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P1NCH0T IS DISMISSED
President Removes Head of the Forestry Service. TAFT'S PATIENCE EXHAUSTED Pinchot's Letter to Senator Dolliver Was More Than the President Could Stand. Washington, D. C.?Gilford Pinchot, chief forester and intimate friend oi Theodore Roosevelt, was dismissed from the service of the United States by President Taft for insubordination. Associate Forester Overtoil W. Trice and Assistant Law Otticer Alexander C. Shaw, Pinchot's immediate assistants in the forestry bureau, followed their chief out of the government employ. Thoroughly Indignant over the action of Mr. Pinciiot in inducing Senator Dolllver to read a letter from him in the senate, President Taft would listen to 110 advice tl.at t lie forester's violation of executive orders be overlooked pending the inquiry soon to be undertaken by congress. He declared the dignity of the oiiiee he had been chosen by the people to li 11 was being attacked and he would be unfaithful to his trust if lie submitted longer. Mr. Taft undoubtedly realizes fully what the dismissal of Korostm* Pin chot means in a political way. 1-1 o 2ias been convinced for some time that the so-called "insurgents" anil other critics of his administration had enlisted the services of Mr. Pinchot and practically were defying him to separate Mr. Pinchot from his oliice. The latter's letter, without doubt, was written with the direct purpose ot "putting it squarely up to the presi-, dent." The president sought to avoid the threatened war as long as ne could ? ? ./14C vav/v mi v*vi mat paiicuui; 1UIU UUU3UU to be a virtue. In the house ol' representatives, Speaker Cannon lost his first light to' the "insurgents," who, combining with the democrats caused to be adopted an amendment to the Ballinger-Pinchot inquiry resolution, so as to take from the speaker the power to appoint the house members of the joint special committee of investigation. The margin of victory was a narrow one of tnree votes, but the insurgents and democrats alike are jubilant. Att. Gen. Wickersham's Report. Washington, D. C.?The report or Attorney General Wickersliam on liis Investigation of the charges made by L. It. Oiavis against Secretary ot the Interior Hallinger was transmitted to congress by President Talt. The report is a complete exoneration of Mr. xVickei'sham's fellow cabinet member as to the charges Iron; which the Hallinger I'lnchot row started, but Is chiefly remarkable for its treatment of G^fivi.s, who is ilayed with a sevtaitj^iMiioni equaled in public doc ^ umems. 1110 report also amis a shaft at Chief Forester l'incnot, tlie friend and appointee of Theodore Roosevelt, whose intervention in the affair is declared to have been unnecessary. $1,500,000,000 Involved. Glavis charged that Secretary Hal linger aided tlie government's toes in the tight over the Cunningham Alaskan coal claims, which are generally believed to bo desired by tlie Guggenheim interests. It has been estimated that $ 1,r?(K),000,00 is involved by the precedent this case will establish, and the case itself. Charges Sensational. The Glavir, charges were the most sensational in the shower ot' aceusa tions that has marked the llallingcr riuciiui cunuovoray. iiiuvis whs iurmorly inspector of the general land office, and chief of the field division. Ho had in charge the investigation ot the Cunningham affair. He was removed some time ago by Secretary liallinger. <ilavis charged, officially and in informal statements and writings, that certain influences were at work in an attempt to rush the hearing of the Cunningham claims case before the government was ready to adequately defend its side. Pinch^rt AnswtfM .Wjckersham. Washington, D. C?-The It.illingor Pincho? controversy whs made doubly intqjjSo by the reading in tne senate Z>t' a letter addressed by Mr. J'inchot to Senator Dolliver, 111 which the course was adopted t>y I,. I',. (J la via, With the assistance of Messrs. I'ric.'and Shaw, of the bun-au of forestry, was warmly approved, in this communication the chief lorestor not onlv upheld tho criticism of Secretary llal ! linger, but suggested that. t.ne pri-si i dent, himself had been mistaken in the facts when lie removed from tin public service Mr (Mavis. in tho senate Mr. I'inchot's letter caused a genuine sensation. WOMAN BAI.KI.il LYNCHEKS. Mrs. Andcll Drove: Mob Away From Victim. Kenosha, Wis.? Mrs. Andell, wile of a hoarding house keeper at '1'win 1-akes, armed with a shotgun, is reported to have cowed a inob of men and to have cut the rope with which Jrfain Roberts, a cook at tho ice-cutting camp, had been swung to a ratter In an ice house. She cut down the man just In time to save him from strangulation, according to the details of the attempted lynching. Roberts, it is reported, was the victim of a fierce controversy between union and non-union )< < cuiiers ai Twin Lakes, which rosulted In the discharge <>r a number of union men. TO SEEK SOUTH POLE. England Promises $100,000 of the $200,000 Needed. London, tnginnd.? 1 ho Scott expedition In search of the South Pole, is now assured, tiie government hav lng promised $100, 000 toward the $200,000 which is the estimated ex Iienno. The expedition will s?-t forth in July. The activity among the Amor lean arctic explorers proved a con vlncing factor whl< n determined the government to assist. 