P1NCH0T IS DISMISSED
President Removes Head of the
TAFT'S PATIENCE EXHAUSTED
Pinchot's Letter to Senator Dolliver Was
More Than the President
Washington, D. C.?Gilford Pinchot,
chief forester and intimate friend oi
Theodore Roosevelt, was dismissed
from the service of the United States
by President Taft for insubordination.
Associate Forester Overtoil W. Trice
and Assistant Law Otticer Alexander
C. Shaw, Pinchot's immediate assistants
in the forestry bureau, followed
their chief out of the government
Thoroughly Indignant over the action
of Mr. Pinciiot in inducing Senator
Dolllver to read a letter from him
in the senate, President Taft would
listen to 110 advice tl.at t lie forester's
violation of executive orders be overlooked
pending the inquiry soon to
be undertaken by congress. He declared
the dignity of the oiiiee he had
been chosen by the people to li 11 was
being attacked and he would be unfaithful
to his trust if lie submitted
Mr. Taft undoubtedly realizes fully
what the dismissal of Korostm* Pin
chot means in a political way. 1-1 o
2ias been convinced for some time
that the so-called "insurgents" anil
other critics of his administration had
enlisted the services of Mr. Pinchot
and practically were defying him to
separate Mr. Pinchot from his oliice.
The latter's letter, without doubt, was
written with the direct purpose ot
"putting it squarely up to the presi-,
The president sought to avoid the
threatened war as long as ne could
./14C vav/v mi v*vi mat paiicuui; 1UIU UUU3UU
to be a virtue.
In the house ol' representatives,
Speaker Cannon lost his first light to'
the "insurgents," who, combining
with the democrats caused to be
adopted an amendment to the Ballinger-Pinchot
inquiry resolution, so as
to take from the speaker the power
to appoint the house members of the
joint special committee of investigation.
The margin of victory was a
narrow one of tnree votes, but the
insurgents and democrats alike are
Att. Gen. Wickersham's Report.
Washington, D. C.?The report or
Attorney General Wickersliam on liis
Investigation of the charges made by
L. It. Oiavis against Secretary ot
the Interior Hallinger was transmitted
to congress by President Talt.
The report is a complete exoneration
of Mr. xVickei'sham's fellow cabinet
member as to the charges Iron; which
the Hallinger I'lnchot row started, but
Is chiefly remarkable for its treatment
of G^fivi.s, who is ilayed with a
sevtaitj^iMiioni equaled in public doc
^ umems. 1110 report also amis a
shaft at Chief Forester l'incnot, tlie
friend and appointee of Theodore
Roosevelt, whose intervention in the
affair is declared to have been unnecessary.
Glavis charged that Secretary Hal
linger aided tlie government's toes in
the tight over the Cunningham Alaskan
coal claims, which are generally
believed to bo desired by tlie Guggenheim
It has been estimated that $ 1,r?(K),000,00
is involved by the precedent
this case will establish, and the case
The Glavir, charges were the most
sensational in the shower ot' aceusa
tions that has marked the llallingcr
riuciiui cunuovoray. iiiuvis whs iurmorly
inspector of the general land
office, and chief of the field division.
Ho had in charge the investigation ot
the Cunningham affair. He was removed
some time ago by Secretary
<ilavis charged, officially and in informal
statements and writings, that
certain influences were at work in an
attempt to rush the hearing of the
Cunningham claims case before the
government was ready to adequately
defend its side.
Pinch^rt AnswtfM .Wjckersham.
Washington, D. C?-The It.illingor
Pincho? controversy whs made doubly
intqjjSo by the reading in tne senate
Z>t' a letter addressed by Mr. J'inchot
to Senator Dolliver, 111 which the
course was adopted t>y I,. I',. (J la via,
With the assistance of Messrs. I'ric.'and
Shaw, of the bun-au of forestry,
was warmly approved, in this communication
the chief lorestor not onlv
upheld tho criticism of Secretary llal !
linger, but suggested that. t.ne pri-si i
dent, himself had been mistaken in
the facts when lie removed from tin
public service Mr (Mavis.
in tho senate Mr. I'inchot's letter
caused a genuine sensation.
WOMAN BAI.KI.il LYNCHEKS.
Mrs. Andcll Drove: Mob Away From
Kenosha, Wis.? Mrs. Andell, wile of
a hoarding house keeper at '1'win
1-akes, armed with a shotgun, is reported
to have cowed a inob of men
and to have cut the rope with which
Jrfain Roberts, a cook at tho ice-cutting
camp, had been swung to a ratter
In an ice house. She cut down
the man just In time to save him
from strangulation, according to the
details of the attempted lynching.
Roberts, it is reported, was the
victim of a fierce controversy between
union and non-union )< < cuiiers ai
Twin Lakes, which rosulted In the
discharge <>r a number of union men.
TO SEEK SOUTH POLE.
England Promises $100,000 of the
London, tnginnd.? 1 ho Scott expedition
In search of the South Pole,
is now assured, tiie government hav
lng promised $100, 000 toward the
$200,000 which is the estimated ex
The expedition will s?-t forth in
July. The activity among the Amor
lean arctic explorers proved a con
vlncing factor whl< n determined the
government to assist.
