4.3 points in 19U5 and 6 points in 1903. In 1904 condition gained 1.6 points. The loss of 3.9 points makes condi tion this month 55.6 compared with 67.5 last year and 62.4 in 1907. De terioration was most marked in Ala bama, Mississippi and Louisiana, where declines were 5.9 points, 7.9 points and 10 points, respectiv-'iy. Owing to the very favorable weath er conditions picking has proceeded with marked rapidity, 75 per cent be ing gathered against 71 per cct last year, 65 per cent the year before and 56 per cent in 196. Only once has this bcen excecded since 1903, wilen in 1904, 76 per cent was picked at this time. Texas and Louisiana are neaily picked out, where 83 per cent is gathered in the former and 90 per cent in the latter. Unusually favorable weather condi tidons with practically no scarcity of labor enabled farmers to gather the crop with great rapidity, giving a clean staple and free trom stains. MILLS TO BUY SEVERAL BALES OF INDIAN COTTON Anderson, S. C.-President R. C. Townsend of the Townsend twine milis, and President Ellison A. Smythe of Pelzer cotton mills, have placed orders for several hundred bales of Indian cotton, and it is 'an derstood that other mills in the Pied mont section have done likewise. The Indian cotton is of a shorter staple than the upland cotton, put is as white and smooth. The mills are going to experiment with this cotton, and if it works satisfactory the mill men are confident large orders wfil be placed at once. Tle experiment is being made with this cotcon on account of the high price of Ameri can cotton. The Indian cotton was bought at 11 1-8 cents, f. o. b., New York. The freight to Anderson is 56 cents per hundred pounds. Thi cotton can, therefore, be laid down here for about 11 3-4 cents, while the American cotton is bringing 14 1-4 cents here now. BANKS WILL MAKE LOANS ON STORED COTTON . Atlanta, Ga.-Banks in (:gorgia have agreed to loan, upon cottia stor ed in Farmers' Union warehouses in this state, a sum aggregating several million dollars, to tne end that. the commodity thus financed may be held until the price reaches 15c. That was the announcement made on behalf of the Farmers' Union by R. F. Duckworth, former state presi dent, and now chairman of the na tional executivo committee. The agreement has been actually executed, M1r. Duckworth says, and it will go into effect at once. The banks s.ubscribing to the ar rangement will advance money up to a basis of 13 cents a pound val uation. Foir this accommodation, it is understood, interest is charged on a basis of 8 per cent. The arrangement will become effec tive at once, so that members own ing cotton stored in warehouses and pressed for funds, may approach the banks designated by their officials and obtain sufficient funds to relieve~ their immediate needs. 18-CENT COTTON IS NOW PREDICTED BY PATTEN New York City.-James A. Patten, the Chicago wheat king, who Is .re puted to hav-e just taken another for tune of $4,000,000 from the bu4l side of the cotton market, is the dominat ing influence in the trading on the New York Cotton Exchange. Prices are booming, and it is almost univer sally believed here that Fatten is the boomer. Patten himself is in Chicago, but his campaign a' being carried on in the New York market through a score or more of his agents here, according to the firm belief on the floor. There was some heavy profit-t ak-ing but prices held firm and all hands were predicting another rise this af ternoon. The bulls appear to be in were p)redicting another rise. The bulls appear to be in absolute con trol of the situation, and Fatten's ad herents are as sincere in their belier in his infallibility as ever were Sul lys In the palmiest days of the erst while "cotton king." OREAT WASTE OF FUEL Louisiana Will Force Owners to Pre serve Wild Gas. New Orleans, La.-What is declared by experts of the federal government to be the greatest wvaste of fuel in the United States may -be checked by legal action taken by the state of Lou isiana. "Wild" gas wells in the Caddo parish oil fields have for the past two 'ears sent their flames with unabat ing force high into the air, entailing a loss of millions of cubic feet of gas daily. In response to inquiries, Attorney General Guion expresses the opinion that the state in its sovereign capac ity can bring action to stop the end less waste. COLLEGE FOR POOR GIRLS. $1,000,000 Institution to Be Erected in Boston, Mass. BostOn, Mass.