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The Pickens sentinel-journal. (Pickens, S.C.) 1909-1911, March 30, 1911, Image 6

Image and text provided by University of South Carolina; Columbia, SC

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/2012218673/1911-03-30/ed-1/seq-6/

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No climate in the couptry has been
regarded as less encouraging to the
growth of Democratic timber than
that of the Pine Tree state, but since
the thaw of last September the' mete
orological conditions have been al
It was admitted by some political
Jeremiahs that a Democratic gover
nor might slip through the breach in
the Republican lines and intrench
himself at Augusta, but the most en
thusiastic visionary hardly dreamed
of a Democratic legislature or a Dem
ocratic senator. Not since 1866, when
/ ' Hannibal Hamlin crossed the Kenne
bee, had a Democratic senator been
sent to the national capital from
Maine, and not for thirty years had
any New England state elected a Dem
ocratic senator.
So, as Democratic senator from t
Maine, Charles F. Johnson will natu. C
rally be the center of interest when he i
reaches Washington to supplant Senator Eugene Hale. lie has had less expe- t
rience as a legislator than his distinguished predecessor, but he has had long C
experience in public life. e
The newly elected senator was born 52 years ago in the old town of T
Winslow, on the Kennebec. lie was sprung of New England stock on both i'
sides, his father being a harness maker, not a poor man, b'ut by no means 8
affluent. Young Johnson was educated in the country schools and went in s
due time to Bowdoin college, entering with the class of 1879. a
After his graduation he studied law, teaching school in the meantime '1
to bring in some money. lie was admitted to the bar in 1886 and has con t
tinued to practice since then in the town of Waterville.
Governor-elect Iloke Smith of Geor
gia, who exposed a plot of New Yorkl
cotton speculators to infect the cot
ton fields with the boll weevil for the
purposo of cutting future crops short I
and enabling the speculators to win
a fortune by going "long" of the cot
ton market, was a member of Presi
1 dent Cleveland's cabinet. le was last t
fall elected governor of Georgia. t
The first information of the plot
came in a letter to Mr. Smith from a
man whoso name he refuses to give, t
but in whom he places entire confl
dence. At Mr. Smith's request the
writer came from New York for a per
sonal visit with the governor-elect.
Convinced by the evidence offered 1
by this informant, Governor-elect t
Smith gave prompt warning to the
farmers and the planters of the south
that two plotters have in their posses
sion at least 1,000,000 live boll wee
vils, and are waiting their opportunity
to scatter these disastrous insects
over Georgia and South Carolina.
The exposure created the liveliest
interest throughout Georgia, especially in view of the fact that very recently
the experts of the country gathered at Atlanta to make plans for combating
this insect.
Governor-elect Smith is a native of North Carolina, but studied law In
~Georgia and was admitted to the bar in Atlanta, where his home has been
since 1872. He hlas been a delegate to two national Democratic conventions
and was secretary of the Interior under Cleveland from 1893 to 1896.
-Hugh Chisholm gave a dinner re
cently to the American contributors
to the Encyclopedia Britannica.
There are 1,500 contributors to this
stupendous worke in England and
America. They have written 40,000 ar
ticles, comprising 50,000,000 word.
Editing all this is an enormous under
taking and even the proof reading is
a stupendous job.
The issuing of the encyclopedia is
/ the greatest undertaking in modern
literature. Even the binding of it may
create a panic in the maricet for fine
leather. The binding of 1,000 copies
requires 15,000 skins. What makes
'the task of producing the work more
serious is the fact that it is brought
~ out in 28 volumes simultaneously,
wvhereas the last previous edition was
published one volume at a time and
took 14 years to complete.
Mr. Obisholm has 64 editors work
ing under him and the cost of prepar
ing the issuing of this edition is the
fact that for the first time inm its history the encyclopedia is to be printed on'
India paper as wvell as on the ordinary stock. The India paper edition will
occupy so small space (28 inches in all) that the entire 28 volumes an'd indez'
can be lifted at one time. Mr. Chisholm has been in charge of this work for
eight years. lHe came to it from the position as leader writer on the London
'Times and he expects to go back fl-cm it to his newspaper work.
