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biles blowing chauf
this is truly an un
ce has been almost entire
d of the charge of harbor
germs. . These little pets de
Somehow we can't get real good
and scared over the announcement
a new counterfeit $100 bill is iz
It cost an Ohio farmer $14.25 for at
tepting to kiss his neighbor's wife
CNear kisses are as costly as one peal
jed and delivered.
The population- of New. York state
is nearly 10,000,000, but there Is stil
plenty of room to get around there
without touching elbows.
Nutwithstanding the fact that uppel
erths are to be lower, It will be neo
to use a iadder for the purpose
71f get~ng into one of them.
Japan Is going to buy herself a
S0000000 warship. This ought t<
p tate- another war scare amons
The Aght which a Pennsylvania
Iuiber! buyer had with a bear may in
recognition of Bruin as one o1
There is one merit which the air
hip can boast. It leaves the streets
for pedestrians to walk without
ear of being.run down by speeders.
A man In New York, fired 'upon ox
- ffhestreet, was saved by the opal pir
his necktie. This qught to lift the
of il luck from that unluck3
There are indications that the reo
rd for hunters who were mistaker
or deer will be broken this year. It
remarkable year for broken reo
More sfie t<
as they come, werei
o . thefact -that most of th:
W I~gathat come are not worth wail
for. _ _ _
New York Is erecting a buIlding 12
fet higher than the Singer building
lfthis goes on, aeroplanists are go
ngto protest against the obstructior
-. i-s' announced that the govern
Fnt is going to substitute dollar bills
~or billa of $20. and more. That'
od;It will make it easier to flas)
When the ocean liners take some
~t~gof their size for collision pur
pssthe results are different fron
Jioeachieved when .they run int<
A schoolboygga irected to writs
an essay about cotton, and he begar
it by saying "it is chiefly used in ma
~king woolen goods." That boy keep:
ihis eyes open.
Hobble skirts hinder business, I:
the conclusion of -the Atlantic Cit:
shop keepers. Maybe the Atlantil
City girls can show speed In othe
ways than walking.
An Ohio man offers $5,000 for at
'airship ride. If that sum is to be es
tablished as the regular fare the ai
(mosphere will not be crowded for
long time to come.
A Wellesley student has been em
pelled for getting married. It. wa
probably .decided that she took an ur
fair- -advantage of the:. many Massa
~husetts spinsters who/are looking fc
'sel will be complete without a .gol
course, a portecochere and outdoo
-The councilmen of several of th
cities are legislating against the ion
biatpin. 'If they were wise they woul
* ssue their commands to their ow:
wies first, .to ascertain what measur
* of submission they are likely to mnee
The school 'board of Pocahontal
TVa., has issued a rule forbidding th
schoolma'ams of that place the rigi
ito attend dances. What has becom
of .southern chivalry ?.
- Prince Henry of Prussia has mad
several f!'ghts in an aeropiane. Bi
the prince had convinced Amiericar
some years before the aeroplane th?z
be was a pretty high flyer.
All cities that have aviation mee:
soon discover that nione of the biri
men are fing inr their health.
to which eventually he will devote
Siethod by which the annual income c
Mr. Carnegie entirely In the hands o
Mr. Carnegie's gift of $10,000,000
something like $180,000,000. The end
in size only to three others of his-the
ment of teaching made in 1905 and In
000,000 endowment of the Carnegie in:
fund for the establishment of the C
Carnegie's gifts to libraries during t1
$36,000,000 for the United States and
'WH ITE NOW(
Chief Justice White.
Chief Justice White has been on the
the oldest justice in commission wh<
White graduated from Georgetown iun
In Louisiana he was a sugar planter.
as a senator, served for a number of:3
and subsequently was elected to the
his first term In that body when Pre
Supreme court bench.