41 FISHERMEN UNOWNED.
Twelve Boats Missing in Nova Scotia
Halifax, N. s.?Forty-one liahermen
havo been claimed as victims or
the Boa, according to reports reeeiv
ed from the Hoot that 1b cruising Nova
Bcotlan waters in n widu hunt for
eight of the bouts driven to sea at
the height of the recent storm
Twelve boats wore missing when the
k tally Was taken, four havo boon foiind,
Eft but there is no hopo for tho othyrs
^fetuumg those who know tiio ways] or
TO STOP TOBACCO WAR. I
Night Riders to Feel The Hand* of Got- \
Washington, D. C.?The govern- '
mont la preparing to go after tivo
night riders in the tobacco district
of Kentucky and Tennesese by beginning
proceedings against tlie Hurley
Convinced that the society is a combination
and a conspiracy in restraint j
of trade under the Sherman anti-trust
law, the department of justice is in- |
vestigating its operations on that
Agents have recently been sent to
the tobacco-growing regions for the
purpose of making inquiry concerning
tae methods of the association, and
they have reached ttie conclusion that
the organization is connected with
the depredations of the night riders,
who recently have created so much
disturbance in that section.
The Hurley Society is a strong or
Kciiw/.<iiiuu, Limniusuu luigfij \>i idiiuors,
and it is believed ttiat when taken,
tlie government's action will create
a sensation. The company, tne
members of the society charge, systematically
depressed the market for
Kentucky and Tennessee tobacco, and
kept prices down to the lowest point.
Further justillcation for the creation
of the society is set forth in the i
statement that the so-called tobacco
trust has driven down its price on
raw tobacco, while making no reductions
in the Hnished products sold by
it and manufactured from the Kentucky
and Tennesee leaf.
Lexington, Ky.?President Clarence
i.i<.>DU3 oi mo tuiney iouhcco ouci- ;
cty refused to discuss the report from j
Washington that the federal government
would prosecute the organization
of the tobacco growers as a
trust. Otner othcials of the society
declared thej had nothing to fear
from a non-partisan investigation, if
conducted on judicial lines.
New York Governor Styled Friend of
Albany, N. Y.?Senator Grady made
a sensational attack on Governor
Hughes in the senate following the
reading of the governor's message. It
was the governor's proposal to penalize
the practice of bookmaking that
aroused the ire of the senate minority
leader to the point of attack, lie declared
that while the governor attacked
the horse ov nor, the bookmaker
and the man placing his bet on u
horse race, he had never dared to
attack the most monstrous gambling
institution there is in tiie world, the
New York stock exchange, and to the
end of his career he will never have
the courago to attack it.
"WOMAN RAFFLES" RELEASED,
Wife of Millionaire, Convicted of Burglary,
Out of Jail.
Chicago, ill.?Mrs. Evelyn Itomadka
known in Milwaukee whore she was
prominent in society as the "Woman
Kaffles," and wilt; of ;i millionaire
Milwaukee manufacturer, was paroled
from the penitentiary at .loliet.
The release was a surprise, which
was kept secret. She was convicted
two years ago of stealing $1,UUU worth
of jewelry l'rom Mrs. Clarence K.
Heck of this city. She expects to be
t A J 11 I v" ?l II II I O* .
GORDON TAKES OATH.
Missiscippiian Sworn in as United '
Washington, D. C. ? Occasionally
nodding his head in acknowledgement
or the admonitions ol loyalty to th t
United States, contained in the oath (
of otticc administered to i>n senators, ]
Colonel James Gordon, ex-confederate !
leader, who was appointed hy Gov- |
ornor Noel as the successor to Senator
McLaurin of Mississippi, was made
a member of the United States senate.
Shorter Hours in Cotton Mills.
Boston, Mass.?Several hundred
thousand operatives in mills of Massachusetts
and Rhode Island are now
working on a shorter schedule of
hours, In consequence of the new iifty-eight-hour
laws passed by the two
state legislatures becoming effective.
While the new statute applies only to
women and minors, the manufacturers
find >t impossible to separate the
departments so that the men can
work longer than the women and
Edward I'ayson Watson, the veteran
pedestrian, announced that he will
make one more transcontinental
walk, and that he will go from ocean
It) OCINIII, i II In I 1111<: WIMI1U J UU
days. Watson will start from Ivis
Angeles at 1 o'clock p. 111. February
i, arid will be due in New York May
L'X. His lulte from .New Vork tc? San
Kranci < o early last suimner took
one hundred and live* days, but on
that Journey lie encountered unfulorable
Declaring that he cannot afford "to
meet every man or woman who <le
^ 11 '-U in ii.tvi- ii |>uuin: u ij>i ussiuii
with tiiin oil the subject, 1 nonius 10.