-There is now a movement in New
York for the building and operation
of a new subway to relieve the con
gested traffic conditions, and one of
the protninent bidders for the work is
Frank J. Sprague, whose portrait is
shown. Mr. Sprague is one of the
best known and most highly success
ful electricAl,.engineers in the coun
- try. At one time he' was an assistant
to Thomas A. Edison and is knows
as the pioneer of the modern electric
railway, Hie founded an electric rail
way and electric companies and haa
been engaged in electrical work in
navy yards, torpedo stations and bat
'~ //7The other bidders are William Mc
Adoo, who constructed the Hudson
river tubes; John Bradey, a large con
tractor, and the management of the
present subway.
Oeof the greatest problems con
fronting New York/ today is that of
transportation. The facilities for
handling its millions of residents are entirely inadequate and patrons of its
subway, surface and elevated lines are crowded Into oars like cattle. It i
doubtful if any other community in the country would submit to the ons'
ditions which are declared to prevail in the metropolis,
t1A//06WqX L 06. ,WVWPA
lila busy saws in the mahogany
mill are going day and night
at this season of the year.
There are seasons during which
only one day runs are made, but
ho strain is on just now, and the ma
hinery never stops. During the 24
ours 60,000 feet of lumber are cut in
,te mill. Month after month the ships
imio over, at least 20 cargoes a year
Dming to anchor beside the gunwale.
here Is no such thing as bringing the
)gs in ballast. They compose the
uip's entire cargo. A great many
[ips are devoted ,to this enterprise,
ad to them there is no other object
life but to get the logs from the
'opical ports and bring'theni to New
ricans and unload them and go back
>r more. Ten million feet a year of
iahogany comes into New Orleans,
nl is partly manufactured here.
In Mexico, londuras and Central
merica he coitractor gives five dol
irs for a single tree. This is cheap
nough. Hut it is the expense of get
ig it out that counts, and that makes
mahogany an expensive lumber. It
ta)d.s deep in the forest in th midst
f an almost impenetrable jingle'.
'here are no groves of them--the
rees are scat tereld, ierhaps not more
han two to an acre. It may be that
here is no water course at hand on
which the logs may be floated to the
oort. The tree has to be located by
ho "hunter," whose business it is to
oam through the forest in search of
nahogany trees and to blaze a way to
hem, so that they may be found
Lgain. Then the workmen must cut
heir laborious way to the tree, using
or the purpose the deadly machete
MaoayTe i h oet
withwhih anumer o me frm ti
ahogaisny Trch the asaForest<
aogaIny1. The mchee treverto
ino an rnever hkmaes bettery eh
fte neon hohever n mie at
coure of tlime the muntagn. tothe tree
Treon invs nourthn als fores
thoany. The mahtr ony te how
kind, anlee hives b otette thoe.
wente by thatre orb anes u:
treegnexth tof the othrpca ovrmiet
meogan or amoutain Othefr t
armer o segrvea orunlate tee
amng fomhittlae vrsettlees wofhe
th-led woodas. Thereahoga trley ho
hogany livsdb a orta elf maon.
tand olityoftis, sneie sofrwhk
eds bthe gennlner treesn Aficl ns u'd
dtrowotheo rlerlicaxpors'ita.
Mahoganyi an frompulart na fomi
am tona which reten-ou seaces the i
portae cass.ahogany, altog valear
bthongockg ouanstherore of plant
Ithes ge bieatee. Afrca intd
tiapein to th he exortst baoche
easixty feed from the grnd.u
the btom wicha ofte seing, tht
bhemnner tof anther oyrers ofant
tr is to beutiabov tee, talix
leaghtsit feet from the grtsoTe lnr
work to be done is to build a platfor
aroundl the trunk, so that the cutte
can stand upon it and wield the
axes. In the course of time dov
comes the great monarch of the trol
cal forest, crashing through the thu
growth around it.