THE NW SOi
1 Frederick ..W. Lehmann.
view to acquiring the necessary fun
after day he rode after the herds, a "q
ain the other, reading while the stock
Mr. Lehmann was a member of th:
Exposition company and chairman c
world's fair. He is a member of the
sas well as prominent in the St. Louis
Xmies. But although he was not a fig
nessee before his nomifnationl, M!r. Ho
Twenty years ago he represented h
His chief claim to distinction was, ho
., -opn in the Sanish-Americanl'
TO. END WAR
The hundreds of millions of Andrew
Carnegie, which he has declared he
will give away before he dies, will be
come, it is believed, a perpetual power
for the good of mankind, a fund con
trolled by a self-perpetuating board of
trustees, the income from which is to
be used through the centuries to aid
human beings in ending war and com
bating all other evils that stand be
tween them and the good of a perfect
This belief is based on the broad
terms of a deed by which Mr. Carne
gie has transferred to a board of trus
tees $10,000,000 in five per cent. first
mortgage bonds, the revenue of which
will be used first to "hasten the aboli
tion of international war and establish
a lasting world peace."
The lofty purpose expressed by the
ironmaster to make this foundation a
continuing force for reform suggests
the probability that this $10,000,000
may be only a starter in a movement
the greater part of his riches. The
f $500,000 shall be expended Is left by
f the trustees.
brings the total of his benefactions to
owment recently announced is second
$10,000,000 foundation for the advance
reased to $15,000,000 in 1908, the $16,
stitute in Pittsburg and the $12,000,000
rnegie institute in Washington. Mr.
Le last twenty years are estimated at
',*HIEF JUSTICE 1j
Edward Douglas White, whom Presi
dent Taft has appointed- chief justice
of the United States Supreme court,
is a native of Louisiana.
He was born in the parish of La
fourche, La., in November, 1845. In
his early youth he attended the school
at Mount St. Mary's, near Emmits
burg, Md.; later he entered the Jesuit
college in New Orleans, and finally he
went to Georgetown college of Wash
ington, D. C. Justice White served in
the Confederate army during the civil
war and practised law among the
people of Lousiana.
In 1891 Mr. White became a national
figure. A senatorial contest was waged
in Lduisiana and Mr. White entered
the race. He had managed the cam
paign of Governor Nichols for re-elec
tion and had been prominent in the
reform element of his state. He had
fought in favor of the anti-lottery
movement. The legislature finally
chose him to succeed Senator Eustis.
upreme bench for sixteen years and is
>se age is less than seventy. Justice
iversity. In addition to practising law
He served in the Louisiana legislature
-ears on the state supreme court bench
United States senate. He was serving
sident Cleveland appointed him to the'
Frederick W. Lehmann of St. Louis
has been appointed solicitor igeneral
of the United States to fill the vacancy
caused by thd death cf Lloyd W.
Mr. Lehmann was born in Prussia
in 1853. He came to this country with
his parents when a child, his father
settling in Ohio and subsequently re
moving to Indiana. There, at the
work bench, while .his father was en
gaged in cobbling the brogans of a
farming community, was laid the
groundwork of Fred Lehmann's educa
tion. By the aid of a primitive Egyp
tian lamp-a woolen rag floating in a
saucer of grease-the youth devoured
such hocks as came into his posses
A short time in the little red school
house and he-started for the west, de
termined upon acquiring an education
without the aid of which he could not
hope to achieve success. On the plains
of Nebraska he herded cattle, with a
is to carry him through college. Day,
airt" In one hand and a book of classics
e directo'rate of the Le'iisiana Puirchase
f the committee on ethnology of the
Mercantile, University and other clubs,
Politics aside, the case of the new
governor of Tennessee goes to prove
tat the (lay of equal opportunity has
not entirely passed 'in this country.
The new governor signs himself "Ben
jamin W. Hooper, but what his real
name is, no one knows. He does not
know himself, and although now near
ly forty years of age he does n'ot know
who his parents were.
He was found on the streets of
Knoxville and committed to the care
of an orphan asylum, whence he was
taken ten years later by Captain Hoop
er of Newport, Tenn., who gave him
his name and educated him. From
orphan asylum to the executive man
sin! From nameless waif to gover
nor of a sovereign state! The way
would seem always open in this coun
try to those who work and strive.