41 FISHERMEN UNOWNED. Twelve Boats Missing in Nova Scotia waters. Halifax, N. s.?Forty-one liahermen havo been claimed as victims or the Boa, according to reports reeeiv ed from the Hoot that 1b cruising Nova Bcotlan waters in n widu hunt for eight of the bouts driven to sea at the height of the recent storm Twelve boats wore missing when the k tally Was taken, four havo boon foiind, Eft but there is no hopo for tho othyrs ^fetuumg those who know tiio ways] or TO STOP TOBACCO WAR. I Night Riders to Feel The Hand* of Got- \ ernment. Washington, D. C.?The govern- ' mont la preparing to go after tivo night riders in the tobacco district of Kentucky and Tennesese by beginning proceedings against tlie Hurley Tobacco Society. Convinced that the society is a combination and a conspiracy in restraint j of trade under the Sherman anti-trust law, the department of justice is in- | vestigating its operations on that ground. Agents have recently been sent to the tobacco-growing regions for the purpose of making inquiry concerning tae methods of the association, and they have reached ttie conclusion that the organization is connected with the depredations of the night riders, who recently have created so much disturbance in that section. The Hurley Society is a strong or Kciiw/.<iiiuu, Limniusuu luigfij \>i idiiuors, and it is believed ttiat when taken, tlie government's action will create a sensation. The company, tne members of the society charge, systematically depressed the market for Kentucky and Tennessee tobacco, and kept prices down to the lowest point. Further justillcation for the creation of the society is set forth in the i statement that the so-called tobacco trust has driven down its price on raw tobacco, while making no reductions in the Hnished products sold by it and manufactured from the Kentucky and Tennesee leaf. Lexington, Ky.?President Clarence i.i<.>DU3 oi mo tuiney iouhcco ouci- ; cty refused to discuss the report from j Washington that the federal government would prosecute the organization of the tobacco growers as a trust. Otner othcials of the society declared thej had nothing to fear from a non-partisan investigation, if conducted on judicial lines. SENSATIUNALAHAClTON HllliHES. New York Governor Styled Friend of Wall Street. Albany, N. Y.?Senator Grady made a sensational attack on Governor Hughes in the senate following the reading of the governor's message. It was the governor's proposal to penalize the practice of bookmaking that aroused the ire of the senate minority leader to the point of attack, lie declared that while the governor attacked the horse ov nor, the bookmaker and the man placing his bet on u horse race, he had never dared to attack the most monstrous gambling institution there is in tiie world, the New York stock exchange, and to the end of his career he will never have the courago to attack it. "WOMAN RAFFLES" RELEASED, Wife of Millionaire, Convicted of Burglary, Out of Jail. Chicago, ill.?Mrs. Evelyn Itomadka known in Milwaukee whore she was prominent in society as the "Woman Kaffles," and wilt; of ;i millionaire Milwaukee manufacturer, was paroled from the penitentiary at .loliet. The release was a surprise, which was kept secret. She was convicted two years ago of stealing $1,UUU worth of jewelry l'rom Mrs. Clarence K. Heck of this city. She expects to be t A J 11 I v" ?l II II I O* . GORDON TAKES OATH. Missiscippiian Sworn in as United ' States Senator. Washington, D. C. ? Occasionally nodding his head in acknowledgement or the admonitions ol loyalty to th t United States, contained in the oath ( of otticc administered to i>n senators, ] Colonel James Gordon, ex-confederate ! leader, who was appointed hy Gov- | ornor Noel as the successor to Senator McLaurin of Mississippi, was made a member of the United States senate. Shorter Hours in Cotton Mills. Boston, Mass.?Several hundred thousand operatives in mills of Massachusetts and Rhode Island are now working on a shorter schedule of hours, In consequence of the new iifty-eight-hour laws passed by the two state legislatures becoming effective. While the new statute applies only to women and minors, the manufacturers find >t impossible to separate the departments so that the men can work longer than the women and children. Newsy Paragraphs. Edward I'ayson Watson, the veteran pedestrian, announced that he will make one more transcontinental walk, and that he will go from ocean It) OCINIII, i II In I 1111<: WIMI1U J UU days. Watson will start from Ivis Angeles at 1 o'clock p. 111. February i, arid will be due in New York May L'X. His lulte from .New Vork tc? San Kranci < o early last suimner took one hundred and live* days, but on that Journey lie encountered unfulorable weather. Declaring that he cannot afford "to meet every man or woman who <le ^ 11 '-U in ii.tvi- ii |>uuin: u ij>i ussiuii with tiiin oil the subject, 1 nonius 10. Watson, several times the populist nominee for president of the United Stales, in a letter to Atlanta churchmen declines to accept their challenge to meet William T. KIlis, a Philadelphia newspaper man, in joint debate on tin subject of foreign missions Mr. Watson, however, says that he will be glad to meet William Jennings Hi.van and debate the epies , lion with him. In the letter .Mr. Wat- ; son declares thai his position on tlx* juliliud 1 u i i \ i vj 11 i w f i?i"j f t\i m i 'I'hnt lut ic not opposed to tlit! principle of foreign missions In its entirety, hut is opposed t<> the present methods Professor Ilerue/.oll, aviator anrt | friend of Zeppt I in, who was sent by j Kmperor William to Jamaica to study I trade winds and ;he temperature of i altitudes 111 and near the tropics, reports that at an altitude of ten thoussand meters he found tho air of me tropics colder than that of tho Arctic regions at the same height. Ot nine balloons sent up with Instruments for these tests, four wore lost In tho Carrlhbean sea. l he professor intimated that ho would make an air ! test for an expedition to the north pole two years hence. According to an ass ay made by Herman Klrck, professor of chemistry at the Colorado School of Mines, tho largest known body or pitch blend In the world has been dlncorii.'ful In a nlinn si f I'onlm I fitv /'/.I " ~ ? -wi. The discovery was made Dficomhfir 21, and the essay made by I'roressor Flock shows, it is asserted, that tff^" oro runs almost treblo the highest pereentane of all Iranian ores before discovered. As a result of the find, it is considered possible that tlio demands of the scientific world for redtum may soon be satisfied by Colorado. The assay runs 85 per cem pure. I ?*f / L SPECIAL MESSAG President Would Protect Corporations from State Interference. MODIFIES TRAFFIC IDEAS Taft Would Prevent National Combines From Acquiring Stock of Competitors Exccpt by Consent. Washington, D. C.?President Taft's special message, dealing with amendments to the interstate commerce laws, looking to a more effective federal supervision of railroads, and con veymg His recommendations lor the passage of a federal incorporation act, was transmitted to congress and read in the house, the senate not being in session. The message followed closely the forecasts that have been made lrom time to time and in the suggesteu legislation as to railroads, embodies all of the suggestions that the president has made from time to time 111 Ins speeches on the subject. Mr. Tatt suggests 110 changes in the Sherman anti-trust law at this time. The antitrust feature of the message deals solely with the subject of federal charters. The president thinks that an opportunity should be given the big industrial combinations to bring their business once more into Uie "zone ol lawfulness" by taking out a federal charter under certain prescribed conditions before it becomes necessary to proceed against every great corporation about which there is a breadth of suspicion. Duty and Purpose. "It is tlio duty and Uio put pose of the executive," say the message, to direct an investigation by the department of justice through the grand Jury or otherwise into the history, organization and purpose of all the industrial companies with respect to which uiuru uiij rt'uauuftuiu uuuu for suspicion that they have been organized for a purpose and are conducting business on a plan which is in violation of the anti-trust law." Sxich a wholesale investigation and possible prosecution, the president points out, "would result in serious disturbances and produce a halt in our present prosperity that will cause suffering and strained circumstances among the innocent many for the faults of the guilty few. "The question which 1 wish in tiiis message to bring clearly to the consideration and discussion of congress is whether, in order to avoid such a l^UbblUU' UIIMllUOi) liiliih'- I, ouniv umih cannot bo done by which these business combinations may bo offered a means, without great iinanctal (listurhance, of changing tlie ciiaracter, organization and extent of their business into one within the lines ol tiio law under l< deral control and supervision, securing compliance with the antitrust statutes." Conditions Made. The conditions upon which federal charters are to lie granted under the president's recommendations are these; The issue of stock to be an amount equal only to the cash paid in on the stock, or if stock be issued for nronerty. then at a fair valuation, ascertained under approval and supervision of federal authority after full and complete disclosure of all the facts appertaining to the value oi property and the interest in it of the persons to which the stock is to be issued. Corporations taking federal charters are to be prohibited Com acquiring and holding stock In other corporations, exec pt for special rea sons upon approval by the proper federal authoritk::. Full reports ot operations are to be made to the department of commerce and labor at regular intervals. The federal Incorporation is to be voluntary, but tli< president feels that most of the cor porations will Ik; glad of the opportunity to reform their bushiest; methods if given this opportunity. Otherwist the department ol justice will investigate them. .N'otiiing in the fed oral charters is to exempt any corporation lrom prosecution for viola tions of the anti-trust law. In that portion of his message dealing with changes of the interstate commerce laws the president recommends: Special Court. The establishment of a 1'niled SlUK'S ?'MUI'I <>l I IIII :m-| > ir wi judges to hear ;in?l determine appeals from I! < interstate commerce conimi.v sion, ti:e o11!