-Bostcn is to have a $.000.000 college for the education of women and girls of thle middle or poorer classes, where instruction will be free and will prepare pupils to perform housework, sewing, trades or business suitable for women to earn an independent living. This college Ihas been made possible by the will f the late Frank B. Cotton of Brook lyn, New York. STimENT 79 YEARS OLD. Mrs. Winship Enters Classes at Ohio State University. Coiumnbus, Ohio.--Mrs. A. D. Win hip of R(acine, Wis., although very n ear her 7Iith birthdayv anniversary, has --iered thxe clases at Ohio State 'neri for the' year. F'or the last wo ve sh has bee atte~ndinig sumna r scho a t the~ uni versity.vk ngsp)ecia sI tudies She has progress ed so satisactorily that she has de ided to take a reg-ular course. She WAR ON BOLL WEEVIL Expert Advises Destruction of the Stalk to Kill the Pest. Jackson, Miss.-Boll weevil experts have encounttered much opposition to their work in this state, especially in the sections where the weevil is just beginring to make its appearance, and the character of it is much like that whieb has often developed in yel low fever campaigns of the past. Although knowing that the weevil must inevitably reach them, the peo ple, or at least a large proportion of them. fear that any information going out to the effect that the insect na. made his appearance at a particular point, will have a tendency to injure Ithe country commercially. The ex perts, themselves, however, contend that the very opposite effect is desir ed, and that by ascertaining where the insec. is and giving the public due noti:-- is like a storm warning, and that if their advice is heeded the really harmful result will be mini mized. Rather than go to Texas or other outside territory for an example, Mr. Blakeslee takes one - of the state's own counties and gives figure.3 to show what the weevil is capable of ac complishing with his "pernicious ac tivity." A vigorous campaign is being wag ed to induce the farmers wherever there is a suspicion of a weevil to destroy the cotton stalks early this year and to prepare for an early crop in 1910. This, it is contended. is the. whole secret, and will result in a good crop before the insect will have time to do serious harm. WILL CHANGE PROHIBITION 'LAW. Mississippi May Adopt Constitutional Liquor Statute. Jackson, Miss. - The prohibition leaders of Mississippi, not satisfied with the present prohibition law as a whole, will ask the legislature at the next session to pass additional laws for the purpose of tightening it up and strengthening it in its weaker places. Particularly will they suggest meth ods of securing its better and more uniform enforcement. As to the statutory changes, it is the practically unanimous opinion that if the present law is to be tampered with at all the tampering ought to be done by those who made the law in the first place. At the time they thought they were getting up the best law they could frame and pass. It will have had a practical test of a year by the time the lawmaking body meets, and its weak points will havA been shown. NIGHT RIDERS ACTIVE. Excitement Over Raids in Kentucky Has Reached Fever Heat. Lexington, Ky.-Advices from Ma son county are that excitement over the night rider raids is at fever heat and troops have been requested from Governor Wilson. After the raids on the homes of Benjamin Longnecker and George Kreitz, wealthy farmers, every to bacco grower who did not enter the Burley Tobacco Society pool armed himself. The sheriff and a posse are scouring the vicinity of the raids it search of certain citizens who were recognized by K'reitz when they bat tered down his door and his daugh ter put them to fight with a gun PREACHER FAVORS_SUICIDE MACHINE. Drop a Penny in the Slot and Get a Ticket to Eternity. Washington, D. C.-"Drop a penny in the slot and get a ticket to the other world," might be the inscriptior on a machine that is suggested by Rev. Dr. Donald Guthrie of Baltimore. Dr. Guthrie was talking on "Cal. vinism" here, and said: "'Life has become so meaningless and so useless to some that I advo cate the setting up of a suicide ma, chine, where one can deposit a cent and be killed easily, and respectably.' TEXAS RICE CROP. The Yield Is Placed at 2,123,000 Bags. Houston, Texas.