Watson, several times the populist
nominee for president of the United
Stales, in a letter to Atlanta churchmen
declines to accept their challenge
to meet William T. KIlis, a
Philadelphia newspaper man, in joint
debate on tin subject of foreign missions
Mr. Watson, however, says
that he will be glad to meet William
Jennings Hi.van and debate the epies ,
lion with him. In the letter .Mr. Wat- ;
son declares thai his position on tlx*
juliliud 1 u i i \ i vj 11 i w f i?i"j f t\i m i 'I'hnt lut ic
not opposed to tlit! principle of foreign
missions In its entirety, hut is
opposed t<> the present methods
Professor Ilerue/.oll, aviator anrt |
friend of Zeppt I in, who was sent by j
Kmperor William to Jamaica to study I
trade winds and ;he temperature of i
altitudes 111 and near the tropics, reports
that at an altitude of ten thoussand
meters he found tho air of me
tropics colder than that of tho Arctic
regions at the same height. Ot
nine balloons sent up with Instruments
for these tests, four wore lost
In tho Carrlhbean sea. l he professor
intimated that ho would make an air !
test for an expedition to the north
pole two years hence.
According to an ass ay made by
Herman Klrck, professor of chemistry
at the Colorado School of Mines,
tho largest known body or pitch
blend In the world has been dlncorii.'ful
In a nlinn si f I'onlm I fitv /'/.I
" ~ ? -wi.
The discovery was made Dficomhfir
21, and the essay made by I'roressor
Flock shows, it is asserted, that tff^"
oro runs almost treblo the highest
pereentane of all Iranian ores before
discovered. As a result of the find,
it is considered possible that tlio demands
of the scientific world for redtum
may soon be satisfied by Colorado.
The assay runs 85 per cem
?*f / L
President Would Protect Corporations
from State Interference.
MODIFIES TRAFFIC IDEAS
Taft Would Prevent National Combines
From Acquiring Stock of Competitors
Exccpt by Consent.
Washington, D. C.?President Taft's
special message, dealing with amendments
to the interstate commerce
laws, looking to a more effective federal
supervision of railroads, and con
veymg His recommendations lor the
passage of a federal incorporation
act, was transmitted to congress and
read in the house, the senate not being
The message followed closely the
forecasts that have been made lrom
time to time and in the suggesteu
legislation as to railroads, embodies
all of the suggestions that the president
has made from time to time 111
Ins speeches on the subject.
Mr. Tatt suggests 110 changes in
the Sherman anti-trust law at this
time. The antitrust feature of the
message deals solely with the subject
of federal charters. The president
thinks that an opportunity
should be given the big industrial
combinations to bring their business
once more into Uie "zone ol lawfulness"
by taking out a federal charter
under certain prescribed conditions
before it becomes necessary to
proceed against every great corporation
about which there is a breadth
Duty and Purpose.
"It is tlio duty and Uio put pose of
the executive," say the message, to
direct an investigation by the department
of justice through the grand
Jury or otherwise into the history, organization
and purpose of all the industrial
companies with respect to
which uiuru uiij rt'uauuftuiu uuuu
for suspicion that they have been organized
for a purpose and are conducting
business on a plan which is
in violation of the anti-trust law."
Sxich a wholesale investigation and
possible prosecution, the president
points out, "would result in serious
disturbances and produce a halt in
our present prosperity that will cause
suffering and strained circumstances
among the innocent many for the
faults of the guilty few.
"The question which 1 wish in tiiis
message to bring clearly to the consideration
and discussion of congress
is whether, in order to avoid such a
l^UbblUU' UIIMllUOi) liiliih'- I, ouniv umih
cannot bo done by which these business
combinations may bo offered a
means, without great iinanctal (listurhance,
of changing tlie ciiaracter,
organization and extent of their business
into one within the lines ol
tiio law under l< deral control and
supervision, securing compliance
with the antitrust statutes."
The conditions upon which federal
charters are to lie granted under the
president's recommendations are
these; The issue of stock to be an
amount equal only to the cash paid in
on the stock, or if stock be issued
for nronerty. then at a fair valuation,
ascertained under approval and supervision
of federal authority after full
and complete disclosure of all the
facts appertaining to the value oi
property and the interest in it of the
persons to which the stock is to be
Corporations taking federal charters
are to be prohibited Com acquiring
and holding stock In other
corporations, exec pt for special rea
sons upon approval by the proper
federal authoritk::. Full reports ot
operations are to be made to the
department of commerce and labor
at regular intervals. The federal Incorporation
is to be voluntary, but tli<
president feels that most of the cor
porations will Ik; glad of the opportunity
to reform their bushiest; methods
if given this opportunity. Otherwist
the department ol justice will
investigate them. .N'otiiing in the fed
oral charters is to exempt any corporation
lrom prosecution for viola
tions of the anti-trust law.
In that portion of his message dealing
with changes of the interstate
commerce laws the president recommends:
The establishment of a 1'niled
SlUK'S ?'MUI'I <>l I IIII :m-| > ir wi
judges to hear ;in?l determine appeals
from I! < interstate commerce conimi.v
sion, ti:e o11!> appeal from this court
lyinK in tIn* Tinted States supremo
The commis ion is to tic relieved
of prosecuting rases in the courts,
Liiis duty l.e;iu; placed in the department
Pooling arrangements as to the
rat* to i allowed under direct sui:sm:Aiiii
Cold Weather Makes Living Expensive
Chicago, HI.?present climatic
condition continue and prices of food
products innUe many more gains, uie
question el living in Chicago will lie
a problem to many.
