SENTINEL - JOURNAL
PICIKENS, SOUTH CAROLINA.
The loafer's idea of pleasure is to
watch other ni-;n work.
Lobsters are 85 cents a pound. but
human lobsters are as cheap as ever.
It is a pity that women cannot make
their heads grow to fit the hats they
Perhaps, after all, the harem skirt
was invented for the special benefit of
the press agents.
Nobody is crowded In Nevada.
There are only seven-tenths of a man
to the square mile.
The price of lobsters has gone ip.
This does not refer to the foreign
Boston women have a club where
they may snoke. What are our Bos
ton women coming to?
It is renarkabie what large bales
of hair soni of the women have dis
carded without catching cold.
The inventer of fly paper is running
for office in California. As a candi
date, lie ought to be able to stick.
That New York school teacher who
was ilned $1,00 for hugging women
teachers has evidently both lo'ved and
One of the scientists has found out
that eating sauerkraut. prolongs life.
But why prolong it if one must eat
Judging from the tales of our Lon
don correspondents, the coronation
will be run for the benefit of Amer
We are now, approaching the sea
son when one should be able to look
a dish of ice cream in the face with
out causing it to blush.
Why does a beautiful woman marry
an ugly man? For one reason. sh(
wisely refuses to permit conipetitiot
right in her own family.
It's dollars to the hole In a dough
nut that the Pennsylvania judge wh<
t1dvised an icc'used man never to re
ply to the taunts of an angry woniml
Is a married man.
Jud1ging by the nuniber and locatio
on the harem skirt "iots," the coi
cern lroducing that remarkable ('o
t.rivance has a large and eillclen
corps of press agents.
The yellow journals are not havin
much success In reviving the old wa
cry o0 "flemiember tlio Alamo." "li
memb11er 11he a111llny" probably woull
bring mkoi " tangible results.
An tnglisi aiper advises: "If an
one attne'ks you1 withi a club, Lind1( hi
wr1istIs to(gethe li'withi ai handkermchletf.
(crta:uinlIy. Thencm you tuck him unde 1(1
yourl i a 1 m1( and ari'y him n off to a po!lic
In v'iew of thle fact that mlore t ha
$5,000.000 nre11 exipected to lbe spenl
b~y Amieri cans at the ll-it ish corona
tionl. the .Amearican i nv~asion is no0
cauls ing 1nuich1 wVorry' among Londoi
A w'.oman1i hajs su('ccded( to the owr
ershuipj of a hus ebllI flranch11ise. Shi
will have to iearni at last, wit hout aski
llng somebhodiy in the grand stand, wh:
I he runner ('anniot adv'ance until afte
the fly Is caught.
An inexplensiv'e sublstit ute has beel
found for radiurnlf which is ('laimeil ti
be tinite as effective. Now the genera
public does not enr'e howu~ soon t hi
price of rnadlum goes u p a few more4
miill ions or' so a Ilound.
A flrooklyn flat dwveller made him
self ulnpopular wvith the lest of th<
tenants by always piaying his reni
when it was duie. A good e'xamplhle ih
somet hing thlat penopleO somet ime
don't care to hiav(' around.
A new use has been found1( for te
phon(e rCceiver's. A w'oman out in C'ati
tor'nia took her off the instrullmeni
every Friday and use it to darin stockc
ings on. With a little thought doiubt
less5 (ither' (domestic uses could be deC
A womlan In a Pennsylvania towl
rejec'tedl 150 off'ers (of imrriage. Anm
yet thel'e arie in c'eirtaini sect ions I
big surplls femninae poplalltion, aii i
thei law' is powerless to alttack1 a fas
elnat ion trust.
A New Orleanis schl1 teachem- hal
inv'ented a ne'w gr'ammnar. WVe ear'nest
ly hlope it ('o)11 ainIs si mple dli rctloln
whereby people who think they all'
educated may13 cure t hemlselves of thi
hai fsaying "thoso kind."
