Newspaper Page Text
SENTINEL - JOURNAL
PUBISEsriD WEIEKLY. PICIKENS, SOUTH CAROLINA. The loafer's idea of pleasure is to watch other ni-;n work. Lobsters are 85 cents a pound. but human lobsters are as cheap as ever. It is a pity that women cannot make their heads grow to fit the hats they wear. Perhaps, after all, the harem skirt was invented for the special benefit of the press agents. Nobody is crowded In Nevada. There are only seven-tenths of a man to the square mile. The price of lobsters has gone ip. This does not refer to the foreign matrimonial market. Boston women have a club where they may snoke. What are our Bos ton women coming to? It is renarkabie what large bales of hair soni of the women have dis carded without catching cold. The inventer of fly paper is running for office in California. As a candi date, lie ought to be able to stick. That New York school teacher who was ilned $1,00 for hugging women teachers has evidently both lo'ved and lost. One of the scientists has found out that eating sauerkraut. prolongs life. But why prolong it if one must eat sauerk raut? Judging from the tales of our Lon don correspondents, the coronation will be run for the benefit of Amer lean millionaires. We are now, approaching the sea son when one should be able to look a dish of ice cream in the face with out causing it to blush. Why does a beautiful woman marry an ugly man? For one reason. sh( wisely refuses to permit conipetitiot right in her own family. It's dollars to the hole In a dough nut that the Pennsylvania judge wh< t1dvised an icc'used man never to re ply to the taunts of an angry woniml Is a married man. Jud1ging by the nuniber and locatio on the harem skirt "iots," the coi cern lroducing that remarkable ('o t.rivance has a large and eillclen corps of press agents. The yellow journals are not havin much success In reviving the old wa cry o0 "flemiember tlio Alamo." "li memb11er 11he a111llny" probably woull bring mkoi " tangible results. An tnglisi aiper advises: "If an one attne'ks you1 withi a club, Lind1( hi wr1istIs to(gethe li'withi ai handkermchletf. (crta:uinlIy. Thencm you tuck him unde 1(1 yourl i a 1 m1( and ari'y him n off to a po!lic stat ion. In v'iew of thle fact that mlore t ha $5,000.000 nre11 exipected to lbe spenl b~y Amieri cans at the ll-it ish corona tionl. the .Amearican i nv~asion is no0 cauls ing 1nuich1 wVorry' among Londoi A w'.oman1i hajs su('ccded( to the owr ershuipj of a hus ebllI flranch11ise. Shi will have to iearni at last, wit hout aski llng somebhodiy in the grand stand, wh: I he runner ('anniot adv'ance until afte the fly Is caught. An inexplensiv'e sublstit ute has beel found for radiurnlf which is ('laimeil ti be tinite as effective. Now the genera public does not enr'e howu~ soon t hi price of rnadlum goes u p a few more4 miill ions or' so a Ilound. A flrooklyn flat dwveller made him self ulnpopular wvith the lest of th< tenants by always piaying his reni when it was duie. A good e'xamplhle ih somet hing thlat penopleO somet ime don't care to hiav(' around. A new use has been found1( for te phon(e rCceiver's. A w'oman out in C'ati tor'nia took her off the instrullmeni every Friday and use it to darin stockc ings on. With a little thought doiubt less5 (ither' (domestic uses could be deC vised. A womlan In a Pennsylvania towl rejec'tedl 150 off'ers (of imrriage. Anm yet thel'e arie in c'eirtaini sect ions I big surplls femninae poplalltion, aii i thei law' is powerless to alttack1 a fas elnat ion trust. A New Orleanis schl1 teachem- hal inv'ented a ne'w gr'ammnar. WVe ear'nest ly hlope it ('o)11 ainIs si mple dli rctloln whereby people who think they all' educated may13 cure t hemlselves of thi hai fsaying "thoso kind." A New York li('eman pioet hla writ tell a pardy on "'Thle Ol<d Oaken 1Hucket,'' which lie hoi~eS to havy aldopted as thec counltry''s national at thema. lie must he' an able hoper whatever his ability as at poet may b< * ~ A go'd mtial anld $1,000 are to bi *- awarded annually to the perron dolni the most for the advance of sulrgery~ Now it is in order for some lover o his kind to offer a gold medal an $2,000 for tile person doing the mos or the progress of- the lpatient~s of at Vanced suirgery. The flOU16 Mani I J3Y fRED A.C COPYRIGN? YV PeARSON PUB CO 4 TIE fly, projecting his impertinent person ality into the nation al ointment, has started a fine scurry ing for spoons, screens, air-slaked lime, lassoes, and whatever o t h e r weapons are likely to prove effectual in his discouramgment. There is no malice In the uprising. It is simply the manifestation of a scien tific yearning to hand him his dues, fopor 'LY full-measure and brimming over, for PROPER. a past chockful of all manner of crim- / DONE inality and a desire to chop short a future