Following i a list of commodities
which h.ive heen most aflected h.v
cold '\ <;1111er and resulting increases
ill < Or:! '
1'ork <hops, per pound, IS to 20c
Spare ribs, per pound, lf>c.
Halt pork, per pound, 20 to 22c.
('hit kein, per pound, 20 to 22c.
KKgR, per dozen, 12 to IMc.
Potatoes, per bushel, SO to HOc.
Ovst< r. per gallon, $1.-10 to Jl.tio.
ARMY IU M LOTION SAliKS.
War Department Grants Request o
the Texas Farmers.
San Antonio, lexas.? Hen-alter all
supplies; for the subsistence depart
mont of iIk- army, wiiere sacks are
used for covering will be wrapped in
cotton sacks on the Inside, and, 11
possible, cotton sacks will Pe use?
for outside covering.
T'-o promulgation of tbls order by
tho w :r department was made at the*
tmggMtton of Texas farmers, who
sent a delegation to Washington.
PROtllHI II0M Kt lH US CRIME.
Fifty Per Cent Reduction in Shrevenort
Durina Pnfit Year.
8hr?v?port, La. ? Tho now year
found Shreveport an near "dry" up
it has over ben. Practically every
building occupied the first of 19i>;?
for near beer stands Is vacant or used
for other business. i he sale of near
beer will not be license dllils year.
The police department blotter for
1909 shows a decrease of a fraction
over 60 por cent in the number of tho
crime# and arrests over the rccord 01
190V, when saloons were licensed.
, ' f
E TO CONGRESS
pervlBion of tho commission.
The chairman to be empowered to
pnss upon freight classifications.
The commission to be empowered
to hold up new rates or classillcations
by railroads until an inquiry can be
mailt* as to their reasonableness. It
found to bo unreasonable, the commission
may forbid the increase.
Shippers to be given the choice of
established routes on through ireight.
Prohibits Stock Buying.
From and after tue passage of the
amendments, it is provided that no
railroad shall acquire any stock or
interest in a competing line, except
that where a road already owns f?u
lit-, vein, or niuiw ui iiiu oiucK 01 another
road, it may complete the purchase
of all the stock. Also In cases
where one road Is operating another
under a lease of more than 25 years'
duration, it shall have a right to acquire
the demised road. Allowing this
acquisition ol' stock does not exempt
any road from prosecution under the
Stock must be Issued at par value
for money paid in or for properties
or services, rates at full value, under
an inquiry by the federal authority,
who shall supervise all stock and
HELPINU THt FARMERS.
In Experimentation Government Expends
New York City.?How gratifying it
must be to the farmers through the
country to know that the United
States government is spending in
the neighborhood of $18,000,000 every
year on experimental work looking
toward increasing the yield and efficiency
of the farms of the United
This money is not expended in I
foolish experiments, but all investigations
are made under the personal
supervision of experienced departmental
heads. Secretary Wilson is
u practical man and requires results
from all lines of investigation
l)m>onilv u voil rnn rl nfltcf:)! anld fill* ,
United States government could better
afford to invest ttie cost of one
battleship in agricultural experimental
work than to spend it in increasing
the navy. A first-class battleship
costs about ?!',000,000. Secretary
Wilson decided that a statement
ouglit to be issued telling about the
great work which his department is
doing. Copies of the report can be
had by applying to the department of
agriculture of Washington. This report
tells of an instance where a
tanner was raising only twenty bushels
of potatoes to an acre, and who
dissatislied, appealed to the agricul
? ?"> I nwm( f/?i- !icci^:l ! i n < < i liliil
advice. Both were Riven and now
this farmer is raising litty bushels ot
potatoes to an acre where he formerly
could only grow twenty. The department
supplied him with seed and
information how to plant the potatois.
This is only given as one or
many illustrations to prove the eflicient
work being done.
SEEKINU PAHIIUN FUH MORSE.
President Taft Will Be Asked to Release
Portland, Maine.?A campaign to
save t'lias. \V. Morse, the banker now
serving 1"> years in the Atlanta federal
prison, was started here, and peititi
itiu id Pi'Kuiilotir T:i1t uskinir I'nr nil
unconditional pardon arc being circulated.
Tiie petitions declaro Morse
nas paid his debts, that popular demands
Influenced Ins conviction, that
lie did no intentional wrong, and that
his imprisonment while contesting
the case was penalty enough.
Richmond, Va. ? Petitions for an
absolute pardon for Charles W.
.Mors;', the New York tinancier, now
serving a sentence of fifteen years
in the federal penitentiary at Atlanta,
for violation of the national banking
laws, are being circulated by friends
and kinsmen of Morse here. They
were sent by Mrs. Morse and Morse's
secretary. Morse's grandmother was
.Miss Virginia Roberts of Chesterfield
county. The petition states that
Morse's violation of the law was technical
Tall Going In Alaska.
Washington, d. C.?Presidont Taft
is looking forward to a trij? to Alaska
late in the coining spring. Ho
i plans to go t<? the tar northwestern
territory immediately after the adjournment
of congress and before going
to Hevurly for the late summer
Ilnrjs Sell for $'J.