A New York li('eman pioet hla
writ tell a pardy on "'Thle Ol<d Oaken
1Hucket,'' which lie hoi~eS to havy
aldopted as thec counltry''s national at
thema. lie must he' an able hoper
whatever his ability as at poet may b<
* ~ A go'd mtial anld $1,000 are to bi
*- awarded annually to the perron dolni
the most for the advance of sulrgery~
Now it is in order for some lover o
his kind to offer a gold medal an
$2,000 for tile person doing the mos
or the progress of- the lpatient~s of at
J3Y fRED A.C
PeARSON PUB CO
TIE fly, projecting his
ality into the nation
al ointment, has
started a fine scurry
ing for spoons,
lime, lassoes, and
whatever o t h e r
weapons are likely
to prove effectual in
There is no malice In the uprising. It
is simply the manifestation of a scien
tific yearning to hand him his dues, fopor 'LY
full-measure and brimming over, for PROPER.
a past chockful of all manner of crim- / DONE
inality and a desire to chop short a
future hopeless of reform. "His tricks
and his manners," long regarded at
the worst as petty annoyances for the
discipline of our souls, have in recent
years assumed an aspect so menacing
that we are more and more deter
mined to do without the chastening
qualties of his presence altogether.
Dr. Daniel D. Jackson, formally do
nouncing this enemy before a joint
convention of the American Civic As
soclation and the National Municipal
League, put the case in unequivocal
terms: "Regarded in the light of re
cent knowledge, the fly is more dan
gerous than the tiger or the cobra.
Worse than that, he is, at least in our
climate, much more to be feared than
the mosquito, and may easily be class.
ed the world over as the most danger
ous animal on earth."
When Dr. Jackson thus arraigns the
fly the last word has been said. The
details can only bolster up the gener
alization-provided the details are
Are they true?
They have at least one point in their
favor which is characteristic perhaps
of no set of facts ever predicated of
anything out side of an exact science,
and that is that they have never been disputed.
There is a unanimity of sentiment surrounding the
onslaught on the house fly which ought either
to receive our highest indorsemont or arouse our
darkest suspicion, just as the spirit is apt to
The house fly proper, Musca domestica, of the
order of the Diptera, is a grayish fly with a mouth
formed for sucking up liquid substances.
It has a proboscis something like the trunk of
an elephant in miniature, and its feet are termin
ated each by a pair of claws, between which are
more or less membranous arolia or plantulas
which climb polished surfaces, and also a pulvil
lus or cushion. It does not bite; for that function
1 reserved for a stable fly which resembles it so
r closely as to deceive anybody but an entomol
ogist. Neither does it dio upon the window pane
1srrounded by the fungous efflorescence so fa
millar to the disgusted housewife. That is the
habit of the cluster fly, which is soiewhat larger
than the house fly, with a dark-colored, smooth
abdomen, and a sluggish disposition.
r everal other species bear a superficial like
ness to the true house fly and are mnorr 'or less
mirtaken for it. All are ro inconsiderate in numi
her in comparison to the common post, hoewever.
that they may safely be diisregalrded in the dis
The great breeding plaen of the hom'se fly is
horse manure. It will, it is (rume, thrive to some
extent in other sorts of drcenving animal and v'ege
table matter, hut its par-tiality for the stable ref
use' Is so great that the vast lproPortion of its off
spring may be considered as originating in that
T 'ho fly lays its eggs upon the manure, which
isf its favorite larval flood, and a gene-rat ion may
he bred in from ten to fourteen days, accor-din~g to
the climate. There may be a dlozen generations
in e. summer. An individual fly will aver-age 120
eggs, and when the prevalence of horse manure
is taken into consideration. its widespread appli
cation to farm lands in (tho way of a fertilizer,
its prese'nce in piles in or near city stables, its
reo~ upon lawns and sutturban gardens, the possi
bilities in the propagation of the fly will be read.
fly seen to be past computatIon, It is even calcu
hated that a single fly, laying 120 eggs, wvill pro
duce a progeny amounting to sextillions in one
season. This probably does not takce into con
aldoration accidents which operate greatly to re
duce the supply.
Somae experiments have been made with a view
to calculating the number in~ which house-fly
larvae occur in manure. but no general average
can he struck. Twolve hundred house flies to the
pound of manure is the result of one observation.
Another showved 200 pupaii in loss than one ecuhie
inch. Yet perhaps no larvae can be found in
the greater part of manure piles.
IBecauso of his habits the house fly Is a walk.
fng arsenal of bacilli. The old notion that ho
was valuabl na a scavenger is untrue. lie will
prey on garbage and carry it away as part and
parcel of his tissue, but ho does not kill the germ
lhe abbsorhes. It has been proved .that the bacteria
are not only taken into the fly and pass through
its body without any less of their active proper
ties hut also that in all probability they multi
ply during their sojourn thiero.