-The Post in a re view of the Texas rice situation, places the state's yield at 2,123.000 bags. 1,484,000 of Honduras, and 039, 000 Japan. Of the total crop of both Hondura-s and Japan, a conservative estimate places the amount already sold at ap proximately 400,000 bags, including it storage and still unsold, about 1,823, 000 bags. _________ Newsy Paragraphs. Every one of the skins in the col lection of Roosevelt trophies receiv ed from Africa has been found to be in good contdition by the taxidermists of the Smithsonian in.stitu!tion. Some of the trophies are declared to be among tne most magnificent speci nens that have come into the poses sion of the institute. Ca5pain Hansent oflth N ogaU shi Hovin rom ono ~t Marqus Eastt Africa, was~. fined $5,000lOe by Co .for no avn all~ofa alth fr .oml propose to$1 pass upo PJalO terca prfomances an t protstagins'st tose~ which~ t deem immora or othrs! oe ui.qn The~~ mebeshpof the cubu coit oufl~ woen frnom opvery. women' clu int Cookcounty adJ ituis ex~pect et il beo lae enoughq tou mae its~ demans 'heardo Ms.8E J. odnarrm an. ath res of0a th industrial empoyr weSAII Cparincommitte of the NYorwegivac shderatovdin fromLornof ars fort no having aodl of helthalizo nathe Amealsu loyr n u pro,pose t ias ulnne all theatrcal pefomn agitatortesto awhinst to suich practice. morlo arrv clu conaw's fconten thaomh andltly commtted wil te lag with the manages.ia o h rm Mrs. iJa. Bodewng Himan auitheo hestcofrte ofnuralering Stanford Whie cmitteh New Yotya oiver ruedertinyhnk --our ofittinal in Ap an:~~ nd itiV lne yte( REVOLUTION IN 6REU Government Forts and Rebel TorpOdO Boats Exchange Shots. Ather.s, GreCce.-After almost 2,000 ycars which have elapsed since Them istocles gained a memorable victory over the Persians, Salamis again was the scene of a naval battle. The correspondent of the Associat ed Pr-s has just returned here from Scaramanga, where he witnessed 20 minutes of fighting between field bat teries and big warships on the one side and the mutinous baud of naval officers which quitted the capital with turpedo boats on the other. Some of the projectiles struck the arsenal buildings, but the correspond ent saw only * .e shell hit a torpedo boat-the Spc..aona-which was im mediately enveloped in a cloud ot smoke. .During the action the torpedo boats gradually retired, steaming back ward until they obtained the shelter of the headland, when the firing ceas ed. The rebel vessels, while the en gagement was in progress, returned the fire of the warships and field ar tilleries, but apparently little damage wa: done on either side. The rebels were led by Lieutenant Tibaldos and are reported to have numbered 300 men. Athens remains quiet, but mpuch suppressed excitement prevails. An official statement has been Is sued, stating that the arsenal, which was in the hands of the rebels, has been recaptured, and that the mutin ous torpedo boats are expected to surrender. OPOSSUM DESTKUYED U. S. MAIL Practical Joke Will Get Louisiana People Into Trouble. Washington, D. C.-A practical joke, with an opossum as the chief factor, is likely to get some prominent people into trouble with the United States government. A party of about twenty-five well known people of Lees ville, La., placed an opossum in the package bin of the local postoffice. When the postmaster opened the bin he found that the mail had been chewed to fragments by the animal. The names of the jokers have been obtained by the department and ac tion against them will be instituted in the near future. LATE NEWS NOTES. General. Once again the Bank of England has raised, its discount rate, the ad vance of one point bringing it to 5 per cent, the highest point since the panic of 1907. It is the third con secutive week since it has been felt necessary to prevent gold leakage by raising the discount a point. The gold reserve was then down to $110,. 000,000. Berlin being a strong factor in the gold demand. Seventy-five thousand pounds of to bacco, belonging to C. A. Simpson of Grant county, Kentucky, who was aided in its shipment by state mill. tia, arrived in Lexington. Simpson is not a member of the Burley pool. Having been threatened, and fearing interference if he attempted to ship his tobacco, he appealed to Governor WVilson for aid. The governor detail ed a detachment of state trnops fronm Cynthiana to go to Grant county and assist in the shipment of the tobacco. In their effort to give President Taft a royal welcome when he visited Jackson, Miss., the citizens had an entire banquet furnished from Chi cago. The hotel where the dinner was given supplied nothing but the chairs and the tables. Linen, china, glassware, silverware and food were shipped from Chicago. Forty ser vante, including the most skilled waiters and the finest cooks to be found in Chicago, traveleg the seven hundred and thirty-eight miles .to the Mississippi city to prepare and serve the repast in the most artistic and p proved fashion. Of the food, only filet of pompano and roast wild tur key, both of which are native of Mis sissippi, were obtained in