Chicago, III.?Tiie hog arrived
at the I'nion tSock Yards here. Kx(<
pi for a nh?Tt period in 1882 when
swine ^f?l< 1 at per linndredwelght
the $'. hog has not been soon here
since the civil war.
Int< use cold impending and tho
(limitation i?l producers to market
lions ar< tlu* primal causes of the
New Italian Ambassador.
lierne.? I hi- Marquis CuR&nl Confalioneri,
who, lor throe years, has
held tin' post of Italian minister to
Swi '"ilaiid. has ln-en notified of Itis
appointii:' nt as ambassador to the
I i:.11 d : :.111 in succession to Huron
Mayor lies Blanches.
Washington, D. C.?Census Director
Ourand nas decided to oxteml lrom
January L'"> to January 31 the time!
in which persons denirinfc places an
census ^numerators may ft io their
applications on blanks furnished hy
thf census supervisors, 'i'ho test or
applicants will be made on February
as previously announced.
Pensions For Afjed II. S. lilfirks.
Washington, D. C.?KfTorts arc to
I>c made by congress to pass a law
providing compulsory retirement and
permitting a pension for superannuate
ed government employees. Secretary
ManVeagh has instructed Horbert I).
Brown of his depaitment to draw up
a plan. The secretary Is understood
to have the support of Provident Tart.
Mr Hrown'8 tentative plan, it Is said,
contemplates a pension fund that will
bo provided entirely by tSae working
Brave Nurse to Dead.
Washington, D. C.?Oivlu* bcr life
urn o ft%r i\tU*ru L? 1 u u Hurt/
It. Iirown, a trained nurse, aged 'il,
dio<I in ft local hospital.
I wo weeks ago she was shot
through the lung in a flcrce struggle
to wrest a revolver from Martin l*.
Storllng, a typhoid tevor baddened
patient sno was attending. Thereby
sliw sav< d from death snvcral members
of Sterling's family.
Pq? her heroism, Miss Hrown was
recommended hy tho commissioner ot
tho District of Columbia for a Carne
gio<' medal. f
LATE NtWS NOTES.
Complete skepticism as to the existence
of canalB on Mars was digplayed
by prominent astronomers at
tho meeting recently at London of
tho British Astronomical association.
Halo's Mount Wilson photographs
were exhibited on lantern slides, and
were pronounced the best yet seen.
They showed no signs of the canals
and were said to vindicate the heller
that the supposed canals were merely I
an effect on the eye of collections ot
Passengers arriving In New Orlenas
from Colon declare a corporation
hacked by Wall street money
and known as the Mandingo Darlen
company lias been organized to dig
an air 'line sea level canal across
Panama, fifty miles soutn' of the big
Unitod States ditch. The Colon representative
of the company is Captain
Thornton Honnevlllo of Newport
News, Va. lie asserts that his corporation
is assured that a sea level
canal, twenty-nine miles in longth,
can do constructed ror $ls,uuo,uuo.
This amount has boen pledged .Work
on tlio new canal will be begun early
in the year.
Owing to prevalence of Texas fever
among southern cattle, a proclamation
was Issued by Governor Deneen
of Illinois prohibiting importation
Into Illinois of cattle from California,
Oklahoma, Texas, Missouri,
Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi,
Tennessee, Alabama, Louisiana, Missippi,
Tennessee, Alabama, Virginia,
North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia
and Florida between February 1
and November 1, 11)10, unless the cattle
are accompanied by certillcates
frnm tho illKllr>ptol nf tlio llriiturl
States bureau of animal industry that
they aro free from fever.
The Italian ministry lias announced
itH determination to lay down
four battleships of tiie Dreadnaught
elasB in 1911 in the government
yards, besides three scout vessels.
The Christmas drawing of the Cuban
national lottery resulted in tbe
sale of only eighteen thousand tickets
out of a total of thirty thousand.
It was expected to raise jyuo.uuu it
all had been sold. The capital prize
was won by a group of bricklayers.
With the sanction of Mrs. Tart,
the "400" of New York will be increased
to the "One Thousand," to
include the aristocratic sets of Philadelphia,
Washington and New York.
Mrs. Taft is said to bo the originator
of the movement, and she certainly
is in favor of it. Hank, birth
and wealth will all be counted in the
new social scale. The old plan ot
selling rank in society will be abandoned.
Newspaper compilations of mob
laws invoking during the past year
indicate tiiat there wore seventy
lynchings, more than in any year
since 15)0-1. These crimes against the
I law of the land occurred in twelve
states and New Mexico. The only
lynchings north ol the Ohio river
were those during the Cairo, 111., race
riots. IIy states the lynch record is
| as follows; Texas, K!; Georgia, 12;
! Florida, 8; Louisiana, 7; Mississippi,
j 1; Alabama, 8; Oklahoma, f?; Ken
lucky, 4; South Carolina, 3; Arkansas,
3; Illinois, 1!; New Mexico, 2;
Missouri, 1; West Virginia, 1.