The workmen trim it up, cut it in
lengths, and manage to get ,it haigl
andr rolled to the nearest creek. The
it miust lie to await the floods of t
rainy season, which will lift it ai
carry it down stream and on to t
ocean port. There the logs are piled
on the beach to wait for a vessel, and
when It comes are rolled back into th0
water and rafted and pulled out to the
ship's side, always a dangerous under
taking, for the water is rough. Once
beside the vessel the derricks are put
to work and the logs are lifted over
one by one, lowered with much dif
culty into the hold, and when enough
logs have cone aboard the vessel is
It may well be believed that mahog
any (loes not claim the respect in its
own land that it does in ours. There
has been much comment on the fact
that it is used for railroad ties in the
lands across the gulf, and this may
well be. An immense amount of it We
so far from the coast and from any
present means of transportation that
it practically is valueless to the owner
of the land, so he views the waste of
it with conparative indifference.
True mahogany is the only species
of the Swietenia mahogati, and is dis.
tinctly a native of tropical America,
ut occasionally small specimens have
been found in southern lorida, and
a similar tree, never reaching the
height of the American relative, how
ever, has been located in India. This
swietenia has been planted in south
ern Florida, southern California and
parts of Mexico, but only as an orna
mental tree, however, because it is o1
such slow growth and requires for ful
maturity such natural surroundings
that for commercial purposes it wouk
seem impossible of cultivation. It Iar
giant among even the giants of a trop
ical forest. It towers sometimes to a
height of 100 feet. The trunk alon<
Is often 50 feet in length and 12 feet ii
diameter, and it divides into so many
huge arms and throws the shade of it
Fshining green leaves over so vast at
extent of surface that a more magniil
cent or more useful object is not to bi
met with in the vegetable world. Th4
precise period of its growth is not ac
curately known, but as, when large, I
changes little during the life of mar
the time of its arriving at maturity I
Probably not less than 200 years. Th
name "Swietenia'' was given to mahol
any in honor of the celebrated Baro
von Swvieten, physician to Maria Thei
esa. Trhe early Spanish called the tre
"Cedrela," a species not unlike th
mahogany in -many resp~ects, and founi
-also in about the same natural sui
.roundings, but the English mistoo
that name for cedar, applying it direc
ly to mahogany, the result being thmi
"Spanish cedar' is a term still hear
occasionally or read wvithmout true um
derstanding in ancient books of trav(
and dliscovery along the Spanish Mahi
Only the best and biggest logs ar
exported; the smaller ones and th
remnants of the sawed timber are ut
lized as ordinary lumber on the spi
for the construction of houses or th
s (decoration of small vessels, so thn
e in the tropics there can still be see
ci the solid mahogany furniture whic
originally made the wood so famous
e Londlon is the mahogany center<
'the world. Helre prices are set an
the character of wood decided. Bleaut
a of grain ls, of course, the chief cha
" acteristic, and that which at ont
e ranks it above other wvoodls either f<
Sconstructive or decorative purposei
a allied to beauty is figure or patter
and when the two are combined, nm
Ihogany then becomes supreme. Sheei
'of mahogany of wvondlerful thinnem
tcan be cut from the parent log. wvii
very little loss.
