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sdvertjiqing R-tes Reasonable Subscription Price One Dollar a Year In Advance. r-fered 1%% PICkens Fustofmce as Second Class Mail Matter PICKENS. S. C.: THURSDAY, AUGUST 211911. Cotton Crop Reports. Senator E. D. Smith, of South Carolina, has introduced a reso lution in the senate calling for the department of agriculture to investigate and report imme diately on the government's this year's crop report. Senator Smith said cotton dropped $20 a bale on the strength of the government's report of 93,000,000 bale increase in this year's crop. "This estimate was made J une 28, before part of the crop was out of the grount, said Mr. Smith. "I should hate to draw in the senate of the United States," continued the senator, "the conclisions that; 1. feel niight be drawn from this re markable report (f the agricul tural de-partument. Either the omlttissioners f. all the cotton states, mte'n right on Ohe gyrouln( anId failiar' with con(litions, arec litterly nitlel (0 es t~h e al'i ill tlal dlii'art elltllt is wrong in its le(hictions that there will Ib a r11cor1d crop this 'Ilei-Vilig Ii' s"ttle vent's that, the people wl Hte-to-rwn Siat E~ havh probaly been losing I:'! 10 t11ItIllilts ()If il ill.Ny heca.ise of T t'Ills r'-1><>r'ts issled l) tlil44pal'tinevllti algl'icilitillre, '-ellatolr killillh h6'-ul a n v - niwilt.1 sil()rt tiline ago t.() got ;at tie Imt onii f th imatter. ILe wlalits to know w\h11)o issles t hese reports and by what, authority and how checked up and scru tinized before.heilng given to the public. Recently, after a visit to See retary WV ilson regarding this subject, Senator Smith issued the kollowing statement: "'On July 31 the agricultural department issued its monthly crop report, giving the condlition of the growving cotton crop as 88.2 per cent. of normal, as comn paredl with 80 per cent. as the average condition on June 25 during the past 10 years. The number of arcres to be harvested was estimated at :34,000.000. "The following language, as reported b~y the press, was used( as a dleduction from these facts: 'The cmndition indicates a probable yield of 202.8 pounds per acre, wvhich, on 34,000,000 acres, would( mea n 6,895.000,000) pound1s, or abhout 14,425,000 bales.'" It is a well-known fact ahat those who raise' the crop knowv bletter w'hat the condlit ion is t han any one else, andio those wvho make the re(port to the govern ment either (1o not know what they are t alking abtout 01' have some ulterior motive for giving the figures that they (10. Xery probably they have interest in the mills or are buyers of the fleecy staple, and cani see a wvay of making a few dollars by cre ating the impression that there will be a bumper (rop, when they know the reverse is true. Under the caption, " Good Tinmes ini Carolina,'' we find the following in the Baltimore "Th'le setioni in wvhich I live -the i'iedmiont section of South Carolina--is experiencing solidl prosper'it." renmarked Mr'. R. E. Biru('e, a mierchant of Pickens, S. C., at t he Renntert . "The cornii ando o'ottont er'ops wvill be (exceptionllyll heavy, insuring a coniituiance of te goodl timhes Our' farmers hayv' been enjloying for a long series of years. A big cotton yield all over the South is hound to dlepress the price somuewhat,b~ut the decline wvill b~e advantageous to the cotton mills, which have been having a hard time of late, owing to the (ear' nes of the raw material." Such reports as these are all right to create the impression a that a country is prosperous,and e vhile it is true that there can be' ound farms all over the state, aid especially through the Pied nont region, that show up to be ,xtra good, yet taking the state, ts a whole, a little better than a ialf crop of cotton can only be -xpected. It is true that the :orn crop will be good. but this :rop will not afford as heavy rield as might, at one time,have iave been expected. Conditions n Spartanburg, York, Chero Cee, in this state, figure a half :rop, while neither cotton nor :orn in sections of North Crao Ina, and especially eastern Car >lina, are as good, from reports, ),s the crops are In this state. At the time Mr. Bruce made his statement he may have been conscientious in it, and he may have been figuring from the June crop report, or from a local condition which he took for granted would be general. But since, there has been xains which caused the crop to put on more fruit and afterward