Tuberculosis stands at the head ol
the diseases which afflict, the Indians,
nr?rnnlinir In flu niiiinnl r<?iwirt /if t.i??
commissioner of Indian affairs. Three
hundred and three government j
schools wort; conducted during tlio |
past liscal year, an increase of twen- 1
ty-t\vo. Almost all of the Christian
denominations in the United States
have missions in the Indian country,
the report cites, adding that the Indian
ollice co-operates effectively j
The statue of General Robert 10. 1
Lee in confederate uniform, recently
put In position in Statuary hall of '
the capitol, will remain there at least 1
for the present. W hen the opposition
to accepting the statue made
itself manifest on the part, of former
soldiers of the union service it was
announced that if the statue was not
accepted and it was removed from
the hall Virginia would withdraw
the companion piece, the llguro of
\\ ilHIl 1 11^1011.
The immigrants' lack of confidence
in tlie safety and security of private
iinancial institutions of tho United
States is officially dec I a rod to be the
chief reason for the sending of millions
of dollars by postal money or- |
dors from tin- United States to for- i
eigu countries each year. Auditor
Chance of llie posiotilcc department I
points to tiiis as an indication of |
what might lie accomplished through
the estublishinont of postal savings ,
banks, liii' .stupendous total of $040,
<110,X17, representing the surplus
earnings <?i loreign and commercial i
enterprises of the United States, lias
been ^"iit abroad since 1890. A total
of $70,u-was sent abroad by
I f/iriiinii , ,> 1/ mi..11 in l'lll'l
From the Krltish government Can- \
mla has now purchased the cruiser ]
itainboy lor Jpuo.ooo, to lie used as
a training ship in Pacitlc waters, !
wiiil'- other vessels to constitute a
I Canadian navy are being purchased
l or constructed. This will be one or
the lending questions before tho Canadian
purliaiiu nt which meets soon.
Washington's cackling hens and '
crossing roosters havo found refuge
behind rinlne robes and with all
sorts of Insomnia-producing sounds
may hereafter drown the cries of all
protectants. I lie edict of the health
authorities banishing fowls to the
silent retreats of the country was
declared by Judge Mullowney In poI
lice court to he "too ridiculous" to
permit of Judicial notice.
A scheme by which its promoters
made $4,000 in one month without
any working capital, though claiming
h paid in capital stock of >160,000, is
charged in Indictments returned
against Joseph A McNulty, James
Richmond, alias Herbert 8. liramau,
and llonry Von Vleet, all of Buffalo,
N. Y., for operating "tho civic service
institute." Tim men are alleged
to have used tae matin to defraud.
i lift institute" advertised ror represontatives,
t>ut required of thein a
$.">00 subscription to tho capital stock
of tho company. '
It costs each person In the
United Slates only $1.66 a year to go
to bod oarly nnd Bleep sweetly wltii
a sense of security born of the subi
conscious knowledge that If his house
starts to burn an army of fire lad'
dies will hustle around and put out
j tho llro. Wherefore, tho consus bu|
reau, which discovered the above
; fact as tho result of an Investlgatloa
! of tho lire depart.monts and lire losteg
of too olio hundred and iiityelglit
1 largest cltios in the country, foalfi
that thcro is no cause for insomnia
; on that acorn. In llorlln It coats only
26 cents a year to sloop easy; in
London l!> cents and in Milan 17
COTTON PRICE RISES
Attempt to Break the Market
HILLING THE BOLL WEEVIL
Bears Claim That Unprecedented Frost
and Cold in South Means
New York City.?Tho recovery in
! tho cotton market became almost as
excited and sensational as the break
earlier in the week.
Reports of very strong southern
spot markets seemed to convince tho
tuiders that tho collapse in futures
had been chiefly the result on speculative
conditions, and claims that the
spinners wore in the market on the
decline tended to restore bullish confidence.
March contracts sold at 15.70 and
May at 15.95, representing a recovery
of over $3.25 a bale.
New York City.?"Cotton has declined
in the last few days," said a
j largo cotton trader here, "because wo
believe Jack Frost has been and is
flehtine on the side of a Kreat yield
oL- cotton from tlio southern states
That was the explanation given of
the recent pounding of the cotton
market by a prominent dealer noted
for his long vision and clear head.
'I"he theory was discussed on the lloor
of the exchange and in brokers' of'
llces and a surprising percentage of
well-informed and conservative traders
hold that it explained the violent
fluctuations of the last, forty-eight
Talks with a number of reputable
and level-headed traders developed an
extremely picturesque and unique story
in this direction.
They point out that nature has both
plowed and fertilized the soil of tho
cotton belt throuEh the two recent un?
precedented freezes. The llrst freeze,
iu December, was unusually early,
and made the ground solid for a
depth of several inches, and, in the
thaw, kneaded and manipulated and
ventilated and pulverized it as it has
not been in years.
Hardly had tiie first freeze worn
off before the present one set in. Jt
has duplicated the process, creasing
and wrinkling and furrowing and
"spading" the earth ,with a thoroughness
not even approached by human
As a result, the soil of the cotton
bolt has been revitalized in a manner
not approximated since the civil war,
and the traders here expect a big
yield next summer.