These germs are deposited upon foodstuffs, and
eating utensils, pass into the human economy in
pitte of ordinary care, and if they are of a malev
o'ent typo and the system which takem them in
Is not stirong enough to resist their action, dis
tress, disease and death are apt to follmow in their
w'--ke. In addition, the fly also disseminates
-"ns hy carrying them upon his body, the cush
onofhis feet and his wings.
Throuigh the researchea of W. M. Eaton and C.
.T. Mason it has been found that "the numbers of
bacteria on a singlme fly may range all the way
from 550u to 6.600,000." No general average can ha
-struck. A few million more or less will make no
differ-enco in the general result,
Peca'uso of its prevalence and its familiar asso
clton with man, Musea dostica has exception
-al opportunities to distribute disease-breeding bac
teria where they will do thme most harm. A cor
tamn genus of mesquite disseminates malaria, but
tthe mosquito thrives only in localities especially
favorable to his Dropagatioln, Thero in rood rea
. .rj$ U L; j0 1 m- -
iTCRv - ___
con to suppose that the germs of the bubonic
plague may be transferred by fleas, and of typhus
fever by the body louse, but the discouragement
of the flea and the louse is by no means difficult.
Only the fly, because we treat him as a friend and
brother, is in a position to reward us at his will
by the presentation of a package of destruction
that makes Pandora's box look like a collection
of assorted chocolates and bonbons. He will
transmit in virulent form typhoid fever, Asiatic
cholera, summer dysentery and other intestinal
diseases, and even tuberculosis, al by the inges.
tion of fly-specks on food. Therein lies almost
all the danger. It will also transmit, it is true,
such diseases as small-pox, scarlet-fevor, measles,
chicken-pox, erysipelas, and even carbuncles, but
practically only by inoculation, that is, by depos
iting the germs on a sore surface or on mucous
- lut it is not from contact with horse manure
or ordinary refuso that the fly becomes so danger.
_u_ to the health of man. By far the greater peril
lies in the fact that it will breed in human ox
creta. liecauise of this habit it carries the living
ger-ms of typhoid, cholera and other intestinal
diseases to exposed food supplies, and thousands
of unfortunates, partaking of these, are laid low
to suiffer incalculable anguish of mind and body
until natur-ah resistance enables them to over
come the poison or death intervenes..
WVhen the sum total of misery and loss which
must be laid in this connection at the door of the
house ily is taken into account, it will readily be
believed that no remedy, however drastic, to re
move the cause, can justly he regarded as super
Drl. 0. N. Kober, at the governors' conference at
the White House in 1908, presen'ted flgures show
ing that the decrease in the vital assets of the
Country through typhoid fever alone in a single
year is more than $350,000,000. The hiouse fly,
while not the Eole carrier of the typhoid germ,
takes such ar' anenviable part in its distribution
that he may rightfully he char-gedl with a very con
siderable part of the loss. Add to this the dread
fuml toll exacted lby intestinal disorders, and the
tiny agent, like the, Djinn of the fisherman's jar.
set free through man's indiscretion, looms more
and more menacingly until his terrifying shadow
fills and darkens the heavens.
These are the popular charges against the fly.
In principle they are true, and the violent enthus
iam-m which greets the proposal for his extermIna
tion must be viewed with an approving eye. Thef
smoke and the effervescence will'inevitably pass,
but the 'olid impetus which distinguished the move
ment will remain. At the same time it is wvell to.
remember that a clear, calm understanding of the
actual truth, shorn of decorative hyperbole. is
more essential to the success of the cr-usadeo than
all the unreasoning zeal which dIstinguishes the
first rush upon the breatworks.
Hlow easily the inquirer may he led astr-ay from
the scientific aspect of the affair is readily tllus
trated. Several years ago a writer in the Boston
Medical and Surgical Jour-nal declared that cer
tain experiments seemed to offer an explanatIon
of the sporadic cases of cholera occurring in New
York city in 1892, in spite of the most careful
quarantine. Maddox andl Rimmonds fed fl'es with
cholera spirilla and obtained cultures of the bac
terium from the insects so fed. We have seen
beforeo that bacteria suffer no diminution of their
virulence in passing through the fly. In 1892 11
cases of cholera developed in New York, the dis
ease being first brought in by steamship. The
patients lived in widely-separated parts of tho city
and had no personal aseociation with each other.