hopeless of reform. "His tricks and his manners," long regarded at the worst as petty annoyances for the discipline of our souls, have in recent years assumed an aspect so menacing that we are more and more deter mined to do without the chastening qualties of his presence altogether. Dr. Daniel D. Jackson, formally do nouncing this enemy before a joint convention of the American Civic As soclation and the National Municipal League, put the case in unequivocal terms: "Regarded in the light of re cent knowledge, the fly is more dan gerous than the tiger or the cobra. Worse than that, he is, at least in our climate, much more to be feared than the mosquito, and may easily be class. ed the world over as the most danger ous animal on earth." When Dr. Jackson thus arraigns the fly the last word has been said. The details can only bolster up the gener alization-provided the details are true. Are they true? They have at least one point in their favor which is characteristic perhaps of no set of facts ever predicated of anything out side of an exact science, and that is that they have never been disputed. There is a unanimity of sentiment surrounding the onslaught on the house fly which ought either to receive our highest indorsemont or arouse our darkest suspicion, just as the spirit is apt to incline us. The house fly proper, Musca domestica, of the order of the Diptera, is a grayish fly with a mouth formed for sucking up liquid substances. It has a proboscis something like the trunk of an elephant in miniature, and its feet are termin ated each by a pair of claws, between which are more or less membranous arolia or plantulas which climb polished surfaces, and also a pulvil lus or cushion. It does not bite; for that function 1 reserved for a stable fly which resembles it so r closely as to deceive anybody but an entomol ogist. Neither does it dio upon the window pane 1srrounded by the fungous efflorescence so fa millar to the disgusted housewife. That is the habit of the cluster fly, which is soiewhat larger than the house fly, with a dark-colored, smooth abdomen, and a sluggish disposition. r everal other species bear a superficial like ness to the true house fly and are mnorr 'or less mirtaken for it. All are ro inconsiderate in numi her in comparison to the common post, hoewever. that they may safely be diisregalrded in the dis cussion. The great breeding plaen of the hom'se fly is horse manure. It will, it is (rume, thrive to some extent in other sorts of drcenving animal and v'ege table matter, hut its par-tiality for the stable ref use' Is so great that the vast lproPortion of its off spring may be considered as originating in that -substance. T 'ho fly lays its eggs upon the manure, which isf its favorite larval flood, and a gene-rat ion may he bred in from ten to fourteen days, accor-din~g to the climate. There may be a dlozen generations in e. summer. An individual fly will aver-age 120 eggs, and when the prevalence of horse manure is taken into consideration. its widespread appli cation to farm lands in (tho way of a fertilizer, its prese'nce in piles in or near city stables, its reo~ upon lawns and sutturban gardens, the possi bilities in the propagation of the fly will be read. fly seen to be past computatIon, It is even calcu hated that a single fly, laying 120 eggs, wvill pro duce a progeny amounting to sextillions in one season. This probably does not takce into con aldoration accidents which operate greatly to re duce the supply. Somae experiments have been made with a view to calculating the number in~ which house-fly larvae occur in manure. but no general average can he struck. Twolve hundred house flies to the pound of manure is the result of one observation. Another showved 200 pupaii in loss than one ecuhie inch. Yet perhaps no larvae can be found in the greater part of manure piles. IBecauso of his habits the house fly Is a walk. fng arsenal of bacilli. The old notion that ho was valuabl na a scavenger is untrue. lie will prey on garbage and carry it away as part and parcel of his tissue, but ho does not kill the germ lhe abbsorhes. It has been proved .that the bacteria are not only taken into the fly and pass through its body without any less of their active proper ties hut also that in all probability they multi ply during their sojourn thiero. These germs are deposited upon foodstuffs, and eating utensils, pass into the human economy in pitte of ordinary care, and if they are of a malev o'ent typo and the system which takem them in Is not stirong enough to resist their action, dis tress, disease and death are apt to follmow in their w'--ke. In addition, the fly also disseminates -"ns hy carrying them upon his body, the cush onofhis feet and his wings. Throuigh the researchea of W. M. Eaton