Another factor tuey reckon is the
choking off of the boll weevil, at least
minimizing his ravages as well as the
ili-slmet ion or lessenimr of other cron
They argue, therefore, that nature
is working at both ends, and that an
enormous crop will not have to deal
with the hosts of insect enemies, lor
which allowance had to be made in
Tho bear dealers are principally
al'arid the southern l'armers will learn
these facts and do some "discounting"
on their own hook.
Tho bulls, on tlie other band, are
sending out private letters to their
j southern connections, urging them
to stress these facts upon farmers
fin/1 fnrin<?i*c' nrcvnniviitif.iiv: t/? tlio #?Tifl
of holding down the acreage and <ii
versifying, that the blessings, and net
the misfortunes, of Jack Frost may be
Spinners from America and Kurope
have been buying heavily, attracted
by the slightly lower price, thus proving
that they realize prices are on a
permanently higii level, and that tho
Iwiot ilmw -.on /Irt iu 11\ f i .1 n tuir'i i I v eit\.
UK a\, Vlll J V??n ?iw in iv/ III|M;I ??I?J W
press the market by speculative Hurries.
PREDICTS BREAD REVOLUTION.
Alabama Preacher Says People Will
Fight the Rich Men.
Anniston. Ala.?"The revolution ol I
the twentieth century will be one or i
bread," said Dr. .1 W. Stagg, presi- |
dent of th*' Alabama Presbyterian |
College and renowned scholar, "louring
the French revolution tho pcoplo
cried for broad, and the king answered:
'Ivct tnein eat grass/ and later
grass was stuffed down the throat
of his skeleton.
"Rockefeller, Morgan and others of
the h a in o ilk, make virtually mo same |
answer to the cries of tho unemployed
today. J lie average man to capital,
but 100 per cent, Is too much, ami
the people will rebel. Tho bread cry,
which a few years ago, was the plaintive
appeal, is growing Into a serious
rumble, and unless tint impending
death struggle is solved by an exodus
from city to country. I fear a
revolution within the next few years "
CQ\(iKLSSMAN GRIGGS DEAD,
Georgia congressman uies suddenly
Dawson, Ua.?Congressman James
M GriggH died suddenly in bed, While
apparently convalescing from a supposed
slight attack of heart trouble.
James Mathews Griggs was born
at LaQrange, (la., on March 2y, 1861,
and was educated in the common
schools of Georgia and at the Pea*
body College at N?ti?hvllle, Tenn., from
which institution he was graduated
in May, 1881. After graduation he
studied law. He was elected to congress
in 1890 and has been serving
continually sinco umi nine. 'mere
was no more popular member of the
lious-o (iian Judgo Griggs.
PANAMA CANAL WUKK PRAISED.
Senators Say System of Administration
Washington, D. C. ? Construction
work on the Panama canal is not
only proceeding splendidly, but the
system of administration is excellent,
in Kpite of tho criticism directed to
it. This Is tho consensus of opinion
of the senatorial committee which returned
to Washington, after a visit or
Inspection to the canal, in the party
were Senators Oliver, Penroso, Carter,
Dixon, lleyburri and Clark.
CHOCOLATE ECLAIRS DEADLY.
Twentv-BI* Cases of Ptnmiinn Pniun.
ing in Syracuse, N. Y.
Syracuse, N. Y. ? Twenty-seven
cases of ptomaine poisoning, all but
one traceablo to the eating of cream
puffs or chocolate eclairs, have been
dlacovorod In this city. Six memborn
of one family wero stricken,
throe of another aud the remalndor
hav< come to light within different
wcetjons of the city. Three of the
vlctin:** nre critically ill.
CAnnou beans are said to have
beet contributory In one case.
PALMETTO STATE NEWS
Charleston, S. C.?Nineteen hundred
and nine was a most exceptional
year In the stato of South Carolina.
Bhowlng an Increase In the value of
the chief agricultural crops, exclusive
of truck and live stock, of about
$30,000,000, as compared to the year
MlikW u-.ilnh uI?a?..a,i
" u?v.u ouunvu Ull liiticaoc uvci
19Op of 116 per cent?a far greater
percentage ol' increase In same period
than was shown by any state
save Oeorgia. 'l'ho population of the
state lias increased to over one million
live hundred thousand people,
and the Manufacturers' Record esti'
mates the true wealth of this state
this year at $74(5,100,01)0, against
$4s5,07N,Ot8 in 1900.
Railroad construction has been going
ahead with lifty-one miles added
this year, including the entrance of
tiie (J., U. and O. into Spartanburg,
There has been a splendid increase
in banking, general prosperity being
reflected by the increase in deposits.
In manufacturing there have been
noteworthy and substantial increase.
Kor the purposes of this article this
department lias, within the limited
space at its disposal consolidated the.
returns from six hundred and sixty
manufacturing establishments in the
state, representing f li)0,000,0U0, and
snowing a value of product amountinn
to $107,01)1,277, against a total
value of X7!1.37t?.2ti2 ill 11)05. lor
1,395) establishments reported in the
i nited states census of that year,
or an increase of over $27,500,000.