It is said that Mr. Hooper, the law
yer from the mountains of Tennessee.
was nominated because he hadn't a
record, and, consequently, few ene
ure of commrnandin'g proportions in Ten
oper is not without political experience.
is constituncy in the state- legislature.
wever, the fact that he had commanded
Is Life mp
m HEE are times when a hush,
' a stillness that is awful in its
intensity, falls 6ver a court
? room. The trial has dragged
out Its painful length, the. evi
dence Is in, the pleas have been made
and the jury has returned a verdict
expressed in that one short Anglo
Saxon word, "Guilty." The convicted
murderer rises to his feet at the com
mand of the judge. He stands up to
receive the measured sentence of the
law. Every eye in the courtroom Is
turned upon him and every ear Is
strained to catch the words that will
mean life or death to the unfortunate
who stands upright to meet the blow.
If you stood in his place would you
hope for those ominous , words,
"Hanged by the neck until dead," or
would you welcome a sentence of
"life Imprisonment?" If you knew
that "life Imprisonment" meant just
what it is supposed to mean and that
there was no hope of escape, no hope
of pardon, nothing but the long
months reaching Into drab monoton
ous, loathsome years of loneliness,
would you still choose to cling to the
life that was in you?
The legal world was shocked and.
the public was horrified by the plea
of Albert A.' Patrick, convicted muir
derer of the millionaire, WiUam
Marsh Rice, who demanded death
rather than life imprisonment/ In a
remarkable document he trieda to re
ect cienitepcy that saved im from
the eectric i~'Inlife im
prisonment in the place of death. His
petition recited this, as his principal
reason: "Life imprisonment is a far
severer punishment than death in any
forni." This action of his has no
parallel in the court records of the
United States. It was a remarkable
assertion made by a remarkable crim
inal. It caused many jurists to won
der if, after all, the deprivation of
liberty ought to be allowed to take the
place of the death penalty.
Judge Kavanaugh's Opinion.
A Chicago courtroom listened re
cently to a strange address made by
Judge Marcus Kavanaugh, Joseph Wel
come, the prisoner at the bar, had
pleaded "guilty"- to the charge of mur
der. It was a crime of peculiarly ag
gravating circumstances. Welcome
had driven his wife from home. He
followed her to the boarding house
of Mrs. Mary McLean and a quarrel
ensued.. Enraged by her avowed in
tention of quitting him forever, he
drew a revolver and shot her down.
In attempting to save the life of the
unfortunate woman Mrs. McLean was
killed by a bullet from the degen
erate's weapon. Moved by the plea
of guilty and his appeal for the mercy
of the court, the jury fixed Welcome's
punishment at life imprisonment.
When the prisoner rose to receive
the sentence, Judge Kavanaugh said:
"Welcome, you committed a terri
ble crime. Your-punish'ment is'to be
more, terrible still. When your wife
sought to escape you shot her. It was
no fault of yours that she lived and
that you, in fact, then killed another
woman who was making useful way
in the world. You could hardly get
twelve men in the box who would
not inflict the death penalty upon
you, yet it is the policy of the law to
regard a plea of guilty in some meas
ure of itself a mitigation.
"The Instinctive, unreasoning hor
ror of mankind regards death as the
most severe punishment. This Idea
is not correct. You are now to re
ceive a sterner punishment. Your
victim died but once. You will die a
hundred- times. You will suffer more
the day you put on your prison
clothes than she did in her death.
"After that there will be only the
hopeless, painful years, from day t(
day, from month to month, stretch
ing out forever and In agony. I
four or five years-the eternal solitude
and silence will begin to crush im
upon you like an- iron weight.
"You are so elated now, at the
thought of saving your life that yot
don't realize all this. I want you and
the others here In this courtroom tc
understand it. You are not sorry yet
for your crime. You have only a
"There will be few worse men than
you in that big prIson, but I may say
the law has taken its full and ample
Welcome has now entered updn the
monotonous round of the "Living
Death" that Judge Kavanaugh de
scribed. He is now a "thirig" Ix
striped clothes, a number that has its
home in. the heart of a great mass of
stone and steel and concrete, watched
by riflemen on forbidding walls, the
great state prison at Joliet. It Is pos
sible that he has already glimpsed
something of the punishment that is
to be his, so long as breath and rea
son remain within his body.