and C. .T. Mason it has been found that "the numbers of bacteria on a singlme fly may range all the way from 550u to 6.600,000." No general average can ha -struck. A few million more or less will make no differ-enco in the general result, Peca'uso of its prevalence and its familiar asso clton with man, Musea dostica has exception -al opportunities to distribute disease-breeding bac teria where they will do thme most harm. A cor tamn genus of mesquite disseminates malaria, but tthe mosquito thrives only in localities especially favorable to his Dropagatioln, Thero in rood rea '14e ffAPLL . .rj$ U L; j0 1 m- - iTCRv - ___ d /b con to suppose that the germs of the bubonic plague may be transferred by fleas, and of typhus fever by the body louse, but the discouragement of the flea and the louse is by no means difficult. Only the fly, because we treat him as a friend and brother, is in a position to reward us at his will by the presentation of a package of destruction that makes Pandora's box look like a collection of assorted chocolates and bonbons. He will transmit in virulent form typhoid fever, Asiatic cholera, summer dysentery and other intestinal diseases, and even tuberculosis, al by the inges. tion of fly-specks on food. Therein lies almost all the danger. It will also transmit, it is true, such diseases as small-pox, scarlet-fevor, measles, chicken-pox, erysipelas, and even carbuncles, but practically only by inoculation, that is, by depos iting the germs on a sore surface or on mucous membrane. - lut it is not from contact with horse manure or ordinary refuso that the fly becomes so danger. _u_ to the health of man. By far the greater peril lies in the fact that it will breed in human ox creta. liecauise of this habit it carries the living ger-ms of typhoid, cholera and other intestinal diseases to exposed food supplies, and thousands of unfortunates, partaking of these, are laid low to suiffer incalculable anguish of mind and body until natur-ah resistance enables them to over come the poison or death intervenes.. WVhen the sum total of misery and loss which must be laid in this connection at the door of the house ily is taken into account, it will readily be believed that no remedy, however drastic, to re move the cause, can justly he regarded as super fl uous. Drl. 0. N. Kober, at the governors' conference at the White House in 1908, presen'ted flgures show ing that the decrease in the vital assets of the Country through typhoid fever alone in a single year is more than $350,000,000. The hiouse fly, while not the Eole carrier of the typhoid germ, takes such ar' anenviable part in its distribution that he may rightfully he char-gedl with a very con siderable part of the loss. Add to this the dread fuml toll exacted lby intestinal disorders, and the tiny agent, like the, Djinn of the fisherman's jar. set free through man's indiscretion, looms more and more menacingly until his terrifying shadow fills and darkens the heavens. These are the popular charges against the fly. In principle they are true, and the violent enthus iam-m which greets the proposal for his extermIna tion must be viewed with an approving eye. Thef smoke and the effervescence will'inevitably pass, but the 'olid impetus which distinguished the move ment will remain. At the same time it is wvell to. remember that a clear, calm understanding of the actual truth, shorn of decorative hyperbole. is more essential to the success of the cr-usadeo than all the unreasoning zeal which dIstinguishes the first rush upon the breatworks. Hlow easily the inquirer may he led astr-ay from the scientific aspect of the affair is readily tllus trated. Several years ago a writer in the Boston Medical and Surgical Jour-nal declared that cer tain experiments seemed to offer an explanatIon of the sporadic cases of cholera occurring in New York city in 1892, in spite of the most careful quarantine. Maddox andl Rimmonds fed fl'es with cholera spirilla and obtained cultures of the bac terium from the insects so fed. We have seen beforeo that bacteria suffer no diminution of their virulence in passing through the fly. In 1892 11 cases of cholera developed in New York, the dis ease being first brought in by steamship. The patients lived in widely-separated parts of tho city and had no personal aseociation with each other. Trho only striking fact common to all the cases was that the victims were engaged in some form of the food trade, The bacillus, when examined, proved to be identieal with that discovered on shIpboard. The, physicians investigating the method of infection wvere forced to exclude the water supply. They also declared, after much ex perimentation and thought that it was incredible that the wind had carrIed the germs over so groat an area in so short