1 he value oi' product this year for
itiese 000 enterprises alone is more
than double ttie value of products oL
1,311) plants in the year 15)00.
The textile industry shows a total
capitalization of 534,987,450 in 1!)07.
against a total of $03,537,280 in 1909,
and the value of the annual product
for this year is $67,401,332, or practically
s17.(100.(10(1 uroater than in 1905.
This year 3,84ti,117 spindles and
281 looms aro reported, against 3,t)s.s,7(ii
spindles and 177 looms in
l'J<i7, ami spindles in l'J()&.
1 here has been a tailing off in tno
number of bales of cotton consumed,
owing to the mills changing over
from coarse to line goods.
The next most important manufacturing
$5f.you,000 over 1511)6. Tho third
industry increase in value of product
of very nearly $S,0U(),t)l)0 over litOo.
The third industry in importance?
crease in value of product from a
little less than $5,500,000 in l'Jlto to
110,183,321 in 1 HOD. There lias been
an increase of about $t>50,000 in tin*
value of the product of lumber and
timber and planing mill plants between
1905 and 1 you. Noteworthy
increases are shown in sucn industries
as the manufactures of boxes,,
baskets, < to., the use of gas and electricity,
the manufacture of ice, ot
mattresses, patent medicines and in
Throughout the state there Iip.h
been a tendency towards diversillealion
of manufacturing and toward tho
smaller industries, which is a healthy
ami .mattrying sign.--i omiiiiKMiuufi
Watson in the Industrial Jubilee Million
of thy Charleston News and
Union, S. U?The year just closed
cannot ho said to nave been an alto
r? tiier prosperous one for Inion
county as a whole. The cotton crop
fell short by fully a half. In many
instances renters failed in making
enough to pay their rent, and everywhere
there was a small crop, so that
tho high prices, though a great help,
did not make up for the loss In the
size of ltie crop.
In some respects, however, the
towns of the county are in a better
financial condition than tliey have
been for a number of years. This is
particularly true of Union and Jonesvilie.
in the latter a new knitting
mill and numerous rcuuii'iictw me under
construction. Union has been on
a building boom tor several months,
and there are buildings going tip
throughout the town, both ia the
l usiness and residental sections. A
$i!.">.?)?in high scnool building is being
rapidly omph ted, and the United
States government has closed a deal
whereby it obtains valuable property
on Main str< et for the erection of a
$.~iO,(mki postollice. The merchants report
a MiedHsmly prosperous year,
and, despite the short crop, collections
are very good. On the whole,
therefore, Union may be said to be
coming into its own again.
Rock Hill. S. C.?After completing
the most prosperous year in all lo
history, Kock Dili enters upon 1!U.i
with promise of eclipsing even limit.
The bank deposits of the four Btfrong
banks here are four hundred thous
and dollars in excess of this date Insi
season. Many handsome resident*
1 ' ' " '*? iwwun/hth.d ;i Hi! Mi
lilt V t* I * *?'? I I'liill */? i'
her or up to dato business nous>>'.<
have been erected, several strong*
new institutions chartered and Improvements
on every side have gomforward
speedily. One of tin* strong
charters recently obtained is that oil
tin' Carolina Traction Company ot
Itock Hill, which proposes to run
electric cars in Kock Hill in a few
mot n hs. Tins, with the sewerage
system which will be built this year,
means great things to llock Hill.
STATE CAPITAL NOTES.
....The Carolina, ClinchlicM and
Ohio railway of Houtn Carolina is
down on tin- map. The new map ot
the railroad commission lias just
been issued and is very complete,
..-.The (Jrei'iivllle and Spartanburg
Railway company, which proposes to
buihl and operate an interurban troi
ley lino between Greenville and Spartanburg,
was rcconiinlBsloned by the
socretary of state, in the same form
and with the same Incorporators ns
it was commissioned a year ago.
....The enterprise backed by J. II.
and it. N. I Hike, tobacco kings, who
proposed to extend tho Anderson interurban
trolley from Helton through
Williamson, 1'elzer and I'ledmont on
to (ireonvtlle and thence thirty miles,
to Spartanburg, was commissioned !,;/
the secretary of state. The initia'.-^
Hpllill Willi till IIIIIIUII1 >1,
increase of $2,000,000. From Oreonvlllo
t??o lino is to l?e built by Taylor,
Oroors, I'olham, Duncan, Kolosvw.
Willfonl, Lockbart, Fair Forest, Sp"
tan Mills. The total length of t'io
lino will bo f,5 miles.
... .UeproKontatlvoB of the four state
colleges, Wlnthrop, Clomson, the ('Itadel
and the University of South Carolina,
and tbe state superintendent of
education, Mr. J. 10. Swearlngen, bad
a conferenco with Governor Ansel
with a view to his recommending to
the legislature about to convene such
olinncr'H in tho law With regard t;>
awarding scholarships an will harmonize
the requirements between tho
four colleges named.
A petition has been llled with
Governor Ansel for tho pardon or
Urook Mo<j>re, of Greenwood county.
Mooro hay nerved nlno yeara on tho
charge oft assault and battory with
lntont to\klll. Ho was convicted
whon lirtec^i yoars of age.
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