it shedded lots of its fruit by rea son of the dry weather that has followed. We give this article simply to show that Mr. Smith's conten tions are logical and right and not in any spirit of antagonism to Mr. Bruce's judgment. Are We Loafinq? In the city of Spartanuirg there are men possessing bu1si ness ability and energy of as high a character as is to he found in any Southern city of( qual size and similar advantages. W, don't (expect this siatm'iient to he c'llelged. But now have a look over the business noii i of 1 h1 town. Do VO see anY olle of tlemi. or an V (omIbination of th'eim, w ,ho are at t actilg at tell tion by re'asoni of tht(e f"act that they ar. conspicuious inlan m1to vemnt loo king to Ihe mate aial ldvanlceolet of the citv. Spartanhburg He-rahl(. That sounds like we miight have written it about Newberry. \e believe it could be said with truth about this coi unity. What are those of our business men who are making money here doing to advance the inter ests of the community? It may be( that they are satisfied to make moner for themselves and have very little interest in the future of the town. In fact, to be perfectly frank, is that not the ease, to a large extent? Is it not true that a good many of our business men are really loaf ing when it comes to the for ward movement which this towvn should be making at this time. -Newberry Herald and Newvs. We have been watching the daily press for information to see if either the business people of Spartanburg or Newberry re sented these statements, or wanted1 to put these papers out of business, or start up sheets in opposition to these journals. it is a good1 thing that neither of these papers' arie being run in Pickens, for the business men of this town will not stand] for having their faults told. This we knowv from experi ence, andl( a recent utter'ance of ourms, th rough the Sentinel Journal, has caused the same 01(d cro'wdl who were connec'ted1 wvith the torimr boycott against this paper, to agitate a new "'Enterp~rise"' for the town, (a charter has beeni granted) and a notice that books of subsct ip tion will be opened to its capital stock will b e foun md Pub1)1ished in this issue. Anybody familiar with the fomrnm trou~ble of ours ('nn, by studying the c'orport. tors' no ti('e, tell wvhose fine Italian hand ik behind the deal. We have beeni told by one of t he prIomoters, amnd he is called the ringlealder byv one of the stoc'kholders, that t he fight was em the ed(i tor of' this paper, and that if' we wvoul sell out, either to t henm, or to a newv man, ~whic'h meant to a man that ;hey could1 contrmol and( ('a use iim to b~oost the town and thenm mnd their holdings,without men loning their faults), that they vould drop the proposition for a xow paper. We suppose the paper wvill be tarted right away, as we under-, do not advertise in thip paper want to do a lot of advertising, and our readers can judge who is behind the scheme whenever they see a copy and see who are advertising in it, Enough said. Some Newspaper Facts. A newspaper at Chadbourn, N. C.. has suspended publica tion. T. Larry Gantt, a well known newspaper man, who is now running a paper at White ville, N. C., has this to say about its closing down: "'A newspaper cannot be sus tained unless backed by a gen erous patronage or plenty of money. "Last week the Chadbourn Industrial Advocate, a weekly paper established over a year ago by Mr. Wilkes, and which he recently sold to another party, suspended publication for lack of patronage. "Any experienced newspap r man knew from its first issue that this Chadbourn paper could not long live unless its owner or backers poured money ino its coffers like water into a rat hoh-. "To sustain even a small weekly ie Iuires a broad tield land a liber'ali aldvertising patiron age. There is not a venture' into whiie.l one can silnk nloner fatster thani It llo wsmaper. "*Take the Ni-ws-Reporter. for inlst an ce. Befor we cou ild imike thev Idlice p~a y opera ting- f.XJ pens:es we had to sink inl theb1n4s. hot lse a ni(d lot in ('ltilit bja. S C., and ia !god fa l'. besi(ies the editor doing the work o)f two "We realized fromt the start that to build 111) a bisiness h'ere w\.I. niuist givf he peopbe a btter paperi 0than any, eonipetitor wold (14, and)( then it toolk uls t wyar( s to colvinc'e the public that 11he. News-Ilep(rt'er wis (n a solid basis and would not fail. "lrevnt 1under the iost favr able vircnistances. it takes