a time- fly a careful process of elimination the gui't was brought down to thy fly, which by excreting cholera tacilli upon food exposed in various localiie. was thought to have spread the dreaded disease Nnw mark the scientille caution of the physi T//- E - t / 1 , /1I U U cans, who, though certain almof. be yond the shadow of a doubt (if the truth of their conclusions, felt if only fair to say: "Many links in the chain of absolute proof are wanting." They condemned ,the fly, but the *rerdict specifically declared it was largely on circumstantial evidence. As a cold matter of fact, very little is kr,own as to how far flies travel or% how much they move from place to plarce. P1ro fessor Packard says their rate 01 speed is 5.35 meters a second, which means a mile in flve or six minutes, or ten miles an hour. lie says further that they could scent food or decaying -a bodies for several miles and might di! fly over 20 or 30 miles a day, especial ly if aided by a wind. All this, it is to be observed, is carefully qualified. Like the other investigators, he is by no means certain of his ground, and in this manner aids in setting that example of scientific caution which must reap the best result In the long battle only just begun. e The first and greatest step against the fly is to do away with the exposed manure pile, and this is feasible through intelligent co-operation and police supervision. 6ome trouble and expense will be involved, it is true, but not to a prohibitory de greo. All manure in stables or barns should be de posited at frequent intervals either in a pit or vault or screened inclosure. Each layer should be sprinkled with chloride of lime. This is the cheap est and most efficacious discourager of the fly, gives it almost no chance to breed, and thins its numbers alnr.vst to the vanishing point. Other disinfectants may also be used, such as kerosene, or a solution of paris green or arsenate of lead. The bin or pit should be kept covered carefully and not allowed to overflow. The manure may be kept tightly rammed in barrels for purposes of removal. Its transporta tion and deposit should also be under the strictest regulation. Always it should be borne in mind that an ounce of prevention in destroying the chief breeding place of the insect is far less expensive than the pound of cure when the mischief has been done. The next precaution to be taken is the abolition, or at least the strictest regulation, of outhouses, in which flies are disposed to breed. In the gi'eat cities this care is lesseried by the perfection ol' sewerage systems, but in the suburbs and country the danger is always present. The chief peril heree lies in the absorption by the fly of typhoid and in testinal bacilli and their subsequent deposit uplonl food. In this'waiy pronounced epidemics are spread. The remedy consists in doing away altogether with the old-fashione.d outhouse and the substitution of some form of earth closet, the use of lime and decent precautions consistently and persistently ob served even at considerable expense and care. Equally important is the screening of food sup plies, whetherjl isplayed in the open market or in the private laTder, the disinfection and screening of refuse in hospitals, the regulation of abatt[airs, garbage deposits and ashpits and all accumulations of fermenting and decaying matter'. Lastly, the close screening of all dwellings, to the absolute exclusion of our ancient and pestiferous friend, will greatly circumscribe his ability to work ha rm. The fly is also only a minor factor in the spread of tuberculosis. 'The bedbug, the flea andl other household pests must also be charged with some measure of guilt in conveying noxious bacilli. Agaixv, while it has been proposed by Dr. Howard that the house fly be known henceforward as the "typhoid" fly, he himself says that, "strictly speak ing, the term is open to some objection, as convey ing the erroneous idea that this fly is solely re sponsible for the spread of typhoid." "Perhaps" (continues the same authority) "even under cIty conditions it (the fly) must assume third rank next to wvater and milk." Even human beings have been found to he personal carriers of the disease, infecting whole families with whom they are brought in contact. Without desiring for an Instant to minimize'the ,ernicious activity of the fly in the great conspiracy of natural forces against the continuation of the human species, one need only walk at random throug~h the streets of New York, or any other city. large or small, to realize that it is not alone by the extinction of one particular species of insect that man's health Is to be conserved. East side or West side, in thousands of stores that cater to the well-to-do or in noisome shops where the i'mpv erished nmany