> appeal from this court lyinK in tIn* Tinted States supremo court. The commis ion is to tic relieved of prosecuting rases in the courts, Liiis duty l.e;iu; placed in the department of justice. Pooling arrangements as to the rat* to i allowed under direct sui:sm:Aiiii hiiiii hi(itl Cold Weather Makes Living Expensive in Chicago. Chicago, HI.?present climatic condition continue and prices of food products innUe many more gains, uie question el living in Chicago will lie a problem to many. Following i a list of commodities which h.ive heen most aflected h.v cold '\ <;1111er and resulting increases ill < Or:! ' 1'ork <hops, per pound, IS to 20c Spare ribs, per pound, lf>c. Halt pork, per pound, 20 to 22c. ('hit kein, per pound, 20 to 22c. KKgR, per dozen, 12 to IMc. Potatoes, per bushel, SO to HOc. Ovst< r. per gallon, $1.-10 to Jl.tio. ARMY IU M LOTION SAliKS. War Department Grants Request o the Texas Farmers. San Antonio, lexas.? Hen-alter all supplies; for the subsistence depart mont of iIk- army, wiiere sacks are used for covering will be wrapped in cotton sacks on the Inside, and, 11 possible, cotton sacks will Pe use? for outside covering. T'-o promulgation of tbls order by tho w :r department was made at the* tmggMtton of Texas farmers, who sent a delegation to Washington. PROtllHI II0M Kt lH US CRIME. Fifty Per Cent Reduction in Shrevenort Durina Pnfit Year. 8hr?v?port, La. ? Tho now year found Shreveport an near "dry" up it has over ben. Practically every building occupied the first of 19i>;? for near beer stands Is vacant or used for other business. i he sale of near beer will not be license dllils year. The police department blotter for 1909 shows a decrease of a fraction over 60 por cent in the number of tho crime# and arrests over the rccord 01 190V, when saloons were licensed. , ' f \ V. E TO CONGRESS pervlBion of tho commission. The chairman to be empowered to pnss upon freight classifications. The commission to be empowered to hold up new rates or classillcations by railroads until an inquiry can be mailt* as to their reasonableness. It found to bo unreasonable, the commission may forbid the increase. Shippers to be given the choice of established routes on through ireight. Prohibits Stock Buying. From and after tue passage of the amendments, it is provided that no railroad shall acquire any stock or interest in a competing line, except that where a road already owns f?u lit-, vein, or niuiw ui iiiu oiucK 01 another road, it may complete the purchase of all the stock. Also In cases where one road Is operating another under a lease of more than 25 years' duration, it shall have a right to acquire the demised road. Allowing this acquisition ol' stock does not exempt any road from prosecution under the antitrust law. Stock must be Issued at par value for money paid in or for properties or services, rates at full value, under an inquiry by the federal authority, who shall supervise all stock and bond issues. HELPINU THt FARMERS. In Experimentation Government Expends Annually $18,000,000. New York City.?How gratifying it must be to the farmers through the country to know that the United States government is spending in the neighborhood of $18,000,000 every year on experimental work looking toward increasing the yield and efficiency of the farms of the United States. This money is not expended in I foolish experiments, but all investigations are made under the personal supervision of experienced departmental heads. Secretary Wilson is u practical man and requires results from all lines of investigation l)m>onilv u voil rnn rl nfltcf:)! anld fill* , United States government could better afford to invest ttie cost of one battleship in agricultural experimental work than to spend it in increasing the navy. A first-class battleship costs about ?!',000,000. Secretary Wilson decided that a statement ouglit to be issued telling about the great work which his department is doing. Copies of the report can be had by applying to the department of agriculture of Washington. This report tells of an instance where a tanner was raising only twenty bushels of potatoes to an acre, and who dissatislied, appealed to the agricul ? ?"> I nwm( f/?i- !icci^:l ! i n < < i liliil advice. Both were Riven and now this farmer is raising litty bushels ot potatoes to an acre where he formerly could only grow twenty. The department supplied him with seed and information how to plant the potatois. This is only given as one or many illustrations to prove the eflicient work being done. SEEKINU PAHIIUN FUH MORSE. President Taft Will Be Asked to Release Banker. Portland, Maine.?A campaign to save t'lias. \V. Morse, the banker now serving 1"> years in the Atlanta federal prison, was started here, and peititi itiu id Pi'Kuiilotir T:i1t uskinir I'nr nil unconditional pardon arc being circulated. Tiie petitions declaro Morse nas paid his debts, that popular demands Influenced Ins conviction, that lie did no intentional wrong, and that his imprisonment while contesting the case was penalty enough. Richmond, Va. ? Petitions for an absolute pardon for Charles W. .Mors;', the New York tinancier, now serving a sentence of fifteen years in the federal penitentiary at Atlanta, for violation of the national banking laws, are being