at least t wo years to establish a Paper, and during that ti me the owner must make up his mind to look to some ot her source than his business to meet t he Satur: dlay's pay-roll, paper hills ald a mllultitu(de of other expenses nec essary in the publication of a newspaper. "Even to-day the entire pat ronalage that this paper recei\ves from the merchants of White ville and1 V\ineland scarcely pays half the salary of our foreman, and we employ from four to five hands all the while. But for the adlvertising wve receive from the Wilmington merchants this paper would not exist thirty days, unless operated at a heavy loss. "The most expensive toy a father or mother can give a boy to play wvith is a newspaper. Unless they supply him with a small mint of money iLt will prove a far more expensive gift than an elephant. "'There ar'e very few counties in North Carolina that will sus tain two good newspapers, for to (10 so it requires a densely set tled commutn ity of readling peo ple and libe ral adver'tisers among all merchants of a place(."' Our friend Gant t is an author ity Oin newspaper' 1)ublishing, and his knowledge and experi ence is worth something, which is cheerfully dledicatedl to those who contemtplate embarking in the newspaper business in Pick ens with the viewV, that as5 one enterprise is antagonistic to their personalI interests, they will1 start up an opposition sheet and1 crush ou t the Sentinel -Journel with an "Enl~terprise" that wvill voice their sentiments and fur their end1s regardless of the good or hurt to the county at large. It is a pretty safe bet that many a per'son forms an opinion of a town from what he hears about it and not from wthat lie sees of it. It behooves a town 01' ('Omm unity' to be enlergetic and~ pr'ogress'ive'.to be4 ini the lime light Ifavorably1 anid to have good1 word1s spoken (of it s progre'ssive' ness and its c'ityV heads to be tried and true. When the city oflicials do that which they think is for the best interests of the community at large, it shows smallness of spirit and weakness of brain to be rushing into print and knocking themi, as we have seen correspondents of newspapers (do in eor:,ain see [ions, the town of Pickene VcH: nio exnnpioti * oin g tota EvronI D Aore os in. I Everyoneit ifLookhn you I witLu. aRv emas e ar(e h amet utFo stixtye 9 little rnore th M long. "if yours M Write for catal< SJohn M TIHI; 9 Grand Opera H M Victor Ta lk We see it stated that Hon. J. E. Boggs will start a paper in Pickens, to win on its merit possibly the hardest job) he ever undertook.-A bbeville Press an d Banner. The dlefendlers of the "Lost Cause"' who have d windled t~o a thin grey line, are holding their reunion in Columbia this week and are being royally entertain ed and are greatly enjoying themselves. Over in Laurens county, we understand that the negroes, as a race,are making good and ma ny of them are endorsing notes for their less fortnnate white neighbors. This is kinder in the nature of a reversal of the order of things, or rather a fulfilling of the 01(1 saw, that the bottom rail will get on top. In South Carolina the water melon and the blackberry have long been bo0th meat and1 drink to the colored brother in sum mertime; but it has remained for a Georgia court to define the legal status of the watermelon. According to Massey vs. City of (Thiumb"e. 70 smrihenes,- Th. portne 2(I.t the wnfrrn t o~m-' i . >~ eem am.~ io e *em ome need of a change and are you a trip this Summer? ieeds a trip once in a while, it up and prepares you ror better , though, you can't go away ink, suit case or bag to carry a tieni in g)ra-vt variety and choice pc are~ ri'.g1ht to. 1OT HSCHIL D, A ye. (reenville, S.C. Wars Your Clothier." EY ORGAN''T years the standard of the world. E ~ch and parlor organs cost veryM an most others and last twice as is an Estey you have the Best." A , >g. ' HI. Williams, PAOMERCHANT ouse Building. Greenville, S. C D. H. ATTA WAY, Parctical Architect '& builder, will furnish blue print ed plans and complete specifications at prices that will save you money. Office 117 1.2 North Main at. Phone 3068 Greenville, S. C. You to lNotice the Dlifference in Crop lin cropls that h~ave b~en side dlrerssed and ci ops that have no0t been side dIressed. You will niotice the side dlressed cr'ops have a dlifferent color f'romi the other, and is very inui~ch bet Andersorn Phosphate & Oil Co, ANDERSON, S. C. I. R. YANDIYER. Pres. D. S vAND1VRR Mgr.