Selling mahogany logs by auction
still the habit in vogue in the grec
e0 center-London-of the trade, a en
S. tonm inherited from generations of bu
'~ ing and selling. To these princip):
di markets in E~ngland merchants con
from every direction, for the pick
n the forests can always be found ther'
h .In fact, the best class of logs froi
i- tropical. America are car'ried first i
10 England, manly of thenm so1(1 to man
s5 facturers in the United States, to t
Sfinally imported through the Atlant
y seaboard, thus having traveled twit
across the ocean in their journey froi
Ld the forest to the factory.
it It is gratifying to know that thei
at is no wholesale destruction of the mn
3r hogany forests. The young timber hi
1e to be preserved. At one time it wn
yr the law that no tree should be ci
st which squared less than 18 inches
m quite a large tree, as one will notice
rs -but that has become rather a dead Ie
ir ter, and trees smaller than this ai
rn cut every day. Still there is some e
hi fort to preserve the timber, and evc
mk to do an' appreciable amount of refo
estation. The trees are of very slo
to growth, many of the large trees, it
ad said, bearing evidence of being at lea
re 1,000 years old, and when there is car
re lesness or greed in cutting, it meat
id much to the future of the mahogas
ie business.
fst College Student-Don't jbt
tbik some people ask a good many
tool questions in letters?
Second College Studente-Yes. Now
my father always wants to know iU
rm a bank.
Ellen Terry's Joke.
When Ellen Terry was presented
with a Founders' gold medal at the
New theater, New York, recently-ar
honor conferred In recognition of her
great services to dramatio art--she
was called upon to make a speech 01
acceptanoe. It so happened that the
actress was exceedingly hoarse anc
she was therefore forced to cut her
remarks short. So she told this story:
"A friend of mine once bought a par
rot and gave much money for It with
the understanding that it could speal
fluently, but when he reached hom<
with it he found to his dismay thal
the bird was dumb. So he took i1
back. 'This parrot cannot say a word,
he said indignantly to the bird fancier
'It can't talk at all.' . 'Talk!' the deal
er exclaimed. 'Come to think of it,
know it can't, but It's a devil t<
"You must have found the arctic cir
cle very unpleasant."
"Yes," replied the arctic explorer
"but it has Its advantages. The cli
mate is disagreeable, but the peopl
aren't always worrying you abou
Wht er from Colds, Heat, Stomach c
Nervoup Troubles, Capudine will relieve yov
It's liquid-pleasant to take-acts immed
tely Try It. 10o., 25a , and 50 cents at dru
Latest Quotations.
"Hlow would you like a game pictur
for your dining room? A brace of car
vasbacks, say?"
"No cheap stuff for me. Paint m
a picture of a dozen eggs."
The Chicago Fire could have been prc
vented with one pail of water, but tli
water was not handy. Keep a bottle <
Hatnlins Wizard Oil handy and prever
the fiery pains of inflammation.
Have to Pull Them In.
Ella-There are just as good fie
t in the sea-,
Stella-But you have to have a pu
to land them.
Taylor's Cherokee Remedy of Sweet Gti
i and Mullen is Nature's great remed -*
Cures Coughs, Colds, Croup and WVhoopa
e Cough and all throat and lung troubles. .J
druggists, 25o, 60o and $1.00 per bottle.
Can a woman become a member<
the Daughters of the Revolution jul
because her ancestors murdered t1
king's English?
Dr. Pierce's Pleasant Pellets regula
and invigorate stomach, liver and bowecl
Sugacoated, tiny, granules, easy to tak
D~o not gripe.
The measure of what we love ar
admire is the measure of our oin
t worth.-Dobson,
tGarfield Tea purifles the blood, cleans
the system, clears the complexion era<
C cates disease and promotes Good IIealt
And many a man never realizes ti
>f value of his home until he has occ
d slon to collect the fire insurance.
The famil with yotun children that
ivithout uie ness in the house now a:
a then isa re, and so it is important th
the head!o the house should know wh
it to do in the little emergencies that arli
~. A child with a serious ailment needs
doctor, It is true, but in the majority
instanoes, as any doctor knows the chi
lsuffers from some Intestinal troub
usually constipation.
There is no sense in giving it a pill
if a remedy containing an opiate, nor
flushing of the bowels to be always ri
'ommiended. Rather give it a small do
n of a mild, gentle laxative tonic like I
e Caldwell's Syrup Pepsin, which by clea
Ing out the bowel and strengtening t
Miss Bangs ai
educaionalmantd ~rovfeie
.1 phy , with expert supervision in
Lt ande ian results.