circulated by friends and kinsmen of Morse here. They were sent by Mrs. Morse and Morse's secretary. Morse's grandmother was .Miss Virginia Roberts of Chesterfield county. The petition states that Morse's violation of the law was technical only. Tall Going In Alaska. Washington, d. C.?Presidont Taft is looking forward to a trij? to Alaska late in the coining spring. Ho i plans to go t<? the tar northwestern territory immediately after the adjournment of congress and before going to Hevurly for the late summer and fall. Ilnrjs Sell for $'J. Chicago, III.?Tiie hog arrived at the I'nion tSock Yards here. Kx(< pi for a nh?Tt period in 1882 when swine ^f?l< 1 at per linndredwelght the $'. hog has not been soon here since the civil war. Int< use cold impending and tho (limitation i?l producers to market lions ar< tlu* primal causes of the advanc. New Italian Ambassador. lierne.? I hi- Marquis CuR&nl Confalioneri, who, lor throe years, has held tin' post of Italian minister to Swi '"ilaiid. has ln-en notified of Itis appointii:' nt as ambassador to the I i:.11 d : :.111 in succession to Huron Mayor lies Blanches. (.ensus Ruling. Washington, D. C.?Census Director Ourand nas decided to oxteml lrom January L'"> to January 31 the time! in which persons denirinfc places an census ^numerators may ft io their applications on blanks furnished hy thf census supervisors, 'i'ho test or applicants will be made on February as previously announced. Pensions For Afjed II. S. lilfirks. Washington, D. C.?KfTorts arc to I>c made by congress to pass a law providing compulsory retirement and permitting a pension for superannuate ed government employees. Secretary ManVeagh has instructed Horbert I). Brown of his depaitment to draw up a plan. The secretary Is understood to have the support of Provident Tart. Mr Hrown'8 tentative plan, it Is said, contemplates a pension fund that will bo provided entirely by tSae working clerks. Brave Nurse to Dead. Washington, D. C.?Oivlu* bcr life urn o ft%r i\tU*ru L? 1 u u Hurt/ It. Iirown, a trained nurse, aged 'il, dio<I in ft local hospital. I wo weeks ago she was shot through the lung in a flcrce struggle to wrest a revolver from Martin l*. Storllng, a typhoid tevor baddened patient sno was attending. Thereby sliw sav< d from death snvcral members of Sterling's family. Pq? her heroism, Miss Hrown was recommended hy tho commissioner ot tho District of Columbia for a Carne gio<' medal. f I / LATE NtWS NOTES. General. Complete skepticism as to the existence of canalB on Mars was digplayed by prominent astronomers at tho meeting recently at London of tho British Astronomical association. Halo's Mount Wilson photographs were exhibited on lantern slides, and were pronounced the best yet seen. They showed no signs of the canals and were said to vindicate the heller that the supposed canals were merely I an effect on the eye of collections ot dark spots. Passengers arriving In New Orlenas from Colon declare a corporation hacked by Wall street money and known as the Mandingo Darlen company lias been organized to dig an air 'line sea level canal across Panama, fifty miles soutn' of the big Unitod States ditch. The Colon representative of the company is Captain Thornton Honnevlllo of Newport News, Va. lie asserts that his corporation is assured that a sea level canal, twenty-nine miles in longth, can do constructed ror $ls,uuo,uuo. This amount has boen pledged .Work on tlio new canal will be begun early in the year. Owing to prevalence of Texas fever among southern cattle, a proclamation was Issued by Governor Deneen of Illinois prohibiting importation Into Illinois of cattle from California, Oklahoma, Texas, Missouri, Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Tennessee, Alabama, Louisiana, Missippi, Tennessee, Alabama, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia and Florida between February 1 and November 1, 11)10, unless the cattle are accompanied by certillcates frnm tho illKllr>ptol nf tlio llriiturl States bureau of animal industry that they aro free from fever. Waohington. The Italian ministry lias announced itH determination to lay down four battleships of tiie Dreadnaught elasB in 1911 in the government yards, besides three scout vessels. The Christmas drawing of the Cuban national lottery resulted in tbe sale of only eighteen thousand tickets out of a total of thirty thousand. It was expected to raise jyuo.uuu it all had been sold. The capital prize was won by a group of bricklayers. With the sanction of Mrs. Tart, the "400" of New York will be increased to the "One Thousand," to include the aristocratic sets of Philadelphia, Washington and New York. Mrs. Taft is said to bo the originator of the movement, and she certainly is in favor of it. Hank, birth and wealth will all be counted in the new social scale. The old plan ot selling rank in society will be abandoned. Newspaper compilations of mob laws invoking during the past year indicate tiiat there wore seventy lynchings, more than in any year since 15)0-1. These crimes against the I law of the land occurred in twelve states and New Mexico. The only lynchings north ol the Ohio river were those during the Cairo, 111., race riots. IIy states the lynch record is | as follows; Texas, K!; Georgia, 12; ! Florida, 8; Louisiana, 7; Mississippi, j 1; Alabama, 8; Oklahoma, f?; Ken lucky, 4; South Carolina, 3; Arkansas, 3; Illinois, 1!; New Mexico, 2; Missouri, 1; West Virginia, 1. Tuberculosis stands at the head ol the diseases which afflict, the Indians, nr?rnnlinir In flu niiiinnl r<?iwirt /if t.i?? commissioner of Indian affairs. Three hundred and three government j schools wort; conducted during tlio | past liscal year, an increase of twen- 1 ty-t\vo. Almost all of the Christian denominations in the United States have missions in the Indian country, the report cites, adding that the Indian ollice co-operates effectively j with each. The statue of General Robert 10. 