Trho only striking fact common to all the cases
was that the victims were engaged in some form
of the food trade, The bacillus, when examined,
proved to be identieal with that discovered on
shIpboard. The, physicians investigating the
method of infection wvere forced to exclude the
water supply. They also declared, after much ex
perimentation and thought that it was incredible
that the wind had carrIed the germs over so groat
an area in so short a time- fly a careful process
of elimination the gui't was brought down to thy
fly, which by excreting cholera tacilli upon food
exposed in various localiie. was thought to have
spread the dreaded disease
Nnw mark the scientille caution of the physi
T//- E - t / 1 ,
/1I U U
cans, who, though certain almof. be
yond the shadow of a doubt (if the
truth of their conclusions, felt if only
fair to say: "Many links in the chain
of absolute proof are wanting." They
condemned ,the fly, but the *rerdict
specifically declared it was largely on
circumstantial evidence. As a cold
matter of fact, very little is kr,own as
to how far flies travel or% how much
they move from place to plarce. P1ro
fessor Packard says their rate 01
speed is 5.35 meters a second, which
means a mile in flve or six minutes,
or ten miles an hour. lie says further
that they could scent food or decaying
-a bodies for several miles and might
di! fly over 20 or 30 miles a day, especial
ly if aided by a wind. All this, it is
to be observed, is carefully qualified.
Like the other investigators, he is by
no means certain of his ground, and
in this manner aids in setting that
example of scientific caution which
must reap the best result In the long
battle only just begun.
e The first and greatest step against
the fly is to do away with the exposed
manure pile, and this is feasible
through intelligent co-operation and
police supervision. 6ome trouble and expense will
be involved, it is true, but not to a prohibitory de
All manure in stables or barns should be de
posited at frequent intervals either in a pit or vault
or screened inclosure. Each layer should be
sprinkled with chloride of lime. This is the cheap
est and most efficacious discourager of the fly, gives
it almost no chance to breed, and thins its numbers
alnr.vst to the vanishing point. Other disinfectants
may also be used, such as kerosene, or a solution
of paris green or arsenate of lead. The bin or pit
should be kept covered carefully and not allowed to
overflow. The manure may be kept tightly rammed
in barrels for purposes of removal. Its transporta
tion and deposit should also be under the strictest
regulation. Always it should be borne in mind
that an ounce of prevention in destroying the chief
breeding place of the insect is far less expensive
than the pound of cure when the mischief has been
The next precaution to be taken is the abolition,
or at least the strictest regulation, of outhouses, in
which flies are disposed to breed. In the gi'eat
cities this care is lesseried by the perfection ol'
sewerage systems, but in the suburbs and country
the danger is always present. The chief peril heree
lies in the absorption by the fly of typhoid and in
testinal bacilli and their subsequent deposit uplonl
food. In this'waiy pronounced epidemics are spread.
The remedy consists in doing away altogether with
the old-fashione.d outhouse and the substitution of
some form of earth closet, the use of lime and
decent precautions consistently and persistently ob
served even at considerable expense and care.
Equally important is the screening of food sup
plies, whetherjl isplayed in the open market or in
the private laTder, the disinfection and screening
of refuse in hospitals, the regulation of abatt[airs,
garbage deposits and ashpits and all accumulations
of fermenting and decaying matter'.
Lastly, the close screening of all dwellings, to the
absolute exclusion of our ancient and pestiferous
friend, will greatly circumscribe his ability to work
The fly is also only a minor factor in the spread
of tuberculosis. 'The bedbug, the flea andl other
household pests must also be charged with some
measure of guilt in conveying noxious bacilli.
Agaixv, while it has been proposed by Dr. Howard
that the house fly be known henceforward as the
"typhoid" fly, he himself says that, "strictly speak
ing, the term is open to some objection, as convey
ing the erroneous idea that this fly is solely re
sponsible for the spread of typhoid." "Perhaps"
(continues the same authority) "even under cIty
conditions it (the fly) must assume third rank
next to wvater and milk." Even human beings have
been found to he personal carriers of the disease,
infecting whole families with whom they are
brought in contact.
Without desiring for an Instant to minimize'the
,ernicious activity of the fly in the great conspiracy
of natural forces against the continuation of the
human species, one need only walk at random
throug~h the streets of New York, or any other city.
large or small, to realize that it is not alone by
the extinction of one particular species of insect
that man's health Is to be conserved. East side or
West side, in thousands of stores that cater to the
well-to-do or in noisome shops where the i'mpv
erished nmany buy their sutpplies, the same careless
and unsanitary customs prevail in varying dlegrees.