FACULTY LARGED, each teacher
- vidual attention adapted to their resi
uniaue department known as the V
t- students desiring to s end the winter
.e phere 'uder the most favorable conl<
inteli gnt adyAncement. The UPPE
f' the orlary restrictions of a school.
Pr SIC9 e n eRCIa gopeial
w ing health, 'grace and ease of motion
*ikes are in charge of a graduate c
ei ath t ges co naio o
andt President and Mrs. Taft, E
Peintand Mrs. naoosavalt. and t1
Was a
Was a ged cook. Atany tfte she
bAd unquestionably served i good
familie, and she brought the beat of
refereneos. -Nevertheless, her new
misitess did not hesitate to give ,her
a few instructions.
"One thing I want you to remend'.
bor, Nellie," said she, "is the way we
like our oatmeal. Don't leave it wa.
tery. But we don't like it hard and
dry either."
"4ust me, mum," responded the.
cook, confidently. "I'll get it right
never fear. I've worked in Unitarian
families before."
His Light.
Ella-He says that I am the light
of his life.
Stella-That's gas.
Some men will do anything for the.
sake of a little newspaper notoriety.
"I have suffered with piles for thit
six years. One year ago last April I be,
n taking Cascarets for constipation. It,
e course of a week I notice4 the pl"
began to disappear and at the end of sh
weeks they did not trouble mne at al.1
Cascarets have done wonders for me. I
am entirely cured and feel like a ne
pan." George Kryder. Napoleon, 0.
P ant Palatable. Potnt Taos Good.
o ;d. Never Bicken.Weake or Gripe.
0:o. 25c. Sft. Never sold In bulk.The~ga.
I vn tablet staupd C C C. h to
aure or your money back.
Mexican Mustang Liniment is made
of the best oils and penbtratetqdickly,
soo.ftnandheal the affected parts
IT ms good lo'sses occasioned
by accidet"e and is cheaper than any
IT 'vill tke'a curb off your horse or
cure hih pf the heaves.
IT will cure hm of cracked heels or
S grease hai '
No iatter how Iong-stan ing or
I deelitated the pain, this old telable
. gemedy will kill it.
25c. S0e. $1 a bottle at Drug & Geu'l Storesj
Make the Liver'
Do its Duty
stomach and bowels are rgt
paina lazy liver to
Headache and Distress after Eating.
Snall Pill. Small Dose. Small Prile
Genuine s-ibear Signature
SW. N. U., ATLANTA, NO. 9--1911.
c. littectomh ousceles, will Immediately
at This is not alone our opinion but that
at of Mrs. N. H. Mead df F.reeport, Kans.
8.uwosegranddaughter has beo t'akin i
fof Lena, Wis., who gives it to her children
Idapd takes It herself. It is sold In fifty
** cent and one dollar bottles at even
rdrug store, but if you want to test itI
gayour family before you buy it send youl
c- address to Dr. Caldwell and he, will for..
se ward a supply free of charge.
r. For the free sample address Dr. W. B.
-Ca1dwel 201 Caldwell building, MonUi
id Miss Whiton'sI
for Girls
arts of the city, and of the great librarIes'
ir attendance at pubili entertainments of
IVE TRlAINING, moral, intellectual ano
every department, thus Insuring definite
a p eilist; and pupils assured the indi.
PPER HIOUSI, for graduate and speolal
litiom for culture of snoia ac aan4 for
R HOUSEl Is in a large degree free from
rk available for the study of Music, Art,
attention given witha the ebjeot of prpmot
.Dr.Nargen to ambridge, Mass. SUM.
Iqhsbeenso ponoucedthat itha .
IU. B. Govornmentto ofs Ba couns
prsdnsof tnole and universl~
I r sst ad s.Fair anks

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