Jackson. No wines were shipped from Chicago as Mississippi is a nrohibition state. Washington. The coast defense guns at Fort Hancock, near Sandy Hooks N. J,, have made a new record. At a mov ing target four miles off the ten-inch disappearing gune were fired and four hits out of four shots in one minute were recorded. Half a million dollars in the Chero k-e, Choctaw and Chickasaw Indian rib)al funds is involved in a decision announced by the comptroller of the treasur-y authorizing the disb~ursing Glcer to p)ay claimants entitled to re ceive the money on behalf of .minors (or deecas;ed allotees. There are ap proximately ten thousand minors to whom are~ due amounts ranging from 3 cents to ~55. The $500,000 is ex clusive of what may be found due the Choctaw and Chickasaw freedmen and the Mississippi Choctaws, whose right to participate In the tribal fund s yet to be determined. The prevailing sentiment in the in land waterways commission is not yet in favor of the isstte of bonds for the improvement of internal wa terways. President Taft has ex pressed himself in a tentative way, at least, in favor of thus raising mon ey to expediate the improvements of rivers and har.bors, but the comngs son is not convinced that this is de sirable. President Taft has approved the sentence of dismissal In the case of First Lieutenant Edward W. Terry, Twenty-second infantry, recently t-ied and convicted by courtmartial at Fort Gibbon, Alaska. Terry had given his pledge in 1906 to abstain from intoxicating liquors for five years, this he violated while on duty. The supreme court of Illinois held that the city of Chicago was respon sible for cars burned in the railroad riots in Chicago in 1894, whether or nt they were owned by the company on whose tracks they stocd when de strov-ed. The court declared the rail rad company held the cars as bailee. Secretary of the Treasury Mac Yeagh has awarded a silver medal of honor to Second Lieutenant M. M. Usina, of the revenue cutter service, for gallant conduct in saving Miss Emily Gray from drowning last July at Fort Morgan, Ala. *Notwithstanding the fact that 45, 312 veteran pensioners of Uncle Sam Idied during the past fiscal year, and ver three thousand more were drop p-d from the rolls from cther causes, the amount paid out in pensions du ing thiat year was larger tihan for any preceding year: the amiount was $161.73.703. Commissiono Warner explains these facts by lhowin~g that a large nlumber of :wwv peirsioners were placed '!n hi :o'kI) y the not of February G.1,7. granting $12, $15 and $20 to suir.ivors of the war with Mexico and the civil war on reaching the ages of '2. 70 and 75. regardless njri.;< havingr been received. CENSUS Of RELI010ON 33,000,000 Members of Church in the United States. 44 4NEW CHURCHES IN SOUTHl $13,000,000 Spent in New Church Build ings During the First Nine Months of 1909 in the 14 Southern States. Washington, D. C.-That the church members in the United States num bered nearly 33,000,000 in 1906; that there wei e a billion and a quarter dollars invested in church ediftces ; that every day eight new churches sent their spires skyward; that men formed considerably less than half the total church wemboership; that in sixteen states the majority of the church membership were Roman Cath olic, but tnat of the grand total ot church members reported for the Uni ted States 61.6 per cent were Protest ants and 36.7 per cent Roman Catho lics-these are the salient lacts ap icaring ; the proof sheets of a Uni ted sLates census bureau bulletin, prepared by William C. Hunt, chief statistician of the division of popuia tion of tue United States census bu ICau. More than $13,000,000 is represent ed in 444 new churca edifices as having been built, in course of erection or deninitely planned during the first nine months of 190P in the 14 south ern states, the District of Columbia, Oklahoma and Missouri. Of the total amount $4,396,000 rep resent Methodist undertakings, $2, 708,500 Baptist, $1,840,500 Protestant Episcopal, $1,161,000 Presbyterian, $930,000 Catholic, $369,000 Christian, $270,500 Lutheran, $210,400 Jewish, and $1,066,700 various bodies with comparatively small following in the south. THE PEREECT HUSBAND. Qualifications of a "Model Husband" Of the Chicago Standard. Chicago, Ill.