buy their sutpplies, the same careless and unsanitary customs prevail in varying dlegrees. The dust that blows in clouds through every un sprinkled thoroughfare deposits germs upon the food of rich and poor alike. The wares exposed upon the couniter in the elegant bakery at which madam o'ders her rolls and ma~caroon~s are as open to contamination as the soggy pies and sinke'rs in the cheapest restaurant or bake-?7hop of the (Ghetto. The fruit lying unscreeneeid upon the tastily decorated stand of Upper Broadway im as dangerous to health as that pushed ahout in the handcart of the intinerant reddcler. in expenL'ive groceries, meat-shops. and confectionery stores the same lax methods prevail. A scientific wvarfaro against discarsc-bea-rng in sects is not. sufmcient to enable us to wi, the con test for health. happiness and increased length of days. We must fight equally against our own in difference to civic regulation, which seems to the the abiding sin :I a people who love individual liberty ?A f MRS. EVERETT'S TERRIBLE WEAKNESS A True Picture of the Case of a Pinetown Lady, Who Was Finally Relieved by the Use of Cardui. Pinetown, N. C.-Mrs, L. V. Everett. of this place, writes: "I cannot tell you how I suffered, for I had so many curious feelings, I was sick all of tl- time, and I could not do my work. I was poor, and very weak, and only weighed a hundred pounds. My back would nearly kill me, and I would often almost die, with my head. and other pains. I coilld not bear loud talking. I could not find relief until my hus band got me a bottle of Cardui. 4 Now I weigh 150 pounds, and am strong and well. * I live on a farm and do all of my work, thanks to Cardul. Although 52, I am well and hearty, and help work in the garden and do the housework for a family of six. I owe it all to Cardul." Cardul, the woman's tonic medicine, obtains its results by the power of its unique, specific curative, strengthen ing Ingredients, especially adapted for use in cases of womanly weak ness. Please try It. N. .--Write lot U.ndile' Adviory Dept., Chatinanooga Medicine Co., Chat tnoogna, 'Tenn.. for Special lntructionn, and &4 page book, "Home Treatment for Women," ent In plain wrapper, on re quent. To the Childish Mind. Dorothy Ulliman of E. F1ighty-fourth street, is a very literal young person. To her mother's definition of the All. Seeing E'ye she returned a question as to the size of the eye. "Can God see everything?" she con tinued. "Yes, dear, he can see everything. at all times." That afternoon Dorothy escorted her mollier down town. Before an op. tician's display she stopped. Then, "Motl.er," she asked, pointing to the big winking eye in the 'window "Is God's eye as big as this?"-Cleveland Leader. EXPERIENCE. 'cher--Tomrmy, what is a co quette? T lommy-It's a thing yeu make out of what's left of the stewed chicken. FEED YOUNG GIRLS Must Have Right Food While Growing. Great enr-e shouldl he taken at the critical period when the young girl is jurt mnerging into womanhood that th~ " dliet shall contain that which is tip- - building and nothing harmful. At flhat age the structure is being formt d and If formed of a healthy, sturdy character, health and happiness will follow; on the other hand uin healthy cells may be built in and a sick condition slowly supervene which, if not. checked, may ipen into a chronic condition and cause life-long su ffering. A young lady says: "Coffee began to have such an effect on my stomach a few years ago that I finally quit using it. It brought on headaches, pains in my murcles, and nervousness. 'I tried to use tea in Its stead, but found its effects even worse than those I suffered from coffee. Then for a long time I dIrank milk at my meals, but at last it palled on me. A friend came to the rescue with the suggestion that I try Postumi. "I did so, only to find at first, that I didn't fancy it. But I had hoard of so many persons who had been benefited by its use that I persevered, and wvhen I had it made right-accor~ding to di rections on the package---I found it grateful in flavour and soothing and strengthening to my stomach. I can find no words to express my feeling of what I owe to Postum! "In ever-y respect it has worked a wonderful improvement --the head aches, nervousness, the pains in my side and back, all the distressing symptoms yielded to the magic power of Postum. My brain seemsa also to share in the betterment of my phys ical conditIon; it seems keener, more alert and brighter. I am, in short, in better health now than for a long while before, and I am sure I owe it to the use of your Postum." Name given by Postufn Company, Battle C'reek, Mich. "There's a reason." T'ver read the above letter? A flew n-, appearM from time to time. They . " genuine, true, and .full of human ...rent.