The dust that blows in clouds through every un
sprinkled thoroughfare deposits germs upon the
food of rich and poor alike. The wares exposed
upon the couniter in the elegant bakery at
which madam o'ders her rolls and ma~caroon~s are
as open to contamination as the soggy pies and
sinke'rs in the cheapest restaurant or bake-?7hop of
the (Ghetto. The fruit lying unscreeneeid upon the
tastily decorated stand of Upper Broadway im as
dangerous to health as that pushed ahout in the
handcart of the intinerant reddcler. in expenL'ive
groceries, meat-shops. and confectionery stores the
same lax methods prevail.
A scientific wvarfaro against discarsc-bea-rng in
sects is not. sufmcient to enable us to wi, the con
test for health. happiness and increased length of
days. We must fight equally against our own in
difference to civic regulation, which seems to the the
abiding sin :I a people who love individual liberty
A True Picture of the Case of a
Pinetown Lady, Who Was Finally
Relieved by the Use of Cardui.
Pinetown, N. C.-Mrs, L. V. Everett.
of this place, writes: "I cannot tell
you how I suffered, for I had so many
I was sick all of tl- time, and I
could not do my work.
I was poor, and very weak, and only
weighed a hundred pounds.
My back would nearly kill me, and I
would often almost die, with my head.
and other pains.
I coilld not bear loud talking.
I could not find relief until my hus
band got me a bottle of Cardui. 4
Now I weigh 150 pounds, and am
strong and well. *
I live on a farm and do all of my
work, thanks to Cardul.
Although 52, I am well and hearty,
and help work in the garden and do
the housework for a family of six.
I owe it all to Cardul."
Cardul, the woman's tonic medicine,
obtains its results by the power of its
unique, specific curative, strengthen
ing Ingredients, especially adapted
for use in cases of womanly weak
Please try It.
N. .--Write lot U.ndile' Adviory
Dept., Chatinanooga Medicine Co., Chat
tnoogna, 'Tenn.. for Special lntructionn,
and &4 page book, "Home Treatment for
Women," ent In plain wrapper, on re
To the Childish Mind.
Dorothy Ulliman of E. F1ighty-fourth
street, is a very literal young person.
To her mother's definition of the All.
Seeing E'ye she returned a question
as to the size of the eye.
"Can God see everything?" she con
"Yes, dear, he can see everything.
at all times."
That afternoon Dorothy escorted her
mollier down town. Before an op.
tician's display she stopped. Then,
"Motl.er," she asked, pointing to the
big winking eye in the 'window "Is
God's eye as big as this?"-Cleveland
'cher--Tomrmy, what is a co
T lommy-It's a thing yeu make out
of what's left of the stewed chicken.
FEED YOUNG GIRLS
Must Have Right Food While Growing.
Great enr-e shouldl he taken at the
critical period when the young girl is
jurt mnerging into womanhood that th~ "
dliet shall contain that which is tip- -
building and nothing harmful.
At flhat age the structure is being
formt d and If formed of a healthy,
sturdy character, health and happiness
will follow; on the other hand uin
healthy cells may be built in and a
sick condition slowly supervene which,
if not. checked, may ipen into a
chronic condition and cause life-long
A young lady says:
"Coffee began to have such an effect
on my stomach a few years ago that I
finally quit using it. It brought on
headaches, pains in my murcles, and
'I tried to use tea in Its stead, but
found its effects even worse than those
I suffered from coffee. Then for a long
time I dIrank milk at my meals, but at
last it palled on me. A friend came to
the rescue with the suggestion that I
"I did so, only to find at first, that I
didn't fancy it. But I had hoard of so
many persons who had been benefited
by its use that I persevered, and wvhen
I had it made right-accor~ding to di
rections on the package---I found it
grateful in flavour and soothing and
strengthening to my stomach. I can
find no words to express my feeling
of what I owe to Postum!
"In ever-y respect it has worked a
wonderful improvement --the head
aches, nervousness, the pains in my
side and back, all the distressing
symptoms yielded to the magic power
of Postum. My brain seemsa also to
share in the betterment of my phys
ical conditIon; it seems keener, more
alert and brighter. I am, in short, in
better health now than for a long
while before, and I am sure I owe it
to the use of your Postum." Name
given by Postufn Company, Battle
"There's a reason."
T'ver read the above letter? A flew
n-, appearM from time to time. They
. " genuine, true, and .full of human
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