1 Lee in confederate uniform, recently put In position in Statuary hall of ' the capitol, will remain there at least 1 for the present. W hen the opposition to accepting the statue made itself manifest on the part, of former soldiers of the union service it was announced that if the statue was not accepted and it was removed from the hall Virginia would withdraw the companion piece, the llguro of \\ ilHIl 1 11^1011. The immigrants' lack of confidence in tlie safety and security of private iinancial institutions of tho United States is officially dec I a rod to be the chief reason for the sending of millions of dollars by postal money or- | dors from tin- United States to for- i eigu countries each year. Auditor Chance of llie posiotilcc department I points to tiiis as an indication of | what might lie accomplished through the estublishinont of postal savings , banks, liii' .stupendous total of $040, <110,X17, representing the surplus earnings <?i loreign and commercial i enterprises of the United States, lias been ^"iit abroad since 1890. A total of $70,u-was sent abroad by I f/iriiinii , ,> 1/ mi..11 in l'lll'l From the Krltish government Can- \ mla has now purchased the cruiser ] itainboy lor Jpuo.ooo, to lie used as a training ship in Pacitlc waters, ! wiiil'- other vessels to constitute a I Canadian navy are being purchased l or constructed. This will be one or the lending questions before tho Canadian purliaiiu nt which meets soon. Washington's cackling hens and ' crossing roosters havo found refuge behind rinlne robes and with all sorts of Insomnia-producing sounds may hereafter drown the cries of all protectants. I lie edict of the health authorities banishing fowls to the silent retreats of the country was declared by Judge Mullowney In poI lice court to he "too ridiculous" to permit of Judicial notice. A scheme by which its promoters made $4,000 in one month without any working capital, though claiming h paid in capital stock of >160,000, is charged in Indictments returned against Joseph A McNulty, James Richmond, alias Herbert 8. liramau, and llonry Von Vleet, all of Buffalo, N. Y., for operating "tho civic service institute." Tim men are alleged to have used tae matin to defraud. i lift institute" advertised ror represontatives, t>ut required of thein a $.">00 subscription to tho capital stock of tho company. ' It costs each person In the United Slates only $1.66 a year to go to bod oarly nnd Bleep sweetly wltii a sense of security born of the subi conscious knowledge that If his house starts to burn an army of fire lad' dies will hustle around and put out j tho llro. Wherefore, tho consus bu| reau, which discovered the above ; fact as tho result of an Investlgatloa ! of tho lire depart.monts and lire losteg of too olio hundred and iiityelglit 1 largest cltios in the country, foalfi that thcro is no cause for insomnia ; on that acorn. In llorlln It coats only 26 cents a year to sloop easy; in London l!> cents and in Milan 17 I jj \) COTTON PRICE RISES Attempt to Break the Market Proved Disastrous. HILLING THE BOLL WEEVIL I Bears Claim That Unprecedented Frost and Cold in South Means Largo Crop. New York City.?Tho recovery in ! tho cotton market became almost as excited and sensational as the break earlier in the week. Reports of very strong southern spot markets seemed to convince tho tuiders that tho collapse in futures had been chiefly the result on speculative conditions, and claims that the spinners wore in the market on the decline tended to restore bullish confidence. March contracts sold at 15.70 and May at 15.95, representing a recovery of over $3.25 a bale. New York City.?"Cotton has declined in the last few days," said a j largo cotton trader here, "because wo believe Jack Frost has been and is flehtine on the side of a Kreat yield oL- cotton from tlio southern states next summer." That was the explanation given of the recent pounding of the cotton market by a prominent dealer noted for his long vision and clear head. 