Was Judge Kavanaugh right? Is
It true that life imprisonment isa
more terrible punishment than the
extinction of the criminal? Do mex
die a hundred deaths where their vic
tims died but one? His pronounce
ment is new, so far as the bench is
concerned. It has been debated. how
ever, for generations by philosopheri
and students. Cold reason tells the
human mind that death would bE
preferable to a life lived in the nar.
row confines of steel cages and .stony
corridors, but every criminal wel
comes the alternative of imprison
m ient all his days when actually con.
fronted by the gallows or the electric
chair. Judge Kavanaugh's speech tc
the condemned man serves to awaker
interest in that last and greatest of
thie powers of the state, the right tc
take human life. '
In all civilized countries In the
world, with -one exception, the deatl
penalty is exacted of the murderer
and the traitor. Italy Is the single
exception, but there is rarely an a'
tempt to secure the commutation cd
a murder's sentence in that country.
When he Is finally sentenced, it is
the end, for there- Is no hope of par
don except .In the most undoubted
cases of innocence, and thus far the
prison gates of that country have
never swung open to release a mur
derer. In America there is always
'ope so long, as there Is life.
3 y WIR D. NES'BIT
: ~ I ) M eon a~t 2Sc ........... .................5
l'os porterhouso at 28c .................... 84
-Mleatman's Sales Check.
3acon! Thy name was once as low
. s was thy price:
ve would not. in the long ago,
. Think of thee twice.
Thou wert not meet to grace the board
-, Where pomp and pride meet-.
In the dark smokehouse wert. thou. stored
'As common sidemeat.
h. then the lordly porterhouse
SWas chief of all
7he peer of quail, or duck or grouse
' In royal.hall.
Thou wert with contumely cooked
' Lke other griddlings.
Or in the musty cellar hooked.
I As humble middlIngs.
Then porterhouse was for th~e great,
A food apart,
And thou for folk of mean estate
-Though honest heart.
Thou mightst lie on a fowl to bake
.Or. greens mightst season,
Bur couldst not rank with any steak
lIn rhyme or reason.
Thou furnishest a handy rind
For greasing boots
Who's say for place thou wert designed,
Would merit hoots.
'Buti now by fortune's changing whim
New rank thouust taken
We struggle new with courage grim
To save our bacon.
Bacon! Thou showest how to climb
And rain In worth.
Tbat all thou needst is patient time
Though 'low thy birth.
Today the waiter brings thee In
With proper splendor
Who orders thee has got the tin
And Is a spender
Thoug onet hoem ecars.t
wifresbighinthe sEason rDs
manneruandtcrouchin with yrstac
In he oran aso.
"hat? curnies thandysbnd."o
Fa o srasg boots; g?
WhB's yo fo ploethou wert sged
Woul cravat oos.lce o e m
Ilu now byin fmytuaer canging whim stle
New rnk bsthou gh take ken-e
one sftruge newar wihyouage grmls
to soke our baonf.he.
Bacos wmn! Tho set hoa llnow
You.dnt alwaounet is patien ie Xi
waTog tow ty iow!"
Tody ohewmte Meinstheion'
And no aisender! ntstwos
"ur do that lovei four declaves mit
ife, yso r tn theilno thDuse
mane, andr crouchin nithherh fnor
"heatro cresun t husbe "owo
."Wth you gas noter Youickinot sead
.your love, basemen an morecalb
Anin ungrind? nAr ntherncg
tvhcats out seleted thoreh Ame
I not avbing myhir t be otesti
youglietest huh tmksm
nteve myoloetat thsmoet smokin
lonyasnta of the ciasroigv eferst
Chi Tmast?" s red
"Yes, buthy, has take his allt yeaph.
toake lathwee bo ofn them." rla
"Hveavns, woan! yo seItalpow.:h
Andcowd ariose awhcenth who a
. Tesureta wihi four And then mil
ltnearof orin te millonto made ut-i
th3e. usuale will e order lvery oe
ofethe fonished suntl ble ut
;ly ~ in the etunture ca
"Let'sg se.grsaysn the furnesy
fe. wh is eiro.dy of thoe whoar
mn asurngmit. tieae' gerw
On wmay nlyb thoe that ste is te;
baillios thsyeasoInta." th r
"i 3---le i ahc shohesacustoed?''
p~esithe oaberesth Faoguschcl
.Ye? respou nsig."euroy. r-'
"e Wyun mahe had'hspoorp,
"Tne soumae her dapp. And thn could.'