-Samuel W. Van Nos tram, who was adjudged the "model husband" at the second annual "hub by show," received from his wife credit for being the possessor of ,all the virtues necessary to make an ideal mate. "Other than pqssessing the most super-husbandly quality of being good natured before breakfast," said Mrs. Van Nostran, "my husband allows me to carry the family pocketbook and declares, just as if he meant it, tha my cooking is so far a 'mothe efforts in the cullinary line, could be no comparison. If Is not glory enough for one woman, I would like to know what is." The complete list of desirable qual ities attributed to her husband by Mrs. Van Nostran are: Prompt at meals. Good entertainer. An adept with the chafing dish. Good judge of feminine beauty. Generous and kind-hearted. Enjoys home more than the club. Happiest when among friends. Mr. Van Nostran, who also received the prize for his almost womanly abil. ity to sew on a button, Is thirty-five years old, and has been married nine y ears. JUDGE BERNARD DEAD. Was One of Florida's Oldest and Most Influential Citizens. Tallahassee, Fla.-Judge Jesse Tal bot Bernard, one of Florida's oldest and at one time most influential olt izens, died at the residence of hi. daughter, Mrs. T. B. Byrd, at 635 South Calhoun street. The death of Judge Bernard marks the close of a brilliant career and a life of usefulness. During the war between the states he was adjutant quartermaster to General R. E. Lee's headquarters. After the "days of re construction" he was elected the first democratic mayor of this city. Fol lowing this he accepted appointment of judge of Leon county. MISSION BOARD_MISHEPRESENTED! Suffrage for Women Was Not Men tioned at Recent Meeting. NashviWe, Tenn.--Mrs. R. WV. Mac Donell, general secretary of the wvo man's board of home missions of the Methodist 'Episcopal Church, south, states that the wonman's board, which receintly mnet in Savannah, Ga.. had been misrepr-esented in the statement that it had declared in favor of wo man stuffrage. Mrs. MacD)onell states that the board not only did not take Isuch action, but not one wc.rd was ut tered on the subject during the entire session. This board, she says, is a church body and devotes it,s time and attention to church and ecclesiastical affairs. BALLOON TO_CIRCLE GLOBE. Professor Lowe Constructs Air Craft to Circumnavigate the World. Union, S. C.-A plant to circum navigate the globe in a dirigible bal loon without having to stop to re plenish the propelling p)ower--hydro gen--is regarded a.s entirely practi cable .by Professor Thaddeus S. C. Lowe, the noted areosnaut and sci erntist, and now head of the Mount Lowe Observatory near Pasadena, Cal., who is now constructing an air craft designed to accomuplih that feat. Professor Lowe has exper-ience in aeronautics covering more tuan half a century, and holds the world's bal Ic-on speed record, 800 miles, in less than nine hours. TROOPS MOVING ON fEUDISTS. Kentucky Militia Ordered to Breath. itt County to Keep Peace. Jackson, Ky.-State trooops were on guard in Breathitt county during the hours of t'he election and will re main as long thereafter as there Is any probability of bloodshed as a result of the heated contest which has grown out of the bitter campaign being waged here over county and district offices. The calling out of the troops fol lowed a reign~ of terror here. MONEY MAmKT EgE, Revival of Speculation in the New York Market. New York City---The irelaxed tone of the money market in New York last week cleared the speculative at n'osphere to some extent and the stock market emerged through a pe' riod of uncertainty and irregait- y into substantial recavery. The~ de termination of 1s imeial Bank of Get-many to leaxe the mitnmum dhis count rate unchaniged at 5 l)er cent was the initial factor- in impartin PALMtUO SfkTE NEWS Clemson College, S. C.-Startling in its nature and of vital importance, is the announcement th -7 Clemson College to thi cotton anthracnose is to the state of nearl, nually. More startli stalement that the di ing rapidly and thai LL,"Al farmers of the state, in all sections, are losing from one-fourth to one-half of their drops. The announcement came in the i, ture of a letter from H. W. Barre, the botaniet at Clemson to Commis sioner Watson, who made a request for a report on the investigation of the cotton anthracnose while on a re cent visit to the institution. During the past year the expert ment station at Clemson has made a thorough and exhaustive study of the ravages of the anthracnose and have collected data of a conclusive and con vincing nature which shows that some. thing must be done to check it and must be done at once. "In the majority of cases," says the letter, "the original infection can be traced to seed of some so-called im proved variety purchased from seed houses or individual cotton breeders. In a number of cases anthracnose has appeared this year