'I"he theory was discussed on the lloor of the exchange and in brokers' of' llces and a surprising percentage of well-informed and conservative traders hold that it explained the violent fluctuations of the last, forty-eight hours. Talks with a number of reputable and level-headed traders developed an extremely picturesque and unique story in this direction. They point out that nature has both plowed and fertilized the soil of tho cotton belt throuEh the two recent un? precedented freezes. The llrst freeze, iu December, was unusually early, and made the ground solid for a depth of several inches, and, in the thaw, kneaded and manipulated and ventilated and pulverized it as it has not been in years. Hardly had tiie first freeze worn off before the present one set in. Jt has duplicated the process, creasing and wrinkling and furrowing and "spading" the earth ,with a thoroughness not even approached by human means. As a result, the soil of the cotton bolt has been revitalized in a manner not approximated since the civil war, and the traders here expect a big yield next summer. Another factor tuey reckon is the choking off of the boll weevil, at least minimizing his ravages as well as the ili-slmet ion or lessenimr of other cron j pests. They argue, therefore, that nature is working at both ends, and that an enormous crop will not have to deal with the hosts of insect enemies, lor which allowance had to be made in tno past. Tho bear dealers are principally al'arid the southern l'armers will learn these facts and do some "discounting" on their own hook. Tho bulls, on tlie other band, are sending out private letters to their j southern connections, urging them to stress these facts upon farmers fin/1 fnrin<?i*c' nrcvnniviitif.iiv: t/? tlio #?Tifl of holding down the acreage and <ii versifying, that the blessings, and net the misfortunes, of Jack Frost may be realized. Spinners from America and Kurope have been buying heavily, attracted by the slightly lower price, thus proving that they realize prices are on a permanently higii level, and that tho Iwiot ilmw -.on /Irt iu 11\ f i .1 n tuir'i i I v eit\. UK a\, Vlll J V??n ?iw in iv/ III|M;I ??I?J W press the market by speculative Hurries. PREDICTS BREAD REVOLUTION. Alabama Preacher Says People Will Fight the Rich Men. Anniston. Ala.?"The revolution ol I the twentieth century will be one or i bread," said Dr. .1 W. Stagg, presi- | dent of th*' Alabama Presbyterian | College and renowned scholar, "louring the French revolution tho pcoplo cried for broad, and the king answered: 'Ivct tnein eat grass/ and later grass was stuffed down the throat of his skeleton. "Rockefeller, Morgan and others of the h a in o ilk, make virtually mo same | answer to the cries of tho unemployed today. J lie average man to capital, but 100 per cent, Is too much, ami the people will rebel. Tho bread cry, which a few years ago, was the plaintive appeal, is growing Into a serious rumble, and unless tint impending death struggle is solved by an exodus from city to country. I fear a revolution within the next few years " CQ\(iKLSSMAN GRIGGS DEAD, Georgia congressman uies suddenly of Apoplexy. Dawson, Ua.?Congressman James M GriggH died suddenly in bed, While apparently convalescing from a supposed slight attack of heart trouble. James Mathews Griggs was born at LaQrange, (la., on March 2y, 1861, and was educated in the common schools of Georgia and at the Pea* body College at N?ti?hvllle, Tenn., from which institution he was graduated in May, 1881. After graduation he studied law. He was elected to congress in 1890 and has been serving continually sinco umi nine. 'mere was no more popular member of the lious-o (iian Judgo Griggs. PANAMA CANAL WUKK PRAISED. Senators Say System of Administration is Excellent. Washington, D. C. ? Construction work on the Panama canal is not only proceeding splendidly, but the system of administration is excellent, in Kpite of tho criticism directed to it. This Is tho consensus of opinion of the senatorial committee which returned to Washington, after a visit or Inspection to the canal, in the party were Senators Oliver, Penroso, Carter, Dixon, lleyburri and Clark. CHOCOLATE ECLAIRS DEADLY. Twentv-BI* Cases of Ptnmiinn Pniun. ing in Syracuse, N. Y. Syracuse, N. Y. ? Twenty-seven cases of ptomaine poisoning, all but one traceablo to the eating of cream puffs or chocolate eclairs, have been dlacovorod In this city. Six memborn of one family wero stricken, throe of another aud the remalndor hav< come to light within different wcetjons of the city. Three of the vlctin:** nre critically ill. CAnnou beans are said to have beet contributory In one case. x \ PALMETTO STATE NEWS Charleston, S. C.?Nineteen hundred and nine was a most exceptional year In the stato of South Carolina. Bhowlng an Increase In the value of the chief agricultural crops, exclusive of truck and live stock, of about $30,000,000, as compared to the year MlikW u-.ilnh uI?a?..a,i " u?v.u ouunvu Ull liiticaoc uvci 19Op of 116 per cent?a far greater percentage ol' increase In same period than was shown by any state save Oeorgia. 'l'ho population of the state lias increased to over one million live hundred thousand people, and the Manufacturers' Record esti' mates the true wealth of this state this year at $74(5,100,01)0, against $4s5,07N,Ot8 in 1900. Railroad construction has been going ahead with lifty-one miles added this year, including the entrance of tiie (J., U. and O. into Spartanburg, There has been a splendid increase in banking, general prosperity being reflected by the increase in deposits. In manufacturing there have been noteworthy and substantial increase. Kor the purposes of this article this department lias, within the limited space at its disposal consolidated the. returns from six hundred and sixty manufacturing establishments in the state, representing f li)0,000,0U0, and snowing a value of product amountinn to $107,01)1,277, against a total value of X7!1.37t?.2ti2 ill 11)05. lor 1,395) establishments reported in the i nited states census of that year, or an increase of over $27,500,000. 1 he value oi' product this year for itiese 000 enterprises alone is more than double ttie value of products oL 1,311) plants in the year 15)00. The textile industry shows a total capitalization of 534,987,450 in 1!)07. against a total of $03,537,280 in 1909, and the value of the annual product for this year is $67,401,332, or practically s17.(100.(10(1 uroater than in 1905. This year 3,84ti,117 spindles and 281 looms aro reported, against 3,t)s.s,7(ii spindles and 177 looms in l'J<i7, ami spindles in l'J()&. 1 here has been a tailing off in tno number of bales of cotton consumed, owing to the mills changing over from coarse to line goods. The next most important manufacturing $5f.you,000 over 1511)6. Tho third industry increase in value of product of very nearly $S,0U(),t)l)0 over litOo. The third industry in importance? crease in value of product from a little less than $5,500,000 in l'Jlto to 110,183,321 in 1 HOD. There lias been an increase of about $t>50,000 in tin* value of the product of lumber and timber and planing mill plants between 1905 and 1 you. Noteworthy increases are shown in sucn industries as the manufactures of boxes,, baskets, < to., the use of gas and electricity, the manufacture of ice, ot mattresses, patent medicines and in mining operations. Throughout the state there Iip.h been a tendency towards diversillealion of manufacturing and toward tho smaller industries, which is a healthy ami .mattrying sign.--i omiiiiKMiuufi Watson in the Industrial Jubilee Million of thy Charleston News and Courier. Union, S. U?The year just closed cannot ho said to nave been an alto r? tiier prosperous one for Inion county as a whole. The cotton crop fell short by fully a half. In many instances renters failed in making enough to pay their rent, and everywhere there was a small crop, so that tho high prices, though a great help, did not make up for the loss In the size of ltie crop. In some respects, however, the towns of the county are in a better financial condition than tliey have been for a number of years. This is particularly true of Union and Jonesvilie. in the latter a new knitting mill and numerous rcuuii'iictw me under construction. Union has been on a building boom tor several months, and there are buildings going tip throughout the town, both ia the l usiness and residental sections. A $i!.">.?)?in high scnool building is being rapidly omph ted, and the United States government has closed a deal whereby it obtains valuable property on Main str< et for the erection of a $.~iO,(mki postollice. The merchants report a MiedHsmly prosperous year, and, despite the short crop, collections are very good. On the whole, therefore, Union may be said to be coming into its own again. Rock Hill. S. C.?After completing the most prosperous year in all lo history, Kock Dili enters upon 1!U.i with promise of eclipsing even limit. The bank deposits of the four Btfrong banks here are four hundred thous and dollars in excess of this date Insi season. Many handsome resident* 1 ' ' " '*? iwwun/hth.d ;i Hi! Mi lilt V t* I * *?'? I I'liill */? i' her or up to dato business nous>>'.< have been erected, several strong* new institutions chartered and Improvements on every side have gomforward speedily. One of tin* strong charters recently obtained is that oil tin' Carolina Traction Company ot Itock Hill, which proposes to run electric cars in Kock Hill in a few mot n hs. Tins, with the sewerage system which will be built this year, means great things to llock Hill. STATE CAPITAL NOTES. ....The Carolina, ClinchlicM and Ohio railway of Houtn Carolina is down on tin- map. The new map ot the railroad commission lias just been issued and is very complete, ..-.The (Jrei'iivllle and Spartanburg Railway company, which proposes to buihl and operate an interurban troi ley lino between Greenville and Spartanburg, was rcconiinlBsloned by the socretary of state, in the same form and with the same Incorporators ns it was commissioned a year ago. ....The enterprise backed by J. II. and it. N. I Hike, tobacco kings, who proposed to extend tho Anderson interurban trolley from Helton through Williamson, 1'elzer and I'ledmont on to (ireonvtlle and thence thirty miles, to Spartanburg, was commissioned !,;/ the secretary of state. The initia'.-^ ?i?i. litr Hpllill Willi till IIIIIIUII1 >1, increase of $2,000,000. From Oreonvlllo t??o lino is to l?e built by Taylor, Oroors, I'olham, Duncan, Kolosvw. Willfonl, Lockbart, Fair Forest, Sp" tan Mills. The total length of t'io lino will bo f,5 miles. ... .UeproKontatlvoB of the four state colleges, Wlnthrop, Clomson, the ('Itadel and the University of South Carolina, and tbe state superintendent of education, Mr. J. 10. Swearlngen, bad a conferenco with Governor Ansel with a view to his recommending to the legislature about to convene such olinncr'H in tho law With regard t;> awarding scholarships an will harmonize the requirements between tho four colleges named. A petition has been llled with Governor Ansel for tho pardon or Urook Mo<j>re, of Greenwood county. Mooro hay nerved nlno yeara on tho charge oft assault and battory with lntont to\klll. Ho was convicted whon lirtec^i yoars of age.