where cotton has not been planted before. The seed whietb were used in planting these fields, when they could be oh!ained were found to contain the anthrae. nose fungus. We have in this way traced a large number of cases o4 anthracnose to various seed houses." The estimated annual loss in Geor. gia from anthracncse is $14,500,00W. "The remedy," states the report,"of course must .be in the form of a pre ventive. The seed are acting as a distributing agent. This we are pre. paring to do and by co-operating with the various other agricultural inter ests of the state, we hope that some plan can be perfected which will a complish tibs. First then we must induce the farmer to secure clean or disease free seed." Columbia, S. C.-A long step in the right direction is about to be taket in the interest of the good roads movement. The office of public roads ot the United States department of agriculture in order to obtain com prehensive and reliable information oncerning the good roads movement In the south is arranging to send an engineer and photographer on JL tour through this section. It e desire of the department. that rre. sult of the tour will be the N mbling of reasonably com ' data concern ing the c 'te an cost of road rogress ,oad e for ment and an -and instructive collection o tographs, showing all phases of the road subject. Commissioner Watson received a letter from the acting director of the department, asking for information us to the various points in the state, where road worik is in progress and also points as will afford the best.op portunities for ob' of typical or en - conditions. Colonel Wvatsoni the experts while t'his state and wil his office to assis law the commissioner is permitted to call upon the county supervisors for cooperation in such work, and this will ,be done. Each county supervisor In the state will be asked to furnish the department with all data concern ing roads in the respective counties es to what has been done, what Is proposed, number of miles improved, cost o fconstruction. Spartanburg, S. C.-The thousands of spindles and looms of the cotton mils in Spartanburg county were stilled when the presidents of the sveral mills issued orders to close down Indefinitely, the shut down be ig contplete because of the low prices of the cloth market. The following are the mIlls offected 'and the amount of cotton consbumed annually: Clifton 30,000 bales, Paco et 50,000, Whitney 20,000. Lockhart 40,000, Spartan Mlills 20,000, Ark wright 10,000. Other mills will close down during the next week. The shut down, it is understood, will not be confined to the mills in the Pied mont section, but throughout the entire state. The mill presidents say that they have no idea when' operations will be resufea. The closing down of the cotton mills has resulted in 19.000 looms and about 671.000 spindles being idle, and affects several thousand operatives. The management of the mills will 'see that the operatives are given free house rent while the mills are shut down and will endeavor to keep the operatives together during the Idle period. STATE CAPITAL NOTES. - .... Governor Ansel has ordered arl election on the proposed new county of Dllon or Pee Dee, to be held De ember 14. ...Governor Ansel dismissed the board of registration of Dorchester ounty after considering the charges of misconduct and neglect of duty .fl ed with him several days ago. The case is generally familiar to the pUd ic. The charge made that Elias Dorr, . R. M. Limehouse and A. W. Rumiph iolated the law in that th1ey issued reistration certificates for the dio'~ pensary election by pr-oxy placint them in the hands of friends svithout he person to whom the certificates oard isued appearing before the .. The members of the railroad com mission announce t.hat the comm15' sio will inspect the South and xVest, ern Railroad. In fact the road is the Carola, Clinchfield and Ohio Rau way, which has be'" ''' er by the secreti of the members o ssated that the C. ( erate trains in this .a traffic arrangenmen and Western. Undet It would be unnecess: -- & 0. road to -secure a charter unles it was the intetionl to extend line on the seacoast. .. .Accordng to new tariff issue by the Atlanti cCoast Line rates a cbbage plats in the future will the same,' tinlts in South Carol! as on cabbay. Some time ago se eral of t he' ca:iga gruoners of you~ island. na t Chrlton, comlai to t railroad commission that t rlw ca..e d : aaer phlr amn 'The corumiss tio matter up with the CO iue of.cials, with the result that new tariff will be put inta erect new rate will be a great redUCt over. the ol.